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3,395 full-text articles. Page 1 of 121.

Mathematical Modeling Of Endotoxin-Induced Inflammation In Young Men, Renee Brady 2016 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Mathematical Modeling Of Endotoxin-Induced Inflammation In Young Men, Renee Brady

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Patient-Specific Inference Of Average Glucose From Glycated Hemoglobin, Roy Malka, David M. Nathan, John M. Higgins 2016 Massachusetts General Hospital

Patient-Specific Inference Of Average Glucose From Glycated Hemoglobin, Roy Malka, David M. Nathan, John M. Higgins

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Theoretical Model Of The Increase In Venous Oxygen Saturation Levels In Advanced Glaucoma Patients, Julia C. Arciero 2016 IUPUI

A Theoretical Model Of The Increase In Venous Oxygen Saturation Levels In Advanced Glaucoma Patients, Julia C. Arciero

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Transition Between Phases Of The Annual Cycle: Spring Migration To Breeding In Nearctic-Neotropical Songbirds, Kristen Marie Covino 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Transition Between Phases Of The Annual Cycle: Spring Migration To Breeding In Nearctic-Neotropical Songbirds, Kristen Marie Covino

Dissertations

Appropriate timing of each life-history stage is crucial for seasonally migratory species. The temporal constraints faced by migratory songbirds require that they overlap preparation for breeding with spring migration. However, previous work has focused primarily on male birds and has produced inconsistent results regarding the degree of overlap between these two life-history stages. I study the degree to which migrating male and female songbirds prepare for breeding throughout spring migration as they move towards their breeding grounds. Overall, male migrants show a significant degree of breeding preparation during spring migration as determined by circulating testosterone levels and their ability to ...


Mini Series Presentations, Robert L. Moody IV, Natasha S. Natraj 2016 Otterbein University

Mini Series Presentations, Robert L. Moody Iv, Natasha S. Natraj

SYE Legacies: Student Group Projects

For the month of March, we implemented a mini education program at both EmblemHealth sites to engage, educate and empower members of the fitness center and weight management program. The program was designed to be fifteen minutes in length, allowing for more sessions over the course of 3 hours with one session a week alternating between topics. Upon survey evaluation of the 60 participants, they reported satisfaction with the overall program and validated the worth of EmblemHealth’s Fitness Center. The survey also showed that 10 out of 10 participants recognized sitting disease as a primary health concern after the ...


Designing A Mobile Space Habitat Analog, Victor Kitmanyen, Matthew Burkhard, Timothy Disher 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Designing A Mobile Space Habitat Analog, Victor Kitmanyen, Matthew Burkhard, Timothy Disher

Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference

No abstract provided.


Factors Affecting The Immune System Of The Ornate Box Turtle (Terrapene Ornata), Michelle W. McQuinn, Abigail A. Neyer, Gwendolyn C. Bachman 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Factors Affecting The Immune System Of The Ornate Box Turtle (Terrapene Ornata), Michelle W. Mcquinn, Abigail A. Neyer, Gwendolyn C. Bachman

UCARE Research Products

While many studies have detailed the complex intricacies of the endothermic immune system, relatively little is known about the immune system of ectotherms--specifically, reptiles. In an attempt to gain more knowledge about the factors affecting reptilian immune function, ornate box turtles (Terrapene ornata) were subjected to chronic stress in the form of high ambient temperatures in a semi-natural environment. It was hypothesized that chronic stress would lead to elevated levels of corticosterone in the blood, which would, in turn, suppress immune activity. It was found that body temperature and body mass in particular were significantly affected by chronic heat stress ...


The Effect Of Training Intensity On Vo2max In Young Healthy Adults: A Meta-Regression And Meta-Analysis, Trisha Scribbans, Stephan Vecsey, Hankinson Paul, William Foster, Brendon Gurd 2016 Queen's University - Kingston, Ontario

The Effect Of Training Intensity On Vo2max In Young Healthy Adults: A Meta-Regression And Meta-Analysis, Trisha Scribbans, Stephan Vecsey, Hankinson Paul, William Foster, Brendon Gurd

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 230-247, 2016. Exercise training at a variety of intensities increases maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), the strongest predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. The purpose of the present study was to perform a systematic review, meta-regression and meta-analysis of available literature to determine if a dose-response relationship exists between exercise intensity and training-induced increases in VO2max in young healthy adults. Twenty-eight studies involving human participants (Mean age: 23±1 yr; Mean VO2max: 3.4±0.8 l·min−1) were included in the meta-regression with exercise training intensity, session dose, baseline VO2max, and total ...


Metabolic And Energy Cost Of Sitting, Standing, And A Novel Sitting/Stepping Protocol In Recreationally Active College Students, Charles J. Fountaine, Josh Johann, Craig Skalko, Gary A. Liguori 2016 University of Minnesota Duluth

Metabolic And Energy Cost Of Sitting, Standing, And A Novel Sitting/Stepping Protocol In Recreationally Active College Students, Charles J. Fountaine, Josh Johann, Craig Skalko, Gary A. Liguori

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 223-229, 2016. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in metabolic and energy cost (MEC) of college students while seated, standing, and during a sitting/stepping protocol. Participants were assessed via indirect calorimetry for 20 min in each of the following conditions: 1) seated in a standard office chair, 2) standing in place, and 3) a sitting/stepping protocol in which participants performed 1 min of stepping in place at 90 bpm, sat for 9 min, then repeated the stepping and sitting sequence once more. Participants completed each of the ...


Poor Quality Of Instruction Leads To Poor Motor Performance Regardless Of Internal Or External Focus Of Attention, M. Jay Polsgrove, Tom E. Parry, Nathan T. Brown 2016 Northeastern Illinois University

Poor Quality Of Instruction Leads To Poor Motor Performance Regardless Of Internal Or External Focus Of Attention, M. Jay Polsgrove, Tom E. Parry, Nathan T. Brown

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 214-222, 2016. The view that external focus of attention provides beneficial performance outcomes when compared to an internal focus of attention has been consistently supported in the movement performance literature. While type of focus has been well investigated, the current study examined the influence of quality of instruction as a variation of the type of focus. Specifically, the purpose of the study investigated how performance-enhancing instructions would differ from performance-neutral instructions on an agility performance. An agility L-run was used to measure performance in the four counterbalanced conditions: Internal-Performance Neutral (INT-PN), Internal-Performance Enhancing ...


The Effects Of A Commercial, Pre-Exercise Energy Drink Supplement On Power, Muscular Endurance, And Repeated Sprint Speed, Bill I. Campbell, Jasmine L. Richmond, J. Jay Dawes 2016 University of South Florida

The Effects Of A Commercial, Pre-Exercise Energy Drink Supplement On Power, Muscular Endurance, And Repeated Sprint Speed, Bill I. Campbell, Jasmine L. Richmond, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 205-213, 2016. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ingesting a pre-workout commercial energy drink supplement on multiple parameters of physical performance, including upper body and trunk muscular endurance, muscular power, and repeated sprint speed. 19 college-aged males (n = 8) and females (n = 11) participated in this randomized, double-blind, parallel groups study. At baseline and post-testing (about one week after baseline testing), anaerobic power (assessed via a countermovement vertical jump), muscular endurance (assessed via YMCA bench press test and a curl-up test), and repeated sprint speed were assessed. Thirty ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Fitnessgram® And Application Of Results, William M. Miller, Sean M. Bulger, Hugh D. Campbell, Eloise Elliott, Christa L. Lilly, Robert L. Wiegand 2016 Concord University

Teacher Perceptions Of Fitnessgram® And Application Of Results, William M. Miller, Sean M. Bulger, Hugh D. Campbell, Eloise Elliott, Christa L. Lilly, Robert L. Wiegand

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 187-204, 2016. The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of physical educators toward state-mandated use of FITNESSGRAM®. Two validated instruments were employed to collect data regarding teacher (n=174) perceptions and use. Mean (M) and standard deviations (SD) were calculated for all scale scores with t-tests and ANOVAs testing for differences by selected demographics. Overall attitudes toward FITNESSGRAM® were slightly positive (M = 4.52, SD = 1.06) on a 7-point Likert scale. The demographic variable gender (p = 0.017) was found to be statistically significant. In regards to the application of ...


The Effects Of A Plyometric Training Program On Jump Performance In Collegiate Figure Skaters: A Pilot Study, Jennifer L. Hunnicutt, Craig L. Elder, J. Jay Dawes, Amanda J. Sinclair Elder 2016 Medical University of South Carolina

The Effects Of A Plyometric Training Program On Jump Performance In Collegiate Figure Skaters: A Pilot Study, Jennifer L. Hunnicutt, Craig L. Elder, J. Jay Dawes, Amanda J. Sinclair Elder

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 175-186, 2016. Plyometric training has been implemented to increase jump height in a variety of sports, but its effects have not been researched in figure skating. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a plyometric training program on on-ice and off-ice jump performance. Six collegiate figure skaters (19.8±1.2 years; 164.7±4.9 cm; 60.3±11.6 kg) completed a six-week sport-specific plyometric training program, consisting of low to moderate intensity plyometric exercises, while eight collegiate figure skaters (21.1±3.9 years; 162.6 ...


Geometric Entropy For Lead Vs Top-Rope Rock Climbing, Phillip B. Watts, Scott N. Drum, Matthew A. Kilgas, Kevin C. Phillips 2016 Northern Michigan University

Geometric Entropy For Lead Vs Top-Rope Rock Climbing, Phillip B. Watts, Scott N. Drum, Matthew A. Kilgas, Kevin C. Phillips

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 168-174, 2016. The complexity of movement of a rock climber’s center of mass during an ascent has been described as geometric entropy (GE). It has been proposed that lower geometric entropy could represent more fluid and economical movement during climbing. The purpose of the present study was to measure GE during rock climbing ascents under a lead condition (LD), where the climber connects a safety rope to several intermediate anchors during the ascent and under a top-rope condition (TR), where the safety rope is always anchored above the climber. Six experienced rock ...


Increasing Lean Mass And Strength: A Comparison Of High Frequency Strength Training To Low Frequency Strength Training, Michael Thomas, Steve Burns 2016 University of Central Missouri

Increasing Lean Mass And Strength: A Comparison Of High Frequency Strength Training To Low Frequency Strength Training, Michael Thomas, Steve Burns

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 159-167, 2016. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect strength training frequency has on improvements in lean mass and strength. Participants were 7 women and 12 men, age ( = 34.64 years ± 6.91 years), with strength training experience, training age ( = 51.16 months ± 39.02 months). Participants were assigned to one of two groups to equal baseline group demographics. High frequency training group (HFT) trained each muscle group as the agonist, 3 times per week, exercising with 3 sets per muscle group per session (3 total body workouts). Low frequency ...


Three Week Hypergravity Training Intervention Decreases Ground Contact Time During Repeated Jumping And Improves Sprinting And Shuttle Running Performance, Eric M. Scudamore, Jordan B. Lowe, Veronika Přibyslavská, Samantha L. Johnson, Mary C. Stevenson, Tyler W. Langford, James M. Green, Eric K. O'Neal 2016 Middle Tennessee State University

Three Week Hypergravity Training Intervention Decreases Ground Contact Time During Repeated Jumping And Improves Sprinting And Shuttle Running Performance, Eric M. Scudamore, Jordan B. Lowe, Veronika Přibyslavská, Samantha L. Johnson, Mary C. Stevenson, Tyler W. Langford, James M. Green, Eric K. O'Neal

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 149-158, 2016. This study examined the effects of a non-traditional training method, hypergravity training (HT), on anaerobic performance. Highly active men (n = 9) completed a 3 week HT protocol in which weighted vests were worn 8 h/day, 4+ days/week separate from training. Vest loads were 11.2 ± 0.6% of body mass during week one, and increased to 13.2 ± 0.7% (week 2), and 16.1 ± 0.4% (week 3). Performance testing included power clean 1-RM (PC), counter movement jumps, 4 continuous jumps, 36.6 m sprints (SP), a 137 ...


The Effects Of A Lifetime Physical Activity And Fitness Course On College Students’ Health Behaviors, Ale Quartiroli, Hotaka Maeda 2016 University of Wisconsin - La Crosse

The Effects Of A Lifetime Physical Activity And Fitness Course On College Students’ Health Behaviors, Ale Quartiroli, Hotaka Maeda

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 136-148, 2016. The purpose of this study was to examine motivational constructs and the effect of physical activity engagement on health behaviors in college students who were required to take a 15-week lifetime physical fitness (LPF) course for graduation. A total of fifty-eight first and second year college students aged between 17 and 23 years (M=18.72; SD=1.09). Paper and pencil questionnaires were anonymously administered at the beginning and at the end of the 15-week long spring 2012 semester. Analysis of the differences between the beginning and the end of ...


Motives For Physical Activity And Physiological Variables As Predictors Of Exercise Intentions Following A High Intensity Interval Training Protocol In College-Age Females, Jody L. Langdon, Sarah Joseph, Kristina L. Kendall, Brandonn Harris, Jim McMillan 2016 Georgia Southern University

Motives For Physical Activity And Physiological Variables As Predictors Of Exercise Intentions Following A High Intensity Interval Training Protocol In College-Age Females, Jody L. Langdon, Sarah Joseph, Kristina L. Kendall, Brandonn Harris, Jim Mcmillan

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 121-135, 2016. More females are classified as insufficiently active and may have little time for physical activity than males (28). Sufficient activity for adults includes a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic exercise, five days per week or 20 minutes of vigorous intensity exercise three days per week, or a combination of these, in addition to the resistance training recommendation of training each muscle group two times per week (14). High intensity interval training (defined as very short intense intervals, usually above 85% maximum heart rate accompanied by alternated passive recovery ...


The Effect Of Single-Leg Stance On Dancer And Control Group Static Balance, Elisabeth A. Kilroy, Olivia M. Crabtree, Brittany Crosby, Amanda Parker, William R. Barfield 2016 College of Charleston

The Effect Of Single-Leg Stance On Dancer And Control Group Static Balance, Elisabeth A. Kilroy, Olivia M. Crabtree, Brittany Crosby, Amanda Parker, William R. Barfield

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(2): 110-120, 2016. The purpose of this study was to compare kinetic differences of static balance between female dancers (D) with at least seven years of dance experience and female non-dancers (ND) who were typical college students. Participants were tested in single-leg stance. Both the dominant leg (DL) and non-dominant leg (NDL) were tested with the participants shod (S) and barefoot (BF). Kinetic variables (vertical, medio-lateral [ML], antero-posterior [AP] maximum ground reaction forces (GRF), and center of pressure (COP) ML and AP) were measured by a Bertec force platform at 1000 Hz with participants ...


Photosynthetic Acclimation To Warming And Elevated Co2 In Two Antarctic Vascular Plant Species, Vi NT Bui 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Photosynthetic Acclimation To Warming And Elevated Co2 In Two Antarctic Vascular Plant Species, Vi Nt Bui

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Climate change can affect the performance of the only two vascular plant species found in Antarctica, Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis. I investigated the response of these two species to warming and elevated CO2 in terms of photosynthesis and leaf anatomy. While photosynthesis increased directly with rising temperature and CO2, it showed no acclimation to changes in growth temperature, and a small degree of acclimation to growth under elevated CO2. Likewise, leaf anatomy displayed little plasticity in response to changes in the growth environment, although D. antarctica’s stomatal groove structure was modified under warming, likely to ...


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