Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Neurology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,444 Full-Text Articles 12,445 Authors 738,174 Downloads 133 Institutions

All Articles in Neurology

Faceted Search

3,444 full-text articles. Page 1 of 150.

Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, yet accurate in vivo detection of TBI neuropathology remains challenging due to complexities in the structural and functional changes observed post-injury as well as limitations in conventional neuroimaging modalities. Although advanced neuroimaging techniques such as arterial spin labeling (ASL) can noninvasively assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes observed post-injury, this technique is underutilized in TBI research partly due to the low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) inherent in ASL imaging. The aim of the current study is to examine the use of machine learning, specifically a Support ...


Rule Out Screening For Undiagnosed Dementia And Alzheimer’S Disease Using An Ehr Based Machine Learning Solution, Branum Stephan, David A. Julovich, Dustin Bracy, Jeff Nguyen 2021 Southern Methodist University

Rule Out Screening For Undiagnosed Dementia And Alzheimer’S Disease Using An Ehr Based Machine Learning Solution, Branum Stephan, David A. Julovich, Dustin Bracy, Jeff Nguyen

SMU Data Science Review

Abstract. Current detection methods for Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease include cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) markers and/or the use of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, both being high-cost, highly invasive testing methods. The need for low-cost, minimally invasive methods to prescreen individuals for cognitive impairment has been a challenge for many years. Today’s costs associated with an annual screen for all adults 65 and above using current methods (CSF, PET) reach well beyond trillions of dollars per year. Motivated by the limited accessibly and high costs, an alternative tool presented within this paper demonstrates an effective rule out ...


The Effect Of Polyunsaturated And Saturated Fatty Acids On Seizure Presence And Severity In A Cohort Of Subjects In An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Jana K. Wells 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Effect Of Polyunsaturated And Saturated Fatty Acids On Seizure Presence And Severity In A Cohort Of Subjects In An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Jana K. Wells

Theses & Dissertations

Ketogenic diet therapies (KDTs) have been used to treat epilepsy for nearly 100 years. Although effective, restrictive diet patterns and unknown impacts on long-term health outcomes often prevent their use as first-line therapy. To date, a distinct mechanism of action for KDTs has not been determined and evidence suggests fatty acids (FAs) may play a role in eliciting anti-seizure effects. This dissertation aimed to provide insights into the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) on seizure presence and severity through the analysis of dietary intake in a cohort of patients admitted to an epilepsy monitoring ...


Water Exchange Rate Across The Blood-Brain Barrier Is Associated With Csf Amyloid-Β 42 In Healthy Older Adults, Brian T. Gold, Xingfeng Shao, Tiffany L. Sudduth, Gregory A. Jicha, Donna M. Wilcock, Elayna R. Seago, Danny J. J. Wang 2021 University of Kentucky

Water Exchange Rate Across The Blood-Brain Barrier Is Associated With Csf Amyloid-Β 42 In Healthy Older Adults, Brian T. Gold, Xingfeng Shao, Tiffany L. Sudduth, Gregory A. Jicha, Donna M. Wilcock, Elayna R. Seago, Danny J. J. Wang

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: We tested if water exchange across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), estimated with a noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, is associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and neuropsychological function.

METHODS: Forty cognitively normal older adults (67–86 years old) were scanned with diffusion‐prepared, arterial spin labeling (DP‐ASL), which estimates water exchange rate across the BBB (kw). Participants also underwent CSF draw and neuropsychological testing. Multiple linear regression models were run with kw as a predictor of CSF concentrations and neuropsychological scores.

RESULTS: In multiple brain regions, BBB kw was positively associated ...


Hyperglycemia Followed By An Abrupt Decrease Of Blood Glucose Is A Rare Cause Of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (Pres), Liza Garabet Diramerian, Nabila Ashraf, Admir Syla, Armen Malkhasian, Jason Madey 2021 LewisGale Medical Center

Hyperglycemia Followed By An Abrupt Decrease Of Blood Glucose Is A Rare Cause Of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (Pres), Liza Garabet Diramerian, Nabila Ashraf, Admir Syla, Armen Malkhasian, Jason Madey

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathic Syndrome (PRES) is a clinical syndrome of headache, confusion or decreased level of consciousness, visual changes, seizures and focal neurologic signs associated with characteristic neuroimaging findings of posterior cerebral white matter edema. In most cases, PRES is precipitated by sudden increase in blood pressure; however, in the case presented here, the etiology was different as it was secondary to extreme changes in glucose levels.

Case Presentation

A 49-year-old female with a past medical history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus, type 2 was brought to the emergency room with a chief complaint of visual changes for 1 ...


Guillain-Barré Syndrome In A Patient With Sickle Cell Anemia, Kunjan Udani, Pooja Patel, Dveet Patel, Hajra Awwab, Nino Balanchivadze 2021 Grand Strand Medical Center

Guillain-Barré Syndrome In A Patient With Sickle Cell Anemia, Kunjan Udani, Pooja Patel, Dveet Patel, Hajra Awwab, Nino Balanchivadze

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

A 24-year-old African American male with a history of sickle cell anemia (Hb S/S) presented to an outside hospital with acute colitis, acute renal failure and sickle cell crisis and was treated with supportive measures. On day 3 of hospitalization, he developed bilateral ascending paralysis with sacral numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated epidural lipomatosis, which was attributed as the cause of his paralysis. He was transferred to our facility for neurosurgery evaluation. Based on the physical examination, Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) was suspected. This conclusion lead to a lumbar puncture with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis that confirmed the diagnosis ...


Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Plasma Biomarkers Of Alzheimer's Disease In Down Syndrome: Early Data From The Longitudinal Investigation For Enhancing Down Syndrome Research (Life-Dsr) Study, James A. Hendrix, David C. Airey, Angela Britton, Anna D. Burke, George T. Capone, Ronelyn Chavez, Jacqueline Chen, Brian Chicoine, Alberto C. S. Costa, Jeffrey L. Dage, Eric Doran, Anna Esbensen, Casey L. Evans, Kelley M. Faber, Tatiana M. Foroud, Sarah Hart, Kelsey Haugen, Elizabeth Head, Suzanne Hendrix, Hampus Hillerstrom, Frederick A. Schmitt 2021 LuMind IDSC

Cross-Sectional Exploration Of Plasma Biomarkers Of Alzheimer's Disease In Down Syndrome: Early Data From The Longitudinal Investigation For Enhancing Down Syndrome Research (Life-Dsr) Study, James A. Hendrix, David C. Airey, Angela Britton, Anna D. Burke, George T. Capone, Ronelyn Chavez, Jacqueline Chen, Brian Chicoine, Alberto C. S. Costa, Jeffrey L. Dage, Eric Doran, Anna Esbensen, Casey L. Evans, Kelley M. Faber, Tatiana M. Foroud, Sarah Hart, Kelsey Haugen, Elizabeth Head, Suzanne Hendrix, Hampus Hillerstrom, Frederick A. Schmitt

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

With improved healthcare, the Down syndrome (DS) population is both growing and aging rapidly. However, with longevity comes a very high risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The LIFE-DSR study (NCT04149197) is a longitudinal natural history study recruiting 270 adults with DS over the age of 25. The study is designed to characterize trajectories of change in DS-associated AD (DS-AD). The current study reports its cross-sectional analysis of the first 90 subjects enrolled. Plasma biomarkers phosphorylated tau protein (p-tau), neurofilament light chain (NfL), amyloid β peptides (Aβ1-40, Aβ1-42), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were undertaken with previously ...


Efficacy Of Advanced Prehospital Communication In Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment, Dylan Horinek 2021 University of Texas at Tyler

Efficacy Of Advanced Prehospital Communication In Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment, Dylan Horinek

MSN Capstone Projects

Ischemic stroke outcomes are directly affected by time to treatment. This intervention demonstrates promise in decreasing time to treatment by optimizing pres-hospital communication, basically giving a report to providers and registration information before the patient arrives at the facility. The use of an advanced digital application has demonstrated in multiple studies significant difference in time to treatment in ischemic stroke, and ultimately leads to improved patient outcomes, increased staff satisfaction, and increased facility revenue.


The Sellar Barrier’S: An Important New Concept In Pituitary Surgery., Juan F. Villalonga, ALVARO CAMPERO 2021 LINT, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Tucumán, Argentina

The Sellar Barrier’S: An Important New Concept In Pituitary Surgery., Juan F. Villalonga, Alvaro Campero

Archives of Neurosurgery

The sellar barrier's concept was created by our team in Tucumán in 2019. There are currently 3 well-defined subtypes: strong, weak and mixed. Published case series studies indicate that there is a strong correlation between radiological, intraoperative findings and risk of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. Patients with weak sellar barrier have more risk of intraoperative CSF leak. The strong sellar barrier is a protective factor for intraoperative CSF leak. The sellar barrier's concept is useful for clinical-surgical practice and for the physician-patient relationship.


Suprameatal Tubercle Classification; Its Implementation On Clinical Cases, Humberto Reyna Mendez, Jose Alfredo Espinosa Mora, Laura Ubaldo Reyes, Alberto Angeles Castellanos, Ignacio Mora Magaña, Mauro Alberto Segura Lozano, Rachel Blue, John YK Lee, Diego Mendez Rosito 2021 Centro Medico Nacional 20 de Noviembre, ISSSTE. Mexico City

Suprameatal Tubercle Classification; Its Implementation On Clinical Cases, Humberto Reyna Mendez, Jose Alfredo Espinosa Mora, Laura Ubaldo Reyes, Alberto Angeles Castellanos, Ignacio Mora Magaña, Mauro Alberto Segura Lozano, Rachel Blue, John Yk Lee, Diego Mendez Rosito

Archives of Neurosurgery

Abstract:

Background: The suprameatal tubercle (SMT) is a variable prominence of the petrosal surface of the temporal bone that lies above the internal acoustic meatus. An enlarged SMT may present an obstacle during surgeries of the posterior fossa, including microvascular decompression or by itself cause trigeminal neuralgia.

Methods: Based on our prior study of 200 temporal bones, its data collection and establishing a classification of the SMT this extension study exemplifies its clinical application.

Results: According to the classification of the SMT four selected cases are clinically and anatomically correlated to exemplify the utility of this classification.

Conclusion: The SMT ...


Endoscopic–Assisted Surgery For Cerebello Pontine Angle Pathology: Technical Note And Surgical Results In A Series Of Patients, Jaime Jesus Martinez Anda, Pablo David Guerrero Suarez, Diego Pineda Martínez, Rafael Avendaño Pradel, Ernesto Javier Jurado Delgado, Ricardo Santiago Villlagrana Sánchez, Juan Carlos Cisneros Lesser, Carolina De la Llata Segura, Rogelio Revuelta Gutiérrez 2021 Neurosurgery Department, Toluca Medical Center of Social Security Institute of the State of Mexico and Provinces, State of Mexico, Mexico

Endoscopic–Assisted Surgery For Cerebello Pontine Angle Pathology: Technical Note And Surgical Results In A Series Of Patients, Jaime Jesus Martinez Anda, Pablo David Guerrero Suarez, Diego Pineda Martínez, Rafael Avendaño Pradel, Ernesto Javier Jurado Delgado, Ricardo Santiago Villlagrana Sánchez, Juan Carlos Cisneros Lesser, Carolina De La Llata Segura, Rogelio Revuelta Gutiérrez

Archives of Neurosurgery

Objectives: Endoscopic–assisted surgery combined with the operating microscope has been described for several surgical techniques and pathologies of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). The use of an endoscope allows for a panoramic view of the CPA cistern and a high degree of maneuverability in narrow cisternal spaces that enable the surgeon to deal with most CPA lesions safely. We performed an observational study to describe the surgical anatomy and technique for endoscopic-assisted CPA surgery, describing our experience in a case series of patients with CPA pathology. Methods: Anatomical and surgical technique description of endoscopic-assisted surgery for CPA pathology, based on ...


Traumatic Injuries Of The Common Peroneal Nerve And Current Surgical Strategies For Improving Foot Drop. A Clinical Series And Literature Review., Carlos Alberto Rodríguez Aceves, María Elena Córdoba Mosqueda, Racob Alberto García Velazco, Humberto González Ugalde, Héctor Antonio Soriano Solís, Fabiola Estela Elizabeth Ortega Ponce, Kartik G. Krishnan 2021 Neurosurgery Department, The American British Cowdray Medical Center, Neurological Center. México City, México

Traumatic Injuries Of The Common Peroneal Nerve And Current Surgical Strategies For Improving Foot Drop. A Clinical Series And Literature Review., Carlos Alberto Rodríguez Aceves, María Elena Córdoba Mosqueda, Racob Alberto García Velazco, Humberto González Ugalde, Héctor Antonio Soriano Solís, Fabiola Estela Elizabeth Ortega Ponce, Kartik G. Krishnan

Archives of Neurosurgery

Background: Common peroneal nerve injuries are the most frequent nerve injuries in the lower extremity. They may produce severe gait deficits because of weakness or absence in ankle dorsiflexion. Functional improvement after injury, despite any intervention, remains unpredictable. There are various surgical strategies aimed to restore foot drop, but no consensus exists regarding the best surgical treatment.

Objective: In this article, we report our experience and reviewing general aspects of common peroneal nerve anatomy and lesions, current surgical strategies to restore functionality, and the overall outcomes previously published in the literature.

Methods: Retrospective review of patients with foot drop secondary ...


Minimally Invasive Non-Expansile Tubular Extradural Posterior Fossa Decompression (Minted Technique) For The Management Of Chiari I.5 Malformation: Historical Overview Of Surgical Techniques, Technical Note, Proof Of Concept, Illustrative Case And Case Series. Lesser Is Better, José Alberto Israel Romero Rangel, Manuel Eduardo Soto García, Sergio Soriano Solís, Carlos Raúl Rangel Morales, Gerson Reyes Rodríguez, José Antonio Soriano Sánchez 2021 The American-British Cowdray Medical Center

Minimally Invasive Non-Expansile Tubular Extradural Posterior Fossa Decompression (Minted Technique) For The Management Of Chiari I.5 Malformation: Historical Overview Of Surgical Techniques, Technical Note, Proof Of Concept, Illustrative Case And Case Series. Lesser Is Better, José Alberto Israel Romero Rangel, Manuel Eduardo Soto García, Sergio Soriano Solís, Carlos Raúl Rangel Morales, Gerson Reyes Rodríguez, José Antonio Soriano Sánchez

Archives of Neurosurgery

BACKGROUND: Chiari's Malformation surgical treatment has significantly changed since the "classical" technique description by Gardner (1950). It is probably the most commonly performed approach, even when multiple techniques are available because no substantial changes nor any clear surgical objectives have been made. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a new cutting-edge surgical technique mastering the advantage of each surgical procedure ever described in the history of Chiari's Malformation establishing three critical points in surgical technique: clear patient-specific surgical goals, dynamic posterior fossa reconstruction, and extradural occipitoatlantal dense-adhesions release. METHODS: A comprehensive review of historically described approaches, proof of concept of surgical ...


Gait And Balance Changes With Investigational Peripheral Nerve Cell Therapy During Deep Brain Stimulation In People With Parkinson’S Disease, Geetanjali Gera, Zain Guduru, Tritia R. Yamasaki, Julie A. Gurwell, Monica Chau, Anna Krotinger, Frederick A. Schmitt, John T. Slevin, Greg A. Gerhardt, Craig G. van Horne, Jorge E. Quintero 2021 University of Kentucky

Gait And Balance Changes With Investigational Peripheral Nerve Cell Therapy During Deep Brain Stimulation In People With Parkinson’S Disease, Geetanjali Gera, Zain Guduru, Tritia R. Yamasaki, Julie A. Gurwell, Monica Chau, Anna Krotinger, Frederick A. Schmitt, John T. Slevin, Greg A. Gerhardt, Craig G. Van Horne, Jorge E. Quintero

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: The efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) and dopaminergic therapy is known to decrease over time. Hence, a new investigational approach combines implanting autologous injury-activated peripheral nerve grafts (APNG) at the time of bilateral DBS surgery to the globus pallidus interna. Objectives: In a study where APNG was unilaterally implanted into the substantia nigra, we explored the effects on clinical gait and balance assessments over two years in 14 individuals with Parkinson’s disease. Methods: Computerized gait and balance evaluations were performed without medication, and stimulation was in the off state for at least 12 h to best assess ...


C25: The “Spot Sign”: A Predictor Of Hematoma Expansion, Mckenzie Merritt 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

C25: The “Spot Sign”: A Predictor Of Hematoma Expansion, Mckenzie Merritt

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede 2021 UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY MEDICINE, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA

Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. Family members caring for a patient with acquired brain injury (ABI) are coping with inordinate levels of stress partially due to their lack of understanding of the neuropsychological effects of acquired brain injury in the patient. The objective of this research is to show that as the caregivers’ stress levels increase, there is an increase in suicidal ideation. This highlights the causal relationship between unhealthy stress and reduced psychological well-being in these caregivers. In addition, qualitative research evidence regarding the caregivers’ views of their main sources of stress are presented. Methods. The participants were a random sample of 80 ...


Method Of Intra-Arterial Drug Administration In A Rat: Sex Based Optimization Of Infusion Rate, Sarah J. Messmer, Justin F. Fraser, Keith R. Pennypacker, Jill M. Roberts 2021 University of Kentucky

Method Of Intra-Arterial Drug Administration In A Rat: Sex Based Optimization Of Infusion Rate, Sarah J. Messmer, Justin F. Fraser, Keith R. Pennypacker, Jill M. Roberts

Center for Advanced Translational Stroke Science Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Endovascular thrombectomy is the process of removing a blood clot and re-establishing blood flow in patients with emergent large vessel occlusion. The technique provides an opportunity to deliver therapeutics directly to the site of injury. The intra-arterial (IA) route of drug administration in the mouse was developed to bridge the gap between animal stroke treatments and clinical stroke therapy. Here, we adapted the IA method for use in rats, by investigating various flow rates to optimize the IA injection through the internal carotid artery (ICA).

METHODS: Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats (∼4 months of age) were subjected to placement ...


Collaboration Therapy: Telehealth Principles And Case Studies, Elliot Cole, PhD, Larry M. Starr, PhD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Collaboration Therapy: Telehealth Principles And Case Studies, Elliot Cole, Phd, Larry M. Starr, Phd

School of Continuing and Professional Studies Faculty Papers

While conventional in-clinic Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) rehabilitation serves the needs of the vast majority of patients many of whom go on to resume their lives a significant percentage of patients continue to have enduring cognitive disabilities despite long-term and skilled therapy. However, these patients can rapidly achieve gains which typically continue to increase toward substantial self-sufficiency when engaged in Collaboration Therapy (CT). CT is directed toward patient populations appropriate for a telehealth service who meet the following criteria: 1) patients have plateaued in conventional in-clinic therapy; 2) in-patients are too distant from an appropriate outpatient facility; and 3) individuals ...


Improving Caregivers’ Perceived Involvement In Care Through Facilitating Communication With Hospital Providers, Heather Manolas 2021 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Improving Caregivers’ Perceived Involvement In Care Through Facilitating Communication With Hospital Providers, Heather Manolas

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Involvement of family in care-planning for prevention of delirium in acute care settings is crucial, yet remains underutilized in those who are cognitively impaired. Despite the incidence of delirium in acute care worsening during COVID-19, many factors have led to it being placed on the back burner.

PICOT: In caregivers of cognitively impaired individuals, can implementation of an evidence-based, best practice tool that advocates for evidence-based delirium prevention strategies tailored to their loved-one and facilitates family involvement in care planning for these strategies during a healthcare experience as compared to no other intervention improve confidence in, and involvement ...


Gad Antibody-Spectrum Disorders: Progress In Clinical Phenotypes, Immunopathogenesis And Therapeutic Interventions., Popianna Tsiortou, Harry Alexopoulos, Marinos Dalakas 2021 Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Gad Antibody-Spectrum Disorders: Progress In Clinical Phenotypes, Immunopathogenesis And Therapeutic Interventions., Popianna Tsiortou, Harry Alexopoulos, Marinos Dalakas

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), originally linked to stiff person syndrome (SPS), now denote the “GAD antibody-spectrum disorders” (GAD-SD) that also include autoimmune epilepsy, limbic encephalitis, cerebellar ataxia and nystagmus with overlapping symptomatology highlighting autoimmune neuronal excitability disorders. The reasons for the clinical heterogeneity among GAD-antibody associated syndromes remain still unsettled, implicating variable susceptibility of GABAergic neurons to anti-GAD or other still unidentified autoantibodies. Although anti-GAD antibody titers do not correlate with clinical severity, very high serum titers, often associated with intrathecal synthesis of anti-GAD-specific IgG, point to in-situ effects of GAD or related autoantibodies within the central nervous ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress