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Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips 2018 Oral Roberts University

Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips

Nursing Undergraduate Work

This systematic research review (SRR) looked at the epidemic of childhood obesity and subsequent complications. Afterschool programs (ASPs) were targeted as a key area where children spend many hours each day and, therefore, an ideal place for obesity interventions. The purpose of this SRR was to search the current benefits ASPs can have on decreasing the risk and prevalence of childhood obesity and to answer the research question, "What are nursing interventions within ASPs that decrease the risk of obesity in children in the United States of America?" Childhood obesity influences nurses in many areas, including inpatient hospitals, schools, and ...


Nutritional, Nutraceutical And Functional Properties Of Soybeans, Suzanne Hendrich 2017 Iowa State University

Nutritional, Nutraceutical And Functional Properties Of Soybeans, Suzanne Hendrich

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Soybeans, foods derived from soybeans (e.g., tofu, soymilk, soy infant formula, tempeh) and food and dietary supplement ingredients derived from soybeans (e.g., soybean oil, soybean proteins, isoflavones) have been under intensive research for their health effects especially over the past 25 years. 2 This intensive research derives from the recognition of soybeans as having desirable nutritional properties, containing about twice the protein of other legumes/serving, with good protein quality, such that some soybean protein ingredients have protein digestibility corrected amino acid scores commensurate with proteins thought to be optimal to meet human protein needs (Messina 1999). Soybean ...


Move For Thought Pre-K And K, Spyridoula Vazou, Jacqueline S. Krogh, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller 2017 Iowa State University

Move For Thought Pre-K And K, Spyridoula Vazou, Jacqueline S. Krogh, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

The Move for Thought Pre-K & K (M4T pre-K & K) was developed mainly for children (3-6 years old) in the preschool environment. However, all activities are developmentally appropriate for children in kindergarten classroom. Iowa Team Nutrition and the Iowa Department of Education would like to thank you for using the M4T pre-K & K program.


Effects Of Vagotomy And Fenugreek On Hyperlipidemia And Insulin Resistance, Rituraj Khound 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effects Of Vagotomy And Fenugreek On Hyperlipidemia And Insulin Resistance, Rituraj Khound

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Hyperlipidemia is the impairment of lipid metabolism marked by abnormally high levels of lipid in circulation. This has been implicated in a number of metabolic diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Insulin resistance is the impairment of insulin action, which leads to several diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. New clinical and therapeutic approaches are warranted for the prevention and treatment of hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance. In our study, we investigated the mechanism underlying the effect of complete disruption of the sub-diaphragmatic vagus nerve (vagotomy) on hyperlipidemia and insulin sensitivity. We observed that vagotomy ...


Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke 2017 Iowa State University

Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke

Sarah L. Francis

Rural-residing older adults are not participating in regular physical activity. Extension is in an excellent position to fill this programming void through transdisciplinary programming such as the Living (well through) Intergenerational Fitness and Exercise (LIFE) program. Qualitative evaluation was conducted to assess the LIFE program's utility as an Extension-delivered program. Nearly all LIFE program managers were satisfied with the program and were likely to recommend it to others. Best liked program features and attributes were the ready-to-use curriculum, corresponding training, and intergenerational and rural focuses. These results suggest that the LIFE program is viewed as appropriate for delivery by ...


Consumer-Centered Extension Education Website Increases Usage, Sarah L. Francis, Peggy Martin, Kristin Taylor 2017 Iowa State University

Consumer-Centered Extension Education Website Increases Usage, Sarah L. Francis, Peggy Martin, Kristin Taylor

Sarah L. Francis

Concern about young families' ability to cope with rising food prices resulted in creating Spend Smart. Eat Smart (SSES), a website focused on budgetfriendly nutrition information for limited resource audiences (LRA). SSES was redesigned using LRAs needs and preferences to increase use by LRAs. SSES usage increased after it was revised to incorporate interactivity and more consumerfriendly design elements.


Hybrid Food Preservation Program Improves Food Preservation And Food Safety Knowledge, Sarah L. Francis 2017 Iowa State University

Hybrid Food Preservation Program Improves Food Preservation And Food Safety Knowledge, Sarah L. Francis

Sarah L. Francis

The growing trend in home food preservation raises concerns about whether the resulting food products will be safe to eat. The increase public demand for food preservation information led to the development of the comprehensive food preservation program, Preserve the Taste of Summer (PTTS). PTTS is a comprehensive hybrid food preservation program comprised of online lessons and corresponding in-person workshops. PTTS participants reported increases in knowledge about food preservation food safety and recommended food preservation techniques after participating.


Sequential Online Wellness Programming Is An Effective Strategy To Promote Behavior Change, Lindsay R. MacNab, Sarah L. Francis 2017 Iowa State University

Sequential Online Wellness Programming Is An Effective Strategy To Promote Behavior Change, Lindsay R. Macnab, Sarah L. Francis

Sarah L. Francis

The growing number of United States youth and adults categorized as overweight or obese illustrates a need for research-based family wellness interventions. Sequential, online, Extension-delivered family wellness interventions offer a time- and cost-effective approach for both participants and Extension educators. The 6-week, online Healthy Families Challenge (HFC) resulted in increased daily fruit and vegetable servings and leisure-time physical activity. These findings suggest that an Extension-delivered, sequential, online family wellness program is an effective education strategy.


Egcg Protects Against 6-Ohda-Induced Neurotoxicity In A Cell Culture Model, Dan Chen, Anumantha G. Kanthasamy, Manju B. Reddy 2017 Iowa State University

Egcg Protects Against 6-Ohda-Induced Neurotoxicity In A Cell Culture Model, Dan Chen, Anumantha G. Kanthasamy, Manju B. Reddy

Manju B. Reddy

Background. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that causes severe brain dopamine depletion. Disruption of iron metabolism may be involved in the PD progression. Objective. To test the protective effect of (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) against 6-hydroxydopamine- (6-OHDA-) induced neurotoxicity by regulating iron metabolism in N27 cells. Methods. Protection by EGCG in N27 cells was assessed by SYTOX green assay, MTT, and caspase-3 activity. Iron regulatory gene and protein expression were measured by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Intracellular iron uptake was measured using 55Fe. The EGCG protection was further tested in primary mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons by immunocytochemistry. Results. EGCG ...


Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke 2017 Iowa State University

Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke

Jennifer Margrett

Rural-residing older adults are not participating in regular physical activity. Extension is in an excellent position to fill this programming void through transdisciplinary programming such as the Living (well through) Intergenerational Fitness and Exercise (LIFE) program. Qualitative evaluation was conducted to assess the LIFE program's utility as an Extension-delivered program. Nearly all LIFE program managers were satisfied with the program and were likely to recommend it to others. Best liked program features and attributes were the ready-to-use curriculum, corresponding training, and intergenerational and rural focuses. These results suggest that the LIFE program is viewed as appropriate for delivery by ...


Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke 2017 Iowa State University

Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke

Jennifer Margrett

Rural-residing older adults are not participating in regular physical activity. Extension is in an excellent position to fill this programming void through transdisciplinary programming such as the Living (well through) Intergenerational Fitness and Exercise (LIFE) program. Qualitative evaluation was conducted to assess the LIFE program's utility as an Extension-delivered program. Nearly all LIFE program managers were satisfied with the program and were likely to recommend it to others. Best liked program features and attributes were the ready-to-use curriculum, corresponding training, and intergenerational and rural focuses. These results suggest that the LIFE program is viewed as appropriate for delivery by ...


Associations Between Physical Activity And Obesity Defined By Waist-To-Height Ratio And Body Mass Index In The Korean Population, Duck-Chul Lee, On Lee, Sukha Lee, Yeon Soo Kim 2017 Iowa State University

Associations Between Physical Activity And Obesity Defined By Waist-To-Height Ratio And Body Mass Index In The Korean Population, Duck-Chul Lee, On Lee, Sukha Lee, Yeon Soo Kim

Duck-Chul Lee

Objective

This study investigated the associations between physical activity and the prevalence of obesity determined by waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body mass index (BMI).

Methods

This is the first study to our knowledge on physical activity and obesity using a nationally representative sample of South Korean population from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We categorized individuals into either non-obese or obese defined by WHtR and BMI. Levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were classified as ‘Inactive’, ‘Active’, and ‘Very active’ groups based on the World Health Organization physical activity guidelines. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the ...


Parent-Child Relationships, Melinda S. Leidy, Thomas J. Schofield, Ross D. Parke 2017 Iowa State University

Parent-Child Relationships, Melinda S. Leidy, Thomas J. Schofield, Ross D. Parke

Thomas Schofield

One of the most important and earliest relationships is the parent-child relationship. During infancy, this relationship focuses on the parent responding to the infant's basic needs. Over time, an attachment forms between the parent and child in response to the these day-to-day interactions. During toddlerhood, parents attempt to shape their children's social behaviors. Parents play various roles for their toddlers, including acting as teacher, nurturers, and providers of guidance and affection. Throughout childhood, children become more interested in peers. However, parents continue to influence their children through their parenting styles. In addition, parents serve as providers of social ...


Training: An Opportunity For People With Disabilities In School Foodservice Operations, Paola Paez, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn 2017 University of Costa Rica

Training: An Opportunity For People With Disabilities In School Foodservice Operations, Paola Paez, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn

Catherine Strohbehn

Purpose/Objectives This study assessed current training methods and topics used at public school foodservice operations as well as school foodservice representatives’ attitudes toward training employees with disabilities.

Methods A mixed method approach of data collection included two phases. Phase I used a more qualitative approach; interviews were conducted with three experienced school foodservice directors. Phase II used a more quantitative approach whereby an online questionnaire was developed based on interview results. The questionnaire was sent to all school foodservice representatives in Iowa (N = 363). Interview transcripts were analyzed manually and with Atlas.ti™, a qualitative software package. Questionnaire responses ...


Comparison Of Cooperative And Noncooperative Purchasing In School Nutrition Programs, Beth W. Rice, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mack C. Shelly, Susan W. Arendt, Mary Gregoire 2017 Murray State University

Comparison Of Cooperative And Noncooperative Purchasing In School Nutrition Programs, Beth W. Rice, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mack C. Shelly, Susan W. Arendt, Mary Gregoire

Catherine Strohbehn

Purpose/Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare food cost and public school foodservice directors’ satisfaction between districts participating in school foodservice cooperatives or group purchasing arrangements and districts purchasing independently. It also assessed the prevalence of purchasing cooperatives in school foodservice and various bid purchasing methods used in school foodservices to solicit and award competitive contracts for food.

Methods A random sample (N = 1,650) of school foodservice directors, stratified by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) region, was surveyed electronically regarding satisfaction with current purchasing methods, food prices currently paid for selected items, and participation in ...


School Foodservice Employees' Perceptions Of Practice: Differences By Generational Age And Hours Worked, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Jinhyun Jun, Susan W. Arendt 2017 Iowa State University

School Foodservice Employees' Perceptions Of Practice: Differences By Generational Age And Hours Worked, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Jinhyun Jun, Susan W. Arendt

Catherine Strohbehn

Purpose/Objectives This study investigated the influences of school foodservice employees' age and average number of hours worked per week on perceived safe food handling practices, barriers, and motivators.

Methods A bilingual survey (English and Spanish) was developed to assess reported food safety practices, barriers, and motivators to follow safe food handling behaviors. Perceptions of frequency of following listed food handling practices, importance of barriers to following safe food handling, and importance of motivating factors that encouraged safe food handling were rated using a 5 point Likert type scale. Demographic questions were also included on the survey.

Results A total ...


Innovations In School Food Purchasing, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mary B. Gregorie 2017 Iowa State University

Innovations In School Food Purchasing, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mary B. Gregorie

Catherine Strohbehn

There is much local interest in and government support for efforts to develop stronger links between schools and local growers and producers. Several successful programs have been developed that provide models for school foodservice direclors who are interested in this effort. Benefits and challenges do exist in Ihe developmenl of these new markets, both from the perspective of the school foodservice projessional and the producm. Discussions of the benefits, obstacles, and pilot, projects are included in this report.


Comparison Of Cooperative And Noncooperative Purchasing In School Nutrition Programs, Beth W. Rice, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mack C. Shelly, Susan W. Arendt, Mary Gregoire 2017 Murray State University

Comparison Of Cooperative And Noncooperative Purchasing In School Nutrition Programs, Beth W. Rice, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Mack C. Shelly, Susan W. Arendt, Mary Gregoire

Susan W. Arendt

Purpose/Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare food cost and public school foodservice directors’ satisfaction between districts participating in school foodservice cooperatives or group purchasing arrangements and districts purchasing independently. It also assessed the prevalence of purchasing cooperatives in school foodservice and various bid purchasing methods used in school foodservices to solicit and award competitive contracts for food.

Methods A random sample (N = 1,650) of school foodservice directors, stratified by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) region, was surveyed electronically regarding satisfaction with current purchasing methods, food prices currently paid for selected items, and participation in ...


Sensory Evaluation On Flavor, Volume, And Texture Of Substituting Amaranth Flour For Wheat Flour In Red Velvet Cupcakes, S. Patrick James 2017 Murray State University

Sensory Evaluation On Flavor, Volume, And Texture Of Substituting Amaranth Flour For Wheat Flour In Red Velvet Cupcakes, S. Patrick James

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Celiac disease is becoming more prevalent in today’s society and celiac patients are looking for more gluten-free options to replace wheat-made counterparts. Amaranth is a gluten-free grain that has been introduced in many products for its nutritional benefits, such as improvements in calcium, iron and zinc intake. The purpose of this study was to determine if red velvet cupcakes made with amaranth flour could provide comparable taste, volume and texture to a red velvet cupcake made with wheat flour. Both cupcakes underwent a seed-displacement test, which determined that the amaranth cupcake was comparable in volume. When each sample was ...


Health And Fitness Professionals’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Toward Dietary Supplements., Gina H. Blunt, Kristi M. King 2017 Morehead State University

Health And Fitness Professionals’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Toward Dietary Supplements., Gina H. Blunt, Kristi M. King

Kristi King

No abstract provided.


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