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Distinguishing Leukemic Cells Using Fractal Chromatin Patterns And Machine Learning, Abigail Gordhamer, Paul Young, Ryan Cordner 2024 Brigham Young University - Provo

Distinguishing Leukemic Cells Using Fractal Chromatin Patterns And Machine Learning, Abigail Gordhamer, Paul Young, Ryan Cordner

Annual Research Symposium

One of the most important tests in the clinical laboratory is the Complete Blood Count, which involves identifying the white blood cells in a patient’s blood. The respective counts of the different white blood cell types correlate with various states of health and disease, and are critical to diagnosing diseases such as leukemia. Leukemic cells are considered especially difficult to distinguish, and it is of the upmost importance that these cells are identified correctly. To aid in the process of leukemic cell identification, we quantified fractal patterns in the chromatin of white blood cells and used the data to identify …


Chromatin Pattern Quantification For The Differentiation Of White Blood Cells, Paul Young, Ryan Cordner, Abigail Gordhamer 2024 Brigham Young University - Provo

Chromatin Pattern Quantification For The Differentiation Of White Blood Cells, Paul Young, Ryan Cordner, Abigail Gordhamer

Annual Research Symposium

Nuclear chromatin patterns have been used historically to distinguish between different developmental stages and lineages of white blood cells. While it is common to characterize cells based on arbitrary ‘open’ or ‘closed’ chromatin patterns, quantification of chromatin data is lacking. By extracting nuclei from a database of white blood cells and running fractal analyses using TWOMBLI, we were able to produce meaningful data quantifying chromatin patterns. Our data were put through a random forest algorithm which grouped each point based on relationship probability. The algorithm compared immature and mature cell types as well as cells of similar maturity and differing …


Massive Transfusion And Shock Index, Kasey House 2023 University of Texas at Tyler

Massive Transfusion And Shock Index, Kasey House

MSN Capstone Projects

Hemorrhagic shock is one of the leading causes of preventable death in military trauma patients. Literature shows that pre-hospital transfusions of blood products within the combat environment have shown to have a greater likelihood of survival. This has produced a challenge in the pre-hospital setting to have a standardized method of predicting the patient’s need for a massive transfusion. In the last few years, the development of a Massive Transfusion Protocol (MTP) has become the standard to quickly deliver blood products to actively bleeding patients. Every minute waiting to administer blood products increases mortality by 5%.

While initiating an MTP …


Conflict Of Interests Driven By Pharmaceutical Incentivisation: Risks To The Medical Fraternity In Pakistan, Muhammad Naveed Noor, Afifah Rahman Shepherd, Amna Rehana Siddiqui 2023 Aga Khan University

Conflict Of Interests Driven By Pharmaceutical Incentivisation: Risks To The Medical Fraternity In Pakistan, Muhammad Naveed Noor, Afifah Rahman Shepherd, Amna Rehana Siddiqui

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Generative Ai In Medical Laboratory Science, Shannon Jongeward 2023 University of North Dakota

Generative Ai In Medical Laboratory Science, Shannon Jongeward

AI Assignment Library

This assignment is part of MLS 339 Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice. Students are introduced to Generative AI concepts, including ChatGPT, and then complete a related assignment. To complete the assignment, students generate a simple essay using ChatGPT and analyze the passage generated.


Transformed Writing: Ai Applications, Brooke Solberg 2023 University of North Dakota

Transformed Writing: Ai Applications, Brooke Solberg

AI Assignment Library

In this assignment, students assess a ChatGPT output as compared to a scholarly outline they have generated on the topic. The assessment includes analysis of accuracy, relevance, and missing or excessive information. Students then utilize their assessment, along with their scholarly outline, to formulate a new scholarly output that is in their own words and properly sourced.


Oral Dosages Of The Nsaid Aspirin Decreased The Growth Rate Of Species Found In The Human Gut Microbiome Including Akkermansia Muciniphila, Bacteroides Fragilis, Clostridium Sordellii, And Clostridium Difficile, Wyatt H. Greenbaum, Garrett J. Greenbaum, Anna Spiezio 2023 University of North Florida

Oral Dosages Of The Nsaid Aspirin Decreased The Growth Rate Of Species Found In The Human Gut Microbiome Including Akkermansia Muciniphila, Bacteroides Fragilis, Clostridium Sordellii, And Clostridium Difficile, Wyatt H. Greenbaum, Garrett J. Greenbaum, Anna Spiezio

PANDION: The Osprey Journal of Research and Ideas

Over past few decades, new insight has been revealed in the scientific community about the importance of the human gut microbiome relating to general health. It is known that imbalances in the species that reside in the human gut can cause organism-wide problems in humans. When prescribing or injecting oral medications, the thought of the downstream effects on the gut microbiome are not always considered. By exposing known healthy members of the gut; Akkermansia muciniphila, Bacteroides fragilis, Clostridium sordellii, and Clostridium difficile to the Aspirin, this study attempted to provide insight into the effects of the drug on bacterial growth. …


Simtutor Module: Antibodies, Heather Gilbert 2023 University of North Dakota

Simtutor Module: Antibodies, Heather Gilbert

Teaching, Learning, and Scholarship (TLAS) Academy Projects

Antibody simulation module developed for use in MLS 226: Introduction to Clinical Immunology and Molecular Diagnostics. The module was designed to reinforce lecture material and was developed utilizing SimTutor software.

Learning outcomes:

  1. Define antibody.
  2. Differentiate between innate and adaptive immunity.
  3. Differentiate between cellular and humoral immunity.
  4. Describe the four pathways of antibody acquisition.
  5. Identify the three functions of an antibody.
  6. Identify and describe the structure of an antibody including the following components and regions: light chain, heavy chain, constant region, variable region, Fc Fragment, Fab Fragment, and hinge region.
  7. List the antibody classes and their key features.
  8. Differentiate between the …


Rasio Neutrofil Limfosit Dan Kadar D-Dimer Berdasarkan Derajat Keparahan Pasien Covid-19 Di Rumah Sakit Semen Padang : Studi Kasus Kontrol, Hanifa Zahra Besri, Efrida Efrida, Yusri Dianne Jurnalis, Andani Eka Putra, Dewi Wahyu Fitrina, Husni Husni 2023 Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas, Indonesia

Rasio Neutrofil Limfosit Dan Kadar D-Dimer Berdasarkan Derajat Keparahan Pasien Covid-19 Di Rumah Sakit Semen Padang : Studi Kasus Kontrol, Hanifa Zahra Besri, Efrida Efrida, Yusri Dianne Jurnalis, Andani Eka Putra, Dewi Wahyu Fitrina, Husni Husni

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Introduction. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) which in 2020 was declared a global pandemic. In the management of COVID-19, patients are classified according to the severity. Identifying prognostic factors at an early stage helps assess severity risks. Abnormal hematological parameters were present in COVID-19 patients such as the elevation of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and D-dimer patients. This study aimed to determine the NLR and D-dimer levels based on the severity of COVID-19 patients.

Methods. This study was an observational analytical study that used a case-control approach using 100 medical records of …


Ultrastructural Findings Of Budding Ballooning Clusters Are Best Correlated With Punctate Autoimmune Antibodies Seen By Immunofluorescence In Minimal Change Disease, Vasudevan Mahalingam, Seyedalireza Fatemi, Wei Li, Hassan Kanaan, Ping Zhang 2023 Beaumont Health Resident

Ultrastructural Findings Of Budding Ballooning Clusters Are Best Correlated With Punctate Autoimmune Antibodies Seen By Immunofluorescence In Minimal Change Disease, Vasudevan Mahalingam, Seyedalireza Fatemi, Wei Li, Hassan Kanaan, Ping Zhang

Conference Presentation Abstracts

Background: The etiology of minimal change disease (MCD) remains a mystery as the only hallmark findings are the diffuse effacement of foot processes by electron microscopy (EM). Punctate IgG staining floating outside of glomerular capillary loops have recently been identified as autoimmune antibodies against nephrin in podocytes from a set of MCD cases (Watts AJB et al., JASN 2022;33:238-252). The corresponding ultrastructural findings by EM, however, of the autoimmune antibodies are not yet described. We hypothesized that budding ballooning clusters (BBC) seen in EM may be correlated with the punctate IgG staining granules. Design: We identified 7 patients with MCD …


Injured Proximal Tubules Stain Positivity For Arginase-1 To Indicate Acute Tubular Injury (Ati), Jessica Anderson, Neal Blatt, Olabisi Afolayan-Oloye, Hassan Kanaan, Wei Li, Larysa Wickman, Ping Zhang 2023 Beaumont Health Resident

Injured Proximal Tubules Stain Positivity For Arginase-1 To Indicate Acute Tubular Injury (Ati), Jessica Anderson, Neal Blatt, Olabisi Afolayan-Oloye, Hassan Kanaan, Wei Li, Larysa Wickman, Ping Zhang

Conference Presentation Abstracts

Background: A recent study indicates that arginase-1 participates in M2 macrophage-mediated renal tubular regeneration in a rodent model (Shin et al. JASN 2022). As injured proximal tubule cells have a phagocytotic capacity (stain positively for CD68 and kidney injury moleucule-1 in previous studies), we hypothesized that the injured proximal tubules may stain positively for arginase1. Design: We analyzed PAS-stained renal biopsy sections for evidence of ATI using a semiquantitative scale: 0 (no injury) to 1-2+ (mild to moderate ATI) to 3+ (severe ATI). First group (N=7) consisted of renal biopsies that had no evidence of ATI or were obtained from …


Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion Gene Polymorphism And Its Association With Diabetic Nephropathy In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: An Egyptian Study, Yasmine M. Amrousy, Tamer M. Soliman, Haythem A. Tolba, Aisha Elshimy 2023 Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University

Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion Gene Polymorphism And Its Association With Diabetic Nephropathy In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: An Egyptian Study, Yasmine M. Amrousy, Tamer M. Soliman, Haythem A. Tolba, Aisha Elshimy

Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research

Background Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most serious complications associated with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). With variable allele and genotype frequencies, the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion–deletion (I/D) gene polymorphism has been suggested as a risk factor for DN. Objective The purpose of the study was to find whether ACE I/D polymorphism is associated with DN in Egyptian T2DM patients and its relation to ACE concentration and C-reactive protein quantitative level. Participants and methods A case–control study of 98 T2DM patients was divided into two groups: group 1, T2DM patients without DN, and group 2, T2DM patients with …


Assessing Serum Ferritin Together With Some Inflammatory Biomarkers In Overweight And Obese Hospital Care Workers At Elgalaa Teaching Hospital And Its Correlation With Metabolic Syndrome, Sahar Mohamed Said Elbayoumi, Hanan Farouk, Heba Abdelaziz 2023 Emeritus Consultant of Clinical Pathology at ElGalaa Teaching Hospital Diploma of nutrition

Assessing Serum Ferritin Together With Some Inflammatory Biomarkers In Overweight And Obese Hospital Care Workers At Elgalaa Teaching Hospital And Its Correlation With Metabolic Syndrome, Sahar Mohamed Said Elbayoumi, Hanan Farouk, Heba Abdelaziz

Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research

Obesity is known to be associated with elevated levels of inflammatory markers. One of the major problems associated with morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to assess the posing effect of obesity on the levels of serum ferritin, total cholesterol, HDL and LDL, triglycerides, HBA1C, CRP, and Uric acid with CBC, on random well-being colleague females. Patient and methods: 100 adult female health workers were categorized into three entities according to both BMI and waist circumference, as normal, overweight, and obese. Results: increased serum ferritin as an inflammatory marker might correlate to BMI, in juniors; and might …


Molecular Detection Of Entamoeba Histolytica In Diarrheic Fecal Samples From Patients Attending National Hepatology And Tropical Medicine Research Institute, Azza Hasan Abbas, El Shahat Ahmed ELShahat, Heba Mohamed Abdelglil 2023 Medical Parasitology, Immunology, Microbiology and Molecular Biology Department, National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute (NHTMRI), Cairo, Egypt

Molecular Detection Of Entamoeba Histolytica In Diarrheic Fecal Samples From Patients Attending National Hepatology And Tropical Medicine Research Institute, Azza Hasan Abbas, El Shahat Ahmed Elshahat, Heba Mohamed Abdelglil

Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research

Background: Amoebiasis is a worldwide disease caused by Entamoeba histolytica infection. The true prevalence is unknown due to the difficulty in distinguishing Entamoeba histolytica from non-pathogenic amoebas especially when microscopic diagnosis is performed, to overcome microscopy misidentification. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) assay is necessary as a highly sensitive and specific technique. Objective: To determine the value of Real-Time PCR (RT.PCR) in the diagnosis of Entamoeba histolytica in the stool samples of diarrheic patients attending NHTMI versus microscopy, copro- antigen, and serum antibodies detection techniques. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 diarrheic patients. Their stool samples were …


Massive Blood Transfusion Practises: A Survey Of Level 1 Trauma Centers, Rebecca C. Parker 2022 Southern Adventist University

Massive Blood Transfusion Practises: A Survey Of Level 1 Trauma Centers, Rebecca C. Parker

DNP Research Projects

Abstract

Background: Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death for individuals under the age of 45 years old, regardless of race, origin, or sex (CDC, 2019). Among patients who sustain traumatic injury, hemorrhage remains the leading cause of death (American College of Surgeons [ACS], 2014). Hemodynamic stability may be achieved through administration of blood products such as packed red blood cells (PRBC), plasma, and platelets (PTL). Patients with severe exsanguination may require administration of blood products in large quantities, also known as a massive blood transfusion (MBT).

Local Problem: Nationally, traumatic injury accounts for over 150,000 deaths annually (American …


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