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Retained Lens Fragment Presenting 32 Years After Cataract Extraction, Thomas Tien, Marcos A Crespo, Tatyana Milman, Zeba Syed 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Retained Lens Fragment Presenting 32 Years After Cataract Extraction, Thomas Tien, Marcos A Crespo, Tatyana Milman, Zeba Syed

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To report a patient with retained lens material presenting over three decades after initial cataract extraction with fluctuating corneal edema and intraocular inflammation.

Observations: A 66-year-old man presented with a first episode of decreased vision and photophobia 32 years after cataract extraction without intraocular lens implantation in the right eye. Slit lamp examination revealed a tan-colored oblong mass in the inferior angle, in addition to corneal edema and an anterior chamber reaction. The patient was aphakic with traumatic mydriasis, and accordingly it was noted that the mass shifted location between anterior and posterior chambers over subsequent evaluations. The anterior ...


Evaluating The Utility Of S100a7 In Identifying Oral Dysplastic Lesions That Will Progress To Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Jeff Soparlo 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluating The Utility Of S100a7 In Identifying Oral Dysplastic Lesions That Will Progress To Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Jeff Soparlo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Title: Evaluating the utility of S100A7 in identifying oral dysplastic lesions that will progress to oral squamous cell carcinoma Introduction: Recently, S100A7 has been shown to be a potential useful marker for identifying oral lesions at risk of transformation from dysplasia to squamous cell carcinoma. Our hypothesis is that high S100A7 protein expression predicts the transformation of oral epithelial dysplasia to malignancy. The objective of our study is to semi-quantitatively evaluate the level of S100A7 expression in dysplastic lesions which have transformed into oral squamous cell carcinoma using immunohistochemistry, and correlate these results with other methods of analysis including the ...


Linear Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Following Blaschko’S Lines On The Scalp: Additional Cases And Review Of The Literature, Heather Reagin, Daniel A. Nguyen, Marc R. Lewin, Gregory A. Hosler, Eric Weisberg, Stephen E. Weis 2022 Medical City Fort Worth

Linear Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Following Blaschko’S Lines On The Scalp: Additional Cases And Review Of The Literature, Heather Reagin, Daniel A. Nguyen, Marc R. Lewin, Gregory A. Hosler, Eric Weisberg, Stephen E. Weis

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Alopecia of the scalp has various causes and presentations. However, linear alopecia is unusual and lupus erythematosus presenting as linear alopecia is exceedingly rare. To date, there have been 16 documented cases of linear alopecia diagnosed as chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus occurring in a linear configuration following Blaschko's lines. We report 2 additional cases and review the clinical and histologic features along with treatment. This Blaschkoid linear variant of cutaneous lupus erythematosus has distinct clinical and histologic characteristics that set it apart from other causes of alopecia and from classic forms of cutaneous lupus. These distinct features include a ...


Indispensable Role Of Immunophenotyping In Diagnosing Leukemic Phase Of Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm Without Cutaneous Manifestation, Hareem Alam, Nabiha Saeed, Anila Rashid 2022 Aga Khan University

Indispensable Role Of Immunophenotyping In Diagnosing Leukemic Phase Of Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm Without Cutaneous Manifestation, Hareem Alam, Nabiha Saeed, Anila Rashid

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm usually presents as skin lesions. Diagnostic error occurs when it primarily presents in leukemic phase without skin involvement. Triad of CD4, CD56 and CD123 immunophenotype expression is essential to avoid misdiagnosis of this rare hematological malignancy. Here we describe a patient who presented in overt leukemic phase of BPDCN highlighting diagnostic challenges encountered that resulted in delayed diagnosis and poor outcome


Concurrent P53 Mutation In Egfr Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Is Associated With Resistance To First And Second Generation Egfr Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors, A Meta-Analysis, Marissa Viola, Adam Kolatorowicz, Jun Wang 2022 Lincoln Memorial University, DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine

Concurrent P53 Mutation In Egfr Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Is Associated With Resistance To First And Second Generation Egfr Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors, A Meta-Analysis, Marissa Viola, Adam Kolatorowicz, Jun Wang

Research Day

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant lung cancers tend to respond well to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, resistance has been described. Molecular studies have revealed that concurrent mutations of tumor driver genes are associated with TKI resistance. To delineate the role of concurrent mutation of tumor suppressor gene p53 in TKI resistance, a meta-analysis was performed using published observations of EGFR mutant lung cancer patients treated with first or second generation TKIs. 31 studies are included in the analysis following a search of PubMed. Probability of TKI resistance and progress free survival (PFS) were compared in patients with ...


Characterisation Of Drug-Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Mutations And Transmission In Pakistan, Gary Napier, Anwar Sheed Khan, Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Tahir Khan, Sajid Ali, Muhammad Qasim, Noor Mohammad, Rumina Hasan, Zahra Hasan, Susana Campino 2022 London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Characterisation Of Drug-Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Mutations And Transmission In Pakistan, Gary Napier, Anwar Sheed Khan, Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Tahir Khan, Sajid Ali, Muhammad Qasim, Noor Mohammad, Rumina Hasan, Zahra Hasan, Susana Campino

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is a high-burden disease in Pakistan, with multi-drug (MDR) and extensive-drug (XDR) resistance, complicating infection control. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) of M. tuberculosis is being used to infer lineages (strain-types), drug resistance mutations, and transmission patterns-all informing infection control and clinical decision making. Here we analyse WGS data on 535 M. tuberculosis isolates sourced across Pakistan between years 2003 and 2020, to understand the circulating strain-types and mutations related to 12 anti-TB drugs, as well as identify transmission clusters. Most isolates belonged to lineage 3 (n = 397; 74.2%) strain-types, and were MDR (n = 328 ...


Paratesticular Solitary Fibrous Tumour Mimicking Cellular Angiofibroma: An Unusual Morphology And Rare Site, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Muhammad Usman, Qurratulain Chundriger, Nasir uddin 2022 Aga Khan University

Paratesticular Solitary Fibrous Tumour Mimicking Cellular Angiofibroma: An Unusual Morphology And Rare Site, Madiha Bilal Qureshi, Muhammad Usman, Qurratulain Chundriger, Nasir Uddin

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a ubiquitous benign mesenchymal tumour of fibroblastic origin, which occurs most often in middle-aged adults. It usually presents as lung mass originating from pleura, but extrapleural occurrence is also common. Tumour is characterised by hypo- and hyper-cellular areas of spindle-shaped cells, arranged in haphazard manner with dispersed staghorn-shaped vessels. Surgical excision is the curative treatment. SFTs of the primary testicular or paratesticular region are extremely rare, but they exhibit histologic findings similar to SFTs originating at other body sites. Here, we report the case of a paratesticular SFT in a 37-year male, who presented with ...


A Streptococcus Pneumoniae Lineage Usually Associated With Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Pcv) Serotypes Is The Most Common Cause Of Serotype 35b Invasive Disease In South Africa, Following Routine Use Of Pcv, Kedibone M. Ndlangisa, Mignon du Plessis, Stephani Lo, Linda de Gouveia, Chrispin Chaguza, Martin Antonio, Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Jennifer Cornick, Dean B. Everett, Sadia Shakoor 2022 National Institute for Communicable Diseases

A Streptococcus Pneumoniae Lineage Usually Associated With Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Pcv) Serotypes Is The Most Common Cause Of Serotype 35b Invasive Disease In South Africa, Following Routine Use Of Pcv, Kedibone M. Ndlangisa, Mignon Du Plessis, Stephani Lo, Linda De Gouveia, Chrispin Chaguza, Martin Antonio, Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Jennifer Cornick, Dean B. Everett, Sadia Shakoor

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Pneumococcal serotype 35B is an important non-conjugate vaccine (non-PCV) serotype. Its continued emergence, post-PCV7 in the USA, was associated with expansion of a pre-existing 35B clone (clonal complex [CC] 558) along with post-PCV13 emergence of a non-35B clone previously associated with PCV serotypes (CC156). This study describes lineages circulating among 35B isolates in South Africa before and after PCV introduction. We also compared 35B isolates belonging to a predominant 35B lineage in South Africa (GPSC5), with isolates belonging to the same lineage in other parts of the world. Serotype 35B isolates that caused invasive pneumococcal disease in South Africa in ...


Chloroquine-Susceptible And -Resistant Plasmodium Falciparum Strains Survive High Chloroquine Concentrations By Becoming Dormant But Are Eliminated By Prolonged Exposure, Johan Ursing, Rasmus Johns, Berit Aydin-Schmidt, Carla Calçada, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Najia karim Ghanchi, Maria Isabel Veiga, Lars Rombo 2022 Projecto de Saúde de Bandim, Indepth Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau

Chloroquine-Susceptible And -Resistant Plasmodium Falciparum Strains Survive High Chloroquine Concentrations By Becoming Dormant But Are Eliminated By Prolonged Exposure, Johan Ursing, Rasmus Johns, Berit Aydin-Schmidt, Carla Calçada, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Najia Karim Ghanchi, Maria Isabel Veiga, Lars Rombo

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Plasmodium falciparum strains that are resistant to standard-dose chloroquine can be treated by higher chloroquine concentrations maintained for a longer time in vivo.
Objectives: To determine the relative importance of chloroquine concentrations versus exposure time for elimination of chloroquine-susceptible and -resistant P. falciparum in vitro.
Methods: Chloroquine-susceptible (3D7) and -resistant (FCR3) strains were exposed in vitro to 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 times their respective 90% inhibitory chloroquine concentrations for 3, 5, 7 or 14 days and then followed until recrudescence, or not, by 42 days after the end of exposure.
Results: Exposure to chloroquine appeared to ...


Development And Validation Of Standard And Real Patient Gallstone Library Using Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy, Lena Jafri, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Humera Asif, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Hafsa Majid, Farooq Ghani, Sibtain Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Aysha Habib 2022 Aga Khan University

Development And Validation Of Standard And Real Patient Gallstone Library Using Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy, Lena Jafri, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Humera Asif, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Hafsa Majid, Farooq Ghani, Sibtain Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Aysha Habib

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Analysis of the constituents of gallstones using various spectroscopic techniques assists in identification of the pathogenesis of gallstones. In the current study, using Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) Spectroscopy, a Gallstone Standard Library (GSL) and a Gallstone Real Patients' Library (GRPL) were developed and validated for gallstone composition analysis.
Methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Pakistan. Pure standards (cholesterol, calcium carbonate, bilirubin and bile salts) and gallstone specimens were analyzed using FTIR Nicolet iS-5 Spectrometer from Thermo Fisher Scientific, USA. Thermo Scientific™ QCheck™ algorithm, embedded within the OMNIC™ software, was used ...


Rare Occurrence Of Pseudomyxoma Peritonei (Pmp) Syndrome Arising From A Malignant Transformed Ovarian Primary Mature Cystic Teratoma Treated By Cytoreductive Surgery And Hipec: A Case Report, Francesca Ponzini, Luke Kowal, Mariam Ghafoor, Allison F Goldberg, Joanna Chan, Ryan Lamm, Shawnna Cannaday, Scott D. Richard, Avinoam Nevler, Harish Lavu, Wilbur Bowne, Norman G Rosenblum 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Rare Occurrence Of Pseudomyxoma Peritonei (Pmp) Syndrome Arising From A Malignant Transformed Ovarian Primary Mature Cystic Teratoma Treated By Cytoreductive Surgery And Hipec: A Case Report, Francesca Ponzini, Luke Kowal, Mariam Ghafoor, Allison F Goldberg, Joanna Chan, Ryan Lamm, Shawnna Cannaday, Scott D. Richard, Avinoam Nevler, Harish Lavu, Wilbur Bowne, Norman G Rosenblum

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) syndrome is a disease process that typically occurs from ruptured appendiceal mucocele neoplasms. PMP syndrome arising from malignant transformation of an ovarian primary mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is a pathogenesis rarely encountered.

Case presentation: Herein, we report a 28-year-old patient evaluated and treated for a right ovarian mass and large volume symptomatic abdominopelvic mucinous ascites. Molecular profiling and genetic analysis revealed mutations in ATM, GNAS, and KRAS proteins while IHC demonstrated gastrointestinal-specific staining for CK20, CDX2, CK7, and SATB2. Peritoneal cytology showed paucicellular mucin. Diffuse peritoneal adenomucinosis (DPAM) variant of PMP arising from a ruptured ovarian ...


Clinical Validation Of A Multiplex Pcr-Based Detection Assay Using Saliva Or Nasopharyngeal Samples For Sars-Cov-2, Influenza A And B, Nikhil S. Sahajpal, Ashis K. Mondal, Sudha Ananth, Allan Njau, Kimya Jones, Pankaj Ahluwalia, Eesha Oza, Ted M. Ross, Vamsi Kota, Arvind Kothandaraman 2022 Augusta University, USA

Clinical Validation Of A Multiplex Pcr-Based Detection Assay Using Saliva Or Nasopharyngeal Samples For Sars-Cov-2, Influenza A And B, Nikhil S. Sahajpal, Ashis K. Mondal, Sudha Ananth, Allan Njau, Kimya Jones, Pankaj Ahluwalia, Eesha Oza, Ted M. Ross, Vamsi Kota, Arvind Kothandaraman

Pathology, East Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant diversion of human and material resources to COVID-19 diagnostics, to the extent that influenza viruses and co-infection in COVID-19 patients remains undocumented and pose serious public-health consequences. We optimized and validated a highly sensitive RT-PCR based multiplex-assay for the detection of SARS-CoV-2, influenza A and B viruses in a single-test. This study evaluated clinical specimens (n = 1411), 1019 saliva and 392 nasopharyngeal swab (NPS), tested using two-assays: FDA-EUA approved SARS-CoV-2 assay that targets N and ORF1ab gene, and the PKamp-RT-PCR based assay that targets SARS-CoV-2, influenza viruses A and B. Of the 1019 ...


Molecular Epidemiology Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex Strains In Urban And Slum Settings Of Nairobi, Kenya, Glennah Kerubo, Perpetua Ndungu, Yassir Adam Shuaib, Evans Amukoye, Gunturu Revathi, Susanne Homolka, Samuel Kariuki, Matthias Merker, Stefan Niemann 2022 Research Center Borstel, Germany

Molecular Epidemiology Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex Strains In Urban And Slum Settings Of Nairobi, Kenya, Glennah Kerubo, Perpetua Ndungu, Yassir Adam Shuaib, Evans Amukoye, Gunturu Revathi, Susanne Homolka, Samuel Kariuki, Matthias Merker, Stefan Niemann

Pathology, East Africa

Kenya is a country with a high tuberculosis (TB) burden. However, knowledge on the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) strains and their transmission dynamics is sparsely available. Hence, we used whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to depict the genetic diversity, molecular markers of drug resistance, and possible transmission clusters among MTBC strains in urban and slum settings of Nairobi. We analyzed 385 clinical MTBC isolates collected between 2010 and 2015 in combination with patients’ demographics. We showed that the MTBC population mainly comprises strains of four lineages (L1–L4). The two dominating lineages were L4 with 55.8% (n = 215 ...


Immortal Plain Gut Sutures: A Case Report, Hannah J. Anderson, Kathryn Lynn, Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh, Tatyana Milman, Manish Jain, Sunir J Garg 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Immortal Plain Gut Sutures: A Case Report, Hannah J. Anderson, Kathryn Lynn, Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh, Tatyana Milman, Manish Jain, Sunir J Garg

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: We report the case of a 79-year-old male who presented with irritation and foreign body sensation due to the subconjunctival plain gut sutures that did not dissolve three years after undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for macular hole repair.

Observation: A 79-year-old male presented with foreign body sensation and irritation in his left eye. On slit lamp examination, the source of the foreign body sensation was two apparently intact plain gut sutures were visible under the conjunctiva, nasal and temporal to the cornea. These plain gut sutures were placed at the conclusion of PPV surgery three years prior to ...


Influenza Clinical Testing And Oseltamivir Treatment In Hospitalized Children With Acute Respiratory Illness, 2015-2016., Lubna Hamdan, Varvara Probst, Zaid Haddadin, Herdi Rahman, Andrew J. Spieker, Simon Vandekar, Laura S. Stewart, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Flor Munoz, Janet A. Englund, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Parvin H. Azimi, Eileen J. Klein, Monica McNeal, Leila C. Sahni, Monica N. Singer, Peter G. Szilagyi, Christopher J. Harrison, Manish Patel, Angela P. Campbell, Natasha B. Halasa 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Influenza Clinical Testing And Oseltamivir Treatment In Hospitalized Children With Acute Respiratory Illness, 2015-2016., Lubna Hamdan, Varvara Probst, Zaid Haddadin, Herdi Rahman, Andrew J. Spieker, Simon Vandekar, Laura S. Stewart, John V. Williams, Julie A. Boom, Flor Munoz, Janet A. Englund, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Mary A. Staat, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Parvin H. Azimi, Eileen J. Klein, Monica Mcneal, Leila C. Sahni, Monica N. Singer, Peter G. Szilagyi, Christopher J. Harrison, Manish Patel, Angela P. Campbell, Natasha B. Halasa

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Antiviral treatment is recommended for all hospitalized children with suspected or confirmed influenza, regardless of their risk profile. Few data exist on adherence to these recommendations, so we sought to determine factors associated with influenza testing and antiviral treatment in children.

METHODS: Hospitalized children(ARI) were enrolled through active surveillance at pediatric medical centers in seven cities between 11/1/2015 and 6/30/2016; clinical information was obtained from parent interview and chart review. We used generalized linear mixed-effects models to identify factors associated with influenza testing and antiviral treatment.

RESULTS: Of the 2299 hospitalized children with ARI ...


Variants Associated With Bedaquiline (Bdq) Resistance Identified In Rv0678 And Efflux Pump Genes In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Isolates From Bdq Naïve Tb Patients In Pakistan, Dania Khalid Saeed, Sadia Shakoor, Safina Abdul Razzak, Zahra Hasan, Saba Faraz Sabzwari, Zahida Azizullah, Akber Kanji, Asghar Nasir, Samreen Shafiq, Najia Karim Ghanchi, Rumina Hasan 2022 Aga Khan University

Variants Associated With Bedaquiline (Bdq) Resistance Identified In Rv0678 And Efflux Pump Genes In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Isolates From Bdq Naïve Tb Patients In Pakistan, Dania Khalid Saeed, Sadia Shakoor, Safina Abdul Razzak, Zahra Hasan, Saba Faraz Sabzwari, Zahida Azizullah, Akber Kanji, Asghar Nasir, Samreen Shafiq, Najia Karim Ghanchi, Rumina Hasan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Mutations in the Rv0678, pepQ and atpE genes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) have been reported to be associated with reduced antimycobacterial susceptibility to bedaquiline (BDQ). Resistance conferring mutations in treatment naïve MTB strains is likely to have implications for BDQ based new drug regimen that aim to shorten treatment duration. We therefore investigated the genetic basis of resistance to BDQ in MTB clinical isolates from BDQ naïve TB patients from Pakistan. In addition, mutations in genes associated with efflux pumps were investigated as an alternate mechanism of resistance.
Methods: Based on convenience sampling, we studied 48 MTB clinical isolates ...


Response Of Eltrombopag In Immune Thrombocytopenia And Acquired Idiopathic Aplastic Anemia: A Single-Center Experience, Abdul Muqtadir Abbasi, Mohammad Usman Shaikh, Natasha Bahadur Ali, Maria Khan, Salman Muhammad Soomar 2022 Aga Khan University

Response Of Eltrombopag In Immune Thrombocytopenia And Acquired Idiopathic Aplastic Anemia: A Single-Center Experience, Abdul Muqtadir Abbasi, Mohammad Usman Shaikh, Natasha Bahadur Ali, Maria Khan, Salman Muhammad Soomar

Section of Haematology/Oncology

Eltrombopag has been used in ITP and found its use in AA armamentarium recently. We retrospectively analyzed 61 patients at a tertiary care center in Pakistan from January 2015 to January 2021. They included patients with severe AA who were refractory to at least one course of immunosuppressive therapy and persistent/chronic ITP who have received at least one previous treatment for ITP. Responses to Eltrombopag in our population were comparable to real-world experiences while tolerable hepatotoxicity and GI issues were notable. We found Eltrombopag to be a safe and efficacious agent for treating patients with ITP and AA.


A Review Of Coronaviruses Associated With Kawasaki Disease: Possible Implications For Pathogenesis Of The Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated With Covid-19, Fatima Farrukh Shahbaz, Russell Seth Martins, Abdullah Umair, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Kauser Jabeen, M Rizwan Sohail, Erum Khan 2022 Aga Khan University

A Review Of Coronaviruses Associated With Kawasaki Disease: Possible Implications For Pathogenesis Of The Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated With Covid-19, Fatima Farrukh Shahbaz, Russell Seth Martins, Abdullah Umair, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Kauser Jabeen, M Rizwan Sohail, Erum Khan

Medical College Documents

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), representing a new entity in the spectrum of manifestations of COVID-19, bears symptomatic resemblance with Kawasaki Disease (KD). This review explores the possible associations between KD and the human coronaviruses and discusses the pathophysiological similarities between KD and MIS-C and proposes implications for the pathogenesis of MIS-C in COVID-19. Since 2005, when a case-control study demonstrated the association of a strain of human coronavirus with KD, several studies have provided evidence regarding the association of different strains of the human coronaviruses with KD. Thus, the emergence of the KD-like disease MIS-C in COVID-19 may ...


Noncoding-Rna-Based Therapeutics With An Emphasis On Prostatic Carcinoma-Progress And Challenges., Victor E. Nava, Pin-Yu Perera, Nirbhay Kumar, Maneesh Jain 2022 George Washington University

Noncoding-Rna-Based Therapeutics With An Emphasis On Prostatic Carcinoma-Progress And Challenges., Victor E. Nava, Pin-Yu Perera, Nirbhay Kumar, Maneesh Jain

Pathology Faculty Publications

Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) defy the central dogma by representing a family of RNA molecules that are not translated into protein but can convey information encoded in their DNA. Elucidating the exact function of ncRNA has been a focus of discovery in the last decade and remains challenging. Nevertheless, the importance of understanding ncRNA is apparent since these molecules regulate gene expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level exerting pleiotropic effects critical in development, oncogenesis, and immunity. NcRNAs have been referred to as "the dark matter of the nucleus", and unraveling their role in physiologic and pathologic processes will provide vast ...


Lymphoma With Tuberculous Granulomas, Jyoti Mohan Lal, Anila Rashid 2022 Aga Khan University

Lymphoma With Tuberculous Granulomas, Jyoti Mohan Lal, Anila Rashid

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Chronic granulomatous inflammation is a common finding in lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs), but it is important to exclude coexisting mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) especially in patients from areas of high endemicity. This case emphasizes the relevance of performing MTB culture on bone marrow exhibiting LPD and concomitant granulomas


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