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Investigating The Functional Role Of Tick Antioxidants In Hematophagy And Vector Competence, Deepak Kumar 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Investigating The Functional Role Of Tick Antioxidants In Hematophagy And Vector Competence, Deepak Kumar

Dissertations

Ticks are obligate hematophagous arthropods and harbor several pathogens which transmit various diseases to humans and their domesticated animals. Host blood- digestion in a tick midgut (MG) generates several reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are extremely toxic to essential macromolecules (e.g. DNA, proteins, and lipids) within the cell, resulting in high oxidative stress. Thus, this dissertation focuses on the questions of how tick homeostasis responds to high oxidative stress, and how ticks and their harbored pathogens survive the high surge of oxidative stress during blood digestion. We are specifically interested in the tick-pathogen, Rickettsia parkeri (R. parkeri, Rp), harbored ...


Predicting Post-Fire Change In West Virginia, Usa From Remotely-Sensed Data, Michael Strager P. Strager, Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, Aaron E. Maxwell 2016 West Virginia University

Predicting Post-Fire Change In West Virginia, Usa From Remotely-Sensed Data, Michael Strager P. Strager, Melissa Thomas-Van Gundy, Aaron E. Maxwell

Journal of Geospatial Applications in Natural Resources

Prescribed burning is used in West Virginia, USA to return the important disturbance process of fire to oak and oak-pine forests. Species composition and structure are often the main goals for re-establishing fire with less emphasis on fuel reduction or reducing catastrophic wildfire. In planning prescribed fires land managers could benefit from the ability to predict mortality to overstory trees. In this study, wildfires and prescribed fires in West Virginia were examined to determine if specific landscape and terrain characteristics were associated with patches of high/moderate post-fire change. Using the ensemble machine learning approach of Random Forest, we determined ...


Swimming Mechanisms Of Temperate Forest Ants, Noah D. Gripshover, Evan M. Gora, Stephen P. Yanoviak 2016 University of Louisville

Swimming Mechanisms Of Temperate Forest Ants, Noah D. Gripshover, Evan M. Gora, Stephen P. Yanoviak

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Swimming Mechanisms of Temperate Forest Ants (Camponotus pennsylvanicus and Formica subsericea)

Noah D. Gripshover, Evan M. Gora, and Stephen P. Yanoviak

University of Louisville

Abstract

Environmental challenges shape the evolution of animal behavior and morphology. For wingless terrestrial invertebrates like ants, pools of water on the forest floor are particularly dangerous. Here we show that ants can overcome this obstacle using a modified gait to transverse the water surface. We compared the locomotor morphology and swimming performance of two arboreal ant species that are common in Kentucky (Camponotus pennsylvanicus and Formica subsericea). We defined performance as speed and efficiency (deviation ...


Periodic Physical Disturbance: An Alternative Method For Controlling Sitophilus Zeamais (Maize Weevil) Infestation, Rashid A. Suleiman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Bernard Chove 2016 Iowa State University

Periodic Physical Disturbance: An Alternative Method For Controlling Sitophilus Zeamais (Maize Weevil) Infestation, Rashid A. Suleiman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Bernard Chove

Kurt A. Rosentrater

Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky is the most important insect pest of stored maize in tropical regions. The objective of this study was to determine the practicality of periodic physical disturbance on S. zeamaismortality and its adoption by smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this experiment, treatments and control were arranged in a randomized block design with three replications and three storage times in three regions of Tanzania. Region was used as the blocking variable. A total of 108 clean 20-L plastic containers were each loaded with 10 kg of fresh white dent corn and 0.50 kg of maize infested ...


Euotophorus Imeldae New Genus And New Species Of Mexican Aphodiini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae), Marco Dellacasa, Giovanni Dellacasa, Robert D. Gordon 2016 Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Università di Pisa

Euotophorus Imeldae New Genus And New Species Of Mexican Aphodiini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae), Marco Dellacasa, Giovanni Dellacasa, Robert D. Gordon

Insecta Mundi

Euotophorus new genus and E. imeldae new species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) from Mexico are described and figured.


Annotated Checklist And Biogeographic Composition Of The Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) Of Trinidad, West Indies, Matthew Cock, Robert K. Robbins 2016 CABI, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey

Annotated Checklist And Biogeographic Composition Of The Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) Of Trinidad, West Indies, Matthew Cock, Robert K. Robbins

Insecta Mundi

A revised annotated checklist for the butterfl y family Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) of Trinidad is presented, updating nomenclature, and indicating synonyms from earlier lists and papers. The checklist includes 131 species of Lycaenidae, comprising 127 species of 49 genera of Eumaeini, Theclinae, and four species of three genera of Polyommatinae. There are more than 30 new island records. No lycaenid species is endemic to Trinidad, and the fauna consists primarily of widespread species (71%) that occur from Central America to the Amazon Basin. However, the primary biogeographic affi nity is the Amazon Region, where 94% of the Trinidad lycaenid fauna also ...


Parajulid Milliped Studies Xi: Initial Assessment Of The Tribe Gosiulini (Diplopoda: Julida), Rowland M. Shelley, Jamie M. Smith 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Parajulid Milliped Studies Xi: Initial Assessment Of The Tribe Gosiulini (Diplopoda: Julida), Rowland M. Shelley, Jamie M. Smith

Insecta Mundi

The parajulid milliped tribe Gosiulini (Diplopoda: Julida) comprises two genera – Gosiulus Chamberlin, with three projections on the posterior gonopod and two species in the southcentral/southwestern United States (US) [Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas], and monotypic Minutissimiulus Shelley, n. gen., with two projections, in Nuevo León, Mexico. Gosiulus conformatus Chamberlin occupies the plains/fl atlands of Texas, while its congener inhabits high elevations to the west in all four US states. Both are anticipated in Mexico (Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Sonora), and G. conformatus is expected in southeastern Colorado, eastern New Mexico, and the Oklahoma panhandle. The eastern boundary of ...


A New Species Of Psalidognathus Gray, 1831 From Peru (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Prioninae), Taketsune Noguchi, Antonio Santos-Silva 2016 Tokyo, Japan

A New Species Of Psalidognathus Gray, 1831 From Peru (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Prioninae), Taketsune Noguchi, Antonio Santos-Silva

Insecta Mundi

Psalidognathus antonkozlovi (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Prioninae), a new species from Peru, is described and illustrated. The new species is included in a previous key.

Currently, Psalidognathus Gray, 1831 encompasses 10 species distributed from Costa Rica to northern South America (Monné 2016). The species can be included in two groups: the “modestus” group, species without a spine at the apex of the basal antennomeres; and the “friendii” group, species with a spine at the apex of the basal antennomeres. Santos-Silva and Komiya (2012) published a provisional study of the species of the “modestus” group, considering seven species in it. The key to ...


The Α-Glycerophosphate Cycle In Drosophila Melanogaster. Iii. Relative Viability Of "Null" Mutants At The Α-Glycerophosphate Dehydrogenase-1 Locus, Stephen J. O'Brien, Bruce Wallace, Ross J. MacIntyre 2016 Cornell University

The Α-Glycerophosphate Cycle In Drosophila Melanogaster. Iii. Relative Viability Of "Null" Mutants At The Α-Glycerophosphate Dehydrogenase-1 Locus, Stephen J. O'Brien, Bruce Wallace, Ross J. Macintyre

Stephen O'Brien

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Gene-Enzyme Variability In Natural Populations Of Drosophila Melanogaster And D. Simulans, Stephen J. O'Brien, Ross J. MacIntyre 2016 Cornell University

An Analysis Of Gene-Enzyme Variability In Natural Populations Of Drosophila Melanogaster And D. Simulans, Stephen J. O'Brien, Ross J. Macintyre

Stephen O'Brien

No abstract provided.


Microfabricated Sufaces For The Physical Capture Of Insects, Catherine Loudon, Robert Corn, Megan Szyndler, Kenneth F. Haynes, Michael F. Potter 2016 University of Kentucky

Microfabricated Sufaces For The Physical Capture Of Insects, Catherine Loudon, Robert Corn, Megan Szyndler, Kenneth F. Haynes, Michael F. Potter

Entomology Faculty Patents

Novel devices and methods of capturing, controlling and preventing infestation of insects using microfabricated surfaces are provided. In particular, a mechanism of insect capture inspired by the microstructures of the leaf surfaces of plants and the key features of those surfaces with respect to the capture and control of pests have been determined and engineered into a variety of microfabricated surfaces capable of reproducing the effectiveness of these physical capture methods.


Periodic Physical Disturbance: An Alternative Method For Controlling Sitophilus Zeamais (Maize Weevil) Infestation, Rashid A. Suleiman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Bernard Chove 2016 Iowa State University

Periodic Physical Disturbance: An Alternative Method For Controlling Sitophilus Zeamais (Maize Weevil) Infestation, Rashid A. Suleiman, Kurt A. Rosentrater, Bernard Chove

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky is the most important insect pest of stored maize in tropical regions. The objective of this study was to determine the practicality of periodic physical disturbance on S. zeamaismortality and its adoption by smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this experiment, treatments and control were arranged in a randomized block design with three replications and three storage times in three regions of Tanzania. Region was used as the blocking variable. A total of 108 clean 20-L plastic containers were each loaded with 10 kg of fresh white dent corn and 0.50 kg of maize infested ...


The Spatial Distribution And Density Of The Emerald Ash Borer Infestation In Rock Island And Moline, Il, Kendall Smith, Victoria Lason, Tierney Brosius, Michael Reisner 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Spatial Distribution And Density Of The Emerald Ash Borer Infestation In Rock Island And Moline, Il, Kendall Smith, Victoria Lason, Tierney Brosius, Michael Reisner

Celebration of Learning

The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Copleoptera: Buprestidae) is a destructive colonizer of ash trees that arrived in the United States in 2002. Since then, EAB has been detected in 22 states and two Canadian provinces, and has proven to be a complicated management issue for many cities including Rock Island. The purpose of this study was to determine the spatial distribution and density of the EAB infestation in Rock Island, Ill and to identify potential correlations between host larval densities and visual symptoms. A continuation of spatial distribution was determined through a tree survey examining specific species ...


A Revision Of The Genus Rhinolaemus Steel (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae), Michael C. Thomas 2016 Florida State Collection of Arthropods

A Revision Of The Genus Rhinolaemus Steel (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae), Michael C. Thomas

Insecta Mundi

The genus Rhinolaemus Steel is revised. A new island and a new country record are presented for the type species, R. maculatus Steel. A new species, R. niueensis Thomas, new species, is described from Niue, and Rhinolaemus tuberculatus (Grouvelle), new combination, is transferred from Laemophloeus (sens. lat.). The members of the genus are illustrated and a key to their identification is presented.


A New Species Of Neostenoptera (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Winnertziinae) From Eastern North America, John D. Plakidas, Michael L. Ferro 2016 Pittsburgh, PA

A New Species Of Neostenoptera (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Winnertziinae) From Eastern North America, John D. Plakidas, Michael L. Ferro

Insecta Mundi

A new species of paedogenetic gall midge, Neostenoptera appalachiensis sp. nov., (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae: Winnertziinae: Heteropezini) from the eastern United States is described and illustrated, and pertinent collection and biological data are also provided. It is compared to its congeners, N. kiefferi (Meunier), a subfossil described from African copal, and N. congoensis Gagné, from the Congo. This rare, exciting discovery is the first record of the genus Neostenoptera in the New World.

While conducting research in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GSMNP) (North Carolina and Tennessee, USA) (Ferro et al. 2012), MLF collected numerous unidentifi able fl ies as bycatch from ...


Sybra Alternans (Wiedemann) (Lamiinae: Apomecynini): An Asian Cerambycid Established On Easter Island, Chile, José Mondaca, Francisco Ramírez, Sergio Rothmann 2016 Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero (SAG)

Sybra Alternans (Wiedemann) (Lamiinae: Apomecynini): An Asian Cerambycid Established On Easter Island, Chile, José Mondaca, Francisco Ramírez, Sergio Rothmann

Insecta Mundi

Seven specimens of Sybra alternans (Wiedemann) (Cerambycidae: Lamiinae: Apomecynini) were captured with a UV light trap and by beating branches of trees in the urban area of Easter Island (Chile) during 2011–2016, representing the fi rst record of the species in this Chilean insular territory, but not continental Chile. Sybra alternans is native to Southeast Asia and has been introduced accidentally to Hawaii and Florida in the United States of America. Data are presented from the literature on this species’ distribution, host plants, and biological information.

Resumen. Siete ejemplares de Sybra alternans (Wiedemann) (Cerambycidae: Lamiinae: Apomecynini) fueron capturados con ...


Provisional Revision Of The Genus Epimelitta Bates, 1870 And Associated Genera, With A Brief Synopsis Of The Genus Acorethra Bates, 1873 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), Robin O.S. Clarke 2016 Hotel Flora & Fauna, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia

Provisional Revision Of The Genus Epimelitta Bates, 1870 And Associated Genera, With A Brief Synopsis Of The Genus Acorethra Bates, 1873 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae), Robin O.S. Clarke

Insecta Mundi

Abstract. Epimelitta Bates, 1870 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) is redescribed with two species: Epimelitta scoparia (Klug, 1825) and Epimelitta rufiventris Bates, 1870; Epimelitta meliponica Bates, 1870 syn. nov. and Epimelitta acutipennis Fisher, 1947 syn. nov. are considered junior synonyms of E. scoparia. Exepimelitta gen. nov. is described with five species: Exepimelitta mimica (Bates, 1873), Ex. nigerrima (Bates, 1892), Ex. consobrina (Melzer, 1931) (= Epimelitta nigerrima var. flavipubescens Fisher, 1947, syn. nov.), Ex. lestradei (Peñaherrera-Leiva and Tavakilian, 2003) and Ex. windsori sp. nov. Charisia Champion, 1892 is revalidated and redescribed with six species: Charisia euphrosyne (Newman, 1840), C. mneme (Newman, 1841), C. melanaria Gounelle ...


Taxonomic Supplement (2001 To 2015) To The Catalogue Of New Zealand Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera), André Larochelle, Marie-Claude Larivière 2016 Landcare Research

Taxonomic Supplement (2001 To 2015) To The Catalogue Of New Zealand Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera), André Larochelle, Marie-Claude Larivière

Insecta Mundi

A supplement to the “Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): catalogue” published by Larochelle and Larivière (2001; Fauna of New Zealand 43), is provided. A total of 99 genera and 547 species and subspecies belonging to 21 tribes and 8 subfamilies of Carabidae (including Cicindelini and Rhysodini), is recorded for New Zealand. Endemism is high, with 93% of the species and subspecies as well as 62% of the genera recorded from this country only. Changes to the 2001 catalogue are documented. The synonymy and type locality of taxa described between 2001 and 2015 are also provided.


Rapid Museum, Gary Barwin 2016 Niagara Regional Rhyme Gland Laboratory

Rapid Museum, Gary Barwin

The Goose

Poetry by Gary Barwin


Sub-Lethal Effects Of Dietary Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure On Honey Bee Queen Fecundity And Colony Development, Judy Wu-Smart, Marla Spivak 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sub-Lethal Effects Of Dietary Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure On Honey Bee Queen Fecundity And Colony Development, Judy Wu-Smart, Marla Spivak

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

Many factors can negatively affect honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) health including the pervasive use of systemic neonicotinoid insecticides. Through direct consumption of contaminated nectar and pollen from treated plants, neonicotinoids can affect foraging, learning, and memory in worker bees. Less well studied are the potential effects of neonicotinoids on queen bees, which may be exposed indirectly through trophallaxis, or food-sharing. To assess effects on queen productivity, small colonies of different sizes (1500, 3000, and 7000 bees) were fed imidacloprid (0, 10, 20, 50, and 100 ppb) in syrup for three weeks. We found adverse effects of imidacloprid on queens ...


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