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The Significance Of Whole Grain Teff For Improving Nutrition: From Injera To Ready To Eat Porridge By Using Extrusion Cooking Technology, Helen T. Zewdie, Mammo Muchie 2015 University of Pretoria, South Africa

The Significance Of Whole Grain Teff For Improving Nutrition: From Injera To Ready To Eat Porridge By Using Extrusion Cooking Technology, Helen T. Zewdie, Mammo Muchie

International Journal of African Development

Teff (EragrostisTef) is a fascinating grain, ancient, minute in size, packed with nutrition and used for centuries as the principal ingredient of the Ethiopian population diet. The micro- and macronutrients level of teff grainis apparently higher than that of barley, wheat and sorghum and the amino acid composition comparable to that of egg protein, except for its lower lysine content. In Ethiopia, it has been using as a staple food by making flat bread called Injera. Teff can be diversified from its current provision of Injera to other forms like instant porridge to improve the nutritional quality and it may ...


Proceedings Of The 2nd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2014, Rainer J. Klement, Ulrike Gonder, Evelyn Orsó, Sabine Paul, Philipp Rauscher, Florian Schilling, Jörg Spitz 2015 Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Leopoldina Hospital, Schweinfurt, Germany

Proceedings Of The 2nd Annual Symposium Of The German Society For Paleo Nutrition Held In 2014, Rainer J. Klement, Ulrike Gonder, Evelyn Orsó, Sabine Paul, Philipp Rauscher, Florian Schilling, Jörg Spitz

Journal of Evolution and Health

We present the scientific abstracts of the 2nd Annual Symposium of the German Society for Paleo Nutrition (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Paläoernährung e.V.) which was held on November 8th 2014 in Schweinfurt, Germany. The topics presented had a great variety that included (i) a discussion of specific foods (one talk addressed the potential problems associated with cow’s milk consumption and one talk dealt with the staple foods of the Hadzda hunter-gatherers); (ii) the emerging role of ketogenic diets in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and cancer; (iii) an overview of intermittend fasting and its effects on health ...


Uric Acid Level Is Associated With Postprandial Lipemic Response To A High Saturated Fat Meal, Roy Gail Cutler 2015 Walden University

Uric Acid Level Is Associated With Postprandial Lipemic Response To A High Saturated Fat Meal, Roy Gail Cutler

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Hyperlipidemia caused by a diet high in saturated fat can lead to visceral fat weight gain, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Being over-weight from visceral fat has been linked to increased risk of developing most age-related diseases and disability, along with a lower income potential and quality of life. However, researchers are just beginning to understand the biological mechanisms that regulate the conversion of excess calories into visceral fat storage rather than glycogen or muscle. Epidemiological studies have repeatedly shown a comorbid association between age-related diseases involving hyperlipemia and circulating levels of uric acid, but not a direct association. This study ...


Relationships Between The Coordinated School Health Program And Childhood Obesity In Tennessee, Tekeela Shonta Green 2015 Walden University

Relationships Between The Coordinated School Health Program And Childhood Obesity In Tennessee, Tekeela Shonta Green

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Childhood obesity rates have increased nationwide, but rates of childhood obesity are higher in Tennessee (TN). The Coordinated School Health (CSH) Program is a multicomponent approach designed to improve academics and health in children in Tennessee; however, researchers have not evaluated the 8 components of the plan and the impact it has on weight in children. The purpose of the study was to determine if a relationship existed between the Coordinated School Health Program and obesity in children. The conceptual framework for this study was Bandura's social cognitive theory. One hundred forty CSH coordinators in TN were surveyed and ...


Effects Of Complete Vitamin And Mineral Supplementation In Full Potential All-Milk Diets On Growth And Health Of Holstein Bull Calves, Mehdi Dehghan-banadaky, Lucas A. Krueger, Judith R. Stabel, Donald C. Beitz 2015 University of Tehran

Effects Of Complete Vitamin And Mineral Supplementation In Full Potential All-Milk Diets On Growth And Health Of Holstein Bull Calves, Mehdi Dehghan-Banadaky, Lucas A. Krueger, Judith R. Stabel, Donald C. Beitz

Animal Industry Report

Pre-ruminant Holstein bull calves were fed two diets of pasteurized whole milk (PWM) in amounts that either limited intake or that maximized intake according to common commercial practice. Diets then were either supplemented or not supplemented with a full complement of vitamins and trace minerals (VTM) that met or exceeded NRC requirements. The objective of the study was to quantify the effects of the four feeding strategies on growth of calves, vitamin and mineral statuses in blood, and magnitude of acute phase inflammatory protein expression in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure. Calves were assigned randomly to one of four treatment ...


Optimal Dietary Energy And Protein For Gilt Development: Growth And Body Composition, Feed Intake And Carcass Composition Traits, Julia A. Calderón Díaz, Jeffrey L. Vallet, Terry Prince, Christina Phillips, Askley DeDecker, Kenneth J. Stalder 2015 Iowa State University

Optimal Dietary Energy And Protein For Gilt Development: Growth And Body Composition, Feed Intake And Carcass Composition Traits, Julia A. Calderón Díaz, Jeffrey L. Vallet, Terry Prince, Christina Phillips, Askley Dedecker, Kenneth J. Stalder

Animal Industry Report

Body weight, body composition, feed intake (FI) and carcass traits of 1221 crossbred Large White × Landrace gilts housed in groups from 100 d of age until slaughter (approximately 260 d of age) and randomly allotted to six corn-soybean diets formulated to provided two standardized ileal digestible lysine levels [100% (high, HL) and 85% (low, LL)] and three metabolizable energy levels [ME, 90% (low, LME), 100% (medium, MME), 110% (high, HME) were evaluated. There were no differences between lysine or ME levels for growth and body composition, except for back fat, which was slightly greater for gilts fed a HME diet ...


Dietary Cholesterol Affects Lipid Metabolism In Rabbits, Byungrok Min, Il Suk Kim, Dong U. Ahn 2015 Iowa State University

Dietary Cholesterol Affects Lipid Metabolism In Rabbits, Byungrok Min, Il Suk Kim, Dong U. Ahn

Animal Industry Report

Effects of dietary cholesterol (0 (control), 1, 2, 4 or 8 g cholesterol/kg diet for 12 wks) on lipid contents and fatty acid compositions in red blood cell (RBC) membranes and plasma of rabbits and pathological changes and lipid oxidation in their livers were determined. Contents of total lipid and unsaturated fatty acids in RBC membrane and plasma of rabbits fed ≥4 g and ≥2 g dosages, respectively, were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of the control, and their increases were dosage-dependent. Accumulations of neutral lipids in centrolobular regions of livers in rabbits fed ≥ 2 g were dosage-dependent. Lipid oxidation in liver of rabbits fed 8 g was >2 times higher (P < 0.05) than those fed lower dosages. The results indicated that dietary cholesterol can modify lipid metabolisms of rabbits, including biosynthesis and transportation of lipids and fatty acids and incorporation of fatty acid into RBC membranes.


The Effects Of Barriers Toward Fighting Childhood Obesity Within Head Start, Vanessa Chaney 2015 Walden University

The Effects Of Barriers Toward Fighting Childhood Obesity Within Head Start, Vanessa Chaney

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Childhood obesity is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and poses a health care burden. Child care facilities serve at the forefront in fighting childhood obesity among preschoolers. Since 2009, a significant shift has occurred in studying child care settings among children aged 3-5 in North Carolina and South Carolina in response to the rising rates of obesity in this population. Some of the hypothesized determinants of childhood obesity among preschoolers in North Carolina and South Carolina are outdoor activity, staff behavior, center's size and location. The purpose of this study was to investigate if significant relationships exist between ...


Effects Of Increased Inclusion Of Algae Meal On Lamb Total Tract Digestibility, Rebecca S. Stokes, Megan L. Van Emon, Daniel D. Loy, Stephanie L. Hansen 2015 Iowa State University

Effects Of Increased Inclusion Of Algae Meal On Lamb Total Tract Digestibility, Rebecca S. Stokes, Megan L. Van Emon, Daniel D. Loy, Stephanie L. Hansen

Animal Industry Report

Algae meal is a novel coproduct created by the unique combination of soybean hulls and oil-extracted heterotrophic micro algae. Algae meal is highly digestible by ruminants and was readily consumed by lambs when included at up to 60% of the diet dry matter. This suggests that algae meal could potentially replace corn or soybean hulls and serve as a valuable component of feedlot diets.


Effects Of Dietary Cholesterol And Its Oxidation Products On Pathological Lesions And Cholesterol And Lipid Oxidation In The Rabbit Liver, Sun Jin Hur, Kwon Il Seo, Dong U. Ahn 2015 Iowa State University

Effects Of Dietary Cholesterol And Its Oxidation Products On Pathological Lesions And Cholesterol And Lipid Oxidation In The Rabbit Liver, Sun Jin Hur, Kwon Il Seo, Dong U. Ahn

Animal Industry Report

The effects of dietary cholesterol (CHO) and cholesterol oxidation productions (COPs) on the induction of pathological lesions in rabbit liver tissues were determined. Rabbits were fed with a chow containing no additives or added with 1 g CHO, 2 g CHO, 0.9 g CHO + 0.1 COPs, 0.8 g CHO + 0.2 g COPs, 0.5 g CHO + 0.5 g COPs, 1.6 g CHO + 0.4 g COPs, or 1.2 g CHO + 0.8 g COPs per kg diet. Liver lesions were induced only when the levels of CHO and COPs in the diet were ...


A Cross-Sectional Study: Dietary Micronutrient Levels In Allied Health And Nursing Students, Grisseel A. Cruz-Espaillat 2015 Walden University

A Cross-Sectional Study: Dietary Micronutrient Levels In Allied Health And Nursing Students, Grisseel A. Cruz-Espaillat

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The adequate intake of micronutrients is important to maintain optimal health and prevent nutritional disorders and chronic disease. Studies have shown that medical students often reduce self-care behaviors and lack adequate dietary intake, leading to nutritional deficiencies. In this quantitative cross-sectional study, measurements of micronutrient levels in a sample of allied health and nursing students were compared to Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) values. NutritionQuest Data-on-Demand System was used to analyze nutrients and food group intake. The postpositivist paradigm was used to examine how the independent and dependent variables relate to each other. Using a one-sample t test, a comparison of ...


Rolling Harvest Food Rescue, Cathy Snyder 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Rolling Harvest Food Rescue, Cathy Snyder

The Last Food Mile Conference

Rolling Harvest Food Rescue began in 2009 when Founder and Executive Director Cathy Snyder began to volunteer at a food pantry in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Soon after, a bountiful farmers’ market opened up less than a mile away. Snyder quickly realized that she was able to enjoy the taste and benefits of the market products simply because she had a car and disposable income, a luxury many of the food pantry clients were lacking. Returning to the food pantry the following week, continuing to hand out yet more mac and cheese, high-sodium soups and bruised bananas to struggling, food-insecure ...


Study Of A Contemporary Diet In One Household In The Yucatan, Ericka K. Hardin 2014 Western Kentucky University

Study Of A Contemporary Diet In One Household In The Yucatan, Ericka K. Hardin

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The history of the Yucatan has played a major role in the development of the food system of the area and the nutritional status of the population. Originating from an agricultural based diet, which forms the foundation of the traditional Yucatan diet, there has been a recent shift away from whole and natural foods to a more processed and convenient food supply due to the influx of American products and culture. Coinciding with the influx of these unhealthy foods, there has also been a rise in the health problems of the Mexican population such as heart disease and diabetes, both ...


Wellness And Food Preferences Among Children Of Latino Immigrant Families In The Arcadia Community Of Spartanburg County, Sarah Grace Keaveny 2014 Wofford College

Wellness And Food Preferences Among Children Of Latino Immigrant Families In The Arcadia Community Of Spartanburg County, Sarah Grace Keaveny

Student Scholarship

The topic of this capstone is the result of my synthesis across disciplines. As a student with majors in Biology and Spanish with a concentration in Medical Humanities, I wanted to research a topic that would include my disciplines in a way that would meaningfully prepare me to leave my undergraduate years for medical school. This project seeks to generate an understanding of the culturally created eating habits and perceptions of wellness in Latino children living in the Arcadia Community, as told by their mothers. By seeking this understanding, I hope that this project may serve as a tool to ...


Fresh Bytes - Connected Hydroponics For Small-Scale Growing, Jack Bowen 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Fresh Bytes - Connected Hydroponics For Small-Scale Growing, Jack Bowen

Liberal Arts and Engineering Studies

Many users are now transitioning to small-scale hydroponics and aquaponics at home. There can be a barrier to entry with these systems as there is a delicate balance of chemicals, pH, etc. that must be maintained. There are sensors for these various components but they are either aimed at commercial production or are un-automated. Fresh Bytes is a microcomputer with sensors to detect all of these unseen components in a hydroponic system. A prototype of this microcomputer is produced along with CAD plans for more professional versions of it. The sensors are verified and future development is contemplated.


Role Of Vitamin A Status And Its Catabolism In The Regulation Of Glucose And Lipid Homeostasis In Rats Under Physiological And Disease Conditions, Yang Li 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Role Of Vitamin A Status And Its Catabolism In The Regulation Of Glucose And Lipid Homeostasis In Rats Under Physiological And Disease Conditions, Yang Li

Doctoral Dissertations

The increased number of individuals with metabolic diseases has become a public health concern. Vitamin A (VA, retinol) is required to maintain the general health of an individual. How VA contributes to the regulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis in normal and metabolic disease states is unclear. VA’s physiological activities are mainly mediated by its metabolite, retinoic acid (RA), which activates several transcriptional factors in the nuclear receptor super family and in turn, regulates the expression of numerous genes for macronutrient metabolism. For the RA production, retinol is first oxidized into retinal and then from retinal to RA. We ...


Saving Brains: Literature Review Of Reproductive, Neonatal, Child And Maternal Health And Nutrition Interventions To Mitigate Basic Risk Factors To Promote Child Development, Carol Levin, Elizabeth Brouwer 2014 University of Washington - Seattle Campus

Saving Brains: Literature Review Of Reproductive, Neonatal, Child And Maternal Health And Nutrition Interventions To Mitigate Basic Risk Factors To Promote Child Development, Carol Levin, Elizabeth Brouwer

Grand Challenges Canada Economic Returns to Mitigating Early Life Risks Project

No abstract provided.


Nutrition And Cancer, Angela Beeler, Katherine Saunders, Alexis Penney, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nutrition And Cancer, Angela Beeler, Katherine Saunders, Alexis Penney, James Liebmann, Richard S. Pieters

Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist

This chapter in Cancer Concepts: A Guidebook for the Non-Oncologist presents a summary of the nutritional concerns in oncology patients. Nutritional intake is frequently deficient in patients undergoing cancer treatment and should be assessed and treated. There are unique nutritional needs of the patient based on their site of cancer and effects of their particular treatment. There is little evidence that dietary manipulation or supplementation can produce a significant decrease in cancer risk.


Relationship Of Dna Methylation With Cardiovascular Fitness And Body Composition, Mihaela A. Ciulei 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Relationship Of Dna Methylation With Cardiovascular Fitness And Body Composition, Mihaela A. Ciulei

Theses

Global DNA Methylation (GDM), an epigenomic modification has been linked to the development of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. Our focus was to identify potential relationships between epigenetic alterations and both cardiovascular fitness and body composition measures. Purpose: As increases in aerobic fitness have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular disease, one purpose was to determine if a relationship was evident between global DNA methylation and VO2max. A secondary purpose was to determine if the relationship extends to body composition measured via Dual X-ray Absorbtometry (DXA). Methods: Fifty-two (male n=25, female n=27) subjects provided a blood sample for ...


Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni, Brian P. Meier 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University

Mindful Eating: Trait And State Mindfulness Predict Healthier Eating Behavior, Christian H. Jordan, Wan Wang, Linda R. Donatoni, Brian P. Meier

Psychology Faculty Publications

Obesity and excess weight are significant societal problems. Mindfulness may encourage healthier weight and eating habits. Across four studies, we found a positive relation between mindfulness and healthier eating. Trait mindfulness was associated with less impulsive eating, reduced calorie consumption, and healthier snack choices. In addition, we found a causal effect of mindfulness on healthier eating. An experimental manipulation of state mindfulness led participants to consume fewer calories in a spontaneous eating task. We also found preliminary evidence that mindfulness affects eating behavior by encouraging attitudinal preferences for healthier foods. Taken together, these results provide strong evidence that mindfulness encourages ...


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