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A Novel Approach To Explore Safety-I And Safety-Ii Perspectives In In Situ Simulations-The Structured What If Functional Resonance Analysis Methodology., Ralph James MacKinnon, Karin Pukk-Härenstam, Christopher S. Kennedy, Erik Hollnagel, David Slater 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Novel Approach To Explore Safety-I And Safety-Ii Perspectives In In Situ Simulations-The Structured What If Functional Resonance Analysis Methodology., Ralph James Mackinnon, Karin Pukk-Härenstam, Christopher S. Kennedy, Erik Hollnagel, David Slater

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVES: With ever increasingly complex healthcare settings, technology enhanced simulation (TES) is well positioned to explore all perspectives to enhance patient safety and patient outcomes. Analysis from a Safety-II stance requires identification of human adjustments in daily work that are key to maintaining safety. The aim of this paper is to describe an approach to explore the consequences of human variability from a Safety-II perspective and describe the added value of this to TES.

METHODS: The reader is guided through a novel application of functional resonance analysis methodology (FRAM), a method to analyse how a system or activity is affected ...


Impact Of Psychotropic Medications On Electrical Cardiac Conduction In The Emergency Department: A Best Practice Review, Juliann Hatt 2021 University of San Diego

Impact Of Psychotropic Medications On Electrical Cardiac Conduction In The Emergency Department: A Best Practice Review, Juliann Hatt

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract Background: The effects of psychotropic drugs on cardiac repolarization have increasingly gained attention in research and clinical practice over the last 2 decades. The absolute risk of cardiac arrhythmia, such as the polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, Torsades de Pointes (TdP), is low (14 per 10,000 patients/year) and sudden cardiac death as a consequence of all cardiac arrhythmias is less frequent (Braillon et al., 2017). TdP can occur at therapeutic doses of second-generation antipsychotics and antidepressants and with a corrected Q-T (QTc) interval >500 ms. Many psychotropic medications can delay cardiac repolarization thereby producing prolonged QTc in the electrocardiogram ...


Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson 2021 The University of San Francisco

Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Japanese health practice of Reiki attempts to maximize the latent ability of the human system to heal itself. The Reiki system, established over a century ago, combines multiple Asian health traditions, experimenting with practices that maximize the natural processes of the body to perform its own repairs. Reiki encourages healthy behaviors that balance the mind and body, return the human system to a lowered stress level, and allow for an optimal recovery state for the patient. This paper illustrates how this Japanese health-affirming method can be integrated and utilized within existing health and medical practices. An area that is ...


Improving Patient Experience And Staff Workflow During Ed To Inpatient Interfacility Transfers, Jonathan Nakagawa 2021 The University of San Francisco

Improving Patient Experience And Staff Workflow During Ed To Inpatient Interfacility Transfers, Jonathan Nakagawa

Master's Projects and Capstones

ED overcrowding has been an issue for Facility X pre-COVID19 and has been exacerbated following the first shelter in place mandate around March 2020. Facility X had proposed to increase the amount of interfacility transfers (IFT) to mitigate overcrowding and, hopefully, improve patient outcomes. 2020 Census data had shown that patient satisfaction scores and Nurse Daily Engagement scores were down; leading Facility X to believe that there can be improvements made to the IFT workflow and communication. Patient interviews also revealed that not all patients were satisfied with how they were treated during the IFT process. This quality improvement project ...


Nicotine Aggravates Vascular Adiponectin Resistance Via Ubiquitin-Mediated Adiponectin Receptor Degradation In Diabetic Apolipoprotein E Knockout Mouse, Jia Gao, Jianghong Fan, Zhijun Meng, Rui Wang, Caihong Liu, Jing Liu, Bin Liang, Jing Wang, Yaoli Xie, Jing Zhao, Rui Guo, Jianli Zhao, Xin-Liang Ma, Xiangying Jiao, Jimin Cao, Yajing Wang 2021 Shanxi Medical University

Nicotine Aggravates Vascular Adiponectin Resistance Via Ubiquitin-Mediated Adiponectin Receptor Degradation In Diabetic Apolipoprotein E Knockout Mouse, Jia Gao, Jianghong Fan, Zhijun Meng, Rui Wang, Caihong Liu, Jing Liu, Bin Liang, Jing Wang, Yaoli Xie, Jing Zhao, Rui Guo, Jianli Zhao, Xin-Liang Ma, Xiangying Jiao, Jimin Cao, Yajing Wang

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

There is limited and discordant evidence on the role of nicotine in diabetic vascular disease. Exacerbated endothelial cell dysregulation in smokers with diabetes is associated with the disrupted adipose function. Adipokines possess vascular protective, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetic properties. However, whether and how nicotine primes and aggravates diabetic vascular disorders remain uncertain. In this study, we evaluated the alteration of adiponectin (APN) level in high-fat diet (HFD) mice with nicotine (NIC) administration. The vascular pathophysiological response was evaluated with vascular ring assay. Confocal and co-immunoprecipitation analysis were applied to identify the signal interaction and transduction. These results indicated that the circulating ...


A Multicenter Evaluation Of Viral Bloodstream Detections In Children Presenting To The Emergency Department With Suspected Systemic Infection., Christina A. Rostad, Neena Kanwar, Jumi Yi, Claudia R. Morris, Jennifer Dien Bard, Amy Leber, James Dunn, Kimberle C. Chapin, Anne J. Blaschke, Judy A. Daly, Leslie Hueschen, Matthew Jones, Elizabeth Ott, Jeffrey Bastar, Kevin M. Bourzac, Rangaraj Selvarangan 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Multicenter Evaluation Of Viral Bloodstream Detections In Children Presenting To The Emergency Department With Suspected Systemic Infection., Christina A. Rostad, Neena Kanwar, Jumi Yi, Claudia R. Morris, Jennifer Dien Bard, Amy Leber, James Dunn, Kimberle C. Chapin, Anne J. Blaschke, Judy A. Daly, Leslie Hueschen, Matthew Jones, Elizabeth Ott, Jeffrey Bastar, Kevin M. Bourzac, Rangaraj Selvarangan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Fever is a common symptom in children presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). We aimed to describe the epidemiology of systemic viral infections and their predictive values for excluding serious bacterial infections (SBIs), including bacteremia, meningitis and urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children presenting to the ED with suspected systemic infections.

METHODS: We enrolled children who presented to the ED with suspected systemic infections who had blood cultures obtained at seven healthcare facilities. Whole blood specimens were analyzed by an experimental multiplexed PCR test for 7 viruses. Demographic and laboratory results were abstracted.

RESULTS: Of the 1114 subjects enrolled ...


A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay BS, MR, Bree A. Harrison BSN, RN, TCRN, Joseph J. Stirparo MD, Michael T. Crowley MD, Nicholas P. Johnson DO, Bryan G. Kane MD, Kathleen E. Kane MD 2021 USF MCOM - LVHN Campus

A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay Bs, Mr, Bree A. Harrison Bsn, Rn, Tcrn, Joseph J. Stirparo Md, Michael T. Crowley Md, Nicholas P. Johnson Do, Bryan G. Kane Md, Kathleen E. Kane Md

USF-LVHN SELECT

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of The Use Of Tranexamic Acid In The Treatment Of Bradykinin-Mediated Angioedema In The Emergency Department, Sarah YB Kim, Carol Keller 2021 Providence

An Evaluation Of The Use Of Tranexamic Acid In The Treatment Of Bradykinin-Mediated Angioedema In The Emergency Department, Sarah Yb Kim, Carol Keller

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Milwaukie and Providence Newberg Medical Centers 2021

Background

Bradykinin mediated angioedema is an overarching term that includes idiopathic angioedema, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) induced angioedema and hereditary angioedema (HAE). •This is an emergent condition that must be treated with the utmost urgency due to the fatal outcomes associated with the rapid constriction of the throat. •Bradykinin mediated angioedema is treated differently from histamine associated angioedema due to its resistance to corticosteroids and antihistamines. •HAE and ACEi induced angioedema are treated similarly but there is a lack of unanimity in the first line pharmacologic treatment. •Current treatment options include fresh frozen plasma, bradykinin-2 receptor antagonists, plasma-kallikrein inhibitors ...


Medication And Pharmacy-Related Outcomes As Part Of The Seniors At Risk For Falls After Emergency Room Visit (Safer) Project, Hyesoo Chae, Sharon Leigh, Colleen M Casey 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Medication And Pharmacy-Related Outcomes As Part Of The Seniors At Risk For Falls After Emergency Room Visit (Safer) Project, Hyesoo Chae, Sharon Leigh, Colleen M Casey

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

Background

The United States is comprised of an aging population; adults over the age of 85 are the fastest-growing age group in the United States and will reach approximately 9 million in 2030.1 25% of patients ≥ 65 years old in the United States report falling each year.1 There are over 3 million emergency department visits related to falls in the United States, totaling approximately 50 billion dollars in total medical expenditures.2 Falls are a major threat for older adults as they can lead to increased risk of further injury, loss of independence, decreased mobility, and premature death ...


Health Disparities In Black, Latinx, And Native Populations Compared To Caucasians: A Retrospective Descriptive-Analysis Of Care Focused On Hypertensive Emergency, Non-St Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (Nstemi), And Cerebrovascular Accident (Cva)., Jonathan Aguilar Roa, Evon Anukam 2021 Providence St. Vincent

Health Disparities In Black, Latinx, And Native Populations Compared To Caucasians: A Retrospective Descriptive-Analysis Of Care Focused On Hypertensive Emergency, Non-St Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (Nstemi), And Cerebrovascular Accident (Cva)., Jonathan Aguilar Roa, Evon Anukam

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

Background

• Health disparity is a sum of differences in healthcare seen in underserved populations of the United States. 1 • Differences include incidence, prevalence, mortality, burden of disease, and other adverse health conditions • According to ASHP, health disparities continue to be a major public health problem confronting the U.S. health care systems. 2 • Evidence suggests that health disparities can be in part due to differences in the quality of care for different racial and ethnic groups. 2 • All the different disparity factors have been shown to lead to different health outcomes that do not favor Black, Latinx, and Native American ...


Evaluation And Implementation Of A New Phenobarbital Protocol For Alcohol Withdrawal Management In The Emergency Department, Sarah J. Kim, Sara Clark, Joshua L. Floyd 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Evaluation And Implementation Of A New Phenobarbital Protocol For Alcohol Withdrawal Management In The Emergency Department, Sarah J. Kim, Sara Clark, Joshua L. Floyd

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

Background

• Alcohol withdrawal syndrome can lead to substantial health care costs and mortality. • Although historically benzodiazepines (BZDs) are considered the mainstay treatment for alcohol withdrawal, some studies have shown that phenobarbital may be the safer and preferred alternative option. • Advantages of phenobarbital are its mechanism of action, more predictable pharmacokinetics, and greater therapeutic index. • A prospective study by Rosenson et al. 2012 found that a single 10 mg/kg IV dose of phenobarbital versus standardized lorazepam protocol resulted in decreased ICU admissions (8% vs. 25%). • A retrospective study by Tidewell et al. 2018 demonstrated shorter hospital stays, less incidence of ...


Evaluation Of The Hypothesis That Viral Meningitis Is A Mimic Of Abusive Head Trauma, Danielle Horton, Tanya Burrell, James Anderst, Lyndsey Hultman, Mary Moffatt, Henry T. Puls, Rangaraj Selvarangan 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Evaluation Of The Hypothesis That Viral Meningitis Is A Mimic Of Abusive Head Trauma, Danielle Horton, Tanya Burrell, James Anderst, Lyndsey Hultman, Mary Moffatt, Henry T. Puls, Rangaraj Selvarangan

Posters

Background: Viral meningitis (VM) has been proposed as an alternative cause of subdural hemorrhage (SDH) in young children diagnosed with abusive head trauma (AHT). It has been proposed that VM may mimic symptoms and clinical features of AHT, resulting in an incorrect diagnosis of abuse.


Objective: We aim to evaluate the hypothesis that VM is a mimic of AHT by comparing the history of present illness (HPI) and initial clinical presentation of young children with proven VM to those with subdural hemorrhage and concomitant suspicious injuries (SDH + CSIs) and to those with SDH and no CSIs (SDH only). We hypothesized ...


Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, Pedro Banuelos 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Treatment Access For Dual Diagnosis Substance Use And Mental Health Disorders, Pedro Banuelos

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In 2018, of 1.3 million Latinx adults in the United States facing concurrent issues with substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders (MHD) 93% remained untreated for either diagnosis. This is concerning since Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) data reveals that this population is at greater risk for suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts. They also face structural barriers such as employment, housing, legal involvement, and insurability that further impede access to treatment.

This study’s purpose was to examine barriers to accessing treatment for Latinx populations confronting co-occurring SUDs and MHDs. This study used a ...


Emergency Medicine Resident Identification Of Medication Safety Issues, Natalie E. Ebeling-Koning DO, Charles A. Soares MD, Gillian A. Beauchamp MD, Gavin C. Barr Jr. MD, Terrence E. Goyke DO, Shawn M. Quinn DO, Kevin Weaver D.O.,FACOEP, Dawn M. Yenser C-TAGME, Bryan G. Kane MD 2021 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Emergency Medicine Resident Identification Of Medication Safety Issues, Natalie E. Ebeling-Koning Do, Charles A. Soares Md, Gillian A. Beauchamp Md, Gavin C. Barr Jr. Md, Terrence E. Goyke Do, Shawn M. Quinn Do, Kevin Weaver D.O.,Facoep, Dawn M. Yenser C-Tagme, Bryan G. Kane Md

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay BS, MR, Bree A. Harrison BSN, RN, TCRN, Joseph J. Stirparo MD, Michael T. Crowley MD, Nicholas P. Johnson DO, Bryan G. Kane MD, Kathleen E. Kane MD 2021 USF MCOM - LVHN Campus

A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay Bs, Mr, Bree A. Harrison Bsn, Rn, Tcrn, Joseph J. Stirparo Md, Michael T. Crowley Md, Nicholas P. Johnson Do, Bryan G. Kane Md, Kathleen E. Kane Md

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Using Standardized Scripting To Improve Antibiotic Stewardship In A National Pediatric Urgent Care Collaborative, Amanda Nedved, Melody Fung, Cindy Liu, Rana Hamdy, Amanda Montalbano 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Using Standardized Scripting To Improve Antibiotic Stewardship In A National Pediatric Urgent Care Collaborative, Amanda Nedved, Melody Fung, Cindy Liu, Rana Hamdy, Amanda Montalbano

Posters

Background: A study using administrative data reported urgent care providers as having the highest rates of inappropriate antibiotic use for upper respiratory illnesses. In a national survey, pediatric urgent care providers reported family expectations as a primary driver for prescribing inappropriate antibiotics. Standardized scripting has been effective at reducing unnecessary antibiotics while increasing family satisfaction.


Objective: To reduce inappropriate prescribing for upper respiratory infections (acute otitis media (AOM), otitis media with effusion (OME), and pharyngitis) in pediatric urgent cares by 20% by December 1, 2020 through use of standardized scripting in Year 2 of a national pediatric urgent care quality ...


Teaching Pediatric Procedural Pain And Anxiety Management To Residents: Early Outcomes Of A Newly Developed Curriculum, Jennifer J. Dilts, Brian R. Lee, Shobhit Jain, Ross Newman, Sarah Fouquet, Michael Brancato, Kadriye O. Lewis 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Teaching Pediatric Procedural Pain And Anxiety Management To Residents: Early Outcomes Of A Newly Developed Curriculum, Jennifer J. Dilts, Brian R. Lee, Shobhit Jain, Ross Newman, Sarah Fouquet, Michael Brancato, Kadriye O. Lewis

Posters

Background: Poorly managed pediatric pain has negative long-term outcomes, including needle phobia, increased pain and anxiety with subsequent procedures, and healthcare avoidance in adulthood. Evidence-based interventions to reduce procedural pain and anxiety are vastly underutilized, and a literature search revealed no specific curriculum to teach residents optimal skills for pain and anxiety management in minor procedures (e.g. venipuncture, laceration repair). Thus, we developed a multimedia-based lecture with PowerPoint, utilizing results from a focus group interview (conducted with 7 pediatric residents, to determine educational content and identify residents’ needs and learning preferences).


Objective: To measure residents’ learning outcomes (knowledge, attitudes ...


Improving The Rate Of Emergency Department Physician Pre-Procedure Time-Out Documentation For Deep Sedation And Cutaneous Abscess Incision And Drainage, Arjun Sarin, Nikita Sharma, Shobhit Jain 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Improving The Rate Of Emergency Department Physician Pre-Procedure Time-Out Documentation For Deep Sedation And Cutaneous Abscess Incision And Drainage, Arjun Sarin, Nikita Sharma, Shobhit Jain

Posters

Background: The pre-procedure time-out, an important safety measure to verify patient identity and accuracy of a planned procedure, and Joint Commission requirement, is not documented consistently by physicians in our emergency department (ED). Deep sedation and cutaneous abscess incision and drainage (I&D) are two high-risk procedures performed in the ED, supporting the use of a time-out in this setting. Between June 2018 and May 2019, a pre-procedure time-out was documented in the physician procedure note of the electronic medical record (EMR) for 75% of deep sedations, and 94% of I&Ds.


Objective: We aimed to improve ED physician pre-procedure time-out documentation for deep sedation (ketamine and/or propofol) from 75% to 90%, and I&D from 94% to 98% by July 2020.


Design/Methods: Our ED is part of a free-standing, tertiary children’s hospital, comprised of two separate locations across two states, with a combined annual volume of 125,000 visits. We analyzed one year of baseline data for deep sedations and I&Ds performed in both locations, followed by weekly reports from November 2019 to July 2020. We provided education to the physicians regarding the history and importance of the pre-procedure time-out, monthly reminders and updates, as well as individualized feedback for deficient documentation. We optimized EMR procedure notes for deep sedation and I&D, and incentivized the project with American Board of Pediatrics Maintenance of Certification (MOC) credit, as well as a financial bonus. For cases of concurrent deep sedation and I&D, we expected the time-out be documented in both of the independent procedure notes, and measured these accordingly.


Results: During the study period we averaged 100 deep sedations and 25 I&Ds per month. Physician documentation of a pre-procedure time-out improved from 75% to 100% for deep sedation, and from 94% to 99.3% for I&D. The improvements remained sustained for five months without additional intervention. All physicians were eligible for the financial bonus; 40 met MOC credit requirements.

Conclusion(s): A pre-procedure time-out may reduce the likelihood of avoidable patient harm and is practical to perform in a busy ED setting. Using quality improvement methodology, we increased ED physician pre-procedure time-out documentation for deep sedation and I&D through education, feedback, and systems improvement. Future studies may quantify the effects on ...


Simulation Based Clinical Systems Testing Of A Pediatric Ed To Improve Staff And Process Readiness For Pediatric Hypoglycemia, Kevin Meilak MD, Christopher S. Kennedy 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Simulation Based Clinical Systems Testing Of A Pediatric Ed To Improve Staff And Process Readiness For Pediatric Hypoglycemia, Kevin Meilak Md, Christopher S. Kennedy

Posters

Background: Hypoglycemia is the most common metabolic disorder in children in pediatric emergency department (ED) settings 1. Children may present with nonspecific symptoms, or asymptomatically2. So identification/treatment is very challenging. Delayed recognition and under treatment can lead to poor patient outcomes including seizure, coma, and death. Simulation-based clinical systems tests (SbCSTs) are useful to detect gaps/latent safety threats (LSTs) in system design.3-5


Objective: Our aim was to use SbCSTs combined with rapid cycle training to test system function for ED treatment of hypoglycemia.3-5. The research questions were in 2 frames: 1. Can SbCSTs identify gaps/LSTs ...


Simulation Based Clinical Systems Testing In The Pediatric Emergency Department To Prepare For Covid-19 Pandemic, Christopher S. Kennedy, Marc Sycip, Lisa Ell, Shautonja Woods 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Simulation Based Clinical Systems Testing In The Pediatric Emergency Department To Prepare For Covid-19 Pandemic, Christopher S. Kennedy, Marc Sycip, Lisa Ell, Shautonja Woods

Posters

Background: The COVID-19 prompted pediatric emergency departments (PED) to prepare for a surge in patients. In response, guidelines developed represent “work as imagined” and may not reflect work as done. In situ simulations could identify gaps and help to mitigate errors. Simulation-based clinical systems tests (SbCSTs) can detect latent safety threats (LSTs) in systems design.


Objective: Our aim was to use SbCSTs combined with rapid cycle training to test hospital system modifications for ED preparation. This method represenst a new application of SbCSTs. The research questions were in 2 frames: 1. Can rapidly deployed SbCSTs identify LSTs and recommendations for ...


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