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Investigating The Gene Regulatory Network Underlying Caudal Hindbrain Specification In Embryonic Zebrafish, Priyanjali Ghosh 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Investigating The Gene Regulatory Network Underlying Caudal Hindbrain Specification In Embryonic Zebrafish, Priyanjali Ghosh

Priyanjali Ghosh

To understand the gene regulatory network (GRN) governing caudal hindbrain formation in embryonic zebrafish, several early expressed factors have been manipulated, and multiple genetic mutants have been characterized. Such analyses have identified morphogens such as Retinoic Acid (RA) and Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), as well as transcription factors like hoxb1b, hoxb1a, hnf1ba, and valentino as being required for rhombomere (r) r4-r6 formation in zebrafish. Considering that the caudal hindbrain is relatively complex – for instance, unique sets of neurons are formed in each rhombomere segment – it is likely that additional essential genes remain to be identified and integrated into the caudal ...


Mapping Molecular Datasets Back To The Brain Regions They Are Extracted From: Remembering The Native Countries Of Hypothalamic Expatriates And Refugees, Arshad M. Khan, Alice H. Grant, Anais Martinez, Gully APC Burns, Brendan S. Thatcher, Vishwanath T. Anekonda, Benjamin W. Thompson, Zachary S. Roberts, Daniel H. Moralejo, James E. Blevins 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Mapping Molecular Datasets Back To The Brain Regions They Are Extracted From: Remembering The Native Countries Of Hypothalamic Expatriates And Refugees, Arshad M. Khan, Alice H. Grant, Anais Martinez, Gully Apc Burns, Brendan S. Thatcher, Vishwanath T. Anekonda, Benjamin W. Thompson, Zachary S. Roberts, Daniel H. Moralejo, James E. Blevins

Arshad M. Khan, Ph.D.

This article, which includes novel unpublished data along with commentary and analysis,
focuses on approaches to link transcriptomic, proteomic, and peptidomic datasets mined from
brain tissue to the original locations within the brain that they are derived from using digital atlas
mapping techniques. We use, as an example, the transcriptomic, proteomic and peptidomic
analyses conducted in the mammalian hypothalamus. Following a brief historical overview, we
highlight studies that have mined biochemical and molecular information from the hypothalamus
and then lay out a strategy for how these data can be linked spatially to the mapped locations in a
canonical brain atlas ...


Mathematical Modeling Of Nutrient Signaling And Growth In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Amogh P. Jalihal, Pavel Kraikivski, T.M. Murali, John J. Tyson 2018 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Mathematical Modeling Of Nutrient Signaling And Growth In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Amogh P. Jalihal, Pavel Kraikivski, T.M. Murali, John J. Tyson

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Understanding Regenerative Medicine And Its Position In Healthcare, Tyler F. Ward 2018 Eastern Kentucky University

Understanding Regenerative Medicine And Its Position In Healthcare, Tyler F. Ward

Kentucky Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Abstract: Regenerative medicine is an emerging field of the healthcare industry that has the potential to treat a myriad of health conditions. Induced pluripotent stem cells, human embryonic stem cells, and tissue engineering are a few of the treatment methods that may be delivered by healthcare professionals in personalized medicine. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval is necessary within the United States before any of these treatment options are available. Specific cellular therapies are currently undergoing clinical trials and it may be years before approval is acquired. The National Institute of Health is proactively working to ensure that healthcare policies ...


Δ-9-Thc Effect On The Dopamine Transporter, Brooke E. Nielsen 2018 CUNY John Jay College

Δ-9-Thc Effect On The Dopamine Transporter, Brooke E. Nielsen

Student Theses

Understanding the mechanism behind drugs of abuse is one of the key elements to understanding why addiction is so prevalent in society. The goal of this research was to determine the effect that a popular cannabinoid, Δ -9-tetrahydrocannabinol has on the regulation of dopamine neurotransmitter in the synapses. It was hypothesized that the addictive high users experience from using Δ-9-THC had a direct effect on lowering the dopamine transporter protein on cell surface causing a buildup of dopamine in the synapse. The results of the study show that the higher concentration of Δ-9-THC that the cells were exposed to caused ...


Sexually Dimorphic Patterns Of Cell Proliferation In The Brain Are Linked To Seasonal Life-History Transitions In Red-Sided Garter Snakes, Deborah Lutterschmidt, Ashley R. Lucas, Ritta A. Karam, Vicky T. Nguyen, Meghann R. Rasmussen 2018 Portland State University

Sexually Dimorphic Patterns Of Cell Proliferation In The Brain Are Linked To Seasonal Life-History Transitions In Red-Sided Garter Snakes, Deborah Lutterschmidt, Ashley R. Lucas, Ritta A. Karam, Vicky T. Nguyen, Meghann R. Rasmussen

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Seasonal rhythms in physiology and behavior are widespread across diverse taxonomic groups and may be mediated by seasonal changes in neurogenesis, including cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. We examined if cell proliferation in the brain is associated with the seasonal life-history transition from spring breeding to migration and summer foraging in a free-ranging population of red-sided garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis) in Manitoba, Canada. We used the thymidine analog 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU) to label newly proliferated cells within the brain of adult snakes collected from the den during the mating season or from a road located along their migratory route. To ...


Two Phase Model To Study The Correlation Between Brain Tumor Growth Rate And The Formation Of Peritumoral Edema, Inmaculada Sorribes, Helen Byrne, Nicholas Moore, Harsh Jain 2018 Florida State University

Two Phase Model To Study The Correlation Between Brain Tumor Growth Rate And The Formation Of Peritumoral Edema, Inmaculada Sorribes, Helen Byrne, Nicholas Moore, Harsh Jain

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Lanthanide-Doped Ceria Nanoparticles As Backside Coaters To Improve Silicon Solar Cell Efficiency, Ali Hajjiah, Effat Samir, Nader Shehata, Mohamed Salah 2018 Kuwait University

Lanthanide-Doped Ceria Nanoparticles As Backside Coaters To Improve Silicon Solar Cell Efficiency, Ali Hajjiah, Effat Samir, Nader Shehata, Mohamed Salah

Biology Faculty Publications

This paper introduces lanthanide-doped ceria nanoparticles as silicon solar cell back-side coaters, showing their influence on the solar cell efficiency. Ceria nanoparticles can be synthesized to have formed oxygen vacancies (O-vacancies), which are associated with converting cerium ions from the Ce4+ state ions to the Ce3+ ones. These O-vacancies follow the rule of improving silicon solar cell conductivity through a hopping mechanism. Besides, under near-ultra violet (near-UV) excitation, the reduced trivalent cerium Ce3+ ions are directly responsible for down converting the un-absorbed UV wavelengths to a resultant green photo-luminescence emission at ~520 nm, which is absorbed through ...


Mechanisms Of Age-Related Prostate Growth And Tumorigenesis, Deon O'Bryant 2018 Atlanta University Center

Mechanisms Of Age-Related Prostate Growth And Tumorigenesis, Deon O'Bryant

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy among men, but few genetic factors that drive prostate cancer initiation have been identified. The WD repeat domain 77 (Wdr77) protein is essential for cellular proliferation when it localizes in the cytoplasm of epithelial cells at the early stage of prostate development. In the adult prostate, it is transported into the nucleus and functions as a co-regulator of the androgen receptor to promote cellular differentiation and prostate function. This developmental process is reversed during prostate tumorigenesis i.e., Wdr77 is translocated from the nucleus into the cytoplasm to drive proliferation of prostate ...


Inhibition Of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (Ahr) Activity Decreases Abcg2 Expression And Activity, Stanley J. Williams 2018 Atlanta University Center

Inhibition Of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (Ahr) Activity Decreases Abcg2 Expression And Activity, Stanley J. Williams

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

The androgen receptor’s (AR) resurgence following treatment leads to castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Studies show that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) regulates AR signaling, is constitutively active, and enhances AR signaling in CRPC. AhR has ligands with carcinogenic properties and interacts with phytochemicals with anti-tumorigenic properties. Curcumin inhibits AhR activity and multidrug transporter ABCG2 activity, which mediates substrates out of the cell. Elevated ABCG2 expression causes resistance to anticancer drugs. AhR transcriptionally activates ABCG2 and our hypothesis is that inhibition of AhR activity by curcumin will decrease ABCG2 expression and activity in CRPC cells. C4-2 cells were treated ...


Regulation Of The Pi3-Kinase/Pten Signaling Pathway By Tgf-Β In Prostate Cancer Cells, Mawiyah Kimbrough-Allah 2018 Atlanta University Center

Regulation Of The Pi3-Kinase/Pten Signaling Pathway By Tgf-Β In Prostate Cancer Cells, Mawiyah Kimbrough-Allah

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Transforming growth factor -β (TGF-β) plays an important role in the progression of prostate cancer. It acts as a tumor suppressor in normal epithelial cells but as a tumor promoter in advanced prostate cancer cells. The PI3-kinase pathway has been shown to play integral roles in many cellular processes including cell proliferation, survival, and cell migration in many cell types. PI3-kinase pathway mediates TGF-β effects on prostate cancer cell migration and invasion. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a tumor suppressor gene, inhibits PI3-kinase pathway and is frequently mutated in prostate cancers. In this present study, we investigated possible roles of ...


Examining The Roles Of Genetic And Environmental Factors In Drosophila Melanogaster Hematopoiesis And Innate Immune System, Minkyung Lee 2018 Baruch College

Examining The Roles Of Genetic And Environmental Factors In Drosophila Melanogaster Hematopoiesis And Innate Immune System, Minkyung Lee

Student Theses

Nearly 24 million people are affected by autoimmune diseases in the United States. Main causes of autoimmune diseases have been attributed to genetic predisposition and environmental exposure to chemicals such as hormones and pesticides. Due to the large population that are affected by autoimmune diseases, it is critical to understand the mechanisms behind them. In this study, we sought to explore both genetic and environmental factors that affect hematopoiesis, or the formation of specific blood cells, and immune system in Drosophila melanogaster. As Drosophila melanogaster have conserved pathways of hematopoiesis as humans, they were used as the model organism for ...


The Ugly Sequestosome1:The Role Of P62/Sqstm1 In Autophagy And Multisystem Proteinopathy, Eugene Lee 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

The Ugly Sequestosome1:The Role Of P62/Sqstm1 In Autophagy And Multisystem Proteinopathy, Eugene Lee

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Multisystem proteinopathy (MSP) defines a spectrum of degenerative diseases unified by TDP-43 pathology that affect muscle, brain and bone. Mutations in several proteins (VCP, p62/SQSTM1, HNRNPA2B1, HNRNPA1) can all cause MSP via impairments in autophagic protein degradation (VCP and SQSTM1) or RNA granule dynamics (HNRNPA2B1 and HNRNPA1). Phenotypically, MSP mutations lead to variable penetrance of several phenotypes: Paget’s disease of the bone (PDB), rimmed vacuolar inclusion body myopathy (RV-IBM), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or frontotemporal dementia (FTD). However, how a same mutation of a protein can develop different diseases remains unclear. Understanding of p62/SQSTM1 (SQSTM1) function is ...


Circadian Regulation Of Temozolomide Sensitivity In Glioblastoma, Emily A. Slat 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Circadian Regulation Of Temozolomide Sensitivity In Glioblastoma, Emily A. Slat

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The safety and efficacy of multiple cancer chemotherapeutics can vary as a function of when during the day they are delivered. This study aimed to improve the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common brain cancer, by testing the efficacy of the DNA alkylator Temozolomide (TMZ) on GBM in vitro and in vivo as a function of time of day. We found cell-intrinsic, daily rhythms in susceptibility of GBM tumor cells (mouse astrocytes deficient in NF1 and p53 signaling) to TMZ in vitro. The greatest TMZ-induced DNA damage response, activation of apoptosis and growth inhibition, occurred near the peak ...


Regulation Of Epithelial Proliferation And Migration By Apical-Basal Polarity Proteins, Gregory Vincent Schimizzi 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Regulation Of Epithelial Proliferation And Migration By Apical-Basal Polarity Proteins, Gregory Vincent Schimizzi

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Epithelial cells line all the outside surfaces of the body where they perform essential roles in maintaining homeostasis. In addition, epithelial tissues are implicated in many disease processes and are the most common tissue type to give rise to human cancer. Therefore, a thorough understanding of epithelial development and homeostasis has broad implications for understanding human development, health, and disease. The establishment and maintenance of apical-basal polarity is a defining characteristic and essential feature of functioning epithelia. Proper apical-basal polarity (ABP) is required for epithelial tissues to carry out their functions, which include absorption, secretion, barrier formation, and collective migration ...


What’S Really Wrong With Medical Research And How To Fix It., Richard Feinman 2018 SUNY Downstate Medical Center

What’S Really Wrong With Medical Research And How To Fix It., Richard Feinman

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson 2018 University of Wyoming

Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Caulobacter crescentus, which belongs to the class of Alphaproteobacteria, has a highly organized cytoplasm that includes complex macromolecular structures at the cell poles. These polar complexes are assembled through the activity of a scaffolding protein, known as the Polar Organizing Protein Z (PopZ). PopZ interacts with other proteins via an N-terminal domain that is mostly intrinsically disordered, and contains, an abundance of proline, glutamte, and aspartate (P,E, and D) residues. Surprisingly, scrambling the order of amino acids in the PED region does not affect PopZ function, suggesting that binding affinity and specificity are not dependent on interactions with individual ...


Egfr Polymorphisms In Drosophila Melanogaster, Stacie Chue, Neha Mehta, Samantha Poon, Heather Trazino 2018 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Egfr Polymorphisms In Drosophila Melanogaster, Stacie Chue, Neha Mehta, Samantha Poon, Heather Trazino

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Same-Sex Marriage And The Baby Carriage: A Post-Obergefell Analysis Of Art Funding For Same-Sex Couples In The United States, Charmaine Mech 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Same-Sex Marriage And The Baby Carriage: A Post-Obergefell Analysis Of Art Funding For Same-Sex Couples In The United States, Charmaine Mech

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Evolutionary Conservation Of Midline Repulsion By Robo Family Receptors In Flies And Mice, Allison Loy 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Evolutionary Conservation Of Midline Repulsion By Robo Family Receptors In Flies And Mice, Allison Loy

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

As the nervous system develops in animal embryos, neuronal axons are guided to their synaptic targets by extra cellular cues that signal through axon guidance receptors expressed on the surface of the axon. In animals with bilateral symmetry, one of the important decisions made by nearly every axon in the embryonic nervous system is whether to stay on its own side of the body, or to cross the midline and connect to cells on the opposite side. The Roundabout (Robo) family is an evolutionarily conserved group of axon guidance receptors that regulate midline crossing in a wide range of animal ...


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