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Improving The Player's Recruiting Process By Using Scenario Based Analysis Methodology, Dotan I. Shvorin, Kevin M. Taaffe 2017 Clemson University

Improving The Player's Recruiting Process By Using Scenario Based Analysis Methodology, Dotan I. Shvorin, Kevin M. Taaffe

Dotan Shvorin

High performance physical characteristics can be found today in most of the potential recruitsfor any athletic program and it has become increasingly dificult to select the right candidatebased solely on these characteristics. As a result there is a growing need for a recruiter to evaluatethe decision-making capability of a player in order to understand the mind of the player inaddition to the player physical assessment. We employ scenario-based analysis to evaluate suchdecision-making capabilities while enabling any recruiting to customize the potential candidateevaluation, based on the specific program's needs. The proposed method provides a platformfor decision making evaluation within a ...


The Elasmobranch-Microbe Relationship: Trimethylamine N-Oxide Synthesis, Urea Hydrolysis, And Microbe- Osmolyte Interactions In The Atlantic Stingray, Dasyatis Sabina, Kaitlin Kelly Doucette 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Elasmobranch-Microbe Relationship: Trimethylamine N-Oxide Synthesis, Urea Hydrolysis, And Microbe- Osmolyte Interactions In The Atlantic Stingray, Dasyatis Sabina, Kaitlin Kelly Doucette

Master's Theses

The elasmobranch osmoregulatory strategy is predicated on the accumulation of nitrogenous compounds, primarily urea and trimethylamine n¬-oxide (TMAO). Despite the abundance of these plasma osmolytes, it is notable that elasmobranchs appear to lack urease and TMA oxidase (Tmase), enzymes that scavenge urea-nitrogen and synthesize TMAO, respectively. However, urease and Tmase are found in many species of bacteria. Therefore, I hypothesized that intestinal bacteria are responsible for urease and Tmase activity in elasmobranchs. Absent dietary nitrogen sources, I evaluated the effects of reduced intestinal microbiota on osmoregulation in Atlantic stingray (Dasyatis sabina) in vivo. D. sabina were given daily broad-spectrum ...


Examining The Combined Effects Of Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature, And Body Size On The Physiological Responses Of A Model Macrobenthic Polychaete Species, Capitella Teleta, Kelsey Burns Gillam 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Examining The Combined Effects Of Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature, And Body Size On The Physiological Responses Of A Model Macrobenthic Polychaete Species, Capitella Teleta, Kelsey Burns Gillam

Dissertations

While the scientific community is in consensus that coastal systems are threatened by climate change, few climate change studies test the effects of more than one variable directly related to climate change. The dissolved oxygen (DO) levels of the ocean are currently subject to both global warming and eutrophication; 94% of all hypoxia zones are expected to experience >2°C increase by 2035. This dissertation aims to examine how a model organism responds to simultaneous thermal and DO stress involving four levels of DO (100%, 70%, 50%, and 20%) saturation and three temperatures (15°C, 20°C, and 25°C ...


Sensory Ablation And Red Swamp Crayfish Burrowing Behavior, Gabriela D. Talavera-Santiago 2016 Murray State University

Sensory Ablation And Red Swamp Crayfish Burrowing Behavior, Gabriela D. Talavera-Santiago

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Sensory Ablation and Red Swamp Crayfish Burrowing Behavior

Gabriela D. Talavera-Santiago1

Faculty Member: Melody Danley, PhD.2

1Department of Biology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky

2 Department of Biology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky

ABSTRACT

Keywords: Procambarus clarkii, Biological and Behavioral Sciences, and Animal Physiology

Procambarus clarkii, the red swamp crayfish, is considered a tertiary physical ecosystem engineer that creates burrows consisting of a chimney-like opening with several underground tunnels. The ability to build these burrows, or to navigate back to the burrows following a foraging event are poorly understood. Because crayfish are nocturnal animals that typically live ...


Spatial Organization Of Northern Flying Squirrels, Glaucomys Sabrinus: Territoriality In Females?, Jaya R. Smith, Dirk H. Van Vuren, Douglas A. Kelt, Michael L. Johnson 2016 University of California, Davis

Spatial Organization Of Northern Flying Squirrels, Glaucomys Sabrinus: Territoriality In Females?, Jaya R. Smith, Dirk H. Van Vuren, Douglas A. Kelt, Michael L. Johnson

Michael Johnson

We determined home-range overlap among northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus) to assess their spatial organization. We found extensive home-range overlap among females, and though this overlap could reflect social behavior, we found no evidence of attraction among females, with only one instance of den-sharing. Instead, our results suggest that females share foraging areas but may be territorial in portions of the home range, especially around den trees and during young-rearing. Home-range overlap could also result from the extrinsic effect of forest fragmentation due to timber harvest, which might impede dispersal and force squirrels to cluster on remaining fragments of suitable ...


Intranasal Oxytocin Enhances Connectivity In The Neural Circuitry Supporting Social Motivation And Social Perception In Children With Autism., Ilanit Gordon, Allison Jack, Charlotte M Pretzsch, Brent Vander Wyk, James F Leckman, Ruth Feldman, Kevin A. Pelphrey 2016 George Washington University

Intranasal Oxytocin Enhances Connectivity In The Neural Circuitry Supporting Social Motivation And Social Perception In Children With Autism., Ilanit Gordon, Allison Jack, Charlotte M Pretzsch, Brent Vander Wyk, James F Leckman, Ruth Feldman, Kevin A. Pelphrey

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Oxytocin (OT) has become a focus in investigations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The social deficits that characterize ASD may relate to reduced connectivity between brain sites on the mesolimbic reward pathway (nucleus accumbens; amygdala) that receive OT projections and contribute to social motivation, and cortical sites involved in social perception. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging and a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled crossover design, we show that OT administration in ASD increases activity in brain regions important for perceiving social-emotional information. Further, OT enhances connectivity between nodes of the brain's reward and socioemotional processing systems, and does so preferentially ...


Early Nutritional Programming To Enhance The Utilization Of Plant Based Diets In Fish (Largemouth Bass, Micropterus Salmoides), Maya Rene Jackson, Amit Kumar Yadav, Waldemar Rossi, Vikas Kumar 2016 Kentucky State University

Early Nutritional Programming To Enhance The Utilization Of Plant Based Diets In Fish (Largemouth Bass, Micropterus Salmoides), Maya Rene Jackson, Amit Kumar Yadav, Waldemar Rossi, Vikas Kumar

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Aquaculture has been the fastest growing animal food-producing sector for over half a century. Sustainable aquaculture should include replacement of fish-based feed sources by plant-based ingredients. However, this approach is often impeded by poor growth in carnivorous fish such as largemouth bass (LMB, Micropterus salmoides) fed high levels of plant-based protein. Therefore, our overall goal of the present work was to develop alternative methods of utilizing the plant-based diets (PBD) for sustainable LMB production. When fish is exposed to PBD early in their life, they may accept them more efficiently at later stages (so called Nutritional Programing, NP). Therefore, we ...


90 Minutes Of Moderate-Intensity Exercise Does Not Attenuate Postprandial Triglycerides In Older Adults, Nathaniel G. Bodell, Trevor Gillum 2016 California Baptist University

90 Minutes Of Moderate-Intensity Exercise Does Not Attenuate Postprandial Triglycerides In Older Adults, Nathaniel G. Bodell, Trevor Gillum

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 677-684, 2016. To determine whether 90 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, prior to a high fat meal, attenuates postprandial triglycerides (PPT) in older adults. Eight sedentary older adult volunteers (mean ± SD age = 58 ± 8 years, BMI 26.5 ± 4.2); completed two trials consisting of exercise and a no-exercise control. Exercise trials involved 90 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise 60% heart rate reserve (HHR). Following exercise, an overnight fast of 12-16 hours was performed. Participants were given a high fat meal that consisted of 146 grams of CHO, and 92 grams of fat and instructed ...


Effects Of A Pre-Workout Energy Drink Supplement On Upper Body Muscular Endurance Performance, Mitchel A. Magrini, Ryan J. Colquhoun, J Jay Dawes, Doug B. Smith 2016 Oklahoma State University - Main Campus

Effects Of A Pre-Workout Energy Drink Supplement On Upper Body Muscular Endurance Performance, Mitchel A. Magrini, Ryan J. Colquhoun, J Jay Dawes, Doug B. Smith

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 667-676, 2016. The use of pre-workout beverages is becoming an increasingly common method of improving performance during exercise in athletic and recreationally active populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a commercially available energy drink on exercise performance. Thirty-one healthy males (n=23) and females (n=8) participated in this study and were separated into two groups: supplement (SU; n=16) or placebo (PL; n=15). Subjects visited the laboratory on 2 occasions separated by no more than 7 days. The first visit consisted of completing a ...


The Effects Of Eccentric, Velocity-Based Training On Strength And Power In Collegiate Athletes, Samantha M. Dolezal, Tamra L. Llewellyn, Derek L. Frese 2016 Nebraska Wesleyan University

The Effects Of Eccentric, Velocity-Based Training On Strength And Power In Collegiate Athletes, Samantha M. Dolezal, Tamra L. Llewellyn, Derek L. Frese

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 657-666, 2016. The purpose of this study was to determine if combining velocity-based training with eccentric focus (VEB) and velocity-based training (VBT) results in power and strength gains. Nineteen men and women collegiate track and field athletes participated in this study. The subjects completed a 12-week intervention with either a VEB program or a VBT program. To determine the effectiveness of each program, the subjects completed four exercise tests before and after the training period: vertical jump, medicine ball put test, 1RM projected bench press and 1RM projected squat. There were no significant ...


Quantifying Inter-Segmental Coordination During The Instep Soccer Kicks, Yumeng Li, Marion Alexander, Cheryl Glazebrook, Jeff Leiter 2016 University of Georgia

Quantifying Inter-Segmental Coordination During The Instep Soccer Kicks, Yumeng Li, Marion Alexander, Cheryl Glazebrook, Jeff Leiter

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 646-656, 2016. In order to generate a high ball speed in soccer, the inter-segmental coordination of the kicking leg is critical. The purpose of this study was to quantify the coordination between the thigh and shank movement in the sagittal plane during instep kicks. Eleven female soccer players were video recorded using a high-speed (80 Hz) video camera during penalty kicks. Hip, knee and ankle joint centers of the right leg were digitized, and the movement was analyzed using Dartfish TeamPro (6.0). The thigh and shank segment angles were generated, and the ...


Inter-Correlations Between Laboratory Inter-Correlations Between Laboratory And Field-Based Tests Of Muscle Contractile Power, Mitchell J. Cameron, Robert Robergs 2016 Charles Sturt University

Inter-Correlations Between Laboratory Inter-Correlations Between Laboratory And Field-Based Tests Of Muscle Contractile Power, Mitchell J. Cameron, Robert Robergs

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 635-645, 2016. Muscle contractile properties have previously been distinguished by fiber typing muscle samples obtained from needle biopsy; however due to conflicting evidence regarding sampling bias and the related need for multiple biopsies, it is not certain if these results are a reliable reflection of whole muscle fiber type expression. Inter-correlations between laboratory and field-based measures of muscle contractile power were used to determine which assessments best discriminate between participants of varying sprint performance, and indirectly reveal potential for power vs. endurance exercise performance. Healthy active male (n=32) and female (n=17 ...


The Relationship Between Aerobic And Anaerobic Performance In Recreational Runners, Zachary M. Gillen, Frank B. Wyatt, Jason B. Winchester, Dalton A. Smith, Vidhi Ghetia 2016 Midwestern State University

The Relationship Between Aerobic And Anaerobic Performance In Recreational Runners, Zachary M. Gillen, Frank B. Wyatt, Jason B. Winchester, Dalton A. Smith, Vidhi Ghetia

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 625-634, 2016. Research has indicated that combined aerobic and anaerobic training (concurrent training) may improve aerobic performance greater than aerobic training alone. The purpose of this investigation was to establish any associations between aerobic and anaerobic performance. Eleven participants (n = 11, age = 34.1 ± 13 years, VO2max = 58.4 ± 7.8) volunteered for this study. Participants were asked for endurance training experience (4.7 ± 3.7 years) and resistance training experience (4.1 ± 4.6 years). To meet training status, participants were to have a VO2max in the 80th percentile ...


Relationships Between Motor Coordination And Academic Achievement In Middle School Children, Daniel V. Chagas, Gustavo Leporace, Luiz Alberto Batista 2016 State University of Rio de Janeiro

Relationships Between Motor Coordination And Academic Achievement In Middle School Children, Daniel V. Chagas, Gustavo Leporace, Luiz Alberto Batista

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 616-624, 2016. Although it is recognized that children with a marked impairment in the development of motor coordination may show difficulty in gaining academic achievement, research examining the relationship between gross motor coordination and academic achievement in children without intellectual disabilities is limited. This study aimed to examine whether gross motor coordination is associated with academic achievement among children. Middle school children (n=122) were recruited. Writing, reading, and mathematics performance were used to attribute academic achievement. Gross motor coordination was assessed using the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder test. Pearson and partial correlations were ...


Effects Of Acute Vaporized Nicotine In Non-Tobacco Users At Rest And During Exercise, Donovan L. Fogt, Michael A. Levi, Caroline A. Rickards, Steven P. Stelly, William H. Cooke 2016 The University of Texas at San Antonio

Effects Of Acute Vaporized Nicotine In Non-Tobacco Users At Rest And During Exercise, Donovan L. Fogt, Michael A. Levi, Caroline A. Rickards, Steven P. Stelly, William H. Cooke

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 607-615, 2016. Smokers, and even non-smokers, may utilize vaporized nicotine delivered by electronic cigarette (EC) due to the perception that EC are “healthier” than traditional tobacco cigarettes. The effects of vaporized nicotine delivered by EC on resting blood pressure (BP) and resting metabolic rate (RMR), or BP and aerobic power during exercise have not been studied. This investigation tested the effects of acute vaporized nicotine inhalation by EC on resting BP and RMR and cycle exercise BP, metabolic responses, and aerobic power in young, normotensive non-smokers. Using a double-blind design, 20 subjects (10 ...


Spatial Awareness Is Related To Moderate Intensity Running During A Collegiate Rugby Match, Kyle S. Beyer, David H. Fukuda Ph.D., Amelia M. Miramonti, Mattan W. Hoffman, Ran Wang, Michael B. La Monica, Josh J. Riffe, Satoru Tanigawa Ph.D., Jeffrey R. Stout Ph.D., Jay R. Hoffman Ph.D. 2016 University of Central Florida

Spatial Awareness Is Related To Moderate Intensity Running During A Collegiate Rugby Match, Kyle S. Beyer, David H. Fukuda Ph.D., Amelia M. Miramonti, Mattan W. Hoffman, Ran Wang, Michael B. La Monica, Josh J. Riffe, Satoru Tanigawa Ph.D., Jeffrey R. Stout Ph.D., Jay R. Hoffman Ph.D.

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 599-606, 2016. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between spatial awareness, agility, and distance covered in global positioning system (GPS) derived velocity zone classifications during a collegiate rugby match. Twelve American collegiate rugby union players (mean±SD; age: 21.2±1.4 y; weight: 85.0±16.0 kg; 7 forwards & 5 backs) on a single team volunteered to participate in this investigation. The distances travelled at low (walking/jogging; <2.7m/s), moderate (cruising/striding; 2.7-5.0 m/s), and high intensities (running/sprinting; >5.0 m/s) were measured for each player using GPS sensors and normalized according to playing time during an official USA Rugby match. Spatial awareness was measured as visual tracking speed from one core session of ...


Adolescents And Self-Reported Physical Activity: An Evaluation Of The Modified Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire, Jacqueline Zelener, Margaret Schneider 2016 University of California, Irvine

Adolescents And Self-Reported Physical Activity: An Evaluation Of The Modified Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire, Jacqueline Zelener, Margaret Schneider

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 587-598, 2016. The Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire assesses self-reported physical activity (PA) among adults, and was later modified for children. However, the modified version (Godin-Child Questionnaire) has not been validated among adolescents. This study evaluates the construct validity and test-retest reliability of the Godin-Child Questionnaire among adolescents. The study participants, sixth graders (age M= 11.06 ± 0.436; 48% males, 48% Latino), were assessed at 2 time points (fall and spring: N= 139). First, the study determined whether adolescents accurately reported exercise intensity based on adolescents' ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during moderate- ...


Natural Training Hydration Status, Sweat Rates, And Perception Of Sweat Losses During Crossfit Training, Christina C. Cronin, Eric O'Neal, Jeffrey Simpson, Brandon L. Miller, Matt Green, Jean A. Helm Allen, Shelby Boman 2016 University of North Alabama

Natural Training Hydration Status, Sweat Rates, And Perception Of Sweat Losses During Crossfit Training, Christina C. Cronin, Eric O'Neal, Jeffrey Simpson, Brandon L. Miller, Matt Green, Jean A. Helm Allen, Shelby Boman

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 576-586, 2016. This study assessed 30 male and 20 female well-trained CrossFit (XF) athletes’ natural hydration statuses, fluid intake, and absolute and estimated sweat losses during training sessions lasting 30-47 min. Participants provided a pre-workout urine sample for assessment of hydration by urine specific gravity (USG). Nude pre- and post-workout body mass and fluid intakes were measured to determine sweat losses. To evaluate perception of total sweat loss, participants were asked to estimate their total sweat loss to compare against actual sweat loss. Mean sweat losses did not exceed 1% body mass for ...


Influence Of Baseball Catcher Mask Design, Impact Location And Ball Trajectory On Head Acceleration, Jordan Siu, Alex Okonek, Philip K. Schot 2016 Western University of Health Sciences

Influence Of Baseball Catcher Mask Design, Impact Location And Ball Trajectory On Head Acceleration, Jordan Siu, Alex Okonek, Philip K. Schot

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 567-575, 2016. The general aim was to contrast accelerations caused by baseball impacts for different catcher mask designs. Study1 focused on impact locations for a perpendicular ball trajectory. Study2 examined perpendicular and oblique trajectories striking a single mask location. A 5.9 kg head model instrumented with a 3-d accelerometer recording at 512 Hz was mounted upright with springs in a shallow ball joint. A pitching machine fired a standard baseball at ~28 m/s for all tests. Transverse plane resultant peak acceleration was gathered from 5 trials in each experimental combination. In ...


The Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Present Higher Sympathetic Cardiac Autonomic Modulation That Is Not Altered By Strength Training, Victor Barbosa Ribeiro, Gislaine Satyko Kogure, Rosana Maria Reis, Ada Clarice Gastaldi, João Eduardo Araújo, José Henrique Mazon, Audrey Borghi, Hugo Celso Dutra Souza 2016 University of Sao Paulo

The Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Present Higher Sympathetic Cardiac Autonomic Modulation That Is Not Altered By Strength Training, Victor Barbosa Ribeiro, Gislaine Satyko Kogure, Rosana Maria Reis, Ada Clarice Gastaldi, João Eduardo Araújo, José Henrique Mazon, Audrey Borghi, Hugo Celso Dutra Souza

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 9(5): 554-566, 2016. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may present important comorbidities, such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, which are often preceded by changes in cardiac autonomic modulation. Different types of physical exercises are frequently indicated for the prevention and treatment of PCOS. However, little is known about the effects of strength training on the metabolic, hormonal, and cardiac autonomic parameters. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effects of strength training on the autonomic modulation of heart rate variability (HRV) and its relation to endocrine-metabolic parameters in women with PCOS. Fifty-three women were divided ...


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