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Phr: Patient Health Record, Quinn Nelson 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Phr: Patient Health Record, Quinn Nelson

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The rapid development of information technology systems has expanded into multiple disciplines and results in systems that are limited by initial design and implementation: the Healthcare Information Technology (HIT) space is no different. The introduction of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) system has changed the way healthcare operates. Initial designs of these systems were focused on serving the needs of insurance companies and healthcare billing departments. Research shows that the design of EHR systems negatively impact provider-patient interactions and the care they receive. This capstone project capitalizes on the collaboration efforts between UNO and UNMC – by joining a research group ...


Mapping Molecular Datasets Back To The Brain Regions They Are Extracted From: Remembering The Native Countries Of Hypothalamic Expatriates And Refugees, Arshad M. Khan, Alice H. Grant, Anais Martinez, Gully APC Burns, Brendan S. Thatcher, Vishwanath T. Anekonda, Benjamin W. Thompson, Zachary S. Roberts, Daniel H. Moralejo, James E. Blevins 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Mapping Molecular Datasets Back To The Brain Regions They Are Extracted From: Remembering The Native Countries Of Hypothalamic Expatriates And Refugees, Arshad M. Khan, Alice H. Grant, Anais Martinez, Gully Apc Burns, Brendan S. Thatcher, Vishwanath T. Anekonda, Benjamin W. Thompson, Zachary S. Roberts, Daniel H. Moralejo, James E. Blevins

Arshad M. Khan, Ph.D.

This article, which includes novel unpublished data along with commentary and analysis,
focuses on approaches to link transcriptomic, proteomic, and peptidomic datasets mined from
brain tissue to the original locations within the brain that they are derived from using digital atlas
mapping techniques. We use, as an example, the transcriptomic, proteomic and peptidomic
analyses conducted in the mammalian hypothalamus. Following a brief historical overview, we
highlight studies that have mined biochemical and molecular information from the hypothalamus
and then lay out a strategy for how these data can be linked spatially to the mapped locations in a
canonical brain atlas ...


Polygenic Scores For Metabolic Traits And Related Drug Prescriptions In The Michigan Genomics Initiative, Samuel K. Handelman, Xiaomeng Du, Yanhua H. Chen, Elizabeth K. Speliotes 2018 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

Polygenic Scores For Metabolic Traits And Related Drug Prescriptions In The Michigan Genomics Initiative, Samuel K. Handelman, Xiaomeng Du, Yanhua H. Chen, Elizabeth K. Speliotes

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Integration Of Local And Regional Regulatory Information In The Human Genome, Hemangi Govind Chaudhari 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Integration Of Local And Regional Regulatory Information In The Human Genome, Hemangi Govind Chaudhari

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Gene regulation involves the integration of different sources of information at multiple levels. The action of transcription factors is integrated at cis-regulatory sequences (CRSs). Information from many CRSs is combined to drive spatiotemporally regulated gene expression. Prediction of CRS activity from DNA sequence is challenging because most occurrences of transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) are not functional. I assayed the activity of thousands of genomic sequences with Activator Protein 1 (AP-1) binding sites in K562 cells to identify features in flanking sequences that distinguish functional from non-functional TFBS. I find that sequence features directly adjacent to the AP-1 core motif ...


Discovering Rare Hematopoietic Clones Harboring Leukemia-Associated Mutations Using Error-Corrected Sequencing, Andrew Lee Young 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Discovering Rare Hematopoietic Clones Harboring Leukemia-Associated Mutations Using Error-Corrected Sequencing, Andrew Lee Young

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cancer is a heterogeneous group of diseases that currently takes over half a million lives per year in the United States alone. Our understanding of cancer has improved dramatically over the last forty years, beginning with the discovery that cancer is a disease of the genome. Currently, the set of somatic mutations found in malignancy are largely known. The specific somatic mutations driving an individual’s disease can be readily assessed at clinical presentation. Additionally, the functional consequences for many of these mutations are known as well as their role in tumorigenesis. Despite this understanding, a cure for cancer remains ...


Multi-Omics Portraits Of Cancer, Kuan-Lin Huang 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Multi-Omics Portraits Of Cancer, Kuan-Lin Huang

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Precision oncology demands accurate portrayal of a disease at all molecular levels. However, current large-scale studies of omics are often isolated by data types. I have been developing computational tools to conduct integrative analyses of omics data, identifying unique molecular etiology in each tumor. Particularly, this dissertation presents the following contributions to the computational omics of cancer: (1) uncovering the predisposition landscape in 33 cancers and how germline genome collaborates with somatic alterations in oncogenesis; (2) pioneering methods to combine genomic and proteomic data to identify treatment opportunities; and (3) revealing selective phosphorylation of kinase-substrate pairs. These findings advance our ...


Discerning Drivers Of Cancer: Computational Approaches To Somatic Exome Sequencing Data, Runjun Kumar 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Discerning Drivers Of Cancer: Computational Approaches To Somatic Exome Sequencing Data, Runjun Kumar

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Paired tumor-normal sequencing of thousands of patient’s exomes has revealed millions of somatic mutations, but functional characterization and clinical decision making are stymied because biologically neutral ‘passenger’ mutations greatly outnumber pathogenic ‘driver’ mutations. Since most mutations will return negative results if tested, conventional resource-intensive experiments are reserved for mutations which are observed in multiple patients or rarer mutations found in well-established cancer genes. Most mutations are therefore never tested, diminishing the potential to discover new mechanisms of cancer development and treatment opportunities. Computational methods that reliably prioritize mutations for testing would greatly increase the translation of sequencing results to ...


Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson 2018 University of Wyoming

Investigation Into The Amino Acid Characteristic Of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins, Samantha Patterson

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Caulobacter crescentus, which belongs to the class of Alphaproteobacteria, has a highly organized cytoplasm that includes complex macromolecular structures at the cell poles. These polar complexes are assembled through the activity of a scaffolding protein, known as the Polar Organizing Protein Z (PopZ). PopZ interacts with other proteins via an N-terminal domain that is mostly intrinsically disordered, and contains, an abundance of proline, glutamte, and aspartate (P,E, and D) residues. Surprisingly, scrambling the order of amino acids in the PED region does not affect PopZ function, suggesting that binding affinity and specificity are not dependent on interactions with individual ...


Functional Studies Of The E. Coli Proc And A Putative Ortholog Mrub_1345, Mourin Azar, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Functional Studies Of The E. Coli Proc And A Putative Ortholog Mrub_1345, Mourin Azar, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

This project is part of the Meiothermus ruber genome analysis project, which uses the bioinformatics tools associated with the Guiding Education through Novel Investigation –Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (GENI-ACT) to predict gene function. We investigated the biological function of Escherichia coli and Meiothermus ruber proC genes using the complementation assay. In this research project, mutants of varying severity to the functional state of the protein were developed. The results showed that two or more amino acid deletions reduced or eliminated ProC function. Amino acid substitutions, on the other hand, were not severe enough to impact ProC function. Double and triple mutants ...


Bayesian Network Modeling And Inference Of Gwas Catalog, Qiuping Pan 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Bayesian Network Modeling And Inference Of Gwas Catalog, Qiuping Pan

Theses and Dissertations

Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have received an increasing attention to understand genotype-phenotype relationships. The Bayesian network has been proposed as a powerful tool for modeling single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-trait associations due to its advantage in addressing the high computational complex and high dimensional problems. Most current works learn the interactions among genotypes and phenotypes from the raw genotype data. However, due to the privacy issue, genotype information is sensitive and should be handled by complying with specific restrictions. In this work, we aim to build Bayesian networks from publicly released GWAS statistics to explicitly reveal the conditional dependency between SNPs ...


Bayesian Nonparametric Discovery Of Isoforms And Individual Specific Quantification, Derek Aguiar, Li-Fang Cheng, Bianca Dumitrascu, Fantine Mordelet, Athma A. Pai, Barbara E. Engelhardt 2018 Princeton University

Bayesian Nonparametric Discovery Of Isoforms And Individual Specific Quantification, Derek Aguiar, Li-Fang Cheng, Bianca Dumitrascu, Fantine Mordelet, Athma A. Pai, Barbara E. Engelhardt

Open Access Articles

Most human protein-coding genes can be transcribed into multiple distinct mRNA isoforms. These alternative splicing patterns encourage molecular diversity, and dysregulation of isoform expression plays an important role in disease etiology. However, isoforms are difficult to characterize from short-read RNA-seq data because they share identical subsequences and occur in different frequencies across tissues and samples. Here, we develop BIISQ, a Bayesian nonparametric model for isoform discovery and individual specific quantification from short-read RNA-seq data. BIISQ does not require isoform reference sequences but instead estimates an isoform catalog shared across samples. We use stochastic variational inference for efficient posterior estimates and ...


Transcriptomics To Develop Biochemical Network Models In Cyanobacteria, Bridget E. Hegarty, Jordan Peccia, Ratanachat Racharaks 2018 Yale University

Transcriptomics To Develop Biochemical Network Models In Cyanobacteria, Bridget E. Hegarty, Jordan Peccia, Ratanachat Racharaks

Yale Day of Data

Through targeted genetic manipulations guided by network modeling, we will create a flexible, cyanobacteria-based platform for the production of biofuel-precursors and valuable chemical products. To build gene-metabolite predictive models, we have characterized Synecococcus elongatus sp. UTEX 2973’s (henceforth, UTEX 2973) gene expression and metabolite production under a number of environmental conditions.


The Influence Of Conservation Tillage And Conventional Tillage On Soil Bacterial Diversity In Southern Illinois, Nasser Syed 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Influence Of Conservation Tillage And Conventional Tillage On Soil Bacterial Diversity In Southern Illinois, Nasser Syed

Dissertations

Agriculture in the Midwest United States (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin) is a critically important component of the United States economy and also for world exports of food grain. This is well reflected in the 2012 Census of Agriculture which showed that these states had a market value of crop and livestock products sold in excess of $80,000,000,000 (USDA, 2012). Within the U.S. the three Midwest states, Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota are ranked 2nd, 3rd, and 4th for the economic value of crops sold. This economic value of agriculture in the Midwest encompasses ...


Similarity Based Classification Of Adhd Using Singular Value Decomposition, Taban Eslami, Fahad Saeed 2018 Western Michigan University

Similarity Based Classification Of Adhd Using Singular Value Decomposition, Taban Eslami, Fahad Saeed

Parallel Computing and Data Science Lab Technical Reports

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common brain disorders among children. This disorder is considered as a big threat for public health and causes attention, focus and organizing difficulties for children and even adults. Since the cause of ADHD is not known yet, data mining algorithms are being used to help discover patterns which discriminate healthy from ADHD subjects. Numerous efforts are underway with the goal of developing classification tools for ADHD diagnosis based on functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging data of the brain. In this paper, we used Eros, which is a technique for ...


Developing A Bioinformatics Program And Supporting Infrastructure In A Biomedical Library, Nathan Hosburgh 2018 National Institutes of Health

Developing A Bioinformatics Program And Supporting Infrastructure In A Biomedical Library, Nathan Hosburgh

Journal of eScience Librarianship

Background: Over the last couple decades, the field of bioinformatics has helped spur medical discoveries that offer a better understanding of the genetic basis of disease, which in turn improve public health and save lives. Concomitantly, support requirements for molecular biology researchers have grown in scope and complexity, incorporating specialized resources, technologies, and techniques.

Case Presentation: To address this specific need among National Institutes of Health (NIH) intramural researchers, the NIH Library hired an expert bioinformatics trainer and consultant with a PhD in biochemistry to implement a bioinformatics support program. This study traces the program from its inception in 2009 ...


Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Valued readers, it is with a heavy heart that I inform you that this is the last issue of Killi-Data News. The good news is that we will be back as Killifish Research Review. The dissolution of Killi-Data International created a prob- lem: how can the newsletter of a defunct organization live on without that organization? But other additional problems were building in the background. The first issue numbered 15 pages. The previous issue was 28 pages. The number of killifish related papers is increasing while time on our end (the editorial team) is running out. It takes a lot ...


Killi-Data News (Fall), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Fall), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Many interesting papers have been published over the last three months. The large volume of papers coupled with the start of the new college semester (and the workload it brings) delayed this issue of Killi-Data News. But better late than never—or so I hope! In this issue Richard van der Laan provides an insightful review of the recent Aphanius papers as to their taxonomic implications and questions. The systematic issues he raises show the importance of the Molecular project: we need to get more samples of the various cyprinodontiforme families to resolve unsettled systematic and taxonomic issues. In the ...


Killi-Data News (Summer), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Summer), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

Over the last three months several interesting and exciting pa- pers have been published. By now most of you have heard the Nothobranchius fish poo news emanating from the Valenzano lab. That paper is reviewed and certainly has repercussions for the health of our captive fish. Polaçik et al have published interesting data with ramifications as to how we breed and incubate annual killifish. The big news in this issue is the paper from the Reznick lab which Jean Huber reviews. The contents of that paper goes to the heart of the question of just what a killifish is. The ...


Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Spring), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the start of Killi-Data News’ second year. In this first issue of the year we have the usual review of research pub- lications as well as input from Martin Reichard on his lab’s Nothobranchius research. Martin is responding to my reviews of his lab’s work in the previous edition. I am serious about making sure the content in this newsletter is reliable but I erred in the previous edition and Martin has written extensively to correct my mistake in the section “Erratum”. This reply is welcomed and owed to readers. I must confess that I don ...


Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade 2018 Northwestern College, Iowa

Killi-Data News (Winter), Tyrone Genade

Killifish Research Review

This is the fourth edition, and concluding issue of the first volume, of Killi-Data News and I am happy that it has been well received by readers. At 25 pages this issue is a bit thin- ner than the last but this is because we agreed to make the cut-off for submissions the 1 st of December so we could get this edition out by the New Year. This is an exciting edition full of new species descrip- tions and analyses that will keep taxonomists busy for years to come. Costa has given us two molecular phylogenies on Melanorivulus as ...


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