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Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Capacitive Memory Alters Alternans And Spontaneous Activity In A Minimal Cardiomyocyte Model, Tien Comlekoglu, Seth H. Weinberg 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Capacitive Memory Alters Alternans And Spontaneous Activity In A Minimal Cardiomyocyte Model, Tien Comlekoglu, Seth H. Weinberg

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Applied Drug Development And Combinatorial Strategies For Antimicrobial Treatment, Steven K. Lai Hing 2017 Texas A & M University - College Station

Applied Drug Development And Combinatorial Strategies For Antimicrobial Treatment, Steven K. Lai Hing

Andrews Research Conference

Streptococcus mutans JH1140 is a strain of bacteria which produces a lantibiotic product, named mutacin 1140. Mutacin 1140 has been shown to be effective at inhibiting Gram-positive bacterial infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Mutacin 1140 is a ribosomally synthesized peptide antibiotic that undergoes extensive posttranslational modifications (PTM). We have found that Mutacin 1140 and an aminoglycoside, Kanamycin, when combined together, act synergistically against Staphylococcus aureus. This was determined by performing serial kill curve dilution overlays on solid media, followed up with kill curve by microdilution plate, and most recently confirmed with kill curve CFU count plates on ...


The Impact Of The Mitochondrial Metabolism Of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Upon Differentiation, Stefanie T. Shahan 2017 Washington University

The Impact Of The Mitochondrial Metabolism Of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Upon Differentiation, Stefanie T. Shahan

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be differentiated into any cell type found in the body. The derivation of a stem cell derived β cell (SC-β) capable of responding to glucose by secreting insulin was hugely significant for diabetes research and opened up the possibility of cell replacement therapy to combat this widespread disease (Pagliuca et al. 2014). The optimization of differentiation procedures such as this could improve yield, function, cost, and efficiency of a stem cell-derived product. Current approaches to improve differentiation are primarily focused on signal transduction pathways, while the metabolic state of the cells has received little ...


Diversity Oriented Synthesis, Characterization And Anti-Cancer Activity Of Killer Peptide Nucleolipid Bioconjugates, Niki K. Rana 2017 Seton Hall University

Diversity Oriented Synthesis, Characterization And Anti-Cancer Activity Of Killer Peptide Nucleolipid Bioconjugates, Niki K. Rana

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The killer peptide sequence D-(KLAKLAK)2 has been originally designed and developed as an antibacterial agent. Despite having excellent cytotoxicity towards bacteria, this sequence maintains low cell cytotoxity in malignant mammalian cell types such as cancer. The chemical basis for its selectivity has been attributed to its poly(cationic) amphiphilic nature, which facilitates cell permeability across the negatively charged bacterial membrane, but with limited permeability across the zwitterionic membrane of mammalian cells. The positively charged D-(KLAKLAK)2 sequence has been found to accumulate on the surface of the mitochondria causing dissipation of the negatively charged mitochondrial membrane potential ...


B7h6: A Cancer Biomarker For The Development Of Novel Immunotherapy Approaches, Mariana Phillips 2017 Seton Hall University

B7h6: A Cancer Biomarker For The Development Of Novel Immunotherapy Approaches, Mariana Phillips

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Cancer-based immunotherapy has led the evolution of biologics that can stimulate immune responses towards tumor eradication. The synthesis of small to intermediate size molecules with the targeting and effector functions of mAb may represent a novel class of immunotherapeutics that may overcome the limitations of their biological counterparts.Towards this objective, B7H6 has been identified as a protein ligand localized on the cell surface of transformed tumor cells. B7H6 binds specifically to the activating receptor NKp30, constitutively expressed on all resting and active NK cells. Upon ligand:receptor binding, B7H6 triggers NK cell activation and release of chemokines and pro-inflammatory ...


Divergent Responses Of Larval And Juvenile Blue Mussels To Low Salinity Exposure, Melissa A. May 2017 University of Maine

Divergent Responses Of Larval And Juvenile Blue Mussels To Low Salinity Exposure, Melissa A. May

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this study, we compared the osmotic stress response of larval and juvenile blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) at the transcriptomic, metabolomic, and whole organism levels. Blue mussels inhabit coastal areas, where they face climate-induced reductions in nearshore salinity. Despite their ecological and economic importance, scientists do not fully understand the underlying transcriptomic and cellular mechanisms of the osmotic stress response in blue mussels or how the ability to respond to stress changes throughout development. Blue mussels spend the first weeks of life developing through several larval stages in the plankton. These early life history stages are more vulnerable to environmental ...


Optimizing Collection Of Trace Biological Samples From Vehicle Headrests, Kevin Tang, Jesse Ramirez, John Bond, Jocelyn Weart, Yvette DeLaTorre, Ian Fitch, Steven Lee 2017 San Jose State University

Optimizing Collection Of Trace Biological Samples From Vehicle Headrests, Kevin Tang, Jesse Ramirez, John Bond, Jocelyn Weart, Yvette Delatorre, Ian Fitch, Steven Lee

Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science

Tape-lifting and swabbing are two methods commonly used for collecting biological samples in the United Kingdom and United States to investigate vehicle crimes. Determining the optimal collection method may lead to an increase in generating DNA profiles and crime-solving. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of adhesive tape and the double-swab collection methods for investigating vehicle crimes with possible touch DNA samples. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the use of tape-lifts and swabs on spiked common vehicle fabric materials. The efficiency of recovery between the two collection methods was performed using qPCR. The results from ...


Physical Principles Governing Colloidal Particle Deposition At Low Reynold’S Number: Applications To Microbial Biofilms, Sophia Wiedmann 2017 Macalester College

Physical Principles Governing Colloidal Particle Deposition At Low Reynold’S Number: Applications To Microbial Biofilms, Sophia Wiedmann

Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy

Biofilms formed from the adhesion of microbes to a surface hold great relevance to public health and wastewater management. However, the physical principles underlying the attachment stage of biofilm formation, when individual microbes first come into contact with a substrate, are not well understood. Here I report on a model of colloidal particle attachment to a surface that incorporates the effects of diffusion, advection, gravity, and the hydrodynamic lift and drag forces experienced by polystyrene beads at low Reynold’s number. The simulation predicts attachment rates of 1.04x10^(-8)m/s, 0.73x10^(-8)m/s, and 1.29x10 ...


Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 2, Ming Yuan Chuang 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Inkjet Printing Of Ag Nanoparticles Using Dimatix Inkjet Printer, No 2, Ming Yuan Chuang

Protocols and Reports

This report describes the rheological analysisof the present Ag nanoparticle ink, and confirms that it is suitable for the piezoelectric drop-on-demand printing for both of 1 pL and 10 pL cartridges. The satellite drops and the splashing on the substrate are also discussed for optimization of the nozzle temperature and the jetting voltage. The minimum horizontal and vertical line widths are shown to be 30 and 40 µm, respectively, but the average minimum single line width is estimated to be ~50 µm. The non-uniform width lines are suggested to arise from the bulge instability. Furthermore, it is indicated that the ...


Organ-Specific Transcriptome Profiling Of Metabolic And Pigment Biosynthesis Pathways In The Floral Ornamental Progenitor Species Anthurium Amnicola Dressler, Jon Suzuki, Teresita D. Amore, Bernarda Calla, Nathan A. Palmer, Erin D. Scully, Scott E. Sattler, Gautam Sarath, Joanne S. Lichty, Roxanna Y. Myers, Lisa M. Keith, Tracie K. Matsumoto, Scott M. Geib 2017 USDA-ARS

Organ-Specific Transcriptome Profiling Of Metabolic And Pigment Biosynthesis Pathways In The Floral Ornamental Progenitor Species Anthurium Amnicola Dressler, Jon Suzuki, Teresita D. Amore, Bernarda Calla, Nathan A. Palmer, Erin D. Scully, Scott E. Sattler, Gautam Sarath, Joanne S. Lichty, Roxanna Y. Myers, Lisa M. Keith, Tracie K. Matsumoto, Scott M. Geib

Publications from USDA-ARS / UNL Faculty

Anthurium amnicola Dressler possesses a number of desirable and novel ornamental traits such as a purple-colored upright spathe, profuse flowering, and floral scent, some of which have been introgressed into modern Anthurium cultivars. As a first step in identifying genes associated with these traits, the transcriptome from root, leaf, spathe, and spadix from an accession of A. amnicola was assembled, resulting in 28,019 putative transcripts representing 19,458 unigenes. Genes involved in pigmentation, including those for the metabolism of chlorophyll and the biosynthesis of carotenoids, phenylpropanoids, and flavonoids were identified. The expression levels of one MYB transcription factor ...


Rna-Sequencing Reveals Direct Targets Of Tumor Suppressor Mir-203 In Human Mammary Epithelial Cells, Alexander P. Boardman, Victoria E. Pedanou, Tessa M. Simone, Michael R. Green 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Rna-Sequencing Reveals Direct Targets Of Tumor Suppressor Mir-203 In Human Mammary Epithelial Cells, Alexander P. Boardman, Victoria E. Pedanou, Tessa M. Simone, Michael R. Green

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide. Since a significant portion of cases present with or progress to metastatic disease, furthering our understanding of metastasis is critical to develop better treatments. Epithelial cells maintain contact with the extracellular matrix (ECM) predominantly via integrin engagement, a process required for tissue integrity and barrier function. In non-transformed cells, loss of ECM adhesion promotes a specialized form of programmed cell death, anoikis. In order for efficient metastasis to occur, breast tumor cells must evade anoikis. miR-203, known to be down-regulated in several cancers, was found by our ...


Genetically Encoded Fluorescent Protein Biosensor For Nitric Oxide, Wenjia Zhai 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Genetically Encoded Fluorescent Protein Biosensor For Nitric Oxide, Wenjia Zhai

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecule in living cells for signaling, thus a specific sensor to detect its level in live cells is needed. Currently there are a few small molecule probes for the detection of NO. A common shortcoming of these probes is their unavoidable leakage from the target cells. In this project, I seek to develop a novel green fluorescent protein (GFP)-based biosensor to detect cellular NO. This GFP-based sensor is genetically encodable and can potentially avoid the possible false positive result due to the leakage. I synthesized an unnatural amino acid (unAA) and examined its ...


Role And Regulation Of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate In Erythrocyte, Kaiqi Sun 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Role And Regulation Of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate In Erythrocyte, Kaiqi Sun

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive signaling sphingolipid produced in every mammalian cell. It plays a variety of important roles both in and outside of cells. S1P is highly enriched in mature erythrocytes because of the high enzymatic activity of the S1P-generating enzyme Sphingosine Kinase 1 (Sphk1) and the absence of S1P degrading enzymes. Erythrocytes are considered only a major reservoir for S1P because they supply S1P to the circulation for the regulation of various physiological processes which include but are not limited to immune cell trafficking, endothelial integrity and hematopoietic stem cell mobilization. However, if S1P plays a role ...


Burkholderia Cenocepacia J2315-Mediated Destruction Of Staphylococcus Aureus Nrs77 Biofilms., Rachel Thompson 2017 University of Louisville

Burkholderia Cenocepacia J2315-Mediated Destruction Of Staphylococcus Aureus Nrs77 Biofilms., Rachel Thompson

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that affects over 30,000 people in the US and more than 70,000 people worldwide. Recurring bacterial infections in CF patients result in tissue damage that dramatically lowers respiratory function and are ultimately fatal. The formation of bacterial biofilms in the mucus and on lung epithelial tissue allows pathogens to be protected from antibiotics and the host immune system, making treatment of infection difficult. The interactions between CF pathogens in co-culture biofilms are not well understood and were examined in this study. Staphylococcus aureus and Burkholderia cenocepacia, two common CF pathogens, were ...


Enzyme Kinetics Studies To Guide Mathematical Modeling Of Microdialysis Sampling To Predict In Situ Biochemistry, Justin M. Klucher 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Enzyme Kinetics Studies To Guide Mathematical Modeling Of Microdialysis Sampling To Predict In Situ Biochemistry, Justin M. Klucher

Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Honors Theses

Microdialysis is a diffusion-based sampling method that can be useful for monitoring various biological systems. Matrix metalloproteinases are a class of enzymes responsible for remodeling the extracellular matrix that, when dysregulated, are linked to various diseases. The delivery method of microdialysis is of particular interest as a sampling technique for enzymatic reactions. Microdialysis was performed in vitro using a model enzyme, porcine pancreatic elastase, because it is a useful substitute for matrix metalloproteinases. A colorimetric substrate for elastase, succinyl-ala-ala-ala-p-nitroanilide, and its product p-nitroaniline were measured using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Using an expanded Beer’s Law equation, both analytes’ concentrations were ...


Myosin Xi-I Works In Tandem With A Microtubule-Associated Mechanism To Position The Nucleus In Arabidopsis Root Hairs, Ian Andrew Windham 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Myosin Xi-I Works In Tandem With A Microtubule-Associated Mechanism To Position The Nucleus In Arabidopsis Root Hairs, Ian Andrew Windham

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Characterizing Tmx And Chemotactic Receptor Arrays Through Bacterial Two-Hybrid And Beta-Galactosidase Assays, Adam Keith Hubler 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Characterizing Tmx And Chemotactic Receptor Arrays Through Bacterial Two-Hybrid And Beta-Galactosidase Assays, Adam Keith Hubler

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Mechanism Of Lck Activation In Driving Leukemia Cell Proliferation, Hannah E. Dobson 2017 University of Rhode Island

Mechanism Of Lck Activation In Driving Leukemia Cell Proliferation, Hannah E. Dobson

Senior Honors Projects

Leukemia is a type of cancer that develops in blood-forming tissues of the immune system. These tissues can include the bone marrow or sites within the lymphatic system such as the lymph nodes. Leukemia progresses from a mutational event within a white blood cell. Often this mutation alters the cell’s normal life cycle, resulting in uninhibited cell division and growth. With this uncontrolled cell proliferation, mutated white blood cells accumulate and begin interfering with the functioning of healthy cells.

Scientists are unsure of the exact mechanisms required for leukemia development. However, recently scientists identified four characteristic mutations in the ...


Transcriptomic Effects Of Dispersed Oil In A Non-Model Decapod Crustacean, Hernan Vazquez-Miranda, Brent Thoma, Juliet Wong, Darryl Felder, Keith A. Crandall, Heather Bracken-Grissom 2017 George Washington University

Transcriptomic Effects Of Dispersed Oil In A Non-Model Decapod Crustacean, Hernan Vazquez-Miranda, Brent Thoma, Juliet Wong, Darryl Felder, Keith A. Crandall, Heather Bracken-Grissom

Computational Biology Institute

Background. Oil spills are major environmental disasters. Dispersants help control spills, as they emulsify oil into droplets to speed bioremediation. Although dispersant toxicity is controversial, the genetic consequences and damages of dispersed oil exposure are poorly understood. We used RNA-seq to measure gene expression of flatback mudcrabs (Eurypanopeus depressus, Decapoda, Brachyura, Panopeidae) exposed to dispersed oil.

Methods. Our experimental design included two control types, oil-only, and oil-dispersant treatments with three replicates each. We prepared 100 base pair-ended libraries from total RNA and sequenced them in one Illumina HiSeq2000 lane. We assembled a reference transcriptome with all replicates per treatment, assessed ...


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