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Potential Fitness Trade-Offs Of Elevated Esterase Activity Associated With Insecticide Resistance In The Mosquito Culex Quinquefasciatus, Timothy Schulte 2022 California State University, San Bernardino

Potential Fitness Trade-Offs Of Elevated Esterase Activity Associated With Insecticide Resistance In The Mosquito Culex Quinquefasciatus, Timothy Schulte

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

One of the current major issues in the control of vector-borne disease is resistance to insecticides. Resistance to one or more insecticides has appeared in over 580 different arthropod species. Widespread resistance has led to the field of Insecticide Resistance Management (IRM). The goal of IRM is to develop insecticide-use strategies that prevent or slow down the evolution of resistance. Computer models have shown that more effective IRM strategies rely on the assumption that resistance carries a fitness cost in the absence of insecticide use.

In the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus resistance to certain organophosphate insecticides is caused by an increased ...


The Backyard Garden - Tomato Pests, Nick Volesky, Marion Murray 2022 Utah State University

The Backyard Garden - Tomato Pests, Nick Volesky, Marion Murray

All Current Publications

This fact sheet contains information about pests and diseases that affect tomatoes. It includes general information and guidance on severity, other hosts, symptoms, and management.


An Integral Projection Modeling Approach To Understanding Demographic Effects Of Multispecies Mutualisms, ALEXANDRA CAMPBELL 2022 Illinois State University

An Integral Projection Modeling Approach To Understanding Demographic Effects Of Multispecies Mutualisms, Alexandra Campbell

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Making And Managing Wild Bee Hotels, Ann Mull, Lori R. Spears, Sheriden M. Hansen, Andree' Walker Bravo, Ricardo Ramirez, Jaydee Gunnell 2022 Utah State University

Making And Managing Wild Bee Hotels, Ann Mull, Lori R. Spears, Sheriden M. Hansen, Andree' Walker Bravo, Ricardo Ramirez, Jaydee Gunnell

All Current Publications

Bee hotels (also called "bee boxes" and "bee blocks") are popular additions to Utah backyards and commercial agriculture alike, adding nesting habitat to aid local pollination efforts and address native pollinator declines. This fact sheet provides information about the construction, placement, and maintenance of bee hotels. It also addresses monitoring of bee enemies.


Quick Sex-Determination Of The Asiatic Garden Beetle, Maladera Castanea (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), Adrian J. Pekarcik, C. Scott Clem, Kyle J. Akred, Kelley J. Tilmon 2022 The Ohio State University

Quick Sex-Determination Of The Asiatic Garden Beetle, Maladera Castanea (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), Adrian J. Pekarcik, C. Scott Clem, Kyle J. Akred, Kelley J. Tilmon

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The orientation of the posterior abdominal sternite and pygidium allows for quick sex-determination of Maladera castanea (Arrow) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) adults with a dissecting microscope or hand lens. Maladera castanea (the Asiatic garden beetle) is an emerging pest of field crops and this information will help researchers to conduct studies more easily on its biology and ecology.


Observations Of The Mating Habits And Attack Pattern Of Trypodendron Retusum (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) On Populus Grandidentata In Central Michigan, Richard Roeper, Daniel Dickerson, Paul Kurtzhals, Mark Bunce, Steven Brewer 2022 Alma College

Observations Of The Mating Habits And Attack Pattern Of Trypodendron Retusum (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) On Populus Grandidentata In Central Michigan, Richard Roeper, Daniel Dickerson, Paul Kurtzhals, Mark Bunce, Steven Brewer

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Trypodendron retusum Leconte attack pattern on Populus grandidentata Michx. (Big Tooth Aspen) was studied. Mating habits of males and females involved copulation at the entrance hole bored by the female. Attack (entrance )holes averaged 15.9 cm. apart and were found to be uniformly spaced on the bark surface. Attack density was greater on standing trees than wind-thrown trees. On standing trees attack density appeared to be a function of the height rather than the diameter of the tree.


Examining Resistance Of Asian, European, And North American Ash And Elm Species To The Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus Planipennis) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), Fredric Miller, Erin McMahan 2022 The Morton Arboretum, Joliet Junior College

Examining Resistance Of Asian, European, And North American Ash And Elm Species To The Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus Planipennis) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), Fredric Miller, Erin Mcmahan

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The emerald ash borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), native to East Asia and discovered in Michigan in 2002, has been a devastating pest of North American ash trees (Fraxinus spp.). Along with native ecosystems in Eastern North America, a large percentage of urban canopies in many North American cities consist of ash trees, and many of these areas have lost or risk losing these valuable trees. As part of a multi-faceted management strategy, it is important to develop and plant cultivars of ash with resistance to this damaging insect. Given that EAB is not considered a pest in ...


Documenting Bombus Nevadensis In Minnesota, With Some Notes On Discerning It From B. Auricomus (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Zachary M. Portman, Chan Dolan 2022 University of Minnesota

Documenting Bombus Nevadensis In Minnesota, With Some Notes On Discerning It From B. Auricomus (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Zachary M. Portman, Chan Dolan

The Great Lakes Entomologist

In the face of well-documented declines in multiple bumblebee species, it is important to accurately identify species and properly delineate species ranges. Here, we document the range of Bombus auricomus (Robertson) and B. nevadensis Cresson in Minnesota, with particular reference to the unexpected discovery of B. nevadensis in St. Paul. We clarify the relative ranges of these two species and provide additional information on how to reliably identify them in Minnesota using color patterns and morphology, including differences in male genitalia. Our results support the consensus that B. auricomus and B. nevadensis are distinct species. Community science records were integral ...


Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Feeding And Development On Industrial Hemp In The Laboratory And Field, Christina D. DiFonzo 2022 Michigan State University

Western Bean Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Feeding And Development On Industrial Hemp In The Laboratory And Field, Christina D. Difonzo

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The western bean cutworm (Striacosta albicosta (Smith)) is a key pest of corn (Zea mays L.) and dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). This observational study demonstrates that in addition to these hosts, western bean cutworm readily feeds on industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) and completes development on it under controlled laboratory conditions. In the laboratory, individual larvae were reared on a diet exclusively of hemp inflorescences; 57% survived to form prepupae and 15% emerged as moths. In the field, first instars were caged on hemp plants to investigate larval development in situ. After seven days, 82% were recovered as third ...


Cover Art For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2, 2022 Valparaiso University

Cover Art For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Art for TGLE Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2


Cover Pages For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2, 2022 Valparaiso University

Cover Pages For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Cover Pages for TGLE Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2


Full Issue For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2, 2022 Valparaiso University

Full Issue For Tgle Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Full issue for TGLE Vol. 55 Nos. 1 & 2


Comparison Of The Humoral Immune Response Following Both Bacterial Challenge And Rnai Of Major Factors On Proliferation Of Bartonella Quintana In The Human Louse, Jake Zina 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Comparison Of The Humoral Immune Response Following Both Bacterial Challenge And Rnai Of Major Factors On Proliferation Of Bartonella Quintana In The Human Louse, Jake Zina

Masters Theses

Human body lice, Pediculus humanus humanus, and head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, have been hematophagous ectoparasites of humans for thousands of years. Despite being ecotypes, only body lice are known to transmit bacterial diseases to humans, and it appears that lower humoral and cellular immune responses allow body lice to possess a higher vector competence. We previously observed that the transcription level of the defensin 1 gene was up-regulated only in head lice following oral challenge of Bartonella quintana, a causative agent of trench fever, and also that body lice excreted more viable B. quintana in their feces. In this ...


Synopsis Of The Subfamily Carventinae In New Zealand (Heteroptera: Aradidae), Marie-Claude Larivière, André Larochelle 2022 Landcare Research

Synopsis Of The Subfamily Carventinae In New Zealand (Heteroptera: Aradidae), Marie-Claude Larivière, André Larochelle

Insecta Mundi

The subfamily Carventinae (Heteroptera: Aradidae) is revised for New Zealand. Eight genera and fifteen species are recognized.

One genus and six species are described as new: Carventaptera hallae Larivière and Larochelle new species, Lissaptera heissi Larivière and Larochelle new species, Modicarventus kirmani Larivière and Larochelle new species, Neocarventus montanus Larivière and Larochelle new species, Neocarventus northlandicus Larivière and Larochelle new species, Neocarventus potterae Larivière and Larochelle new species, Tuataraptera Larivière and Larochelle new genus.

One new combination is established: Neocarventus uncus Kirman, 1989 = Tuataraptera unca (Kirman, 1989).

One new synonymy is made: Leuraptera yakasi Heiss, 1990 = Leuraptera zealandica Usinger and ...


First Host Record, Nesting Behavior, And Taxonomic Position Of The Spider Wasp Genus Hesperopompilus Evans And Some Other Evans Genera (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Rick C. West, James P. Pitts 2022 Atlanta, GA

First Host Record, Nesting Behavior, And Taxonomic Position Of The Spider Wasp Genus Hesperopompilus Evans And Some Other Evans Genera (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Rick C. West, James P. Pitts

Insecta Mundi

First host record, prey transport, and burrow excavation are described for Hesperopompilus sp., an undescribed, rare spider wasp (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) from Texas. Taxonomic, ecological, and behav­ioral examination of the genus subsequently led to an investigation of the previously related Perissopompilus Evans and Xerochares Evans. Taxonomic, host preference, nesting behavior, and phylogenomic relationships of the three taxa are discussed along with those of Xenopompilus Evans. The molecular connection of Perisso­pompilus and Allochares Banks is supported by their common use of host species of Filistatidae.

Evans (1951), in his taxonomic study of the spider wasp tribe Pompilini (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae: Pompilinae ...


Host Selection And Nesting Behavior Of Nearctic Trapdoor Spider-Hunting Spider Wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae: Pepsinae, Pompilinae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Rick C. West 2022 Atlanta, GA

Host Selection And Nesting Behavior Of Nearctic Trapdoor Spider-Hunting Spider Wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae: Pepsinae, Pompilinae), Frank E. Kurczewski, Rick C. West

Insecta Mundi

Host records and nesting behavior of the Nearctic trapdoor spider-hunting spider wasps (Hy­menoptera: Pompilidae) Calopompilus Ashmead and Priocnemissus Haupt (Pepsinae: Pepsini) and Aporus Spinola and Psorthaspis Banks (Pompilinae: Aporini) are reviewed, investigated, compared, and discussed. First time incidental trapdoor spider host records for Priocnemis (Priocnemissus) minorata Banks (Pepsi­nae: Pepsini), Anoplius (Lophopompilus) carolina (Banks) (Pompilinae: Pompilini), and Notocyphus dorsalis dorsalis Cresson (Notocyphinae: Notocyphini) are included, although they are not typical trapdoor spider-hunting spider wasp species. The Palearctic Aporus (Aporus) unicolor Spinola, A. (Aporus) bicolor Spinola and A. (Aporus) planiceps (Latreille) are referenced for comparison with Nearctic Aporus sensu stricto ...


A New Species Of Chrysina Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) From The Sierra Madre Occidental Of Mexico, With Notes On The Type Locality Of Chrysina Adelaida (Hope, 1841), David C. Robacker, David C. Hawks, Naidely Castillo, Brianna Miranda 2022 South Texas College

A New Species Of Chrysina Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) From The Sierra Madre Occidental Of Mexico, With Notes On The Type Locality Of Chrysina Adelaida (Hope, 1841), David C. Robacker, David C. Hawks, Naidely Castillo, Brianna Miranda

Insecta Mundi

This paper presents a taxonomic review of the genus Boreocanthon Halffter, restored generic sta­tus, a group of ball-rolling (telocoprid) dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) endemic to North America. The genus, heretofore treated as a subgenus of Canthon, comprises 13 species, each keyed, diagnosed, illustrated and presented with information on distribution, relationships, and biology (*signifies restored generic combination): *Boreocanthon ateuchiceps (Bates, 1887); B. coahuilensis (Howden, 1966); *B. depressipennis (LeConte, 1859c); *B. ebenus (Say, 1823); *B. forreri (Bates, 1887); *B. integricollis (Schaef­fer, 1915); *B. lecontei (Harold, 1868); *B. melanus (Robinson, 1948); *B. praticola (LeConte, 1868); *B. probus (Germar, 1823); *B ...


Taxonomic Review Of The North American Dung Beetle Genus Boreocanthon Halffter, 1958 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Deltochilini), W. D. Edmonds 2022 Portland, OR

Taxonomic Review Of The North American Dung Beetle Genus Boreocanthon Halffter, 1958 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Deltochilini), W. D. Edmonds

Insecta Mundi

This paper presents a taxonomic review of the genus Boreocanthon Halffter, restored generic sta­tus, a group of ball-rolling (telocoprid) dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) endemic to North America. The genus, heretofore treated as a subgenus of Canthon, comprises 13 species, each keyed, diagnosed, illustrated and presented with information on distribution, relationships, and biology (*signifies restored generic combination): *Boreocanthon ateuchiceps (Bates, 1887); B. coahuilensis (Howden, 1966); *B. depressipennis (LeConte, 1859c); *B. ebenus (Say, 1823); *B. forreri (Bates, 1887); *B. integricollis (Schaef­fer, 1915); *B. lecontei (Harold, 1868); *B. melanus (Robinson, 1948); *B. praticola (LeConte, 1868); *B. probus (Germar, 1823); *B ...


Lasioglossum (Dialictus) Semicaeruleum (Cockerell, 1895) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) In Maryland: A Disjunct Population In Eastern North America?, Eugene J. Scarpulla 2022 Bowie, Maryland

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) Semicaeruleum (Cockerell, 1895) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) In Maryland: A Disjunct Population In Eastern North America?, Eugene J. Scarpulla

Insecta Mundi

Since 2004, three specimens of Lasioglossum (Dialictus) semicaeruleum (Cockerell, 1895) (Hyme­noptera: Halictidae) have been collected in Maryland. Other than three specimens from Wisconsin, there are no additional records of this western United States species known east of the Mississippi River. I document the three Maryland records and offer possible scenarios of how the specimens could have arrived in Mary­land.

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) semicaeruleum (Cockerell, 1895) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) is an abundant western North American species that ranges from the Canadian Prairie Provinces (Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan) through the United States west of the Mississippi River (Arizona, California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas ...


Genomics Reveals A New Genus And Species From A Single Female Specimen (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae: Hesperiini: Moncina), Ernst Brockmann, Jing Zhang, Qian Cong, Nick V. Grishin 2022 Hessen, Germany

Genomics Reveals A New Genus And Species From A Single Female Specimen (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae: Hesperiini: Moncina), Ernst Brockmann, Jing Zhang, Qian Cong, Nick V. Grishin

Insecta Mundi

New taxa in Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) are traditionally proposed after inspection of male genitalia, which largely form the basis for Hesperiidae taxonomy. However, with genomic DNA se­quencing, even a single female specimen can be placed in a phylogenetic context of existing classification and taxonomically assigned with confidence. Genomic sequencing of an unusually patterned Hesperiidae female from San Martin, Peru, characterized by pearly spots outlining an inverted heart pattern on the rust-colored ventral hindwing, reveals that it represents an undescribed genus and species named here as Gemmia buechei Brockmann and Grishin, new genus and new species.

Neotropical regions are rich ...


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