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Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Improved Corn Ethanol Fermentation And Oil Distribution By Using Polysaccharide Hydrolyzing Enzymes, Linxing Yao, Pawarisa Luangthongkam, Tong Wang, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Tao Fei, Hui Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson, Mohan Dasari 2016 Iowa State University

Improved Corn Ethanol Fermentation And Oil Distribution By Using Polysaccharide Hydrolyzing Enzymes, Linxing Yao, Pawarisa Luangthongkam, Tong Wang, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Tao Fei, Hui Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson, Mohan Dasari

Tong Wang

We determined the effects of a commercial proprietary formulation of polysaccharide hydrolyzing enzymes on ethanol fermentation performance, oil partitioning and recovery, and quality of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) on a 1.5-L and 50-L fermentation scale. The enzyme was added at the start of fermentation. Whole beer was subjected to beer well incubation, distillation, and separation of thin stillage from the wet cake. The enzyme promoted faster ethanol production without affecting the final ethanol yield. The enzyme treatments resulted in 8–18% higher wet yield of thin stillage than the control, 13–21% of oil increase in thin ...


Effects Of Glycerin Antifreeze On Cpvc, Paul J. Gramann, Javier C. Cruz, David A. Grewell, Melissa Montablo-Lomboy, Tong Wang Professor 2016 The Madison Group

Effects Of Glycerin Antifreeze On Cpvc, Paul J. Gramann, Javier C. Cruz, David A. Grewell, Melissa Montablo-Lomboy, Tong Wang Professor

Tong Wang

There are multiple applications where chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) (CPVC) may come in contact with glycerin. One common application is in fire suppression systems that could be subjected to subfreezing temperatures. Chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) is increasingly being used for these systems in place of metal because of its many advantages, including the ease of installation, weight reduction, cost benefits and chemical resistance. When CPVC piping is used in an area that has the potential to freeze, an antifreeze solution must be used in the fire suppression systems to suppress the freezing temperature of the water and reduce possibility of ...


Effects Of Biodiesel On Plastics, David A. Grewell, Tong Wang, Melissa Montalbo-Lomboy, Linxing Yao, Paul Gramann, Javier Cruz 2016 Iowa State University

Effects Of Biodiesel On Plastics, David A. Grewell, Tong Wang, Melissa Montalbo-Lomboy, Linxing Yao, Paul Gramann, Javier Cruz

Tong Wang

Many chemicals have the ability to attack on plastics as solvents and can lead to failure. In some cases, the source of the solvent is not well defined. In this study, the effect of biodiesel, a fatty acid methyl ester, on various plastics, namely polyamide 6 (PA 6), polycarbonate (PC), acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene (ABS) and ABS/PC plastic blends was studied. Various feedstocks of biodiesel were also studied, including, soy bean oil (new and used), animal fat (tallow), corn oil as well as choice white grease. The plastics samples were tested under ASTM standard where a predefined strain is applied to ...


Bauer Ketones 23 And 24 From Echinacea Paradoxa Var. Paradoxa Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Nitric Oxide, Prostaglandin E2 And Cytokines In Raw264.7 Mouse Macrophages, Xiaozhu Zhang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Catherine C. Hauck, Luping Qu, Mark P. Widrlechner, Basil J. Nikolau, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt 2016 Iowa State University

Bauer Ketones 23 And 24 From Echinacea Paradoxa Var. Paradoxa Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Nitric Oxide, Prostaglandin E2 And Cytokines In Raw264.7 Mouse Macrophages, Xiaozhu Zhang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Catherine C. Hauck, Luping Qu, Mark P. Widrlechner, Basil J. Nikolau, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt

Basil Nikolau

Among the nine Echinacea species, E. purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida, have been widely used to treat the common cold, flu and other infections. In this study, ethanol extracts of these three Echinaceaspecies and E. paradoxa, including its typical variety, E. paradoxa var. paradoxa, were screened in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage cells to assess potential anti-inflammatory activity. E. paradoxa var. paradoxa, rich in polyenes/polyacetylenes, was an especially efficient inhibitor of LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by 46%, 32%, 53% and 26%, respectively, when tested at 20 μg ...


Enrichment Of Echinacea Angustifolia With Bauer Alkylamide 11 And Bauer Ketone 23 Increased Anti-Inflammatory Potential Through Interference With Cox-2 Enzyme Activity, Carlie A. LaLone, Nan Huang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Man-Yu Yum, Navrozedeep Singh, Cathy Hauck, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, Marian L. Kohut, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt 2016 Iowa State University

Enrichment Of Echinacea Angustifolia With Bauer Alkylamide 11 And Bauer Ketone 23 Increased Anti-Inflammatory Potential Through Interference With Cox-2 Enzyme Activity, Carlie A. Lalone, Nan Huang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Man-Yu Yum, Navrozedeep Singh, Cathy Hauck, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, Marian L. Kohut, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt

Basil Nikolau

Bauer alkylamide 11 and Bauer ketone 23 were previously found to be partially responsible forEchinacea angustifolia anti-inflammatory properties. This study further tested their importance using the inhibition of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) production by RAW264.7 mouse macrophages in the absence and presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and E. angustifolia extracts, phytochemical enriched fractions, or pure synthesized standards. Molecular targets were probed using microarray, qRT-PCR, Western blot, and enzyme assays. Fractions with these phytochemicals were more potent inhibitors of LPS-induced PGE2 production than E. angustifolia extracts. Microarray did not detect changes in transcripts with ...


Inhibition Of Lentivirus Replication By Aqueous Extracts Of Prunella Vulgaris, Melinda A. Brindley, Mark P. Widrlechner, Joe-Ann McCoy, Patricia A. Murphy, Catherine C. Hauck, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau, Wendy Maury 2016 University of Iowa

Inhibition Of Lentivirus Replication By Aqueous Extracts Of Prunella Vulgaris, Melinda A. Brindley, Mark P. Widrlechner, Joe-Ann Mccoy, Patricia A. Murphy, Catherine C. Hauck, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau, Wendy Maury

Basil Nikolau

Background
Various members of the mint family have been used historically in Chinese and Native American medicine. Many of these same family members, including Prunella vulgaris, have been reported to have anti-viral activities. To further characterize the anti-lentiviral activities of P. vulgaris, water and ethanol extractions were tested for their ability to inhibit equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) replication.

Results
Aqueous extracts contained more anti-viral activity than did ethanol extracts, displaying potent anti-lentiviral activity against virus in cell lines as well as in primary cell cultures with little to no cellular cytotoxicity. Time-of-addition studies demonstrated that the extracts were effective ...


Identification Of Light-Independent Inhibition Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection Through Bioguided Fractionation Of Hypericum Perforatum, Wendy Maury, Jason P. Price, Melinda A. Brindley, ChoonSeok Oh, Jeffrey D. Neighbors, David F. Wiemer, Nickolas Wills, Susan L. Carpenter, Catherine C. Hauck, Patricia A. Murphy, Mark P. Widrlechner, Kathleen Delate, Ganesh Kumar, George A. Kraus, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau 2016 University of Iowa

Identification Of Light-Independent Inhibition Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection Through Bioguided Fractionation Of Hypericum Perforatum, Wendy Maury, Jason P. Price, Melinda A. Brindley, Choonseok Oh, Jeffrey D. Neighbors, David F. Wiemer, Nickolas Wills, Susan L. Carpenter, Catherine C. Hauck, Patricia A. Murphy, Mark P. Widrlechner, Kathleen Delate, Ganesh Kumar, George A. Kraus, Ludmila Rizshsky, Basil J. Nikolau

Basil Nikolau

Background
Light-dependent activities against enveloped viruses in St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) extracts have been extensively studied. In contrast, light-independent antiviral activity from this species has not been investigated.

Results
Here, we identify the light-independent inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) by highly purified fractions of chloroform extracts of H. perforatum. Both cytotoxicity and antiviral activity were evident in initial chloroform extracts, but bioassay-guided fractionation produced fractions that inhibited HIV-1 with little to no cytotoxicity. Separation of these two biological activities has not been reported for constituents responsible for the light-dependent antiviral activities. Antiviral activity was associated with more ...


Nutrigenomics Study In Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar) Fed Novel Diets Supplemented With Marine By-Products, Nellie Gagné 2016 Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Nutrigenomics Study In Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar) Fed Novel Diets Supplemented With Marine By-Products, Nellie Gagné

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Delta Tocotrienol Attenuates Nlrp3 Inflammasome Activation Via Inhibition Of Nf-Κb Priming And Reactive Oxygen Species Generation, Teresa Buckner 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Delta Tocotrienol Attenuates Nlrp3 Inflammasome Activation Via Inhibition Of Nf-Κb Priming And Reactive Oxygen Species Generation, Teresa Buckner

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Chronic, low-grade inflammation during obesity is associated with the development of metabolic dysfunction. The NLRP3 inflammasome is assembled in response to cellular stressors and leads to cytotoxic cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 production, which implicates the NLRP3 inflammasome in inflammatory conditions, including type 2 diabetes. Tocotrienols are antioxidant and anti-inflammatory forms of vitamin E. Delta-tocotrienol (dT3) displays NF-κB inhibitory and anti-oxidant abilities, and is easily isolated from the Annatto plant. My primary aim was to determine whether dT3 inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation and to compare the extent to which dT3 inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome with other tocotrienol forms, i.e. alpha-tocotrienol (aT3 ...


Malnourished Older Adults With Informal Caregivers Admitted To Rural Rehabilitation Units Remain Malnourished During And After Rehabilitation: A Prospective Cohort Study Of Current Practice, Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Elizabeth Isenring 2016 Bond University

Malnourished Older Adults With Informal Caregivers Admitted To Rural Rehabilitation Units Remain Malnourished During And After Rehabilitation: A Prospective Cohort Study Of Current Practice, Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Elizabeth Isenring

Skye Marshall

Understanding the nutritional journey older adults make from rehabilitation to home may help to engage and support the patient and their informal caregiver during this process. This study aimed to determine the change in nutritional status, physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) amongst malnourished older adults (≥65years) with informal caregivers admitted to rural rehabilitation and 12 weeks post-discharge to the community.


Malnutrition In Geriatric Rehabilitation: Prevalence, Patient Outcomes And Criterion Validity Of The Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (Pg-Sga) And The Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna), Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Elizabeth Isenring 2016 Bond University

Malnutrition In Geriatric Rehabilitation: Prevalence, Patient Outcomes And Criterion Validity Of The Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (Pg-Sga) And The Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna), Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Elizabeth Isenring

Skye Marshall

No abstract provided.


Malnourished Older Adults Admitted To Rehabilitation In Rural New South Wales Remain Malnourished Throughout Rehabilitation And Once Discharged Back To The Community: A Prospective Cohort Study, Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Elizabeth Isenring 2016 Bond University

Malnourished Older Adults Admitted To Rehabilitation In Rural New South Wales Remain Malnourished Throughout Rehabilitation And Once Discharged Back To The Community: A Prospective Cohort Study, Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Elizabeth Isenring

Skye Marshall

No abstract provided.


Malnutrition In Geriatric Rehabilitation: Prevalence, Patient Outcomes And Criterion Validity Of The Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (Pg-Sga) And The Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna), Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Liz Isenring 2016 Bond University

Malnutrition In Geriatric Rehabilitation: Prevalence, Patient Outcomes And Criterion Validity Of The Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (Pg-Sga) And The Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna), Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Judith Bauer, Liz Isenring

Skye Marshall

There is strong evidence showing malnutrition is under-recognized and underdiagnosed in the rehabilitation setting. Accurate identification and management of malnutrition is essential so that patient outcomes may be improved and resources used efficaciously.The Scored PG-SGA and MNA require evaluation of their validity in diagnosing malnutrition in rehabilitation. In addition, the prevalence of malnutrition and associated patient outcomes in rural Australian populations has not been reported.


Oxalate And Phytate Of Soy Foods, Ismail A. Al-Wahsh, Harry T. Horner, Reid G. Palmer, Manju B. Reddy, Linda K. Massey 2016 Washington State University

Oxalate And Phytate Of Soy Foods, Ismail A. Al-Wahsh, Harry T. Horner, Reid G. Palmer, Manju B. Reddy, Linda K. Massey

Harry Horner

The consumption of foods made from soybeans is increasing because of their desirable nutritional value. However, some soy foods contain high concentrations of oxalate and/or phytate. Oxalate is a component of calcium oxalate kidney stones, whereas phytate is an inhibitor of calcium kidney stone formation. Thirty tested commercial soy foods exhibited ranges of 0.02−2.06 mg oxalate/g and 0.80−18.79 mg phytate/g. Commercial soy foods contained 2−58 mg of total oxalate per serving and 76−528 mg phytate per serving. Eighteen of 19 tofu brands and two soymilk brands contained less than ...


Oxalate And Phytate Concentrations In Seeds Of Soybean Cultivars, Harry T. Horner, Teresa Cervantes-Martinez, Rosanne Healy, Manju B. Reddy, Betsy L. Deardorff, Theodore B. Bailey, Ismail Al-Wahsh, Linda K. Massey, Reid G. Palmer 2016 Iowa State University

Oxalate And Phytate Concentrations In Seeds Of Soybean Cultivars, Harry T. Horner, Teresa Cervantes-Martinez, Rosanne Healy, Manju B. Reddy, Betsy L. Deardorff, Theodore B. Bailey, Ismail Al-Wahsh, Linda K. Massey, Reid G. Palmer

Harry Horner

This study analyzed soybean seeds from 116 cultivars for total, insoluble, and soluble oxalate (Ox), phytate (InsP6), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) because of their potential beneficial or harmful effects on human nutrition. These cultivars were divided into four groups (A-D) on the basis of the year and geographic location where they were grown. Oxalate concentration ranged from about 82 to 285 mg/100 g of dry seed. The InsP6 concentration ranged from 0.22 to 2.22 g/100 g of dry seed. There was no correlation between Ox and InsP6 within or among the four groups of cultivars ...


The Relationship Among Fifth Grade Physical Education Students' Body Size Perception, Fitnessgram Scores, And Physical Activity Level, Ashley N. Cleveland 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Relationship Among Fifth Grade Physical Education Students' Body Size Perception, Fitnessgram Scores, And Physical Activity Level, Ashley N. Cleveland

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Purpose: This study aims to explore the correlation between students’ self-perception of body image and FITNESSGRAM scores, the relationship between children’s body perceptions and their actual body mass index (BMI), and to see if body image in children affects their physical activity level.

Methods: FITNESSGRAM fitness testing protocol and a survey developed for the KidQuest nutrition intervention program by South Dakota State University (SDSU) was used to assess the correlation between students’ (n= 319) self-perception of body image and FITNESSGRAM scores. In addition accelerometers were used to assess the physical activity level of a subsample (n=57) of ...


Nitrate From Drinking Water And Diet And Bladder Cancer Among Postmenopausal Women In Iowa., Rena R Jones, Peter J Weyer, Curt T Dellavalle, Maki Inoue-Choi, Kristin E Anderson, Kenneth P Cantor, Stuart Krasner, Kim Robien, Laura E Beane Freeman, Debra T Silverman, Mary H Ward 2016 George Washington University

Nitrate From Drinking Water And Diet And Bladder Cancer Among Postmenopausal Women In Iowa., Rena R Jones, Peter J Weyer, Curt T Dellavalle, Maki Inoue-Choi, Kristin E Anderson, Kenneth P Cantor, Stuart Krasner, Kim Robien, Laura E Beane Freeman, Debra T Silverman, Mary H Ward

Exercise and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Nitrate is a drinking water contaminant arising from agricultural sources and a precursor in the endogenous formation of N-nitroso compounds (NOC), which are possible bladder carcinogens.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ingestion of nitrate and nitrite from drinking water and diet and bladder cancer risk in women.

METHODS: We identified incident bladder cancers among a cohort of 34,708 postmenopausal women in Iowa (1986-2010). Dietary nitrate and nitrite intakes were estimated from a baseline food frequency questionnaire. Drinking water source and duration were assessed in a 1989 follow-up. For women using public water supplies (PWS) >10 years (N=15,577 ...


Promoting Nutrition And Wellness Statewide Through An Electronic Newsletter, Morgan Bahl, Sarah L. Francis 2016 Iowa State University

Promoting Nutrition And Wellness Statewide Through An Electronic Newsletter, Morgan Bahl, Sarah L. Francis

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

The Words on Wellness (WOW) newsletter was designed as an electronic newsletter intended to provide research-based nutrition and wellness information to Iowans. An evaluation was conducted to assess to what extent the newsletter is being used by its readership and whether readers are making lifestyle changes as a result. Those who completed the online survey (n = 154) report making lifestyle changes and finding the information to be current, understandable, and relevant to their lives. These results indicate that the use of indirect nutrition and wellness educational materials (i.e., a newsletter) is effective in promoting research-based information that results in ...


Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Black Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mazen Alharbi 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization Of Extraction Methods To Recover Phenolic-Rich Extracts From Black Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) That Inhibit Alpha-Amylase And Alpha-Glucosidase Using Response Surface Approaches, Mazen Alharbi

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Black beans contain high phenolic contents that are considered potent antioxidants. Relatively little is known about their ability to inhibit the carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzymes α-amylase and α-glucosidase from releasing glucose from starch and/or disaccharides. The objective of this project was to determine the optimum procedures for extracting total phenols (TP), total flavonoids (TF) and total condensed tannins (TCT) from black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), and then to determine the ability of the phenolic rich extracts to inhibit α-amylase and α-glucosidase. Due to their high phenolic levels, it was hypothesized that black beans would be an effective inhibitor of α-amylase and α-glucosidase ...


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