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A Study On Vitamin D Metabolic Genes Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms And Their Linkage In Adult Asthmatic Emiratis, Amneh Mohammad Al Mousa 2019 United Arab Emirates University

A Study On Vitamin D Metabolic Genes Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms And Their Linkage In Adult Asthmatic Emiratis, Amneh Mohammad Al Mousa

Biology Theses

Vitamin D normal levels are vital to many biological processes including its classical role in calcium and phosphate homeostasis, and regulation of immune and non-immune cells. Vitamin D mediates its actions via the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which is expressed in most tissues of the body including the airway smooth muscle. Asthma is a syndrome of chronic inflammatory airway disease. There is a genetic and immunological link between vitamin D and asthma. In this study, we aim to investigate whether asthma and its severity were associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in vitamin D metabolic genes as well as vitamin ...


The Pharmabiotic For Phenylketonuria: Development Of A Novel Therapeutic, Chloé Elizabeth LeBegue 2019 University of South Carolina

The Pharmabiotic For Phenylketonuria: Development Of A Novel Therapeutic, Chloé Elizabeth Lebegue

Senior Theses

Phenylketonuria, now known as phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency, is a genetic disorder of metabolism affecting approximately one in every 15,000 infants born in the United States. Patients have nonfunctional PAH enzyme secondary to one or more genetic mutations. The enzyme deficit results in destructive supraphysiologic blood phenylalanine levels upon consumption of the essential dietary amino acid phenylalanine. Current standards of care mitigate signs and symptoms of the disorder, but do not approach a cure. The methods for creating a prototype pharmabiotic as an innovative treatment strategy for PAH deficiency are described herein.

DNA molecular cloning techniques were utilized to ...


Consistency Is Futile!: Selecting Phycoremediators For Consortia, Tori Spencer 2019 Lincoln University, Jefferson City Missouri

Consistency Is Futile!: Selecting Phycoremediators For Consortia, Tori Spencer

BIO 410 Spring 2019 Research Papers

Bioremediation is the process by which organisms remove and transform toxic compounds in a contaminated source. This is a waste management technique currently used to clean up man-made contamination. Many organisms act as natural remediators; in the case of algae, they are called phycoremediators who perform phycoremediaton. The term algae encompasses a variety of taxonomic groups and their diversity is still being realized; there are over 44,000 named species of the 72,000 species that we have identified. Some estimates calculate that there are over 200,000 diatom species alone. This diversity continues to be difficult to organize, which ...


Interfacial Stress In The Development Of Biologics: Fundamental Understanding, Current Practice, And Future Perspective, Jinjiang Li, Mary E. Krause, Xiaodong Cheng, Yuan Cheng, Weiguo Dai, John J. Hill, Min Huang, Susan Jordan, Daniel LaCasse, Linda Narhi, Evgenyi Shalaev, Ian C. Shieh, Justin C. Thomas, Raymond Tu, Songyan Zheng, Lily Zhu 2019 Wolfe Labs

Interfacial Stress In The Development Of Biologics: Fundamental Understanding, Current Practice, And Future Perspective, Jinjiang Li, Mary E. Krause, Xiaodong Cheng, Yuan Cheng, Weiguo Dai, John J. Hill, Min Huang, Susan Jordan, Daniel Lacasse, Linda Narhi, Evgenyi Shalaev, Ian C. Shieh, Justin C. Thomas, Raymond Tu, Songyan Zheng, Lily Zhu

Publications and Research

Biologic products encounter various types of interfacial stress during development, manufacturing, and clinical administration. When proteins come in contact with vapor–liquid, solid–liquid, and liquid–liquid surfaces, these interfaces can significantly impact the protein drug product quality attributes, including formation of visible particles, subvisible particles, or soluble aggregates, or changes in target protein concentration due to adsorption of the molecule to various interfaces. Protein aggregation at interfaces is often accompanied by changes in conformation, as proteins modify their higher order structure in response to interfacial stresses such as hydrophobicity, charge, and mechanical stress. Formation of aggregates may elicit immunogenicity ...


Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan 2019 Temple University

Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan

COBRA Preprint Series

One of the major goals in large-scale genomic studies is to identify genes with a prognostic impact on time-to-event outcomes which provide insight into the disease's process. With rapid developments in high-throughput genomic technologies in the past two decades, the scientific community is able to monitor the expression levels of tens of thousands of genes and proteins resulting in enormous data sets where the number of genomic features is far greater than the number of subjects. Methods based on univariate Cox regression are often used to select genomic features related to survival outcome; however, the Cox model assumes proportional ...


Supervised Dimension Reduction For Large-Scale "Omics" Data With Censored Survival Outcomes Under Possible Non-Proportional Hazards, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan 2019 Temple University

Supervised Dimension Reduction For Large-Scale "Omics" Data With Censored Survival Outcomes Under Possible Non-Proportional Hazards, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan

COBRA Preprint Series

The past two decades have witnessed significant advances in high-throughput ``omics" technologies such as genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and radiomics. These technologies have enabled simultaneous measurement of the expression levels of tens of thousands of features from individual patient samples and have generated enormous amounts of data that require analysis and interpretation. One specific area of interest has been in studying the relationship between these features and patient outcomes, such as overall and recurrence-free survival, with the goal of developing a predictive ``omics" profile. Large-scale studies often suffer from the presence of a large fraction of censored observations and potential ...


Visual Contributions To Balance Control During Gait, Kyle Brozek 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Visual Contributions To Balance Control During Gait, Kyle Brozek

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

We propose to isolate the contributions of continuous OF to the orthogonal relationship between balance and gait control during treadmill walking using a series of conditions. Manipulating the direction of OF using a CAREN (Motek Medical, Amsterdam, Netherlands) virtual reality treadmill environment will isolate these visual contributions in human subjects as they walk. We plan to tease out the effect of OF direction on the relationship between gait and balance control by having healthy young adults perform a series of treadmill walking trials while immersed in a VR environment. This will be done by manipulating the direction of walking and ...


Day To Day And Leg To Leg Variation In Gene Expression, Zohal Alizai 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Day To Day And Leg To Leg Variation In Gene Expression, Zohal Alizai

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle biopsies are extensively used in research to determine the effects of exercise. Usually, sequential biopsies are taken before and after exercise in order to determine the influence of exercise on gene expression. Often it is not clear if the results are due to exercise or as a result of damage cause by the biopsy to the muscle. Previous studies have proven that multiple biopsies in the same leg cause stress to the muscle and such stress leads to inflammation and other response pathways that alter the gene expression. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine ...


Streamlined Assessment Of Membrane Permeability And Its Application To Membrane Engineering Of Escherichia Coli For Octanoic Acid Tolerance, Miguel C. Santoscoy, Laura R. Jarboe 2019 Iowa State University

Streamlined Assessment Of Membrane Permeability And Its Application To Membrane Engineering Of Escherichia Coli For Octanoic Acid Tolerance, Miguel C. Santoscoy, Laura R. Jarboe

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The economic viability of bio-production processes is often limited by damage to the microbial cell membrane and thus there is a demand for strategies to increase the robustness of the cell membrane. Damage to the microbial membrane is also a common mode of action by antibiotics. Membrane-impermeable DNA-binding dyes are often used to assess membrane integrity in conjunction with flow cytometry. We demonstrate that in situ assessment of the membrane permeability of E. coli to SYTOX Green is consistent with flow cytometry, with the benefit of lower experimental intensity, lower cost, and no need for a priori selection of sampling ...


Allosteric Mechanism Of The Circadian Protein Vivid Resolved Through Markov State Model And Machine Learning Analysis, Hongyu Zhou, Zheng Dong, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Brian D. Zoltowski, Peng Tao 2019 Southern Methodist University

Allosteric Mechanism Of The Circadian Protein Vivid Resolved Through Markov State Model And Machine Learning Analysis, Hongyu Zhou, Zheng Dong, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Brian D. Zoltowski, Peng Tao

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The fungal circadian clock photoreceptor Vivid (VVD) contains a photosensitive allosteric light, oxygen, voltage (LOV) domain that undergoes a large N-terminal conformational change. The mechanism by which a blue-light driven covalent bond formation leads to a global conformational change remains unclear, which hinders the further development of VVD as an optogenetic tool. We answered this question through a novel computational platform integrating Markov state models, machine learning methods, and newly developed community analysis algorithms. Applying this new integrative approach, we provided a quantitative evaluation of the contribution from the covalent bond to the protein global conformational change, and proposed an ...


Comparative Mito-Genomic Analysis Of Different Species Of Genus Canis By Using Different Bioinformatics Tools, Ume Rumman, Safia Janjua, Fida Muhammad Khan, Fakhra Nazir 2019 Institute of Natural and Management Sciences (INAM), Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Comparative Mito-Genomic Analysis Of Different Species Of Genus Canis By Using Different Bioinformatics Tools, Ume Rumman, Safia Janjua, Fida Muhammad Khan, Fakhra Nazir

Journal of Bioresource Management

In the current study, the mitochondrial genes sequence for COI, Cyt b and 16s rRNA of seven species found in different parts of the world were retrieved from NCBI Gene Bank while, PCR products of COI, Cyt b and 16s rRNA genes obtained from C. lupus and C.aureus present in Pakistan were sequenced and aligned for comparison. The phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial COI, Cyt b and 16s rRNA genes showed almost the same results for the extant species of genus Canis. 16s rRNA revealed C. latrans, C. lycaon and C. simensis showed close phylogenetic relation with each other. While ...


Heterodera Glycines Utilizes Promiscuous Spliced Leaders And Demonstrates A Unique Preference For A Species-Specifc Spliced Leader Over C. Elegans Sl1, Stacey N. Barnes, Rick E. Masonbrink, Tom R. Maier, Arun S. Seetharam, Anoop S. Sindhu, Andrew J. Severin, Thomas J. Baum 2019 Iowa State University

Heterodera Glycines Utilizes Promiscuous Spliced Leaders And Demonstrates A Unique Preference For A Species-Specifc Spliced Leader Over C. Elegans Sl1, Stacey N. Barnes, Rick E. Masonbrink, Tom R. Maier, Arun S. Seetharam, Anoop S. Sindhu, Andrew J. Severin, Thomas J. Baum

Office of Biotechnology Publications

Spliced leader trans-splicing (SLTS) plays a part in the maturation of pre-mRNAs in select species across multiple phyla but is particularly prevalent in Nematoda. The role of spliced leaders (SL) within the cell is unclear and an accurate assessment of SL occurrence within an organism is possible only after extensive sequencing data are available, which is not currently the case for many nematode species. SL discovery is further complicated by an absence of SL sequences from high-throughput sequencing results due to incomplete sequencing of the 5'-ends of transcripts during RNA-seq library preparation, known as 5'-bias. Existing datasets and ...


Adult Neural Stem Cell Plasticity, Elizabeth J. Sandquist, Donald S. Sakaguchi 2019 Weber State University

Adult Neural Stem Cell Plasticity, Elizabeth J. Sandquist, Donald S. Sakaguchi

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Stem cells derived from adult tissues have long been considered multipotent, able to differentiate into a limited number of cell types found in their tissue of origin. Embryonic stem cells, in contrast, are pluripotent, which may differentiate into almost all cell types. With the ability to create induced pluripotent stem cells from somatic cells now available, the properties of multipotent stem cells are being re-evaluated. If adult cells may be reverted to pluripotent stem cells, can multipotent stem cells also be manipulated towards pluripotency? Advancements in biotechnology now allow for better methods to investigate stem cell plasticity, such as the ...


Identification And Characterization Of Barrier Insulator Activity In The T-Cell Receptor Alpha Locus Control Region, Gayathri Devi Raghupathy 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Identification And Characterization Of Barrier Insulator Activity In The T-Cell Receptor Alpha Locus Control Region, Gayathri Devi Raghupathy

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Genes of different spatiotemporal expression profiles are often juxtaposed in the genome. This organization raises risks of cross-regulatory influences from neighboring genes; for instance heterochromatin can spread over euchromatin or long-range acting enhancers can inappropriately activate genes. Gene regulatory elements such as Locus Control Regions (LCR) and Insulators prevent such cross-communications and allow for normal gene expression patterns. In transgenic systems, LCRs limit influences from surrounding chromatin by providing site-of-integration independent and specific spatiotemporal expression upon a linked transgene. The field’s understanding of the ability of an LCR to overcome chromatin influences and allow site-of-integration independent expression is minimal ...


Industry Spotlight: Medical Devices, Evan D. Poff 2019 Brigham Young University

Industry Spotlight: Medical Devices, Evan D. Poff

Marriott Student Review

Medical devices restore and even redefine health. This Industry Spotlight examines pre-market barriers, medtech business model quirks, current and future developments in the field, and the present-day move to value-based care in the medical device industry.


Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Characterization And Optimization Of Parylene-C Deposition Process Using Scs Parylene Coater, Hannah Hastings, Eric D. Johnston, Gyuseok Kim

Tool Data

Parylene-C has been deposited on bare Si wafers by physical vapor deposition using the SCS Coating Systems. Results show a 12 µm thick Parylene-C film with 10 g of dimer and negligible thickness variation across a wafer. We find a positive linear relationship between film thickness and mass of dimer at a range of 1 g to 18 g. However, the Al boat for dimer was burnt with 18 g of dimer, suggesting multiple depositions with 1 g to 10 g of dimer are recommended to achieve the Parylene-C film thicker than 12 µm.


Biotechnological Application In Aquaculture And Its Sustainability Constraints, Olaganathan Rajee, Tang Kar Mun Alicia 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Biotechnological Application In Aquaculture And Its Sustainability Constraints, Olaganathan Rajee, Tang Kar Mun Alicia

Publications

The valuable nutritional and biochemical properties have made fisheries products one of the most vital high-quality protein sources for human consumption. Aquaculture has become the great alternative to substitute wild catches when the yield from fishing are no longer sufficient to sustain the massive food demand of the human population which is constantly burgeoning. However, aquaculture requires multidisciplinary approaches with holistic and environmental-friendly management measures to ensure its long term success and sustainability. Biotechnological applications have enhanced the effectiveness and cost-efficiencies of aquaculture by augmenting the productivity of aquaculture to meet global needs. Despite the benefits, the biotechnological application in ...


Estrategias De Manejo Para Mejorar La Producción Piscícola En Un Sistema De Jaulas Flotantes Con Tilapia Roja (Oreochromis Sp), En Montería, Córdoba, Carlos Alberto Sierra Nieto, Jaime Jenaro Maroso 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Estrategias De Manejo Para Mejorar La Producción Piscícola En Un Sistema De Jaulas Flotantes Con Tilapia Roja (Oreochromis Sp), En Montería, Córdoba, Carlos Alberto Sierra Nieto, Jaime Jenaro Maroso

Zootecnia

El presente estudio de caso es realizado en la Granja Las Acacias, en el municipio de Montería, capital del departamento de Córdoba; donde se encuentra una producción intensiva de tilapia roja (Oreochromis sp) en sistema de jaulas flotantes. Se determinaron los indicadores productivos en promedio para las 15 jaulas en 182 días, los cuales fueron: biomasa (879 kg/m3), conversión alimenticia (CA=2,41) y ganancia de peso diaria (0,92 g); además de parámetros fisicoquímicos del agua mediante equipos de la marca HACH, tales como oxígeno disuelto (OD=3,92mg/l), temperatura mínima (24C), temperatura máxima (32C ...


School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Perceived Professional Development Needs Associated With Teaching, Classroom Management, And Technical Agriculture, Scott Smalley, Mark S. Hainline, Kelsey Sands 2019 Iowa State University

School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Perceived Professional Development Needs Associated With Teaching, Classroom Management, And Technical Agriculture, Scott Smalley, Mark S. Hainline, Kelsey Sands

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Across the nation, there is a large shortage of teachers in several subject areas (Daniel, 2015; Milliard, 2015; Sutcher, Darling-Hammond, & Carver-Thomas, 2016). In agricultural education, many teachers are leaving the profession within the first five years of beginning their teaching careers (Tippens, Ricketts, Morgan, Navaro, & Flanders, 2013). Professional development opportunities for teachers can be utilized to retain teachers in the profession (Touchstone, 2015). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the professional development needs of Iowa school-based agricultural education teachers in the areas of teaching, classroom management, and technical agriculture. Motivating students to learn, teaching in a land laboratory ...


Exploring The Efficacy Of Natural Products In Alleviating Alzheimer’S Disease Using Animal Models, Prajakta Deshpande, Neha Gogia, Amit Singh 2019 University of Dayton

Exploring The Efficacy Of Natural Products In Alleviating Alzheimer’S Disease Using Animal Models, Prajakta Deshpande, Neha Gogia, Amit Singh

Biology Faculty Publications

Alzheimer’s disease (hereafter AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects the central nervous system. There are multiple factors that cause AD, viz., accumulation of extracellular Amyloid-beta 42 plaques, intracellular hyper-phosphorylated Tau tangles, generation of reactive oxygen species due to mitochondrial dysfunction and genetic mutations. The plaques and tau tangles trigger aberrant signaling, which eventually cause cell death of the neurons. As a result, there is shrinkage of brain, cognitive defects, behavioral and psychological problems. To date, there is no direct cure for AD. Thus, scientists have been testing various strategies like screening for the small inhibitor molecule library ...


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