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2391 full-text articles. Page 1 of 82.

Knowledge-Based Versus Experimentally Acquired Distance And Angle Constraints For Nmr Structure Refinement, Feng Cui, Robert Jernigan, Zhijun Wu 2017 National Institutes of Health

Knowledge-Based Versus Experimentally Acquired Distance And Angle Constraints For Nmr Structure Refinement, Feng Cui, Robert Jernigan, Zhijun Wu

Robert Jernigan

Nuclear Overhauser effects (NOE) distance constraints and torsion angle constraints are major conformational constraints for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) structure refinement. In particular, the number of NOE constraints has been considered as an important determinant for the quality of NMR structures. Of course, the availability of torsion angle constraints is also critical for the formation of correct local conformations. In our recent work, we have shown how a set of knowledge-based short-range distance constraints can also be utilized for NMR structure refinement, as a complementary set of conformational constraints to the NOE and torsion angle constraints. In this paper, we ...


Linking Taxonomic Diversity And Trophic Function: A Graph-Based Theoretical Approach, Marcella M. Jurotich, Kaitlyn Dougherty, Barbara Hayford, Sally Clark 2017 Wayne State College

Linking Taxonomic Diversity And Trophic Function: A Graph-Based Theoretical Approach, Marcella M. Jurotich, Kaitlyn Dougherty, Barbara Hayford, Sally Clark

Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences and Affiliated Societies

The purpose of this study is to develop a novel, visual method in analyzing complex functional trait data in freshwater ecology. We focus on macroinvertebrates in stream ecosystems under a gradient of habitat degradation and employ a combination of taxonomic and functional trait diversity analyses. Then we use graph theory to link changes in functional trait diversity to taxonomic richness and habitat degradation. We test the hypotheses that: 1) taxonomic diversity and trophic functional trait diversity both decrease with increased habitat degradation; 2) loss of taxa leads to a decrease in trophic function as visualized using a bipartite graph; and ...


Protein Loop Dynamics Are Complex And Depend On The Motions Of The Whole Protein, Michael T. Zimmermann, Robert L. Jernigan 2017 Iowa State University

Protein Loop Dynamics Are Complex And Depend On The Motions Of The Whole Protein, Michael T. Zimmermann, Robert L. Jernigan

Robert Jernigan

We investigate the relationship between the motions of the same peptide loop segment incorporated within a protein structure and motions of free or end-constrained peptides. As a reference point we also compare against alanine chains having the same length as the loop. Both the analysis of atomic molecular dynamics trajectories and structure-based elastic network models, reveal no general dependence on loop length or on the number of solvent exposed residues. Rather, the whole structure affects the motions in complex ways that depend strongly and specifically on the tertiary structure of the whole protein. Both the Elastic Network Models and Molecular ...


Factors Correlating With Significant Differences Between X-Ray Structures Of Myoglobin, Alexander A. Rashin, Marcin J. Domagalski, Michael T. Zimmermann, Wladek Minor, Maksymilian Chruszcz, Robert L. Jernigan 2017 BioChemComp Inc

Factors Correlating With Significant Differences Between X-Ray Structures Of Myoglobin, Alexander A. Rashin, Marcin J. Domagalski, Michael T. Zimmermann, Wladek Minor, Maksymilian Chruszcz, Robert L. Jernigan

Robert Jernigan

Validation of general ideas about the origins of conformational differences in proteins is critical in order to arrive at meaningful functional insights. Here, principal component analysis (PCA) and distance difference matrices are used to validate some such ideas about the conformational differences between 291 myoglobin structures from sperm whale, horse and pig. Almost all of the horse and pig structures form compact PCA clusters with only minor coordinate differences and outliers that are easily explained. The 222 whale structures form a few dense clusters with multiple outliers. A few whale outliers with a prominent distortion of the GH loop are ...


Protein Flexibility: Coordinate Uncertainties And Interpretation Of Structural Differences, Alexander A. Rashin, Abraham H. L. Rashin, Robert L. Jernigan 2017 BioChemComp Inc

Protein Flexibility: Coordinate Uncertainties And Interpretation Of Structural Differences, Alexander A. Rashin, Abraham H. L. Rashin, Robert L. Jernigan

Robert Jernigan

Valid interpretations of conformational movements in protein structures determined by X-ray crystallography require that the movement magnitudes exceed their uncertainty threshold. Here, it is shown that such thresholds can be obtained from the distance difference matrices (DDMs) of 1014 pairs of independently determined structures of bovine ribonuclease A and sperm whale myoglobin, with no explanations provided for reportedly minor coordinate differences. The smallest magnitudes of reportedly functional motions are just above these thresholds. Uncertainty thresholds can provide objective criteria that distinguish between true conformational changes and apparent `noise', showing that some previous interpretations of protein coordinate changes attributed to external ...


Genome Wide Co-Expression Among The Starch Debranching Enzyme Genes Atisa1, Atisa2, And Atisa3 In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Ling Li, Hilal Ilarslan, Martha G. James, Alan M. Myers, Eve Syrkin Wurtele 2017 Iowa State University

Genome Wide Co-Expression Among The Starch Debranching Enzyme Genes Atisa1, Atisa2, And Atisa3 In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Ling Li, Hilal Ilarslan, Martha G. James, Alan M. Myers, Eve Syrkin Wurtele

Eve Wurtele

Each of four starch debranching enzymes (DBE) is distinct and highly conserved across the plant kingdom; however, the specific functions of these proteins in carbohydrate metabolism are not well understood. DBEs function in both biosynthesis and degradation of starch, and two have been shown to function as multimers in various quarternary structures that can contain one or more DBE proteins, i.e. ISA1 homomultimers and ISA1/ISA2 heteromultimers. This study characterizes potential functional relationships between the three isoamylase-type DBE proteins (ISA) of Arabidopsis using a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis and promoter fusion approach to determine tissue-, subcellular-, and temporal specificity of ...


Biased Genetic Screen Identifies Novel Genes Involved In Antiviral Defense, Tianyun Long 2017 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Biased Genetic Screen Identifies Novel Genes Involved In Antiviral Defense, Tianyun Long

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

ABSTRACT

RNA interference (RNAi) mediates potent antiviral response across kingdoms. In Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes, antiviral RNAi requires a virus sensor that is conserved in mammals and is amplified by secondary small interfering RNAs that are produced in a Dicer-independent manner.

To better understand worm antiviral RNAi, I carried out a biased genetic screen, aiming to identify novel antiviral RNAi genes. To speed up the gene discovery process, the reporter worms used for this genetic screen were engineered to contain extra copies of 4 known antiviral RNAi genes. Therefore, genetic alleles derived from these 4 genes will be automatically rejected during ...


Big Data: Computational Biology Opens A New Window On The World's Challenges For Colby Scientists, Kate Carlisle 2017 Colby College

Big Data: Computational Biology Opens A New Window On The World's Challenges For Colby Scientists, Kate Carlisle

Colby Magazine

"What makes us 'us' and not a plant? Not a bacteria, or a virus," asks Andrea Tilden, the J. Warren Merrill Associate Professor of Biology and a genomics expert. "Any one genome has six thousand novels worth of information. Computational biology is the tool we use to read them."


A Systems Level Approach To Temporal Expression Dynamics In Drosophila Reveals Clusters Of Long Term Memory Genes, Julianna Bozler, Balint Z. Kacsoh, Hao Chen, William E. Theurkauf, Zhiping Weng, Giovanni Bosco 2017 Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

A Systems Level Approach To Temporal Expression Dynamics In Drosophila Reveals Clusters Of Long Term Memory Genes, Julianna Bozler, Balint Z. Kacsoh, Hao Chen, William E. Theurkauf, Zhiping Weng, Giovanni Bosco

Program in Bioinformatics and Integrative Biology Publications and Presentations

The ability to integrate experiential information and recall it in the form of memory is observed in a wide range of taxa, and is a hallmark of highly derived nervous systems. Storage of past experiences is critical for adaptive behaviors that anticipate both adverse and positive environmental factors. The process of memory formation and consolidation involve many synchronized biological events including gene transcription, protein modification, and intracellular trafficking: However, many of these molecular mechanisms remain illusive. With Drosophila as a model system we use a nonassociative memory paradigm and a systems level approach to uncover novel transcriptional patterns. RNA sequencing ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti

Konstantin Läufer

As sequencing technologies continue to drop in price and increase in throughput, new challenges emerge for the management and accessibility of genomic sequence data. We have developed a pipeline for facilitating the storage, retrieval, and subsequent analysis of molecular data, integrating both sequence and metadata. Taking a polyglot approach involving multiple languages, libraries, and persistence mechanisms, sequence data can be aggregated from publicly available and local repositories. Data are exposed in the form of a RESTful web service, formatted for easy querying, and retrieved for downstream analyses. As a proof of concept, we have developed a resource for annotated HIV-1 ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulous, Konstantin Läufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulous, Konstantin Läufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti

Konstantin Läufer

As sequencing technologies continue to drop in price and increase in throughput, new challenges emerge for the management and accessibility of genomic sequence data. We have developed a pipeline for facilitating the storage, retrieval, and subsequent analysis of molecular data, integrating both sequence and metadata. Taking a polyglot approach involving multiple languages, libraries, and persistence mechanisms, sequence data can be aggregated from publicly available and local repositories. Data are exposed in the form of a RESTful web service, formatted for easy querying, and retrieved for downstream analyses. As a proof of concept, we have developed a resource for annotated HIV-1 ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer

Konstantin Läufer

RNA-interference has potential therapeutic use against HIV-1 by targeting highly-functional mRNA sequences that contribute to the virulence of the virus. Empirical work has shown that within cell lines, all of the HIV-1 genes are affected by RNAi-induced gene silencing. While promising, inherent in this treatment is the fact that RNAi sequences must be highly specific. HIV, however, mutates rapidly, leading to the evolution of viral escape mutants. In fact, such strains are under strong selection to include mutations within the targeted region, evading the RNAi therapy and thus increasing the virus’ fitness in the host. Taking a phylogenetic approach, we ...


Image-Based Analysis To Dissect Vertical Distribution And Horizontal Asymmetry Of Conspecific Root System Interactions In Response To Planting Densities, Nutrients And Root Exudates In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Jane Geisler-Lee, Xian Liu, Wei Rang, Jayanthan Raveendiran, Marisa Blake Szubryt, David John Gibson, Matt Geisler, Qiang Cheng 2017 Southern Illinois University - Carbondale

Image-Based Analysis To Dissect Vertical Distribution And Horizontal Asymmetry Of Conspecific Root System Interactions In Response To Planting Densities, Nutrients And Root Exudates In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Jane Geisler-Lee, Xian Liu, Wei Rang, Jayanthan Raveendiran, Marisa Blake Szubryt, David John Gibson, Matt Geisler, Qiang Cheng

Institute of Biomedical Informatics Faculty Publications

Intraspecific competition is an important plant interaction that has been studied extensively aboveground, but less so belowground, due to the difficulties in accessing the root system experimentally. Recent in vivo and in situ automatic imaging advances help understand root system architecture. In this study, a portable imaging platform and a scalable transplant technique were applied to test intraspecific competition in Arabidopsis thaliana. A single green fluorescent protein labeled plant was placed in the center of a grid of different planting densities of neighboring unlabeled plants or empty spaces, into which different treatments were made to the media. The root system ...


Cytonuclear Evolution Of Rubisco In Four Allopolyploid Lineages, Lei Gong, Mischa Olson, Jonathan F. Wendel 2017 Iowa State University

Cytonuclear Evolution Of Rubisco In Four Allopolyploid Lineages, Lei Gong, Mischa Olson, Jonathan F. Wendel

Jonathan F. Wendel

Allopolyploidization in plants entails the merger of two divergent nuclear genomes, typically with only one set (usually maternal) of parental plastidial and mitochondrial genomes and with an altered cytonuclear stoichiometry. Thus, we might expect cytonuclear coevolution to be an important dimension of allopolyploid evolution. Here, we investigate cytonuclear coordination for the key chloroplast protein rubisco (ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase), which is composed of nuclear-encoded, small subunits (SSUs) and plastid-encoded, large subunits. By studying gene composition and diversity as well as gene expression in four model allopolyploid lineages, Arabidopsis, Arachis, Brassica, and Nicotiana, we demonstrate that paralogous nuclear-encoded rbcS genes ...


The Use Of Course-Based Research In Computational Analysis Of Genomes To Enhance Student Learning, Christopher Shaffer 2017 Illinois State University

The Use Of Course-Based Research In Computational Analysis Of Genomes To Enhance Student Learning, Christopher Shaffer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


G-Onramp: Create Genome Browsers That Enable Undergraduate Students To Participate In Collaborative Genome Annotations, Wilson Leung, Yating Liu, Luke Sargent, Jeremy Goecks, Sarah C.R. Elgin 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

G-Onramp: Create Genome Browsers That Enable Undergraduate Students To Participate In Collaborative Genome Annotations, Wilson Leung, Yating Liu, Luke Sargent, Jeremy Goecks, Sarah C.R. Elgin

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Chromosome Conformation In Context, James Taylor 2017 Illinois State University

Chromosome Conformation In Context, James Taylor

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Machine Learning Analysis Identifies Drosophila Grunge/Atrophin As An Important Learning And Memory Gene Required For Memory Retention And Social Learning, Balint Kacsoh 2017 Illinois State University

Machine Learning Analysis Identifies Drosophila Grunge/Atrophin As An Important Learning And Memory Gene Required For Memory Retention And Social Learning, Balint Kacsoh

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


A Systems Level Approach To Temporal Expression Dynamics In Drosophila Reveals Clusters Of Long Term Memory Genes, Julianna Bozler, Balint Kacsoh, Giovanni Bosco 2017 Dartmouth College

A Systems Level Approach To Temporal Expression Dynamics In Drosophila Reveals Clusters Of Long Term Memory Genes, Julianna Bozler, Balint Kacsoh, Giovanni Bosco

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Cage: A Tool For Identifying Genes With Correlated Spatiotemporal Expression, Basheer Becerra 2017 Illinois State University

Cage: A Tool For Identifying Genes With Correlated Spatiotemporal Expression, Basheer Becerra

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


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