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Aerobic Fitness Markers Associated With Post-Paddling Breath Hold Capacity In Competitive Surfers, Cory J. Greever, Kaden K.L. Groseclose, April L. Denny, Danielle C. Jones 2019 California Polytechnic State University

Aerobic Fitness Markers Associated With Post-Paddling Breath Hold Capacity In Competitive Surfers, Cory J. Greever, Kaden K.L. Groseclose, April L. Denny, Danielle C. Jones

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(6): 366-373, 2019. Competitive surfing is a growing sport with evolving performance and safety demands. One particular challenge surfers face is the need to endure long breath-holds following bouts of surf paddling. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between aerobic fitness markers, such as VO2peak and ventilatory thresholds, and post-paddling breath-hold capacity in competitive surfers. Eleven male collegiate level competitive surfers completed both a maximal graded exercise test and a simulated post-paddling breath-hold challenge on a modified paddling ergometer. Associations between markers of aerobic fitness and post-paddling breath-hold capacity ...


The Effects Of Pre-Workout Supplementation On Anaerobic Power And Maintenance Of Power In College Students, Christine T. Herbe, M. Travis Byrd, Taylor K. Dinyer, Brian J. Wallace, Haley C. Bergstrom 2019 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Pre-Workout Supplementation On Anaerobic Power And Maintenance Of Power In College Students, Christine T. Herbe, M. Travis Byrd, Taylor K. Dinyer, Brian J. Wallace, Haley C. Bergstrom

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 355-365, 2019. This study examined the effects of Assault™ pre-workout supplementation on peak power output (PP), mean power output (MP), and percent decline in power output (% decline) during repeated, Wingate anaerobic tests. Thirteen healthy, physically active participants (7 male, 6 female) completed the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover design with two conditions, supplement and placebo. The participants visited the laboratory for a total of three visits, 2-7 days apart. During visit 1, the participants completed a 4-minute familiarization warm-up on the Monark cycle ergometer and performed one baseline, 30-second Wingate cycle ergometry test. During ...


The Effect Of Foam Rolling Of The Hamstrings On Proprioception At The Knee And Hip Joints, Erin David, Tal Amasay, Kathryn Ludwig, Sue Shapiro 2019 Barry University

The Effect Of Foam Rolling Of The Hamstrings On Proprioception At The Knee And Hip Joints, Erin David, Tal Amasay, Kathryn Ludwig, Sue Shapiro

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(1): 343-354, 2019. The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effect of hamstring foam rolling on proprioception at the knee and hip joints. Twenty-five participants completed two proprioceptive tests on separate days, in a random order. The joint position matching test used no visual feedback. Participants were verbally guided to a target lunge position, which was maintained for six seconds while right hip and knee angles were recorded. After rest, participants reproduced this position without guidance for six seconds. Three trials were completed at baseline, and zero, 10, and 20 minutes ...


The Effects Of Ocular Dominance On Visual Processing In College Students, William Alexander Holland 2019 James Madison University

The Effects Of Ocular Dominance On Visual Processing In College Students, William Alexander Holland

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

The role of ocular dominance in processing visual memory and analytic tasks is unknown. Research has variably showed both significant effects and no effect of ocular dominance on visual perception, motor control, and sports performance. The goal of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between ocular dominance and visual processing under a variety of computer gaming tasks. This was accomplished by first determining subjects’ ocular dominance through the Miles test, and then examining the subjects’ visual performance on four different Lumosity games under three conditions: left eye, right eye, and both eyes. Results suggest a relationship ...


The Effects Of Beetroot Juice On Vo2max And Blood Pressure During Submaximal Exercise, Jose M. Perez, John Dobson, Amy Jo Riggs, Greg Ryan 2019 Georgia Southern University

The Effects Of Beetroot Juice On Vo2max And Blood Pressure During Submaximal Exercise, Jose M. Perez, John Dobson, Amy Jo Riggs, Greg Ryan

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 332-342, 2019. Beetroot juice (BR) has been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP) at rest and improve several performance parameters during exercise. However, the effect of BR on BP during submaximal exercise has not been investigated and its effects on VO2max are inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of BR on VO2max and BP during submaximal exercise. 20 healthy, recreationally trained volunteers (age 21.8±2.35 years, weight 75.10±10.62 kg, height 177.4±6.39 cm) participated in this study ...


Development Of The Physical Activity Tracking Preference Questionnaire, Emily Fu, Marney A. White, Jaclyn M. W. Hughto, Bella Steiner, Erik Willis 2019 Yale School of Public Health

Development Of The Physical Activity Tracking Preference Questionnaire, Emily Fu, Marney A. White, Jaclyn M. W. Hughto, Bella Steiner, Erik Willis

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(5): 297-309, 2019. The present study aims to develop the Physical Activity Tracking Preference Questionnaire (PATPQ), a measure of unit (distance, steps, calories, minutes) preference for tracking physical activity. The PATPQ was developed in two phases. During Phase One, the initial PATPQ was created (24 items), was assessed by an expert panel for face validity, and tested in 557 adults. Results were used to revise and modify the PATPQ. In Phase Two, the item pool was expanded and tested in 374 adults. Kuder‐Richardson Formula 20 scores for internal consistency and interclass correlations for ...


Concordance Among Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Measures Of Percent Body Fat In Athletic Young Adults, Benjamin M. Carrion, Ashley Wells, Jerry L. Mayhew, Alexander J. Koch 2019 Lenoir-Rhyne University

Concordance Among Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Measures Of Percent Body Fat In Athletic Young Adults, Benjamin M. Carrion, Ashley Wells, Jerry L. Mayhew, Alexander J. Koch

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 324-331, 2019. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the agreement among three bioelectrical impedance analysis devices (BIA) in athletic young adults. Fifty-one participants (26 men and 25 women) were assessed for percent body fat (PBF) using an arm-to-arm bipolar single-frequency device (ABIA), a leg-to-leg single-frequency device (LBIA), and an octopolar multi-frequency BIA device (MFBIA). PBF was measured with the three devices in a randomized, counterbalanced order. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed significant (p < 0.001) differences in PBF estimates among all devices (ABIA = 19.1 ± 7.2%, LBIA = 21.6 ±7.5%, and MFBIA = 22.9 ± 8.8%). Pearson’s Correlations revealed a strong relationship between ABIA and MFBIA in both men (r = 0.948) and women (r = 0.947) and a moderately-strong relationship between LBIA and MFBIA (r = 0.870 ...


Effect Of Self-Selected Music On Affective Responses And Running Performance: Directions And Implications, Nile Brandt, Selen Razon 2019 University of Utah

Effect Of Self-Selected Music On Affective Responses And Running Performance: Directions And Implications, Nile Brandt, Selen Razon

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(5): 310-323, 2019. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different types of music (i.e., self-selected, researcher-selected, and no music) on affective responses to an exercise task and the subsequent running performance, with an untrained population of college students in a field setting. Twenty-seven college students (17 female, 10 male, Mage = 22.11, SD = 5.12), ran one mile on three separate occasions and either listened to self-selected music, music selected by the researcher (i.e., Audiofuel), or no music at all. Affective responses were assessed before, during ...


Critical Power Concept: Males Vs. Females And The Impact Of Muscle Fiber Composition, Michael A. Kantor, Jessica Albers, Katelyn Weed, Zachary Erickson 2019 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Critical Power Concept: Males Vs. Females And The Impact Of Muscle Fiber Composition, Michael A. Kantor, Jessica Albers, Katelyn Weed, Zachary Erickson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 277-286, 2019. CP describes the highest metabolic rate resulting in complete oxidative energy provision (steady state). Between the heavy and severe domain of exercise, CP will be surpassed, and the finite work capacity known as W' will be used up. The purpose of the study is to test CP and W’ and its relationship in males and females, while assessing type I and II muscle fiber distribution in the leg. A 3 MT and isokinetic leg dynamometer muscle fiber typing protocol of 25 consecutive leg extensions were completed. W' for the sample (n ...


Antioxidant Supplementation Impairs Changes In Body Composition Induced By Strength Training In Young Women, Maurilio T. Dutra, Savio Alex, Alyson F. Silva, Lee E. Brown, Martim Bottaro 2019 Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Brasilia, Brazil

Antioxidant Supplementation Impairs Changes In Body Composition Induced By Strength Training In Young Women, Maurilio T. Dutra, Savio Alex, Alyson F. Silva, Lee E. Brown, Martim Bottaro

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 287-296, 2019. Strength training (ST) is known to promote muscle hypertrophy and body composition adaptations. However, only a few studies investigated the effects of ST combined with antioxidant supplementation (AS) on these adaptations. The aim of this study was to investigate chronic effects of ST combined with AS on fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) of young women. In a double-blinded design, thirty-three subjects (22.9 ± 2.5 years, 57.7 ± 8.4 kg, 1.6 ± 0.6 m) were allocated into three groups: 1) vitamins (n=12), 2) placebo (n=11 ...


The Effects Of Self-Presentation To Engage In Physical Activity, Duygu Gurleyik, Alison Ede, Deborah Feltz 2019 Michigan State University

The Effects Of Self-Presentation To Engage In Physical Activity, Duygu Gurleyik, Alison Ede, Deborah Feltz

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(5): 263-276, 2019. In order to improve physical activity levels, it has previously been suggested that the use of rewards can potentially have an impact on exercise behavior. One type of reward, the opportunity to present a good impression in the eyes of others (e.g., self-presentation), has not been previously examined in an experimental task. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate if linking an exercise task to a prosocial, self-presentational reward in the form of a charitable giving opportunity influences the amount of effort expended in a single bout of ...


Impact Of Psychological And Physical Stressors On The Exercise-Induced Immune Response In Collegiate Swimmers, Connor Alexander Kuremsky 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Impact Of Psychological And Physical Stressors On The Exercise-Induced Immune Response In Collegiate Swimmers, Connor Alexander Kuremsky

LSU Master's Theses

Evidence suggests high-intensity exercise training increases incidence of upper respiratory infection in young-adult athletes (Spence et al. 2007). Collegiate athletes experience chronic stress, which has been shown to result in increased proportions of late-differentiated CD8+ T-cells of a dysfunctional phenotype (Bosch et al. 2009). However, many studies fail to consider possible moderators such as psychological stress and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Purpose: To examine the impact of psychological stress, CMV infection, and exercise on proportions of early- and late-differentiated CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells in collegiate swimmers over a 7-month training period. Methods: Data were collected from NCAA Division 1 swimmers (13 ...


State Population Influences Athletic Performance Combine Test Scores In High School-Aged American Football Players, Zachary M. Gillen, Marni E. Shoemaker, Brianna D. McKay, Joel T. Cramer 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

State Population Influences Athletic Performance Combine Test Scores In High School-Aged American Football Players, Zachary M. Gillen, Marni E. Shoemaker, Brianna D. Mckay, Joel T. Cramer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(6): 256-262, 2019. This study compared athletic performance differences among high school American football combine participants originating from states of different population sizes. High school-aged American football players (n=7,214) who had participated in athletic performance combines between March 2015 and January 2016 were included in this analysis. Data included combine date and location, school state of origin, football position, class, height, weight, 10-, 20-, and 40-yd dash times, pro-agility, L-cone drill, vertical jump, broad jump, and power push-up. Participants were separated into high- (state population>10,000,000; HIGH; n=2,804 ...


Physiological And Perceptual Responses To High-Intensity Circuit Training Using Body Weight Resistance Exercise: Are There Sex-Specific Differences?, BethAnne A. Clayton, Rachel A. Tinius, Lee J. Winchester, Brenna R. Menke, Michelle C. Reece, Jill Maples 2019 Western Kentucky University

Physiological And Perceptual Responses To High-Intensity Circuit Training Using Body Weight Resistance Exercise: Are There Sex-Specific Differences?, Bethanne A. Clayton, Rachel A. Tinius, Lee J. Winchester, Brenna R. Menke, Michelle C. Reece, Jill Maples

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(4): 245-255, 2019. High-intensity circuit training (HICT) using body weight as resistance is a popular fitness trend and an ideal exercise modality in terms of functionality and economy. Given the popularity of HICT, evidence suggests that sex may elicit unique physiological and perceptual responses to this mode of exercise and there is a need for further work in this area. The purpose of this study was to examine physiological and perceptual responses of females and males to HICT using body weight resistance exercise. Forty-five participants (23 females and 22 males) completed baseline testing and ...


Beyond Peak, A Simple Approach To Assess Rowing Power And The Impact Of Training: A Technical Report, Julian D. Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Cassandra Eddy, Veronica O’Neill, Stephen Ives 2019 Skidmore College

Beyond Peak, A Simple Approach To Assess Rowing Power And The Impact Of Training: A Technical Report, Julian D. Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Cassandra Eddy, Veronica O’Neill, Stephen Ives

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(6): 233-244, 2019. Recently, rowing power has been shown to be a key determinant of rowing performance. However, rowing power testing can vary greatly, and is not standardized. Here we sought to evaluate rowing power over a 15 sec rowing test utilizing a stroke-by-stroke analysis before and after 4 weeks of training in youth rowers. Methods: 18 adolescent male rowers were assigned to complete either 4 weeks of plyometric training (PLYO, n=9), or steady state cycling (Control, n=9), for 30 minutes before on water training three days/week. Each group was matched ...


A Validation Study Of A Noninvasive Lactate Threshold Device, Rebecca M. McMorries, Dustin P. Joubert, Eric J. Jones, Mark D. Faries 2019 Stephen F. Austin State University

A Validation Study Of A Noninvasive Lactate Threshold Device, Rebecca M. Mcmorries, Dustin P. Joubert, Eric J. Jones, Mark D. Faries

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 221-232, 2019. The lactate threshold is considered a key marker of endurance exercise performance and identification of this threshold is important in writing an exercise training program. Unfortunately, assessment of the lactate threshold has traditionally required venous or capillary blood samples and a specialized meter to assess blood lactate concentrations. Recently, a consumer grade, non-invasive device was developed to determine muscle oxygenation and estimate the lactate threshold. Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the validity of a noninvasive lactate threshold device (NID) to determine lactate threshold heart rate (LTHR). Methods ...


Comparison Of Systolic Blood Pressure Measurements By Auscultation And Visual Manometer Needle Jump, Samuel A. Trigg, Dalan Abreu, Brenan Bitton-Foronda, Francesca C. Foley, Ann L. Gibson 2019 University of New Mexico

Comparison Of Systolic Blood Pressure Measurements By Auscultation And Visual Manometer Needle Jump, Samuel A. Trigg, Dalan Abreu, Brenan Bitton-Foronda, Francesca C. Foley, Ann L. Gibson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 214-220, 2019. Purpose: This study was designed to investigate differences in systolic blood pressure measurements as obtained through auscultation and observation of the visual jump on the manometer. Methods: Men (n = 21; 26.9 ± 7.4 yrs) and women (n = 22; 29.3 ± 13.9 yrs) volunteered to have resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) assessments. During the same cardiac inflation-deflation cycle of traditional sphygmomanometry, the initial visual jump of the manometer needle and first Korotkoff sound heard were recorded. Duplicate assessments were made in each arm with 30 sec between intra-arm trials. Results ...


Ergogenic Effect Of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation During Rest And Submaximal Exercise, Wayland Tseh 2019 University North Carolina Wilmington

Ergogenic Effect Of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation During Rest And Submaximal Exercise, Wayland Tseh

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(3): 203-213, 2019. The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the ergogenic effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) amongst twenty apparently healthy males during submaximal exercise. In Session 1, 20 participants (Age = 35.0 ± 15.0 yrs; Height = 179.9 ± 8.5 cm; Body Mass = 85.4 ± 12.0 kg) were familiarized with all equipment. Sessions 2-4 included the following randomized 5-min trials a) Rest and Rest+NMES, b) Rest, Arms-Only, Arms+NMES, and c) Rest, Arms+Legs, Arms+Legs+NMES. Physiological variables collected during rest and submaximal exercise were volume of ...


Supplementation With A Multi-Ingredient Pre-Workout Supplement Does Not Augment Resistance Training Adaptations In Females, Anna Nelson, Clayton L. Camic, Carl Foster, Brooke Zajac, Kaela Hoecherl, Jacob Erickson, Andrew Jagim 2019 University of Wisconsin - La Crosse

Supplementation With A Multi-Ingredient Pre-Workout Supplement Does Not Augment Resistance Training Adaptations In Females, Anna Nelson, Clayton L. Camic, Carl Foster, Brooke Zajac, Kaela Hoecherl, Jacob Erickson, Andrew Jagim

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 187-202, 2019. Multiple ingredient pre-workout supplements (MIPS) are purported to offer favorable acute metabolic changes potentially leading to improvements in body composition and training adaptations over time. However, there is limited information available regarding the long-term benefits and safety of consuming MIPS, specifically in female populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-workout ingestion on body composition, training adaptations and select markers of clinical health in recreationally active females after 7 weeks of supplementation and resistance training. Nineteen participants participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study ...


Agreement Among Six Methods Of Predicting The Anaerobic Lactate Threshold In Elite Cross-Country Skiers, Sean L. Carter, Ian Newhouse 2019 Lakehead University

Agreement Among Six Methods Of Predicting The Anaerobic Lactate Threshold In Elite Cross-Country Skiers, Sean L. Carter, Ian Newhouse

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 12(2): 155-172, 2019. The anaerobic lactate threshold (LTan) is used to prescribe training intensity and measure endurance capacity. The LTan identifies a critical point where small increases in workload result in large increases in blood lactate concentration. LTan is usually predicted through visual inspection of a blood lactate (bLa) vs workload plot. Numerous other methods for predicting LTan exist, and the literature lacks a consensus regarding validity of prediction methods. The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement among visual inspection (VI), maximum distance (Dmax) and modified maximum distance (Dmod) from the ...


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