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A Systematic Review: Infant And Maternal Mortality And Morbidity In Developing Countries, Michayla Evans, Jamie Jeemon, Christiana Strysko, Lauren Toole, Patricia Catts, RN, PhD 2018 Oral Roberts University

A Systematic Review: Infant And Maternal Mortality And Morbidity In Developing Countries, Michayla Evans, Jamie Jeemon, Christiana Strysko, Lauren Toole, Patricia Catts, Rn, Phd

Nursing Undergraduate Work

Maternal and infant morbidity and mortality rates are high within developing nations. The World Health Organization reports 800 women die daily due to pregnancy and labor complications (Maternal mortality, 2016). These complications are related to a wide variety of perinatal problems including preeclampsia and prolonged labor. Infant morbidity and mortality is related to infections, asphyxia, and low birthweight (Newborns: reducing mortality, 2016). The purpose of this systematic review was to research current literature to answer the question: “What are the nursing interventions to decrease maternal and infant morbidity and mortality in developing countries?”. This systematic research review included a sample ...


Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips, Corie VanArsdale, MSN 2018 Oral Roberts University

Interventions For Afterschool Programs To Decrease The Likelihood Of Childhood Obesity, Anna R. Boyd, Lauren E. Hendricks, Elexus T. Morton, Kayleigh S. Phillips, Corie Vanarsdale, Msn

Nursing Undergraduate Work

This systematic research review (SRR) looked at the epidemic of childhood obesity and subsequent complications. Afterschool programs (ASPs) were targeted as a key area where children spend many hours each day and, therefore, an ideal place for obesity interventions. The purpose of this SRR was to search the current benefits ASPs can have on decreasing the risk and prevalence of childhood obesity and to answer the research question, "What are nursing interventions within ASPs that decrease the risk of obesity in children in the United States of America?" Childhood obesity influences nurses in many areas, including inpatient hospitals, schools, and ...


The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross 2018 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Relationship Between Adult Caregiver Health Literacy And Child Body Mass Index Outcomes In A Childhood Obesity Intervention Program, Natalie Renee Cross

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Food And Culture Fact Sheet: Somalia, UNE Applied Nutrition Program 2018 University of New England

Food And Culture Fact Sheet: Somalia, Une Applied Nutrition Program

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet provides information about the Somali culture and food preferences. It discusses traditional eating patterns, foods and beverages. It also touches on traditional Somali health beliefs and the influences that religion and the American diet have had on the Somali diet.


Native American Food And Culture Fact Sheet, UNE Applied Nutrition Program 2018 University of New England

Native American Food And Culture Fact Sheet, Une Applied Nutrition Program

Student-Created Educational Resources

This handout informs the audience about a variety of traditional eating patterns of Native Americans and how those have transitioned over time. Foods that were historically incorporated into common meals were discussed.


German Cuisine, Courtney Lynn Woo 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

German Cuisine, Courtney Lynn Woo

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet provides information about food culture in Germany. It discusses traditional foods for special holidays, daily eating patterns, and food staples in the country. The handout also discusses current nutrition recommendations according to the German Nutrition Society and what food patterns are like today.


Food And Culture; Views And Patterns Of Nutrition In Cuba, Elizabeth Westfeldt 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

Food And Culture; Views And Patterns Of Nutrition In Cuba, Elizabeth Westfeldt

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet is designed to educate nutrition professionals about the nutrition and cultural identity of Cuba through food. Traditional Cuban foods, recipes and social patterns around eating. Present historical health beliefs and implications on health prospect. Assess growing health concerns in response to influx of processed foods and post Cuban Revolution rationing. Includes Cuban-American culture and health statistics. This fact sheet is designed to meet an eight-grade literacy level to serve as an educational tool for diverse populations.


The Food And Culture Of Haiti, Sarah E. Deitz 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

The Food And Culture Of Haiti, Sarah E. Deitz

Student-Created Educational Resources

This fact sheet allows the reader to learn about the staple foods and dishes of Haitian cuisine. Trends and health beliefs of the Haitian culture are briefly discussed and defined. The information is intended to help nutrition professionals have a better understanding of Haitian people by learning about their food and nutrition customs.


Dietary Intervention With Black Raspberries To Promote Gut Homeostasis And Prevent Colitis-Associated Colorectal Cancer, Abby D. Benninghoff 2018 Utah State University

Dietary Intervention With Black Raspberries To Promote Gut Homeostasis And Prevent Colitis-Associated Colorectal Cancer, Abby D. Benninghoff

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal 2018 Bond University

What Does It Cost To Feed Aged Care Residents In Australia?, Cherie Hugo, Elizabeth Isenring, David Sinclair, Ekta Agarwal

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Aim

Funding cuts to the aged care industry impact catering budgets and aged care staffing levels, which may in turn affect the nutritional status of aged care residents. This paper reports average food expenditure and trends in Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs).

Methods

This is a retrospective study collecting RACFs’ economic outlay data through a quarterly online survey conducted over the 2015 and 2016 financial years.

Results

Data were compiled from 817 RACFs, representing 64 256 residential beds and 23 million bed-days Australia-wide. The average total spend in Australian Dollars (AUD) on catering consumables (including cutlery/crockery, supplements, paper ...


Jamaican Food And Culture Fact Sheet, Lauren Deipolyi 2018 UNE Applied Nutrition Program

Jamaican Food And Culture Fact Sheet, Lauren Deipolyi

Student-Created Educational Resources

This handout seeks to inform people about Jamaican food traditions. Different Jamaican dishes, cultural practices and health beliefs are explained.


A Prospective Study Of Frequency Of Eating Restaurant Prepared Meals And Subsequent 9-Year Risk Of All-Cause And Cardiometabolic Mortality In Us Adults, Ashima K. Kant, Barry I. Graubard 2018 CUNY Queens College

A Prospective Study Of Frequency Of Eating Restaurant Prepared Meals And Subsequent 9-Year Risk Of All-Cause And Cardiometabolic Mortality In Us Adults, Ashima K. Kant, Barry I. Graubard

Publications and Research

Restaurant prepared foods are known to be energy-dense and high in fat and sodium, but lower in protective nutrients. There is evidence of higher risk of adiposity, type II diabetes, and heart disease in frequent consumers of restaurant meals. However, the risk of mortality as a long-term health consequence of frequent consumption of restaurant meals has not been examined. We examined the prospective risk of all-cause and coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and diabetes (cardiometabolic) mortality in relation to frequency of eating restaurant prepared meals in a national cohort. We used frequency of eating restaurant prepared meals information collected in ...


Design And Evaluation Of 16s Rrna-Targeted Peptide Nucleic Acid Probes For Whole-Cell Detection Of Members Of The Genus Listeria, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher, Jens J. Hyldig-Nielsen, Eric A. Johnson 2018 Iowa State University

Design And Evaluation Of 16s Rrna-Targeted Peptide Nucleic Acid Probes For Whole-Cell Detection Of Members Of The Genus Listeria, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher, Jens J. Hyldig-Nielsen, Eric A. Johnson

Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Six fluorescein-labeled peptide nucleic acid oligomers targeting Listeria-specific sequences on the 16S ribosomal subunit were evaluated for their abilities to hybridize to whole cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Four of these probes yielded weak or no fluorescent signals after hybridization and were not investigated further. The remaining two FISH-compatible probes, LisUn-3 and LisUn-11, were evaluated for their reactivities against 22 Listeria strains and 17 other bacterial strains belonging to 10 closely related genera. Hybridization with BacUni-1, a domain-specific eubacterial probe, was used as a positive control for target accessibility in both Listeria spp. and nontarget cells. RNase ...


Flow Cytometry For Rapid Detection Of Salmonella Spp. In Seed Sprouts, Bledar Bisha, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2018 University of Wyoming

Flow Cytometry For Rapid Detection Of Salmonella Spp. In Seed Sprouts, Bledar Bisha, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Seed sprouts (alfalfa, mung bean, radish, etc.) have been implicated in several recent national and international outbreaks of salmonellosis. Conditions used for sprouting are also conducive to the growth of Salmonella. As a result, this pathogen can quickly grow to very high cell densities during sprouting without any detectable organoleptic impact. Seed sprouts typically also support heavy growth (~108 CFU g−1) of a heterogeneous microbiota consisting of various bacterial, yeast, and mold species, often dominated by non-pathogenic members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. This heavy background may present challenges to the detection of Salmonella, especially if this pathogen is present ...


Sodium Polyphosphate And Polyethylenimine Enhance The Antimicrobial Activities Of Plant Essential Oils, Heidi A. Wright, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2018 Iowa State University

Sodium Polyphosphate And Polyethylenimine Enhance The Antimicrobial Activities Of Plant Essential Oils, Heidi A. Wright, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Plant extracts have been used for millennia for treatment of disease, with much recent interest focusing on the antimicrobial activities of plant essential oils (EOs). Although EOs are active against common microbial pathogens, their effective use as topical, environmental, or food antimicrobials will require EO-based formulations with enhanced antimicrobial activities. In this study, two polyionic compounds, sodium polyphosphate (polyP, a polyanion) and polyethylenimine (PEI, a polycation), were evaluated for their abilities to enhance the antimicrobial activities of six EOs against the human pathogens Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica ser. Minnesota, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and ...


Design And Evaluation Of Peptide Nucleic Acid Probes For Specific Identification Of Candida Albicans., H. J. Kim, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2018 Iowa State University

Design And Evaluation Of Peptide Nucleic Acid Probes For Specific Identification Of Candida Albicans., H. J. Kim, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Candida albicans is an important cause of systemic fungal infections, and rapid diagnostics for identifying and differentiating C. albicans from other Candida species are critical for the timely application of appropriate antimicrobial therapy, improved patient outcomes, and pharmaceutical cost savings. In this work, two 28S rRNA-directed peptide nucleic acid-fluorescence in situ hybridization (PNA-FISH) probes, P-Ca726 (targeting a novel region of the ribosome) and P-CalB2208 (targeting a previously reported region), were evaluated. Hybridization conditions were optimized by using both fluorescence microscopy (FM) and flow cytometry (FCM), and probes were screened for specificity and discriminative ability against a panel of C. albicans ...


Wide-Spectrum Biomimetic Antimicrobial Systems, Heidi A. Wright, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2018 Iowa State University

Wide-Spectrum Biomimetic Antimicrobial Systems, Heidi A. Wright, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are effective components of the host immune response and are widely distributed throughout nature. Recently, nontoxic antimicrobial polymers that mimic the structures of naturally occurring AMPs have been designed and are under development commercially as novel therapeutics. These compounds have several potential advantages over natural AMPs, including greater stability and reduced immunogenicity compared to natural peptides, relatively simple and scalable syntheses and the ability to tailor or “fine tune” their activities through combinatorial approaches. In previous work, we demonstrated the utility of certain generally regarded as safe (GRAS) flavorant and aroma compounds as enhancers of uptake and ...


Arizona Registered Dietitians Show Gaps In Knowledge Of Bean Health Benefits, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson, Mariah K. Dougherty 2018 Iowa State University

Arizona Registered Dietitians Show Gaps In Knowledge Of Bean Health Benefits, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson, Mariah K. Dougherty

Donna Winham

Registered Dietitians (RDs) promote nutrition practices and policies and can influence food consumption patterns to include nutrient dense foods such as beans. Although many evidence-based health benefits of bean consumption (e.g., cholesterol reduction, glycemic control) have been demonstrated, there is limited research on the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of RDs regarding the inclusion of beans in a healthy diet. To fill this existing research gap, this cross-sectional survey explored the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of 296 RDs in Arizona, USA, toward beans. The RDs largely held positive attitudes toward the healthfulness of beans and were aware of many health ...


Glycemic Response To Black Beans And Chickpeas As Part Of A Rice Meal: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson 2018 Iowa State University

Glycemic Response To Black Beans And Chickpeas As Part Of A Rice Meal: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson

Donna Winham

Legumes, such as black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.), have a low glycemic index, and may reduce the glycemic load of meals in which they are included. Although the low glycemic response of beans consumed alone has been documented, few studies have examined the glycemic response to traditional food combinations such as black beans and rice or chickpeas and rice. This randomized cross-over study examined the glycemic and insulinemic impact of 50 grams of available carbohydrate from three test meals: plain white rice (control), black beans with rice, and chickpeas with rice among healthy adult women ...


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