Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Biotechnology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

646 Full-Text Articles 1,037 Authors 168,934 Downloads 90 Institutions

All Articles in Biotechnology

Faceted Search

646 full-text articles. Page 1 of 22.

Understanding The Backlog Problems Associated With Requests For Continued Examination Practice, Sean Tu 2015 Duke Law

Understanding The Backlog Problems Associated With Requests For Continued Examination Practice, Sean Tu

Duke Law & Technology Review

One of the greatest problems facing the current patent administration is a long patent pendency period. This study focuses on Request for Continued Examination (RCE) practice, and its effects on the current patent application backlog problem. RCEs are used to continue prosecution after a patent examiner has issued a final rejection. However, now that RCEs are placed on an examiner’s special docket, some examiners may pick up prosecution one to two years after the last action. Accordingly, there are great inefficiencies that may be created by this delay, such as relearning issues and questions from the previous action, diminished ...


Gmos In Europe: A Genetically Modified Ordeal?, GianCarlo Moschini, Jay Corrigan 2015 Iowa State

Gmos In Europe: A Genetically Modified Ordeal?, Giancarlo Moschini, Jay Corrigan

Iowa Ag Review

One thing seems certain: we are now familiar with yet another acronym. GMO stands for genetically modified organism and designates a living entity (such as a bacterium, plant, or animal) whose genome has been modified by recombinant DNA technology. The ability to alter the genetic makeup of organisms directly by such methods (i.e., transgenic) constitutes the hallmark of modern biotechnology and has ushered in a new era in agricultural research.


Modified Corn—Will Livestock Producers Buy It?, Dermot J. Hayes, Noah Wendt 2015 Iowa State University

Modified Corn—Will Livestock Producers Buy It?, Dermot J. Hayes, Noah Wendt

Iowa Ag Review

Livestock producers are efficient producers who use feed rations containing the lowest cost (or least-cost) nutritive additives. As a group, they have not shown a willingness to pay a premium for feed grown from specialty seed that has been modified to meet the nutritional needs of different livestock species in different regions of the country. Will these producers ever be prepared to pay the premiums required to pull identity-preserved feed grains through the pipeline?


Who Is Afraid Of The “Precautionary Principle”?, GianCarlo Moschini 2015 Iowa State

Who Is Afraid Of The “Precautionary Principle”?, Giancarlo Moschini

Iowa Ag Review

The recent European Union (EU) draft legislation on labeling and tracing all food and feed consisting of, containing, or produced from genetically modified (GM) organisms has the potential to significantly affect long-run U.S. agricultural exports to Europe. For the last three years, a de facto moratorium has halted approval of new GM varieties in the EU. Whereas the proposed new EU legislation may help resolve this impasse, the details of this draft legislation are raising considerable concern in the U.S. agricultural community and, if approved, are likely to give rise to a serious trade dispute within the World ...


Patented Agriculture, GianCarlo Moschini 2015 Iowa State

Patented Agriculture, Giancarlo Moschini

Iowa Ag Review

On December 10, 2001, the U.S. Supreme Court issued an opinion that may have important long-run implications for U.S. agriculture. Ruling in J.E.M. Ag Supply, Inc. v. Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc., the Court held that plant seeds and plants themselves (both traditionally bred and produced by genetic engineering) are patentable under U.S. law. This opinion concerns a case that started when Pioneer Hi- Bred sued J.E.M. Agricultural Supply (doing business as Farm Advantage) for selling Pioneer hybrid corn seed without Pioneer’s authorization. Pioneer alleged that the seed in question was protected by ...


Agricultural Biotechnology And Trade: The Unresolved Issues, GianCarlo Moschini 2015 Iowa State

Agricultural Biotechnology And Trade: The Unresolved Issues, Giancarlo Moschini

Iowa Ag Review

To observers contemplating the failure of the Cancun ministerial meeting of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in September 2003, the United States and the European Union appeared to stand on the same side of the disagreement that stalled efforts to advance the Doha Round of multilateral trade liberalization. Poor countries wanted real reduction in the widespread agricultural subsidies that depress world prices in commodities that are critical to development. The United States and the European Union, on the other hand, insisted on a more comprehensive approach to liberalization, including pushing the WTO into new areas (such as rationalization of inefficient ...


Beyond Bivariate Correlations: Three-Block Partial Least Squares Illustrated With Vegetation, Soil, And Topography, Daehyun Kim, Thomas J. DeWitt, César S. B. Costa, John A. Kupfer, Ryan W. McEwan, J. Anthony Stallins 2015 University of Kentucky

Beyond Bivariate Correlations: Three-Block Partial Least Squares Illustrated With Vegetation, Soil, And Topography, Daehyun Kim, Thomas J. Dewitt, César S. B. Costa, John A. Kupfer, Ryan W. Mcewan, J. Anthony Stallins

Biology Faculty Publications

Ecologists, particularly those engaged in biogeomorphic studies, often seek to connect data from three or more domains. Using three-block partial least squares regression, we present a procedure to quantify and define bi-variance and tri-variance of data blocks related to plant communities, their soil parameters, and topography. Bi-variance indicates the total amount of covariation between these three domains taken in pairs, whereas tri-variance refers to the common variance shared by all domains. We characterized relationships among three domains (plant communities, soil properties, topography) for a salt marsh, four coastal dunes, and two temperate forests spanning several regions in the world. We ...


Characterization Of Putative Wnt3a-Inducible Enhancers, Katelynn C. Lee, Nicholas Hum, Aimy Sebastian, Gabriela Loots 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Characterization Of Putative Wnt3a-Inducible Enhancers, Katelynn C. Lee, Nicholas Hum, Aimy Sebastian, Gabriela Loots

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Program Posters

The Wnt signaling pathway has been previously shown to play a major role in regulating bone metabolism and it is emerging as a target for the therapeutic intervention of bone thinning disorders such as osteoporosis. Several Wnt proteins have been shown to be expressed in bone and mutations in Wnt pathway members such as Wnt co-receptor Lrp5 and Wnt inhibitor Sost have been shown to be associated with low or high bone mass disorders, however, very little is known about specific roles played by different Wnt ligands in bone development, repair and remodeling. To identify downstream targets of Wnt signaling ...


Collecting Diverse Microorganisms From Rover Spacecraft, Jennifer I. Jacobs, Arianna Jefferson, Heidi Aronson, James Tan, Wayne Schubert, Parag Vaishampayan 2015 Chicago State University

Collecting Diverse Microorganisms From Rover Spacecraft, Jennifer I. Jacobs, Arianna Jefferson, Heidi Aronson, James Tan, Wayne Schubert, Parag Vaishampayan

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Program Posters

. The Planetary Protection discipline at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory develops and implements procedures to prevent both forward and backward contamination between the Earth and solar system bodies. However, there will always be some microorganisms that will be resistant to the strictest of sterilization methods. In order understand the microorganisms found on spacecraft during assembly, and to rapidly identify them, a mass spectrometry approach was developed. As an experimental approach, a custom database was created for a subset of microorganisms in the Planetary Protection Archive. In order to make the database as accurate and efficient as possible, several different procedures ...


Evaluation Of Biofield Modality On Viral Load Of Hepatitis B And C Viruses, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 2015 Trivedi Global Inc.

Evaluation Of Biofield Modality On Viral Load Of Hepatitis B And C Viruses, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Study background: Nowadays, hepatitis is a major challenge for clinical research, regulatory bodies, and clinicians who are trying to assess the more effectiveness of antiviral therapy against patients. Viral load count is the amount of particular viral DNA or RNA in a blood samples. It is one of the surrogate biomarker of hepatitis. High viral load indicates that the immune system is failed to fight against viruses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of biofield modality on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in terms of viral load as surrogate marker.

Method: The ...


Spectroscopic Characterization Of Chloramphenicol And Tetracycline: An Impact Of Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 2015 Trivedi Global Inc.

Spectroscopic Characterization Of Chloramphenicol And Tetracycline: An Impact Of Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Objective: Chloramphenicol and tetracycline are broad-spectrum antibiotics and widely used against variety of microbial infections. Nowadays, several microbes have acquired resistance to chloramphenicol and tetracycline. The present study was aimed to evaluate the impact of biofield treatment for spectroscopic characterization of chloramphenicol and tetracycline using FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Methods:The study was performed in two groups (control and treatment) of each antibiotic. The control groups remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treatment groups. Results: FT-IR spectrum of treated chloramphenicol exhibited the decrease in wavenumber of NO2 from 1521 cm-1 to 1512 cm-1 and increase in wavenumber ...


Pharmaceuticals And Industrial Products In Crops: Economic Prospects And Impacts On Agriculture, Gregory D. Graff, GianCarlo Moschini 2015 University of California, Berkeley

Pharmaceuticals And Industrial Products In Crops: Economic Prospects And Impacts On Agriculture, Gregory D. Graff, Giancarlo Moschini

Iowa Ag Review

That biotechnology has brought changes to agriculture in a very short time is, by now, obvious. For the 2004 harvest, for example, it is estimated that 85 percent of U.S. soybean production and 45 percent of U.S. corn production will come from genetically modified (GM) varieties (89 percent and 54 percent, respectively, in Iowa). While the agricultural sector is still dealing with problematic trade effects caused by less-than-enthusiastic consumer acceptance and restrictive regulations overseas, the biotech industry is actively pursuing an array of R&D efforts that could make the current adoption of GM crops just the prototypical ...


Influence Of Biofield Treatment On Physical, Structural And Spectral Properties Of Boron Nitride, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 2015 Trivedi Global Inc.

Influence Of Biofield Treatment On Physical, Structural And Spectral Properties Of Boron Nitride, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Boron nitride (BN) is known for high hardness, thermal stability, thermal conductivity, and catalytic action. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on physical, structural and spectral properties of BN powder. The control and treated sample of BN powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), surface area analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). XRD results indicated that biofield treatment had substantially changed the crystallinity of BN powder as compared to control. Apart from the crystallinity, significant changes were also observed in lattice parameter, density and molecular weight of the treated BN powder as ...


Bioresponsive Antisense Dna Gold Nanobeacons As A Hybrid In Vivo Theranostics Platform For The Inhibition Of Cancer Cells And Metastasis, Chenchen Bao, Joao Conde, James Curtin, Natalie Artzi, Furong Tian, Daxiang Cui 2015 Institute of Micro and Nano Science and T, P.R. China

Bioresponsive Antisense Dna Gold Nanobeacons As A Hybrid In Vivo Theranostics Platform For The Inhibition Of Cancer Cells And Metastasis, Chenchen Bao, Joao Conde, James Curtin, Natalie Artzi, Furong Tian, Daxiang Cui

Articles

Gold nanobeacons can be used as a powerful tool for cancer theranostics. Here, we proposed a nanomaterial platform based on gold nanobeacons to detect, target and inhibit the expression of a mutant Kras gene in an in vivo murine gastric cancer model. The conjugation of fluorescently-labeled antisense DNA hairpin oligonucleotides to the surface of gold nanoparticles enables using their localized surface plasmon resonance properties to directly track the delivery to the primary gastric tumor and to lung metastatic sites. The fluorescently labeled nanobeacons reports on the interaction with the target as the fluorescent Cy3 signal is quenched by the gold ...


An Effect Of Biofield Treatment On Multidrug-Resistant Burkholderia Cepacia: A Multihost Pathogen, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 2015 Trivedi Global Inc.

An Effect Of Biofield Treatment On Multidrug-Resistant Burkholderia Cepacia: A Multihost Pathogen, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Burkholderia cepacia (B. cepacia) is an opportunistic, Gram negative pathogen which causes infection mainly in immunocompromised population and associated with high rate of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis patients. Aim of the present study was to analyze the impact of biofield treatment on multidrug resistant B. cepacia. Clinical sample of B. cepacia was divided into two groups i.e. control and biofield treated. The analysis was done after 10 days of treatment and compared with control group. Control and treated group were analyzed for susceptibility pattern, MIC value, biochemical studies and biotype number using MicroScan Walk-Away® system.Sensitivity assay ...


Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens After Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 2015 Trivedi Global Inc.

Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens After Biofield Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Global emergence of Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens) displays a mechanism of resistance to all existing antimicrobials. Due to its strong ability to acquire resistance, there is a need of some alternative treatment strategy. Objective of this study was to investigate the effect of biofield treatment on antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of P. fluorescens. P. fluorescens cells were procured from MicroBioLogics in sealed packs bearing the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC 49838) number. Two sets of ATCC samples were taken in this experiment and denoted as A and B. ATCC-A sample was revived and divided into two groups (Gr) i.e. Gr ...


Competence Evaluation Of Mycodiesel Production By Oleaginous Fungal Strains: Mucor Circinelloides And Gliocladium Roseum, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, V. Kalyanraman 2015 Pune university

Competence Evaluation Of Mycodiesel Production By Oleaginous Fungal Strains: Mucor Circinelloides And Gliocladium Roseum, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, V. Kalyanraman

Sandip S. Magdum

Comparing with lesser algal growth rate for biofuel production along with many constraints, fungal route should be analyzed for its capability of biodiesel or mycodiesel production. The two fungal strains namely, Mucor circinelloides (MTCC1297) and Gliocladium roseum (MTCC6474) were analyzed for laboratory scale mycodiesel production. The M. circinelloides and G. roseum were able to produce biomass of 0.404 mg VSS/mg sucrose and 0.642 mg VSS/ mg sucrose with the mycodiesel content of 20.69% (w/w) and 11.37% (w/w) respectively. Furthermore, qualitative analysis of the oil contents by GC-MS were identified the presence of Tetradecanoic ...


Bio-Field Treatment: An Effective Strategy To Improve The Quality Of Beef Extract And Meat Infusion Powder, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 2015 Trivedi Global Inc.

Bio-Field Treatment: An Effective Strategy To Improve The Quality Of Beef Extract And Meat Infusion Powder, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

The present research work investigated the influence of bio-field treatment on two common flavoring agents used in food industries namely beef extract powder (BEP) and meat infusion powder (MIP). The treated powders were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis, surface area analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The FT-IR results showed disappearance of triglycerides peaks in both the treated powders as compared to control. XRD results corroborated the amorphous nature of both control and treated samples. The BEP showed enhanced average particle size (d50) and d99 (size exhibited by 99 ...


Evaluation Of Sequential Batch Reactor (Sbr) Cycle Design To Observe The Advantages Of Selector Phase Biology To Achieve Maximum Nutrient Removal, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman 2015 Pune university

Evaluation Of Sequential Batch Reactor (Sbr) Cycle Design To Observe The Advantages Of Selector Phase Biology To Achieve Maximum Nutrient Removal, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman

Sandip S. Magdum

Pilot plant studies of sequential batch reactor (SBR) cycles revealed the role of selector phase biology (SPB) involved in COD removal, nitrification, denitrification and total phosphate removal. The phases namely anoxic, anaerobic and aerobic in single tank reactor design of SBR were showed effective biological nutrient removal (BNR) > 90% on average in 4 h designed cycle time with 12 h of hydraulic retention time (HRT). The phases were 2 h fill which includes 1 h simultaneous fill and aeration, 1 h settle and 1 h decant. This cycle design found effective to create selective environment for microbes to carry biological ...


Studies Of The Atomic And Crystalline Characteristics Of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders After Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi 2015 Trivedi Global Inc.

Studies Of The Atomic And Crystalline Characteristics Of Ceramic Oxide Nano Powders After Bio Field Treatment, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) have been known for their extraordinary electrical and magnetic properties. In the present study, some transition metal oxides (Zinc oxide, iron oxide and copper oxide) which are widely used in the fabrication of electronic devices were selected and subjected to biofield treatment. The atomic and crystal structures of TMOs were carefully studied by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. XRD analysis reveals that biofield treatment significantly changed the lattice strain in unit cells, crystallite sizes and densities in ceramics oxide powders. The computed molecular weight of the treated samples exhibited significant variation ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress