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Efficient Alignment Algorithms For Dna Sequencing Data, Nilesh Vinod Khiste 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Efficient Alignment Algorithms For Dna Sequencing Data, Nilesh Vinod Khiste

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The DNA Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies produce data at a low cost, enabling their application to many ambitious fields such as cancer research, disease control, personalized medicine etc. However, even after a decade of research, the modern aligners and assemblers are far from providing efficient and error free genome alignments and assemblies respectively. This is due to the inherent nature of the genome alignment and assembly problem, which involves many complexities. Many algorithms to address this problem have been proposed over the years, but there still is a huge scope for improvement in this research space.

Many new genome ...


Applying Data Analytics And Visualization To Assessing The Research Impact Of The Cancer Cell Biology (Ccb) Program At The University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill, Fei Yu, Barrie E. Hayes 2018 Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Applying Data Analytics And Visualization To Assessing The Research Impact Of The Cancer Cell Biology (Ccb) Program At The University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill, Fei Yu, Barrie E. Hayes

Journal of eScience Librarianship

Objective: The purpose of this paper is to report on a research impact assessment (RIA) project conducted by the Health Sciences Library (HSL) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) for the Cancer Cell Biology (CCB) program in the institution’s cancer center through bibliometric data analysis and visualization.

Methods: A total of 642 publications produced by the CCB researchers from 2010 to 2014 was used as the original dataset. After the citations of these publications were cleaned and standardized, the citations were imported into selected bibliometric and other tools for quantitative analysis and visualization.

Results: The ...


Fast And Space-Efficient Location Of Heavy Or Dense Segments In Run-Length Encoded Sequences, Ronald I. Greenberg 2018 Selected Works

Fast And Space-Efficient Location Of Heavy Or Dense Segments In Run-Length Encoded Sequences, Ronald I. Greenberg

Ronald Greenberg

This paper considers several variations of an optimization problem with potential applications in such areas as biomolecular sequence analysis and image processing. Given a sequence of items, each with a weight and a length, the goal is to find a subsequence of consecutive items of optimal value, where value is either total weight or total weight divided by total length. There may also be a specified lower and/or upper bound on the acceptable length of subsequences. This paper shows that all the variations of the problem are solvable in linear time and space even with non-uniform item lengths and ...


Examination Of Orthologous Genes (Mrub_2518 And B3728, Mrub_2519 And B3727, Mrub_2520 And B3726, Mrub_2521 And B3725) Responsible For Abc Phosphate Transporters In Two Species M. Ruber And E. Coli, Margaret Meyer, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Examination Of Orthologous Genes (Mrub_2518 And B3728, Mrub_2519 And B3727, Mrub_2520 And B3726, Mrub_2521 And B3725) Responsible For Abc Phosphate Transporters In Two Species M. Ruber And E. Coli, Margaret Meyer, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes b3725, b3726, b3727, b3728 and Mrub_2518, Mrub_2519, Mrub_2520 and Mrub_2521 (KEGG map number 02010). We predict that these genes encode the components of a Phosphate ABC transporter: Orthologous genes Mrub_2518 (DNA coordinates 2565359..2566438) and b3728 encodes the periplasmic phosphate binding component; Orthologous genes Mrub_2519 (DNA coordinates 2566499..2567485) and b3727, and Mrub_2520 (DNA coordinates 2567496..2568326) and b3726 encode for the two transmembrane proteins; Orthologous genes Mrub_2521 (DNA coordinates 2568338..2569159) and b3725 encode for the ATP binding protein within the cytoplasm. Within the two species, M. ruber ...


Confirmation That Mrub_1751 Is Homologous To E. Coli Xylf, Mrub_1752 Is Homologous To E. Coli Xylh, And Mrub_1753 Is Homologous To E. Coli Xylg, Ben Price, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Confirmation That Mrub_1751 Is Homologous To E. Coli Xylf, Mrub_1752 Is Homologous To E. Coli Xylh, And Mrub_1753 Is Homologous To E. Coli Xylg, Ben Price, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_1751, Mrub_1752 and Mrub_1753 (KEGG map number 02010). We predict these genes encode components of a D-xylose ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter: 1) Mrub_1752 (DNA coordinates 1809004-1810224 on the forward strand) encodes the permease component (aka transmembrane domain), predicted to be an ortholog and 2) Mrub_1753 (DNA coordinates 1810227-1811000 on the forward strand) encodes the ATP-binding domain (aka nucleotide binding domain); and 3) Mrub_1751 (DNA coordinates 1807855-1808892 on the forward strand) encodes the solute binding protein. The ABC-transporter for M. ruber to transport D-xylose is homologous with the transporter ...


Mrub_0680, Mrub_0836, And Mrub_0837 Found To Be Orthologous To E. Coli Ccma, Ccmb, And Ccmc, Respectively, Coding For Abc-Transport Proteins Involved In Cytochrome-C Biogenesis, Sarah N. Church, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_0680, Mrub_0836, And Mrub_0837 Found To Be Orthologous To E. Coli Ccma, Ccmb, And Ccmc, Respectively, Coding For Abc-Transport Proteins Involved In Cytochrome-C Biogenesis, Sarah N. Church, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_0680, Mrub_0836 and Mrub_0837(KEGG map number 02010). We predict these genes encode components of a Heme ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter: 1) Mrub_0836 (DNA coordinates 823734..824399on the reverse strand) encodes the permease component (aka transmembrane domain), predicted to be an ortho; and 2) Mrub_0680(DNA coordinates 659484..660071 on the reverse strand) encodes the ATP-binding domain (aka nucleotide binding domain); and 3) Mrub_0837(DNA coordinates 824570..825262on the reverse strand) encodes the solute binding protein. This gene system encodes a transmembrane exporter and helper proteins ...


Mrub_1325, Mrub_1326, Mrub_1327, And Mrub_1328 Are Orthologs Of B_3454, B_3455, B_3457, B_3458, Respectively Found In Escherichia Coli Coding For A Branched Chain Amino Acid Atp Binding Cassette (Abc) Transporter System, Bennett Tomlin, Adam Buric, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_1325, Mrub_1326, Mrub_1327, And Mrub_1328 Are Orthologs Of B_3454, B_3455, B_3457, B_3458, Respectively Found In Escherichia Coli Coding For A Branched Chain Amino Acid Atp Binding Cassette (Abc) Transporter System, Bennett Tomlin, Adam Buric, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_1325, Mrub_1326, Mrub_1327, and Mrub_1328 (KEGG map number 02010). We predict these genes encode components of a Branched Chain Amino Acid ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter: 1) Mrub_1325 (DNA coordinates 1357399-1358130 on the reverse strand) encodes the ATP binding domain; 2) Mrub_1326 (DNA coordinates 1358127-1359899 on the reverse strand) encodes the ATP-binding domain and permease domain; 3) Mrub_1327 (DNA coordinates 1359899-1360930 on the reverse strand) encodes a permease domain; and 4)Mrub_1328 (DNA coordinates 1711022-1712185 on the reverse strand) encodes the substrate binding domain. This system is not predicted ...


Mrub_2120, Mrub_2121, Mrub_2122, Mrub_2123 And Mrub_2124 Are Orthologs Of E. Coli Genes B3458, B3457, B3456, B3455 And B3454, Respectively, And Make Up An Operon That Codes For The Branched-Chain Amino Acid Abc Transporter In Meiothermus Ruber Dsm 1279, Aaron Jones, Madelyn Huber, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_2120, Mrub_2121, Mrub_2122, Mrub_2123 And Mrub_2124 Are Orthologs Of E. Coli Genes B3458, B3457, B3456, B3455 And B3454, Respectively, And Make Up An Operon That Codes For The Branched-Chain Amino Acid Abc Transporter In Meiothermus Ruber Dsm 1279, Aaron Jones, Madelyn Huber, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_2120, Mrub_2121, Mrub_2122, Mrub_2123 and Mrub_2124 (KEGG map number 02010). We predict these genes encode components of a branched-chain amino acid ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter: 1) Mrub_2120 (DNA coordinates 2169247-2170416 on the reverse strand) encodes the branched-chain amino acid binding protein that is localized to the periplasm; 2) Mrub_2121 (DNA coordinates 2170433..2171353 on the reverse strand) encodes the first TMD; 3) Mrub_2122 (DNA coordinates 2171365..2172279 on the reverse strand) encodes the second TMD; 4) Mrub_2123 (DNA coordinates 2172276..2173028 on the reverse strand) encodes the first ...


Meiothermus Ruber Mrub_0320 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3452 Gene, Mrub_0321 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3451 Gene, Mrub_0322 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3453 Gene, Mrub_2366 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3450 Gene Found In Escherichia Coli, Which Encode For Components Of An Abc Transporter Involved In Sn-Glycerol - 3-Phosphate, Jenna Hall, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Meiothermus Ruber Mrub_0320 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3452 Gene, Mrub_0321 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3451 Gene, Mrub_0322 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3453 Gene, Mrub_2366 Gene Is An Ortholog Of The B3450 Gene Found In Escherichia Coli, Which Encode For Components Of An Abc Transporter Involved In Sn-Glycerol - 3-Phosphate, Jenna Hall, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes mrub_0320, mrub_0321, mrub_0322, and mrub_2366 (KEGG map number 02010). We predict these genes encode components of a sn-glycerol-3-phosphate (ABC) transporter: 1) mrub_0320 (DNA coordinates 288469..289401) encodes the permease component (aka transmembrane domain), predicted to be an ortholog; 2) mrub_0321 (DNA coordinates 289394..290218) encodes another permease domain, and also contains a transcriptional regular; ATP-binding domain (aka nucleotide binding domain); 3) mrub_0322 (DNA coordinates 290234..291541) encodes the solute binding protein; and 4) mrub_2366 (DNA coordinates 2418207..2419352 on the reverse strand) encodes for an ATP-binding domain for multiple ...


Mrub_1675, Mrub_1676, Mrub_1677, And Mrub_1679 Genes Are Orthologs Of B_3458, B_3457, B_3456, And B_3454 Genes In E. Coli, Respectively, Coding For Abc Transporters. Mrub_1678 And B_3455, Though Perform Similar Tasks, Are Not Orthologous, Ravi Patel, Alaina Hofmann, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_1675, Mrub_1676, Mrub_1677, And Mrub_1679 Genes Are Orthologs Of B_3458, B_3457, B_3456, And B_3454 Genes In E. Coli, Respectively, Coding For Abc Transporters. Mrub_1678 And B_3455, Though Perform Similar Tasks, Are Not Orthologous, Ravi Patel, Alaina Hofmann, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

In this project we investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_1675, Mrub_1676, Mrub_1677, and Mrub_1679 (KEGG map number 02010). We predict these genes encode components of a Branched chain amino acid (ABC) transporter: Mrub_1675 (DNA coordinates 1711022..1712185 on the reverse strand) encodes the permease component, Mrub_1676 (DNA coordinates 1712313..1713170) encodes for the NBD (aka nucleotide binding domain), Mrub_1677 (DNA coordinates 1713167..1714075 on the reverse strand) encodes the NBD (aka nucleotide binding domain), Mrub_1678 (DNA coordinates 1713167..1714075 on the reverse strand) encodes the TMD (aka transmembrane domain) and Mrub_1679 (DNA coordinates 1714781..1715485 on the reverse ...


Mrub_1283, Mrub_1284 And Mrub_1285 Encode For A Glycine/Betaine Abc Transporter And Are Orthologs Of E. Coli Prov, Prow And Prox, Lan Dang, Dr. Lori Scott 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mrub_1283, Mrub_1284 And Mrub_1285 Encode For A Glycine/Betaine Abc Transporter And Are Orthologs Of E. Coli Prov, Prow And Prox, Lan Dang, Dr. Lori Scott

Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project

ABC transporters are essential for cellular transport; contribute to maintain the homeostasis of the cells. Generally, ABC transporters are multi-subunit; contain essential cytoplasmic factors which are critical to ATP hydrolysis activity. In this paper, we would like to take a closer look to Mrub_1283, Mrub_1284 and Mrub_1285, three consecutive genes in Meiothermus ruber genome. We hypothesize that these genes are in the same operon and encode for ABC glycine/ betaine transporters. To confirm our hypothesis, we utilizes several bioinformatics tools to predict the potential function of Mrub_1283, Mrub_1284 and Mrub_1285 and to search for their orthologs in Escherichia coli genome ...


Transcripity Split: Course-Based Rna-Seq Analysis Using The Ultrafast Kallisto-Sleuth Pipeline, Raymond A. Enke 2017 enkera@jmu.edu

Transcripity Split: Course-Based Rna-Seq Analysis Using The Ultrafast Kallisto-Sleuth Pipeline, Raymond A. Enke

Ray Enke Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Identification Of Factors Involved In 18s Nonfunctional Ribosomal Rna Decay And A Method For Detecting 8-Oxoguanosine By Rna-Seq, Kelly A. Limoncelli 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Identification Of Factors Involved In 18s Nonfunctional Ribosomal Rna Decay And A Method For Detecting 8-Oxoguanosine By Rna-Seq, Kelly A. Limoncelli

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

The translation of mRNA into functional proteins is essential for all life. In eukaryotes, aberrant RNAs containing sequence features that stall or severely slow down ribosomes are subject to translation-dependent quality control. Targets include mRNAs encoding a strong secondary structure (No-Go Decay; NGD) or stretches of positively-charged amino acids (Peptide-dependent Translation Arrest/Ribosome Quality Control; PDTA/RQC), mRNAs lacking an in-frame stop codon (Non-Stop Decay; NSD), or defective 18S rRNAs (18S Nonfunctional rRNA Decay; 18S NRD). Previous work from our lab showed that the S. cerevisiae NGD factors DOM34 and HBS1, and PDTA/RQC factor ASC1, all participate in the ...


Integrative Microrna And Mrna Deep-Sequencing Expression Profiling In Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma, Cliff I. Oduor, Yasin Kaymaz, Kiprotich Chelimo, Juliana A. Otieno, John Michael Ong'echa, Ann M. Moormann, Jeffrey A. Bailey 2017 Maseno University

Integrative Microrna And Mrna Deep-Sequencing Expression Profiling In Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma, Cliff I. Oduor, Yasin Kaymaz, Kiprotich Chelimo, Juliana A. Otieno, John Michael Ong'echa, Ann M. Moormann, Jeffrey A. Bailey

Ann M. Moormann

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is characterized by overexpression of the c-myc oncogene, which in the vast majority of cases is a consequence of an IGH/MYC translocation. While myc is the seminal event, BL is a complex amalgam of genetic and epigenetic changes causing dysregulation of both coding and non-coding transcripts. Emerging evidence suggest that abnormal modulation of mRNA transcription via miRNAs might be a significant factor in lymphomagenesis. However, the alterations in these miRNAs and their correlations to their putative mRNA targets have not been extensively studied relative to normal germinal center (GC) B cells.

METHODS: Using more sensitive ...


Dna Barcoding Of Quercus Falcata, Quercus Palustris, Quercus Rubra, And Their Hybrids Using Rbcl, Matk, And Ycf1, Mckinzie Johnson, Tim Trott 2017 Southern Adventist Univeristy

Dna Barcoding Of Quercus Falcata, Quercus Palustris, Quercus Rubra, And Their Hybrids Using Rbcl, Matk, And Ycf1, Mckinzie Johnson, Tim Trott

Research in Biology

No abstract provided.


Bioinformatic Analysis Of Circadian Expression Of Oncogenes And Tumor Suppressor Genes, Abbas Salavaty 2017 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

Bioinformatic Analysis Of Circadian Expression Of Oncogenes And Tumor Suppressor Genes, Abbas Salavaty

Abbas Salavaty

Background:
Circadian rhythms are physiological and behavioral cycles with a period of approximately 24 hours that control various functions including gene expression. Circadian disruption is associated with a variety of diseases, especially cancer. Although some of the oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) are known as clock-controlled genes (CCGs), the analysis and annotation of circadian expression of most human oncogenes and TSGs are still lacking. This study aims to investigate the circadian expression of a list of human oncogenes and TSGs.

Methods:
A bioinformatic analysis was conducted on a gene library comprising 120 genes to investigate the circadian expression of ...


Transcriptome-Based Gene Networks For Systems-Level Analysis Of Plant Gene Functions, Chirag Gupta 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Transcriptome-Based Gene Networks For Systems-Level Analysis Of Plant Gene Functions, Chirag Gupta

Theses and Dissertations

Present day genomic technologies are evolving at an unprecedented rate, allowing interrogation of

cellular activities with increasing breadth and depth. However, we know very little about how the

genome functions and what the identified genes do. The lack of functional annotations of genes

greatly limits the post-analytical interpretation of new high throughput genomic datasets. For plant

biologists, the problem is much severe. Less than 50% of all the identified genes in the model plant

Arabidopsis thaliana, and only about 20% of all genes in the crop model Oryza sativa have some

aspects of their functions assigned. Therefore, there is an ...


Integrative Cancer Immunogenomic Analysis Of Serial Melanoma Biopsies Reveals Correlates Of Response And Resistance To Sequential Ctla-4 And Pd-1 Blockade Treatment, Whijae Roh 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Integrative Cancer Immunogenomic Analysis Of Serial Melanoma Biopsies Reveals Correlates Of Response And Resistance To Sequential Ctla-4 And Pd-1 Blockade Treatment, Whijae Roh

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Melanoma is the most malignant form of skin cancer. The five-year survival rate for metastatic melanoma is 19.9%. Although targeted therapy of BRAF and MEK inhibitors were developed for melanoma, resistance to therapy is inevitable. Immune checkpoint blockade, which reverses the suppression of the immune system, on the other hand, has shown a durable response in 20-30% of patients with metastatic melanoma. However, more predictive and robust biomarkers of response to this therapy are still needed, and resistance mechanisms remain incompletely understood. To address this, we examined a cohort of metastatic melanoma patients treated with sequential checkpoint blockade against ...


Computational Identification Of Noncoding Driver Mutations Based On Impact On Rna Processing, Kevin Zhu 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Computational Identification Of Noncoding Driver Mutations Based On Impact On Rna Processing, Kevin Zhu

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Despite the prevalence of mutations in the noncoding regions of the DNA, their effects on cancer development remain largely uninvestigated. This is especially evident when compared to coding mutations, which have been relatively well-studied and, in certain cases, been identified as driver mutations for cancer. Recent studies, however, have identified noncoding mutations that frequently appear in certain types of cancer, which may be evidence that those mutations are important to cancer development. Nonetheless, the role of noncoding mutations in cancer remains unclear. A potential vector for understanding this mechanism is through observing the relation between noncoding mutations and functional RNA ...


Functional Data Analysis Methods For Predicting Disease Status., Sarah Kendrick 2017 University of Louisville

Functional Data Analysis Methods For Predicting Disease Status., Sarah Kendrick

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is used to determine thermally-induced conformational changes of biomolecules within a blood plasma sample. Recent research has indicated that DSC curves (or thermograms) may have different characteristics based on disease status and, thus, may be useful as a monitoring and diagnostic tool for some diseases. Since thermograms are curves measured over a range of temperature values, they are often considered as functional data. In this dissertation we propose and apply functional data analysis (FDA) techniques to analyze DSC data from the Lupus Family Registry and Repository (LFRR). The aim is to develop FDA methods to ...


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