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Off-Pump Heartmate Ii Exchange In A Patient With Severe Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease: A Case Report, Mehmet H. Akay, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Manish K. Patel, Rajko Radovancevic, Igor D. Gregoric 2021 The University of Texas Health Science Center

Off-Pump Heartmate Ii Exchange In A Patient With Severe Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease: A Case Report, Mehmet H. Akay, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Manish K. Patel, Rajko Radovancevic, Igor D. Gregoric

The VAD Journal

Thrombosis of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) pumps is a serious complication that often requires exchange of the device. A 66-year-old man with severe peripheral vascular disease presented with pump thrombosis of the HeartMate II (HMII) LVAD 1.5 years after implantation. The HMII was exchanged to another HMII through a subcostal incision and without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. For safety, the patient was prepared for cardiopulmonary bypass by exposing the right subclavian artery and insertion of a 5 FR cannula in the left common femoral vein. The pump was exchanged through a subcostal incision made over the LVAD ...


Intraoperative Hypothermia In Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Cross-Sectional Study From A Developing Country, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Aiman Arif, Anum Sadruddin Pidani, Obada Hussein Hasan, Shahryar Noordin 2021 Aga Khan University

Intraoperative Hypothermia In Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Cross-Sectional Study From A Developing Country, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Aiman Arif, Anum Sadruddin Pidani, Obada Hussein Hasan, Shahryar Noordin

Medical College Documents

Background: Intraoperative hypothermia is associated with various risk factors, morbidity, and mortality in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA), increasing the emotional and financial burden on patients. This study aimed to identify risk factors of intraoperative hypothermia in patients undergoing TKA.
Materials and methods: All adult patients (⩾18 years) who underwent TKA from January 2016 to December 2017 at a tertiary-care hospital in Pakistan were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional study. Temperature < 36 °C was defined as hypothermia.
Results: The study included 286 patients (77.6% female) with a mean age of 61.4 ± 10.4 years. The overall proportion of intraoperative hypothermia was 26.6 ...


External Beam Radiation Therapy Carries Lower Risk Of Sexual Dysfunction As Compared To Radical Prostatectomy In Treatment Of Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer, Aamod S. Dekhne 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

External Beam Radiation Therapy Carries Lower Risk Of Sexual Dysfunction As Compared To Radical Prostatectomy In Treatment Of Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer, Aamod S. Dekhne

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Donovan JL, Hamdy FC, Lane JA, et al. Patient-Reported Outcomes after Monitoring, Surgery, or Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(15):1425-1437. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1606221

for a patient with localized prostate cancer and concerns regarding future sexual dysfunction.


Postoperative Aspiration Pneumonia (Popna) Prevention Protocol, R. Lamm, MD, D. Pace, MD, B. Till, MD, B. Creisher, J. Curran, E. Foecke Munden, J. Williamson, III, S. Cowan, MD, C. Costanzo, MD, Harish Lavu, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Postoperative Aspiration Pneumonia (Popna) Prevention Protocol, R. Lamm, Md, D. Pace, Md, B. Till, Md, B. Creisher, J. Curran, E. Foecke Munden, J. Williamson, Iii, S. Cowan, Md, C. Costanzo, Md, Harish Lavu, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

  • Postoperative pneumonia increases morbidity, mortality, length of stay, and hospital costs up to $12,000-$40,000 per patient
  • TJUH Center City ranked in the top 3rd - 4th quartile of pulmonary complications on the 2020 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program perioperative review
  • ICOUGH protocol: widely accepted, standardized set of post-operative interventions to reduce pneumonia incidence
  • Survey design: measure ICOUGH compliance before and after implementation of resident note checklist in EPIC


Perioperative Outcomes Of A Hydrocortisone Protocol After Endonasal Surgery For Pituitary Adenoma Resection, Tyler D. Alexander, MS, Sarah Collopy, Michael Karsy, MD, PhD, MSc, Chandala Chitguppi, MD, Christopher J. Farrell, MD, James J. Evans, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Perioperative Outcomes Of A Hydrocortisone Protocol After Endonasal Surgery For Pituitary Adenoma Resection, Tyler D. Alexander, Ms, Sarah Collopy, Michael Karsy, Md, Phd, Msc, Chandala Chitguppi, Md, Christopher J. Farrell, Md, James J. Evans, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Adrenal insufficiency after transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenoma (PA) can be seen in 1-12% of cases. In PA, the use of postoperative cortisol measurement and supplementation remains controversial. It is unclear whether postoperative cortisol supplementation has a measurable effect on improving outcomes in patients with pituitary adenoma undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery (ETS). The objective of the study was to evaluate a postoperative steroid treatment protocol in patients with PA undergoing ETS.


Perioperative Vte Chemical Prophylaxis At Jefferson Hospital: A Retrospective Review Of The Department Of Surgery, Walker Lyons, MD, Matthew Metzinger, MBA, CPHQ, Tyler Grenda, MD, Craig Binney, MBA, Scott Cowan, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Perioperative Vte Chemical Prophylaxis At Jefferson Hospital: A Retrospective Review Of The Department Of Surgery, Walker Lyons, Md, Matthew Metzinger, Mba, Cphq, Tyler Grenda, Md, Craig Binney, Mba, Scott Cowan, Md

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Only 26.1% of patients are receiving perioperative VTE chemical prophylaxis for elective cases in the Department of Surgery


Reforming The Pre-Operative Clearance Process In The Covid-19 Era, Ritam Ghosh, MD, René Daniel, MD, Jesse Edwards, MD, Catriona Harrop, MD, Janeen Duckworth, MSN, Amy Della Penna, MSN 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Reforming The Pre-Operative Clearance Process In The Covid-19 Era, Ritam Ghosh, Md, René Daniel, Md, Jesse Edwards, Md, Catriona Harrop, Md, Janeen Duckworth, Msn, Amy Della Penna, Msn

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

The problem at hand was increasing cancellation rates, increasing frustration amongst physicians, and lack of communication which guided our interventions

Some of the interventions used to improve the process are:

  • PAT practioners routinely checking laboratory tests after the initial visit
  • PAT practioners routinely documenting addendums in medical record in order to improve transparency and medical record
  • Two step verification process: residents/surgeons going through medical record and communicating to PAT practioners if clearance was not ironclad
  • Consulting physicians (i.e. cardiologists) with improved communication and documentation with PAT practioners in the event of additional testing necessary prior to clearance
  • PAT ...


Left Ventricular Assist Device Thrombosis Treated With Intravenous Tissue Plasminogen Activator In A Patient With Covid-19 Infection, Simone A. Jarrett, Jafar Alzubi, Savalan Babapoor-Farrokhran, Zaid Ammari, Mohammad Al-Sarie, Zachary Port, Farhan Hasni, Behnam Bozorgnia, Raphael Bonita 2021 Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia

Left Ventricular Assist Device Thrombosis Treated With Intravenous Tissue Plasminogen Activator In A Patient With Covid-19 Infection, Simone A. Jarrett, Jafar Alzubi, Savalan Babapoor-Farrokhran, Zaid Ammari, Mohammad Al-Sarie, Zachary Port, Farhan Hasni, Behnam Bozorgnia, Raphael Bonita

The VAD Journal

Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is an established treatment for patients with end-stage, systolic heart failure as a bridge to heart transplantation or destination therapy. LVAD pump thrombosis is a life-threatening complication than can be triggered by prothrombotic conditions such as infection. Management of pump thrombosis presents as both a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge that is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of pump thrombosis in a patient with a HeartMate II (Abbott Laboratories, Chicago, IL) and coronavirus (COVID-19) infection that was treated successfully with an intravenous thrombolytic, tissue plasminogen activator.


Unique Evaluation And Management Considerations For Adolescents With Late Gynecologic And Colorectal Issues In The Setting Of Anorectal Malformations, Wendy Jo Svetanoff 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Unique Evaluation And Management Considerations For Adolescents With Late Gynecologic And Colorectal Issues In The Setting Of Anorectal Malformations, Wendy Jo Svetanoff

Research Days

Background: Females born with anorectal malformations (ARMs) and bladder exstrophy have a greater incidence of Mullerian and genital anomalies requiring early gynecologic assessment and frequent surgical intervention. However, there is little guidance for management considerations of pubertally identified Mullerian anomalies in these patients

Objectives/Goal: We sought to assess the unique colorectal, gynecologic, and psychological issues present during the adolescent years.

Methods/Design: A retrospective review was performed of 10-25 year old female patients born with an ARM, cloaca, or exstrophy that presented to our multidisciplinary clinic between 2009 and 2019. Data abstracted included the presenting problem, history, imaging studies ...


Infliximab As Rescue Therapy In Pediatric Severe Colitis, Kayla B. Briggs 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Infliximab As Rescue Therapy In Pediatric Severe Colitis, Kayla B. Briggs

Research Days

Background: Infliximab has been shown to be effective in achieving clinical remission in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) refractory to conventional therapy. However, there is conflicting data in the literature regarding its effectiveness as rescue therapy in acute severe colitis. Furthermore, most studies were conducted in adults, and pediatric onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with more severe disease that may be less amenable to rescue therapy.

Objectives/Goal: We reviewed our experience with pediatric severe colitis and report outcomes following attempted rescue therapy with infliximab.

Methods/Design: A retrospective review was conducted of patients with UC or ...


Reconsidering Perioperative Antibiotic Use In Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, Kayla B. Briggs 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Reconsidering Perioperative Antibiotic Use In Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, Kayla B. Briggs

Research Days

Background: As rates of antimicrobial resistance increase, the use of prophylactic perioperative antibiotics (PPA) has been questioned in cases with a low risk of surgical site infection (SSI). In laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed for biliary dyskinesia, hyperkinetic gallbladder, and gallbladder polyps, the use of PPA varies with no widely accepted practice pattern.

Objectives/Goal: We examined institutional PPA usage and SSI rates for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy to determine if PPAs are indicated.

Methods/Design: Following IRB approval, children/2010 and 8/2020 for symptomatic cholelithiasis, biliary dyskinesia, hyperkinetic gallbladder, and/or gallbladder polyps were included. Several surgeons changed practice to selective ...


Psychosocial Factors Affecting Quality Of Life In Patients With Anorectal Malformations And Hirschsprung’S Disease – A Qualitative Systematic Review, Wendy Jo Svetanoff 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Psychosocial Factors Affecting Quality Of Life In Patients With Anorectal Malformations And Hirschsprung’S Disease – A Qualitative Systematic Review, Wendy Jo Svetanoff

Research Days

Background: While great strides have been made in surgical techniques and bowel management therapies for patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) and Hirschsprung’s disease (HSCR), little is known about psychosocial and behavioral factors that impact the quality of life at each stage of development.

Objectives/Goal: We aimed to perform a qualitative literature review to highlight the psychosocial, emotional, and behavioral themes that affect the quality of life as patients born with congenital colorectal disease.

Methods/Design: A systematic literature review of all articles published between 1980-2019 was performed in the PubMed and CINAHL databases. Inclusion criteria included articles that ...


The Power Of Outpatient Botulinum Injections In Preventing Hirschsprung Associated Enterocolitis, Wendy Jo Svetanoff 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Power Of Outpatient Botulinum Injections In Preventing Hirschsprung Associated Enterocolitis, Wendy Jo Svetanoff

Research Days

Background: Hirschsprung associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is a potentially life-threatening complication, where the child often presents with obstructive symptoms. Failure of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) to relax is thought to play a role in these symptoms. Botulinum toxin (BT) injections assist in temporarily relieving obstructive symptoms due to IAS achalasia in patients with Hirschsprung’s disease following surgical pull-through. The use of BT may play a role in preventing HAEC episodes related to IAS dysfunction.

Objectives/Goal: Our aim was to determine the effect of scheduled outpatient Botulinum injections on the development of HAEC.

Methods/Design: A retrospective review between ...


Pre-Hospital Traumatic Cardiopulmonary Arrest In Children At A Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center, Kayla B. Briggs 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Pre-Hospital Traumatic Cardiopulmonary Arrest In Children At A Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center, Kayla B. Briggs

Research Days

Background: The survival of traumatic cardiopulmonary arrest (TCA) requiring pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (P-CPR) is abysmal across age groups.

Objectives/Goal: We aim to describe the patterns of injury, pre-hospital interventions, and outcomes of children suffering from TCA leading to P-CPR at our institution to support standardized guidelines addressing the termination of prolonged resuscitation attempts in children.

Methods/Design: Following IRB approval, retrospective review was conducted to identify children ages 0-17 years who suffered TCA leading to P-CPR at our institution between 5/1/2009–3/1/2020. For analysis, patients were stratified into those still undergoing CPR at arrival and ...


Bar Removal Following Minimally Invasive Pectus Excavatum Repair – Does Removal At 2 Years Affect Recurrence Or Satisfaction Rates?, Wendy Jo Svetanoff 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Bar Removal Following Minimally Invasive Pectus Excavatum Repair – Does Removal At 2 Years Affect Recurrence Or Satisfaction Rates?, Wendy Jo Svetanoff

Research Days

Background: Some patients with pectus excavatum require bar removal despite having the bar in for less than three years after minimally invasive placement (MIRPE). It is unknown whether early removal is associated with a higher recurrence rate or lower cosmetic satisfaction.

Objectives/Goal: The aim of this study was to review post-operative outcomes, specifically recurrence rate, and patient satisfaction in patients who underwent bar removal prior to three years.

Methods/Design: A retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent MIRPE between October 2006 and June 2017 and had bar removal less than 3 years after repair. Demographics, reason for ...


Mini-Ace® Low-Profile Appendicostomy Button, Joseph Lopez 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Mini-Ace® Low-Profile Appendicostomy Button, Joseph Lopez

Research Days

Purpose: Malone antegrade continence enemas (MACE) provide a conduit in which the patient can achieve improved continence, be clean of stool, and gain independence in maintaining bowel function. The Mini-ACE® is a low-profile balloon button that is used to facilitate administration of antegrade enemas. We sought to describe our practice and short-term outcomes.

Methods: We present our experience using the Mini-ACE® at Children’s Mercy – Kansas City from April 2019 to September 2020. Patient demographics, colorectal diagnoses, tube sizes, flush regimens, patient experience and outcomes were examined.

Results: Thirty patients were included; 18 (60%) were male. The average age at ...


Setting A Threshold For Discharge Antibiotics In Children With Perforated Appendicitis: A Study Update, Kayla B. Briggs 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Setting A Threshold For Discharge Antibiotics In Children With Perforated Appendicitis: A Study Update, Kayla B. Briggs

Research Days

Background: To address concerns of antibiotic overutilization, normal white blood cell count (WBC) for age was previous l criteria for discontinuing antibiotics at discharge in perforated appendicitis. Retrospective review suggested a decrease in threshold for additional antibiotic administration to a discharge WBC(IAA).

Objectives/Goal: The purpose of our study is to determine if lowering the threshold for additional antibiotic administration decreased the rate of IAA after laparoscopic appendectomy for perforated appendicitis in children who were not discharged with additional antibiotics.

Methods/Design: Following IRB approval, prospective data was retrospectively reviewed. Children with perforated appendicitis identified during laparoscopic appendectomy at ...


Refining The Optimal First Treatment For Pediatric Breast Abscesses, Kayla B. Briggs 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Refining The Optimal First Treatment For Pediatric Breast Abscesses, Kayla B. Briggs

Research Days

Background: We previously reported treatment and outcomes of children with untreated, not spontaneously draining (UTND) breast abscesses. What has not been well defined however are those with previously treated, not spontaneously draining (PTND) pediatric breast abscesses. In general, a more conservative approach is favored in children with breast abscesses to avoid damage to the developing breast bud.

Objectives/Goal: We sought to determine if care at a pediatric tertiary referral center impacts disease persistence rate.

Methods/Design: Following IRB approval, patientstherapy.

Results: In all, 114 patients met inclusion criteria, 96 in the UTND group and 18 in the PTND group ...


Leveraging Collaboration In Pediatric Multidisciplinary Colorectal Care Using A Telehealth Platform, Joseph Lopez 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Leveraging Collaboration In Pediatric Multidisciplinary Colorectal Care Using A Telehealth Platform, Joseph Lopez

Research Days

Purpose: Pediatric colorectal problems require complex multidisciplinary care. The COVID-19 health crisis has substantially shifted how this healthcare delivery can safely take place. We sought to track the characteristics of in-person (IP) and telehealth (TH) visits and subsequent satisfaction and utilization in this quality improvement project.

Methods: We present the multidisciplinary clinic experience from October 1, 2019 to August 31, 2020 in which patient volume, visit time length, patient satisfaction survey results, and frequencies of colorectal diagnoses seen before (October 1, 2019 through January 31, 2020) and during the present pandemic (February 1, 2020 through August 31, 2020). Microsoft Teams ...


Comparison Of Radiomic Feature Aggregation Methods For Patients With Multiple Tumors., Enoch Chang, Marina Z. Joel, Hannah Y. Chang, Justin Du, Omaditya Khanna, Antonio Omuro, Veronica Chiang, Sanjay Aneja 2021 Yale School of Medicine

Comparison Of Radiomic Feature Aggregation Methods For Patients With Multiple Tumors., Enoch Chang, Marina Z. Joel, Hannah Y. Chang, Justin Du, Omaditya Khanna, Antonio Omuro, Veronica Chiang, Sanjay Aneja

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Radiomic feature analysis has been shown to be effective at analyzing diagnostic images to model cancer outcomes. It has not yet been established how to best combine radiomic features in cancer patients with multifocal tumors. As the number of patients with multifocal metastatic cancer continues to rise, there is a need for improving personalized patient-level prognosis to better inform treatment. We compared six mathematical methods of combining radiomic features of 3,596 tumors in 831 patients with multiple brain metastases and evaluated the performance of these aggregation methods using three survival models: a standard Cox proportional hazards model, a Cox ...


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