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Body Composition, Muscular Performance, And Free Testosterone Following 12-Weeks Of Protein Supplementation And Resistance Training In Men Aged 35-55, Matthew Steven Stone 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Body Composition, Muscular Performance, And Free Testosterone Following 12-Weeks Of Protein Supplementation And Resistance Training In Men Aged 35-55, Matthew Steven Stone

Theses and Dissertations

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of protein supplementation and Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise (APRE) training on measures of body composition, muscular performance, and free testosterone in middle-aged men. METHODS: Untrained males (n = 35; 43.3 ± 6.6 years) participated in this study. Lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) were measured via Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA), while strength was measured utilizing one repetition maximum (1RM), endurance measured using maximum repetitions completed (REPS) at 75% 1RM for the bench and leg press, and free testosterone was measured using changes in serum ...


Division I Female Cross-Country Runners’ Perception Of Eating Behaviors And Attitudes Toward Health: A Pilot Study, Laurie Stickler, Marissa Thomas, Laura Kate Morse 2018 Grand Valley State University

Division I Female Cross-Country Runners’ Perception Of Eating Behaviors And Attitudes Toward Health: A Pilot Study, Laurie Stickler, Marissa Thomas, Laura Kate Morse

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(3): 941-956, 2018.The complexity behind nutritional decisions and the impact of these decisions on overall health (both physical and emotional) in the Division I female runner is not yet well understood. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of female collegiate cross-country runners from a Division I school on eating behaviors and attitudes toward health. In this qualitative study, six NCAA Division I female collegiate cross-country runners participated in individual interviews. Through qualitative analysis, three themes (Nutritional Views, Identity as a Runner, and Psychological Factors) and 11 subthemes emerged ...


An Investigation Of The Differences Between Perceived Vs. Measured Body Composition, Social Physique Anxiety, And Overall Appearance Satisfaction Among College Students, Cherilyn N. McLester, Courtenay S. Hicks, Lauren Miller, John R. McLester 2018 Kennesaw State University

An Investigation Of The Differences Between Perceived Vs. Measured Body Composition, Social Physique Anxiety, And Overall Appearance Satisfaction Among College Students, Cherilyn N. Mclester, Courtenay S. Hicks, Lauren Miller, John R. Mclester

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(5): 957-967, 2018.The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between body composition, social physique anxiety (SPA) and appearance satisfaction among college students by sex and BMI. A secondary purpose was to assess levels of appearance satisfaction before and after body composition testing and discover any differences between perceived body fat percentage (BF%) and weight versus actual measurements.Participants included 212 college students (93 males, 119 females), 22.0 ± 2.2 years. They answered a demographic questionnaire, the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS), post-assessment questions, and underwent body composition testing via ...


The Effectiveness Of Myplate And Paleolithic-Based Diet Recommendations, Both With And Without Exercise, On Aerobic Fitness, Muscular Strength And Anaerobic Power In Young Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Collin Popp, Michelle Bohan Brown, Elliot D Jesch, William C. Bridges 2018 New York University

The Effectiveness Of Myplate And Paleolithic-Based Diet Recommendations, Both With And Without Exercise, On Aerobic Fitness, Muscular Strength And Anaerobic Power In Young Women: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Collin Popp, Michelle Bohan Brown, Elliot D Jesch, William C. Bridges

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 921-933, 2018. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of recommending a MyPlate or a Paleolithic-based diet, both with and without exercise, on aerobic fitness, strength, and anaerobic power over eight weeks. Participants (n=20) were randomized to one of four groups, (1) a MyPlate diet (MP), (2) Paleolithic-based diet (PD), (3) MyPlate and exercise (MP + Ex), and (4) Paleolithic-based diet and exercise (PD + Ex). The exercise included two days of unsupervised aerobic and resistance exercise. At baseline and final, absolute and relative peak oxygen consumption (absVO2peak and relVO ...


No Performance Or Affective Advantage Of Drinking Versus Rinsing With Water During A 15-Km Running Session In Female Runners, Lauren Shaver, Eric K. O'Neal, Eric E. Hall, Svetlana Nepocatych 2018 Elon University

No Performance Or Affective Advantage Of Drinking Versus Rinsing With Water During A 15-Km Running Session In Female Runners, Lauren Shaver, Eric K. O'Neal, Eric E. Hall, Svetlana Nepocatych

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 910-920, 2018. The advantage of ingesting fluids during endurance exercise lasting < 90 min has recently been challenged, but literature confirming or disputing this case is limited, particularly for female athletes. This study examined the effects of consuming water versus mouth rinsing with water during a running time trial. Recreationally active female runners (n = 19) completed two, 15-km time trials on an outdoor course in temperate environment (~20ºC; 87% RH) separated by at least one week in a randomized cross-over study design. Participants consumed 355 ml of water (DW) during their run or mouth rinsed (MR) with water from a handheld water bottle every 3 km for 5 s with physiological, perceptual, and affective variables assessed. DW or MR did not affect completion time (79.8 ± 8.1 min and 79 ...


Concurrent Validity Of The Virtusense® Gait Analysis System For The Quantification Of Spatial And Temporal Parameters Of Gait, Andrew J. Strubhar, Patrick Tan, Laura Storage, Melissa Peterson 2018 Bradley University

Concurrent Validity Of The Virtusense® Gait Analysis System For The Quantification Of Spatial And Temporal Parameters Of Gait, Andrew J. Strubhar, Patrick Tan, Laura Storage, Melissa Peterson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(1): 934-940, 2018. The VirtuSense (VS) is a new single camera 3D movement-capturing device that has gait analysis capabilities in its arsenal of functional programs. The Gait Analysis System with the VS has not been formally validated. The purpose of the study was to assess the concurrent validity of the VirtuSense (VS) Gait Analysis System by comparing it to two standards, the GAITRite (GR) computerized gait mat and manual pedograph (PG). Twenty-seven healthy, young adults performed 4 walking trials at a self-selected pace on a level surface. In 3 trials, stride length, step length ...


Validity Of Critical Velocity Concept For Weighted Sprinting Performance, Nathan D. Dicks, Tammy V. Joe, Kyle J. Hackney, Robert W. Pettitt 2018 North Dakota State University

Validity Of Critical Velocity Concept For Weighted Sprinting Performance, Nathan D. Dicks, Tammy V. Joe, Kyle J. Hackney, Robert W. Pettitt

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 900-909, 2018. We investigated the validity of a recently developed equation for predicting sprinting times of various tactical loads based upon the performance of a running 3-min all-out exercise test (3MT). Thirteen recreationally trained participants completed the running 3MT to determine critical velocity (CV) and finite running capacity for running velocities exceeding CV (D’). Two subsequent counterbalanced loaded sprints of 800 and 1000 m distances with 20 and 15% of their body mass, respectively, were evaluated. Estimated times (t, sec) for running 800 and 1000 m with a tactical load was derived using ...


Role Of The Mapk/Cjun Nh2-Terminal Kinase Signaling Pathway In Starvation-Induced Autophagy, Seda Barutcu, Nomeda Girnius, Santiago Vernia, Roger J. Davis 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Role Of The Mapk/Cjun Nh2-Terminal Kinase Signaling Pathway In Starvation-Induced Autophagy, Seda Barutcu, Nomeda Girnius, Santiago Vernia, Roger J. Davis

Davis Lab Publications

Autophagy is required for cellular homeostasis and can determine cell viability in response to stress. It is established that MTOR is a master regulator of starvation-induced macroautophagy/autophagy, but recent studies have also implicated an essential role for the MAPK8/cJun NH2-terminal kinase 1 signal transduction pathway. We found that MAPK8/JNK1 and MAPK9/JNK2 were not required for autophagy caused by starvation or MTOR inhibition in murine fibroblasts and epithelial cells. These data demonstrate that MAPK8/9 has no required role in starvation-induced autophagy. We conclude that the role of MAPK8/9 in autophagy may be context-dependent and more ...


Acute Cardiometabolic Responses To Medicine Ball Interval Training In Children, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Jie Kang, Nicholas A. Ratamess, Anne C. Farrell, Nicole Ellis, Ira Vought, Jill Bush 2018 The College of New Jersey

Acute Cardiometabolic Responses To Medicine Ball Interval Training In Children, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Jie Kang, Nicholas A. Ratamess, Anne C. Farrell, Nicole Ellis, Ira Vought, Jill Bush

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 886-899, 2018. Medicine ball interval training (MBIT) has been found to be an effective exercise modality in fitness programs, yet the acute physiological responses to this type of this exercise in youth are unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute cardiometabolic responses to MBIT in children. Fourteen children (mean age 10.1 ± 1.3 yr) were tested for peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) on a treadmill and subsequently (> 48 hours later) performed a progressive 10 min MBIT protocol of 5 exercises (EX): standing marches (EX1), alternating lunges (EX2 ...


Measurement Of Lumbar Multifidus Asymmetry In Amateur Cricket Pace Bowlers Using Real-Time Ultrasound, Matthew Toumazou, Carol A. Flavell, Susan J. Gordon 2018 James Cook University, Australia

Measurement Of Lumbar Multifidus Asymmetry In Amateur Cricket Pace Bowlers Using Real-Time Ultrasound, Matthew Toumazou, Carol A. Flavell, Susan J. Gordon

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(3): 875-885, 2018. Objectives: To determine if lumbar multifidus asymmetry existed between the fifth lumbar (L5) and 1stsacral (S1) spinal level in a group of amateur cricket pace bowlers and a healthy non-cricketing group of males, and to determine if there were significant differences between groups in lumbar multifidus asymmetry at rest, on contraction, or during activation. Design: A prospective single blinded cross-sectional study. Methods: Forty healthy participants were recruited to two groups: an amateur cricket pace bowling group (n=20) and a non-cricketing group (n=20). Bilateral real-time ultrasound imaging of ...


Effects Of Very Short-Term Dynamic Constant External Resistance Exercise On Strength And Barbell Velocity In Untrained Individuals, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom 2018 University of Kentucky

Effects Of Very Short-Term Dynamic Constant External Resistance Exercise On Strength And Barbell Velocity In Untrained Individuals, M. Travis Byrd, Haley C. Bergstrom

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(1): 867-874, 2018.This study examined the effect of an upper body dynamic constant external resistance (DCER) exercise (barbell bench press [BP]), using the very short-term training (VST) model on strength and barbell velocity. Ten (5 females, 5 males) subjects (mean ± SD age: 21.4 ± 2.8 yrs; height: 1.75 ± 0.12 m; body mass: 83 ± 8.8 kg) completed two pre-test visits (pre-test 1 and pre-test 2) to serve as the within subjects control, three training visits, and one post-test visit. The subject’s 1 repetition maximum (1RM) for the BP as ...


"Understanding Lgbtq+ Intimate Partner Violence & Challenges In, Dr. Juanita Yates 2018 National Louis University

"Understanding Lgbtq+ Intimate Partner Violence & Challenges In, Dr. Juanita Yates

Dissertations

This research project is a focus on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) within LGBTQ+

community and the challenges associated with seeking family support. IPV is defined as a violent

or aggressive behavior within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of an intimate spouse

or partner. However, IPV can happen on the street, in one’s home or even in a public place. Those

exposed to IPV can be children, men and women. IPV is a prevalent issue in our society (Bright

2008). According to Ristock (2005), violence in LGBTQ+ relationships may be referred to as

partner violence, relationship violence, or ...


Disruption Of Synchronous Behavior In Pancreatic Islets Via Hub Cells, Janita Patwardhan 2018 University of Maryland - Baltimore County

Disruption Of Synchronous Behavior In Pancreatic Islets Via Hub Cells, Janita Patwardhan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Pacing Of An Untrained 17-Year-Old Teenager In A Marathon Attempt, Beat Knechtle, Celina Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann, Pantelis Nikolaidis 2018 Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Switzerland

Pacing Of An Untrained 17-Year-Old Teenager In A Marathon Attempt, Beat Knechtle, Celina Knechtle, Thomas Rosemann, Pantelis Nikolaidis

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(6): 856-866, 2018. Although there has been increased scientific interest for physiological responses to endurance running and pacing, limited information exists for adolescents participating in endurance events. We are reporting the case of an untrained 17-year-old female teenager (body mass 50.6 kg, height 167 cm and body mass index 18.1 kg/m2) who intended to run a marathon within 6 hours without preparation. The young woman missed her goal by just 2 km. When the average running speed per hour was analysed, there was a major effect of race hour on ...


Reactive Oxygen Species And The Regulation Of Cerebral Vascular Myogenic Tone, Neil Mazumdar 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Reactive Oxygen Species And The Regulation Of Cerebral Vascular Myogenic Tone, Neil Mazumdar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The myogenic response refers to the intrinsic ability of arteries to constrict to elevated pressure, developing “tone”. The underlying mechanism has yet to be elucidated but recent evidence suggests that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) is a key mechanosensor, linking intravascular pressure to tone development. One intriguing aspect of this receptor is its ability to activate NADPH oxidase (Nox), an enzyme responsible for the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The goal of this study was to ascertain the role of Nox in myogenic tone development. Isolated rat cerebral arteries were mounted in a myograph, pressurized to 60mmHg ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Effects Of Prior Fasting On Fat Oxidation During Resistance Exercise, Kendall Frawley, Gabrielle Greenwald, Rebecca R. Rogers, John K. Petrella, Mallory R. Marshall 2018 Samford University

Effects Of Prior Fasting On Fat Oxidation During Resistance Exercise, Kendall Frawley, Gabrielle Greenwald, Rebecca R. Rogers, John K. Petrella, Mallory R. Marshall

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 827-833, 2018. Prior research has demonstrated that the percentage of fuel utilization contributed by CHO compared to fat rises with an increase in exercise intensity. The role of food intake prior to exercise has been well studied and fasting prior to exercise generally increases reliance on fat as fuel. However, data on the role of fasting prior to resistance exercise is limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the effects of one bout of resistance training in a fasted state compared to ingestion of standardized meal on fat and carbohydrate ...


Behavior Of Heart Rate Variability After 10 Repetitions Maximum Load Test For Lower Limbs, Estêvão R. Monteiro, Jefferson S. Novaes, Aline G. Fiuza, Eduardo Portugal, Felipe S. Triani, Leonardo Bigio, Rudson Santos, Alexandre Palma, Victor G. Corrêa Neto 2018 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Behavior Of Heart Rate Variability After 10 Repetitions Maximum Load Test For Lower Limbs, Estêvão R. Monteiro, Jefferson S. Novaes, Aline G. Fiuza, Eduardo Portugal, Felipe S. Triani, Leonardo Bigio, Rudson Santos, Alexandre Palma, Victor G. Corrêa Neto

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(6): 834-843, 2018. The purpose of this study was to analyze the acute heart rate variability behavior after 10 repetitions maximum load test for back squat, leg press, leg extension, and leg flexion in normotensive subjects. Eight recreationally trained women (age: 21.8 ± 2.2 yrs; height: 167.6 ± 6.3 cm; weight: 61.6 ± 10.1 kg) performed two 10 repetitions maximum testing days with 48-hours rest between each one. Heart rate variability was measured in baseline and postexercise (15-, 30-, 45-, and 60-minutes) for time and frequency domain. A significant difference was ...


Relative Handgrip Strength As A Simple Tool To Evaluate Impaired Heart Rate Recovery And A Low Chronotropic Index In Obese Older Women, Cristiane Rocha da Silva, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, Ivo Sousa Neto, Ramires Tibana, Samuel Oliveira, Renato Valduga, Nayara Santos, Bruno Saraiva, Jonato Prestes, Jeffrey Willardson, Guilherme Borges Pereira 2018 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Física, Universidade Católica de Brasília, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brasil.

Relative Handgrip Strength As A Simple Tool To Evaluate Impaired Heart Rate Recovery And A Low Chronotropic Index In Obese Older Women, Cristiane Rocha Da Silva, Dahan Da Cunha Nascimento, Ivo Sousa Neto, Ramires Tibana, Samuel Oliveira, Renato Valduga, Nayara Santos, Bruno Saraiva, Jonato Prestes, Jeffrey Willardson, Guilherme Borges Pereira

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 844-855, 2018. The aim of the present study was to compare differences in heart rate response following a treadmill exercise test in elderly obese women categorized into groups based on relative handgrip strength. Eighty-eight obese elderly women who were between the ages of 60 and 87 participated in the study and were categorized and enrolled to one of two groups based on lower (< 1.51 m²) or higher (≥ 1.51 m²) relative handgrip strength, respectively. The heart rate recovery in the first and second minutes following the treadmill exercise test and the chronotropic index were compared between groups. The higher relative handgrip strength group presented a significantly higher peak heart rate during exercise and a quicker heart rate recovery following exercise versus the lower relative handgrip strength group (pp=0.059) toward a significantly greater chronotropic index in the higher versus the lower relative handgrip strength group. In conclusion, elderly women with greater relative handgrip strength also ...


Systematic Pan-Cancer Analysis Of Somatic Allele Frequency., Liam Spurr, Muzi Li, Nawaf Alomran, Qianqian Zhang, Paula Restrepo, Mercedeh Movassagh, Chris Trenkov, Nerissa Tunnessen, Tatiyana Apanasovich, Keith A Crandall, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath 2018 George Washington University

Systematic Pan-Cancer Analysis Of Somatic Allele Frequency., Liam Spurr, Muzi Li, Nawaf Alomran, Qianqian Zhang, Paula Restrepo, Mercedeh Movassagh, Chris Trenkov, Nerissa Tunnessen, Tatiyana Apanasovich, Keith A Crandall, Nathan Edwards, Anelia Horvath

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Imbalanced expression of somatic alleles in cancer can suggest functional and selective features, and can therefore indicate possible driving potential of the underlying genetic variants. To explore the correlation between allele frequency of somatic variants and total gene expression of their harboring gene, we used the unique data set of matched tumor and normal RNA and DNA sequencing data of 5523 distinct single nucleotide variants in 381 individuals across 10 cancer types obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We analyzed the allele frequency in the context of the variant and gene functional features and linked it with changes in ...


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