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Health Monitoring Of Seasoned Sows In A New And Unfamiliar Environment, Rebecca Kocak 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Health Monitoring Of Seasoned Sows In A New And Unfamiliar Environment, Rebecca Kocak

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Response Of Large River Fishes To A Prolonged High Water Event In The Missouri River, Nebraska, Nicholas Paul Hogberg 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Response Of Large River Fishes To A Prolonged High Water Event In The Missouri River, Nebraska, Nicholas Paul Hogberg

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Regulation and modification of large rivers to accommodate human uses have been a root cause of freshwater biodiversity declines. The Missouri River is among the most drastically-altered large river systems in North America, with a series of mainstem impoundments in the upper watershed altering flow characteristics downstream, and channelization throughout the lower river homogenizing instream habitat and reducing off-channel habitat. Precipitation events during the winter and spring 2010-2011 caused flooding of the greatest magnitude and duration since reservoir completion. The large magnitude and long duration of this flood made it unlike any flood in recent history and provided a unique ...


Accuracy Or Precision: Implications Of Sample Design And Methodology On Abundance Estimation, Lucas K. Kowalewski 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Accuracy Or Precision: Implications Of Sample Design And Methodology On Abundance Estimation, Lucas K. Kowalewski

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Estimation of population size by spatially replicated counts (point-count method) has been used for many large-scale animal-monitoring programs, yet its application in aquatic environments has been limited. Multiple site-specific estimates of abundance can be averaged and combined with covariate data to predict total abundance across an area of interest. Covariate data also provide an understanding of the relationship between abundance and habitat use, which is a fundamental interest of many animal-population investigations. Design of sampling scenarios for point-count population-estimate surveys can influence the accuracy and precision of the population estimate. The first objective of this study was to examine how ...


Great Apes: A Study Of Human And Non-Human Primate Interactions In A Zoological Environment, Haley V. Sheehy 2014 Georgia State University

Great Apes: A Study Of Human And Non-Human Primate Interactions In A Zoological Environment, Haley V. Sheehy

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Visual Color Stimuli On Zebra Finch Behavior And Stress Response, Bao Chau Ly 2014 Georgia State University

The Effects Of Visual Color Stimuli On Zebra Finch Behavior And Stress Response, Bao Chau Ly

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Northern Saw-Whet Owls: A Descriptive Look At Their Anatomy, Behavior, And Migration, Brandon M. Ray 2014 Liberty University

Northern Saw-Whet Owls: A Descriptive Look At Their Anatomy, Behavior, And Migration, Brandon M. Ray

Senior Honors Theses

The Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus) is a small species of migratory owl native to North America. Through an analysis of research conducted at Liberty University’s Camp Hydaway in the Piedmont of Virginia as well as comparison studies at owl netting stations in the mountains and the coastal plain, it was shown that the Northern Saw-whet migrates along consistent routes southward while the timing and frequency of the migration varies by several days based on sex, age, owl population fluctuations, weather, and the owls’ physical health. Several years’ worth of owl capture data were compiled from stations across Virginia ...


Using Progesterone As An Indicator Of Ovarian Response To Stimulation In Cattle, Kayla Mariah Kauffman 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Using Progesterone As An Indicator Of Ovarian Response To Stimulation In Cattle, Kayla Mariah Kauffman

Animal Science

No abstract provided.


Calpain-1 Activity In Bovine Muscle Is Primarily Influenced By Temperature, Not Ph Decline, D. A. Mohrhauser, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, K. R. Underwood, A. D. Weaver 2014 Iowa State University

Calpain-1 Activity In Bovine Muscle Is Primarily Influenced By Temperature, Not Ph Decline, D. A. Mohrhauser, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, K. R. Underwood, A. D. Weaver

Animal Science Publications and Papers

The objectives of this study were to 1) determine the conditions (temperature and pH) that exist in early postmortem muscle of normally chilled and delay chilled beef carcasses to provide a model for in vitro work and 2) determine the mechanism by which early postmortem temperature/pH conditions found in beef muscle influence the enzymes that regulate the aging process in vitro. For objective 1, 7 finished beef animals (HCW 385 ± 8 kg) were harvested with the right sides subjected to normal chilling (2.3°C) approximately 1.25 h postmortem and the left sides subjected to ambient temperature (delay ...


Effects Of Prey Abundance On Breeding Season Diet Of Northern Goshawks (Accipiter Gentilis) Within An Unusual Prey Landscape, Robert A. Miller, Jay D. Carlisle, Marc J. Bechard 2014 Boise State University

Effects Of Prey Abundance On Breeding Season Diet Of Northern Goshawks (Accipiter Gentilis) Within An Unusual Prey Landscape, Robert A. Miller, Jay D. Carlisle, Marc J. Bechard

Idaho Bird Observatory Publications and Presentations

A critical element of diet analysis is species adaptability to alternative prey sources. The breeding-season diet of Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) includes both mammalian and avian species, varies geographically, and is often dependent upon tree squirrels of the genera Sciurus andTamiasciurus. We studied alternative prey sources of Northern Goshawks in the South Hills of south-central Idaho, an area where tree squirrels are naturally absent and other prey frequently important in the diet of goshawks, such as smaller corvids, are uncommon. We quantified the diet of goshawks using nest cameras and surveyed abundance of prey using line transects. We found ...


From The Inside Out, And Through., Dominique Ovalle 2014 Claremont Colleges

From The Inside Out, And Through., Dominique Ovalle

The STEAM Journal

These photographs describe “Science” born of consumerism, hijacked by me, economically disenfranchised, or rather—temporarily embarrassed, artist. I was putzing around Malibu—my old college stomping ground, looking for free food; maybe a sample of some gourmet $5 chocolate, and all I got were these photographs.


Stem Art Learning Outcomes, Emily Gottlieb 2014 Claremont Colleges

Stem Art Learning Outcomes, Emily Gottlieb

The STEAM Journal

No abstract provided.


Averting Lemur Extinctions Amid Madagascar's Political Crisis, Christoph Schwitzer, Russell Mittermeier, Steig Johnson, Giuseppe Donati, Mitchell Irwin, Heather Peacock, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Josia Razafindramanana, Edward E. Louis, Lounes Chikhi, Ian C. Colquhoun, Jennifer Tinsman, Ranier Dolch, Marni LaFleur, Stephen Nash, Erik Patel, Blanchard Randrianambinina, Tove Rasolofoharivelo, Patricia C. Wright 2014 Western University

Averting Lemur Extinctions Amid Madagascar's Political Crisis, Christoph Schwitzer, Russell Mittermeier, Steig Johnson, Giuseppe Donati, Mitchell Irwin, Heather Peacock, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Josia Razafindramanana, Edward E. Louis, Lounes Chikhi, Ian C. Colquhoun, Jennifer Tinsman, Ranier Dolch, Marni Lafleur, Stephen Nash, Erik Patel, Blanchard Randrianambinina, Tove Rasolofoharivelo, Patricia C. Wright

Anthropology Publications

The most threatened mammal group

on Earth, Madagascar’s five endemic

lemur families (lemurs are found

nowhere else), represent more than 20%

of the world’s primate species and 30% of

family-level diversity. This combination of

diversity and uniqueness is unmatched by

any other country—remarkable considering

that Madagascar is only 1.3 to 2.9% the

size of the Neotropics, Africa, or Asia, the

other three landmasses where nonhuman

primates occur. But lemurs face extinction

risks driven by human disturbance of forest

habitats. We discuss these challenges

and reasons for hope in light of site-specific,

local actions proposed in ...


Environmental Factors Influencing Spring Migration Chronology Of Lesser Scaup (Aythya Affinis), Taylor A. Finger 2014 Western University

Environmental Factors Influencing Spring Migration Chronology Of Lesser Scaup (Aythya Affinis), Taylor A. Finger

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Weather likely affects the timing and rate of migration by waterfowl to their breeding grounds. I hypothesized that timing of migration by lesser scaup during spring is affected by annual variation in temperature, precipitation and ice cover. I used satellite telemetry data, waterfowl survey data and corresponding weather data to evaluate competing models that explained variation in timing and rate of migration by lesser scaup. Timing of spring migration occurred earlier and faster when lesser scaup encountered warmer temperatures and greater precipitation, both of which are known to influence thermoregulation and habitat availability for waterfowl. Migration chronology of lesser scaup ...


Understanding The Magnetostructural Transformation In Ferh Thin Films, Melissa Loving 2014 Northeastern University

Understanding The Magnetostructural Transformation In Ferh Thin Films, Melissa Loving

Chemical Engineering Dissertations

Magnetostructural materials demonstrate concurrent magnetic and structural phase transformations which may be driven by changes in temperature, pressure (strain), or magnetic field. The ability to alter the phase transformation via a variety of routes makes these systems the interest of fundamental studies of the physics underlying the transformation, as well as potential technological applications. Equiatomic FeRh, a model magnetostructural material with the chemically-ordered CsCl-type crystal structure, undergoes a first-order phase transition (FOPT) (upon heating) from antiferromagnetic (AF) to ferromagnetic (FM) order with an accompanying 1% (volume) lattice expansion at T~370 K, in bulk. Thin film forms of FeRh provide ...


Animals' Capability To Bond And The Implications That Follow, Falyn Goldfarb 2014 Pace University

Animals' Capability To Bond And The Implications That Follow, Falyn Goldfarb

Honors College Theses

This paper explores the ways in which humans have historically viewed animals, with a focus on Descartes theory automata. Further concepts of the problem of different minds, inherent value, empathy, love, friendship, grief, isolation, anthropomorphism, and biochemistry (focusing on oxytocin, cortisol and the prefrontal cortex) are all explored. Numerous literature reviews are used as examples to fight against the argument that animals are merely machines and can therefore be used and abused. Animal social bonds, including parent-child, purely social, and animal-human, are analyzed for their evolutionary and biological purposes in attempt to highlight the relationships that are not obviously valuable ...


Nesting Ecology Of White-Throated Sparrows (Zonotrichia Albicollis) : The Effects Of Variation In Clutch-Initiation Date And The Application Of Prescribed Fire On Nesting Success, Melissa Olmstead 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University

Nesting Ecology Of White-Throated Sparrows (Zonotrichia Albicollis) : The Effects Of Variation In Clutch-Initiation Date And The Application Of Prescribed Fire On Nesting Success, Melissa Olmstead

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The study of nesting success is one of the most widely-used methods for examining the factors governing recruitment in birds. Many ecological influences act together to increase or decrease nesting success, and knowledge of these mechanisms is crucial for determining the habitat or conservation requirements of a given species. One ecological influence is the timing of breeding, which in many species is related to a decline in nest success later in the breeding season. Much of the research on this subject has focused on cavity-nesting species, and the hypothesis that this seasonal decline is caused by a mismatch between clutch-initiation ...


Aquaculture In Regional Australia: Responding To Trade Externalities. A Northern Nsw Case Study., Jeffrey A. Guy, Alistair McIlgorm, Peter Waterman 2014 Southern Cross University

Aquaculture In Regional Australia: Responding To Trade Externalities. A Northern Nsw Case Study., Jeffrey A. Guy, Alistair Mcilgorm, Peter Waterman

Journal of Economic and Social Policy

Australia’s aquaculture industry is predominantly based in rural coastal regions where it makes a significant contribution to local economies as well as to national food security. Over the past decade changing global economic and trade conditions have resulted in Asia supplying an ever-increasing amount of seafood to Australian consumers. From 2003 to 2007 landings of cheaper imported Asian prawns increased dramatically, seriously impacting the eastern Australian prawn farming industry as graphically illustrated by the collapse of prawn farming in the Northern Rivers region of NSW. In response, the Southern Cross University’s National Marine Science Centre researched the feasibility ...


Angler Effort And Catch Within A Spatially Complex System Of Small Lakes, Christopher J. Chizinski, Dustin R. Martin, Kevin L. Pope, Tony J. Barada, Jeffrey J. Schuckman 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Angler Effort And Catch Within A Spatially Complex System Of Small Lakes, Christopher J. Chizinski, Dustin R. Martin, Kevin L. Pope, Tony J. Barada, Jeffrey J. Schuckman

Nebraska Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit -- Staff Publications

Spatial layout of waterbodies and waterbody size can affect a creel clerk’s ability to intercept anglers for interviews and to accurately count anglers, which will affect the accuracy and precision of estimates of effort and catch. This study aimed to quantify angling effort and catch across a spatially complex system of19 small (<100 ha) lakes, the Fremont lakes. Total (±SE) angling effort (hours) on individual lakes ranged from 0 (0) to 7,137 (305). Bank anglers utilized 18 of the 19 lakes, and their mean (±SE) trip lengths(hours) ranged from 0.80 (0.31) to 7.75 (6.75), depending on the waterbody. In contrast, boat anglers utilized 14 of the 19 lakes, and their trip lengths ranged from 1.39 (0.24) to 4.25 (0.71), depending on the waterbody. The most sought fishes, as indexed by number of lakes on which effort was exerted, were anything (17 of 19 lakes), largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides (15 of 19 lakes), and channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus (13 of 19 lakes). Bluegill Lepomis machrochirus, crappie Pomoxis spp., and largemouth bass were caught most frequently across the lakes, but catch rates varied considerably by lake. Of the1,138 parties interviewed, most parties (93%) visited ...


Can They Dig It? Functional Morphology And Degrees Of Semifossoriality Among Some American Shrews (Mammalia, Soricidae)., Neal Woodman, Sarah A. Gaffney 2014 SelectedWorks

Can They Dig It? Functional Morphology And Degrees Of Semifossoriality Among Some American Shrews (Mammalia, Soricidae)., Neal Woodman, Sarah A. Gaffney

Neal Woodman

Small-eared shrews (Mammalia: Soricidae: Cryptotis), exhibit modifications of the forelimb skeleton that have been interpreted as adaptations for semifossoriality. Most species inhabit remote regions, however, and their locomotory and foraging behaviors remain mostly speculative. To better understand the morphological modifications in the absence of direct observations, we quantified variation in these species by measuring 151 individuals representing 18 species and populations of Cryptotis and two species of moles (Talpidae) for comparison. From our measurements, we calculated 22 indices, most of which have been used previously to characterize substrate use among rodents and other taxa. We analyzed the indices using 1 ...


Bayesian Methods For Genomic Prediction And Genome-Wide Association Studies Combining Information On Genotyped And Non-Genotyped Individuals, Rohan L. Fernando, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Dorian J. Garrick 2014 Iowa State University

Bayesian Methods For Genomic Prediction And Genome-Wide Association Studies Combining Information On Genotyped And Non-Genotyped Individuals, Rohan L. Fernando, Jack C. M. Dekkers, Dorian J. Garrick

Animal Industry Report

Genomic prediction involves using high-density marker genotypes to characterize the impact on performance of every region of the genome, and using that information to predict performance of genotyped selection candidates. This is a relatively new technology and is now gaining traction in personalized medicine and in various livestock industries. Our new approach promises to overcome serious limitations with existing techniques for genomic prediction.


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