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The Midas Score After Memantine In Patients With Migraine At A Tertiary Care Hospital., Ihsan ul Haq Zarkoon, Wazir Akbar, Noor Ahmed Khosa 2021 Bolan Medical Complex Hospital Quetta

The Midas Score After Memantine In Patients With Migraine At A Tertiary Care Hospital., Ihsan Ul Haq Zarkoon, Wazir Akbar, Noor Ahmed Khosa

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Memantine has been suggested as a migraine prophylaxis therapy in some observational studies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean change in MIDAS score after Memantine in patients having migraine. SAMPLING TECHNIQUE: Non-probability, consecutive sampling.


Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, yet accurate in vivo detection of TBI neuropathology remains challenging due to complexities in the structural and functional changes observed post-injury as well as limitations in conventional neuroimaging modalities. Although advanced neuroimaging techniques such as arterial spin labeling (ASL) can noninvasively assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes observed post-injury, this technique is underutilized in TBI research partly due to the low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) inherent in ASL imaging. The aim of the current study is to examine the use of machine learning, specifically a Support ...


Improving Understanding Of And Compliance With Anti-Shivering Protocols During Therapeutic Hypothermia With Just-In-Time Training, Brittany Heckel, MD, Eunice Lee, MD, Courtney Curran, MD, Kasun Navarathna, MD, Henry Lee, MD, Lucy Maguire, MD, PhD, Malissa Pynes, MD, Shyam Majmundar, MD, Alexander Buslov, MD, Syed Shah, MD, MBA, Matthew Vibbert, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Improving Understanding Of And Compliance With Anti-Shivering Protocols During Therapeutic Hypothermia With Just-In-Time Training, Brittany Heckel, Md, Eunice Lee, Md, Courtney Curran, Md, Kasun Navarathna, Md, Henry Lee, Md, Lucy Maguire, Md, Phd, Malissa Pynes, Md, Shyam Majmundar, Md, Alexander Buslov, Md, Syed Shah, Md, Mba, Matthew Vibbert, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

  • Therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest has been demonstrated to improve neurologic outcomes and survival rates following cardiac arrest.
  • Shivering during hypothermia increases metabolic demand, increases oxygen consumption and increases difficulty maintaining desired temperatures.
  • Gaps in knowledge can lead to inadequate management of shivering, leading

Aims for Improvement

To improve understanding of and compliance with anti-shivering protocols during therapeutic hypothermia post-cardiac arrest.


Addressing Health Disparities And Access In The Department Of Neurology Outpatient Setting In The Era Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Quality Improvement Initiative, V. Wang, M. Rehman, K. Burda, L. Liao, M. Braslavsky, T. Chuang, J. Diep, MD, E. Isaac, E. Wong 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Addressing Health Disparities And Access In The Department Of Neurology Outpatient Setting In The Era Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Quality Improvement Initiative, V. Wang, M. Rehman, K. Burda, L. Liao, M. Braslavsky, T. Chuang, J. Diep, Md, E. Isaac, E. Wong

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Neurology, a largely outpatient specialty, has joined many other fields in the endeavor of incorporating telemedicine.4,6,7 We present the results of analysis of the Epic Electronic Medical Record (EMR) of all outpatient visits from the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Department of Neurology from 2019 to 2020 in order to identify areas of ethnic minority and geographic disparities with regards to usage of telemedicine. For our analyses, we have included Neurology patients across the General Neurology (JUP Neurology 909 Walnut NEU), Headache Center (HA), and Multiple Sclerosis Center (MS). Additionally, based on patient surveys from a subset of ...


Evaluating Advance Care Planning In Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Retrospective Chart Review, Zachary Klock, MD, Stephanie Dobak, RD, Gail Houseman, RN, Margaret Kreher, MD, FACP 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Evaluating Advance Care Planning In Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Retrospective Chart Review, Zachary Klock, Md, Stephanie Dobak, Rd, Gail Houseman, Rn, Margaret Kreher, Md, Facp

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

  • ALS is a progressive, degenerative neurologic disorder with inevitable decline in function and ultimately death.
  • Most patients and families will be faced with decisions regarding mechanical ventilation and artificial nutrition.
  • Prior studies have showed low rates of ACP completion in this population (<50%) and high rates of opt out in programs to aid ACP (nearly 40%).
  • By reviewing charts of patients with ALS, we can analyze the impact of ACP on care utilization including artificial nutrition, mechanical ventilation and hospice utilization to help to guide efforts regarding ACP in the outpatient setting.


Alteplase Administration For Acute Ischemic Stroke (Ais) In Er - A 5-Year Review, Ali A. Saherwala, MD, Diana Tzeng, MD, Robin Dharia, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Alteplase Administration For Acute Ischemic Stroke (Ais) In Er - A 5-Year Review, Ali A. Saherwala, Md, Diana Tzeng, Md, Robin Dharia, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

  • ER visits for AIS grown in last 10 years by 25%
  • Ongoing effort by AHA/ASA to improve access to care with early stroke recognition and awareness
  • Time is brain; rate of thrombolysis with alteplase (ALT) should increase with better EMS systems, awareness, and education


Tolerability Of Switching Cholinesterase Inhibitors To Memantine Monotherapy Versus Adding Memantine As Combination Therapy For All-Cause Neurodegenerative Disorders, Estevana Isaac, MD, Mijail Serruya, MD, PhD, Keith Scott, PhD, Michael R. Sperling, MD, Carol Lippa, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Tolerability Of Switching Cholinesterase Inhibitors To Memantine Monotherapy Versus Adding Memantine As Combination Therapy For All-Cause Neurodegenerative Disorders, Estevana Isaac, Md, Mijail Serruya, Md, Phd, Keith Scott, Phd, Michael R. Sperling, Md, Carol Lippa, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Background: Prior studies have focused on the clinical efficacy of combination therapy, Donepezil and Memantine, for patient’s diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. However, the potential adverse drug reactions while described as mild can have serious sequelae in older adults who are already managing the side effects of polypharmacy.

Objective: This study looks to explore the tolerability of switching cholinesterase inhibitors to memantine monotherapy versus adding memantine as combination therapy for all-cause neurodegenerative disorders.

Methods: The study is a retrospective chart review that includes 175 patients aged 50 and older diagnosed with neurocognitive disorders (ICD 10 F00-F03.91 and ICD10 ...


Inflammatory Regulation Of Cns Barriers After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Tale Directed By Interleukin-1, Colleen N. Bodnar, James B. Watson, Emma K. Higgins, Ning Quan, Adam D. Bachstetter 2021 University of Kentucky

Inflammatory Regulation Of Cns Barriers After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Tale Directed By Interleukin-1, Colleen N. Bodnar, James B. Watson, Emma K. Higgins, Ning Quan, Adam D. Bachstetter

Neuroscience Faculty Publications

Several barriers separate the central nervous system (CNS) from the rest of the body. These barriers are essential for regulating the movement of fluid, ions, molecules, and immune cells into and out of the brain parenchyma. Each CNS barrier is unique and highly dynamic. Endothelial cells, epithelial cells, pericytes, astrocytes, and other cellular constituents each have intricate functions that are essential to sustain the brain’s health. Along with damaging neurons, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) also directly insults the CNS barrier-forming cells. Disruption to the barriers first occurs by physical damage to the cells, called the primary injury. Subsequently ...


Explicit Training To Improve Affective Prosody Recognition In Adults With Acute Right Hemisphere Stroke, Alexandra Zezinka Durfee, Shannon M. Sheppard, Erin L. Meier, Lisa Bunker, Erjia Cui, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Argye E. Hillis 2021 Johns Hopkins University

Explicit Training To Improve Affective Prosody Recognition In Adults With Acute Right Hemisphere Stroke, Alexandra Zezinka Durfee, Shannon M. Sheppard, Erin L. Meier, Lisa Bunker, Erjia Cui, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Argye E. Hillis

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

Difficulty recognizing affective prosody (receptive aprosodia) can occur following right hemisphere damage (RHD). Not all individuals spontaneously recover their ability to recognize affective prosody, warranting behavioral intervention. However, there is a dearth of evidence-based receptive aprosodia treatment research in this clinical population. The purpose of the current study was to investigate an explicit training protocol targeting affective prosody recognition in adults with RHD and receptive aprosodia. Eighteen adults with receptive aprosodia due to acute RHD completed affective prosody recognition before and after a short training session that targeted proposed underlying perceptual and conceptual processes. Behavioral impairment and lesion characteristics were ...


Use Of Artificial Intelligence To Identify Predictors Of Functional Outcomes In Patients With Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy, Natalie K. Katz 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Use Of Artificial Intelligence To Identify Predictors Of Functional Outcomes In Patients With Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy, Natalie K. Katz

Research Days

Background: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is one of the most common forms of muscular dystrophy characterized by slowly progressive muscle weakness. Symptoms initially involve the facial and shoulder girdle muscles, with later involvement of the distal lower extremities, pelvic girdle and proximal lower extremities. FSHD type 1 (FHSD1) is the most common form (~95% of individuals) and is caused by deletion of microsatellite repeats in the D4Z4 region on chromosome 4 (4q35). Normal individuals have >10 repeats whereas individuals with FSHD1 have 1-10 repeats. There is significant variability in regards to disease severity, rates of progression and functional outcomes, but ...


Intracranial Vcam1 At Time Of Mechanical Thrombectomy Predicts Ischemic Stroke Severity, Benton Maglinger, Madison Sands, Jacqueline A. Frank, Christopher J. McLouth, Amanda L. Trout, Jill M. Roberts, Stephen Grupke, Jadwiga Turchan-Cholewo, Ann M. Stowe, Justin F. Fraser, Keith R. Pennypacker 2021 University of Kentucky

Intracranial Vcam1 At Time Of Mechanical Thrombectomy Predicts Ischemic Stroke Severity, Benton Maglinger, Madison Sands, Jacqueline A. Frank, Christopher J. Mclouth, Amanda L. Trout, Jill M. Roberts, Stephen Grupke, Jadwiga Turchan-Cholewo, Ann M. Stowe, Justin F. Fraser, Keith R. Pennypacker

Behavioral Science Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) strokes are devastating ischemic vascular events for which novel treatment options are needed. Using vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1) as a prototype, the objective of this study was to identify proteomic biomarkers and network signaling functions that are potential therapeutic targets for adjuvant treatment for mechanical thrombectomy.

METHODS: The blood and clot thrombectomy and collaboration (BACTRAC) study is a continually enrolling tissue bank and registry from stroke patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy. Plasma proteins from intracranial (distal to clot) and systemic arterial blood (carotid) were analyzed by Olink Proteomics for N=42 subjects. Statistical ...


Rule Out Screening For Undiagnosed Dementia And Alzheimer’S Disease Using An Ehr Based Machine Learning Solution, Branum Stephan, David A. Julovich, Dustin Bracy, Jeff Nguyen 2021 Southern Methodist University

Rule Out Screening For Undiagnosed Dementia And Alzheimer’S Disease Using An Ehr Based Machine Learning Solution, Branum Stephan, David A. Julovich, Dustin Bracy, Jeff Nguyen

SMU Data Science Review

Abstract. Current detection methods for Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease include cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) markers and/or the use of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, both being high-cost, highly invasive testing methods. The need for low-cost, minimally invasive methods to prescreen individuals for cognitive impairment has been a challenge for many years. Today’s costs associated with an annual screen for all adults 65 and above using current methods (CSF, PET) reach well beyond trillions of dollars per year. Motivated by the limited accessibly and high costs, an alternative tool presented within this paper demonstrates an effective rule out ...


The Effect Of Polyunsaturated And Saturated Fatty Acids On Seizure Presence And Severity In A Cohort Of Subjects In An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Jana K. Wells 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Effect Of Polyunsaturated And Saturated Fatty Acids On Seizure Presence And Severity In A Cohort Of Subjects In An Epilepsy Monitoring Unit, Jana K. Wells

Theses & Dissertations

Ketogenic diet therapies (KDTs) have been used to treat epilepsy for nearly 100 years. Although effective, restrictive diet patterns and unknown impacts on long-term health outcomes often prevent their use as first-line therapy. To date, a distinct mechanism of action for KDTs has not been determined and evidence suggests fatty acids (FAs) may play a role in eliciting anti-seizure effects. This dissertation aimed to provide insights into the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) on seizure presence and severity through the analysis of dietary intake in a cohort of patients admitted to an epilepsy monitoring ...


Comparison Of Radiomic Feature Aggregation Methods For Patients With Multiple Tumors., Enoch Chang, Marina Z. Joel, Hannah Y. Chang, Justin Du, Omaditya Khanna, Antonio Omuro, Veronica Chiang, Sanjay Aneja 2021 Yale School of Medicine

Comparison Of Radiomic Feature Aggregation Methods For Patients With Multiple Tumors., Enoch Chang, Marina Z. Joel, Hannah Y. Chang, Justin Du, Omaditya Khanna, Antonio Omuro, Veronica Chiang, Sanjay Aneja

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Radiomic feature analysis has been shown to be effective at analyzing diagnostic images to model cancer outcomes. It has not yet been established how to best combine radiomic features in cancer patients with multifocal tumors. As the number of patients with multifocal metastatic cancer continues to rise, there is a need for improving personalized patient-level prognosis to better inform treatment. We compared six mathematical methods of combining radiomic features of 3,596 tumors in 831 patients with multiple brain metastases and evaluated the performance of these aggregation methods using three survival models: a standard Cox proportional hazards model, a Cox ...


Adult Knowledge Of Childhood Head Injury Management At Home, Christian Muller, Adarsh Gupta, Joanna Petrides 2021 Rowan University

Adult Knowledge Of Childhood Head Injury Management At Home, Christian Muller, Adarsh Gupta, Joanna Petrides

Stratford Campus Research Day

Adults are able to recognize concussion warning symptoms; however, they lack the knowledge on how to manage and treat a child’s head injury.


Water Exchange Rate Across The Blood-Brain Barrier Is Associated With Csf Amyloid-Β 42 In Healthy Older Adults, Brian T. Gold, Xingfeng Shao, Tiffany L. Sudduth, Gregory A. Jicha, Donna M. Wilcock, Elayna R. Seago, Danny J. J. Wang 2021 University of Kentucky

Water Exchange Rate Across The Blood-Brain Barrier Is Associated With Csf Amyloid-Β 42 In Healthy Older Adults, Brian T. Gold, Xingfeng Shao, Tiffany L. Sudduth, Gregory A. Jicha, Donna M. Wilcock, Elayna R. Seago, Danny J. J. Wang

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: We tested if water exchange across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), estimated with a noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, is associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and neuropsychological function.

METHODS: Forty cognitively normal older adults (67–86 years old) were scanned with diffusion‐prepared, arterial spin labeling (DP‐ASL), which estimates water exchange rate across the BBB (kw). Participants also underwent CSF draw and neuropsychological testing. Multiple linear regression models were run with kw as a predictor of CSF concentrations and neuropsychological scores.

RESULTS: In multiple brain regions, BBB kw was positively associated ...


Lack Of Observed Tolerance To Diazepam Nasal Spray (Valtoco®) After Long-Term Rescue Therapy In Patients With Epilepsy: Interim Results From A Phase 3, Open-Label, Repeat-Dose Safety Study., Gregory D. Cascino, Daniel Tarquinio, James W. Wheless, R. Edward Hogan, Michael R. Sperling, Kore Liow, Jay Desai, Charles Davis, Adrian L. Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana 2021 Mayo Clinic

Lack Of Observed Tolerance To Diazepam Nasal Spray (Valtoco®) After Long-Term Rescue Therapy In Patients With Epilepsy: Interim Results From A Phase 3, Open-Label, Repeat-Dose Safety Study., Gregory D. Cascino, Daniel Tarquinio, James W. Wheless, R. Edward Hogan, Michael R. Sperling, Kore Liow, Jay Desai, Charles Davis, Adrian L. Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: Tolerance is a known consideration for maintenance use of benzodiazepines and other antiseizure drugs; however, clinical experience suggests that tolerance may not be anticipated with long-term intermittent use of benzodiazepines as rescue therapy. Diazepam nasal spray (Valtoco®) is a proprietary intranasal formulation approved for the acute treatment of intermittent, stereotypic episodes of frequent seizure activity (ie, seizure clusters, acute repetitive seizures) in patients with epilepsy aged ≥6 years. Reported here are exploratory analyses investigating whether there was evidence of development of tolerance in an interim analysis of a long-term, phase 3, open-label safety study of diazepam nasal spray.

METHODS ...


Virtual Child Neurology Education During Covid-19 And Beyond, Jennifer J. Dilts, Rose N. Gelineau-Morel 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Virtual Child Neurology Education During Covid-19 And Beyond, Jennifer J. Dilts, Rose N. Gelineau-Morel

Posters

Background: Even prior to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Children’s Mercy Kansas City’s large neurology division struggled to engage learners in educational conferences. With 113 division members across 5 locations, attending conferences was challenging. While some conferences were live-streamed, we offered no recorded lectures, and most conferences were attended solely by trainees and 3-4 select faculty. COVID-19 eliminated in-person group learning opportunities.


Objective: We aimed to rapidly develop and implement a comprehensive and inclusive virtual child neurology curriculum and assess its impact.


Design/Methods: We created a neurology education “team” using Microsoft® Teams. Within 1 week of ...


Teaching Pediatric Procedural Pain And Anxiety Management To Residents: Early Outcomes Of A Newly Developed Curriculum, Jennifer J. Dilts, Brian R. Lee, Shobhit Jain, Ross Newman, Sarah Fouquet, Michael Brancato, Kadriye O. Lewis 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Teaching Pediatric Procedural Pain And Anxiety Management To Residents: Early Outcomes Of A Newly Developed Curriculum, Jennifer J. Dilts, Brian R. Lee, Shobhit Jain, Ross Newman, Sarah Fouquet, Michael Brancato, Kadriye O. Lewis

Posters

Background: Poorly managed pediatric pain has negative long-term outcomes, including needle phobia, increased pain and anxiety with subsequent procedures, and healthcare avoidance in adulthood. Evidence-based interventions to reduce procedural pain and anxiety are vastly underutilized, and a literature search revealed no specific curriculum to teach residents optimal skills for pain and anxiety management in minor procedures (e.g. venipuncture, laceration repair). Thus, we developed a multimedia-based lecture with PowerPoint, utilizing results from a focus group interview (conducted with 7 pediatric residents, to determine educational content and identify residents’ needs and learning preferences).


Objective: To measure residents’ learning outcomes (knowledge, attitudes ...


Headache And Its Association With Adhd/Add And Stimulant Medication, Claire Nitzsche 2021 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Headache And Its Association With Adhd/Add And Stimulant Medication, Claire Nitzsche

Honors Scholar Theses

Years of research has shown that headache (in terms of frequency, duration, and severity) is perpetuated by dysregulation of lifestyle behaviors such as sleep habits, eating habits, level of stress, physical activity etc. Our project aims to explore the potential combined and independent impacts that having ADHD/ADD and taking stimulant drugs have on disrupting one’s lifestyle and examine whether dysregulated lifestyle behaviors contribute to one’s headache experience. No research has investigated how both ADHD/ADD and stimulant drug use effect headache experience. In this cross-sectional study, 177 UConn undergraduate students completed a 10-minute survey regarding lifestyle behaviors ...


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