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Typhlitis In A Neutropenic Patient, Alice He BS, Wern Lynn Ng MD, Lay She Ng MD, Si Yuan Khor MD, Chandi Garg MD 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Typhlitis In A Neutropenic Patient, Alice He Bs, Wern Lynn Ng Md, Lay She Ng Md, Si Yuan Khor Md, Chandi Garg Md

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


The Hidden Thief: Strongyloidiasis’ Understated Role In Anemia, Iman Waheed Khan MD, Daniel Weinblatt DO, Hira Hanif MD, Muhammad Umer Riaz Gondal MD, Parth Desai DO, Michael Francis Riverso DO 2024 Reading Hospital, Tower Health

The Hidden Thief: Strongyloidiasis’ Understated Role In Anemia, Iman Waheed Khan Md, Daniel Weinblatt Do, Hira Hanif Md, Muhammad Umer Riaz Gondal Md, Parth Desai Do, Michael Francis Riverso Do

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Considering The Histologic And Anatomic Features Of Pancreatic Heterotopia In Patient Disease Manifestation, Yeseena Alli B.S., Kelly Brenan M.D. 2024 Drexel University COM

Considering The Histologic And Anatomic Features Of Pancreatic Heterotopia In Patient Disease Manifestation, Yeseena Alli B.S., Kelly Brenan M.D.

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Role Of Mechanoregulation In Mast Cell-Mediated Immune Inflammation Of The Smooth Muscle In The Pathophysiology Of Esophageal Motility Disorders, Raj Goyal, Satish Rattan 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Role Of Mechanoregulation In Mast Cell-Mediated Immune Inflammation Of The Smooth Muscle In The Pathophysiology Of Esophageal Motility Disorders, Raj Goyal, Satish Rattan

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Major esophageal disorders involve obstructive transport of bolus to the stomach, causing symptoms of dysphagia and impaired clearing of the refluxed gastric contents. These may occur due to mechanical constriction of the esophageal lumen or loss of relaxation associated with deglutitive inhibition, as in achalasia-like disorders. Recently, immune inflammation has been identified as an important cause of esophageal strictures and the loss of inhibitory neurotransmission. These disorders are also associated with smooth muscle hypertrophy and hypercontractility, whose cause is unknown. This review investigated immune inflammation in the causation of smooth muscle changes in obstructive esophageal bolus transport. Findings suggest that …


Association Of Blast Exposure In Military Breaching With Intestinal Permeability Blood Biomarkers Associated With Leaky Gut, Qingkun Liu, Zhaoyu Wang, Shengnan Sun, Jeffrey Nemes, Lisa A. Brenner, Miciej Skotak, Christina R. LaValle, Yongchao Ge, Walter Carr, Fatemeh Haghighi 2024 James J. Peters VA Medical Center

Association Of Blast Exposure In Military Breaching With Intestinal Permeability Blood Biomarkers Associated With Leaky Gut, Qingkun Liu, Zhaoyu Wang, Shengnan Sun, Jeffrey Nemes, Lisa A. Brenner, Miciej Skotak, Christina R. Lavalle, Yongchao Ge, Walter Carr, Fatemeh Haghighi

Faculty Publications

Injuries and subclinical effects from exposure to blasts are of significant concern in military operational settings, including tactical training, and are associated with self-reported concussion-like symptomology and physiological changes such as increased intestinal permeability (IP), which was investigated in this study. Time-series gene expression and IP biomarker data were generated from “breachers” exposed to controlled, low-level explosive blast during training. Samples from 30 male participants at pre-, post-, and follow-up blast exposure the next day were assayed via RNA-seq and ELISA. A battery of symptom data was also collected at each of these time points that acutely showed elevated symptom …


Limonene Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effect On Lps-Induced Jejunal Injury In Mice By Inhibiting Nf-Κb/Ap-1 Pathway, Sarmed H. Kathem, Yasameen Sh. Nasrawi, Shihab H. Mutlag, Surya M. Nauli 2024 University of Baghdad

Limonene Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Effect On Lps-Induced Jejunal Injury In Mice By Inhibiting Nf-Κb/Ap-1 Pathway, Sarmed H. Kathem, Yasameen Sh. Nasrawi, Shihab H. Mutlag, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The human gastrointestinal system is a complex ecosystem crucial for well-being. During sepsis-induced gut injury, the integrity of the intestinal barrier can be compromised. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin from Gram-negative bacteria, disrupts the intestinal barrier, contributing to inflammation and various dysfunctions. The current study explores the protective effects of limonene, a natural compound with diverse biological properties, against LPS-induced jejunal injury in mice. Oral administration of limonene at dosages of 100 and 200 mg/kg was used in the LPS mouse model. The Murine Sepsis Score (MSS) was utilized to evaluate the severity of sepsis, while serum levels of urea and …


Operative Versus Nonoperative Management For Diverticulitis Complicated By Abscess, Alix Bernholtz, Abbie R. Bauer 2024 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Operative Versus Nonoperative Management For Diverticulitis Complicated By Abscess, Alix Bernholtz, Abbie R. Bauer

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

You K, Bendl R, Taut C, et al. Randomized clinical trial of elective resection versus observation in diverticulitis with extraluminal air or abscess initially managed conservatively. Br J Surg. 2018;105(8):971-979. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.10868

for a patient with a recurrent diverticulitis complicated by abscess formation.


Endoscopic Management Of Boerhaave Syndrome: Are Outcomes Better Than Surgery? A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Ammar Qureshi, Uvesh Mansuri, Mona Roknsharifi, Youssef Ghobrial, Artin Asgeri, Mehrdad Asgeri 2024 Gastroenterology and Hepatology Fellow, Department of Medicine, University of California-Riverside.

Endoscopic Management Of Boerhaave Syndrome: Are Outcomes Better Than Surgery? A Case Report And Review Of Literature, Ammar Qureshi, Uvesh Mansuri, Mona Roknsharifi, Youssef Ghobrial, Artin Asgeri, Mehrdad Asgeri

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Boerhaave syndrome (BS) is a rare clinical diagnosis associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Diagnosis of this condition is usually delayed which can lead to a very poor outcome. The timing of presentation and time to management plays a very important role in the prognosis and selection of the management method. With the advances seen in therapeutic endoscopy, many authors have been exploring the possibility of shifting the focus of management from surgery to interventional endoscopy. We present a case report of a patient presenting with BS that was successfully managed endoscopically. We also reviewed the literature on …


Gastric Cancer: Clinical Features, Screening, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Prevention, Rajarajeshwari Ramachandran, Tyler Grantham, Swetha Parvataneni, Deepa Budh, Sindhu Gollapalli, Madhavi Reddy, Vinaya Gaduputi 2024 Department of Gastroenterology The Brooklyn Hospital Center, 121 Dekalb Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11201

Gastric Cancer: Clinical Features, Screening, Diagnosis, Treatment, And Prevention, Rajarajeshwari Ramachandran, Tyler Grantham, Swetha Parvataneni, Deepa Budh, Sindhu Gollapalli, Madhavi Reddy, Vinaya Gaduputi

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

The objective of this article is to highlight the clinical features, screening, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of gastric cancer (GC). Early GC is often asymptomatic leading to frequent delays in diagnosis. Weight loss and persistent abdominal pain are the most common symptoms at initial diagnosis. The diagnosis of GC typically involves a combination of endoscopy, biopsy, and imaging studies. Endoscopic resection techniques are emerging as successful treatment options for early GC. Treatment options for advanced GC include surgery and chemotherapy. The first line chemotherapy for advanced GC consists of doublet therapy with a combination of platinum and fluoropyrimidines. Trastuzumab, a …


Outcomes Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding In Hospitalized Covid-19 Patients In The United States: A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis Of A Large National Database, Moon Ryu, Mohammed Quazi, Niloy Ghosh, Karthik Gangu, Amir H Sohail, Asif Farooq, Babu Sriram , Maringanti, Aman Goyal, Anupa Patel, Muhammad Salman Khan, Abu Baker Sheikh 2024 Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA

Outcomes Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding In Hospitalized Covid-19 Patients In The United States: A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis Of A Large National Database, Moon Ryu, Mohammed Quazi, Niloy Ghosh, Karthik Gangu, Amir H Sohail, Asif Farooq, Babu Sriram , Maringanti, Aman Goyal, Anupa Patel, Muhammad Salman Khan, Abu Baker Sheikh

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Patients with cirrhosis that are hospitalized with COVID-19 infection have been found to have worse outcomes. No comparative study has been conducted between gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with cirrhosis who are diagnosed with COVID-19. We utilized the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database to perform a retrospective analysis of 24, 050 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis and COVID-19. The identified patients were separated into variceal bleeding, nonvariceal bleeding, and no (or neither) GI bleeding groups. After performing propensity sample matching and multivariate analysis of mortality, we found no significant differences in mortality among the three groups. However, the variceal bleed group …


Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy: A Possible Trigger For Dieulafoy's Lesion, Ali Tariq Alvi, Elsa Tchouambou, Murali Shankar 2024 HCA Florida Westside Hospital

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy: A Possible Trigger For Dieulafoy's Lesion, Ali Tariq Alvi, Elsa Tchouambou, Murali Shankar

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a medical condition commonly seen in clinical practice due to variable etiologies and a multitude of presentations. The patients can present with hematemesis, melena, or hematochezia in case of severe bleeding. The initial evaluation should involve assessing the hemodynamic status with adequate resuscitation followed by diagnostic tests to identify the source and potentially treat it. Dieulafoy's lesion, sometimes referred to as Dieulafoy's disease, is a rare cause of upper GI bleeding with no clear risk factors, which makes it a diagnostic conundrum. Here we describe an unusual case of Dieulafoy's lesion developing following percutaneous …


An Unusual Case Of Microcystic Serous Cystadenoma In A 19-Year-Old Male Patient, Jamie Lee Aldakkour, Alvin Boyd Newman-Caro, Ashley Henning 2024 HCA Florida Blake Hospital

An Unusual Case Of Microcystic Serous Cystadenoma In A 19-Year-Old Male Patient, Jamie Lee Aldakkour, Alvin Boyd Newman-Caro, Ashley Henning

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Microcystic serous cystadenomas are uncommon, benign neoplasms rarely known to progress to malignancy. They are typically asymptomatic and inadvertently discovered during imaging for another unrelated condition. When discovered, they are commonly found in females over 60 years of age.

Case Presentation

In this case report, we examine a unique presentation of a serous cystadenoma discovered when a 19-year-old male presented with symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Conclusion

Previous studies on serous cystadenomas in a younger male demographic are rare. Therefore, this study will provide additional insight into the signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and management of cystadenomas in young …


Microsporidiosis: Reviewing Clinical Presentation And Treatment Strategies, Julienne Zhou, Belinda Liu, Megan DeArmond, David Banach, Brad Haubrich 2024 Touro University Nevada

Microsporidiosis: Reviewing Clinical Presentation And Treatment Strategies, Julienne Zhou, Belinda Liu, Megan Dearmond, David Banach, Brad Haubrich

Annual Research Symposium

Microsporidiosis is an opportunistic infection caused by obligate intracellular pathogens within the taxon Microsporidia. Infection is zoonotic and has been associated with patients experiencing immunodeficiency, though incidence is increasing among other populations. Most commonly, the disease is gastrointestinal, typically by Enterocytozoon bieneusi and less commonly by Encephalitozoon intestinalis. Symptoms present with diarrhea and vomiting, and severe cases can lead to wasting and mortality. While the incorporation of anti-retroviral therapy for HIV patients has significantly decreased mortality in a subset of the vulnerable populations, treatment for microsporidiosis is still not standardized or well explored. Resistance to first-line treatment albendazole is increasing, …


Challenges In Diagnosing Hepatic Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma: A Case Series, Aratara Nutcharoen, Elliott Beard, Anupa Thirmiya, Omar Taher, Jacob Adams, Mark Mortensen, John Pelham 2024 Noorda College of Osteopathic Medicine

Challenges In Diagnosing Hepatic Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma: A Case Series, Aratara Nutcharoen, Elliott Beard, Anupa Thirmiya, Omar Taher, Jacob Adams, Mark Mortensen, John Pelham

Annual Research Symposium

Challenges in Diagnosing Hepatic Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma


Hepatitis C Virus Detection And Management After Implementation Of Universal Screening In Pregnancy, Sarah Boudova, Danielle Tholey, Elizabeth Ferries-Rowe 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Hepatitis C Virus Detection And Management After Implementation Of Universal Screening In Pregnancy, Sarah Boudova, Danielle Tholey, Elizabeth Ferries-Rowe

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Accurately identifying cases of hepatitis C virus has important medical and public health consequences. In the setting of rising hepatitis C virus prevalence and highly effective treatment with direct-acting antivirals, the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine guidelines recently changed to recommend universal screening for hepatitis C virus during pregnancy. However, there is little data on the influence of this policy change on case identification and management. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the influence of universal hepatitis C virus screening on our patient population. Our primary objective was to determine if there was a difference in the detected hepatitis C virus …


Ogilvie's Syndrome: Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction. A Review For Residents., Tyler Bayliss, Caleb Clark, Errington C. Thompson 2024 Marshall University

Ogilvie's Syndrome: Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction. A Review For Residents., Tyler Bayliss, Caleb Clark, Errington C. Thompson

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Ogilvie's syndrome (acute colonic pseudoobstruction) was first described in 1948. Acute colonic pseudoobstruction can occur in a variety of clinical settings, including postsurgical, obstetrics, pelvic surgery, critical care and sepsis. Clinicians need to recognize the syndrome early. Colonic distention without evidence of obstruction can be seen on plain films of the abdomen or CT scan. Successful therapies, including bowel rest, neostigmine and colonoscopic decompression, have been used. Avoiding respiratory compromise from abdominal distention and colonic perforation of the primary goals of treatment. Surgical intervention should be reserved for patients who are refractory to medical treatment or develops signs and symptoms …


Autoimmune Hepatitis: An Unusual Presentation., Ahmed Ali Aziz, Muhammad Ali Aziz, Deep Mehta, Muhammad Humayoun Rashid 2024 Department of Internal Medicine, Capital Health Regional Medical Center, Trenton, New Jersey

Autoimmune Hepatitis: An Unusual Presentation., Ahmed Ali Aziz, Muhammad Ali Aziz, Deep Mehta, Muhammad Humayoun Rashid

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic inflammatory liver disease that occurs in a bimodal age distribution in the second and fifth-sixth decade of life. The disease is more prevalent in females and presents with variable clinical manifestations ranging from being asymptomatic to acute liver failure. AIH is often overlooked and not worked up in elderly patients who present with liver failure. This can lead to increased morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. AIH should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients who present with elevated transaminases regardless of age or gender as early recognition and treatment leads to improved …


De-Implementation Of Fecal Occult Blood Testing In The Emergency Department And Hospital Units: A Quality Improvement Project, Adewale Ajumobi, Joline De Castro, Ammar Qureshi 2024 Department of Medicine, Eisenhower Health, Rancho Mirage, California. University of California, Riverside, California.

De-Implementation Of Fecal Occult Blood Testing In The Emergency Department And Hospital Units: A Quality Improvement Project, Adewale Ajumobi, Joline De Castro, Ammar Qureshi

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Background: Fecal occult blood tests (FOBT) are inappropriately used in patients with melena, hematochezia, coffee ground emesis, iron deficiency anemia, and diarrhea. The use of FOBT for reasons other than screening for colorectal cancer is considered low-value and unnecessary. Methods: Quality Improvement Project that utilized education, Best Practice Advisory (BPA) and modification of order sets in the electronic health record (EHR). The interventions were done in a sequential order based on the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) method. An annotated run chart was used to analyze the collected data. Results: Education and Best Practice Advisory within the EHR led to significant reduction in …


Video Endoscopy As Big Data: Balancing Privacy And Progress In Gastroenterology, Eugenia N. Uche-Anya, Sara Gerke, Tyler M. Berzin 2024 Harvard Medical School

Video Endoscopy As Big Data: Balancing Privacy And Progress In Gastroenterology, Eugenia N. Uche-Anya, Sara Gerke, Tyler M. Berzin

Faculty Scholarly Works

Tens of millions of gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy videos and images are generated annually in the United States (1). A single 15-minute endoscopic procedure, recorded at 30 frames per second, generates approximately 27,000 high-definition images, representing a treasure trove of potential data. In the era of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), this data stream will not only fuel innovative and clinically impactful research in gastroenterology for both academic and commercial purposes, but also introduce ethical and legal concerns that merit consideration. Gastroenterologists are now faced with navigating new questions around data privacy and data ownership that have …


Pharmacotherapy For Primary Biliary Cholangitis: An Assessment Of Medication Candidacy And Rates Of Treatment, Nicholas MacDonald, Rebecca Loh, Jonathan Fenkel, David Sass, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Pharmacotherapy For Primary Biliary Cholangitis: An Assessment Of Medication Candidacy And Rates Of Treatment, Nicholas Macdonald, Rebecca Loh, Jonathan Fenkel, David Sass, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Ursodeoxycholic acid is the preferred first-line therapy for primary biliary cholangitis. Alternative therapies, such as obeticholic acid, are recommended for patients who cannot tolerate ursodeoxycholic acid or who have an inadequate response to ursodeoxycholic acid monotherapy. Prior investigations have suggested that as many as 30% of patients with primary biliary cholangitis may have never received treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid. No prior investigations have examined usage rates of obeticholic acid in the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis.

METHODS: All patients with an ICD-10 diagnosis of primary biliary cholangitis who had any records within the health system were included. A review …


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