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Added Sugar Consumption Among College Students, Maram Murad 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Added Sugar Consumption Among College Students, Maram Murad

Theses & Dissertations

Added sugar consumption has been increasing in all age groups in the United States and worldwide, with the greatest increase in young adults. College-age years are a critical period in the young adult's life where many habits develop, including nutrition and food choices. An understanding of college-age students’ attitudes and behaviors toward added sugar consumption might help predict added sugar consumption within this population. This was a quantitative study of traditional-aged college students' added sugar consumption through a convenience sample at a private university in San Antonio, TX. A survey was administrated to undergraduate students at different classes. Subjects ...


The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele DeBiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani 2017 Boston University

The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele Debiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani

Sherry L. Pagoto

Objective: Fruit and Vegetable (FV) intake-a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases-is lower among racial/ethnic minorities and low Socio- Economic Status (SES) groups when compared to other populations. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is one theoretical model studied to explain and influence individual health behaviors, including FV intake, in middle class populations, but not exclusively in diverse, low SES groups. This cross-sectional study evaluated the utility of select TPB variables to explain intention to consume and intake of FV in this population.

Design: Demographics, BMI, select TPB variables, and FV intake were measured via survey. Bivariate analyses were ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

Wenjun Li

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender.

RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

Rashelle B. Hayes

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender.

RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

Barbara C. Olendzki

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender. RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


Investigation Of The Cultural Context Of Sugars Consumption Behavior In Low-Income Mexican-American Women, Tanya J. Benitez, Colleen Keller, Kathryn Coe, Natasha Tasevska 2017 Arizona State University

Investigation Of The Cultural Context Of Sugars Consumption Behavior In Low-Income Mexican-American Women, Tanya J. Benitez, Colleen Keller, Kathryn Coe, Natasha Tasevska

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Despite the recent federal dietary recommendations to limit consumption of added sugars to less than ten percent of daily caloric intake, there is a gap in published literature examining the influence of food preparation behaviors on sugars consumption among low-income Mexican-American women. The purpose of the study was to describe the cultural context of Mexican-American women in procuring, preparing and presenting added sugars in their families’ diets.

Five focus groups were conducted to examine sugars consumption behavior in thirteen overweight/obese low-income Mexican-American women ages 27-40 years. Themes that emerged during the sessions included: changes in food procurement to include ...


Veganism As An Aspiration, Lori Gruen, Robert C. Jones 2017 California State University - Chico

Veganism As An Aspiration, Lori Gruen, Robert C. Jones

Robert C. Jones, Ph.D.

iven the violence, objectification, domination, commodification, and oppression inherent in industrialized food production, some conscientious consumers have adopted vegan practices. This chapter discusses two conceptions of veganism, lifestyle/identity veganism, VI, and veganism as a goal/aspiration, VA. It argues that due to conceptual and practical flaws with VI, conscientious consumers should adopt VA. It considers and rejects the so-called compassionate carnivore movement. It then explores arguments denying the casual efficacy of adopting any form of veganism. It concludes that VA can make a difference, and those in consumer cultures are obligated to adopt and practice it.


Maternal Diabetes, Related Biomarkers And Genes, And Risk Of Orofacial Clefts, Tiwaporn Maneerattanasuporn 2017 Utah State University

Maternal Diabetes, Related Biomarkers And Genes, And Risk Of Orofacial Clefts, Tiwaporn Maneerattanasuporn

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Orofacial clefts (OFCs) are among the most common congenital birth defects and are characterized by incomplete development of the lip or the palate or both. The lip and palate develop separately at different times during the first trimester of pregnancy. The etiology of OFCs is multifactorial and includes a combination of genetic and environmental factors. This project aims to examine role of maternal diabetes mellitus in orofacial clefts through studies of medical histories, biomarkers, and genes.

In a study of Utah birth certificates, mothers with pre-existing diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) had an increased risk of OFCs, and obese ...


Growing South Dakota, College of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 2017 South Dakota State University

Growing South Dakota, College Of Agriculture And Biological Sciences

Growing South Dakota (College of Agriculture & Biological Sciences Publication)

[Page] 2 From the Director

[Page] 3 WaterTouches Everything, Multi-State Network Strives to Enhance Water Stewardship

[Page] 6 From RubbleTo Renewal, Unique Art Project Helps Delmont Community Heal

[Page] 7 Future Focused, Community Development Program Helps Harness Ideas Into Action

[Page] 8 Health Help, Statewide Program Strives To Help Individuals Better Manage Chronic Health Condition

[Page] 10 Making An Impact, Master Gardener Program Helps Individuals & Communities Flourish

[Page] 12 Statewide Highlights & Happenings

[Page] 14 Outreach to Youth, Programs Foster Engagement With Diverse Youth Audiences

[Page] 17 A Look At Land Use, Report Documents Status of Eastern South Dakota Native Grasslands ...


Preserving Corn, Heidi LeBlanc, Charlotte Brennand, Paige Wray 2017 Utah State University

Preserving Corn, Heidi Leblanc, Charlotte Brennand, Paige Wray

All Current Publications

Corn is not only a favorite vegetable, but it is also the source of corn starch, cornmeal, corn oil, corn syrup, bourbon, and laundry starch.


Reducing The Rate Of Late Stage Breast Cancer Through Effective Health Communication: An Opinion Piece, Rachele Hendricks-Sturrup 2017 Nova Southeastern University

Reducing The Rate Of Late Stage Breast Cancer Through Effective Health Communication: An Opinion Piece, Rachele Hendricks-Sturrup

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Health and illness are traditionally characterized and treated differently across various ethnic groups, which encourages American health systems serving these diverse populations to explore culturally competent and safe ways to effectively reduce illness within such populations. Certain ethnic groups of women in the United States (US) bear greater risk of late stage breast cancer because of various circumstances, which include but are not limited to a lack of insurance or underinsurance and discomfort with and/or resentment toward the US healthcare system. The dominant culture and the social aspects of the modern American health system often and most favorably ...


Food Safety Culture In Onsite Foodservices: Development And Validation Of A Measurement Scale, Ungku Fatimah Ungku Zainal Abidin, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn 2017 Universiti Putra Malaysia

Food Safety Culture In Onsite Foodservices: Development And Validation Of A Measurement Scale, Ungku Fatimah Ungku Zainal Abidin, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn

Susan W. Arendt

The purpose of this research was to develop and validate a measurement scale for food safety culture in onsite foodservices. Nonsupervisory employees in hospital and school foodservices participated in a two-phase, mixed methods research design process. In phase 1, four focus groups were conducted to identify relevant factors of food safety culture. In phase 2, a survey completed by 582 respondents appeared to validate six food safety culture factors: management and coworkers support, communication, self commitment, environment support, work pressure, and risk judgement. The scale can be used to assess current food safety practices and strategize future food safety improvement ...


Implementation Of Food Defense Best Practices In Northern U.S. School Nutrition Programs: A Case Study, Carol J. Klitzke, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Susan W. Arendt 2017 Viterbo University

Implementation Of Food Defense Best Practices In Northern U.S. School Nutrition Programs: A Case Study, Carol J. Klitzke, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Susan W. Arendt

Susan W. Arendt

One act of intentional contamination of school meals can quickly harm many children. Food defense guidelines for schools exist; yet previous research has found communication, utility security, and physical security practices are infrequently implemented. A multi-site case study approach obtained a 360-degree assessment of food defense practices in five school districts. Meal production and service were observed, a food defense checklist was completed, and key stakeholders were interviewed. Qualitative analysis of interviews revealed lack of awareness, lack of concern, conflicting priorities, and isolation of food service from other school operations impaired food defense implementation. School security measures protected children, but ...


Sustainable Production Of Bioenergy From Agricultural And Food Waste, Stéphanie Jung 2017 Iowa State University

Sustainable Production Of Bioenergy From Agricultural And Food Waste, Stéphanie Jung

Stéphanie Jung

This project will determine the potential of pre- and post-consumer waste collected from ISU Dining for bioethanol production. The investigator will gather data about the quantity and composition of these wastes and how much energy could be produced.


Strategies To Stabilize Locally Grown Produce For Year-Round Sales: A Feasibility Study, Sam Beattie, Lester Wilson, Aubrey Mendonca, Stéphanie Jung 2017 Iowa State University

Strategies To Stabilize Locally Grown Produce For Year-Round Sales: A Feasibility Study, Sam Beattie, Lester Wilson, Aubrey Mendonca, Stéphanie Jung

Stéphanie Jung

Local markets are dependent on fresh-grown products that are available only on a seasonal basis. This project looked at possible ways to preserve fruits and vegetables for profitable sales in the offseason.


Relationships Between Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, And Behavior For Fifth Grade Students Attending Title I And Non-Title I Schools, Elisha M. Hall, Weiwen Chai, Julie A. Albrecht 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Relationships Between Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, And Behavior For Fifth Grade Students Attending Title I And Non-Title I Schools, Elisha M. Hall, Weiwen Chai, Julie A. Albrecht

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is a widely used theory for nutrition education programming. Better understanding the relationships between knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior among children of various income levels can help to form and improve nutrition programs, particularly for socioeconomically disadvantaged youth. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior among fifth grade students attending Title I (≥ 40% of students receiving free or reduced school meals) and non-Title I schools (< 40% of students receiving free or reduced school meals). A validated survey was completed by 55 fifth grade students from Title I and 122 from non-Title I schools. Differences in knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior scores between groups were assessed using t test and adjusted for variations between participating schools. Regression analysis was used to determine the relationships between knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior. In adjusted models, the Title I group had significantly lower scores on several knowledge items and summary knowledge (P = 0.04). The Title I group had significantly lower scores on several behavior variables including intakes of fruits (P = 0.02), vegetables (P = 0.0005), whole grains (P = 0.0003), and lean protein (P = 0.047), physical activity (P = 0.002) and summary behavior (P = 0.001). However the Title I group scored higher on self-efficacy for meal planning (P = 0.04) and choosing healthy snacks (P = 0.036). Both self-efficacy (β = 0.70, P < 0.0001) and knowledge (β = 0.35, P = 0.002) strongly predicted behavior; however, only self-efficacy remained significant in the Title I group (self-efficacy, β = 0.82, P = 0.0003; knowledge, β = 0.11, P = 0.59). Results demonstrate disparities in nutrition knowledge and behavior outcomes between students surveyed from Title I and non-Title I schools, suggesting more resources may be necessary for lower income populations. Findings suggest that future nutrition interventions should focus on facilitating the improvement of children's self-efficacy


Feasibility Of A Web-Based Cross-Over Paleolithic Diet Intervention In The General Population, Esther Nederhof, Esther Bikker 2017 University of Groningen

Feasibility Of A Web-Based Cross-Over Paleolithic Diet Intervention In The General Population, Esther Nederhof, Esther Bikker

Journal of Evolution and Health

Introduction: The primary aim was to investigate feasibility of a web-based cross-over Paleolithic diet intervention in the general population. The secondary aim was to calculate the sample size needed to reach a statistically significant difference in effect of a Paleolithic-like diet on psychological and somatic symptoms compared with the Dutch consensus diet.

Methods: 35 participants from the general population were recruited using social media. Participants filled-out an intake questionnaire to assess representativeness of the sample. Participants were instructed to consume both a Paleolithic-like diet and the Dutch consensus diet during four weeks, the order was randomly assigned. After each period ...


Gelatinization Properties Of Starches From Three Successive Generations Of Six Exotic Corn Lines Grown In Two Locations, Y. Ji, L. M. Pollak, S. Duvick, K. Seetharaman, Philip Dixon, Pamela J. White 2017 Iowa State University

Gelatinization Properties Of Starches From Three Successive Generations Of Six Exotic Corn Lines Grown In Two Locations, Y. Ji, L. M. Pollak, S. Duvick, K. Seetharaman, Philip Dixon, Pamela J. White

Philip Dixon

The objectives of this research were to evaluate the intra- and interpopulation variability in gelatinization properties of starches from exotic corn lines and their derivatives when grown 1) during two successive years in the same location; and 2) in both temperate and tropical environments. Six novel exotic corn lines (two 100% exotic and four 25% exotic derived from a breeding cross developed by crossing an exotic hybrid with Corn Belt lines) were selected for this research because their starches have significantly different (and potentially useful) thermal properties from those found in starch from normal Corn Belt corn. The Sn (n ...


Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, McCoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman 2017 Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane

Changes In Dietary Patterns And Body Composition Within 12 Months Of Liver Transplantation, Mccoy Simone, Katrina Campbell, Annie-Claude Lassemillante, Matthew P. Wallen, Jonathan Fawcett, Maree Jarrett, Graeme A. Macdonald, Ingrid J. Hickman

Katrina Campbell

Background:

Cardiometabolic risk factors are increasing in liver transplant recipients (LTR). Influencing dietary factors have not been assessed. The aim of this observational study was to assess changes in weight, metabolic function, dietary intake and eating behaviours in the first year after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).

Methods:

Consecutive recruitment of 17 patients (14 males) awaiting OLT at a single tertiary hospital. Dietary intake, food behaviours and anthropometry were recorded at baseline, and 6 and 12 months post-transplant.

Results:

By 12 months, patients had gained on average 7.3% of body weight. The prevalence of overweight or obesity increased from baseline ...


Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein 2017 Iowa State University

Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein

Kimberly A. Greder

A university-community partnership assessed the food security and health status of food pantry participants in a midwestern urban community. Eighty percent of households surveyed were food insecure, and 40% experienced fair or poor health. The sample experienced higher rates of chronic disease than the general population. A nutrition education program designed to meet specific nutrition and health-related needs of pantry participants was developed. Implications include training pantry staff about chronic disease and its relationship to nutrition, identifying pantry foods that provide positive health benefits, and developing consumer publications focused on selecting and preparing pantry foods when one has chronic disease.


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