Sepsis In Two Hospitals In Rwanda: A Retrospective Cohort Study Of Presentation, Management, Outcomes, And Predictors Of Mortality., 2021 Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States
Sepsis In Two Hospitals In Rwanda: A Retrospective Cohort Study Of Presentation, Management, Outcomes, And Predictors Of Mortality., Dennis A Hopkinson, Jean Paul Mvukiyehe, Sudha P Jayaraman, Aamer A Syed, Myles Dworkin, Willy Mucyo, Thierry Cyuzuzo, Anne Tuyizere, Christian Mukwesi, Gaston Nyirigira, Paulin R Banguti, Elisabeth D Riviello
Student Papers & Posters
PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed the presentation, management, and outcomes of sepsis in low-income countries (LICs). We sought to characterize these aspects of sepsis and to assess mortality predictors in sepsis in two referral hospitals in Rwanda.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in two public academic referral hospitals in Rwanda. Data was abstracted from paper medical records of adult patients who met our criteria for sepsis.
RESULTS: Of the 181 subjects who met eligibility criteria, 111 (61.3%) met our criteria for sepsis without shock and 70 (38.7%) met our criteria for septic shock. Thirty-five ...
Embodied Medicine: Integrating Dance/Movement Therapy Into Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 2021 Sarah Lawrence College
Embodied Medicine: Integrating Dance/Movement Therapy Into Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Sneha Rajan
Dance/Movement Therapy Theses
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) is a field of medicine that addresses a variety of disorders impacting the brain, spinal cord, muscles, and bones. When approaching patient care, the goals of dance/movement therapists are similar to those of physiatrists, because both strive for a holistic approach to treatment that considers more than just physical ailments. Adding dance/movement therapy sessions in parallel with PM&R services would enhance the overall patient experience and quality of life. Previous studies that explore the use of dance/movement therapy with various neurodegenerative diseases, neuromuscular diseases, and sustained injuries are reviewed for ...
Prevalence Of Common Disease Conditions In A Large Cohort Of Individuals With Down Syndrome In The United States, 2021 Advocate Aurora Health
Prevalence Of Common Disease Conditions In A Large Cohort Of Individuals With Down Syndrome In The United States, Brian Chicoine, Anne Rivelli, Veronica Fitzpatrick, Laura Chicoine, Gengjie Jia, Andrey Rzhetsky
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Given the current life expectancy and number of individuals living with Down syndrome (DS), it is important to learn common occurrences of disease conditions across the developmental lifespan. This study analyzed data from a large cohort of individuals with DS in an effort to better understand these disease conditions, inform future screening practices, tailor medical care guidelines, and improve utilization of health care resources.
Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study incorporated up to 28 years of data, compiled from 6078 individuals with DS and 30,326 controls matched on age and sex. Data were abstracted from electronic medical records within ...
Non-Dental Oral Cavity Findings In Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, 2021 PROF. DR. OCTAVIAN FODOR REGIONAL INSTITUTE OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA
Non-Dental Oral Cavity Findings In Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Madalina-Gabriela Indre, Darius Sampelean, Vlad Taru, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Mircea Vasile Milaciu, Olga Hilda Orasan
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is known as the most prevalent gastrointestinal disorder in the United States, leading to substantial morbidity, although associated mortality is rare. Based on the appearance of esophageal mucosa on upper endoscopy, GERD is divided into erosive esophagitis (ERD) and nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). Heartburn and acid regurgitation are the typical symptoms of the disease, although some patients may present atypical manifestations such as epigastric pain, nausea, asthma, chronic cough, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sleep disturbances, otitis, and sinusitis. Other signs, such as oral mucosal lesions may result from GERD by direct acid or acidic vapor contact in the ...
Effects Of Combining Meditation Techniques On Short-Term Memory, Attention, And Affect In Healthy College Students., 2021 Department of Religions and Philosophies, University of London, London, United Kingdom
Effects Of Combining Meditation Techniques On Short-Term Memory, Attention, And Affect In Healthy College Students., Samani Unnata Pragya, Neelam D Mehta, Bassam Abomoelak, Parvin Uddin, Pushya Veeramachaneni, Naina Mehta, Stephanie Moore, Melissa Jean-Francois, Stephanie Garcia, Samani Chaitanya Pragya, Devendra I Mehta
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
Meditation refers to a family of self-regulation practices that focuses on training attention and awareness to foster psycho-emotional well-being and to develop specific capacities such as calmness, clarity, and concentration. We report a prospective convenience-controlled study in which we analyzed the effect of two components of Preksha Dhyāna – buzzing bee sound meditation (Mahapran dhvani) and color meditation (leśyā dhyāna) on healthy college students. Mahapran and leśya dhyāna are two Preksha Dhyāna practices that are based on sound and green color, respectively. The study population represents a suitable target as college students experience different stress factors during the school year. This ...
Preliminary Data On The Potential For Unintentional Antidoping Rule Violations By Permitted Cannabidiol (Cbd) Use., 2021 Institute of Biochemistry, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Preliminary Data On The Potential For Unintentional Antidoping Rule Violations By Permitted Cannabidiol (Cbd) Use., Ute Mareck, Gregor Fusshöller, Hans Geyer, Marilyn A. Huestis, Anja B Scheiff, Mario Thevis
Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers
According to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) regulations, cannabinoids use is prohibited in competition except for cannabidiol (CBD) use. For an adverse analytical finding (AAF) in doping control, cannabinoid misuse is based on identification of the pharmacologically inactive metabolite 11-nor-delta-9-carboxy-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid (carboxy-THC) in urine at a concentration greater than 180 ng/ml. All other (minor) cannabinoids are reported as AAF when identified, except for CBD that has been explicitly excluded from the class of cannabinoids on WADA's Prohibited List since 2018. However, due to the fact that CBD isolated from cannabis plants may contain additional minor cannabinoids, the permissible ...
Biomolecules As Model Indicators Of In Vitro And In Vivo Cold Plasma Safety, 2021 School of Food Science and Environmental Health, Technological University Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Biomolecules As Model Indicators Of In Vitro And In Vivo Cold Plasma Safety, Caitlin Heslin, Daniela Boehm, Julianne Megaw, Brendan F. Gilmore, Theresa A. Freeman, Noreen J. Hickok, P. J. Cullen, Paula Bourke
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
No abstract provided.
Cerrahi Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, 2021 Istanbul Taksim Training and Research Hospital
Cerrahi Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Tolga Önder, Serhat Doğan, Yusuf Aydın, Ferhat Çay, Aytül Hande Yardımcı, Nazan Çevik
Cerrahinin tarihinin insanlık kadar eski olduğu bilinse de en net belge Antik Yunan Dönemi’nde yaşamış olan Hipokrat’ın yazdığı ‘On The Surgery’ yani ‘Cerrahide’ (MÖ 400) kitabıdır. Bu kitapta cerrahlar karşımıza uzman olarak çıkmakta ve cerrahların yapması gerekenler, asistanları, cerrahi el aletleri ve travmalara yaklaşımlara kadar pek çok konudan bahsedilmektedir
Healthcare Policy Analysis: Next Of Kin Contact Information On Driver's Licensse And Its Use In Emergency Notification, Suzanne Sheaffer
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Manuscripts
In Pennsylvania, there has been a rise in unclaimed decedents within Third-Class and Fifth-Class county coroner offices. Decreasing the number of unclaimed decedents in Third-Class and Fifth-Class Pennsylvania coroners offices is the goal for this healthcare policy analysis project. Using the Bardach’s eight step policy analysis problem solving technique, the data and the project outcomes will be presented to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT). Data collection began with a questionnaire sent to all 67 counties to determine who had access to the Pennsylvania driver’s license database entitled Pennsylvania Justice Network (JNET). Fourteen of 67 counties have partial ...
Needs Of Individuals Living With Hepatitis Delta Virus And Their Caregivers, 2016-2019., 2020 Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Jefferson College of Population Health, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Needs Of Individuals Living With Hepatitis Delta Virus And Their Caregivers, 2016-2019., Priyanka Kumar, Catherine Freeland, Sierra Bodor, Sean Farrell, Chari Cohen, Rosemary Frasso Phd, Msc, Cph
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a serious coinfection of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) that is estimated to affect between 48 to 72 million people worldwide. Data are limited on the informational needs of people living with HDV. The Hepatitis B Foundation, a US-based nonprofit organization that provides support to people living with HBV and HDV, receives emails (queries) as part of a helpline, a service to provide information, resources, and support to people affected by HBV and HDV.
METHODS: Query content was analyzed to assess the impact of HDV at the individual level. A total of 65 HDV-related ...
Evaluation Of Aging And Genetic Mutation Variants On Tauopathy, 2020 University of South Florida
Evaluation Of Aging And Genetic Mutation Variants On Tauopathy, Amber M. Tetlow
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid β plaques and neurofibrillary tau tangles (NFTs). While research has demonstrated amyloid pathology occurs prior to tau pathology, or tauopathy, tau has proven to be more toxic. Tauopathy is associated with cognitive declines and neurodegeneration. These findings have highlighted the importance of further understanding tauopathy. In the progression of tauopathy, there is an observable immune response that can be measured by glial cells such as microglia. Activated microglia are known to exacerbate tauopathy rather than reducing the pathology. Research has indicated that with increased age there is an increased risk for AD-related ...
Urinary Acrylonitrile Metabolite Concentrations Before And After Smoked, Vaporized, And Oral Cannabis In Frequent And Occasional Cannabis Users., 2020 Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, United States
Urinary Acrylonitrile Metabolite Concentrations Before And After Smoked, Vaporized, And Oral Cannabis In Frequent And Occasional Cannabis Users., David L Ashley, Víctor R De Jesús, Osama A Abulseoud, Marilyn A. Huestis, Daniel F Milan, Benjamin C Blount
Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers
Cannabis use through smoking, vaping, or ingestion is increasing, but only limited studies have investigated the resulting exposure to harmful chemicals. N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)-L-cysteine (2CYEMA), a urinary metabolite of acrylonitrile, a possible carcinogen, is elevated in the urine of past-30-day cannabis users compared to non-cannabis users. Five frequent and five occasional cannabis users smoked and vaped cannabis on separate days; one also consumed cannabis orally. Urine samples were collected before and up to 72 h post dose and urinary 2CYEMA was quantified. We compared 2CYEMA pre-exposure levels, maximum concentration, time at maximum concentration for occasional versus frequent users following different ...
Occupational Therapy’S Role In Addressing Sex And Intimacy For Individuals With Progressive Neuromuscular Disorders, 2020 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences
Occupational Therapy’S Role In Addressing Sex And Intimacy For Individuals With Progressive Neuromuscular Disorders, Lindsay N. Richards, Becki Cohill, Katrhyn Ellis, Susan Macdermott
San Marcos, Summer 2020
Individuals with progressive neuromuscular disorders (PND); specifically, Parkinson’s disease (PD), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Huntington’s Disease (HD), and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) often face physical, psychological, and social challenges related to sex and intimacy. Occupational therapy (OT) practitioners are experts in activity analysis and are equipped with unique knowledge of performance skills and client factors to address deficits in occupational performance.
Though there is literature presenting the effects of PND on sexual occupations, a gap exists as it relates to qualitative data from the perspective of the individual and their partners. A mixed-methods survey was conducted examining the lived ...
Evaluation Of Resident Palpation Skills In Foot And Ankle Anatomic Structures Using Bedside Ultrasound, 2020 MountainView Hospital
Evaluation Of Resident Palpation Skills In Foot And Ankle Anatomic Structures Using Bedside Ultrasound, Se Won Lee, Phuong U. Le, Craig Van Dien, Mike Hansen, Timothy Tiu
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Objective: The objective is to determine the accuracy of foot and ankle joint and soft tissue structure palpation in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents using ultrasonography (US) verification.
Methods: PM&R residents were tested in an outpatient musculoskeletal (MSK) clinic on palpated foot and ankle anatomic structures in a human model. Once the presumed structures were localized, residents marked a 1 cm size circle on the overlying skin with a ink marker. The accuracy of the circle over the joint line and soft tissue structures was verified using US.
Results: The overall palpation accuracy for 22 joint line ...
Injury Prevention Among Professional Ballet Dancers – A Qualitative Study, 2020 HCA Healthcare
Injury Prevention Among Professional Ballet Dancers – A Qualitative Study, Elizabeth Balyakina, Nathan J. Hershberger, Sajid A. Surve, Rita M. Patterson
Rationale: The physical stress placed on ballet dancers’ bodies during their professional career predisposes them to injury. Qualitative research can be used to examine ways to support current strategies that dancers use to stay healthy and to inform further research in areas where dancers may be most prone to injury.
Purpose: To examine therapies and strategies dancers use to keep healthy and to treat injury.
At the end of the presentation, the participants will be able to:
- Describe the most common strategies dancers use to stay healthy
- Formulate an understanding of how professional dancers manage injury
- Identify the ...
The Rice Pentatricopeptide Repeat Protein Ppr756 Is Involved In Pollen Development By Affecting Multiple Rna Editing In Mitochondria., 2020 State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
The Rice Pentatricopeptide Repeat Protein Ppr756 Is Involved In Pollen Development By Affecting Multiple Rna Editing In Mitochondria., Qiannan Zhang, Yanghong Xu, Jishuai Huang, Kai Zhang, Haijun Xiao, Xiaojian Qin, Linlin Zhu, Yingguo Zhu, Jun Hu
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
In land plants, the pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins form a large family involved in post-transcriptional processing of RNA in mitochondria and chloroplasts, which is critical for plant development and evolutionary adaption. Although studies showed a number of PPR proteins generally influence the editing of organellar genes, few of them were characterized in detail in rice. Here, we report a PLS-E subclass PPR protein in rice, PPR756, loss of function of which led to the abolishment of RNA editing events among three mitochondrial genes including
Effects Of Occupational Therapy Intervention In Low Vision, 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Effects Of Occupational Therapy Intervention In Low Vision, Zach Harrington, Juliana Crossett, Carlie Carter, Baleigh Gooch, Liberty Harris
Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics
The purpose of this CAT is to investigate therapeutic intervention and its effects for improving independence in occupational performance, overall health, quality of life, and mental health in adults over 40 with acquired low vision. This CAT contains nine peer-reviewed research articles from national journals. Study designs include one randomized controlled trial, seven systematic reviews, and one non-randomized controlled trial. All studies relate directly to the components of our evidence-based practice question and will be used to support further research on the optometry and occupational therapy collaboration. All of the articles specifically describe various interventions used in the low vision ...
Medical Student Understanding Of The Pm&R Specialty, Disability, And Post-Acute Care, 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City
Medical Student Understanding Of The Pm&R Specialty, Disability, And Post-Acute Care, Stephanie Tow
No abstract provided.
Students As Investigators: Utilizing Active Learning To Engage Genetic Counseling Students, 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University
Students As Investigators: Utilizing Active Learning To Engage Genetic Counseling Students, Stacey E. Wahl Ph.D., Dana L. Ladd Ph.D.
Transforming Libraries for Graduate Students
Providing one-shot instruction sessions can be difficult, particularly in the graduate learning environment. As librarians, we want to provide students with the skills to search effectively for health information without overwhelming or confusing them. In health science graduate programs, we are expected to connect literature searching skills with the content of the courses in a manner that is engaging to students. This challenge can be exacerbated when students are new to graduate school and have not yet become familiar with scientific literature searching or the research process. Two medical librarians sought to overcome these challenges by empowering genetic counseling students ...
Reduced Length Of Stay In Major Hepatectomy Surgery After Implementation Of An Enhanced Recovery Pathway In The United States Veteran Population, 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University
Reduced Length Of Stay In Major Hepatectomy Surgery After Implementation Of An Enhanced Recovery Pathway In The United States Veteran Population, Yvonne Nguyen Md, Marilyn Mcnulty Np, Leopoldo Fernandez Md, Michael R. Kazior Md
Graduate Medical Education (GME) Resident and Fellow Research Day Posters
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways are associated with better postoperative recovery, however, evidence is lacking in major liver surgery, .This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an ERAS pathway in U.S. veterans undergoing major hepatectomy surgery. We hypothesized that the adoption of an ERAS pathway reduces decreased length of stay (LOS).
After approval from the Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center IRB, we compared data from consecutive patients undergoing elective open hepatectomy within an ERAS pathway (January 2019-December 2019) to a previous cohort of patients before introduction of ERAS (July 2016-December 2017). One surgeon performed ...