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The Effect Of Alkalinity On Lampricide Effectiveness And Gill Physiology In Invasive Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon Marinus), Alexandre J. Walsh 2023 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Effect Of Alkalinity On Lampricide Effectiveness And Gill Physiology In Invasive Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon Marinus), Alexandre J. Walsh

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The pesticides, 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) and niclosamide are used to control populations of invasive sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) in the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America. Added to streams infested with larval sea lamprey, the effectiveness of these pesticides, commonly called lampricides, are strongly influenced by water pH, with greater toxicity for both TFM and niclosamide in lower pH than higher pH water. However, the TFM and niclosamide sensitivity of sea lamprey are also greater in poorly buffered, low alkalinity water than in high alkalinity water but it is unclear why. One goal of my thesis was to propose a model ...


Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler 2022 University of Louisville

Wellness Review 2022, Part 1, Martin Huecker, Brian A. Ferguson, Jacob Shreffler

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: This article represents the first of a two-part assessment of 2022 literature addressing wellness in healthcare professionals published from January 1, 2022 to June 30, 2022.

Methods: Three editors conducted a similar keyword search in Pubmed, also adding manually curated articles. Focusing chiefly on clinical trials and other prospective research, we settled on a final 25 significant papers focusing on wellness in medical professionals to include in this review.

Literature Review: Recent literature into HCW wellness continues to describe burnout factors and COVID-19 impact, but includes more resilience-targeting interventions and systematic reviews of trials seeking bolstering of well-being. Subsections ...


Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa e Silva, Danielli Braga de Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton 2022 Colégio Pedro II

Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa E Silva, Danielli Braga De Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1295-1305, 2022. Since the inclusion in the Olympic Games (2008), open swimming races have attracted greater media attention and, therefore, have a greater number of practitioners, especially in Brazil, an extremely favorable country for this sport. However, increasing reports of fatal incidents in open water races brought the medical and scientific community to attention. The aim of this study was to review the characteristics of deaths in open waters events in Brazil from 2009 to 2019. The survey was divided into 3 steps: 1) contacting sports-related federations and companies, including swimming and triathlon ...


Exploring Predictive Ability Of Fitness Test Data Relative To Fire Academy Graduation In Trainees: Practical Applications For Physical Training, Robert G. Lockie, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Fernando Montes, Tomas Ruvalcaba, J. Jay Dawes 2022 California State University, Fullerton

Exploring Predictive Ability Of Fitness Test Data Relative To Fire Academy Graduation In Trainees: Practical Applications For Physical Training, Robert G. Lockie, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Fernando Montes, Tomas Ruvalcaba, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1274-1294, 2022. This study investigated the predictive abilities of fitness tests relative to academy graduation in firefighter trainees. Archival fitness test data from 305 trainees were analyzed, including: Illinois agility test (IAT); push-ups; pull-ups; leg tucks; multistage fitness test; 4.54-kg backwards overhead medicine ball throw (BOMBT); 10-repetition maximum deadlift; and a 91.44-m farmers carry with 18-kg kettlebells. Within the department, trainees were allocated points for each test. Trainees were split into graduated (245 males, 16 females) or released (29 males, 15 females) groups. Independent samples t-tests and effect sizes calculated between-group ...


Meditation Program For First Year Medical Undergraduate Students: A Feasibility Study, Anumeha Bhagat, Anita Sinha Malhotra, Ajeet Kumar Sidana 2022 Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh

Meditation Program For First Year Medical Undergraduate Students: A Feasibility Study, Anumeha Bhagat, Anita Sinha Malhotra, Ajeet Kumar Sidana

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: Prevalence of stress among Indian medical undergraduate students is currently higher than the global stress level. Notably, although India is considered home to yogic practices, attempts at incorporating them in the daily routines of medical students have been lacking. In Raj Yoga Meditation (RYM), the steps for meditation are clear and explicit, so it is easy to practice. The study aimed to assess the feasibility of daily practice of RYM by medical undergraduates and find out if there is an improvement in the mental health and stress levels of the participants.

Methods: We chose 80 students randomly from two ...


Physiological Responses To Speed-Matched Running On Non-Motorized Assault Airrunner Versus Traditional Treadmills In Active Females: A Pilot Study, Noelle Morrow, Kayla Mitchell, Hannah Weighart, Diana Alonzo, Stephen Ives 2022 Skidmore College

Physiological Responses To Speed-Matched Running On Non-Motorized Assault Airrunner Versus Traditional Treadmills In Active Females: A Pilot Study, Noelle Morrow, Kayla Mitchell, Hannah Weighart, Diana Alonzo, Stephen Ives

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1262-1273, 2022. Treadmills are utilized as a training tool to improve aerobic fitness, but precise understanding of intensity and the corresponding physiological strain is critical for optimizing exercise prescription and associated adaptations. Running on non-motorized, curved treadmills may result in greater oxygen uptake (VO2), increased heart rate (HR), and increased rating of perceived exertion (RPE) compared to traditional motorized treadmills. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological responses on non-motorized versus traditional motorized treadmills during speed-matched running. Participants were 4 college-aged, recreationally active females. HR, VO2, respiratory exchange ...


Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training And Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise In A Law Enforcement Training Academy, Gabriel J. Martinez, Xin Ma, Stuart A. Best, Benjamin F. Johnson, Mark Abel 2022 University of Kentucky

Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training And Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise In A Law Enforcement Training Academy, Gabriel J. Martinez, Xin Ma, Stuart A. Best, Benjamin F. Johnson, Mark Abel

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1246-1261, 2022. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of implementing autoregulatory progressive resistance exercise (APRE) and high intensity interval training (HIIT) methodologies to improve physical fitness and occupational physical ability in police cadets. Two law enforcement academy classes were stratified into a standard care academy training cohort (SC; n=32, m=27, f=5) and a high performance cohort (HP; n=31; m=27, f=4) that utilized APRE and HIIT methodologies during a 17-week academy training program. Demographic, internal loading parameters, anthropometric, fitness outcomes (i.e ...


Application Of Polynomial Regression Model For Joint Stiffness, Youngmin Chun, Craig McGowan, Jinah Kim, Joshua P. Bailey 2022 Sonoma State University

Application Of Polynomial Regression Model For Joint Stiffness, Youngmin Chun, Craig Mcgowan, Jinah Kim, Joshua P. Bailey

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1236-1245, 2022. Quasi-stiffness (joint stiffness) is often used to characterize leg properties during athletic and other activities and has been reported by a single slope of angle-moment curve. However, the joint angle-moment relationship of some relationship are not effectively represented by a simple linear regression model. Thus, the purpose of this analysis was to investigate the benefits of utilizing a 2nd order polynomial regression (quadratic) model as compared to the linear model when calculating lower extremity joint stiffness incorporating subdivided eccentric phases. Thirty healthy and active college students performed 15 drop jumps ...


Assessing The Role Of Integrins In Contact Guidance By Substratum Topography, Robin S. Hong 2022 Western University

Assessing The Role Of Integrins In Contact Guidance By Substratum Topography, Robin S. Hong

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

In this project, the effect of blocking integrin subunits on contact guidance of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were assessed. Imaging was gathered through Timelapse imaging of live cells as well as immunohistochemistry of fixed cells at designated timepoints.


Energy Cost Of Reclining, Sitting, And Standing Activities In Chinese Adults, Jiajia Liu, Yiyan Li, Minghui Quan, Jie Zhuang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Zheng Zhu, Yongming Li, Stephen D. Herrmann, Barbara E. Ainsworth 2022 Shanghai University of Sport

Energy Cost Of Reclining, Sitting, And Standing Activities In Chinese Adults, Jiajia Liu, Yiyan Li, Minghui Quan, Jie Zhuang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Zheng Zhu, Yongming Li, Stephen D. Herrmann, Barbara E. Ainsworth

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 1202-1211, 2022. The 2011 Compendium presents MET values for sedentary behaviors (SBs) and light-intensity physical activities (LIPAs). Some entries have estimated METs, others have multiple activities in a single entry, and newer activities are not in the Compendium. Accurate MET values are needed to increase the validity and generalizability of the Compendium. This study measured and analyzed SBs and LIPAs’ energy costs in reclining, sitting, standing postures, and fidgeting. Indirect calorimetry measured the energy costs (VO2, ml.kg-1.min-1) in 11 males and seven females (30.7 ± 7.6 y ...


Differences In Rate Of Perceived Exertion And Workload Intensity In Males And Females During Submaximal Arm And Leg Ergometry, Konrad J. Dias, Amanda Mungenast, Stephanie Sherwood, Patrick McPherson, Allison Verville, Shannon Eaton, Dustin Nadler 2022 Maryville University of St. Louis

Differences In Rate Of Perceived Exertion And Workload Intensity In Males And Females During Submaximal Arm And Leg Ergometry, Konrad J. Dias, Amanda Mungenast, Stephanie Sherwood, Patrick Mcpherson, Allison Verville, Shannon Eaton, Dustin Nadler

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1222-1235, 2022. Purpose: Arm ergometry (AE) is necessitated for individuals unable to perform leg ergometry (LE) exercise. This study explored gender differences in RPE and workload (WL) during AE and LE at submaximal target heart rates (THR). Methods: 35 healthy college-aged individuals were randomly allocated to begin exercise on either AE or LE. Participants exercised on both modes with increasing WL to achieve submaximal THRs of 110, 120, 130, 140 and 150 beats per minute (bpm). Factorial ANOVAs tested for differences in RPE and WL. Results: No significant differences were found in RPE ...


Effects Of Varying Load Intensity On Skeletal Muscle Damage Between Two Isovolumic Resistance Exercise Bouts, Lee J. Winchester, Cody E. Morris, Patton Allen, Teresa Wiczynski, Scott W. Arnett, T. Scott Lyons 2022 University of Alabama

Effects Of Varying Load Intensity On Skeletal Muscle Damage Between Two Isovolumic Resistance Exercise Bouts, Lee J. Winchester, Cody E. Morris, Patton Allen, Teresa Wiczynski, Scott W. Arnett, T. Scott Lyons

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1212-1221, 2022. There are limited data comparing the efficacy of resistance loads within the hypertrophy range for promoting muscular growth, particularly when similar training volumes are utilized. The purpose of this study was to determine if two similar volume-loads, utilizing different intensities, would produce dissimilar muscular damage and inflammation. Eleven resistance-trained, college-aged males participated in this study. After testing 1RM barbell squats, participants completed two similar volume-load barbell squat sessions at two different resistance loads (67% and 85% of 1RM) on two separate visits. Venous blood samples were collected at baseline and one ...


Sex Differences In Measures Of Wave Reflection And Aortic Arterial Stiffness In Response To Weight Machine Resistance Exercise, Emily K. Erb, Stacie Humm, Sarah Kearney, Anthony G. Pinzone, Michelle A. Kern, J. Derek Kingsley 2022 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Sex Differences In Measures Of Wave Reflection And Aortic Arterial Stiffness In Response To Weight Machine Resistance Exercise, Emily K. Erb, Stacie Humm, Sarah Kearney, Anthony G. Pinzone, Michelle A. Kern, J. Derek Kingsley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1190-1201, 2022. While it has been demonstrated that acute resistance exercise (RE) alters measures of wave reflection and aortic arterial stiffness in young, healthy individuals, limited research has evaluated sex differences. Accordingly, we recruited moderately active, resistance-trained men (Age: 22 ± 3yrs, n=12) and women (23 ± 3yrs, n=10) to perform two randomized conditions consisting of an acute bout of weight machine RE or a quiet control (CON). Measures of aortic wave reflection and aortic stiffness were taken at baseline and 15 minutes following the RE (Recovery). At baseline, women had significantly higher ...


Effects Of Temperature On Growth, Metabolic Rate, And Lower Dissolved Oxygen Tolerance Of Speckled Peacock Bass Cichla Temensis, Manuel E. Coffill-Rivera 2022 Mississippi State University

Effects Of Temperature On Growth, Metabolic Rate, And Lower Dissolved Oxygen Tolerance Of Speckled Peacock Bass Cichla Temensis, Manuel E. Coffill-Rivera

Theses and Dissertations

I examined the effects of temperature (25, 30, and 35°C) on growth, standard metabolic rate (SMR), and lower dissolved oxygen tolerance (LDOT) of juvenile Speckled Peacock Bass Cichla temensis. Fish were acclimated to 150-L aquaria for 7 weeks before the growth, SMR, and LDOT experiments. The growth study lasted 58 days and fish acclimated to 25 and 30°C displayed similar growth rates, while fish acclimated to 35°C had very poor growth rates. The SMR and LDOT experiments were performed using intermittent respirometers. Fish acclimated to 25°C had the lowest SMR, followed by 30°C, and finally ...


Efficacy Of A 6-Week Suspension Training Exercise Program On Fitness Components In Older Adults, Christina Pierle, Alexander T. McDaniel, Lindsey H. Schroeder, Michel J.H. Heijnen, Wayland Tseh 2022 University of North Carolina - Wilmington

Efficacy Of A 6-Week Suspension Training Exercise Program On Fitness Components In Older Adults, Christina Pierle, Alexander T. Mcdaniel, Lindsey H. Schroeder, Michel J.H. Heijnen, Wayland Tseh

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1168-1178, 2022. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a 6-week suspension training exercise program on fitness components in older adults. Eleven participants (age = 80 ± 5 yrs) completed a 6-week suspension training exercise program. Pre- and post-fitness assessments comprised of body composition, handgrip dynamometer, functional reach, and balance. The 6-week suspension training intervention required individuals to perform suspension training exercises for fifty minutes, twice per week. A paired sample t-test was used to determine differences from pre-and post-assessments. An improvement was observed in functional reach (57.2 ± 6 ...


The Association Between Handgrip Strength Asymmetry Severity And Future Morbidity Accumulation: Results From The Health And Retirement Study, Lukus Klawitter, Kyle Collins, Dawson Ringhofer, Bryan Christensen, Ryan McGrath 2022 North Dakota State University

The Association Between Handgrip Strength Asymmetry Severity And Future Morbidity Accumulation: Results From The Health And Retirement Study, Lukus Klawitter, Kyle Collins, Dawson Ringhofer, Bryan Christensen, Ryan Mcgrath

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(3): 1133-1141, 2022. Analyzing the severity of handgrip strength (HGS) asymmetry in aging populations may help to screen for morbidities and add utility to handgrip dynamometer testing. Our study sought to determine the relationships between HGS asymmetry severity and future accumulating morbidities in older Americans. Secondary analyses from the 2006-2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study included 18,506 adults ≥ 50 years old. The highest recorded HGS values from each hand were used to calculate HGS asymmetry ratio (non-dominant HGS/dominant HGS). If the HGS asymmetry ratio < 1.0, it was inversed to make all asymmetry ratios ≥ 1.0. Participants were categorized into groups based on the severity of their HGS asymmetry ratio: 1) 0.0% - 10.0%, 2) 10.1% - 20.0%, 3) 20.1% - 30.0%, and 4) > 30.0%. Healthcare provider-diagnosed morbidities (hypertension ...


Impact Of Acute Uninterrupted Sitting On Cerebrovascular Hemodynamics, Raymond Jones, Dominique McArthur, Stephanie McCoy, Lee Stoner, Simon Fryer, Daniel P. Credeur 2022 University of Alabama, Birmingham

Impact Of Acute Uninterrupted Sitting On Cerebrovascular Hemodynamics, Raymond Jones, Dominique Mcarthur, Stephanie Mccoy, Lee Stoner, Simon Fryer, Daniel P. Credeur

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1156-1167, 2022. Reductions in brain blood flow are associated with reduced cognitive function and cerebrovascular disease. Acute periods of uninterrupted sitting can lead to endothelial dysfunction, namely due to a reduction in shear stress and subsequent reduction in nitric oxide bioavailability. Little is known of the impact of sitting on brain health. The purpose was to determine the total brain blood flow response following a 60-minute bout of uninterrupted sitting. Using a parallel design, this study evaluated the impact of 60-minutes of sitting on total brain blood flow. Fifteen participants (n=15 ...


Effects Of Creatine Supplementation And Progressive Resistance Training In Stroke Survivors, Sara Butchart, Darren G. Candow, Scott Forbes, Cameron Mang, Julianne Gordon, Jongbum Ko, Dalton Deprez, Phil Chilibeck, David Ditor 2022 University of Regina

Effects Of Creatine Supplementation And Progressive Resistance Training In Stroke Survivors, Sara Butchart, Darren G. Candow, Scott Forbes, Cameron Mang, Julianne Gordon, Jongbum Ko, Dalton Deprez, Phil Chilibeck, David Ditor

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1117-1132, 2022. The purpose was to investigate the effects of progressive resistance training (PRT) and creatine supplementation in stroke survivors. Participants were randomized to one of two groups: creatine (n = 5; 51 ± 16y) or placebo (n = 3; 73 ± 8y) during 10 weeks of supervised PRT. Prior to and following PRT and supplementation, assessments were made for body composition (lean tissue and fat mass), muscle thickness, muscle strength (1-repetition maximum), functional exercise capacity (6-minute walk test, Berg Balance Scale; BBS), cognition (Montreal Cognitive Assessment; MoCA), and symptoms of anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder Assessment-7; GAD-7 ...


Muscle Activation Patterns Of The Proximal Medial And Distal Biceps Femoris And Gluteus Maximus Among 6 Hip Extension And Knee Flexion Exercises In Trained Women., Bryn M. Stevens, Ben R. Nichols, Holly I. Doty, John Adam Korak 2022 University of St. Thomas

Muscle Activation Patterns Of The Proximal Medial And Distal Biceps Femoris And Gluteus Maximus Among 6 Hip Extension And Knee Flexion Exercises In Trained Women., Bryn M. Stevens, Ben R. Nichols, Holly I. Doty, John Adam Korak

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1179-1189, 2022. The biceps femoris (BF) is a double-jointed muscle that performs both hip extension and knee flexion, making it a challenging muscle to train during common resistance training movements. An imbalance between the posterior and anterior chain increases the risk of lower-extremity injury. The purpose of this study was to compare BF proximal (BFprox), BF medial (BFmed), and BF distal (BFdist) peak and mean muscle activation among four hip hinging movements and two knee flexion movements. A secondary variable was gluteus maximus (GMax) muscle activation among the same six movements. Fifteen trained ...


Freely Chosen Cadence Is Increased During Repeated Bouts Of Submaximal Ergometer Pedalling, Andreas Schmidt, Jonas G. Madsen, Magnus K. Hyttel, Ernst A. Hansen 2022 Sport Sciences - Performance and Technology, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University

Freely Chosen Cadence Is Increased During Repeated Bouts Of Submaximal Ergometer Pedalling, Andreas Schmidt, Jonas G. Madsen, Magnus K. Hyttel, Ernst A. Hansen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1142-1155, 2022. It was investigated whether the phenomenon of repeated bout rate enhancement occurs during submaximal ergometer cycling. Repeated bout rate enhancement is defined as an increase of the freely, or spontaneously, chosen cadence during repeated bouts of pedalling and has previously been reported for finger tapping. This is relevant to study since cadence can affect biomechanical and physiological responses. Recreationally active individuals (n=27) performed five consecutive 5-min bouts of cycling at 100 W using freely chosen cadence. All bouts were separated by 10-min rest. Cadence, pedal force profile characteristics, heart rate ...


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