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Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons

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Measurement Of Cumulative High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein And Monocyte To High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio In The Risk Prediction Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study, Dan Wu, Genyuan Chen, Yulong Lan, Shuohua Chen, Xiong Ding, Chiju Wei, Lois Balmer, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Wencan Xu 2024 Edith Cowan University

Measurement Of Cumulative High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein And Monocyte To High-Density Lipoprotein Ratio In The Risk Prediction Of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study, Dan Wu, Genyuan Chen, Yulong Lan, Shuohua Chen, Xiong Ding, Chiju Wei, Lois Balmer, Wei Wang, Shouling Wu, Wencan Xu

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Converging data have suggested that monocytic inflammation and C-reactive protein (CRP) are biologically intertwined processes and are involved in diabetogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the association between systemic inflammation assessed by joint cumulative high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CumCRP) and monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio (CumMHR) and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their predictive value for T2D in a general population. Methods: A total of 40,813 nondiabetic participants from a prospective real-life cohort (Kailuan Study, China) were followed biennially from 2010/2011 until December 31, 2020. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) of …


Exploring Treatment Burden In People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Thematic Analysis In China's Primary Care Settings, Kai Lin, Mi Yao, Lesley Andrew, Rouyan Li, Yilin Chen, Jacques Oosthuizen, Moira Sim, Yongsong Chen 2024 Edith Cowan University

Exploring Treatment Burden In People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Thematic Analysis In China's Primary Care Settings, Kai Lin, Mi Yao, Lesley Andrew, Rouyan Li, Yilin Chen, Jacques Oosthuizen, Moira Sim, Yongsong Chen

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Understanding treatment burden is a critical element to the effective management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The current study aims to address the knowledge gap surrounding treatment burden of T2DM from the patient’s perspective in China’s primary care settings. Methods: A narrative review informed the creation of an a priori coding structure to identify aspects of T2DM treatment burden. Focus groups were conducted, employing a maximum variation sampling strategy to select participants from diverse sociodemographic backgrounds across urban, suburban, rural, and remote areas in China. Participants included adults with T2DM care in primary care settings for over a …


Effect Of Puberty On Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Presentation, Jaclyn Lo, Erin Finn, Yesenia Garcia-Reyes, Haseeb Rahat, Meredith A. Ware, Nazeen Morelli, Camilo Vivas, Kristen J. Nadeau, Melanie G. Cree 2024 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus; Drexel University College of Medicine

Effect Of Puberty On Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Presentation, Jaclyn Lo, Erin Finn, Yesenia Garcia-Reyes, Haseeb Rahat, Meredith A. Ware, Nazeen Morelli, Camilo Vivas, Kristen J. Nadeau, Melanie G. Cree

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Endocrine Shades Of Silicone Fillers: A Case Of Calcitriol-Mediated Hypercalcemia, Maria Martinez-Cruz, Thayse Lozovoy Madsen-Barbosa, Fidini Antoni, Christopher Haas 2024 MedStar Health Internal Medicine Residency Program; Baltimore, MD

Endocrine Shades Of Silicone Fillers: A Case Of Calcitriol-Mediated Hypercalcemia, Maria Martinez-Cruz, Thayse Lozovoy Madsen-Barbosa, Fidini Antoni, Christopher Haas

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Background: The inflammatory reaction of foreign body granulomas (FBG) may be so vast that it leads to severe systemic effects. Case Report: A 42-year-old woman was referred to the ED with severe recurrent symptomatic hypercalcemia associated with worsening kidney function. She had presented multiple times with similar complaints. Severe hypercalcemia (13.8 mg/dL) was noted, with appropriately low PTH, elevated PTHrP, low 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and normal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels. She admitted having significant subcutaneous silicone filler injections in the hips six years prior. Admission workup revealed a normal 25-hydroxyvitamin D, but a marked elevation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (138 pg/mL). Whole-body PET-CT …


Characteristic And Defining Markers Of Pcos, Chawki A. Belhadi 2024 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Characteristic And Defining Markers Of Pcos, Chawki A. Belhadi

Field Notes: A Journal of Collegiate Anthropology

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most frequently occurring endocrine disorders in women. The syndrome is diagnosed through a heterogeneous combination of androgen excess, anovulation, and ovarian dysfunction and is characterized by a host of resulting markers. This paper will paint the overall diagnostic picture of the condition and review a number of these markers to build an essential picture of PCOS. It will concentrate first on its principal metabolic markers then describe its physical, neurological and psychobehavioral markers. Each section will then abstract an essential picture from the data it presents. Finally, the review will conclude with …


Community Healthcare Workers (Chw) High-Risk Stabilization Study: Does The Ability Of Chws At Mobile Covid Clinics To Link Patients With Uncontrolled Diabetes To A Physician Improve Short Term Outcomes?, Mo Hadaya, Venkateswar Venkataraman, Jaimy D. Jabon, Kenneth W. Stagliano, Richard T. Jermyn 2024 Rowan University

Community Healthcare Workers (Chw) High-Risk Stabilization Study: Does The Ability Of Chws At Mobile Covid Clinics To Link Patients With Uncontrolled Diabetes To A Physician Improve Short Term Outcomes?, Mo Hadaya, Venkateswar Venkataraman, Jaimy D. Jabon, Kenneth W. Stagliano, Richard T. Jermyn

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Uncontrolled diabetes may cause preventable but significant effects. One major preventative measure is early screening; there are hopes that community healthcare workers can increase awareness and screening availability, especially in underserved populations. We hosted and recorded logs of patients at mobile COVID health clinics, educating those with uncontrolled diabetes and connecting them to healthcare. We then looked to see if any patients had improvements in blood glucose to non-diabetic levels. 378 patients were logged, but only 138 were in events that had a significant amount of repeat visits. Twenty-five of them had blood sugar indicative of uncontrolled diabetes. Out of …


Relationship Between Gut Microbiota And Dementia, Saad Ahmed, Zackary Harris, Russell David Levi 2024 Rowan University

Relationship Between Gut Microbiota And Dementia, Saad Ahmed, Zackary Harris, Russell David Levi

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

This paper explores the complex relationship between gut microbiota, dietary habits, and dementia, focusing particularly on Alzheimer's disease (AD). Growing evidence suggests a significant link between the composition of gut bacteria, dietary choices, and susceptibility to dementia. Notably, individuals with dementia demonstrate a noticeable reduction in gut bacteria diversity, highlighting the crucial role of a balanced microbiome in maintaining cognitive health. Conversely, dietary preferences characterized by excessive consumption of processed foods and sugars are associated with an increased risk of dementia, emphasizing the critical influence of diet on shaping gut microbiota and subsequent neurocognitive outcomes. Importantly, dietary interventions featuring a …


Exploring The Connection Between Diabetes Distress And Diabulimia, Stephen Poos, Misha Faerovitch, Celeste Pinto, Nima Jamalkhani, Fahad Chaudhri, Satara Khan, David F. Lo, Kaitlin McGowan, Ashaki Martin, Don D. Shamilov 2024 Rowan University

Exploring The Connection Between Diabetes Distress And Diabulimia, Stephen Poos, Misha Faerovitch, Celeste Pinto, Nima Jamalkhani, Fahad Chaudhri, Satara Khan, David F. Lo, Kaitlin Mcgowan, Ashaki Martin, Don D. Shamilov

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Diabulimia is a disordered eating behavior that involves an individual with type 1 DM withholding insulin injection to lose weight. Diabetes distress, a term used to describe the psychological stress associated with managing diabetes, is believed to be the cause of this condition. This review aims to assess whether individuals with diabulimia have measurable evidence of diabetes distress. Studies that described patients qualitative experiences with Diabulimia were matched and compared to the criteria in the Diabetes Distress Scale. Over 40 of the 185 individuals across twelve studies were found to meet one or more criteria from the Diabetes Distress Scale. …


Sexual Function In Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Hester Pastoor, Aya Mousa, Hanneke Bolt, Wichor Bramer, Tania S. Burgert, Anuja Dokras, Chau Thien Tay, Helena J. Teede, Joop Laven 2024 Children's Mercy Hospital

Sexual Function In Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis., Hester Pastoor, Aya Mousa, Hanneke Bolt, Wichor Bramer, Tania S. Burgert, Anuja Dokras, Chau Thien Tay, Helena J. Teede, Joop Laven

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common and distressing endocrine disorder associated with lower quality of life, subfertility, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. PCOS characteristics, its comorbidities, and its treatment can potentially influence sexual function. However, studies on sexual function in women with PCOS are limited and contradictory.

OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim was to perform a systematic review of the published literature on sexual function in women with PCOS and assess the quality of the research and certainty of outcomes, to inform the 2023 International Guidelines for the Assessment and Management of PCOS.

SEARCH METHODS: …


Impact Of Diabetic Education On Reducing Hospital Readmission Rates: A Literature Review Of Adults With Diabetes, Frank Camarda 2024 Rowan University

Impact Of Diabetic Education On Reducing Hospital Readmission Rates: A Literature Review Of Adults With Diabetes, Frank Camarda

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

According to 2018 data from the Diabetes Institute Foundation, adults in the U.S. diagnosed with diabetes accounted for 17 million emergency department visits. The readmission rate for patients with diabetes far exceeds the general readmission rates for hospitalized patients. While there is recognition of the need for diabetic education to reduce hospital readmissions, optimizing long-term self-management of diabetics remains a focus of ongoing research.


Exploring Geriatric Self Management Of Type 2 Dm: A Systematic Review, Ahmed Gawash, David F. Lo, Kunal P. Shah, Jasmine Emanuel, Brandon Goodwin, Don D. Shamilov, Gaurav Kumar, Nathan Jean, Christian P. White 2024 Rowan University

Exploring Geriatric Self Management Of Type 2 Dm: A Systematic Review, Ahmed Gawash, David F. Lo, Kunal P. Shah, Jasmine Emanuel, Brandon Goodwin, Don D. Shamilov, Gaurav Kumar, Nathan Jean, Christian P. White

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

This review explores diabetic self-management in geriatric individuals, focusing on positive attitudes and support from family/friends as crucial for self-care optimization. A comprehensive search in health databases was conducted, which involved screening 248 participants across eight qualitative research studies. Themes emphasizing the importance of listening to one’s body, acknowledging hidden issues, and recognizing the impact of various factors on diabetes self-care were established. A holistic approach to self management, emphasizing the significance of positive attitudes, cultural sensitivity, and individual values in healthcare practices is recommended. Embracing cultural diversity and addressing barriers can enhance self-management and quality of life for geriatric …


Diabetes Health Education For South Jersey Communities, Heaven Chu, Sarah Tamous, Ashhabal Kavvi, Amin Khan 2024 Rowan University

Diabetes Health Education For South Jersey Communities, Heaven Chu, Sarah Tamous, Ashhabal Kavvi, Amin Khan

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that hinders the body’s metabolic process using insulin to maintain glycemic homeostasis. It is prevalent worldwide, with about 10% of the global adult population affected. Socio-economic and cultural factors and determinants make diabetes and diabetes management more of a health risk for certain populations rather than others. The prevalence of diabetes in the United States is higher than the global average and the risk factors disproportionately affect disadvantaged communities.

This study was designed to investigate health disparities in diabetes among a diverse population sample. The study included researching the disparities of diabetes patients in …


Relationship Between Food Security, Nutrition Security, And Diabetes: The Role Of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation, Maha Almohamad, Jayna M Dave, Eric E Calloway, Ruosha Li, Shreela Sharma 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Relationship Between Food Security, Nutrition Security, And Diabetes: The Role Of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation, Maha Almohamad, Jayna M Dave, Eric E Calloway, Ruosha Li, Shreela Sharma

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Inadequate nutrition and poor diet quality are associated with a heightened risk of diabetes. The connection between food insecurity measures and diabetes has been established, with evidence indicating that Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation contributes to reductions in food insecurity. Recently developed nutrition security measures, defined as the ability to acquire healthful foods to prevent diseases, and their association with diabetes and SNAP participation are not yet understood.

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the relationship between food security and nutrition security in relation to diabetes overall and by SNAP participation and nutrition security as potential modifiers.

METHODS: …


Thyroid Dysfunction In Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Emily Metzinger, Jennifer Boyd, Julia Broussard, Christopher Klockau 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Thyroid Dysfunction In Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Emily Metzinger, Jennifer Boyd, Julia Broussard, Christopher Klockau

Posters

Objectives: The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in cancer treatment is increasing. Literature about endocrinopathies associated with ICIs in children is limited. This study investigates ICIs and thyroid dysfunction in pediatric patients at one institution.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of patients ages 1 to 19 was completed who received any of the following ICIs between January 2000 and November 2023: PD-1 inhibitors (nivolumab or pembrolizumab), PD-L1 inhibitors (durvalumab or atezolizumab), and CTLA-4 inhibitors (ipilimumab or tremelimumab). Patients were excluded if thyroid function tests (TFTs) were not available to review or if patients passed away within 30 days of ICI …


The Impact Of Health-Related Social Needs On Health Outcomes Among Youth Presenting To A Midwest Pediatric Diabetes Clinic Network, Jasmine Roghair, Emily DeWit, Katelyn Evans, Mitchell Barnes, Heather Feingold, Samantha Jacob, Courtney M. Winterer, Jeffrey D. Colvin, Mark A. Clements, Shilpi Relan, Kelsee Halpin 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

The Impact Of Health-Related Social Needs On Health Outcomes Among Youth Presenting To A Midwest Pediatric Diabetes Clinic Network, Jasmine Roghair, Emily Dewit, Katelyn Evans, Mitchell Barnes, Heather Feingold, Samantha Jacob, Courtney M. Winterer, Jeffrey D. Colvin, Mark A. Clements, Shilpi Relan, Kelsee Halpin

Posters

Objective: Screening for health-related social needs (HRSNs) is recommended as part of routine diabetes care given the strong impact of social factors on health outcomes. Our objective was to compare diabetes-related health outcomes among youth presenting to a tertiary diabetes center based on whether they screened positive or negative for HRSNs at a routine clinic visit. Methods: Baseline data were collected from patients whose parent/guardian completed a HRSN screen as part of their child’s diabetes clinic intake from 9/1/21 to 8/30/22. The screen is a 6-item questionnaire adapted from the Accountable Health Communities HRSNs Screening Tool. Longitudinal data were analyzed …


Synchronous Cervical Sympathetic Chain Schwannoma, Parathyroid Adenoma And Hypofunctional Nodular Goiter - A Case Report And Literature Review, Flaviu Muresan, Alexandrina Manuela Muresan, Gabriel Emil Petre, Iacob Domsa, Vasile Ovidiu Fabian, Olga Hilda Orasan 2024 Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Surgery, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Synchronous Cervical Sympathetic Chain Schwannoma, Parathyroid Adenoma And Hypofunctional Nodular Goiter - A Case Report And Literature Review, Flaviu Muresan, Alexandrina Manuela Muresan, Gabriel Emil Petre, Iacob Domsa, Vasile Ovidiu Fabian, Olga Hilda Orasan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Simultaneously diagnosing cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma, nodular goiter and parathyroid adenoma is a very rare event during clinical practice. We had the opportunity to find this unusual association on a female patient. While nodular goiter and parathyroid adenoma are more common diseases and easier to diagnose, identifying the etiology of a parapharyngeal space tumor remains a challenge and requires multiple imaging studies such as computed tomography scan, magnetic resonance imaging or angiography. A cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma, a carotid body tumor, a paraganglioma or a vagal schwannoma must be taken into account as possible diagnostic variants. Complaints such as Horner`s …


Metachronous Mucinous Breast Carcinoma And Mucinous Pancreatic Cystadenoma In A Patient With Metabolic Comorbidities; Case Report And A Literature Review, Teodora Gabriela Alexescu, Irina Obada, Angela Cozma, Mirela Georgiana Perne, Olga Hilda Orasan, Vasile Negrean, Iacob Domsa, Victoria Ruta, Simina Felicia Țărmure 2024 Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Internal Medicine, Cluj Napoca, Romania

Metachronous Mucinous Breast Carcinoma And Mucinous Pancreatic Cystadenoma In A Patient With Metabolic Comorbidities; Case Report And A Literature Review, Teodora Gabriela Alexescu, Irina Obada, Angela Cozma, Mirela Georgiana Perne, Olga Hilda Orasan, Vasile Negrean, Iacob Domsa, Victoria Ruta, Simina Felicia Țărmure

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Mucinous breast carcinoma is a rare subtype of mammary neoplasm encountered in medical practice. It represents approximately 1-6% of all breast cancers and is more common in postmenopausal women. There are two subtypes of mucinous breast carcinoma: pure and mixed. We report the case of a 73-year-old Caucasian woman diagnosed with mucinous pancreatic cystadenoma in 2007. She underwent a surgical procedure involving pancreatectomy of the body and tail, along with multiple known cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities. In November 2019, during a clinical-biological evaluation for associated diseases, a mucinous carcinoma of the right breast was accidentally detected and later confirmed through …


Management Of Macrovascular Diabetic Complications: A Single-Center Case Series Analysis Of Consecutively Attending Patients In Primary Care, Sanda Maria Crețoiu, Mihaela Adela Iancu, Laura Maria Condur, Teodor Salmen, Andreea Steriu, Ana Maria Alexandra Stănescu, Irina Anca Eremia, Cristina Mihaela Olariu, Eliza Elena Cinteză, Camelia Cristina Diaconu 2024 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Management Of Macrovascular Diabetic Complications: A Single-Center Case Series Analysis Of Consecutively Attending Patients In Primary Care, Sanda Maria Crețoiu, Mihaela Adela Iancu, Laura Maria Condur, Teodor Salmen, Andreea Steriu, Ana Maria Alexandra Stănescu, Irina Anca Eremia, Cristina Mihaela Olariu, Eliza Elena Cinteză, Camelia Cristina Diaconu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing, with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) being a major health priority for any public health system. Increased arterial stiffness in patients with diabetes will lead to the appearance of vascular complications. Increased arterial stiffness in patients with diabetes usually leads to vascular complications. Any earlier diagnosis of impaired macrovascular evidence may lead to improved outcomes in patient care. The objective of our study was to assess and evaluate the finger-toe pulse wave velocity (ftPWV), as a measure of arterial stiffness, in order to assist with early detection of macrovascular diabetic complications. Materials and …


Diabetic Patients And Postoperative Complications In Colorectal Surgery, Ioana Paunica, Adrian Silaghi, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Bogdan Socea, Cristian Balalau, Florin Silviu Groseanu, George Alexandru Popescu, Dragos Epistatu, Vlad Denis Constantin 2024 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Doctoral School, Bucharest, Romania

Diabetic Patients And Postoperative Complications In Colorectal Surgery, Ioana Paunica, Adrian Silaghi, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Bogdan Socea, Cristian Balalau, Florin Silviu Groseanu, George Alexandru Popescu, Dragos Epistatu, Vlad Denis Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common comorbidities of patients undergoing surgery. Colorectal surgery is frequently associated with postoperative complications, and diabetic patients represent a population that presents a high risk of developing such complications. Understanding the interrelationships between neoplastic disease and diabetes, as well as the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying postoperative complications, are essential for effective therapeutic management. Genetic predispositions, alterations in the gut microbiota, inflammatory response, ischemic, thrombotic and infectious processes contribute significantly to the development of severe surgical complications, such as anastomotic fistulas. Postoperative ileus, characterized by gastrointestinal dysmotility, is common in diabetic patients due to neuropathic …


The Role Of Inflammation In Diabetic Retinopathy In Patients With Type Ii Diabetes; Potential Therapeutic Perspectives, Adriana Georgescu, Ana Dascalu, Daniela Stana, Cristina Alexandrescu, Anca Bobirca, Bogdan Mihai Cristea, Geta Vancea, Crenguta Sorina Serboiu, Dragos Serban, Corneliu Tudor, Andreea Letitia Arsene, Laura Carina Tribus 2024 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, Doctoral School, Bucharest, Romania

The Role Of Inflammation In Diabetic Retinopathy In Patients With Type Ii Diabetes; Potential Therapeutic Perspectives, Adriana Georgescu, Ana Dascalu, Daniela Stana, Cristina Alexandrescu, Anca Bobirca, Bogdan Mihai Cristea, Geta Vancea, Crenguta Sorina Serboiu, Dragos Serban, Corneliu Tudor, Andreea Letitia Arsene, Laura Carina Tribus

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the major causes of visual impairment and blindness in adult population. The pathology is complex, the metabolic changes induced by the hyperglycemic environment leading to neurodegeneration, microvascular damage, with secondary ischemic and inflammatory changes in the retina. This review aims to update the literature data related to the role of inflammation in the onset and progression of diabetic retinopathy. Thus, the molecular and biochemical mechanisms triggered by excess glucose increase the expression of genes involved in inflammatory processes, which leads to the synthesis of inflammatory cytokines such as Il1, Il6, TNF alpha as well as …


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