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The Spatial Distribution And Density Of The Emerald Ash Borer Infestation In Rock Island And Moline, Il, Kendall Smith, Victoria Lason, Tierney Brosius, Michael Reisner 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Spatial Distribution And Density Of The Emerald Ash Borer Infestation In Rock Island And Moline, Il, Kendall Smith, Victoria Lason, Tierney Brosius, Michael Reisner

Celebration of Learning

The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Copleoptera: Buprestidae) is a destructive colonizer of ash trees that arrived in the United States in 2002. Since then, EAB has been detected in 22 states and two Canadian provinces, and has proven to be a complicated management issue for many cities including Rock Island. The purpose of this study was to determine the spatial distribution and density of the EAB infestation in Rock Island, Ill and to identify potential correlations between host larval densities and visual symptoms. A continuation of spatial distribution was determined through a tree survey examining specific species ...


Rapid Museum, Gary Barwin 2016 Niagara Regional Rhyme Gland Laboratory

Rapid Museum, Gary Barwin

The Goose

Poetry by Gary Barwin


Sub-Lethal Effects Of Dietary Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure On Honey Bee Queen Fecundity And Colony Development, Judy Wu-Smart, Marla Spivak 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sub-Lethal Effects Of Dietary Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure On Honey Bee Queen Fecundity And Colony Development, Judy Wu-Smart, Marla Spivak

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

Many factors can negatively affect honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) health including the pervasive use of systemic neonicotinoid insecticides. Through direct consumption of contaminated nectar and pollen from treated plants, neonicotinoids can affect foraging, learning, and memory in worker bees. Less well studied are the potential effects of neonicotinoids on queen bees, which may be exposed indirectly through trophallaxis, or food-sharing. To assess effects on queen productivity, small colonies of different sizes (1500, 3000, and 7000 bees) were fed imidacloprid (0, 10, 20, 50, and 100 ppb) in syrup for three weeks. We found adverse effects of imidacloprid on queens ...


Evaluating The Interaction Between Buckwheat, Fagopyrum Esculentum (Polygonaceae) And Wireworm Agriotes Sputator L. (Coleoptera: Elateridae), Yeritza L. Bohorquez 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluating The Interaction Between Buckwheat, Fagopyrum Esculentum (Polygonaceae) And Wireworm Agriotes Sputator L. (Coleoptera: Elateridae), Yeritza L. Bohorquez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Laboratory experiments were carried out to determine if buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum, produces phytochemicals that act as deterrents, anti-feedants, or toxins against Agriotes sputator wireworms. Choice assays were conducted to test the attractiveness of germinating, branching and flowering buckwheat, red spring wheat (Triticum spp) and island barley (Hordeum vulgare) to the larvae. There was no evidence that the wireworms were deterred by buckwheat and the germinating stage of all three crops was the most attractive. Twenty-one day, no choice feeding assays were conducted to determine change in mass and mortality of A. sputator larvae when fed buckwheat or barley; no differences ...


Ifly: Code Development For An App To Support Automating Entomological Data Collection, Michael P. Cosentino, Trevor I. Stamper 2016 New Mexico State University

Ifly: Code Development For An App To Support Automating Entomological Data Collection, Michael P. Cosentino, Trevor I. Stamper

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

We are developing a prototype entomological data-collection application called "iFly," which runs on a field-capable iPad device. In this phase, we tackled refining screens and introducing a database manager to streamline operations as info is entered, stored, retrieved and delivered. We used SQLite3 database in Apple's Xcode Integrated Development Environment (IDE). Xcode gives mixed programming results. Apple's iOS environment ensures functional and fairly error-free apps can be built. But the sophisticated Xcode IDE requires specialist developers and valuable project time is spent as new programmers learn key techniques. The iFly prototype was advanced with improved database integration; however ...


Breeding Season Avian Community Composition And Prey Availability In Eucalyptus And Slash Pine Plantations Of Southwestern Louisiana, Elizabeth J. Messick 2016 Stephen F. Austin State University

Breeding Season Avian Community Composition And Prey Availability In Eucalyptus And Slash Pine Plantations Of Southwestern Louisiana, Elizabeth J. Messick

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The increased demand for wood products related to industries such as bioenergy and paper has resulted in a need for a consistent supply of raw materials. Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) plantations have the potential to boost wood production for pulpwood and biomass feedstocks. Species characteristics such as rapid, indeterminate growth, coppice regrowth, resistance to disease and insects, and tolerance of a range of environmental conditions make these species successful short-rotation woody crops (SRWCs). Camden white gum (Eucalyptus benthamii), a more cold tolerant species, has made management of eucalyptus plantations viable in southern portions of the United States such as the Western ...


Characterization Of The Arthropod Communities And Aphid Feeding Behavior Associated With Perennial Warm-Season Grasses (Poaceae) Composition In Nebraska And Wisconsin, Kathryn M. Keller 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization Of The Arthropod Communities And Aphid Feeding Behavior Associated With Perennial Warm-Season Grasses (Poaceae) Composition In Nebraska And Wisconsin, Kathryn M. Keller

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum L., along with two other perennial warm-season grasses, big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii Vitman) and indiangrass, (Sorghastrum nutans L), compose a majority of the grasses found in North American tall grass prairies and have recently received attention as potential bioenergy feedstock. Limited research has been carried out on the relationship of arthropods on these three warm-season grasses in North America. Due to this limited research, the first objective of this research was to document the arthropods associated with switchgrass, big bluestem and indiangrass in Nebraska and Wisconsin over three sampling seasons. More than 10 arthropod orders and over ...


Over-Summering Ecology Of The Wheat Curl Mite (Aceria Tosichella Keifer), Anthony J. McMechan 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Over-Summering Ecology Of The Wheat Curl Mite (Aceria Tosichella Keifer), Anthony J. Mcmechan

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

The wheat-mite-virus complex is a consistent and significant threat to winter wheat production in the western Great Plains. This complex consists of three viruses (Wheat streak mosaic virus, Triticum mosaic virus, and Wheat mosaic virus that are transmitted by the wheat curl mite (Aceria tosichella Keifer). Yield impacts from this complex are typically associated with the presence of volunteer wheat that emerges prior to harvest as a result of hail occurring during the heading stages of wheat in early summer. Historical literature on pre-harvest germination has been primarily focused on accelerating breeding programs; however, critical gaps in knowledge exist on ...


Effect Of Dung Beetles On Dung Decomposition And Nuntrient Cycling In A Nebraska Rangeland, Kenneth Shay Evans 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effect Of Dung Beetles On Dung Decomposition And Nuntrient Cycling In A Nebraska Rangeland, Kenneth Shay Evans

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Management practice can have impacts on the abundance and frequency of dung beetle populations and nutrient cycling in grazing systems. Also, agriculture and livestock production land use is a considerable source of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which are known to be one of the causes of global climate change. In this study, we evaluated the effect of dung beetle presence on the fluxes of greenhouse gasses (GHG’s) from dung pats in the semi-arid Sandhills region of Nebraska, by using closed chambers to measure the fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2 ...


An Ecological Study Of The Kudzu Bug In East Tennessee: Life History, Seasonality, And Phenology, Kadie Elizabeth Britt 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

An Ecological Study Of The Kudzu Bug In East Tennessee: Life History, Seasonality, And Phenology, Kadie Elizabeth Britt

Masters Theses

The kudzu bug, Megacopta cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae), an invasive species from Asia, was first discovered in the United States in 2009 in Georgia. It has since spread to other states, including Tennessee, where it has spread rapidly to numerous counties in four years. Its common name, kudzu bug, implies a potential benefit to management of the invasive species kudzu; unfortunately, the kudzu bug has shown little impact on reducing growth of kudzu. The kudzu bug causes agricultural, urban, and health-related concerns in the United States. Soybean losses by kudzu bug have exceeded 20% in some areas of the southeastern United ...


Soil-Water Transport Of A Seed Coated Neonicotinoid Pesticide In Soybean/Maize Cultivation Systems, Geoffrey Nathaniel Duesterbeck 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Soil-Water Transport Of A Seed Coated Neonicotinoid Pesticide In Soybean/Maize Cultivation Systems, Geoffrey Nathaniel Duesterbeck

Masters Theses

The current decline of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) and other beneficial pollinator species is well documented. Several causes have been cited in this decline including: pathogens, pests, nutrition, and pesticide exposure. Since the advent of the neonicotinoid family of pesticides in the 1990’s an increase in honey bee colony loss has been observed. Neonicotinoid pesticides are commonly applied as a seed treatment to cotton, soybean and maize row crops. As the seed germinates, it absorbs the pesticide from the coating then spreads systemically throughout the entire plant. However, a large portion of the seed coating may stay ...


Evaluation Of Total Mercury And Methylmercury Concentrations Of Terrestrial Invertebrates Along Lower East Fork Poplar Creek In Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Chelsea Lynden Standish 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Evaluation Of Total Mercury And Methylmercury Concentrations Of Terrestrial Invertebrates Along Lower East Fork Poplar Creek In Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Chelsea Lynden Standish

Masters Theses

Mercury (Hg) and methylmercury (MeHg) are environmental concerns due to their abilities to cause neurological, reproductive, and other physical damage to wildlife. Lower East Fork Poplar Creek (LEFPC), stemming from the Y-12 National Security Complex, located in Oak Ridge, TN, has elevated concentrations of inorganic mercury, a majority of which was released between 1950 and 1963. This inorganic mercury has been, and is currently, converted to methylmercury. An ecological assessment in 2011 revealed high concentrations of methylmercury in riparian spiders along LEFPC. These results suggested the transfer of mercury from aquatic to terrestrial systems may be higher than previously expected ...


Corn Following Corn In 2008, Mahdi Al-Kaisi, Roger W. Elmore, Antonio P. Mallarino, Palle Pedersen, Alison E. Robertson, John E. Sawyer, Jon J. Tollefson 2016 Iowa State University

Corn Following Corn In 2008, Mahdi Al-Kaisi, Roger W. Elmore, Antonio P. Mallarino, Palle Pedersen, Alison E. Robertson, John E. Sawyer, Jon J. Tollefson

John E. Sawyer

Corn following corn is in rough shape in areas across Iowa. Many wonder what is happening. The crop’s condition in general is not normal for this time of year. For example, last Sunday the USDA rated this year’s Iowa corn crop as 54 percent in ‘Good’ to ‘Excellent’ condition and 15 percent is ‘Poor’ or ‘Very Poor.’ Last year 72 percent was rated ‘Good’ to ‘Excellent’ and 5 percent was in ‘Poor’ or ‘Very Poor’ condition during the same week. Average plant height as of Sunday was 24 inches compared to 40 inches at end of the same ...


Dichotomous Key To Pea Aphid (Acyrthosiphon Pisum) Apterous Parthenogenic Instars, Bates College Department of Biology, Daisy Diamond, Daniel Levitis 2016 Bates College

Dichotomous Key To Pea Aphid (Acyrthosiphon Pisum) Apterous Parthenogenic Instars, Bates College Department Of Biology, Daisy Diamond, Daniel Levitis

SCARAB Data Repository

We provide a dichotomous key, with photographs and illustrations, for distinguishing between instars of the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) in the developmental pathway leading to the apterous parthenogenetic adult. Lengths of body, antenna and cauda are provided for a sample of each instar.


Pheromone Lure And Trap Color Affects Bycatch In Agricultural Landscapes Of Utah, Lori R. Spears, Chris Looney, Harold Ikerd, Jonathan B. Koch, Terry L. Griswold, James P. Strange, Ricardo Ramirez 2016 Utah State University

Pheromone Lure And Trap Color Affects Bycatch In Agricultural Landscapes Of Utah, Lori R. Spears, Chris Looney, Harold Ikerd, Jonathan B. Koch, Terry L. Griswold, James P. Strange, Ricardo Ramirez

Biology Faculty Publications

Aerial traps, using combinations of color and attractive lures, are a critical tool for detecting and managing insect pest populations. Yet, despite improvements in trap efficacy, collection of nontarget species (“bycatch”) plagues many insect pest surveys. Bycatch can influence survey effectiveness by reducing the available space for target species and increasing trap screening time, especially in areas where thousands of insects are captured as bycatch in a given season. Additionally, bycatch may negatively impact local nontarget insect populations, including beneficial predators and pollinators. Here, we tested the effect of pheromone lures on bycatch rates of Coccinellidae (Coleoptera), Apoidea (Hymenoptera), and ...


Insects Have The Capacity For Subjective Experience, Colin Klein, Andrew B. Barron 2016 Macquarie University, Australia

Insects Have The Capacity For Subjective Experience, Colin Klein, Andrew B. Barron

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

To what degree are non-human animals conscious? We propose that the most meaningful way to approach this question is from the perspective of functional neurobiology. Here we focus on subjective experience, which is a basic awareness of the world without further reflection on that awareness. This is considered the most basic form of consciousness. Tellingly, this capacity is supported by the integrated midbrain and basal ganglia structures, which are among the oldest and most highly conserved brain systems in vertebrates. A reasonable inference is that the capacity for subjective experience is both widespread and evolutionarily old within the vertebrate lineage ...


Soybean Tolerance To Soybean Aphid (Aphis Glycines Matsumura) Herbivory, Lia Marchi Werle 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Soybean Tolerance To Soybean Aphid (Aphis Glycines Matsumura) Herbivory, Lia Marchi Werle

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

This research examined the soybean aphid tolerant soybean KS4202 and its possible role in soybean aphid management. Studies documented the stage at which the tolerance response was initially expressed, quantified the relationship between cumulative aphid-days (CADs) and yield loss, and determined economic injury levels (EILs) for the soybean aphid tolerant KS4202 soybean. At high aphid infestation levels, aphids negatively impacted yield for KS4202 and K03-4686 (susceptible) plants that were infested at V1 stage; however, KS4202 expressed tolerance to the soybean aphid at low aphid infestation levels. No significant differences in the yield parameters were detected for KS4202 when infested at ...


The Importance Of Ants In Cave Ecology, With New Records And Behavioral Observations Of Ants In Arizona Caves, Robert B. Pape 2016 University of Arizona

The Importance Of Ants In Cave Ecology, With New Records And Behavioral Observations Of Ants In Arizona Caves, Robert B. Pape

International Journal of Speleology

The importance of ants as elements in cave ecology has been mostly unrecognized. A global list of ant species recorded from caves, compiled from a review of existing literature, is presented. This paper also reviews what is currently known about ants occurring in Arizona (USA) caves. The diversity and distribution represented in these records suggests ants are relatively common cave visitors (trogloxenes). A general utilization of caves by ants within both temperate and tropical latitudes may be inferred from this combined evidence. Observations of ant behavior in Arizona caves demonstrate a low level and sporadic, but persistent, use of these ...


Knockdown Of Rna Interference Pathway Genes In Western Corn Rootworms (Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Le Conte) Demonstrates A Possible Mechanism Of Resistance To Lethal Dsrna, Ana María Vélez, Chitvan Khajuria, Haichuan Wang, Kenneth E. Narva, Blair D. Siegfried 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Knockdown Of Rna Interference Pathway Genes In Western Corn Rootworms (Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Le Conte) Demonstrates A Possible Mechanism Of Resistance To Lethal Dsrna, Ana María Vélez, Chitvan Khajuria, Haichuan Wang, Kenneth E. Narva, Blair D. Siegfried

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

RNA interference (RNAi) is being developed as a potential tool for insect pest management. Increased understanding of the RNAi pathway in target insect pests will provide information to use this technology effectively and to inform decisions related to resistant management strategies for RNAi based traits. Dicer 2 (Dcr2), an endonuclease responsible for formation of small interfering RNA’s and Argonaute 2 (Ago2), an essential catalytic component of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) have both been associated with the RNAi pathway in a number of different insect species including the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). We identified both ...


Exploration Of Chemical And Biological Management Strategies For Diaphorina Citri The Primary Vector Of Candidatus Liberibacter Asiaticus, Gretta Marie Sharp 2016 University of Texas at Tyler

Exploration Of Chemical And Biological Management Strategies For Diaphorina Citri The Primary Vector Of Candidatus Liberibacter Asiaticus, Gretta Marie Sharp

Biology Theses

Diaphorina citri (Hemipteran: Psyllidae), the Asian citrus psyllid, is a phloem-feeding, invasive species endemic to southern Asia that was first identified in the United States in Florida in 1998. Since introduction, D. citri has spread across the major citrus growing regions of the United States. This is of great concern to the citrus industry because D. citri is the primary vector of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus the causal agent of Haunglongbing (HLB). Haunglongbing is the most economically devastating disease of citrus causing an estimated 8.92 billion dollars lost in revenue and 4.62 billion dollars lost in gross domestic product ...


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