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Cover Crop Effect On Subsequent Wheat Yield In The Central Great Plains, David Nielsen, Drew Lyon, Robert Higgins, Gary Hergert, Johnathon Holman, Merle Vigil 2016 Washington State University

Cover Crop Effect On Subsequent Wheat Yield In The Central Great Plains, David Nielsen, Drew Lyon, Robert Higgins, Gary Hergert, Johnathon Holman, Merle Vigil

David C. Nielsen

Crop production systems in the water-limited environment of the semiarid central Great Plains may not have potential to profitably use cover crops because of lowered subsequent wheat (Triticum asestivum L.) yields following the cover crop. Mixtures have reportedly shown less yield-reducing effects on subsequent crops than single-species plantings. This study was conducted to determine winter wheat yields following both mixtures and single-species plantings of spring-planted cover crops. The study was conducted at Akron, CO, and Sidney, NE, during the 2012–2013 and 2013–2014 wheat growing seasons under both rainfed and irrigated conditions. Precipitation storage efficiency before wheat planting, wheat ...


Crop Production And Outlook, Chad Hart 2016 Iowa State University

Crop Production And Outlook, Chad Hart

Chad Hart

The latest round of USDA updates to its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and Crop Production reports were released on Oct. 10. On the production side, pre-trade estimates had indicated little movement was expected. The October estimates from USDA showed increased corn and soybean production of 1 to 2 percent. The corn increase was driven by an increase in yields, up 1.7 bushels to 154 bushels per acre national average. The soybean increase was driven by a jump in acreage, with harvested area increasing by 2.15 million acres.


May Crop Outlook, Chad Hart 2016 Iowa State University

May Crop Outlook, Chad Hart

Chad Hart

With the May reports, USDA updated its estimates for 2008/09 and put out its first official estimates for 2009/10. On the corn side, ethanol and export demand are increased by 50 million bushels each for 2008. Both of these uses have experienced a rebound over the past few weeks.


Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards 2016 Iowa State University

Marketing Year Prices Cancel Acre Payments In Iowa, Chad Hart, William M. Edwards

Chad Hart

Following the completion of the 2009/10 marketing year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) released its final monthly price estimates for corn and soybeans. Over the September through August marketing year the national average price for corn was $3.55 per bushel. This is $.51 less than the average price during the 2008/09 marketing year of $4.06 per bushel. For soybeans, the 2009/10 national average price was $9.60 per bushel, which is $.37 lower than the previous year’s average price of $9.97 per bushel.


2009 Crop Year Is Mirror Image Of 2008, Chad Hart 2016 Iowa State University

2009 Crop Year Is Mirror Image Of 2008, Chad Hart

Chad Hart

The parallels between the 2009 crop season and the 2008 crop season are striking. This summer is closing out much like last summer for crops. The early season concern about delayed planting and crop progress is fading under steady doses of sunshine and timely rains. And with crop conditions holding, crop production is up and prices have worked their way down.


Additional Disaster Payments For 2009 Iowa Soybeans, Chad Hart 2016 Iowa State University

Additional Disaster Payments For 2009 Iowa Soybeans, Chad Hart

Chad Hart

USDA has announced additional disaster payments for the 2009 crop year via the Crop Assistance Program (CAP). Payments will be made to producers of rice, upland cotton, sweet potatoes and soybeans in counties that received Secretarial disaster designations in 2009 for excessive moisture or related conditions. In Iowa, 30 counties qualify for the payments, see the list of counties and map below.


Crop Production And Outlook - The Demand Side, Chad Hart 2016 Iowa State University

Crop Production And Outlook - The Demand Side, Chad Hart

Chad Hart

The latest round of USDA updates to its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and Crop Production reports were released on Oct. 10. On the demand side, corn feed demand was projected at 5.35 billion bushels, up 150 million from last month, reversing the move from last month. Lower corn prices are seen as the major reason for this shift. Corn demand from ethanol was reduced by 100 million bushels to 4 billion bushels. While lower corn prices should be attractive to the ethanol industry, reduced transportation fuel consumption is a significant drag to the industry. Combined with general ...


Agricultural Research Bulletins, Nos. 175–184, E. W. Bird, D. F. Breazeale, G. C. Sands, Joe L. Robinson, P. K. Whelpton, R. H. Walker, P. E. Brown, M. B. Michaelian, B. W. Hammer, George W. Snedecor, Gertrude M. Cox, Lenore E. Sater, Paul L. Harding, C. B. Lane, John A. Hopkins Jr., Paul L. Taylor 2016 Iowa State College

Agricultural Research Bulletins, Nos. 175–184, E. W. Bird, D. F. Breazeale, G. C. Sands, Joe L. Robinson, P. K. Whelpton, R. H. Walker, P. E. Brown, M. B. Michaelian, B. W. Hammer, George W. Snedecor, Gertrude M. Cox, Lenore E. Sater, Paul L. Harding, C. B. Lane, John A. Hopkins Jr., Paul L. Taylor

John H. Robinson

Volume 15, Bulletins 175-184. (175) Chemistry of Butter Making: II. The Nature of the Fatty Materials in Buttermilk and the significance of Certain Buttermilk Testing Methods; (176) Physiologic Factors Affecting the Germination of Seed Corn; (177) Iowa's Population Prospect; (178) Effects of Lime on the Hydrogen-Ion Concentration and Base Exchange Complex of Gundy Silt Loam; (179) Studies on Acetylmethylcarbinol and Diacetyl in Dairy Products; (180) Disproportionate Subclass Numbers in Tables of Multiple Classification; (181) Passing an Alternating Electric Current Through Food and Fruit Juices; (182) Physiological Behavior of Grimes Golden Apples in Storage; 9183) Bacteriology of Cheese: I. Effect ...


Southwest Research-Extension Center, Kansas State University, Staff, Acknowledgments, R. Gillen 2016 Kansas State University

Southwest Research-Extension Center, Kansas State University, Staff, Acknowledgments, R. Gillen

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Cover page, staff, and acknowledgments for Southwest Research-Extension Center's Field Day Report 2016.


Fallow Weed Control With Postemergence Applications Of Agh15004, Ag14039, Roundup Powermax, And Atrazine, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Fallow Weed Control With Postemergence Applications Of Agh15004, Ag14039, Roundup Powermax, And Atrazine, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

All treatments except AGH15004 at 1.5 pt/a plus Roundup PowerMax (glyphosate) and nonionic surfactant provided more than 95% kochia control at 14 days after treatment (DAT). By 28 DAT, only those treatments containing atrazine provided greater than 95% kochia control. However, kochia control at 42 DAT was greater than 90% with all treatments except Roundup PowerMax plus nonionic surfactant.


Preemergence Weed Control With Fultime Nxt And Competitive Standards In Grain Sorghum, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Preemergence Weed Control With Fultime Nxt And Competitive Standards In Grain Sorghum, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

At 71 days after treatment, FulTime NXT (acetochlor + atrazine) at 2.5 or 3.0 qt/a and Lumax EZ (S-metolachlor + atrazine + mesotrione) at 2.0 qt/a were the only treatments to control Palmer amaranth at 90% or more. All treatments provided similar velvetleaf control. Green foxtail control was 75 to 83% with all rates of FulTime NXT or Lumax EZ. Sorghum receiving FulTime NXT at 2.5 or 3.0 qt/a or Lumax EZ yielded significantly more than the control treatments.


Efficacy Of Anthem Maxx, Solstice, Cadet, Roundup Powermax, And Competitive Standards In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Efficacy Of Anthem Maxx, Solstice, Cadet, Roundup Powermax, And Competitive Standards In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Control of Palmer amaranth and green foxtail was generally best when herbicides were applied as sequential treatments of preemergence (PRE) followed by late postemergence (LPOST) or as postemergence (POST) alone. Velvetleaf and puncturevine control was 95 and 93% or more, respectively, regardless of herbicide or application timing. Corn receiving herbicide treatments yielded 42 to 72 bu/a more grain than non-treated corn.


Weed Control And Crop Injury With Single Or Sequential Herbicide Applications In Grain Sorghum, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Weed Control And Crop Injury With Single Or Sequential Herbicide Applications In Grain Sorghum, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The preemergence application of Dual II Magnum (S-metolachlor) improved the over­all weed control compared to single postemergence treatments. Excessive rainfall after preemergence application compromised all treatments, producing abnormally low weed control.


Efficacy Of Preemergence And Sequential Applications With Corvus, Atrazine, Starane, Balance, Anthem, Capreno, Diflexx And Halex Gt In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Efficacy Of Preemergence And Sequential Applications With Corvus, Atrazine, Starane, Balance, Anthem, Capreno, Diflexx And Halex Gt In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Control of kochia and quinoa was 98 to 100% regardless of herbicide treatment at 48 days after post applications (DAPT), and 95% or more with all herbicides for Russian thistle. Palmer amaranth control was slightly less with preemergent (PRE) treatments alone compared to sequential treatments. Corvus (isoxaflutole + thiencarbazone) plus atrazine, Starane Ultra (fluroxypyr), and nonionic surfactant preemergence controlled crabgrass by 88%; whereas all other treatments provided 91% or more crabgrass control. Corn with the best herbicide treatments yielded 33 to 66 bu/a more than untreated corn.


Efficacy Of Preemergence Or Early Postemergence Weed Control With Keystone Nxt, Hornet Wdg, Atrazine, Surestart Ii, Lumax Ez, And Resicore, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Efficacy Of Preemergence Or Early Postemergence Weed Control With Keystone Nxt, Hornet Wdg, Atrazine, Surestart Ii, Lumax Ez, And Resicore, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Control of buffalobur was complete regardless of herbicide used. Velvetleaf and punc­turevine control, although not perfect, was excellent by all herbicides. The premix of SureStart II (acetochlor + flumetsulam + clopyralid) with atrazine and Durango DMA (glyphosate) applied early postemergence and the preemergence herbicides Resicore (acetochlor + mesotrione + clopyralid) with atrazine and Lumax EZ (S-metolachlor + atrazine + mesotrione) provided excellent Palmer amaranth control. The early pos­temergence treatment of SureStart II plus atrazine and Durango DMA was the only treatment to provide excellent control of green foxtail.


Weed Control With Single Or Sequential Herbicide Applications In Acetolactase Synthase-Tolerant Grain Sorghum, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Weed Control With Single Or Sequential Herbicide Applications In Acetolactase Synthase-Tolerant Grain Sorghum, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Palmer amaranth control was best when Resolve (rimsulfuron) plus Harmony GT (thifensulfuron) and Abundit Extra (glyphosate) were applied 15 days preplant fol­lowed by Zest (nicosulfuron) and atrazine postemergence, or by Zest plus atrazine alone postemergence. Palmer amaranth control was less than 80% with all other herbicide treatments. Preemergence herbicides alone provided less than 60% green foxtail control at 53 days after postemergence applications, and Zest plus atrazine alone postemergence controlled green foxtail 70%. Sequential applications of preemergence and postemer­gence herbicides were needed to provide the best green foxtail control. The relatively low weed control provided by these treatments ...


Weed Control With Accent, Callisto, Isoxadifen, Impact, Cinch, Dicamba, And Atrazine In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Weed Control With Accent, Callisto, Isoxadifen, Impact, Cinch, Dicamba, And Atrazine In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Some timings and combinations of the herbicides tested in this study controlled Palmer amaranth, kochia, quinoa, Russian thistle, and green foxtail from 95 to 100% 51 days after postemergence application (DA-B). Accent (nicosulfuron) plus Callisto (mesotri­one) and isoxadifen alone postemergence provided 88% Palmer amaranth control at 51 DA-B. Kochia control was 92 and 90% when Accent plus Callisto and isoxadifen alone or with atrazine and Dicamba XP (dicamba) was applied postemergence following Cinch (S-metolachlor) preemergence application. Crabgrass control with preemergence followed by postemergence treatments exceeded 89%. Crabgrass control was 83 and 88% when no preemergence herbicide was applied ...


Weed Control With Postemergence Applications Of Status, Armezon, Atrazine, Corvus, Verdict, And Roundup Powermax In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Weed Control With Postemergence Applications Of Status, Armezon, Atrazine, Corvus, Verdict, And Roundup Powermax In Irrigated Corn, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

All postemergence herbicides provided greater than 98% control of quinoa, common sunflower, Palmer amaranth, and green foxtail. Crabgrass and Russian thistle were more difficult to control. All postemergence herbicides except Roundup PowerMax (glypho­sate) alone controlled Russian thistle and crabgrass greater than 89%. Diflexx (dicamba) plus Roundup PowerMax was slightly more efficacious on kochia than Status (diflufen­zopyr + dicamba) plus Armezon (topramezone) with atrazine and Roundup Power­Max, and all other herbicides were intermediate for kochia control. Corn yields did not differ between herbicide treatments. However, all herbicides increased grain yields.


Alion, Sencor, And Sharpen For Preemergence Kochia Control In An Abandoned Alfalfa Field, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Alion, Sencor, And Sharpen For Preemergence Kochia Control In An Abandoned Alfalfa Field, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Alion (indaziflam) combined with Sencor (metribuzin) were the most effective herbi­cides for kochia control. Sharpen (saflufenacil) alone or with Prowl H2O (pendimeth­alin), Sencor, or Alion was less effective at controlling kochia compared to Alion plus Sencor. By 91 days after treatment (DAT), Alion at rates above 3 oz/a plus Sencor were more effective than lower rates for kochia control. However, all Alion plus Sencor treat­ments were better than Sharpen-containing tank mixes 91 DAT.


Fallow Weed Control With Preemergence Applications Of Clarity, Atrazine, Spartan Guard, Sharpen, Zidua, And Corvus, R. Currie, P. Geier 2016 Kansas State University

Fallow Weed Control With Preemergence Applications Of Clarity, Atrazine, Spartan Guard, Sharpen, Zidua, And Corvus, R. Currie, P. Geier

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Kochia control at 8 weeks after spring application (WAST) was greatest when Clar­ity (dicamba) was included in the spring applications or when Corvus (isoxaflutole + thiencarbazone) was applied with atrazine and Clarity in the fall. The best kochia con­trol at 13 WAST occurred with spring applications containing Clarity. Only Clarity plus Atrazine, Sharpen, Zidua, Spartan Guard, or Corvus applied in the spring provided as much as 90% kochia control at 20 WAST. Only the spring application of Spartan Guard and Clarity controlled Russian thistle 90% at 20 WAST.


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