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Anesthesiology Commons

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Eras Protocol For Lower Extremity Orthopedic Procedures, Tyler McDonald, Joshua Vaughn 2021 SIUE

Eras Protocol For Lower Extremity Orthopedic Procedures, Tyler Mcdonald, Joshua Vaughn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

The demand for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) will continue to rise as life expectancy increases. Coupling increased age with the increased prevalence of both obesity and osteoarthritis, the need for total joint arthroplasties is likely to increase (Oseka & Pecka, 2018). The frequency of arthroplasty procedures and the associated recovery period lead to heavy economic demands felt by most healthcare systems (Stowers et al., 2016). To address this burden, enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have been implemented at institutions and are designed to improve patient outcomes while simultaneously limiting cost and reducing readmission rates after ...


A Case Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome In Cardiac Surgery: A Rare, Potentially Fatal Complication., Michelle Chen, K. Gage Parr 2021 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care

A Case Of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome In Cardiac Surgery: A Rare, Potentially Fatal Complication., Michelle Chen, K. Gage Parr

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Overcoming Communication Barriers: An Evaluation Of Communication Devices For Healthcare Providers Wearing Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (Paprs), Trevor Hebenstreit, Geoffrey Ho, Amy Tronnier, Everett Chu, Ivy Benjenk, Paul Dangerfield, Ryan Keneally, Timothy Liu, Marian Sherman 2021 GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Overcoming Communication Barriers: An Evaluation Of Communication Devices For Healthcare Providers Wearing Powered Air-Purifying Respirators (Paprs), Trevor Hebenstreit, Geoffrey Ho, Amy Tronnier, Everett Chu, Ivy Benjenk, Paul Dangerfield, Ryan Keneally, Timothy Liu, Marian Sherman

Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Faculty Posters and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Incidence And Risk Factors Of Delirium In Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Madiha Hashmi, Waqas Ahmed, Syed Amir Raza, Muhammad Faisal Khan, Bushra Salim 2021 Aga Khan University

Incidence And Risk Factors Of Delirium In Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Madiha Hashmi, Waqas Ahmed, Syed Amir Raza, Muhammad Faisal Khan, Bushra Salim

Department of Anaesthesia

Background: To evaluate the incidence and modifiable risk factors of delirium in surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of tertiary care hospital in a low-income and middle-income country.
Methods: We conducted a single cohort observational study in patients over 18 years of age who were admitted to the SICU for >24 hours in Aga Khan University Hospital from January to December 2016. Patients who had pre-existing cognitive dysfunction were excluded. Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist was used to assess delirium. Incidence of delirium was computed, and univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to observe the relationship between outcome and associated factors ...


Ionized Or Total Magnesium Levels, What Should We Measure In Critical Ill Patients?, Giuliana Scarpati, Daniela Baldassarre, Filomena Oliva, Gabriele Pascale, Ornella Piazza 2021 University of Salerno Medical School

Ionized Or Total Magnesium Levels, What Should We Measure In Critical Ill Patients?, Giuliana Scarpati, Daniela Baldassarre, Filomena Oliva, Gabriele Pascale, Ornella Piazza

Translational Medicine @ UniSa

Monitoring and measuring magnesium (Mg) values are essential to prevent the development of numerous complications in perioperative medicine and critically ill patients. Although previous studies suggest that measuring free ionized magnesium (iMg) is more useful for estimating Mg status, clinicians currently rely on measurement of total serum magnesium to determine if supplemental magnesium is needed. In this review, we analyzed the recent literature to decide whether it is better to measure ionized serum Mg or total serum Mg when assessing magnesium status, whether iMg predicts clinical outcome, and what are the difficulties in measuring serum iMg levels in intensive care ...


Evaluating Anesthetic Protocols For Non-Human Primate Functional Neuroimaging, Megha Verma 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluating Anesthetic Protocols For Non-Human Primate Functional Neuroimaging, Megha Verma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a non-invasive technique that can be used to measure a proxy of neural activity in vivo with high spatial specificity. One subject can be followed for a long period of time to assess changes in functional brain organization. However, fMRI is extremely sensitive to motion. The challenges of training non-human primates to reduce motion in an MRI scanner motivate the study of anesthesia which is commonly used to substitute for this training. In this thesis, I compare three different commonly used anesthetic protocols: isoflurane, propofol-fentanyl in combination, and fentanyl alone, to test which of ...


Identifying The Roadblocks To Successful Pediatric Imaging Without Sedation Or Anesthesia, Iman Soliman, Ammie M. White, MD, J. Christopher Edgar, PhD, Laura Cadge, CCLS, Margaret Hamel-Daymon, CRNP, Sandra Saade-Lemus, MD, Rochelle Bagatell, MD, Elizabeth T. Drum, MD, Lisa States, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Identifying The Roadblocks To Successful Pediatric Imaging Without Sedation Or Anesthesia, Iman Soliman, Ammie M. White, Md, J. Christopher Edgar, Phd, Laura Cadge, Ccls, Margaret Hamel-Daymon, Crnp, Sandra Saade-Lemus, Md, Rochelle Bagatell, Md, Elizabeth T. Drum, Md, Lisa States, Md

Phase 1

Background: Modern imaging modalities allow for assessment of a wide array of medical conditions. Because it is difficult for young children to remain still during lengthy imaging studies, there is a need for sedation and general anesthesia (GA). A growing literature, however, suggests that there may be deleterious neurocognitive effects of sedation/GA in young children. As such, it is in our patients’ best interest to critically evaluate the use of sedation/GA.

Objective: To identify the roadblocks to obtaining clinical pediatric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exams without sedation/GA.

Materials and Methods: Participants included 63 parents/guardians of 5- ...


A Multidisciplinary Approach To Triage Patients With Breast Disease During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Experience From A Tertiary Care Center In The Developing World, Abida K. Sattar, Hania Shahzad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Azmina Tajdin Valimohammad, Sadaf Khan, Yasmin Vellani, Romana Idrees, Nasir Ali, Imrana Masroor, Humera Saeed, Gulzar S. Lakhani, Nadia Ayoub, Atif Waqar, Muhammad Zia-Ul Islam, Salman Kirmani, Asad Latif, Syed Ather Enam 2021 Aga Khan University

A Multidisciplinary Approach To Triage Patients With Breast Disease During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Experience From A Tertiary Care Center In The Developing World, Abida K. Sattar, Hania Shahzad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Azmina Tajdin Valimohammad, Sadaf Khan, Yasmin Vellani, Romana Idrees, Nasir Ali, Imrana Masroor, Humera Saeed, Gulzar S. Lakhani, Nadia Ayoub, Atif Waqar, Muhammad Zia-Ul Islam, Salman Kirmani, Asad Latif, Syed Ather Enam

Section of General Surgery

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has created a need to prioritize care because of limitation of resources. Owing to the heterogeneity and high prevalence of breast cancers, the need to prioritize care in this vulnerable population is essential. While various medical societies have published recommendations to manage breast disease during the COVID-19 pandemic, most are focused on the Western world and do not necessarily address the challenges of a resource-limited setting.
Aim: In this article, we describe our institutional approach for prioritizing care for patients presenting with breast disease.
Methods and results: The breast disease management guidelines were developed and approved ...


Epidemiological Characteristics, Ventilator Management, And Clinical Outcome In Patients Receiving Invasive Ventilation In Intensive Care Units From 10 Asian Middle-Income Countries (Provent-Imic): An International, Multicenter, Prospective Study, Luigi Pisani, Anna Geke Algera, Ary Serpa Neto, Areef Ahsan, Abigail Beane, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Abul Faiz, Rashan Haniffa, Seyed MohammadReza Hashemian, Madiha Hashmi 2021 Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Epidemiological Characteristics, Ventilator Management, And Clinical Outcome In Patients Receiving Invasive Ventilation In Intensive Care Units From 10 Asian Middle-Income Countries (Provent-Imic): An International, Multicenter, Prospective Study, Luigi Pisani, Anna Geke Algera, Ary Serpa Neto, Areef Ahsan, Abigail Beane, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Abul Faiz, Rashan Haniffa, Seyed Mohammadreza Hashemian, Madiha Hashmi

Department of Anaesthesia

Epidemiology, ventilator management, and outcome in patients receiving invasive ventilation in intensive care units (ICUs) in middle-income countries are largely unknown. PRactice of VENTilation in Middle-income Countries is an international multicenter 4-week observational study of invasively ventilated adult patients in 54 ICUs from 10 Asian countries conducted in 2017/18. Study outcomes included major ventilator settings (including tidal volume [V T] and positive end-expiratory pressure [PEEP]); the proportion of patients at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to the lung injury prediction score (LIPS), or with ARDS; the incidence of pulmonary complications; and ICU mortality. In 1,315 ...


Frequency Of Immediate Neonatal Complications (Hypoglycemia And Neonatal Jaundice) In Late Preterm And Term Neonates, Muhammad Salman, Heeranand Rathore, Shabina Ariff, Rashid Ali, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Nasir 2021 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Immediate Neonatal Complications (Hypoglycemia And Neonatal Jaundice) In Late Preterm And Term Neonates, Muhammad Salman, Heeranand Rathore, Shabina Ariff, Rashid Ali, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Nasir

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Evidence suggests that neonates born at 34-36 weeks should not be considered full-term neonates, given the magnitude of morbidities they experience compared with term infants. Neonates born at 34 to 36 weeks are at increased risk for early illness such as hypoglycemia and hyperbilirubinemia compared to term infants.
Objective: This study's objective was to determine the frequency of immediate neonatal complications (hypoglycemia and neonatal jaundice) in late preterm and term neonates.
Subjects and methods: A serial descriptive case study was conducted at the private tertiary care hospital. Random samplings were taken, and the sample size was calculated on ...


A Holistic Systems Approach To Characterize The Impact Of Pre- And Post-Natal Oxycodone Exposure On Neurodevelopment And Behavior, Katherine E. Odegaard, Victoria L. Schaal, Alexander R. Clark, Sneh Koul, Jagadesan Sankarasubramanian, Zhiqiu Xia, Melissa Mellon, Mariano Uberti, Yutong Liu, Andrew Stothert, Matthew J. Van Hook, Han-Jun Wang, Chittibabu Guda, Steven J. Lisco, Gurudutt Pendyala, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

A Holistic Systems Approach To Characterize The Impact Of Pre- And Post-Natal Oxycodone Exposure On Neurodevelopment And Behavior, Katherine E. Odegaard, Victoria L. Schaal, Alexander R. Clark, Sneh Koul, Jagadesan Sankarasubramanian, Zhiqiu Xia, Melissa Mellon, Mariano Uberti, Yutong Liu, Andrew Stothert, Matthew J. Van Hook, Han-Jun Wang, Chittibabu Guda, Steven J. Lisco, Gurudutt Pendyala, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili

Journal Articles: Anesthesiology

Background: Increased risk of oxycodone (oxy) dependency during pregnancy has been associated with altered behaviors and cognitive deficits in exposed offspring. However, a significant knowledge gap remains regarding the effect of in utero and postnatal exposure on neurodevelopment and subsequent behavioral outcomes. Methods: Using a preclinical rodent model that mimics oxy exposure in utero (IUO) and postnatally (PNO), we employed an integrative holistic systems biology approach encompassing proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), electrophysiology, RNA-sequencing, and Von Frey pain testing to elucidate molecular and behavioral changes in the exposed offspring during early neurodevelopment as well as adulthood. Results: 1H-MRS ...


Cerrahi Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Tolga Önder, Serhat Doğan, Yusuf Aydın, Ferhat Çay, Aytül Hande Yardımcı, Nazan Çevik 2021 Istanbul Taksim Training and Research Hospital

Cerrahi Tıp Bilimleri Tanı Ve Tedavi, Tolga Önder, Serhat Doğan, Yusuf Aydın, Ferhat Çay, Aytül Hande Yardımcı, Nazan Çevik

Health Sciences

Cerrahinin tarihinin insanlık kadar eski olduğu bilinse de en net belge Antik Yunan Dönemi’nde yaşamış olan Hipokrat’ın yazdığı ‘On The Surgery’ yani ‘Cerrahide’ (MÖ 400) kitabıdır. Bu kitapta cerrahlar karşımıza uzman olarak çıkmakta ve cerrahların yapması gerekenler, asistanları, cerrahi el aletleri ve travmalara yaklaşımlara kadar pek çok konudan bahsedilmektedir


Anesthetic Considerations In A Patient With Lvad And Covid-19 Undergoing Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery, R. R. Sikachi, D. Anca 2021 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Anesthetic Considerations In A Patient With Lvad And Covid-19 Undergoing Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery, R. R. Sikachi, D. Anca

Journal Articles

© 2021 Increased survival with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) has led to a large number of patients with LVADs presenting for noncardiac surgeries (NCS). With studies showing that a trained noncardiac anesthesiologist can safely manage these patients when they present for NCS, it is vital that all anesthesiologists understand the LVAD physiology and its implications in various surgeries. This is even more relevant during the current pandemic in which these complex cardiopulmonary interactions may be even more challenging in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The authors describe a case of a patient with COVID-19 with an LVAD who needed ...


Enhancing The Efficiency Of Bag Mask Ventilation: New Method, Muhammad Irfan Ul Haq 2021 Aga Khan University

Enhancing The Efficiency Of Bag Mask Ventilation: New Method, Muhammad Irfan Ul Haq

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Telephone Preoperative Evaluations On Patient Medication Compliance On Day Of Surgery, Emmanuel Magsino, Michael Jung, Olga Suarez MD 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Influence Of Telephone Preoperative Evaluations On Patient Medication Compliance On Day Of Surgery, Emmanuel Magsino, Michael Jung, Olga Suarez Md

Graduate Research Posters

Patient compliance with medication instructions on day of surgery (DOS) is an important part of the preoperative assessment, as failure to comply with these may lead to serious perioperative consequences. Prior studies have shown that compliance increases with multimodal interventions. However due to the recent COVID-19 pandemic, many in-person visits transitioned to telephone visits and providers had to rely on patients to follow solely verbal instructions.

To determine medication compliance, this study compared the medication instructions provided by the VCU Preoperative Assessment Communication and Education Clinic, per chart review, with each patient’s own report of which medications they took ...


Water Pollution And Environmental Concerns In Anesthesiology, Marc Kostrubiak, Christine Vatovec, Lesley-Ann Dupigny-Giroux, Donna Rizzo, William Paganelli, Mitchell Tsai 2021 University of Vermont

Water Pollution And Environmental Concerns In Anesthesiology, Marc Kostrubiak, Christine Vatovec, Lesley-Ann Dupigny-Giroux, Donna Rizzo, William Paganelli, Mitchell Tsai

Larner College of Medicine Fourth Year Advanced Integration Teaching/Scholarly Projects

Medications administered by anesthesia health care providers and subsequently excreted into the water supply system have the potential to affect ecological systems. Presently, there is a lack of literature examining which medications or metabolites enter the waste stream. Further, assessments of their potential environmental impact are often unknown or simply not considered as an externality of medical practice. Recent work examining the practice of anesthesiology has explored the solid waste stream, and the global warming potential of anesthetic gases, however the potential aquatic impacts remain unexplored. To address the potential for waterborne pollution and environmental toxicity, we extracted the total ...


Using The Memorial Sloan Kettering Frailty Index To Identify Patients At High Risk For Postoperative Intensive Care Unit Admission, Specialized Advanced Care Unit Admission, And 30-Day Readmission, Timothy J. Donoghue 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Using The Memorial Sloan Kettering Frailty Index To Identify Patients At High Risk For Postoperative Intensive Care Unit Admission, Specialized Advanced Care Unit Admission, And 30-Day Readmission, Timothy J. Donoghue

Theses and Dissertations

Frailty is roughly defined as an accumulation of physiological, emotional, cognitive, and social deficits that impair a person’s response to stressful events. A frailty diagnosis has been associated with poor outcomes following surgical procedures. Cancer surgical patients aged 65 or older represent a vulnerable population susceptible to being frail and the potential associated complications that can accompany frailty. Measuring frailty is an objective risk assessment that identifies increased risk better than age or American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA-PS) score such that frailty can independently predict poor surgical outcomes.

Frailty is not specifically a result of having cancer ...


Opioid Free Anesthesia, Sarah Medina 2020 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Opioid Free Anesthesia, Sarah Medina

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Patients undergoing surgery are often given opioids intraoperatively. Administration of opioids is associated with untoward side effects that include nausea, respiratory depression, constipation, ileus, hyperalgesia, prolonged length of stay, and the potential for dependence (Garimella & Cellini, 2013). Emerging research on the topic of opioid-free anesthesia (OFA) is available and indicates several benefits of OFA, including reduction in postoperative pain, reduction in postoperative nausea and vomiting, reduction in postoperative shivering, and improved oxygen saturation levels (Mulier et al., 2018). This quality improvement project aimed to advance anesthesia providers' understanding of OFA by creating an OFA guideline and providing a learning session ...


Transversus Abdominis Plane Block As A Sole Anesthetic Technique For Open Appendectomy In Patient With Treacher Collins Syndrome: A Case Report, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Bushra Salim 2020 Aga Khan University

Transversus Abdominis Plane Block As A Sole Anesthetic Technique For Open Appendectomy In Patient With Treacher Collins Syndrome: A Case Report, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Bushra Salim

Department of Anaesthesia

Patients with Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) present serious challenges to anesthetist in securing of airway; upper airway obstruction and difficult tracheal intubation are considered complex entity in these patients. This case report describes the significance of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block as a sole anesthetic choice in appendectomy where airway management can be avoided. A 17-year-old boy, known case of TCS, presented with acute appendicitis underwent emergency laparotomy. Surgery was successfully performed by TAP block with dexmedetomidine infusion. Open appendectomy can be performed successfully in certain circumstances under TAP block with adjunctive use of dexmedetomidine infusion where airway handling is ...


A Case Of Carcinoid Heart Disease And Echocardiographic Findings, Brandon Alex, Jeffrey Songster, HelenMari L. Merritt, Rebecca A. Aron 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

A Case Of Carcinoid Heart Disease And Echocardiographic Findings, Brandon Alex, Jeffrey Songster, Helenmari L. Merritt, Rebecca A. Aron

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Abstract: Carcinoid heart disease occurs in approximately 50% of patients with carcinoid syndrome. Right heart involvement resulting in tricuspid regurgitation, tricuspid stenosis, pulmonic regurgitation and pulmonic stenosis is most common. We report a case of tricuspid heart disease resulting in tricuspid regurgitation, tricuspid stenosis, pulmonic regurgitation and pulmonic stenosis.


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