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Effect Of Turmeric On The Promoter Activity Of The Cyp6a8 Gene Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Alexa Stroh 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effect Of Turmeric On The Promoter Activity Of The Cyp6a8 Gene Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Alexa Stroh

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Virulence Regulation In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Via The Alginate Regulators, Algu And Algr, The Posttranscriptional Regulator, Rsma, And The Two-Component System, Algz/R, Sean Stacey 2018 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Virulence Regulation In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Via The Alginate Regulators, Algu And Algr, The Posttranscriptional Regulator, Rsma, And The Two-Component System, Algz/R, Sean Stacey

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacillus able to colonize a wide variety of environments. In the human host, P. aeruginosa can establish an acute infection or persist and create a chronic infection. P. aeruginosa is able to establish a niche and persist in human hosts by using a wide array of virulence factors used for: movement, killing host cells, and evading immune cells and antibiotics. Understanding virulence factors and their regulation has proved to be an important means of combating the morbidity and mortality of P. aeruginosa as well as the ever-increasing threat of drug resistance. By targeting virulence factors ...


Evaluation Of Motor Cortex Neuronal Morphology In Developmental Hyperserotonemia Rat Model, Colten Z. Dillinger 2018 Missouri State University

Evaluation Of Motor Cortex Neuronal Morphology In Developmental Hyperserotonemia Rat Model, Colten Z. Dillinger

MSU Graduate Theses

Fetal serotonin levels are involved in the development of the serotonergic system in an autoregulatory manner as well as the organization and connectivity of non-serotonergic neurons. Insufficient serotonin levels during development result in improper neuronal maturation and decreased synaptogenesis. Conversely, excess developmental serotonin levels can alter the progression of serotonergic neurons, ultimately resulting in a chronic decrease of serotonin in the developed brain via a negative feedback mechanism. There is a known correlation between autistic patients and chronically decreased brain serotonin concentrations; this is potentially implicated in the impaired development of the autistic brain. Incomplete or delayed development of motor ...


Proteomic Profiling Of Serum Derived Exosomes From Prostate Cancer Patients, David Turay 2018 Selected Works

Proteomic Profiling Of Serum Derived Exosomes From Prostate Cancer Patients, David Turay

David Turay, MD

Touted among the major achievements in the diagnosis and management of Prostate cancer (PCa) in the past few decades has been, the dramatic decline of men with advanced/metastatic PCa at diagnosis coupled with a significant improvement ( >90%) in the five and ten year survival rates of the disease. Non-palpable PCa (potentially clinically treatable disease) now accounts for 70-80% of all newly diagnosed cases of PCa. Preceding these changes by about a decade was the introduction of Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) into clinical practice; first as biomarker for monitoring response to therapy and subsequently as a complementary screening tool. It ...


Allosteric Regulation Of Pyruvate Carboxylase, Yumeng Liu 2018 Marquette University

Allosteric Regulation Of Pyruvate Carboxylase, Yumeng Liu

Dissertations (2009 -)

Pyruvate carboxylase (PC; E.C.6.4.1.1) is a multifunctional, biotin-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the MgATP-dependent carboxylation of pyruvate to oxaloacetate. The overall reaction is accomplished by the coupling of two half reactions occurring at two spatially distinct catalytic domains by the translocation of a carrier domain, resulting in a net transfer of CO2 from bicarbonate to pyruvate. PC activity is regulated by multiple allosteric effectors with acetyl CoA serving as an activator in most species and L-aspartate serving as an inhibitor for microbial PC. The kinetic characterization of PC from different species have revealed that PC homologs ...


Interleukin-1 Receptor-Associated Kinase 4 (Irak4) Plays A Dual Role In Myddosome Formation And Toll-Like Receptor Signaling, Dominic De Nardo, Katherine R. Balka, Yamel Cardona Gloria, Vikram R. Rao, Eicke Latz, Seth L. Masters 2018 University of Melbourne

Interleukin-1 Receptor-Associated Kinase 4 (Irak4) Plays A Dual Role In Myddosome Formation And Toll-Like Receptor Signaling, Dominic De Nardo, Katherine R. Balka, Yamel Cardona Gloria, Vikram R. Rao, Eicke Latz, Seth L. Masters

Open Access Articles

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) form part of the host innate immune system, in which they act as sensors of microbial and endogenous danger signals. Upon TLR activation, the intracellular Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domains of TLR dimers initiate oligomerization of a multiprotein signaling platform comprising myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88) and members of the interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) family. Formation of this myddosome complex initiates signal transduction pathways, leading to the activation of transcription factors and the production of inflammatory cytokines. To date, little is known about the assembly and disassembly of the myddosome and about the mechanisms by which these ...


Isolation, Purification And Characterization Of A Novel Solvent Stable Lipase From Pseudomonas Reinekei, Barry Ryan, Priyanka Priyanka, Gemma K. Kinsella, Gary T. Henehan 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology

Isolation, Purification And Characterization Of A Novel Solvent Stable Lipase From Pseudomonas Reinekei, Barry Ryan, Priyanka Priyanka, Gemma K. Kinsella, Gary T. Henehan

Articles

The Pseudomonas sp. have been long recognized for their exogenous lipolytic activities yet the genus still contains a lot of unexplored strains. Due to the versatile metabolic machinery and their potential for adaptation to fluctuating environmental conditions Pseudomonas sp. are of great interest for biotechnological applications. In this study, a new extracellularly produced lipolytic enzyme from Pseudomonas sp. (P. reinekei) was purified and characterized. The production of lipase from P. reinekei (H1) was enhanced 10-fold by optimizing the nitrogen source. The 50 kDa H1 lipase was purified using negative and positive mode anion exchange chromatography. The purified lipase was active ...


Phenotypic Screening Identifies Brefeldin A/Ascotoxin As An Inducer Of Lipid Storage In The Algae Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii, Nishikant Wase, Boqiang Tu, Paul N. Black, Concetta C. DiRusso 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Phenotypic Screening Identifies Brefeldin A/Ascotoxin As An Inducer Of Lipid Storage In The Algae Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii, Nishikant Wase, Boqiang Tu, Paul N. Black, Concetta C. Dirusso

Nishikant Wase

The use of microalgae as a biofuel feedstock is highly desired, but current methods to induce lipid accumulation cause severe stress responses that limit biomass and, thus oil yield. To address these issues, a high throughput screening (HTS) method was devised to identify chemical inducers of growth and lipid accumulation. Optimization was performed to determine the most effective cell density, DMSO and Nile Red (NR) concentrations to monitor growth and lipid accumulation. The method was tested using 1717 compounds from National Cancer Institute (NCI) Diversity Set III and Natural Products Set II in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Cells were inoculated at low ...


Basic Cell And Molecular Biology 3e: What We Know And How We Found Ou, Gerald Bergtrom 2018 University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Basic Cell And Molecular Biology 3e: What We Know And How We Found Ou, Gerald Bergtrom

Cell and Molecular Biology 3e: What We Know and How We Found Out - All Versions

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Lncrna Dysregulation On Clinicopathology And Survival Of Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Tian Tian, Meng Wang, Shuai Lin, Zhiming Dan, Kang Liu, Wenge Zhu, +several additional authors 2018 George Washington University

The Impact Of Lncrna Dysregulation On Clinicopathology And Survival Of Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Tian Tian, Meng Wang, Shuai Lin, Zhiming Dan, Kang Liu, Wenge Zhu, +Several Additional Authors

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Dysregulation of multiple long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) was reported to play major roles in breast cancer (BC). Here we aimed to collect most of the relevant literature to assess the prognostic value of lncRNAs in BC. To this end, we systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang to identify published articles on the associations of lncRNAs with clinicopathology and/or survival of BC. Via this searching, we identified 70 articles involving 9,307 BC patients and regarding 48 lncRNAs. The expression of 41 lncRNAs was related to one or more clinicopathological parameters of ...


Men’S Health In Industries: Plastic Plant Pollution And Prevalence Of Pre-Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faris Jamal AlMutairi, Majed Mohammed Alasbali, Turki Badr Alqahtani, Saad Saeed AlMutairi, Rakan Abdulaziz Albuhayjan, Fawziah Al Rouq, Naseer Ahmed 2018 King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Men’S Health In Industries: Plastic Plant Pollution And Prevalence Of Pre-Diabetes And Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Sultan Ayoub Meo, Faris Jamal Almutairi, Majed Mohammed Alasbali, Turki Badr Alqahtani, Saad Saeed Almutairi, Rakan Abdulaziz Albuhayjan, Fawziah Al Rouq, Naseer Ahmed

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Plastic production is prominently increasing and its pollution is an emerging environmental global health concern. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among nonsmoking plastic industry workers. Three hundred and forty volunteers male plastic industry workers were interviewed after medical history and examination; finally, 278 nonsmoking plastic industry workers were selected. The mean age for the participants was 38.03 ± 10.86 years and body mass index was 25.52 ± 3.15 (kg/m)2. The plastic industry workers had been exposed to plastic plant pollution for 8 hr daily, 6 days ...


Accurate Flexible Refinement Of Atomic Models Against Medium-Resolution Cryo-Em Maps Using Damped Dynamics, Julio A. Kovacs, Vitold E. Galkin, Willy Wriggers 2018 Old Dominion University

Accurate Flexible Refinement Of Atomic Models Against Medium-Resolution Cryo-Em Maps Using Damped Dynamics, Julio A. Kovacs, Vitold E. Galkin, Willy Wriggers

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

Background: Dramatic progress has recently been made in cryo-electron microscopy technologies, which now make possible the reconstruction of a growing number of biomolecular structures to near-atomic resolution. However, the need persists for fitting and refinement approaches that address those cases that require modeling assistance.

Methods: In this paper, we describe algorithms to optimize the performance of such medium-resolution refinement methods. These algorithms aim to automatically optimize the parameters that define the density shape of the flexibly fitted model, as well as the time-dependent damper cutoff distance. Atomic distance constraints can be prescribed for cases where extra containment of parts of ...


Computational Analysis Of Genomic Variants Affecting Predicted Microrna:Target Interactions In Prostate Cancer., Angélica Paola Hernández Pérez 2018 Keck Graduate Institute, KGI

Computational Analysis Of Genomic Variants Affecting Predicted Microrna:Target Interactions In Prostate Cancer., Angélica Paola Hernández Pérez

KGI Theses and Dissertations

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer of men in the United States and is third only to lung and colon as a cause of cancer death. Clinical behavior of the disease is variable and the combination of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening and Gleason score staging are currently the best available molecular and pathology tools to predict outcomes. Cancer biology research establishes microRNAs (miRNAs) as key molecular components in both normal and pathological states. Thus, elucidating miRNAs perturbed by genomic alterations will expand our understanding of the molecular taxonomy of PCa with the aim to complement current practices in ...


The Temporal Landscape Of Recursive Splicing During Pol Ii Transcription Elongation In Human Cells, Xiao-Ou Zhang, Yu Fu, Haiwei Mou, Wen Xue, Zhiping Weng 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Temporal Landscape Of Recursive Splicing During Pol Ii Transcription Elongation In Human Cells, Xiao-Ou Zhang, Yu Fu, Haiwei Mou, Wen Xue, Zhiping Weng

Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology Publications and Presentations

Recursive splicing (RS) is an evolutionarily conserved process of removing long introns via multiple steps of splicing. It was first discovered in Drosophila and recently proven to occur also in humans. The detailed mechanism of recursive splicing is not well understood, in particular, whether it is kinetically coupled with transcription. To investigate the dynamic process that underlies recursive splicing, we systematically characterized 342 RS sites in three human cell types using published time-series data that monitored synchronized Pol II elongation and nascent RNA production with 4-thiouridine labeling. We found that half of the RS events occurred post-transcriptionally with long delays ...


An Asymmetric Centromeric Nucleosome, Yuichi Ichikawa, Noriko Saitoh, Paul D. Kaufman 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Asymmetric Centromeric Nucleosome, Yuichi Ichikawa, Noriko Saitoh, Paul D. Kaufman

Open Access Articles

Nucleosomes contain two copies of each core histone, held together by a naturally symmetric, homodimeric histone H3-H3 interface. This symmetry has complicated efforts to determine the regulatory potential of this architecture. Through molecular design and in vivo selection, we recently generated obligately heterodimeric H3s, providing a powerful tool for discovery of the degree to which nucleosome symmetry regulates chromosomal functions in living cells (Ichikawa et al., 2017). We now have extended this tool to the centromeric H3 isoform (Cse4/CENP-A) in budding yeast. These studies indicate that a single Cse4 N- or C-terminal extension per pair of Cse4 molecules is ...


Modulating Viscoelasticity, Stiffness, And Degradation Of Synthetic Cellular Niches Via Stoichiometric Tuning Of Covalent Versus Dynamic Noncovalent Cross-Linking, Yu Tan, Henry Huang, David C. Ayers, Jie Song 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Modulating Viscoelasticity, Stiffness, And Degradation Of Synthetic Cellular Niches Via Stoichiometric Tuning Of Covalent Versus Dynamic Noncovalent Cross-Linking, Yu Tan, Henry Huang, David C. Ayers, Jie Song

Open Access Articles

Viscoelasticity, stiffness, and degradation of tissue matrices regulate cell behavior, yet predictive synergistic tuning of these properties in synthetic cellular niches remains elusive. We hypothesize that reversible physical cross-linking can be quantitatively introduced to synthetic hydrogels to accelerate stress relaxation and enhance network stiffness, while strategic placement of isolated labile linkages near cross-linking sites can predict hydrogel degradation, both of which are essential for creating adaptive cellular niches. To test these hypotheses, chondrocytes were encapsulated in hydrogels formed by biorthogonal covalent and noncovalent physical cross-linking of a pair of hydrophilic building blocks. The stiffer and more viscoelastic hydrogels with DBCO-DBCO ...


Differential Analysis Of Chromatin Accessibility And Histone Modifications For Predicting Mouse Developmental Enhancers, Shaliu Fu, Qin Wang, Jill E. Moore, Michael J. Purcaro, Henry E. Pratt, Kaili Fan, Cuihua Gu, Cizhong Jiang, Ruixin Zhu, Anshul Kundaje, Aiping Lu, Zhiping Weng 2018 Tongji University,China

Differential Analysis Of Chromatin Accessibility And Histone Modifications For Predicting Mouse Developmental Enhancers, Shaliu Fu, Qin Wang, Jill E. Moore, Michael J. Purcaro, Henry E. Pratt, Kaili Fan, Cuihua Gu, Cizhong Jiang, Ruixin Zhu, Anshul Kundaje, Aiping Lu, Zhiping Weng

Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology Publications and Presentations

Enhancers are distal cis-regulatory elements that modulate gene expression. They are depleted of nucleosomes and enriched in specific histone modifications; thus, calling DNase-seq and histone mark ChIP-seq peaks can predict enhancers. We evaluated nine peak-calling algorithms for predicting enhancers validated by transgenic mouse assays. DNase and H3K27ac peaks were consistently more predictive than H3K4me1/2/3 and H3K9ac peaks. DFilter and Hotspot2 were the best DNase peak callers, while HOMER, MUSIC, MACS2, DFilter and F-seq were the best H3K27ac peak callers. We observed that the differential DNase or H3K27ac signals between two distant tissues increased the area under the precision-recall ...


Brain-Computer Interfaces Using Electrocorticography And Surface Stimulation, Jesse Wheeler 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Brain-Computer Interfaces Using Electrocorticography And Surface Stimulation, Jesse Wheeler

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The brain connects to, modulates, and receives information from every organ in the body. As such, brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have vast potential for diagnostics, medical therapies, and even augmentation or enhancement of normal functions. BCIs provide a means to explore the furthest corners of what it means to think, to feel, and to act—to experience the world and to be who you are. This work focuses on the development of a chronic bi-directional BCI for sensorimotor restoration through the use of separable frequency bands for recording motor intent and providing sensory feedback via electrocortical stimulation. Epidural cortical surface electrodes ...


Characterization Of The Celf6 Rna Binding Protein: Effects On Mouse Vocal Behavior And Biochemical Function, Michael A. Rieger 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Characterization Of The Celf6 Rna Binding Protein: Effects On Mouse Vocal Behavior And Biochemical Function, Michael A. Rieger

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Behavior in higher eukaryotes is a complex process which integrates signals in the environment, the genetic makeup of the organism, and connectivity in the nervous system to produce extremely diverse adaptations to the phenomenon of existence. Unraveling the subcellular components that contribute to behavioral output is important for both understanding how behavior occurs in an unperturbed state, as well as understanding how behavior changes when the underlying systems that generate it are altered. Of the numerous molecular species that make up a cell, the regulation of messenger RNAs (mRNAs), the coding template of all proteins, is of key importance to ...


Building On Nature: Spectroscopic Studies Of Photosynthesis-Inspired Pigments, Fused Light Harvesting Proteins, And Bacterial Reaction Center Mutants, Kaitlyn Faries 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Building On Nature: Spectroscopic Studies Of Photosynthesis-Inspired Pigments, Fused Light Harvesting Proteins, And Bacterial Reaction Center Mutants, Kaitlyn Faries

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Photosynthesis is the dominant form of solar energy conversion on the planet, making it critical to understand the fundamentals of the process in order to effectively mimic and improve upon it for human energy needs. The initial stages of photosynthesis include light harvesting and chemical conversion of that harvested energy via electron transport, with both of these stages relying on pigments (or chromophores) such as chlorophyll and specific protein architectures for the processes. In this work, the fundamental underpinnings of photosynthetic light harvesting and electron transport are explored via spectroscopy of various photosynthetic systems with altered natural pigments and proteins ...


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