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Outcomes Of An Integrated Approach To Speed And Strength Training With An Elite-Level Sprinter, Eric D. Magrum 2017 East Tennessee State University

Outcomes Of An Integrated Approach To Speed And Strength Training With An Elite-Level Sprinter, Eric D. Magrum

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to observe changes in sprint velocity, ground contact time, and peak force demonstrated by a competitive sprinter following an integrated approach to speed development and strength training. As part of an ongoing monitoring procedure the participant completed 20m sprint testing through an optical measurement system and isometric-strength testing before and after each phase of training. Sprint velocity, ground contact time and peak force were analysed using Tau-U, smallest worthwhile and percent change statistics. Results indicate sprinting velocity statistically improved while changes in peak force were practically significant and ground contact time remained trivial throughout ...


Physical Screening And Testing: From Purpose To Research To Application, Rob Orr 2017 Bond University

Physical Screening And Testing: From Purpose To Research To Application, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

Session Objectives:

•Discuss the purposes of different physical assessments

•Designing measures useful for assessing tactical personnel

•Applying assessments in the field


What You Know Makes A Difference: Physical Activity Maintenance And Adherence Of Collegiate Students, Vista Beasley, Brooke Thompson, Patrick R. Young, Itay Basevitch 2017 University of Stirling

What You Know Makes A Difference: Physical Activity Maintenance And Adherence Of Collegiate Students, Vista Beasley, Brooke Thompson, Patrick R. Young, Itay Basevitch

Journal of Counseling and Psychology

For decades, exercise psychology researchers dismissed health/exercise knowledge as a determinant of physical activity (PA). We sought to overturn this misconception, showing that psychological theory may serve as a basis for informing physical education curriculum. Based on social cognitive and self-determined motivation theories, we examined health/exercise knowledge as a determinant of collegiate students’ PA maintenance (i.e., ≥ 6 months of regular PA involvement); adherence to United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) 2008 PA guidelines; and PA types (i.e., aerobic, weight training). Collegiate students (n = 231) provided data via online survey. ANOVA analyses revealed that ...


Exploring The Utilisation Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding In Australia, Ben Schram, James Furness 2017 Bond University

Exploring The Utilisation Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding In Australia, Ben Schram, James Furness

James Furness

Stand Up Paddle Boarding (SUP) has grown exponentially in the last few years with unprecedented participation rates globally. Despite some scientific research on physiological and performance variables, minimal information exists regarding participation and utilisation. The purpose of this study was to discover more about how and where people participate in the relatively new sport of SUP. An open-source online survey application was administered internationally to active SUP participants to capture information relevant to both demographics and participation. Of a total of 240 responses, 154 (64.2%) were Australian. The average SUP rider was 42.9 ± 11.7 years, mass 80 ...


Exploring The Utilisation Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding In Australia, Ben Schram, James Furness 2017 Bond University

Exploring The Utilisation Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding In Australia, Ben Schram, James Furness

Ben Schram

Stand Up Paddle Boarding (SUP) has grown exponentially in the last few years with unprecedented participation rates globally. Despite some scientific research on physiological and performance variables, minimal information exists regarding participation and utilisation. The purpose of this study was to discover more about how and where people participate in the relatively new sport of SUP. An open-source online survey application was administered internationally to active SUP participants to capture information relevant to both demographics and participation. Of a total of 240 responses, 154 (64.2%) were Australian. The average SUP rider was 42.9 ± 11.7 years, mass 80 ...


Exploring The Utilisation Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding In Australia, Ben Schram, James Furness 2017 Bond University

Exploring The Utilisation Of Stand Up Paddle Boarding In Australia, Ben Schram, James Furness

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Stand Up Paddle Boarding (SUP) has grown exponentially in the last few years with unprecedented participation rates globally. Despite some scientific research on physiological and performance variables, minimal information exists regarding participation and utilisation. The purpose of this study was to discover more about how and where people participate in the relatively new sport of SUP. An open-source online survey application was administered internationally to active SUP participants to capture information relevant to both demographics and participation. Of a total of 240 responses, 154 (64.2%) were Australian. The average SUP rider was 42.9 ± 11.7 years, mass 80 ...


Validity And Reliability Of Eating Disorder Assessments Used With Athletes: A Review, Zachary Pope, Yong Gao, Nicole Bolter, Mary Pritchard 2017 Boise State University

Validity And Reliability Of Eating Disorder Assessments Used With Athletes: A Review, Zachary Pope, Yong Gao, Nicole Bolter, Mary Pritchard

Nicole D. Bolter

Background: Prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) among college-aged athletes has risen in recent years. Although measures exist for assessing EDs, these measures have not been thoroughly reviewed in athletes. This study reviewed the validity and reliability evidence of the commonly used measures for assessing EDs in athlete populations aged 18‒26 years. Methods: Databases were searched for studies of regarding ED on male and/or female athletes. Inclusion criteria stated the study (a) assessed EDs in an athlete population 18‒26 years of age and (b) investigated EDs using a psychometric measure found valid and/or reliable in a non-athlete ...


The Relationship Between Generalized Joint Laxity And Hip Cartilage Thickness In Ballet And Modern Dancers, Noelle Jeanette Tuttle 2017 Brigham Young University

The Relationship Between Generalized Joint Laxity And Hip Cartilage Thickness In Ballet And Modern Dancers, Noelle Jeanette Tuttle

All Theses and Dissertations

Generalized joint laxity (GJL), a condition in which most joints of the body move beyond the accepted normal range of motion, is present in many ballet and modern dancers. It has been associated with an increased risk of injury, decreased muscle strength, and greater landing forces. Increased joint laxity results in joint instability and may precede the development of osteoarthritis, which is associated with a reduction in cartilage thickness. We hypothesized that dancers with GJL would have decreased hip cartilage thickness, as well as greater hip adduction angles and greater ground reaction force on landings. Twenty female ballet and modern ...


Utility Of Baroreflex Sensitivity As A Marker Of Stress, Amanda A. Anderson, Nir Keren, Andrew Lilja, Kevin Godby, Stephen B. Gilbert, Warren D. Franke 2017 Iowa State University

Utility Of Baroreflex Sensitivity As A Marker Of Stress, Amanda A. Anderson, Nir Keren, Andrew Lilja, Kevin Godby, Stephen B. Gilbert, Warren D. Franke

Warren D Franke

Presently, adaptive systems use various cognitive and cardiovascular measures to evaluate the functional state of the operator. One marker that has been largely ignored as an assessment tool is baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). This study examined the extent to which BRS changed in response to acute psychological and physical stressors. A total of 20 participants underwent 6-min exposures to a psychological stressor and a physical stressor. Baroreceptor sensitivity, blood pressure, heart rate, heart rate variability, stroke volume, cardiac output, mean blood pressure, total peripheral resistance, left ventricular ejection time, and pre-ejection period were continuously measured at rest and throughout the testing ...


The Contributing Role Of Physical Education In Youth’S Daily Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Senlin Chen, Youngwon Kim, Zan Gao 2017 Iowa State University

The Contributing Role Of Physical Education In Youth’S Daily Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Senlin Chen, Youngwon Kim, Zan Gao

Senlin Chen

Background: School physical education (PE) is considered as an effective channel for youth to accumulate moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and reduce sedentary time. The purpose of this study was to determine the contributing role of PE in daily MVPA and sedentary time among youth. Methods: The study recruited 67 sixth grade children (29 boys; Mean age = 11.75) from two suburban schools at a U.S. Midwest state, 48 of whom contributed ≥10 hours of physical activity (PA) data per day were included for analysis. An objective monitoring tool (i.e., Sensewear armband monitor) was used to capture the participants ...


Evaluation Of A Multiple Ecological Level Child Obesity Prevention Program: Switch®What You Do, View, And Chew, Douglas A. Gentile, Gregory Welk, Joey C. Eisenmann, Rachel A. Reimer, David A. Walsh, Daniel W. Rusell, Randi Callahan, Monica Walsh, Sarah Strickland, Katie Fritz 2017 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of A Multiple Ecological Level Child Obesity Prevention Program: Switch®What You Do, View, And Chew, Douglas A. Gentile, Gregory Welk, Joey C. Eisenmann, Rachel A. Reimer, David A. Walsh, Daniel W. Rusell, Randi Callahan, Monica Walsh, Sarah Strickland, Katie Fritz

Daniel W. Russell

Background: Schools are the most frequent target for intervention programs aimed at preventing child obesity; however, the overall effectiveness of these programs has been limited. It has therefore been recommended that interventions target multiple ecological levels (community, family, school and individual) to have greater success in changing risk behaviors for obesity. This study examined the immediate and short-term, sustained effects of the Switch program, which targeted three behaviors (decreasing children's screen time, increasing fruit and vegetable consumption, and increasing physical activity) at three ecological levels (the family, school, and community). Methods: Participants were 1,323 children and their parents ...


Effects Of Perceived Treatment On Quality Of Life And Medical Outcomesin A Double-Blind Placebo Surgery Trial, Cynthia McRae, Eva Cherin, T. Gayle Yamazaki, Gretchen Diem, Alexander H. Vo, Daniel W. Rusell, J. Heiner Ellgring, Stanley Fahn, Paul Greene, Sandra Dillon, Hal Winfield, Kimberly B. Bjugstad, Curt R. Freed 2017 University of Denver

Effects Of Perceived Treatment On Quality Of Life And Medical Outcomesin A Double-Blind Placebo Surgery Trial, Cynthia Mcrae, Eva Cherin, T. Gayle Yamazaki, Gretchen Diem, Alexander H. Vo, Daniel W. Rusell, J. Heiner Ellgring, Stanley Fahn, Paul Greene, Sandra Dillon, Hal Winfield, Kimberly B. Bjugstad, Curt R. Freed

Daniel W. Russell

Context This study was part of a large double-blind sham surgery–controlled trial designed to determine the effectiveness of transplantation of human embryonic dopamine neurons into the brains of persons with advanced Parkinson's disease. This portion of the study investigated the quality of life (QOL) of participants during the 1 year of double-blind follow-up. Objectives To determine whether QOL improved more in the transplant group than in the sham surgery group and to investigate outcomes at 1 year based on perceived treatment (the type of surgery patients thought they received). Design Participants were randomly assigned to receive either the ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Ben Schram

Background: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. Purpose: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months. Results: Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Wayne Hing

Background:

Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology.

Purpose:

To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months.

Results:

Of 240 participants included in the data ...


Prevalence, Predictors And Benefits Of Resistance Training For Improving Gait Speed In Aged Care, Justin Keogh, Timothy Henwood, Hugh Senior, Samantha Fien 2017 Bond University

Prevalence, Predictors And Benefits Of Resistance Training For Improving Gait Speed In Aged Care, Justin Keogh, Timothy Henwood, Hugh Senior, Samantha Fien

Justin Keogh

No abstract provided.


Prevalence, Consequences And Effects Of Exercise On Sarcopenia In Aged Care, Justin Keogh, Timothy Henwood, Hugh Senior, Jennifer Hewitt 2017 Bond University

Prevalence, Consequences And Effects Of Exercise On Sarcopenia In Aged Care, Justin Keogh, Timothy Henwood, Hugh Senior, Jennifer Hewitt

Justin Keogh

No abstract provided.


Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing 2017 Bond University

Epidemiology Of Injuries In Stand-Up Paddle Boarding, James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Michael Climstein, Wayne Hing

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background:

Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology.

Purpose:

To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP.Study Design:Descriptive epidemiology study.

Methods:

An open-source online survey was administered to active SUP participants internationally. The survey captured information relevant to demographics, participation, and injury history over the past 12 months.

Results:

Of 240 participants included in the data ...


The Potential Of Three Computer-Based Communication Activities For Supporting Older Adult Independent Living, Melinda Heinz, Jinmyoung Cho, Norene Kelly, Peter Martin, Johnny Wong, Warren Franke, Wen-Hua Hsieh, Joan Blaser 2017 Upper Iowa University

The Potential Of Three Computer-Based Communication Activities For Supporting Older Adult Independent Living, Melinda Heinz, Jinmyoung Cho, Norene Kelly, Peter Martin, Johnny Wong, Warren Franke, Wen-Hua Hsieh, Joan Blaser

Johnny Wong

Technology has become an increasingly integral part of life. For example, technology allows individuals to stay in touch with loved ones, obtain medical services through telehealthcare, and enjoy an overall higher quality of life. Particularly for older adults, using technology increases the likelihood that they will maintain their independence and autonomy. Long-distance caregiving has recently become a feasible option where caregivers for older adults can access reports and information about their loved one’s patterns that day (e.g., food and medication intake). Technology may be able to offset age-related challenges (e.g., caregiving, accessing healthcare, decreased social networks) by ...


Human Biomechanics Ii Course Project, Abdelaziz Mohammad 2017 Wright State University

Human Biomechanics Ii Course Project, Abdelaziz Mohammad

Best Integrated Writing

Mohammad tested Human Arm Module PASCO ME-6807A, in order to determine some of the biomechanical characteristics, such as force, tension, instantaneous angular velocity, and acceleration vs. angular position required for various movements and arm positions in space.


Body Size Regulation Via Bmp Signaling In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Uday Madaan 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Body Size Regulation Via Bmp Signaling In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Uday Madaan

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The body size of an organism can be a crucial determinant of access to nutrition, reproductive success and overall survival in the wild. However, how body size of an individual is determined is incompletely understood. Body size is a complex trait determined by multiple pathways and genes, making it difficult to understand the role of individual genes and pathways in determining overall size. In Caenorhabditis elegans, a homolog of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP) is a major regulator of body size; functional loss of DBL-1 leads to a small body size. Due to a drastic change in body size in dbl-1 ...


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