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4557 full-text articles. Page 1 of 157.

Capacitive Memory Alters Alternans And Spontaneous Activity In A Minimal Cardiomyocyte Model, Tien Comlekoglu, Seth H. Weinberg 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Capacitive Memory Alters Alternans And Spontaneous Activity In A Minimal Cardiomyocyte Model, Tien Comlekoglu, Seth H. Weinberg

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Modeling Of Normal And Abnormal Responses To The Valsalva Maneuver, Eric Benjamin Randall 2017 North Carolina State University

Mathematical Modeling Of Normal And Abnormal Responses To The Valsalva Maneuver, Eric Benjamin Randall

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Can Cone Signals In The Wild Be Predicted From The Past?, David H. Foster, Iván Marín-Franch 2017 University of Manchester, UK

Can Cone Signals In The Wild Be Predicted From The Past?, David H. Foster, Iván Marín-Franch

MODVIS Workshop

In the natural world, the past is usually a good guide to the future. If light from the sun and sky is blue earlier in the day and yellow now, then it is likely to be more yellow later, as the sun's elevation decreases. But is the light reflected from a scene into the eye as predictable as the light incident upon the scene, especially when lighting changes are not just spectral but include changes in local shadows and mutual reflections? The aim of this work was to test the predictability of cone photoreceptor signals in the wild over ...


Casein Protein Supplementation In Trained Men And Women: Morning Versus Evening, Jose Antonio 2017 Nova Southeastern University

Casein Protein Supplementation In Trained Men And Women: Morning Versus Evening, Jose Antonio

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 479-486, 2017. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of casein supplementation (54 grams) in the morning (Casein-MOR) or evening (Casein-EVE) (90 minutes or less prior to sleep) on measures of body composition and exercise performance in trained men and women. Twenty-six healthy men and women who had been training regularly for greater than 12 months completed this 8-week study (mean±SD; Casein-MOR group [n=14, seven male, seven female]: 30.0±8.2 yr; 170.7±9.5 cm; 70.9±13.9 kg. Casein-EVE group [n=12, nine ...


Assessment Of Differences In The Anthropometric, Physiological And Training Characteristics Of Finishers And Non-Finishers In A Tropical 161-Km Ultra-Marathon, Philip LS Tan, Frankie HY Tan, Andrew N. Bosch 2017 Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Assessment Of Differences In The Anthropometric, Physiological And Training Characteristics Of Finishers And Non-Finishers In A Tropical 161-Km Ultra-Marathon, Philip Ls Tan, Frankie Hy Tan, Andrew N. Bosch

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 465-478, 2017. This study aimed to compare and determine the differences in the physiological, anthropometric and training characteristics of the finishers (FIN) and non-finishers (N-FIN) in a 161-km race. Two groups of runners (FIN; N=12 and N-FIN; N=14) completed a series of anthropometric and physiological measurements over two separate sessions at least three weeks prior to the race. Training sessions starting from six weeks prior to the race were recorded. Sum of 7 skinfolds, arm and calf girths, VO2max and peak treadmill speed (PTS) were taken during session 1 while the ...


Demands Of Simulated Commuting Using An Electrically Assisted Bicycle, D. Taylor La Salle, Robert Shute, Matthew Heesch, Dustin Slivka 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Demands Of Simulated Commuting Using An Electrically Assisted Bicycle, D. Taylor La Salle, Robert Shute, Matthew Heesch, Dustin Slivka

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 454-464, 2017. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends adults participate in weekly aerobic activity for a minimum of 30 minutes moderate intensity exercise 5 days per week or 20 minutes of vigorous activity 3 days per week. The electrically assisted bicycle may help individuals achieve the ACSM’s aerobic recommendations and introduce inactive individuals to physical activity. To compare the physiological requirements of riding a bicycle with electric pedal assist versus non-assist among healthy active young adults. 6 males and 6 females completed two randomized cycling trials using electric pedal assist ...


Self-Optimization Of Stride Length Among Experienced And Inexperienced Runners, Iain Hunter, James B. Tracy, Jared Ward 2017 Brigham Young University

Self-Optimization Of Stride Length Among Experienced And Inexperienced Runners, Iain Hunter, James B. Tracy, Jared Ward

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 446-453, 2017. Experienced runners appear to naturally select a stride length which is optimal for minimizing oxygen uptake. However, whether this ability is naturally built into the human body or whether it is learned through experience has not been previously tested. This study investigated whether inexperienced runners are as capable as experienced runners of self-optimizing stride length to minimize oxygen uptake. Thirty-three subjects (nineteen experienced and fourteen inexperienced) ran for twenty-minutes while preferred and economical stride lengths were measured. A t-test checked for differences between the experienced and inexperienced groups in the percent ...


Hypotensive Responses Of Reciprocal Supersets Versus Traditional Resistance Training In Apparently Healthy Men, Claudio Melibeu Bentes, Pablo B. Costa corresponding author, Victor Gonçalves Corrêa Neto, Roberto Simão, Gabriel Andrade Paz, Marianna Maia, Tiago Figueiredo, Gabriel Rodrigues Neto, Jefferson S. Novaes, Humberto Miranda 2017 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Hypotensive Responses Of Reciprocal Supersets Versus Traditional Resistance Training In Apparently Healthy Men, Claudio Melibeu Bentes, Pablo B. Costa Corresponding Author, Victor Gonçalves Corrêa Neto, Roberto Simão, Gabriel Andrade Paz, Marianna Maia, Tiago Figueiredo, Gabriel Rodrigues Neto, Jefferson S. Novaes, Humberto Miranda

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 434-445, 2017. The purpose of this study was to compare the hypotensive responses of reciprocal supersets (SS) versus traditional training (TRAD) methods. Thirteen men with at least five years of recreational experience in resistance training (RT) volunteered for the study. When completing the TRAD protocol, participants performed the following exercises separately in sequence: chest press (CP), low row (LR), leg extension (LE), leg curl (LC), pull down (PD), and shoulder press (SP). The SS method required participants to complete the same exercises as in the TRAD protocol, but exercises were coupled such that ...


Passion For Academics And Problematic Health Behaviors, Alex T. Bureau, Selen Razon Ph.D, Umit Tokac, Bryan K. Saville, Lawrence W. Judge 2017 West Chester University

Passion For Academics And Problematic Health Behaviors, Alex T. Bureau, Selen Razon Ph.D, Umit Tokac, Bryan K. Saville, Lawrence W. Judge

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 417-433, 2017. According to the Dualistic Model of Passion (39), passion entails valuing, liking, and spending time on an activity. The Dualistic Model also posits two types of passion for activities: harmonious passion (individual voluntarily engages in the activity) and obsessive passion (individual is compelled to engage in the activity). The purpose of the present study was to examine the possible links between college students’ passion for academic activities and problematic health behaviors including smoking, excessive drinking, exercise addiction, disordered eating, and sleepiness, which is a possible indicator of sleep deprivation. Participants (n ...


Resistance Training Contribute To The Aerobic Components Of An Exercise Session In Adults But Not As Much In Older Adults, Neha Bharti, Travis Hrubeniuk, Andrea Mayo, Martin Senechal, Danielle R. Bouchard 2017 University of New Brunswick

Resistance Training Contribute To The Aerobic Components Of An Exercise Session In Adults But Not As Much In Older Adults, Neha Bharti, Travis Hrubeniuk, Andrea Mayo, Martin Senechal, Danielle R. Bouchard

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 406-416, 2017. Previous research has indicated that active adults are able to achieve moderate intensity as measured via heart rate during a typical resistance training (RT) session. The main objective was to identify if overweight adults and older adults can reach aerobic moderate intensity at a rate comparable to adults displaying a recommended body mass index. Twenty participants in each group were asked to visit a fitness facility twice if they self-reported doing RT for a minimum two days per week. At the first session baseline characteristics and maximal lifting capacity for each ...


College Students’ Knowledge Of Recovery Beverage Serving Sizes, Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel 2017 Kean University

College Students’ Knowledge Of Recovery Beverage Serving Sizes, Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 397-405, 2017. Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students’ ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with ...


The Effect Of Acute Hyperglycemia On Muscular Strength, Power And Endurance, Franklin Lime-Ma, Joshua A. Cotter, Evan E. Schick 2017 Linfield College

The Effect Of Acute Hyperglycemia On Muscular Strength, Power And Endurance, Franklin Lime-Ma, Joshua A. Cotter, Evan E. Schick

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 390-396, 2017. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the impact of acute hyperglycemia on skeletal muscle strength, power, and endurance. Ten male collegiate athletes (age 21.5 ± 1.5 years, height 186 ± 2.03 cm, body mass 108.8 ± 7.6 kg) participated in 2 testing sessions, separated by 7 days and randomized for either high glucose (HG) or control (C) treatment conditions. HG consumed a high glucose drink (2 g glucose/kg body weight) while controls consumed an isocaloric nutrition bar (40% protein, 30% fat, and 30% carbohydrate). Blood glucose ...


Better Health-Related Fitness In Youth: Implications For Public Health Guidelines, Mitch Barton, Allen W. Jackson, Scott B. Martin, James R. Morrow Jr., Trent A. Petrie, Christy A. Greenleaf 2017 Dallas Independent School District

Better Health-Related Fitness In Youth: Implications For Public Health Guidelines, Mitch Barton, Allen W. Jackson, Scott B. Martin, James R. Morrow Jr., Trent A. Petrie, Christy A. Greenleaf

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 379-389, 2017. Public health guidelines for physical activity (PA) behaviors are being updated with 2018 as a proposed release date. Currently, ≥60 minutes of daily PA are recommended for youth. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between reported days of aerobic PA and health-related fitness (HRF). Participants included 4448 students in grades 6-8. Self-reported days of ≥60 minutes of aerobic PA was obtained. HRF was assessed with FitnessGram. Discriminant analysis indicated that weekly days of aerobic PA related to HRF. Adolescents who participated in ≥5 days of weekly ...


Time Course Of Changes In Neuromuscular Responses At 30% Versus 70% 1 Repetition Maximum During Dynamic Constant External Resistance Leg Extensions To Failure, Cory M. Smith, Terry J. Housh, Ethan C. Hill, Richard J. Schmidt, Glen O. Johnson 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Time Course Of Changes In Neuromuscular Responses At 30% Versus 70% 1 Repetition Maximum During Dynamic Constant External Resistance Leg Extensions To Failure, Cory M. Smith, Terry J. Housh, Ethan C. Hill, Richard J. Schmidt, Glen O. Johnson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 365-378, 2017. The purpose of the current study was to examine the time course of changes in neuromuscular responses from the vastus medialis (VM) during low versus high intensity dynamic constant external resistance (DCER) leg extension muscle actions to failure. Thirteen men performed DCER leg extensions to failure at 30% and 70% 1-repetition maximum (1-RM) as well as 1-RM measurements pretest and posttest. Electromyogaphy and mechanomyographic signals were measured from the VM. There were no differences in neuromuscular responses pretest versus posttest 1-RM. There were time-dependent differences between the 30% and 70% 1-RM ...


Effects Of Different Number Of Sets Of Resistance Training On Flexibility, Thalita B. Leite, Pablo B. Costa, Richard D. Leite, Jefferson S. Novaes, Steven J. Fleck, Roberto Simão 2017 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Effects Of Different Number Of Sets Of Resistance Training On Flexibility, Thalita B. Leite, Pablo B. Costa, Richard D. Leite, Jefferson S. Novaes, Steven J. Fleck, Roberto Simão

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 354-364, 2017. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of six months of training with three different number of sets of resistance training on flexibility in young men. Forty-seven men (mean ± SD age = 24 ± 1yrs; body mass = 79.39 ± 9.12 kg; height = 174.5 ± 5.6 cm) were randomly divided into three training groups performing either one set (G1S), three sets (G3S), or five sets (G5S) of all exercises in a resistance training session or a control group (CG). All groups were assessed pre- and post-training for Sit-and-Reach test ...


A Low Dose Caffeine And Carbohydrate Supplement Does Not Improve Athletic Performance During Volleyball Competition, David Pfeifer, Kelsey Arvin, Nicholas Haynes, Courtney Herschberger, Matthew S. Renfrow 2017 Taylor University - Upland

A Low Dose Caffeine And Carbohydrate Supplement Does Not Improve Athletic Performance During Volleyball Competition, David Pfeifer, Kelsey Arvin, Nicholas Haynes, Courtney Herschberger, Matthew S. Renfrow

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 340-353, 2017. Dietary supplements are widely used to enhance sport performance and the combination of carbohydrate and caffeine (CHO+CAF) has yielded particularly high performance gains. Though the effects of a CHO+CAF supplement have been studied in a laboratory environment, little research exists on the effects of supplementation during competition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a CHO+CAF supplement on athletic performance in competition. Eight female collegiate volleyball players completed three testing sessions under three different conditions separated by approximately one week each: CHO+CAF ...


The Relationship Of Living Environment With Behavioral And Fitness Outcomes By Sex: An Exploratory Study In College-Aged Students, Kaelah Shaffer, Melissa Bopp, Zack Papalia, Dangaia Sims, Christopher M. Bopp 2017 Pennsylvania State University

The Relationship Of Living Environment With Behavioral And Fitness Outcomes By Sex: An Exploratory Study In College-Aged Students, Kaelah Shaffer, Melissa Bopp, Zack Papalia, Dangaia Sims, Christopher M. Bopp

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 330-339, 2017. Although physical activity (PA) is associated with several health benefits, there is a marked decline during college years, which is an influential period for the development of health behaviors. This study examined the relationship of neighborhood and living environment with behavioral (PA and sedentary behavior) and fitness outcomes by sex. Participants were college students that participated in a fitness assessment, followed by a survey that measured self-reported exercise and perception of one’s environment (sidewalks, crime, traffic, access to PA resources in their neighborhood and/or apartment complex). Pearson correlations examined ...


How Different Respiratory Rate Patterns Affect Cardiorespiratory Variables And Performance, Harutiun Minas Nalbandian, Zsolt Radak, Jun Taniguchi, Masaki Takeda 2017 Doshisha University

How Different Respiratory Rate Patterns Affect Cardiorespiratory Variables And Performance, Harutiun Minas Nalbandian, Zsolt Radak, Jun Taniguchi, Masaki Takeda

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 322-329, 2017. This study aims to elucidate how respiratory rate (RR) patterns may affect respiratory gas exchange variables and performance during incremental intensity- exercise. 10 healthy young men (mean ± SD, age: 20.7 ± 0.5 years, height: 174.3 ± 5.7 cm, and body mass: 72.6 ± 10.4 kg) performed three incremental tests on a cycle ergometer at three different RR (60, 45 and 30 breaths per min) in each trial. During the tests, tidal volume (TV), minute ventilation (VE), fractional content of oxygen (FeO2), fractional content of carbon dioxide (FeCO ...


The Determination Of Total Energy Expenditure During And Following Repeated High-Intensity Intermittent Sprint Work, Christopher Irvine, Matthew Laurent, Kaitlyn Kielsmeier, Stephanie Douglas, Matthew Kutz, Adam Fullenkamp 2017 Texas Woman's University

The Determination Of Total Energy Expenditure During And Following Repeated High-Intensity Intermittent Sprint Work, Christopher Irvine, Matthew Laurent, Kaitlyn Kielsmeier, Stephanie Douglas, Matthew Kutz, Adam Fullenkamp

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(3): 312-321, 2017. The purpose of this study was to examine the variation in oxidative, glycolytic, and post-exercise O2 kinetic contribution during two distinct high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols using a 1:1 work-to-rest ratio (30:30 sec) and a 2:1 work-to-rest ratio (30:15 sec). HIIT familiarized males (n =6) and females (n = 8) were recruited for this study. All subject underwent 3 testing session, an incremental maximal exertion treadmill test and 30:30 and 30:15 HIIT protocols in a counterbalanced order. Each HIIT protocol measured oxygen consumption (VO2 ...


Enzyme-Dependent Fluorescence Recovery Of Nadh After Photobleaching To Assess Dehydrogenase Activity Of Isolated Perfused Hearts., Angel Moreno, Sarah Kuzmiak-Glancy, Rafael Jaimes, Matthew W Kay 2017 George Washington University

Enzyme-Dependent Fluorescence Recovery Of Nadh After Photobleaching To Assess Dehydrogenase Activity Of Isolated Perfused Hearts., Angel Moreno, Sarah Kuzmiak-Glancy, Rafael Jaimes, Matthew W Kay

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Reduction of NAD(+) by dehydrogenase enzymes to form NADH is a key component of cellular metabolism. In cellular preparations and isolated mitochondria suspensions, enzyme-dependent fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (ED-FRAP) of NADH has been shown to be an effective approach for measuring the rate of NADH production to assess dehydrogenase enzyme activity. Our objective was to demonstrate how dehydrogenase activity could be assessed within the myocardium of perfused hearts using NADH ED-FRAP. This was accomplished using a combination of high intensity UV pulses to photobleach epicardial NADH. Replenishment of epicardial NADH fluorescence was then imaged using low intensity UV illumination. NADH ...


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