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Homppi: A Class Of Sequence Homology Based Protein-Protein Interface Prediction Methods, Li C. Xue, Drena Dobbs, Vasant Honavar 2017 Iowa State University

Homppi: A Class Of Sequence Homology Based Protein-Protein Interface Prediction Methods, Li C. Xue, Drena Dobbs, Vasant Honavar

Drena Dobbs

Results We studied more than 300,000 pair-wise alignments of protein sequences from structurally characterized protein complexes, including both obligate and transient complexes. We identified sequence similarity criteria required for accurate homology-based inference of interface residues in a query protein sequence. Based on these analyses, we developed HomPPI, a class of sequence homology-based methods for predicting protein-protein interface residues. We present two variants of HomPPI: (i) NPS-HomPPI (Non partner-specific HomPPI), which can be used to predict interface residues of a query protein in the absence of knowledge of the interaction partner; and (ii) PS-HomPPI (Partner-specific HomPPI), which can be used ...


Pridb: A Protein–Rna Interface Database, Benjamin A. Lewis, Rasna R. Walia, Michael Terribilini, Jeff Ferguson, Charles Zheng, Vasant Honavar, Drena Dobbs 2017 Iowa State University

Pridb: A Protein–Rna Interface Database, Benjamin A. Lewis, Rasna R. Walia, Michael Terribilini, Jeff Ferguson, Charles Zheng, Vasant Honavar, Drena Dobbs

Drena Dobbs

The Protein–RNA Interface Database (PRIDB) is a comprehensive database of protein–RNA interfaces extracted from complexes in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). It is designed to facilitate detailed analyses of individual protein–RNA complexes and their interfaces, in addition to automated generation of user-defined data sets of protein–RNA interfaces for statistical analyses and machine learning applications. For any chosen PDB complex or list of complexes, PRIDB rapidly displays interfacial amino acids and ribonucleotides within the primary sequences of the interacting protein and RNA chains. PRIDB also identifies ProSite motifs in protein chains and FR3D motifs in RNA chains ...


Protein-Rna Interface Residue Prediction Using Machine Learning: An Assessment Of The State Of The Art, Rasna R. Walia, Cornelia Caragea, Benjamin A. Lewis, Fadi Towfic, Michael Terribilini, Yasser El-Manzalawy, Drena Dobbs, Vasant Honavar 2017 Iowa State University

Protein-Rna Interface Residue Prediction Using Machine Learning: An Assessment Of The State Of The Art, Rasna R. Walia, Cornelia Caragea, Benjamin A. Lewis, Fadi Towfic, Michael Terribilini, Yasser El-Manzalawy, Drena Dobbs, Vasant Honavar

Drena Dobbs

Background: RNA molecules play diverse functional and structural roles in cells. They function as messengers for transferring genetic information from DNA to proteins, as the primary genetic material in many viruses, as catalysts (ribozymes) important for protein synthesis and RNA processing, and as essential and ubiquitous regulators of gene expression in living organisms. Many of these functions depend on precisely orchestrated interactions between RNA molecules and specific proteins in cells. Understanding the molecular mechanisms by which proteins recognize and bind RNA is essential for comprehending the functional implications of these interactions, but the recognition ‘code’ that mediates interactions between proteins ...


Zfngenome: A Comprehensive Resource For Locating Zinc Finger Nuclease Target Sites In Model Organisms, Deepak Reyon, Jessica R. Kirkpatrick, Jeffry D. Sander, Feng Zhang, Daniel F. Voytas, J Keith Joung, Drena Dobbs, Clark R. Coffman 2017 Iowa State University

Zfngenome: A Comprehensive Resource For Locating Zinc Finger Nuclease Target Sites In Model Organisms, Deepak Reyon, Jessica R. Kirkpatrick, Jeffry D. Sander, Feng Zhang, Daniel F. Voytas, J Keith Joung, Drena Dobbs, Clark R. Coffman

Drena Dobbs

Background: Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFNs) have tremendous potential as tools to facilitate genomic modifications, such as precise gene knockouts or gene replacements by homologous recombination. ZFNs can be used to advance both basic research and clinical applications, including gene therapy. Recently, the ability to engineer ZFNs that target any desired genomic DNA sequence with high fidelity has improved significantly with the introduction of rapid, robust, and publicly available techniques for ZFN design such as the Oligomerized Pool ENgineering (OPEN) method. The motivation for this study is to make resources for genome modifications using OPEN-generated ZFNs more accessible to researchers by ...


Computational Modeling Suggests Dimerization Of Equine Infectious Anemia Virus Rev Is Required For Rna Binding, Chijioke N. Umunnakwe, Hyelee Loyd, Kinsey Cornick, Jerald R. Chavez, Drena Dobbs, Susan Carpenter 2017 Iowa State University

Computational Modeling Suggests Dimerization Of Equine Infectious Anemia Virus Rev Is Required For Rna Binding, Chijioke N. Umunnakwe, Hyelee Loyd, Kinsey Cornick, Jerald R. Chavez, Drena Dobbs, Susan Carpenter

Drena Dobbs

Background The lentiviral Rev protein mediates nuclear export of intron-containing viral RNAs that encode structural proteins or serve as the viral genome. Following translation, HIV-1 Rev localizes to the nucleus and binds its cognate sequence, termed the Rev-responsive element (RRE), in incompletely spliced viral RNA. Rev subsequently multimerizes along the viral RNA and associates with the cellular Crm1 export machinery to translocate the RNA-protein complex to the cytoplasm. Equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) Rev is functionally homologous to HIV-1 Rev, but shares very little sequence similarity and differs in domain organization. EIAV Rev also contains a bipartite RNA binding domain ...


Predicting Protein-Protein Interface Residues Using Local Surface Structural Similarity, Rafael R. Jordan, Yasser El-Manzalawy, Drena Dobbs, Vasant Honavar 2017 Iowa State University

Predicting Protein-Protein Interface Residues Using Local Surface Structural Similarity, Rafael R. Jordan, Yasser El-Manzalawy, Drena Dobbs, Vasant Honavar

Drena Dobbs

Background

Identification of the residues in protein-protein interaction sites has a significant impact in problems such as drug discovery. Motivated by the observation that the set of interface residues of a protein tend to be conserved even among remote structural homologs, we introduce PrISE, a family of local structural similarity-based computational methods for predicting protein-protein interface residues.

Results

We present a novel representation of the surface residues of a protein in the form of structural elements. Each structural element consists of a central residue and its surface neighbors. The PrISE family of interface prediction methods uses a representation of structural ...


Zifit (Zinc Finger Targeter): An Updated Zinc Finger Engineering Tool, Jeffry D. Sander, Morgan L. Maeder, Deepak Reyon, Daniel F. Voytas, J. Keith Joung, Drena Dobbs 2017 Massachusetts General Hospital

Zifit (Zinc Finger Targeter): An Updated Zinc Finger Engineering Tool, Jeffry D. Sander, Morgan L. Maeder, Deepak Reyon, Daniel F. Voytas, J. Keith Joung, Drena Dobbs

Drena Dobbs

ZiFiT (Zinc Finger Targeter) is a simple and intuitive web-based tool that provides an interface to identify potential binding sites for engineered zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) in user-supplied DNA sequences. In this updated version, ZiFiT identifies potential sites for ZFPs made by both the modular assembly and OPEN engineering methods. In addition, ZiFiT now integrates additional tools and resources including scoring schemes for modular assembly, an interface with the Zinc Finger Database (ZiFDB) of engineered ZFPs, and direct querying of NCBI BLAST servers for identifying potential off-target sites within a host genome. Taken together, these features facilitate design of ZFPs ...


Total-Evidence Dating Under The Fossilized Birth–Death Process, Chi Zhang, Tanja Stadler, Serena Klopfstein, Tracy A. Heath, Fredrik Ronquist 2017 Swedish Museum of Natural History

Total-Evidence Dating Under The Fossilized Birth–Death Process, Chi Zhang, Tanja Stadler, Serena Klopfstein, Tracy A. Heath, Fredrik Ronquist

Tracy Heath

Bayesian total-evidence dating involves the simultaneous analysis of morphological data from the fossil record and morphological and sequence data from recent organisms, and it accommodates the uncertainty in the placement of fossils while dating the phylogenetic tree. Due to the flexibility of the Bayesian approach, total-evidence dating can also incorporate additional sources of information. Here, we take advantage of this and expand the analysis to include information about fossilization and sampling processes. Our work is based on the recently described fossilized birth–death (FBD) process, which has been used to model speciation, extinction, and fossilization rates that can vary over ...


Chloride And Proton Binding In The E. Coli 2cl¯:1h+ Clc Exchanger, Catherine Chenal 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Chloride And Proton Binding In The E. Coli 2cl¯:1h+ Clc Exchanger, Catherine Chenal

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The CLC family of membrane proteins is a ubiquitously expressed class of proton and usually voltage-activated chloride transporters involved in a myriad of physiological functions. Crystallographic structures identify up to three chloride binding sites: external, central and intracellular located in the inner half of the trans-membrane domain. The CLC proteins, except for the kidney isoforms, are gated by the extracellular side-facing gating Glutamate (Ex, E148 in CLC-ec1, the E. coli exchanger), which is thought to undergo a conformational change upon protonation.

To sort out how the thermodynamic paths to H+ coupled Cl¯ binding and conformational change in CLC-ec1 at the ...


Evolution And Development In Cave Animals: From Fish To Crustaceans, Meredith E. Protas, William R. Jeffery 2017 Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley

Evolution And Development In Cave Animals: From Fish To Crustaceans, Meredith E. Protas, William R. Jeffery

Meredith Protas

Cave animals are excellent models to study the general principles of evolution as well as the mechanisms of adaptation to a novel environment: the perpetual darkness of caves. In this article, two of the major model systems used to study the evolution and development (evo–devo) of cave animals are described: the teleost fish Astyanax mexicanus and the isopod crustacean Asellus aquaticus. The ways in which these animals match the major attributes expected of an evo–devo cave animal model system are described. For both species, we enumerate the regressive and constructive troglomorphic traits that have evolved during their adaptation ...


Using Phylogenetically-Informed Annotation (Pia) To Search For Light-Interacting Genes In Transcriptomes From Non-Model Organisms, Daniel L. Speiser, Molly S. Pankey, Alexander K. Zaharoff, Barbara A. Battelle, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom, Jesse W. Breinholt, Seth M. Bybee, Thomas W. Cronin, Anders Garm, Annie R. Lindgren, Nipam H. Patel, Megan L. Porter, Meredith E. Protas, Ajna S. Rivera, Jeanne M. Serb, Kirk S. Zigler, Keith A. Crandall, Todd H. Oakley 2017 University of California - Santa Barbara

Using Phylogenetically-Informed Annotation (Pia) To Search For Light-Interacting Genes In Transcriptomes From Non-Model Organisms, Daniel L. Speiser, Molly S. Pankey, Alexander K. Zaharoff, Barbara A. Battelle, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom, Jesse W. Breinholt, Seth M. Bybee, Thomas W. Cronin, Anders Garm, Annie R. Lindgren, Nipam H. Patel, Megan L. Porter, Meredith E. Protas, Ajna S. Rivera, Jeanne M. Serb, Kirk S. Zigler, Keith A. Crandall, Todd H. Oakley

Meredith Protas

Background: Tools for high throughput sequencing and de novo assembly make the analysis of transcriptomes (i.e. the suite of genes expressed in a tissue) feasible for almost any organism. Yet a challenge for biologists is that it can be difficult to assign identities to gene sequences, especially from non-model organisms. Phylogenetic analyses are one useful method for assigning identities to these sequences, but such methods tend to be time-consuming because of the need to re-calculate trees for every gene of interest and each time a new data set is analyzed. In response, we employed existing tools for phylogenetic analysis ...


Using Phylogenetically-Informed Annotation (Pia) To Search For Light-Interacting Genes In Transcriptomes From Non-Model Organisms, Daniel I. Speiser, M. Sabrina Pankey, Alexander K. Zaharoff, Barbara A. Battelle, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom, Jesse W. Breinholt, Seth M. Bybee, Thomas W. Cronin, Anders Garm, Annie R. Lindgren, Nipam H. Patel, Megan L. Porter, Meredith E. Protas, Anja S. Rivera, Jeanne M. Serb, Kirk S. Zigler, Keith A. Crandall, Todd H. Oakley 2017 Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California Santa Barbara

Using Phylogenetically-Informed Annotation (Pia) To Search For Light-Interacting Genes In Transcriptomes From Non-Model Organisms, Daniel I. Speiser, M. Sabrina Pankey, Alexander K. Zaharoff, Barbara A. Battelle, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom, Jesse W. Breinholt, Seth M. Bybee, Thomas W. Cronin, Anders Garm, Annie R. Lindgren, Nipam H. Patel, Megan L. Porter, Meredith E. Protas, Anja S. Rivera, Jeanne M. Serb, Kirk S. Zigler, Keith A. Crandall, Todd H. Oakley

Meredith Protas

Background: Tools for high throughput sequencing and de novo assembly make the analysis of transcriptomes (i.e. the suite of genes expressed in a tissue) feasible for almost any organism. Yet a challenge for biologists is that it can be difficult to assign identities to gene sequences, especially from non-model organisms. Phylogenetic analyses are one useful method for assigning identities to these sequences, but such methods tend to be time-consuming because of the need to re-calculate trees for every gene of interest and each time a new data set is analyzed. In response, we employed existing tools for phylogenetic analysis ...


Mrub_2642, Mrub_1054, And Mrub_1059 Genes Are Orthologs Of The Escherichia Coli Genes B2942, B0159, And B2687 Genes, Respectively, Which Code For Methionine Adenosyltransferase, Adenosylhomocysteine Nucleosidase, And S-Ribosylhomocysteine Lyase, Nicholas M. Orslini, Dr. Lori R. Scott 2017 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_2642, Mrub_1054, And Mrub_1059 Genes Are Orthologs Of The Escherichia Coli Genes B2942, B0159, And B2687 Genes, Respectively, Which Code For Methionine Adenosyltransferase, Adenosylhomocysteine Nucleosidase, And S-Ribosylhomocysteine Lyase, Nicholas M. Orslini, Dr. Lori R. Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

This project is part of the Meiothermus ruber genome analysis project, which uses the bioinformatics tools associated with the Guiding Education through Novel Investigation –Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (GENI-ACT) to predict gene function. We investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_2642, Mrub_1054, and Mrub_1059.

We predict that Mrub_2642 encodes the enzyme methionine adenosyltransferase (DNA coordinates [2677251…2678426] on the reverse strand), the first step of the methionine degradation pathway (KEGG map number 00270). Methionine adenosyltransferase catalyzes the conversion of the substrates, ATP, L-methionine, and water, to yield the products S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM), inorganic phosphate, and diphosphate. Mrub_1054 encodes adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase (DNA ...


Shannon Information Entropy In The Canonical Genetic Code, Louis R. Nemzer 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Shannon Information Entropy In The Canonical Genetic Code, Louis R. Nemzer

Louis R Nemzer

The Shannon entropy measures the expected information value of messages. As with thermodynamic entropy, the Shannon entropy is only defined within a system that identifies at the outset the collections of possible messages, analogous to microstates, that will be considered indistinguishable macrostates. This fundamental insight is applied here for the first time to amino acid alphabets, which group the twenty common amino acids into families based on chemical and physical similarities. To evaluate these schemas objectively, a novel quantitative method is introduced based the inherent redundancy in the canonical genetic code. Each alphabet is taken as a separate system that ...


Shannon Information Entropy In The Canonical Genetic Code, Louis R. Nemzer 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Shannon Information Entropy In The Canonical Genetic Code, Louis R. Nemzer

Louis R Nemzer

The Shannon entropy measures the expected information value of messages. As with thermodynamic entropy, the Shannon entropy is only defined within a system that identifies at the outset the collections of possible messages, analogous to microstates, that will be considered indistinguishable macrostates. This fundamental insight is applied here for the first time to amino acid alphabets, which group the twenty common amino acids into families based on chemical and physical similarities. To evaluate these schemas objectively, a novel quantitative method is introduced based the inherent redundancy in the canonical genetic code. Each alphabet is taken as a separate system that ...


Testing The Independence Hypothesis Of Accepted Mutations For Pairs Of Adjacent Amino Acids In Protein Sequences, Jyotsna Ramanan 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Testing The Independence Hypothesis Of Accepted Mutations For Pairs Of Adjacent Amino Acids In Protein Sequences, Jyotsna Ramanan

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Evolutionary studies usually assume that the genetic mutations are independent of each other. However, that does not imply that the observed mutations are independent of each other because it is possible that when a nucleotide is mutated, then it may be biologically beneficial if an adjacent nucleotide mutates too.

With a number of decoded genes currently available in various genome libraries and online databases, it is now possible to have a large-scale computer-based study to test whether the independence assumption holds for pairs of adjacent amino acids. Hence the independence question also arises for pairs of adjacent amino acids within ...


Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Characterization Of Molecular Communication Based On Cell Metabolism Through Mutual Information And Flux Balance Analysis, Zahmeeth Sayed Sakkaff

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Synthetic biology is providing novel tools to engineer cells and access the basis of their molecular information processing, including their communication channels based on chemical reactions and molecule exchange. Molecular communication is a discipline in communication engineering that studies these types of communications and ways to exploit them for novel purposes, such as the development of ubiquitous and heterogeneous communication networks to interconnect biological cells with nano and biotechnology-enabled devices, i.e., the Internet of Bio-Nano Things. One major problem in realizing these goals stands in the development of reliable techniques to control the engineered cells and their behavior from ...


Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee

Kno.e.sis Publications

We present the results of analyzing gait motion in first-person video taken from a commercially available wearable camera embedded in a pair of glasses. The video is analyzed with three different computer vision methods to extract motion vectors from different gait sequences from four individuals for comparison against a manually annotated ground truth dataset. Using a combination of signal processing and computer vision techniques, gait features are extracted to identify the walking pace of the individual wearing the camera as well as validated using the ground truth dataset. Our preliminary results indicate that the extraction of activity from the video ...


Rna Sequencing Analysis Of The Developing Chicken Retina, Christophe Langouet-Astrie*, Annamarie Meinsen*, Emily R. Grunwald*, Stephen Turner, Raymond A. Enke 2016 James Madison University

Rna Sequencing Analysis Of The Developing Chicken Retina, Christophe Langouet-Astrie*, Annamarie Meinsen*, Emily R. Grunwald*, Stephen Turner, Raymond A. Enke

Ray Enke Ph.D.

RNA sequencing transcriptome analysis using massively parallel next generation sequencing technology provides the capability to understand global changes in gene expression throughout a range of tissue samples. Development of the vertebrate retina requires complex temporal orchestration of transcriptional activation and repression. The chicken embryo (Gallus gallus) is a classic model system for studying developmental biology and retinogenesis. Existing retinal transcriptome projects have been critical to the vision research community for studying aspects of murine and human retinogenesis, however, there are currently no publicly available data sets describing the developing chicken retinal transcriptome. Here we used Illumina RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis ...


Seven Bacteriophages Isolated From The Female Urinary Microbiota, Kema Malki, Emily Sible, Alexandria Cooper, Andrea Garretto, Katherine Bruder, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti 2016 Loyola University Chicago

Seven Bacteriophages Isolated From The Female Urinary Microbiota, Kema Malki, Emily Sible, Alexandria Cooper, Andrea Garretto, Katherine Bruder, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti

Bioinformatics Faculty Publications

Recent research has debunked the myth that urine is sterile, having uncovered bacteria within the bladders of healthy individuals. However, the identity, diversity, and putative roles of bacteriophages in the bladder are unknown. We report the draft genome sequences of seven bacteriophages isolated from microbial communities from adult female bladders.


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