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Nutrigenomics Study In Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar) Fed Novel Diets Supplemented With Marine By-Products, Nellie Gagné 2016 Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Nutrigenomics Study In Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar) Fed Novel Diets Supplemented With Marine By-Products, Nellie Gagné

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


The Mysteries Of Your Blood, Alexandra J. Mauer 2016 Butler University

The Mysteries Of Your Blood, Alexandra J. Mauer

BU Well

Did you know that your blood type can be useful for determining disease susceptibility and even creating a diet that works best for your personal metabolism? The Mysteries of your Blood is an article that delves into the science behind the ABO blood types and explains why your body can handle certain foods, stress, and illness differently than someone with a different blood type. It proposes a new, perplexing way to determine how to avoid certain health problems while at the same time offering suggestions of what to eat or, rather, what to avoid eating.


Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) spends over $30 billion a year on food and nutrition assistance programs, an amount that is over one-half of the USDA budget today. Historically, U.S. food assistance programs featured purchase and distribution of surplus agricultural commodities to low-income households and to school lunch programs. Today, food and nutrition assistance includes a wide range of programs designed to provide low-income households access to adequate nutrients and a balanced diet, to increase food security in the general population and reduce hunger, especially for children, and to encourage low-income adults and children to acquire knowledge ...


U.S. Sweetener Consumption Trends And Dietary Guidelines, Helen H. Jensen, John C. Beghin 2016 Iowa State University

U.S. Sweetener Consumption Trends And Dietary Guidelines, Helen H. Jensen, John C. Beghin

Helen Jensen

The United States is the fourth-largest producer of sugar and has well-developed sugarcane and sugar beet industries. However, since the 1970s, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has gained popularity with food processors as a sweetener, a change stimulated by sugar agricultural policies that have raised the price of sugar well above its world level, and the emergence of cheaper sweeteners based on corn. Nearly 7.3 percent of total corn production (2.2 million bushels) was used to produce HFCS in 2003/04. The United States is the world’s lowest-cost producer of HFCS, partly because of access to cheap ...


The School Meals Program, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

The School Meals Program, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

The National School Meals Programs affect the lives of almost all school children in the United States today. The National School Lunch Program, available in 99% of US public schools and 83% of private and public schools combined, serves over 31 million school children on a typical school day—nearly 64% of school-age children. The total federal cost of the School Meals Programs was $14.9 billion in 2012, and most of the funding is provided to school districts through federal reimbursement for free and reduced-price meals, with cash payments for the National School Lunch Program representing about 70% of ...


Rice Consumption In The United States: New Evidence From Food Consumption Surveys, S. Patricia Batres-Marquez, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Rice Consumption In The United States: New Evidence From Food Consumption Surveys, S. Patricia Batres-Marquez, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

Evidence from recent U.S. food consumption surveys provides new information on the distribution of rice consumption, the characteristics of rice consumers, and the diets of people who consume rice. Recently available data from nationally representative surveys of food consumed by individuals in the United States allowed comparison of consumption today (2001-02) with consumption in the mid-1990s. Data come from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (1994-96) and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-02). Rice is consumed by a significant portion of the U.S. adult population. In 2001-02, over 18 percent (18.2 percent) of ...


New Techniques To Modify Pork Fats Promote Better Health, Helen H. Jensen, Donald C. Beitz 2016 Iowa State University

New Techniques To Modify Pork Fats Promote Better Health, Helen H. Jensen, Donald C. Beitz

Helen Jensen

Mounting scientific evidence establishing the link between adverse health consequences and the consumption of fat and fat rich in saw rated fatty acids (saturated fat) has prompted leading health organizations to recommend decreasing the consumption of total and sam rated faL


Modeling Consumption With Limited Dependent Variables: Applications To Pork And Cheese, Steven T. Yen, Helen H. Jensen 2016 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Modeling Consumption With Limited Dependent Variables: Applications To Pork And Cheese, Steven T. Yen, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

The double-hurdle and infrequency-of-purchase models are applied to pork and cheese consumption using the 1987-88 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey data. Own-price effects on the probability and level of consumption are negative and significant for both pork and cheese, while income and cross-price effects are not significant.


Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart 2016 Iowa State University

Health Conditions And Expenditures In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Martha Stewart

Helen Jensen

In 1986, the Institut Haitien de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI) with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) implemented a nationwide Household Expenditure and Consumption Survey (HECS) to gather socioeconomic data to analyze nutrition, health, welfare, food pricing policies, and other issues related to Title III, and to provide IHSI with data to calculate consumer price indexes and national accounts. Data were gathered from November 1986 through September 1987.


Food Programs And The Potato, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Food Programs And The Potato, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

The special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is one of USDA’s major food assistance programs. WIC is authorized under the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. Major changes in the supplemental food packages were introduced in 2009 based on recommendations of a committee of the National Academies’ Institute of Medicine (IOM). One of the innovative program changes implemented at that time was the introduction of a cash value voucher (CVV) to supplement the purchase of fruit and vegetables for qualifying participants.


Food Consumption Patterns In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley 2016 Iowa State University

Food Consumption Patterns In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley

Helen Jensen

Effective evaluation of food pricing policies and other food policy issues requires accurate information on food consumption patterns and expenditures. This report documents food consumption patterns based on the 1986-87 Haitian Household Expenditure and Consumption Survey (HECS) conducted by the Institut Haitian de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI) with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID/Haiti). The report investigates food consumption patterns including total food expenditures and food budget shares, sources of food, food expenditures by major food group, expenditures for food consumed outside of the household, use of food inventories, and frequently consumed food items.


Estimated Correlations Among Days For The Combined 1989-91 Csfii, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Wayne A. Fuller, Juan José Goyeneche, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Estimated Correlations Among Days For The Combined 1989-91 Csfii, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Wayne A. Fuller, Juan José Goyeneche, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

Data obtained from dietary intake surveys are often used to estimate the proportion of the population with insufficient (or excessive) intake of certain dietary components. The authors present a two-step method for obtaining smooth estimates of day-to-day correlations for nutrient intake, and their standard errors, when dietary data are collected on consecutive days.


Children’S Consumption Of Fruits And Vegetables: Do School Environment And Policies Affect Choice At School And Away From School?, Ariun Ishdorj, Helen H. Jensen, Mary Kay Crepinsek 2016 Texas A&M University

Children’S Consumption Of Fruits And Vegetables: Do School Environment And Policies Affect Choice At School And Away From School?, Ariun Ishdorj, Helen H. Jensen, Mary Kay Crepinsek

Helen Jensen

School environment and policies affect children’s healthy eating choices both at and away from school. We estimate their effect on fruit and vegetable intakes and control for the endogenous decision to participate in the National School Lunch Program. School meal participants consume more total fruits and vegetables, with relatively more at school and less away from school compared to nonparticipants. The policies had little effect on participation itself. Policies to restrict high fat milks or desserts for school lunch and selling competitive foods are associated with greater fruit and/or vegetable intake at school; some policies affected consumption of ...


Accounting For Product Substitution In The Analysis Of Food Taxes Targeting Obesity, Zhen Miao, John C. Beghin, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Accounting For Product Substitution In The Analysis Of Food Taxes Targeting Obesity, Zhen Miao, John C. Beghin, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

We extend the existing literature on food taxes targeting obesity. We systematically incorporate the implicit substitution between added sugars and solid fats into a comprehensive food demand system and evaluate the effect of taxes on sugars and fats. The approach conditions how food and obesity taxes affect total calorie intake. The proposed methodology accounts for the ability of consumers to substitute leaner low-fat and low-sugar items for rich food items within the same food group. This substitution is integrated into a calibrated demand system in addition to the substitution among food groups, using recent food intake data and existing demand ...


A Critique Of Two Methods For Assessing The Nutrient Adequacy Of Diets, Helen H. Jensen, Sarah M. Nusser, Howard Riddick, Laura Sands 2016 Iowa State University

A Critique Of Two Methods For Assessing The Nutrient Adequacy Of Diets, Helen H. Jensen, Sarah M. Nusser, Howard Riddick, Laura Sands

Helen Jensen

The adequacy of diets can be assessed using several analytical approaches. This paper reviews two methods of assessment: a cutoff method, which estimates the percentage of the population having usual intakes below a given value; and a probability method, which assesses the percentage of the population whose usual intakes are below their individual requirements. First, the concept of usual nutrient intakes and the problems associated with estimating usual intake distributions are discussed. Next, the two methods of dietary assessment and their related assumptions are described and compared. The more specific inference of the probability method is shown to rely on ...


Accounting For Product Substitution In The Analysis Of Food Taxes Targeting Obesity, Zhen Miao, John C. Beghin, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Accounting For Product Substitution In The Analysis Of Food Taxes Targeting Obesity, Zhen Miao, John C. Beghin, Helen H. Jensen

John Beghin

We extend the existing literature on food taxes targeting obesity. We systematically incorporate the implicit substitution between added sugars and solid fats into a comprehensive food demand system and evaluate the effect of taxes on sugars and fats. The approach conditions how food and obesity taxes affect total calorie intake. The proposed methodology accounts for the ability of consumers to substitute leaner low-fat and low-sugar items for rich food items within the same food group. This substitution is integrated into a calibrated demand system in addition to the substitution among food groups, using recent food intake data and existing demand ...


Scaling Up Fruit And Vegetable Production: Is Machinery Sharing A Possibility?, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda Naeve 2016 Iowa State University

Scaling Up Fruit And Vegetable Production: Is Machinery Sharing A Possibility?, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda Naeve

Georgeanne Artz

Abstract

Interest in local food is growing among consumers and small-scale farmers, as evidenced by the significant increase in the number of farmers’ markets, community-supported agriculture arrangements, and food hubs, in the last ten years. To meet the demand for locally grown fruits and vegetables, many small-scale farmers are considering scaling up their production. However, to remain profitable they need to balance production with increased labor costs and the need for specialized machinery. A study conducted in Iowa worked with five groups of farmers who shared different pieces of machinery. With help from the researchers, they developed sharing agreements and ...


Exploration Of Malnutrition Coding Practices At Nebraska Medicine, Frances C. Becker 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Exploration Of Malnutrition Coding Practices At Nebraska Medicine, Frances C. Becker

Theses & Dissertations

Background: Malnutrition is present in 25-50% of hospitalized patients. Patients identified as malnourished are assigned a code based on the type and severity of malnutrition in order to gain the necessary reimbursement to care for the patients. There is a current gap in the research regarding the characteristics that define the difference between malnourished patients classified with a major complications and comorbidities (MCC) code versus a complications and comorbidities (CC) code.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine which malnutrition codes are being used at Nebraska Medicine. Additionally, this study obtained clinical factors that are associated with malnutrition ...


Dietary Inclusion Of Colicin E1 Is Effective In Preventing Postweaning Diarrhea Caused By F18-Positive Escherichia Coli In Pigs, S. A. Cutler, Steven M. Lonergan, Nancy A. Cornick, Anna Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

Dietary Inclusion Of Colicin E1 Is Effective In Preventing Postweaning Diarrhea Caused By F18-Positive Escherichia Coli In Pigs, S. A. Cutler, Steven M. Lonergan, Nancy A. Cornick, Anna Johnson

Nancy Cornick

With worldwide concern over the use of antibiotics in animal agriculture and their contribution to the spread of antibiotic resistance, alternatives to conventional antibiotics are needed. Previous research in our laboratories has shown that colicin E1 is effective against some Escherichia coli strains responsible for postweaning diarrhea (PWD) in vitro. In this study we examined the efficacy of the dietary inclusion of colicin E1 in preventing experimentally induced PWD caused by F18-positive enterotoxigenic E. coli in young pigs. Twenty-four weaned pigs (23 days of age), identified by genotyping to be susceptible to F18-positive E. coli infections, were individually housed and ...


The University Of Tennessee’S Campus Environment: Health Status, Perception, And Its Effect On Health-Related Behaviors, Alexandra L. Otto 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The University Of Tennessee’S Campus Environment: Health Status, Perception, And Its Effect On Health-Related Behaviors, Alexandra L. Otto

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


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