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Can Non-Pharmacological Interventions Effectively Reduce Anxiety And Pain In Chronic Pediatric Patients?, Kiara Harvey 2022 Kennesaw State University

Can Non-Pharmacological Interventions Effectively Reduce Anxiety And Pain In Chronic Pediatric Patients?, Kiara Harvey

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Pediatric anxiety and pain have been historically poorly managed. The failure of providers to adequately address medically-induced anxiety and pain in pediatric patients has been shown to prevent them from proactively seeking medical care in the future and has been linked with both altered brain development and increased risk of opioid abuse. Furthermore, poorly managed pain leads to sustained levels of cortisol and exposes patients to several long-term health risks like hypertension. Because non-pharmacological interventions are often preferred by providers, patients, and their caregivers, this research question poses an exploration of the efficacy of non-traditional methods in alleviating procedure-related …


Use Of Text Messaging For Type Two Diabetes Management In Patients Over Sixty-Five, Charles Head 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Use Of Text Messaging For Type Two Diabetes Management In Patients Over Sixty-Five, Charles Head

Master of Science in Nursing Family Nurse Practitioner

Why is there a need for tight glucose control for diabetics sixty-five years old or older? Tight control of glucose which can be trended as a 90-day snapshot of blood sugar control is measured using HgA1C levels(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019). HgA1c levels under six percent in diabetics have been shown to reduce diabetic complications that be detrimental to health(Krapek et al., 2004). Adults aged sixty-five years old or older are also at greater risk for the development of acute and chronic diseases that are a result of poor blood sugar management(Leung et al., 2018). Adherence to prescribed …


Research Progress Of Panax Notoginseng In The Diagnosis Of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shuli Lu, Yan Feng, Jie Gao, Xianggong JIin, Yixin Wang, Keji Chen 2022 1.Department of General Medicine,Beijing Anzhen Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing 100029,China 2.Department of Community Health,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Third Affiliated Hospital,Beijing 100029,China

Research Progress Of Panax Notoginseng In The Diagnosis Of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shuli Lu, Yan Feng, Jie Gao, Xianggong Jiin, Yixin Wang, Keji Chen

General Practice in China

As a traditional Chinese medicine,Panax notoginseng has a significant effect in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases due to its effect of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.With the improvement of modern extraction technology,Panax notoginseng extract greatly improves its efficacy.In this paper,the mechanism of action,clinical effect and possible adverse reactions of Panax notoginseng extract(the main component of Panax notoginseng saponins,PNS)in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases(coronary heart disease,hypertension,heart failure,arrhythmia)at home and abroad in recent years were sorted out,and the relevant literature was analyzed,summarized and summarized.It is concluded that PNS and its effective components have definite curative effect on cardiovascular disease,especially in …


Efficacy Of Chinese Medicine Therapies On Insomnia Associated With Coronary Heart Disease:A Network Meta-Analysis, Yawei Zheng, Lifei Wu, Xingxing Zhang, Dongmei Gu, Siqi Zhang, Ming Liu, Zhuyuan Fang 2022 1.Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China 2.Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China

Efficacy Of Chinese Medicine Therapies On Insomnia Associated With Coronary Heart Disease:A Network Meta-Analysis, Yawei Zheng, Lifei Wu, Xingxing Zhang, Dongmei Gu, Siqi Zhang, Ming Liu, Zhuyuan Fang

General Practice in China

BackgroundCoronary heart disease(CHD) with insomnia can be called a "psycho-cardiological disease", and the persistent existence of insomnia can induce the onset of CHD or aggravate the development of the condition. In recent years, there have been continuous reports on TCM treatment of CHD with insomnia, but the sample size is small and the relevant evidence-based evaluation is insufficient. ObjectiveTo systematically review the efficacy of Chinese medicine therapies and sedative hypnotic drugs on insomnia associated with CHD. MethodsDatabases including CNKI, CBM, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBase and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September …


Continuous Glucose Monitoring Metrics For Earlier Identification Of Pre-Diabetes: Protocol For A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Sara Gottfried, Laura Pontiggia, Andrew B. Newberg, Gregory Laynor, Daniel A. Monti 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Metrics For Earlier Identification Of Pre-Diabetes: Protocol For A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Sara Gottfried, Laura Pontiggia, Andrew B. Newberg, Gregory Laynor, Daniel A. Monti

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Introduction: Glycaemic variability and other metrics are not well characterised in subjects without diabetes. More comprehensive sampling as obtained with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) may improve diagnostic accuracy of the transition from health to pre-diabetes. Our goal is to investigate the glycaemic system as it shifts from health to pre-disease in adult patients without diabetes using CGM metrics. New insights may offer therapeutic promise for reversing dysglycaemia more successfully with dietary, nutritional and lifestyle change before progression occurs to pre-diabetes and diabetes.

Methods and analysis: This systematic review will include comprehensive searches of the PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov …


A Telehealth-Delivered Tai Chi Intervention (Taichi4joint) For Managing Aromatase Inhibitor-Induced Arthralgia In Patients With Breast Cancer During Covid-19: Longitudinal Pilot Study, Sameh Gomaa, Carly West, Ana Maria Lopez, Tingting Zhan, Max Schnoll, Maysa Abu-Khalaf, Andrew B. Newberg, Kuang-Yi Wen 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

A Telehealth-Delivered Tai Chi Intervention (Taichi4joint) For Managing Aromatase Inhibitor-Induced Arthralgia In Patients With Breast Cancer During Covid-19: Longitudinal Pilot Study, Sameh Gomaa, Carly West, Ana Maria Lopez, Tingting Zhan, Max Schnoll, Maysa Abu-Khalaf, Andrew B. Newberg, Kuang-Yi Wen

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Background: Estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer is the most common type of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are the endocrine therapy of choice recommended for these patients. Up to 50% of those treated with an AI develop arthralgia, often resulting in poor adherence and decreased quality of life.

Objective: The study is a single-arm longitudinal pilot study aiming to evaluate the safety, feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of TaiChi4Joint, a remotely delivered 12-week tai chi intervention designed to relieve AI-induced joint pain.

Methods: Women diagnosed with stage 0-III breast cancer who received an AI for at least 2 …


Higher Efficacy In The Treatment Of Fibromyalgia With Duloxetine And Pregabalin Combination Than Monotherapy, Joel Rose-Kamprath 2022 Wayne State School of Medicine

Higher Efficacy In The Treatment Of Fibromyalgia With Duloxetine And Pregabalin Combination Than Monotherapy, Joel Rose-Kamprath

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Gilron I, Chaparro LE, Tu D, et al. Combination of pregabalin with duloxetine for fibromyalgia. Pain. 2016;157(7):1532–1540. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000558

for a patient with chronic pain due to fibromyalgia


Downward Spiral, Meghan Hickey 2022 University of New England, Portland

Downward Spiral, Meghan Hickey

Akesis

There are still moments when I find myself folding inwards: sinking, spiraling, struggling. I become attacked by my own intrusive thoughts. I’ve been my own monster all along.

It took me a long time to understand that progress is never linear. And I bring that idea into my PT practice. I want my patients to understand that set backs, both mental and physical, can occur throughout the healing journey. I often tell my patients expressing anxieties and concerns to observe the way they speak to themselves. Our self talk is influenced by our subconscious mind, and it reveals our thoughts, …


Deeply Rooted, Maryam Nahidian 2022 University of New England

Deeply Rooted, Maryam Nahidian

Akesis

I captured this photo on my first solo hike, a very memorable moment for me. I was tired and questioning why I was putting myself in this position. No one would know if I turned back, but I would. Right at that moment, I stopped looking down at my feet and looked up at this scene. “Oh wow,” I said. The trees, strong and tall, but that was not what captured my attention. It was the roots. Exposed, intricate, and vulnerable and I realized at that moment that this scene portrayed me. The journey has been an uphill climb that …


Pharmacologic Ascorbic Acid As Early Therapy For Hospitalized Patients With Covid-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Dagan Coppock, Pierre-Christian Violet, Gustavo Vasquez, Katherine Belden, Michael Foster, Bret Mullin, Devon Magee, Isabelle Mikell, Lokesh Shah, Victoria Powers, Brian Curcio, Daniel A. Monti, Mark Levine 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Pharmacologic Ascorbic Acid As Early Therapy For Hospitalized Patients With Covid-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Dagan Coppock, Pierre-Christian Violet, Gustavo Vasquez, Katherine Belden, Michael Foster, Bret Mullin, Devon Magee, Isabelle Mikell, Lokesh Shah, Victoria Powers, Brian Curcio, Daniel A. Monti, Mark Levine

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Despite the widespread availability of effective vaccines, new cases of infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, the cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), remain a concern in the settings of vaccine hesitancy and vaccine breakthrough. In this randomized, controlled, phase 2 trial, we hypothesized that high-dose ascorbic acid delivered intravenously to achieve pharmacologic concentrations may target the high viral phase of COVID-19 and thus improve early clinical outcomes. Sixty-six patients admitted with COVID-19 and requiring supplemental oxygen were randomized to receive either escalating doses of intravenous ascorbic acid plus standard of care or standard of care alone. The demographic …


Cerebral Blood Flow And Brain Functional Connectivity Changes In Older Adults Participating In A Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program, Aleeze Sattar Moss, Diane K. Reibel, Nancy Wintering, Faezeh Vedaei, Hannah Porter, Mohsen Khosravi, Justin Heholt, M. Alizadeh, Feroze Mohamed, Andrew B. Newberg 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Cerebral Blood Flow And Brain Functional Connectivity Changes In Older Adults Participating In A Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program, Aleeze Sattar Moss, Diane K. Reibel, Nancy Wintering, Faezeh Vedaei, Hannah Porter, Mohsen Khosravi, Justin Heholt, M. Alizadeh, Feroze Mohamed, Andrew B. Newberg

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

There is a growing interest in the potential beneficial effects of mindfulness meditation training in protecting against age-related physical, emotional, and cognitive decline. The current prospective, single-center, single-arm study investigated if functional magnetic resonance imaging-based changes in cerebral blood flow and brain functional connectivity could be observed in 11 elderly adults (mean age 79) after participation in a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program. The results showed significantly (p < 0.05) altered cerebral blood flow and functional connectivity in the cingulate gyrus, limbic structures, and subregions of the temporal and frontal lobes, similar to findings of other meditation-related studies in younger populations. Furthermore, these changes were also associated with significant improvements in depression symptoms. This study suggests that the MBSR program can potentially modify cerebral blood flow and connectivity in this population.


Spect Functional Neuroimaging Distinguishes Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder From Healthy Controls In Big Data Imaging Cohorts, Daniel G Amen, Theodore A Henderson, Andrew Newberg 2021 Amen Clinics

Spect Functional Neuroimaging Distinguishes Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder From Healthy Controls In Big Data Imaging Cohorts, Daniel G Amen, Theodore A Henderson, Andrew Newberg

Marcus Institute of Integrative Health Faculty Papers

Background: The diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relies on history and observation, as no reliable biomarkers have been identified. In this study, we compared a large single diagnosis group of patients with ADHD (combined, inattentive, and hyperactive) to healthy controls using brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging to determine specific brain regions which could serve as potential biomarkers to reliably distinguish ADHD. Methods: In a retrospective analysis, subjects (n = 1,135) were obtained from a large multisite psychiatric database, where resting state (baseline) and on-task SPECT scans were obtained. Only baseline scans were analyzed in …


Gender Differences In Urothelial Bladder Cancer: Effects Of Natural Killer Lymphocyte Immunity, Charles T. Lutz, Lydia Livas, Steven R. Presnell, Morgan Sexton, Peng Wang 2021 University of Kentucky

Gender Differences In Urothelial Bladder Cancer: Effects Of Natural Killer Lymphocyte Immunity, Charles T. Lutz, Lydia Livas, Steven R. Presnell, Morgan Sexton, Peng Wang

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Men are more likely to develop cancer than women. In fact, male predominance is one of the most consistent cancer epidemiology findings. Additionally, men have a poorer prognosis and an increased risk of secondary malignancies compared to women. These differences have been investigated in order to better understand cancer and to better treat both men and women. In this review, we discuss factors that may cause this gender difference, focusing on urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) pathogenesis. We consider physiological factors that may cause higher male cancer rates, including differences in X chromosome gene expression. We discuss how androgens may promote …


A Telephone-Adapted Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program: Preliminary Effects Among Healthcare Employees, Lauren A Zimmaro, Aleeze Sattar Moss, Diane K. Reibel, Elizabeth A Handorf, Jennifer B Reese, Carolyn Y Fang 2021 Fox Chase Cancer Center

A Telephone-Adapted Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program: Preliminary Effects Among Healthcare Employees, Lauren A Zimmaro, Aleeze Sattar Moss, Diane K. Reibel, Elizabeth A Handorf, Jennifer B Reese, Carolyn Y Fang

Marcus Institute of Integrative Health Faculty Papers

Healthcare employees often experience high stress and may benefit from accessible psychosocial interventions. In this pilot study, we explored preliminary feasibility, acceptability, and psychological effects of a telephone-based adaption of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for healthcare employees. Eleven participants (M age = 49.9; 27.3% ethnic/racial minority) were enrolled in an eight-session group-based MBSR program adapted for telephone delivery. Feasibility was assessed using rates of program attrition and session completion; acceptability was explored qualitatively via participants' responses to an open-ended item about their program experience. Participants also completed pre-and post-program assessments on psychosocial outcomes (distress (overall distress, depression, anxiety, somatization), mindfulness, …


Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Of The Breast: A Case Report, Iulia Gîvan, George Ciulei, Angela Cozma, Mădălina Gabriela Indre, Vlad Țâru, Anca Pop, Adela Sitar Tăut, Simina Țărmure, Vasile Negrean, Olga Hilda Orășan 2021 NICULAIE STĂNCIOIU HEART INSTITUTE CLUJ NAPOCA, CLUJ NAPOCA, ROMANIA

Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Of The Breast: A Case Report, Iulia Gîvan, George Ciulei, Angela Cozma, Mădălina Gabriela Indre, Vlad Țâru, Anca Pop, Adela Sitar Tăut, Simina Țărmure, Vasile Negrean, Olga Hilda Orășan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Neuroendocrine breast carcinomas represent a rare subtype of breast cancer. Their definition, prevalence and prognosis remain controversial in the literature. Regarding the presentation, there are no differences from other breast carcinomas and clinical syndromes related to hormone production are extremely rare. Refinement of the classification of neuroendocrine neoplasms of the breast is needed in order to improve the reproducibility of their diagnostic criteria and to define their clinical significance.

This article presents the case of a 44-year-old female patient diagnosed with invasive breast carcinoma with neuroendocrine features, according to the 2012 World Health Organization (WHO) definition, with focus on presentation, …


Desire For Control Moderates The Relationship Between Perceived Control And Depressive Symptomology, Liam Alexander MacKenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo, Antonia Obele 2021 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, CAMBRIDGE, UNITED KINGDOM

Desire For Control Moderates The Relationship Between Perceived Control And Depressive Symptomology, Liam Alexander Mackenzie Myles, Emanuele Maria Merlo, Antonia Obele

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Background. The prevalence of psychological difficulties is rising at an alarming rate, with an increasing number of individuals reporting symptoms of depression. A decline in both perceived control and desire for control has previously been associated with the onset of depression. However, previous research has failed to examine whether perceived control and desire for control interact in their relationship with depressive symptomology. Methods. A sample of 350 participants completed the Spheres of Control Scale, the Desirability of Control Scale and Beck’s Depression Inventory. Process Macro was used to examine whether desire for control moderated the relationship between perceived …


Effect Of Presence And Absence Of Parents On The Emotional Maturity And Perceived Loneliness In Adolescents, Sana Fatima, Momal Bashir, Kainat Khan, Sheeza Farooq, Sidra Shoaib, Sheeba Farhan 2021 BAHRIA UNIVERSITY, KARACHI CAMPUS, NATIONAL STADIUM RD, KARACHI, PAKISTAN

Effect Of Presence And Absence Of Parents On The Emotional Maturity And Perceived Loneliness In Adolescents, Sana Fatima, Momal Bashir, Kainat Khan, Sheeza Farooq, Sidra Shoaib, Sheeba Farhan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The present study was conducted to examine the Emotional Maturity and Perceived Loneliness of adolescents with respect to the presence and absence of parents. It was hypothesized that the absence or presence of parents of adolescents would affect the level of emotional maturity and perceived loneliness among adolescents. The adolescent participants N=250 (males n=125 and females n=125; age range= 13-18; M=16.63; SD=0.87) were approached through purposive convenient sampling technique. Measures included the Emotional Maturity Scale and the UCLA loneliness scale V-III. Results indicated that adolescent who lived with their guardians had greater perceived loneliness than those who lived with their …


Role Of Emotional Intelligence In Job Performance Of Healthcare Providers Working In Public Sector Hospitals Of Pakistan, Nimra Zaman, Khalida Naz Memon, Faryal Zaman, Komal Zaman Khan, Shazia Rahman Shaikh 2021 LIAQUAT UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCES, JAMSHORO, PAKISTAN

Role Of Emotional Intelligence In Job Performance Of Healthcare Providers Working In Public Sector Hospitals Of Pakistan, Nimra Zaman, Khalida Naz Memon, Faryal Zaman, Komal Zaman Khan, Shazia Rahman Shaikh

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objective. To determine the association between emotional intelligence (EI) and job performance (JP) of health care providers (HCPs). Methods. Healthcare professionals from various hospitals were chosen for a cross-sectional study. The survey was conducted using a three-part questionnaire including the demographic profile, Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence (EI) Scale, and an individual work performance (JP) questionnaire. The relationship of predictor variables on JP was sought by applying Chi-square test and multiple regression analysis. Results. About 43.3% of the 50.8% of participants who scored well on the EI scale also scored high on the JP scales. The remaining …


Therapeutic Efficacy Of Mesenchymal Stem Cells For Cardiovascular Diseases, Dragana Radoje Miloradovic, Dragica Radoje Pavlovic, Miodrag Bozidar Stojkovic, Sanja Bratislav Bojic, Vladislav Bogdan Volarevic, Marina Milosav Gazdic Jankovic, Biljana Tomislav Ljujic 2021 UNIVERSITY OF KRAGUJEVAC, FACULTY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF GENETICS, SERBIA

Therapeutic Efficacy Of Mesenchymal Stem Cells For Cardiovascular Diseases, Dragana Radoje Miloradovic, Dragica Radoje Pavlovic, Miodrag Bozidar Stojkovic, Sanja Bratislav Bojic, Vladislav Bogdan Volarevic, Marina Milosav Gazdic Jankovic, Biljana Tomislav Ljujic

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Despite the improvements in pharmacological and surgical treatments, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of death worldwide. During the last two decades, the search for new therapies has been revolutionized with the growing knowledge of stem cell biology. Due to their huge differentiation capacity and paracrine effects, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising tool for the treatment of CVDs. The encouraging outcomes of preclinical studies using MSCs as a treatment for diseased myocardium have set the scene for worldwide clinical trials. In this review, we overview either complete or ongoing clinical trials using MSCs for the therapy …


Food Addiction And Obesity, Lisa Ling 2021 Abilene Christian University

Food Addiction And Obesity, Lisa Ling

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The obesity rate in the U.S. adult population has increased to epidemic levels despite attempts to decrease obesity through evidence-based knowledge, clinical practice guidelines, medical interventions, and individual efforts. For certain individuals, food addiction behaviors such as food cravings, loss of control, and binge eating contribute to obesity and require a different approach to care. Little work has been done on adding the possibility of food addiction to obesity screening and treatment. This study utilized a quasi-experimental quantitative pre- and postsurvey research design based on Lewin’s change theory. Nurse practitioners were surveyed regarding the provider’s perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs about …


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