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Clostridium Perfringens Sepsis From A Hepatic Abscess With Hemolysis And Renal Failure, Requiring Hemodialysis, Joel Collins II, Katelyn Courtney, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Clostridium Perfringens Sepsis From A Hepatic Abscess With Hemolysis And Renal Failure, Requiring Hemodialysis, Joel Collins Ii, Katelyn Courtney, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The prognosis of sepsis caused by Clostridium perfringens is extremely poor, with a mortality rate of 70%-100%. Management includes antibiotic regimens specific to toxin production as well as source control via surgical or interventional mechanisms. We report a case of a 64-year-old male who presented with right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain and was diagnosed with Clostridium perfringens bacteremia with associated acalculous cholecystitis, hepatic abscess, and acute renal failure requiring hemodialysis. It is felt that early hemodialysis was an associated factor in the patient's survival.


Long-Term Open-Label Vebicorvir For Chronic Hbv Infection: Safety And Off-Treatment Responses, Man-Fung Yuen, Scott Fung, Xiaoli Ma, Tuan Nguyen, Tarek Hassanein, Hie-Won Hann, Magdy Elkhashab, Ronald Nahass, James Park, Ira Jacobson, Walid Ayoub, Steven-Huy Han, Edward Gane, Katie Zomorodi, Ran Yan, Julie Ma, Steven Knox, Luisa Stamm, Maurizio Bonacini, Frank Weilert, Alnoor Ramji, Michael Bennett, Natarajan Ravendhran, Sing Chan, Douglas Dieterich, Paul Yien Kwo, Eugene Schiff, Ho Bae, Jacob Lalezari, Kosh Agarwal, Mark Sulkowski 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Long-Term Open-Label Vebicorvir For Chronic Hbv Infection: Safety And Off-Treatment Responses, Man-Fung Yuen, Scott Fung, Xiaoli Ma, Tuan Nguyen, Tarek Hassanein, Hie-Won Hann, Magdy Elkhashab, Ronald Nahass, James Park, Ira Jacobson, Walid Ayoub, Steven-Huy Han, Edward Gane, Katie Zomorodi, Ran Yan, Julie Ma, Steven Knox, Luisa Stamm, Maurizio Bonacini, Frank Weilert, Alnoor Ramji, Michael Bennett, Natarajan Ravendhran, Sing Chan, Douglas Dieterich, Paul Yien Kwo, Eugene Schiff, Ho Bae, Jacob Lalezari, Kosh Agarwal, Mark Sulkowski

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The investigational first-generation core inhibitor vebicorvir (VBR) demonstrated safety and antiviral activity over 24 weeks in two phase IIa studies in patients with chronic HBV infection. In this long-term extension study, patients received open-label VBR with nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NrtIs).

METHODS: Patients in this study (NCT03780543) previously received VBR + NrtI or placebo + NrtI in parent studies 201 (NCT03576066) or 202 (NCT03577171). After receiving VBR + NrtI for ≥52 weeks, stopping criteria (based on the treatment history and hepatitis B e antigen status in the parent studies) were applied, and patients either discontinued both VBR …


Impact Of Genetic And Non-Genetic Factors On Phenotypic Diversity In Nbas-Associated Disease, Nicole Hammann, Dominic Lenz, Ivo Baric, Ellen Crushell, Carlo Dionisi Vici, Felix Distelmaier, Francois Feillet, Peter Freisinger, Maja Hempel, Anna L. Khoreva, Martin W. Laass, Yves Lacassie, Elke Lainka, Catherine Larson-Nath, Zhongdie Li, Patryk Lipiński, Eberhard Lurz, André Mégarbané, Susana Nobre, Giorgia Olivieri, Bianca Peters, Paolo Prontera, Lea D. Schlieben, Christine M. Seroogy, Cristina Sobacchi, Shigeru Suzuki, Christel Tran, Jerry Vockley 2024 Universität Heidelberg

Impact Of Genetic And Non-Genetic Factors On Phenotypic Diversity In Nbas-Associated Disease, Nicole Hammann, Dominic Lenz, Ivo Baric, Ellen Crushell, Carlo Dionisi Vici, Felix Distelmaier, Francois Feillet, Peter Freisinger, Maja Hempel, Anna L. Khoreva, Martin W. Laass, Yves Lacassie, Elke Lainka, Catherine Larson-Nath, Zhongdie Li, Patryk Lipiński, Eberhard Lurz, André Mégarbané, Susana Nobre, Giorgia Olivieri, Bianca Peters, Paolo Prontera, Lea D. Schlieben, Christine M. Seroogy, Cristina Sobacchi, Shigeru Suzuki, Christel Tran, Jerry Vockley

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Biallelic pathogenic variants in neuroblastoma-amplified sequence (NBAS) cause a pleiotropic multisystem disorder. Three clinical subgroups have been defined correlating with the localisation of pathogenic variants in the NBAS gene; variants affecting the C-terminal region of NBAS result in SOPH syndrome (short stature, optic atrophy, Pelger-Huët anomaly), variants affecting the Sec 39 domain are associated with infantile liver failure syndrome type 2 (ILFS2) and variants affecting the ß-propeller domain give rise to a combined phenotype. However, there is still unexplained phenotypic diversity across the three subgroups, challenging the current concept of genotype-phenotype correlations in NBAS-associated disease. Therefore, besides examining the genetic …


Autoimmune Hepatitis: An Unusual Presentation., Ahmed Ali Aziz, Muhammad Ali Aziz, Deep Mehta, Muhammad Humayoun Rashid 2024 Department of Internal Medicine, Capital Health Regional Medical Center, Trenton, New Jersey

Autoimmune Hepatitis: An Unusual Presentation., Ahmed Ali Aziz, Muhammad Ali Aziz, Deep Mehta, Muhammad Humayoun Rashid

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic inflammatory liver disease that occurs in a bimodal age distribution in the second and fifth-sixth decade of life. The disease is more prevalent in females and presents with variable clinical manifestations ranging from being asymptomatic to acute liver failure. AIH is often overlooked and not worked up in elderly patients who present with liver failure. This can lead to increased morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. AIH should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients who present with elevated transaminases regardless of age or gender as early recognition and treatment leads to improved …


Exosome Shedding Is Concordant With Objective Treatment Response Rate And Stratifies Time To Progression In Treatment Naïve, Non-Resectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Kelley G. Núñez, Dorota Wyczechowska, Mina Hibino, Tyler Sandow, Juan Gimenez, Ali R. Koksal, Yucel Aydin, Srikanta Dash, Ari J. Cohen, Paul T. Thevenot 2023 Ochsner Health

Exosome Shedding Is Concordant With Objective Treatment Response Rate And Stratifies Time To Progression In Treatment Naïve, Non-Resectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Kelley G. Núñez, Dorota Wyczechowska, Mina Hibino, Tyler Sandow, Juan Gimenez, Ali R. Koksal, Yucel Aydin, Srikanta Dash, Ari J. Cohen, Paul T. Thevenot

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Translational strategies to characterize and monitor extracellular vesicles such as exosome (EX) shedding and the clinical impact of this data within hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. In this study, EX shedding was assessed in early-stage HCC and evaluated as a stratification factor for time to progression (TTP) following first-cycle liver-directed therapy (LDT). Plasma EXs were isolated from HCC patients undergoing LDT using ultracentrifugation. Purified EXs were stained using markers CD9 and CD63 and quantified using an ImageStreamX flow cytometer. Circulating EXs expressing CD9 were isolated at 10-fold higher levels compared to CD63. The intensity of CD9+ EX shedding following LDT …


A Case Report And A Review Of Pediatric Hepatoblastoma, Anthony D. DeRenzi, Audrey Bowen 2023 HCA Florida North Florida Hospital

A Case Report And A Review Of Pediatric Hepatoblastoma, Anthony D. Derenzi, Audrey Bowen

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Hepatoblastoma is a rare pediatric cancer. Approximately 100 cases of hepatoblastoma are reported per year. Due to the limited incidence of this disorder an internationally agreed- upon criteria was developed to classify patients as standard or high-risk. Studies involving chemotherapeutic agents, surgery, and liver transplants have been demonstrated to improve the disease-free survival rate. The combination of chemotherapeutic agents and surgery demonstrated the ability of these regimens to downgrade the initial diagnostic staging of tumors and transform previously unresectable tumors into resectable tumors.

Case Presentation

The following case of hepatoblastoma presents a 4-year-old male who presented to the emergency …


Hepatic Chylothorax, A Rare Finding In A Patient With Subacute Hepatic Hydrothorax, Oscar Rodrigo Zamudio Herrera, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Fatimah Bello 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Hepatic Chylothorax, A Rare Finding In A Patient With Subacute Hepatic Hydrothorax, Oscar Rodrigo Zamudio Herrera, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Fatimah Bello

Research Colloquium

Background: The presence of chyle in the pleural space is termed chylothorax. Etiologies include traumatic (iatrogenic, blunt, or penetrating injury) and non-traumatic (non-malignant and malignant). Liver cirrhosis is a rare cause of non-traumatic, nonmalignant chylothorax. We describe a case of a transudative chylothorax in a patient with cirrhosis and hepatic hydrothorax.

Case presentation: A 72-year-old woman presents with complaints of shortness of breath for 7 days, altered mental status, and abdominal distention. Patient has past medical history of diabetes, hypertension, and liver cirrhosis. On arrival, vital signs demonstrated T 96.2 F°, HR 75, RR 16, BP 143/68, and SO2 97%. …


Fat Distribution And Differential Effects On Metabolic Liver Fat Infiltration In Young Mexicans In Reynosa, Mexico: A Collaborative Study Across The U.S.-Mexico Border, Esperanza Milagros Garcia-Oropesa, Adriana Leticia Perales-Torres, Estrella Martinez-Lopez, Claudia Munguia-Cisneros, Edna Nava-Gonzalez, Monserrat Perez-Navarro, Marisol Rosas-Diaz, Neyla Baltazar, Alvaro Diaz-Badillo, Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Joselin Hernandez-Ruiz, Srinivas Mummidi, Laura Yanneth Ramirez-Quintanilla, Carlos Ramirez-Pfeiffer, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga 2023 Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas

Fat Distribution And Differential Effects On Metabolic Liver Fat Infiltration In Young Mexicans In Reynosa, Mexico: A Collaborative Study Across The U.S.-Mexico Border, Esperanza Milagros Garcia-Oropesa, Adriana Leticia Perales-Torres, Estrella Martinez-Lopez, Claudia Munguia-Cisneros, Edna Nava-Gonzalez, Monserrat Perez-Navarro, Marisol Rosas-Diaz, Neyla Baltazar, Alvaro Diaz-Badillo, Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Joselin Hernandez-Ruiz, Srinivas Mummidi, Laura Yanneth Ramirez-Quintanilla, Carlos Ramirez-Pfeiffer, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga

Research Symposium

Introduction: Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a descriptive term for NAFLD (Non-alcoholic) physiopathology associated with obesity. The age of onset linked to body fat distribution is poorly studied. Therefore, we aimed to assess the body fat effect on liver fat infiltration and stiffness (LSt) mediated by insulin resistance (IR).

Methods: After obtaining informed consent, five hundred freshmen from two universities in Reynosa, Mexico (UMAN & UAT) were enrolled in the study. They completed a questionnaire focused on familial cardiometabolic risk and provided anthropometric measurements. In a subset of N=200, we obtained blood samples for biochemical measurements, body fat percentage …


Hepatopulmonary Syndrome In A 22 Year Old Gentleman With Liver Cirrhosis, Blesset Alexander, Joseph Caporusso, Priyasha Suri 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Hepatopulmonary Syndrome In A 22 Year Old Gentleman With Liver Cirrhosis, Blesset Alexander, Joseph Caporusso, Priyasha Suri

Research Symposium

Background: Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a severe complication of end-stage liver disease characterized by triad of liver disease, intrapulmonary vascular dilatation, and arterial hypoxemia. Although the pathogenesis is not completely understood, pulmonary vascular dilatation occurs due to imbalance between vasodilators and vasoconstrictors. Liver injury is thought to increase endothelin production and cause bacterial translocation, causing increased nitric oxide production, causing vasodilation of pulmonary vasculature. History and physical examination are important in leading the physician to the correct diagnosis as the majority of these patients present with non-specific clinical manifestations and imaging. Identification of specific physical exam findings is important in not …


Prevalence Of Post-Liver Transplant Complications And Nash-Related Cirrhosis In Postmenopausal Women, Natalia Salinas Parra, Michelle Schafer, Heather M. Ross, John Bruckbauer, Brian Yan, Sarah L. Chen, Adnan Khan DO, Danielle M. Tholey, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Prevalence Of Post-Liver Transplant Complications And Nash-Related Cirrhosis In Postmenopausal Women, Natalia Salinas Parra, Michelle Schafer, Heather M. Ross, John Bruckbauer, Brian Yan, Sarah L. Chen, Adnan Khan Do, Danielle M. Tholey, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Compared to premenopausal women, postmenopausal women are at greater risk of developing NAFLD and NASH, two common indications for liver transplantation (LT). We aim to determine the prevalence of NASH-related cirrhosis in postmenopausal women from a cohort of LT patients and investigate their post-LT complications.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chart review of 1200 LT patients from 2002-2020 was performed. Postmenopausal women were defined as women over 51 and compared to a control group of men over 51. Prevalence of LT indications was determined. Subgroup analysis assessed cardiovascular disease risk. BMI and ASCVD risk scores were calculated at the …


Hepatotoxicidade Dos Pesticidas Usados Em Viticulturas Da Região Sul Do Brasil, francielle lopes dos Reis, Sheila de Castro Cardoso Toniasso, Maria Carlota Borba Brum, Camila Pereira Baldin, Robson Martins Pereira, Patrícia Gabriela Riedel, Raquel Boff Costa, Nelson David Suarez Uribe, Eduardo Nathan Maraschin Klein, Vitória Calvi Sampaio, Debora Silva Costa, Juliana Dall Agnol, Juliana Castelo Branco Leitune, Dvora Joveleviths 2023 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil

Hepatotoxicidade Dos Pesticidas Usados Em Viticulturas Da Região Sul Do Brasil, Francielle Lopes Dos Reis, Sheila De Castro Cardoso Toniasso, Maria Carlota Borba Brum, Camila Pereira Baldin, Robson Martins Pereira, Patrícia Gabriela Riedel, Raquel Boff Costa, Nelson David Suarez Uribe, Eduardo Nathan Maraschin Klein, Vitória Calvi Sampaio, Debora Silva Costa, Juliana Dall Agnol, Juliana Castelo Branco Leitune, Dvora Joveleviths

AMNET XX Conferencia Internacional

Introdução: O consumo de agrotóxicos, vem crescendo de maneira exponencial. Os Etilenobisditiocarbamatos (EBDCs), tendo como representante o Mancozebe que são fungicidas utilizados, na Serra Gaúcha, no cultivo de videiras.

Objetivo: Avaliar a hepatotoxicidade de pesticidas do grupo dos EBDCs em trabalhadores expostos em viticulturas e não expostos em culturas orgânicas.

Métodos: Estudo transversal comparativo com avaliação de 50 trabalhadores expostos e 48 não expostos a EBDCs com entrevista e questionário, coleta de sangue e urina. Avaliação de hepatotoxicidade (exame bioquímico), genotoxicidade (dano DNA), acetilcolinestarase e indicador biológico de exposição (etilenotiouréia urinária - IBE). Vinculado ao projeto CAAE 11627319500005327.

Resultados: No …


Avaliação Dos Fatores Relacionados À Hepatotoxicidade, Em Pacientes Internados Com Alteração Das Enzimas Hepáticas, Sob A Ótica Da Farmacovigilância, Francielle Lopes dos Reis, Raquel Boff da Costa, Vittoria Calvi Sampaio, Sheila de Castro Cardoso Toniasso, Patrícia Gabriela Riedel, Dvora Joveleviths 2023 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil

Avaliação Dos Fatores Relacionados À Hepatotoxicidade, Em Pacientes Internados Com Alteração Das Enzimas Hepáticas, Sob A Ótica Da Farmacovigilância, Francielle Lopes Dos Reis, Raquel Boff Da Costa, Vittoria Calvi Sampaio, Sheila De Castro Cardoso Toniasso, Patrícia Gabriela Riedel, Dvora Joveleviths

AMNET XX Conferencia Internacional

Introdução: A lesão hepática induzida por medicamentos (DILI) é uma reação adversa rara, relacionada à hepatotoxicidade. A notificação pós comercialização ocorre pelo sistema de farmacovigilância, que adota algoritmos de causalidade como Naranjo e Rucam. Objetivo: Compreender a relação de transaminases (ALT) > 5 vezes o limite da normalidade (>5xLSN) com EA associados a DILI e verificar a frequência de relatos ao sistema de farmacovigilância do hospital e do VIGIMED para propor estudo de farmacovigilância ativa (aprovado pelo CEP). Método: Coorte retrospectiva, obtida de prontuários médicos de pacientes internados em 2018 que apresentaram alteração de ALT > 5xLSN. Resultado: Em 2018 encontramos …


Randomized Intervention And Outpatient Follow-Up Lowers 30-D Readmissions For Patients With Hepatic Encephalopathy, Decompensated Cirrhosis, Antoinette Pusateri, Kevin Litzenberg, Claire Griffiths, Caitlin Hayes, Bipul Gnyawali, Michelle Manious, Sean G Kelly, Lanla F Conteh, Sajid Jalil, Haikady N Nagaraja, Khalid Mumtaz 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Randomized Intervention And Outpatient Follow-Up Lowers 30-D Readmissions For Patients With Hepatic Encephalopathy, Decompensated Cirrhosis, Antoinette Pusateri, Kevin Litzenberg, Claire Griffiths, Caitlin Hayes, Bipul Gnyawali, Michelle Manious, Sean G Kelly, Lanla F Conteh, Sajid Jalil, Haikady N Nagaraja, Khalid Mumtaz

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: We previously reported national 30-d readmission rates of 27% in patients with decompensated cirrhosis (DC).

AIM: To study prospective interventions to reduce early readmissions in DC at our tertiary center.

METHODS: Adults with DC admitted July 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled and randomized into the intervention (INT) or standard of care (SOC) arms. Weekly phone calls for a month were completed. In the INT arm, case managers ensured outpatient follow-up, paracentesis, and medication compliance. Thirty-day readmission rates and reasons were compared.

RESULTS: Calculated sample size was not achieved due to coronavirus disease 2019; 240 patients were randomized into …


Tumor Biology And Immune Infiltration Define Primary Liver Cancer Subsets Linked To Overall Survival After Immunotherapy, Anuradha Budhu, Erica C Pehrsson, Aiwu He, Lipika Goyal, Robin Kate Kelley, Hien Dang, Changqing Xie, Cecilia Monge, Mayank Tandon, Lichun Ma, Mahler Revsine, Laura Kuhlman, Karen Zhang, Islam Baiev, Ryan Lamm, Keyur Patel, David E Kleiner, Stephen M Hewitt, Bao Tran, Jyoti Shetty, Xiaolin Wu, Yongmei Zhao, Tsai-Wei Shen, Sulbha Choudhari, Yuliya Kriga, Kris Ylaya, Andrew C Warner, Elijah F Edmondson, Marshonna Forgues, Tim F Greten, Xin Wei Wang 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Tumor Biology And Immune Infiltration Define Primary Liver Cancer Subsets Linked To Overall Survival After Immunotherapy, Anuradha Budhu, Erica C Pehrsson, Aiwu He, Lipika Goyal, Robin Kate Kelley, Hien Dang, Changqing Xie, Cecilia Monge, Mayank Tandon, Lichun Ma, Mahler Revsine, Laura Kuhlman, Karen Zhang, Islam Baiev, Ryan Lamm, Keyur Patel, David E Kleiner, Stephen M Hewitt, Bao Tran, Jyoti Shetty, Xiaolin Wu, Yongmei Zhao, Tsai-Wei Shen, Sulbha Choudhari, Yuliya Kriga, Kris Ylaya, Andrew C Warner, Elijah F Edmondson, Marshonna Forgues, Tim F Greten, Xin Wei Wang

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Primary liver cancer is a rising cause of cancer deaths in the US. Although immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors induces a potent response in a subset of patients, response rates vary among individuals. Predicting which patients will respond to immune checkpoint inhibitors is of great interest in the field. In a retrospective arm of the National Cancer Institute Cancers of the Liver: Accelerating Research of Immunotherapy by a Transdisciplinary Network (NCI-CLARITY) study, we use archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples to profile the transcriptome and genomic alterations among 86 hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma patients prior to and following immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment. …


Safety And Indications For Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography In Liver Transplant Patients: An Analysis Of The United States’ National Inpatient Sample Database, Zahid Ijaz Tarar, Umer Farooq, Mustafa Gandhi, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Saad Saleem, Faisal Kamal 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Safety And Indications For Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography In Liver Transplant Patients: An Analysis Of The United States’ National Inpatient Sample Database, Zahid Ijaz Tarar, Umer Farooq, Mustafa Gandhi, Muhammad Usman Zafar, Saad Saleem, Faisal Kamal

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is performed to treat biliary complications after a liver transplantation; however, the previously available literature on the safety of ERCP in liver transplant patients is limited. We aimed to study the safety of ERCP in liver transplant patients.

METHODS: We used a National Inpatient Sample database from 2016-2019 to identify patients who underwent ERCP and had a history of a liver transplantation, using the international classification of diseases, 10

RESULTS: Liver transplant patients who underwent ERCP had a higher rate of post-ERCP pancreatitis and bleeding compared to the general adult population (11.39% vs. 9.19%, 0.83% …


Liver Cirrhosis, Hydroureter And Splenomegaly In A Cadaver : A Case Study, Steven Li, Manuel S. Linarte, Teighlor N. Livingston, Nahimie K. Louissaint, Tyanna N. McCladdie, Nishi Patel, Shiv Dhiman, Savita Arya 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Liver Cirrhosis, Hydroureter And Splenomegaly In A Cadaver : A Case Study, Steven Li, Manuel S. Linarte, Teighlor N. Livingston, Nahimie K. Louissaint, Tyanna N. Mccladdie, Nishi Patel, Shiv Dhiman, Savita Arya

Research Day

Background: Liver cirrhosis is among the most common causes of death in the United States. Cirrhosis can result from alcoholic liver disease, hepatitis, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Advanced cases of liver cirrhosis may result in complications such as portal hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly, varices, and many others.

Case Presentation: This report describes a case of extensive liver cirrhosis found during the cadaveric dissection of a 71-year-old male. Observation revealed a slightly enlarged, cirrhotic liver with recanalization of the umbilical vein (of the round ligament). The patient also had significant splenomegaly, indicative of portal hypertension, and dilation of the left ureter. In …


Interleukin-33 Facilitates Liver Regeneration Through Serotonin-Involved Gut-Liver Axis, Yankai Wen, Christoph Emontzpohl, Long Xu, Constance L Atkins, Jong-Min Jeong, Yang Yang, Kangho Kim, Chuan Wu, Shizuo Akira, Cynthia Ju 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Interleukin-33 Facilitates Liver Regeneration Through Serotonin-Involved Gut-Liver Axis, Yankai Wen, Christoph Emontzpohl, Long Xu, Constance L Atkins, Jong-Min Jeong, Yang Yang, Kangho Kim, Chuan Wu, Shizuo Akira, Cynthia Ju

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Insufficient liver regeneration causes post-hepatectomy liver failure and small-for-size syndrome. Identifying therapeutic targets to enhance hepatic regenerative capacity remains urgent. Recently, increased IL-33 was observed in patients undergoing liver resection and in mice after partial hepatectomy (PHx). The present study aims to investigate the role of IL-33 in liver regeneration after PHx and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms.

APPROACH AND RESULTS: We performed PHx in IL-33 -/- , suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) -/- , and wild-type control mice, and found deficiency of IL-33 or its receptor ST2 delayed liver regeneration. The insufficient liver regeneration could be …


Acute Lithiasis Cholecystitis; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Treatment In The Elderly, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Socea, Petrisor Banu, Vlad Dumitru Baleanu, Dragos Epistatu, Ioana Paunica, Vlad Denis Constantin 2023 St. Pantelimon Emergency Hospital, Department of General Surgery

Acute Lithiasis Cholecystitis; Particularities Of Diagnosis And Treatment In The Elderly, Adrian Silaghi, Bogdan Socea, Petrisor Banu, Vlad Dumitru Baleanu, Dragos Epistatu, Ioana Paunica, Vlad Denis Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. The incidence of acute cholecystitis increases with age, when patients usually associate additional comorbidities. Such comorbidities and the late presentation to the doctor make the treatment more complex, associating higher rates of complications. The present study aims to evaluate the methods of diagnosis and treatment applied to a group of older patients with acute cholecystitis. Materials and Methods. 585 patients were enrolled in the study between 2019 and 2023. The inclusion criteria in the study were represented by the presence of the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis in patients over 65 years of age, while patients who presented complex locoregional …


Persistently Elevated Hbv Viral-Host Junction Dna In Urine As A Biomarker For Hepatocellular Carcinoma Minimum Residual Disease And Recurrence: A Pilot Study, Selena Y Lin, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Peter Block, Yu-Lan Kao, Jesse M. Civan, Fwu-Shan Shieh, Wei Song, Hie-Won Hann, Ying-Hsiu Su 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Persistently Elevated Hbv Viral-Host Junction Dna In Urine As A Biomarker For Hepatocellular Carcinoma Minimum Residual Disease And Recurrence: A Pilot Study, Selena Y Lin, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Peter Block, Yu-Lan Kao, Jesse M. Civan, Fwu-Shan Shieh, Wei Song, Hie-Won Hann, Ying-Hsiu Su

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-host junction sequences (HBV-JSs) has been detected in the urine of patients with HBV infection. This study evaluated HBV-JSs as a marker of minimum residual disease (MRD) and tumor recurrence after treatment in HBV-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Archived serial urine DNA from two HBV–HCC with recurrence as confirmed by MRI and four HBV-related cirrhosis (LC) patients were used. Urinary HBV-JSs were identified by an HBV-targeted NGS assay. Quantitative junction-specific PCR assays were developed to investigate dynamic changes of the most abundant urinary HBV-JS. Abundant urinary HBV-JSs were identified in two cases of tumor recurrence. In case 1, …


Chronicles Of Hbv And The Road To Hbv Cure, Rukaiya Bashir Hamidu, Richard R. Hann, Hie-Won Hann 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Chronicles Of Hbv And The Road To Hbv Cure, Rukaiya Bashir Hamidu, Richard R. Hann, Hie-Won Hann

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Chronic hepatitis B remains a major public health concern and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, specifically through its causative role in chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Worldwide, it affects up to 292 million people. In this paper, we review the historic discovery of the hepatitis B virus and chronicle the significant advances in our understanding of the virus and its interactions with the human host to cause disease. We also overview advancements in therapies for hepatitis B virus and the current absence of curative therapies and highlight on-going therapeutic efforts in search of curative therapies to …


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