Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,840 Full-Text Articles 16,350 Authors 2,508,844 Downloads 195 Institutions

All Articles in Physiology

Faceted Search

6,840 full-text articles. Page 1 of 271.

Reducing Fear Overgeneralization With Safety Learning: Attention Bias As A Moderator, Boyang Fan 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Reducing Fear Overgeneralization With Safety Learning: Attention Bias As A Moderator, Boyang Fan

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental health condition and affect one out of nine individuals around the world. Fear generalization is a neurocognitive mechanism thought to maintain and exacerbate anxiety, and thus is an important target of therapeutic interventions. Yet, intervention research and practice place relatively little emphasis on its importance. Given that a significant proportion of individuals do not respond to extant treatments of anxiety disorders, a strengthened focus on fear generalization may inform the development and personalization of new treatment approaches. Recent notions have linked fear generalization to failures in distinguishing between signals that predict the occurrence ...


Muscle Activity And User-Perceived Exertion During Immersive Virtual Reality Exergaming Incorporating An Adaptive Cable Resistance System, David Gomez, Jonathan D. Browne, Abdulrahman Almalouhi, Max Abundex, Jonathan Hu, Sally Nason, Nicholas Kull, Cade Mills, Quincy Harris, Richard Ku, Eric V. Neufeld, Brett A. Dolezal, PhD 2022 Airway & Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles

Muscle Activity And User-Perceived Exertion During Immersive Virtual Reality Exergaming Incorporating An Adaptive Cable Resistance System, David Gomez, Jonathan D. Browne, Abdulrahman Almalouhi, Max Abundex, Jonathan Hu, Sally Nason, Nicholas Kull, Cade Mills, Quincy Harris, Richard Ku, Eric V. Neufeld, Brett A. Dolezal, Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 232-246, 2022. The purpose of this exploratory study was to characterize muscle activation via surface electromyography (sEMG), user-perceived exertion, and enjoyment during a 30-minute session of immersive virtual reality (IVR) cable resistance exergaming. Ten healthy, college-aged males completed a signature 30-minute exergaming session using an IVR adaptive cable resistance system that incorporated six traditional compound exercises. Muscle activation (sEMG) was captured during the session with a wearable sEMG system. Rated of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) were recorded following the session. Pectoralis major showed the highest activation during chest ...


Relationships Between Physiological And Self-Reported Assessment Of Cancer-Related Fatigue, Trista Olson, Kevin D. Dames, Jessica M. Brown, Jeremy D. Smith, Reid Hayward 2022 University of Northern Colorado

Relationships Between Physiological And Self-Reported Assessment Of Cancer-Related Fatigue, Trista Olson, Kevin D. Dames, Jessica M. Brown, Jeremy D. Smith, Reid Hayward

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 177-190, 2022. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between subjective, self-reported cancer related fatigue (CRF) and objective measures of muscular strength and fatigability in cancer survivors. A total of 155 cancer survivors (60 ± 13 years of age) completed a questionnaire for the assessment of CRF, along with assessments of handgrip strength, quadriceps strength and fatigability (reduced force/torque). Fatigability was measured by completing 15 maximal isokinetic contractions of the knee extensors (QFI). Spearman’s rho correlation coefficients were calculated as pairwise combinations of the numerical and categorical dependent measures ...


Evaluating The Effect Of Shoes With Varying Mass On Vertical Ground Reaction Force Parameters In Short-Term Running, Bahador Keshvari, Steven Alevras, Juergen Mitternacht, Veit Senner 2022 Technical University of Munich

Evaluating The Effect Of Shoes With Varying Mass On Vertical Ground Reaction Force Parameters In Short-Term Running, Bahador Keshvari, Steven Alevras, Juergen Mitternacht, Veit Senner

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 191-205, 2022. Past investigations have revealed that running shoes affect ground reaction force parameters. However, these studies are unclear as to whether these changes, which occur while running in different shoe types of differing masses, are the result of the structural design or the mass of the shoe. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of shoe mass on vertical ground reaction force parameters: active peak and impulse. Methods. 21 male runners (24.52 years old (± 3.09) and 77.13kg (± 7.9)) participated in the experiment. A baseline ...


Affective Responses To Repeated Endurance Training Sessions With Different Intensities: A Randomized Trial, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Anine Elieson, Martine Kråkemo, Michael Reinboth 2022 University of South-Eastern Norway

Affective Responses To Repeated Endurance Training Sessions With Different Intensities: A Randomized Trial, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Anine Elieson, Martine Kråkemo, Michael Reinboth

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(5): 152-165, 2022. The purpose was to examine differences in affective responses to repeated sessions of endurance training with different intensities in healthy adults. Thirty young, healthy, and recreationally physically active adults (50% women, age 24.4 ± 6.0 years, VO2max 48.6 ± 7.4 ml-1×kg-1×min-1, BMI 23.5 ± 2.4 kg×m2) performed a VO2maxtest. They were randomized to four sessions of either high intensity sprint interval training (SPRINT, n=10, 5 × 30-sec at >95 of HRpeak, 4-min recovery between intervals), high intensity ...


Dyadic Effects Of Pokémon Go On Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior In Mothers And Children, Shirlene D. Wang, Eldin Dzubur, Christine H. Naya, Tyler B. Mason, Genevieve F. Dunton 2022 University of Southern California

Dyadic Effects Of Pokémon Go On Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior In Mothers And Children, Shirlene D. Wang, Eldin Dzubur, Christine H. Naya, Tyler B. Mason, Genevieve F. Dunton

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(5): 142-151, 2021. Family-based mobile health applications may be an opportunity to increase children’s physical activity (PA) levels. Researchers have highlighted Pokémon GO as a potential model for future PA interventions as it integrates PA with social gamification. This study provides descriptive data on Pokémon GO usage among mothers and their children and examines differences in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) over time among individuals playing Pokémon GO compared to non-players using a dyadic subsample from a three-year longitudinal study. After the release of Pokémon Go in July 2016, 156 mother-child dyads completed ...


Behavior Change Trajectories And Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factor Clustering During The Transition To College: A Feasibility Pilot Study, Alexandra N. Smith, Lauren Q. Higgins, Simon Higgins 2022 Elon University

Behavior Change Trajectories And Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factor Clustering During The Transition To College: A Feasibility Pilot Study, Alexandra N. Smith, Lauren Q. Higgins, Simon Higgins

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(5): 125-141, 2022. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is typically diagnosed in adults; however, MetS risk factors are growing in prevalence during youth and young adulthood. Though the transition from high school to college is associated with adverse changes in lifestyle behaviors that may contribute to MetS risk factor development, the relationship between pre-college MetS risk status and transition-related behavior change is unknown. This prospective study aimed to describe the relationship between pre-college MetS risk status and transition-related behavior change trajectories in college-bound students. Moreover, it aimed to assess the feasibility of the study design, including ...


Acute Effects Of Inter-Set Stretching On Performance And Metabolic Parameters Of Resistance-Trained Men, Julio Benvenutti Bueno de Camargo, Felipe Alves Brigatto, Moises Diego Germano, Raphael Machado Conceicao, Ivan Teixeira, Rebecca Duarte, Luiza Fellet, Tiago Volpi Braz, Jonato Prestes, Paulo Henrique Marchetti, Jeffrey Willardson, Charles Ricardo Lopes 2022 Methodist University of Piracicaba, Sao Paulo

Acute Effects Of Inter-Set Stretching On Performance And Metabolic Parameters Of Resistance-Trained Men, Julio Benvenutti Bueno De Camargo, Felipe Alves Brigatto, Moises Diego Germano, Raphael Machado Conceicao, Ivan Teixeira, Rebecca Duarte, Luiza Fellet, Tiago Volpi Braz, Jonato Prestes, Paulo Henrique Marchetti, Jeffrey Willardson, Charles Ricardo Lopes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 218-231, 2022. The present study investigated acute muscular performance and metabolic responses to resistance training (RT) with inter-set stretching (ISS). Seventeen resistance-trained men (age: 30.0 ± 5.6 years; body mass: 81.8 ± 13.4 kg; height: 173 ± 6.2 cm; RT experience: 4.6 ± 1.7 years) completed the ISS and traditional training (TT) protocol seven days apart in a randomized order. In both protocols, 7 sets of the seated cable fly exercise were performed with a 10-repetition maximum (10-RM) load. During the ISS protocol, subjects completed inter-set passive static stretching of ...


A Submaximal Field Test Of Aerobic Capacity Does Not Accurately Reflect Vo2max In Career Firefighters, Davis Hale‡, Roger O. Kollock, Jacob Thomas, Gabriel J. Sanders, Will Peveler, Andrew Mangan, Blake Landon 2022 University of Tulsa

A Submaximal Field Test Of Aerobic Capacity Does Not Accurately Reflect Vo2max In Career Firefighters, Davis Hale‡, Roger O. Kollock, Jacob Thomas, Gabriel J. Sanders, Will Peveler, Andrew Mangan, Blake Landon

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 208-217, 2022. Adequate aerobic capacity is crucial to maintaining firefighter safety. The purpose of this study was to compare predicted VO2max scores from a submaximal and maximal step test. Eighteen career male firefighters from a medium sized urban municipality completed both a submaximal Forestry step test and a maximal laboratory WFI step test. A lack of association (p = .017) and low level of agreement (p = .015) was determined between step test protocols producing a mean bias of ± 5.61 mL.kg-1/min-1 with most scores being overestimated. Use of the Forestry step ...


Muscle Daily Undulating Periodization For Strength And Body Composition: The Proposal Of A New Model, Douglas Leão Peixoto, Bruno Magalhães De Castro, Anderson Geremias Macedo, Christiano Bertoldo Urtado, Paulo Soares Lima, Richard Leite, James W. Navalta, Jonato Prestes 2022 Catholic Univerty of Brasilia

Muscle Daily Undulating Periodization For Strength And Body Composition: The Proposal Of A New Model, Douglas Leão Peixoto, Bruno Magalhães De Castro, Anderson Geremias Macedo, Christiano Bertoldo Urtado, Paulo Soares Lima, Richard Leite, James W. Navalta, Jonato Prestes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 193-207, 2022. The traditional linear periodization model is designed for modifications to be performed over several weeks, whereas alterations in the undulating model are applied on a more frequent basis. The study investigated a novel periodization scheme, the muscle daily undulating periodization model (mDUP). Thirty-seven men were randomly assigned into 2 groups: (a) a group that performed 12 weeks of daily undulating periodization with fix overload (DUP-F) resistance training (n = 19) and (b) a group that performed 12-weeks of muscle daily undulating periodization with variation overload (mDUP) (n = 18). Body composition and strength ...


Analysis Of Total And Segmental Body Composition Relative To Fitness Performance Measures In Law Enforcement Recruits, KYLE S. COLLINS, Bryan Christensen, Robin Marc Orr, Joe Dulla, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie 2022 North Dakota State University

Analysis Of Total And Segmental Body Composition Relative To Fitness Performance Measures In Law Enforcement Recruits, Kyle S. Collins, Bryan Christensen, Robin Marc Orr, Joe Dulla, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 177-192, 2022. Law enforcement agencies often test the fitness performance and body composition of incoming recruits. This study investigated the relationships between whole and segmental body composition, and fitness tests in law enforcement recruits. A retrospective analysis of 72 male and 11 female recruits was performed. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) variables were: lean mass (LM), upper-extremity lean mass (UELM), trunk LM, lower-extremity lean mass (LELM), fat mass (FM), upper-extremity fat mass (UEFM), trunk FM, and lower-extremity fat mass (LEFM). Fitness tests included: vertical jump (VJ), peak anaerobic power (PAPw), 75-yard pursuit run (75PR ...


Fluid Restriction Dehydration Increase Core Temperature During Endurance Exercise Compared To Exercise Induced Dehydration, Jessica E. Sansone, Mary S. Guyer, Elizabeth M. Mullin, Brian Thompson 2022 Shenandoah University

Fluid Restriction Dehydration Increase Core Temperature During Endurance Exercise Compared To Exercise Induced Dehydration, Jessica E. Sansone, Mary S. Guyer, Elizabeth M. Mullin, Brian Thompson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 166-176, 2022. This study aimed to evaluate the difference in heart rate and core temperature during aerobic exercise between two forms of dehydration: exercise-induced (EI) and fluid restricted (FR). Twenty-two subjects (N = 22; 83.35 ± 13.92 kg) completed the current study, performing a familiarization session, a pre-experimental exercise session, and two exercise testing sessions. The EI exercise trial (81.52 ± 13.72 kg) was conducted after performing exercise in a hot environment to lose three to four percent of body weight and partial rehydration. The FR exercise trial (81.53 ± 14.14 ...


The Effects Of A 2-Hour Surfing Session On The Hydration Status Of Male Recreational Surfers, Bryon O'Neill, Eric Leon, James Furness, Ben Schram, Kevin Kemp-Smith 2022 Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Robina, QLD, AUSTRALIA

The Effects Of A 2-Hour Surfing Session On The Hydration Status Of Male Recreational Surfers, Bryon O'Neill, Eric Leon, James Furness, Ben Schram, Kevin Kemp-Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(6): 1388-1399, 2021. Surfing is a popular sport globally which is performed in varied environmental conditions. With limited research in the field exploring hydration, monitoring the effect of surfing on subject hydration is warranted. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between surfing intensity and hydration status. A total of ten recreational male surfers were recruited for this study where hydration status was assessed pre-and post-surf session by measures of body mass (BM) and urine specific gravity (USG). Intensity of the surf session was quantified by Global Positioning Systems and Heart ...


Mechanisms Of Diapause And Cold Tolerance In The Colorado Potato Beetle, Jacqueline E. Lebenzon 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Mechanisms Of Diapause And Cold Tolerance In The Colorado Potato Beetle, Jacqueline E. Lebenzon

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Many temperate insects enter diapause (a state of dormancy) and enhance their cold tolerance to survive the winter. During diapause, the Colorado potato beetle (CPB, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) stops developing, lowers its metabolism, and changes its physiology to avoid freezing. The extent to which diapause confers cold tolerance in CPB is currently unknown. In my thesis, I used CPB to improve our understanding of the mechanisms underlying metabolic suppression during diapause and cellular protection at sub-zero temperatures in insects. First, I used RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) to compare gene expression in two metabolically important tissues (the fat body and flight muscle ...


Caffeinated Gum Does Not Influence Rpe-Regulated Cadence In Recreationally-Active, College Females Regardless Of Habitual Caffeine Consumption, Maria L. Mask, Bandar A. Alghamdi, Lauren G. Killen, James M. Green, Eric K. O'Neal, Hunter S. Waldman 2021 University of North Alabama

Caffeinated Gum Does Not Influence Rpe-Regulated Cadence In Recreationally-Active, College Females Regardless Of Habitual Caffeine Consumption, Maria L. Mask, Bandar A. Alghamdi, Lauren G. Killen, James M. Green, Eric K. O'Neal, Hunter S. Waldman

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(2): 1375-1387, 2021. Caffeine (CAF) has been extensively studied for its ergogenic and analgesic effects during exercise. However, the majority of these studies have been conducted in male populations. This study investigated the effects of acute CAF chewing gum on self-selected exercise intensity during a rating of perceived exertion (RPE) production trial in active females (n = 16, 21.0 ± 2.8 y). Data were also analyzed based on habitual CAF consumption level. Participants completed a V̇O2peak trial, followed by a familiarization and two randomized, triple-blinded experimental RPE production trials on an arm ...


Late-Life Exercise Mitigates Skeletal Muscle Epigenetic Aging, Kevin A. Murach, Andrea L. Dimet-Wiley, Yuan Wen, Camille R. Brightwell, Christine M. Latham, Cory M. Dungan, Christopher S. Fry, Stanley J. Watowich 2021 University of Kentucky

Late-Life Exercise Mitigates Skeletal Muscle Epigenetic Aging, Kevin A. Murach, Andrea L. Dimet-Wiley, Yuan Wen, Camille R. Brightwell, Christine M. Latham, Cory M. Dungan, Christopher S. Fry, Stanley J. Watowich

Center for Muscle Biology Faculty Publications

There are functional benefits to exercise in muscle, even when performed late in life, but the contributions of epigenetic factors to late-life exercise adaptation are poorly defined. Using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS), ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial-specific examination of methylation, targeted high-resolution methylation analysis, and DNAge™ epigenetic aging clock analysis with a translatable model of voluntary murine endurance/resistance exercise training (progressive weighted wheel running, PoWeR), we provide evidence that exercise may mitigate epigenetic aging in skeletal muscle. Late-life PoWeR from 22–24 months of age modestly but significantly attenuates an age-associated shift toward promoter hypermethylation. The epigenetic age ...


Effects Of Respite Music On Repeated Upper-Body Resistance Exercise Performance, Jonathan T. Lehman, Brooklyn G. Whitmire, Rebecca R. Rogers, Tyler D. Williams, Christopher G. Ballmann FACSM 2021 Samford University

Effects Of Respite Music On Repeated Upper-Body Resistance Exercise Performance, Jonathan T. Lehman, Brooklyn G. Whitmire, Rebecca R. Rogers, Tyler D. Williams, Christopher G. Ballmann Facsm

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 79-87, 2022. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-selected respite music on upper-body resistance exercise performance. In a crossover, counterbalanced study design, resistance-trained males (n = 10) participated in two bench press trials each with a different condition: 1) No music (NM), 2) Listening to respite music (RM; i.e. during rest periods). Following a warm-up, participants completed 3 sets × repetitions to failure (RTF) at 75% of 1-RM separated by 2 minutes of rest. During the 2-minute rest, participants either listened to NM or RM until the next subsequent ...


An Exploratory Comparison Of Subjective Mental Fatigue Following A Task Designed To Replicate The Observation Of Game Film, Anthony Magdaleno, Lenny Wiersma, Barbara B. Meyer 2021 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

An Exploratory Comparison Of Subjective Mental Fatigue Following A Task Designed To Replicate The Observation Of Game Film, Anthony Magdaleno, Lenny Wiersma, Barbara B. Meyer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 25-35, 2022. Laboratory-induced subjective mental fatigue (MF) has been shown to decrease sport-related performance (23, 38), yet there is a lack of research identifying tasks in real-world sport environments that induce MF (37). Since the identification of real-world tasks that induce MF may inform activities undertaken in the daily training and competition environments, the purpose of the current study was to compare changes in MF following a task designed to replicate the observation of game film to changes in MF following completion of a laboratory-based task (e.g., Stroop test). On separate counterbalanced ...


The Influence Of Relaxing And Self-Selected Stimulating Music On Vertical Jump Performance In Male Volleyball Players, Simon Gavanda, T. J. Hosang, S. Wagener, N Sönmez, I. Kayser, A. J. Knicker 2021 IST University of Applied Sciences, Düsseldorf

The Influence Of Relaxing And Self-Selected Stimulating Music On Vertical Jump Performance In Male Volleyball Players, Simon Gavanda, T. J. Hosang, S. Wagener, N Sönmez, I. Kayser, A. J. Knicker

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 15-24, 2022. Most research concerning the effects of music on physical performance was conducted using endurance parameters. This study investigated the effects of relaxing (RLX) vs. self-selected stimulating music (SM) vs. no music (NM) on jump height (JH), jump power (PWR), and average rest period between jumps (RP) in 13 athletes (age: 25.5 ± 2.6 years). After a warm-up and listening to music (1 min) or NM, participants completed five squat jumps on a force plate. Psychological ratings of mood were assessed using a questionnaire before warm-up and after jumping. A one-way ...


Functional Movement Screen In High School Basketball Players, Nikole J. Keil, Lynn A. Darby, K. Todd Keylock, Jessica Kiss 2021 Bowling Green State University

Functional Movement Screen In High School Basketball Players, Nikole J. Keil, Lynn A. Darby, K. Todd Keylock, Jessica Kiss

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1-14, 2022. Pre-participation screening and tracking of an athlete’s functional status during a competitive season is essential to maintaining optimal performance. The sport of basketball had the third highest number of boys and girls participating during the 2018-2019 season (23), which typically occurs October to March each year. The Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS; 10) has been administered to some youth athletes from various sports, however, both males and females from basketball have not been studied extensively. The purposes of this study were: 1) to assess functional movements before and after the natural ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress