Death And Dignity: Approaches To Medical Aid-In-Dying And Recommendations For Nevada, 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Death And Dignity: Approaches To Medical Aid-In-Dying And Recommendations For Nevada, Cecilia Winchell
Student Papers / Brookings Minor Culminating Projects
Advancements in medicine, surgery, and treatment have prolonged life spans in a way that presents new considerations for death and dying. When it comes to terminal illnesses, all of these innovations increase life expectancy but cannot do the same for a patient’s quality of life. In fact, many people with terminal illnesses lose their autonomy and dignity, leading to the emergence of assisted dying as a way to provide terminally ill patients with an alternative to palliative care. This report takes a look at how assisted dying has developed within the US over the past two and a half decades, …
Operations, Compliance, & Leadership In Dme At Dasco, 2022 Otterbein University
Operations, Compliance, & Leadership In Dme At Dasco, Andrew Caddas
Masters Theses/Capstone Projects
The practicum experience was completed with DASCO H.M.E., LLC primarily in their corporate office from August through November 2022. I worked with Ann Cornelius, VP of Operations, to learn more about the industry and the role of home medical equipment in patient care. The areas of focus included Sales & Business Development, Compliance, Branch Operations, and Supply Chain.
Implementing The Use Of The Emergency Severity Index Triage Tool In Urgent Care, 2022 Jacksonville State University
Implementing The Use Of The Emergency Severity Index Triage Tool In Urgent Care, Sakeena Spencer
Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects
Background: The urgent care sector has quickly grown in the last decade. Patients who visit healthcare facilities seeking treatment for exacerbations of chronic conditions or episodic illnesses such as asthma without scheduled appointments receive healthcare services from Urgent Care Centers (UCC) or Emergency Departments (E.D.s). Upon visiting the UCC, these patients report life-threatening symptoms; hence require immediate medical attention. UCC healthcare workers should distinguish between non-acute and acute patients to prioritize providing healthcare to patients, ensuring they are not at risk for fatal outcomes. Using the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage tool while delivering healthcare services to these patients has …
A Case Of Intractable Hyperhidrosis In Spinal Cord Injury: Role Of Stellate Ganglion Block, 2022 University of Rochester
A Case Of Intractable Hyperhidrosis In Spinal Cord Injury: Role Of Stellate Ganglion Block, Soun Sheen, Hemant Kalia, Victoria Kung
Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) can present as hyperhidrosis due to sudomotor dysfunction. Hyperhidrosis can also occur without an identifiable etiology. There are no standard treatment guidelines for refractory hyperhidrosis in the setting of persistent noxious stimulation. Stellate ganglion blockade may prevent hyperhidrosis by inhibiting profound sympathetic surge and vasoconstriction.
58-year-old female with C7 ASIA-A quadriplegia was admitted to the hospital for episodes of profuse sweating in the setting of autonomic dysreflexia secondary to underlying T7-8 discitis. Despite conservative treatment of discitis, patient continued experience 50-60 episodes of profuse sweating daily. Stellate ganglion block was …
Serpinb3 Drives Cancer Stem Cell Survival In Glioblastoma, 2022 Cleveland Clinic
Serpinb3 Drives Cancer Stem Cell Survival In Glioblastoma, Adam Lauko, Josephine Volovetz, Soumya M Turaga, Defne Bayik, Daniel J Silver, Kelly Mitchell, Erin E Mulkearns-Hubert, Dionysios C Watson, Kiran Desai, Manav Midha, Jing Hao, Kathleen Mccortney, Alicia Steffens, Ulhas Naik, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Shideng Bao, Craig Horbinski, Jennifer S Yu, Justin D Lathia
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
Despite therapeutic interventions for glioblastoma (GBM), cancer stem cells (CSCs) drive recurrence. The precise mechanisms underlying CSC resistance, namely inhibition of cell death, are unclear. We built on previous observations that the high cell surface expression of junctional adhesion molecule-A drives CSC maintenance and identified downstream signaling networks, including the cysteine protease inhibitor SerpinB3. Using genetic depletion approaches, we found that SerpinB3 is necessary for CSC maintenance, survival, and tumor growth, as well as CSC pathway activation. Knockdown of SerpinB3 also increased apoptosis and susceptibility to radiation therapy. SerpinB3 was essential to buffer cathepsin L-mediated cell death, which was enhanced …
Addressing The Gap In Data Communication From Home Health Care To Primary Care During Care Transitions: Completeness Of An Interoperability Data Standard, Paulina Sockolow, Edgar Y Chou, Subin Park
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
In a future where home health care is no longer an information silo, patient information will be communicated along transitions in care to improve care. Evidence-based practice in the United States supports home health care patients to see their primary care team within the first two weeks of hospital discharge to reduce rehospitalization risk. We sought to identify a parsimonious set of home health care data to be communicated to primary care for the post-hospitalization visit. Anticipating electronic dataset communication, we investigated the completeness of the international reference terminology, Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC), for coverage of the …
A Case Of Adult Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Following Covid-19 Vaccine, 2022 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
A Case Of Adult Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Following Covid-19 Vaccine, Meghan Brown, Nika Zorko Garbajs, Simon Zec, Hisham Mushtaq, Anwar Khedr, Abbas Bashir Jama, Ibtisam Rauf, Mikael Mir, Aishwarya Reddy Korsapati, Shikha Jain, Thoyaja Koritala, Ramesh Adhikari, Amos Lal, Ognjen Gajic, Juan Pablo Domecq, Sarah Goksoy, Brian Bartlett, Amit Sharma, Nitesh Kumar Jain, Syed Anjum Khan
Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome is a life-threatening condition associated with elevated inflammatory markers and multiple organ injury. A diagnosis of exclusion, it has been reported after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection (SARS-CoV-2) in children and adults; recently it has been described in some post-COVID-19 vaccinated individuals. The prognosis with supportive care and immunomodulatory therapy is good, although some individuals may require treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU). Here we report a case of a 58-year-old man who developed multi-organ failure after receiving the second dose of the Moderna mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine. He required critical organ support in the …
Improving Same Day Surgery Patient Outcomes Through A Nurse Practitioner Led Telephone Follow-Up Call, 2022 University of San Diego
Improving Same Day Surgery Patient Outcomes Through A Nurse Practitioner Led Telephone Follow-Up Call, Jessica Cooke, Kamila Zasowska
Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts
Background: On average, patients experience one to seven problems post-hospital discharge leading to increased unplanned emergency room visits, hospital readmission, and worse outcomes. The average cost of a single hospital admission is $15,477, an emergency room visit $1,389, and treatment for a surgical site infection $10,443-$25,546. Additionally, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) imposes fines on hospital systems with high readmission rates. Currently, the Southern California hospital this project was implemented at has a 15.5% hospital-wide unplanned 30-day readmission rate with a national average of 15.2%.
Purpose: The purpose of this evidence-based practice project was to implement a …
Social Isolation During The Covid-19 Pandemic And Its Impact On Maine's Nursing Homes, 2022 University of Maine - Main
Social Isolation During The Covid-19 Pandemic And Its Impact On Maine's Nursing Homes, Tanya Roy
The COVID-19 pandemic has created several challenges within the healthcare industry and has highlighted the impact of social isolation on older adults in Maine’s nursing homes. The older adult population, defined as individuals 65 years and older, has been identified with increased risk in contracting the SARS-CoV-2 virus during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, older adults were placed on strict isolation precautions and confined within their nursing home setting, many residing only in their rooms. With Maine having the oldest population in the United States, this created a need for further investigation into how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the lived …
Interpersonal Communication In Eye Care: An Analysis Of Potential Impacts On Cataract Surgery Candidates’ Expectations And Behaviors, Amy Hellem, Sara Labelle, Cynthia Matossian, Paul Karpecki
Communication Faculty Articles and Research
Purpose: To identify cataract surgery candidates’ knowledge, beliefs, desires and emotions as they relate to cataract surgery generally as well as to their behavioral intent to adhere to a doctor-recommended pre-surgical ocular surface prep routine designed to improve refractive outcomes and prevent surgical complications.
Methods: This national, noninterventional, cross-sectional, mixed methods survey included 278 US adults ages 65 and older with no history of cataract surgery in either eye.
Results: Only 20% of participants said they want to have cataract surgery, and even fewer (8%) said they wish they could have cataract surgery right away. Fear was the predominant emotion …
Physical Therapy Interventions And Outcomes In A Patient With Transfemoral Amputation Following Sound Side Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Case Report, 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences
Physical Therapy Interventions And Outcomes In A Patient With Transfemoral Amputation Following Sound Side Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Case Report, Scott Love, Debra Gray, Jenna Yent, Michael Jason Highsmith
Physical Therapy Collection
Background: Following a transfemoral amputation (TFA), osteoarthritis (OA) on the sound limb may occur secondary to overuse. Potential causative factors include gait abnormalities, increased knee load, and performing hopping activities without a prosthesis. Unilateral TFA patients may require a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to improve function.
Case Description and Methods: A 56-year-old male with a TFA who was diagnosed with left knee OA and was classified as a limited community ambulator underwent a TKA to restore function. The purpose of this case report is to determine the benefits of standard physical therapy (PT) augmented by a high intensity, whole-body …
Altitude Illness, 2022 Arcadia University
Altitude Illness, Kali Hepner
With an increasing number of individuals traveling to high altitudes, it is important to address the risk these individuals face of developing altitude related illnesses. An example of high altitude related illness might be the elevation transition of travelers flying into Denver, Colorado (1,673 m) with the intention to then drive up to Rocky Mountain National Park’s Alpine Visitor Center (3,595 m) in the same day. This poses increased risk of unacclimatized visitors experiencing altitude illness in remote areas of the national park. This poster summarizes the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of altitude illnesses so that clinicians and travelers may …
The Role Of Physical Activity In Older Adults And Practical Intervention, 2021 MountainView Medical Center-Nevada
The Role Of Physical Activity In Older Adults And Practical Intervention, Se Won Lee, Rebecca Patel, Bryan Werner, Ji Won Yoo, Timothy Tiu
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Physical inactivity (PI), defined as not meeting guidelines for physical activity beyond baseline daily living activities, is common among older adults (age 65 and older) and contributes to increased morbidity, increased mortality and increased health care spending. Understanding the clinical impact of PI on common medical conditions among older adults will help primary care physicians (PCPs) to educate these patients successfully. Physical activity and exercise are effective in the primary and secondary prevention of chronic diseases that can lead to physical impairments, disability and/or premature death. Physical activity and exercise have been shown to improve cognitive dysfunction and painful musculoskeletal …
Breakthroughs In Hormonal Male Contraception, 2021 James Madison University
Breakthroughs In Hormonal Male Contraception, Alexander Patton, Seth Vann
Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current
Objective: Assess the efficacy of a nestorone plus testosterone gel at suppressing progestin levels and spermatogenesis.
Design: Systematic literature review.
Methods: Searches were done in PubMed and Dartmouth library using the terms nestorone, randomized control trial, human, and male. Limits used while searching included published in the last 10 years, randomized control trials, and English.
Results: Using the search criteria the following three studies were found that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria of this study: Ilani et al, Zitzmann et al, and Anawalt et al. All three studies were found on PubMed and reference the Ilani et al study.
Conclusion: Nestorone …
Assessment Of Temporal Variations In Adherence To Nrp Using Video Recording In The Delivery Room, 2021 Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University
Assessment Of Temporal Variations In Adherence To Nrp Using Video Recording In The Delivery Room, Amy J Sloane, Kaitlin M Kenaley, Michael T Favara
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
INTRODUCTION: Video recording and video evaluation tools have been successfully used to evaluate neonatal resuscitation performance. The objective of our study was to evaluate differences in Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) adherence at time of birth between three temporal resuscitative periods using scored video recordings.
METHODS: This is a retrospective review of in-situ resuscitation video recordings from a level 3 perinatal center between 2017 and 2018. The modified Neonatal Resuscitation Assessment (mNRA) scoring tool was used as a surrogate marker to assess NRP adherence during daytime, evening, and nighttime hours.
RESULTS: A total of 260 resuscitations, of which 258 were births …
Food Addiction And Obesity, 2021 Abilene Christian University
Food Addiction And Obesity, Lisa Ling
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The obesity rate in the U.S. adult population has increased to epidemic levels despite attempts to decrease obesity through evidence-based knowledge, clinical practice guidelines, medical interventions, and individual efforts. For certain individuals, food addiction behaviors such as food cravings, loss of control, and binge eating contribute to obesity and require a different approach to care. Little work has been done on adding the possibility of food addiction to obesity screening and treatment. This study utilized a quasi-experimental quantitative pre- and postsurvey research design based on Lewin’s change theory. Nurse practitioners were surveyed regarding the provider’s perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs about …
Stereo Hearing With Unilateral Bone Conduction Amplification, 2021 James Madison University
Stereo Hearing With Unilateral Bone Conduction Amplification, Megan Crouse
Conductive hearing loss results when the neural integrity of the auditory system is healthy, but sound is prevented from reaching the cochlea in its entirety. Unilateral Congenital Aural Atresia (UCAA) is a birth defect in which there is no external ear canal, resulting in the reduction of sound able to reach the middle ear. Two primary options for correcting this conductive hearing loss are canalplasty or a bone anchored hearing device (BAHD). We want to compare the benefit level from these options, specifically in two conditions: sound localization and the ability to detect speech from one ear while there …
Impact Of Fellow/Resident Involvement During Colonoscopy In A High-Volume Colorectal Surgical Practice, 2021 Lehigh Valley Health Network
Impact Of Fellow/Resident Involvement During Colonoscopy In A High-Volume Colorectal Surgical Practice, Zachary Chomitzky, William Sangster
No abstract provided.
Pediatric Sepsis-Development Of A Clinical Pathway For The Pediatric Emergency Department, 2021 University of St Augustine for Health Sciences
Pediatric Sepsis-Development Of A Clinical Pathway For The Pediatric Emergency Department, Roslyn Lampkin-Smiley
Student Scholarly Projects
Globally, various researchers have suggested that sepsis is one of the most prominent causes of infant fatalities. Since 2004, countless guidelines have been developed to assist in the early identification and management of sepsis. The PICOT question that guided this project was: Does the implementation of a pediatric sepsis clinical pathway, compared with the standard protocol in emergency departments, decrease delays in treatment times of patients presenting with sepsis? Researchers have suggested that early recognition and interventions for septic patients can result in decreased mortality rates. A pediatric sepsis clinical pathway was implemented during this project. The pathway alerted staff …
Increasing Staff Awareness And Screening Practices For Adverse Childhood Experiences At A Primary Care Clinic, 2021 Jacksonville State University
Increasing Staff Awareness And Screening Practices For Adverse Childhood Experiences At A Primary Care Clinic, Kayla Wright
Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are present in approximately 60% of the adult population in the United States. There is a correlation between adverse childhood experiences and chronic health conditions as adults. Despite the evidence showing this correlation, there is a lack of screening for ACEs in the primary care setting. Many primary care providers and staff are unaware of ACEs or the correlation with chronic health conditions and substance abuse and, therefore, do not understand how to or recognize the benefits of screening in primary care. With education for providers and staff, primary care is the ideal setting to perform …