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Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips, Corie VanArsdale, MSN 2018 Oral Roberts University

Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips, Corie Vanarsdale, Msn

Nursing Undergraduate Work

This systematic research review (SRR) looked at the epidemic of childhood obesity and subsequent complications. Afterschool programs (ASPs) were targeted as a key area where children spend many hours each day and, therefore, an ideal place for obesity interventions. The purpose of this SRR was to search the current benefits ASPs can have on decreasing the risk and prevalence of childhood obesity and to answer the research question, "What are nursing interventions within ASPs that decrease the risk of obesity in children in the United States of America?" Childhood obesity influences nurses in many areas, including inpatient hospitals, schools, and ...


A Systematic Review: Infant And Maternal Mortality And Morbidity In Developing Countries, Michayla Evans, Jamie Jeemon, Christiana Strysko, Lauren Toole, Patricia Catts, RN, PhD 2018 Oral Roberts University

A Systematic Review: Infant And Maternal Mortality And Morbidity In Developing Countries, Michayla Evans, Jamie Jeemon, Christiana Strysko, Lauren Toole, Patricia Catts, Rn, Phd

Nursing Undergraduate Work

Maternal and infant morbidity and mortality rates are high within developing nations. The World Health Organization reports 800 women die daily due to pregnancy and labor complications (Maternal mortality, 2016). These complications are related to a wide variety of perinatal problems including preeclampsia and prolonged labor. Infant morbidity and mortality is related to infections, asphyxia, and low birthweight (Newborns: reducing mortality, 2016). The purpose of this systematic review was to research current literature to answer the question: “What are the nursing interventions to decrease maternal and infant morbidity and mortality in developing countries?”. This systematic research review included a sample ...


Factors Impacting Bone Mineral Density (Bmd) Results Of Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities (Idd), Rhonda McNabb 2018 East Tennessee State University

Factors Impacting Bone Mineral Density (Bmd) Results Of Individuals With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities (Idd), Rhonda Mcnabb

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are prone to certain diseases in their lifetime, such as osteoporosis. Absorption of calcium is essential to maintaining good bone health and preventing osteoporosis. This study examined primary care providers’ (PCPs) choice of calcium supplementation, as well as type of calcium supplementation, and the relationship between variables in the IDD population. Ten PCPs were asked to complete a 14-question web-based survey, with five surveys completed. Calcium citrate was the preferred supplement among respondents at 50%. Retrospective data was collected from patient records and included type of calcium supplement prescribed, bone density test results ...


The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Effect Of High Intensity Ultrasound On The Crystallization Behavior Of Interesterified Fats, Jeta Vijay Kadamne 2018 Utah State University

Effect Of High Intensity Ultrasound On The Crystallization Behavior Of Interesterified Fats, Jeta Vijay Kadamne

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The process of partial hydrogenation produces trans fats and the fats that undergo this process are called partially hydrogenated fats (PHF). Clinical studies have shown a strong association between PHF and coronary heart diseases. In 2015 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration removed the Generally recognized as safe or "GRAS" status of PHF. These fats were used in confectionary, margarines, shortenings, doughnuts, cookies, cakes, etc. The PHF serve a function in food by providing a higher shelf life and a desired harder structure due to their higher melting point. Hence, the food industry is currently looking for PHF alternatives ...


The Effect Of Breakfast On Energy Metabolism, Appetite, And Food Intake In Young Versus Older Men, Allie Murphy 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Breakfast On Energy Metabolism, Appetite, And Food Intake In Young Versus Older Men, Allie Murphy

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Innovation Undergraduate Honors Theses

As life expectancy continues to rise, it is important to consider optimal nutrition recommendations to improve health outcomes, quality of life, and physical independence in older adults. Previous studies have focused on the impact of breakfast on postprandial appetite in younger adults. Research on the effects of breakfast on appetite in older adults is limited. Several studies have identified protein as a key nutrient for older adults. Protein has been shown to increase satiety for longer periods of time and decrease cravings later in the day when compared to high carbohydrate meals. However, more research is needed to determine the ...


Effects Of Mitochondrial Nadp+-Dependent Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Deficiency On Fructose-Induced Obesity In Mice, Allison Michelle Montalbano, Kaleigh Elizabeth Beane 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effects Of Mitochondrial Nadp+-Dependent Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Deficiency On Fructose-Induced Obesity In Mice, Allison Michelle Montalbano, Kaleigh Elizabeth Beane

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Innovation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Obesity prevalence in the United States continues to increase and is associated with health consequences such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and hyperlipidemia. Among many contributing factors to obesity, fructose may be one of the major reasons as it disrupts the antioxidant system thereby resulting in an accumulation of reactive oxidative species and leading to obese conditions. The enzyme, isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2), reduces nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate from the TCA Cycle, hence might be implicated with not only energy metabolism but also cellular redox homeostasis. Therefore, the hypothesis was that IDH2 deficiency in mice would exacerbate hepatic lipid ...


Characterization Of Lactose Fatty Acid Esters For Their Microbial Growth Inhibitory Activity And Emulsification Properties, Seung-Min Lee 2018 Utah State University

Characterization Of Lactose Fatty Acid Esters For Their Microbial Growth Inhibitory Activity And Emulsification Properties, Seung-Min Lee

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sugar esters, substances made from bonding fatty acid tails to a sugar head, can play a number of key roles in food systems from antimicrobial agents to emulsifiers. These unique and very useful properties result from their water-loving and water-avoiding ends. Lactose, a sugar found in milk, based esters are important, as they are environmentally friendly and inexpensive, however, they are not very well understood. I created four different types of lactose esters: lactose monooctanoate (LMO), lactose monodecanoate (LMD), lactose monolaurate (LML) and lactose monomyristate (LMM), and then compared them to each other to see which would be the best ...


The Effects Of Inulin And Galactooligosaccharides On The Production Of Reuterin By Lactobacillus Reuteri, Micah Forshee 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

The Effects Of Inulin And Galactooligosaccharides On The Production Of Reuterin By Lactobacillus Reuteri, Micah Forshee

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The microbiome is a dynamic community that can positively and negatively influence host health. Lactobacillus reuteri is a probiotic that has received much attention for its ability to inhibit pathogens such as Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli, and Clostridium difficile. It does so by its unique ability to metabolize glycerol into the antimicrobial compound 3-HPA, which is commonly referred to as reuterin. The ability to secrete reuterin is dependent not only on glycerol availability but also the concentration of glucose. In fact, there appears to be a “goldilocks” ratio between glucose and glycerol as either too much or too little glucose ...


Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Toward Nutrition And Diet During Pregnancy Among Recently Delivered Women Of Syrian Refugees, Dana Harb MSc., Mohamad Younes Abou Haidar PhD, Elie Bou Yazbeck PhD 2018 Holy Spirit University of Kaslik

Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Toward Nutrition And Diet During Pregnancy Among Recently Delivered Women Of Syrian Refugees, Dana Harb Msc., Mohamad Younes Abou Haidar Phd, Elie Bou Yazbeck Phd

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

The aim of this study is to assess the nutrition situation in terms of knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) among recently delivered Syrian refugee women and to identify nutrition related KAP problems of this vulnerable population. An analytical descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a non-randomized sample of one hundred recently delivered Syrian women from refugee background aged 18 years old and above who were admitted for delivery to the obstetric unit of a governmental hospital located in Beirut, Lebanon. The study reveals that fifty-six percent of the studied population was not knowledgeable about maternal nutrition during pregnancy, twenty-five percent ...


Increasing Fruits And Vegetable Consumption Among Snap Recipients Through An Innovative Prescription Program: Appalachian Farmacy, Kiriinya Mwirigi, Beenish Kamran 2018 East Tennessee State University

Increasing Fruits And Vegetable Consumption Among Snap Recipients Through An Innovative Prescription Program: Appalachian Farmacy, Kiriinya Mwirigi, Beenish Kamran

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Introduction:

Food insecurity prevalence in Washington County, TN is 14.3% yet 61% of SNAP eligible residents are food insecure. Food insecurity is associated with inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as increased risk of chronic disease. Tennessee ranks 47th in the Nation with only 6.7% consuming the recommended fruits and vegetable intake. The Farmacy Pilot Program was developed to encourage increased consumption of produce and to reduce food insecurity among SNAP recipients.

Methods:

This program provided vouchers to SNAP recipients and their families to buy fresh fruits and vegetables at the farmers market and in ...


Eating Crickets? Nutrient Mineral Content Of Two Cricket Species And Chapul Cricket Protein Bars Using Mp-Aes, Nathan Hopkins 2018 Lynchburg College

Eating Crickets? Nutrient Mineral Content Of Two Cricket Species And Chapul Cricket Protein Bars Using Mp-Aes, Nathan Hopkins

Student Scholar Showcase

Global agriculture is beset by numerous challenges which must be surmounted to feed a developing world, from combating climate change to the cultivation of sustainable food products. This, in addition to protein and nutrient deficiencies in the developing world, makes considering alternative protein sources, such as a crickets, an attractive option. Crickets use a fraction of the land and water that protein sources like beef cattle do, and can be cultivated in urban environments in stacked boxes. This research investigation aims to quantify the nutrient mineral content (Iron, Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, and Magnesium) of two cricket species (Acheta domesticus & Gryllodes ...


Food And Culture Fact Sheet: Somalia, UNE Applied Nutrition Program 2018 University of New England

Food And Culture Fact Sheet: Somalia, Une Applied Nutrition Program

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet provides information about the Somali culture and food preferences. It discusses traditional eating patterns, foods and beverages. It also touches on traditional Somali health beliefs and the influences that religion and the American diet have had on the Somali diet.


German Cuisine, Courtney Lynn Woo 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

German Cuisine, Courtney Lynn Woo

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet provides information about food culture in Germany. It discusses traditional foods for special holidays, daily eating patterns, and food staples in the country. The handout also discusses current nutrition recommendations according to the German Nutrition Society and what food patterns are like today.


Native American Food And Culture Fact Sheet, UNE Applied Nutrition Program 2018 University of New England

Native American Food And Culture Fact Sheet, Une Applied Nutrition Program

Student-Created Educational Resources

This handout informs the audience about a variety of traditional eating patterns of Native Americans and how those have transitioned over time. Foods that were historically incorporated into common meals were discussed.


Food And Culture; Views And Patterns Of Nutrition In Cuba, Elizabeth Westfeldt 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

Food And Culture; Views And Patterns Of Nutrition In Cuba, Elizabeth Westfeldt

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet is designed to educate nutrition professionals about the nutrition and cultural identity of Cuba through food. Traditional Cuban foods, recipes and social patterns around eating. Present historical health beliefs and implications on health prospect. Assess growing health concerns in response to influx of processed foods and post Cuban Revolution rationing. Includes Cuban-American culture and health statistics. This fact sheet is designed to meet an eight-grade literacy level to serve as an educational tool for diverse populations.


The Food And Culture Of Haiti, Sarah E. Deitz 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

The Food And Culture Of Haiti, Sarah E. Deitz

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet allows the reader to learn about the staple foods and dishes of Haitian cuisine. Trends and health beliefs of the Haitian culture are briefly discussed and defined. The information is intended to help nutrition professionals have a better understanding of Haitian people by learning about their food and nutrition customs.


Creating Success With Prediabetes: A Healthy Defaults Guide, Sarah E. Deitz 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

Creating Success With Prediabetes: A Healthy Defaults Guide, Sarah E. Deitz

Student-Created Educational Resources

This pamphlet helps to inform adult individuals who are pre-diabetic on how they can lower their risk for the future development of diabetes are included. Action steps, healthy defaults, and the risk factors for pre-diabetes/diabetes. It is not solely intended for those who are pre-diabetic; it could also be helpful for those who are overweight or obese with or without a family history of diabetes. The pamphlet's intended use would be for nutrition education in the outpatient, inpatient, or private setting.


Mexican Food And Culture Fact Sheet, Mallory Doolan 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

Mexican Food And Culture Fact Sheet, Mallory Doolan

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet informs the audience about Mexican food traditions, culture, and cuisine. Staple foods, significant holidays and dishes, and typical food customs are discussed. Traditional health beliefs and current food practices are also discussed.


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