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1. Types Of Alignment: Presentations & Demos Assignment, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll 2016 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

1. Types Of Alignment: Presentations & Demos Assignment, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll

Sequence Alignments

Pairwise Alignment: DNA

Pairwise Alignment: Protein

Multiple Sequence Alignment: DNA

Multiple Sequence Alignment: Protein


Channa Striatus Tnfr-1: Molecular Cloning, Characterization And Gene Expression, Rajesh Palanisamy 2016 SRM Institute of Science and Technology

Channa Striatus Tnfr-1: Molecular Cloning, Characterization And Gene Expression, Rajesh Palanisamy

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Statement On Molecular Approach Of Large Hsps From Macrobrachium Rosenbergii, Mukesh Kumar Chaurasia 2016 SRM UNIVERSITY

A Comparative Statement On Molecular Approach Of Large Hsps From Macrobrachium Rosenbergii, Mukesh Kumar Chaurasia

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Rasp-Qs: Efficient And Confidential Query Services In The Cloud, Zohreh S. Alavi, Lu Zhou, James L. Powers, Keke Chen 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

Rasp-Qs: Efficient And Confidential Query Services In The Cloud, Zohreh S. Alavi, Lu Zhou, James L. Powers, Keke Chen

Keke Chen

Hosting data query services in public clouds is an attractive solution for its great scalability and significant cost savings. However, data owners also have concerns on data privacy due to the lost control of the infrastructure. This demonstration shows a prototype for efficient and confidential range/kNN query services built on top of the random space perturbation (RASP) method. The RASP approach provides a privacy guarantee practical to the setting of cloudbased computing, while enabling much faster query processing compared to the encryption-based approach. This demonstration will allow users to more intuitively understand the technical merits of the RASP approach ...


Exploration Of Chemical And Biological Management Strategies For Diaphorina Citri The Primary Vector Of Candidatus Liberibacter Asiaticus, Gretta Marie Sharp 2016 University of Texas at Tyler

Exploration Of Chemical And Biological Management Strategies For Diaphorina Citri The Primary Vector Of Candidatus Liberibacter Asiaticus, Gretta Marie Sharp

Biology Theses

Diaphorina citri (Hemipteran: Psyllidae), the Asian citrus psyllid, is a phloem-feeding, invasive species endemic to southern Asia that was first identified in the United States in Florida in 1998. Since introduction, D. citri has spread across the major citrus growing regions of the United States. This is of great concern to the citrus industry because D. citri is the primary vector of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus the causal agent of Haunglongbing (HLB). Haunglongbing is the most economically devastating disease of citrus causing an estimated 8.92 billion dollars lost in revenue and 4.62 billion dollars lost in gross domestic product ...


Initiation And Early Development Of Fiber In Wild And Cultivated Cotton, Kara M. Butterworth, Dean C. Adams, Harry T. Horner, Jonathan F. Wendel 2016 Iowa State University

Initiation And Early Development Of Fiber In Wild And Cultivated Cotton, Kara M. Butterworth, Dean C. Adams, Harry T. Horner, Jonathan F. Wendel

Harry Horner

Cultivated cotton fiber has undergone transformation from short, coarse fibers found in progenitor wild species to economically important, long, fine fibers grown globally. Morphological transformation requires understanding of development of wild fiber and developmental differences between wild and cultivated fiber.We examined early development of fibers, including abundance and placement on seed surface, nucleus position, presence of vacuoles, and fiber size and shape. Four species were studied using microscopic, morphometric, and statistical methods: Gossypium raimondii (wild D genome), Gossypium herbaceum (cultivated A genome), Gossypium hirsutum (wild tetraploid), and Gossypium hirsutum (cultivated tetraploid). Early fiber development is highly asynchronous in G ...


Effects Of Mutating The Mrub_1345 Gene Found In Meiothermus Ruber, Brandon M. Wills, Lori R. Scott 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Effects Of Mutating The Mrub_1345 Gene Found In Meiothermus Ruber, Brandon M. Wills, Lori R. Scott

Celebration of Learning

Meiothermus ruber is a unique, red-pigmented, thermophilic bacterium that preferentially grows in high-temperature environments ranging from 35-70°C. Due to the lack of studies performed on this organism, there is quite a bit of information missing in regard to the genes found within this organism’s genome and their function. This study focuses in on the Mrub_1345 gene in M. ruber, which has been suggested to be orthologous to the proC gene found of E. coli proline biosynthesis pathway. To test if these genes are orthologs, we performed the complementation assay on wild-type proC. Next, we performed site-directed mutagenesis on ...


Homeolog Specific Expression Bias, Ronald D. Smith 2016 College of William and Mary

Homeolog Specific Expression Bias, Ronald D. Smith

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Phylogenetic Analysis Of Human Cytomegalovirus Pus27 And Pus28: Ascertaining An Independent Or Linked Evolutionary History, Jessica A. Scarborough 2016 University of San Francisco

Phylogenetic Analysis Of Human Cytomegalovirus Pus27 And Pus28: Ascertaining An Independent Or Linked Evolutionary History, Jessica A. Scarborough

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widespread pathogen that is particularly skilled at evading immune detection and defense mechanisms, largely due to extensive co-evolution with its host’s immune system. One aspect of this co-evolution involves the acquisition of four virally encoded GPCR chemokine receptor homologs, products of the US27, US28, UL33 and UL78 genes. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) are the largest family of cell surface proteins, found in organisms from yeast to humans. In this research, phylogenetic analysis was used to investigate the origins of the US27 and US28 genes, which are adjacent in the viral genome. The results indicate ...


Dawn Or Doom: The Risks And Rewards Of Emerging Technologies, Diana Hancock, Steve Tally, Gerry McCartney, Michele Arthur 2016 Purdue University

Dawn Or Doom: The Risks And Rewards Of Emerging Technologies, Diana Hancock, Steve Tally, Gerry Mccartney, Michele Arthur

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

Dawn or Doom is a free and open to the public conference at Purdue where we focus on benefits and risks surrounding some of the technologies that are both the most disruptive to current practices and being adopted the fastest. A collection of Purdue faculty experts and some outside speakers showcase their many perspectives related to this technology explosion, explore conditions that will foster innovation and investment into the next generation, and address the big-picture issues where both optimism and pessimism are warranted.


Genome-Wide Compensatory Changes Accompany Drug-Selected Mutations In The Plasmodium Falciparum Crt Gene, Hongying Jiang, Jigar J. Patel, Ming Yi, Jianbing Mu, Jinhui Ding, Robert Stephens, Roland A. Cooper, Michael T. Ferdig, Xin-zhuan Su 2016 Old Dominion University

Genome-Wide Compensatory Changes Accompany Drug-Selected Mutations In The Plasmodium Falciparum Crt Gene, Hongying Jiang, Jigar J. Patel, Ming Yi, Jianbing Mu, Jinhui Ding, Robert Stephens, Roland A. Cooper, Michael T. Ferdig, Xin-Zhuan Su

Roland A. Cooper

Mutations in PfCRT (Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine-resistant transporter), particularly the substitution at amino acid position 76, confer chloroquine (CQ) resistance in P. falciparum. Point mutations in the homolog of the mammalian multidrug resistance gene (pfmdr1) can also modulate the levels of CQ response. Moreover, parasites with the same pfcrt and pfmdr1 alleles exhibit a wide range of drug sensitivity, suggesting that additional genes contribute to levels of CQ resistance (CQR). Reemergence of CQ sensitive parasites after cessation of CQ use indicates that changes in PfCRT are deleterious to the parasite. Some CQR parasites, however, persist in the field and grow well ...


Development Of Steady-State And Dynamic Flux Models For Broad-Scope Microbial Metabolism Analysis, Lian He 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Development Of Steady-State And Dynamic Flux Models For Broad-Scope Microbial Metabolism Analysis, Lian He

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Flux analysis techniques, including flux balance analysis (FBA) and 13C-metabolic flux analysis (MFA), can characterize carbon and energy flows through a cells metabolic network. By employing both 13C-labeling experiments and nonlinear programming, 13C-MFA provides a rigorous way of examining cell flux distributions in the central metabolism. FBA, on the other hand, gives a holistic review of optimal fluxomes on the genome scale. In this dissertation, flux analysis techniques were constructed to investigate the microbial metabolisms.

First, an open-source and programming-free platform of 13C-MFA (WUFlux) with a user-friendly interface in MATLAB was developed, which allowed both mass isotopomer distribution (MID) analysis ...


Design, Implementation And Evaluation Of A Medical Library Program To Support Biomedical Research In The Omics Era, Rolando Garcia-Milian, John Gallagher, Janis Glover 2016 Yale University

Design, Implementation And Evaluation Of A Medical Library Program To Support Biomedical Research In The Omics Era, Rolando Garcia-Milian, John Gallagher, Janis Glover

Rolando Garcia-Milian


Objectives
Design and implement a sustainable program that supports biomedical research at Yale University. Our program responds to the challenges posed by omics (e.g. genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, etc.) technologies, identifies the role and place of the Yale Cushing/Whitney Medical Library in the high-throughput omics research cycle, and is based on the organizational culture of the institution.

Methods
Key challenges posed by omics technologies on preclinical and clinical research are: rapidly generating high amount of diverse omics data; integrating these diverse data; exponential increase in the biomedical literature and databases; use of pathway and network-based methods to analyze and ...


Design, Implementation And Evaluation Of A Medical Library Program To Support Biomedical Research In The Omics Era, Rolando Garcia-Milian 2016 Yale University

Design, Implementation And Evaluation Of A Medical Library Program To Support Biomedical Research In The Omics Era, Rolando Garcia-Milian

Rolando Garcia-Milian


Objectives
Design and implement a sustainable program that supports biomedical research at Yale University. Our program responds to the challenges posed by omics (e.g. genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, etc.) technologies, identifies the role and place of the Yale Cushing/Whitney Medical Library in the high-throughput omics research cycle, and is based on the organizational culture of the institution.

Methods
Key challenges posed by omics technologies on preclinical and clinical research are: rapidly generating high amount of diverse omics data; integrating these diverse data; exponential increase in the biomedical literature and databases; use of pathway and network-based methods to analyze and ...


Identification Of Candidate Genes Underlying An Iron Efficiency Quantitative Trait Locus In Soybean, Gregory A. Peiffer, Keith E. King, Andrew J. Severin, Gregory D. May, Silvia R. Cianzio, Shun Fu Lin, Nicholas C. Lauter, Randy C. Shoemaker 2016 Iowa State University

Identification Of Candidate Genes Underlying An Iron Efficiency Quantitative Trait Locus In Soybean, Gregory A. Peiffer, Keith E. King, Andrew J. Severin, Gregory D. May, Silvia R. Cianzio, Shun Fu Lin, Nicholas C. Lauter, Randy C. Shoemaker

Andrew Severin

Prevalent on calcareous soils in the United States and abroad, iron deficiency is among the most common and severe nutritional stresses in plants. In soybean (Glycine max) commercial plantings, the identification and use of iron-efficient genotypes has proven to be the best form of managing this soil-related plant stress. Previous studies conducted in soybean identified a significant iron efficiency quantitative trait locus (QTL) explaining more than 70% of the phenotypic variation for the trait. In this research, we identified candidate genes underlying this QTL through molecular breeding, mapping, and transcriptome sequencing. Introgression mapping was performed using two related near-isogenic lines ...


Investigation Of A Mycobacteriophage Transcription Repressor, Kathryn Orban 2016 Loyola Marymount University

Investigation Of A Mycobacteriophage Transcription Repressor, Kathryn Orban

Honors Thesis

Mycobacteriophage HelDan is a lysogenic, or temperate, phage (virus) of the bacterium Mycobacterium smegmatis, which is a fast-growing, close relative of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. The phage replication cycle is dependent on time-coordinated gene expression events. In order to study the regulation of gene expression during phage replication, HelDan protein gp73, a putative transcriptional repressor, was studied. Characterization of gp73 structure and function, such as DNA binding activity and affinity, was done using both bioinformatics and biochemical analyses. To this end, the gene encoding gp73 was cloned and the ability of the recombinant gp73 protein to bind ...


Genomic Drivers Of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Development, Vida Chitsazzadeh 2016 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Genomic Drivers Of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Development, Vida Chitsazzadeh

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in humans. Annually, in U.S. there are over 3 million cases with an estimated overall economic impact of $2 billion. Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (cuSCC) comprises 15-20% of all skin cancers. cuSCC has the best-defined progression from a distinct precancerous lesion, the Actinic Keratosis (AK), to invasive cuSCC. Destructive therapies for AK treatment must be used repetitively, causing significant morbidity. There is a tremendous need for targeted diagnostics and therapy for AKs, representing an important opportunity for secondary skin cancer prevention. Our knowledge of the molecular and cellular events that lead to ...


Accurate Mutation Annotation And Functional Prediction Enhance The Applicability Of -Omics Data In Precision Medicine, Tenghui Chen 2016 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Accurate Mutation Annotation And Functional Prediction Enhance The Applicability Of -Omics Data In Precision Medicine, Tenghui Chen

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Clinical sequencing has been recognized as an effective approach for enhancing the accuracy and efficiency of cancer patient management and therefore achieve the goals of personalized therapy. However, the accuracy of large scale sequencing data in clinics has been constrained by many different aspects, such as clinical detection, annotation and interpretation of the variants that are observed in clinical sequencing data. In my Ph.D thesis work, I mainly investigated how to comprehensively and efficiently apply high dimensional -omics data to enhance the capability of precision cancer medicine. Following this motivation, my dissertation has been focused on two important topics ...


Mrub_2874 Is Homologous To B3386 And Mrub_1349 Is Homologous To B2914, But Mrub_1349 Is Not Homologous To B4090, Samantha Murad, Dr. Lori Scott 2016 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_2874 Is Homologous To B3386 And Mrub_1349 Is Homologous To B2914, But Mrub_1349 Is Not Homologous To B4090, Samantha Murad, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

ABSTRACT. This project is part of the Meiothermus ruber genome analysis project, which uses the bioinformatics tools associated with the Guiding Education through Novel Investigation – Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (GENI-ACT) to predict gene function. We investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_2874 and Mrub_1349. We predict that Mrub_2874 encodes the enzyme ribulose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase (DNA coordinates 2912530..2913204 on the reverse strand), which is the first step of the pentose phosphate pathway (KEGG map number 00030). It catalyzes the conversion of D-ribulose 5-phosphate to D-xylulose 5-phosphate. The E. coli K12 MG1655 ortholog is predicted to be b3386, which has the gene ...


Fragmentation Studies Of Lysine And Lysine Analog Containing Tetrapeptides, Zachariah Imran Hasan 2016 College of William and Mary

Fragmentation Studies Of Lysine And Lysine Analog Containing Tetrapeptides, Zachariah Imran Hasan

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

The fragmentation patterns of lysine and lysine-analog containing tetrapeptides were analyzed in this study using collision induced dissociation (CID) in an ESI-ion trap mass spectrometer. Understanding the fragmentation mechanisms of lysine-containing peptides is integral to improving bottom-up proteomics techniques and peptide sequencing and searching algorithms. Lysine and its non-protein amino acid (NPAA) analogs ornithine, DABA, and DAPA have been shown to affect fragmentation patterns based on their basicities in dipeptides and tripeptides. Studies have shown the occurrence of sequence scrambling due to macrocyclization of pentapeptides during fragmentation, which can result in inaccurate database matching. This study of the twenty tetrapeptides ...


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