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Relationships Between Assessments In A Physical Ability Test For Law Enforcement: Is There Redundancy In Certain Assessments?, Karly Cesario, Joe Dulla, Ashley Blood Good, Matthew R. Moreno, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie 2018 University of California, Fullerton

Relationships Between Assessments In A Physical Ability Test For Law Enforcement: Is There Redundancy In Certain Assessments?, Karly Cesario, Joe Dulla, Ashley Blood Good, Matthew R. Moreno, J. Jay Dawes, Robert G. Lockie

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 1063-1073, 2018. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between tests incorporated into a physical assessment battery (PAT) for a law enforcement (LEA) to determine if there were redundancies (i.e. tests measuring the same qualities). A retrospective analysis of 226 recruits (196 males, 30 females) was conducted. The PAT consisted of: maximal push-ups and sit-ups completed in 60 s; a 75-yard pursuit run (75PR); maximal revolutions completed on an arm ergometer in 60 s; and a 2.4 km run. A one-way ANOVA (p<0.05) determined if there were significant differences in the PAT data between the sexes. Pearson’s correlations (p<0.05) calculated relationships between each of the tests within the PAT, and males and females were analyzed separately. Further, tests that could potentially measure similar qualities, including upper-body endurance (push-ups/arm ergometer), abdominal endurance (push-ups/sit-ups), and aerobic fitness (arm ergometer/2.4 km run) were investigated further with one-sample t-tests to determine agreement. Males performed better than the females in all tests (p≤0.017). There ...


Fitness Profiles In Elite Tactical Units: A Critical Review, Daniel Maupin, Thomas Wills, Robin M. Orr, Benjamin Schram 2018 Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University

Fitness Profiles In Elite Tactical Units: A Critical Review, Daniel Maupin, Thomas Wills, Robin M. Orr, Benjamin Schram

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(3): 1041-1062, 2018. Elite tactical units complete a variety of demanding tasks and a high level of fitness is required by this population to perform their occupational tasks optimally. The aim of this critical review was to identify and synthesize key findings of studies that have investigated the fitness profiles of elite tactical units. Included studies were critically appraised, using the Downs and Black checklist, and a level of evidence was determined. Relevant data were extracted, tabulated, and synthesized. Fourteen studies were included for review and ranged in percentage quality scores from 46% to ...


Running Economy While Running In Shoes Categorized As Maximal Cushioning, Miles A. Mercer, Tori M. Stone, John C. Young, John A. Mercer 2018 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa

Running Economy While Running In Shoes Categorized As Maximal Cushioning, Miles A. Mercer, Tori M. Stone, John C. Young, John A. Mercer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(2): 1031-1040, 2018. The purpose of the study was to determine if running economy was influenced by wearing maximal cushioning shoes vs. control (neutral cushioning) shoes. Participants (n=10, age=28.2±6.1yrs; mass=68.1±10.2 kg; height=170±6.1 cm) completed two experiments. Each experiment included running conditions wearing control and maximal cushioning shoes. In Experiment 1, participants ran on a treadmill at three speeds in each shoe condition (6 total conditions). The speeds were: 1) preferred speed, 2) preferred speed + 0.447 m·s-1, and 3) preferred ...


Factors That Affect Retention Of Sport Officials, Ryan Ilardi 2018 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Factors That Affect Retention Of Sport Officials, Ryan Ilardi

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine previous research on factors that affect sport officials’ intention to continue officiating. There is currently a shortage of sport officials across several sports worldwide, especially at the amateur level. The studies examined within the critical mass discovered common factors that positively and negatively affect sport official retention. Having a passion for the game, the social aspect of officiating and the perceived lack of organizational support were recurring themes that were cited as affecting sport officials’ intention to continue. Previous research recommended how officiating associations could improve their recruitment and retention of sport ...


What Are Preferred Leadership Styles Of Athletes From Their Coaches, Sean Heil 2018 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

What Are Preferred Leadership Styles Of Athletes From Their Coaches, Sean Heil

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Using the Multidimensional Model of Leadership three aspects of a leaders' behavior need to be aligned in order to see an increase in member satisfaction and performance. These aspects include required behavior, preferred behavior, and actual behavior. From this idea, the Leadership Scale for Sport was developed which broke down leadership styles of a coach into five categories. These include democratic behavior, social support, positive feedback, training and instruction and autocratic behavior. It is evident that athletes at the youth level as well as the collegiate and professional level prefer four of these leadership styles. These four most preferred are ...


Comparison Of Physical Activity During Zumba With A Human Or Video Game Instructor, Bridgette Schneekloth, Gregory A. Brown 2018 University of Nebraska Kearney

Comparison Of Physical Activity During Zumba With A Human Or Video Game Instructor, Bridgette Schneekloth, Gregory A. Brown

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 1019-1030, 2018. Using a physically active video game presents an opportunity for a person to engage in exercise in the privacy of their own home, yet still receive some feedback on the quality of their exercise performance. The purpose of this project was to compare the physical activity between participating in a Zumba exercise class led by a human and using a Zumba video game. Eight women (33.0 ± 3.0 y, 34.8 ± 8.1 % body fat) who regularly participated in a Zumba exercise class were measured for heart rate, number of ...


Development Of An Online Doctor Of Education Program In Applied Exercise Science, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Development Of An Online Doctor Of Education Program In Applied Exercise Science, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


Aerobic Fitness Is Of Greater Importance Than Strength And Power In The Load Carriage Performance Of Specialist Police, Jeremy Robinson, Adam Roberts, Shane Irving, Robin M. Orr 2018 Australian Federal Police

Aerobic Fitness Is Of Greater Importance Than Strength And Power In The Load Carriage Performance Of Specialist Police, Jeremy Robinson, Adam Roberts, Shane Irving, Robin M. Orr

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 987-998, 2018.Police officers are required to carry external loads as part of their occupation. One means of preparing officers to carry loads is through physical conditioning. The aim of this study was to investigate whether strength, power or aerobic endurance had the greatest association with load carriage performance. Retrospective data from 42 male specialist tactical police officers (mean body weight = 88.8±8.25 kg) informed this study. Baseline data were provided for strength (1 Repetition Maximum [RM] bench press, deadlift, squat and pull-up), lower body power (vertical jump, 10m sprint) and ...


Effect Of A Flying Versus Stationary Start On Wingate Test Outcomes Using An Electromagnetically-Braked Cycle Ergometer In Advanced Resistance-Trained Males, Nicolas W. Clark, Dale R. Wagner, Edward M. Heath 2018 University of Central Florida

Effect Of A Flying Versus Stationary Start On Wingate Test Outcomes Using An Electromagnetically-Braked Cycle Ergometer In Advanced Resistance-Trained Males, Nicolas W. Clark, Dale R. Wagner, Edward M. Heath

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(4): 980-986, 2018.The purpose of this study was to compare power outputs of the flying start to the stationary start method on an electromagnetically–braked cycle ergometer. Twenty advanced resistance-trained men (age 24.6 ± 4.5 years; 25.4 ± 2.5 kg/m2) volunteered to participate in this study. A counter-balanced, repeated-measures design was utilized to randomly assign participants to either the flying start or the stationary start for their first Wingate test. Paired ttests were used to evaluate mean differences between start methods. Peak power (PP), mean power (MP), total work ...


The Navy Physical Fitness Test: A Proposed Revision To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

The Navy Physical Fitness Test: A Proposed Revision To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

The Department of Defense mandates that each branch of the Armed Forces develop and use annual Physical Fitness Tests to assess the physical readiness of their service-members. In an attempt to improve test validity and better predict battlefield performance, most of the services have made significant changes in recent years to their physical fitness tests. However, the Navy's Physical Readiness Test has remained relatively unchanged since 1986. This article introduces a revised Physical Fitness Test, the Navy Physical Fitness Test, that offers significantly improved validity and operational relevance.


The Reliability And Predictive Ability Of The Movement Competency Screen In A Military Population, E. J. Milbank, David D. Peterson, S. M. Henry 2018 Cedarville University

The Reliability And Predictive Ability Of The Movement Competency Screen In A Military Population, E. J. Milbank, David D. Peterson, S. M. Henry

David Peterson, Ed.D.

Purpose: Musculoskeletal injuries in the United States Armed Forces impacts operational readiness. Therefore, a reliable, valid screening tool that identifies injury risk and predicts performance is needed. The purpose of this study was to: (1) establish the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Movement Competency Screen (MCS) using a cohort of United States Naval Academy fourth class Midshipmen, (2) identify if a correlation exists between average total MCS scores and injury rates during training, and (3) identify if a correlation exists between 1/16 average total MCS score and performance on the Physical Readiness Test (PRT).

Methods: Five raters independently ...


Proposed Revisions To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Proposed Revisions To The Navy Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


Proposed Performance Standards For The Plank For Inclusion Consideration Into The Navy's Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Proposed Performance Standards For The Plank For Inclusion Consideration Into The Navy's Physical Readiness Test, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

Since 1982, the U.S. Navy has used the curl-up as part of its semiannual physical readiness test (PRT) to assess core muscular endurance. Although no formal study has been conducted yet, there is speculation that the incorporation of the curl-up into the PRT has contributed to the navy's lower back injury rate. Therefore, there has been considerable interest as of late to identify a safer (and more operationally relevant) alternative to the curl-up. The following article takes a formal look at the standard front plank as a possible replacement for the curl-up for incorporation into the Navy's ...


Field Test Design Considerations For Military Populations, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Field Test Design Considerations For Military Populations, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


A Practical Approach For Assessing Physical Fitness, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

A Practical Approach For Assessing Physical Fitness, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


A Proposed Revision To The U.S. Navy’S Body Composition Program, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

A Proposed Revision To The U.S. Navy’S Body Composition Program, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


Navy Physical Readiness Test Research, David D. Peterson 2018 Cedarville University

Navy Physical Readiness Test Research, David D. Peterson

David Peterson, Ed.D.

No abstract provided.


Comparing Performance Category Criteria For U.S. Navy Alternate Physical Readiness Tests, A. Latour, David D. Peterson, M. Rittenhouse, D. Riner 2018 Cedarville University

Comparing Performance Category Criteria For U.S. Navy Alternate Physical Readiness Tests, A. Latour, David D. Peterson, M. Rittenhouse, D. Riner

David Peterson, Ed.D.

The current Navy Physical Readiness Test (PRT) allows for several alternative methods, in lieu of the 1.5-mile run, with which to assess aerobic fitness. Two of these methods (elliptical trainer and stationary bike) and two additional devices (2-Km rower and 5-Km bike) were evaluated to determine if maximal effort on all devices produced the same performance category as the 1.5-mile run. One hundred thirty-two active-duty military and midshipmen were recruited from the United States Naval Academy and Naval Support Activity Annapolis. Subjects participated in six testing sessions over a six-week period. Subjects performed a 1.5-mile run (n ...


The Effect Of Different Training Loads On The Lung Health Of Competitive Youth Swimmers, Rachelle D. Davies, Eric C. Parent, Craig D. Steinback, Michael D. Kennedy 2018 University of Alberta

The Effect Of Different Training Loads On The Lung Health Of Competitive Youth Swimmers, Rachelle D. Davies, Eric C. Parent, Craig D. Steinback, Michael D. Kennedy

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 11(6): 999-1018, 2018. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), airway inflammation, and respiratory symptoms are common in competitive swimmers, however it is unclear how volume and intensity of training exacerbate these problems. Thus, our purpose was to measure AHR, inflammation, and respiratory symptoms after low, moderate, and high training loads in swimmers. Competitive youth swimmers (n=8) completed nine weeks of training split into three blocks (Low, Moderate, and High intensity). Spirometry at rest and post-bronchial provocation [Eucapnic Voluntary Hyperpnea (EVH)] and Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) were completed at the end of each training block. A ...


Body Composition, Muscular Performance, And Free Testosterone Following 12-Weeks Of Protein Supplementation And Resistance Training In Men Aged 35-55, Matthew Steven Stone 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Body Composition, Muscular Performance, And Free Testosterone Following 12-Weeks Of Protein Supplementation And Resistance Training In Men Aged 35-55, Matthew Steven Stone

Theses and Dissertations

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of protein supplementation and Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise (APRE) training on measures of body composition, muscular performance, and free testosterone in middle-aged men. METHODS: Untrained males (n = 35; 43.3 ± 6.6 years) participated in this study. Lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) were measured via Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA), while strength was measured utilizing one repetition maximum (1RM), endurance measured using maximum repetitions completed (REPS) at 75% 1RM for the bench and leg press, and free testosterone was measured using changes in serum ...


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