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Pharmaceuticals And Industrial Products In Crops: Economic Prospects And Impacts On Agriculture, Gregory D. Graff, GianCarlo Moschini 2015 University of California, Berkeley

Pharmaceuticals And Industrial Products In Crops: Economic Prospects And Impacts On Agriculture, Gregory D. Graff, Giancarlo Moschini

Iowa Ag Review

That biotechnology has brought changes to agriculture in a very short time is, by now, obvious. For the 2004 harvest, for example, it is estimated that 85 percent of U.S. soybean production and 45 percent of U.S. corn production will come from genetically modified (GM) varieties (89 percent and 54 percent, respectively, in Iowa). While the agricultural sector is still dealing with problematic trade effects caused by less-than-enthusiastic consumer acceptance and restrictive regulations overseas, the biotech industry is actively pursuing an array of R&D efforts that could make the current adoption of GM crops just the prototypical ...


Competence Evaluation Of Mycodiesel Production By Oleaginous Fungal Strains: Mucor Circinelloides And Gliocladium Roseum, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, V. Kalyanraman 2015 Pune university

Competence Evaluation Of Mycodiesel Production By Oleaginous Fungal Strains: Mucor Circinelloides And Gliocladium Roseum, Sandip S. Magdum, Gauri P. Minde, Upendra S. Adhyapak, V. Kalyanraman

Sandip S. Magdum

Comparing with lesser algal growth rate for biofuel production along with many constraints, fungal route should be analyzed for its capability of biodiesel or mycodiesel production. The two fungal strains namely, Mucor circinelloides (MTCC1297) and Gliocladium roseum (MTCC6474) were analyzed for laboratory scale mycodiesel production. The M. circinelloides and G. roseum were able to produce biomass of 0.404 mg VSS/mg sucrose and 0.642 mg VSS/ mg sucrose with the mycodiesel content of 20.69% (w/w) and 11.37% (w/w) respectively. Furthermore, qualitative analysis of the oil contents by GC-MS were identified the presence of Tetradecanoic ...


Evaluation Of Sequential Batch Reactor (Sbr) Cycle Design To Observe The Advantages Of Selector Phase Biology To Achieve Maximum Nutrient Removal, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman 2015 Pune university

Evaluation Of Sequential Batch Reactor (Sbr) Cycle Design To Observe The Advantages Of Selector Phase Biology To Achieve Maximum Nutrient Removal, Sandip S. Magdum, Siva Kumar Varigala, Gauri P. Minde, Janardhan B. Bornare, V. Kalyanraman

Sandip S. Magdum

Pilot plant studies of sequential batch reactor (SBR) cycles revealed the role of selector phase biology (SPB) involved in COD removal, nitrification, denitrification and total phosphate removal. The phases namely anoxic, anaerobic and aerobic in single tank reactor design of SBR were showed effective biological nutrient removal (BNR) > 90% on average in 4 h designed cycle time with 12 h of hydraulic retention time (HRT). The phases were 2 h fill which includes 1 h simultaneous fill and aeration, 1 h settle and 1 h decant. This cycle design found effective to create selective environment for microbes to carry biological ...


The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks 2015 Michigan State University

The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks

Rachele M Hendricks-Sturrup

The “Renewable Fuel Standard” was the first renewable fuel mandate set forth by the United States Environmental Protection Agency initially under the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005. Alternative fuels are defined by the US EPA as alternatives to conventional fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Alternative fuels are lauded for their “clean energy” attributes and also because they can be resourced domestically, allowing for per-capita reductions in greenhouse gas emissions with less dependency on foreign energy resources. Alternative fuel conversions are methods used to convert gasoline and/or diesel engines into engines that operate on natural gas, alcohols, or ...


Compulsory Licenses: Damaging Firm Value In The Short Run?, Daniel E. Mansuri Mr. 2015 Bates College

Compulsory Licenses: Damaging Firm Value In The Short Run?, Daniel E. Mansuri Mr.

Honors Theses

While very few individuals question the validity and necessity of the patent system, the temporary monopolies imposed by patents necessarily reduce access to medication. This becomes especially problematic when dealing with issues of public ordre, such as the aids crisis in the last 30 years. Compulsory licensing, or the power for a government to void a patent and allow a non-patent holder to produce a patented good, aims to remedy this problem. Governments have the ability to issue these in times of epidemics, or other issues of rampant illness. However, even though these licenses are completely legal, pharmaceutical companies meet ...


Generation And Assessment Of Muscular Mutations In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Katie N. Reget 2015 DePaul University

Generation And Assessment Of Muscular Mutations In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Katie N. Reget

DePaul Discoveries

A study of egg laying muscular mutations in C. elegans was conducted over a span of ten weeks. Parent (EGL-19) and wild type (N2) were exposed to mutagenesis and integration mutation techniques to generate genetic and physical different mutants. Overall, four genetic, physical and phenotypically unique worms were generated for the process of mutagenesis. The worms used in the process of integration were found to have shortened life spans, reduced size and decrease numbers of progeny.


Reducing The Negative Human-Health Impacts Of Bioenergy Crop Emissions Through Region-Specific Crop Selection, William Christian Porter, Todd N. Rosenstiel, Alex Guenther, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Kelley Barsanti 2015 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Reducing The Negative Human-Health Impacts Of Bioenergy Crop Emissions Through Region-Specific Crop Selection, William Christian Porter, Todd N. Rosenstiel, Alex Guenther, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Kelley Barsanti

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

An expected global increase in bioenergy-crop cultivation as an alternative to fossil fuels will have consequences on both global climate and local air quality through changes in biogenic emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). While greenhouse gas emissions may be reduced through the substitution of next-generation bioenergy crops such as eucalyptus, giant reed, and switchgrass for fossil fuels, the choice of species has important ramifications for human health, potentially reducing the benefits of conversion due to increases in ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) levels as a result of large changes in biogenic emissions. Using the Community Earth ...


3d Printing In Healthcare, Caleb Branch 2015 St. John Fisher College

3d Printing In Healthcare, Caleb Branch

Undergraduate Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

Technology is everywhere. Technology surrounds every aspect of 21st century life. It is in the cell phones we use, the cars we drive, and even the food we eat. A large portion of modern technology used is taken for granted and overlooked. Despite this, some technology fields continue to grow. Biomedical engineering, specifically 3D printing’s applications to healthcare, has been often overlooked until. Regardless of its status in the mainstream, 3D printing is prosperous in healthcare and its future looks bright. This piece analyzes 3D printing in healthcare. It hones in on the finer details of each specific ...


Development Of Quantitative Tools For The Characterization And Analysis Of The Blood Brain Barrier In Normal And Mps Iiib Mice, Sara M. Rigney 2015 Dominican University of California

Development Of Quantitative Tools For The Characterization And Analysis Of The Blood Brain Barrier In Normal And Mps Iiib Mice, Sara M. Rigney

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

The Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) functions to control homeostasis within the central nervous system (CNS) via strict control over the passage of molecules into and out of the brain. The goal of this barrier is to protect the CNS from harmful external factors while allowing entry of essential nutrients and removal of metabolic byproducts. This restrictive nature of the BBB is due to the protein network at the borders of adjoining cerebral endothelial cells known as the tight junctions (TJs) and the relationship of other supporting cells and proteins such as astrocytes, pericytes, microglia, and the basement membrane and extracellular ...


Shepherding Electric Sheep: A Roman Catholic Response To The Emerging Challenge Of Transhumanism, Joshua St.Onge 2015 Sacred Heart University

Shepherding Electric Sheep: A Roman Catholic Response To The Emerging Challenge Of Transhumanism, Joshua St.Onge

Master of Arts in Religious Studies (M.A.R.S. Theses)

Transhumanism is a philosophical, political, and social movement that asserts that human well-being will be dramatically improved through the radical integration of new technologies into the human body and/or through the replacement of the organic human body with a synthetic 'body.' Ray Kurzweil, a dynamic, articulate, and leading transhumanist, offers an anthropological understanding that represents the main strand of transhumanist though about the human person: humans are patterns of information that can adjust themselves, and overcoming limitations is the defining human characteristic. This anthropology is implicit in many aspects of Western civilization already: law, medicine, and the military are ...


Advanced Problem Solving In The Biotherapeutics Industry: Parameters Influencing The Delivery Of A Novel Cell Therapy Product And Exploration Of A New Method For Determining Activity Of Clostridium Histolyticum Collagenase, A Wound Debridement Enzyme, Melanie A. Harris B.S. 2015 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth

Advanced Problem Solving In The Biotherapeutics Industry: Parameters Influencing The Delivery Of A Novel Cell Therapy Product And Exploration Of A New Method For Determining Activity Of Clostridium Histolyticum Collagenase, A Wound Debridement Enzyme, Melanie A. Harris B.S.

Theses and Dissertations

Biotechnology is a multi-faceted industry with many unique challenges that require knowledge in a broad range of topics. When working in the wound care field it is necessary to not only create a product in the laboratory, but also effectively bring it to the patient. This task requires many skilled people who can test it for efficacy, design and conduct clinical trials, confirm quality and consistency, design packaging, consider transportation issues and so on. The following investigation focuses on the testing of a cellular product and its accompanying device under various conditions as well as the exploration of a new ...


Isolation And Genomic Analysis Of Cluster O Mycobacteriophage Vorrps, Leslie Ann Sterling, Rahul Ramaswamy, Madeleine Mullon, Peeti Sithiyopasakul 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Isolation And Genomic Analysis Of Cluster O Mycobacteriophage Vorrps, Leslie Ann Sterling, Rahul Ramaswamy, Madeleine Mullon, Peeti Sithiyopasakul

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

Mycobacteriophage Vorrps was isolated in 2014 from soil on the Washington University campus. The phage was isolated and purified by repeatedly infecting host Mycobacterium smegmatis. Vorrps produces small, circular, clear plaques approximately 1 mm in diameter, indicating that it is a lytic phage. Electron microscopy reveals that Vorrps has an unusual prolate head and a long tail characteristic of cluster O mycobacteriophage. Vorrps is very similar to the five analyzed O cluster phages Corndog, Catdawg, YungJamal, Firecracker and Dylan, as well as cluster O phage Mori, another phage isolated and analyzed by Washington University students this year. Vorrps and Mori ...


Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George McNamara 2015 M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Focus On Microscopy Fom 2006-2015 Abstracts, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

Focus On Microscopy FOM 2006-2015 abstracts

FOM's are cutting edge microscopy meetings. Their abstracts are posted online soon after the meeting. FOM2015's abstracts are at http://www.focusonmicroscopy.org/2015/program.html

I have been downloading the single PDF abstracts, and making a single large PDF. every year. I figure the "annual organized" PDF may be useful to others, so am posting a ZIP file here containing: FOM 2006 FOM 2007 FOM 2008 FOM 2009 FOM 2010 FOM 2011 FOM 2012 FOM 2013 FOM 2014 FOM 2015 I note the abstracts do not contain copyright notices, but anyone ...


Investigating Notch Signaling And Sequential Segmentation In The Fairy Shrimp, Thamnocephalus Platyurus, Sara Izzat Khalil 2015 Trinity College

Investigating Notch Signaling And Sequential Segmentation In The Fairy Shrimp, Thamnocephalus Platyurus, Sara Izzat Khalil

Senior Theses and Projects

Segmentation is a key feature of arthropod diversity and evolution. In the standard model for arthropod development, Drosophila melanogaster, segments develop simultaneously by a progressive subdivision of the embryo. By contrast, most arthropods add segments sequentially from a posterior region called the growth zone and in a manner similar to vertebrates.

Recent work, mainly focused on insects, suggests that Notch signaling might play a role in arthropods that segment sequentially. These studies document a potential regulatory similarity between sequentially segmenting arthropods and vertebrates. In vertebrates, somite formation involves a molecular oscillator that functions as a pacemaker, driving periodic expression of ...


Increasing Expression Of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen In Maize Through Breeding, Erin Suzanne Miller 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Increasing Expression Of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen In Maize Through Breeding, Erin Suzanne Miller

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a common virus, with two billion people infected worldwide. It causes approximately 600,000 deaths each year, despite the availability of an effective vaccine since 1982. Maize as a platform for oral vaccination can supply a heat stable vaccine, which does not require syringes or trained personnel to administer. The Hepatitis B Surface antigen was transformed into maize and this seed was used to evaluate expression levels through the breeding process. The transgene was transferred into two elite maize inbreds by backcrossing. Highest expressing ears were selected each generation until approximately 99% commercial parent ...


Algal Biomass As A Binding Agent For The Densification Of Miscanthus, Sunil Thapa, Daniel B. Johnson, Peter Ping Liu, Thomas Canam 2015 Center for Clean Energy Research and Technology

Algal Biomass As A Binding Agent For The Densification Of Miscanthus, Sunil Thapa, Daniel B. Johnson, Peter Ping Liu, Thomas Canam

Thomas Canam

Purpose: Lignocellulosic biomass has been regarded as an important future energy source due to its excessive availability; however, the wide application of this material for many applications is restricted by the high costs associated with densification, transportation, thermo-chemical pretreatment and conversion. In order to increase the density of lignocellulosic biomass, it is typically compressed into pellets or briquettes. This frequently requires the addition of additives, which may negatively impact the economics of the process. Environmentally-friendly binding agents that can be obtained inexpensively are therefore desirable. This study examines the change in physicochemical properties of densified Miscanthus straw where algae were ...


Algal Biomass As A Binding Agent For The Densification Of Miscanthus, Sunil Thapa, Daniel B. Johnson, Peter Ping Liu, Thomas Canam 2015 Center for Clean Energy Research and Technology

Algal Biomass As A Binding Agent For The Densification Of Miscanthus, Sunil Thapa, Daniel B. Johnson, Peter Ping Liu, Thomas Canam

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Purpose: Lignocellulosic biomass has been regarded as an important future energy source due to its excessive availability; however, the wide application of this material for many applications is restricted by the high costs associated with densification, transportation, thermo-chemical pretreatment and conversion. In order to increase the density of lignocellulosic biomass, it is typically compressed into pellets or briquettes. This frequently requires the addition of additives, which may negatively impact the economics of the process. Environmentally-friendly binding agents that can be obtained inexpensively are therefore desirable. This study examines the change in physicochemical properties of densified Miscanthus straw where algae were ...


Stories In Bone Still Told: Digitization And Replication Of The Clover Site, Fort Ancient Human Remains, Kristy D. Henson 2015 Marshall University

Stories In Bone Still Told: Digitization And Replication Of The Clover Site, Fort Ancient Human Remains, Kristy D. Henson

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Human skeletal analysis is a sensitive subject in North America. Laws and regulations make it difficult to use remains to characterize native populations. Recent technologies like three-dimensional (3D) scanning and 3D printing have the potential to solve this dilemma. I assessed this methodology by comparing processing time, accuracy and costs of a medical computer tomography (CT) scanners and an Artec Eva portable 3D surface scanner. Using both methodologies I digitized one individual uncovered during an archaeological excavation in Cabell County, West Virginia. Replicas were created on a ZPrinter 250 3D printer. I hypothesized that the Artec Eva will create digital ...


Manufacturing Barriers To Biologics Competition And Innovation, W. Nicholson Price II, Arti K. Rai 2015 Duke Law School

Manufacturing Barriers To Biologics Competition And Innovation, W. Nicholson Price Ii, Arti K. Rai

Faculty Scholarship

As finding breakthrough small-molecule drugs gets harder, drug companies are increasingly turning to “large molecule” biologics. Although biologics represent many of the most promising new therapies for previously intractable diseases, they are extremely expensive. Moreover, the pathway for generic-type competition set up by Congress in 2010 is unlikely to yield significant cost savings.

In this Article, we provide a fresh diagnosis of, and prescription for, this major public policy problem. We argue that the key cause is pervasive trade secrecy in the complex area of biologics manufacturing. Under the current regime, this trade secrecy, combined with certain features of FDA ...


A Preliminary Study On External Counterpulsation System: An Alternative Therapeutic Option For Fontan Patients, Joseph Hernandez 2015 Virginia Commonwealth University

A Preliminary Study On External Counterpulsation System: An Alternative Therapeutic Option For Fontan Patients, Joseph Hernandez

Theses and Dissertations

In order to address the long-term complications that arise from poor venous return, a hallmark of the Fontan physiology, we assessed the feasibility of a non-invasive, home therapy that will improve the health of the patient during the heart transplant waiting period and ameliorate the quality of life. In order to achieve this goal we tested a device that applies pressure to the lower extremities of the body (legs and abdomen) in a pulsating fashion with the goal of augmenting systemic blood flow to the pulmonary arteries. This treatment will enhance flow from the great veins and through the lungs ...


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