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Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons

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Diabetes Mellitus And Immunomodulation: A Double-Edged Sword., James Harte 2021 Munster Technological University

Diabetes Mellitus And Immunomodulation: A Double-Edged Sword., James Harte

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

Diabetes is an endocrinological disorder characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia due to abnormalities in insulin secretion, insulin action or a combination of both. According to the International Diabetes Federation, 463 million people worldwide are living with diabetes; 700 million people will be affected by 2045. The severity of the disease is dependent on the type and the stage of progression; when not correctly managed, diabetes can lead to potentially life-threatening micro- and macrovascular complications.

Prior to the discovery of insulin in 1922, the life expectancy of children with diabetes was short and the prognosis was very poor. The advocated treatment for ...


Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021, 2021 Munster Technological University

Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The full June 2021 issue (Volume 1, Issue 1) of the International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences


The Embodiment Of Discovery: An Adapted Framework For Qualitative Analysis Of Lived Experiences, Helen B. Hernandez, Laurie P. Dringus 2021 Lakeside Endocrine Associates

The Embodiment Of Discovery: An Adapted Framework For Qualitative Analysis Of Lived Experiences, Helen B. Hernandez, Laurie P. Dringus

The Qualitative Report

We reflect on our process of working with an adapted framework as an effective strategy for analyzing and interpreting the results of our qualitative study on the lived experiences of insulin pump trainers. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was applied as the overarching research methodology and was encapsulated into a framework adapted from Bonello and Meehan (2019) and from Chong (2019). We describe this framework as the “embodiment of discovery” to posit the researcher’s tangible experience of discovering the meaning of data that also brought transparency to the researcher’s process for data analysis and interpretation. We present challenges the ...


Decreasing Post Insulin Hypoglycemia Incidence In End Stage Renal Disease (Esrd) Patients, Anna Lo, MD, Rachana Mundada, MD, Eric Shiffrin, MD, Jenny Wang, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Decreasing Post Insulin Hypoglycemia Incidence In End Stage Renal Disease (Esrd) Patients, Anna Lo, Md, Rachana Mundada, Md, Eric Shiffrin, Md, Jenny Wang, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

ESRD patients are vulnerable to hypoglycemia due to impaired insulin clearance, glucose metabolism changes, and effects of dialysis. Hypoglycemic events lead to serious and life-threatening complications.

Aims for Improvement:

To decrease the rate of hypoglycemic events amongst ESRD patients receiving insulin for hyperkalemia treatment.


Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers 2021 Seton Hall University

Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Older adults with type 2 diabetes living in medically underserved areas (MUAs) have unique health and social needs that must be taken into consideration when supporting their type 2 diabetes treatment and management care. Effective treatment and management of type 2 diabetes for older adults living in MUAs requires incorporating the preferences, desires, needs, values, and goals of the person at the center of the care into his/her care plan. Shifting care to be conducive to the treatment and management goals and plans co-created with older adults living in MUAs based on their individual physical, psychological, social, and spiritual ...


Do Males With 45,X/46,Xy Mosaicism Have Turner Syndrome, Michelle Knoll 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Do Males With 45,X/46,Xy Mosaicism Have Turner Syndrome, Michelle Knoll

Research Days

Background: Patients with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism can have genitalia spanning the range from typical female to typical male, and the sex assigned at birth is often based on the appearance of the genitalia. According to current nomenclature, only the subgroup assigned female are diagnosed with Turner syndrome (TS) (Gravholt et al, 2017). Clinical practice guidelines recommend that girls with TS be screened for several comorbidities, including short stature, cardiac and renal anomalies, and autoimmune conditions, but there are no recommendations for screening of boys with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism.

Objectives/Goal: We sought to determine if boys ...


Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effects Of Social Determinants Of Health In Progression To Type 2 Diabetes, Folabi I. Ariganjoye

Applied Research Projects

The prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes in the United States and around the world has increased faster than expected in the last 30 years. The economic burden this costs a nation can be astronomic both in terms of expense and loss in productivity. One-third of U.S. adults, 86 million people, have prediabetes. Effective management is needed that can reach these 86 million, and others at high risk, to reduce their progression to diagnosed Type 2 diabetes. After the literature review, there was not enough literature to support how these led to the progression to diabetes. The abundant literature is ...


Joint Effects Of Ethnic Enclave Residence And Ambient Volatile Organic Compounds Exposure On Risk Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Among Asian/Pacific Islander Women In The United States, Andrew D. Williams, Sandie Ha, Edmond Shenassa, Lynne C. Messer, Jenna Kanner, Pauline Mendola 2021 University of North Dakota

Joint Effects Of Ethnic Enclave Residence And Ambient Volatile Organic Compounds Exposure On Risk Of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Among Asian/Pacific Islander Women In The United States, Andrew D. Williams, Sandie Ha, Edmond Shenassa, Lynne C. Messer, Jenna Kanner, Pauline Mendola

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Abstract Background Asian/Pacific Islander (API) communities in the United States often reside in metropolitan areas with distinct social and environmental attributes. Residence in an ethnic enclave, a socially distinct area, is associated with lower gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk, yet exposure to high levels of air pollution, including volatile organic compounds (VOCS), is associated with increased GDM risk. We examined the joint effects of ethnic enclaves and VOCs to better understand GDM risk among API women, the group with the highest prevalence of GDM. Methods We examined 9069 API births in the Consortium on Safe Labor (19 hospitals, 2002 ...


Esophageal Necrosis As An Unexpected Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hayden Smith, Tricia James 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center – Portland, OR

Esophageal Necrosis As An Unexpected Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hayden Smith, Tricia James

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

No abstract provided.


Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

A 59-year-old woman presented with fatigue and 50 pounds weight gain in the last two years.She has been receiving triamcinolone steroid injections in both knees every three months for the last two years.She has also been receiving triamcinolone injections in ankles sporadically during this time period. Laboratory evaluation showed undetectable serum cortisol and inappropriately normal serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The patient underwent cosyntropinstimulation test confirming secondary adrenal insufficiency (Table 1).Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a normal pituitary gland with no tumors.She was started on hydrocortisone 10mg twice daily with improvement in fatigue.The patient was recommended ...


Efficacy Of Diabetes Self-Management Education Administered Via Telehealth For Adults With Uncontrolled Diabetes, Tanner Free 2021 Valparaiso University

Efficacy Of Diabetes Self-Management Education Administered Via Telehealth For Adults With Uncontrolled Diabetes, Tanner Free

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Patient’s with a diagnosis of diabetes require significant lifestyle modification and education. The need for patient education has led to the development of diabetes self-management education (DSME) classes. Unfortunately, utilization of DSME classes is only 5% among Medicare beneficiaries and 6.8% among privately insured patients (Centers for Disease Control [CDC], 2018). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to implement DSME via telehealth and assist with goal formation to help patients with uncontrolled diabetes achieve glycemic control by increasing access to crucial education. The intervention consisted of bi-weekly calls for a period of 3 months. Participant ...


Diabetes In The Oncology Setting Webinar Series, Jennifer Williams, Denise A. Palma, Michael Rizk MSN, APRN, FNP-C, BC-ADM 2021 University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Diabetes In The Oncology Setting Webinar Series, Jennifer Williams, Denise A. Palma, Michael Rizk Msn, Aprn, Fnp-C, Bc-Adm

2021 Education Week Posters

Department of Endocrine Neoplasia and Hormonal Disorders


Pheochromocytoma Presenting As Testicular Pain: An Unusual Case Report, Jinal K. Patel, Varun Reddy, Gauthier L. Stepman, Debra Angelo, Johnathan Frunzi 2021 HCA Healthcare

Pheochromocytoma Presenting As Testicular Pain: An Unusual Case Report, Jinal K. Patel, Varun Reddy, Gauthier L. Stepman, Debra Angelo, Johnathan Frunzi

Endocrinology

Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a rare catecholamine-secreting tumor that arises from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla which are derived from the neural crest. This report illustrates a 51-year-old Caucasian male with a history of hypertension diagnosed two years ago who presented to the hospital due to acute onset of right testicular pain of 3-day duration. Laboratory results and imaging revealed a presumptive diagnosis of PCC. The patient had undergone robot-assisted laparoscopic right adrenalectomy 14 days after being diagnosed with PCC due to perioperative management with phenoxybenzamine. The final pathology report revealed a PCC. At follow-up two weeks after discharge, the ...


The Crosstalk Between Insulin Resistance, Systemic Inflammation, Redox Imbalance And The Thyroid In Subjects With Obesity, Nicoleta Răcătăianu, Nicoleta Valentina Leach, Sorana D. Bolboacă, Maria Loredana Soran, Mirela Flonta, Ana Valea, Andrada-Luciana Lazăr, Cristina Ghervan 2021 IULIU HAŢIEGANU UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA

The Crosstalk Between Insulin Resistance, Systemic Inflammation, Redox Imbalance And The Thyroid In Subjects With Obesity, Nicoleta Răcătăianu, Nicoleta Valentina Leach, Sorana D. Bolboacă, Maria Loredana Soran, Mirela Flonta, Ana Valea, Andrada-Luciana Lazăr, Cristina Ghervan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

We aimed at assessing the interaction between visceral adipose tissue (VAT), insulin resistance (IR), circulating levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and the thyroid parameters in obese subjects. Methods. Obese subjects without thyroid pathologies or diseases associated with systemic inflammation and OS were recruited. Insulinemia, visceral fat thickness, metabolic and thyroid parameters were assayed. Circulating levels of MCP-1 and MDA were used to quantify inflammation and OS. Results. A number of 160 obese subjects were included. The MCP-1 level increased with the degree of obesity and HOMA-IR. MCP 1 was positively associated with antithyroperoxidase antibody (TPOab) levels ...


Linking The Brain And Bone Through Fat, Elisabeta Malinici, Anca Sirbu, Miruna Popa, Simona Fica 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Linking The Brain And Bone Through Fat, Elisabeta Malinici, Anca Sirbu, Miruna Popa, Simona Fica

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Over the past years, bone and adipose tissue have gained interest from researchers in the light of their secretory profiles, being able to produce active molecules, with the final effect of regulating energy homeostasis. Both adipocytes and osteoblasts originate in the pluripotent mesenchymal stem cell and this common origin has been proposed as the core of the fat-bone relationship. The central nervous system might be the third player in this association, capable of integrating signals. Numerous adipose tissue secreted factors that influence energy homeostasis and bone have been described: leptin, adiponectin, lipocalin 2, and inflammatory cytokines (e.g. IL-1, IL-6 ...


Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran 2021 Aga Khan University

Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Proinsulin-Reactive Cd4 T Cells In The Islets Of Type 1 Diabetes Organ Donors, Laurie G. Landry, Amanda M. Anderson, Holger A. Russ, Liping Yu, Sally C. Kent, Mark A. Atkinson, Clayton E. Mathews, Aaron W. Michels, Maki Nakayama 2021 University of Colorado

Proinsulin-Reactive Cd4 T Cells In The Islets Of Type 1 Diabetes Organ Donors, Laurie G. Landry, Amanda M. Anderson, Holger A. Russ, Liping Yu, Sally C. Kent, Mark A. Atkinson, Clayton E. Mathews, Aaron W. Michels, Maki Nakayama

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Proinsulin is an abundant protein that is selectively expressed by pancreatic beta cells and has been a focus for development of antigen-specific immunotherapies for type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this study, we sought to comprehensively evaluate reactivity to preproinsulin by CD4 T cells originally isolated from pancreatic islets of organ donors having T1D. We analyzed 187 T cell receptor (TCR) clonotypes expressed by CD4 T cells obtained from six T1D donors and determined their response to 99 truncated preproinsulin peptide pools, in the presence of autologous B cells. We identified 14 TCR clonotypes from four out of the six donors ...


Evaluation Of A Diabetes Remote Monitoring Program Facilitated By Connected Glucose Meters For Patients With Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes: Randomized Crossover Trial, Daniel J. Amante, David M. Harlan, Stephenie C. Lemon, David D. McManus, Oladapo Olaitan, Sherry L. Pagoto, Ben S. Gerber, Michael J. Thompson 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Evaluation Of A Diabetes Remote Monitoring Program Facilitated By Connected Glucose Meters For Patients With Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes: Randomized Crossover Trial, Daniel J. Amante, David M. Harlan, Stephenie C. Lemon, David D. Mcmanus, Oladapo Olaitan, Sherry L. Pagoto, Ben S. Gerber, Michael J. Thompson

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes (T2D) experience increased morbidity, increased mortality, and higher cost of care. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is a critical component of diabetes self-management with established diabetes outcome benefits. Technological advancements in blood glucose meters, including cellular-connected devices that automatically upload SMBG data to secure cloud-based databases, allow for improved sharing and monitoring of SMBG data. Real-time monitoring of SMBG data presents opportunities to provide timely support to patients that is responsive to abnormal SMBG recordings. Such diabetes remote monitoring programs can provide patients with poorly controlled T2D additional support needed to improve ...


Incidence And Pathophysiology Of Diabetes In South Asian Adults Living In India And Pakistan Compared With Us Blacks And Whites, K M Venkat Naraya, Dimple Kondal, Natalie Daya, Unjali P. Gujral, Deepa Mohan, Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Lisa R. Staimez, Muhammad Masood Kadir 2021 Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Incidence And Pathophysiology Of Diabetes In South Asian Adults Living In India And Pakistan Compared With Us Blacks And Whites, K M Venkat Naraya, Dimple Kondal, Natalie Daya, Unjali P. Gujral, Deepa Mohan, Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Lisa R. Staimez, Muhammad Masood Kadir

Community Health Sciences

Introduction: We compared diabetes incidence in South Asians aged ≥45 years in urban India (Chennai and Delhi) and Pakistan (Karachi), two low-income and middle-income countries undergoing rapid transition, with blacks and whites in the US, a high-income country.
Research design and methods: We computed age-specific, sex-specific and body mass index (BMI)-specific diabetes incidence from the prospective Center for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia Study (n=3136) and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (blacks, n=3059; whites, n=9924). We assessed factors associated with incident diabetes using Cox proportional hazards regression.
Results: South Asians have lower BMI and ...


Disrupted Glucose Homeostasis And Skeletal Muscle-Specific Glucose Uptake In An Exocyst Knockout Mouse Model, Brent A. Fujimoto, Madison Young, Nicole Nakamura, Herena Ha, Lamar Carter, Matthew W. Pitts, Daniel Torres, Hye Lim Noh, Sujin Suk, Jason K. Kim, Noemi Polgar 2021 University of Hawaii

Disrupted Glucose Homeostasis And Skeletal Muscle-Specific Glucose Uptake In An Exocyst Knockout Mouse Model, Brent A. Fujimoto, Madison Young, Nicole Nakamura, Herena Ha, Lamar Carter, Matthew W. Pitts, Daniel Torres, Hye Lim Noh, Sujin Suk, Jason K. Kim, Noemi Polgar

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Skeletal muscle is responsible for the majority of glucose disposal following meals, and this is achieved by insulin-mediated trafficking of glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) to the cell membrane. The eight-protein exocyst trafficking complex facilitates targeted docking of membrane-bound vesicles, a process underlying the regulated delivery of fuel transporters. We previously demonstrated the role of exocyst subunit EXOC5 in insulin-stimulated GLUT4 exocytosis and glucose uptake in cultured rat skeletal myoblasts. However, the in vivo role of EXOC5 in skeletal muscle remains unclear. Using mice with inducible, skeletal muscle-specific knockout of exocyst subunit EXOC5 (Exoc5-SMKO), we examined how muscle-specific disruption of ...


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