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New Orthopteroid Records In Michigan Derived From Sampling A Small Field, Roger G. Bland 2017 Central Michigan University

New Orthopteroid Records In Michigan Derived From Sampling A Small Field, Roger G. Bland

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) A 1.8 acre sandy field in Isabella County, Michigan was sampled in 1971 and 1972 to obtain data on ecological and chronological distribution of orthopteroid species (Bland and Swayze 1973a,b). The upland field vegetation was a mosaic of numerous non- contiguous floral associations (e.g. moss-grass, grass-milkweed, goldenrod-bergamot-fern) made up of 58 plant species. The land, bordered by shrubs, trees and a road, was relatively isolated. Sampling was done both day and night once a week by using sweep nets and 7 to 21 pit traps (some containing molasses as bait).


Forficula Auricularia L. (Dermaptera: Forficulidae) In Michigan, Irving J. Cantrall 2017 University of Michigan

Forficula Auricularia L. (Dermaptera: Forficulidae) In Michigan, Irving J. Cantrall

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) Although Forficula auricularia Linnaeus, the European Earwig, has been known to occur in Ontario, Canada since prior to 1937 (Vickery and Kevan, 1967), invasion of Michigan by this species is of more recent date. A specimen in the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology was taken at Lansing in 1948 and, judging from specimens at hand, the species was fairly common there by 1964. In 1966, Thomas E. Moore, of the Museum of Zoology, took a number of specimens at Beulah in Benzie County and informed me that the earwig was rather abundant on common milkweed. Since that time ...


Saga Pedo (Pallas) (Tettigoniidae: Saginae), An Old World Katydid, New To Michigan, Irving J. Cantrall 2017 University of Michigan

Saga Pedo (Pallas) (Tettigoniidae: Saginae), An Old World Katydid, New To Michigan, Irving J. Cantrall

The Great Lakes Entomologist

At least four species of Old World Tettigoniidae are known to have been introduced into, and to have become established in the United States. One of these, Phaneroptera quadripunctata Brunner was first taken at Niles, California in 1932 and was reported by Strohecker (1952). The other three have been taken during the past two decades. Strohecker (1955) recorded Platycleis tessellata (Charpentier) from a specimen captured at Placemille, California in 1951, Urquart and Beaudry (1953) recorded Metrioptera roeseli (Hagenbach) as occurring at Ville Saint-Laurent and at Montrdal, Qudbec, Canada in 1952, and Gurney (1960) stated that the first specimens of Meconema ...


A Dwarf Form Of Euptoieta Claudia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), Russell A. Rahn 2017 Valparaiso University

A Dwarf Form Of Euptoieta Claudia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), Russell A. Rahn

The Great Lakes Entomologist

During a collecting vacation in August, 1970, I captured several specimens of Euptoieta claudia (Cramer). After spreading the catch, the interesting gradation shown in the accompanying photograph was noted. Figure 1 shows a wing span range from 1 318'' 'to 2".


A Perithous (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) Introduced From Europe, Torolf B. Torgersen 2017 U. S. Department of Agriculture

A Perithous (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) Introduced From Europe, Torolf B. Torgersen

The Great Lakes Entomologist

A female specimen of Perithous (Hybomischos) septemcinctorius (Thunberg) was collected from a spider web in a garage in Ann Arbor, Michigan, on May 4, 1972. The specimen was dead but intact and had evidently been trapped the previous fall, although late enough that it was not fed on by a resident spider.


The Relationship Of The Abundance Of Saperda Inornata And Oberea Schaumii (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) In Large Trembling Aspen, Populus Tremuloides, To Site Quality, John C. Nord, Fred B. Knight 2017 U.S. Forest Service

The Relationship Of The Abundance Of Saperda Inornata And Oberea Schaumii (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) In Large Trembling Aspen, Populus Tremuloides, To Site Quality, John C. Nord, Fred B. Knight

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Saperda inornata Say and Oberea schaumii LeConte are cerambycids that inhabit the stems of trembling aspen, Populus tremuloides Michaux, root suckers and the twigs of larger trees. The biologies of those species in northern Wisconsin and Upper Michigan were reported by Nord et al. (1972a and 1972b). S. inornata oviposits on the cambium under horseshoe- or shield-shaped egg niches gnawed in the outer bark by the female. The term "egg niche," connotes an oviposition place prepared by the female using the mandibles and ovipositor (Linsley 1959). There are usually 2 or 3 egg niches at one level on the stem ...


A. A. Girault And His Privately Printed Papers, Marjorie C. Townes 2017 American Entomological Institute

A. A. Girault And His Privately Printed Papers, Marjorie C. Townes

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) Alexandre ArsLne Girault was an eccentric Hymenopterist who specialized on taxonomy of the Chalcidoidea. It has been said that it is dangerous to study the parasitic Hymenoptera, for many of those who do end up in mental institutions, become alcoholics, or are, at least, a little odd. Girault was one of the odd ones.


The Importance Of Saperda Inornata And Oberea Schaumii (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Galleries As Infection Courts Of Hypoxylon Pruinatum In Trembling Aspen, Populus Tremuloides, John C. Nord, Fred B. Knight 2017 U. S. Department of Agriculture

The Importance Of Saperda Inornata And Oberea Schaumii (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Galleries As Infection Courts Of Hypoxylon Pruinatum In Trembling Aspen, Populus Tremuloides, John C. Nord, Fred B. Knight

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) Trembling aspen, Populus tremuloides Michaux, and bigtooth aspen, P. grandidentata Michaux, are hosts of numerous species of injurious insects and microorganisms (Harrison 1959). Only a few of those organisms, however, are directly responsible for mortality of healthy trees. The fungus Hypoxylon pruinatum (Klotzsche) Cke. is most important in that respect, killing 1-2%o f the standing volume annually in the Lake States (Anderson 1964). It invades and spreads in cambial tissue, killing it and eventually the branch or stem by girdling. Initially, a canker appears as a sunken, yellowish-orange area in the bark (Anderson 1956). In a later stage ...


Bees. Their Vision, Chemical Senses, And Language By Karl Von Frisch, E C. Martin 2017 Michigan State University

Bees. Their Vision, Chemical Senses, And Language By Karl Von Frisch, E C. Martin

The Great Lakes Entomologist

BEES. THEIR VISION, CHEMICAL SENSES, AND LANGUAGE. Karl von Frisch, the University of Munich. Revised edition. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York and London. 157 pages. $7.50 ( 3.50), paperback $2.45.


Wing-Dimorphism In Cymindis Cribricollis Dejean And C. Neglecta Haldeman (Coleoptera: Carabidae), Andre Larochelle 2017 Bourget College

Wing-Dimorphism In Cymindis Cribricollis Dejean And C. Neglecta Haldeman (Coleoptera: Carabidae), Andre Larochelle

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) One hundred and forty-nine specimens of Cymindis cribricollis Dejean and fifteen specimens of C. neglecta Haldeman from Quebec were examined for wingdimorphism.


Daily Eclosion Pattern Of The Saratoga Spittlebug, Aphrophora Saratogensis (Fitch) (Homoptera: Cercopidae), Louis F. Wilson, Patrick C. Kennedy 2017 United States Department of Agriculture

Daily Eclosion Pattern Of The Saratoga Spittlebug, Aphrophora Saratogensis (Fitch) (Homoptera: Cercopidae), Louis F. Wilson, Patrick C. Kennedy

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The Saratoga spittlebug, Aphrophora saratogensis (Fitch), is a destructive pest of young planted pines in the Lake States. The adults injure the pines by feeding on the sap of branches. However, nymphs feed on the sap of alternate host plants, which include many herbs and woody plants on the forest floor. Our studies show that the time of the eclosion and shortly thereafter is one of the most vulnerable periods in the insect's life cycle. During this period the nymphs must free themselves from the eggs that are on pine buds, vacate the pines, search out suitable host plants ...


Within-Tree Distribution Of The Jack Pine Tip Beetle, Conophthorus Banksianae Mcpherson, On Jack Pine, David J. Hall, Louis F. Wilson 2017 Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Within-Tree Distribution Of The Jack Pine Tip Beetle, Conophthorus Banksianae Mcpherson, On Jack Pine, David J. Hall, Louis F. Wilson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The jack pine tip beetle (Conophthorus banksianae McPherson) attacks the shoot tips of jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) and other pines, killing the apical one inch of the shoot and thus causing crooks and forks in the branches and main stem. Several recent studies on the insect have present the bionomics, host relations, and mortality (McPherson, Wilson, and Stehr, 1970; McPherson, Stehr, and Wilson, 1970; Hall and Wilson, 1974), as part of a project to learn its importance to the forest resource and to seek potential control methods. In the part of the study reported here we wanted to know ...


Injury To Aldrin-Treated And Untreated Red Pine By White Grubs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) And Other Agents During First Five Years After Planting, Richard F. Fowler, Louis F. Wilson 2017 United States Department of Agriculture

Injury To Aldrin-Treated And Untreated Red Pine By White Grubs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) And Other Agents During First Five Years After Planting, Richard F. Fowler, Louis F. Wilson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Freshly planted red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) seedlings are vulnerable to injury by several agents. White grubs -- the larvae of May beetles (Phyllophaga spp.) -- are among these agents and sometimes must be controlled in areas scheduled for pine planting. A study was begun in 1967 to evaluate the effectiveness of applying three levels of aldrin for controlling white grubs in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. After two years white grubs were satisfactorily suppressed by the three treatments tested (Fowler and Wilson 1971a). Reported here is a continuation of that study for five years following planting. We wanted to learn the ...


Scabies By Kenneth Mellamby, Harold D. Newson 2017 Michigan State University

Scabies By Kenneth Mellamby, Harold D. Newson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Book Review of Scabies by Kenneth Mellamby. Second Edition. E.W. Classey Limited, London, 1972.


North American Species Of The Genus Axonopsis (Acarina: Aturidae: Axonopsinae), David R. Cook 2017 Wayne State University

North American Species Of The Genus Axonopsis (Acarina: Aturidae: Axonopsinae), David R. Cook

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) Members of the genus Axonopsis have a broad zoogeographic distribution but are unreported from the Australian region and South America south of Colombia. Species occur in permanent standing waters and streams (including interstitial water). Representa- tives of four subgenera, Axonopsis s. s., Brachypodopsis, Paraxonopsis and Vicinaxonopsis, have been collected in North America, and a species of the closely related genus Erebaxonopsis is also known from interstitial waters in California. The only anomalous aspects of the distributional patterns are the apparent absence of Hexaxonopsis (which has a relatively widespread Palearctic range) and the stream (and interstitial) habitat of the North ...


Effects Of A Prescribed Burn On The Adult Butterfly Assemblage Of A Coastal Grassland, J. Nicole DeSha, Joseph Colbert, Kimberly M. Andrews, Scott Coleman, C. Tate Holbrook 2017 College of Coastal Georgia

Effects Of A Prescribed Burn On The Adult Butterfly Assemblage Of A Coastal Grassland, J. Nicole Desha, Joseph Colbert, Kimberly M. Andrews, Scott Coleman, C. Tate Holbrook

Georgia Journal of Science

Coastal grasslands are globally threatened by development and natural succession. In the southeastern United States, these increasingly rare ecosystems are being managed using prescribed fire, but ecological responses to fire management are largely unknown, particularly among nontargeted species. We tested for short-term effects of controlled burning on the abundance and species richness of adult butterflies, which utilize coastal grasslands for nectaring resources and as migratory stopover sites. In February 2015, four plots of coastal grassland on Little St. Simons Island, GA were burned and paired with unburned (control) plots of equal size. Throughout the following summer-fall flight season, we conducted ...


Methyl Farnesoate Plays A Dual Role In Regulating Drosophila Metamorphosis, Di Wen, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Mohamed Abdou, Qiangqiang Jia, Qianyu He, Xi Liu, Ola Zyaan, Jingjing Xu, William G. Bendena, Stephen S. Tobe, Fernando G. Noriega, Subba R. Palli, Jian Wang, Sheng Li 2017 Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Methyl Farnesoate Plays A Dual Role In Regulating Drosophila Metamorphosis, Di Wen, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Mohamed Abdou, Qiangqiang Jia, Qianyu He, Xi Liu, Ola Zyaan, Jingjing Xu, William G. Bendena, Stephen S. Tobe, Fernando G. Noriega, Subba R. Palli, Jian Wang, Sheng Li

Fernando Noriega

Corpus allatum (CA) ablation results in juvenile hormone (JH) deficiency and pupal lethality in Drosophila. The fly CA produces and releases three sesquiterpenoid hormones: JH III bisepoxide (JHB3), JH III, and methyl farnesoate (MF). In the whole body extracts, MF is the most abundant sesquiterpenoid, followed by JHB3 and JH III. Knockout of JH acid methyl transferase (jhamt) did not result in lethality; it decreased biosynthesis of JHB3, but MF biosynthesis was not affected. RNAi-mediated reduction of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (hmgcr) expression in the CA decreased biosynthesis and titers of the three sesquiterpenoids, resulting in partial lethality. Reducing hmgcr expression ...


The Mecoptera Of Michigan, Albert R. Thornhill, James B. Johnson 2017 University of Michigan

The Mecoptera Of Michigan, Albert R. Thornhill, James B. Johnson

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) To date, no one has published on the Mecoptera of Michigan. A comprehensive taxonomic paper on the Mecoptera of Illinois, by Donald W. Webb, Illinois Natural History Survey, and Norman D. Penny, University of Kansas, is in preparation and will include keys to and descriptions of the midwestern species of Mecoptera. It is hoped that the present paper will supplement the publication by Webb and Penny and enable interested persons in Michigan to easily identify adult Mecoptera.


The Etymology Of The Names Pipunculus Latreille And Dorilas Meigen (Diptera, Pipunculidae), H. D. Cameron 2017 University of Michigan

The Etymology Of The Names Pipunculus Latreille And Dorilas Meigen (Diptera, Pipunculidae), H. D. Cameron

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) There are at least two good reasons for understanding the etymology of scientific names. The first is to satisfy the natural curiosity about the history of the terms we use, and to gain an entree into the mind of the man ~.ho fist used a name. A study of Fabricius' names, for instance, reveals that he had a playful sense of humor. Secondly, such understanding contributes to the stability of names, and helps to prevent irresponsible emendation of spelling, gender, or morphology such as burden the synonomies of most groups. It is happily


Similarities In Evasive Behavior Of Wolf Spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae), American Toads (Anura: Bufonidae) And Ground Beetles (Coleopterea: Carabidae), Lauren E. Brown, James H. Thrall 2017 Illinois State University

Similarities In Evasive Behavior Of Wolf Spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae), American Toads (Anura: Bufonidae) And Ground Beetles (Coleopterea: Carabidae), Lauren E. Brown, James H. Thrall

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt) While collecting newly metalnorphosed American toads, Bufo anlericanus Holbrook, we have observed that they exhibited evasive behavior similar to that of adults of the wolf spiders, Pardosa saxatilis (Hentz), Pirata insularis Emerton, Pirata arerzicola Emerton, Pirata piratica (Oliver), and adults of the ground beetle, Elaplrrus ruscarius Say. When pursued or disturbed, the spiders, beetles and toads ran across the pound rapidly for short distances (ca. 1-50 cm). They then stopped abruptly and remained motionless. If they were further pursued, this escape sequence was repeated in the same or another direction. Toads and spiders occasionally moved to shallow water to ...


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