Redesigning The Landscape For Women And Leadership: Insights Gained From The Covid-19 Pandemic. On Behalf Of Women In Gastroenterology Network Asia Pacific (Wignap) And Women In Endoscopy (Wie), 2020 Aga Khan University
Redesigning The Landscape For Women And Leadership: Insights Gained From The Covid-19 Pandemic. On Behalf Of Women In Gastroenterology Network Asia Pacific (Wignap) And Women In Endoscopy (Wie), Lubna Kamani, Nonthalee Pausawasdi, Jeanin E Van Hooft, Amrita Sethi, Sharmila Sachithanandan
Section of Gastroenterology
No abstract provided.
Severity Of Disease From Covid-19 In Patients With Obesity And Mafld: Is There An Association?, 2020 Fazaia Ruth Pfau Medical College and PAF Hospitals, Karachi, Pakistan
Severity Of Disease From Covid-19 In Patients With Obesity And Mafld: Is There An Association?, Muhammad Kamran, Wasim Jafri
Section of Gastroenterology
No abstract provided.
Early Aggressive Hydration Is Associated With Decreased Opioid Use And Readmission In Mild Acute Pancreatitis, Shreyans Doshi, Hong Liang, Hale Z. Toklu, Selina Fritze, Sue-Wei Luu
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the most common causes of hospital admissions due to gastrointestinal disorders. No pharmacologic agents have been proven to impact the prognosis, and the treatment still remains supportive with intravenous fluids for hydration. Although early hydration has been recommended for the management of mild AP, there is no consensus on the type, rate, and amount of the fluid replacement.
Objective: In this study, we aimed to investigate the outcome of aggressive hydration in patients with AP.
Methods: Retrospective data from patients admitted to 12 hospitals (2015–2017) was used for analysis. Five hundred patients ...
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A General Overview, 2020 UCF/Ocala Regional Medical Center
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A General Overview, Julia Fashner
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) varies in presentation and the patient’s symptoms of regurgitation in the throat or epigastric pain do not necessarily correlate with the severity of their disease. This general overview of GERD will include information on guidelines and diagnostic testing; lifestyle, medical and surgical management; and GERD in special populations. The pathophysiology of GERD is multifactorial, and a step-wise approach will assist physicians in making the diagnosis as GERD has a significant financial burden to the U.S. healthcare system.
Force Application During Colonoscopy As A Marker Of Competence: Development Of A Novel Training Device, 2020 The University of Western Ontario
Force Application During Colonoscopy As A Marker Of Competence: Development Of A Novel Training Device, Jeffrey D. Hawel
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Colonoscopy is a technically challenging procedure to learn. The colonoscope is prone to forming loops in the colon, which can lead patient discomfort and even perforation. We hypothesized that expert endoscopists use techniques to avoid loop formation, and identify and straighten loops earlier, and thus exert less force.
Using a physical colon simulator model, electromagnetic tracking markers were used to follow the motion of the colon as the scope was advanced. Attending physicians exerted significantly lower mean colonic displacement than trainees.
To allow portability to any simulator, and even the clinical setting, we designed and tested the construct validity of ...
Reduced Neurog3 Gene Dosage Shifts Enteroendocrine Progenitor Toward Goblet Cell Lineage In The Mouse Intestine, 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Reduced Neurog3 Gene Dosage Shifts Enteroendocrine Progenitor Toward Goblet Cell Lineage In The Mouse Intestine, Joyce H. Li, Subir Ray, Alper Kucukural, Gerard Gradwohl, Andrew B. Leiter
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
BACKGROUND and AIMS: Transient expression of Neurog3 commits intestinal secretory progenitors to become enteroendocrine-biased progenitors and hence drive enteroendocrine differentiation. Loss of Neurog3 in mouse resulted in the depletion of intestinal enteroendocrine cells (EECs) and an increase in goblet cells. Earlier studies in developing mouse pancreas showed Neurog3 gene dosage in endocrine and exocrine cell fate allocation. We aimed to determine whether Neurog3 gene dosage controls fate choice of enteroendocrine progenitors.
METHODS: We acquired mutant Neurog3 reporter mice carrying 2, 1, or null Neurog3 alleles to study Neurog3 gene dosage effect by lineage tracing. Cell types arising from Neurog3+ progenitors ...
Genomic Characterization Of Malignant Progression In Neoplastic Pancreatic Cysts, 2020 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Genomic Characterization Of Malignant Progression In Neoplastic Pancreatic Cysts, Michaël Noë, Noushin Niknafs, Catherine G Fischer, Wenzel M Hackeng, Violeta Beleva Guthrie, Waki Hosoda, Marija Debeljak, Eniko Papp, Vilmos Adleff, James R White, Claudio Luchini, Antonio Pea, Aldo Scarpa, Giovanni Butturini, Giuseppe Zamboni, Paola Castelli, Seung-Mo Hong, Shinichi Yachida, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Anthony J Gill, Jaswinder S Samra, G Johan A Offerhaus, Anne Hoorens, Joanne Verheij, Casper Jansen, N Volkan Adsay, Wei Jiang, Jordan Winter, Jorge Albores-Saavedra, Benoit Terris, Elizabeth D Thompson, Nicholas J Roberts, Ralph H Hruban, Rachel Karchin, Robert B Scharpf, Lodewijk A A Brosens, Victor E Velculescu, Laura D Wood
Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) and mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) are non-invasive neoplasms that are often observed in association with invasive pancreatic cancers, but their origins and evolutionary relationships are poorly understood. In this study, we analyze 148 samples from IPMNs, MCNs, and small associated invasive carcinomas from 18 patients using whole exome or targeted sequencing. Using evolutionary analyses, we establish that both IPMNs and MCNs are direct precursors to pancreatic cancer. Mutations in SMAD4 and TGFBR2 are frequently restricted to invasive carcinoma, while RNF43 alterations are largely in non-invasive lesions. Genomic analyses suggest an average window of over three ...
Recent Advances In The Management Of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor., 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Recent Advances In The Management Of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor., Monjur Ahmed
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a rare but an important clinical entity seen in our clinical practice. It is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract and most common malignancy of the small intestine. Although the exact prevalence of GIST is not known, the incidence of GIST has been increasing. GISTs arise from interstitial cells of Cajal. Most of the GISTs occur due to mutation in c-kit gene or platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha gene. 15% of GISTs do not have these mutations and they are called wild-type GISTs. Almost all GISTs express KIT receptor tyrosine kinase ...
Idiopathic Gastroparesis: Lifestyle Modifications Versus Pharmacotherapy, 2020 Augsburg University
Idiopathic Gastroparesis: Lifestyle Modifications Versus Pharmacotherapy, Rebecca K. Schieffer
Theses and Graduate Projects
Idiopathic gastroparesis is a chronic symptomatic motility disorder of the stomach of unknown cause characterized by delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction, with the majority of gastroparesis cases being classified as idiopathic. Idiopathic gastroparesis continues to be a challenging diagnosis to manage and difficulty remains in treating associated symptoms that result in decreased quality of life. Current non-invasive recommendations for the treatment of idiopathic gastroparesis are lifestyle modifications, including dietary adjustments to follow a gastroparesis diet, and pharmacotherapy prescribed for symptomatic relief. Metoclopramide is currently the only medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in ...
Scope Of Artificial Intelligence In Screening And Diagnosis Of Colorectal Cancer, 2020 The Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education
Scope Of Artificial Intelligence In Screening And Diagnosis Of Colorectal Cancer, Hemant Goyal Md, Rupinder Mann Md, Zainab Gandhi Mbbs, Abhilash Perisetti Md, Aman Ali Md, Khizar Amani Ali, Neil Sharma Md, Benjamin Tharian Md, Shreyas Saligram, Sumant Inamdar
PCI Publications and Projects
Globally, colorectal cancer is the third most diagnosed malignancy. It causes significant mortality and morbidity, which can be reduced by early diagnosis with an effective screening test. Integrating artificial intelligence (AI) and computer-aided detection (CAD) with screening methods have shown promising results for colorectal cancer screening. AI could provide a “second look” for endoscopists to decrease the rate of missed polyps during a colonoscopy. It can also improve detection and characterization of polyps by integration with colonoscopy, various advanced endoscopic modalities like magnifying narrow-band imaging, endocytoscopy, confocal endomicroscopy, laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy, and magnifying chromoendoscopy. In this review, we have discussed ...
Prevalence Of Risk Factors Of Acute Kidney Injury In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, 2020 Aga Khan University
Prevalence Of Risk Factors Of Acute Kidney Injury In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Ainan Arshad, Ahmed Ayaz
Section of Internal Medicine
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of preventable risk factors of acute kidney injury in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. All patients admitted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi with diagnosis of acute kidney injury were included out of which 134 were selected via random sampling. Patients with existing CKD were excluded. Data was then collected retrospectively from medical records of these patients. Mean age was 60±11.7 years while mean serum creatinine on admission was 2.4±1.3 (mg/dl). Sepsis played a role in almost half of the patients [60 (45 ...
Intussusception In An Infant As A Manifestation Of Covid-19, 2020 Aga Khan University
Intussusception In An Infant As A Manifestation Of Covid-19, Zorays Moazzam, Areej Saleem, Alina Ashraf, Fyezah Jehan, Muhammad Arshad
Medical College Documents
Gastrointestinal manifestations of COVID-19 are rare and have primarily been limited to diarrhea or vomiting. Intussusception is the most common cause of bowel obstruction in infants, with up to 30% of pediatric intussusception cases having a preceding viral illness. We present the rare case of intussusception in a SARS-CoV-2 positive infant. This is the first documented case of survival in a SARS-CoV-2 positive patient presenting with intussusception as the primary manifestation. As our knowledge of this disease evolves, surgeons need to remain suspicious for possible gastrointestinal manifestations of COVID-19.
Eradication Of Stage Iv Gastric Cancer: Case Report, 2020 Joan C Edwards School of Medicine
Eradication Of Stage Iv Gastric Cancer: Case Report, Ibrahim Mohammed, Cherishma Nagisetty, Arslan Iqbal, Michael Abdelmasseh, Doreen Griswold, Muhammad Omer Jamil, Juan R. Sanabria
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Background. Gastric cancer has a low overall survival rate worldwide, and surgery still remains the intent to cure option on early stages of disease. HER-2 positive cancers may have a survival advantage. We present a patient with stage IV gastric cancer HER-2 positive responsive to Herceptin, free of detectable disease two years after surgery.
Patient Presentation. 70 years old Caucasian male complained of left-sided chest pain. Upon evaluation, he was diagnosed with HER-2 positive adenocarcinoma of the stomach at the pylorus with two liver metastases. Near complete response was observed with Herceptin and Cis-platinum based chemotherapy followed by 80% distal ...
Utility Of Inflammatory Markers To Predict Adverse Outcome In Acute Pancreatitis: A Retrospective Study In A Single Academic Center, 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Utility Of Inflammatory Markers To Predict Adverse Outcome In Acute Pancreatitis: A Retrospective Study In A Single Academic Center, Mohamad Mubder, Banreet Dhindsa, Danny Nguyen, Syed Saghir, Chad Cross, Ranjit Makar, Gordon Ohning
School of Medicine Faculty Publications
Background/Aim: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a commonly encountered emergency where early identification of complicated cases is important. Inflammatory markers like lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are simple and readily available markers. In this study, we evaluated the utility of these markers in the early identification of patients with complicated AP. Patients and Methods: All patients with a diagnosis of AP admitted to the University Medical Center in Las Vegas/Nevada between August 2015 and September 2018 were identified using ICD-10 codes. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Epidemiological measures and their associated confidence intervals ...
The Relationship Between Mucosal Inflammatory Cells, Specific Symptoms, And Psychological Functioning In Youth With Irritable Bowel Syndrome., Meenal Singh, Vivekanand Singh, Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Jennifer Colombo, Craig A. Friesen
Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers
Both mucosal inflammation and psychologic dysfunction have been implicated in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). While some relationships between inflammation (mast cells and eosinophils) and depression have been reported in adults with IBS, relationships between inflammation and psychologic function have not been studied in children and adolescents. The aims of the current study were to: (1) assess densities of colonic mast cells, eosinophils, and TH17 cells in youth with IBS; and, (2) explore relationships between these cells and specific IBS symptoms and psychologic functioning. Utilizing previously obtained biopsies from the descending and rectosigmoid colons, densities were determined for mast cells, eosinophils ...
Employment And Patient Satisfaction After Liver Transplantation, 2020 Thomas Jefferson University
Employment And Patient Satisfaction After Liver Transplantation, Christopher Cao, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Shady Guirguis, Crystal Chen, Jonathan M. Fenkel, Steven Herrine
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers
Background and Aims: This study serves to revisit the effects of liver transplantation (LT) on employment in an era of improving survival outcomes post-transplant, and to identify areas of improvement in the transplant process to better op-timize post-LT employment and patient satisfaction. Methods: Prospectively, patients who had undergone LT at a single tertiary LT center were surveyed in person and by e-mail. Primary outcomes included employment rate pre-and post-LT, annual salary, weekly hours worked, barriers to re-employment, and patient satisfaction. Results: Responses were collected and analyzed from 121 patients who underwent LT. Pre-LT, 68 (56.1%) reported full-time employ-ment, 13 ...
Complicated Isolated Liver Abscess Caused By Viridans Group Streptococci Leading To Right Hepatectomy, Muhammad F Ahmed, Zainab Abbasi, Sajan Das, Alok Aggarwal, Sonu Sahni
Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine (New York) Publications and Research
Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs) secondary to bacterial etiologies are most often seen in developing countries and are less common in North America. The predominant etiology is infection occurring in the setting of direct extension of hepatobiliary or intestinal infection. The most common pathogen isolated from a PLA in the United States is
Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Is Associated With Lower Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Diverticulosis: A Cross-Sectional Colonoscopy-Based Study., 2020 Division of Gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital, MA, Boston, United States
Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Is Associated With Lower Prevalence Of Asymptomatic Diverticulosis: A Cross-Sectional Colonoscopy-Based Study., Benjamin Maxner, Jessica Mcgoldrick, Danielle Bellavance, Po-Hong Liu, Ramnik J Xavier, Joseph C Yarze, Rocco Ricciardi, Kyle Staller, Daniel C Chung, Hamed Khalili
Department of Medicine Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of the relationship between dietary factors and risk of diverticulosis have yielded inconsistent results. We therefore sought to investigate the association between consumption of fruit and vegetables and prevalent diverticulosis.
METHODS: Our study population included participants in the Gastrointestinal Disease and Endoscopy Registry (GIDER), a colonoscopy-based longitudinal cohort at the Massachusetts General Hospital, who provided comprehensive information on dietary intake and lifestyle factors using validated questionnaires prior to colonoscopy. Information on presence and location of diverticula was obtained from the endoscopist at the end of each procedure. We used Poisson regression modeling to calculate the prevalence ratios ...
Neuroendocrine Tumor Of The Gallbladder, A Rare Incidental Finding, 2020 Brandon Regional Hospital
Neuroendocrine Tumor Of The Gallbladder, A Rare Incidental Finding, Alvaro Frometa, Yasna Chaudhary, Omar Ansari, Nigel Jagoo, Iqbal Kapadia
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Background: Neuroendocrine tumors are a rare finding in the gallbladder. The incidence of this entity in the gallbladder is roughly 1.13 cases per 100,000 in the US, with a steady increase in the last decade. Gallbladder neuroendocrine tumors are generally asymptomatic; the majority of cases have been reported as incidental findings in specimens, resected due to secondary symptomatology, such as chronic cholecystitis. Treatment strategies are limited, in part due to the often advanced stage in which this disease presents. Furthermore, there is a restricted utility of diagnostic tools for early detection; these factors contribute to the poor prognosis ...
Ruptured Splenic Hemangioma Presenting As Small Bowel Obstruction: A Case Report, 2020 Tufts School of Medicine and Maine Medical Center
Ruptured Splenic Hemangioma Presenting As Small Bowel Obstruction: A Case Report, Haya S. Raef, Karin L. Cole Md
Journal of Maine Medical Center
Introduction: Splenic hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor of the spleen. Typically asymptomatic, these lesions can present with rupture and hemoperitoneum. Clinical Findings: We report the case of a patient with no previous abdominal surgery that presented with symptoms and imaging consistent with small bowel obstruction (SBO), and an incidental finding of a splenic lesion. Main diagnoses, therapeutic interventions, and outcomes: At diagnostic laparoscopy, a ruptured splenic hemangioma was identified, with obstructive ileus due to hemoperitoneum. The patient subsequently underwent splenectomy to prevent recurrent bleeding. Conclusions: Splenic hemangiomas are rare vascular neoplasms of the spleen, which can be complicated by ...