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Sleeve Gastrectomy Improves Metabolic Syndrome In Psychologically Stable Patients With Schizophrenia, Irene Chen 2021 Wayne State University

Sleeve Gastrectomy Improves Metabolic Syndrome In Psychologically Stable Patients With Schizophrenia, Irene Chen

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Archid R, Archid N, Meile T, Hoffman J, Wulff D, Teufel M, Muthig M, Quante M, Konigsrainer A, Lange J. Patients with schizophrenia do not demonstrate worse outcome after sleeve gastrectomy: a short-term cohort study. Obesity Surgery. 2019;29:506-510. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-018-3578-0

for a patient with schizophrenia and obesity.


Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson 2021 The University of San Francisco

Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Japanese health practice of Reiki attempts to maximize the latent ability of the human system to heal itself. The Reiki system, established over a century ago, combines multiple Asian health traditions, experimenting with practices that maximize the natural processes of the body to perform its own repairs. Reiki encourages healthy behaviors that balance the mind and body, return the human system to a lowered stress level, and allow for an optimal recovery state for the patient. This paper illustrates how this Japanese health-affirming method can be integrated and utilized within existing health and medical practices. An area that is ...


Pharmacogenetic Testing In Patients With Autism Spectrum Disorder Evaluated In The Children’S Mercy Hospital Goldiloks© Clinic, Rachel Goodson 2021 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Pharmacogenetic Testing In Patients With Autism Spectrum Disorder Evaluated In The Children’S Mercy Hospital Goldiloks© Clinic, Rachel Goodson

Research Days

Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects 1 in 54 children in the United States. Children with ASD are more likely to be diagnosed with co-occurring mental health disorders. There is currently little research guiding medication choice and dosing in patients with ASD. Children with ASD are at increased risk for reduced clinical response and adverse reaction (including due to polypharmacy). Pharmacogenomics is an approach for medication decision making that leverages an individual’s genetic information and clinical presentation to make informed choices, but no studies have specifically investigated the outcomes of PGX for patients with ASD. Understanding the clinical and ...


Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, Pedro Banuelos 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, Pedro Banuelos

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In 2018, of 1.3 million Latinx adults in the United States facing concurrent issues with substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders (MHD) 93% remained untreated for either diagnosis. This is concerning since Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) data reveals that this population is at greater risk for suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts. They also face structural barriers such as employment, housing, legal involvement, and insurability that further impede access to treatment.

This study’s purpose was to examine barriers to accessing treatment for Latinx populations confronting co-occurring SUDs and MHDs. This study used a ...


Rates Of Positive Suicide Screens Among The Emergency, Inpatient And Outpatient Clinics At A Tertiary Care Children’S Hospital, Fajar Raza, Hung-Wen Yeh, John Lantos, Mark Connelly, Shayla Sullivant 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Rates Of Positive Suicide Screens Among The Emergency, Inpatient And Outpatient Clinics At A Tertiary Care Children’S Hospital, Fajar Raza, Hung-Wen Yeh, John Lantos, Mark Connelly, Shayla Sullivant

Posters

Background: Prior research has suggested that rates and acuity of suicidality are elevated among patients seen in EDs and in certain clinics. However, the occurrence and severity of suicide risk has been rarely studied in the pediatric clinic populations due in part to unsystematic screening. We examined suicidality across different pediatric clinical care settings based on data from our newly implemented hospital-wide suicide risk screening program.


Objective: To determine a) which patient populations presented with the highest rates of suicidality; and b) the percentage of patients who had current thoughts of suicide and were thus deemed “acute.”


Design/Methods: We ...


Gender Dysphoria, General Well-Being, Bmi, And Weight-Related Behaviors Among Adolescent Transgender Males, Timothy A. Roberts, Anna Egan, Mirae J. Fornander, Christine Moser, Michaela Voss 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Gender Dysphoria, General Well-Being, Bmi, And Weight-Related Behaviors Among Adolescent Transgender Males, Timothy A. Roberts, Anna Egan, Mirae J. Fornander, Christine Moser, Michaela Voss

Posters

Background: Gender dysphoria is associated body-dissatisfaction, abnormal weight and weight-related behaviors.


Objective: Describe the association of gender dysphoria severity and general well-being with Body Mass Index (BMI) and weight related behaviors among transgender males.


Design/Methods: Retrospective review of 118 transgender male patients presenting to initiate gender-affirming medical care in 2017-2020. Gender dysphoria confirmed by an experienced mental health provider. We measured parent and patient reports of patient general well-being [Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 General Well-Being Scale], severity of gender dysphoria [Transgender Congruence Scale (TCS) [n=47 for TCS] and Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire (GIDYQ-AA ...


Impact Of Early Tracheostomy On Neurodevelopmental Outcome Of Infants With Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Exposed To Postnatal Steroids, Amjad Taha, Gangaram Akangire, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell PhD, Tiffany Willis, Winston M. Manimtim 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Impact Of Early Tracheostomy On Neurodevelopmental Outcome Of Infants With Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Exposed To Postnatal Steroids, Amjad Taha, Gangaram Akangire, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell Phd, Tiffany Willis, Winston M. Manimtim

Posters

Background: BPD is associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. Tracheostomy is performed in 5-12% of severe BPD for prolonged ventilation. There is evidence that chronic ventilation with tracheostomy in severe BPD may facilitate neurodevelopment and lead to improved outcome. However, there is no consensus on the optimal timing of tracheostomy. A large multicenter study of infants with tracheostomy performed at <120 days of life had better neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18-22 months of age. Use of steroids postnatally to ameliorate the severity of BPD had been controversial due to its negative effect on neurodevelopment. To date, no data has specifically evaluated the impact of early tracheostomy on neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with severe BPD who are exposed to postnatal steroids.


Objective: To compare cognitive, language and motor scores among 3 groups of severe BPD infants who received early vs late vs no tracheostomy. Secondly, evaluate if postnatal steroids had an additive negative effect on neurodevelopmental outcomes.


Design/Methods: IRB approved retrospective cohort ...


Bmi And Associated Variables In A Pediatric Gender Clinic Sample, Mirae J. Fornander, Christine Moser, Anna Egan, Timothy A. Roberts 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Bmi And Associated Variables In A Pediatric Gender Clinic Sample, Mirae J. Fornander, Christine Moser, Anna Egan, Timothy A. Roberts

Presentations

Background: Studies of transgender/gender diverse (TGD) youth indicate a high prevalence of overweight/obesity and concern for unhealthy weight control behavior.

Objective: Describe BMI and the association of medication use, well-being, and recreational activities in treatment-naïve pediatric TGD patients.

Design/Methods: Chart review of 302 patients (age 3-19, 73.5% sex assigned at birth (SAB) female; 85.8% white) from 2017-2020. BMI was calculated by age and SAB using CDC growth charts. Parents reported medication use; parent and self-reported Pediatric Quality of Life (PEDS-QL) Well-Being and activities were surveyed electronically.

Results: By BMI category, 3.3% were underweight (BMI ...


The Effect Of Covid-19 On The Detection And Prevalence Of Suicidality In Adolescents, John Lantos, Hung-Wen Yeh, Fajar Raza, Mark Connelly, Shayla Sullivant 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

The Effect Of Covid-19 On The Detection And Prevalence Of Suicidality In Adolescents, John Lantos, Hung-Wen Yeh, Fajar Raza, Mark Connelly, Shayla Sullivant

Presentations

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic saw changes to the delivery of health services and concerns about psychological morbidity not directly related to COVID infection. We analyzed the effects of the pandemic on our hospital’s program to screen adolescents for suicidality.

Objective: To determine the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on 1) a hospital-wide screening program for suicidality in teens; and 2) the prevalence of positive screens for suicidality.

Design/Methods: Our study population was all patients > 12yo seen as inpatients or in the ED or clinics at a children’s hospital in Apr-June in 2019 (T1) and 2020 (T2). Eligible ...


Characterization Of Comorbidities In Patients With A Dual Diagnosis Of Down Syndrome And Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Cerner Health Facts, Michael Slogic, Earl F. Glynn, Cy Nadler, Meredith Dreyer, Sarah T. Edwards 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Characterization Of Comorbidities In Patients With A Dual Diagnosis Of Down Syndrome And Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Cerner Health Facts, Michael Slogic, Earl F. Glynn, Cy Nadler, Meredith Dreyer, Sarah T. Edwards

Presentations

Background: Up to 19% of patients with Down syndrome (DS) meet diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (Channell, et al, 2019). While the medical and psychological comorbidities for patients with DS or ASD are well characterized, outcomes for patients with a dual diagnosis (DS-ASD) are poorly understood. Large DS-ASD cohorts and comparison samples are needed to fill this gap, as well as methods for grouping and analyzing complex diagnostic phenotypes. Objective: Our objective is to utilize Cerner Health Facts, a multi-institutional healthcare database, to identify large populations with DS, ASD, and DS-ASD, allowing for characterization and comparison of their ...


Health-Related Quality Of Life Across Recent Pediatric Obesity Classification Recommendations., William R. Black, Kelsey B. Borner, Marshall T. Beauchamp, Ann M. Davis, Meredith Dreyer, Brooke Sweeney, Sarah Hampl 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Health-Related Quality Of Life Across Recent Pediatric Obesity Classification Recommendations., William R. Black, Kelsey B. Borner, Marshall T. Beauchamp, Ann M. Davis, Meredith Dreyer, Brooke Sweeney, Sarah Hampl

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Extreme body mass index (BMI) values (i.e., above the 97th and below the 3rd percentiles) are inaccurately represented on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's growth curves, which may limit the utility of BMI percentile and BMI z-score for capturing changes in clinical outcomes for patients at extreme weights. Modeling child obesity severity based upon the percentage of BMI in excess of the 95th percentile (BMI95pct) has been proposed as an improved metric to better capture variability in weight at extreme ends of growth curves, which may improve our understanding of relationships between weight status and changes ...


Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede 2021 UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY MEDICINE, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA

Support For Family Members Who Are Caregivers To Relatives With Acquired Brain Injury, Janet Walker, Lourens Schlebusch, Bernhard Gaede

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. Family members caring for a patient with acquired brain injury (ABI) are coping with inordinate levels of stress partially due to their lack of understanding of the neuropsychological effects of acquired brain injury in the patient. The objective of this research is to show that as the caregivers’ stress levels increase, there is an increase in suicidal ideation. This highlights the causal relationship between unhealthy stress and reduced psychological well-being in these caregivers. In addition, qualitative research evidence regarding the caregivers’ views of their main sources of stress are presented. Methods. The participants were a random sample of 80 ...


Fat And Carbohydrate Interact To Potentiate Food Reward In Healthy Weight But Not In Overweight Or Obesity, Emily E. Perszyk, Zach Hutelin, Jessica Trinh, Arsene Kanyamibwa, Sophie Fromm, Xue S. Davis, Kathryn M. Wall, Kyle D. Flack, Alexandra G. DiFeliceantonio, Dana M. Small 2021 Modern Diet and Physiology Research Center

Fat And Carbohydrate Interact To Potentiate Food Reward In Healthy Weight But Not In Overweight Or Obesity, Emily E. Perszyk, Zach Hutelin, Jessica Trinh, Arsene Kanyamibwa, Sophie Fromm, Xue S. Davis, Kathryn M. Wall, Kyle D. Flack, Alexandra G. Difeliceantonio, Dana M. Small

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

Prior work suggests that actual, but not estimated, energy density drives the reinforcing value of food and that energy from fat and carbohydrate can interact to potentiate reward. Here we sought to replicate these findings in an American sample and to determine if the effects are influenced by body mass index (BMI). Thirty participants with healthy weight (HW; BMI 21.92 ± 1.77; M ± SD) and 30 participants with overweight/obesity (OW/OB; BMI 29.42 ± 4.44) rated pictures of common American snacks in 120-kcal portions for liking, familiarity, frequency of consumption, expected satiety, healthiness, energy content, energy density ...


Integrating Behavioral Health And Primary Care (Ibh-Pc) To Improve Patient-Centered Outcomes In Adults With Multiple Chronic Medical And Behavioral Health Conditions: Study Protocol For A Pragmatic Cluster-Randomized Control Trial, Abigail M. Crocker, Daniel J. Mullin 2021 University of Vermont

Integrating Behavioral Health And Primary Care (Ibh-Pc) To Improve Patient-Centered Outcomes In Adults With Multiple Chronic Medical And Behavioral Health Conditions: Study Protocol For A Pragmatic Cluster-Randomized Control Trial, Abigail M. Crocker, Daniel J. Mullin

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases that drive morbidity, mortality, and health care costs are largely influenced by human behavior. Behavioral health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and substance use disorders can often be effectively managed. The majority of patients in need of behavioral health care are seen in primary care, which often has difficulty responding. Some primary care practices are providing integrated behavioral health care (IBH), where primary care and behavioral health providers work together, in one location, using a team-based approach. Research suggests there may be an association between IBH and improved patient outcomes. However, it is often difficult for practices ...


Race Differences In Predictors Of Weight Gain Among A Community Sample Of Smokers Enrolled In A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Multiple Behavior Change Intervention., Marcia M Tan, Terry Bush, Jennifer C Lovejoy, Harold Javitz, Alula Jimenez Torres, Ken Wassum, Bonnie Spring 2021 Institute for Systems Biology, 401 Terry Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.

Race Differences In Predictors Of Weight Gain Among A Community Sample Of Smokers Enrolled In A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Multiple Behavior Change Intervention., Marcia M Tan, Terry Bush, Jennifer C Lovejoy, Harold Javitz, Alula Jimenez Torres, Ken Wassum, Bonnie Spring

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

African Americans have disproportionate rates of post-cessation weight gain compared to non-Hispanic whites, but few studies have examined this weight gain in a multiracial sample of smokers receiving evidence-based treatment in a community setting. We examined race differences in short-term weight gain during an intervention to foster smoking cessation plus weight management. Data were drawn from the Best Quit Study, a randomized controlled trial conducted via telephone quitlines across the U.S. from 2013 to 2017. The trial tested the effects on cessation and weight gain prevention of adding a weight control intervention either simultaneously with or sequentially after smoking ...


Readiness To Change And Prospective Effects Of Weight Management Programs In Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Voytek Slowik, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, Mark Connelly, Amanda D. Deacy, Sarah Hampl, James F. Daniel 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Readiness To Change And Prospective Effects Of Weight Management Programs In Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Voytek Slowik, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, Mark Connelly, Amanda D. Deacy, Sarah Hampl, James F. Daniel

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasing problem in pediatrics with limited treatment options. We prospectively assessed outcomes in patients managed in a hepatology clinic (HC) alone vs. those managed in combination with a multidisciplinary weight management program (MWMP). We describe each group's readiness to change at the time of NAFLD diagnosis. Patients diagnosed with NAFLD were given a modified Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES) at enrollment (T1) to assess readiness to change. They were then followed at 3-9 months (T2) and at 10-15 months (T3). Linear mixed models were used to evaluate changes ...


Gauging Working Memory Capacity From Differential Resting Brain Oscillations In Older Individuals With A Wearable Device, Soheil Borhani, Xiaopeng Zhao, Margaret R. Kelly, Karah E. Gottschalk, Fengpei Yuan, Gregory A. Jicha, Yang Jiang 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Gauging Working Memory Capacity From Differential Resting Brain Oscillations In Older Individuals With A Wearable Device, Soheil Borhani, Xiaopeng Zhao, Margaret R. Kelly, Karah E. Gottschalk, Fengpei Yuan, Gregory A. Jicha, Yang Jiang

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Working memory is a core cognitive function and its deficits is one of the most common cognitive impairments. Reduced working memory capacity manifests as reduced accuracy in memory recall and prolonged speed of memory retrieval in older adults. Currently, the relationship between healthy older individuals’ age-related changes in resting brain oscillations and their working memory capacity is not clear. Eyes-closed resting electroencephalogram (rEEG) is gaining momentum as a potential neuromarker of mild cognitive impairments. Wearable and wireless EEG headset measuring key electrophysiological brain signals during rest and a working memory task was utilized. This research’s central hypothesis is that ...


Behavioral Health Considerations In Prenatal And Postpartum Care, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Behavioral Health Considerations In Prenatal And Postpartum Care, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is a part of the PEER Liberia Behavioral Health Lecture Series. It provides an overview of behavioral health considerations in prenatal and postpartum care, and how pregnancy and birth can be impacted by stress, grief, chronic disease, behavior change, and trauma.


Self-Administered Behavioral Skills-Based At-Home Virtual Reality Therapy For Chronic Low Back Pain: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial., Laura Garcia, Beth Darnall, Parthasarathy Krishnamurthy, Ian Mackey, Josh Sackman, Robert Louis, Todd Maddox, Brandon Birckhead 2021 Division of Neurosurgery, Pickup Family Neurosciences Institute, Hoag Memorial Hospital, Newport Beach, CA, United States.

Self-Administered Behavioral Skills-Based At-Home Virtual Reality Therapy For Chronic Low Back Pain: Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial., Laura Garcia, Beth Darnall, Parthasarathy Krishnamurthy, Ian Mackey, Josh Sackman, Robert Louis, Todd Maddox, Brandon Birckhead

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is one of the most common and debilitating health conditions. Treatments for chronic low back pain typically focus on biomedical treatment approaches. While psychosocial treatments exist, multiple barriers prevent broad access. There is a significant unmet need for integrative, easily accessible, non-opioid solutions for chronic pain. Virtual reality (VR) is an immersive technology allowing innovation in the delivery of behavioral pain treatments. Behavioral skills-based VR is effective at facilitating pain management and reducing pain-related concerns. Continued research on these emerging approaches is needed.

OBJECTIVE: In this randomized controlled trial, we seek to test the efficacy of a ...


Facilitators And Barriers To Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnership Sustainability In The United States, Tristen L. Hall, Charlene Barrientos-Ortiz, Griselda Peña-Jackson, Courtney Fultineer, Kevin Werner, Justine Sunshine 2021 University of Colorado Anschutz

Facilitators And Barriers To Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnership Sustainability In The United States, Tristen L. Hall, Charlene Barrientos-Ortiz, Griselda Peña-Jackson, Courtney Fultineer, Kevin Werner, Justine Sunshine

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Engaging patients in research can enhance relevance and accelerate implementation of findings. Despite investment in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR), short-term funding cannot maintain such efforts beyond the program timeframe. Sustained interaction between researchers, practitioners, patients, and other stakeholders is needed to sustain use of evidence-based practices and achieve maximum benefit. While previous literature describes components of public health program sustainability, such factors do not necessarily apply to the partnerships that implement those programs, and facilitators are likely to differ across disciplines. We sought to determine facilitators and barriers to PCOR partnership sustainability from participant experiences with sustainable and unsustainable ...


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