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1,057 full-text articles. Page 1 of 37.

Membrane Disruption Antimicrobial Mechanism Of Channa Striatus Lysozyme-Derived Antimicrobial Peptide, Venkatesh Kumaresan 2016 SRM University

Membrane Disruption Antimicrobial Mechanism Of Channa Striatus Lysozyme-Derived Antimicrobial Peptide, Venkatesh Kumaresan

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Channa Striatus Tnfr-1: Molecular Cloning, Characterization And Gene Expression, Rajesh Palanisamy 2016 SRM Institute of Science and Technology

Channa Striatus Tnfr-1: Molecular Cloning, Characterization And Gene Expression, Rajesh Palanisamy

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Statement On Molecular Approach Of Large Hsps From Macrobrachium Rosenbergii, MUKESH KUMAR CHAURASIA 2016 SRM UNIVERSITY

A Comparative Statement On Molecular Approach Of Large Hsps From Macrobrachium Rosenbergii, Mukesh Kumar Chaurasia

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Exploring Barriers To The Adoption Of Pharmacogenomic Technology In The Clinical Setting By Clinical Healthcare Providers, Jason Sudia 2016 Seton Hall University

Exploring Barriers To The Adoption Of Pharmacogenomic Technology In The Clinical Setting By Clinical Healthcare Providers, Jason Sudia

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The changing landscape of healthcare in the US has created new questions about how to best provide cost-effective, individualized care. Personalized medicine and more specifically, pharmacogenomic technology have offered new tools for healthcare providers to use to increase the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of care. However, these tools are not being utilized to their predicted extent in the clinical setting. This study utilized Rogers’ Diffusion of Innovations theory to investigate some of the reasons why. A multi-question survey, the PI-created, Pharmacogenomic Adoption Instrument (PAI) ©, was developed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and experience concerning pharmacogenetic technology in a spectrum of ...


Lignocellulose As Carbon Source Promotes Bacterial Synergism And Reduces Antagonism, Yijie Deng 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Lignocellulose As Carbon Source Promotes Bacterial Synergism And Reduces Antagonism, Yijie Deng

Dissertations

Lignocellulose decomposes slowly in nature because it consists of complex polymers resistant to enzymatic degradation by most organisms. Some bacteria are capable of producing cellulolytic enzymes but the way in which bacteria interact within a community to enhance degradation of the recalcitrant substrate is poorly understood. A better understanding of how bacterial interactions affect lignocellulose degradation would provide potential approaches to improve the efficiency of lignocellulose degradation for biofuel production.

To study whether bacterial interactions enhance lignocellulose degradation, I grew environmental bacterial isolates in mixed cultures and pure cultures. I found that bacterial synergism in mixed cultures was common in ...


Engineering A Mutation In The Heparin Binding Pocket Of The Human Fibroblast Growth Factor, Roshni Patel 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Engineering A Mutation In The Heparin Binding Pocket Of The Human Fibroblast Growth Factor, Roshni Patel

Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Honors Theses

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are family of proteins that belong to a group of growth factors that are found in mammals and play an important role in angiogenesis, differentiation, organogenesis, and tissue repair. In summary, their main functionality is involved in cell division and proliferation. Because FGFs plays such a vital role in cell proliferation, they are mainly involved in the process of wound healing and injuries. FGF binds to its ligand, heparin—a heavily sulfated glycosaminoglycan. The binding of heparin to FGF occurs through electrostatic interactions, specifically between the negatively charged sulfate groups on heparin and positively charged residues ...


Lipid Content And Biomass Analysis In Autotrophic And Heterotrophic Algal Species, Addie M. Lauder, Daniel P. Jones, Thomas E. Walker, Todd Allen 2016 Liberty University

Lipid Content And Biomass Analysis In Autotrophic And Heterotrophic Algal Species, Addie M. Lauder, Daniel P. Jones, Thomas E. Walker, Todd Allen

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

Biofuels are a form of renewable energy derived from living matter, typically plants. The push for biofuels began in order to decrease the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere, as biofuels are essentially carbon neutral. The idea is the same amount of CO2 the plants took in to perform photosynthesis will then be released in the burning of the biofuels. Algae is an excellent source of biofuels because it grows quickly and is versatile in terms of the type of fuel it can produce. The two most common mechanisms for algae growth are heterotrophic or photoautotrophic. Heterotrophically ...


Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (Maldi-Msi) For Direct Visualization Of Plant Metabolites In Situ, Drew Sturtevant, Young-Jin Lee, Kent D. Chapman 2016 University of North Texas

Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (Maldi-Msi) For Direct Visualization Of Plant Metabolites In Situ, Drew Sturtevant, Young-Jin Lee, Kent D. Chapman

Young Jin Lee

Direct visualization of plant tissues by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) has revealed key insights into the localization of metabolites in situ. Recent efforts have determined the spatial distribution of primary and secondary metabolites in plant tissues and cells. Strategies have been applied in many areas of metabolism including isotope flux analyses, plant interactions, and transcriptional regulation of metabolite accumulation. Technological advances have pushed achievable spatial resolution to subcellular levels and increased instrument sensitivity by several orders of magnitude. It is anticipated that MALDI-MSI and other MSI approaches will bring a new level of understanding to metabolomics ...


Minor Whey Protein Purification Using Ion-Exchange Column Chromatography, Naeimeh Faraji Dizaji 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Minor Whey Protein Purification Using Ion-Exchange Column Chromatography, Naeimeh Faraji Dizaji

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis is concerned with application of mechanistic models for recovery and purification of two minor milk proteins to develop an efficient and robust process. A fundamental and quantitative understanding of the underlying mechanisms assists to evaluate chances and challenges in non-linear chromatography.

The first chapter considers adsorption isotherm data of two minor whey proteins on cation exchanger under various conditions and used as the basis to develop a predictive approach for correlating adsorption behavior using a mechanistic isotherm model. The SMA isotherm model explicitly considers the contributions of protein-adsorbent and protein-protein interactions in the simulation of salt gradients in ...


Evaluating The Cytotoxic Effects Of Cellulose Nanocrystals (Cncs) Using Autobioluminescent Yeast And Human Cells, Julianna Hughes Burchett 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Evaluating The Cytotoxic Effects Of Cellulose Nanocrystals (Cncs) Using Autobioluminescent Yeast And Human Cells, Julianna Hughes Burchett

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) are widely used in different industries including pharmaceutical and cosmetic production due to their adept physical and biological properties. Because CNCs are becoming a more prevalent material and have a high potential of being redistributed in the environment, it is important to understand their toxic potentials in biological systems, including organisms of various trophic levels. This study evaluated the cytotoxic effects of CNCs in the lower eukaryotic organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae and human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells using autobioluminescent yeast and human cell reporters, respectively. The S. cerevisiae and HEK293 reporter cells were engineered to express a synthetic ...


Design Of A Factorial Experiment With Randomization Restrictions To Assess Medical Device Performance On Vascular Tissue, Wiebke Diestelkamp, Carissa M. Krane, Margaret Pinnell 2016 University of Dayton

Design Of A Factorial Experiment With Randomization Restrictions To Assess Medical Device Performance On Vascular Tissue, Wiebke Diestelkamp, Carissa M. Krane, Margaret Pinnell

Carissa Krane

Background: Energy-based surgical scalpels are designed to efficiently transect and seal blood vessels using thermal energy to promote protein denaturation and coagulation. Assessment and design improvement of ultrasonic scalpel performance relies on both in vivo and ex vivo testing. The objective of this work was to design and implement a robust, experimental test matrix with randomization restrictions and predictive statistical power, which allowed for identification of those experimental variables that may affect the quality of the seal obtained ex vivo. Methods: The design of the experiment included three factors: temperature (two levels); the type of solution used to perfuse the ...


Poster: Embryonic Stem Cell Research, Emillie Partridge 2016 Wright State University

Poster: Embryonic Stem Cell Research, Emillie Partridge

Best Integrated Writing

This poster presentation by Partridge provides information about stem cell research and the controversy surrounding it.


Bio-Piracy: Creating Proprietary Rights In Plant Genetic Resources, James O. Odek 2016 University of Nairobi

Bio-Piracy: Creating Proprietary Rights In Plant Genetic Resources, James O. Odek

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Review Of "The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, And Public Policy (Basic Bioethics)," Edited By Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz, And Laurie Zoloth, James Steele 2016 FranklinPierce Law Center

Review Of "The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, And Public Policy (Basic Bioethics)," Edited By Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz, And Laurie Zoloth, James Steele

University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] "Perhaps like others, I started The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate not knowing many of the finer points of embryonic stem cell research, but I certainly had an opinion. This issue is far more complex than I had initially imagined. The editors do a commendable effort of compiling a sample of the innumerable arguments surrounding the debate."


Session C-5: Biotech Basics, Elizabeth Martinez, Emily Hood Ferrin 2016 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Session C-5: Biotech Basics, Elizabeth Martinez, Emily Hood Ferrin

Professional Learning Day

The field of biotechnology is rapidly expanding. What is biotech? What are the applications? How is biotech studied? These topics will be explored as participants engage in hands-on lessons developed at an appropriate level for middle school students. Activities may be used to introduce students to the world of biotech.


Dna Sequencing Activity, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll 2016 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Dna Sequencing Activity, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll

Sequencing & Genome Mining

This activity is meant to introduce students to basic DNA sequencing techniques. Using a hands-on approach helps them understand the fundamentals of what is happening in the lab, and the questions that accompany the activity can lead to more in depth discussions about sequencing, and the development of the next generation sequencing techniques.


Screening Of Synthetic Chemical Agents “Chromenes” With Potent Anti-Breast Cancer Activity, Aysha Hamad Zaher Saeed Al Meqbali 2016 United Arab Emirates University

Screening Of Synthetic Chemical Agents “Chromenes” With Potent Anti-Breast Cancer Activity, Aysha Hamad Zaher Saeed Al Meqbali

Theses

Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Conventional therapies cause serious side effects and, at best, merely extend the patient’s lifespan by a few years. Cancer control may therefore benefit from the potential that resides in alternative therapies. There is thus an increasing demand to utilize alternative concepts or approaches to the prevention of cancer. The principal aim of this research is to screen and identify new synthetic compounds “chromenes”, with high efficiency, for breast cancer therapy. In this study, we have screened four newly designed and synthesized chromenes (C1, C15, C28 and C29) for their potential ...


Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (Maldi-Msi) For Direct Visualization Of Plant Metabolites In Situ, Drew Sturtevant, Young-Jin Lee, Kent D. Chapman 2016 University of North Texas

Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Imaging (Maldi-Msi) For Direct Visualization Of Plant Metabolites In Situ, Drew Sturtevant, Young-Jin Lee, Kent D. Chapman

Chemistry Publications

Direct visualization of plant tissues by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) has revealed key insights into the localization of metabolites in situ. Recent efforts have determined the spatial distribution of primary and secondary metabolites in plant tissues and cells. Strategies have been applied in many areas of metabolism including isotope flux analyses, plant interactions, and transcriptional regulation of metabolite accumulation. Technological advances have pushed achievable spatial resolution to subcellular levels and increased instrument sensitivity by several orders of magnitude. It is anticipated that MALDI-MSI and other MSI approaches will bring a new level of understanding to metabolomics ...


Pag Poster_Jibin Zhang.Pptx, Jibin Zhang, Carl Schmidt, Susan Lamont 2016 Iowa State University

Pag Poster_Jibin Zhang.Pptx, Jibin Zhang, Carl Schmidt, Susan Lamont

Jibin Zhang

Prolonged exposure to high temperature can significantly increase metabolism, depress appetite, reduce meat production and raise mortality in broilers. Because the cardiovascular system plays an important role to dissipate heat and transport oxygen, strong cardiac function is indispensable for birds to survive under heat stress. However, due to small hearts relative to body weight, modern broilers have high risk of heart failure at high temperature.
In this study, a Ross 708 line (modern broilers) and a Heritage broiler line (relaxed selection since the 1950s) were subjected to heat stress at 35℃  for 7 hours/day from 21 to 42 days ...


A Review Of Natural And Engineered Enzymes Involved In Bioethanol Production, Ines Cuesta Urena 2016 University of Montana

A Review Of Natural And Engineered Enzymes Involved In Bioethanol Production, Ines Cuesta Urena

Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers

Alternative petroleum-derived fuels, such as biofuels, is another form to decrease the dependence of non-renewable energy. The most promising alternative energy is cellulosic ethanol because of the abundance of cellulose and the overall lack of concern for the food-versus-fuel dilemma.

In order to produce ethanol from cellulosic materials, pretreatment is required to “open” the lignocellulosic matrix and make cellulose more susceptible to enzymatic degradation. Enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose is an important area of research due to the absence of negative effects in downstream processes in comparison with acid hydrolysis. Both natural enzymes and engineered enzymes can be used in the ...


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