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Phr: Patient Health Record, Quinn Nelson 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Phr: Patient Health Record, Quinn Nelson

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The rapid development of information technology systems has expanded into multiple disciplines and results in systems that are limited by initial design and implementation: the Healthcare Information Technology (HIT) space is no different. The introduction of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) system has changed the way healthcare operates. Initial designs of these systems were focused on serving the needs of insurance companies and healthcare billing departments. Research shows that the design of EHR systems negatively impact provider-patient interactions and the care they receive. This capstone project capitalizes on the collaboration efforts between UNO and UNMC – by joining a research group ...


Diversification Across A Dynamic Landscape: Phylogeography And Riverscape Genetics Of Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys Osculus) In Western North America, Steven Michael Mussmann 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Diversification Across A Dynamic Landscape: Phylogeography And Riverscape Genetics Of Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys Osculus) In Western North America, Steven Michael Mussmann

Theses and Dissertations

Evolution occurs at various spatial and temporal scales. For example, speciation may occur in historic time, whereas localized adaptation is more contemporary. Each is required to identify and manage biodiversity. However, the relative abundance of Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys osculus), a small cyprinid fish in western North America (WNA) and the study species for this dissertation, establishes it an atypical conservation target, particularly when contrasted with the profusion of narrowly endemic forms it displays. Yet, the juxtaposition of ubiquity versus endemism provides an ideal model against which to test hypotheses regarding the geomorphic evolution of WNA. More specifically, it also allows ...


Genetic And Epigenetic Investigations On Pulmonary Hypertension Syndrome In Meat Type- Chickens, Khaloud Alzahrani 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Genetic And Epigenetic Investigations On Pulmonary Hypertension Syndrome In Meat Type- Chickens, Khaloud Alzahrani

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents a collection of studies that investigate the genetic and epigenetic associations to ascites phenotype in broiler chickens. Ascites is a significant metabolic disease associated with fast-growing meat-type chickens (broilers) and is a terminal result of pulmonary hypertension syndrome PHS. It is a multi-factorial syndrome caused by interactions between genetic, physiological, environmental, and managemental factors. It was estimated that ascites accounts for losses of about US$1 billion annually worldwide and for over 25% of broilers mortality. Although traditional and molecular genetic methods in the selection and in performance improvements, has greatly reduced ascites frequency, yet it has ...


How Does Antibiotic Resistance Spread In Tuberculosis?, Julie A. Spencer 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

How Does Antibiotic Resistance Spread In Tuberculosis?, Julie A. Spencer

Shared Knowledge Conference

The ancient bacterial disease of tuberculosis (TB) is curable with antibiotics, but according to the World Health Organization, in 2016 over 10 million people became infected with the disease. 600,000 of these cases were resistant to antibiotics, yet the worldwide treatment success rate for drug resistant TB is only 54%. Furthermore, strains exist now that are resistant to all known antibiotics. In the current environment of global travel, this poses a risk for emergent epidemics of drug resistant TB. In this study, I asked: after an antibiotic resistant strain has evolved in someone’s lungs, how does it spread ...


Mechanisms For The Spread Of Antibiotic Resistance In Tuberculosis, Julie Allison Spencer 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Mechanisms For The Spread Of Antibiotic Resistance In Tuberculosis, Julie Allison Spencer

Shared Knowledge Conference

Tuberculosis (TB) is currently the ninth leading cause of death for humans worldwide, causing 10.4 million new infections in 2016. According to the World Health Organization, of these infections, 600,000 were antibiotic resistant. However, the treatment success rate for resistant TB was only 54%. The potential for emergent epidemics of drug resistant TB highlights the need to understand the mechanisms for the spread of resistance. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes TB, evolves resistant strains within individuals who are being treated with antibiotics. It has been assumed previously that the resistant characteristics of these strains are spread primarily ...


17 - Divergent Gene Expression Of Hoxb3b In Teleost Fishes Is Due To Divergence Of Upstream Cis-Regulatory Elements, Erin Povolny 2018 University of North Georgia

17 - Divergent Gene Expression Of Hoxb3b In Teleost Fishes Is Due To Divergence Of Upstream Cis-Regulatory Elements, Erin Povolny

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Hox genes are developmental regulatory genes that function to pattern the cranial nerves that are derived from the rhombomeres (r) during vertebrate embryonic development. Hoxb3, in particular, has been shown to be expressed in r5-7 in several tetrapod species, including mouse (Mus musculus). Over the course of evolution, teleost fish have undergone a whole genome duplication, and several species have retained both duplicate Hoxb3 genes, hoxb3a and hoxb3b. These genes are expressed differently from each other, such that while hoxb3a is expressed in r4-7 in many teleost fish species, hoxb3b is expressed solely in r4. The cis-regulatory elements (CREs ...


2 - Bioinformatic Analysis Of Insect Iridescent Virus (Iiv6) Proposes Novel Open Reading Frames And Supports Previously Described Putative Protein Products, Amanda D. Mileham 2018 Gordon State College

2 - Bioinformatic Analysis Of Insect Iridescent Virus (Iiv6) Proposes Novel Open Reading Frames And Supports Previously Described Putative Protein Products, Amanda D. Mileham

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Bioinformatic analysis of Insect Iridescent Virus (IIV6) proposes novel open reading frames and supports previously described putative protein products

Amanda D. Mileham, and Amanda L.J. Duffus, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gordon State College, Barnesville, GA 30204

Insect iridescent virus 6 (IIV6), also known as the Chilo iridescent virus (CIV), is a linear, double-stranded DNA virus that affects insects and other arthropods. IIV6 has been shown to cause mortality events in arthropods, including species involved in agriculture preservation. The current study attempts to expand our understanding of IIV6 by reanalyzing the first portion of the genome for novel ...


Museum Metabarcoding: A Novel Method Revealing Gut Helminth Communities Of Small Mammals Across Space And Time, Stephen E. Greiman, Joseph A. Cook, Vasyl V. Tkach, Eric P. Hoberg, Damian M. Menning, Andrew G. Hope, Sarah A. Sonsthagen, Sandra L. Talbot 2018 Georgia Southern University

Museum Metabarcoding: A Novel Method Revealing Gut Helminth Communities Of Small Mammals Across Space And Time, Stephen E. Greiman, Joseph A. Cook, Vasyl V. Tkach, Eric P. Hoberg, Damian M. Menning, Andrew G. Hope, Sarah A. Sonsthagen, Sandra L. Talbot

Faculty Publications from the Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology

Natural history collections spanning multiple decades provide fundamental historical baselines to measure and understand changing biodiversity. New technologies such as next generation DNA sequencing have considerably increased the potential of museum specimens to address significant questions regarding the impact of environmental changes on host and parasite/pathogen dynamics. We developed a new technique to identify intestinal helminth parasites and applied it to shrews (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae) because they are ubiquitous, occupy diverse habitats, and host a diverse and abundant parasite fauna. Notably, we included museum specimens preserved in various ways to explore the efficacy of using metabarcoding analyses that may enable ...


Dna Sequence Classification: It’S Easier Than You Think: An Open-Source K-Mer Based Machine Learning Tool For Fast And Accurate Classification Of A Variety Of Genomic Datasets, Stephen Solis-Reyes 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Dna Sequence Classification: It’S Easier Than You Think: An Open-Source K-Mer Based Machine Learning Tool For Fast And Accurate Classification Of A Variety Of Genomic Datasets, Stephen Solis-Reyes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Supervised classification of genomic sequences is a challenging, well-studied problem with a variety of important applications. We propose an open-source, supervised, alignment-free, highly general method for sequence classification that operates on k-mer proportions of DNA sequences. This method was implemented in a fully standalone general-purpose software package called Kameris, publicly available under a permissive open-source license. Compared to competing software, ours provides key advantages in terms of data security and privacy, transparency, and reproducibility. We perform a detailed study of its accuracy and performance on a wide variety of classification tasks, including virus subtyping, taxonomic classification, and human haplogroup assignment ...


Color Space Standardization And Image Analysis For High-Throughput Phenotyping Of Sorghum Bicolor, Alexandria A. Pokorny 2018 Department of Mathematics, Illinois State University

Color Space Standardization And Image Analysis For High-Throughput Phenotyping Of Sorghum Bicolor, Alexandria A. Pokorny

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Using Canalization For The Control Of Discrete Networks, David Murrugarra 2018 University of Kentucky

Using Canalization For The Control Of Discrete Networks, David Murrugarra

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Using Non Stem-Cells To Understand Early Tumor Growth, Jake Hogan, Heiko Enderling, Joel Brown, Robert A. Gatenby 2018 Brigham Young University

Using Non Stem-Cells To Understand Early Tumor Growth, Jake Hogan, Heiko Enderling, Joel Brown, Robert A. Gatenby

Library/Life Sciences Undergraduate Poster Competition 2018

Tumors of similar size and shape can exhibit different responses to the same treatment. Targeted therapy aims to better treat these tumors by classifying them according to genotypic traits. A better understanding of how tumor traits such as non-stem cells influence tumor growth could improve targeted therapy. We hypothesize that the production of non-stem cells may aid tumor growth in avascular tumors (tumors lacking blood vessels).


Identification And Characterization Of Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria Associated With Kudzu Root Nodules, Chasity Lawless, Michelle Zedonek, Debbie Curtis, Jonda Scharringhausen, Jared Bryant, Wendy A. Dustman, Alexandra M. Kurtz, Bekah Ward Dr. 2018 Georgia Gwinnett College

Identification And Characterization Of Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria Associated With Kudzu Root Nodules, Chasity Lawless, Michelle Zedonek, Debbie Curtis, Jonda Scharringhausen, Jared Bryant, Wendy A. Dustman, Alexandra M. Kurtz, Bekah Ward Dr.

Georgia Journal of Science

Pueraria montana, better known as kudzu, is an invasive species rapidly spreading throughout the southeastern United States. This plant can form root nodules which house nitrogen-fixing bacteria, allowing atmospheric nitrogen to be converted into biologically available forms of nitrogen for use by the plant host. Given the centrality of these bacteria to the spread of kudzu, isolates from nodules were characterized after collection from seven different locations across the metropolitan Atlanta area. Twenty-five isolates were grown on two different variants of nitrogen free media. Four different carbon sources were evaluated as well. Finally, growth under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions ...


Confirming World-Wide Distribution Of An Agriculturally Important Lacewing, Chrysoperla Zastrowi Sillemi, Using Songs, Morphology, Mitochondrial Gene Sequencing, And Phylogenetic Reconstruction, Zoe Mandese 2018 University of Connecticut

Confirming World-Wide Distribution Of An Agriculturally Important Lacewing, Chrysoperla Zastrowi Sillemi, Using Songs, Morphology, Mitochondrial Gene Sequencing, And Phylogenetic Reconstruction, Zoe Mandese

Honors Scholar Theses

The Chrysoperla carnea-group of green lacewings is a cryptic species complex. Species within the group are morphologically similar, yet isolated from one another via reproductive mating song. Chrysoperla zastrowi, a species within the carnea-group, is currently described with a distribution ranging from South Africa to the Middle East and India. However, recent collections of carnea-group lacewings from Guatemala and California were preliminarily identified as Chrysoperla zastrowi based upon similarities in their vibrational courtship songs. This analysis aims to place six specimens, collected by collaborators in Guatemala, Armenia, Iran, and California, into a pre-existing phylogeny of the Chrysoperla ...


The Temporal Landscape Of Recursive Splicing During Pol Ii Transcription Elongation In Human Cells, Xiao-Ou Zhang, Yu Fu, Haiwei Mou, Wen Xue, Zhiping Weng 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Temporal Landscape Of Recursive Splicing During Pol Ii Transcription Elongation In Human Cells, Xiao-Ou Zhang, Yu Fu, Haiwei Mou, Wen Xue, Zhiping Weng

Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology Publications and Presentations

Recursive splicing (RS) is an evolutionarily conserved process of removing long introns via multiple steps of splicing. It was first discovered in Drosophila and recently proven to occur also in humans. The detailed mechanism of recursive splicing is not well understood, in particular, whether it is kinetically coupled with transcription. To investigate the dynamic process that underlies recursive splicing, we systematically characterized 342 RS sites in three human cell types using published time-series data that monitored synchronized Pol II elongation and nascent RNA production with 4-thiouridine labeling. We found that half of the RS events occurred post-transcriptionally with long delays ...


Differential Analysis Of Chromatin Accessibility And Histone Modifications For Predicting Mouse Developmental Enhancers, Shaliu Fu, Qin Wang, Jill E. Moore, Michael J. Purcaro, Henry E. Pratt, Kaili Fan, Cuihua Gu, Cizhong Jiang, Ruixin Zhu, Anshul Kundaje, Aiping Lu, Zhiping Weng 2018 Tongji University,China

Differential Analysis Of Chromatin Accessibility And Histone Modifications For Predicting Mouse Developmental Enhancers, Shaliu Fu, Qin Wang, Jill E. Moore, Michael J. Purcaro, Henry E. Pratt, Kaili Fan, Cuihua Gu, Cizhong Jiang, Ruixin Zhu, Anshul Kundaje, Aiping Lu, Zhiping Weng

Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology Publications and Presentations

Enhancers are distal cis-regulatory elements that modulate gene expression. They are depleted of nucleosomes and enriched in specific histone modifications; thus, calling DNase-seq and histone mark ChIP-seq peaks can predict enhancers. We evaluated nine peak-calling algorithms for predicting enhancers validated by transgenic mouse assays. DNase and H3K27ac peaks were consistently more predictive than H3K4me1/2/3 and H3K9ac peaks. DFilter and Hotspot2 were the best DNase peak callers, while HOMER, MUSIC, MACS2, DFilter and F-seq were the best H3K27ac peak callers. We observed that the differential DNase or H3K27ac signals between two distant tissues increased the area under the precision-recall ...


A Mechanism Of Antimicrobial Resistance And A Mitigation Strategy, Christopher Bulow 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

A Mechanism Of Antimicrobial Resistance And A Mitigation Strategy, Christopher Bulow

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATION

A Mechanism of Antimicrobial Resistance and a Mitigation Strategy

by

Christopher Bulow

Doctor of Philosophy in Biology and Biomedical Sciences

Molecular Genetics and Genomics

Washington University in St. Louis, 2018

Professor Gautam Dantas, Chair

The ability to treat infections, perform surgery, and administer immunosuppressants and chemotherapy depends on effective antibiotics. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance is far outpacing the development of new therapies1-3 threatening to thrust medicine into a post-antibiotic era4. Many mechanisms of antimicrobial action and of antimicrobial resistance remain poorly understood as drug development struggles to keep pace. As resistance develops, the ...


Drug-Resistance And Population Structure Of Plasmodium Falciparum Across The Democratic Republic Of Congo Using High-Throughput Molecular Inversion Probes, Ozkan Aydemir, Nicholas J. Hathaway, Patrick W. Marsh, Alice Tran, Thomas Reimonn, Jeffrey A. Bailey 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Drug-Resistance And Population Structure Of Plasmodium Falciparum Across The Democratic Republic Of Congo Using High-Throughput Molecular Inversion Probes, Ozkan Aydemir, Nicholas J. Hathaway, Patrick W. Marsh, Alice Tran, Thomas Reimonn, Jeffrey A. Bailey

Open Access Articles

A better understanding of the drivers of the spread of malaria parasites and drug resistance across space and time is needed. These drivers can be elucidated using genetic tools. Here, a novel molecular inversion probe (MIP) panel targeting all major drug-resistance mutations and a set of microsatellites was used to genotype Plasmodium falciparum infections of 552 children from the 2013-2014 Demographic and Health Survey conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Microsatellite-based analysis of population structure suggests that parasites within the DRC form a homogeneous population. In contrast, sulfadoxine-resistance markers in dihydropteroate synthase show marked spatial structure with ...


Microbial Ecology Of South Florida Surface Waters: Examining The Potential For Anthropogenic Influences, Chase P. Donnelly 2018 Nova Southeastern University

Microbial Ecology Of South Florida Surface Waters: Examining The Potential For Anthropogenic Influences, Chase P. Donnelly

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

South Florida contains one of the largest subtropical wetlands in the world, and yet not much is known about the microbes that live in these surface waters. These microbes play an important role in chemical cycling and maintaining good water quality for both human and ecosystem health. The hydrology of Florida’s surface waters is tightly regulated with the use of canal and levee systems run by the US Army Corps of Engineers and The South Florida Water Management District. These canals run through the Everglades, agriculture, and urban environments to control water levels in Lake Okeechobee, the Water Conservation ...


Genome Analysis Of Multiple Mycobacteriophage, Emily Kerstiens, Kari Clase, Yi Li, Gillian Smith, Sarah Bell 2018 Purdue University

Genome Analysis Of Multiple Mycobacteriophage, Emily Kerstiens, Kari Clase, Yi Li, Gillian Smith, Sarah Bell

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Bacteriophage are viruses that infect and kill bacteria. They can be used as treatments for antibiotic resistant bacterial infections, but more knowledge is needed about phage and how they interact with bacteria in order to develop safe and effective phage therapy treatments. This study examines the genomes of eighteen mycobacteriophage that were isolated from the environment on and surrounding Purdue University. Phage genomes were annotated using several bioinformatics software, including DNA Master, GeneMark, and PECAAN. Evidence was examined to determine the correct location within the genome and the potential function. Approximately two thousand genes were annotated in this study. A ...


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