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Predictors Of Neurological Complications Of Pediatric Post-Cardiotomy Extracorporeal Life Support, Hala Mounir Agha, Amr Fathalla, Giuseppe Isgro, Mauro Cotza 2023 Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology Division, Specialized Pediatric Hospital, Cairo University

Predictors Of Neurological Complications Of Pediatric Post-Cardiotomy Extracorporeal Life Support, Hala Mounir Agha, Amr Fathalla, Giuseppe Isgro, Mauro Cotza

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Background: Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was associated with significant neurological complications affecting the overall outcome. The aim of the work is to determine the incidence and the predictors of neurological events during pediatric extracorporeal life support after cardiac surgery. Patients & Methods: This is a retrospective study that encompassed all neonates, infants, and children (<18 years of age) who need extracorporeal life support following cardiac surgery between January 2015 and December 2018 at San Donato Hospital, Italy. Data as regards surgical procedure of congenital heart disease, in-hospital mortality, length of ECMO, hospital stay durations, short-term neurological ECMO complications and outcome were analyzed. Results: The sixty-three patients who received post-cardiotomy ECMO, Neurological complications were evident in 31.7% in the form of ischemic stroke in 17.5% and hemorrhagic stroke in 11.1%. By multivariable analysis, the older age of cyanotic cases, the need for a venting cannula, and the rapid CO2 drop in the first 24 h were the most independent risk factors for neurological complications. Prolonged ECMO support and hospital stay duration were associated with neurological sequelae. Conclusion: Neurological complications either ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes were common during pediatric postcardiotomy ECMO and were significantly related to prolonged ECMO support and hospital stay. Predictors of these neurological sequelae are the older cyanotic cases, the need for a venting cannula, the oxygenator thrombosis, and the rapid CO2 drop in the first 24 h of ECMO.


Cardiogenic Shock Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction In A Middle Eastern Country: A Single-Centre Experience, Ghada Shalaby, Azmat Khadija Niazi, Sheeren Khaled 2023 Cardiac center, King Abdullah Medical City- Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Cardiogenic Shock Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction In A Middle Eastern Country: A Single-Centre Experience, Ghada Shalaby, Azmat Khadija Niazi, Sheeren Khaled

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic Shock (CS) remains the most common cause of death in hospitalized acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Predictors of outcomes in those patients include clinical, laboratory, radiologic variables, and management strategies. The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, predictors of cardiogenic shock and mortality among acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients in our center METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study conducted at KAMC, Makkah during 2015-2020. All acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients during this era were divided into two groups CS group and non-CS group. RESULTS: In this study total 3074 acute ST-segment …


The Challenges Of Conducting Clinical Trials For Patients With Cardiogenic Shock, Sunil Rao 2023 NYU Langone Health System

The Challenges Of Conducting Clinical Trials For Patients With Cardiogenic Shock, Sunil Rao

Journal of Shock and Hemodynamics

Cardiogenic shock due to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Patients in shock are acutely ill, and clinicians may lack equipoise, thus presenting a challenge to developing high-quality evidence to guide practice. This review will summarize these challenges and offer possible solutions.


Validation Of Various Prediction Scores For Cardiac Surgery-Associated Acute Kidney Injury, Anwar Abdullatif Alhulaibi, Abdulrahman Mashatel Alruwaili, Abdullah Saad Alotaibi, ​Fatima Nabih Alshakhs​, Habib Samir Alramadhan, ​Mohammed Salman Koudieh 2023 Saud Al-Babtain Cardiac Center

Validation Of Various Prediction Scores For Cardiac Surgery-Associated Acute Kidney Injury, Anwar Abdullatif Alhulaibi, Abdulrahman Mashatel Alruwaili, Abdullah Saad Alotaibi, ​Fatima Nabih Alshakhs​, Habib Samir Alramadhan, ​Mohammed Salman Koudieh

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Background and Objectives: Following cardiac surgery, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a well-known complication that increases morbidity and mortality. This study was carried out to determine the factors associated with acute kidney injury and to assess the predictive value of three predictive scores for the development of AKI post-cardiac surgery in the Saudi community. Methods: In this retrospective study, the medical records of patients aged 18 years and above who underwent cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) at Saud Albabtin Cardiac Center between January 2018 and March 2021 were reviewed. The first stage of both Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes …


Using Hierarchy Of Needs To Build Care Team Engagement, Catherine Palleschi, Katherine Skroski, Samantha Canonico, Hailey Frager, Mary Beeaker 2023 Maine Medical Center

Using Hierarchy Of Needs To Build Care Team Engagement, Catherine Palleschi, Katherine Skroski, Samantha Canonico, Hailey Frager, Mary Beeaker

Maine Medical Center

Cardiology Intensive Care & Cardiovascular Interventional Care teams provide superb care to critically ill cardiac patients at Maine Medical Center. Covid Pandemic revealed the importance of caregiver physical and mental health wellbeing, as well as engagement in order to continue to provide outstanding care to patients. Leadership devised innovative ways to improve team engagement and ensure that care team members' needs are met.


Rota Ablation – When There Is No Other Option. A Complex Case Of 86 Years Old Male With Multiple Comorbids Presenting With Stemi, Tooba Sahar, Asaad Akbar Khan, Taha Abdul Rehman, Danish Iltaf Satti 2023 Cardiology Department Shifa International Hospital

Rota Ablation – When There Is No Other Option. A Complex Case Of 86 Years Old Male With Multiple Comorbids Presenting With Stemi, Tooba Sahar, Asaad Akbar Khan, Taha Abdul Rehman, Danish Iltaf Satti

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

The aim of this report is to explore the direct and long-term outcome in a high risk patient who was treated with rotational atherectomy (RA) to assist the placement of drug eluting stents in heavily calcified lesions. The patient presented with acute STEMI and had severely calcified Left main stem (LMS) disease, requiring plaque modification before coronary angioplasty and stent implantation. As the patient was elderly, with multiple comorbids including a number of coronary interventions, a decision of conservative management was made. Patient then re-presented with typical chest pain and pulmonary edema. A Heart Team meeting was called and high …


“I Have A Lot Of Pvcs And I Need To See A Cardiologist”, Ravi Choxi, Arun Kundra 2022 Department of Cardiology, Reading Hospital-Tower Health, West Reading, PA

“I Have A Lot Of Pvcs And I Need To See A Cardiologist”, Ravi Choxi, Arun Kundra

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

No abstract provided.


Gender Dysphoria In Adolescents With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome., Jordan T. Jones, William R. Black, Christine Moser, Eric T. Rush, Lindsey Malloy-Walton 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Gender Dysphoria In Adolescents With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome., Jordan T. Jones, William R. Black, Christine Moser, Eric T. Rush, Lindsey Malloy-Walton

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome represents a family of heritable connective tissue disorders that include joint hypermobility, tissue fragility, and skin hyperextensibility. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome presents with clinical sequela across multiple body systems that require multidisciplinary care. Little is known about adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome who are transgender and gender diverse. To date, there have been no reports of transgender and gender diverse youth in pediatric patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The objective of this study was to characterize transgender and gender diverse adolescents with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome seen in a pediatric multidisciplinary specialty clinic.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed and it was …


Case Study: Abnormal Presentation Of Infective Endocarditis With Streptococcus Canis And Chiari Network, Shahbaz Afzal, Ryan Russell, Alexander Chekhov 2022 Rochester Regional Health

Case Study: Abnormal Presentation Of Infective Endocarditis With Streptococcus Canis And Chiari Network, Shahbaz Afzal, Ryan Russell, Alexander Chekhov

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Here we present a rare case of infective endocarditis (IE) with Streptococcus canis and Chiari network in an 85 year old female living with multiple dogs and open skin of lower extremity predisposing her to bacteremia. Underlying abnormalities of the cardiac chambers such as Chiari network predisposes to a higher incidence of bacterial seeding and causing IE. A Chiari network is usually asymptomatic and of no clinical significance but can worsen prognosis in IE. IE carries a significant morbidity and mortality burden and when diagnosed early can be a lifesaving diagnosis. Due to the wide range of complications, early diagnosis …


Advancing Global Equity In Cardiac Care As Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Reuse Comes Of Age, Daniel Alyesh, Behzad B. Pavri, William Choe, Mam Chandara, Mahmoud U. Sani, Phong dinh Phan, Aime Bonny, Paul Khairy, Sunil K. Sinha, Uma Srivatsa, Joseph E. Marine, Kim Eagle, Thomas C. Crawford, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy, Sri Sundaram 2022 South Denver Cardiology Associates

Advancing Global Equity In Cardiac Care As Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Reuse Comes Of Age, Daniel Alyesh, Behzad B. Pavri, William Choe, Mam Chandara, Mahmoud U. Sani, Phong Dinh Phan, Aime Bonny, Paul Khairy, Sunil K. Sinha, Uma Srivatsa, Joseph E. Marine, Kim Eagle, Thomas C. Crawford, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy, Sri Sundaram

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

A nation’s health and economic development are inextricably and synergistically connected. Stark differences exist between wealthy and developing nations in the use of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). Cardiovascular disease is now the leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), with a significant burden from rhythm-related diseases. As science, technology, education, and regulatory frameworks have improved, CIED recycling for exportation and reuse in LMIC has become possible and primed for widespread adoption. In our manuscript, we outline the science and regulatory pathways regarding CIED reuse. We propose a pathway to advance this technology that includes creating a …


Cardiac Conditions, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Mark R. Elkins 2022 Central Washington University

Cardiac Conditions, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Mark R. Elkins

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of Education and Professional Studies

This Editorial introduces another of Journal of Physiotherapy’s article collections.These are collections of papers on a particular topic, published in the Journal of Physiotherapy within the past decade and compiled to: facilitate access to important recent findings on the topic; highlight trends in research designs, methods, populations and interventions; and suggest avenues for further research. The studies in this article collection relate to physiotherapy management of cardiac conditions.


Clinical Characteristics And Electrophysiologic Properties Of Scn5a Variants In Fever-Induced Brugada Syndrome, Gan-Xiao Chen, Hector Barajas-Martinez, Giuseppe Ciconte, Cheng-I Wu, Michelle M Monasky, Hao Xia, Bian Li, John A Capra, Kai Guo, Zhong-He Zhang, Xiu Chen, Bo Yang, Hong Jiang, Gary Tse, Chloe Miu Mak, Yoshiyasu Aizawa, Michael H Gollob, Charles Antzelevitch, Arthur A M Wilde, Carlo Pappone, Dan Hu 2022 Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University

Clinical Characteristics And Electrophysiologic Properties Of Scn5a Variants In Fever-Induced Brugada Syndrome, Gan-Xiao Chen, Hector Barajas-Martinez, Giuseppe Ciconte, Cheng-I Wu, Michelle M Monasky, Hao Xia, Bian Li, John A Capra, Kai Guo, Zhong-He Zhang, Xiu Chen, Bo Yang, Hong Jiang, Gary Tse, Chloe Miu Mak, Yoshiyasu Aizawa, Michael H Gollob, Charles Antzelevitch, Arthur A M Wilde, Carlo Pappone, Dan Hu

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Background: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a severe inherited arrhythmia syndrome that can be unmasked by fever.

Methods: A multicentre clinical analysis was performed in 261 patients diagnosed with fever-induced BrS, including 198 (75.9%) and 27 (10.3%) patients who received next-generation genetic sequencing and epicardial arrhythmogenic substrate (AS) mapping, respectively.

Findings: In fever-induced BrS patients, pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) SCN5A variant carriers developed fever-induced BrS at a younger age, and more often in females and those of Caucasian descent. They exhibited significant electrophysical abnormalities, including a larger epicardial AS area, and more prolonged abnormal epicardial electrograms. During a median follow-up …


Intercellular Communication Via Gap Junctions Influences Cell Survival During Hypoxia, Lauren E. Harmon, David L. Geenen 2022 Grand Valley State University

Intercellular Communication Via Gap Junctions Influences Cell Survival During Hypoxia, Lauren E. Harmon, David L. Geenen

Student Summer Scholars Manuscripts

Stem cell therapy can be beneficial following myocardial infarction. However, when murine bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (mBM-MSCs) are injected into the ischemic area, a large percentage of these cells undergo apoptosis resulting in decreased therapeutic benefits. We hypothesize that the loss of these mBM-MSCs is regulated by intercellular channels or gap junctions (GJs) that provide apoptotic signals passed between ischemic cardiomyocytes and mBM-MSCs. Our research aims to attenuate these GJs by suppressing Connexin-43 (Cx43) expression, the predominant channel-forming protein. We will accomplish this by transiently transfecting a Cx43 siRNA into mBM-MSCs. Our data demonstrate that intracellular fluorescent dyes and …


Partial Outpatient Oral Antibiotic Treatment Of Infective Endocarditis Is Non-Inferior To Inpatient Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy, Nicholas J. Murphy 2022 Wayne State University

Partial Outpatient Oral Antibiotic Treatment Of Infective Endocarditis Is Non-Inferior To Inpatient Intravenous Antibiotic Therapy, Nicholas J. Murphy

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Iversen K, Ihlemann N, Gill SU, et al. Partial Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotic Treatment of Endocarditis. N Engl J Med. 2019; 380:415-424. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1808312

for a patient with infective endocarditis and intravenous drug use with desire to leave the hospital.


Saudi Heart Association Guidelines On Best Practices In The Management Of Chronic Coronary Syndromes, Owayed AlShammeri, Shukri AL Saif, Halia Al Shehri, Mirvat Alasng, Fatema Qaddoura, Mohammad Al Shehri, Yosra Turkistani, Adel Tash, Walid Alharbi, Fahad Al Qahtani, Rafael Diaz, Wael Mahaimeed, Waleed Al habeeb, Khalid Alfaraidy 2022 Dr. Sulaiman Al- habib Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Saudi Heart Association Guidelines On Best Practices In The Management Of Chronic Coronary Syndromes, Owayed Alshammeri, Shukri Al Saif, Halia Al Shehri, Mirvat Alasng, Fatema Qaddoura, Mohammad Al Shehri, Yosra Turkistani, Adel Tash, Walid Alharbi, Fahad Al Qahtani, Rafael Diaz, Wael Mahaimeed, Waleed Al Habeeb, Khalid Alfaraidy

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Background: The prevalence of both chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) and its risk factors is alarming in Saudi Arabia and only a minority of patients achieve optimal medical management. Context-specific CCS guidelines outlining best clinical practices are therefore needed to address local gaps and challenges. Consensus panel: A panel of experts representing the Saudi Heart Association (SHA) reviewed existing evidence and formulated guidance relevant to local clinical practice considering the characteristics of the Saudi population, the Saudi healthcare system, its resources and medical expertise. They were reviewed by external experts to ensure scientific and medical accuracy. Consensus findings: Recommendations are provided …


There's A Hole In My Heart: A Case Of An Unrepaired Vsd, Brittany Hartman, Alex Dwyer, Robert Dejoy 2022 Albert Einstein Medical Center

There's A Hole In My Heart: A Case Of An Unrepaired Vsd, Brittany Hartman, Alex Dwyer, Robert Dejoy

Einstein Health Papers

No abstract provided.


Why Is Epinephrine Not The Drug Of Choice In Cardiogenic Shock?, Esther Vorovich 2022 Northwestern University

Why Is Epinephrine Not The Drug Of Choice In Cardiogenic Shock?, Esther Vorovich

Journal of Shock and Hemodynamics

Through the years, epinephrine has been the drug of choice for patients with cardiogenic shock. However, epinephrine was clinically inferior to norepinephrine in comparison studies because of the negative patient outcomes, which were statistically significant. These effects include type B lactic acidosis, tachycardia, increased myocardial oxygen demand, and arrhythmias.


Profound Vasoplegia After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Subhasis Chatterjee 2022 Baylor College Medicine; Texas Heart Institute

Profound Vasoplegia After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Subhasis Chatterjee

Journal of Shock and Hemodynamics

Vasoplegic shock after cardiac surgery is characterized by a high cardiac output, low systemic vascular resistance, refractory hypotension, and ongoing need for vasopressors. In this case, management considerations are discussed, including vasoactive medications and other adjuncts to sustain a satisfactory mean arterial pressure and improve outcomes.


Reperfusion Injury In Acute Myocardial Infarction Shock- Role Of Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices, Finn Gustafsson 2022 University of Copenhagen

Reperfusion Injury In Acute Myocardial Infarction Shock- Role Of Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices, Finn Gustafsson

Journal of Shock and Hemodynamics

The efficacy of mechanical circulatory support in acute myocardial infarction is dependent upon the size of the infarct. If applied early, mechanical support to reduce reperfusion injury appears to be effective in reducing infarct size in animal studies. The optimal timing of reperfusion is uncertain and requires further investigation. Efficient unloading appears to be essential in increasing the efficacy of the type of mechanical support and may favor one over another.


Racial Variations In Shock Presentation And Outcome, Steven Bailey 2022 LSU Heath School of Medicine

Racial Variations In Shock Presentation And Outcome, Steven Bailey

Journal of Shock and Hemodynamics

Working toward inclusive strategies for data sampling, trials, and triage is essential. Whatever the approach, it is important to do better than what has been done in the past when considering race and ethnicity in patient care. Although there may be limited publications with information on this topic, they have shown clear differences in patient outcomes with possible associations with gender, race, and ethnicity. It is critical to view the implications of this on socioeconomic status, access, resources, patient phenotypes, and patient desires and expectations. The disparities must first be recognized before any treatment options can be identified.


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