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Exercise In Individuals With Down Syndrome: A Brief Review, Rachel L. Kerstiens, Matt Green 2015 University of North Alabama

Exercise In Individuals With Down Syndrome: A Brief Review, Rachel L. Kerstiens, Matt Green

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2): 192-201, 2015. Research examining acute and long-term responses to exercise of individuals with Downs Syndrome (DS) is sparse. However, if this group experiences benefits associated with improved quantity or quality of life, it would be important to elucidate specific responses and discourage adoption of a sedentary lifestyle in individuals with DS. Specifically, these individuals have multiple blunted physiological responses to exercise both at the onset and termination of an acute exercise bout. Mechanistically, this could be rooted in hormonal responses which are blunted, in comparison to non-DS participants. Specific studies indicate individuals with ...


Children In Organized Hockey: How Much Physical Activity Do They Really Get?, Carla van den Berg, Angela M. Kolen 2015 University of Calgary

Children In Organized Hockey: How Much Physical Activity Do They Really Get?, Carla Van Den Berg, Angela M. Kolen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2): 184-191, 2015. For optimal physical and mental health and child growth, development and maturation, the Canadian physical activity guidelines recommend children participate in minimally 60 minutes of moderate intense physical activity each day. It is often believed that children’s participation in sport provides sufficient physical activity to meet these recommendations. The purpose of this study was to measure the amount and intensity of physical activity obtained by children participating in a regularly scheduled ice hockey practice and game. Actigraph GT3X triaxial accelerometers (motion detectors) were used to determine the intensity and amount ...


Health-Related Fitness And Energy Expenditure In Recreational Youth Rock Climbers 8-16 Years Of Age, Shannon R. Siegel, Jacob M. Robinson, Sean A. Johnston, Martin R. Lindley, Karin A. Pfeiffer 2015 California State University - San Bernardino

Health-Related Fitness And Energy Expenditure In Recreational Youth Rock Climbers 8-16 Years Of Age, Shannon R. Siegel, Jacob M. Robinson, Sean A. Johnston, Martin R. Lindley, Karin A. Pfeiffer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2): 174-183, 2015. Information on the characteristics of youth rock climbers is minimal. The purpose was to 1) Determine the influence of a three-month program of bouldering and vertical rock climbing on the anthropometry and health-related physical fitness of relatively novice youth climbers, and 2) determine whether rock climbing and bouldering in novice youth climbers can provide adequate levels of moderate to vigourous physical activity (US DHHS, 2008). Fifteen participants (11 males and 4 females; mean age = 11.5 ± 2.3 years) from a newly established youth climbing team were assessed twice weekly during ...


Greater Physiological Responses While Playing Xbox Kinect Compared To Nintendo Wii, Derek W. Marks, Lauren Rispen, Gabriel Calara 2015 Saint Mary's College of California

Greater Physiological Responses While Playing Xbox Kinect Compared To Nintendo Wii, Derek W. Marks, Lauren Rispen, Gabriel Calara

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2): 164-173, 2015. Increasing popularity of active video game use as a mode of physical activity prompted this investigation into the physiological differences to playing the Nintendo WiiTM and XBox KinectTM. Differences in motion capture technology between these systems suggests that using one may result in different movement patterns, and therefore physiological responses, than the other. The purpose of this study was to compare the average (10 minute) and peak heart rate (HR, bpm), oxygen consumption (VO2 mL . kg-1 . min-1), and energy expenditure (EE, kcal . kg-1 . hr-1 ...


Bone Turnover Response To Acute Exercise With Varying Impact Levels: A Preliminary Investigation, Amy L. Morgan, Jennifer Weiss, Edward T. Kelley 2015 Bowling Green State University - Main Campus

Bone Turnover Response To Acute Exercise With Varying Impact Levels: A Preliminary Investigation, Amy L. Morgan, Jennifer Weiss, Edward T. Kelley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2): 154-163, 2015. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if there are changes in metabolic markers of bone turnover within the 24-hour period following an acute bout of jogging or water exercise. Ten healthy females (22-30 yr.) underwent three trials with different ground impact forces: jogging, water aerobics and control. For the jogging and water aerobics trials, subjects exercised for 30 min at 60-70% of predicted maximal heart rate in addition to a 5 min warm up and cool down. For the control trial, subjects rested for 40 min, i.e., the ...


Implementing A 4 Week Balance Protocol To Impact Quality Of Life In Cancer Patients, Alyssa Bender, Lauren Braun, Kayla Franklin, Megan Kidd, Nicole Rendler 2015 University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire

Implementing A 4 Week Balance Protocol To Impact Quality Of Life In Cancer Patients, Alyssa Bender, Lauren Braun, Kayla Franklin, Megan Kidd, Nicole Rendler

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2): 145-153, 2015. As a result of various cancer treatments, balance, fall risk, and quality of life (QOL) of cancer survivors are often negatively compromised. There has been no prior research conducted examining balance ability and its association with QOL in cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether improved balance will positively influence QOL. Eight female cancer patients (age 55.8 ± 11.8 yrs.) volunteered for an experimental group, and five sex-matched cancer patients (age 64.5 ± 4.6 yrs.) volunteered for a control group. A 4-week balance program, employed ...


A Comparison Of Aquatic- Vs. Land-Based Plyometrics On Various Performance Variables, Mallory S. Kobak, Michael J. Rebold, Renee DeSalvo, Ronald Otterstetter 2015 The University of Akron

A Comparison Of Aquatic- Vs. Land-Based Plyometrics On Various Performance Variables, Mallory S. Kobak, Michael J. Rebold, Renee Desalvo, Ronald Otterstetter

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2) : 134-144, 2015. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of an aquatic- (W) and land-based (L) plyometric program on balance, vertical jump height, and isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring strength. Thirty-four participants were randomized into three groups, W (n = 12), L (n = 11), and control (n = 11). The W and L groups completed an eight-week plyometric program. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant main effect of condition (F = 346.95, p < 0.001) and interaction between condition by time (F = 1.88, p = 0.01). Paired samples t-tests revealed statistically significant improvements from pre- to post-testing in the L ...


The Effects Of High Intensity Interval-Based Kettlebells And Battle Rope Training On Grip Strength And Body Composition In College-Aged Adults, Jeffrey Quednow, Tim Sedlak, Joseph Meier, Jeffrey Janot, Saori Braun 2015 University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire

The Effects Of High Intensity Interval-Based Kettlebells And Battle Rope Training On Grip Strength And Body Composition In College-Aged Adults, Jeffrey Quednow, Tim Sedlak, Joseph Meier, Jeffrey Janot, Saori Braun

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2) : 124-133, 2015. The aim of this current study is to evaluate the changes in body composition and hand grip strength following high intensity interval training (HIIT) utilizing kettlebells and battle ropes. We hypothesize results will show that our HIIT protocol will improve grip strength and body composition. Subjects in the experimental and control group consist of 13 college-aged students (9 females; 4 males). Subjects in both groups complete a pre-test and post-test consisting of height, weight, grip strength via handgrip dynamometers and body composition via skinfold calipers. The experimental group completes a 5-week ...


Activity Profile Differences Between Sub-Elite Futsal Teams, Sera Dogramaci, Mark Watsford, Aron Murphy 2015 New South Wales Institute of Sport

Activity Profile Differences Between Sub-Elite Futsal Teams, Sera Dogramaci, Mark Watsford, Aron Murphy

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2) : 112-123, 2015. Whilst there are a range of studies examining the differences in match demands between levels of competition, there is an absence of the analysis these differences between teams within the same level of competition. The study used notational analysis to identify performance indicators that differentiated between sub-elite futsal teams from Brazil, Spain and Australia during regular season matches. Based on world rankings, Spanish and Brazilian futsal was deemed to be superior to Australian futsal. The Australian players spent a significantly greater time engaged in high intensity activity than the Spanish players ...


Effects Of A Smart-Phone Application On Psychological, Physiological, And Performance Variables In College-Aged Individuals While Running, Martin J. Moran, John M. Coons 2015 Middle Tennessee State University

Effects Of A Smart-Phone Application On Psychological, Physiological, And Performance Variables In College-Aged Individuals While Running, Martin J. Moran, John M. Coons

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 8(2) : 104-111, 2015. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of auditory exergaming through the use of a smart-phone app called Zombies, Run! on psychological, physiological, and performance variables in college-aged individuals while running. Participants included both males (n = 10) and females (n = 10). Participants ran three 15 minute trials, after which they completed motivational questionnaires regarding inspiration, enjoyment, confidence, and anxiety levels. The first run got the participants accustomed to the application. The second and third were randomly counterbalanced either using the application again or running with no auditory stimulus ...


Incidence Of Injuries In Collegiate Cross Country, Haley Merical 2015 Cedarville University

Incidence Of Injuries In Collegiate Cross Country, Haley Merical

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Running is becoming increasingly popular not only recreationally, but also competitively. With the increase in the number of people who are running comes an increase in the number of people who are injured. The purpose of this study was to determine if increasing mileage would result in a greater prevalence in injuries among collegiate cross country runners. Participants for this study included cross-country runners in the Great Midwest Athletic Conference. The hypothesis for this study had two parts: the greatest increase in mileage would be seen between the senior year of high school and the freshmen year of college; and ...


The Effect Of Psychological Readiness On Return To Play Among Collegiate Athletes, Kurt Gruenberg 2015 Cedarville University

The Effect Of Psychological Readiness On Return To Play Among Collegiate Athletes, Kurt Gruenberg

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Psychological readiness has been studied extensively over the past 20 years.2,4,6 It is becoming increasingly important to understand completely how athletes psychologically deal with a physical injury. Current research has identified specific intrinsic and extrinsic factors that have shown to present negative effects on athletes.1,4,5 They have also identified specific psychological factors that play a major role in the rehabilitation process.2,3,5 However, current research has not studied the entire psychological experience of athletes and their determining factors. They also have not used surveys that allow for both qualitative and quantitative data ...


Certified Athletic Trainer’S Perceived Comfort Level With Shoulder Reductions, Jessica Pearson, Michael S. Weller 2015 Cedarville University

Certified Athletic Trainer’S Perceived Comfort Level With Shoulder Reductions, Jessica Pearson, Michael S. Weller

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Joint dislocations are a common injury in the athletic world. The shoulder is the most commonly dislocated joint. It is important for health care professionals to be aware of this injury and be able to treat it. Athletic trainers play a vital role in the immediate care of injured athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceived comfort level of athletic trainers with reducing a shoulder dislocation. The results showed that there was a significant difference between ATC’s perceived comfort level in the 5-10 and 20+ years of experience groups when reducing posterior dislocations (p=.016 ...


Burnout Rates In Undergraduate Athletic Training Students Compared To The Burnout Rate Of Certified Athletic Trainers: A Comparative Study, Aaron Wass 2015 Cedarville University

Burnout Rates In Undergraduate Athletic Training Students Compared To The Burnout Rate Of Certified Athletic Trainers: A Comparative Study, Aaron Wass

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Burnout was first described in 1974. Since then, the condition has been researched and studied numerous times. The healthcare field has experienced this condition at a very high rate and Athletic Training, as a profession, has been affected. Burnout has become prevalent in the healthcare field due to highly stressful situations, heavy workload, and emotionally draining work environments. The profession of Athletic Training has been significantly affected by this condition and many Athletic Trainers (AT) experience burnout over the course of a calendar year. Seemingly every AT has been affected by burnout personally, known a colleague who has struggled with ...


Lower Extremity Kinematics During A Drop Jump In Individuals With Patellar Tendinopathy, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Kathy J. Simpson, Seock-Ho Kim, Cathleen N. Brown 2015 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Lower Extremity Kinematics During A Drop Jump In Individuals With Patellar Tendinopathy, Adam B. Rosen, Jupil Ko, Kathy J. Simpson, Seock-Ho Kim, Cathleen N. Brown

Journal Articles

Background: Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is a common degenerative condition in physically active populations. Knowledge regarding the biomechanics of landing in populations with symptomatic PT is limited, but altered mechanics may play a role in the development or perpetuation of PT.

Purpose: To identify whether study participants with PT exhibited different landing kinematics compared with healthy controls.

Study Design: Controlled laboratory study.

Methods: Sixty recreationally active participants took part in this study; 30 had current signs and symptoms of PT, including self-reported pain within the patellar tendon during loading activities for at least 3 months and ≤80 on the Victorian Institute ...


Children’S Looking Preference For Biological Motion May Be Related To An Affinity For Mathematical Chaos, Johshua L. Haworth, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Wayne Fisher, Nicholas Stergiou 2015 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Children’S Looking Preference For Biological Motion May Be Related To An Affinity For Mathematical Chaos, Johshua L. Haworth, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Wayne Fisher, Nicholas Stergiou

Journal Articles

Recognition of biological motion is pervasive in early child development. Further, viewing the movement behavior of others is a primary component of a child’s acquisition of complex, robust movement repertoires, through imitation and real-time coordinated action. We theorize that inherent to biological movements are particular qualities of mathematical chaos and complexity. We further posit that this character affords the rich and complex inter-dynamics throughout early motor development. Specifically, we explored whether children’s preference for biological motion may be related to an affinity for mathematical chaos. Cross recurrence quantification analysis (cRQA) was used to investigate the coordination of gaze ...


Chairing Transition: Leading A Department Through A Merger, David M. Keller 2015 University of Texas at Arlington

Chairing Transition: Leading A Department Through A Merger, David M. Keller

Academic Chairpersons Conference Proceedings

This session will focus discussion on the impact of merging pre-existing departments and/or colleges to form a new entity on Chair leadership strategies. Participants will discuss factors to be considered to ensure successful transition for the department and maximize growth in the new entity.


Sport’S Manifestation Of Equity Across Multiple Demographics, Robert C. Schneider 2015 The College at Brockport

Sport’S Manifestation Of Equity Across Multiple Demographics, Robert C. Schneider

Kinesiology, Sport Studies and Physical Education Presentations and Papers

The challenges of manifesting equity across community are many. Sport, ranging from competitive to recreational is one medium that can foster and support equity across the myriad differences between people. Whether the differences are chosen or unchosen, sport can help meld those differences in the interest of the common goal of winning or joining together in the enjoyable activity referred to as sport. Sport can be considered a successful contributor to supporting healthy community if its presence improves community happiness and diminishes community unhappiness.


Outdoor Adventure Therapy To Increase Physical Activity In Young Adult Cancer Survivors, Elizabeth C. Gill M.S., Suzanne Phelan Ph.D, Marni Goldenberg Ph.D, Heather Starnes Ph.D 2015 Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

Outdoor Adventure Therapy To Increase Physical Activity In Young Adult Cancer Survivors, Elizabeth C. Gill M.S., Suzanne Phelan Ph.D, Marni Goldenberg Ph.D, Heather Starnes Ph.D

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Physical activity (PA) has numerous benefits for cancer survivors, but limited research exists on PA interventions in young adult cancer survivors. Outdoor adventure therapy is a potential method of increasing PA in this demographic. The primary purpose of this non-randomized parallel group study was to determine whether the outdoor adventure camp experience (vs. wait list control) would increase participants’ PA levels immediately following the 7-day camp, as well as three months later. Secondary aims examined correlates of greater PA, including pre-post camp changes in sedentary behavior, exercise self-efficacy, environmental change self-efficacy, perceived barriers to exercise, physical activity enjoyment, and physical ...


Reduced Regional Cerebral White Matter Perfusion In Middle-Aged Hispanic Adults, Evan P. Pasha, Takashi Tarumi, Mitzi M. Gonzales, Miriam E. Pearman, Andrean P. Haley, Hirofumi Tanaka 2015 The University of Texas at Austin

Reduced Regional Cerebral White Matter Perfusion In Middle-Aged Hispanic Adults, Evan P. Pasha, Takashi Tarumi, Mitzi M. Gonzales, Miriam E. Pearman, Andrean P. Haley, Hirofumi Tanaka

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Background: Hispanics are at least 1.5 times more likely at any age past 55 years to have mild cognitive impairment and manifest dementia symptoms 7 years earlier than non-Hispanic Caucasians. Regional cerebral hypoperfusion has been implicated as an initial event in the pathogenesis of dementia. Aim: To compare cerebral perfusion in brain regions known to be susceptible to vascular related hypoperfusion in Hispanic and non-Hispanic Caucasian adults. Methods: Apparently healthy middle-aged Hispanic (n=16) and non-Hispanic Caucasian (n=16) subjects were matched across age, gender, years of education, and cognitive status. Arterial spin labeled perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (ASL-MRI ...


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