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Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Foreign body ingestion is most commonly described in children, however this event can occur in adults as well. In Western countries, the most common cause of esophageal foreign bodies in adults is meat, while coins represent the most common object found in children. Symptoms of foreign body ingestion include sensation of a foreign body, chest pain, dysphagia, and vomiting. In 80% of cases, the foreign body is passed naturally. However, complications of retained esophageal foreign bodies can be life-threatening; therefore, emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) within 2-6 hours is recommended for ingestions of sharp objects, batteries, or those causing complete esophageal obstruction ...


Differential Role Of Mlkl In Alcohol-Associated And Non-Alcohol-Associated Fatty Liver Diseases In Mice And Humans, Tatsunori Miyata, Bruce A. Barton, Laura E. Nagy 2021 Kumamoto University Hospital

Differential Role Of Mlkl In Alcohol-Associated And Non-Alcohol-Associated Fatty Liver Diseases In Mice And Humans, Tatsunori Miyata, Bruce A. Barton, Laura E. Nagy

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Hepatocellular death contributes to progression of alcohol-associated (ALD-associated) and non-alcohol-associated (NAFL/NASH) liver diseases. However, receptor-interaction protein kinase 3 (RIP3), an intermediate in necroptotic cell death, contributes to injury in murine models of ALD but not NAFL/NASH. We show here that a differential role for mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL), the downstream effector of RIP3, in murine models of ALD versus NAFL/NASH and that RIP1-RIP3-MLKL can be used as biomarkers to distinguish alcohol-associated hepatitis (AH) from NASH. Phospho-MLKL was higher in livers of patients with NASH compared with AH or healthy controls (HCs). MLKL expression, phosphorylation, oligomerization, and ...


Elevated Liver Enzymes Portends A Higher Rate Of Complications And Death In Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Sars-Cov-2), Emily E. Currier, Mohamed Dabaja DO, Syed-Mohammed Jafri MD 2021 Wayne State University

Elevated Liver Enzymes Portends A Higher Rate Of Complications And Death In Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Sars-Cov-2), Emily E. Currier, Mohamed Dabaja Do, Syed-Mohammed Jafri Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), or COVID-19, has infected millions worldwide since its discovery in December 2019, but little is still known about the disease process. Preliminary research in China notes liver function test (LFTs) abnormalities are common in COVID-19 patients, suggesting decreased hepatic function, and that abnormalities in LFTs are related to complicated disease course and negative outcomes. However, there has been limited large-scale data assessing COVID-19’s association with liver dysfunction and negative outcomes.

Aim: The significance of this research is to investigate how COVID-19 affects the liver function and disease course in patients infected ...


A Younger Demographic Defines Hepatitis C Patient Profiles In The Recent Direct-Acting Antiviral Era, Ria Minawala, Paul H. Naylor PhD, Murray N. Ehrinpreis MD, Milton G. Mutchnik MD 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

A Younger Demographic Defines Hepatitis C Patient Profiles In The Recent Direct-Acting Antiviral Era, Ria Minawala, Paul H. Naylor Phd, Murray N. Ehrinpreis Md, Milton G. Mutchnik Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

A Younger Demographic Defines Hepatitis C Patient Profiles in the Recent Direct-Acting Antiviral Era

Authors: Minawala, Ria1; Naylor, Paul H.2; Ehrinpreis, Murray N.2; Mutchnick, Milton G.2

Institutions: 1. Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, United States. 2. Wayne State University School of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Detroit, MI, United States.

Background:

Highly effective and safe direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) against hepatitis C virus (HCV) combined with U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation to screen for HCV in individuals born between 1945 and 1965 (age cohort; 54-79 years of age in 2019) was expected to reduce ...


Modulation Of Immune Checkpoints By Chemotherapy In Human Colorectal Liver Metastases., Neda Jabbari, Heidi L Kenerson, Christopher Lausted, Xiaowei Yan, Changting Meng, Kevin M Sullivan, Priyanka Baloni, Dani E Bergey, Venu G Pillarisetty, Leroy Hood, Raymond S Yeung, Qiang Tian 2020 Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

Modulation Of Immune Checkpoints By Chemotherapy In Human Colorectal Liver Metastases., Neda Jabbari, Heidi L Kenerson, Christopher Lausted, Xiaowei Yan, Changting Meng, Kevin M Sullivan, Priyanka Baloni, Dani E Bergey, Venu G Pillarisetty, Leroy Hood, Raymond S Yeung, Qiang Tian

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer-related death, and incidence is rising in younger populations (younger than 50 years). Current chemotherapies can achieve response rates above 50%, but immunotherapies have limited value for patients with microsatellite-stable (MSS) cancers. The present study investigates the impact of chemotherapy on the tumor immune microenvironment. We treat human liver metastases slices with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plus either irinotecan or oxaliplatin, then perform single-cell transcriptome analyses. Results from eight cases reveal two cellular subtypes with divergent responses to chemotherapy. Susceptible tumors are characterized by a stemness signature, an activated interferon pathway, and suppression ...


Role Of Nutraceuticals In Covid-19 Mediated Liver Dysfunction, Mohammed Sikander, Shabnam Malik, Anyssa Rodriguez, Murali M. Yallapu, Acharan S. Narula, Sanjaya K. Satapathy, Vijian Dhevan, Subhash C. Chauhan, Meena Jaggi 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Role Of Nutraceuticals In Covid-19 Mediated Liver Dysfunction, Mohammed Sikander, Shabnam Malik, Anyssa Rodriguez, Murali M. Yallapu, Acharan S. Narula, Sanjaya K. Satapathy, Vijian Dhevan, Subhash C. Chauhan, Meena Jaggi

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

COVID-19 is known as one of the deadliest pandemics of the century. The rapid spread of this deadly virus at incredible speed has stunned the planet and poses a challenge to global scientific and medical communities. Patients with COVID-19 are at an increased risk of co-morbidities associated with liver dysfunction and injury. Moreover, hepatotoxicity induced by antiviral therapy is gaining importance and is an area of great concern. Currently, alternatives therapies are being sought to mitigate hepatic damage, and there has been growing interest in the research on bioactive phytochemical agents (nutraceuticals) due to their versatility in health benefits reported ...


Understanding The Significance Of Virtual Support During Global Pandemic In Young Adults Diagnosed With Hepatitis C, Veronika Arkhipova 2020 The University of San Francisco

Understanding The Significance Of Virtual Support During Global Pandemic In Young Adults Diagnosed With Hepatitis C, Veronika Arkhipova

Master's Projects and Capstones

Hepatitis C is a viral infection that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation. In recent years, the prevalence of hepatitis C infections among 20 and 30 years of age has increased by 300 percent, and between 30 and 39 years by 400 percent. Due to the global coronavirus pandemic, people diagnosed with Hepatitis C have lost access to mental health services and resources, including in-person meetings with support groups. Since most states enforced stay-at-home order, many community centers, non-profit organizations that work with Hepatitis C patients and the affected population provide limited to no access to support group meetings ...


Long Non-Coding Rna (Lncrna) As A New Biomarker For Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Hcc) Progression And Drug Resistance, Areeb Masood, Sanjaya Satapathy, Manish Tripathi 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Long Non-Coding Rna (Lncrna) As A New Biomarker For Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Hcc) Progression And Drug Resistance, Areeb Masood, Sanjaya Satapathy, Manish Tripathi

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignant liver tumor that commonly occurs as a progression of chronic liver inflammation due to long-standing viral hepatitis infection, toxins, metabolic conditions, and congenital disorders. In 2018, HCC was the 4th leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, accounting for approximately 780,000 deaths in total.

HCC’s prognosis is directly correlated with early detection. Unfortunately, HCC has an asymptomatic pattern of growth in the early stages of the disease which makes early detection challenging. When HCC progresses to advanced stages, it leaves clinicians with limited therapeutic and curative options, leading to high rates of ...


Barriers To Psychosocial Support And Quality Of Life For Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Survey Study, Rebecca Lawrence, MD, Cuckoo Choudhary, MD 2020 Sidney Kimmel College of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States

Barriers To Psychosocial Support And Quality Of Life For Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Survey Study, Rebecca Lawrence, Md, Cuckoo Choudhary, Md

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Psychological comorbidities are common among people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and are associated with worse disease outcomes. Evidence-based psychotherapy is an effective means to increase psychosocial support. This study aimed to identify the barriers to attending psychotherapy.

Methods: This electronic survey study included a demographic, quality of life, and barriers to psychotherapy questionnaire. Quality of life was assessed using the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ). Barriers were assessed using the Perceived Barriers to Psychological Treatments scale (PBPT). Linear regression was used to identify participant characteristics associated with higher PBPT scores.

Results: One hundred eighty-seven participants completed the ...


Hepatitis C Virus: Host, Environmental And Viral Factors Promoting Spontaneous Clearance, Sergiu Ioan Micu, Marilena Musat, Andrada Dumitru, Dan Nicolae Paduraru, Anca Rogoveanu, Anca Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Cristian Balalau, Roxana Emanuela Popoiag 2020 EMERGENCY HOSPITAL OF CONSTANTA, DEPARTMENT OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA

Hepatitis C Virus: Host, Environmental And Viral Factors Promoting Spontaneous Clearance, Sergiu Ioan Micu, Marilena Musat, Andrada Dumitru, Dan Nicolae Paduraru, Anca Rogoveanu, Anca Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Cristian Balalau, Roxana Emanuela Popoiag

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a pathogenic entity which determines inflammation and liver damage through complex immune mechanisms. Although progress has been made in managing the disease course, chronic infection still remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality to this day. Because both acute and chronic infection are often asymptomatic, chronic infection is frequently diagnosed when its complications have developed. In a small proportion of cases, the chronic infection does not develop, the immune system managing to cleanse the body from this silent pathogen in the absence of specific treatment, a process called spontaneous viral clearance, which occurs rarely ...


Ontogeny Related Changes In The Pediatric Liver Metabolome., Christopher M. Wilson, Qian Li, R Gaedigk, Chengpeng Bi, Saskia N. de Wildt, J Steven Leeder, Brooke L. Fridley 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Ontogeny Related Changes In The Pediatric Liver Metabolome., Christopher M. Wilson, Qian Li, R Gaedigk, Chengpeng Bi, Saskia N. De Wildt, J Steven Leeder, Brooke L. Fridley

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background: A major challenge in implementing personalized medicine in pediatrics is identifying appropriate drug dosages for children. The majority of drug dosing studies have been based on adult populations, often with modification of the dosing for children based on size and weight. However, the growth and development experienced by children between birth and adulthood represents a dynamically changing biological system, with implications for effective drug dosing, efficacy as well as potential drug toxicity. The purpose of this study was to apply a metabolomics approach to gain preliminary insights into the ontogeny of liver function from newborn to adolescent.

Methods: Metabolites ...


Reduced Neurog3 Gene Dosage Shifts Enteroendocrine Progenitor Toward Goblet Cell Lineage In The Mouse Intestine, Joyce H. Li, Subir Ray, Alper Kucukural, Gerard Gradwohl, Andrew B. Leiter 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Reduced Neurog3 Gene Dosage Shifts Enteroendocrine Progenitor Toward Goblet Cell Lineage In The Mouse Intestine, Joyce H. Li, Subir Ray, Alper Kucukural, Gerard Gradwohl, Andrew B. Leiter

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND and AIMS: Transient expression of Neurog3 commits intestinal secretory progenitors to become enteroendocrine-biased progenitors and hence drive enteroendocrine differentiation. Loss of Neurog3 in mouse resulted in the depletion of intestinal enteroendocrine cells (EECs) and an increase in goblet cells. Earlier studies in developing mouse pancreas showed Neurog3 gene dosage in endocrine and exocrine cell fate allocation. We aimed to determine whether Neurog3 gene dosage controls fate choice of enteroendocrine progenitors.

METHODS: We acquired mutant Neurog3 reporter mice carrying 2, 1, or null Neurog3 alleles to study Neurog3 gene dosage effect by lineage tracing. Cell types arising from Neurog3+ progenitors ...


Management And Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Immunotherapy: A Review Of Current And Future Options, Shima Ghavimi, Tehila Apfel, Hamed Azimi, Alana Persaud 2020 Marshall University

Management And Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Immunotherapy: A Review Of Current And Future Options, Shima Ghavimi, Tehila Apfel, Hamed Azimi, Alana Persaud

Internal Medicine

With mortality rates of liver cancer doubling in the last 20 years, this disease is on the rise and has become the fifth most common cancer in men and the seventh most common cancer in women. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents approximately 90% of all primary liver cancers and is a major global health concern. Patients with HCC can be managed curatively with surgical resection or with liver transplantation, if they are diagnosed at an early stage. Unfortunately, most patients with HCC present with advanced stages of the disease and have underlying liver dysfunction, which allows only 15% of patients to ...


Thinking Outside The Box In Liver Tox, Kimberly Brizell, Geoffrey L. Goldsberry 2020 HCA Healthcare

Thinking Outside The Box In Liver Tox, Kimberly Brizell, Geoffrey L. Goldsberry

West Florida Division Virtual Research Day

DILI is the most common cause of acute liver failure in the United States. However, it is important to consider that the agent at play may not be common to the United States. We aim to highlight the importance of using a "global mindset" when treating international and frequent traveling patients, but also demonstrate the severe hepatotoxic risks associated with Nimesulide.


Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Liver Disease Or Cirrhosis., Bibodh Jung Karki, Sravan K. Ponnekanti, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Nishita Tripathi, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold 2020 University of Louisville, Louisville

Outcomes Of Patients Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia With Liver Disease Or Cirrhosis., Bibodh Jung Karki, Sravan K. Ponnekanti, Vidyulata Salunkhe, Nishita Tripathi, Mahder A. Tella, Stephen P. Furmanek, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Liver disease and cirrhosis are common causes of mortality worldwide. Community-acquired pneumonia is recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. There is lack of data showing outcomes or prognosis in patients with liver dysfunction who develop CAP. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, incidence, and outcomes of hospitalized patients with CAP and liver disease.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the University of Louisville Pneumonia Study which was a prospective population-based cohort study of adults with community-acquired pneumonia. All patients were divided into three groups: 1)patients without ...


Alternative Splicing Of The Slco1b1 Gene: An Exploratory Analysis Of Isoform Diversity In Pediatric Liver., Bianca D. van Groen, Chengpeng Bi, Roger Gaedigk, Vincent S. Staggs, Dick Tibboel, Saskia N. de Wildt, J Steven Leeder 2020 Children's Mercy Hospitals

Alternative Splicing Of The Slco1b1 Gene: An Exploratory Analysis Of Isoform Diversity In Pediatric Liver., Bianca D. Van Groen, Chengpeng Bi, Roger Gaedigk, Vincent S. Staggs, Dick Tibboel, Saskia N. De Wildt, J Steven Leeder

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The hepatic influx transporter OATP1B1 (SLCO1B1) plays an important role in the disposition of endogenous substrates and drugs prescribed to children. Alternative splicing increases the diversity of protein products from > 90% of human genes and may be triggered by developmental signals. As concentrations of several endogenous OATP1B1 substrates change during growth and development, with this exploratory study we investigated age-dependent alternative splicing of SLCO1B1 mRNA in 97 postmortem livers (fetus-adolescents). Twenty-seven splice variants were detected; 10 were confirmed by additional bioinformatic analyses and verified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and selected for detailed analysis based on relative abundance, association with ...


Loss Of C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase 1 And 2 Function In Liver Epithelial Cells Triggers Biliary Hyperproliferation Resembling Cholangiocarcinoma, Francisco Javier Cubero, Mohamed Ramadan Mohamed, Marius M. Woitok, Gang Zhao, Maximilian Hatting, Yulia A. Nevzorova, Chaobo Chen, Johannes Haybaeck, Alain de Bruin, Matias A. Avila, Mark V. Boekschoten, Roger J. Davis, Christian Trautwein 2020 Complutense University of Madrid

Loss Of C-Jun N-Terminal Kinase 1 And 2 Function In Liver Epithelial Cells Triggers Biliary Hyperproliferation Resembling Cholangiocarcinoma, Francisco Javier Cubero, Mohamed Ramadan Mohamed, Marius M. Woitok, Gang Zhao, Maximilian Hatting, Yulia A. Nevzorova, Chaobo Chen, Johannes Haybaeck, Alain De Bruin, Matias A. Avila, Mark V. Boekschoten, Roger J. Davis, Christian Trautwein

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Targeted inhibition of the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) has shown therapeutic potential in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CCA)-related tumorigenesis. However, the cell-type-specific role and mechanisms triggered by JNK in liver parenchymal cells during CCA remain largely unknown. Here, we aimed to investigate the relevance of JNK1 and JNK2 function in hepatocytes in two different models of experimental carcinogenesis, the dethylnitrosamine (DEN) model and in nuclear factor kappa B essential modulator (NEMO)(hepatocyte-specific knockout (Deltahepa)) mice, focusing on liver damage, cell death, compensatory proliferation, fibrogenesis, and tumor development. Moreover, regulation of essential genes was assessed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, immunoblottings ...


An Investigation Of Acute Effects At Various Doses Of Malathion On Glucose Homeostasis And Insulin Resistance In Rat Liver, Pancreas And Serum, Murat Ekremoğlu, Çınar Severcan, Özge Tuğce Pasaoğlu, Bayram Şen, Hatice Pasaoğlu 2020 ALTINBAŞ UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY KARTALTEPE AV. İNCIRLI 34145 STR. BAKIRKÖY/İSTANBUL/ TURKEY

An Investigation Of Acute Effects At Various Doses Of Malathion On Glucose Homeostasis And Insulin Resistance In Rat Liver, Pancreas And Serum, Murat Ekremoğlu, Çınar Severcan, Özge Tuğce Pasaoğlu, Bayram Şen, Hatice Pasaoğlu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objective. This study investigates acute effects of various doses of Malathion on glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance in rat.

Methods. Rats were randomly divided into four groups of 6 animals each. Corn oil was given orally to Group 1. Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4 received malathion dissolved in corn oil via oral administration at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, respectively. 24 hours later the rats were sacrificed.

Results. Acute administration of Malathion led to a decrease in serum butryl cholinesterase (BChE) levels at all doses tested. It also caused a significant increase in serum ...


Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: Epidemiology, Genetics, Diagnosis, And Current Management., Eric Gochanour, Channa Jayasekera, Kris V Kowdley 2020 Liver Care Network and Organ Care Research Swedish Medical Center Seattle WA

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: Epidemiology, Genetics, Diagnosis, And Current Management., Eric Gochanour, Channa Jayasekera, Kris V Kowdley

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

http://aasldpubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/hub/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2046-2484/video/15-3-reading-gochanour a video presentation of this article http://aasldpubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/hub/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2046-2484/video/15-3-interview-kowdley an interview with the author.


Targeting Epigenetic Mechanisms To Alleviate Alcoholic Steatosis, Pranoti Mandrekar 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Targeting Epigenetic Mechanisms To Alleviate Alcoholic Steatosis, Pranoti Mandrekar

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) is a major health concern and recent studies have reported nearly 1 million alcohol-related deaths from 1999 to 2017 in the United States.1 ALD is a spectrum of conditions that ranges from early steatosis or fatty liver to inflammation or alcoholic steatohepatitis progressing to fibrosis and cirrhosis. Approximately 8%–20% of alcoholic steatohepatitis patients develop cirrhosis and, in some, alcoholic steatohepatitis can present in the form of acute-on-chronic liver failure, termed alcoholic hepatitis, owing to excessive drinking episodes. Corticosteroids are the first line of therapy for ALD, however, only marginal short-term survival benefit in patients ...


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