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Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The nutritional management of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is of prime importance in meeting the challenge of maintaining normal growth and development in this population. The objective of this review is to integrate the Pediatric Renal Nutrition Taskforce clinical practice recommendations for children with CKD stages 2-5 and on dialysis, as they relate to the infant from full term birth up to 1 year of age, for healthcare professionals, including dietitians, physicians, and nurses. It addresses nutritional assessment, energy and protein requirements, delivery of the nutritional prescription, and necessary dietary modifications in the case of abnormal serum levels …


Rapid Onset Hydralazine-Induced Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (Anca) Associated Vasculitis Presenting With Hemoptysis And Kidney Failure: Case Report, Rachel E. Easter, Andinet Gizaw, Natalie Klein 2023 Virginia Commonwealth University

Rapid Onset Hydralazine-Induced Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (Anca) Associated Vasculitis Presenting With Hemoptysis And Kidney Failure: Case Report, Rachel E. Easter, Andinet Gizaw, Natalie Klein

Internal Medicine Publications

Hydralazine-induced vasculitis can be challenging to recognize and diagnose as presenting symptoms vary and can mimic other conditions or diseases, however, swift intervention and treatment is key in halting progression of the disease and providing patients with the best possible outcomes. A 71-year-old African American female presented to the emergency department with weakness, fatigue, anemia, blood-streaked sputum, fever, chills, and severe myalgias. Hydralazine was prescribed to treat resistant hypertension eight months prior to presentation. Hydralazine was discontinued on hospital day (HD) 4. Pertinent laboratory values showed elevated inflammatory markers, positive antinuclear antibody (ANA), negative rheumatoid factor (RF), normal complement levels, …


Epigenetic Basis Of Diabetic Vasculopathy, Theja Bhamidipati, Manishekhar Kumar, Sumit S. Verma, Sedat Kacar, Diamond Reese, Michelle M. Martinez, Malgorzata M. Kamocka, Kenneth W. Dunn, Chandan K. Sen, Kanhaiya Singh 2022 Jefferson-Einstein Medical Center

Epigenetic Basis Of Diabetic Vasculopathy, Theja Bhamidipati, Manishekhar Kumar, Sumit S. Verma, Sedat Kacar, Diamond Reese, Michelle M. Martinez, Malgorzata M. Kamocka, Kenneth W. Dunn, Chandan K. Sen, Kanhaiya Singh

Einstein Health Papers

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) causes peripheral vascular disease because of which several blood-borne factors, including vital nutrients fail to reach the affected tissue. Tissue epigenome is sensitive to chronic hyperglycemia and is known to cause pathogenesis of micro- and macrovascular complications. These vascular complications of T2DM may perpetuate the onset of organ dysfunction. The burden of diabetes is primarily because of a wide range of complications of which nonhealing diabetic ulcers represent a major component. Thus, it is imperative that current research help recognize more effective methods for the diagnosis and management of early vascular injuries. This review addresses …


Noninvasive Quantification Of Tissue Sodium Concentration In The Kidney Disease Spectrum Using 23na Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fabio R. Salerno 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Noninvasive Quantification Of Tissue Sodium Concentration In The Kidney Disease Spectrum Using 23na Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fabio R. Salerno

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially when requiring kidney replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD)), is associated with extracellular water expansion with increased total body sodium. Sodium can also be accumulated in tissues independently of extracellular water. Sodium-23 magnetic resonance imaging (23Na MRI) can quantify the concentration of sodium nuclei in tissues. Applied to the human leg, quantification of tissue sodium concentrations mainly at the skin and muscle level is possible. We hypothesized that increased tissue sodium concentrations exert toxic effects in CKD and dialysis. We aimed to (1) compare tissue sodium concentrations in adults, children and …


Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hemodialysis (HD) provides life-saving treatment in individuals with kidney failure. However, HD is associated with poor quality of life and extremely high mortality rates mainly caused by cardiovascular disease due to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Standard pharmacological treatment developed within the non-kidney disease community are largely ineffective in HD patients because of the difference in pathophysiology of cardiovascular mortality. HD treatment causes hypotension and recurrent ischemic injury to multiple vascular beds including the heart, leading to heart failure. These injuries can be abrogated by improving the patient’s tolerability of the treatment. To apply interventions that may improve hemodynamic …


Getting Ahead: A Resident Led Quality Improvement Project To Increase Diabetic Nephropathy Screening In An Underserved Hispanic-Predominant Population, Stephanie Luu, Jose Rivera, Daniel Aragon, Victor Zamora, Irma Huayanay, Reham Majzoub, Andreina Baird, Cristina Escobar, Eric Sanchez, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga, Daniela Hernandez, Chelsea Chang 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. DHR Internal Medicine Program.

Getting Ahead: A Resident Led Quality Improvement Project To Increase Diabetic Nephropathy Screening In An Underserved Hispanic-Predominant Population, Stephanie Luu, Jose Rivera, Daniel Aragon, Victor Zamora, Irma Huayanay, Reham Majzoub, Andreina Baird, Cristina Escobar, Eric Sanchez, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga, Daniela Hernandez, Chelsea Chang

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Introduction: Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States (US), with 37 million having chronic kidney disease. Despite national guidelines recommendations for diabetic nephropathy screening with urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), less than 50% receive full screening.

Our Internal Medicine residents led a quality improvement project to increase diabetic nephropathy screening rate with UACR in our resident clinic by 50% in one academic year.

Methods: We conducted the resident-led quality improvement project from July 2021 to April 2022. We reviewed the electronic medical records (EMR) from our clinic pre-intervention July 2020 to June 2021 and …


Uremic Myopathy And Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Kidney Disease, Eurico Serrano, Diana Whitaker-Menezes, Zhao Lin, Megan Roche, Maria Paula Martinez Cantarin 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Uremic Myopathy And Mitochondrial Dysfunction In Kidney Disease, Eurico Serrano, Diana Whitaker-Menezes, Zhao Lin, Megan Roche, Maria Paula Martinez Cantarin

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Alterations in muscle structure and function in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are associated with poor outcomes. As key organelles in muscle cell homeostasis, mitochondrial metabolism has been studied in the context of muscle dysfunction in CKD. We conducted a study to determine the contribution of oxidative metabolism, glycolysis and fatty acid oxidation to the muscle metabolism in CKD. Mice developed CKD by exposure to adenine in the diet. Muscle of CKD mice showed significant weight loss compared to non-CKD mice, but only extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle showed a decreased number of fibers. There was no difference in the …


A Case Report Of Concurrent Cryptococcal And Tuberculous Meningitis In An Immunosuppressed Renal Transplant Patient, Linda Barasa, Ahmed Sokwala, Felix Riunga, Dilraj Sokhi 2022 Aga Khan University

A Case Report Of Concurrent Cryptococcal And Tuberculous Meningitis In An Immunosuppressed Renal Transplant Patient, Linda Barasa, Ahmed Sokwala, Felix Riunga, Dilraj Sokhi

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Infections after renal transplant are a common cause of morbidity and are commonly due to Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Cryptococcus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Aspergillus. Concurrent infections with both cryptococcal and tuberculous aetiologies are rare within the central nervous system (CNS). We present a case of a 67-year-old male patient who presented with three weeks of headaches, confusion, unsteady gait, and seizures. He had type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. He had a kidney transplant three years prior and was on three immunosuppressive agents. He was HIV-negative. He was evaluated and found to have cryptococcal meningitis and received appropriate treatment with liposomal amphotericin …


A Review Of Ferric Citrate Clinical Studies, And The Rationale And Design Of The Ferric Citrate And Chronic Kidney Disease In Children (Fit4kid) Trial., Mark R. Hanudel, Marciana L. Laster, Anthony A. Portale, Aditi Dokras, Raymond P. Quigley, German A Lozano Guzman, Joshua J. Zaritsky, Nicole A. Hayde, Frederick J. Kaskel, Mark M. Mitsnefes, Jorge A. Ramirez, Peace D. Imani, Poyyapakkam R. Srivaths, Amy J. Kogon, Michelle R. Denburg, Tom D. Blydt-Hansen, Loretta Z. Reyes, Larry A. Greenbaum, Darcy K. Weidemann, Bradley A. Warady, David A. Elashoff, Susan R. Mendley, Tamara Isakova, Isidro B. Salusky 2022 Children's Mercy Kansas City

A Review Of Ferric Citrate Clinical Studies, And The Rationale And Design Of The Ferric Citrate And Chronic Kidney Disease In Children (Fit4kid) Trial., Mark R. Hanudel, Marciana L. Laster, Anthony A. Portale, Aditi Dokras, Raymond P. Quigley, German A Lozano Guzman, Joshua J. Zaritsky, Nicole A. Hayde, Frederick J. Kaskel, Mark M. Mitsnefes, Jorge A. Ramirez, Peace D. Imani, Poyyapakkam R. Srivaths, Amy J. Kogon, Michelle R. Denburg, Tom D. Blydt-Hansen, Loretta Z. Reyes, Larry A. Greenbaum, Darcy K. Weidemann, Bradley A. Warady, David A. Elashoff, Susan R. Mendley, Tamara Isakova, Isidro B. Salusky

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by many co-morbidities, including impaired growth and development, CKD-mineral and bone disorder, anemia, dysregulated iron metabolism, and cardiovascular disease. In pediatric CKD cohorts, higher circulating concentrations of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) are associated with some of these adverse clinical outcomes, including CKD progression and left ventricular hypertrophy. It is hypothesized that lowering FGF23 levels will reduce the risk of these events and improve clinical outcomes. Reducing FGF23 levels in CKD may be accomplished by targeting two key stimuli of FGF23 production-dietary phosphate absorption and iron deficiency. Ferric citrate is approved for use …


Contrast Induced Nephropathy, Tessa Cicchella 2022 Providence

Contrast Induced Nephropathy, Tessa Cicchella

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Prevent Vascular Access Complications By Adopting A Vascular Access Assessment Improvement Process In The Adultdialysis Unit, Ana Lopez Franco 2022 Providence

Prevent Vascular Access Complications By Adopting A Vascular Access Assessment Improvement Process In The Adultdialysis Unit, Ana Lopez Franco

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cardiac sodium (Na+) MRI has the potential to unveil relationships between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Unfortunately, this modality requires many technical adaptations before it’s possible to extract and compare image data between individuals. This study investigated whether cardiac electrocardiogram (ECG) gating could improve image quality, and whether a uniform phantom could increase signal uniformity if a surface coil is used to acquire the image. Healthy participants were imaged with a custom-built surface coil and 3.0-T MR system. Cardiac gated images presented with a decreased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), but intensity correction significantly increased image signal …


Role Of Hla-I Structural Variants And The Polyreactive Antibodies They Generate In Immune Homeostasis, Mepur H Ravindranath, Fatiha El Hilali, Carly J Amato-Menker, Hajar El Hilali, Senthamil R Selvan, Edward J Filippone 2022 Terasaki Foundation Laboratory

Role Of Hla-I Structural Variants And The Polyreactive Antibodies They Generate In Immune Homeostasis, Mepur H Ravindranath, Fatiha El Hilali, Carly J Amato-Menker, Hajar El Hilali, Senthamil R Selvan, Edward J Filippone

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Cell-surface HLA-I molecules consisting of β2-microglobulin (β2m) associated heavy chains (HCs), referred to as Face-1, primarily present peptides to CD8+ T-cells. HCs consist of three α-domains, with selected amino acid sequences shared by all alleles of all six isoforms. The cell-surface HLA undergoes changes upon activation by pathological conditions with the expression of β2m-free HCs (Face-2) resulting in exposure of β2m-masked sequences shared by almost all alleles and the generation of HLA-polyreactive antibodies (Abs) against them. Face-2 may homodimerize or heterodimerize with the same (Face-3) or different alleles (Face-4) preventing exposure of shared epitopes. Non-allo immunized males naturally carry HLA-polyreactive …


Comparing Kidney Health Outcomes In Children, Adolescents, And Adults With Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis., Debbie S. Gipson, Jonathan P. Troost, Cathie Spino, Samara Attalla, Joshua Tarnoff, Susan Massengill, Richard Lafayette, Virginia Vega-Warner, Sharon Adler, Patrick Gipson, Matthew Elliott, Frederick Kaskel, Damian Fermin, Marva Moxey-Mims, Richard N. Fine, Elizabeth J. Brown, Kimberly Reidy, Katherine Tuttle, Keisha Gibson, Kevin V. Lemley, Larry A. Greenbaum, Meredith A. Atkinson, Sangeeta Hingorani, Tarak Srivastava, Christine B. Sethna, Kevin Meyers, Cheryl Tran, Katherine M. Dell, Chia-Shi Wang, Jennifer Lai Yee, Matthew G. Sampson, Rasheed Gbadegesin, J J Lin, Tammy Brady, Michelle Rheault, Howard Trachtman 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Comparing Kidney Health Outcomes In Children, Adolescents, And Adults With Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis., Debbie S. Gipson, Jonathan P. Troost, Cathie Spino, Samara Attalla, Joshua Tarnoff, Susan Massengill, Richard Lafayette, Virginia Vega-Warner, Sharon Adler, Patrick Gipson, Matthew Elliott, Frederick Kaskel, Damian Fermin, Marva Moxey-Mims, Richard N. Fine, Elizabeth J. Brown, Kimberly Reidy, Katherine Tuttle, Keisha Gibson, Kevin V. Lemley, Larry A. Greenbaum, Meredith A. Atkinson, Sangeeta Hingorani, Tarak Srivastava, Christine B. Sethna, Kevin Meyers, Cheryl Tran, Katherine M. Dell, Chia-Shi Wang, Jennifer Lai Yee, Matthew G. Sampson, Rasheed Gbadegesin, J J Lin, Tammy Brady, Michelle Rheault, Howard Trachtman

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Importance: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a common cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) across the lifespan. While 10% to 15% of children and 3% of adults who develop ESKD have FSGS, it remains uncertain whether the natural history differs in pediatric vs adult patients, and this uncertainty contributes to the exclusion of children and adolescents in clinical trials.

Objective: To examine whether there are differences in the kidney health outcomes among children, adolescents, and adults with FSGS.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study used pooled and parallel analyses, completed July 5, 2022, from 3 complimentary data sources: (1) …


In-Silico Analysis Of Interacting Pathways Through Kim-1 Protein Interaction In Diabetic Nephropathy, Fatima Abid, Z Rubab, Syeda Sadia Fatima, A Qureshi, Arfa Azhar, A Jafri 2022 Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi

In-Silico Analysis Of Interacting Pathways Through Kim-1 Protein Interaction In Diabetic Nephropathy, Fatima Abid, Z Rubab, Syeda Sadia Fatima, A Qureshi, Arfa Azhar, A Jafri

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background: Human Kidney Injury Molecule-1, also known as HAVCR-1 (Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1), belongs to the cell-surface protein of immunoglobulin superfamily involved in the phagocytosis by acting as scavenger receptor epithelial cells. The study focused on pinpointing the mechanisms and genes that interact with KIM-1.
Methods: This in-silico study was done from March 2019 to December 2019. The Enrichment and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network carefully choose proteins. In addition, the diagramed gene data sets were accomplished using FunRich version 3.1.3. It was done to unveil the proteins that may affect the regulation of HAVCR1 or may be regulated …


Evaluation Of An Education Program Implementation For Adults With Stage 4 And 5 Chronic Kidney Disease, Dana Marie Carter 2022 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Evaluation Of An Education Program Implementation For Adults With Stage 4 And 5 Chronic Kidney Disease, Dana Marie Carter

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: Patients with long-term medical conditions represent a significant public health issue. Therefore, patients diagnosed with a chronic illness must have a high level of health literacy (HL) to manage their condition effectively. This Quality Improvement (QI) project evaluated the impact of an existing education-based program for stage 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and its effect on laboratory values compared before and after an NP-led education program that included vascular access, and modality choices.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was completed on 20 patients with an inclusive diagnosis of CKD stage 4 or 5 from …


Effect Of Vaccination On The Case Fatality Rate For Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Injections, Glen H. Murata, Allison E. Murata, Douglas J. Perkins, Heather M. Campbell, Jenny T. Mao, Brent Wagner, Benjamin H. Mcmahon, Curt H. Hagedorn 2022 New Mexico Veterans Affairs Health Care System

Effect Of Vaccination On The Case Fatality Rate For Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Injections, Glen H. Murata, Allison E. Murata, Douglas J. Perkins, Heather M. Campbell, Jenny T. Mao, Brent Wagner, Benjamin H. Mcmahon, Curt H. Hagedorn

The Kidney Institute of New Mexico

Objectives:

To evaluate the benefits of vaccination on the case fatality rate (CFR) for COVID-19 infections.

Design, setting, and participants:

The United States Department of Veterans Affairs has one hundred and thirty medical centers. We created multivariate models from these data -339,772 patients with coronaviral disease (COVID-19)-as of September 30, 2021.

Outcome measures:

The primary outcome for all models was death within 60 days of the diagnosis. Logistic regression derived adjusted odds ratios (OR) for vaccination and infection with delta versus earlier variants. Models were adjusted for demographic traits, standard comorbidity indices, and three novel parameters representing all prior diagnoses, …


Renal Cell Carcinoma Of Pelvic Kidney With Atypical Nodal Metastasis: A Diagnostic Challenge, Roshan-E-Shahid Rana, Muhammad Hammad Ather 2022 Aga Khan University

Renal Cell Carcinoma Of Pelvic Kidney With Atypical Nodal Metastasis: A Diagnostic Challenge, Roshan-E-Shahid Rana, Muhammad Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Ectopic pelvic kidney is a known congenital anomaly; however, the presence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in an ectopic kidney is rare with the evidence available in the form of a few case reports only. In this case report, we present a case of metastatic RCC in the pelvic kidney which became a diagnostic challenge because of atypical contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) characteristics and unusual pattern of lymph node involvement including cervical lymph node in the absence of visceral metastasis. Because of its unusual location and uncertain vascular anatomy, ectopic kidney poses a surgical challenge. Owing to the rarity of …


Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, Brian L. Pando, Benjamin Goldsmith, Adam Lane Webb, Komal Kinger, Brian Helmly 2022 Memorial Health University Medical Center

Free Silicone-Induced Granulomatosis And Hypercalcemia In A Transgender Female, Brian L. Pando, Benjamin Goldsmith, Adam Lane Webb, Komal Kinger, Brian Helmly

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Vitamin D derangements are a rare but important cause of hypercalcemia. Granulomatous disease is a primary cause of vitamin D derangements and is frequently associated with sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and in the present case, foreign body granulomatosis. Liquid or injectable silicone is used as a filler for cosmetic body contouring. Transgender patients may seek silicone injections as part of gender affirmation surgeries. Granuloma formation is a rare but well-described complication of injectable silicone.

Case Description

A 40-year-old, assigned male at birth (AMAB) transgender female patient, with a history of HIV and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3b, was admitted to …


Perceived Barriers To Peritoneal Dialysis Among Kenyan Nephrologists: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study, Saleem Abdul Karim Sokwala, John Otieno Odhiambo, Ahmed Sokwala 2022 Aga Khan University

Perceived Barriers To Peritoneal Dialysis Among Kenyan Nephrologists: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study, Saleem Abdul Karim Sokwala, John Otieno Odhiambo, Ahmed Sokwala

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a well-recognized technique of renal replacement therapy (RRT), with similar efficacy as well as survival outcomes as hemodialysis (HD). Despite its advantages including prolonged preservation of residual renal function, potentially lower cost and advances with automated techniques, and commercialization of more biocompatible solutions, the overall prevalence of patients treated with PD is still very low in developed countries and even more so in Africa and low-middle income countries like Kenya. According to our knowledge, no local studies have been done on prevalence of peritoneal dialysis or on potential barriers to utilization of PD as an …


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