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Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner 2023 Lesley University

Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Those undergoing neurorehabilitation after stroke and traumatic brain injury report a diminished sense of overall wellness. This paper examines the conceivable benefits of introducing expressive arts therapies, which is the therapeutic use and combination of the visual arts, movement, drama, music, writing and other intermodal creative processes, into physical therapy and neurorehabilitation treatment planning. Expressive arts therapies have the capacity to engage with an individual’s physical, emotional, social and spiritual states concurrently. They simultaneously offer the ability to promote an increased sense of well-being, address mind-body disconnects, and process trauma non-verbally.

The sections of this narrative literature review focus on …


Repurposing Ms Immunotherapies For Cidp And Other Autoimmune Neuropathies: Unfulfilled Promise Or Efficient Strategy?, Felix Kohle, Marinos Dalakas, Helmar C Lehmann 2023 University of Cologne and University Hospital Cologne

Repurposing Ms Immunotherapies For Cidp And Other Autoimmune Neuropathies: Unfulfilled Promise Or Efficient Strategy?, Felix Kohle, Marinos Dalakas, Helmar C Lehmann

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Despite advances in the treatment of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and other common autoimmune neuropathies (AN), still-many patients with these diseases do not respond satisfactorily to the available treatments. Repurposing of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) from other autoimmune conditions, particularly multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), is a promising strategy that may accelerate the establishment of novel treatment choices for AN. This approach appears attractive due to homologies in the pathogenesis of these diseases and the extensive post-marketing experience that has been gathered from treating MS and NMOSD patients. The idea is also strengthened by a number …


Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: A portable, low-field MRI system is now Food and Drug Administration cleared and has been shown to be safe and useful in adult intensive care unit settings. No neonatal studies have been performed. The objective is to assess our preliminary experience and assess feasibility of using the portable MRI system at the bedside in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a quaternary children's hospital.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-site prospective cohort study in neonates ≥2 kg conducted between October and December 2020. All parents provided informed consent. Neonates underwent portable MRI examination in the NICU with support …


Association Of Human Leukocyte Antigen Alleles With Carbamazepine-Or Lamotrigine-Induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome And Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis In An Iranian Population: A Case-Control Study, Ladan Dastgheib, Farima Rostami, Behrouz Gharesi-Fard, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Saba Namjoo, Foroozan Tahmasebi, Maryam Hadibarhaghtalab 2023 Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

Association Of Human Leukocyte Antigen Alleles With Carbamazepine-Or Lamotrigine-Induced Stevens-Johnson Syndrome And Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis In An Iranian Population: A Case-Control Study, Ladan Dastgheib, Farima Rostami, Behrouz Gharesi-Fard, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Saba Namjoo, Foroozan Tahmasebi, Maryam Hadibarhaghtalab

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Background: Genetic diversity in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles across populations is a significant risk factor for drug-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs), e.g., carbamazepine (CBZ)- and lamotrigine (LTG)-induced StevensJohnson syndrome (SJS), and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). The present study aimed to investigate the frequency of different HLA alleles in Iranian patients with CBZ- and LTG-induced SJS/TEN.

Methods:A case-control study was conducted from 2011 to 2018 at various hospitals affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Iran). A total of 31 patients receiving anticonvulsant drugs (CZB or LTG) were recruited and divided into two groups. The drug-induced group …


Acute Hemiplegia And Ataxia From Lyme Disease, Shaili Babbar, Jonathan Galati, Jasmine Corona, Sohail Zahid 2022 New York University School of Medicine

Acute Hemiplegia And Ataxia From Lyme Disease, Shaili Babbar, Jonathan Galati, Jasmine Corona, Sohail Zahid

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Lyme disease is a zoonotic illness caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, which present with skin, joint, heart, and central nervous system complications. Central nervous system manifestations of this disease are common, and typically include meningitis, facial nerve palsies, and radiculoneuritis. In this case report, we present a patient who presented with acute right sided hemiplegia and ataxia with negative neuroimaging findings of stroke, inflammation, or mass. Further investigation with cerebrospinal fluid studies and infectious panels revealed the patient had active Lyme disease. The patient improved his motor function, coordination and sensation with ceftriaxone treatment over a few weeks. Acute hemiplegia and …


Unsupervised Machine Learning Using K-Means Identifies Radiomic Subgroups Of Pediatric Low-Grade Gliomas That Correlate With Key Molecular Markers, Debanjan Haldar, Anahita Fathi Kazerooni, Sherjeel Arif, Ariana Familiar, Rachel Madhogarhia, Nastaran Khalili, Sina Bagheri, Hannah Anderson, Ibraheem Salman Shaikh, Aria Mahtabfar, Meen Chul Kim, Wenxin Tu, Jefferey Ware, Arastoo Vossough, Christos Davatzikos, Phillip B Storm, Adam Resnick, Ali Nabavizadeh 2022 Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania

Unsupervised Machine Learning Using K-Means Identifies Radiomic Subgroups Of Pediatric Low-Grade Gliomas That Correlate With Key Molecular Markers, Debanjan Haldar, Anahita Fathi Kazerooni, Sherjeel Arif, Ariana Familiar, Rachel Madhogarhia, Nastaran Khalili, Sina Bagheri, Hannah Anderson, Ibraheem Salman Shaikh, Aria Mahtabfar, Meen Chul Kim, Wenxin Tu, Jefferey Ware, Arastoo Vossough, Christos Davatzikos, Phillip B Storm, Adam Resnick, Ali Nabavizadeh

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Introduction: Despite advancements in molecular and histopathologic characterization of pediatric low-grade gliomas (pLGGs), there remains significant phenotypic heterogeneity among tumors with similar categorizations. We hypothesized that an unsupervised machine learning approach based on radiomic features may reveal distinct pLGG imaging subtypes.

Methods: Multi-parametric MR images (T1 pre- and post-contrast, T2, and T2 FLAIR) from 157 patients with pLGGs were collected and 881 quantitative radiomic features were extracted from tumorous region. Clustering was performed using K-means after applying principal component analysis (PCA) for feature dimensionality reduction. Molecular and demographic data was obtained from the PedCBioportal and compared between imaging subtypes.

Results: …


Assessment Of Caregiver Burden In A Memory Loss Clinic, Andrea Perkins 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Assessment Of Caregiver Burden In A Memory Loss Clinic, Andrea Perkins

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Over 131,000 people in Illinois identify themselves as caregivers of someone with memory loss. The family caregiver may provide care including, but not limited to, assistance with activities of daily living, financial responsibilities, behavior management, and scheduling, and transportation to medical appointments. The care provided by the caregivers may lead to caregiver burden symptoms of depression, anxiety, and perceived stress. Purpose: Health care providers at a central Illinois memory clinic are not currently completing formal assessments of caregiver burden. This quality improvement project was done to determine if the current memory loss program services provide enough support …


Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

African Americans (AA) have the highest prevalence of stroke and death compared to other racial groups in the United States. Post-stroke depression (PSD) affects approximately 1/3 of all stroke patients and is underdiagnosed in the African American community.

Aim: By using a mHealth mobile app and a Psychiatry provider list at discharge, PSD can be identified, and interventions initiated, thus decreasing the sequela of PSD in AA.

Methods: Nurses were provided education on PSD, expressions of depression in African-Americans, cultural humility, implicit bias, and the importance of the nurse's role in developing a therapeutic relationship.

Results: Quantitative analysis revealed the …


Gata1 Controls Numbers Of Hematopoietic Progenitors And Their Response To Autoimmune Neuroinflammation, Daniel Hwang, Larissa Ishikawa, Maryam S Seyedsadr, Elisabeth R. Mari, Ezgi Kasimoglu, Ziver Sahin, Alexandra Boehm, Soohwa Jang, Javad Rasouli, Courtney Vaccaro, Michael Gonzalez, Hakon Hakonarson, Mohamad Rostami, Guang-Xian Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Gata1 Controls Numbers Of Hematopoietic Progenitors And Their Response To Autoimmune Neuroinflammation, Daniel Hwang, Larissa Ishikawa, Maryam S Seyedsadr, Elisabeth R. Mari, Ezgi Kasimoglu, Ziver Sahin, Alexandra Boehm, Soohwa Jang, Javad Rasouli, Courtney Vaccaro, Michael Gonzalez, Hakon Hakonarson, Mohamad Rostami, Guang-Xian Zhang, Bogoljub Ciric

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

GATA-binding factor 1 (GATA1) is a transcription factor that governs the development and function of multiple hematopoietic cell lineages. GATA1 is expressed in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and is essential for erythroid lineage commitment; however, whether it plays a role in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) biology and the development of myeloid cells, and what that role might be, remains unclear. We initially set out to test the role of eosinophils in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of central nervous system autoimmunity, using mice lacking a double GATA-site (ΔdblGATA), which lacks eosinophils due to the deletion of the …


The Spectral Sensitivity Of Human Circadian Phase Resetting And Melatonin Suppression To Light Changes Dynamically With Light Duration, Melissa A. St Hilaire, María L. Ámundadóttir, Shadab A. Rahman, Shantha M. W. Rajaratnam, Melanie Rüger, George C. Brainard, Charles A. Czeisler, Marilyne Andersen, Joshua J. Gooley, Steven W. Lockley 2022 Harvard Medical School

The Spectral Sensitivity Of Human Circadian Phase Resetting And Melatonin Suppression To Light Changes Dynamically With Light Duration, Melissa A. St Hilaire, María L. Ámundadóttir, Shadab A. Rahman, Shantha M. W. Rajaratnam, Melanie Rüger, George C. Brainard, Charles A. Czeisler, Marilyne Andersen, Joshua J. Gooley, Steven W. Lockley

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Human circadian, neuroendocrine, and neurobehavioral responses to light are mediated primarily by melanopsin-containing intrinsically-photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) but they also receive input from visual photoreceptors. Relative photoreceptor contributions are irradiance- and duration-dependent but results for long-duration light exposures are limited. We constructed irradiance-response curves and action spectra for melatonin suppression and circadian resetting responses in participants exposed to 6.5-h monochromatic 420, 460, 480, 507, 555, or 620 nm light exposures initiated near the onset of nocturnal melatonin secretion. Melatonin suppression and phase resetting action spectra were best fit by a single-opsin template with lambdamax at 481 and 483 …


Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant 2022 Liberty University

Nursing Considerations For Post-Traumatic Amnesia After A Traumatic Brain Injury, Hannah Grant

Senior Honors Theses

A period known as post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) often follows a traumatic brain injury (TBI). PTA is characterized by anterograde and retrograde amnesia, confusion, disorientation, and agitation. The duration and severity of PTA is a key indicator of the long-term prognosis after a TBI, so proper assessment and nursing care of a PTA patient is crucial. TBIs range from mild to severe, but primarily affect the fronto-temporal lobes. In PTA, both neural lesions and white matter damage within the parahippocampal region can cause PTA. A nurse must perform a thorough assessment of a TBI patient, but, since PTA is a key …


Remote Patient Monitoring: Decrease Rehospitalization For Spinal Cord Injury Patients, Abegail Cabunoc-Garcia 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Remote Patient Monitoring: Decrease Rehospitalization For Spinal Cord Injury Patients, Abegail Cabunoc-Garcia

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: The lengthy distance required to access specialty care, the overall higher cost of SCI/D care, complications associated with SCI, and the potential negative impact of shortened hospital stays are all compelling reasons to use telehealth technologies to deliver specialty services for medical issues.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was in adult spinal cord injury patients with chronic disease receiving primary care at a spinal cord injury center (P), how does the implementation of a remote patient monitoring home telehealth for SCI patients recently discharged from acute-care setting (I) compared to the usual practice …


Education Research: Neurologic Education In Physician Assistant Programs, Carl Garubba 2022 Dominican University of California

Education Research: Neurologic Education In Physician Assistant Programs, Carl Garubba

Physician Assistant Studies | Faculty Scholarship

Background and Objectives A growing number of advanced practice providers (APPs) are entering neurologic practice, and educational initiatives focused on postgraduate training in neurology for these providers are growing in turn. Neurologic education in APP degree programs is not well defined, which limits the ability to tailor these initiatives to the specific needs of APPs. We aim to describe neurologic education in physician assistant (PA) degree programs to better inform these efforts.

Methods The 2018 American Academy of Neurology clerkship director survey was adapted for directors of PA programs via an iterative approach. The survey was distributed to program directors …


Impact Of Solid State Roadway Lighting On Melatonin In Humans, Ronald B Gibbons, Rajaram Bhagavathula, Benjamin Warfield, George Brainard, John P Hanifin 2022 Virginia Tech

Impact Of Solid State Roadway Lighting On Melatonin In Humans, Ronald B Gibbons, Rajaram Bhagavathula, Benjamin Warfield, George Brainard, John P Hanifin

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Introduction: In 2009, the World Health Organization identified vehicle crashes, both injury-related and fatal, as a public health hazard. Roadway lighting has long been used to reduce crashes and improve the safety of all road users. Ocular light exposure at night can suppress melatonin levels in humans. At sufficient light levels, all visible light wavelengths can elicit this response, but melatonin suppression is maximally sensitive to visible short wavelength light. With the conversion of roadway lighting to solid state sources that have a greater short wavelength spectrum than traditional sources, there is a potential negative health impact through suppressed melatonin …


Delta Oscillation Coupled Propagating Fast Ripples Precede Epileptiform Discharges In Patients With Focal Epilepsy, Shennan A. Weiss, Laurent Sheybani, Nitish Seenarine, Itzhak Fried, Chengyuan Wu, Ashwini Sharan, Jerome Engel Jr., Michael R. Sperling, Yuval Nir, Richard J. Staba 2022 State University of New York Downstate

Delta Oscillation Coupled Propagating Fast Ripples Precede Epileptiform Discharges In Patients With Focal Epilepsy, Shennan A. Weiss, Laurent Sheybani, Nitish Seenarine, Itzhak Fried, Chengyuan Wu, Ashwini Sharan, Jerome Engel Jr., Michael R. Sperling, Yuval Nir, Richard J. Staba

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Epileptiform spikes are used to localize epileptogenic brain tissue. The mechanisms that spontaneously trigger epileptiform discharges are not yet elucidated. Pathological fast ripple (FR, 200–600 Hz) are biomarkers of epileptogenic brain, and we postulated that FR network interactions are involved in generating epileptiform spikes. Using macroelectrode stereo intracranial EEG (iEEG) recordings from a cohort of 46 patients we found that, in the seizure onset zone (SOZ), propagating FR were more often followed by an epileptiform spike, as compared with non-propagating FR (p < 0.05). Propagating FR had a distinct frequency and larger power (p < 1e-10) and were more strongly phase coupled to the peak of iEEG delta oscillation, which likely correspond with the DOWN states during non-REM sleep (p < 1e-8), than non-propagating FR. While FR propagation was rare, all FR occurred with the highest probability within +/− 400 msec of epileptiform spikes with superimposed high-frequency oscillations (p < 0.05). Thus, a sub-population of epileptiform spikes in the SOZ, are preceded by propagating FR that are coordinated by the DOWN state during non-REM sleep.


Improving Translatability Of Spinal Cord Injury Research By Including Age As A Demographic Variable, Andrew N. Stewart, Linda A. T. Jones, John C. Gensel 2022 University of Kentucky

Improving Translatability Of Spinal Cord Injury Research By Including Age As A Demographic Variable, Andrew N. Stewart, Linda A. T. Jones, John C. Gensel

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Papers

Pre-clinical and clinical spinal cord injury (SCI) studies differ in study design, particularly in the demographic characteristics of the chosen population. In clinical study design, criteria such as such as motor scores, neurological level, and severity of injury are often key determinants for participant inclusion. Further, demographic variables in clinical trials often include individuals from a wide age range and typically include both sexes, albeit historically most cases of SCI occur in males. In contrast, pre-clinical SCI models predominately utilize young adult rodents and typically use only females. While it is often not feasible to power SCI clinical trials to …


Study Design And Baseline Characteristics For The Reflect Gene Therapy Trial Ofm.11778g>A/Nd4-Lhon, Prem S. Subramanian, Nancy J. Newman, Mark Moster, An-Guor Wang, Patrick Yu-Wai-Man, Sean Donahue, Bart P. Leroy, Valerio Carelli, Valerie Biousse, Catherine Vignal-Clermont, Robert C. Sergott, Alfredo A. Sadun, Gema Rebolleda, Bart K. Chwalisz, Rudrani Banik, Fabienne Bazin, Eric Cox, Michel Roux, Magali Taiel, Jose-Alain Sahel 2022 University of Colorado

Study Design And Baseline Characteristics For The Reflect Gene Therapy Trial Ofm.11778g>A/Nd4-Lhon, Prem S. Subramanian, Nancy J. Newman, Mark Moster, An-Guor Wang, Patrick Yu-Wai-Man, Sean Donahue, Bart P. Leroy, Valerio Carelli, Valerie Biousse, Catherine Vignal-Clermont, Robert C. Sergott, Alfredo A. Sadun, Gema Rebolleda, Bart K. Chwalisz, Rudrani Banik, Fabienne Bazin, Eric Cox, Michel Roux, Magali Taiel, Jose-Alain Sahel

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Objective REFLECT is the first randomised, double-masked, placebo-controlled multicentre phase 3 clinical trial that evaluated the efficacy and safety of bilateral intravitreal (IVT) injection of lenadogene nolparvovec in subjects with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy carrying the m.11778G>A mutation.

Methods and analysis A total of 98 subjects were enrolled with vision loss of ≤12 months. The subjects were randomised to one of two treatment arms with all subjects receiving an intravitreal (IVT) injection of lenadogene nolparvovec in their first affected eye and the second-affected eye randomised to receive IVT of either lenadogene nolparvovec or placebo.

Results The majority of subjects …


The Clinical Value Of Oculomotor Assessments Across The Continuum Of Concussion, Dillon Richards 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Clinical Value Of Oculomotor Assessments Across The Continuum Of Concussion, Dillon Richards

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Concussions are complex conditions that are difficult to manage medically. Variations in symptom presentation, intricate neurophysiological processes, and the availability of a variety of possible assessment tools may contribute to this complexity. Clinicians must use a broad approach, employing both subjective symptom assessment and objective assessments to confirm a diagnosis and/or monitor progression and recovery. Oculomotor function after concussion may be an important indicator of injury, given the interconnectedness of oculomotor function, vestibulo-ocular and visual systems, and even cognition. Oculomotor function may be assessed objectively or indirectly using patient-reported symptom checklists as part of subjective assessments. One way of objectively …


Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder: Performance On Language And Cognitive Testing, Hallee Mingus 2022 University of Northern Iowa

Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder: Performance On Language And Cognitive Testing, Hallee Mingus

Three Minute Thesis (3MT®) at UNI

Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD) Is a rare and widely unknown disease, often resulting in misdiagnosis and nonproductive therapy. It is a relapsing inflammatory demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system and attacks the brain, resulting in severe physical &/or visual disability (Pfeuffer et al., 2017). What little knowledge we have about NMOSD, we hold an even smaller amount about its effects on speech and communication; which is what this case history study aims to answer. Due to the lack of information regarding NMOSD’s effects on an individual’s speech and communication abilities, assessments were performed in order to start …


Individualised Prediction Of Drug Resistance And Seizure Recurrence After Medication Withdrawal In People With Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy: A Systematic Review And Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis, Remi Stevelink, Dania Al-Toma, Floor E. Jansen, Herm J. Lamberink, Ali A. Asadi-Pooya, Mohsen Farazdaghi, Gonçalo Cação, Sita Jayalakshmi, Anuja Patil, Çiğdem Özkara, Şenay Aydın, Joanna Gesche, Christoph P. Beier, Linda J. Stephen, Martin J. Brodie, Gopeekrishnan Unnithan, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Julia Höfler, Eugen Trinka, Roland Krause, Emanuele Cerulli Irelli, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Jerzy P. Szaflarski, Laura E. Hernández-Vanegas, Monica L. Moya-Alfaro, Yingying Zhang, Dong Zhou, Nicola Pietrafusa, Nicola Specchio, Giorgi Japaridze, Sándor Beniczky, Mubeen Janmohamed, Patrick Kwan, Marte Syvertsen, Kaja K. Selmer, Bernd J. Vorderwülbecke, Martin Holtkamp, Lakshminarayanapuram G. Viswanathan, Sanjib Sinha, Betül Baykan, Ebru Altindag, Felix von Podewils, Juliane Schulz, Udaya Seneviratne, Alejandro Viloria-Alebesque, Ioannis Karakis, Wendyl J. D'Souza, Josemir W. Sander, Bobby P. C. Koeleman, Willem M. Otte, Kees P. J. Braun 2022 University Medical Center Utrecht

Individualised Prediction Of Drug Resistance And Seizure Recurrence After Medication Withdrawal In People With Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy: A Systematic Review And Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis, Remi Stevelink, Dania Al-Toma, Floor E. Jansen, Herm J. Lamberink, Ali A. Asadi-Pooya, Mohsen Farazdaghi, Gonçalo Cação, Sita Jayalakshmi, Anuja Patil, Çiğdem Özkara, Şenay Aydın, Joanna Gesche, Christoph P. Beier, Linda J. Stephen, Martin J. Brodie, Gopeekrishnan Unnithan, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Julia Höfler, Eugen Trinka, Roland Krause, Emanuele Cerulli Irelli, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Jerzy P. Szaflarski, Laura E. Hernández-Vanegas, Monica L. Moya-Alfaro, Yingying Zhang, Dong Zhou, Nicola Pietrafusa, Nicola Specchio, Giorgi Japaridze, Sándor Beniczky, Mubeen Janmohamed, Patrick Kwan, Marte Syvertsen, Kaja K. Selmer, Bernd J. Vorderwülbecke, Martin Holtkamp, Lakshminarayanapuram G. Viswanathan, Sanjib Sinha, Betül Baykan, Ebru Altindag, Felix Von Podewils, Juliane Schulz, Udaya Seneviratne, Alejandro Viloria-Alebesque, Ioannis Karakis, Wendyl J. D'Souza, Josemir W. Sander, Bobby P. C. Koeleman, Willem M. Otte, Kees P. J. Braun

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: A third of people with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) are drug-resistant. Three-quarters have a seizure relapse when attempting to withdraw anti-seizure medication (ASM) after achieving seizure-freedom. It is currently impossible to predict who is likely to become drug-resistant and safely withdraw treatment. We aimed to identify predictors of drug resistance and seizure recurrence to allow for individualised prediction of treatment outcomes in people with JME.

METHODS: We performed an individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis based on a systematic search in EMBASE and PubMed - last updated on March 11, 2021 - including prospective and retrospective observational studies reporting on …


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