Prevention And Self-Care Education For Osteoporosis In A Rural Orthopedic Clinic, 2021 Walden University
Prevention And Self-Care Education For Osteoporosis In A Rural Orthopedic Clinic, Jean Sanford
Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies
Abstract Osteoporosis affects 25 million people in the United States causing over 1.5 million fractures every year. The gap in practice at a rural southeast orthopedic clinic was a lack of patient education on prevention and self-care management of osteoporosis and osteopenia. The purpose of the project was to develop a program to educate clinic providers on prevention and self-care management for osteoporosis and osteopenia. The Knowles theory of adult learning framed the project components. A 10-question pretest/posttest assessing knowledge was administered to 10 registered nurse participants. For the presurvey, five participants demonstrated a lack of knowledge of ...
Acupuncture Therapy In The Treatment Of Osteoarthritis Of The Knee, 2021 Arcadia University
Acupuncture Therapy In The Treatment Of Osteoarthritis Of The Knee, Reece Bartell
Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition that affects the joints of the body, most commonly the knees; it has the potential to cause debilitating pain, and stiffness and decrease quality of life. The current management involves lifestyle modifications of a healthy diet and exercise as well as analgesics like NSAIDs or acetaminophen to manage symptoms. Long-term use of these medications has been associated with many side effects affecting the GI and CV system. This review analyzes the use of acupuncture therapy (I) for symptom management (O) in patients aged 60-80 years old suffering from mild to moderate OA ...
Identifying Pleiotropic Snps Associated With Femoral Neck And Heel Bone Mineral Density, 2020 Medical College of Soochow University
Identifying Pleiotropic Snps Associated With Femoral Neck And Heel Bone Mineral Density, Pei He, Xinag-He Ming, Xiao Zhang, Xu Lin, Qiang Zhang, Ri-Li Jiang, Martin R. Schiller, Fei-Yan Deng, Hong-Wen Deng
Life Sciences Faculty Publications
Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) routinely identify loci associated with risk factors for osteoporosis. However, GWASs with relatively small sample sizes still lack sufficient power to ascertain the majority of genetic variants with small to modest effect size, which may together truly influence the phenotype. The loci identified only account for a small percentage of the heritability of osteoporosis. This study aims to identify novel genetic loci associated with DXA-derived femoral neck (FNK) bone mineral density (BMD) and quantitative ultrasound of the heel calcaneus estimated BMD (eBMD), and to detect shared/causal variants for the two traits, to assess whether ...
The Implementation Of Exercise For Chronic Kidney Disease And Dialysis Patients, 2020 Wayne State University Division of Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies & Honors College
The Implementation Of Exercise For Chronic Kidney Disease And Dialysis Patients, Syed Ahmad Rizvi
Honors College Theses
While commonly known to be the organ that helps with urine production within the human body, the kidney plays one of the most crucial roles in maintaining homeostasis. When establishing all of the roles the kidney has on keeping humans healthy, there is the question of how does the body cope when a patient is diagnosed with kidney failure. One of the more common treatment options that allows the body to continue to function without a kidney is by beginning a patient on a form of dialysis. However, as with any treatment, there will always be a list of side ...
Extra Medullar Granulocytic Sarcoma: A Case Report Of An Exceptional Localization, 2020 SALAH AZAIZ INSTITUTE, DEPARTMENT OF ONCOLOGIC SURGERY, BOULEVARD 9TH APRIL, TUNIS 1009, TUNISIA
Extra Medullar Granulocytic Sarcoma: A Case Report Of An Exceptional Localization, Bouhani Malek, Sakhri Saida, Jaidane Olfa, Adouni Olfa, Chargui Riadh, Rahal Khaled
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Granulocytic sarcoma is a rare type of tumor composed of extramedullary immature cells. The breast location is very rare; it accounts for less than 8% of cases. The present study reports the case of a 36-year-old female with a medical history of myelodysplastic syndrome. She was referred because of a lump in the left breast. We have diagnosed a case of granulocytic sarcoma of the breast by core biopsy. Histology and immunohistochemistry showed hypercellular smears with immature myeloid cells. The blast cells were myeloperoxidase positive.
The patient underwent a lumpectomy. Five months later, she developed a contralateral recurrence, treated by ...
Perceptions Of The Osteopathic Profession In New York City's Chinese Communities, 2020 Touro College
Perceptions Of The Osteopathic Profession In New York City's Chinese Communities, Justin Chin, Sarah Li, Gregory Yim, Yaqun Arlene Zhou, Peter Justin Wan, Emily R Dube, Mikhail Volokitin, Sonu Sahni, Mark A Terrell, Christine M Lomiguen
Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine (New York) Publications and Research
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge of and barriers to osteopathic medicine in Chinese immigrant communities in New York City (NYC).
Design: A cross-sectional study was designed in which a culturally appropriate survey in Chinese and English versions was administered anonymously to measure immigrant perceptions and knowledge of osteopathic medicine.
Setting: Data collection occurred in the municipal delineations for the Chinatown neighbourhood within the New York, New York borough of Manhattan.
Participants: Community members were selected using convenience sampling from high-density areas to participate. Information gathered from the survey included demographics, education level, healthcare habits and ...
Prevention And Treatment Of Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis, 2019 Ohio Northern University
Prevention And Treatment Of Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis, Mackenzie Devine, Anh Dao Le, Julie Puvogel, Victoria Cho, Michelle Musser
Pharmacy and Wellness Review
Osteoporosis is a disease state resulting in decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and increased risk of fracture, specifically of the vertebrae, spine and hip. Risk factors and high risk populations for developing osteoporosis include low BMD, long-term glucocorticoid therapy, genetics, diet, postmenopausal women and patients with inflammatory or chronic disease states. A variety of signaling pathways involving hormones, cytokines and other signaling molecules are involved in bone formation and are affected by long-term glucocorticoid therapy, leading to the development of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO).
There are a variety of drugs that work efficaciously to prevent and treat GIO. Alendronate is a ...
Osteoarthritis: Natural Supplements For Joint Health, 2019 Ohio Northern University
Osteoarthritis: Natural Supplements For Joint Health, Katherine Salay, Kimberly Gathers, Lindsey Mcclish, Lisa Vranekovic, Kristen Seaman, Ryan W. Naseman
Pharmacy and Wellness Review
An estimated 46 million adults in the U.S. are affected by arthritis, with osteoarthritis (OA) being the most common. Due to the limited pharmacologic therapy available to treat this condition, many patients are turning to dietary supplements to relieve their symptoms. Some of the most popular supplements available for the treatment of OA are glucosamine, chrondroitin and methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), but many less studied products are also available. Due to limited evidence of efficacy, it is difficult to make a strong recommendation for any of these products; however, pharmacists must be able to educate the patients that choose to use ...
Empathy Learned Through An Extended Medical Education Virtual Reality Project, 2019 University of New England
Empathy Learned Through An Extended Medical Education Virtual Reality Project, Wilson Mei, Elizabeth Dyer, Barbara Swartzlander, Marilyn R. Gugliucci
Osteopathic Medicine Student Research Posters
Studies have suggested that empathy in healthcare professionals tends to erode during medical school and residency training. However, a study conducted by Hofat presents outcomes that reveals the opposite effect; instead empathy improves or there is no effect on empathy at all. Despite the contradictory studies, it is generally agreed that empathy is an important aspect in the patient-physician relationship as it is associated with improved patient satisfaction, increased adherence to treatment, and fewer malpractice complaints. This research exposed 346 first year medical students to virtual reality (VR) technology that is intended to elicit empathy for a 74-year-old African American ...
Identification Of A Bone Morphogenetic Protein Type 2 Receptor Neutralizing Antibody, 2019 Marian University - Indianapolis
Identification Of A Bone Morphogenetic Protein Type 2 Receptor Neutralizing Antibody, Ruthann Gorrell, Madeline Totten, Laura Schoerning, Jordan B. Newby, Logan J. Geyman, Warren Lawless, Julia M. Hum, Jonathan W. Lowery Ph.D.
Student Publications and Research
The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway comprises the largest subdivision of the transforming growth factor (TGFβ) superfamily. BMP signaling plays essential roles in both embryonic development and postnatal tissue homeostasis. Dysregulated BMP signaling underlies human pathologies ranging from pulmonary arterial hypertension to heterotopic ossification. Thus, understanding the basic mechanisms and regulation of BMP signaling may yield translational opportunities. Unfortunately, limited tools are available to evaluate this pathway, and genetic approaches are frequently confounded by developmental requirements or ability of pathway components to compensate for one another. Specific inhibitors for type 2 receptors are poorly represented. Thus, we sought to ...
Omt For The Treatment Of Depression And Anxiety, 2019 Rowan University
Omt For The Treatment Of Depression And Anxiety, Zachary Winchell
Stratford Campus Research Day
Osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMT) fundamentally aims to remedy somatic dysfunction through the manipulation of the patient. In this regard, OMT is a particularly viable non-pharmacological adjunct for patients with depressive and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
In both of these disorders, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has an interdependent relationship with physiological stress that feed one another to both increase symptomology and leave patients vulnerable to negative life events. Additionally, pro-inflammatory cytokines acting on the brain over long periods of time can lead to exacerbation of disease and the development of depression in susceptible individuals. Altered cytokine balance has also been found in ...
The Effect Of Omm On Opioid Users With Chronic Low Back Pain, 2019 Rowan University
The Effect Of Omm On Opioid Users With Chronic Low Back Pain, Danielle Cooley D.O., James Bailey D.O., Deanna Janora M.D., Catherine Fusco D.O., Kishan Patel
Stratford Campus Research Day
In the United States, approximately 100 million adults are affected by chronic pain, which reduces their quality of life and productivity, while accounting for billions in health care costs and lost revenue. (1) Opioids are considered the gold standard in the pharmacological treatment for chronic pain conditions, and prescriptions for opiates/opioids increased by 400% from 1999 to 2010. (1,2) Although opioid treatment is warranted during postsurgical and active cancer pain, physicians still commonly overprescribe opioids, which has led to addiction, high deaths rates by overdose, and the spread of communicable diseases. (1)
Since chronic pain is sustained by ...
Rsv-Encoded Ns2 Promotes Epithelial Cell Shedding And Distal Airway Obstruction, 2019 Campbell University
Rsv-Encoded Ns2 Promotes Epithelial Cell Shedding And Distal Airway Obstruction, R. M. Liesman, U. J. Buchholz, C. L. Luongo, A. D. Proia, J. P. Divicenzo, P. L. Collins, R. J. Pickles
Osteopathic Medicine, Jerry M. Wallace School of
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the major cause of bronchiolitis in young children. The factors that contribute to the increased propensity of RSV-induced distal airway disease compared with other commonly encountered respiratory viruses remain unclear. Here, we identified the RSV-encoded nonstructural 2 (NS2) protein as a viral genetic determinant for initiating RSV-induced distal airway obstruction. Infection of human cartilaginous airway epithelium (HAE) and a hamster model of disease with recombinant respiratory viruses revealed that NS2 promotes shedding of infected epithelial cells, resulting in two consequences of virus infection. First, epithelial cell shedding accelerated the reduction of virus titers, presumably ...
Physicians’ Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Athletic Trainers, 2019 Indiana State University
Physicians’ Knowledge And Beliefs Regarding Athletic Trainers, Joseph H. Vogler, Lindsey E. Eberman, Zachary K. Winkelmann, M. Seth Smith, James L. Turner, Kenneth E. Games
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association
Purpose: The relationship between athletic trainers (ATs) and physicians is a legal obligation and collaboration to improve patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the knowledge of physicians regarding the educational preparation, legal obligations, and scope of practice for ATs and how it relates to previous experiences with ATs. Additionally physicians’ perceptions of Interprofessional Collaboration (IPC) were studied. Methods: 169 physicians medical doctors (MD)=133/169, 78.7%, doctor of osteopathy (DO)=36/169, 21%) completed a 36-question web-based survey, which included a validated IPC scale. Results: Respondents with experience working with an AT scored significantly higher ...
Synapsis: Philadelphia Campus (2019), 2019 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Synapsis: Philadelphia Campus (2019), Philadelphia College Of Osteopathic Medicine
The 2019 Philadelphia Campus Synapsis includes Orientation, White Coat, Gala, Life at PCOM, Anatomy Groups, Radiology, Family Medicine, Match.
Is Craniosacral Therapy Effective In The Reduction Of Pain Intensity In Individuals With Non-Specific Neck And/Or Back Pain?, 2019 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Is Craniosacral Therapy Effective In The Reduction Of Pain Intensity In Individuals With Non-Specific Neck And/Or Back Pain?, Melissa A. Stefanosky
PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective evidence based medicine review is to determine whether or not craniosacral therapy is effective in the reduction of pain intensity in individuals with non-specific neck and/or back pain.
STUDY DESIGN: A systemic review of three peer reviewed journal articles published in 2014 and 2016.
DATA SOURCES: Three randomized controlled trials comparing craniosacral therapy to sham treatment, classic massage and/or trigger point therapy. These data sources were found using PubMed.
OUTCOMES MEASURED: Pain intensity in the neck and/or back, measured by using a 10- point numeric pain rating scale and the visual ...
Dr. Kiran C. Patel College Of Osteopathic Medicine Graduate Programs, 2019 Nova Southeastern University
Dr. Kiran C. Patel College Of Osteopathic Medicine Graduate Programs, Nova Southeastern University
Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs
No abstract provided.
Nutrition Manual For Nsu Student Athletes, 2019 Nova Southeastern University
Nutrition Manual For Nsu Student Athletes, Kaitlyn Flaskerud, Katie Emerson, Stephanie Fonesca, Angel Marquez, Alejandra Velandia, Marilyn Gordon
No abstract provided.
Pathological Mechanisms And Therapeutic Outlooks For Arthrofibrosis, 2019 Edith Cowan University
Pathological Mechanisms And Therapeutic Outlooks For Arthrofibrosis, Kayley M. Usher, Sipin Zhu, Georgios Mavropalias, John A. Carrino, Jinmin Zhao, Jiake Xu
ECU Publications Post 2013
Arthrofibrosis is a fibrotic joint disorder that begins with an inflammatory reaction to insults such as injury, surgery and infection. Excessive extracellular matrix and adhesions contract pouches, bursae and tendons, cause pain and prevent a normal range of joint motion, with devastating consequences for patient quality of life. Arthrofibrosis affects people of all ages, with published rates varying. The risk factors and best management strategies are largely unknown due to a poor understanding of the pathology and lack of diagnostic biomarkers. However, current research into the pathogenesis of fibrosis in organs now informs the understanding of arthrofibrosis. The process begins ...
A Novel Multiscale Mathematical Model For Building Bone Substitute Materials For Children, 2018 University of Tlemcen
A Novel Multiscale Mathematical Model For Building Bone Substitute Materials For Children, Abdennasser Chekroun, Laurent Pujo-Menjouet, Jean-Philippe Berteau
Publications and Research
Bone is an engineering marvel that achieves a unique combination of stiffness and toughness exceeding that of synthesized materials. In orthopedics, we are currently challenged for the child population that needs a less stiff but a tougher bone substitute than adults. Recent evidence suggests that the relationship between inter-molecular connections that involve the two main bone building blocks, TropoCollagen molecules (TC) and carbonated Hydroxyapatite (cAp), and bone macroscopic mechanical properties, stiffness and toughness, are key to building bone substitute materials for children. The goal of our study is to establish how inter-molecular connections that occur during bone mineralization are related ...