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The Effect Of Maternal Aldosterone Levels On The Expression Of 11b-Hsd Isoenzymes In Normal And Hypertensive Rat Placentae, Nicole Jorissen 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Effect Of Maternal Aldosterone Levels On The Expression Of 11b-Hsd Isoenzymes In Normal And Hypertensive Rat Placentae, Nicole Jorissen

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

In this project, we developed a Western blotting procedure to semi-quantitate levels of 11β-HSD1 and 11β-HSD2 in whole cell extracts. Then, we applied this technique to analyze the effect of reduced maternal aldosterone levels on the expression of 11β-HSD1 and 11β-HSD2 isoenzymes in the placental tissue in both normal and hypertensive rats. These enzymes control levels of glucocorticoids which compete for aldosterone’s mineralocorticoid receptor. Overstimulation of this receptor results in hypertension. If aldosterone levels decrease, levels of the enzymes controlling active glucocorticoid concentrations might change to compensate for the lowered aldosterone levels. Decreased placental 11β-HSD2 expression could affect hypertension ...


Cryopreservation Of Hepatocyte (Hepg2) Cell Monolayers: Impact Of Trehalose, Blake Stokich, Quinn Osgood, David Grimm, Shhyam Moorthy, Nilay Chakraborty, Michael A. Menze 2014 Eastern Illinois University

Cryopreservation Of Hepatocyte (Hepg2) Cell Monolayers: Impact Of Trehalose, Blake Stokich, Quinn Osgood, David Grimm, Shhyam Moorthy, Nilay Chakraborty, Michael A. Menze

Michael Menze

A simple method to cryogenically preserve hepatocyte monolayers is currently not available but such a technique would facilitate numerous applications in the field of biomedical engineering, cell line development, and drug screening. We investigated the effect of trehalose and dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) in cryopreservation of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells in suspension and monolayer formats. HepG2 cell monolayers were incubated for 24 h at varying concentrations of trehalose (50–150 mM) prior to cryopreservation to identify the optimum concentration for such preincubation. When trehalose alone was used as the cryoprotective agent (CPA), cells in monolayer format did not survive freezing ...


Role Of C-Kit Receptor Tyrosine Kinase On Ins-1 Cell Vegf-A Expression In Vitro, Alexei Popell 2014 Western University

Role Of C-Kit Receptor Tyrosine Kinase On Ins-1 Cell Vegf-A Expression In Vitro, Alexei Popell

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Interactions between Stem Cell Factor (SCF) and c-Kit are critical in maintaining β-cell survival and function. VEGF-A, essential in facilitating islet vasculature formation, is secreted by β-cells. This work investigates the mechanisms by which c-Kit regulates VEGF-A production in β-cells, using a rat insulinoma (INS-1) cell line as an in vitro model. Cells were treated with recombinant hSCF or cultured with c-Kit (r) siRNA for 72 h. VEGF-A accumulation in the culture medium was measured by ELISA, while qRT-PCR, western blot, and immunofluorescence analyses were also performed. SCF augmented VEGF-A production in a time-dependent (p < 0.05 vs. control at 6 h and 24 h), and dose-dependent manner (p < 0.01 vs. control at 30-100 ng/mL). SCF stimulation increased phosphorylation of proteins along the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway (p < 0.05 vs. control groups), and decreased phosphorylation following siRNA treatment. Our results indicate that c-Kit exerts a regulatory effect on VEGF-A production in β-cells.


The Role Of C-Kit Receptor Tyrosine Kinase In Beta-Cell Proliferation, Function And Survival, Zhi Chao Feng 2014 Western University

The Role Of C-Kit Receptor Tyrosine Kinase In Beta-Cell Proliferation, Function And Survival, Zhi Chao Feng

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

c-Kit, a receptor tyrosine kinase, interacts with Stem Cell Factor (SCF), mediating cell differentiation, function, and survival. c-Kit is critical for the development and maintenance of beta-cell function in both rodents and humans. The mutation of c-Kit at W locus (c-KitWv/+) in mice results in an early onset of diabetes. However, the underlying mechanisms by which c-Kit deficiency leads to beta-cell failure are unknown. Therefore, studying SCF/c-Kit downstream signaling pathways is essential to understanding the precise mechanism by which c-Kit regulates beta-cell survival and function in vivo.

We identified that dysregulated Akt/Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (Gsk3β)/cyclin ...


Characterization Of Blood-Derived Human Progenitor Cells For Vascular Regeneration, David Putman 2014 Western University

Characterization Of Blood-Derived Human Progenitor Cells For Vascular Regeneration, David Putman

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of premature death worldwide. Despite advances in treatment of ischemic diseases including myocardial infarction and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) there remains a need for effective revascularization therapies. Although early cell therapy trials investigated use of MNC from autologous bone marrow, emerging evidence indicates that purified progenitor cell populations are required to induce optimal vascular regeneration. In addition, autologous cells show reduced efficacy due to CVD-related progenitor dysfunction. This thesis presents preclinical studies characterizing several blood-derived cell types for the development of cellular therapies to treat PAD, focusing on the use of allogeneic umbilical ...


The Effect Of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Genotype On Aerobic Capacity Following High Intensity Interval Training, Nicole Goddard, Matthew Baker, Tim Higgins, Christian Cobbold 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Effect Of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Genotype On Aerobic Capacity Following High Intensity Interval Training, Nicole Goddard, Matthew Baker, Tim Higgins, Christian Cobbold

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 250-259, 2014. Obesity increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Physical activity can reduce T2DM and CVD risk, and increase aerobic capacity, a significant predictor of all-cause mortality and morbidity. High intensity interval training (HIIT) produces similar improvements in aerobic capacity to continuous moderate exercise (CME). Different genotypes of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) have been implicated in improving aerobic capacity and therefore predicted health. This study investigated the effects of different ACE genotypes on the impact of 6 weeks of HIIT on aerobic capacity, and thus ...


Drosophila Sirt2/Mammalian Sirt3 Deacetylates Atp Synthase Beta And Regulates Complex V Activity, Motiur Rahman, Niraj K. Nirala, Alka Singh, Lihua Julie Zhu, Kaori Taguchi, Takeshi Bamba, Eiichiro Fukusaki, Leslie M. Shaw, David G. Lambright, Jairaj K. Acharya, Usha R. Acharya 2014 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Drosophila Sirt2/Mammalian Sirt3 Deacetylates Atp Synthase Beta And Regulates Complex V Activity, Motiur Rahman, Niraj K. Nirala, Alka Singh, Lihua Julie Zhu, Kaori Taguchi, Takeshi Bamba, Eiichiro Fukusaki, Leslie M. Shaw, David G. Lambright, Jairaj K. Acharya, Usha R. Acharya

Program in Gene Function and Expression Publications and Presentations

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase beta, the catalytic subunit of mitochondrial complex V, synthesizes ATP. We show that ATP synthase beta is deacetylated by a human nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent protein deacetylase, sirtuin 3, and its Drosophila melanogaster homologue, dSirt2. dsirt2 mutant flies displayed increased acetylation of specific Lys residues in ATP synthase beta and decreased complex V activity. Overexpression of dSirt2 increased complex V activity. Substitution of Lys 259 and Lys 480 with Arg in human ATP synthase beta, mimicking deacetylation, increased complex V activity, whereas substitution with Gln, mimicking acetylation, decreased activity. Mass spectrometry and proteomic experiments from ...


Contributions Of After School Programs To The Development Of Fundamental Movement Skills In Children, E Jean Burrows, Melanie R. Keats, Angela M. Kolen 2014 Western Kentucky University

Contributions Of After School Programs To The Development Of Fundamental Movement Skills In Children, E Jean Burrows, Melanie R. Keats, Angela M. Kolen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 236-249, 2014. Fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency or the ability to perform basic skills (e.g., throwing, catching and jumping) has been linked to participation in lifelong physical activity. FMS proficiency amongst children has declined in the previous 15 years, with more children performing FMS at a low-mastery level. These declines may help explain the insufficient levels of participation in health promoting physical activity seen in today’s youth. The after school time period (e.g., 3 to 6 p.m.), is increasingly considered an opportune time for physical activity interventions. To date ...


The Energy Expenditure Of Recreational Ballroom Dance, D. E. Lankford, T. W. Bennion, J. King, N. Hessing, L Lee, D. P. Heil 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Energy Expenditure Of Recreational Ballroom Dance, D. E. Lankford, T. W. Bennion, J. King, N. Hessing, L Lee, D. P. Heil

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 228-235, 2014. The popularity of recreational ballroom dancing has increased dramatically in recent years. Yet, relatively little information is known regarding the physiological demands of ballroom dancing. The purpose of this study was to determine the energy requirements for recreational ballroom dancing. 24 participants volunteered including 12 women (mean ± SD: 21 ± 3 yrs, 165.8 ± 7.4 cm, 56.8 ± 11.1 kg) and 12 men (23 ± 1 yr, 175.5 ± 8.4 cm, 78.1 ± 15.6 kg). Gas exchange was recorded using a portable metabolic system during a series of five ...


The Influence Of Exercise Environment And Gender On Mood And Exertion, Thomas G. Plante PhD, ABPP, Marily A. Opezzo PhD, L. Aislinn Diaz, Selena Pistoresi, Michael Santos, Jacqueline E. Fahey, Elizabeth Kay, Briana Britton, Suheel Khan 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Influence Of Exercise Environment And Gender On Mood And Exertion, Thomas G. Plante Phd, Abpp, Marily A. Opezzo Phd, L. Aislinn Diaz, Selena Pistoresi, Michael Santos, Jacqueline E. Fahey, Elizabeth Kay, Briana Britton, Suheel Khan

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 220-227, 2014. This study examined the influence of exercise environment and gender on post-exercise mood and exertion. College student participants (55 females, 49 males) were instructed to pedal a stationary bike at a moderate pace for 20 minutes. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three laboratory conditions: (1) exercising in front of a mirror and posters showing ideal fit body types (i.e., celebrity male and female personal trainers), (2) exercising in front of a mirror only, or (3) a control condition in which participants exercised without a mirror or posters. The ...


Acute Post-Activation Potentiation In Ncaa Division Ii Female Athletes, Kaiya Senn Sygulla, Charles J. Fountaine 2014 Western Kentucky University

Acute Post-Activation Potentiation In Ncaa Division Ii Female Athletes, Kaiya Senn Sygulla, Charles J. Fountaine

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 212-219, 2014. Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon in which the power output of a muscle is immediately enhanced after heavy resistance exercise. Whereas the majority of PAP research has examined males, minimal research exists as to how female athletes respond. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the acute PAP response of back squats on static squat jump (SSJ) performance among NCAA Division II female athletes. Female athletes (n=29) who were current roster members from basketball, softball, and volleyball, performed 3 SSJ prior to 3 repetitions of the back ...


An Acute Bout Of Self-Myofascial Release In The Form Of Foam Rolling Improves Performance Testing, Corey A. Peacock, Darren D. Krein, Tobin A. Silver, Gabriel J. Sanders, Kyle-Patrick A. von Carlowitz 2014 Western Kentucky University

An Acute Bout Of Self-Myofascial Release In The Form Of Foam Rolling Improves Performance Testing, Corey A. Peacock, Darren D. Krein, Tobin A. Silver, Gabriel J. Sanders, Kyle-Patrick A. Von Carlowitz

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 202-211, 2014. Recent developments in the strength and conditioning field have shown the incorporation of foam rolling self-myofascial release in adjunct with a dynamic warm-up. This is thought to improve overall training performance; however, minimal research exists supporting this theory. Therefore, determining if an acute bout of foam rolling self-myofascial release in addition to a dynamic warm-up could influence performance is of importance. In order to do so, eleven athletically trained male subjects participated in a two condition, counterbalanced, crossover within-subjects study comparing two particular warm-up routines. The two warm-up routines compared were ...


The Physiologic And Behavioral Implications Of Playing Active And Sedentary Video Games In A Seated And Standing Position, Gabriel J. Sanders, Michael Rebold, Corey A. Peacock, Megan L. Williamson, Antonio Santo, Jacob E. Barkley 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Physiologic And Behavioral Implications Of Playing Active And Sedentary Video Games In A Seated And Standing Position, Gabriel J. Sanders, Michael Rebold, Corey A. Peacock, Megan L. Williamson, Antonio Santo, Jacob E. Barkley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 194-201, 2014. Previous studies have assessed physiologic response while playing video games per manufacturer instructions with participants standing during active video game play and seated during sedentary game play. It is not known whether an assigned seated or standing position affects positional preference and oxygen consumption (VO2) while gaming. The purpose of the study was to assess VO2 and preference of playing active and sedentary video games in a seated and standing position. VO2 was assessed in 25 participants during four, 20-minute conditions; resting, PlayStation 2 Madden NFL Football 2011, Nintendo Wii-Sports Boxing ...


Effect Of Long-Term Physical Exercise On Blood Pressure In African Americans, Taunjah P. Bell, Katharine A. McIntyre, Rosamary Hadley 2014 Western Kentucky University

Effect Of Long-Term Physical Exercise On Blood Pressure In African Americans, Taunjah P. Bell, Katharine A. Mcintyre, Rosamary Hadley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 186-193, 2014. Long-term physical exercise has been shown to noticeably reduce blood pressure (BP) and remarkably attenuate symptoms of hypertension. It is believed that physical exercise induces these beneficial effects by increasing the blood supply to the brain, enhancing the release of growth factors from skeletal muscles into the bloodstream, facilitating neurogenesis, stimulating angiogenesis, and influencing endothelial cell proliferation and subsequent endothelial cell membrane permeability. Previous findings also revealed that physical exercise significantly elevates brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations which appear to increase dramatically in BP-sensing neurons during hypertension. Elevating BDNF levels is ...


Cardiovascular And Metabolic Demands Of The Kettlebell Swing Using A Tabata Interval Versus A Traditional Resistance Protocol, Howard A. Fortner, Jeanette Salgado, Angelica M. Holmstrup, Michael E. Holmstrup PhD 2014 Western Kentucky University

Cardiovascular And Metabolic Demands Of The Kettlebell Swing Using A Tabata Interval Versus A Traditional Resistance Protocol, Howard A. Fortner, Jeanette Salgado, Angelica M. Holmstrup, Michael E. Holmstrup Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 179-185, 2014. Tabata (TAB) training, consisting of eight cycles of 20 seconds of maximal exercise followed by 10 seconds of rest, is time-efficient, with aerobic and anaerobic benefit. This study investigated the cardiovascular and metabolic demands of a TAB versus traditional (TRAD) resistance protocol with the kettlebell swing. Fourteen young (18-25y), non-obese (BMI 25.7±0.8 kg/m2) participants reported on three occasions. All testing incorporated measurements of HR, oxygen consumption, and blood lactate accumulation. Each participant completed Tabata kettlebell swings (male- 8kg, female- 4.5kg; 8 intervals; 20s maximal repetitions ...


Is There An Optimal Whole-Body Vibration Exposure ‘Dosage’ For Performance Improvement?, R Hugh Morton, Darryl J. Cochrane 2014 Western Kentucky University

Is There An Optimal Whole-Body Vibration Exposure ‘Dosage’ For Performance Improvement?, R Hugh Morton, Darryl J. Cochrane

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(3) : 169-178, 2014. Whole-body vibration exposure has been shown to improve performance in vertical jumping and knee extensions. Some studies have addressed the question of dose optimality, but are inconclusive and inappropriately designed. Our purpose was to more thoroughly seek an optimum combination of duration, amplitude and frequency of exposure to side-alternating whole-body vibration. We used experimental designs constructed for response surface fitting and optimisation, using both blocked and unblocked second order central composite designs with 12 participants. Immediately after each exposure a discomfort index was recorded, then peak and average torque, peak and ...


Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George McNamara 2014 The University of Texas

Pathscan Enabler At Md Anderson Cancer Center, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

McNamara 20140703 - Additional Pathscan and Tiki_Goddess related resources

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/52

http://home.earthlink.net/~tiki_goddess/

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/1/

http://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/11/

https://www.linkedin.com/in/georgemcnamara

Our Pathscan Enabler IV, delivered July 2014, uses the QuickScan software to scan a histology slide in "two clicks" (after loading the

slide):

1. Push the QuickScan button on the front of the Pathscan Enabler.

2. Click the Scan button in the QuickScan pop-up application (optional: change scan area in the Prescan image window).

The image gets saved as a TIFF file to ...


Selenium Status Is Associated With Colorectal Cancer Risk In The European Prospective Investigation Of Cancer And Nutrition Cohort, David J. Hughes, Veronika Fedirko, Mazda Jenab, Lutz Schomburg, Catherine Meplan, Heinz Freisling, H B(as) Bueno-de-Mesquita, Sandra Hybsier, Niels-Peter Becker, Magdalena Czuban, Anne Tjonneland, Malene Outzen, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Antoine Racine, Nadia Bastide, Tilman Kuhn, Rudolf Kaaks, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Salvatore Panico, Petra H. Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Guri Skeie, Engeset Dagrun, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Eva Ardanaz, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Maria Wennberg, Kathryn E. Bradbury, Paolo Vineis, Alessio Naccarati, Domenico Palli, Heiner Boeing, Kim Overvad, Miren Dorronsoro, Paula Jakszyn, Amanda J. Cross, Jose Ramon Quiros, Magdalena Stepien, So Yeon Kong, Talita Duarte-Salles, Elio Riboli, John E. Hesketh 2014 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Selenium Status Is Associated With Colorectal Cancer Risk In The European Prospective Investigation Of Cancer And Nutrition Cohort, David J. Hughes, Veronika Fedirko, Mazda Jenab, Lutz Schomburg, Catherine Meplan, Heinz Freisling, H B(As) Bueno-De-Mesquita, Sandra Hybsier, Niels-Peter Becker, Magdalena Czuban, Anne Tjonneland, Malene Outzen, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Antoine Racine, Nadia Bastide, Tilman Kuhn, Rudolf Kaaks, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Salvatore Panico, Petra H. Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Guri Skeie, Engeset Dagrun, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Eva Ardanaz, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Maria Wennberg, Kathryn E. Bradbury, Paolo Vineis, Alessio Naccarati, Domenico Palli, Heiner Boeing, Kim Overvad, Miren Dorronsoro, Paula Jakszyn, Amanda J. Cross, Jose Ramon Quiros, Magdalena Stepien, So Yeon Kong, Talita Duarte-Salles, Elio Riboli, John E. Hesketh

Physiology and Medical Physics Articles

Suboptimal intakes of the micronutrient selenium (Se) are found in many parts of Europe. Low Se status may contribute to colorectal cancer (CRC) development. We assessed Se status by measuring serum levels of Se and Selenoprotein P (SePP) and examined the association with CRC risk in a nested case-control design (966 CRC cases; 966 matched controls) within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Se was measured by total reflection X-ray fluorescence and SePP by immunoluminometric sandwich assay. Multivariable incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using conditional logistic regression. Respective mean Se and SePP ...


The Bcl-2 Family Protein Bid Is Critical For Pro-Inflammatory Signaling In Astrocytes., Hans-Georg König, Karen S. Coughlan, Sinéad Kinsella, Bridget A. Breen, Jochen HM Prehn 2014 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

The Bcl-2 Family Protein Bid Is Critical For Pro-Inflammatory Signaling In Astrocytes., Hans-Georg König, Karen S. Coughlan, Sinéad Kinsella, Bridget A. Breen, Jochen Hm Prehn

Physiology and Medical Physics Articles

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of motoneurons in the spinal cord, brainstem and motor cortex. Mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene represent a frequent genetic determinant and recapitulate a disease phenotype similar to ALS when expressed in mice. Previous studies using SOD1(G93A) transgenic mice have suggested a paracrine mechanism of neuronal loss, in which cytokines and other toxic factors released from astroglia or microglia trigger motoneuron degeneration. Several pro-inflammatory cytokines activate death receptors and may downstream from this activate the Bcl-2 family protein, Bid. We here sought to investigate ...


Analysis Of The Vascular Phenotype Of The Ent1-Null Mouse, Keisha A. Best 2014 Western University

Analysis Of The Vascular Phenotype Of The Ent1-Null Mouse, Keisha A. Best

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Adenosine is important in the regulation of vascular tone and the Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter 1 (ENT1) is a regulator of adenosine concentrations. Thus, changes in ENT1 expression and activity may alter vascular tone regulation. We therefore examined the cardiovascular phenotype of ENT1-null (ENT1-/-) as compared to wild type mice (ENT1+/+). Heart rates (HRs) and blood pressures (BPs) of ENT1-/- and ENT1+/+ littermate male mice were obtained while conscious and anaesthetized, and metabolic data were collected over a 24 hr period. Vascular reactivity was assessed in aortic ring segments obtained from 3 month old ENT1-/- and ENT1+/+ mice during both normoxic ...


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