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Plant Defensin Antibacterial Mode Of Action Against Pseudomonas Species, Andrew E. Sathoff, Shawn Lewenza, Deborah A. Samac 2020 Dakota State University

Plant Defensin Antibacterial Mode Of Action Against Pseudomonas Species, Andrew E. Sathoff, Shawn Lewenza, Deborah A. Samac

Faculty Research & Publications

Background: Though many plant defensins exhibit antibacterial activity, little is known about their antibacterial mode of action (MOA). Antimicrobial peptides with a characterized MOA induce the expression of multiple bacterial outer membrane modifications, which are required for resistance to these membrane-targeting peptides. Mini-Tn5- lux mutant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with Tn insertions disrupting outer membrane protective modifications were assessed for sensitivity against plant defensin peptides. These transcriptional lux reporter strains were also evaluated for lux gene expression in response to sublethal plant defensin exposure. Also, a plant pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae was modified through transposon mutagenesis to create ...


Docking Study Of Selected Citrus Flavonoids Towards Exploring The Potential Anti Estrogen Activity, Indira M., Krupanidhi S, Venkateswarulu T.C., Md. Nazneen Bobby, Keerthi P, Satya Kavya P, Amaze M, Abraham Peele K 2020 Department of Biotechnology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research, Vadlamudi-522213, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Docking Study Of Selected Citrus Flavonoids Towards Exploring The Potential Anti Estrogen Activity, Indira M., Krupanidhi S, Venkateswarulu T.C., Md. Nazneen Bobby, Keerthi P, Satya Kavya P, Amaze M, Abraham Peele K

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Breast cancer is one of the serious health issues for the women and it has been characterized with uncontrolled growth of cells in the breast tissue. An elevated level of expression of estrogen promotes survival to breast cancerous cells. The present study is focused on phytochemicals, to screen the inhibition of estrogen receptor activity. The selected phytochemicals’ are citrus flavonoids having anti-cancer, anti-oxidative, anti-proliferative, anti-angiogenic, anti-estrogenic and anti-inflammatory activities. The crystal structure of human estrogen receptor with PDB ID: 2IOG are retrieved from protein data bank (PDB) and citrus flavanoids from Pub Chem database. The drug behavior was studied using ...


Role Of The Hyaluronan Receptor, Stabilin-2/Hare, In Health And Disease, Edward N. Harris, Erika Baker 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Role Of The Hyaluronan Receptor, Stabilin-2/Hare, In Health And Disease, Edward N. Harris, Erika Baker

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Stabilin-2/HARE is the primary clearance receptor for circulating hyaluronan (HA), a polysaccharide found in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of metazoans. HA has many biological functions including joint lubrication, ocular turgor pressure, skin elasticity and hydration, cell motility, and intercellular signaling, among many others. The regulatory system for HA content in the tissues, lymphatics, and circulatory systems is due, in part, to Stabilin-2/HARE. The activity of this receptor was discovered about 40 years ago (early 1980s), cloned in the mid-1990s, and has been characterized since then. Here, we discuss the overall domain organization of this receptor and how it ...


Mutagenesis Of The Btea Gene Encoding A Bordetella Virulence Protein, Xiaolei Mao 2020 Eastern Washington University

Mutagenesis Of The Btea Gene Encoding A Bordetella Virulence Protein, Xiaolei Mao

2020 Symposium Posters

Bordetella Type III Secretion System Effector A (BteA) is a virulence protein found in members of the genus Bordetella which include important pathogens of humans and other mammals. Bordetella pertussis is a causative agent of the whooping cough, a highly contagious respiratory disease that is especially dangerous, and sometimes deadly, for infants. The BteA protein appears to be an important factor in the ability of these pathogens to cause disease, as it leads to rapid killing of a wide range of mammalian cells. The aim of this project is to determine which regions of the DNA are important for mediating ...


Minding The Gaps In Regulation Of Do-It-Yourself Biotechnology, Barbara J. Evans 2020 University of Florida

Minding The Gaps In Regulation Of Do-It-Yourself Biotechnology, Barbara J. Evans

DePaul Journal of Health Care Law

No abstract provided.


Design Of A 3d Printed Bioreactor For Bone Cancer Research, Brooklyn K. VanDerWolde, Katelyn Hillson 2020 South Dakota State University

Design Of A 3d Printed Bioreactor For Bone Cancer Research, Brooklyn K. Vanderwolde, Katelyn Hillson

The Journal of Undergraduate Research

Bone cancer is an aggressive disease and has peak occurrence during physiological stimulation of growth and aging. Astronauts who undergo long-term space missions also acquire an increased risk of bone tissue degeneration and cancer. Few in-vitro models currently exist capable of reproducing the complex microenvironment of bone tissue to support multicellular activity in a three-dimensional structure. This limits the ability to understand disease progression and develop suitable treatment strategies. Therefore, developing a bone tissue model and an associated bioreactor is critical to understand the risks associated with cancer progression and improve treatment and preventions related to those risks. The goal ...


Understanding Covid-19 With Single Cell Immune Profiling, Alex Palacio 2020 University of San Francisco

Understanding Covid-19 With Single Cell Immune Profiling, Alex Palacio

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Scientists all around the world are coming together for a single goal -- to find the cure for COVID-19; the virus that has sent millions of people worldwide to hospitals and hundreds of thousands of people to their death. While scientists are trying to uncover the mysteries of the virus, 10X Genomics product lines are able to help scientists achieve their goal. With the Single Cell Immune Profiling, scientists around the world are able to study the immune response and antigen specificity of the virus. The Immune Profiling product line is able to study millions of T-Cells and B-Cells on a ...


Cloning And Expression Of Hydra Innexin 2, A Gap Junction Protein Required For Coordinated Contraction Of The Body Column, Ashley O'Brien 2020 Buffalo State College

Cloning And Expression Of Hydra Innexin 2, A Gap Junction Protein Required For Coordinated Contraction Of The Body Column, Ashley O'Brien

Biology Theses

In invertebrates gap junctions are formed by the innexin family of proteins. Remarkably, the genome of Hydra magnipapillata contains 17 innexin genes. This study focused on Hydra innexin-2 (h-Inx2) which is expressed in nerve cells and plays a role in contraction of the body column. The gene sequence of H-Inx2 was obtained from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), the gene was synthesized externally and transferred to a vector suitable for expression in Xenopus oocytes (pcDNA3.1 CT-GFP TOPO). The TOPO CT-GFP vector includes a priming site for RNA polymerase which allows in vitro preparation of RNA. Another advantage ...


Direct Evidence Of Missing Mepsps Using Ca2-Sensor Imaging, Petar Gajic 2020 University at Albany, State University of New York

Direct Evidence Of Missing Mepsps Using Ca2-Sensor Imaging, Petar Gajic

Biological Sciences

Following an action potential in the presynaptic neuron there is evoked release of neurotransmitter into the synapse which activates ionotropic transmembrane receptors on the postsynaptic membrane that cause depolarizations in voltage that get recorded as excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs). In the absence of an action potential there is spontaneous release of neurotransmitter that postsynaptically gets recorded as miniature excitatory postsynaptic potentials (mEPSPs). According to the quantal hypothesis, postulated by Bernard Katz, the mEPSPs are allor- none changes in potential caused by a single quantum of neurotransmitter, which when added up create EPSPs. Following studies have found that these two modes ...


Editing Fusarium Graminearum Using Crispr/Cas9, Grace Marie Sack 2020 University of Northern Iowa

Editing Fusarium Graminearum Using Crispr/Cas9, Grace Marie Sack

Honors Program Theses

Fusarium graminearum is a pathogenic fungus that causes scab or Fusarium head blight disease in barley and wheat. Alternative approaches to protect barley from this devastating disease are badly needed. In recent years, an RNA-guided genome-editing system known as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat and CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9), has become a popular method for genome modification (Jinek et al., 2012). We applied CRISPR/Cas9 technology in an effort to make F. graminearum less infectious. We used CRISPR/Cas9 plasmids constructed by a former UNI student (Akers, 2019) to mutate three genes in F. graminearum. One of the ...


An Analysis Of Crispr-Cas Gene Editing In Agriculture, Ashley Laliberte 2020 University of Connecticut

An Analysis Of Crispr-Cas Gene Editing In Agriculture, Ashley Laliberte

Honors Scholar Theses

The CRISPR-Cas system is a promising form of gene editing, especially for the agriculture industry. The ability to make single-nucleotide edits within a gene of interest, without the need to introduce foreign DNA, is a powerful tool for designing healthier and more efficient crops and food animals. This system provides opportunity for increased nutritional value, decreased food waste, and more economically and environmentally sustainable food production. Though this biotechnology is facing mechanistic limitations due to off-target effects and inefficient homology-directed repair, vast improvements have already been made to improve its efficacy. The CRISPR-Cas system is already the most advanced form ...


Inconceivable: An Analysis Of Assisted Reproductive Technology For The Church, Mary Elizabeth Gresham 2020 Liberty University

Inconceivable: An Analysis Of Assisted Reproductive Technology For The Church, Mary Elizabeth Gresham

Senior Honors Theses

Infertility pushes the boundaries of emotional and physical health, which is why many couples inside and outside the church turn to Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) for a solution. Despite what has seemed like silence from the Church, some individuals have braved the biological confusion and ethical dilemmas to evaluate the technology. Three major ethical viewpoints have emerged that each prioritize something over medical technology, namely community, order, or human dignity. This paper serves to educate pastors and church leaders on the ever-changing biology of ART as well as give voice to Christians that have spoken out on this issue. At ...


Insight On Thermal Stability Of Magnetite Magnetosomes: Implications For The Fossil Record And Biotechnology, Jefferson Cypriano, Mounib Bahri, Kassioge Dembele, Walid Baaziz, Pedro Leao, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Fernanda Abreu, Ovidiu Ersen, Marcos Farina, Jacques Werckmann 2020 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Insight On Thermal Stability Of Magnetite Magnetosomes: Implications For The Fossil Record And Biotechnology, Jefferson Cypriano, Mounib Bahri, Kassioge Dembele, Walid Baaziz, Pedro Leao, Dennis A. Bazylinski, Fernanda Abreu, Ovidiu Ersen, Marcos Farina, Jacques Werckmann

Life Sciences Faculty Publications

Magnetosomes are intracellular magnetic nanocrystals composed of magnetite (Fe3O4) or greigite (Fe3S4), enveloped by a lipid bilayer membrane, produced by magnetotactic bacteria. Because of the stability of these structures in certain environments after cell death and lysis, magnetosome magnetite crystals contribute to the magnetization of sediments as well as providing a fossil record of ancient microbial ecosystems. The persistence or changes of the chemical and magnetic features of magnetosomes under certain conditions in different environments are important factors in biotechnology and paleomagnetism. Here we evaluated the thermal stability of magnetosomes in a temperature range between 150 and 500 °C subjected ...


The Growing Threat Of Agroterrorism And Strategies For Agricultural Defense, Alyssa Forrest 2020 Liberty University

The Growing Threat Of Agroterrorism And Strategies For Agricultural Defense, Alyssa Forrest

Senior Honors Theses

Due to the dynamic nature of human conflict, non-traditional terror tactics have evolved to undermine the socioeconomic stability of targeted societies. Considering the landscape in which terrorists operate, emphasis on more subversive methods of biological terror have become prominent in recent decades. Agroterrorism, or the use of plant pathogens to infect a nation’s cultivated crops, is an emerging topic due to its threat to global food security and economic stability. Although emergency preparedness objectives have been enacted at national, state, and even local levels, preemptive measures can no longer remain the sole responsibility of intelligence and law enforcement agencies ...


Effective Faculty Onboarding, Larry Buckley, Andre O. Hudson 2020 Rochester Institute of Technology

Effective Faculty Onboarding, Larry Buckley, Andre O. Hudson

Academic Chairpersons Conference Proceedings

New Academic Faculty face a deluge of new information when they arrive on campus. This is in addition to the stresses associated with a new campus environment, and for many the first position requiring completely independent planning and organization. Many faculty contribute career success or failure to successful and comprehensive support from colleagues from the very start of new positions. This workshop will require and assist all participants to develop an onboarding framework document that they can employ at their respective academic units/institutions. Topics to be discussed and included in such an onboarding guide include clear articulations of (1 ...


Research And Review Of Polymethyl-Methacrylate Copolymers In The Development Of Enhanced Pharmaceutical Delivery Systems, Jake Dyess 2020 Liberty University

Research And Review Of Polymethyl-Methacrylate Copolymers In The Development Of Enhanced Pharmaceutical Delivery Systems, Jake Dyess

Senior Honors Theses

The following thesis shall primarily explore the current research regarding the implementation of modifiable microscopic and nanoscopic polymer particles as novel pharmaceutical delivery systems. Polymethacrylate-based copolymers, such as EudragitTM, are sensitive to alterations in pH levels, becoming increasingly more soluble in response to an increase in pH. The selective solubility and modifiable nature of these polymers allows for greater flexibility of treatment options for patients (Patra et al., 2017). The wide range of functionality of polymethacrylate (PMA) may provide solutions to challenges relating to the current treatment and therapy of certain conditions. Research indicates that PMA based micro- and ...


Optimization Of Xylanase Activity In The Presence Of Salts Of Different Metals For The Pulping Of Indigenous Non-Woody Raw Materials (Gossypium Arborium), Muhammad Suleman, Abu ul Hassan Faiz, Lariab Zahra Faiz 2020 Riphah International University, Faisalabad campus, Pakistan

Optimization Of Xylanase Activity In The Presence Of Salts Of Different Metals For The Pulping Of Indigenous Non-Woody Raw Materials (Gossypium Arborium), Muhammad Suleman, Abu Ul Hassan Faiz, Lariab Zahra Faiz

Journal of Bioresource Management

This study was conducted to optimize the process of degradation of agricultural wastes using xylanase by pulping. The cotton stalk was treated with enzyme and sugar with different concentration was obtained. The substrate concentration, incubation time, cofactors and activators on xylanase were investigated in the pulping and bleaching process. The study presents results that at pH 6.0 with time span (3, 6 and 9 hours) of incubation produced 56 mg/ml, 75 mg/ml and 112.5 mg/ml sugar respectively. While at pH 7.0 with time duration (3, 6 and 9 hours) of incubation 64 mg/ml ...


Effect Of Homofermentative Inoculant On Fermentation Characteristics And Nutritive Values Of Corn Silage, Nafeesa Qudsia Hanif, Iffat Tahira, Nighat Sultana, Mujahid Hasan 2020 Agripak Labs, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Effect Of Homofermentative Inoculant On Fermentation Characteristics And Nutritive Values Of Corn Silage, Nafeesa Qudsia Hanif, Iffat Tahira, Nighat Sultana, Mujahid Hasan

Journal of Bioresource Management

An in vitro study was planned to assess the effects of a homofermentative microbial inoculant on the fermentation parameters and nutritive value of corn silage. The inoculant was applied at concentrations of 5x104cfu/g of forage (T1), 1x105cfu/g of forage (T2) 1.5x105cfu/g of forage (T3) and a negative control group (T0) without bacterial inoculant in three replicates each. At day 3, 7, 45 and 90 of the experiment individual buckets were opened to characterize the material, quick acidification, dry matter recovery, and aerobic stability of silage respectively. The temperature of the ...


Practical Applications And Future Directions Of Genetic Code Expansion: Validation Of Novel Akt1 Substrates And The Design Of A Synthetic Auxotroph Strain Of B. Subtilis, McShane M. McKenna 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Practical Applications And Future Directions Of Genetic Code Expansion: Validation Of Novel Akt1 Substrates And The Design Of A Synthetic Auxotroph Strain Of B. Subtilis, Mcshane M. Mckenna

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In Chapter 1, site-specifically phosphorylated variants of the oncogene Akt1 were made in Escherichia coli using the orthogonal translation system that enable genetic code expansion with phosphoserine. The differentially phosphorylated variants of Akt1 were used to validate newly predicted Akt1 substrates. The predicted target sites of the peptide substrates were synthesized and subjected to in vitro kinase assays to quantify the activity of each Akt1 phosphorylated variant towards the predicted peptide. A previously uncharacterized kinase-substrate interaction between Akt1 and a peptide derived from RAB11 Family Interacting Protein 2 (RAB11FIP2) was validated in vitro. Chapter 2 describes the preliminary development of ...


Crispr-Cas12a Has Widespread Off-Target And Dsdna-Nicking Effects, Karthik Murugan, Arun S. Seetharam, Andrew J. Severin, Dipali G. Sashital 2020 Iowa State University

Crispr-Cas12a Has Widespread Off-Target And Dsdna-Nicking Effects, Karthik Murugan, Arun S. Seetharam, Andrew J. Severin, Dipali G. Sashital

Office of Biotechnology Publications

Cas12a (Cpf1) is an RNA-guided endonuclease in the bacterial type V-A CRISPR-Cas anti-phage immune system that can be repurposed for genome editing. Cas12a can bind and cut dsDNA targets with high specificity in vivo, making it an ideal candidate for expanding the arsenal of enzymes used in precise genome editing. However, this reported high specificity contradicts Cas12a’s natural role as an immune effector against rapidly evolving phages. Here, we employed high-throughput in vitro cleavage assays to determine and compare the native cleavage specificities and activities of three different natural Cas12a orthologs (FnCas12a, LbCas12a, and AsCas12a). Surprisingly, we observed pervasive ...


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