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Utilization Of Enteral Tranexamic Acid To Stabilize Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage In Pediatric Patients On Ecmo, Gina Patel, Jenna Miller, Thomas M. Attard, Asdis Finnsdottir Wagner 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Utilization Of Enteral Tranexamic Acid To Stabilize Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage In Pediatric Patients On Ecmo, Gina Patel, Jenna Miller, Thomas M. Attard, Asdis Finnsdottir Wagner

Presentations

Background:

Incidence and management of Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding on ECMO isn’t well reported Patients on ECMO require systemic anticoagulation making GI bleeding difficult to manage We describe the use of enteral tranexamic acid (TXA) in two pediatric patients with GI hemorrhage on ECMO


Efficacy Of Advanced Prehospital Communication In Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment, Dylan Horinek 2021 University of Texas at Tyler

Efficacy Of Advanced Prehospital Communication In Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment, Dylan Horinek

MSN Capstone Projects

Ischemic stroke outcomes are directly affected by time to treatment. This intervention demonstrates promise in decreasing time to treatment by optimizing pres-hospital communication, basically giving a report to providers and registration information before the patient arrives at the facility. The use of an advanced digital application has demonstrated in multiple studies significant difference in time to treatment in ischemic stroke, and ultimately leads to improved patient outcomes, increased staff satisfaction, and increased facility revenue.


C25: The “Spot Sign”: A Predictor Of Hematoma Expansion, Mckenzie Merritt 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

C25: The “Spot Sign”: A Predictor Of Hematoma Expansion, Mckenzie Merritt

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu 2021 LUCIAN BLAGA UNIVERSITY OF SIBIU, EMERGENCY COUNTY HOSPITAL OF SIBIU, SIBIU, ROMANIA

Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The acute development and the accumulation of chyle into the peritoneal space is a rare condition and one needs to be able to distinguish it from chylous ascites, which is most commonly chronic and associated with related diseases. It is frequently idiopathic and additionally, clinical and imaging findings are nonspecific. In almost all cases, the diagnosis is made intraoperatively during laparoscopy or laparotomy, most diagnostic procedures being indicated by acute complaints pertaining to the abdomen. A 23-year-old man was admitted to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain, with right iliac fossa tenderness and peritonism. Laparoscopy was performed due to acute ...


Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede 2021 UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY MEDICINE, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA

Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. Family members caring for a patient with acquired brain injury (ABI) are coping with inordinate levels of stress partially due to their lack of understanding of the neuropsychological effects of acquired brain injury in the patient. The objective of this research is to show that as the caregivers’ stress levels increase, there is an increase in suicidal ideation. This highlights the causal relationship between unhealthy stress and reduced psychological well-being in these caregivers. In addition, qualitative research evidence regarding the caregivers’ views of their main sources of stress are presented. Methods. The participants were a random sample of 80 ...


A Case Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome In Cardiac Surgery: A Rare, Potentially Fatal Complication., Michelle Chen, K. Gage Parr 2021 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care

A Case Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome In Cardiac Surgery: A Rare, Potentially Fatal Complication., Michelle Chen, K. Gage Parr

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Barriers To Healthy Births At Nigerian Hospitals, Caroline Johnston 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Barriers To Healthy Births At Nigerian Hospitals, Caroline Johnston

Senior Theses

Maternal mortality is a problem everywhere, but it is especially dangerous in Nigeria where the average woman experiences pregnancy six times during her lifetime (Population Reference Bureau, 2001). Many researchers focus on the medical complications associated with labor, such as hemorrhage, eclampsia, or infection. Although these birth complications are the direct sources of maternal death, it is also important to recognize how maternal mortality is a multifaceted issue influenced by local cultural groups, religions, politics, poverty level and the absence of basic infrastructures. Although maternal mortality is interconnected with social and geographical elements, my paper concentrates on Nigerian hospitals and ...


Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan 2021 Aga Khan University

Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease (COVID-19) pandemic has hit the world hard. Millions of people have died due to the infection and several have suffered with what are now known as post COVID-19 squeal. Among these squeals one is immunosuppression which leaves patients prone to severe opportunistic infection. We here report a case of young female who was infected by COVID-19 and later developed cavitary pneumonia which upon investigation turned out to be due to mycobacterium tuberculosis. Through this report we aim to highlight the importance of high index of suspicion for infection like Mycobacterium tuberculosis after ...


Overcoming Communication Barriers: An Evaluation Of Communication Devices For Healthcare Providers Wearing Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (Paprs), Trevor Hebenstreit, Geoffrey Ho, Amy Tronnier, Everett Chu, Ivy Benjenk, Paul Dangerfield, Ryan Keneally, Timothy Liu, Marian Sherman 2021 GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Overcoming Communication Barriers: An Evaluation Of Communication Devices For Healthcare Providers Wearing Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (Paprs), Trevor Hebenstreit, Geoffrey Ho, Amy Tronnier, Everett Chu, Ivy Benjenk, Paul Dangerfield, Ryan Keneally, Timothy Liu, Marian Sherman

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Objectives: Families in the neurologic ICU urgently request goals-of-care decision support and shared decision-making tools. We recently developed a goals-of-care decision aid for surrogates of critically ill traumatic brain injury patients using a systematic development process adherent to the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. To widen its applicability, we adapted this decision aid to critically ill patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and large hemispheric acute ischemic stroke.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: Two academic neurologic ICUs.

Subjects: Twenty family members of patients in the neurologic ICU were recruited from July 2018 to October 2018.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and Main Results: We ...


Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi 2021 Sunrise Health GME Consortium

Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy (MAC) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are both rare obstetric conditions. Literature regarding methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy in the obstetric population is limited, and it can be difficult to make the distinction between the two given the similarities in clinical presentation. However similar, there are significant distinctions in the pathophysiology of these two that can help clinicians with the management process.

Clinical Findings and Outcomes

This case involves a 35-year-old Hispanic G6P5005 at 37 weeks gestation presenting with acute respiratory failure secondary to acute decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and superimposed preeclampsia leading to urgent cesarean ...


Ionized Or Total Magnesium Levels, What Should We Measure In Critical Ill Patients?, Giuliana Scarpati, Daniela Baldassarre, Filomena Oliva, Gabriele Pascale, Ornella Piazza 2021 University of Salerno Medical School

Ionized Or Total Magnesium Levels, What Should We Measure In Critical Ill Patients?, Giuliana Scarpati, Daniela Baldassarre, Filomena Oliva, Gabriele Pascale, Ornella Piazza

Translational Medicine @ UniSa

Monitoring and measuring magnesium (Mg) values are essential to prevent the development of numerous complications in perioperative medicine and critically ill patients. Although previous studies suggest that measuring free ionized magnesium (iMg) is more useful for estimating Mg status, clinicians currently rely on measurement of total serum magnesium to determine if supplemental magnesium is needed. In this review, we analyzed the recent literature to decide whether it is better to measure ionized serum Mg or total serum Mg when assessing magnesium status, whether iMg predicts clinical outcome, and what are the difficulties in measuring serum iMg levels in intensive care ...


Kl-6 Levels In Covid-19, Giuliana Scarpati 2021 University of Salerno Medical School

Kl-6 Levels In Covid-19, Giuliana Scarpati

Translational Medicine @ UniSa

We present preliminary results which encourage KL‐6 evaluation as a potential biomarker for phenotyping COVID-19 patients according to disease severity.


Sarcoidosis Presenting As Fatigue And Weakness, Syed Muhammad Zubair, Naveed Haroon Rashid 2021 Aga Khan University

Sarcoidosis Presenting As Fatigue And Weakness, Syed Muhammad Zubair, Naveed Haroon Rashid

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown cause that occurs in both men and women of all races. It typically presents in patients after 20 years of age. Sarcoidosis most frequently involves the lung, but up to 30 percent of patients present with extra-thoracic manifestations. It can involve multiple organs to a variable extent and degree. In areas, where tuberculosis is endemic, the diagnosis of sarcoidosis may be overlooked and misdiagnosed because of clinical and radiographic resemblance. Herein, we present a case of a middle-aged man who visited multiple physicians with constitutional symptoms and was treated symptomatically but did ...


Implementation And Sustainment Strategies For Open Visitation In The Intensive Care Unit: A Multicentre Qualitative Study, Kerry A. Milner, Suzanne Marmo, Susan A. Goncalves 2021 Sacred Heart University

Implementation And Sustainment Strategies For Open Visitation In The Intensive Care Unit: A Multicentre Qualitative Study, Kerry A. Milner, Suzanne Marmo, Susan A. Goncalves

Nursing Faculty Publications

Objective

Open visitation in adult intensive care units has been associated with improved family and patient outcomes. However, worldwide adoption of this practice has been slow and reasons for this are unclear. This study documents barriers and strategies for implementing and sustaining open visitation in adult intensive care units in the United States experienced by nursing leadership.

Research design

Qualitative approach using grounded theory.

Participants

Nurse leaders in adult intensive care units with open visitation.

Setting

Magnet® or Pathway to Excellence® designated hospitals in the United States.

Methods

Semi structured interviews were conducted with 19 nurse leaders from 15 geographically ...


Appropriate Ecmo Screening Protocols For Critically Ill Patients During Covid-19, Hudson Carter, Michael Baram, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Appropriate Ecmo Screening Protocols For Critically Ill Patients During Covid-19, Hudson Carter, Michael Baram, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: The use of Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for COVID-19 patients has proven to have several advantages that advocate for increased use, but current screening protocols have limited its use and availability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate screening criteria for ECMO patients during COVID-19 and determine their appropriateness based on resource availability.

Methods: The population included patients referred for ECMO screening, and were stratified based upon referral outcome, survival length and patient disposition. The referring physicians were contacted to gather information regarding the referral process, the patient’s status prior to referral, and possible referral to another ...


The Cardiovascular Manifestations Of Covid-19: A Review Of The Literature And Institutional Experience, Gina Polsinelli, Steven J. Korzeniewski, Oksana M. Doubrovski, James Paxton 2021 wayne state university school of medicine

The Cardiovascular Manifestations Of Covid-19: A Review Of The Literature And Institutional Experience, Gina Polsinelli, Steven J. Korzeniewski, Oksana M. Doubrovski, James Paxton

Medical Student Research Symposium

The cardiovascular health of those infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) plays a major role in rates of hospitalization, mortality risk, and rates of mechanical ventilation. In patients with COVID-19, acute myocardial injury and history of cardiovascular disease are both independently established risk factors for poor patient prognosis. In addition to myocardial injury, numerous acute cardiovascular manifestations of COVID-19 disease have been identified. Previous work on this topic typically focused either upon a general description of the acute cardiovascular manifestations and sequalae of COVID-19, or upon broad-based clinical outcomes associated with COVID-19 in patients with history of ...


Subcutaneous Emphysema And Pneumomediastinum In Patients With Covid-19 Disease; Case Series From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Sher Sethi, Amber Sabeen Ahmed, Sadaf Hanif, Masooma Aqeel, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi 2021 Aga Khan University

Subcutaneous Emphysema And Pneumomediastinum In Patients With Covid-19 Disease; Case Series From A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Sher Sethi, Amber Sabeen Ahmed, Sadaf Hanif, Masooma Aqeel, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi

Section of Internal Medicine

Since December 2019, the clinical symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its complications are evolving. As the number of COVID patients requiring positive pressure ventilation is increasing, so is the incidence of subcutaneous emphysema (SE). We report 10 patients of COVID-19, with SE and pneumomediastinum. The mean age of the patients was 59 ± 8 years (range, 23-75). Majority of them were men (80%), and common symptoms were dyspnoea (100%), fever (80%) and cough (80%). None of them had any underlying lung disorder. All patients had acute respiratory distress syndrome on admission, with a median PaO2/FiO2 ratio of 122 ...


Comprehensive Echocardiographic Findings In Critically Ill Covid-19 Patients With Or Without Prior Cardiac Disease, Renuka Jain, Pedro D. Salinas, Stacie Kroboth, Abigail Kaminski, Sarah Roemer, Ana Cristina Perez Moreno, Bijoy K Khandheria 2021 Aurora Cardiovascular and Thoracic Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers

Comprehensive Echocardiographic Findings In Critically Ill Covid-19 Patients With Or Without Prior Cardiac Disease, Renuka Jain, Pedro D. Salinas, Stacie Kroboth, Abigail Kaminski, Sarah Roemer, Ana Cristina Perez Moreno, Bijoy K Khandheria

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) presents with a spectrum of disease severity, the most serious cases requiring intensive care. Echocardiography is a front-line tool in evaluating cardiovascular complications of COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU); we analyzed transthoracic echocardiograms obtained from this patient population with state-of-the-art ultrasound technology.

Methods: All patients with COVID-19 requiring ICU admission on whom a transthoracic echocardiogram was obtained were included in the study. Focused transthoracic protocols were performed by experienced sonographers. Echocardiographic variables, including speckle-tracking echocardiography, were collected and analyzed. Clinical information was obtained from the electronic medical record. Patients were followed until discharge ...


Knowledge, Attitude And Perception Of Pakistanis Towards Covid-19; A Large Cross-Sectional Survey, Zoya Fatima Rizwan Ladiwala, Rubaid Azhar Dhillon, Ibrahim Zahid, Omar Irfan, Muhammad Sharjeel Khan, Safia Awan, Javaid Ahmad Khan 2021 Dr. Ruth K. M. Pfau Civil Hospital Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan

Knowledge, Attitude And Perception Of Pakistanis Towards Covid-19; A Large Cross-Sectional Survey, Zoya Fatima Rizwan Ladiwala, Rubaid Azhar Dhillon, Ibrahim Zahid, Omar Irfan, Muhammad Sharjeel Khan, Safia Awan, Javaid Ahmad Khan

Medical College Documents

Background: The Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) has created havoc globally as countries worldwide struggle to combat this pandemic. Since prevention and social isolation are known to be the only ways to prevent the spread of COVID-19, this has created challenges among the lower-middle income countries (LMIC) including Pakistan, as it battles between an under-resourced healthcare, an economic shutdown, and widespread myths and misconceptions. Therefore, a study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and perceptions regarding COVID-19 as public understanding is vital to help facilitate the control of this outbreak.
Methods: A pre-validated online questionnaire was distributed among the general ...


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