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Treatment Effects Of N-Acetyl Cysteine On Resting-State Functional Mri And Cognitive Performance In Patients With Chronic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Longitudinal Study, Faezeh Vedaei, Andrew B. Newberg, M. Alizadeh, George Zabrecky, Emily Navarreto, Chloe Hriso, Nancy Wintering, Feroze Mohamed, Daniel A. Monti 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Treatment Effects Of N-Acetyl Cysteine On Resting-State Functional Mri And Cognitive Performance In Patients With Chronic Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Longitudinal Study, Faezeh Vedaei, Andrew B. Newberg, M. Alizadeh, George Zabrecky, Emily Navarreto, Chloe Hriso, Nancy Wintering, Feroze Mohamed, Daniel A. Monti

Marcus Institute of Integrative Health Faculty Papers

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a significant public health concern, specially characterized by a complex pattern of abnormal neural activity and functional connectivity. It is often associated with a broad spectrum of short-term and long-term cognitive and behavioral symptoms including memory dysfunction, headache, and balance difficulties. Furthermore, there is evidence that oxidative stress significantly contributes to these symptoms and neurophysiological changes. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on brain function and chronic symptoms in mTBI patients. Fifty patients diagnosed with chronic mTBI participated in this study. They were categorized into two groups …


A Rare Occurrence Of Ectopic Parathyroid Carcinoma Presenting As A Case Of Recurrent Fractures, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Aisha Jamal, Zain Mushtaq, Qamar Masood 2023 Aga Khan University

A Rare Occurrence Of Ectopic Parathyroid Carcinoma Presenting As A Case Of Recurrent Fractures, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Aisha Jamal, Zain Mushtaq, Qamar Masood

Section of Internal Medicine

Ectopic parathyroid tumors are uncommon, accounting for only 6% of parathyroid adenomas, and even fewer cases are attributed to parathyroid carcinomas. While ectopic parathyroid carcinoma in the anterior mediastinum is a rare condition, the occurrence of recurrent skeletal fractures in the presence of mild hypercalcemia is even rarer. In this report, we present the case of a 52-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and a previous right-sided intertrochanteric fracture of the femur one year earlier. He presented to the emergency room with left-sided hip pain and shortness of breath due to volume overload. Laboratory tests …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia 2023 Brigham Young University

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Chess As A Therapeutic Tool In The Comprehensive Management Of Adhd, Neilay Krishna Agarwal 2023 Gems Modern Academy, High School Senior, Dubai, UAE

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Chess As A Therapeutic Tool In The Comprehensive Management Of Adhd, Neilay Krishna Agarwal

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Using databases such as PubMed and Google Scholar with the keywords "Chess" and "ADHD", this study was conducted to review the literature on the usefulness of chess in patients with ADHD. The most relevant articles were searched using the following criteria: English language, and all types of studies published in a medical journal. A total 12 articles were identified. Of a total of 12 articles, 4 met the inclusion criteria and were subsequently reviewed. The results of the review showed that chess therapy/training is effective in the management of ADHD patients in terms of reducing symptoms and severity. Due to …


Machine Learning-Based Classification Of Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury Using Hybrid Diffusion Imaging, Jennifer Muller, Ruixuan Wang, Devon Middleton, Mahdi Alizadeh, KiChang Kang, Ryan Hryczyk, George Zabrecky, Chloe Hriso, Emily Navarreto, Nancy Wintering, Anthony J. Bazzan, Chengyuan Wu, Daniel A. Monti, Xun Jiao, Qianhong Wu, Andrew B. Newberg, Feroze Mohamed 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Machine Learning-Based Classification Of Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury Using Hybrid Diffusion Imaging, Jennifer Muller, Ruixuan Wang, Devon Middleton, Mahdi Alizadeh, Kichang Kang, Ryan Hryczyk, George Zabrecky, Chloe Hriso, Emily Navarreto, Nancy Wintering, Anthony J. Bazzan, Chengyuan Wu, Daniel A. Monti, Xun Jiao, Qianhong Wu, Andrew B. Newberg, Feroze Mohamed

Marcus Institute of Integrative Health Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause progressive neuropathology that leads to chronic impairments, creating a need for biomarkers to detect and monitor this condition to improve outcomes. This study aimed to analyze the ability of data-driven analysis of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and neurite orientation dispersion imaging (NODDI) to develop biomarkers to infer symptom severity and determine whether they outperform conventional T1-weighted imaging.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A machine learning-based model was developed using a dataset of hybrid diffusion imaging of patients with chronic traumatic brain injury. We first extracted the useful features from the hybrid diffusion imaging …


Efektivitas Manual Therapy Dan Ultrasound Terhadap Peningkatan Fungsi Gerak Bahu Pada Kasus Nyeri Bahu Et Causa Bursitis Subacromialis Dengan Parameter Spadi Di Rsud Muhammad Natsir, Fadhilah Az-Zahra, Ronal Lufitos, Faizah Abdullah Djawas 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Efektivitas Manual Therapy Dan Ultrasound Terhadap Peningkatan Fungsi Gerak Bahu Pada Kasus Nyeri Bahu Et Causa Bursitis Subacromialis Dengan Parameter Spadi Di Rsud Muhammad Natsir, Fadhilah Az-Zahra, Ronal Lufitos, Faizah Abdullah Djawas

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

ABSTRACT: Adhesive Capsulitis is a disorder that occurs in the shoulder area in the form of inflammation of the joint capsule which causes a feeling of stiffness and pain. Glenohumeral joint mobilization with the Maitland mobilization technique is using passive mobilization with physiological oscillatory movements which can produce a stretching effect and release of adhesive on the ligament capsule in the shoulder so that the range of motion of the shoulder joint can be increased. Hold relax is an exercise therapy with the principle of reciprocal inhibition which aims to improve antagonistic pattern relaxation, and mobilization, and to reduce pain. …


Neurodynamic Technique Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri, Peningkatan Grip Strength, Dan Peningkatan Kemampuan Fungsional Pada Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Safrin Arifin, Fathia Dheanisa 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Neurodynamic Technique Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri, Peningkatan Grip Strength, Dan Peningkatan Kemampuan Fungsional Pada Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Safrin Arifin, Fathia Dheanisa

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a syndrome that occurs in 1-4% of the total population worldwide. This condition causes disruption of function and motion in the wrist that spreads to the fingers. Physiotherapy intervention is necessary to reduce the severity of symptoms in patients with CTS. Neurodynamic Techniques are nerve mobilization techniques that aim to restore homeostasis in the nerves so as to reduce pain and improve functional ability. Materials and methods. This research was conducted through searching several databases, found 31 articles which were then filtered and selected as many as 10 articles. However, of the 11 articles, further screening …


Aerobic Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Endurance Pada Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner Dengan Pemeriksaan 6mwt : Studi Kasus, Dela Fariha Fuadi, Andrew Wijaya Saputra, Nabilla Nur Awaliah Dzatikhulwani 2023 Politeknik Kesehatan Hermina

Aerobic Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Endurance Pada Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner Dengan Pemeriksaan 6mwt : Studi Kasus, Dela Fariha Fuadi, Andrew Wijaya Saputra, Nabilla Nur Awaliah Dzatikhulwani

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition in which the heart's blood vessels (coronary arteries) are blocked by fat deposits. Based on data from Riskesdas (2018) it is revealed that cases of heart and blood vessel disease in Indonesia are increasing every year, increasing the mortality rate. This is due to the presence of risk factors that support the emergence of coronary heart disease. Objective: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the evaluation of aerobic exercise to increase endurance in patients with coronary heart disease by examining 6MWT. Method: This research is in the form of a …


Sio-Asco Guideline On Integrative Medicine For Cancer Pain Management: Implications For Racial And Ethnic Pain Disparities, Kevin T. Liou, Rebecca Ashare, Brooke Worster, Katie F. Jones, Katherine A. Yeager, Amanda M. Acevedo, Rebecca Ferrer, Salimah H. Meghani 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Sio-Asco Guideline On Integrative Medicine For Cancer Pain Management: Implications For Racial And Ethnic Pain Disparities, Kevin T. Liou, Rebecca Ashare, Brooke Worster, Katie F. Jones, Katherine A. Yeager, Amanda M. Acevedo, Rebecca Ferrer, Salimah H. Meghani

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Racial and ethnic disparities in pain management pose major challenges to equitable cancer care delivery. These disparities are driven by complex interactions between patient-, provider-, and system-related factors that resist reductionistic solutions and require innovative, holistic approaches. On September 19, 2022, the Society for Integrative Oncology and the American Society of Clinical Oncology published a joint guideline to provide evidence-based recommendations on integrative medicine for cancer pain management. Integrative medicine, which combines conventional treatments with complementary modalities from cultures and traditions around the world, are uniquely equipped to resonate with diverse cancer populations and fill existing gaps in pain management. …


Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg Strauss Syndrome) – A Case Report, Rudrani Mukherjee, Bhanukumar M 2023 JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSSAHER

Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg Strauss Syndrome) – A Case Report, Rudrani Mukherjee, Bhanukumar M

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), previously known as Churg Strauss syndrome, is a rare small vessel vasculitis characterized by asthma, eosinophilia, and systemic involvement. This case report presents a 51-year-old man with a history of asthma, who presented with neurological symptoms including blurring of vision, bilateral ptosis, and altered sensorium. The patient had a previous history of cervical and lumbar spine surgeries for symptoms attributed to spondylosis. Further examination revealed hyperpigmented lesions on the limbs, wasting of small muscles, and foot drop.

Investigations showed eosinophilia and thrombocytosis on blood analysis, with bone marrow aspiration revealing eosinophilic and megakaryocytic hyperplasia. The …


Micronutrient Deficiencies In Beaumont Integrative Medicine Fatigue Patients, Jessica Dorschner, Maureen Anderson 2023 Beaumont Health Resident

Micronutrient Deficiencies In Beaumont Integrative Medicine Fatigue Patients, Jessica Dorschner, Maureen Anderson

Posters

Fatigue is a common patient concern at primary care visits and can persist after addressing etiologies such as anemia, infection, malignancy, depression and cardiopulmonary disorders. Micronutrient deficiencies have also been investigated in fatigue patients, particularly individual vitamins such as C, D, B12, E and the mineral zinc. Fewer studies have investigated broad panels of micronutrients in fatigue patients. The Beaumont Integrative Medicine Clinic evaluates many patients with fatigue and assesses micronutrient levels using SpectraCell testing which measures 31 vitamin, mineral and metabolite levels concurrently.


An Updated Classification Of Meditation Methods Using Principles Of Taxonomy And Systematics, Jonathan D. Nash, Andrew B. Newberg 2023 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

An Updated Classification Of Meditation Methods Using Principles Of Taxonomy And Systematics, Jonathan D. Nash, Andrew B. Newberg

Marcus Institute of Integrative Health Faculty Papers

This paper revisits the proposal for the classification of meditation methods which we introduced in our initial 2013 publication, “Toward a Universal Taxonomy and Definition of Meditation”. At that time, we advanced the thesis that meditation methods could be effectively segregated into three orthogonal categories by integrating the taxonomic principle of functional essentialism and the paradigm of Affect and Cognition; and we presented relevant research findings which supported that assertion. This iteration expands upon those theoretical and methodological elements by articulating a more comprehensive Three Tier Classification System which accounts for the full range of meditation methods; and demonstrates how …


Management Of Opioid Use Disorder In Primary Care, Carolyn Jeffries 2023 Arcadia University

Management Of Opioid Use Disorder In Primary Care, Carolyn Jeffries

Capstone Showcase

The prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) in the United States, and worldwide, has drastically increased in the span of 2-3 years. OUD is considered chronic condition and as such requires routine care over a lifetime. This makes OUD patients excellent candidates to be managed by primary care providers (PCPs). This article discusses the various barriers to treatment of OUD in a primary care setting as well methods and models that aim to mitigate these barriers. We will also review how to take a detailed assessment of an OUD patient, mainstays of medication assisted treatment (MAT), and management of side …


Pengaruh Diaphragmatic Breathing Dan Endurance Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Kapasitas Kardiorespirasi Pada Pasien Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia, Alifia Azzahra, Annisya Puspitarani, Zahra Sativani, Riza Pahlawi 2022 Physiotherapy Department, Vocational Education Program, Universitas Indonesia

Pengaruh Diaphragmatic Breathing Dan Endurance Exercise Terhadap Peningkatan Kapasitas Kardiorespirasi Pada Pasien Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia, Alifia Azzahra, Annisya Puspitarani, Zahra Sativani, Riza Pahlawi

Jurnal Fisioterapi Terapan Indonesia or Indonesian Journal of Applied Physiotherapy

The purpose of this case study is to determine the effect of diaphragmatic breathing and endurance exercise in hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). Nosocomial pneumonia that occurs in 48 hours or more after the patient admitted to the hospital, without any signs of pulmonary infection. The existence of clinical manifestations that appear, patients with HAP tend to avoid physical activity which can decrease the functional capacity of the respiratory system and have an impact on decreasing endurance. Diaphragmatic breathing exercise is thought to be able to help reduce shortness of breath, reduce the work of the accessory muscles of breathing, improve breathing …


Lifestyle Tools For Men’S Health And Disease Prevention: Well-Being Through Nutrition, Physical Activity, Stress Management, And Connection, Leigh A. Frame 2022 George Washington University - School of Medicine and Health Sciences

Lifestyle Tools For Men’S Health And Disease Prevention: Well-Being Through Nutrition, Physical Activity, Stress Management, And Connection, Leigh A. Frame

Clinical Research and Leadership Faculty Publications

Mental health is an often-overlooked aspect of overall health and wellness (well-being). Mental illness is increasingly common with 1 in 5 American adults experiencing it annually, and 1 in 20 suffering from a serious mental illness each year [1]. Treatment rates for mental illness are lower in men (37.4%) compared to women (51.2%) [1]. Globally, treatment rates are similar with an estimated cost to the global economy of $1 trillion annually, yet less than 2% of government health expenditure is for mental health worldwide [2]. Despite this, only nine studies have been published specifically targeting men’s mental health through lifestyle …


Can Non-Pharmacological Interventions Effectively Reduce Anxiety And Pain In Chronic Pediatric Patients?, Kiara Harvey 2022 Kennesaw State University

Can Non-Pharmacological Interventions Effectively Reduce Anxiety And Pain In Chronic Pediatric Patients?, Kiara Harvey

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Pediatric anxiety and pain have been historically poorly managed. The failure of providers to adequately address medically-induced anxiety and pain in pediatric patients has been shown to prevent them from proactively seeking medical care in the future and has been linked with both altered brain development and increased risk of opioid abuse. Furthermore, poorly managed pain leads to sustained levels of cortisol and exposes patients to several long-term health risks like hypertension. Because non-pharmacological interventions are often preferred by providers, patients, and their caregivers, this research question poses an exploration of the efficacy of non-traditional methods in alleviating procedure-related …


Use Of Text Messaging For Type Two Diabetes Management In Patients Over Sixty-Five, Charles Head 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Use Of Text Messaging For Type Two Diabetes Management In Patients Over Sixty-Five, Charles Head

Master of Science in Nursing Family Nurse Practitioner

Why is there a need for tight glucose control for diabetics sixty-five years old or older? Tight control of glucose which can be trended as a 90-day snapshot of blood sugar control is measured using HgA1C levels(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019). HgA1c levels under six percent in diabetics have been shown to reduce diabetic complications that be detrimental to health(Krapek et al., 2004). Adults aged sixty-five years old or older are also at greater risk for the development of acute and chronic diseases that are a result of poor blood sugar management(Leung et al., 2018). Adherence to prescribed …


Continuous Glucose Monitoring Metrics For Earlier Identification Of Pre-Diabetes: Protocol For A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Sara Gottfried, Laura Pontiggia, Andrew B. Newberg, Gregory Laynor, Daniel A. Monti 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Metrics For Earlier Identification Of Pre-Diabetes: Protocol For A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Sara Gottfried, Laura Pontiggia, Andrew B. Newberg, Gregory Laynor, Daniel A. Monti

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Introduction: Glycaemic variability and other metrics are not well characterised in subjects without diabetes. More comprehensive sampling as obtained with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) may improve diagnostic accuracy of the transition from health to pre-diabetes. Our goal is to investigate the glycaemic system as it shifts from health to pre-disease in adult patients without diabetes using CGM metrics. New insights may offer therapeutic promise for reversing dysglycaemia more successfully with dietary, nutritional and lifestyle change before progression occurs to pre-diabetes and diabetes.

Methods and analysis: This systematic review will include comprehensive searches of the PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov …


A Collaborative Approach To Caring For Refugees In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Sara Mojdehi 2022 Western University

A Collaborative Approach To Caring For Refugees In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Sara Mojdehi

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

With higher cases rates, it is clear that newcomer and refugee populations in Ontario have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. These vulnerable populations generally work in settings that increase their risk of infection and do not offer sick leave (ICES, 2021). In addition, overcrowded and multigenerational housing make it difficult for these individuals to adhere to self-isolation guidelines. Language and cultural barriers among refugee populations have also limited their access to information about the virus, making it challenging to follow public health measures (ICES, 2021).

The increased likelihood of an outbreak in these communities manifested itself in London, …


A Telehealth-Delivered Tai Chi Intervention (Taichi4joint) For Managing Aromatase Inhibitor-Induced Arthralgia In Patients With Breast Cancer During Covid-19: Longitudinal Pilot Study, Sameh Gomaa, Carly West, Ana Maria Lopez, Tingting Zhan, Max Schnoll, Maysa Abu-Khalaf, Andrew B. Newberg, Kuang-Yi Wen 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

A Telehealth-Delivered Tai Chi Intervention (Taichi4joint) For Managing Aromatase Inhibitor-Induced Arthralgia In Patients With Breast Cancer During Covid-19: Longitudinal Pilot Study, Sameh Gomaa, Carly West, Ana Maria Lopez, Tingting Zhan, Max Schnoll, Maysa Abu-Khalaf, Andrew B. Newberg, Kuang-Yi Wen

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Background: Estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer is the most common type of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are the endocrine therapy of choice recommended for these patients. Up to 50% of those treated with an AI develop arthralgia, often resulting in poor adherence and decreased quality of life.

Objective: The study is a single-arm longitudinal pilot study aiming to evaluate the safety, feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of TaiChi4Joint, a remotely delivered 12-week tai chi intervention designed to relieve AI-induced joint pain.

Methods: Women diagnosed with stage 0-III breast cancer who received an AI for at least 2 …


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