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Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt 2016 Iowa State University

Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt

Susan W. Arendt

Linear programming tools are used to gauge regional potential for local diversified agriculture required to meet the dietary needs of the population.


Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li

Wenjun Li

INTRODUCTION. Neighborhood food environment is important to healthy eating. The availability and proximity of healthy foods has been shown to affect dietary quality, obesity, and overall health. We surveyed food stores throughout City of Worcester to assess the variability of food availability in neighborhoods and inequalities in access to fresh produce, unprocessed foods, and other healthy food options by neighborhood socioeconomic status (N-SES).

METHODS. Where permitted by the store manager, the Community Nutrition Environment Evaluation Data Systems (C-NEEDS) survey was completed inside the store by trained staff. Healthy Food Availability Index (HFAI; range 0-56) and Unhealthy Food Availability Index (UFAI ...


Processing Feed Ingredients From Blends Of Soybean Meal, Whole Blood, And Red Blood Cells, Linfeng Wang, Rolando A. Flores, Lawrence A. Johnson 2016 Kansas State University

Processing Feed Ingredients From Blends Of Soybean Meal, Whole Blood, And Red Blood Cells, Linfeng Wang, Rolando A. Flores, Lawrence A. Johnson

Lawrence A. Johnson

Fish meal is a high quality, but expensive and scarce, feed ingredient used in fish and poultry feeds. Blood meal, a slaughterhouse by-product, and soybean meal are high quality protein sources successfully used to partially replace fish meal in animal diets; however, the dehydration cost for blood meal makes it as expensive as fish meal. In this study, feed ingredients were developed using soybean meal and pork blood. Whole blood and red blood cells were mixed with soybean meal and processed under different conditions. The methods evaluated were mixing and then drying at temperatures of 50, 70, 90, and 110 ...


Atlantis Program Allows Eu, Us Students To Focus On Biorenewable Resources, Howell Medders, Andrew Proctor, Lawrence A. Johnson, Ronald L. Madl, D. Raj Raman 2016 University of Arkansas

Atlantis Program Allows Eu, Us Students To Focus On Biorenewable Resources, Howell Medders, Andrew Proctor, Lawrence A. Johnson, Ronald L. Madl, D. Raj Raman

Lawrence A. Johnson

EU-US Atlantis is an umbrella program for a variety of inno­ vative educational opportunities for students and faculty to study and conduct research abroad and for curriculum development. The Integral Valorization of Bio-Production (IVBP) program, funded for 2008-2012, provides financial assistance for US students to study in Europe and for EU students to study in the United States.


A Non-Restrictive Weight Loss Diet Focused On Increasing Fiber And Lean Protein: Results Of A Pilot Trial, Lijuan Zhang, Sherry L. Pagoto, Barbara C. Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda C. Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Non-Restrictive Weight Loss Diet Focused On Increasing Fiber And Lean Protein: Results Of A Pilot Trial, Lijuan Zhang, Sherry L. Pagoto, Barbara C. Olendzki, Gioia Persuitte, Linda C. Churchill, Jessica Oleski, Yunsheng Ma

Sherry L. Pagoto

Objective. The vast majority of diets are not only multicomponent but also restrictive. Dietary fiber or protein can reduce hunger and enhance satiety; they also exert clinical benefits. We examined feasibility and acceptability of a non-restrictive diet combining the two for weight loss.

Population and Methods. Fifteen patients were enrolled in the trial (2 men, 13 women, mean age=48 y and mean BMI = 36 kg/m2) to attend 6 bi-weekly individual counselling sessions for the diet during the 12-week study period. The goals of the intervention were to attain a daily goal of higher fiber (>35g)/ and lean protein ...


Starch-Thickened Acidic Foodstuffs And Method Of Preparation, Pamela J. White, Linda M. Pollak, Lawrence A. Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

Starch-Thickened Acidic Foodstuffs And Method Of Preparation, Pamela J. White, Linda M. Pollak, Lawrence A. Johnson

Lawrence A. Johnson

Starch-thickened acidic foodstuffs are provided in which the starch used as a thickener comprises sugary-2 starch obtaining from sugary-2 genotype maize seeds. Sugary-2 starch can be effectively used as a thickener in foodstuffs having a pH of 2.0 to 5.5.


Simplified Process For Soybean Glycinin And Â-Conglycinin Fractionation, Shaowen Wu, Patricia A. Murphy, Lawrence A. Johnson, Mark A. Reuber, Alfred R. Fratzke 2016 Iowa State University

Simplified Process For Soybean Glycinin And Â-Conglycinin Fractionation, Shaowen Wu, Patricia A. Murphy, Lawrence A. Johnson, Mark A. Reuber, Alfred R. Fratzke

Lawrence A. Johnson

A simplification of the pilot-plant scale modified Nagano method yielding two protein fractions, glycinin and â-conglycinin, by pH adjustment and ultrafiltration membrane separation was developed and compared with our pilot-plant-scale modified Nagano procedure and with a soy protein isolate pilot-plant procedure as our reference process. Two protein fractions, glycinin and â-conglycinin, were produced from our simplified process and compared to the three protein fractions, glycinin, â-conglycinin, and an intermediate protein mixture, produced with the modified Nagano method. The pilot-plant yields of glycinin, â-conglycinin, and intermediate mixture fractions from the modified Nagano method were 9.4, 10.3, and 4.8 ...


European Food-Safety Concerns: From Farm To Market, D. Burden, Lawrence A. Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

European Food-Safety Concerns: From Farm To Market, D. Burden, Lawrence A. Johnson

Lawrence A. Johnson

In May of this year, 14 students from Iowa State University (ISU) had the opportunity to visit England and Scotland to examine food-safety issues, with emphasis on increasing the exposure to and understanding of European food-safety concerns, farming practices,the regulatory environment,research activities, and consumer attitudes.


Economic-Engineering Assessment Of Sequential Extraction Processing Of Corn, Dongil Chang, Mila P. Hojilla-Evangelista, Lawrence A. Johnson, Deland J. Myers 2016 Chungnam National University

Economic-Engineering Assessment Of Sequential Extraction Processing Of Corn, Dongil Chang, Mila P. Hojilla-Evangelista, Lawrence A. Johnson, Deland J. Myers

Lawrence A. Johnson

A simulation model, termed SIMSEP for simulating the Sequential Extraction Process (SEP), was developed to assess the economic and engineering feasibilities of SEP, an innovative approach to processing corn into ethanol, edible oil, industrial and edible proteins, andfeed ingredients. SEP is designed to produce a new mix of value-added coproducts that could improve the profitability of processing corn and corn-derived ethanol. Simulations were carried out for various system variables to examine their effects on profitability. Results showed that SEP is economically and technically feasible. Estimates for return on investment for a proposed plant are attractive under many likely market situations ...


Process For Producing Improved Soy Protein Concentrate From Genetically-Modified Soybeans, Lawrence A. Johnson 2016 Iowa State University

Process For Producing Improved Soy Protein Concentrate From Genetically-Modified Soybeans, Lawrence A. Johnson

Lawrence A. Johnson

The present invention provides an economical method to produce an improved soy protein concentrate from soybeans which have been genetically-modified to reduce or eliminate the raffinose, stachyose and lipoxygenase content and associated off-flavors. The improved soy protein concentrate is highly functional, has good palatability and high retention of vitamins, minerals and isoflavones, little or no indigestible oligosaccharides, and is low in fiber such that it can be used in place of soy protein isolates in many applications. Further, the low processing costs of the present invention result in an economical product which offers a superior alternative for lower value uses ...


A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

A Pilot Study To Assess The Feasibility, Safety And Acceptability Of Soy-Based Diet For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Ling Shi, Vidya Iyer, Emily Jones, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Laura L. Hayman

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Background: Diet plays an important role in the prevention and management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Previous studies suggest that soy protein and isoflavones may have beneficial effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. Little is known regarding the cardiometabolic effects of soy intake during pregnancy. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, safety and acceptability of daily consumption of soy foods during pregnancy in women at high risk for GDM, and participant adherence to their assigned treatment.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted among pregnant women at high risk for GDM. The Soy group were counseled to consume a ...


Relationship Between Body Composition, Fitness, And Eating Behaviors And Markers Of Metabolic Suppression In Exercising Men, Mikayla K. Locke, Karsten Koehler 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Relationship Between Body Composition, Fitness, And Eating Behaviors And Markers Of Metabolic Suppression In Exercising Men, Mikayla K. Locke, Karsten Koehler

UCARE Research Products

Introduction: Chronic dieting can result in characteristic metabolic adaptations such as a suppression of resting metabolic rate (RMR). Previous research has focused on health outcomes related to metabolic suppression in female athletes, which include impaired menstrual and bone health. The study purpose was to assess the relationship between metabolic suppression and body composition, fitness, and eating behavior traits in exercising men.

Approach: Cross-sectional study comparing exercising men who display evidence of metabolic suppression (MS) and a control group (Con). RMR was used as a surrogate marker of metabolic suppression.

Results and Discussion: When compared to Con, MS had a higher ...


Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, MD, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, MD, Franklin D. Shuler, MD, PhD 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine

Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Vitamin K is known to play an essential role in the coagulation cascade; however, a growing body of research has found that a subtype of this vitamin, vitamin K2 (menaquinone) may have a beneficial effect in osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. This purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of recent literature regarding menaquinone and its role in human health. This review discusses the physiology of menaquinone, its clinical benefits in cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and cancer, and how it may interact with certain medications. The authors conclude that menaquinone supplementation has been shown to improve carboxylation ...


Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Improved Corn Ethanol Fermentation And Oil Distribution By Using Polysaccharide Hydrolyzing Enzymes, Linxing Yao, Pawarisa Luangthongkam, Tong Wang, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Tao Fei, Hui Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson, Mohan Dasari 2016 Iowa State University

Improved Corn Ethanol Fermentation And Oil Distribution By Using Polysaccharide Hydrolyzing Enzymes, Linxing Yao, Pawarisa Luangthongkam, Tong Wang, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Tao Fei, Hui Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson, Mohan Dasari

Tong Wang

We determined the effects of a commercial proprietary formulation of polysaccharide hydrolyzing enzymes on ethanol fermentation performance, oil partitioning and recovery, and quality of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) on a 1.5-L and 50-L fermentation scale. The enzyme was added at the start of fermentation. Whole beer was subjected to beer well incubation, distillation, and separation of thin stillage from the wet cake. The enzyme promoted faster ethanol production without affecting the final ethanol yield. The enzyme treatments resulted in 8–18% higher wet yield of thin stillage than the control, 13–21% of oil increase in thin ...


Effects Of Glycerin Antifreeze On Cpvc, Paul J. Gramann, Javier C. Cruz, David A. Grewell, Melissa Montablo-Lomboy, Tong Wang Professor 2016 The Madison Group

Effects Of Glycerin Antifreeze On Cpvc, Paul J. Gramann, Javier C. Cruz, David A. Grewell, Melissa Montablo-Lomboy, Tong Wang Professor

Tong Wang

There are multiple applications where chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) (CPVC) may come in contact with glycerin. One common application is in fire suppression systems that could be subjected to subfreezing temperatures. Chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) is increasingly being used for these systems in place of metal because of its many advantages, including the ease of installation, weight reduction, cost benefits and chemical resistance. When CPVC piping is used in an area that has the potential to freeze, an antifreeze solution must be used in the fire suppression systems to suppress the freezing temperature of the water and reduce possibility of ...


Effects Of Biodiesel On Plastics, David A. Grewell, Tong Wang, Melissa Montalbo-Lomboy, Linxing Yao, Paul Gramann, Javier Cruz 2016 Iowa State University

Effects Of Biodiesel On Plastics, David A. Grewell, Tong Wang, Melissa Montalbo-Lomboy, Linxing Yao, Paul Gramann, Javier Cruz

Tong Wang

Many chemicals have the ability to attack on plastics as solvents and can lead to failure. In some cases, the source of the solvent is not well defined. In this study, the effect of biodiesel, a fatty acid methyl ester, on various plastics, namely polyamide 6 (PA 6), polycarbonate (PC), acrylonitrile-butadiene- styrene (ABS) and ABS/PC plastic blends was studied. Various feedstocks of biodiesel were also studied, including, soy bean oil (new and used), animal fat (tallow), corn oil as well as choice white grease. The plastics samples were tested under ASTM standard where a predefined strain is applied to ...


Mechanism Of Triglyceride Lowering Action Of Akkermansia Muciniphila And Fenugreek In A Genetic Induced Hyperlipidemia, Jing Shen 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Mechanism Of Triglyceride Lowering Action Of Akkermansia Muciniphila And Fenugreek In A Genetic Induced Hyperlipidemia, Jing Shen

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Hyperlipidemia is a condition of abnormally elevated levels of lipids and/or lipoproteins in the blood circulation. It is usually accompanied with obesity, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, hypertension and non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) and has become a great threat to human health. New therapeutic strategies are needed for the prevention and treatment of both genetic intervention-induced hyperlipidemia and environmentally induced hyperlipidemia. In this study, we determined the therapeutic effects of a diseaseprotecting gut bacteria, Akkermansia muciniphila, and an annual legume, fenugreek, on hypertriglyceridemia induced by genetic depletion of cAMP responsive binding protein H (CREBH KO) in mice. We ...


Bauer Ketones 23 And 24 From Echinacea Paradoxa Var. Paradoxa Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Nitric Oxide, Prostaglandin E2 And Cytokines In Raw264.7 Mouse Macrophages, Xiaozhu Zhang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Catherine C. Hauck, Luping Qu, Mark P. Widrlechner, Basil J. Nikolau, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt 2016 Iowa State University

Bauer Ketones 23 And 24 From Echinacea Paradoxa Var. Paradoxa Inhibit Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Nitric Oxide, Prostaglandin E2 And Cytokines In Raw264.7 Mouse Macrophages, Xiaozhu Zhang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Catherine C. Hauck, Luping Qu, Mark P. Widrlechner, Basil J. Nikolau, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt

Basil Nikolau

Among the nine Echinacea species, E. purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida, have been widely used to treat the common cold, flu and other infections. In this study, ethanol extracts of these three Echinaceaspecies and E. paradoxa, including its typical variety, E. paradoxa var. paradoxa, were screened in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage cells to assess potential anti-inflammatory activity. E. paradoxa var. paradoxa, rich in polyenes/polyacetylenes, was an especially efficient inhibitor of LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) by 46%, 32%, 53% and 26%, respectively, when tested at 20 μg ...


Enrichment Of Echinacea Angustifolia With Bauer Alkylamide 11 And Bauer Ketone 23 Increased Anti-Inflammatory Potential Through Interference With Cox-2 Enzyme Activity, Carlie A. LaLone, Nan Huang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Man-Yu Yum, Navrozedeep Singh, Cathy Hauck, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, Marian L. Kohut, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt 2016 Iowa State University

Enrichment Of Echinacea Angustifolia With Bauer Alkylamide 11 And Bauer Ketone 23 Increased Anti-Inflammatory Potential Through Interference With Cox-2 Enzyme Activity, Carlie A. Lalone, Nan Huang, Ludmila Rizshsky, Man-Yu Yum, Navrozedeep Singh, Cathy Hauck, Basil J. Nikolau, Eve S. Wurtele, Marian L. Kohut, Patricia A. Murphy, Diane F. Birt

Basil Nikolau

Bauer alkylamide 11 and Bauer ketone 23 were previously found to be partially responsible forEchinacea angustifolia anti-inflammatory properties. This study further tested their importance using the inhibition of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) production by RAW264.7 mouse macrophages in the absence and presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and E. angustifolia extracts, phytochemical enriched fractions, or pure synthesized standards. Molecular targets were probed using microarray, qRT-PCR, Western blot, and enzyme assays. Fractions with these phytochemicals were more potent inhibitors of LPS-induced PGE2 production than E. angustifolia extracts. Microarray did not detect changes in transcripts with ...


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