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Total Joint Implant Alloy Oxide Layer Cell-Induced Damage, Chandler K. Sears 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Total Joint Implant Alloy Oxide Layer Cell-Induced Damage, Chandler K. Sears

Longitudinal Scholar's Project

Cobalt-Chromium alloy is commonly used in total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Several studies have investigated evidence of inflammatory-cell-induced-corrosion (ICIC) causing pitting in TJA retrieved implants. Others have determined that placing orthopedic alloys into lower pH solutions will increase the rate of corrosion. We have determined that electrochemical potential and corrosion rates of human knee synovial fluid show a variation greater than an order of magnitude. This means there is going to be a significant variation between a patient’s local environment of the TJA implant and may affect how macrophages interact with alloy oxide layers. Knee disability can be quantified by ...


Impact Of Atrial Fibrillation On Outcomes After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chandan Buttar, Sofia Lakhdar 2022 Ochsner Clinic Foundation

Impact Of Atrial Fibrillation On Outcomes After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chandan Buttar, Sofia Lakhdar

The VAD Journal

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common finding in patients with heart failure and is well-known for its deleterious effects on cardiac function and hemodynamics; however, there are gaps in knowledge regarding the impact of AF on patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs).

Methods: In this study, we searched PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases through September 2021 to find articles that assessed the outcomes of AF in patients with LVADs.

Results: A total of 12 studies that underwent systematic review evaluated the outcomes of 7853 adult patients. The meta-analysis analyzed findings from a total of 1003 patients ...


Feasibility And Clinical Value Of 3-Dimensional Myocardial Deformation Analysis By Computed Tomography In Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Patients, Mohamad Rabbani 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Feasibility And Clinical Value Of 3-Dimensional Myocardial Deformation Analysis By Computed Tomography In Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Patients, Mohamad Rabbani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Purpose: Multi-phase computed tomography angiography (CTA) for the pre-procedural planning of TAVR presents a unique opportunity to assess 3D myocardial biomechanics. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and predictive utility of 3D myocardial deformation analysis (3D-MDA) based principal strain to predict heart failure or death following TAVR using pre-procedural, multi-phase computed tomography angiography (CTA) datasets.

Methods: Two hundred and five patients undergoing pre-TAVR multi-phase gated CTA followed by successful TAVR were retrospectively identified. Whole heart 3D mesh chamber models were generated followed by 3D-MDA of the left ventricle (LV) to determine global LV minimum principal strain (minPS) for endocardial ...


Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, Lauren E. Shawver 2022 Wayne State University

Radiation Therapy For Older Women With Early Breast Cancer: An Unnecessary Hardship, Lauren E. Shawver

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Kunkler IH, Williams LJ, Jack WJ, Cameron DA, Dixon JM; PRIME II investigators. Breast-conserving surgery with or without irradiation in women aged 65 years or older with early breast cancer (PRIME II): a randomised controlled trial [published correction appears in Lancet Oncol. 2015 Mar;16(3):e105]. Lancet Oncol. 2015;16(3):266-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(14)71221-5

for an older patient seeking treatment for Stage 1 Ductal Breast Carcinoma


Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Protocols Decrease Length Of Hospital Stay And Maintain Functional Independence In Elderly Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery, Kristen Hawes 2022 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (Eras) Protocols Decrease Length Of Hospital Stay And Maintain Functional Independence In Elderly Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery, Kristen Hawes

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using

Ostermann S, Morel P, Chalé JJ, et al. Randomized controlled trial of enhanced recovery program dedicated to elderly patients after colorectal surgery. Dis Colon Rectum. 2019;62(9):1105-1116. https://doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001442

for an elderly patient undergoing colorectal surgery.


Return To Work And Driving After Robotic Arm-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty, Manoshi Bhowmik-Stoker, Kevin K Mathew, Zhongming Chen, Antonia F Chen, William J Hozack, Ormonde Mahoney, Fabio R Orozco, Michael A Mont 2022 Stryker

Return To Work And Driving After Robotic Arm-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty, Manoshi Bhowmik-Stoker, Kevin K Mathew, Zhongming Chen, Antonia F Chen, William J Hozack, Ormonde Mahoney, Fabio R Orozco, Michael A Mont

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: Robotic arm-assisted total knee arthroplasty (RATKA) has demonstrated improved patient-reported outcome measures. Less evidence has been reported on how frequently patients return to complex activities of daily living. Our purposes were to investigate (1) hospital lengths of stay (LOSs) (2) discharge dispositions and (3) the rates and postoperative time intervals at which patients returned to driving and working.

Methods: A total of 50 RATKA patients who were employed prior to surgery were included. Outcomes included hospital LOS, discharge dispositions, return to driving, and return to work.

Results: A total of 48 patients (96%) were discharged home with self-care or ...


Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani 2022 Advocate Christ Medical Center, Advocate Aurora Health

Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This essay describes the human connection forged between two young moms, one the physician and one the patient, when their paths collided one night in the emergency department of a busy hospital. It describes a challenging and most memorable care experience in the career of a young emergency physician, the clinical outcome, and the patient’s appreciative follow-up message years later.


Cardiac Metastasis After Curative Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Risk Factors, Treatment Options, And Prognosis, Gaurav Jain, Mathew Otto, Mubeen Khan Mohammed Abdul, Manpreet Chadha, Ajay Sahajpal 2022 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center Abdominal Transplant Program, Advocate Aurora Health

Cardiac Metastasis After Curative Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Risk Factors, Treatment Options, And Prognosis, Gaurav Jain, Mathew Otto, Mubeen Khan Mohammed Abdul, Manpreet Chadha, Ajay Sahajpal

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is primary hepatic malignancy with a high incidence of recurrence. The risk of recurrence directly correlates to patient’s overall prognosis. Management of advanced HCC involves a combination of surgical resection, locoregional therapy, and systemic treatment. Distant metastases are rare, and intraventricular cardiac metastases are even more infrequent. This brief review details an illustrative case of cardiac metastasis after curative treatment of primary HCC and then summarizes the literature on risk factors, treatment options, and patient prognosis in the setting of distant metastases from HCC. Prognosis of metastasis to the heart is generally poor, and available evidence ...


Successful Treatment Of Radiation-Induced Colitis And Enteritis With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, Mark D. Ringle, jeffrey S. cooper 2022 UNMC

Successful Treatment Of Radiation-Induced Colitis And Enteritis With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, Mark D. Ringle, Jeffrey S. Cooper

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Introduction

Previously irradiated tissue is characterized by changes including decreased vascularity, impaired cellular proliferation, and local hypoxia consistent with fibroblastic atrophy which can persist long after radiation therapy. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of complications arising from these late effects of radiation on normal tissue through enhancing fibroblast proliferation, collagen maturation, stem cell recruitment, and angiogenesis.

Methods

We report on three patients with debilitating radiation enterocolitis causing issues including recurrent bowel obstruction, anorexia requiring total parenteral nutrition, pain, diarrhea, fecal incontinence, dehydration, and malnutrition.

Results

In all three cases marked improvement was the ...


Hybrid Laparoscopic And Endoscopic Management Of Gastric Band Erosion Resulting In Bowel Obstruction, Katie Marrero MD, Michael Nolte MD, John Kim DO, FACS, Christian PErez MD, FACS, FASMBS 2022 Carle Foundation Hospital at Carle Illinois College of Medicine

Hybrid Laparoscopic And Endoscopic Management Of Gastric Band Erosion Resulting In Bowel Obstruction, Katie Marrero Md, Michael Nolte Md, John Kim Do, Facs, Christian Perez Md, Facs, Fasmbs

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

While laparoscopic gastric banding is not as prevalent, the management of patients with a history of gastric banding remains a concern. Gastric bands have been noted to erode and can migrate through the bowel leading to a variety of issues. We were able to successfully manage this almost completely endoscopically without the need for a bowel enterotomy for retrieval. This allowed for enhanced patient recovery and avoided the morbidity associated with bowel enterotomy which is commonly done in these settings.


Pulsatility Is A Predictive Marker Of Improved Cardiac Function In Patients With Liquid Matrix-Treated Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Philemon Mikail, Rinku Skaria, Marvin Slepian, Janny Garcia, Richard Smith, Zain Khalpey 2022 University of Arizona

Pulsatility Is A Predictive Marker Of Improved Cardiac Function In Patients With Liquid Matrix-Treated Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Philemon Mikail, Rinku Skaria, Marvin Slepian, Janny Garcia, Richard Smith, Zain Khalpey

The VAD Journal

Objective: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are utilized as a bridge to transplant or as destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure. Although cardiac offloading from these devices rarely leads to complete remodeling and functional recovery, the use of mesenchymal cells to modulate heart failure has been explored in recent years due to its intrinsic regenerative properties. Current methods of evaluating cardiac function have too much variability, difficulty of access, or require too frequent follow up to create universal weaning protocols. We hypothesized that the administration of amniotic allograft liquid matrix (LM) containing amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSCs) in ...


Interleukin-8 Produced From Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Suppresses Proliferation Of The Ocuch-Lm1 Cancer Cell Line, Ryota Tanaka, Kenjiro Kimura, Shimpei Eguchi, Go Ohira, Shogo Tanaka, Ryosuke Amano, Hiroaki Tanaka, Masakazu Yashiro, Masaichi Ohira, Shoji Kubo 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Interleukin-8 Produced From Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Suppresses Proliferation Of The Ocuch-Lm1 Cancer Cell Line, Ryota Tanaka, Kenjiro Kimura, Shimpei Eguchi, Go Ohira, Shogo Tanaka, Ryosuke Amano, Hiroaki Tanaka, Masakazu Yashiro, Masaichi Ohira, Shoji Kubo

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Background: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an important role in cancer growth by interacting with cancer cells, but their effects differ depending on the type of cancer. This study investigated the role of CAFs in biliary tract cancers (BTCs), compared with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) as a comparison cohort.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) expression in CAFs from 114 cases of PDAC and 154 cases of BTCs who underwent surgical treatment at our institution from 1996 to 2017. CAFs were isolated from resected specimens of BTC and PDAC, and tested for the effects of their supernatants and cytokines ...


Reduced Rates Of Post-Transplant Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis, Ryan Lamm, Peter J Altshuler, Keyur Patel, Osama Shaheen, Angel Paulo Amante, Jesse Civan, Warren Maley, Adam Frank, Carlo Ramirez, Jaime Glorioso, Ashesh Shah, Hien Dang, Adam S Bodzin 2022 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Reduced Rates Of Post-Transplant Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis, Ryan Lamm, Peter J Altshuler, Keyur Patel, Osama Shaheen, Angel Paulo Amante, Jesse Civan, Warren Maley, Adam Frank, Carlo Ramirez, Jaime Glorioso, Ashesh Shah, Hien Dang, Adam S Bodzin

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become the second leading cause of HCC-related liver transplantation in the United States. This study investigated post-transplant recurrence and survival for patients transplanted for NASH-related HCC compared to non-NASH HCC etiologies. Retrospective review of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) database identified 7,461 patients with HCC—1,405 with underlying NASH and 6,086 with non-NASH underlying diseases. After propensity score matching (PSM) to account for patient- and tumor-related confounders 1,175 remained in each group. Primary outcomes assessed were recurrence rate and recurrence-free ...


The Impact Of Perioperative Atrial Fibrillation On Patient Outcomes Following Repair Of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms, Jennifer Morrone, Jonathan Price, Annie Laurie Shroyer 2022 SUNY Stony Brook

The Impact Of Perioperative Atrial Fibrillation On Patient Outcomes Following Repair Of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms, Jennifer Morrone, Jonathan Price, Annie Laurie Shroyer

Department of Surgery Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Implementation Of An Advanced Operating Room Schedule To Increase Compliance With Clinical Practice Guidelines For Preoperative Antibiotic Selection And Timing: A Quality Improvement Project, Shelby Lynne Adams 2022 Northern Michigan University

Implementation Of An Advanced Operating Room Schedule To Increase Compliance With Clinical Practice Guidelines For Preoperative Antibiotic Selection And Timing: A Quality Improvement Project, Shelby Lynne Adams

DNP Scholarly Projects

Surgical site infection (SSI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in operative patients worldwide. The American Society for Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) published the most recent clinical practice guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. These guidelines are based upon the available evidence and provide a standardized approach for the safe and effective selection, dosing, and administration of antibiotics for the prevention of SSI (Bratzler et al., 2013). This Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project aimed to determine if incorporating an advanced operating room (OR) schedule, inclusive of ASHP presurgical antibiotics, increased compliance with ASHP standards of antibiotic selection and ...


Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome Treated By A Posterior Approach In A 15-Year-Old Athlete, Lili Sadri, Robert L Myers, Casey Paterson, QuyngDiem Lam, Danielle M Pineda 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Popliteal Artery Entrapment Syndrome Treated By A Posterior Approach In A 15-Year-Old Athlete, Lili Sadri, Robert L Myers, Casey Paterson, Quyngdiem Lam, Danielle M Pineda

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a rare source of claudication in young people. We present the case of a 15-year-old male athlete who presented with intermittent numbness of his right foot with exertion. Imaging revealed classic compression from a right type III popliteal artery entrapment. The left popliteal artery was chronically occluded with a large collateral vessel. He underwent release of the accessory bands of the gastrocnemius muscle with significant arteriolysis on the right side via a posterior approach. Chronic popliteal artery entrapment can be treated from a posterior approach, resulting in arterial occlusion and will be asymptomatic if well ...


Podium Presentation: Opioid Use Among Total Knee Arthroplasty Patients, Kelsie Welle, Karen Colorafi, Kenn Daratha 2022 Providence

Podium Presentation: Opioid Use Among Total Knee Arthroplasty Patients, Kelsie Welle, Karen Colorafi, Kenn Daratha

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Will Apfel Score Awareness Among Caregivers Improve Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting (Ponv) Incidence And Management In Day Surgery?, Leni Alejo, Cherry de Guia, Cassandra Luck-Bird, Cynthia Rodriguez, Lilibeth Paloso, Gillian Ramirez, Deborah Graham 2022 Covenant Medical Center

Will Apfel Score Awareness Among Caregivers Improve Postoperative Nausea And Vomiting (Ponv) Incidence And Management In Day Surgery?, Leni Alejo, Cherry De Guia, Cassandra Luck-Bird, Cynthia Rodriguez, Lilibeth Paloso, Gillian Ramirez, Deborah Graham

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

Background: Evidence supports Apfel Simplified Risk Score (SRS) as being effective in predicting postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients following general anesthesia. Raising awareness of a person’s risk for PONV allows for prescription of antiemetics based on the Apfel SRS. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) for the management of PONV highlight first identifying patients’ risk to better manage anesthesia side effects. A team of nurses working in a tertiary hospital in Texas led a project using the Apfel SRS to improve PONV management.

Purpose: To raise awareness of patients' PONV risk perioperatively to improve patient outcomes of PONV events ...


Identifying Skin Integrity Issues In The Post Anesthesia Care Unit: A Qualitative Improvement Project, Lori Patten 2022 Providence

Identifying Skin Integrity Issues In The Post Anesthesia Care Unit: A Qualitative Improvement Project, Lori Patten

2022 Providence Nurse Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Criminal, Legal, And Ethical Kidney Donation And Transplantation: A Conceptual Framework To Enable Innovation, Alvin E Roth, Ignazio R Marino, Kimberly D Krawiec, Michael A Rees 2022 Stanford University

Criminal, Legal, And Ethical Kidney Donation And Transplantation: A Conceptual Framework To Enable Innovation, Alvin E Roth, Ignazio R Marino, Kimberly D Krawiec, Michael A Rees

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


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