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Proceedings Of The 2nd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2014, Rainer J. Klement, Ulrike Gonder, Evelyn Orsó, Sabine Paul, Philipp Rauscher, Florian Schilling, Jörg Spitz 2015 Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Leopoldina Hospital, Schweinfurt, Germany

Proceedings Of The 2nd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2014, Rainer J. Klement, Ulrike Gonder, Evelyn Orsó, Sabine Paul, Philipp Rauscher, Florian Schilling, Jörg Spitz

Journal of Evolution and Health

We present the scientific abstracts of the 2nd Annual Symposium of the German Society for Paleo Nutrition (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Paläoernährung e.V.) which was held on November 8th 2014 in Schweinfurt, Germany. The topics presented had a great variety that included (i) a discussion of specific foods (one talk addressed the potential problems associated with cow’s milk consumption and one talk dealt with the staple foods of the Hadzda hunter-gatherers); (ii) the emerging role of ketogenic diets in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and cancer; (iii) an overview of intermittend fasting and its effects on health ...


Uric Acid Level Is Associated With Postprandial Lipemic Response To A High Saturated Fat Meal, Roy Gail Cutler 2015 Walden University

Uric Acid Level Is Associated With Postprandial Lipemic Response To A High Saturated Fat Meal, Roy Gail Cutler

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Hyperlipidemia caused by a diet high in saturated fat can lead to visceral fat weight gain, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Being over-weight from visceral fat has been linked to increased risk of developing most age-related diseases and disability, along with a lower income potential and quality of life. However, researchers are just beginning to understand the biological mechanisms that regulate the conversion of excess calories into visceral fat storage rather than glycogen or muscle. Epidemiological studies have repeatedly shown a comorbid association between age-related diseases involving hyperlipemia and circulating levels of uric acid, but not a direct association. This study ...


Relationships Between The Coordinated School Health Program And Childhood Obesity In Tennessee, Tekeela Shonta Green 2015 Walden University

Relationships Between The Coordinated School Health Program And Childhood Obesity In Tennessee, Tekeela Shonta Green

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Childhood obesity rates have increased nationwide, but rates of childhood obesity are higher in Tennessee (TN). The Coordinated School Health (CSH) Program is a multicomponent approach designed to improve academics and health in children in Tennessee; however, researchers have not evaluated the 8 components of the plan and the impact it has on weight in children. The purpose of the study was to determine if a relationship existed between the Coordinated School Health Program and obesity in children. The conceptual framework for this study was Bandura's social cognitive theory. One hundred forty CSH coordinators in TN were surveyed and ...


Rolling Harvest Food Rescue, Cathy Snyder 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Rolling Harvest Food Rescue, Cathy Snyder

The Last Food Mile Conference

Rolling Harvest Food Rescue began in 2009 when Founder and Executive Director Cathy Snyder began to volunteer at a food pantry in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Soon after, a bountiful farmers’ market opened up less than a mile away. Snyder quickly realized that she was able to enjoy the taste and benefits of the market products simply because she had a car and disposable income, a luxury many of the food pantry clients were lacking. Returning to the food pantry the following week, continuing to hand out yet more mac and cheese, high-sodium soups and bruised bananas to struggling, food-insecure ...


Study Of A Contemporary Diet In One Household In The Yucatan, Ericka K. Hardin 2014 Western Kentucky University

Study Of A Contemporary Diet In One Household In The Yucatan, Ericka K. Hardin

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The history of the Yucatan has played a major role in the development of the food system of the area and the nutritional status of the population. Originating from an agricultural based diet, which forms the foundation of the traditional Yucatan diet, there has been a recent shift away from whole and natural foods to a more processed and convenient food supply due to the influx of American products and culture. Coinciding with the influx of these unhealthy foods, there has also been a rise in the health problems of the Mexican population such as heart disease and diabetes, both ...


Fresh Bytes - Connected Hydroponics For Small-Scale Growing, Jack Bowen 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Fresh Bytes - Connected Hydroponics For Small-Scale Growing, Jack Bowen

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

Many users are now transitioning to small-scale hydroponics and aquaponics at home. There can be a barrier to entry with these systems as there is a delicate balance of chemicals, pH, etc. that must be maintained. There are sensors for these various components but they are either aimed at commercial production or are un-automated. Fresh Bytes is a microcomputer with sensors to detect all of these unseen components in a hydroponic system. A prototype of this microcomputer is produced along with CAD plans for more professional versions of it. The sensors are verified and future development is contemplated.


Role Of Vitamin A Status And Its Catabolism In The Regulation Of Glucose And Lipid Homeostasis In Rats Under Physiological And Disease Conditions, Yang Li 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Role Of Vitamin A Status And Its Catabolism In The Regulation Of Glucose And Lipid Homeostasis In Rats Under Physiological And Disease Conditions, Yang Li

Doctoral Dissertations

The increased number of individuals with metabolic diseases has become a public health concern. Vitamin A (VA, retinol) is required to maintain the general health of an individual. How VA contributes to the regulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis in normal and metabolic disease states is unclear. VA’s physiological activities are mainly mediated by its metabolite, retinoic acid (RA), which activates several transcriptional factors in the nuclear receptor super family and in turn, regulates the expression of numerous genes for macronutrient metabolism. For the RA production, retinol is first oxidized into retinal and then from retinal to RA. We ...


Saving Brains: Literature Review Of Reproductive, Neonatal, Child And Maternal Health And Nutrition Interventions To Mitigate Basic Risk Factors To Promote Child Development, Carol Levin, Elizabeth Brouwer 2014 University of Washington - Seattle Campus

Saving Brains: Literature Review Of Reproductive, Neonatal, Child And Maternal Health And Nutrition Interventions To Mitigate Basic Risk Factors To Promote Child Development, Carol Levin, Elizabeth Brouwer

Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project

No abstract provided.


Nutrition And Cancer, Angela Beeler, Katherine Saunders, Alexis Penney, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nutrition And Cancer, Angela Beeler, Katherine Saunders, Alexis Penney, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents a summary of the nutritional concerns in oncology patients. Nutritional intake is frequently deficient in patients undergoing cancer treatment and should be assessed and treated. There are unique nutritional needs of the patient based on their site of cancer and effects of their particular treatment. There is little evidence that dietary manipulation or supplementation can produce a significant decrease in cancer risk.


Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni '10, Brian P. Meier 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University

Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni '10, Brian P. Meier

Psychology Faculty Publications

Obesity and excess weight are significant societal problems. Mindfulness may encourage healthier weight and eating habits. Across four studies, we found a positive relation between mindfulness and healthier eating. Trait mindfulness was associated with less impulsive eating, reduced calorie consumption, and healthier snack choices. In addition, we found a causal effect of mindfulness on healthier eating. An experimental manipulation of state mindfulness led participants to consume fewer calories in a spontaneous eating task. We also found preliminary evidence that mindfulness affects eating behavior by encouraging attitudinal preferences for healthier foods. Taken together, these results provide strong evidence that mindfulness encourages ...


Biofeedback Relaxation Techniques In Addressing Cortex-Hypothalamus Control Loop For Motivation Of Obesity Avoidance, Liljana Bozinovska, Ahmed Majekodunmi 2014 South Carolina State University

Biofeedback Relaxation Techniques In Addressing Cortex-Hypothalamus Control Loop For Motivation Of Obesity Avoidance, Liljana Bozinovska, Ahmed Majekodunmi

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

This research explores how the achievement motivation pathway in the cortex influences hypothalamic activity, which could influence appetite control and obesity avoidance. The objective was to examine the sympathetic/parasympathetic feedback loop, and the influence of various biofeedback relaxation techniques on lowering heart rate (HR) and electrodermal activity (EDA). The methodology used was a standard biofeedback mechanism with visual representation of the measured physiological parameters. The feedforward part of the said feedback loop is controlled by hypothalamus while the feedback part is evaluated by the cortex. The participants were young adults and the sample size was ten. The results revealed ...


Food Insecurity And Psychological Well-Being Among Women Living With Hiv/Aids On Antiretroviral Therapy In The Alabama Black Belt, Andrew A. Zekeri, Youssouf Diabate 2014 Tuskegee University

Food Insecurity And Psychological Well-Being Among Women Living With Hiv/Aids On Antiretroviral Therapy In The Alabama Black Belt, Andrew A. Zekeri, Youssouf Diabate

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

The objective of this research was to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and determine if food insecurity is associated with psychological well-being among women living with HIV/AIDS. Survey data were collected from 268 women living with HIV/AIDS attending two clinics that provide medical and social support services to HIV-positive patients who live in 23 counties in Southeast Alabama. The results indicated that, using USDA food security scale, 54% of the women were food insecure. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that income, depressive symptoms, race, and participation in SNAP were significant predictors of food insecurity; employment and education ...


Farm Bill Trends And Food Insecurity: Impacts On Rural And Urban Communities, Adell Brown Jr., Susan E. Nelson 2014 Southern University

Farm Bill Trends And Food Insecurity: Impacts On Rural And Urban Communities, Adell Brown Jr., Susan E. Nelson

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

With the constraints in federal budgeting requiring the shrinkage of federal programs, programs outlined in the 2014 Farm Bill are significantly impacted, showing a thirteen year trend toward funding reduction. This paper examines historical Farm Bill programs, including crop subsidies and the nutritional assistance programs and how these programs historically addressed food insecurity versus how they are impacted by today’s budgetary constraints. The paper also examines new models for addressing food insecurity and how communities are pulling together resources to address food insecurity. In discussing the new models, the paper focuses on policy trends and funding structures; for example ...


Fermented Food: Putting The Power Of Good Health Back Into The Hands Of The People, Marsha L. Thadison 2014 Yesterday's Kitchen 4 Today

Fermented Food: Putting The Power Of Good Health Back Into The Hands Of The People, Marsha L. Thadison

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Editors’ Note: At the December 2013 Professional Agricultural Workers Conference, several women were invited to share, information about their unique businesses. One such presenter was Marsha L. Thadison, owner of Yesterday’s Kitchen 4 Today, a company that focuses on promoting functional foods. Thadison shared that food is produce and consumed differently from previous generations. Today's food, she argued, involves many more agricultural inputs that aid in food preservation, extension of shelf life, and promotion of animal health. She espoused the benefits of fermented food.


Microalgae In Eastern Pacific White Shrimp Hatcheries: A Review On Roles And Culture Environments, Wa Iba, Michael A. Rice, Gary H. Wikfors 2014 University of Halu Oleo

Microalgae In Eastern Pacific White Shrimp Hatcheries: A Review On Roles And Culture Environments, Wa Iba, Michael A. Rice, Gary H. Wikfors

Michael A Rice

Demand for shrimp, particularly the eastern Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone 1931), will continue to increase in Asian and worldwide seafood markets. Providing shrimp farms with a robust, healthy, and continuous supply of shrimp seed is a challenge that must be addressed to meet the demand. Shrimp feed during hatchery production still relies on live microalgae, despite many years of effort to find suitable full or partial-replacement diet alternatives. Successful mass production of microalgae for hatchery feed to obtain good quality shrimp seedstock depends on a number of environmental factors that determine the growth and nutritional values of various ...


Munch A Bunch, Ginger Cameron 2014 Cedarville University

Munch A Bunch, Ginger Cameron

Pharmacy Practice Faculty Presentations

No abstract provided.


New York: Public Health Implications Of The 'Soda Ban' Ruling, Andrew Geltman 2014 University of Maryland - Baltimore

New York: Public Health Implications Of The 'Soda Ban' Ruling, Andrew Geltman

Homeland Security Publications

No abstract provided.


Vitamin A And Feeding Statuses Modulate The Insulin-Regulated Gene Expression In Zucker Lean And Fatty Primary Rat Hepatocytes, Wei Chen, Meredith L. Howell, Yang Li, Rui Li, Guoxun Chen 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Vitamin A And Feeding Statuses Modulate The Insulin-Regulated Gene Expression In Zucker Lean And Fatty Primary Rat Hepatocytes, Wei Chen, Meredith L. Howell, Yang Li, Rui Li, Guoxun Chen

Nutrition Publications and Other Works

Unattended hepatic insulin resistance predisposes individuals to dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes and many other metabolic complications. The mechanism of hepatic insulin resistance at the gene expression level remains unrevealed. To examine the effects of vitamin A (VA), total energy intake and feeding conditions on the insulin-regulated gene expression in primary hepatocytes of Zucker lean (ZL) and fatty (ZF) rats, we analyze the expression levels of hepatic model genes in response to the treatments of insulin and retinoic acid (RA). We report that the insulin- and RA-regulated glucokinase, sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c and cytosolic form of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase expressions are impaired ...


Behavioral Feeding Problems Of Normally Developing Children Under 4 Years Of Age, Julia Stanislavskaia 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Behavioral Feeding Problems Of Normally Developing Children Under 4 Years Of Age, Julia Stanislavskaia

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objectives: The objectives were to identify common problematic behaviours in cases of normally-developing children under four years of age and determine whether there were associations between responsiveness to treatment and number of behaviours and visits to the clinic, as well as low body weight. Rationale: The motive for this study was to address the gaps in literature by characterizing the population, acquiring data to help establish consistent nomenclature and categorization as well as information to help design a screening tool in the future. Methods: Secondary data was collected retrospectively from 106 medical charts that fit the inclusion criteria. The data ...


Obesity In The United States, Kimberly Greenlee, Larry Pilgrim 2014 Stephen F Austin State University

Obesity In The United States, Kimberly Greenlee, Larry Pilgrim

Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


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