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Factors Associated With Reduced Infliximab Exposure In The Treatment Of Pediatric Autoimmune Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Prospective Convenience Sampling Study., Ryan S. Funk, Valentina Shakhnovich, Yu Kyoung Cho, Kishore Polireddy, Taina Jausurawong, Kyle Gress, Mara L. Becker 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Factors Associated With Reduced Infliximab Exposure In The Treatment Of Pediatric Autoimmune Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Prospective Convenience Sampling Study., Ryan S. Funk, Valentina Shakhnovich, Yu Kyoung Cho, Kishore Polireddy, Taina Jausurawong, Kyle Gress, Mara L. Becker

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Inadequate systemic exposure to infliximab (IFX) is associated with treatment failure. This work evaluated factors associated with reduced IFX exposure in children with autoimmune disorders requiring IFX therapy.

METHODS: In this single-center cross-sectional prospective study IFX trough concentrations and anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) were measured in serum from children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (n = 73), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) (n = 16), or uveitis (n = 8) receiving maintenance IFX infusions at an outpatient infusion clinic in a tertiary academic pediatric hospital. IFX concentrations in combination with population pharmacokinetic modeling were used to estimate IFX clearance. Patient demographic and clinical ...


Hydrogen Peroxide Colitis: The Accidental Enema, Ramin Karimi, Ashish Sharma, Kevin Tran, Sebastian Montgomery 2021 Coliseum Medical Center

Hydrogen Peroxide Colitis: The Accidental Enema, Ramin Karimi, Ashish Sharma, Kevin Tran, Sebastian Montgomery

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Chemical colitis is defined as inflammation of the large intestine or colon as a result of exposure from a harsh chemical through an enema or other procedure. In this case, the chemical is hydrogen peroxide, which is commonly used as an antiseptic for minor abrasions. Hydrogen peroxide enemas were once popular for difficult to treat constipation. However, resultant colitis and proctitis limited its use. When administered rectally in a high enough concentration, intense abdominal pain and transient bloody diarrhea can occur, with the majority of affected patients making a full recovery with supportive management. Here we discuss a case of ...


Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Foreign body ingestion is most commonly described in children, however this event can occur in adults as well. In Western countries, the most common cause of esophageal foreign bodies in adults is meat, while coins represent the most common object found in children. Symptoms of foreign body ingestion include sensation of a foreign body, chest pain, dysphagia, and vomiting. In 80% of cases, the foreign body is passed naturally. However, complications of retained esophageal foreign bodies can be life-threatening; therefore, emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) within 2-6 hours is recommended for ingestions of sharp objects, batteries, or those causing complete esophageal obstruction ...


Efficacy Of Weight Reduction On Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Opportunities To Improve Treatment Outcomes Through Pharmacotherapy., Chance S. Friesen, Chelsea Hosey-Cojocari, Sherwin S. Chan, Iván L. Csanaky, Jonathan B. Wagner, Brooke Sweeney, Alec Friesen, Jason D. Fraser, Valentina Shakhnovich 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Efficacy Of Weight Reduction On Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Opportunities To Improve Treatment Outcomes Through Pharmacotherapy., Chance S. Friesen, Chelsea Hosey-Cojocari, Sherwin S. Chan, Iván L. Csanaky, Jonathan B. Wagner, Brooke Sweeney, Alec Friesen, Jason D. Fraser, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Obesity is the single greatest risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Without intervention, most pediatric patients with NAFLD continue to gain excessive weight, making early, effective weight loss intervention key for disease treatment and prevention of NAFLD progression. Unfortunately, outside of a closely monitored research setting, which is not representative of the real world, lifestyle modification success for weight loss in children is low. Bariatric surgery, though effective, is invasive and can worsen NAFLD postoperatively. Thus, there is an evolving and underutilized role for pharmacotherapy in children, both for weight reduction and NAFLD management. In this perspective article ...


A Pedunculated Esophageal Chondromatous Hamartoma In A Child, Dan-Alexandru Iozsa, Maria Puscasu, Catalin Gabriel Cirstoveanu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Nicolae Sebastian Ionescu 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, MARIE S. CURIE EMERGENCY CLINIC HOSPITAL, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

A Pedunculated Esophageal Chondromatous Hamartoma In A Child, Dan-Alexandru Iozsa, Maria Puscasu, Catalin Gabriel Cirstoveanu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Nicolae Sebastian Ionescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Esophageal tumors are uncommon in pediatric population and most of them are benign. Esophageal hamartomas have been reported extremely rare in children. These can present as intramural tumors of the esophageal wall or as polyps. Dysphagia is the main symptom described in their case, but other specific symptoms are also reported. Such symptoms encountered in clinical practice are represented by obstructive apnea episodes and bradycardia, poor weight gain, epigastric or retrosternal pain, hematemesis or melena, dysphonia or tracheal sounds. Diagnosis can be delayed due to the insidious onset and non-specific symptoms, therefore patient’s compliance to follow-up and broad, careful ...


Postoperative Complicated Appendectomy Revealing Crohn’S Disease In A Pediatric Patient, Augustina Enculescu, Mircea Denis Lupusoru, Catalin Cirstoveanu, Andra-Iulia Suceveanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Adrian-Paul Suceveanu, Felix Voinea, Maria Puscasu 2021 EMERGENCY CLINIC HOSPITAL FOR CHILDREN MARIE SKLODOWSKA CURIE, DEPARTMENT OF PATHOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Postoperative Complicated Appendectomy Revealing Crohn’S Disease In A Pediatric Patient, Augustina Enculescu, Mircea Denis Lupusoru, Catalin Cirstoveanu, Andra-Iulia Suceveanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Adrian-Paul Suceveanu, Felix Voinea, Maria Puscasu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Granulomatous appendicitis is a very rare entity in children. It is related to Crohn’s disease in only 5-10% of the cases. The diagnosis of Crohn’s disease is a real challenge in the pediatric population, especially when its initial manifestation is acute appendicitis. Herein, we present a 13-year-old boy admitted for acute appendicitis. The histopathological examination was conclusive for acute granulomatous appendicitis. The development of an entero-cutaneous fistula has complicated the postoperative evolution. The failure of the conservative management required ileocecal resection. The pathological examination revealed Crohn’s disease. The one-year follow-up on the patient din not reveal any ...


Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu 2021 LUCIAN BLAGA UNIVERSITY OF SIBIU, EMERGENCY COUNTY HOSPITAL OF SIBIU, SIBIU, ROMANIA

Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The acute development and the accumulation of chyle into the peritoneal space is a rare condition and one needs to be able to distinguish it from chylous ascites, which is most commonly chronic and associated with related diseases. It is frequently idiopathic and additionally, clinical and imaging findings are nonspecific. In almost all cases, the diagnosis is made intraoperatively during laparoscopy or laparotomy, most diagnostic procedures being indicated by acute complaints pertaining to the abdomen. A 23-year-old man was admitted to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain, with right iliac fossa tenderness and peritonism. Laparoscopy was performed due to acute ...


Non-Dental Oral Cavity Findings In Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Madalina-Gabriela Indre, Darius Sampelean, Vlad Taru, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Mircea Vasile Milaciu, Olga Hilda Orasan 2021 PROF. DR. OCTAVIAN FODOR REGIONAL INSTITUTE OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA

Non-Dental Oral Cavity Findings In Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Madalina-Gabriela Indre, Darius Sampelean, Vlad Taru, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Mircea Vasile Milaciu, Olga Hilda Orasan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is known as the most prevalent gastrointestinal disorder in the United States, leading to substantial morbidity, although associated mortality is rare. Based on the appearance of esophageal mucosa on upper endoscopy, GERD is divided into erosive esophagitis (ERD) and nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). Heartburn and acid regurgitation are the typical symptoms of the disease, although some patients may present atypical manifestations such as epigastric pain, nausea, asthma, chronic cough, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sleep disturbances, otitis, and sinusitis. Other signs, such as oral mucosal lesions may result from GERD by direct acid or acidic vapor contact in the ...


Leveraging Institutional Support To Build An Integrated Multidisciplinary Care Model In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen 2021 Children’s Mercy Hospital

Leveraging Institutional Support To Build An Integrated Multidisciplinary Care Model In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

While the biopsychosocial nature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is now well accepted by clinicians, the need for integrated multidisciplinary care is not always clear to institutional administrators who serve as decision makers regarding resources provided to clinical programs. In this commentary, we draw on our own experience in building successful integrated care models within a division of pediatric gastroenterology (GI) to highlight key considerations in garnering initial approval, as well as methods to maintain institutional support over time. Specifically, we discuss the importance of making a strong case for the inclusion of a psychologist in pediatric IBD care, justifying ...


Heartburn In Children And Adolescents In The Presence Of Functional Dyspepsia And/Or Irritable Bowel Syndrome Correlates With The Presence Of Sleep Disturbances, Anxiety, And Depression., Jennifer Colombo, Amanda D. Deacy, Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Heartburn In Children And Adolescents In The Presence Of Functional Dyspepsia And/Or Irritable Bowel Syndrome Correlates With The Presence Of Sleep Disturbances, Anxiety, And Depression., Jennifer Colombo, Amanda D. Deacy, Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of heartburn in pediatric patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with gastrointestinal symptoms, sleep disturbances, and psychologic distress.The overlap in symptoms of FD, IBS, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) predicts greater symptom severity and decreased quality of life and presents opportunities for improved diagnostic classification and personalized therapeutics.A cross-sectional observational study of 260 pediatric patients with abdominal pain was conducted. Patients completed standardized questionnaires assessing clinical symptoms, sleep quality, and psychologic symptoms during routine clinical care. Questionnaire data were compared for patients reporting ...


Gastric Antral Diverticula: A Rare Diverticula With A Unique Presentation, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor, Chadley Froes 2021 HCA healthcare

Gastric Antral Diverticula: A Rare Diverticula With A Unique Presentation, Pratishtha Singh, Kathleen Raynor, Chadley Froes

Gastroenterology

Gastric diverticula are the least common gastrointestinal diverticula. Patients can be diagnosed incidentally on EGD or present with variable symptoms such as abdominal fullness, anorexia, and perforation. Gastric diverticula can be acquired from malignancy, peptic ulcer disease, or prior surgery or be congenital. Treatment varies based on symptomatology ranging from conservative medical management with proton pump inhibitors to surgical treatment with open or laparoscopic resection. We present a case of a 73-year-old female with acquired gastric diverticulum presenting as a gastric outlet obstruction who was successfully treated with conservative medical therapy.


Hepatic Candidiasis In An Immunocompetent Patient: A Diagnostic Challenge, Zorays Moazzam, Amman Yousaf, Zahid Iqbal, Ahmad Tayyab, Muhammad Hashim Hayat 2021 Aga Khan University

Hepatic Candidiasis In An Immunocompetent Patient: A Diagnostic Challenge, Zorays Moazzam, Amman Yousaf, Zahid Iqbal, Ahmad Tayyab, Muhammad Hashim Hayat

Medical College Documents

Hepatic candidiasis is a manifestation of disseminated candidiasis, which typically presents in immunocompromised patients. Focal hepatic candidiasis in immunocompetent patients, however, is infrequent/extremely rare. We present the case of an immunocompetent female patient who presented with respiratory distress and right-sided pleural effusion. The pleural fluid tap did not grow anything, and a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a right liver lobe subcapsular collection. CT-guided aspiration and culture resulted in Candida albicans growth. The patient responded to oral fluconazole, and a follow-up CT scan demonstrated resolution of the collection. Although hepatic candidiasis rarely occurs in immunocompetent patients, it should ...


Relationships Between Disaccharidase Deficiencies, Duodenal Inflammation And Symptom Profile In Children With Abdominal Pain., Jennifer Colombo, Chance S. Friesen, Uttam Garg, Craig A. Friesen, William San Pablo 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Relationships Between Disaccharidase Deficiencies, Duodenal Inflammation And Symptom Profile In Children With Abdominal Pain., Jennifer Colombo, Chance S. Friesen, Uttam Garg, Craig A. Friesen, William San Pablo

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Abdominal pain has been associated with disaccharidase deficiencies. While relationships with individual symptoms have been assessed, relationships between disaccharidase deficiencies and symptom complexes or inflammation have not been evaluated in this group. The primary aims of the current study were to assess relationships between disaccharidase deficiency and symptoms or symptom complexes and duodenal inflammation, respectively. Patients with abdominal pain who underwent endoscopy with evaluation of disaccharidase activity levels were identified. After excluding all patients with inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, H. pylori, or gross endoscopic lesions, patients were evaluated for disaccharidase deficiency frequency. Disaccharidase were compared between patients with and ...


Effect Of Crohn's Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine., Carrie A. Vyhlidal, Brian D. Chapron, Atif Ahmed, Vivekanand Singh, Rebecca Casini, Valentina Shakhnovich 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Effect Of Crohn's Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine., Carrie A. Vyhlidal, Brian D. Chapron, Atif Ahmed, Vivekanand Singh, Rebecca Casini, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Changes in absorptive capacity and first-pass metabolism in the small intestine affect oral drug bioavailability. Characterization of such changes as a consequence of inflammation is important for developing physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models for inflammatory bowel disease. We sought to elucidate the impact of small intestinal Crohn's disease (CD) on villous length and CYP3A4 expression in children. Freshly frozen duodenal and terminal ileum (TI) biopsies from 107 children (1-19 years) with and without CD were evaluated for active inflammation. Villous length and CYP3A4 mRNA/protein expression were compared among regions of active and inactive inflammation in CD and controls. A ...


Readiness To Change And Prospective Effects Of Weight Management Programs In Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Voytek Slowik, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, Mark Connelly, Amanda D. Deacy, Sarah Hampl, James F. Daniel 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Readiness To Change And Prospective Effects Of Weight Management Programs In Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Voytek Slowik, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, Mark Connelly, Amanda D. Deacy, Sarah Hampl, James F. Daniel

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasing problem in pediatrics with limited treatment options. We prospectively assessed outcomes in patients managed in a hepatology clinic (HC) alone vs. those managed in combination with a multidisciplinary weight management program (MWMP). We describe each group's readiness to change at the time of NAFLD diagnosis. Patients diagnosed with NAFLD were given a modified Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES) at enrollment (T1) to assess readiness to change. They were then followed at 3-9 months (T2) and at 10-15 months (T3). Linear mixed models were used to evaluate changes ...


Ikaneat: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Megestrol As A Component Of A Pediatric Tube Weaning Protocol., Sarah T. Edwards, Paul E. Hyman, Hayat Mousa, Amanda Bruce, Jose Cocjin, Kelsey Dean, Kandace Fleming, Rebecca Swinburne Romine, Ann M. Davis 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Ikaneat: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Megestrol As A Component Of A Pediatric Tube Weaning Protocol., Sarah T. Edwards, Paul E. Hyman, Hayat Mousa, Amanda Bruce, Jose Cocjin, Kelsey Dean, Kandace Fleming, Rebecca Swinburne Romine, Ann M. Davis

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Although tube feeding routinely saves the lives of children who do not eat by mouth, chronic tube feeding can be a burden to patients, caregivers, and families. Very few randomized trials exist regarding the best methods for weaning children from their feeding tubes.

METHODS: The current paper describes a randomized controlled trial of an empirically supported outpatient treatment protocol for moving children from tube to oral eating called iKanEat. Specifically, we describe the methods of randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial which includes a 4-week course of megestrol, the only medication used in the iKanEat protocol, to determine whether the addition ...


Trichobezoer: An Unusual Presentation With Congestive Heart Failure, Madeeha Malik, Fatima Javed, Bassam Helou, Furrukh Malik 2021 Vanderbilt University

Trichobezoer: An Unusual Presentation With Congestive Heart Failure, Madeeha Malik, Fatima Javed, Bassam Helou, Furrukh Malik

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Trichobezoars are impactions of hair that accumulate in the gastrointestinal track and are most often located in the stomach. They are often associated with psychiatric illnesses like trichotillomania and trichophagia, which usually occurs in young and adolescent females. Gastric trichobezoars (GT) are the most common variety of bezoar found in the stomach. The most common complications that arise alongside GT include gastric erosion, ulceration or perforation of the small intestine. Gastric outlet obstruction, obstructive jaundice, pancreatitis and death have been reported, though these complications are rare. We report a 40-year-old female who presented to the hospital with dyspnea on exertion ...


Integrated Multidisciplinary Treatment For Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Anava A. Wren, Michele H. Maddux 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Integrated Multidisciplinary Treatment For Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Anava A. Wren, Michele H. Maddux

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


Differential Role Of Mlkl In Alcohol-Associated And Non-Alcohol-Associated Fatty Liver Diseases In Mice And Humans, Tatsunori Miyata, Bruce A. Barton, Laura E. Nagy 2021 Kumamoto University Hospital

Differential Role Of Mlkl In Alcohol-Associated And Non-Alcohol-Associated Fatty Liver Diseases In Mice And Humans, Tatsunori Miyata, Bruce A. Barton, Laura E. Nagy

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Hepatocellular death contributes to progression of alcohol-associated (ALD-associated) and non-alcohol-associated (NAFL/NASH) liver diseases. However, receptor-interaction protein kinase 3 (RIP3), an intermediate in necroptotic cell death, contributes to injury in murine models of ALD but not NAFL/NASH. We show here that a differential role for mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL), the downstream effector of RIP3, in murine models of ALD versus NAFL/NASH and that RIP1-RIP3-MLKL can be used as biomarkers to distinguish alcohol-associated hepatitis (AH) from NASH. Phospho-MLKL was higher in livers of patients with NASH compared with AH or healthy controls (HCs). MLKL expression, phosphorylation, oligomerization, and ...


Effect Of Consumption Of Animal Milk Compared To Infant Formula For Non-Breastfed/Mixed-Fed Infants 6-11 Months Of Age: A Systematic Review (Protocol), Aamer Imdad, Julie Melissa Ehrlich, Joseph Catania, Emily Tanner-Smith, Abigail Smith, Olivia Tsistinas, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2021 SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, USA

Effect Of Consumption Of Animal Milk Compared To Infant Formula For Non-Breastfed/Mixed-Fed Infants 6-11 Months Of Age: A Systematic Review (Protocol), Aamer Imdad, Julie Melissa Ehrlich, Joseph Catania, Emily Tanner-Smith, Abigail Smith, Olivia Tsistinas, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Introduction: Prevalence rates of breastfeeding remain low even though the World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend exclusive breast feeding for the first 6 months of life in combination with appropriate complementary feeding beyond six 6 months of age. There have been several studies that address the implication of drinking animal milk and/or infant formula on children's health and development when breast feeding is not offered during the first year of life. Vast improvements have been made in infant formula design, which may increase its benefits compared with animal's milk. The objective of ...


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