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Mechanical Test Methods For Assessing Porcine Carotid And Uterine Artery Burst Pressure Following Ex Vivo Ultrasonic Ligature Seal And Transection, Carissa M. Krane, Margaret Pinnell, Courtney Gardner, Mercedes Thompson, James Coleman, Robert Wilkens 2017 University of Dayton

Mechanical Test Methods For Assessing Porcine Carotid And Uterine Artery Burst Pressure Following Ex Vivo Ultrasonic Ligature Seal And Transection, Carissa M. Krane, Margaret Pinnell, Courtney Gardner, Mercedes Thompson, James Coleman, Robert Wilkens

Robert J. Wilkens

A test method was developed to identify those variables important for assessing the performance of ultrasonic surgical devices in ex vivo ligature sealing of porcine carotid and uterine arteries. Ruggedness testing using a small sample size in pilot experiments was conducted using a newly developed test method in an effort to assess the usefulness of this methodology and to identify test variables that might warrant further testing. The development of this test method included the use of a custom-designed prototypic tension device for load-controlled ex vivo vessel stretching during saline perfusion and subsequent seal and transection of porcine arteries with ...


Optimizing Sperm Collection Procedures In Zebrafish, Madelyn B. Wasden, Rachel L. Roberts, April DeLaurier 2017 University of South Carolina Aiken

Optimizing Sperm Collection Procedures In Zebrafish, Madelyn B. Wasden, Rachel L. Roberts, April Delaurier

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Zebrafish are a highly-valued model organism used for developmental biology research. Zebrafish can be used for genetic manipulation and hence, many mutant and transgenic lines exist. It is impractical to maintain lines of adult zebrafish, due to resource constraints and the need to continuously produce new generations. Therefore, a practical way to preserve zebrafish lines is to freeze sperm and retrieve lines using in vitro fertilization of fresh eggs. Most existing in vitro protocols used by research labs have a wide variety of fertilization rates (ranging from 0% to >90%). Due to this variability, lines may be at risk of ...


Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species In Lipotoxic Hearts Induces Post-Translational Modifications Of Akap121, Drp1 And Opa1 That Promote Mitochondrial Fission, Kensuke Tsushima, Heiko Bugger, Adam R. Wende, Jamie Soto, Gregory A. Jenson, Austin R. Tor, Rose McGlauflin, Helena C. Kenny, Yuan Zhang, Rhonda Souvenir, Xiao X. Hu, Crystal L. Sloan, Renata O. Pereira, Vitor A. Lira, Kenneth W. Spitzer, Terry L. Sharp, Kooresh I. Shoghi, Genevieve C. Sparagna, Eva A. Rog-Zielinska, Peter Kohl, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Jean E. Schaffer, E. Dale Abel 2017 University of Iowa

Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species In Lipotoxic Hearts Induces Post-Translational Modifications Of Akap121, Drp1 And Opa1 That Promote Mitochondrial Fission, Kensuke Tsushima, Heiko Bugger, Adam R. Wende, Jamie Soto, Gregory A. Jenson, Austin R. Tor, Rose Mcglauflin, Helena C. Kenny, Yuan Zhang, Rhonda Souvenir, Xiao X. Hu, Crystal L. Sloan, Renata O. Pereira, Vitor A. Lira, Kenneth W. Spitzer, Terry L. Sharp, Kooresh I. Shoghi, Genevieve C. Sparagna, Eva A. Rog-Zielinska, Peter Kohl, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Jean E. Schaffer, E. Dale Abel

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Rationale: Cardiac lipotoxicity, characterized by increased uptake, oxidation and accumulation of lipid intermediates, contributes to cardiac dysfunction in obesity and diabetes. However, mechanisms linking lipid overload and mitochondrial dysfunction are incompletely understood.

Objective: To elucidate the mechanisms for mitochondrial adaptations to lipid overload in postnatal hearts in vivo.

Methods and Results: Using a transgenic mouse model of cardiac lipotoxicity overexpressing long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 1 in cardiomyocytes, we show that modestly increased myocardial fatty acid uptake leads to mitochondrial structural remodeling with significant reduction in minimum diameter. This is associated with increased palmitoyl-carnitine oxidation and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation ...


Newest Kid On The Block: Characterization Of The Novel Multidrugresistant Pathogen, Candida Auris, Lindsey Masone, Susanna Mirabelli 2017 Long Island University

Newest Kid On The Block: Characterization Of The Novel Multidrugresistant Pathogen, Candida Auris, Lindsey Masone, Susanna Mirabelli

Post & Beyond

Candida auris is a novel and emerging fungal pathogen capable of causinginvasive, and often fatal, bloodstream and wound infections in immunocompromised patients. Several outbreaks have been reported in hospitals across the world, including the United States, and predominantly in New York. C.auris exhibits extensive multidrug resistance that has never been seen in any Candida species, and is often misdiagnosed for other Candida species, thus limiting treatment options for patients. Our laboratory obtained 10 C. auris isolates in order to perform in vitro antifungal susceptibility testing and determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) under Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines ...


Evaluation Of A Microalgal Bioassay Based On Community Level Physiological Profiling (Clpp), Jun-Woo Kim 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluation Of A Microalgal Bioassay Based On Community Level Physiological Profiling (Clpp), Jun-Woo Kim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examined the use of commercially available Biolog 96-well plates containing different carbon sources for a microalgal bioassay. Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) were used as potentially toxic model compounds to demonstrate the applicability of the assay. Toxicity of dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (DTAC) and didecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB) on the growth of Scenedesmus obliquus varied significantly under autotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic growth conditions. The concentration for 50% growth inhibition effect (EC50) of DTAC followed the order: autotrophic (0.48 ± 0.03 mg of DTAC/L) > heterotrophic (1.46 ± 0.04 mg of DTAC/L) > mixotrophic (2.11 ...


Purification From Human Milk Of Matriptase Complexes With Secreted Serpins: Mechanism For Inhibition Of Matriptase Other Than Hai-1, I-Chu Tseng, Feng-Pai Chou, Sheng-Feng Su, Michael Oberst, Nandakumar Madayiputhiya, Ming-Shyue Lee, Jehng-Kang Wang, David E. Sloane, Michael Johnson, Chen-Yong Lin 2017 University of Maryland at Baltimore

Purification From Human Milk Of Matriptase Complexes With Secreted Serpins: Mechanism For Inhibition Of Matriptase Other Than Hai-1, I-Chu Tseng, Feng-Pai Chou, Sheng-Feng Su, Michael Oberst, Nandakumar Madayiputhiya, Ming-Shyue Lee, Jehng-Kang Wang, David E. Sloane, Michael Johnson, Chen-Yong Lin

Michael C. Johnson

Matriptase, a type 2 transmembrane serine protease, is predominately expressed by epithelial and carcinoma cells in which hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor 1 (HAI-1), a membrane-bound, Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor, is also expressed. HAI-1 plays dual roles in the regulation of matriptase, as a conventional protease inhibitor and as a factor required for zymogen activation of matriptase. As a consequence, activation of matriptase is immediately followed by HAI-1-mediated inhibition, with the activated matriptase being sequestered into HAI-1 complexes. Matriptase is also expressed by peripheral blood leukocytes, such as monocytes and macrophages; however, in contrast to epithelial cells, monocytes and macrophages ...


Ydj1 Governs Fungal Morphogenesis And Stress Response, And Facilitates Mitochondrial Protein Import Via Mas1 And Mas2, Jinglin L. Xie, Iryna Bohovych, Erin O.Y. Wong, Jean-Philippe Lambert, Anne-Claude Gingras, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Leah E. Cowen, Michelle D. Leach 2017 University of Aberdeen

Ydj1 Governs Fungal Morphogenesis And Stress Response, And Facilitates Mitochondrial Protein Import Via Mas1 And Mas2, Jinglin L. Xie, Iryna Bohovych, Erin O.Y. Wong, Jean-Philippe Lambert, Anne-Claude Gingras, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Leah E. Cowen, Michelle D. Leach

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Mitochondria underpin metabolism, bioenergetics, signalling, development and cell death in eukaryotes. Most of the ~1,000 yeast mitochondrial proteins are encoded in the nucleus and synthesised as precursors in the cytosol, with mitochondrial import facilitated by molecular chaperones. Here, we focus on the Hsp40 chaperone Ydj1 in the fungal pathogen Candida albicans, finding that it is localised to both the cytosol and outer mitochondrial membrane, and is required for cellular stress responses and for filamentation, a key virulence trait. Mapping the Ydj1 protein interaction network highlighted connections with co-chaperones and regulators of filamentation. Furthermore, the mitochondrial processing peptidases Mas1 and ...


Plant Variety In The Republic Of Korea: Seed Industry Law, Yoonjin Buyn 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Plant Variety In The Republic Of Korea: Seed Industry Law, Yoonjin Buyn

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


The European Patent Office And The European Patent: An Open Avenue For Biotechnologists And "Living Inventions", Katrina McClatchey 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

The European Patent Office And The European Patent: An Open Avenue For Biotechnologists And "Living Inventions", Katrina Mcclatchey

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Biogechnology: United States Statutory Law, Jo Lynn Jeter 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Agricultural Biogechnology: United States Statutory Law, Jo Lynn Jeter

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


The International Treaty On Plant Genetic Resources For Food And Agriculture: Friend Of The International Farmer, Steven M. Ruby 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

The International Treaty On Plant Genetic Resources For Food And Agriculture: Friend Of The International Farmer, Steven M. Ruby

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of The "Onco-Mouse" Decisions On The Exception To Patentability For "Animal Varieties" Under The European Patent Convention, Katrina McClatchey 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

The Effect Of The "Onco-Mouse" Decisions On The Exception To Patentability For "Animal Varieties" Under The European Patent Convention, Katrina Mcclatchey

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Novartis On The European Patent Convention's Exception To Patentability For "Plant Varieties", Katrina McClatchey 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

The Impact Of Novartis On The European Patent Convention's Exception To Patentability For "Plant Varieties", Katrina Mcclatchey

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Biotechnology: United States Case Law, Jo Lynn Jeter 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Agricultural Biotechnology: United States Case Law, Jo Lynn Jeter

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Emerging Drivers And Business Models For Equipment Reuse And Remanufacturing In The Us Lessons From The Biotech Industry-2017.Pdf, Vesela R. Veleva, Gavin Bodkin 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Emerging Drivers And Business Models For Equipment Reuse And Remanufacturing In The Us Lessons From The Biotech Industry-2017.Pdf, Vesela R. Veleva, Gavin Bodkin

Vesela Veleva

While regulations have advanced product take-back in some markets, challenges to increasing product reuse and remanufacturing remain. Most research to date has focused on original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) taking back and remanufacturing their products, which is often problematic.  The present study demonstrates that there are emerging opportunities for small companies with innovative business models to enter the market and advance product end-of-life (EoL) management. The paper examines the biotechnology industry – a growing sector with high spending on lab equipment and relatively short lifespans of R&D instruments. Building on previous research and analysis of industry practices and emerging drivers for ...


Mixed Municipal Solid Waste Hygienisation For Refuse-Derived Fuel Production By Ozonation In The Novel Configuration Using Fluidized Bed And Horizontal Reactor, Witold Zukowski 2017 Cracow University of Technology

Mixed Municipal Solid Waste Hygienisation For Refuse-Derived Fuel Production By Ozonation In The Novel Configuration Using Fluidized Bed And Horizontal Reactor, Witold Zukowski

Witold Zukowski

Purpose
This study aimed to determine whether mixed municipal solid waste used for alternative fuel production can be effectively treated with ozone hygienisation in a gaseous phase.
Methods
It was determined that the use of a fluidised bed reactor and a horizontal reactor with respect to processing the light fraction and the heavy fraction of waste effectively contributes to the elimination or reduction of the number of selected groups of microorganisms inhabiting mixed municipal solid waste. With the use of microbiological analysis, the presence of vegetative bacteria, spores, fungi, actinomycetes and pathogenic bacteria, i.g. Staphylococcus spp., Escherichia coli, Salmonella ...


Do The Evolution: The Effect Of Ksr V. Teleflex On Biotechnology, Josh Harrison 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Do The Evolution: The Effect Of Ksr V. Teleflex On Biotechnology, Josh Harrison

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


Heme Regulation Of Human Cystathionine Β-Synthase Activity: Insights From Fluorescence And Raman Spectroscopy, Colin L. Weeks, Sangita Singh, Peter Madzelan, Ruma Banerjee, Thomas G. Spiro 2017 University of Washington

Heme Regulation Of Human Cystathionine Β-Synthase Activity: Insights From Fluorescence And Raman Spectroscopy, Colin L. Weeks, Sangita Singh, Peter Madzelan, Ruma Banerjee, Thomas G. Spiro

Colin L. Weeks

Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) plays a central role in cysteine metabolism, and malfunction of the enzyme leads to homocystinuria, a devastating metabolic disease. CBS contains a pyridoxal 5′- phosphate (PLP) cofactor which catalyzes the synthesis of cystathionine from homocysteine and serine. Mammalian forms of the enzyme also contain a heme group, which is not involved in catalysis. It may, however, play a regulatory role, since the enzyme is inhibited when CO or NO are bound to the heme. We have investigated the mechanism of this inhibition using fluorescence and resonance Raman spectroscopies. CO binding is found to induce a tautomeric shift ...


Modulation Of The Heme Electronic Structure And Cystathionine Β-Synthase Activity By Second Coordination Sphere Ligands: The Role Of Heme Ligand Switching In Redox Regulation, Sangita Singh, Peter Madzelan, Jay Stasser, Colin L. Weeks, Donald Becker, Thomas G. Spiro, James Penner-Hahn, Ruma Banerjee 2017 The University Of Michigan

Modulation Of The Heme Electronic Structure And Cystathionine Β-Synthase Activity By Second Coordination Sphere Ligands: The Role Of Heme Ligand Switching In Redox Regulation, Sangita Singh, Peter Madzelan, Jay Stasser, Colin L. Weeks, Donald Becker, Thomas G. Spiro, James Penner-Hahn, Ruma Banerjee

Colin L. Weeks

In humans, cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) is a hemeprotein, which catalyzes a pyridoxal phosphate (PLP)-dependent condensation reaction. Changes in the heme environment are communicated to the active site, which is ~20 Å away. In this study, we have examined the role of H67 and R266, which are in the second coordination sphere of the heme ligands, H65 and C52 respectively, in modulating the heme's electronic properties and in transmitting information between the heme and active sites. While the H67A mutation is comparable to wild-type CBS, interesting differences are revealed by mutations at the R266 site. The pathogenic mutant, R266K ...


Damage-Free Peripheral Nerve Stimulation By 12-Ns Pulsed Electric Field, Maura Casciola, Shu Xiao, Andrei G. Pakhomov 2017 Old Dominion University

Damage-Free Peripheral Nerve Stimulation By 12-Ns Pulsed Electric Field, Maura Casciola, Shu Xiao, Andrei G. Pakhomov

Bioelectrics Publications

Modern technologies enable deep tissue focusing of nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) for non-invasive nerve and muscle stimulation. However, it is not known if PEF orders of magnitude shorter than the activation time of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSC) would evoke action potentials (APs). One plausible scenario requires the loss of membrane integrity (electroporation) and resulting depolarization as an intermediate step. We report, for the first time, that the excitation of a peripheral nerve can be accomplished by 12-ns PEF without electroporation. 12-ns stimuli at 4.1-11 kV (3.3-8.8 kV/cm) evoked APs similarly to conventional stimuli (100-250 mus ...


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