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Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson 2021 The University of San Francisco

Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Japanese health practice of Reiki attempts to maximize the latent ability of the human system to heal itself. The Reiki system, established over a century ago, combines multiple Asian health traditions, experimenting with practices that maximize the natural processes of the body to perform its own repairs. Reiki encourages healthy behaviors that balance the mind and body, return the human system to a lowered stress level, and allow for an optimal recovery state for the patient. This paper illustrates how this Japanese health-affirming method can be integrated and utilized within existing health and medical practices. An area that is ...


Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, Pedro Banuelos 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, Pedro Banuelos

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In 2018, of 1.3 million Latinx adults in the United States facing concurrent issues with substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders (MHD) 93% remained untreated for either diagnosis. This is concerning since Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) data reveals that this population is at greater risk for suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts. They also face structural barriers such as employment, housing, legal involvement, and insurability that further impede access to treatment.

This study’s purpose was to examine barriers to accessing treatment for Latinx populations confronting co-occurring SUDs and MHDs. This study used a ...


Health-Related Quality Of Life Across Recent Pediatric Obesity Classification Recommendations., William R. Black, Kelsey B. Borner, Marshall T. Beauchamp, Ann M. Davis, Meredith Dreyer, Brooke Sweeney, Sarah Hampl 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Health-Related Quality Of Life Across Recent Pediatric Obesity Classification Recommendations., William R. Black, Kelsey B. Borner, Marshall T. Beauchamp, Ann M. Davis, Meredith Dreyer, Brooke Sweeney, Sarah Hampl

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Extreme body mass index (BMI) values (i.e., above the 97th and below the 3rd percentiles) are inaccurately represented on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's growth curves, which may limit the utility of BMI percentile and BMI z-score for capturing changes in clinical outcomes for patients at extreme weights. Modeling child obesity severity based upon the percentage of BMI in excess of the 95th percentile (BMI95pct) has been proposed as an improved metric to better capture variability in weight at extreme ends of growth curves, which may improve our understanding of relationships between weight status and changes ...


Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede 2021 UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY MEDICINE, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA

Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. Family members caring for a patient with acquired brain injury (ABI) are coping with inordinate levels of stress partially due to their lack of understanding of the neuropsychological effects of acquired brain injury in the patient. The objective of this research is to show that as the caregivers’ stress levels increase, there is an increase in suicidal ideation. This highlights the causal relationship between unhealthy stress and reduced psychological well-being in these caregivers. In addition, qualitative research evidence regarding the caregivers’ views of their main sources of stress are presented. Methods. The participants were a random sample of 80 ...


Fat And Carbohydrate Interact To Potentiate Food Reward In Healthy Weight But Not In Overweight Or Obesity, Emily E. Perszyk, Zach Hutelin, Jessica Trinh, Arsene Kanyamibwa, Sophie Fromm, Xue S. Davis, Kathryn M. Wall, Kyle D. Flack, Alexandra G. DiFeliceantonio, Dana M. Small 2021 Modern Diet and Physiology Research Center

Fat And Carbohydrate Interact To Potentiate Food Reward In Healthy Weight But Not In Overweight Or Obesity, Emily E. Perszyk, Zach Hutelin, Jessica Trinh, Arsene Kanyamibwa, Sophie Fromm, Xue S. Davis, Kathryn M. Wall, Kyle D. Flack, Alexandra G. Difeliceantonio, Dana M. Small

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

Prior work suggests that actual, but not estimated, energy density drives the reinforcing value of food and that energy from fat and carbohydrate can interact to potentiate reward. Here we sought to replicate these findings in an American sample and to determine if the effects are influenced by body mass index (BMI). Thirty participants with healthy weight (HW; BMI 21.92 ± 1.77; M ± SD) and 30 participants with overweight/obesity (OW/OB; BMI 29.42 ± 4.44) rated pictures of common American snacks in 120-kcal portions for liking, familiarity, frequency of consumption, expected satiety, healthiness, energy content, energy density ...


Race Differences In Predictors Of Weight Gain Among A Community Sample Of Smokers Enrolled In A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Multiple Behavior Change Intervention., Marcia M Tan, Terry Bush, Jennifer C Lovejoy, Harold Javitz, Alula Jimenez Torres, Ken Wassum, Bonnie Spring 2021 Institute for Systems Biology, 401 Terry Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.

Race Differences In Predictors Of Weight Gain Among A Community Sample Of Smokers Enrolled In A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Multiple Behavior Change Intervention., Marcia M Tan, Terry Bush, Jennifer C Lovejoy, Harold Javitz, Alula Jimenez Torres, Ken Wassum, Bonnie Spring

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

African Americans have disproportionate rates of post-cessation weight gain compared to non-Hispanic whites, but few studies have examined this weight gain in a multiracial sample of smokers receiving evidence-based treatment in a community setting. We examined race differences in short-term weight gain during an intervention to foster smoking cessation plus weight management. Data were drawn from the Best Quit Study, a randomized controlled trial conducted via telephone quitlines across the U.S. from 2013 to 2017. The trial tested the effects on cessation and weight gain prevention of adding a weight control intervention either simultaneously with or sequentially after smoking ...


Readiness To Change And Prospective Effects Of Weight Management Programs In Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Voytek Slowik, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, Mark Connelly, Amanda D. Deacy, Sarah Hampl, James F. Daniel 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Readiness To Change And Prospective Effects Of Weight Management Programs In Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Voytek Slowik, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, Mark Connelly, Amanda D. Deacy, Sarah Hampl, James F. Daniel

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasing problem in pediatrics with limited treatment options. We prospectively assessed outcomes in patients managed in a hepatology clinic (HC) alone vs. those managed in combination with a multidisciplinary weight management program (MWMP). We describe each group's readiness to change at the time of NAFLD diagnosis. Patients diagnosed with NAFLD were given a modified Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES) at enrollment (T1) to assess readiness to change. They were then followed at 3-9 months (T2) and at 10-15 months (T3). Linear mixed models were used to evaluate changes ...


Gauging Working Memory Capacity From Differential Resting Brain Oscillations In Older Individuals With A Wearable Device, Soheil Borhani, Xiaopeng Zhao, Margaret R. Kelly, Karah E. Gottschalk, Fengpei Yuan, Gregory A. Jicha, Yang Jiang 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Gauging Working Memory Capacity From Differential Resting Brain Oscillations In Older Individuals With A Wearable Device, Soheil Borhani, Xiaopeng Zhao, Margaret R. Kelly, Karah E. Gottschalk, Fengpei Yuan, Gregory A. Jicha, Yang Jiang

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Working memory is a core cognitive function and its deficits is one of the most common cognitive impairments. Reduced working memory capacity manifests as reduced accuracy in memory recall and prolonged speed of memory retrieval in older adults. Currently, the relationship between healthy older individuals’ age-related changes in resting brain oscillations and their working memory capacity is not clear. Eyes-closed resting electroencephalogram (rEEG) is gaining momentum as a potential neuromarker of mild cognitive impairments. Wearable and wireless EEG headset measuring key electrophysiological brain signals during rest and a working memory task was utilized. This research’s central hypothesis is that ...


Self-Administered Behavioral Skills-Based At-Home Virtual Reality Therapy For Chronic Low Back Pain: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial., Laura Garcia, Beth Darnall, Parthasarathy Krishnamurthy, Ian Mackey, Josh Sackman, Robert Louis, Todd Maddox, Brandon Birckhead 2021 Division of Neurosurgery, Pickup Family Neurosciences Institute, Hoag Memorial Hospital, Newport Beach, CA, United States.

Self-Administered Behavioral Skills-Based At-Home Virtual Reality Therapy For Chronic Low Back Pain: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial., Laura Garcia, Beth Darnall, Parthasarathy Krishnamurthy, Ian Mackey, Josh Sackman, Robert Louis, Todd Maddox, Brandon Birckhead

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is one of the most common and debilitating health conditions. Treatments for chronic low back pain typically focus on biomedical treatment approaches. While psychosocial treatments exist, multiple barriers prevent broad access. There is a significant unmet need for integrative, easily accessible, non-opioid solutions for chronic pain. Virtual reality (VR) is an immersive technology allowing innovation in the delivery of behavioral pain treatments. Behavioral skills-based VR is effective at facilitating pain management and reducing pain-related concerns. Continued research on these emerging approaches is needed.

OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we seek to test the efficacy of a ...


Facilitators And Barriers To Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnership Sustainability In The United States, Tristen L. Hall, Charlene Barrientos-Ortiz, Griselda Peña-Jackson, Courtney Fultineer, Kevin Werner, Justine Sunshine 2021 University of Colorado Anschutz

Facilitators And Barriers To Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnership Sustainability In The United States, Tristen L. Hall, Charlene Barrientos-Ortiz, Griselda Peña-Jackson, Courtney Fultineer, Kevin Werner, Justine Sunshine

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Engaging patients in research can enhance relevance and accelerate implementation of findings. Despite investment in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR), short-term funding cannot maintain such efforts beyond the program timeframe. Sustained interaction between researchers, practitioners, patients, and other stakeholders is needed to sustain use of evidence-based practices and achieve maximum benefit. While previous literature describes components of public health program sustainability, such factors do not necessarily apply to the partnerships that implement those programs, and facilitators are likely to differ across disciplines. We sought to determine facilitators and barriers to PCOR partnership sustainability from participant experiences with sustainable and unsustainable ...


Relationship Between Physician Burnout And Patient’S Perception Of Bedside Time Spent By Physicians, Shannon Leung, Mukta Panda, Georgia McIntosh, Nargiza Kurbanova, Anna-Carson Rimer Uhelski, Muhammad Mubbashir Sheikh, Rehan Qayyum 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine

Relationship Between Physician Burnout And Patient’S Perception Of Bedside Time Spent By Physicians, Shannon Leung, Mukta Panda, Georgia Mcintosh, Nargiza Kurbanova, Anna-Carson Rimer Uhelski, Muhammad Mubbashir Sheikh, Rehan Qayyum

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Although the adverse effect of burnout on physicians has been widely documented, studies have shown an inconsistent relationship between burnout and the quality of patient care. We hypothesized that physician burnout will have an inverse relationship with the time spent at the bedside by physicians. In a cross-sectional study, we surveyed patients on their perception of the time spent by their physician on the day of the survey (4 categories: 0–5, 6–10, 11–15, > 15 minutes). Oldenburg Burnout Inventory was used to assess physician burnout; burnout was defined as high levels of both exhaustion (≥ 2.25) and disengagement ...


Keeping Weight Off: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Alters Amygdala Functional Connectivity During Weight Loss Maintenance In A Randomized Control Trial, Serhiy Y. Chumachenko, Ryan J. Cali, Milagros C. Rosal, Jeroan J. Allison, Sharina D. Person, Douglas Ziedonis, Ben Nephew, Constance M. Moore, Nanyin Zhang, Jean A. King, Carl E. Fulwiler 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Keeping Weight Off: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Alters Amygdala Functional Connectivity During Weight Loss Maintenance In A Randomized Control Trial, Serhiy Y. Chumachenko, Ryan J. Cali, Milagros C. Rosal, Jeroan J. Allison, Sharina D. Person, Douglas Ziedonis, Ben Nephew, Constance M. Moore, Nanyin Zhang, Jean A. King, Carl E. Fulwiler

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

Obesity is associated with significant comorbidities and financial costs. While behavioral interventions produce clinically meaningful weight loss, weight loss maintenance is challenging. The objective was to improve understanding of the neural and psychological mechanisms modified by mindfulness that may predict clinical outcomes. Individuals who intentionally recently lost weight were randomized to Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) or a control healthy living course. Anthropometric and psychological factors were measured at baseline, 8 weeks and 6 months. Functional connectivity (FC) analysis was performed at baseline and 8 weeks to examine FC changes between regions of interest selected a priori, and independent components identified ...


Effectiveness Of Two Frequently Used Screening Tools In Identifying Depression And Anxiety In Collegiate Athletes, Adriana C. Isacke DO, Amy Haskins PhD, Christina Holt MD, MSc, Williams Dexter MD, FACSM 2021 Maine Medical Partners

Effectiveness Of Two Frequently Used Screening Tools In Identifying Depression And Anxiety In Collegiate Athletes, Adriana C. Isacke Do, Amy Haskins Phd, Christina Holt Md, Msc, Williams Dexter Md, Facsm

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction: To determine whether the Electronic Pre-participation Physical Examination (EPPE), a proprietary and frequently used tool, is an effective method for depression and anxiety screening in the collegiate athlete population as compared to the Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4).

Methods: College athletes at a Division III university completed PHQ-4 questionnaires and a proprietary EPPE. Positive reponse rates to depression and/or anxiety for both questionnaires were collected and analyzed with a kappa (κ) statistic.

Results: Among 420 students, we found that 9 (2%) reported depression and/or anxiety via the EPPE. Of the 26 students (6%) who answered positively on the ...


Successful Bilateral Electroconvulsive Therapy In A Patient With A Seizure Disorder Taking Levetiracetam, Lorazepam, And Zonisamide: A Case Report., Ian R McGrane, Rachel E Tenison, Dana M Bimler, Robert C Munjal, Jason R Molinaro 2021 Providence St. Patrick Hospital, Missoula, MT

Successful Bilateral Electroconvulsive Therapy In A Patient With A Seizure Disorder Taking Levetiracetam, Lorazepam, And Zonisamide: A Case Report., Ian R Mcgrane, Rachel E Tenison, Dana M Bimler, Robert C Munjal, Jason R Molinaro

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be considered for treatment of severe, treatment-resistant, and emergent depression associated with MDD or bipolar disorder. Patients with epilepsy usually take medications that raise the seizure threshold, which poses challenges during ECT. We report a 66-year-old male with epilepsy taking levetiracetam extended-release (XR), lorazepam, and zonisamide requiring ECT for severe MDD. After literature review, the XR form of levetiracetam was changed to higher doses of the immediate-release (IR) formulation, and zonisamide was discontinued 2 days prior to ECT in the hospital and was resumed when the patient underwent outpatient continuation ECT. The patient was treated to ...


Field Test Of A Passive Infrared Camera For Measuring Trail-Based Physical Activity, Christiaan G. Abildso, Vaike Haas, Shay M. Daily, Thomas K. Bias 2021 West Virginia University

Field Test Of A Passive Infrared Camera For Measuring Trail-Based Physical Activity, Christiaan G. Abildso, Vaike Haas, Shay M. Daily, Thomas K. Bias

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Introduction: Trails are ubiquitous and far-reaching, but research on the impact trails have on physical activity is limited by the lack of resource-efficient, accurate, and practical systematic observation tools. Commonly used infrared trail sensors count trail use and may broadly differentiate activity (i.e., bicyclist vs. pedestrian), but cannot detect nuances needed for outcomes research such as frequency, intensity, time, and type of activity. Motion-activated passive infrared cameras (PICs), used in ecological research and visitor management in wildlife areas, have potential applicability as a systematic observation data collection tool.

Materials and Methods: We conducted a 7-month field test of a ...


Sublingual Buprenorphine/Naloxone And Multi-Modal Management For High-Risk Chronic Pain Patients, Shane Kaski, Patrick Marshalek, Jeremy Herschler, Sijin Wen, Wanhong Zheng 2021 West Virginia University

Sublingual Buprenorphine/Naloxone And Multi-Modal Management For High-Risk Chronic Pain Patients, Shane Kaski, Patrick Marshalek, Jeremy Herschler, Sijin Wen, Wanhong Zheng

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

Patients with chronic pain managed with opioid medications are at high risk for opioid overuse or misuse. West Virginia University (WVU) established a High-Risk Pain Clinic to use sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone (bup/nal) plus a multimodal approach to help chronic pain patients with history of Substance Use Disorder (SUD) or aberrant drug-related behavior. The objective of this study was to report overall retention rates and indicators of efficacy in pain control from approximately six years of High-Risk Pain Clinic data. A retrospective chart review was conducted for a total of 78 patients who enrolled in the High-Risk Pain Clinic between ...


Burnout With Caregiving Of Autism And The Covid19 Pandemic, Erin Babcock, Leah Recker 2021 University og Akron

Burnout With Caregiving Of Autism And The Covid19 Pandemic, Erin Babcock, Leah Recker

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

I am working with Leah Recker and we are doing research on parent/caregiver burnout of those with children that have autism, especially during COVID. We are creating a survey on Qualtrics, using stem questions followed by Likert scale items, which we will then send to the Director of Programs, Lisa Thompson, at Autism Society of Greater Akron. She will then pass it along to the parents and caregivers within their community, via Facebook or their weekly newsletter. Parents/caregivers will have the opportunity to complete the survey and we will receive the results when done so. We will then ...


Commentary: Use Of Bactrac Proteomic Database-Uromodulin Protein Expression During Ischemic Stroke, Gabriella-Salome K. Armstrong, Jacqueline A. Frank, Christopher J. McLouth, Ann M. Stowe, Jill M. Roberts, Amanda L. Trout, Justin F. Fraser, Keith R. Pennypacker 2021 University of Kentucky

Commentary: Use Of Bactrac Proteomic Database-Uromodulin Protein Expression During Ischemic Stroke, Gabriella-Salome K. Armstrong, Jacqueline A. Frank, Christopher J. Mclouth, Ann M. Stowe, Jill M. Roberts, Amanda L. Trout, Justin F. Fraser, Keith R. Pennypacker

Neurology Faculty Publications

Introduction: Uromodulin (UMOD) is a glycoprotein expressed by the epithelial cells of the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop in the kidney. Research has shown that increased uromodulin expression may be associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease in adults. Utilizing the Blood and Clot Thrombectomy Registry and Collaboration (BACTRAC) (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03153683), a continuously enrolling tissue bank, we aimed to examine the associations between serum uromodulin, age, and high BMI (BMI> 25) and its relationship to stroke in patients.

Methods: Arterial blood distal and proximal to the thrombus was collected during a thrombectomy procedure using the BACTRAC protocol ...


The Efficacy Of Combination Of Psychosocial Interventions And Pharmacotherapeutic Intervention Compared To Standard Care In Patients Age 16-40 Diagnosed With Schizophrenia When Looking At Functional Capacity, Lisa Roth 2021 Arcadia University

The Efficacy Of Combination Of Psychosocial Interventions And Pharmacotherapeutic Intervention Compared To Standard Care In Patients Age 16-40 Diagnosed With Schizophrenia When Looking At Functional Capacity, Lisa Roth

Capstone Showcase

Introduction: Schizophrenia is a complex mental illness that arises from a combination of genetic factors, brain chemistry, substance use and environmental factors that affects the way a person behaves, thinks, and perceives. Schizophrenia has no cure, but it has several options for treatment including antipsychotic medications, psychotherapy, and education. Medication is frequently prescribed, and there is little evidence of how often psychotherapy is practiced to properly treat negative symptoms. The combination of these symptoms can have an impact on the functional capacity of an individual; this means that they may have less of an ability to proceed in a typical ...


Cellphone Laws And Teens' Calling While Driving: Analysis Of Repeated Cross-Sectional Surveys In 2013, 2015, 2017, And 2019, Li Li, Caitlin N. Pope, Rebecca R. Andridge, Julie K. Bower, Guoqing Hu, Motao Zhu 2020 The Ohio State University

Cellphone Laws And Teens' Calling While Driving: Analysis Of Repeated Cross-Sectional Surveys In 2013, 2015, 2017, And 2019, Li Li, Caitlin N. Pope, Rebecca R. Andridge, Julie K. Bower, Guoqing Hu, Motao Zhu

Graduate Center for Gerontology Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Distracted driving among teens is a public health and safety concern. Most states in the U.S. have sought to restrict cellphone use while driving by enacting laws. This study examines the difference in prevalence of self-reported calling while driving (CWD) between states with different cellphone bans.

METHODS: Demographics and CWD data were extracted from state Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) from 14 states in 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019. The state YRBS is conducted every 2 years with a representative sample of 9th through 12th grade students attending public school. States were grouped by type of cellphone law ...


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