Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Immunology and Infectious Disease Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4582 Full-Text Articles 7697 Authors 321954 Downloads 115 Institutions

All Articles in Immunology and Infectious Disease

Faceted Search

4582 full-text articles. Page 1 of 115.

Molecular Biology Of A Surface-Exposed Protein Family Of Bartonella Bacilliformis, Hannah Fay 2017 University of Montana

Molecular Biology Of A Surface-Exposed Protein Family Of Bartonella Bacilliformis, Hannah Fay

Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers

Bartonella bacilliformis is a gram negative alpha-proteobacterium native to the Andes of South America. Bartonella causes Carrion’s disease, a potentially life threatening disease transmitted by the sand fly. It has a mortality rate of 88% when untreated and 10% when treated. Diagnostics and control measures for the disease are underdeveloped and no vaccine is available. Recent outbreaks indicate that the range of the pathogen is increasing with nearly 1.7 million people in western South America at risk. Little is known about the epidemiology and pathogenesis of B. bacilliformis. Recent research done by UC San Diego found a paralogous ...


Modeling Cross-Species Extrapolation Of Inhalation Anthrax For Risk Assessment Purposes, Megan O. Powell 2016 University of St. Francis

Modeling Cross-Species Extrapolation Of Inhalation Anthrax For Risk Assessment Purposes, Megan O. Powell

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Vaccination Strategies For Small Worlds, Winfried Just, Hannah L. Callender 2016 Ohio University - Main Campus

Vaccination Strategies For Small Worlds, Winfried Just, Hannah L. Callender

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Population Characteristics Of Human-Commensal Rodents Present In Households From Mérida, Yucatán, México, Jesús Alonso Panti-May, Silvia F. Hernández-Betancourt, Marco A. Torres-Castro, Carlos Machaín-Williams, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Lorenzo Sodá, Gabriela López-Manzanero, Josué R. Meza-Sulú, Victor M. Vidal-Martínez 2016 Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán

Population Characteristics Of Human-Commensal Rodents Present In Households From Mérida, Yucatán, México, Jesús Alonso Panti-May, Silvia F. Hernández-Betancourt, Marco A. Torres-Castro, Carlos Machaín-Williams, Nohemi Cigarroa-Toledo, Lorenzo Sodá, Gabriela López-Manzanero, Josué R. Meza-Sulú, Victor M. Vidal-Martínez

MANTER: Journal of Parasite Biodiversity

Anthropocommensal rodents live in close proximity to humans in many habitats around the world. They are a threat to public health because of the pathogens they carry. Recent studies in Mérida, Yucatán, México, have shown that commensal rodents harbor potential zoonotic pathogens such as bacteria, helminths, and viruses. In this study, we describe reproductive and demographic parameters of house mice and black rats present in households from Mérida, Yucatán, México, a municipality located in a tropical region in southern México. Rodents were trapped in 142 households within the municipality of Mérida from 2011 to 2014. A total of 832 rodents ...


The Global Economic And Health Burden Of Human Hookworm Infection., Sarah M Bartsch, Peter J. Hotez, Lindsey Asti, Kristina M Zapf, Maria Elena Bottazzi, David J. Diemert, Bruce Y Lee 2016 George Washington University

The Global Economic And Health Burden Of Human Hookworm Infection., Sarah M Bartsch, Peter J. Hotez, Lindsey Asti, Kristina M Zapf, Maria Elena Bottazzi, David J. Diemert, Bruce Y Lee

Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Even though human hookworm infection is highly endemic in many countries throughout the world, its global economic and health impact is not well known. Without a better understanding of hookworm's economic burden worldwide, it is difficult for decision makers such as funders, policy makers, disease control officials, and intervention manufacturers to determine how much time, energy, and resources to invest in hookworm control.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: We developed a computational simulation model to estimate the economic and health burden of hookworm infection in every country, WHO region, and globally, in 2016 from the societal perspective. Globally, hookworm infection ...


Current Knowledge Of Studies Of Pathogens In Colombian Mammals, Viviana Gonzalez-Astudillo, Héctor E. Ramírez-Chaves, Joerg Henning, Thomas R. Gillespie 2016 University of Queensland, Gatton

Current Knowledge Of Studies Of Pathogens In Colombian Mammals, Viviana Gonzalez-Astudillo, Héctor E. Ramírez-Chaves, Joerg Henning, Thomas R. Gillespie

MANTER: Journal of Parasite Biodiversity

Mammals provide an important ecological habitat or niche space to microbial diversity, protistans (or protozoans) and metazoan parasites that can have profound effects on both human and animal health. Thus, understanding the status of mammalian species as hosts for pathogens holds relevance, especially during this time of anthropogenic environmental change. Despite the great diversity in the mammal fauna of Colombia, data in the literature on the occurrence of parasites and pathogens in these mammals are scarce and widely scattered. In order to understand the state of the knowledge of pathogens carried by wild mammals in Colombia, a systematic review of ...


The Importance Of Mammalogy, Infectious Disease Research, And Biosafety In The Field, Matthew R. Mauldin, Jeffrey B. Doty, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Ginny L. Emerson, Darin S. Carroll 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Importance Of Mammalogy, Infectious Disease Research, And Biosafety In The Field, Matthew R. Mauldin, Jeffrey B. Doty, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Ginny L. Emerson, Darin S. Carroll

MANTER: Journal of Parasite Biodiversity

Large amounts of data and multitudes of publications have been independently generated by researchers in mammalogy and infectious diseases. The frequent confluence of these fields in epidemiological research as well as the facility of the data generated to be used in applied methods (e.g., conservation, public outreach, public health interventions) suggests that the intersection of these fields is important not only to their committed scientists but also to other areas of investigation, including public health. Given the increased frequency with which researchers in these fields interact with potentially infected humans, animals, and tissues, their occupations present a higher risk ...


A Fluorescent Reporter Mouse For Inflammasome Assembly Demonstrates An Important Role For Cell-Bound And Free Asc Specks During In Vivo Infection, Te-Chen Tzeng, Stefan A. Schattgen, Brian G. Monks, Donghai Wang, Anna M. Cerny, Eicke Latz, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Douglas T. Golenbock 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Fluorescent Reporter Mouse For Inflammasome Assembly Demonstrates An Important Role For Cell-Bound And Free Asc Specks During In Vivo Infection, Te-Chen Tzeng, Stefan A. Schattgen, Brian G. Monks, Donghai Wang, Anna M. Cerny, Eicke Latz, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Douglas T. Golenbock

Katherine A. Fitzgerald

Inflammasome activation is associated with numerous diseases. However, in vivo detection of the activated inflammasome complex has been limited by a dearth of tools. We have developed transgenic mice that ectopically express the fluorescent adaptor protein, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) and characterized the formation of assembled inflammasome complexes ("specks") in primary cells and tissues. In addition to hematopoietic cells, we have found that a stromal population in the lung tissues formed specks during the early phase of influenza infection, whereas myeloid cells showed speck formation after 2 days. In a peritonitis and group B streptococcus ...


Human Monoclonal Antibodies To Plasmodium Falciparum Circumsporozoite Protein For Transient Passive Protection Of Malaria Travelers To Endemic Areas, Stuart Nelson, Douglas Golenbock, Ann M. Moormann, Colby A. Souders, Lisa Cavacini 2016 University of Massachusettts Medical School

Human Monoclonal Antibodies To Plasmodium Falciparum Circumsporozoite Protein For Transient Passive Protection Of Malaria Travelers To Endemic Areas, Stuart Nelson, Douglas Golenbock, Ann M. Moormann, Colby A. Souders, Lisa Cavacini

Ann M. Moormann

Plasmodium falciparum, is a protozoa that causes over 214 million cases of Malaria worldwide and the World Health Organization reported an estimated 438,000 deaths attributed to malaria in 2015. Current prevention strategies have reduced malaria cases but they are either costly, have poor efficacy or resistance has begun to develop. There is a global need for an effective pre-exposure prophylaxis treatment.

The leading Malaria vaccine candidate is RTS,S which contains a monovalent Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (CSP). The goal of this vaccine is to induce anti-CSP antibodies that would block sporozoite invasion of hepatocytes and thereby hinder parasite ...


N-Methylation Of A Bactericidal Compound As A Resistance Mechanism In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Kenan C. Murphy, Carl F. Nathan 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

N-Methylation Of A Bactericidal Compound As A Resistance Mechanism In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Kenan C. Murphy, Carl F. Nathan

Open Access Articles

The rising incidence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) makes it imperative to understand the underlying mechanisms. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the single leading cause of death from a bacterial pathogen and estimated to be the leading cause of death from AMR. A pyrido-benzimidazole, 14, was reported to have potent bactericidal activity against Mtb. Here, we isolated multiple Mtb clones resistant to 14. Each had mutations in the putative DNA-binding and dimerization domains of rv2887, a gene encoding a transcriptional repressor of the MarR family. The mutations in Rv2887 led to markedly increased expression of rv0560c. We characterized Rv0560c as an S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent ...


Genomic Insights Into The Ixodes Scapularis Tick Vector Of Lyme Disease, Monika Gulia-Nuss,, Daniel R. Caffrey, Neal S. Silverman, Adam R. Wespiser, Catherine A. Hill 2016 Purdue University

Genomic Insights Into The Ixodes Scapularis Tick Vector Of Lyme Disease, Monika Gulia-Nuss,, Daniel R. Caffrey, Neal S. Silverman, Adam R. Wespiser, Catherine A. Hill

Neal Silverman

Ticks transmit more pathogens to humans and animals than any other arthropod. We describe the 2.1 Gbp nuclear genome of the tick, Ixodes scapularis (Say), which vectors pathogens that cause Lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, babesiosis and other diseases. The large genome reflects accumulation of repetitive DNA, new lineages of retro-transposons, and gene architecture patterns resembling ancient metazoans rather than pancrustaceans. Annotation of scaffolds representing approximately 57% of the genome, reveals 20,486 protein-coding genes and expansions of gene families associated with tick-host interactions. We report insights from genome analyses into parasitic processes unique to ticks, including host 'questing ...


Cryptosporidium Parvum Among Coprolites From La Cueva De Los Muertos Chiquitos (600–800 Ce), Rio Zape Valley, Durango, Mexico, Johnica J. Morrow, Karl Reinhard 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Cryptosporidium Parvum Among Coprolites From La Cueva De Los Muertos Chiquitos (600–800 Ce), Rio Zape Valley, Durango, Mexico, Johnica J. Morrow, Karl Reinhard

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

In the present study, 90 coprolites from La Cueva de los Muertos Chiquitos (CMC) were subjected to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests for 3 diarrhea-inducing protozoan parasites, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia duodenalis, and Cryptosporidium parvum, to determine whether these parasites were present among the people who utilized this cave 1,200–1,400 yr ago. These people, the Loma San Gabriel, developed as a culture out of the Archaic Los Caracoles population and lived throughout much of present-day Durango and Zacatecas in Mexico. The Loma San Gabriel persisted through a mixed subsistence strategy of hunting-gathering and agricultural production. The results of ...


Cannabinoids Suppress The Innate Immune Response To Periodontal Pathogen Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Gingival Epithelial Cells., Rajarshi Guha Niyogi 2016 University of Louisville

Cannabinoids Suppress The Innate Immune Response To Periodontal Pathogen Porphyromonas Gingivalis In Gingival Epithelial Cells., Rajarshi Guha Niyogi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Marijuana is widely used in the United States for recreational and medicinal purposes. Despite the proposed beneficial effects of cannabis on certain medical conditions, there is also a concern there is also a concern over negative health consequences of marijuana smoking. Recently, cannabis use has been established as a dose related risk factor for chronic periodontitis. Although the induction / exacerbation of chronic periodontitis in marijuana users has been established epidemiologically, the mechanisms underlying such predisposition are still unknown. It has long been suggested that marijuana has anti-inflammatory properties, while human epithelial cells are known to express cannabinoid receptor type 2 ...


Tlr3 Signaling In Human Bdca-3 Dendritic Cells Results In The Formation Of Several Ilt3 And Ilt4 Populations, Nicholas J. Colletti 2016 Seton Hall University

Tlr3 Signaling In Human Bdca-3 Dendritic Cells Results In The Formation Of Several Ilt3 And Ilt4 Populations, Nicholas J. Colletti

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a population of innate immune cells that are highly efficient at promoting immune responses. DCs are capable of presenting antigens to both CD4 and CD8 T cells. DC presentation and interaction with T cells can result in either immune stimulation or tolerance. This study intends to phenotype a rare subset of DCs found in the human blood and is distinguishable by the expression of various surface markers including: lineage markers (Lin), HLADR, CD1c, and CD141 or BDCA-3. Stimulating BDCA-3 DCs with Poly I:C, a toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 agonist, resulted in the up-regulation of various ...


Long-Term Activation Of The Innate Immune System In Atherosclerosis, Anette Christ, Siroon Bekkering, Eicke Latz, Niels P. Riksen 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Long-Term Activation Of The Innate Immune System In Atherosclerosis, Anette Christ, Siroon Bekkering, Eicke Latz, Niels P. Riksen

Open Access Articles

Efforts to reverse the pathologic consequences of vulnerable plaques are often stymied by the complex treatment resistant pro-inflammatory environment within the plaque. This suggests that pro-atherogenic stimuli, such as LDL cholesterol and high fat diets may impart longer lived signals on (innate) immune cells that persist even after reversing the pro-atherogenic stimuli. Recently, a series of studies challenged the traditional immunological paradigm that innate immune cells cannot display memory characteristics. Epigenetic reprogramming in these myeloid cell subsets, after exposure to certain stimuli, has been shown to alter the expression of genes upon re-exposure. This phenomenon has been termed trained innate ...


Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr. 2016 Rockhurst University

Dietary Weight Loss Advice In Us Health Magazines And Its Relation To Ancestral Diet, Risa J. Stein, Marium A. Choudhry, Thomas J. Murray Jr.

Journal of Evolution and Health

As rates of overweight and obesity have risen in the US, the public has sought effective strategies for weight loss through dietary modification. A proliferation of processed foods and changing governmental nutrition guidelines have both impacted dietary intake patterns. While physicians are considered respectable sources of weight-loss information, increasingly the public has turned to the media, particularly magazines, for weight loss advice. This study investigated the dietary recommendations found in the five leading US health-related magazines and compared those recommendations to ancestral diets. With a couple notable exceptions, leading health magazines present consistent recommendations for dietary modifications to promote weight ...


Mcnamara 20160717 - The Chase - Rogers Pmn Panorama With Metamatters Link At Bottom - Mv1 Codec Q095, Tqr095.Avi, George McNamara 2016 M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Mcnamara 20160717 - The Chase - Rogers Pmn Panorama With Metamatters Link At Bottom - Mv1 Codec Q095, Tqr095.Avi, George Mcnamara

George McNamara

2016 update of my panoramic movie of "The Chase". this adds a new bottom text to
https://works.bepress.com/gmcnamara/73/
that contains a download of my four MetaMatters newsletter articles about this movie.

Bottom left: original movie (jumpy as cells move to new fields of view).

Top has four segments: 1. Panorama version of David Rogers 1950's timelapse movie. 2. Addition of white cell outlines for the neutrophil. 3. Topographic surface map (TSM) with outlines. Made using MetaMorph Imaging System version 7.7. TSM command was present in version 1.0 of MetaMorph, released in 12/1992 ...


A Fluorescent Reporter Mouse For Inflammasome Assembly Demonstrates An Important Role For Cell-Bound And Free Asc Specks During In Vivo Infection, Te-Chen Tzeng, Stefan A. Schattgen, Brian G. Monks, Donghai Wang, Anna M. Cerny, Eicke Latz, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Douglas T. Golenbock 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Fluorescent Reporter Mouse For Inflammasome Assembly Demonstrates An Important Role For Cell-Bound And Free Asc Specks During In Vivo Infection, Te-Chen Tzeng, Stefan A. Schattgen, Brian G. Monks, Donghai Wang, Anna M. Cerny, Eicke Latz, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Douglas T. Golenbock

Open Access Articles

Inflammasome activation is associated with numerous diseases. However, in vivo detection of the activated inflammasome complex has been limited by a dearth of tools. We have developed transgenic mice that ectopically express the fluorescent adaptor protein, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) and characterized the formation of assembled inflammasome complexes ("specks") in primary cells and tissues. In addition to hematopoietic cells, we have found that a stromal population in the lung tissues formed specks during the early phase of influenza infection, whereas myeloid cells showed speck formation after 2 days. In a peritonitis and group B streptococcus ...


Closing The Net On Retroviruses, Jeremy Luban 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Closing The Net On Retroviruses, Jeremy Luban

Open Access Articles

Structural studies reveal how an antiviral factor forms a molecular net to restrict retroviruses including HIV-1.


American Society Of Parasitologists Newsletter, V. 38, No. 3, Late Summer 2016, Scott Lyell Gardner 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

American Society Of Parasitologists Newsletter, V. 38, No. 3, Late Summer 2016, Scott Lyell Gardner

Newsletter of the American Society of Parasitologists

Newsletter issue of the American Society of Parasitologists.


Digital Commons powered by bepress