The Effect Of Body Mass Index On Graft Function And Kidney Transplant Outcomes, 2015 University of Nebraska Medical Center
The Effect Of Body Mass Index On Graft Function And Kidney Transplant Outcomes, Morgan Galle
Theses & Dissertations
Background: When determining eligibility for kidney transplantation, body mass index (BMI) is often a debatable criterion for transplant due to the clinical indication, an elevated BMI has adverse effects on kidney transplant outcomes. There is a current gap in research on the effect BMI has on kidney transplant outcomes.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the role BMI plays in post-kidney transplant clinical outcomes including delayed graft function, new onset diabetes after transplant, wound complications, hospital length of stay, albumin, and readmissions to the hospital from initial hospitalization and at six months following kidney transplantation. The primary ...
An Evaluation And Exploration Of Nutrition Education In Elementary Schools, 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
An Evaluation And Exploration Of Nutrition Education In Elementary Schools, Elisha M. Hall
Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses
Childhood obesity is a significant problem in the United States. Obese children suffer from a variety of physical, emotional, and social consequences. To curb or reduce this problem, school-based nutrition education interventions have become more common. However, little research has been conducted concerning nutrition-related socioeconomic disparities in behavior change constructs for low and high income children, which is integral to forming appropriate theory-based interventions and allocating resources appropriately. Research into classroom teachers’ perspectives is also an area in need of strengthening to better inform interventions. Finally, the School Enrichment Kit Program (SEKP), a current interactive, classroom-based, nutrition and physical activity ...
Use Of Animal Fat As A Symbol Of Health In Traditional Societies Suggests Humans May Be Well Adapted To Its Consumption, Miki Ben-Dor
Journal of Evolution and Health
Background and objectives: Recommendations to limit the dietary consumption of saturated fat have been adopted by public health organizations in most countries. However, recent scientific studies and reviews have questioned the alleged negative health claims regarding saturated fat.
This research aims to provide a historical, evolutionary point of view to the debate through a short review of evidence for animal fat consumption by Paleolithic and recent traditional societies, and the discernment of how recent traditional societies perceived animal fat in terms of health and other lifestyle aspects.
Methodology: Literature review of the importance of animal fat's dietary consumption in ...
The Relationship Between Weight Stigma And Eating Behavior In Diverse, Urban University Students, 2015 San Jose State University
The Relationship Between Weight Stigma And Eating Behavior In Diverse, Urban University Students, Kasuen Mauldin, Melinda Young
No abstract provided.
Impact Of A High School Mentoring Program On Nutritional Knowledge And Healthy Habits Of Elementary School Students, 2015 San Jose State University
Impact Of A High School Mentoring Program On Nutritional Knowledge And Healthy Habits Of Elementary School Students, Annie Rubin, Ashwini Wagle, Kasuen Mauldin
No abstract provided.
Think Inside The Blocks: Health Literacy Outreach To Disadvantaged People In Their Own Environment, 2015 National Network of Libraries of Medicine
Think Inside The Blocks: Health Literacy Outreach To Disadvantaged People In Their Own Environment, Nancy Patterson
Georgia International Conference on Information Literacy
This bilingual (Spanish/English) poster highlights six creative health literacy outreach projects that have proven to be successful in increasing participation in health-related events in their communities and in boosting health literacy in the process.
For example, in Georgetown, South Carolina, a beauty salon owner, concerned about her clients’ frequent frustration with trying to decipher medical information, partners with her local public library and is grant funded to provide a Wellness Workstation in her salon. Years later, her clients research health information between services using the workstation, evening health literacy classes are regularly conducted for community members and continued funding ...
Scaling Up Fruit And Vegetable Production: Is Machinery Sharing A Possibility?, 2015 Iowa State University
Scaling Up Fruit And Vegetable Production: Is Machinery Sharing A Possibility?, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda Naeve
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal
Interest in local food is growing among consumers and small-scale farmers, as evidenced by the significant increase in the number of farmers’ markets, community-supported agriculture arrangements, and food hubs, in the last ten years. To meet the demand for locally grown fruits and vegetables, many small-scale farmers are considering scaling up their production. However, to remain profitable they need to balance production with increased labor costs and the need for specialized machinery. A study conducted in Iowa worked with five groups of farmers who shared different pieces of machinery. With help from the researchers, they developed sharing agreements and ...
Workforce Fitness: Description, Contextual Issues, And Implications For Public Health, Nicolaas P. Pronk
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research
Workforce fitness matters for the prevention of premature death, chronic diseases, productivity loss, excess medical care costs, loss of income or family earnings, and other social and economic concerns. Yet fitness levels appear to be relatively low and declining. Over the past half century obesity has doubled, physical activity levels are below par, and cardiorespiratory fitness often does not meet minimally acceptable job standards. During this time, daily occupational energy expenditure has decreased by more than 100 calories. It is recommended for employers to consider best practices and design workplace wellness programs accordingly. Regulations that protect and promote worker health ...
Proceedings Of The 3rd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2015, 2015 Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Leopoldina Hospital, 97421 Schweinfurt, Germany
Proceedings Of The 3rd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2015, Rainer J. Klement, Daniel Bukac, Jochen Hamatschek, Paul Jaminet, Lindsey Otten, Christian Selig, Jörg Spitz, Klaus Steger
Journal of Evolution and Health
We present the scientific abstracts of the 3rd Annual Symposium of the German Society for Paleo Nutrition (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Paläoernährung e.V.) which was held on July 26th 2015 in Berlin, Germany. The focus of this year's symposium was on the future challenges of human society including topics such as nutritional sustainability, the paleo-deficit syndrome or frailty of the elderly due to body composition changes
Exploring Cross-Sectional Associations Between Unhealthy Food Outlet Exposure And Bmi Z-Score In Elementary School Children In London, Canada, 2015 The University Western University
Exploring Cross-Sectional Associations Between Unhealthy Food Outlet Exposure And Bmi Z-Score In Elementary School Children In London, Canada, Krista Cook
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The food environment has been implicated in the continuing epidemic of childhood obesity in Canada. The purpose of this thesis is to examine associations between the food environment, childhood weight, and unhealthy diets using data collected by the Spatial Temporal Environmental and Activity Monitoring (STEAM) project conducted among children (N=852) aged 9 to 14 years in Southwestern Ontario between 2010 and 2013. Global Positioning System (GPS) monitors and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were used to determine the time children spent within 100m of an unhealthy food outlet on weekdays. Structural equation modeling was used to assess the effect of ...
Children's Picky Eating And The Role Of Family Environments, 2015 Minnesota State University - Mankato
Children's Picky Eating And The Role Of Family Environments, Maureen Lyons
Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato
Picky eating is often seen as a temporary phase that children go through in the developmental process. While some children never exhibit picky eating behaviors, others seem to get stuck in the tendency of judging foods, which they have never tried, based upon a pretense that the food might not meet with their satisfaction. Learning more about children’s preferred food groups and types of foods, along with the family environmental factors experienced by these children may help to understand ways to support children who struggle with picky eating. Introducing children to new foods within a positive atmosphere, where they ...
New Techniques To Modify Pork Fats Promote Better Health, 2015 Iowa State University
New Techniques To Modify Pork Fats Promote Better Health, Helen H. Jensen, Donald C. Beitz
Iowa Ag Review
Mounting scientific evidence establishing the link between adverse health consequences and the consumption of fat and fat rich in saw rated fatty acids (saturated fat) has prompted leading health organizations to recommend decreasing the consumption of total and sam rated faL
The Food Education Project: Teaching Nutrition Through Environmental Awareness, 2015 University of San Francisco
The Food Education Project: Teaching Nutrition Through Environmental Awareness, Caren R. Pinto
This paper examines a 300-hour fieldwork internship that took place during a summer semester at a local non-profit called the Food Education Project (FEP). FEP provided a practical and hands- on opportunity, which allowed for the knowledge gained over the past two years at the University of San Francisco’s Public Health Program to be put to public health practice. The experience was invaluable for the author’s professional and personal growth.
The paper will explore the prevalence of obesity and type II diabetes in the nation’s youth today. Second, a literature review will be conducted to examine the ...
The Human And Environmental Health Impacts Of Food Quality Among Emergency Food Providers, 2015 University of San Francisco
The Human And Environmental Health Impacts Of Food Quality Among Emergency Food Providers, Alexina Cather
Human health and environmental health are inextricably entwined, and the ways in which we grow, process, package, transport, market, and consume food are critical factors for both human and environmental health. The current industrial food system in the United States has numerous adverse effects on environmental and human health, which significantly impact the millions of food insecure Americans who receive their nutritional needs from emergency food providers (American Public Health Association, 2007). The widespread food insecurity in the United States and the increasing prevalence of obesity among adults and children have drawn attention to the role that emergency food ...
Method Development For Vitamin C Quantification In Two Complex Matrices, 2015 University of Maine
Method Development For Vitamin C Quantification In Two Complex Matrices, Hannah D. Hutt
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The following liquid chromatographic (LC) method developments and applied research studies were done using two complex food matrices, potatoes and elderberries, which are common to the state of Maine. Potatoes are Maine’s largest agricultural crop, a staple food in most U.S. households, and are, from an analytical standpoint, considered a complex matrix due to the high starch content that can be difficult to remove without degrading or removing nutrients in the process. Elderberries are an emerging crop in the U.S. because of their antioxidant and anti-viral properties and are found growing wild, throughout Maine. Elderberries are also ...
Recommended Daily Allowances (Rdas) Soon To Change, 2015 Iowa State University
Recommended Daily Allowances (Rdas) Soon To Change, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development
Iowa Ag Review
Recommended daily allowances (RDAs), commonly seen on packaged food, may soon be replaced. The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine is currently revising the RDAs for nutrient intake.
Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, 2015 Iowa State University
Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, Helen H. Jensen
Iowa Ag Review
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) spends over $30 billion a year on food and nutrition assistance programs, an amount that is over one-half of the USDA budget today. Historically, U.S. food assistance programs featured purchase and distribution of surplus agricultural commodities to low-income households and to school lunch programs. Today, food and nutrition assistance includes a wide range of programs designed to provide low-income households access to adequate nutrients and a balanced diet, to increase food security in the general population and reduce hunger, especially for children, and to encourage low-income adults and children to acquire knowledge ...
Exploring Connections Between Prenatal Physical Activity And Breastfeeding, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Exploring Connections Between Prenatal Physical Activity And Breastfeeding, Emily Alexandria Tucker
Women who decide to engage in prenatal physical activity are giving themselves, and their child, an advantage over those who are not physically active during pregnancy; not only are there significant health benefits for mothers, but also there are great benefits for the unborn child. Breastfeeding is another important decision parents make that can impact the future health of their children. There has been extensive research on the benefits of both prenatal physical activity and breastfeeding, but the connection between the two is unclear. The purpose of this grounded theory study was to identify potential connections between factors influencing women ...
Do Increases In Fruit Intake Lead To Substitutive Eating Patterns And Decreases In Overall Energy Intake In Normal Weight Adults?, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Do Increases In Fruit Intake Lead To Substitutive Eating Patterns And Decreases In Overall Energy Intake In Normal Weight Adults?, Shireen Amanda Sobhani
Background: It is suggested that increasing intake of fruits and vegetables may lead to decreased energy intake via substitution of higher energy-dense foods, such as snack foods (SF; i.e. candy, chips, cookies). This study investigated the impact of increasing fruit (F; grapes) intake, via increased portion size, on SF (potato chips) intake during a meal and whether increases in F intake affected total meal energy intake, via reducing SF intake (substitutive eating), in normal-weight adults. A secondary objective investigated whether the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of SF was a moderator of the substitutive relationship between F and SF.
The Effect Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Commercials On Intake Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Snack Foods In Normal Weight, College-Aged, Dietary Restrained Women, 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
The Effect Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Commercials On Intake Of Perceived Healthy And Unhealthy Snack Foods In Normal Weight, College-Aged, Dietary Restrained Women, Seletha Ann Periman
Background: Exposure to various types of food cues via television commercials may enhance consumption of different foods, particularly in females who engage in cognitive efforts to control food intake (i.e., restrained eaters). However, it is unknown if food-related commercials differing in health perceptions impact on intake of foods with differing health perceptions. This study investigated the effect of viewing “healthy” or “unhealthy” food commercials on intake of “healthy” and “unhealthy” snack foods in healthy weight, dietary-restrained, college-aged women.
Methods: Using a 3 x 2 between-subjects design (factors of commercial type [“healthy” foods, “unhealthy” foods, and non-food-related] and snack food ...