Rapid Digitalization Of A Psychiatry Department, 2021 Lehigh Valley Health Network
Rapid Digitalization Of A Psychiatry Department, Katherine B. Martin Md, Rory L. Marraccini Md, Edward R. Norris Md, Fapa, Fapm
Department of Psychiatry
No abstract provided.
Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, 2021 California State University, San Bernardino
Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, Pedro Banuelos
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
In 2018, of 1.3 million Latinx adults in the United States facing concurrent issues with substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders (MHD) 93% remained untreated for either diagnosis. This is concerning since Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) data reveals that this population is at greater risk for suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts. They also face structural barriers such as employment, housing, legal involvement, and insurability that further impede access to treatment.
This study’s purpose was to examine barriers to accessing treatment for Latinx populations confronting co-occurring SUDs and MHDs. This study used a ...
A Cross-Sectional Study On Bullying And Psychological Disturbances Among Malaysian School Children, 2021 Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia
A Cross-Sectional Study On Bullying And Psychological Disturbances Among Malaysian School Children, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Nurfatin Aina Mocktar, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Mohd Said Nurumal, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan
Makara Journal of Health Research
Background: Bullying is a common violence in school and has become a major public health and global concern. Bullying influences mental health and is identified as a leading factor of depression. Therefore, this study aimed to identify bullying prevalence and its association toward psychological disturbances (stress, anxiety, and depression).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three secondary schools in Kuantan. After obtaining consent from parents/guardians, participants were asked to answer a self-administered questionnaire, including School Climate Bullying Survey, Depression Anxiety Stress Questionnaire-21, Patient Depression Questionnaire, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Demographic data were self-reported. Data were analyzed using SPSS ...
The Social And The Psychological Impact Of Endometriosis On The Romanian Urban Population, 2021 FILANTROPIA CLINICAL HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA
The Social And The Psychological Impact Of Endometriosis On The Romanian Urban Population, Iulia Baciu, Alecsandra Irimie-Ana, Anca Maria Panaitescu, Gheorghe Peltecu, Corina Gica, Nicolae Gica
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Objectives. Our study assesses the social and psychological impact of the symptoms of endometriosis. Materials and methods. This crosssectional study was conducted from January 2014 to January 2016. The research involved two groups. The study instrument, the EHP-5 questionnaire, was completed by the respondents on the admission date or on the routine gynecological visit day. Results. Endometriosis has a negative social and psychological impact on women’s life, the most affected areas being work, fertility and sexual activity. Moreover, pain and the negative perception of self-image are major sources of distress. Conclusion. The symptoms and effects of endometriosis, especially chronic ...
Representations And Narratives Of F To M Gender Dysphoric Subjects: Self, Body And Psycho-Traumatology In Comparison With M To F Transsexualism, 2021 UNIVERSITY OF MESSINA, DEPARTMENT OF ADULT AND CHILDHOOD HUMAN PATHOLOGY GAETANO BARRESI, ITALY
Representations And Narratives Of F To M Gender Dysphoric Subjects: Self, Body And Psycho-Traumatology In Comparison With M To F Transsexualism, Emanuele Maria Merlo
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
The present study was aimed at extending the method previously used with M to F gender dysphoric patients, to F to M individuals. In particular, the aim of the study was to highlight global and particular representations of the subjects. The study involved 10 gender dysphoric subjects in F to M transition, aged between 18 to 26 years old. Rorschach and the Thematic Apperception Test were administered with particular attention to the detection of psycho-traumatic indexes. The data reached through the extension of the method to F to M subjects revealed a continuity between the two groups. Referring to Self-representation ...
A Comprehensive Analysis Of Postpartum Depression And Delivery Characteristics: A Cross-Sectional Study, 2021 MARDIN STATE HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, MARDIN, TURKEY
A Comprehensive Analysis Of Postpartum Depression And Delivery Characteristics: A Cross-Sectional Study, Navdar Dogus Uzun, Mustafa Tekin, Fulya Uzun
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Objective: We attempted to identify risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD) by evaluating individuals in terms of their birth patterns, as well as other characteristics, including income level, smoking habits, number of children, age, and history of antidepressants. Methods and results: Participants completed a questionnaire consisting of three sections: demographic characteristics, delivery characteristics, and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. Participants with a depression medical history had a higher depression level during the postpartum. There were significant correlations between postpartum depression, the husband’s working status, the desire fo r the pregnancy, and the patient’s depression medical history. PPD levels did ...
Alexithymia And Physical Outcomes In Psychosomatic Subjects: A Cross-Sectional Study, 2021 DURHAM UNIVERSITY, DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, DURHAM, UNITED KINGDOM
Alexithymia And Physical Outcomes In Psychosomatic Subjects: A Cross-Sectional Study, Liam Alexander Mackenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Backgrounds. Alexithymia is a relevant phenomenon, occurring transversally to healthy subjects and individuals affected by several conditions. Its role is considerable, according to current state of the art several conditions emerged as influenced, maintained and worsened by alexithymic structures and figures. The present study was aimed at highlighting the existing relations, the differences and the directions assumed by alexithymic factors and health status in patients affected by psychosomatic conditions. Methods. The sample consisted of 150 participants, 42 males (28.0%) and 108 females (72.0%), aged 26 to 78 years old with a mean of 42.24 years old (SD ...
Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, 2021 UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY MEDICINE, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA
Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Objectives. Family members caring for a patient with acquired brain injury (ABI) are coping with inordinate levels of stress partially due to their lack of understanding of the neuropsychological effects of acquired brain injury in the patient. The objective of this research is to show that as the caregivers’ stress levels increase, there is an increase in suicidal ideation. This highlights the causal relationship between unhealthy stress and reduced psychological well-being in these caregivers. In addition, qualitative research evidence regarding the caregivers’ views of their main sources of stress are presented. Methods. The participants were a random sample of 80 ...
Linking The Brain And Bone Through Fat, 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA
Linking The Brain And Bone Through Fat, Elisabeta Malinici, Anca Sirbu, Miruna Popa, Simona Fica
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Over the past years, bone and adipose tissue have gained interest from researchers in the light of their secretory profiles, being able to produce active molecules, with the final effect of regulating energy homeostasis. Both adipocytes and osteoblasts originate in the pluripotent mesenchymal stem cell and this common origin has been proposed as the core of the fat-bone relationship. The central nervous system might be the third player in this association, capable of integrating signals. Numerous adipose tissue secreted factors that influence energy homeostasis and bone have been described: leptin, adiponectin, lipocalin 2, and inflammatory cytokines (e.g. IL-1, IL-6 ...
A Diagnostic Dilemma Of Antiglutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Anti-Gad 65) And Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Antibodies In A Girl Presenting With Acute-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder., 2021 Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States
A Diagnostic Dilemma Of Antiglutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Anti-Gad 65) And Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Antibodies In A Girl Presenting With Acute-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder., Cecilia Freeman, Antanoid J Langeveldt, Robyn R Miller
Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers
Acute-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder can be challenging, especially when triggered by an underlying disease process. Clinicians often turn to Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS), but it is important to consider a broad differential in these patients. We present a case of a 9-year-old girl with acute-onset obsessive-compulsive behavior likely triggered by a post-infectious phenomenon that ultimately resolved following treatment with plasmapheresis.
Safety And Efficacy Of Catheter Directed Thrombolysis (Cdt) In Elderly With Pulmonary Embolism (Pe)., Eneida Harrison, Jin Sun Kim, Vladimir Lakhter, Ka U Lio, Rami Alashram, Huaqing Zhao, Rohit Gupta, Maulin Patel, James Harrison, Joseph Panaro, Kerry Mohrien, Riyaz Bashir, Gary Cohen, Gerard Criner, Parth Rali
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers
INTRODUCTION: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a common cause for morbidity and mortality in patients over 65 years. Given the increased risk of bleeding in the elderly population with the use of systemic thrombolysis, catheter-directed therapy (CDT) is being increasingly used for the treatment of submassive PE. Nevertheless, the safety of CDT in the elderly population is not well studied. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate the safety of CDT in our elderly patients.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of consecutive patients aged >65 years with a diagnosis of PE from our Pulmonary Embolism Response Team database. We compared ...
Correspondence Between Perceived Pubertal Development And Hormone Levels In 9-10 Year-Olds From The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study., 2021 Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Correspondence Between Perceived Pubertal Development And Hormone Levels In 9-10 Year-Olds From The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study., Megan M Herting, Kristina A Uban, Marybel Robledo Gonzalez, Fiona C Baker, Eric C Kan, Wesley K Thompson, Douglas A Granger, Matthew D Albaugh, Andrey P Anokhin, Kara S Bagot, Marie T Banich, Deanna M Barch, Arielle Baskin-Sommers, Florence J Breslin, B J Casey, Bader Chaarani, Linda Chang, Duncan B Clark, Christine C Cloak, R Todd Constable, Linda B Cottler, Rada K Dagher, Mirella Dapretto, Anthony S Dick, Nico Dosenbach, Gayathri J Dowling, Julie A Dumas, Sarah Edwards, Thomas Ernst, Damien A Fair, Sarah W Feldstein-Ewing, Edward G Freedman, Bernard F Fuemmeler, Hugh Garavan, Dylan G Gee, Jay N Giedd, Paul E A Glaser, Aimee Goldstone, Kevin M Gray, Samuel W Hawes, Andrew C Heath, Mary M Heitzeg, John K Hewitt, Charles J Heyser, Elizabeth A Hoffman, Rebekah S Huber, Marilyn A. Huestis, Luke W Hyde, M Alejandra Infante, Masha Y Ivanova, Joanna Jacobus, Terry L Jernigan, Nicole R Karcher, Angela R Laird, Kimberly H Leblanc, Krista Lisdahl, Monica Luciana, Beatriz Luna, Hermine H Maes, Andrew T Marshall, Michael J Mason, Erin C Mcglade, Amanda S Morris, Bonnie J Nagel, Gretchen N Neigh, Clare E Palmer, Martin P Paulus, Alexandra S Potter, Leon I Puttler, Nishadi Rajapakse, Kristina Rapuano, Gloria Reeves, Perry F Renshaw, Claudiu Schirda, Kenneth J Sher, Chandni Sheth, Paul D Shilling, Lindsay M Squeglia, Matthew T Sutherland, Susan F Tapert, Rachel L Tomko, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, Natasha E Wade, Susan R B Weiss, Robert A Zucker, Elizabeth R Sowell
Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers
Aim: To examine individual variability between perceived physical features and hormones of pubertal maturation in 9-10-year-old children as a function of sociodemographic characteristics.
Methods: Cross-sectional metrics of puberty were utilized from the baseline assessment of the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study—a multi-site sample of 9–10 year-olds (n = 11,875)—and included perceived physical features via the pubertal development scale (PDS) and child salivary hormone levels (dehydroepiandrosterone and testosterone in all, and estradiol in females). Multi-level models examined the relationships among sociodemographic measures, physical features, and hormone levels. A group factor analysis (GFA) was implemented to extract latent ...
A Multidisciplinary Approach To Triage Patients With Breast Disease During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Experience From A Tertiary Care Center In The Developing World, Abida K. Sattar, Hania Shahzad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Azmina Tajdin Valimohammad, Sadaf Khan, Yasmin Vellani, Romana Idrees, Nasir Ali, Imrana Masroor, Humera Saeed, Gulzar S. Lakhani, Nadia Ayoub, Atif Waqar, Muhammad Zia-Ul Islam, Salman Kirmani, Asad Latif, Syed Ather Enam
Section of General Surgery
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has created a need to prioritize care because of limitation of resources. Owing to the heterogeneity and high prevalence of breast cancers, the need to prioritize care in this vulnerable population is essential. While various medical societies have published recommendations to manage breast disease during the COVID-19 pandemic, most are focused on the Western world and do not necessarily address the challenges of a resource-limited setting.
Aim: In this article, we describe our institutional approach for prioritizing care for patients presenting with breast disease.
Methods and results: The breast disease management guidelines were developed and approved ...
Implementation Of Mental Health Services In Conflict And Post-Conflict Zones: Lessons From Syria, Mohammad Khalid Hamza, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks
Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors
Objective: We describe the challenges confronted and lessons learned in implementing mental healthcare during the Syrian war to inform effective services for conflict-affected Syrian populations.
Materials and Methods: We searched the academic and gray literature. We draw on the experiences of Syrian-American mental health professionals with nine years of experience providing clinical and programmatic mental healthcare in combat settings, siege, internally displaced person camps, and refugee camps.
Results: Collaboration with nonprofessional personnel was essential due to the shortage of formally trained mental healthcare professionals in Syria. The use of psychological and diagnostic terms increased stigma, whereas asking about the patient ...
Risk Factors For Suicide In Bangladesh: Case-Control Psychological Autopsy Study, 2021 Enam Medical College and Hospital, Bangladesh
Risk Factors For Suicide In Bangladesh: Case-Control Psychological Autopsy Study, S M Yasir Arafat, M A. Mohit, Mohammad S I. Mullick, Russell Kabir, Murad M. Khan
Department of Psychiatry
Background: Suicide is an important, understudied public health problem in Bangladesh, where risk factors for suicide have not been investigated by case-control psychological autopsy study.
Aims: To identify the major risk factors for suicide in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Methods: We designed a matched case-control psychological autopsy study. We conducted a semi-structured interview with the next-of-kin of 100 individuals who died by suicide and 100 living controls, matched for age, gender and area of residence. The study was conducted from July 2019 to July 2020.
Results: The odds ratios for the risk factors were 15.33 (95% CI, 4.76-49.30) for ...
Prevalence, Incidence And Chronicity Of Child Abuse Among Orphaned, Separated, And Street-Connected Children And Adolescents In Western Kenya: What Is The Impact Of Care Environment?, 2021 Moi University
Prevalence, Incidence And Chronicity Of Child Abuse Among Orphaned, Separated, And Street-Connected Children And Adolescents In Western Kenya: What Is The Impact Of Care Environment?, Samuel Ayaya, Allison Delong, Lonnie Embleton, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Joseph Hogan, Allan Kamanda, Lukoye Atwoli, Dominic Makori, Mary A. Ott, Caroline Ombok, Paula Braitstein
Internal Medicine, East Africa
Background: The effect of different types of care environment on orphaned and separated children and adolescents’ (OSCA) experiences of abuse in sub-Saharan Africa is uncertain.
Objective: Our two primary objectives were 1) to compare recent child abuse (physical, emotional, and sexual) between OSCA living in institutional environments and those in family-based care; and 2) to understand how recent child abuse among street-connected children and youth compared to these other vulnerable youth populations.
Participants and setting: This project followed a cohort of OSCA in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya (2009–2019). This analysis includes 2393 participants aged 18 years and below, 1017 ...
Comparing The Trends Of Postpartum Depression Screening Scores During And Before The Covid-19 Pandemic, 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Comparing The Trends Of Postpartum Depression Screening Scores During And Before The Covid-19 Pandemic, Elif S. Duran, Dung Dang, Tony Ogburn
MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years
Postpartum depression includes major and minor depressive disorders affecting women in the time period after childbirth. The studies reviewed in our literature found that the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the risk of postpartum depression for women. Our study location, the Rio Grande Valley is one of the hardest-hit locations by the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Our patient population is also one with the higher risk factors for postpartum depression. As such, we are expecting the psychological impact of the pandemic to be even more magnified, and thus, actions need to be taken to support the vulnerable population ...
Sublingual Buprenorphine/Naloxone And Multi-Modal Management For High-Risk Chronic Pain Patients, 2021 West Virginia University
Sublingual Buprenorphine/Naloxone And Multi-Modal Management For High-Risk Chronic Pain Patients, Shane Kaski, Patrick Marshalek, Jeremy Herschler, Sijin Wen, Wanhong Zheng
Faculty & Staff Scholarship
Patients with chronic pain managed with opioid medications are at high risk for opioid overuse or misuse. West Virginia University (WVU) established a High-Risk Pain Clinic to use sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone (bup/nal) plus a multimodal approach to help chronic pain patients with history of Substance Use Disorder (SUD) or aberrant drug-related behavior. The objective of this study was to report overall retention rates and indicators of efficacy in pain control from approximately six years of High-Risk Pain Clinic data. A retrospective chart review was conducted for a total of 78 patients who enrolled in the High-Risk Pain Clinic between ...
Interpersonal Psychotherapy Delivered By Nonspecialists For Depression And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Kenyan Hiv–Positive Women Affected By Genderbased Violence: Randomized Controlled Trial, 2021 University of California, San Francisco
Interpersonal Psychotherapy Delivered By Nonspecialists For Depression And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Kenyan Hiv–Positive Women Affected By Genderbased Violence: Randomized Controlled Trial, Susan M. Meffert, Thomas C. Neylan, Charles E. Mcculloch, Kelly Blum, Craig R. Cohen, Elizabeth Bukusi, Helen Verdel, John C. Markowitz, James G. Kahn, David Bukusi
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa
Background: HIV–positive women suffer a high burden of mental disorders due in part to gender-based violence (GBV). Comorbid depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are typical psychiatric consequences of GBV. Despite attention to the HIV-GBV syndemic, few HIV clinics offer formal mental healthcare. This problem is acute in sub-Saharan Africa, where the world’s majority of HIV–positive women live and prevalence of GBV is high.
Methods and findings: We conducted a randomized controlled trial at an HIV clinic in Kisumu, Kenya. GBV-affected HIV–positive women with both major depressive disorder (MDD) and PTSD were randomized to 12 sessions ...
In Patients With Mild To Moderate Alzheimer’S, Does Music Therapy Help To Decrease Mood Disturbances When Compared To Those Not Participating In Music Therapy?, Lauren Bauer
Introduction: Affecting both memory and cognitive abilities, Alzheimer’s disease is a growing problem as the baby boomer population ages. Clinical trials for new medications fail or are slow going, researchers have sought alternatives to alleviate symptoms for patients of this disease. This paper will address the effect of music therapy on mood disturbance in patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
Method: A literature search was completed in November of 2019 using PubMed, EBSCO Search, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar. Six articles were chosen based on relevance to the research question, study design, outcome, and results.
Results: Based on review, music ...