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Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner 2016 University of Southern California

Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on the University of Southern California's campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


The Yeast Genome Undergoes Significant Topological Reorganization In Quiescence, Mark T. Rutledge, Mariano Russo, Jon-Matthew Belton, Job Dekker, James R. Broach 2015 Pennsylvania State College of Medicine

The Yeast Genome Undergoes Significant Topological Reorganization In Quiescence, Mark T. Rutledge, Mariano Russo, Jon-Matthew Belton, Job Dekker, James R. Broach

Program in Systems Biology Publications and Presentations

We have examined the three-dimensional organization of the yeast genome during quiescence by a chromosome capture technique as a means of understanding how genome organization changes during development. For exponentially growing cells we observe high levels of inter-centromeric interaction but otherwise a predominance of intrachromosomal interactions over interchromosomal interactions, consistent with aggregation of centromeres at the spindle pole body and compartmentalization of individual chromosomes within the nucleoplasm. Three major changes occur in the organization of the quiescent cell genome. First, intrachromosomal associations increase at longer distances in quiescence as compared to growing cells. This suggests that chromosomes undergo condensation in ...


A Model Of How Different Biology Experts Explain Molecular And Cellular Mechanisms, Caleb M. Trujillo, Trevor R. Anderson, Nancy J. Pelaez 2015 Purdue University

A Model Of How Different Biology Experts Explain Molecular And Cellular Mechanisms, Caleb M. Trujillo, Trevor R. Anderson, Nancy J. Pelaez

PIBERG Publications

Constructing explanations is an essential skill for all science learners. The goal of this project was to model the key components of expert explanation of molecular and cellular mechanisms. As such, we asked: What is an appropriate model of the components of explanation used by biology experts to explain molecular and cellular mechanisms? Do explanations made by experts from different biology subdisciplines at a university support the validity of this model? Guided by the modeling framework of R. S. Justi and J. K. Gilbert, the validity of an initial model was tested by asking seven biologists to explain a molecular ...


Modeling The Effect Of Cooperativity On Ligand-Driven Fluctuations Of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors, Jeffrey Y. Liu 2015 College of William and Mary

Modeling The Effect Of Cooperativity On Ligand-Driven Fluctuations Of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors, Jeffrey Y. Liu

Honors Theses

The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are a family of dimeric G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) that play a significant role in the modulation of synaptic transmission and excitability in neuronal cells [10]. Upon formation of mGluR dimers, protomer binding sites interact cooperatively with ligands, leading to receptor activation [5,9,10]. The dimer typically activates with full receptor occupancy, so the noise output of the system is assumed to scale in proportion to the number of activated dimers [2]. While the characterization of noise is well appreciated, the connection between cooperativity and noise has received less attention [1,2]. We examine ...


Pathological Effects Of Repeated Concussive Tbi In Mouse Models: Periventricular Damage And Ventriculomegaly, Richard H. Wolferz Jr. 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Pathological Effects Of Repeated Concussive Tbi In Mouse Models: Periventricular Damage And Ventriculomegaly, Richard H. Wolferz Jr.

Honors Scholar Theses

Repeated concussive traumatic brain injury (rcTBI) is the most prominent form of head injury affecting the brain, with an estimated 1.7 million Americans affected each year (Kuhn 2012). Neurologists have been concerned about the danger of repeated head impacts since the 1920’s, but researchers have only begun to understand the long-term effects of rcTBI (McKee 2009). Although symptoms can be as mild as dizziness, current research suggests that multiple concussions can lead to a progressive degenerative brain disease known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) (Luo 2008, McKee 2009, Kane 2013). Research on the brain is just beginning to ...


Linking Old Librarianship To New: Aligning 5-Steps Of The Innovator's Dna In Creating Thematic Discovery Systems For The Everglades, L. Bryan Cooper, Margarita Perez Martinez 2015 Florida International University

Linking Old Librarianship To New: Aligning 5-Steps Of The Innovator's Dna In Creating Thematic Discovery Systems For The Everglades, L. Bryan Cooper, Margarita Perez Martinez

Works of the FIU Libraries

This poster presentation from the May 2015 Florida Library Association Conference, along with the Everglades Explorer discovery portal at http://ee.fiu.edu, demonstrates how traditional bibliographic and curatorial principles can be applied to: 1) selection, cross-walking and aggregation of metadata linking end-users to wide-spread digital resources from multiple silos; 2) harvesting of select PDFs, HTML and media for web archiving and access; 3) selection of CMS domains, sub-domains and folders for targeted searching using an API.

Choosing content for this discovery portal is comparable to past scholarly practice of creating and publishing subject bibliographies, except metadata and data are ...


Mapping And Analysis Of Caenorhabditis Elegans Transcription Factor Sequence Specificities, Kamesh Narasimhan, Samuel A. Lambert, Ally Yang, Jeremy Riddell, Sanie Mnaimneh, Hong Zheng, Mihai Albu, Hamed S. Najafabadi, John S. Reece-Hoyes, Juan Fuxman Bass, Albertha J. M. Walhout, Matthew T. Weirauch, Timothy R. Hughes 2015 University of Toronto

Mapping And Analysis Of Caenorhabditis Elegans Transcription Factor Sequence Specificities, Kamesh Narasimhan, Samuel A. Lambert, Ally Yang, Jeremy Riddell, Sanie Mnaimneh, Hong Zheng, Mihai Albu, Hamed S. Najafabadi, John S. Reece-Hoyes, Juan Fuxman Bass, Albertha J. M. Walhout, Matthew T. Weirauch, Timothy R. Hughes

Program in Systems Biology Publications and Presentations

Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful model for studying gene regulation, as it has a compact genome and a wealth of genomic tools. However, identification of regulatory elements has been limited, as DNA-binding motifs are known for only 71 of the estimated 763 sequence-specific transcription factors (TFs). To address this problem, we performed protein binding microarray experiments on representatives of canonical TF families in C. elegans, obtaining motifs for 129 TFs. Additionally, we predict motifs for many TFs that have DNA-binding domains similar to those already characterized, increasing coverage of binding specificities to 292 C. elegans TFs (~40%). These data highlight ...


The Treat-Nmd Advisory Committee For Therapeutics (Tact): An Innovative De-Risking Model To Foster Orphan Drug Development., Emma Heslop, Cristina Csimma, Volker Straub, John McCall, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Kathryn R. Wagner, Didier Caizergues, Rudolf Korinthenberg, Kevin M. Flanigan, Petra Kaufmann, Elizabeth McNeil, Jerry Mendell, Sharon Hesterlee, Dominic J. Wells, Kate Bushby 2015 George Washington University

The Treat-Nmd Advisory Committee For Therapeutics (Tact): An Innovative De-Risking Model To Foster Orphan Drug Development., Emma Heslop, Cristina Csimma, Volker Straub, John Mccall, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Kathryn R. Wagner, Didier Caizergues, Rudolf Korinthenberg, Kevin M. Flanigan, Petra Kaufmann, Elizabeth Mcneil, Jerry Mendell, Sharon Hesterlee, Dominic J. Wells, Kate Bushby

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

Despite multiple publications on potential therapies for neuromuscular diseases (NMD) in cell and animal models only a handful reach clinical trials. The ability to prioritise drug development according to objective criteria is particularly critical in rare diseases with large unmet needs and a limited numbers of patients who can be enrolled into clinical trials. TREAT-NMD Advisory Committee for Therapeutics (TACT) was established to provide independent and objective guidance on the preclinical and development pathway of potential therapies (whether novel or repurposed) for NMD.We present our experience in the establishment and operation of the TACT. TACT provides a unique resource ...


Genetic Modifiers Of Ambulation In The Cinrg Duchenne Natural History Study., Luca Bello, Akanchha Kesari, Heather A. Gordish-Dressman, Avital Cnaan, Lauren P Morgenroth, Jaya Punetha, Tina Duong, Erik Henricson, Elena Pegoraro, Craig M. McDonald, Eric P. Hoffman 2015 George Washington University

Genetic Modifiers Of Ambulation In The Cinrg Duchenne Natural History Study., Luca Bello, Akanchha Kesari, Heather A. Gordish-Dressman, Avital Cnaan, Lauren P Morgenroth, Jaya Punetha, Tina Duong, Erik Henricson, Elena Pegoraro, Craig M. Mcdonald, Eric P. Hoffman

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Fauna Census Of Intertidal Cliffs, Mangapwani, Zanzibar, Emily Jankowski 2015 SIT Study Abroad

Fauna Census Of Intertidal Cliffs, Mangapwani, Zanzibar, Emily Jankowski

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Due to their extreme variations in condition over the course of a day, intertidal zones are challenging environments. Organisms that live there must be prepared to cope with both exposure and submersion, not to mention the temperature variations that accompany these conditions. The differing tolerances and adaptations of various organisms to these conditions generally cause patterns of vertical zonation to occur in the intertidal zone, especially when the shore is steep and rocky. Understanding the ecology of shore environments is important to future conservation and management efforts. This study was conducted on a beach in Mangapwani, Zanzibar at at 6 ...


Fish Use Of Largely Unexplored Sub-Tidal Habitats In The Hinchinbrook Channel Estuary, Queensland, Alexandra Parisien 2015 SIT Study Abroad

Fish Use Of Largely Unexplored Sub-Tidal Habitats In The Hinchinbrook Channel Estuary, Queensland, Alexandra Parisien

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study examines the use of sub-tidal open-bottom, rocky, and seagreass habitats by the Siganus genus (herbivores), Gerres genus (benthivores), and planktivores in the Hinchinbrook Channel Estuary in Queensland, Australia. The Hinchinbrook Channel Estuary, a tropical estuary cutting between Hinchinbrook Island and the Australian mainland, is surrounded primarily by mangroves. Its sub-tidal habitats are largely unexplored due to factors such as low visibility and the presence of estuarine crocodiles. In this study, I reviewed 699 underwater videos collected by James Cook University PhD candidate Michael Bradley in order to analyze feeding and movement behavior of pre-identified fish.

The results of ...


Tyrosine 705 Phosphorylation Of Stat3 Is Associated With Phenotype Severity In Tgfβ1 Transgenic Mice, Eleonora Guadagnin, Jigna Narola, Carsten G. Bonnemann, Yi-Wen Chen 2015 George Washington University

Tyrosine 705 Phosphorylation Of Stat3 Is Associated With Phenotype Severity In Tgfβ1 Transgenic Mice, Eleonora Guadagnin, Jigna Narola, Carsten G. Bonnemann, Yi-Wen Chen

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1) is a key player in skeletal muscle degenerative and regenerative processes. We previously showed that conditionally overexpressing TGFβ1 in skeletal muscles caused myofiber atrophy and endomysial fibrosis in mice. However, the disease severity varied significantly among individual mice. While 40% of mice developed severe muscle pathology and lost body weight within 2 weeks of TGFβ1 transgene induction in muscles, the rest showed milder or no phenotype. This study aims at determining whether signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) plays a role in the phenotypic difference and whether it can be activated by ...


Mir-10b-5p Expression In Huntington's Disease Brain Relates To Age Of Onset And The Extent Of Striatal Involvement, Andrew G. Hoss, Adam Labadorf, Jeanne C. Latourelle, Vinay K. Kartha, Tiffany C. Hadzi, James F. Gusella, Marcy E. MacDonald, Jiang-Fan Chen, Schahram Akbarian, Zhiping Weng, Jean Paul Vonsattel, Richard H. Myers 2015 Boston University

Mir-10b-5p Expression In Huntington's Disease Brain Relates To Age Of Onset And The Extent Of Striatal Involvement, Andrew G. Hoss, Adam Labadorf, Jeanne C. Latourelle, Vinay K. Kartha, Tiffany C. Hadzi, James F. Gusella, Marcy E. Macdonald, Jiang-Fan Chen, Schahram Akbarian, Zhiping Weng, Jean Paul Vonsattel, Richard H. Myers

Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that recognize sites of complementarity of target messenger RNAs, resulting in transcriptional regulation and translational repression of target genes. In Huntington's disease (HD), a neurodegenerative disease caused by a trinucleotide repeat expansion, miRNA dyregulation has been reported, which may impact gene expression and modify the progression and severity of HD.

METHODS: We performed next-generation miRNA sequence analysis in prefrontal cortex (Brodmann Area 9) from 26 HD, 2 HD gene positive, and 36 control brains. Neuropathological information was available for all HD brains, including age at disease onset, CAG-repeat size, Vonsattel grade, and ...


Pipipes: A Set Of Pipelines For Pirna And Transposon Analysis Via Small Rna-Seq, Rna-Seq, Degradome- And Cage-Seq, Chip-Seq And Genomic Dna Sequencing, Bo W. Han, Wei Wang, Phillip D. Zamore, Zhiping Weng 2015 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pipipes: A Set Of Pipelines For Pirna And Transposon Analysis Via Small Rna-Seq, Rna-Seq, Degradome- And Cage-Seq, Chip-Seq And Genomic Dna Sequencing, Bo W. Han, Wei Wang, Phillip D. Zamore, Zhiping Weng

Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology Publications and Presentations

MOTIVATION: PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), 23-36 nt small silencing RNAs, repress transposon expression in the metazoan germ line, thereby protecting the genome. Although high-throughput sequencing has made it possible to examine the genome and transcriptome at unprecedented resolution, extracting useful information from gigabytes of sequencing data still requires substantial computational skills. Additionally, researchers may analyze and interpret the same data differently, generating results that are difficult to reconcile. To address these issues, we developed a coordinated set of pipelines, 'piPipes', to analyze piRNA and transposon-derived RNAs from a variety of high-throughput sequencing libraries, including small RNA, RNA, degradome or 7-methyl guanosine ...


Integrating Phylogenomics, Biogeography And Systematics To Explore The Taxonomy And The Rise Of The Ratsnakes, Xin Chen 2015 City University of New York, Graduate Center

Integrating Phylogenomics, Biogeography And Systematics To Explore The Taxonomy And The Rise Of The Ratsnakes, Xin Chen

All Dissertations and Theses, 2014-Present

Understanding the evolutionary processes that create the spectacular diversity of organisms, both in species numbers and form, is a primary goal for biologists. Global ratsnakes are a species-rich assemblage with high morphological and ecological diversity and a distribution that encompasses both the Old World (OW) and the New World (NW). To explore the mechanism leading to the divergence of the ratsnakes, I tested the hypotheses regarding the area of origin and global dispersal, and examined the patterns of diversification and trait evolution. Given adaptive radiation via ecological opportunity, a diversity-dependent diversification pattern and an early burst trait evolutionary pattern are ...


Theoretical Investigation Of Intra- And Inter-Cellular Spatiotemporal Calcium Patterns In Microcirculation, Jaimit B. Parikh 2015 Florida International University

Theoretical Investigation Of Intra- And Inter-Cellular Spatiotemporal Calcium Patterns In Microcirculation, Jaimit B. Parikh

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Microcirculatory vessels are lined by endothelial cells (ECs) which are surrounded by a single or multiple layer of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Spontaneous and agonist induced spatiotemporal calcium (Ca2+) events are generated in ECs and SMCs, and regulated by complex bi-directional signaling between the two layers which ultimately determines the vessel tone. The contractile state of microcirculatory vessels is an important factor in the determination of vascular resistance, blood flow and blood pressure. This dissertation presents theoretical insights into some of the important and currently unresolved phenomena in microvascular tone regulation. Compartmental and continuum models of isolated EC and ...


An Analysis Of Dna Methylation In Human Adipose Tissue Reveals Differential Modification Of Obesity Genes Before And After Gastric Bypass And Weight Loss, Miles C. Benton, Alice Johnstone, David Eccles, Brennan Harmon, Mark T. Hayes, Rod A. Lea, Lyn Griffiths, Eric P. Hoffman, Richard S. Stubbs, Donia Macartney-Coxson 2015 George Washington University

An Analysis Of Dna Methylation In Human Adipose Tissue Reveals Differential Modification Of Obesity Genes Before And After Gastric Bypass And Weight Loss, Miles C. Benton, Alice Johnstone, David Eccles, Brennan Harmon, Mark T. Hayes, Rod A. Lea, Lyn Griffiths, Eric P. Hoffman, Richard S. Stubbs, Donia Macartney-Coxson

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

Background

Environmental factors can influence obesity by epigenetic mechanisms. Adipose tissue plays a key role in obesity-related metabolic dysfunction, and gastric bypass provides a model to investigate obesity and weight loss in humans.

Results

Here, we investigate DNA methylation in adipose tissue from obese women before and after gastric bypass and significant weight loss. In total, 485,577 CpG sites were profiled in matched, before and after weight loss, subcutaneous and omental adipose tissue. A paired analysis revealed significant differential methylation in omental and subcutaneous adipose tissue. A greater proportion of CpGs are hypermethylated before weight loss and increased methylation ...


Culture Conditions Affect Expression Of Dux4 In Fshd Myoblasts, Sachchida Nand Pandey, Hunain Khawaja, Yi-Wen Chen 2015 George Washington University

Culture Conditions Affect Expression Of Dux4 In Fshd Myoblasts, Sachchida Nand Pandey, Hunain Khawaja, Yi-Wen Chen

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is believed to be caused by aberrant expression of double homeobox 4 (DUX4) due to epigenetic changes of the D4Z4 region at chromosome 4q35. Detecting DUX4 is challenging due to its stochastic expression pattern and low transcription level. In this study, we examined different cDNA synthesis strategies and the sensitivity for DUX4 detection. In addition, we investigated the effects of dexamethasone and knockout serum replacement (KOSR) on DUX4 expression in culture. Our data showed that DUX4 was consistently detected in cDNA samples synthesized using Superscript III. The sensitivity of DUX4 detection was higher in the samples ...


Muscular Dystrophy In The Mdx Mouse Is A Severe Myopathy Compounded By Hypotrophy, Hypertrophy And Hyperplasia., William Duddy, Stephanie Duguez, Helen Johnston, Tatiana V. Cohen, Aditi Phadke, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Viola Gnocchi, SiewHui Low, Terence Partridge 2015 George Washington University

Muscular Dystrophy In The Mdx Mouse Is A Severe Myopathy Compounded By Hypotrophy, Hypertrophy And Hyperplasia., William Duddy, Stephanie Duguez, Helen Johnston, Tatiana V. Cohen, Aditi Phadke, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Viola Gnocchi, Siewhui Low, Terence Partridge

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

Background

Preclinical testing of potential therapies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is conducted predominantly of the mdx mouse. But lack of a detailed quantitative description of the pathology of this animal limits our ability to evaluate the effectiveness of putative therapies or their relevance to DMD.

Methods

Accordingly, we have measured the main cellular components of muscle growth and regeneration over the period of postnatal growth and early pathology in mdx and wild-type (WT) mice; phalloidin binding is used as a measure of fibre size, myonuclear counts and BrdU labelling as records of myogenic activity.

Results

We confirm a two-phase ...


The N-Acetylglutamate Synthase Family: Structures, Function And Mechanisms, Dashuang Shi, Norma M. Allewell, Mendel Tuchman 2015 George Washington University

The N-Acetylglutamate Synthase Family: Structures, Function And Mechanisms, Dashuang Shi, Norma M. Allewell, Mendel Tuchman

Integrative Systems Biology Faculty Publications

N-acetylglutamate synthase (NAGS) catalyzes the production of N-acetylglutamate (NAG) from acetyl-CoA and L-glutamate. In microorganisms and plants, the enzyme functions in the arginine biosynthetic pathway, while in mammals, its major role is to produce the essential co-factor of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1) in the urea cycle. Recent work has shown that several different genes encode enzymes that can catalyze NAG formation. A bifunctional enzyme was identified in certain bacteria, which catalyzes both NAGS and N-acetylglutamate kinase (NAGK) activities, the first two steps of the arginine biosynthetic pathway. Interestingly, these bifunctional enzymes have higher sequence similarity to vertebrate NAGS than ...


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