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Swarna Ramaswamy_Thesis, Swarna S. Ramaswamy 2014 Texas Medical Center Library

Swarna Ramaswamy_Thesis, Swarna S. Ramaswamy

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

STRUCTURAL INVESTIGATIONS OF LIGAND GATED ION CHANNELS

Swarna Ramaswamy, B.S

Advisor: Vasanthi Jayaraman, Ph.D.

Ion channels form an integral part of membrane proteins. In the nervous system including the central and the peripheral nervous system, ligand gated ion channels form a very important part of intercellular communications. They receive chemical signals and convert them to electrical signal, mainly by allowing ion passage across the cell membrane. Ion passage also translates into downstream signaling events. Faithful translation of these signals and transmittance is crucial for several physiological functions, implying that irregular ion channel function could lead to serious consequences ...


An Active Role For The Ribosome In Determining The Fate Of Oxidized Mrna, Carrie L. Simms, Benjamin H. Hudson, John W. Mosior, Ali S. Rangwala, Hani S. Zaher 2014 Washington University in St. Louis

An Active Role For The Ribosome In Determining The Fate Of Oxidized Mrna, Carrie L. Simms, Benjamin H. Hudson, John W. Mosior, Ali S. Rangwala, Hani S. Zaher

Biology Faculty Publications

Chemical damage to RNA affects its functional properties and thus may pose a significant hurdle to the translational apparatus; however, the effects of damaged mRNA on the speed and accuracy of the decoding process and their interplay with quality-control processes are not known. Here, we systematically explore the effects of oxidative damage on the decoding process using a well-defined bacterial in vitro translation system. We find that the oxidative lesion 8-oxoguanosine (8-oxoG) reduces the rate of peptide-bond formation by more than three orders of magnitude independent of its position within the codon. Interestingly, 8-oxoG had little effect on the fidelity ...


The Development Of A Valid And Reliable Biogeochemistry Concept Inventory, Chris Mead 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Development Of A Valid And Reliable Biogeochemistry Concept Inventory, Chris Mead

DBER Speaker Series

Concept inventories are a commonly used tool to measure conceptual understanding. To date, concept inventories have been published for geology, chemistry, and biology, but no instrument has been designed to measure conceptual understanding at the intersection of those fields. To fill that gap, we constructed a 32‐item biogeochemistry concept inventory (BGC‐CI). Item response theory analysis, using the Rasch model, shows the BGC‐CI is a reliable and valid tool to measure the biogeochemistry knowledge of science majors. Because biogeochemistry is an interdisciplinary field, we were concerned about the unidimensionality of the instrument. However, our analysis showed the BGC ...


Semi-Synthetic Development Of Mithramycin Analogues, Sterling Brooks, Allison Foster, Daniel Scott 2014 DePauw University

Semi-Synthetic Development Of Mithramycin Analogues, Sterling Brooks, Allison Foster, Daniel Scott

Science Research Fellows Posters

No abstract provided.


Helping Families With Rare Diseases: Finding Disease-Causing Variants In A Wealth Of Genomic Data, Tyler Huff 2014 DePauw University

Helping Families With Rare Diseases: Finding Disease-Causing Variants In A Wealth Of Genomic Data, Tyler Huff

Science Research Fellows Posters

No abstract provided.


Tandem Cancer Drug Delivery Via Gold Nanoparticle Targeting Platforms, Jeffrey Schulte, Sam Lohmar, Daniel Scott 2014 DePauw University

Tandem Cancer Drug Delivery Via Gold Nanoparticle Targeting Platforms, Jeffrey Schulte, Sam Lohmar, Daniel Scott

Science Research Fellows Posters

No abstract provided.


Anticancer Drug Delivery Via Unique Properties Of Gold Nanoparticles, Sam Lohmar, Jeffrey Schulte, Daniel Scott 2014 DePauw University

Anticancer Drug Delivery Via Unique Properties Of Gold Nanoparticles, Sam Lohmar, Jeffrey Schulte, Daniel Scott

Science Research Fellows Posters

No abstract provided.


Automatic Animation Of Molecular Motion Using Python And Cinema 4d, Diana Zajac, Nathaniel Smith, Dan Gurnon 2014 DePauw University

Automatic Animation Of Molecular Motion Using Python And Cinema 4d, Diana Zajac, Nathaniel Smith, Dan Gurnon

Science Research Fellows Posters

No abstract provided.


Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-SIG 2014 Gettysburg College

Cross-Disciplinary Sciences At Gettysburg College: Second Annual Poster Presentation, X-Sig

Student Publications

This booklet includes Biology student presentations by: Taylor Bury, Abigail Dworkin-Brodsky, Mary Pearce, Jasper Leavitt, Morgan Panzer, Ellen Petley, Kalli Qutub, Taylor Randell, Samantha Eck, Lana McDowell, Jenn Soroka, Celina Harris, Natalie Tanke, Alexandra Turano, and Caroline Garliss.

This booklet includes Biochemistry & Molecular Biology student presentations by: Matthew Dunworth, Andrew Sydenstricker, Brianne Tomko, Albert Vill, Warren Campbell, David Van Doren, Kevin Mrugalski, Stacey Heaver, Alecia Achimovich, and Katherine Boas.

This booklet includes Chemistry student presentations by: Kristen Baker, Laura Lee, Kathryn Fodale, Daniel Ruff, Michael Counihan, Ida DiMucci, Joshua Sgroi, Celina Harris, and Natalie Tanke.

This booklet include Health Science ...


Ligand-Directed Signaling And Trafficking At The Nociceptin Opioid Peptide Receptor, Gina E. Migneco 2014 Washington University in St. Louis

Ligand-Directed Signaling And Trafficking At The Nociceptin Opioid Peptide Receptor, Gina E. Migneco

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters & Abstracts

Traditional opioid receptors such as the μ and κ opioid receptors (MOR and

KOR) are well studied and are found to be common targets for pain and

stress therapies. The nociceptin opioid receptor (NOPR/ORL1) is a most

recently discovered opioid receptor whose complete function is still relatively

unknown, however is of great interest to researchers due to its analgesic

and antidepressant properties. NOPR activation due to ligand binding

triggers a variety of downstream effects, including G-protein signaling,

arrestin-mediated signaling, and receptor internalization. A variety of NOPR

ligands, both putative agonists and antagonists, were characterized by

further examination of these ...


Analysis Of Differential Mrna And Mirna Expression In An Alzheimer’S Disease Mouse Model, Amanda Hazy, Matthew Dalton 2014 Liberty University

Analysis Of Differential Mrna And Mirna Expression In An Alzheimer’S Disease Mouse Model, Amanda Hazy, Matthew Dalton

Other Undergraduate Scholarship

Research has shown that changes in gene expression play a critical role in the development of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Our project will evaluate genome-wide RNA expression patterns from brain and blood in an AD mouse model. This analysis will provide insight regarding the mechanisms of AD pathology as well as determine a possible diagnostic tool utilizing RNA expression patterns found in the blood as biomarkers for AD.


Platelet Secretion And Hemostasis Require Syntaxin-Binding Protein Stxbp5, Shaojing Ye, Yunjie Huang, Smita Joshi, Jinchao Zhang, Fanmuyi Yang, Guoying Zhang, Susan S. Smyth, Zhenyu Li, Yoshimi Takai, Sidney W. Whiteheart 2014 University of Kentucky

Platelet Secretion And Hemostasis Require Syntaxin-Binding Protein Stxbp5, Shaojing Ye, Yunjie Huang, Smita Joshi, Jinchao Zhang, Fanmuyi Yang, Guoying Zhang, Susan S. Smyth, Zhenyu Li, Yoshimi Takai, Sidney W. Whiteheart

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publication

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have linked genes encoding several soluble NSF attachment protein receptor (SNARE) regulators to cardiovascular disease risk factors. Because these regulatory proteins may directly affect platelet secretion, we used SNARE-containing complexes to affinity purify potential regulators from human platelet extracts. Syntaxin-binding protein 5 (STXBP5; also known as tomosyn-1) was identified by mass spectrometry, and its expression in isolated platelets was confirmed by RT-PCR analysis. Coimmunoprecipitation studies showed that STXBP5 interacts with core secretion machinery complexes, such as syntaxin-11/SNAP23 heterodimers, and fractionation studies suggested that STXBP5 also interacts with the platelet cytoskeleton. Platelets from Stxbp5 KO mice ...


Determining The Binding Between Saga Subunits And Spliceosomal Components, Peyton J. Spreacker, Rachel L. Stegeman, Vikki M. Weake 2014 Purdue University

Determining The Binding Between Saga Subunits And Spliceosomal Components, Peyton J. Spreacker, Rachel L. Stegeman, Vikki M. Weake

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Proper gene regulation is vital to the health and development of an organism. Determining the relationship between splicing, transcription, and chromatin structure is vital for understanding gene regulation as a whole. There have been previous studies linking these elements pairwise; however, no evidence exists for a direct link between all three. Recent data shows that splicing components of the U2 small nuclear ribonucleic protein (snRNP) co-purify with Spt-Ada-Gcn5-acetyltransferase (SAGA), a highly conserved transcriptional co-activator and chromatin modifier. We hypothesize that SAGA binds with splicing components through a multi-protein binding surface with certain core components based on preliminary yeast two-hybrid data ...


Electrophoresis Staining: A New Method Of Whole Mount Staining, Mitchell G. Ayers, Sarah Calve, Zhiyu Li 2014 Purdue University

Electrophoresis Staining: A New Method Of Whole Mount Staining, Mitchell G. Ayers, Sarah Calve, Zhiyu Li

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Advances in tissue clearing techniques have allowed almost a ten-fold increase in the viewing depth of confocal microscopy. This allows for intact cellular structures to be rendered in 3D. However, viewing tissues to this depth is often limited to endogenous fluorescence as passive diffusion of antibodies via whole mount staining can take weeks. Our lab is developing a new method involving electrophoresis as a driving force that will promote active antibody binding deep into tissue, reducing the amount of time needed to stain for cellular structures. Due to the inherent charge within antibodies, they are able to be directionally forced ...


The Effect Of Transient Hmg-Coa Reductase And 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose-5-Phosphate Synthase Overexpression On Terpene Production In Transgenic Tomato Fruits, Scott A. Gentry, Michael Gutensohn, Laura Henry, Natalia Dudareva 2014 Purdue University

The Effect Of Transient Hmg-Coa Reductase And 1-Deoxy-D-Xylulose-5-Phosphate Synthase Overexpression On Terpene Production In Transgenic Tomato Fruits, Scott A. Gentry, Michael Gutensohn, Laura Henry, Natalia Dudareva

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Isoprenoids are secondary metabolites that control numerous plant functions including signaling, growth, photosynthesis, and membrane structure. The bioengineering of isoprenoid synthesis could produce plants with a variety of beneficial traits. Plants form isoprenoids using two different pathways, the mevalonate (MVA) pathway and the methylerithritol phosphate (MEP) pathway, which cooperate via metabolic cross-talk. Transgenic tomato lines expressing both the plastidic and cytosolic forms of the snapdragon nerolidol/linalool terpene synthase under a fruit ripening specific promoter were transiently transformed to overexpress key enzymes in the two isoprenoid pathways. Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) is the rate limiting enzyme in the MVA pathway ...


Development Of Electron Microscopy Analysis And Simulation Tools For Nanohub, Mingxuan Lu, Chang Wan Han, Benjamin P. Haley, Volkan Ortalan 2014 Purdue University

Development Of Electron Microscopy Analysis And Simulation Tools For Nanohub, Mingxuan Lu, Chang Wan Han, Benjamin P. Haley, Volkan Ortalan

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Electron microscopy has a crucial role in the field of materials science and structural biology. Although electron microscopy gives lots of important results and findings, some additional simulations and image processing/reconstruction is required to get more information from the data that are collected from the experiments. For this purpose, researchers are using IMOD1 and QSTEM2 for electron microscopy analysis and simulation. IMOD is a set of programs used for tomographic reconstruction and 3D visualization and QSTEM is used for quantitative simulations of TEM and STEM images. However, IMOD and QSTEM are hard to install or use for ...


Permaculture Design: On The Practice Of Radical Imagination, Katja Rothe 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Permaculture Design: On The Practice Of Radical Imagination, Katja Rothe

communication +1

Permaculture design is a concept that aims at transforming not only agriculture, but also city planning, architecture, development, etc. In short it aims to change human habitats. It is part of a new ecological paradigm that is currently spreading in popularity from the urban gardening movement to various other alternative movements such as the slow movement, sustainable architecture, etc. Permaculture design defines itself as building on systems theory (as formulated in particular by Howard Thomas Odum and Christopher Alexander). However I would like to propose that the afterlife of systems theory as expressed in the concept of permaculture, first developed ...


Identification And Quantification Of Gaseous Organic Compounds Emitted From Biomass Burning Using Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography/Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, L. E. Hatch, W. Luo, J. F. Pankow, Robert Yokelson, C. Stockwell, K. C. Barsanti 2014 University of Montana

Identification And Quantification Of Gaseous Organic Compounds Emitted From Biomass Burning Using Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography/Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, L. E. Hatch, W. Luo, J. F. Pankow, Robert Yokelson, C. Stockwell, K. C. Barsanti

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The current understanding of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation within biomass burning (BB) plumes is limited by the incomplete identification and quantification of the non-methane organic compounds (NMOCs) emitted from such fires. Gaseous organic compounds were collected on sorbent cartridges during laboratory burns as part of the fourth Fire Lab at Missoula Experiment (FLAME-4), with analysis by two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC/TOFMS). The sensitivity and resolving power of GC×GC/TOFMS allowed the acquisition of the most extensive data set of BB NMOCs to date, with measure ments for 722 positively or tentatively identified compounds. Estimated ...


Activation Of Dna Damage Checkpoint Pathways During Skeletal Myoblast Differentiation And Apoptosis, Mofetoluwa Oluwasanmi, Greg Kliment, Crystal M. Weyman 2014 Cleveland State University

Activation Of Dna Damage Checkpoint Pathways During Skeletal Myoblast Differentiation And Apoptosis, Mofetoluwa Oluwasanmi, Greg Kliment, Crystal M. Weyman

Undergraduate Research Posters 2014

A subset of skeletal myoblasts undergo apoptosis rather than differentiation when cultured in differentiation media (DM: absence of growth factors). While the muscle regulatory transcription factor MyoD is known to control the process of differentiation, our lab has recently discovered that MyoD is also controlling the apoptotic process in response to culture in DM by direct up-regulation of the pro-apoptotic Bcl2 family member PUMA. We similarly discovered that MyoD plays a role in the increased expression of PUMA and apoptosis in response to the DNA damaging agent, etoposide. This led to the hypothesis that culture in DM may lead to ...


Cholesterol Conjugated Hdac Inhibitor As Novel Anticancer Agent, Paul Orefice, Jane Peterson, Bin Sun 2014 Cleveland State University

Cholesterol Conjugated Hdac Inhibitor As Novel Anticancer Agent, Paul Orefice, Jane Peterson, Bin Sun

Undergraduate Research Posters 2014

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are a class of promising new multifunctional anticancer agents. These agents are able to affect multiple epigenetic changes in aberrant cells. In addition to regulating the gene expression and transcription via chromatin remodeling, HDAC inhibitors can also modulate a variety of cellular functions including proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Vorinostat (SuberAniloHydroxamic Acid, SAHA), the first HDAC inhibitor approved by FDA, inhibited the metastasis of various cancer cells. However, SAHA distributes in cancer tissue and normal tissue in a similar level. It will be ideal to selectively delivery SAHA into cancer cells. Rapidly growing cancer cells have a ...


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