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Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (Bcvi): Universal Cta Neck Screening At Level 2 Trauma Center, Tamine Gogel 2024 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (Bcvi): Universal Cta Neck Screening At Level 2 Trauma Center, Tamine Gogel

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury (BCVI) refers to injuries to the vessels supplying blood to the brain, primarily carotid and vertebral arteries, and can result from trauma, resulting in stroke by vessel dissection, thrombus formation, embolization, and hemorrhage. Timely identification is crucial for effective intervention and improved outcomes. This doctoral project proposes the implementation of universal screening using Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) of the neck during initial workup for blunt force trauma at a Level II ACS-verified trauma center. The primary objective is to mitigate potential delays in diagnosing and treating BCVI, thereby reducing the likelihood of complications. Patients ≥ 15 years …


Care Of The Critically Ill Nontrauma Patient: Improving Emergency Department Readiness And Patient Care Through The Implementation Of A Dedicated Resuscitation Bay, Martha H. Buck RN, BSN, TCRN 2024 University of San Diego

Care Of The Critically Ill Nontrauma Patient: Improving Emergency Department Readiness And Patient Care Through The Implementation Of A Dedicated Resuscitation Bay, Martha H. Buck Rn, Bsn, Tcrn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Current best practice among emergency departments worldwide includes the maintenance of a dedicated resuscitation space. This practice allows for team members and equipment to be ready at a moment’s notice to provide care to a patient in need of lifesaving interventions. This evidence-based performance improvement project seeks to implement this standard of care in a busy, urban emergency department in Southern California.

Prior to this study, patients at this facility were placed in the next available care space, without the maintenance of a dedicated resuscitation area for critically ill patients. Survey data evaluating staff levels of perceived readiness to care …


Investigating Markers For Intracranial Hemorrhage Severity: Insights From Cbc Changes And Beyond, McKenzie Locker, Kasey Chelemedos, Nataly Apollonsky 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Investigating Markers For Intracranial Hemorrhage Severity: Insights From Cbc Changes And Beyond, Mckenzie Locker, Kasey Chelemedos, Nataly Apollonsky

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Bilateral Corneal Perforations Due To Elder Neglect, Jaclyn Jordan, Katherine Selman, Richard Byrne 2024 Cooper University Health Care

Bilateral Corneal Perforations Due To Elder Neglect, Jaclyn Jordan, Katherine Selman, Richard Byrne

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

Introduction: Atraumatic corneal melting and perforation is a rare etiology of eye pain and visual loss in the Emergency Department (ED), and xerophthalmia from vitamin A deficiency is primarily described as a cause of blindness in pediatric patients.

Case: A 68-year-old female presented to the ED with worsening eye pain and months of clouding and vision loss. History was limited by cognitive impairment and was provided by spouse. On exam, she was found to have a body mass index of 13.7 kg/m2, dry mucous membranes, purulent discharge from both eyes, and opacification and erosion of both corneas. She …


Emergency Care Of An Older Adult With Complex Care Needs, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Himika Dalia, Michelle Dietz 2024 Department of Geriatrics, MetroHealth System, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland OH

Emergency Care Of An Older Adult With Complex Care Needs, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Himika Dalia, Michelle Dietz

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

In this case report, we demonstrate the application of a stepwise guiding approach for older adults with complex care needs who present to the emergency department. It also highlights the challenges encountered during the implementation of these principles, and sheds light on the factors affecting the management of complex older populations. This case report emphasizes the pressing need for the development of a standardized protocol tailored to emergency physicians, addressing the unique needs of complex-multimorbid older adults, and overcoming the system barriers in emergency care.


A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Antibiotic Choice For Children Admitted With Urinary Tract Infections (Utis), Philip Jurasinski DO, PGY-3, Adrienne DePorre MD, Kathleen Berg MD, Allison Hadley MD, Viktoriya Stoycheva MHA, RN, CPN, Rana El Feghaly MD 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Antibiotic Choice For Children Admitted With Urinary Tract Infections (Utis), Philip Jurasinski Do, Pgy-3, Adrienne Deporre Md, Kathleen Berg Md, Allison Hadley Md, Viktoriya Stoycheva Mha, Rn, Cpn, Rana El Feghaly Md

Research Days

This is an antibiotic stewardship quality improvement project focused on improving antibiotic choices for children with urinary tract infections who are in the Children's Mercy Kansas City system. This project aims to improve the rates of cefazolin or cephalexin for treatment from 27% to 60%. 96% of urinary tract infections in our system are caused by E. Coli that are susceptible to these first generation cephalosporins.


Addressing Stroke Care Disparities Through Patient Education, Christina Annerino 2024 Northern Illinois University

Addressing Stroke Care Disparities Through Patient Education, Christina Annerino

Honors Capstones

It has been found across current studies and evaluations of stroke care and patient outcomes that there is a disparity in disability and mortality between male and female patients who have experienced stroke. The aforementioned studies did not identify the cause of this disparity, although a number of hypotheses for this phenomenon were provided. This study then conducted a preliminary survey of 130 participants, both men and women, aged 18-80 years old, to evaluate potential barriers to accessing stroke care and receiving treatment effectively. Preliminary survey data demonstrated consistent gaps in knowledge related to stroke risks, stroke symptoms, and when …


Moving On Up: A Case Study Of Hiv And Covid-Induced Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Victoria Wong Murray, Rebecca Chae, Isobel Moyer, Cindy Hou 2024 Rowan University

Moving On Up: A Case Study Of Hiv And Covid-Induced Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Victoria Wong Murray, Rebecca Chae, Isobel Moyer, Cindy Hou

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

COVID and HIV are both common diseases, with COVID affecting an estimated 775 million and HIV affecting 39 million people worldwide. Guillain-Barre is a rare but feared complication of immune stimulation in which the body generates autoantibodies against gangliosides, found in the nodes of Ranvier, in the myelin, and in the ganglia; causing ascending paralysis.

A mid-30s man with HIV maintained on Genvoya presented to the Jefferson Health New Jersey Early Intervention Program clinic with fatigue, fever, cough, and congestion and tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 on the following day. Two weeks later, he presented to the emergency department complaining of …


Case Report: Overdrive Pacing In Refractory Ventricular Tachycardia, Alyssa A. Baldini, Kishan Patel 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Overdrive Pacing In Refractory Ventricular Tachycardia, Alyssa A. Baldini, Kishan Patel

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

We report a case of a 67-year-old male who presented to the emergency department (ED) for palpitations and complaint of his automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) firing at home who had multiple episodes of persistent ventricular tachycardia (VT) during his course of stay in the ED. Patients with pacemakers and AICDs can present an additional layer of complexity when treating these conditions. Temporary overdrive pacing (TOP) should be considered as a treatment to correct refractory ventricular tachycardia in patients with implanted pacemakers and AICDs presenting to the ED.


Chilling Complications: A Case Of Covid-Associated Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (Aiha), Julian Coz, Kishan Patel 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Chilling Complications: A Case Of Covid-Associated Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (Aiha), Julian Coz, Kishan Patel

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Cold Agglutinin disease (CAD) also known as Cold Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA) is a form of autoimmune hemolytic anemia wherein cold agglutinins (IgM autoantibodies against red blood cell (RBC) antigens) bind during cold temperatures causing clinical symptoms related to RBC agglutination resulting to hemolytic anemia. Clinicians should recognize that Cold Agglutinin disease can be secondary to an underlying pathology such as COVID-19. Here we describe an unusual case of Cold Agglutinin Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia which was diagnosed in the Emergency Department with the presence of COVID-19 and with a hospital course complicated by acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and bilateral …


Lower Extremity Weakness In The Setting Of Covid Myositis, Christopher Dellmyer, Frank Wheeler 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Lower Extremity Weakness In The Setting Of Covid Myositis, Christopher Dellmyer, Frank Wheeler

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Bilateral lower extremity weakness has numerable causes including stroke, peripheral neuropathy, deconditioning, Guillain-Barre, Multiple Sclerosis, anterior cord syndrome, trauma, spinal epidural abscess and many more. It is imperative however, that we investigate and understand more rare causes of lower extremity weakness. Here we present the case of a 74-year-old female presented to the ED with a complaint of lower extremity weakness due to Covid myositis causing significant bilateral lower extremity weakness.


A Case Of Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction Resulting To Megaesophagus In A 37-Year-Old Male, Dean Esma, Robin Lahr, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

A Case Of Esophagogastric Junction Outflow Obstruction Resulting To Megaesophagus In A 37-Year-Old Male, Dean Esma, Robin Lahr, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) is a major motility disorder characterized by an increase of > 15 mmHg in the integrated relaxation pressure (IRP) with or without problems in esophageal motility. This presents as dysphagia, chest pain, regurgitation, heartburn, cough, and a globus sensation, with dysphagia. Severe cases may lead to a megaesophagus causing compression of mediastinal structures.6 Its similarity to other esophageal disorders urge an investigation to improve its identification and treatment. This report presents a case of EGJOO in a 37-year-old cachectic male patient with dysphagia and vomiting, eventually determined to be EGJOO with diagnostic manometry.


Brash Syndrome: A Deadly Pentad Of Symptoms, Peter Killian, Adam Kandil 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Brash Syndrome: A Deadly Pentad Of Symptoms, Peter Killian, Adam Kandil

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Here we present the case of a male in his 70’s who presented with diarrhea and a syncopal episode and was ultimately diagnosed with BRASH syndrome. The acronym BRASH is a novel way to describe the constellation of symptoms that result in unfortunate synergistic affects that can result in profound bradycardia. In the setting of hyperkalemia and concurrent use of atrioventricular nodal blockers, there is potential for a worsening bradycardia and inevitable cardiovascular collapse if not identified.


Case Report: Wellens Syndrome In 28-Year-Old With Pleuritic Chest Pain, Tucker A. Ledo 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Wellens Syndrome In 28-Year-Old With Pleuritic Chest Pain, Tucker A. Ledo

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

We report a case of a 28-year-old male with months of diffuse, pleuritic, intermittent, non-exertional chest pain. He had an elevated troponin and ECG showing Wellens’ syndrome and was found to have 80% LAD coronary artery occlusion and 100% apical occlusion. Identification and proper management of Wellens’ syndrome relies on being familiar with its ECG patterns. Other information such as age, cardiac risk factors, chest pain with exertion and at rest, and elevated troponin, are all helpful supplemental information, but as demonstrated in the following case report, presentations may vary or even cause as distractors to the diagnosis.


Case Report: An Emergency Department Presentation Of An Ovarian Teratoma, David Marconi, Zamron Masih 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: An Emergency Department Presentation Of An Ovarian Teratoma, David Marconi, Zamron Masih

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

A teratoma (from the Greek terato for “monster” and onkoma for “mass” or “swelling”) is a type of neoplasm composed of tissues from two or three germ layers. Mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) constitute 70% of all ovarian neoplasms. They typically present with nonspecific symptoms such as pain and nausea. They account for approximately 2% of all primary ovarian malignant cancers and are predominately diagnosed via ultrasound. Computed tomography may be necessary if malignancy is suspected. Larger size warrants a higher suspicion of malignancy. Management is symptom control and ultimately, surgical removal. Prognosis is generally excellent, provided there is no malignant …


Case Report: Dysphagia In Inclusion Body Myositis Leading To Respiratory And Gastrointestinal Complications, Veroneka Mikhail, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Dysphagia In Inclusion Body Myositis Leading To Respiratory And Gastrointestinal Complications, Veroneka Mikhail, James A. Espinosa, Alan Lucerna

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM) stands as a rare and complex neuromuscular disorder (NMD) characterized by progressive muscle weakness and atrophy. Among its cardinal symptoms are dysphagia and respiratory distress, which are the most common cause of death in this disease. While the differential diagnosis of respiratory distress is vast and includes aspiration, pneumonia, acute coronary syndrome, emphysema, and congestive heart failure, a clinician should recognize that respiratory distress can also be secondary to dysphagia in NMDs like IBM and can quickly become life threating. Here we present the case of a 68-year-old female with a history of IBM who presented …


Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage In A 29-Year-Old Male: A Case Report, MD Fateha, Caroline Nguyen, Michael A. Morris 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Spontaneous Intracranial Hemorrhage In A 29-Year-Old Male: A Case Report, Md Fateha, Caroline Nguyen, Michael A. Morris

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage is rare, especially in a young patient population. Signs and symptoms of intracranial hemorrhage include facial droop, vision loss, motor deficits with extraocular movements, deficits with tongue movement, weakness in the arms or legs, sensation loss, and mental status change. This is a case report of a 29-year-old male with no past medical history who presented for a spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. This patient's only neurologic deficit was the loss of visual field on the left inferior quadrant of his field of vision. The patient obtained a CT head non-contrast which showed 21 mm acute right occipital hemorrhage …


A Rare Presentation: Intracranial Hemorrhage As A Symptom Of Acute Leukemic Transformation In A 23-Year Old Male, Kelsey M. Murray, Kishan Patel 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

A Rare Presentation: Intracranial Hemorrhage As A Symptom Of Acute Leukemic Transformation In A 23-Year Old Male, Kelsey M. Murray, Kishan Patel

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

This case highlights the urgency of considering acute leukemic transformation in young patients presenting with neurological deficits, emphasizing the importance of prompt evaluation and management to optimize patient outcomes. The case depicted is a tragic complication of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) and its acute blast crisis. Remarkably, the patient exhibited none of the typical constitutional symptoms associated with CML.


‘Not So Atypical’: An Atypical Presentation Of West Nile Virus And Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Matthew Orap, Sana Tahir, Ugonna Ononuju, Naresh Kumar 2024 Rowan University

‘Not So Atypical’: An Atypical Presentation Of West Nile Virus And Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Matthew Orap, Sana Tahir, Ugonna Ononuju, Naresh Kumar

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is defined by acute areflexic paralysis, usually starting in the distal lower extremities, and ascending to the upper extremities. It is associated with albuminocytologic dissociation, which involves elevated protein levels and normal cell counts in the cerebrospinal fluid. One of the types of GBS, called Miller-Fischer Syndrome (MFS), is characterized by ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. This case report focuses on a 49-year-old male with an atypical presentation of Guillain-Barre syndrome. Guillain-Barre syndrome can be classically caused by Campylobacter jejuni. However, there can be other infectious causes as well, namely Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, Varicella-Zoster virus, …


Case Report: Varicella Zoster Virus Encephalitis Presenting With Monochorea, Chetna Thawani, Frank Wheeler 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Case Report: Varicella Zoster Virus Encephalitis Presenting With Monochorea, Chetna Thawani, Frank Wheeler

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Meningoencephalitis is a broad range of symptoms as a sequela of inflammation of the CNS system. It is a diagnosis that is often missed, especially in atypical presentations. We describe a case of HSV encephalitis that presented to the ER afebrile with atypical arm movements, most similar to a monochorea, and discuss other cases in the literature of atypical presentations of this disease.


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