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Teaching Systems Biology Of The Circadian Clock With Journal Articles And Matlab, Stephanie R. Taylor 2016 Colby College

Teaching Systems Biology Of The Circadian Clock With Journal Articles And Matlab, Stephanie R. Taylor

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Maintenance Of The Ph Gradient In The Gastric Mucus Layer., Owen Lewis 2016 The University Of Utah

Maintenance Of The Ph Gradient In The Gastric Mucus Layer., Owen Lewis

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Extracting Biochemical Parameters From Protein Distributions Of Vascular Cells, Partha Srinivasan 2016 Cleveland State University

Extracting Biochemical Parameters From Protein Distributions Of Vascular Cells, Partha Srinivasan

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Analyzing The Γδ T Cell Receptor Sequences Of Patients With Celiac Disease, Alanna P. Gary 2016 University of Chicago

Analyzing The Γδ T Cell Receptor Sequences Of Patients With Celiac Disease, Alanna P. Gary

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Therapeutic Targets For Alzheimer's Disease: Insights From In Vitro And In Vivo Models Of Inflammation, Magdalena J. Kiprowska 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Therapeutic Targets For Alzheimer's Disease: Insights From In Vitro And In Vivo Models Of Inflammation, Magdalena J. Kiprowska

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive neuronal loss that over the years spreads from the hippocampus to the neural cortex and impairs memory and cognitive functions. At the cellular level AD is linked to the presence of β-amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles but despite decades of research little is known about their contribution to neurodegeneration and whether they are a cause or rather a result of the disease. It is well established that proteasome activity is impaired in AD brains and some studies suggest that this could be one of the initial factors leading to ...


Role Of Hnrnp A1 In The Regulation Of Hdm2 Gene Expression, Heriberto Moran 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Role Of Hnrnp A1 In The Regulation Of Hdm2 Gene Expression, Heriberto Moran

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

hnRNP A1 is one of the most abundant and ubiquitously expressed member of hnRNPs (Heterogenous Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins) family of proteins that play multiple roles in gene expression by participating in major steps in the processing of nascent RNA transcripts 1. It is involved in mRNA biogenesis mechanisms such as the transcription, splicing, stability, export and translation of cellular and viral transcripts. The functions of hnRNP A1 extend to the processing of microRNAs, telomere maintenance and DNA repair 1. Our previous studies have shown that hnRNPA1 had reduced protein level and increased cytoplasmic accumulation in senescent human diploid fibroblasts 2,10 ...


Sweating The Small Stuff: Linking Plankton To Climate Change, Brian Kim '18 Makes Conncetions, Stephen Collins 2016 Colby College

Sweating The Small Stuff: Linking Plankton To Climate Change, Brian Kim '18 Makes Conncetions, Stephen Collins

Colby Magazine

It takes an expansive mind to connect microscopic marine copepods (certain crustacean plankton) unwittingly chomping on floating microplastics with a bigger picture: the planet’s carbon pump and global climate change. But that’s what Brian Kim ’18 decided to investigate during Jan Plan, working with Bigelow Lab Senior Research Scientist David Fields.


Activation-Triggered Subunit Exchange Between Camkii Holoenzymes Facilitates The Spread Of Kinase Activity, Margaret M. Stratton, I H. Lee, M Bhattacharyya, S M. Christensen, L H. Chao, H Schulman, J T. Groves, J Kuriyan 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Activation-Triggered Subunit Exchange Between Camkii Holoenzymes Facilitates The Spread Of Kinase Activity, Margaret M. Stratton, I H. Lee, M Bhattacharyya, S M. Christensen, L H. Chao, H Schulman, J T. Groves, J Kuriyan

Margaret Stratton

The activation of the dodecameric Ca2+/calmodulin dependent kinase II (CaMKII) holoenzyme is critical for memory formation. We now report that CaMKII has a remarkable property, which is that activation of the holoenzyme triggers the exchange of subunits between holoenzymes, including unactivated ones, enabling the calcium-independent phosphorylation of new subunits. We show, using a single-molecule TIRF microscopy technique, that the exchange process is triggered by the activation of CaMKII, and that exchange is modulated by phosphorylation of two residues in the calmodulin-binding segment, Thr 305 and Thr 306. Based on these results, and on the analysis of molecular dynamics simulations ...


An Evolutionary And Mechanistic Perspective On Dietary Carbohydrate Restriction In Cancer Prevention, Eugene J. Fine, Colin E. Champ, Richard D. Feinman, Samuel Márquez, Rainer J. Klement 2016 Albert Einstein College of Medicine

An Evolutionary And Mechanistic Perspective On Dietary Carbohydrate Restriction In Cancer Prevention, Eugene J. Fine, Colin E. Champ, Richard D. Feinman, Samuel Márquez, Rainer J. Klement

Journal of Evolution and Health

The confluence of basic cell biochemistry, epidemiological and anthropologic evidence points to high dietary carbohydrate and the associated disruption of the glucose-insulin axis as causes of the current increase in metabolic disorders, metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. This hyperinsulinemic state likely contributes, as well, to an increased mutagenic microenvironment, with increased risk for cancer. This critical review discusses these risks in their historical and evolutionary context. The evidence supports the benefits of lowering the glycemic load of the diet as a preventive measure against the development of cancer.


Frozen Brain Atlas, Natalie Andrea Builes, Dominick Joseph Casciato, Samantha Taylor Bergoine, Robert Speth 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Frozen Brain Atlas, Natalie Andrea Builes, Dominick Joseph Casciato, Samantha Taylor Bergoine, Robert Speth

Frozen Brain Atlas

The Frozen Brain Atlas provides students, educators, and scientists with a tool to further explore the architecture of the brain. Current brain atlases allow users to navigate sectioned brain tissue using histological staining; however, they fail to capture naturally visible structures post sectioning. Through immediate post sectioning image collection, the natural contrast of the brain reveals unique structural details that are rarely seen by traditional staining procedures. By utilizing indexing and interactive labeling, the Nova Southeastern University Frozen Brain Atlas will allow identification of brain regions when used as a correlative tool for modalities including receptor autoradiography, immunofluorescence, and other ...


Structural Determinants Allowing Transferase Activity In Sensitive To Freezing 2, Classified As A Family I Glycosyl Hydrolase, Rebecca Roston, Kun Wang, Leslie A. Kuhn, Christoph Benning 2016 University of Nebraska- Lincoln

Structural Determinants Allowing Transferase Activity In Sensitive To Freezing 2, Classified As A Family I Glycosyl Hydrolase, Rebecca Roston, Kun Wang, Leslie A. Kuhn, Christoph Benning

Biochemistry -- Faculty Publications

Background: SENSITIVE TO FREEZING 2 (SFR2) is classified as a glycosyl hydrolase, and by using glycosyltransferase activity, it modifies membrane lipids to promote freeze tolerance.

Results: Although the active site of SFR2 is identical to hydrolases, adjacent loop regions contribute to its transferase activity.

Conclusion: Transferase activity evolved by modifications external to the core catalytic site.

Significance: Defined structure-function relationships will inform engineering of transferases and freeze tolerance.


Experimental Infection Of Conventional Nursing Pigs And Their Dams With Porcine Deltacoronavirus, Sarah Vitosh-Sillman, John Dustin Loy, Bruce W. Brodersen, Clayton L. Kelling, Alan R. Doster, Christina L. Topliff, Eric A. Nelson, Jianfa Bai, Erin Schirtzinger, Elizabeth Poulsen, Barbara Meadors, Joseph Anderson, Benjamin Hause, Gary Anderson, Richard Hesse 2016 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Experimental Infection Of Conventional Nursing Pigs And Their Dams With Porcine Deltacoronavirus, Sarah Vitosh-Sillman, John Dustin Loy, Bruce W. Brodersen, Clayton L. Kelling, Alan R. Doster, Christina L. Topliff, Eric A. Nelson, Jianfa Bai, Erin Schirtzinger, Elizabeth Poulsen, Barbara Meadors, Joseph Anderson, Benjamin Hause, Gary Anderson, Richard Hesse

Papers in Veterinary and Biomedical Science

Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a newly identified virus that has been detected in swine herds of North America associated with enteric disease. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the pathogenicity, course of infection, virus kinetics, and aerosol transmission of PDCoV using 87 conventional piglets and their 9 dams, including aerosol and contact controls to emulate field conditions. Piglets 2–4 days of age and their dams were administered an oronasal PDCoV inoculum with a quantitative real-time reverse transcription (qRT)-PCR quantification cycle (Cq) value of 22 that was generated from a field sample having 100% nucleotide identity to ...


Tripartite Motif Containing 28 (Trim28) Promotes Breast Cancer Metastasis By Stabilizing Twist1 Protein., Dianzheng Zhang, Boxv Zhou, Li Zhu, Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Tao He, Sufang Zhou, Jian He, Xiaoling Lu, Hanchun Chen, Yongxiang Zhao, Junjiang Fu 2016 Selected Works

Tripartite Motif Containing 28 (Trim28) Promotes Breast Cancer Metastasis By Stabilizing Twist1 Protein., Dianzheng Zhang, Boxv Zhou, Li Zhu, Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Tao He, Sufang Zhou, Jian He, Xiaoling Lu, Hanchun Chen, Yongxiang Zhao, Junjiang Fu

Dianzheng Zhang

TRIM28 regulates its target genes at both transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. Here we report that a TRIM28-TWIST1-EMT axis exists in breast cancer cells and TRIM28 promotes breast cancer metastasis by stabilizing TWIST1 and subsequently enhancing EMT. We find that TRIM28 is highly expressed in both cancer cell lines and advanced breast cancer tissues, and the levels of TRIM28 and TWIST1 are positively correlated with the aggressiveness of breast carcinomas. Overexpression and depletion of TRIM28 up- and down-regulates the protein, but not the mRNA levels of TWIST1, respectively, suggesting that TRIM28 upregulates TWIST1 post-transcriptionally. Overexpression of TRIM28 in breast cancer cell ...


Rna2dnalign: Nucleotide Resolution Allele Asymmetries Through Quantitative Assessment Of Rna And Dna Paired Sequencing Data., Mercedeh Movassagh, Nawaf Alomran, Prakriti Mudvari, Merve Dede, Cem Dede, Kamran Kowsari, Paula Restrepo, Edmund Cauley, Sonali Bahl, Muzi Li, Wesley Waterhouse, Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath 2016 George Washington University

Rna2dnalign: Nucleotide Resolution Allele Asymmetries Through Quantitative Assessment Of Rna And Dna Paired Sequencing Data., Mercedeh Movassagh, Nawaf Alomran, Prakriti Mudvari, Merve Dede, Cem Dede, Kamran Kowsari, Paula Restrepo, Edmund Cauley, Sonali Bahl, Muzi Li, Wesley Waterhouse, Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

We introduce RNA2DNAlign, a computational framework for quantitative assessment of allele counts across paired RNA and DNA sequencing datasets. RNA2DNAlign is based on quantitation of the relative abundance of variant and reference read counts, followed by binomial tests for genotype and allelic status at SNV positions between compatible sequences. RNA2DNAlign detects positions with differential allele distribution, suggesting asymmetries due to regulatory/structural events. Based on the type of asymmetry, RNA2DNAlign outlines positions likely to be implicated in RNA editing, allele-specific expression or loss, somatic mutagenesis or loss-of-heterozygosity (the first three also in a tumor-specific setting). We applied RNA2DNAlign on 360 ...


Epstein-Barr Viral Micrornas Target Caspase 3, Cecelia Harold, Diana Cox, Kasandra J. Riley 2016 Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Epstein-Barr Viral Micrornas Target Caspase 3, Cecelia Harold, Diana Cox, Kasandra J. Riley

Faculty Publications

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous herpesvirus that transforms B cells and causes several malignancies including Burkitt’s lymphoma. EBV differentially expresses at least 49 mature microRNAs (miRNAs) during latency in various infected epithelial and B cells. Recent high-throughput studies and functional assays have begun to reveal the function of the EBV miRNAs suggesting roles in latency, cell cycle control, and apoptosis. In particular, the central executioner of apoptosis, Caspase 3 (CASP3), was proposed as a target of select EBV miRNAs. However, whether CASP3 is truly a target of EBV miRNAs, and if so, which specific miRNAs target CASP3 ...


Membrane Inlet Mass Spectrometry Reveals That Ceriporiopsis Subvermispora Bicupin Oxalate Oxidase Is Inhibited By Nitric Oxide, Ellen W. Moomaw, Richard Uberto, Tu Chingkuang 2016 Kennesaw State University

Membrane Inlet Mass Spectrometry Reveals That Ceriporiopsis Subvermispora Bicupin Oxalate Oxidase Is Inhibited By Nitric Oxide, Ellen W. Moomaw, Richard Uberto, Tu Chingkuang

Ellen Moomaw

Membrane inlet mass spectrometry (MIMS) uses a semipermeable membrane as an inlet to a mass spectrometer for the measurement of the concentration of small uncharged molecules in solution. We report the use of MIMS to characterize the catalytic properties of oxalate oxidase (E.C. 1.2.3.4) from Ceriporiopsis subvermispora (CsOxOx). Oxalate oxidase is a manganese dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxygen-dependent oxidation of oxalate to carbon dioxide in a reaction that is coupled with the formation of hydrogen peroxide. CsOxOx is the first bicupin enzyme identified that catalyzes this reaction. The MIMS method of measuring OxOx activity involves ...


Modeling And Analysis Of Germ Layer Formations Using Finite Dynamical Systems, Alexander Garza, Megan Eberle, Eric A. Eager 2016 University of Wisconsin-La Crosse

Modeling And Analysis Of Germ Layer Formations Using Finite Dynamical Systems, Alexander Garza, Megan Eberle, Eric A. Eager

Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics

The development of an embryo from a fertilised egg to a multicellular organism proceeds through numerous steps, with the formation of the three germ layers (endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm) being one of the first. In this paper we study the mesendoderm (the tissue that collectively gives rise to both mesoderm and endoderm) gene regulatory network for two species, \textit{Xenopus laevis} and the axolotl (\textit{Ambystoma mexicanum}) using Boolean networks. We find that previously-established bistability found in these networks can be reproduced using this Boolean framework, provided that some assumptions used in previously-published differential equations models are relaxed. We conclude by ...


Cal And Magi Pdz Protein Regulation Of Crfr1 And 5-Ht2ar Trafficking And Signaling, Maha Mahmoud Hammad 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Cal And Magi Pdz Protein Regulation Of Crfr1 And 5-Ht2ar Trafficking And Signaling, Maha Mahmoud Hammad

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

PDZ (PSD95/Disc Large/Zona Occludens) domain-containing proteins are scaffolding proteins that play important roles in regulating the activity of G protein-coupled receptors. Corticotropin Releasing Factor Receptor 1 (CRFR1) and Serotonin 2A Receptor (5-HT2AR) are two GPCRs that are commonly associated with mental disorders. Both receptors also contain a class I PDZ-binding motif at the carboxyl terminal tail. In the first chapter, we investigate the effects of CAL (CFTR-associated ligand) on regulating the trafficking and signaling of CRFR1. We demonstrate a role for CAL in inhibiting CRFR1 endocytosis, cell surface expression, and CRF-mediated ERK1/2 signaling via the ...


Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani 2016 Imperial College School of Medicine

Topographical Expression Of Class Ia And Class Ii Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Enzymes In Normal Human Tissues Is Consistent With A Role In Differentiation, Soha Salama El Sheikh, Jan Domin, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong, Paul Abel, Gordon Stamp, El-Nasir Lalani

El Nasir Lalani

Background: Growth factor, cytokine and chemokine-induced activation of PI3K enzymes constitutes the start of a complex signalling cascade, which ultimately mediates cellular activities such as proliferation, differentiation, chemotaxis, survival, trafficking, and glucose homeostasis. The PI3K enzyme family is divided into 3 classes; class I (subdivided into IA and IB), class II (PI3K-C2α, PI3K-C2β and PI3K-C2γ) and class III PI3K. Expression of these enzymes in human tissue has not been clearly defined.

Methods: In this study, we analysed the immunohistochemical topographical expression profile of class IA (anti-p85 adaptor) and class II PI3K (PI3K-C2α and PI3K-C2β) enzymes in 104 formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded ...


Actin-Based Feedback Circuits In Cell Migration And Endocytosis, Xinxin Wang 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Actin-Based Feedback Circuits In Cell Migration And Endocytosis, Xinxin Wang

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, we study the switch and pulse functions of actin during two important cellular processes, cell migration and endocytosis. Actin is an abundant protein that can polymerize to form a dendritic network. The actin network can exert force to push or bend the cell membrane. During cell migration, the actin network behaves like a switch, assembling mostly at one end or at the other end. The end with the majority of the actin network is the leading edge, following which the cell can persistently move in the same direction. The other end, with the minority of the actin ...


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