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Characterization Of Comorbidities In Patients With A Dual Diagnosis Of Down Syndrome And Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Cerner Health Facts, Michael Slogic, Earl F. Glynn, Cy Nadler, Meredith Dreyer, Sarah T. Edwards 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Characterization Of Comorbidities In Patients With A Dual Diagnosis Of Down Syndrome And Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Cerner Health Facts, Michael Slogic, Earl F. Glynn, Cy Nadler, Meredith Dreyer, Sarah T. Edwards

Presentations

Background: Up to 19% of patients with Down syndrome (DS) meet diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (Channell, et al, 2019). While the medical and psychological comorbidities for patients with DS or ASD are well characterized, outcomes for patients with a dual diagnosis (DS-ASD) are poorly understood. Large DS-ASD cohorts and comparison samples are needed to fill this gap, as well as methods for grouping and analyzing complex diagnostic phenotypes. Objective: Our objective is to utilize Cerner Health Facts, a multi-institutional healthcare database, to identify large populations with DS, ASD, and DS-ASD, allowing for characterization and comparison of their ...


Esophageal Necrosis As An Unexpected Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hayden Smith, Tricia James 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center – Portland, OR

Esophageal Necrosis As An Unexpected Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hayden Smith, Tricia James

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

No abstract provided.


Factors Associated With Reduced Infliximab Exposure In The Treatment Of Pediatric Autoimmune Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Prospective Convenience Sampling Study., Ryan S. Funk, Valentina Shakhnovich, Yu Kyoung Cho, Kishore Polireddy, Taina Hudson, Kyle Gress, Mara L. Becker 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Factors Associated With Reduced Infliximab Exposure In The Treatment Of Pediatric Autoimmune Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Prospective Convenience Sampling Study., Ryan S. Funk, Valentina Shakhnovich, Yu Kyoung Cho, Kishore Polireddy, Taina Hudson, Kyle Gress, Mara L. Becker

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Inadequate systemic exposure to infliximab (IFX) is associated with treatment failure. This work evaluated factors associated with reduced IFX exposure in children with autoimmune disorders requiring IFX therapy.

METHODS: In this single-center cross-sectional prospective study IFX trough concentrations and anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) were measured in serum from children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (n = 73), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) (n = 16), or uveitis (n = 8) receiving maintenance IFX infusions at an outpatient infusion clinic in a tertiary academic pediatric hospital. IFX concentrations in combination with population pharmacokinetic modeling were used to estimate IFX clearance. Patient demographic and clinical ...


Critical Need For Pharmacologic Treatment Options In Nafld: A Pediatric Perspective., Chance S. Friesen, Sherwin S. Chan, Jonathan B. Wagner, Chelsea Hosey-Cojocari, Iván L Csanaky, Valentina Shakhnovich 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Critical Need For Pharmacologic Treatment Options In Nafld: A Pediatric Perspective., Chance S. Friesen, Sherwin S. Chan, Jonathan B. Wagner, Chelsea Hosey-Cojocari, Iván L Csanaky, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects up to 70% of children with obesity and has become the number one etiology for liver transplant in the United States. Early, effective intervention is critical to prevent disease progression into adulthood. Yet, it is seldom achieved through lifestyle modification alone. Thus, children must be included in NAFLD pharmacology trials, which, to date, continue to focus primarily on adult populations. This commentary serves as a call to action.


Hydrogen Peroxide Colitis: The Accidental Enema, Ramin Karimi, Ashish Sharma, Kevin Tran, Sebastian Montgomery 2021 Coliseum Medical Center

Hydrogen Peroxide Colitis: The Accidental Enema, Ramin Karimi, Ashish Sharma, Kevin Tran, Sebastian Montgomery

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Chemical colitis is defined as inflammation of the large intestine or colon as a result of exposure from a harsh chemical through an enema or other procedure. In this case, the chemical is hydrogen peroxide, which is commonly used as an antiseptic for minor abrasions. Hydrogen peroxide enemas were once popular for difficult to treat constipation. However, resultant colitis and proctitis limited its use. When administered rectally in a high enough concentration, intense abdominal pain and transient bloody diarrhea can occur, with the majority of affected patients making a full recovery with supportive management. Here we discuss a case of ...


Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Domestic Currency As A Foreign Body, Nikhil Reddy, Long Vu, Sangeeta Agrawal

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Foreign body ingestion is most commonly described in children, however this event can occur in adults as well. In Western countries, the most common cause of esophageal foreign bodies in adults is meat, while coins represent the most common object found in children. Symptoms of foreign body ingestion include sensation of a foreign body, chest pain, dysphagia, and vomiting. In 80% of cases, the foreign body is passed naturally. However, complications of retained esophageal foreign bodies can be life-threatening; therefore, emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) within 2-6 hours is recommended for ingestions of sharp objects, batteries, or those causing complete esophageal obstruction ...


Categorization Of Orthologous Gene Clusters In 92 Ascomycota Genomes Reveals Functions Important For Phytopathogenicity, Daniel Peterson, Tang Li, Ana M. Calvo, Yanbin Yin 2021 Northern Illinois University

Categorization Of Orthologous Gene Clusters In 92 Ascomycota Genomes Reveals Functions Important For Phytopathogenicity, Daniel Peterson, Tang Li, Ana M. Calvo, Yanbin Yin

Food for Health Papers & Publications

Phytopathogenic Ascomycota are responsible for substantial economic losses each year, destroying valuable crops. The present study aims to provide new insights into phytopathogenicity in Ascomycota from a comparative genomic perspective. This has been achieved by categorizing orthologous gene groups (orthogroups) from 68 phytopathogenic and 24 non-phytopathogenic Ascomycota genomes into three classes: Core, (pathogen or non-pathogen) group-specific, and genome-specific accessory orthogroups. We found that (i) ~20% orthogroups are group-specific and accessory in the 92 Ascomycota genomes, (ii) phytopathogenicity is not phylogenetically determined, (iii) group-specific orthogroups have more enriched functional terms than accessory orthogroups and this trend is particularly evident in phytopathogenic ...


Intraluminal Endovascular Coil Migration: A Rare Complication Post-Embolization Of The Gastroduodenal Artery For A Previously Bleeding Duodenal Ulcer, Yassin Naga, Mahendran Jayaraj, Yousif Elmofti, Annie Hong, Gordon Ohning 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Intraluminal Endovascular Coil Migration: A Rare Complication Post-Embolization Of The Gastroduodenal Artery For A Previously Bleeding Duodenal Ulcer, Yassin Naga, Mahendran Jayaraj, Yousif Elmofti, Annie Hong, Gordon Ohning

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Transarterial angiographic embolization is a highly effective, safe treatment for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding refractory to endoscopic intervention. However, intraluminal coil migration is a possible complication. Coil migration, while usually a self-limiting process, can lead to significant rebleeding. In our case, a patient presented with a life-threatening duodenal ulcer hemorrhage, likely precipitated by intraluminal endovascular coil migration after a recent gastro-duodenal artery embolization. He was successfully managed without endoscopic coil removal and had no additional gastrointestinal bleeding. It is important for endoscopists to be aware of this complication and weigh the risks and benefits of coil removal.


Gestational Weight Gain In 4 Low- And Middle-Income Countries And Associations With Birth Outcomes: A Secondary Analysis Of The Women First Trial, Melissa S. Bauserman, Carla M. Bann, K Michael Hambidge, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Jamie L. Westcott, Jackie K. Patterson, Elizabeth M. McClure, Sumera Ali Aziz, Sarah Saleem 2021 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.

Gestational Weight Gain In 4 Low- And Middle-Income Countries And Associations With Birth Outcomes: A Secondary Analysis Of The Women First Trial, Melissa S. Bauserman, Carla M. Bann, K Michael Hambidge, Ana L. Garces, Lester Figueroa, Jamie L. Westcott, Jackie K. Patterson, Elizabeth M. Mcclure, Sumera Ali Aziz, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Background: Adequate gestational weight gain (GWG) is essential for healthy fetal growth. However, in low- and middle-income countries, where malnutrition is prevalent, little information is available about GWG and how it might be modified by nutritional status and interventions.
Objective: We describe GWG and its associations with fetal growth and birth outcomes. We also examined the extent to which prepregnancy BMI, and preconception and early weight gain modify GWG, and its effects on fetal growth.
Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the Women First Trial, including 2331 women within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Guatemala, India, and Pakistan ...


Correlation Of Severity Of Covid-19 Disease With Gastrointestinal Manifestations And Liver Injury - A North Brooklyn Community Hospital Experience: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Kitson Deane, Ajay Singh, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Lyam Ciccone, Beishi Zheng, Arslan Afzal, Gulam Khan, Giovanna Rodriguez, Gul Bahtiyar 2021 Woodhull Medical Center, Brooklyn, USA.

Correlation Of Severity Of Covid-19 Disease With Gastrointestinal Manifestations And Liver Injury - A North Brooklyn Community Hospital Experience: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Kitson Deane, Ajay Singh, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Lyam Ciccone, Beishi Zheng, Arslan Afzal, Gulam Khan, Giovanna Rodriguez, Gul Bahtiyar

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Introduction: The primary receptor for SARS-CoV-2 infection, angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2), is expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and liver parenchyma. The involvement of the gastrointestinal tract with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has remained unclear. The following study retrospectively reviews gastrointestinal symptoms and liver function tests at the time of hospital admission to identify patient outcomes including prolonged hospital stay, the requirement for intensive care, and all-cause in-hospital 30-day mortality.
Methods: A retrospective review of patient charts at the Woodhull Medical and Mental Health Center (WMC) was conducted at the time of hospital admission, using a pre-determined selection criterion ...


Presence And Implications Of Sarcopenia In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis., Gregory Habig, Christa Smaltz, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio 2021 Department of Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, United States

Presence And Implications Of Sarcopenia In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis., Gregory Habig, Christa Smaltz, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Sarcopenia, defined as the loss of muscle strength, mass, and functionality, confers a poor prognosis in the setting of cirrhosis. Given its clinical significance, a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms leading to cirrhosis, sarcopenia, and their co-occurrence may improve these patients' outcomes. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) shares many of the same etiologies as sarcopenia, including insulin resistance, chronic inflammation, and ectopic adipocyte deposition, which are hallmarks of metabolic syndrome (MS). NASH thus serves as a prime candidate for further exploration into the underlying pathophysiology and relationship between these three conditions. In this review, we discuss the natural history of NASH ...


Novel And Emerging Therapies For Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Badr Al-Bawardy, Raina Shivashankar, Deborah D Proctor 2021 Section of Digestive Diseases, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States

Novel And Emerging Therapies For Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Badr Al-Bawardy, Raina Shivashankar, Deborah D Proctor

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are chronic, relapsing and remitting disorders of intestinal inflammation with potential systemic manifestations. Despite the availability of current biologics, such as anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF), anti-integrins, anti-interleukins and small molecules such as tofacitinib, the rates of primary and secondary treatment failure remain high in IBD. This highlights the importance of continued development of new therapeutic targets and modifications of existing ones to improve the treatment response rates and to also improve the safety profile and tolerability of these medications. In this review we will discuss novel treatment target ...


Diagnostic Accuracy Of The Forns Score For Liver Cirrhosis In Patients With Chronic Viral Hepatitis, Tayyaba Bukhari, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Sibtain Ahmed, Aysha Habib Khan, Shahab Abid, Aniqa Raza, Imran Siddiqui 2021 Aga Khan University

Diagnostic Accuracy Of The Forns Score For Liver Cirrhosis In Patients With Chronic Viral Hepatitis, Tayyaba Bukhari, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Sibtain Ahmed, Aysha Habib Khan, Shahab Abid, Aniqa Raza, Imran Siddiqui

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Introduction: Liver cirrhosis is an irreversible and end-stage disease. It results from chronic liver damage characterized by the replacement of normal liver tissue by fibrosis, leading to the progressive loss of liver function. Making an early diagnosis of cirrhosis is important for patients with chronic hepatitis because early antiviral therapy can prevent the progression of cirrhosis and even induce regression. There have been efforts to develop surrogate markers for liver cirrhosis as the biopsy is invasive, costly, and difficult to standardize.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the Section of Chemical Pathology, the Department of Pathology and Laboratory ...


Efficacy Of Weight Reduction On Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Opportunities To Improve Treatment Outcomes Through Pharmacotherapy., Chance S. Friesen, Chelsea Hosey-Cojocari, Sherwin S. Chan, Iván L. Csanaky, Jonathan B. Wagner, Brooke Sweeney, Alec Friesen, Jason D. Fraser, Valentina Shakhnovich 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Efficacy Of Weight Reduction On Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Opportunities To Improve Treatment Outcomes Through Pharmacotherapy., Chance S. Friesen, Chelsea Hosey-Cojocari, Sherwin S. Chan, Iván L. Csanaky, Jonathan B. Wagner, Brooke Sweeney, Alec Friesen, Jason D. Fraser, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Obesity is the single greatest risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Without intervention, most pediatric patients with NAFLD continue to gain excessive weight, making early, effective weight loss intervention key for disease treatment and prevention of NAFLD progression. Unfortunately, outside of a closely monitored research setting, which is not representative of the real world, lifestyle modification success for weight loss in children is low. Bariatric surgery, though effective, is invasive and can worsen NAFLD postoperatively. Thus, there is an evolving and underutilized role for pharmacotherapy in children, both for weight reduction and NAFLD management. In this perspective article ...


A Pedunculated Esophageal Chondromatous Hamartoma In A Child, Dan-Alexandru Iozsa, Maria Puscasu, Catalin Gabriel Cirstoveanu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Nicolae Sebastian Ionescu 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY, MARIE S. CURIE EMERGENCY CLINIC HOSPITAL, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

A Pedunculated Esophageal Chondromatous Hamartoma In A Child, Dan-Alexandru Iozsa, Maria Puscasu, Catalin Gabriel Cirstoveanu, Vlad Denis Constantin, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Nicolae Sebastian Ionescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Esophageal tumors are uncommon in pediatric population and most of them are benign. Esophageal hamartomas have been reported extremely rare in children. These can present as intramural tumors of the esophageal wall or as polyps. Dysphagia is the main symptom described in their case, but other specific symptoms are also reported. Such symptoms encountered in clinical practice are represented by obstructive apnea episodes and bradycardia, poor weight gain, epigastric or retrosternal pain, hematemesis or melena, dysphonia or tracheal sounds. Diagnosis can be delayed due to the insidious onset and non-specific symptoms, therefore patient’s compliance to follow-up and broad, careful ...


Postoperative Complicated Appendectomy Revealing Crohn’S Disease In A Pediatric Patient, Augustina Enculescu, Mircea Denis Lupusoru, Catalin Cirstoveanu, Andra-Iulia Suceveanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Adrian-Paul Suceveanu, Felix Voinea, Maria Puscasu 2021 EMERGENCY CLINIC HOSPITAL FOR CHILDREN MARIE SKLODOWSKA CURIE, DEPARTMENT OF PATHOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Postoperative Complicated Appendectomy Revealing Crohn’S Disease In A Pediatric Patient, Augustina Enculescu, Mircea Denis Lupusoru, Catalin Cirstoveanu, Andra-Iulia Suceveanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Adrian-Paul Suceveanu, Felix Voinea, Maria Puscasu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Granulomatous appendicitis is a very rare entity in children. It is related to Crohn’s disease in only 5-10% of the cases. The diagnosis of Crohn’s disease is a real challenge in the pediatric population, especially when its initial manifestation is acute appendicitis. Herein, we present a 13-year-old boy admitted for acute appendicitis. The histopathological examination was conclusive for acute granulomatous appendicitis. The development of an entero-cutaneous fistula has complicated the postoperative evolution. The failure of the conservative management required ileocecal resection. The pathological examination revealed Crohn’s disease. The one-year follow-up on the patient din not reveal any ...


Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu 2021 LUCIAN BLAGA UNIVERSITY OF SIBIU, EMERGENCY COUNTY HOSPITAL OF SIBIU, SIBIU, ROMANIA

Acute Chylous Peritonitis Due To Idiopathic Pancreatitis Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Dan Bratu, Alin Mihetiu, Dragoș Virgil Davițoiu, Vlad Dumitru Băleanu, Liliana Florina Andronache, Oana Popescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The acute development and the accumulation of chyle into the peritoneal space is a rare condition and one needs to be able to distinguish it from chylous ascites, which is most commonly chronic and associated with related diseases. It is frequently idiopathic and additionally, clinical and imaging findings are nonspecific. In almost all cases, the diagnosis is made intraoperatively during laparoscopy or laparotomy, most diagnostic procedures being indicated by acute complaints pertaining to the abdomen. A 23-year-old man was admitted to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain, with right iliac fossa tenderness and peritonism. Laparoscopy was performed due to acute ...


Non-Dental Oral Cavity Findings In Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Madalina-Gabriela Indre, Darius Sampelean, Vlad Taru, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Mircea Vasile Milaciu, Olga Hilda Orasan 2021 PROF. DR. OCTAVIAN FODOR REGIONAL INSTITUTE OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA

Non-Dental Oral Cavity Findings In Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Madalina-Gabriela Indre, Darius Sampelean, Vlad Taru, Angela Cozma, Dorel Sampelean, Mircea Vasile Milaciu, Olga Hilda Orasan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is known as the most prevalent gastrointestinal disorder in the United States, leading to substantial morbidity, although associated mortality is rare. Based on the appearance of esophageal mucosa on upper endoscopy, GERD is divided into erosive esophagitis (ERD) and nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). Heartburn and acid regurgitation are the typical symptoms of the disease, although some patients may present atypical manifestations such as epigastric pain, nausea, asthma, chronic cough, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sleep disturbances, otitis, and sinusitis. Other signs, such as oral mucosal lesions may result from GERD by direct acid or acidic vapor contact in the ...


Leveraging Institutional Support To Build An Integrated Multidisciplinary Care Model In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen 2021 Children’s Mercy Hospital

Leveraging Institutional Support To Build An Integrated Multidisciplinary Care Model In Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

While the biopsychosocial nature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is now well accepted by clinicians, the need for integrated multidisciplinary care is not always clear to institutional administrators who serve as decision makers regarding resources provided to clinical programs. In this commentary, we draw on our own experience in building successful integrated care models within a division of pediatric gastroenterology (GI) to highlight key considerations in garnering initial approval, as well as methods to maintain institutional support over time. Specifically, we discuss the importance of making a strong case for the inclusion of a psychologist in pediatric IBD care, justifying ...


Heartburn In Children And Adolescents In The Presence Of Functional Dyspepsia And/Or Irritable Bowel Syndrome Correlates With The Presence Of Sleep Disturbances, Anxiety, And Depression., Jennifer Colombo, Amanda D. Deacy, Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Heartburn In Children And Adolescents In The Presence Of Functional Dyspepsia And/Or Irritable Bowel Syndrome Correlates With The Presence Of Sleep Disturbances, Anxiety, And Depression., Jennifer Colombo, Amanda D. Deacy, Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Craig A. Friesen

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of heartburn in pediatric patients with functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with gastrointestinal symptoms, sleep disturbances, and psychologic distress.The overlap in symptoms of FD, IBS, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) predicts greater symptom severity and decreased quality of life and presents opportunities for improved diagnostic classification and personalized therapeutics.A cross-sectional observational study of 260 pediatric patients with abdominal pain was conducted. Patients completed standardized questionnaires assessing clinical symptoms, sleep quality, and psychologic symptoms during routine clinical care. Questionnaire data were compared for patients reporting ...


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