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Stability Of Plasma Glucose In Whole Blood Samples Collected In Sodium Fluoride Tube Vs. Sodium Heparin Plasma Separator Tubes, Ryan C. Braunberger, Magen Martinez, David G. Grenache 2021 University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Department of Pathology

Stability Of Plasma Glucose In Whole Blood Samples Collected In Sodium Fluoride Tube Vs. Sodium Heparin Plasma Separator Tubes, Ryan C. Braunberger, Magen Martinez, David G. Grenache

Quality Improvement/Patient Safety Symposium

Background: The concentration of plasma glucose is influenced by preanalytical variables such as delayed processing of whole blood. Glucose concentrations decrease by 5-7% per hour in whole blood due to glycolysis. This preanalytical loss decreases the diagnostic sensitivity of glucose when used to diagnose diabetes mellitus or gestational diabetes mellitus. Sodium fluoride (NaF) is commonly used to inhibit glycolysis in samples collected during oral glucose tolerance tests, but is inadequate as it does not stop glycolysis for two or more hours. Guidelines recommend blood samples be immediately immersed in an ice slurry and analyzed within 30 minutes of collection, but ...


Real-Time Gastrointestinal Infection Surveillance Through A Cloud-Based Network Of Clinical Laboratories., Juliana M. Ruzante, Katherine Olin, Breda Munoz, Jeff Nawrocki, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Lindsay Meyers 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Real-Time Gastrointestinal Infection Surveillance Through A Cloud-Based Network Of Clinical Laboratories., Juliana M. Ruzante, Katherine Olin, Breda Munoz, Jeff Nawrocki, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Lindsay Meyers

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Acute gastrointestinal infection (AGI) represents a significant public health concern. To control and treat AGI, it is critical to quickly and accurately identify its causes. The use of novel multiplex molecular assays for pathogen detection and identification provides a unique opportunity to improve pathogen detection, and better understand risk factors and burden associated with AGI in the community. In this study, de-identified results from BioFire® FilmArray® Gastrointestinal (GI) Panel were obtained from January 01, 2016 to October 31, 2018 through BioFire® Syndromic Trends (Trend), a cloud database. Data was analyzed to describe the occurrence of pathogens causing AGI across United ...


Tb Incidence In Us And Puerto-Rico From 1993 To 2017, Bowranigan Tharmalingam, Amber Todd 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Tb Incidence In Us And Puerto-Rico From 1993 To 2017, Bowranigan Tharmalingam, Amber Todd

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The objective of this project is to test for possible correlation between the trend of Tuberculosis incidence rate in the US and the Tuberculosis incidence rate in PuertoRico from 1993 to 2017. Data from CDC Wonder-Online Tuberculosis InformationSystem and Pearson Correlation test were used to investigate the relationship. Analysis shows a positive association and a significant correlation between TB incidence rate between both region during the 26-year timeframe. This result has the potential for in-depth future research to identify the common variables and causes for the positive correlation.


Is Microscopic Colitis Associated With Increased Risk For Other Gastrointestinal Diseases?, Tanner Graves, Paul Koles 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Is Microscopic Colitis Associated With Increased Risk For Other Gastrointestinal Diseases?, Tanner Graves, Paul Koles

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Microscopic colitis is clinically suspected in patients with recurrent watery diarrhea and the absence of gross pathologic changes in the colon by endoscopic examination. The diagnosis is established only by microscopic evaluation of colonic biopsies. Microscopic colitis is currently classified into three subgroups: collagenous colitis (CC), lymphocytic colitis (LC), and combined CC and LC. The incidence rates are 4.14 per 100,000 person-years and 4.85 per 100,000 person-years for CC and LC, respectfully.

Diagnosis is typically made without measuring the exact thickness of the subepithelial collagen band or by counting the number of lymphocytes in the epithelium ...


Keap1 Is Required For Artesunate Anticancer Activity In Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Kristen S. Hill, Anthony McDowell Jr., J. Robert McCorkle, Erin Schuler, Sally R. Ellingson, Rina Plattner, Jill M. Kolesar 2021 University of Kentucky

Keap1 Is Required For Artesunate Anticancer Activity In Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer, Kristen S. Hill, Anthony Mcdowell Jr., J. Robert Mccorkle, Erin Schuler, Sally R. Ellingson, Rina Plattner, Jill M. Kolesar

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Artesunate is the most common treatment for malaria throughout the world. Artesunate has anticancer activity likely through the induction of reactive oxygen species, the same mechanism of action utilized in Plasmodium falciparum infections. Components of the kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) pathway, which regulates cellular response to oxidative stress, are mutated in approximately 30% of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC); therefore, we tested the hypothesis that KEAP1 is required for artesunate sensitivity in NSCLC. Dose response assays identified A549 cells, which have a G333C-inactivating mutation in KEAP1, as resistant to artesunate, with an IC50 ...


Novel Imaging Tools Reveal The Dynamics Of The Myocardial Growth Hormone Secretagogue Receptor In Heart Disease And Heart Failure, Rebecca Sullivan 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Novel Imaging Tools Reveal The Dynamics Of The Myocardial Growth Hormone Secretagogue Receptor In Heart Disease And Heart Failure, Rebecca Sullivan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Heart disease (HD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Currently, diagnosis is based on clinical features, imaging, and circulating cardiac biomarkers. Cardiac imaging technologies, such as echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI), enable the non-invasive detection of changes in heart function. Although these modalities can detect changes in structure and anatomy, it is usually at later stages, where prevention may not be possible. In conjunction with imaging, circulating biomarkers of heart failure (HF), notably B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac troponin I and T, can be detected with increased levels in the blood. These biomarkers are associated with ...


Role Of Ampk And Akt In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Lung Colonization, Jeremy Johnson, Zeta Chow, Eun Young Lee, Heidi L. Weiss, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou 2021 University of Kentucky

Role Of Ampk And Akt In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Lung Colonization, Jeremy Johnson, Zeta Chow, Eun Young Lee, Heidi L. Weiss, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive disease with a 5-y relative survival rate of 11% after distant metastasis. To survive the metastatic cascade, tumor cells remodel their signaling pathways by regulating energy production and upregulating survival pathways. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and Akt regulate energy homeostasis and survival, however, the individual or synergistic role of AMPK and Akt isoforms during lung colonization by TNBC cells is unknown. The purpose of this study was to establish whether targeting Akt, AMPKα or both Akt and AMPKα isoforms in circulating cancer cells can suppress TNBC lung colonization. Transient silencing of Akt1 ...


Association Between Obesity And Histological Tumor Budding In Patients With Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer, Tong Gan, Kurt B. Schaberg, Daheng He, Akila Mansour, Harit Kapoor, Chi Wang, B. Mark Evers, Therese J. Bocklage 2021 University of Kentucky

Association Between Obesity And Histological Tumor Budding In Patients With Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer, Tong Gan, Kurt B. Schaberg, Daheng He, Akila Mansour, Harit Kapoor, Chi Wang, B. Mark Evers, Therese J. Bocklage

Surgery Faculty Publications

Importance: Obesity is associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) and a more aggressive disease course. Tumor budding (TB) is an important prognostic factor for CRC, but its association with obesity is unknown.

Objective: To evaluate the association of TB with obesity and other prognostic factors in colon cancer.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study involved a histological review of colon cancer specimens obtained during 7 years (January 2008 to December 2015) at the University of Kentucky Medical Center; data analysis was conducted from February 2020 to January 2021. Specimens came from 200 patients with stage I to ...


Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran 2021 Aga Khan University

Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Novel Fusion Ktn1-Prkd1 In Cribriform Adenocarcinoma Of Salivary Glands Located In The Parotid Gland: Case Report Including Cytologic Findings, Treeva K. Jassim, T. Sheng, Shulin Zhang, Sainan Wei, Susanne M. Arnold, Alexandra E. Kejner, Therese J. Bocklage, Julie C. Dueber 2021 University of Kentucky

Novel Fusion Ktn1-Prkd1 In Cribriform Adenocarcinoma Of Salivary Glands Located In The Parotid Gland: Case Report Including Cytologic Findings, Treeva K. Jassim, T. Sheng, Shulin Zhang, Sainan Wei, Susanne M. Arnold, Alexandra E. Kejner, Therese J. Bocklage, Julie C. Dueber

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Background
Cribriform adenocarcinoma of salivary glands (CASG) is a rare, predominantly minor salivary gland tumor first described in 1999. Because the tumor shares morphologic and molecular features with polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC), in 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) included CASG within the spectrum of PAC. Almost 75% of CASG harbor molecular alterations in the PRKD (Protein kinase D) gene family, and some cases show ARID1A (AT-rich interaction domain 1A)-PRKD1 or DDX3X (DEAD-Box Helicase 3 X-Linked)-PRKD1 fusions.

Case presentation
A 39-year-old man presented with headache and painless right cheek mass of two years duration. Imaging showed a well-circumscribed, lobulated ...


Space-Occupying Brain Lesions, Trauma-Related Tau Astrogliopathy, And Artag: A Report Of Two Cases And A Literature Review, Adam D. Bachstetter, Filip G. Garrett, Gregory A. Jicha, Peter T. Nelson 2021 University of Kentucky

Space-Occupying Brain Lesions, Trauma-Related Tau Astrogliopathy, And Artag: A Report Of Two Cases And A Literature Review, Adam D. Bachstetter, Filip G. Garrett, Gregory A. Jicha, Peter T. Nelson

Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center Faculty Publications

Astrocytes with intracellular accumulations of misfolded phosphorylated tau protein have been observed in advanced-stage chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and in other neurodegenerative conditions. There is a growing awareness that astrocytic tau inclusions are also relatively common in the brains of persons over 70 years of age-affecting approximately one-third of autopsied individuals. The pathologic hallmarks of aging-related tau astrogliopathy (ARTAG) include phosphorylated tau protein within thorn-shaped astrocytes (TSA) in subpial, subependymal, perivascular, and white matter regions, whereas granular-fuzzy astrocytes are often seen in gray matter. CTE and ARTAG share molecular and histopathologic characteristics, suggesting that trauma-related mechanism(s) may predispose to ...


Lung Epithelial Cell Transcriptional Regulation As A Factor In Covid-19 Associated Coagulopathies, Ethan S. FitzGerald, Yongzhi Chen, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Amanda M. Jamieson 2021 Brown University

Lung Epithelial Cell Transcriptional Regulation As A Factor In Covid-19 Associated Coagulopathies, Ethan S. Fitzgerald, Yongzhi Chen, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Amanda M. Jamieson

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

SARS-CoV-2 has rapidly become a global pandemic. In addition to the acute pulmonary symptoms of COVID-19 (the disease associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection), pulmonary and distal coagulopathies have caused morbidity and mortality in many patients. Currently, the molecular pathogenesis underlying COVID-19 associated coagulopathies are unknown. Identifying the molecular basis of how SARS-CoV-2 drives coagulation is essential to mitigating short and long term thrombotic risks of sick and recovered COVID-19 patients. We aimed to perform coagulation focused transcriptome analysis of in vitro infected primary respiratory epithelial cells, patient derived bronchial alveolar lavage (BALF) cells, and circulating immune cells during SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our ...


Ovarian Seromucinous Tumors: Clinicopathological Features Of 10 Cases With A Detailed Review Of The Literature, Romana Idress, Nasir Ud Din, Sabeehuddin Siddique, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad 2021 Aga Khan University

Ovarian Seromucinous Tumors: Clinicopathological Features Of 10 Cases With A Detailed Review Of The Literature, Romana Idress, Nasir Ud Din, Sabeehuddin Siddique, Saira Fatima, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Zubair Ahmad

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The 2014 WHO Classification of ovarian neoplasms introduced a new entity of seromucinous tumors associated with endometriosis. These tumors encompassed a spectrum from benign to malignant and included seromucinous cystadenoma/ cystadenofibroma, seromucinous borderline tumor/atypical proliferative seromucinous tumor and seromucinous carcinoma. However, the 2020 WHO Classification of Female Genital Tumours removed seromucinous carcinomas as a distinct entity and recategorized them as Endometrioid carcinomas with mucinous differentiation. Here we describe clinico-morphologic features of seromucinous tumors recategorizing cases originally diagnosed as seromucinous carcinoma in light of 2020 WHO classification and present detailed review of literature.
Methods: Slides of seromucinous tumors were ...


Artificial Intelligence (Ai) In Medicine, Current Applications And Future Role With Special Emphasis On Its Potential And Promise In Pathology: Present And Future Impact, Obstacles Including Costs And Acceptance Among Pathologists, Practical And Philosophical Considerations. A Comprehensive Review, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Maha Zubair, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar 2021 Aga Khan University

Artificial Intelligence (Ai) In Medicine, Current Applications And Future Role With Special Emphasis On Its Potential And Promise In Pathology: Present And Future Impact, Obstacles Including Costs And Acceptance Among Pathologists, Practical And Philosophical Considerations. A Comprehensive Review, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Maha Zubair, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The role of Artificial intelligence (AI) which is defined as the ability of computers to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence is constantly expanding. Medicine was slow to embrace AI. However, the role of AI in medicine is rapidly expanding and promises to revolutionize patient care in the coming years. In addition, it has the ability to democratize high level medical care and make it accessible to all parts of the world.
Main text: Among specialties of medicine, some like radiology were relatively quick to adopt AI whereas others especially pathology (and surgical pathology in particular) are only ...


Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma: Clinicopathological Characteristics Of 8 Cases Of A Rare Vascular Tumor And Review Of Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Arsalan Ahmed, Nasir Ud Din 2021 Aga Khan University

Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma: Clinicopathological Characteristics Of 8 Cases Of A Rare Vascular Tumor And Review Of Literature, Qurratulain Chundriger, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Jamshid Abdul Ghafar, Arsalan Ahmed, Nasir Ud Din

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular tumor of intermediate malignant potential which shows locally aggressive growth but only rarely metastasizes. It is mostly considered to be a tumor of pediatric population but its occurrence in the adults is not uncommon as once considered. Histologically, KHE can mimic other soft tissue neoplasms of different behaviors (e.g. Kaposi Sarcoma, hemangioma) and establishing the correct diagnosis is important for appropriate treatment. Herein, we describe the clinicopathological features of 8 cases of KHE which will be helpful in making their diagnosis.
Methods: We reviewed pathology reports, microscopy glass slides and obtained ...


Integrative Network Analyses Of Transcriptomics Data Reveal Potential Drug Targets For Acute Radiation Syndrome, Robert Moore, Bhanwar Lal Puniya, Robert Powers, Chittibabu Guda, Kenneth W. Bayles, David B. Berkowitz, Tomáš Helikar 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Integrative Network Analyses Of Transcriptomics Data Reveal Potential Drug Targets For Acute Radiation Syndrome, Robert Moore, Bhanwar Lal Puniya, Robert Powers, Chittibabu Guda, Kenneth W. Bayles, David B. Berkowitz, Tomáš Helikar

Journal Articles: Pathology and Microbiology

Recent political unrest has highlighted the importance of understanding the short- and long-term effects of gamma-radiation exposure on human health and survivability. In this regard, effective treatment for acute radiation syndrome (ARS) is a necessity in cases of nuclear disasters. Here, we propose 20 therapeutic targets for ARS identified using a systematic approach that integrates gene coexpression networks obtained under radiation treatment in humans and mice, drug databases, disease-gene association, radiation-induced differential gene expression, and literature mining. By selecting gene targets with existing drugs, we identified potential candidates for drug repurposing. Eight of these genes (BRD4, NFKBIA, CDKN1A, TFPI, MMP9 ...


Chronic Voluntary Alcohol Drinking Causes Anxiety-Like Behavior, Thiamine Deficiency, And Brain Damage Of Female Crossed High Alcohol Preferring Mice, Hong Xu, Hui Li, Dexiang Liu, Wen Wen, Mei Xu, Jacqueline A. Frank, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Nicholas J. Grahame, Jia Luo 2021 University of Kentucky

Chronic Voluntary Alcohol Drinking Causes Anxiety-Like Behavior, Thiamine Deficiency, And Brain Damage Of Female Crossed High Alcohol Preferring Mice, Hong Xu, Hui Li, Dexiang Liu, Wen Wen, Mei Xu, Jacqueline A. Frank, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Nicholas J. Grahame, Jia Luo

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The central nervous system is vulnerable to chronic alcohol abuse, and alcohol dependence is a chronically relapsing disorder which causes a variety of physical and mental disorders. Appropriate animal models are important for investigating the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. The crossed High Alcohol Preferring mice prefer alcohol to water when given free access. In the present study, we used female cHAP mice as a model of chronic voluntary drinking to evaluate the effects of alcohol on neurobehavioral and neuropathological changes. The female cHAP mice had free-choice access to 10% ethanol and water, while control mice had access to water ...


Female Genital Tuberculosis In Pakistan - A Retrospective Review Of 10-Year Laboratory Data And Analysis Of 32 Cases, Tazeen Fatima, Rumina Hasan, Faisal Malik, Imran Ahmed, Linda Alice Bartlett, Michael G. Gravett, Sadia Shakoor 2021 Aga Khan University

Female Genital Tuberculosis In Pakistan - A Retrospective Review Of 10-Year Laboratory Data And Analysis Of 32 Cases, Tazeen Fatima, Rumina Hasan, Faisal Malik, Imran Ahmed, Linda Alice Bartlett, Michael G. Gravett, Sadia Shakoor

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is an underobserved clinical entity owing to diagnostic challenges stemming from difficulty of obtaining diagnostic specimens and paucibacillary nature of the disease. Yet, FGTB is a cause of infertility, pelvic pain, or menstrual irregularities in high-burden countries. To assess laboratory and microbiology diagnostic utilization for FGTB in Pakistan, we have collected data from 2007 to 2016 to inform the need for improved laboratory diagnostics. The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of FGTB as culture-confirmed extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) and to describe the characteristics of women with culture-confirmed FGTB in a nationwide laboratory ...


Historische-Kritische Beiträge Zur Pathologie Des Kindesalters Nach Altgriechischen Quellen, Traugott Kroner 2021 Livre de Lyon

Historische-Kritische Beiträge Zur Pathologie Des Kindesalters Nach Altgriechischen Quellen, Traugott Kroner

Health Sciences

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Serum Ferritin For Prediction Of Severity And Mortality In Covid-19- A Cross Sectional Study, Sibtain Ahmed, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Naveed Haroon Rashid, Maheen Mansoor, Lena Jafri 2021 Aga Khan University

Evaluation Of Serum Ferritin For Prediction Of Severity And Mortality In Covid-19- A Cross Sectional Study, Sibtain Ahmed, Zeeshan Ansar Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Naveed Haroon Rashid, Maheen Mansoor, Lena Jafri

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Ferritin even though widely recognized as a representative of total body iron stores, its prognostic utility is linked with COVID-19. This study was aimed at evaluation of the association of ferritin with severity in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), hospitalized patients and to test the hypothesis that it is an independent predictor of mortality.
Material and methods: This study was conducted at Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University (AKU), Karachi. Medical records of all in-patients including both genders, and all age groups with documented COVID-19 from 1st March to 10th August 2020 were reviewed ...


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