Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Plastic Surgery Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

94 Full-Text Articles 346 Authors 10,302 Downloads 25 Institutions

All Articles in Plastic Surgery

Faceted Search

94 full-text articles. Page 1 of 5.

First Profunda Artery Perforator Flap For Breast Reconstruction Performed At A Va Hospital, Kaitlynne Pak, Amanda Fang, Garrison Leach, Riley Dean, Sarah Crowley 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

First Profunda Artery Perforator Flap For Breast Reconstruction Performed At A Va Hospital, Kaitlynne Pak, Amanda Fang, Garrison Leach, Riley Dean, Sarah Crowley

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The profunda artery perforator (PAP) flap for breast reconstruction originated by Dr. Robert J. Allen in 2010 after multiple failed attempts at using muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominal muscle (MS-TRAM) flap and implants. This flap method was initially approached due to the patient’s request for an autologous tissue graft that did not sacrifice muscle. The PAP flap has grown significantly in popularity and usage in breast reconstruction and makes up to about 16% of autologous breast reconstruction, coming second to DIEP flaps (76%). This well-tolerated, muscle-sparing approach is ideal for patients without sufficient abdominal fat (low BMI or previous abdominal ...


Reconstructionof Congenital Arhinia With Stereolithography, Kelly Spiller, Kaitlynne Pak, Lucas M. Harrison, Spencer Anderson, Steven Schmidt, Salim Mancho 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Reconstructionof Congenital Arhinia With Stereolithography, Kelly Spiller, Kaitlynne Pak, Lucas M. Harrison, Spencer Anderson, Steven Schmidt, Salim Mancho

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Complete congenital arhinia is a rare defect of embryogenesis leading to the absence of the external nose and nasopharyngeal airway. In this study, we report our novel multi-staged reconstructive approach of congenital arhinia in addition to literature review. Reconstruction was achieved via several spaced operations. A nasal methyl methacrylate prosthesis was first created from a stereolithographic model for use as a temporary prosthesis and tissue expander. Lefort 1 osteotomy with cannulization was then utilized for midface advancement and nasopharyngeal airway formation. External nasal framework was constructed with bilateral conchal bowl cartilage and rib osteocartilagenous grafts. The patient was overall pleased ...


An Inside Look: Oculoplastics And “Droopy Eyelids”, Payton Boere 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

An Inside Look: Oculoplastics And “Droopy Eyelids”, Payton Boere

inSIGHT

In writing this article, I had the pleasure of speaking with Dr. Alison Watson, an oculoplastic attending surgeon at Wills Eye Hospital, all about this exciting and innovative specialty. During our discussion, she said that one of the things she loves most about this field is its diversity, including the range of procedures she gets to perform and patients she is able to treat. While there are procedures common to all oculoplastic surgeons, such as cosmetic and functional eyelid surgery to address both upper and lower eyelid malposition, reconstruction following periocular cancer resection, along with nasolacrimal surgery, Dr. Watson explained ...


Spare Parts Surgery For Oncologic Reconstruction To Preserve Local Advancement Flap For Decubitus Ulcer Reconstruction: A Case Report, Emily Zurbuchen, Nathan Foje, Sean Figy 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Spare Parts Surgery For Oncologic Reconstruction To Preserve Local Advancement Flap For Decubitus Ulcer Reconstruction: A Case Report, Emily Zurbuchen, Nathan Foje, Sean Figy

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

A 58-year-old male presented to our institution with synchronous large left thigh sarcoma and sacral decubitus ulcer requiring oncologic resection and reconstruction. Due to extensive tumor involvement, use of local flap for reconstruction was not feasible. Therefore, a spare parts free fillet flap from the disarticulated lower leg was utilized for reconstruction following oncologic resection. The benefits of this spare parts approach include no donor site morbidity, sufficient tissue padding for later use of prosthesis, and preservation of other flaps for future reconstruction of his sacral decubitus ulcer.


An Exploration Of Facial Skin Scarring, Its Impact And Contemporary Evaluation, Michael G. Brandt 2020 The University of Western Ontario

An Exploration Of Facial Skin Scarring, Its Impact And Contemporary Evaluation, Michael G. Brandt

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Facial skin cancer secondary to surgical treatment may be distressing due to the malignancy itself and from the consequences of its treatment. A visible postsurgical scar is an obvious reminder of the condition. This investigation sought to broaden our understanding of facial scarring and develop a novel tool for its objective evaluation. To this end, skin cancer as the most common etiology of facial scarring was reviewed. The scar scale literature was evaluated in the context of assessing scars through a biopsychosocial lens. Finally, the development of a novel scar scale was presented. Thirty-four individuals completed 13,056 ratings using ...


Gender-Specific Anatomical Distribution Of Internal Pudendal Artery Perforator: A Radiographic Study For Perineal Reconstruction, Regina Sonda, Andrea Monticelli, Erica Dalla Venezia, Chiara Giraudo, Giorgio Giatsidis, Franco Bassetto, Veronica Macchi, Cesare Tiengo 2020 Padova University Hospital

Gender-Specific Anatomical Distribution Of Internal Pudendal Artery Perforator: A Radiographic Study For Perineal Reconstruction, Regina Sonda, Andrea Monticelli, Erica Dalla Venezia, Chiara Giraudo, Giorgio Giatsidis, Franco Bassetto, Veronica Macchi, Cesare Tiengo

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Background: Cancer, trauma, infection, or radiation can cause perineal defects. Fasciocutaneous flaps based on perforator vessels (PV) from the internal pudendal artery (IPA) provide an ideal reconstructive option for moderate defects. We hypothesized that, due to gender differences in the pelvic-perineal region, the anatomical distribution of PV differs between genders.

Methods: Computed tomography angiographies from male and female patients without pelvic-perineal pathologies were retrospectively analyzed to study the vascular anatomy of the IPA. The number, size, type, and distribution of PV were recorded and compared between genders. Four anatomical regions were defined to describe the distribution of PV on each ...


Frailty Index Scores Are Stronger Predictors Of Complications In Free Flap Breast Reconstruction Than Bmi, Age, And Asa Class: A Retrospective Analysis On The Acs National Surgical Quality Improvement Program From 2010 - 2018, Alex Joo, Giorgio Giatsidis 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Frailty Index Scores Are Stronger Predictors Of Complications In Free Flap Breast Reconstruction Than Bmi, Age, And Asa Class: A Retrospective Analysis On The Acs National Surgical Quality Improvement Program From 2010 - 2018, Alex Joo, Giorgio Giatsidis

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

No abstract provided.


Progressive Lowering Of Transverse Mastectomy Scars Onto The Inframammary Fold: A Novel Technique To Simultaneously Improve Cosmesis While Performing Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction, Annalisa Lopez 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Progressive Lowering Of Transverse Mastectomy Scars Onto The Inframammary Fold: A Novel Technique To Simultaneously Improve Cosmesis While Performing Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction, Annalisa Lopez

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

The post-reconstruction appearance of mastectomy scars is a contributing factor that affects how patients perceive themselves after breast reconstruction.1 Patients that undergo a skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) may often have a periareolar incision which can leave an unappealing transverse scar. Regardless of whether reconstruction is performed in a delayed or immediate fashion, the transverse mastectomy scar itself commonly lies in the center of the breast near the reconstructed nipple-areolar complex, causing psychological trauma and continued patient dissatisfaction.2 This also may lead to post-reconstruction multiple mastectomy scar revisions. This research aims to describe a novel technique to reliably avoid the ...


Modification Of Current Techniques: Increasing Nipple Projection In Patients Receiving Nipple-Areolar Complex (Nac) Reconstruction, Annalisa Lopez, Aidee C. Nunez, Mauricio De La Garza 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Modification Of Current Techniques: Increasing Nipple Projection In Patients Receiving Nipple-Areolar Complex (Nac) Reconstruction, Annalisa Lopez, Aidee C. Nunez, Mauricio De La Garza

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in women aside from nonmelanoma skin cancer; 276,480 new cases of breast cancer are estimated to be diagnosed by the end of 2020.1 An estimated 76% of patients with stage III or IV breast cancer pursue mastectomy as part of their treatment.2 Recent breast reconstruction trends reveal an upsurge in the percentage of patients pursuing breast reconstruction following mastectomy recent studies reveal that 54-63% of women undergoing mastectomy decide to pursue breast reconstruction.3 Breast reconstruction is conventionally considered complete after the restoration of the Nipple-areolar complex (NAC), 71 ...


Complex Reconstruction After Extreme Fournier’S Gangrene; A Case Report, Serban Dumitrache, Leonida A. Goman, Raluca Dutu, Raluca Capatina, Carmen Giuglea, Dan M. Enescu 2020 DEPARTMENT OF PLASTIC SURGERY, ST. JOHN’S CLINICAL EMERGENCY HOSPITAL, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Complex Reconstruction After Extreme Fournier’S Gangrene; A Case Report, Serban Dumitrache, Leonida A. Goman, Raluca Dutu, Raluca Capatina, Carmen Giuglea, Dan M. Enescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

In this article we present a severe case of Fournier's gangrene (FG) that affected a 64-year-old male patient, with no other known comorbidities. FG is a type of necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal and genital regions, that affects mostly males in the 5th-7th decades, with mortality rates that reach 70%. The infection usually advances through the superficial fascial layers of the perineum and abdomen and affects the skin. In our case the infection also affected the spermatic fasciae and advanced in the abdominal and pelvic cavities, abdominal muscles, and surrounding soft tissues. Subsequent debridement left the patient with large ...


Clinical Features, Pathology, And Surgical Management Of Periocular Giant Basal Cell Carcinoma, Oxana Madalina Grosu, Vladimir Poroch, Natalia Velenciuc, Sorinel Lunca 2020 SAINT SPIRIDON EMERGENCY CLINICAL HOSPITAL, PLASTIC SURGERY AND RECONSTRUCTIVE MICROSURGERY CLINIC, IAȘI, ROMANIA

Clinical Features, Pathology, And Surgical Management Of Periocular Giant Basal Cell Carcinoma, Oxana Madalina Grosu, Vladimir Poroch, Natalia Velenciuc, Sorinel Lunca

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are malignant tumors which rarely metastasize, are slow-growing, and extensively locally destructive. BCCs more than 5 cm in diameter are defined as giant. Most often they arise as a result of neglect, as the patient avoids, delays, or refuses to see a doctor. The large tumor diameter and consequently of the post-excisional defect make these lesions difficult to treat surgically with respect to selecting the surgical reconstruction technique. Method. We studied a group of 9 patients, aged 60 to 85 years, diagnosed with giant basal cell carcinomas (GBCCs) with periocular location in which surgery was ...


Covid-19 Outbreak Impact On Plastic Surgery Residents From Romania, Cristina N. Marina, Daniela E. Gheoca-Mutu, Laura Răducu, Adelaida Avino, Lăcrămioara A. Brîndușe, Corina M. Stefan, Razvan V. Scaunasu, Cristian R. Jecan 2020 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, FACULTY OF GENERAL MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Covid-19 Outbreak Impact On Plastic Surgery Residents From Romania, Cristina N. Marina, Daniela E. Gheoca-Mutu, Laura Răducu, Adelaida Avino, Lăcrămioara A. Brîndușe, Corina M. Stefan, Razvan V. Scaunasu, Cristian R. Jecan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The COVID-19 outbreak triggered a global crisis with long-term effects on people’s daily lives. It has altered surgical practice and education and imposed major changes in healthcare systems and resources. In order to analyze the impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on Romanian Plastic Surgery residents, we carried out an anonymous questionnaire through Google forms. Survey items addressed aspects such as how the pandemic has affected their surgical practice, their exposure to the virus, and the protective measures that have been implemented to minimize risk. Among other results, our study found that nearly 1 in 5 respondents had contact ...


The Use Of Ndyag Laser Combined With Pulsed Light In The Treatment Of Rosacea, Valeriu Ardeleanu, Lavinia Alexandra Moroianu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Petrisor Banu, Florin Silviu Groseanu, Ioana Paunica, Ana Maria Dascalu, Alin Laurentiu Tatu 2020 OVIDIUS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA

The Use Of Ndyag Laser Combined With Pulsed Light In The Treatment Of Rosacea, Valeriu Ardeleanu, Lavinia Alexandra Moroianu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Petrisor Banu, Florin Silviu Groseanu, Ioana Paunica, Ana Maria Dascalu, Alin Laurentiu Tatu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a complex pathogenesis that mainly affects the central part of the face, with a global incidence of 5.46%. The present study was performed on a group of 68 patients with rosacea 1 and 2 subtypes, patients between 34-63 years old. The treatments were performed using a Cutera Xeo laser, using 2 types of probes: NdYag 1064nm for telangiectasias and LimeLight 520-1100nm for diffuse facial erythema, papules, and pustules, having an 10x30mm window. For patients with diffuse facial erythema, etc., the optimal number of sessions was between 3 and 6 with or ...


A Multi-Institutional Analysis Of Sternoclavicular Joint Coverage Following Osteomyelitis, Sammy Othman, Omar Elfanagely, Saïd C Azoury, Geoffrey M Kozak, Jessica Cunning, Arturo J Rios-Diaz, Prashanth Palvannan, Patrick J. Greaney, Matthew Jenkins, Doraid Jarrar, Stephen J Kovach, John P Fischer 2020 University of Pennsylvania

A Multi-Institutional Analysis Of Sternoclavicular Joint Coverage Following Osteomyelitis, Sammy Othman, Omar Elfanagely, Saïd C Azoury, Geoffrey M Kozak, Jessica Cunning, Arturo J Rios-Diaz, Prashanth Palvannan, Patrick J. Greaney, Matthew Jenkins, Doraid Jarrar, Stephen J Kovach, John P Fischer

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) osteomyelitis is a rare pathology requiring urgent intervention. Several operative approaches have been described with conflicting reports. Here, we present a multi-institutional study utilizing multiple surgical pathways for SCJ reconstruction.

METHODS: A multi-institutional retrospective cohort study was conducted to identify patients who underwent surgical repair for sternoclavicular osteomyelitis between 2008 and 2019. Patients were stratified according to reconstruction approach: single-stage reconstruction with advancement flap and delayed-reconstruction with flap following initial debridement. Demographics, operative approach, type of reconstruction, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed.

RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were identified. Mean patient age was 56.2±13.8 years ...


The Use Of Local Medial Plantar Artery Flap For Heel Reconstruction: A Systematic Review., Jude L Opoku-Agyeman, Amber Allen, Kayla Humenansky 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

The Use Of Local Medial Plantar Artery Flap For Heel Reconstruction: A Systematic Review., Jude L Opoku-Agyeman, Amber Allen, Kayla Humenansky

Plastic Surgery Resident Research

BACKGROUND: Soft tissue reconstruction of the heel represents a daunting challenge for reconstructive surgeons, given the weight-bearing role and anatomical properties of the glabrous skin on the plantar surface. For soft tissue defects in this area, the medial plantar artery (MPA) flap has been described as an optimal reconstructive option. Many studies have reported on the use of the medial plantar artery flap for soft tissue coverage of the heel. There currently exists no systematic review on the topic.

AIM: The aim of this article is to review the literature on the use of local medial plantar artery flap for ...


A Simple Technique For Intraoperative Scalp Skin Graft Depilation Using Dermabond®, Jude L Opoku-Agyeman, Kayla Humenansky, Brooke Burkey 2020 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

A Simple Technique For Intraoperative Scalp Skin Graft Depilation Using Dermabond®, Jude L Opoku-Agyeman, Kayla Humenansky, Brooke Burkey

Plastic Surgery Resident Research

Skin grafting is an essential aspect of burn and wound reconstruction. Split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) harvested from the scalp are used for wound and burn reconstruction. Skin grafts from the scalp bear hair and hair particles. Residual hair fragments and pieces of hair in the graft have been associated with many complications, including foreign body reaction similar to pseudofolliculitis and chronic inflammation that can lead to infections. It is important to remove the hair and the hair particles from the scalp graft before its application to the donor site. Traditionally, surgeons have employed some techniques including saline agitation and mechanical ...


Effect Of Botulinum Toxin Injection On Asymmetric Lower Face And Chin Deviation, Dongwook Kim, Ju-Hyun Park, Vittorio Favero, James Mah, Young-Soo Jung, Seong Taek Kim 2020 Yonsei University College of Dentistry

Effect Of Botulinum Toxin Injection On Asymmetric Lower Face And Chin Deviation, Dongwook Kim, Ju-Hyun Park, Vittorio Favero, James Mah, Young-Soo Jung, Seong Taek Kim

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in masseter muscle reduction depending on the amount of chin deviation. Exploring distinctive effects of BoNT relative to the characteristics of facial asymmetry will aid in planning and predicting treatment outcomes. Sixteen adult volunteers were classified into two groups according to the degree of menton deviation observed in posteroanterior cephalograms. Eight had a menton deviation of 3 mm or more and the other eight had less than 3 mm. A total of 25 Units of BoNT was injected into the unilateral masseter muscle of the prominent ...


Use Of Cephalic Vein For Venous Anastomosis In Head And Neck Reconstruction: A Case Series, Mohammad Fazlur Rahman, Muhammad Asif Ahsan, Safdar Ali Shaikh, Muhammad Ubaid Khan, Sami Ullah 2020 Aga Khan University

Use Of Cephalic Vein For Venous Anastomosis In Head And Neck Reconstruction: A Case Series, Mohammad Fazlur Rahman, Muhammad Asif Ahsan, Safdar Ali Shaikh, Muhammad Ubaid Khan, Sami Ullah

Department of Surgery

Purpose: To describe the use of the cephalic vein as a recipient vessel for venous outflow in head and neck reconstruction. The cephalic vein is used as a vessel in cases where there is a paucity of veins in the neck. This may be due to previous surgery, previous radiation therapy, or advanced cancer. The cephalic vein may also be used to salvage a failing free flap.
Methods: It is a retrospective review of 230 free flaps that had been used in head and neck reconstruction performed from July 2014 to July 2018 by a single surgeon.
Results: There were ...


Comparing Motion Outcomes In Salvage Procedures For Wrist Arthritis, Stacy Fan 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Comparing Motion Outcomes In Salvage Procedures For Wrist Arthritis, Stacy Fan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Scaphoidectomy and four corner fusion (4CF), and proximal row carpectomy (PRC) are salvage procedures that may be offered in advanced wrist arthritis. The optimal clinical treatment remains unclear. Biomechanical studies comparing outcomes of these procedures often only report uniplanar motion, rather than multiplanar motion which is more representative of functional wrist motion. Further, the impact of altering the relationship of the proximal and distal carpal rows in the coronal plane during 4CF has not been well-studied.

The purpose of this in-vitro biomechanical study was to quantify changes in wrist kinematics during wrist flexion-extension, radial-ulnar deviation, and circumduction in “anatomic 4CF ...


Laser Therapy In Superficial Morphea Lesions – Indications, Limitations And Therapeutic Alternatives, Alin Laurentiu Tatu, Diana Sabina Radaschin, Vlad Denis Constantin, Paunica Stana, Valeriu Ardeleanu 2020 ST. PARASCHEVA` INFECTIOUS DISEASES CLINICAL HOSPITAL GALATI, ROMANIA

Laser Therapy In Superficial Morphea Lesions – Indications, Limitations And Therapeutic Alternatives, Alin Laurentiu Tatu, Diana Sabina Radaschin, Vlad Denis Constantin, Paunica Stana, Valeriu Ardeleanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Morphea or localized scleroderma is an uncommon autoimmune and inflammatory disease which affects patients of any age. Even if morphea lesions present systemic symptoms as myalgias or arthritis, it is distinct from systemic sclerosis because it does not associate Raynaud’s phenomena or sclerodactyly, which are encountered in systemic scleroderma. The most common form of morphea in children is `en coup de sabre`, which can alter the local anatomy by deep tissue involvement. In contrast, the most frequent form that affects adults is represented by circumscribed morphea. The initial lesions present an inflammatory phase that manifests in the form of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress