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A New Paradigm: Ecmo Therapy In Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Patients, Igor Areinamo 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

A New Paradigm: Ecmo Therapy In Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Patients, Igor Areinamo

Research Days

Background: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for support of pediatric patients has significantly increased in the past years. Patients with known oncologic diseases, immunodeficiencies, or bone marrow transplants (BMT) have traditionally not been considered candidates for Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) due to perceived high risk for mortality. Ongoing advances have continued to push the boundaries of ECMO use and we report our recent experience with this patient population

Objectives/Goal: To evaluate survival to discharge of pediatric patients who require ECMO support and who also have an underlying hematologic or oncologic disease process. To determine specific patient characteristics ...


Multimodal Pain Control In Common Neonatal Surgeries: Post-Operative Pain Protocol Reduces Opiate Exposure And Side Effects, Jamesia Donato 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Multimodal Pain Control In Common Neonatal Surgeries: Post-Operative Pain Protocol Reduces Opiate Exposure And Side Effects, Jamesia Donato

Research Days

Background: Opioids are the primary post-operative (post-op) analgesic in neonates. Side effects include hypotension, apnea and ileus. Previous studies show IV acetaminophen decreases opiate need in specific populations including cleft palate repair, cardiac surgery. The effect of IV acetaminophen as part of a post-op pain algorithm is not known in common neonatal surgical procedures.

Objectives/Goal: To determine if (a) a post-op pain algorithm including IV acetaminophen and (b) IV acetaminophen exposure reduces cumulative opioid requirements in neonates undergoing common surgeries in the NICU.

Methods/Design: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing cumulative post-operative opiate exposure between infants with ...


Pediatric Pulmonary Artery Aneurysms Causing Pulmonary Hemorrhage: A Case Of Transcatheter Intervention While On Va Ecmo Support, Igor Areinamo 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Pediatric Pulmonary Artery Aneurysms Causing Pulmonary Hemorrhage: A Case Of Transcatheter Intervention While On Va Ecmo Support, Igor Areinamo

Research Days

Background: The incidence of pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA) in children remains unknown. There are few reports of a transcutaneous interventional approach to address this type of pathology. Management of PAAs while on VA ECMO has not been described in pediatrics.

Objectives/Goal:

Methods/Design:

Case: 9-year-old previously healthy male presented with MRSA associated ARDS and sepsis requiring urgent VA ECMO cannulation. Chest CT done on ECMO day 22 showed development of right sided PAAs. Patient had an episode of significant pulmonary hemorrhage. Angiogram demonstrated two fusiform right PAAs, one of which had ruptured and was bleeding into the lung parenchyma ...


Local Implementation And Standardization Of The Pediatric Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Guidelines, Michelle Brown 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Local Implementation And Standardization Of The Pediatric Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Guidelines, Michelle Brown

Research Days

Problem Statement/Question: Severe pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Evidence-based guidelines leave gaps in how to best implement and deliver standardized care on the local hospital level.

Background/Project Intent (Aim Statement): We aim to improve clinical outcomes for severe TBI patients (Glasgow Coma Scale ≤8) with standardization of care according to updated evidence-based guidelines. We will target early guideline adherence (initial 72 hours of PICU admission) with a focus on 1) targeted temperature management (TTM40mmHg).

Methods (include PDSA cycles): The Children’s Mercy Hospital Pediatric ICU Severe TBI Guidelines were updated ...


C-Reactive Protein Values To Predict Sepsis-Induced Inflammatory Response In Premature Infants, Megan H. Tucker 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

C-Reactive Protein Values To Predict Sepsis-Induced Inflammatory Response In Premature Infants, Megan H. Tucker

Research Days

Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory marker that has been recognized as a biomarker of the systemic inflammatory response in preterm neonates. We hypothesized that initial and peak CRP values would correlate with the degree of sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) as measured by the pulmonary severity score (PSS).

Objectives/Goal: 1) Determine if confirmed (CF) sepsis events are associated with higher initial and peak CRP values than rule out (RO) sepsis events. 2) Investigate if initial and/or peak CRP correlates with severity of sepsis-induced ALI as measured by the PSS.

Methods/Design: In this retrospective case control ...


Educating Providers: Timely Post-Operative Pain Management In A Level Iv Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (Nicu), Jamesia Donato, Jamesia Donato 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Educating Providers: Timely Post-Operative Pain Management In A Level Iv Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (Nicu), Jamesia Donato, Jamesia Donato

Research Days

Background/Project Intent (Aim Statement): NICU patients often encounter painful procedures and can have significant short and long-term consequences from inadequately treated pain. Ensuring adequate pharmacological and nonpharmacological pain management while minimizing associated risks is paramount. Our NICU is part of the Children’s Hospitals Neonatal Consortium “Erase Pain” collaborative to improve management of postop pain in neonates. SMART Aim: Increase the percentage of patients receiving acetaminophen within one hour after surgery to greater than 70% by July 2020.

Methods (include PDSA cycles): A multidisciplinary team developed pain treatment algorithms and postop order plans to standardize the approach to postop ...


Pulmonary Severity Score As A Measure Of Sepsis-Induced Acute Lung Injury In Preterm Infants, Megan H. Tucker 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Pulmonary Severity Score As A Measure Of Sepsis-Induced Acute Lung Injury In Preterm Infants, Megan H. Tucker

Research Days

Background: Sepsis is the most common indirect cause of acute lung injury (ALI) in adult and pediatric patients, yet no studies have described this phenomenon in preterm infants. We hypothesize that sepsis-induced ALI occurs in neonates and increases the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants.

Objectives/Goal: 1) To investigate whether late onset sepsis (LOS) and other systemic inflammatory diseases are temporally correlated with ALI as quantified by pulmonary severity score (PSS) trajectory. 2) To determine the sepsis subtypes associated with the greatest severity of ALI.

Methods/Design: We included infants < 31 weeks gestational age and < 1500 grams with LOS in this retrospective case control study. The PSS was calculated at 72, 48, and 24 hours (hr) prior to, at the time of, and 24, 48, 72, and 168hr after sepsis diagnosis. We further defined rule out (RO) sepsis (blood culture negative; antibiotics continued only 48-72hr), blood culture positive (Cx+) sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), urinary tract infection (UTI), and culture negative (Cx-) clinical sepsis (blood culture negative; antibiotics continued > 6 days; specific lab criteria met). PSS ...


Utilization Of Enteral Tranexamic Acid To Stabilize Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage In Pediatric Patients On Ecmo, Gina Patel, Jenna Miller, Thomas M. Attard, Asdis Finnsdottir Wagner 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Utilization Of Enteral Tranexamic Acid To Stabilize Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage In Pediatric Patients On Ecmo, Gina Patel, Jenna Miller, Thomas M. Attard, Asdis Finnsdottir Wagner

Presentations

Background:

Incidence and management of Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding on ECMO isn’t well reported Patients on ECMO require systemic anticoagulation making GI bleeding difficult to manage We describe the use of enteral tranexamic acid (TXA) in two pediatric patients with GI hemorrhage on ECMO


Evaluation Of An Elevated Vte Thromboprophylaxis Guideline For Critically Ill Patients Infected With Covid-19, Tony Nguyen, Heidi Clarke 2021 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Evaluation Of An Elevated Vte Thromboprophylaxis Guideline For Critically Ill Patients Infected With Covid-19, Tony Nguyen, Heidi Clarke

All Publications

Retrospective studies and systematic-review meta-analysis have shown an association in inducing a prothrombotic state in patients infected with COVID-19. The risk of VTE are compounded in the critically ill. Current practices at Baptist Hospital of Miami (BHM) is to routinely order standard prophylactic dosed chemical thromboprophylaxis for all patients infected with COVID-19. In August 2020 an anticoagulation guidance document was approved to tailor anticoagulation dosing for critically ill COVID-19 patients. At risk patients were based on clinical and laboratory markers such as D-dimer, CRP, and ferritin. Following implementation, our analysis show a statistically significant reduction in the number of treatment ...


Efficacy Of Advanced Prehospital Communication In Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment, Dylan Horinek 2021 University of Texas at Tyler

Efficacy Of Advanced Prehospital Communication In Acute Ischemic Stroke Treatment, Dylan Horinek

MSN Capstone Projects

Ischemic stroke outcomes are directly affected by time to treatment. This intervention demonstrates promise in decreasing time to treatment by optimizing pres-hospital communication, basically giving a report to providers and registration information before the patient arrives at the facility. The use of an advanced digital application has demonstrated in multiple studies significant difference in time to treatment in ischemic stroke, and ultimately leads to improved patient outcomes, increased staff satisfaction, and increased facility revenue.


Respiratory Pathogens In Patients With Acute Exacerbation Of Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis From A Developing Country, Shayan Shahid, Kausar Jabeen, Nousheen Iqbal, Joveria Farooqi, Muhammad Irfan 2021 Aga Khan University

Respiratory Pathogens In Patients With Acute Exacerbation Of Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis From A Developing Country, Shayan Shahid, Kausar Jabeen, Nousheen Iqbal, Joveria Farooqi, Muhammad Irfan

Medical College Documents

Bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (non-CF bronchiectasis) has become a major respiratory disease in developing nations. The dilated mucus filled airways promote bacterial overgrowth followed by chronic infection, bronchial inflammation, lung injury and re-infection Accurate pathogen identification and antimicrobial susceptibility allowing appropriate treatment, in turn, may break this vicious cycle. To study the spectrum and antimicrobial spectrum of pathogen yielded from respiratory specimens in adult patients with acute exacerbation of non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. This cross-sectional study was performed at the pulmonology clinics of the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan from 2016-2019. Respiratory specimens were collected from adult patients with ...


C25: The “Spot Sign”: A Predictor Of Hematoma Expansion, Mckenzie Merritt 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

C25: The “Spot Sign”: A Predictor Of Hematoma Expansion, Mckenzie Merritt

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu 2021 LUCIAN BLAGA UNIVERSITY OF SIBIU, EMERGENCY COUNTY HOSPITAL OF SIBIU, SIBIU, ROMANIA

Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The acute development and the accumulation of chyle into the peritoneal space is a rare condition and one needs to be able to distinguish it from chylous ascites, which is most commonly chronic and associated with related diseases. It is frequently idiopathic and additionally, clinical and imaging findings are nonspecific. In almost all cases, the diagnosis is made intraoperatively during laparoscopy or laparotomy, most diagnostic procedures being indicated by acute complaints pertaining to the abdomen. A 23-year-old man was admitted to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain, with right iliac fossa tenderness and peritonism. Laparoscopy was performed due to acute ...


Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede 2021 UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY MEDICINE, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA

Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. Family members caring for a patient with acquired brain injury (ABI) are coping with inordinate levels of stress partially due to their lack of understanding of the neuropsychological effects of acquired brain injury in the patient. The objective of this research is to show that as the caregivers’ stress levels increase, there is an increase in suicidal ideation. This highlights the causal relationship between unhealthy stress and reduced psychological well-being in these caregivers. In addition, qualitative research evidence regarding the caregivers’ views of their main sources of stress are presented. Methods. The participants were a random sample of 80 ...


A Case Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome In Cardiac Surgery: A Rare, Potentially Fatal Complication., Michelle Chen, K. Gage Parr 2021 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care

A Case Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome In Cardiac Surgery: A Rare, Potentially Fatal Complication., Michelle Chen, K. Gage Parr

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Barriers To Healthy Births At Nigerian Hospitals, Caroline Johnston 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Barriers To Healthy Births At Nigerian Hospitals, Caroline Johnston

Senior Theses

Maternal mortality is a problem everywhere, but it is especially dangerous in Nigeria where the average woman experiences pregnancy six times during her lifetime (Population Reference Bureau, 2001). Many researchers focus on the medical complications associated with labor, such as hemorrhage, eclampsia, or infection. Although these birth complications are the direct sources of maternal death, it is also important to recognize how maternal mortality is a multifaceted issue influenced by local cultural groups, religions, politics, poverty level and the absence of basic infrastructures. Although maternal mortality is interconnected with social and geographical elements, my paper concentrates on Nigerian hospitals and ...


Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan 2021 Aga Khan University

Post Covid-19 Tuberculosis: An Emerging Threat Of Pandemic, Aqusa Zahid, Nousheen Iqbal, Sarosh Moeen, Muhammad Irfan

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) disease (COVID-19) pandemic has hit the world hard. Millions of people have died due to the infection and several have suffered with what are now known as post COVID-19 squeal. Among these squeals one is immunosuppression which leaves patients prone to severe opportunistic infection. We here report a case of young female who was infected by COVID-19 and later developed cavitary pneumonia which upon investigation turned out to be due to mycobacterium tuberculosis. Through this report we aim to highlight the importance of high index of suspicion for infection like Mycobacterium tuberculosis after ...


Overcoming Communication Barriers: An Evaluation Of Communication Devices For Healthcare Providers Wearing Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (Paprs), Trevor Hebenstreit, Geoffrey Ho, Amy Tronnier, Everett Chu, Ivy Benjenk, Paul Dangerfield, Ryan Keneally, Timothy Liu, Marian Sherman 2021 GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Overcoming Communication Barriers: An Evaluation Of Communication Devices For Healthcare Providers Wearing Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (Paprs), Trevor Hebenstreit, Geoffrey Ho, Amy Tronnier, Everett Chu, Ivy Benjenk, Paul Dangerfield, Ryan Keneally, Timothy Liu, Marian Sherman

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Objectives: Families in the neurologic ICU urgently request goals-of-care decision support and shared decision-making tools. We recently developed a goals-of-care decision aid for surrogates of critically ill traumatic brain injury patients using a systematic development process adherent to the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. To widen its applicability, we adapted this decision aid to critically ill patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and large hemispheric acute ischemic stroke.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: Two academic neurologic ICUs.

Subjects: Twenty family members of patients in the neurologic ICU were recruited from July 2018 to October 2018.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and Main Results: We ...


Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi 2021 Sunrise Health GME Consortium

Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy (MAC) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are both rare obstetric conditions. Literature regarding methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy in the obstetric population is limited, and it can be difficult to make the distinction between the two given the similarities in clinical presentation. However similar, there are significant distinctions in the pathophysiology of these two that can help clinicians with the management process.

Clinical Findings and Outcomes

This case involves a 35-year-old Hispanic G6P5005 at 37 weeks gestation presenting with acute respiratory failure secondary to acute decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and superimposed preeclampsia leading to urgent cesarean ...


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