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Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons

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Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers 2021 Seton Hall University

Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Older adults with type 2 diabetes living in medically underserved areas (MUAs) have unique health and social needs that must be taken into consideration when supporting their type 2 diabetes treatment and management care. Effective treatment and management of type 2 diabetes for older adults living in MUAs requires incorporating the preferences, desires, needs, values, and goals of the person at the center of the care into his/her care plan. Shifting care to be conducive to the treatment and management goals and plans co-created with older adults living in MUAs based on their individual physical, psychological, social, and spiritual ...


Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

A 59-year-old woman presented with fatigue and 50 pounds weight gain in the last two years.She has been receiving triamcinolone steroid injections in both knees every three months for the last two years.She has also been receiving triamcinolone injections in ankles sporadically during this time period. Laboratory evaluation showed undetectable serum cortisol and inappropriately normal serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The patient underwent cosyntropinstimulation test confirming secondary adrenal insufficiency (Table 1).Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a normal pituitary gland with no tumors.She was started on hydrocortisone 10mg twice daily with improvement in fatigue.The patient was recommended ...


Diabetes In The Oncology Setting Webinar Series, Jennifer Williams, Denise A. Palma, Michael Rizk MSN, APRN, FNP-C, BC-ADM 2021 University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Diabetes In The Oncology Setting Webinar Series, Jennifer Williams, Denise A. Palma, Michael Rizk Msn, Aprn, Fnp-C, Bc-Adm

2021 Education Week Posters

Department of Endocrine Neoplasia and Hormonal Disorders


Pheochromocytoma Presenting As Testicular Pain: An Unusual Case Report, Jinal K. Patel, Varun Reddy, Gauthier L. Stepman, Debra Angelo, Johnathan Frunzi 2021 HCA Healthcare

Pheochromocytoma Presenting As Testicular Pain: An Unusual Case Report, Jinal K. Patel, Varun Reddy, Gauthier L. Stepman, Debra Angelo, Johnathan Frunzi

Endocrinology

Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a rare catecholamine-secreting tumor that arises from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla which are derived from the neural crest. This report illustrates a 51-year-old Caucasian male with a history of hypertension diagnosed two years ago who presented to the hospital due to acute onset of right testicular pain of 3-day duration. Laboratory results and imaging revealed a presumptive diagnosis of PCC. The patient had undergone robot-assisted laparoscopic right adrenalectomy 14 days after being diagnosed with PCC due to perioperative management with phenoxybenzamine. The final pathology report revealed a PCC. At follow-up two weeks after discharge, the ...


The Crosstalk Between Insulin Resistance, Systemic Inflammation, Redox Imbalance And The Thyroid In Subjects With Obesity, Nicoleta Răcătăianu, Nicoleta Valentina Leach, Sorana D. Bolboacă, Maria Loredana Soran, Mirela Flonta, Ana Valea, Andrada-Luciana Lazăr, Cristina Ghervan 2021 IULIU HAŢIEGANU UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA

The Crosstalk Between Insulin Resistance, Systemic Inflammation, Redox Imbalance And The Thyroid In Subjects With Obesity, Nicoleta Răcătăianu, Nicoleta Valentina Leach, Sorana D. Bolboacă, Maria Loredana Soran, Mirela Flonta, Ana Valea, Andrada-Luciana Lazăr, Cristina Ghervan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

We aimed at assessing the interaction between visceral adipose tissue (VAT), insulin resistance (IR), circulating levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and the thyroid parameters in obese subjects. Methods. Obese subjects without thyroid pathologies or diseases associated with systemic inflammation and OS were recruited. Insulinemia, visceral fat thickness, metabolic and thyroid parameters were assayed. Circulating levels of MCP-1 and MDA were used to quantify inflammation and OS. Results. A number of 160 obese subjects were included. The MCP-1 level increased with the degree of obesity and HOMA-IR. MCP 1 was positively associated with antithyroperoxidase antibody (TPOab) levels ...


Linking The Brain And Bone Through Fat, Elisabeta Malinici, Anca Sirbu, Miruna Popa, Simona Fica 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Linking The Brain And Bone Through Fat, Elisabeta Malinici, Anca Sirbu, Miruna Popa, Simona Fica

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Over the past years, bone and adipose tissue have gained interest from researchers in the light of their secretory profiles, being able to produce active molecules, with the final effect of regulating energy homeostasis. Both adipocytes and osteoblasts originate in the pluripotent mesenchymal stem cell and this common origin has been proposed as the core of the fat-bone relationship. The central nervous system might be the third player in this association, capable of integrating signals. Numerous adipose tissue secreted factors that influence energy homeostasis and bone have been described: leptin, adiponectin, lipocalin 2, and inflammatory cytokines (e.g. IL-1, IL-6 ...


Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran 2021 Aga Khan University

Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Incidence And Pathophysiology Of Diabetes In South Asian Adults Living In India And Pakistan Compared With Us Blacks And Whites, K M Venkat Naraya, Dimple Kondal, Natalie Daya, Unjali P. Gujral, Deepa Mohan, Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Lisa R. Staimez, Muhammad Masood Kadir 2021 Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Incidence And Pathophysiology Of Diabetes In South Asian Adults Living In India And Pakistan Compared With Us Blacks And Whites, K M Venkat Naraya, Dimple Kondal, Natalie Daya, Unjali P. Gujral, Deepa Mohan, Shivani A. Patel, Roopa Shivashankar, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Lisa R. Staimez, Muhammad Masood Kadir

Community Health Sciences

Introduction: We compared diabetes incidence in South Asians aged ≥45 years in urban India (Chennai and Delhi) and Pakistan (Karachi), two low-income and middle-income countries undergoing rapid transition, with blacks and whites in the US, a high-income country.
Research design and methods: We computed age-specific, sex-specific and body mass index (BMI)-specific diabetes incidence from the prospective Center for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia Study (n=3136) and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (blacks, n=3059; whites, n=9924). We assessed factors associated with incident diabetes using Cox proportional hazards regression.
Results: South Asians have lower BMI and ...


Sirolimus Therapy And Follow-Up In A Patient With Severe Congenital Hyperinsulinism Following Subtotal Pancreatectomy, Qiong Chen, Yongxing Chen, Xiaohong Wang, Haihua Yang, Yingxian Zhang, Xiaojing Liu, Yun Yan, Haiyan Wei 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Sirolimus Therapy And Follow-Up In A Patient With Severe Congenital Hyperinsulinism Following Subtotal Pancreatectomy, Qiong Chen, Yongxing Chen, Xiaohong Wang, Haihua Yang, Yingxian Zhang, Xiaojing Liu, Yun Yan, Haiyan Wei

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most common cause of severe, persistent hypoglycemia in neonates and infants. If the patient does not respond to medical treatment the currently available treatment is subtotal pancreatectomy, but some patients still experience severe hypoglycemia after surgery. Sirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor has recently been reported to be effective in the treatment of insulinoma and CHI patients. Here we report a patient with CHI who had prolonged hypoglycemia after subtotal pancreatectomy. The patient had a heterozygous mutation in ABCC8 but was unresponsive to an optimal dose of diazoxide (15 mg/ kg/day) and octreotide ...


Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours: Clinicopathological Evaluation At Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Nadira Mamoon, Hania Naveed, Mariam Abid, Humaira Nasir, Imran Nazir Ahmad, Zujajah Hameed, Asna Haroon Khan 2021 Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan

Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours: Clinicopathological Evaluation At Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Nadira Mamoon, Hania Naveed, Mariam Abid, Humaira Nasir, Imran Nazir Ahmad, Zujajah Hameed, Asna Haroon Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Objective: Clinicopathological features of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) have rarely been studied in Pakistani population. We investigated clinical characteristics of these tumours according to updated World Health Organization (WHO) 2010 classification.
Methods: The data of Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad was retrospectively analysed for pathologically confirmed GEP-NETs from January 2013 to March 2018.
Results: One hundred and eighteen patients (mean age, 52.2± 16.4 years; Of these 65(55.1%) were males. Majority, 98(83.1%) of the patients were symptomatic including 6(5.1%) with functional tumours. Pancreas was the most frequent primary site noted in 33(28%) patients ...


Adrenal Vein Cortisol To Metanephrine Ratio For Localizing Acth-Independent Cortisol-Producing Adenoma: A Case Report, Rishi Raj, Philip A. Kern, Neelima Ghanta, Edilfavia M. Uy, Kamyar Asadipooya 2021 Pikeville Medical Center

Adrenal Vein Cortisol To Metanephrine Ratio For Localizing Acth-Independent Cortisol-Producing Adenoma: A Case Report, Rishi Raj, Philip A. Kern, Neelima Ghanta, Edilfavia M. Uy, Kamyar Asadipooya

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Context: Finding the source of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent cortisol-producing adenoma in the patients with subclinical Cushing syndrome (SCS) and bilateral adrenal nodules is sometimes challenging. Computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography are helpful, but adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is the gold standard approach. However, interpretation of AVS is important to improve the accuracy of decision-making for surgery. We report a case and review of the literature to assess the benefit of using adrenal vein cortisol to metanephrine ratio to determine the source of cortisol production in SCS and bilateral nodules.

Evidence Acquisition: Three authors searched PubMed for data ...


Using Health Information Technology To Engage African American Women On Nutrition And Supplement Use During The Preconception Period, Paula Gardiner, Timothy Bickmore, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Matthew Reichert, Clevanne Julce, Nireesha Sidduri, Jessica Martin-Howard, Elisabeth Woodhams, Jumana Aryan, Zhe Zhang, Juan Fernandez, Mark Loafman, Jayakanth Srinivasan, Howard Cabral, Brian W. Jack 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Using Health Information Technology To Engage African American Women On Nutrition And Supplement Use During The Preconception Period, Paula Gardiner, Timothy Bickmore, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Matthew Reichert, Clevanne Julce, Nireesha Sidduri, Jessica Martin-Howard, Elisabeth Woodhams, Jumana Aryan, Zhe Zhang, Juan Fernandez, Mark Loafman, Jayakanth Srinivasan, Howard Cabral, Brian W. Jack

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Importance: Healthy nutrition and appropriate supplementation during preconception have important implications for the health of the mother and newborn. The best way to deliver preconception care to address health risks related to nutrition is unknown.

Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial designed to study the impact of conversational agent technology in 13 domains of preconception care among 528 non-pregnant African American and Black women. This analysis is restricted to those 480 women who reported at least one of the ten risks related to nutrition and dietary supplement use.

Interventions: An online conversational agent ...


Excessive Intake Of Iodine And Low Prevalence Of Goiter In School Age Children Five Years After Implementation Of National Salt Iodization In Shebedino Woreda, Southern Ethiopia, Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaya, Barbara J. Stoecker, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay 2021 Hawassa University

Excessive Intake Of Iodine And Low Prevalence Of Goiter In School Age Children Five Years After Implementation Of National Salt Iodization In Shebedino Woreda, Southern Ethiopia, Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaya, Barbara J. Stoecker, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

Background

Iodine is a trace element required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The multiple effects of iodine deficiency on human health are called iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). IDDs have been common nutritional problems in Ethiopia. In 2012, Ethiopia launched a national salt iodization program to address IDDs. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of this program after 5 years by measuring urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and prevalence of goiter in school age children as well as household salt iodine concentration (SIC).

Methods

A school-based cross-sectional design was employed. After ethical approval, 408 children from eight ...


Compliance Of Checking Hba1c In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Abdul Aziz, Syed Ahsan Ali 2021 Aga Khan University

Compliance Of Checking Hba1c In A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Abdul Aziz, Syed Ahsan Ali

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Background and objectives: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus worldwide was 171 million one and half decade ago, while the prediction is 366 million patients by 2030 and more than 640 million people by 2040. HbA1c value represents average blood glucose over the past 2-3 months and accounts for both pre-prandial and post-prandial blood glucose levels. A link between HbA1c and diabetic complications has been confirmed. In general, patients with controlled diabetes mellitus should have at least biannual testing, while patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or unmet glycemic targets should be tested every three months. The objective was to see compliance ...


To Determine The Efficacy Of Bilateral Inferior Petrosal Sinus Sampling In Differentiating Cushing Disease From Ectopic Cushing Syndrome, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Tanveer Ul Haq, Shahmeer Khan, Raza Sayani, Ayesha Shoukat Hussain, Rumaisa Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

To Determine The Efficacy Of Bilateral Inferior Petrosal Sinus Sampling In Differentiating Cushing Disease From Ectopic Cushing Syndrome, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Tanveer Ul Haq, Shahmeer Khan, Raza Sayani, Ayesha Shoukat Hussain, Rumaisa Khan

Department of Radiology

Management of endogenous Cushing syndrome is based on its aetiology. Increased Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) levels are the most common cause of this disorder and, therefore, it is critical to determine the source of ACTH before further management. Dynamic post contrast MRI is currently the most common investigation implied to diagnose pituitary adenoma; however, it comes with the drawback of low specificity and high false positive results. Inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS) is an established invasive procedure performed to differentiate central versus peripheral source of ACTH which, in turn, results in hypercortesolaemia. This is a series of 14 patients who underwent ...


Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar 2021 Adiyaman University

Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Hakan Kaya, Hüseyin Kafadar, Rabia Tutuncu Toker, Ali Topak, Kemal Dinç, Bahar Yılmaz Çankaya, Ferit Durankuş, Fatma Kurt Çolak, Attila Önmez, Mehmet Emin Parlak, Selma Eroğlu, Serçin Taşar

Health Sciences

Bu kitapta konjenital ayna hareketi bozukluğu, artrografi öncesi intraartiküler enjeksiyonu, otizm spektrum bozuklukları, genetik danışma, hipoglisemi ve diyabetin akut komplikasyonları, çocuklarda akut otitis media, gerçek nörojenik torasik çıkış sendromu, çocukluk çağı tiroid hastalıkları ele alınmıştır.


The Efficacy Of In Vitro Fertilization In Treating Infertility Due To Anovulatory Pcos In Comparison To Ovulation Induction Via Letrozole, Amanda Salay 2021 Arcadia University

The Efficacy Of In Vitro Fertilization In Treating Infertility Due To Anovulatory Pcos In Comparison To Ovulation Induction Via Letrozole, Amanda Salay

Capstone Showcase

Abstract:

Introduction: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder found in women of reproductive age that often causes infertility. The first-line treatment for infertility in anovulatory PCOS patients is ovulation induction. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a third line treatment often used as a last resort. PCOS patients have higher failure risks of first- and second-line medications. Therefore, this review analyzes if adverse pregnancy outcomes (O) are reduced more with IVF (I) versus using letrozole for ovulation induction (C) in women aged 20-30 struggling with infertility due to anovulatory PCOS (P).

Methods: A literature search on Pubmed and EBSCOhost ...


The Effects Of Psychological Intervention On Pregnant Women With Elevated Cortisol Levels And Adverse Birth Events, Megan Mellon 2021 Arcadia University

The Effects Of Psychological Intervention On Pregnant Women With Elevated Cortisol Levels And Adverse Birth Events, Megan Mellon

Capstone Showcase

Elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression during pregnancy are thought to influence cortisol levels. Dysregulations in cortisol, as a byproduct of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, have been associated with preterm birth and adverse birth outcomes. Studies have demonstrated poorer long-term effects of antenatal stress on child neurodevelopment, temperament, and cognition. Psychological interventions of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mindfulness, and gratitude have shown to have a positive effect on psychological wellbeing across various populations. The purpose of this literature review was to analyze a collection of randomized-controlled trials to conclude if psychological interventions during pregnancy for women with elevated levels of ...


Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis In An Adolescent Male: A Case Report And Literature Review., Luke He, Veronica Lawrence, Wayne V. Moore, Yun Yan 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis In An Adolescent Male: A Case Report And Literature Review., Luke He, Veronica Lawrence, Wayne V. Moore, Yun Yan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is rarely seen in children and adolescents. Clinical manifestations in children and adolescents may vary. It is important for clinicians to be aware of this rare and life-threatening condition.


Predictors Of Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Influenza: A Five-Year Experience From A Tertiary Care Centre In Pakistan, Iffat Khanum, Amber Sabeen Ahmed, Safia Awan, Sabiha Banu, Bushra Jamil 2020 Aga Khan University

Predictors Of Mortality In Hospitalized Patients With Influenza: A Five-Year Experience From A Tertiary Care Centre In Pakistan, Iffat Khanum, Amber Sabeen Ahmed, Safia Awan, Sabiha Banu, Bushra Jamil

Department of Medicine

Influenza outbreaks are associated with significant morbidity. Our aim was to determine the factors associated with increased mortality in hospitalized patients admitted with diagnosis of influenza, at a tertiary care center in Pakistan. This study included all adult patients with an influenza infection, confirmed by realtime reverse-transcriptase polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) at Aga Khan University Hospital Pakistan. In our study, 112 patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza virus infection were admittedat our hospital from the 1st of January 2013 to the 31st of December 2018. Eighty-nine patients (79.46%) were managed in ward or special care units and 23 patients (20.5%) received treatment ...


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