The Relationship Between Weight Stigma And Eating Behavior In Diverse, Urban University Students, 2015 San Jose State University
The Relationship Between Weight Stigma And Eating Behavior In Diverse, Urban University Students, Kasuen Mauldin, Melinda Young
No abstract provided.
Impact Of A High School Mentoring Program On Nutritional Knowledge And Healthy Habits Of Elementary School Students, 2015 San Jose State University
Impact Of A High School Mentoring Program On Nutritional Knowledge And Healthy Habits Of Elementary School Students, Annie Rubin, Ashwini Wagle, Kasuen Mauldin
No abstract provided.
Scaling Up Fruit And Vegetable Production: Is Machinery Sharing A Possibility?, 2015 Iowa State University
Scaling Up Fruit And Vegetable Production: Is Machinery Sharing A Possibility?, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda Naeve
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
Interest in local food is growing among consumers and small-scale farmers, as evidenced by the significant increase in the number of farmers’ markets, community-supported agriculture arrangements, and food hubs, in the last ten years. To meet the demand for locally grown fruits and vegetables, many small-scale farmers are considering scaling up their production. However, to remain profitable they need to balance production with increased labor costs and the need for specialized machinery. A study conducted in Iowa worked with five groups of farmers who shared different pieces of machinery. With help from the researchers, they developed sharing agreements and ...
Workforce Fitness: Description, Contextual Issues, And Implications For Public Health, Nicolaas P. Pronk
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Workforce fitness matters for the prevention of premature death, chronic diseases, productivity loss, excess medical care costs, loss of income or family earnings, and other social and economic concerns. Yet fitness levels appear to be relatively low and declining. Over the past half century obesity has doubled, physical activity levels are below par, and cardiorespiratory fitness often does not meet minimally acceptable job standards. During this time, daily occupational energy expenditure has decreased by more than 100 calories. It is recommended for employers to consider best practices and design workplace wellness programs accordingly. Regulations that protect and promote worker health ...
Proceedings Of The 3rd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2015, 2015 Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Leopoldina Hospital, 97421 Schweinfurt, Germany
Proceedings Of The 3rd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2015, Rainer J. Klement, Daniel Bukac, Jochen Hamatschek, Paul Jaminet, Lindsey Otten, Christian Selig, Jörg Spitz, Klaus Steger
Journal of Evolution and Health
We present the scientific abstracts of the 3rd Annual Symposium of the German Society for Paleo Nutrition (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Paläoernährung e.V.) which was held on July 26th 2015 in Berlin, Germany. The focus of this year's symposium was on the future challenges of human society including topics such as nutritional sustainability, the paleo-deficit syndrome or frailty of the elderly due to body composition changes
Exploring Cross-Sectional Associations Between Unhealthy Food Outlet Exposure And Bmi Z-Score In Elementary School Children In London, Canada, 2015 The University Western University
Exploring Cross-Sectional Associations Between Unhealthy Food Outlet Exposure And Bmi Z-Score In Elementary School Children In London, Canada, Krista Cook
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The food environment has been implicated in the continuing epidemic of childhood obesity in Canada. The purpose of this thesis is to examine associations between the food environment, childhood weight, and unhealthy diets using data collected by the Spatial Temporal Environmental and Activity Monitoring (STEAM) project conducted among children (N=852) aged 9 to 14 years in Southwestern Ontario between 2010 and 2013. Global Positioning System (GPS) monitors and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were used to determine the time children spent within 100m of an unhealthy food outlet on weekdays. Structural equation modeling was used to assess the effect of ...
Children's Picky Eating And The Role Of Family Environments, 2015 Minnesota State University - Mankato
Children's Picky Eating And The Role Of Family Environments, Maureen Lyons
Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato
Picky eating is often seen as a temporary phase that children go through in the developmental process. While some children never exhibit picky eating behaviors, others seem to get stuck in the tendency of judging foods, which they have never tried, based upon a pretense that the food might not meet with their satisfaction. Learning more about children’s preferred food groups and types of foods, along with the family environmental factors experienced by these children may help to understand ways to support children who struggle with picky eating. Introducing children to new foods within a positive atmosphere, where they ...
New Techniques To Modify Pork Fats Promote Better Health, 2015 Iowa State University
New Techniques To Modify Pork Fats Promote Better Health, Helen H. Jensen, Donald C. Beitz
Iowa Ag Review
Mounting scientific evidence establishing the link between adverse health consequences and the consumption of fat and fat rich in saw rated fatty acids (saturated fat) has prompted leading health organizations to recommend decreasing the consumption of total and sam rated faL
The Food Education Project: Teaching Nutrition Through Environmental Awareness, 2015 University of San Francisco
The Food Education Project: Teaching Nutrition Through Environmental Awareness, Caren R. Pinto
This paper examines a 300-hour fieldwork internship that took place during a summer semester at a local non-profit called the Food Education Project (FEP). FEP provided a practical and hands- on opportunity, which allowed for the knowledge gained over the past two years at the University of San Francisco’s Public Health Program to be put to public health practice. The experience was invaluable for the author’s professional and personal growth.
The paper will explore the prevalence of obesity and type II diabetes in the nation’s youth today. Second, a literature review will be conducted to examine the ...
The Human And Environmental Health Impacts Of Food Quality Among Emergency Food Providers, 2015 University of San Francisco
The Human And Environmental Health Impacts Of Food Quality Among Emergency Food Providers, Alexina Cather
Human health and environmental health are inextricably entwined, and the ways in which we grow, process, package, transport, market, and consume food are critical factors for both human and environmental health. The current industrial food system in the United States has numerous adverse effects on environmental and human health, which significantly impact the millions of food insecure Americans who receive their nutritional needs from emergency food providers (American Public Health Association, 2007). The widespread food insecurity in the United States and the increasing prevalence of obesity among adults and children have drawn attention to the role that emergency food ...
Recommended Daily Allowances (Rdas) Soon To Change, 2015 Iowa State University
Recommended Daily Allowances (Rdas) Soon To Change, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development
Iowa Ag Review
Recommended daily allowances (RDAs), commonly seen on packaged food, may soon be replaced. The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine is currently revising the RDAs for nutrient intake.
Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, 2015 Iowa State University
Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, Helen H. Jensen
Iowa Ag Review
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) spends over $30 billion a year on food and nutrition assistance programs, an amount that is over one-half of the USDA budget today. Historically, U.S. food assistance programs featured purchase and distribution of surplus agricultural commodities to low-income households and to school lunch programs. Today, food and nutrition assistance includes a wide range of programs designed to provide low-income households access to adequate nutrients and a balanced diet, to increase food security in the general population and reduce hunger, especially for children, and to encourage low-income adults and children to acquire knowledge ...
Exploring Connections Between Prenatal Physical Activity And Breastfeeding, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Exploring Connections Between Prenatal Physical Activity And Breastfeeding, Emily Alexandria Tucker
Women who decide to engage in prenatal physical activity are giving themselves, and their child, an advantage over those who are not physically active during pregnancy; not only are there significant health benefits for mothers, but also there are great benefits for the unborn child. Breastfeeding is another important decision parents make that can impact the future health of their children. There has been extensive research on the benefits of both prenatal physical activity and breastfeeding, but the connection between the two is unclear. The purpose of this grounded theory study was to identify potential connections between factors influencing women ...
Do Increases In Fruit Intake Lead To Substitutive Eating Patterns And Decreases In Overall Energy Intake In Normal Weight Adults?, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Do Increases In Fruit Intake Lead To Substitutive Eating Patterns And Decreases In Overall Energy Intake In Normal Weight Adults?, Shireen Amanda Sobhani
Background: It is suggested that increasing intake of fruits and vegetables may lead to decreased energy intake via substitution of higher energy-dense foods, such as snack foods (SF; i.e. candy, chips, cookies). This study investigated the impact of increasing fruit (F; grapes) intake, via increased portion size, on SF (potato chips) intake during a meal and whether increases in F intake affected total meal energy intake, via reducing SF intake (substitutive eating), in normal-weight adults. A secondary objective investigated whether the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of SF was a moderator of the substitutive relationship between F and SF.
The Effect Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Commercials On Intake Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Snack Foods In Normal Weight, College-Aged, Dietary Restrained Women, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
The Effect Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Commercials On Intake Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Snack Foods In Normal Weight, College-Aged, Dietary Restrained Women, Seletha Ann Periman
Background: Exposure to various types of food cues via television commercials may enhance consumption of different foods, particularly in females who engage in cognitive efforts to control food intake (i.e., restrained eaters). However, it is unknown if food-related commercials differing in health perceptions impact on intake of foods with differing health perceptions. This study investigated the effect of viewing “healthy” or “unhealthy” food commercials on intake of “healthy” and “unhealthy” snack foods in healthy weight, dietary-restrained, college-aged women.
Methods: Using a 3 x 2 between-subjects design (factors of commercial type [“healthy” foods, “unhealthy” foods, and non-food-related] and snack food ...
Manipulating Adipose Tissue Fatty Acid Oxidation To Reduce Fatness In Broiler Chickens, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Manipulating Adipose Tissue Fatty Acid Oxidation To Reduce Fatness In Broiler Chickens, Tania Emmanuelle Torchon
Compared to rodents, broiler chickens, those reared for meat, are an attractive model for studies of adipose biology, and obesity development in children. The broiler chicken lacks the gene for uncoupling protein 1, the hallmark for brown adipose tissue making them a useful model to study lipid metabolism in white adipocytes. Two studies were performed to investigate if white adipose tissue had the metabolic ability for fatty acid oxidation (FAO), and to investigate the effects of dietary fatty acids on abdominal fat development of young broiler chickens as a model for childhood obesity. In study one, chickens were fasted for ...
In Search Of Flavour-Nutrient Learning: A Study Of The Samburu Pastoralists Of North-Central Kenya, 2015 University of Bristol
In Search Of Flavour-Nutrient Learning: A Study Of The Samburu Pastoralists Of North-Central Kenya, Jeffrey M. Brunstrom, Peter J. Rogers, Kevin P. Myers, Jon D. Holtzman
Faculty Journal Articles
Much of our dietary behaviour is learned. In particular, one suggestion is that ‘flavour-nutrient learning’ (F-NL) influences both choice and intake of food. F-NL occurs when an association forms between the orosensory properties of a food and its postingestive effects. Unfortunately, this process has been difficult to evaluate because F-NL is rarely observed in controlled studies of adult humans. One possibility is that we are disposed to F-NL. However, learning is compromised by exposure to a complex Western diet that includes a wide range of energy-dense foods. To test this idea we explored evidence for F-NL in a sample of ...
New Guidelines For Assessment Of Malnutrition In Adults: Obese Clinically Ill Patients, 2015 San Jose State University
New Guidelines For Assessment Of Malnutrition In Adults: Obese Clinically Ill Patients, Kasuen Mauldin, Colleen O'Leary-Kelley
No abstract provided.
U.S. Sweetener Consumption Trends And Dietary Guidelines, 2015 Iowa State University
U.S. Sweetener Consumption Trends And Dietary Guidelines, Helen H. Jensen, John C. Beghin
Iowa Ag Review
The United States is the fourth-largest producer of sugar and has well-developed sugarcane and sugar beet industries. However, since the 1970s, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has gained popularity with food processors as a sweetener, a change stimulated by sugar agricultural policies that have raised the price of sugar well above its world level, and the emergence of cheaper sweeteners based on corn. Nearly 7.3 percent of total corn production (2.2 million bushels) was used to produce HFCS in 2003/04. The United States is the world’s lowest-cost producer of HFCS, partly because of access to cheap ...
Dietary Change In China’S Cities: Empirical Fact Or Urban Legend?, 2015 Iowa State University
Dietary Change In China’S Cities: Empirical Fact Or Urban Legend?, Fengxia Dong, Frank H. Fuller
Iowa Ag Review
Over the last two decades, urban Chinese consumers have dramatically increased their consumption of meat, other livestock products, and fruits and have decreased consumption of grainbased foods. China’s per capita grain consumption declined from 145 kilograms in 1981 to 78 kilograms in 2004 in urban areas, whereas the per capita consumption of meats, eggs, and aquatic products increased respectively from 20, 5, and 7 kilograms in 1981 to 29, 10, and 12 kilograms in 2004. As signifi cant changes in food consumption patterns in urban China are noted, it is natural to ask: Are consumer responses to price changes ...