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Physical Activity, Sitting Time, And Feelings Of Energy And Fatigue During The Early Stages Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: Does Grit Make A Difference?, Andreas Stamatis, Jessica Adams, Joel Martin, Matthew L. Smith, Italia Milani, Shane V. Caswell, Nelson Cortes, Ali Boolani 2022 SUNY Plattsburgh

Physical Activity, Sitting Time, And Feelings Of Energy And Fatigue During The Early Stages Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: Does Grit Make A Difference?, Andreas Stamatis, Jessica Adams, Joel Martin, Matthew L. Smith, Italia Milani, Shane V. Caswell, Nelson Cortes, Ali Boolani

Health Behavior Research

Grit has been associated with feelings of energy when measured as the opposite end of fatigue. During the COVID-19 pandemic, grit has been linked to positive health-related behaviors, which are known to influence feelings of energy and fatigue. The objective of this study was to identify the association between grit, time spent sitting, physical activity (PA), and feelings of mental and physical energy (ME, PE) and fatigue (MF, PF) during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Participants (n = 859) completed surveys once. Using a series of multivariate regression models, we assessed the association between grit ...


Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa e Silva, Danielli Braga de Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton 2022 Colégio Pedro II

Deaths In Open Water Swimming Races In Brazil From 2009 To 2019, Fabrízio Di Masi, Gabriel Costa E Silva, Danielli Braga De Mello, David Szpilman, Mike Tipton

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(6): 1295-1305, 2022. Since the inclusion in the Olympic Games (2008), open swimming races have attracted greater media attention and, therefore, have a greater number of practitioners, especially in Brazil, an extremely favorable country for this sport. However, increasing reports of fatal incidents in open water races brought the medical and scientific community to attention. The aim of this study was to review the characteristics of deaths in open waters events in Brazil from 2009 to 2019. The survey was divided into 3 steps: 1) contacting sports-related federations and companies, including swimming and triathlon ...


Exploring Predictive Ability Of Fitness Test Data Relative To Fire Academy Graduation In Trainees: Practical Applications For Physical Training, Robert G. Lockie, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Fernando Montes, Tomas Ruvalcaba, J. Jay Dawes 2022 California State University, Fullerton

Exploring Predictive Ability Of Fitness Test Data Relative To Fire Academy Graduation In Trainees: Practical Applications For Physical Training, Robert G. Lockie, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Fernando Montes, Tomas Ruvalcaba, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1274-1294, 2022. This study investigated the predictive abilities of fitness tests relative to academy graduation in firefighter trainees. Archival fitness test data from 305 trainees were analyzed, including: Illinois agility test (IAT); push-ups; pull-ups; leg tucks; multistage fitness test; 4.54-kg backwards overhead medicine ball throw (BOMBT); 10-repetition maximum deadlift; and a 91.44-m farmers carry with 18-kg kettlebells. Within the department, trainees were allocated points for each test. Trainees were split into graduated (245 males, 16 females) or released (29 males, 15 females) groups. Independent samples t-tests and effect sizes calculated between-group ...


The Effects Of Ladder Training On Sprint And Change Of Direction Performance, Trevor Short, Tina Manos, Justus Ortega, Andrew Peterson, Young Sub Kwon 2022 California State Polytechnic University, Humboldt

The Effects Of Ladder Training On Sprint And Change Of Direction Performance, Trevor Short, Tina Manos, Justus Ortega, Andrew Peterson, Young Sub Kwon

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 3: Issue 1, Article 7, 2022. Ladder training is a form of multidirectional lower limb plyometric training utilized by coaches and athletes in a variety of sports. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ladder training (LT) on sprint (20-m) and change of direction (COD) (L-drill) kinematics. Fourteen NCAA D-2 Basketball players were matched on baseline performance rankings and randomly assigned to a LT (n = 7) or conventional training (CT) (n = 7) group. The LT group performed all the CT exercises with the addition of 25-35 minutes of LT ...


Associations Of 24-Hour Movement Behaviors, Parental Academic Support, And Academic Achievement In Alaskan Adolescents, You Fu, Ryan D. Burns, Nora Constantino, Xavier Lopez, Samantha Dyer 2022 University of Nevada, Reno

Associations Of 24-Hour Movement Behaviors, Parental Academic Support, And Academic Achievement In Alaskan Adolescents, You Fu, Ryan D. Burns, Nora Constantino, Xavier Lopez, Samantha Dyer

International Journal of Physical Activity and Health

The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between meeting recommendations for 24-hour movement behaviors, parental academic support, and student academic achievement in a sample of Alaskan adolescents. Data were obtained from the 2019 Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS; N = 1,897; mean age = 15.8 ± 1.3 years old). The associations between meeting recommendations for the 24-hour movement behaviors of physical activity, screen use, and sleep with high academic achievement (mostly A’s and B’s) were examined using weighted multivariable logistic regressions. Subpopulation analyses determined if associations differed by levels of parental academic support. Approximately ...


Physiological Responses To Speed-Matched Running On Non-Motorized Assault Airrunner Versus Traditional Treadmills In Active Females: A Pilot Study, Noelle Morrow, Kayla Mitchell, Hannah Weighart, Diana Alonzo, Stephen Ives 2022 Skidmore College

Physiological Responses To Speed-Matched Running On Non-Motorized Assault Airrunner Versus Traditional Treadmills In Active Females: A Pilot Study, Noelle Morrow, Kayla Mitchell, Hannah Weighart, Diana Alonzo, Stephen Ives

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1262-1273, 2022. Treadmills are utilized as a training tool to improve aerobic fitness, but precise understanding of intensity and the corresponding physiological strain is critical for optimizing exercise prescription and associated adaptations. Running on non-motorized, curved treadmills may result in greater oxygen uptake (VO2), increased heart rate (HR), and increased rating of perceived exertion (RPE) compared to traditional motorized treadmills. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological responses on non-motorized versus traditional motorized treadmills during speed-matched running. Participants were 4 college-aged, recreationally active females. HR, VO2, respiratory exchange ...


Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training And Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise In A Law Enforcement Training Academy, Gabriel J. Martinez, Xin Ma, Stuart A. Best, Benjamin F. Johnson, Mark Abel 2022 University of Kentucky

Implementation Of High Intensity Interval Training And Autoregulatory Progressive Resistance Exercise In A Law Enforcement Training Academy, Gabriel J. Martinez, Xin Ma, Stuart A. Best, Benjamin F. Johnson, Mark Abel

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1246-1261, 2022. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of implementing autoregulatory progressive resistance exercise (APRE) and high intensity interval training (HIIT) methodologies to improve physical fitness and occupational physical ability in police cadets. Two law enforcement academy classes were stratified into a standard care academy training cohort (SC; n=32, m=27, f=5) and a high performance cohort (HP; n=31; m=27, f=4) that utilized APRE and HIIT methodologies during a 17-week academy training program. Demographic, internal loading parameters, anthropometric, fitness outcomes (i.e ...


Sex Impact On Knee And Ankle Muscle Extensor Forces During Loaded Running, Kade D. Wagers, Nicholas J. Lobb, AuraLea C. Fain, Kayla D. Seymore, Tyler N. Brown 2022 Boise State University

Sex Impact On Knee And Ankle Muscle Extensor Forces During Loaded Running, Kade D. Wagers, Nicholas J. Lobb, Auralea C. Fain, Kayla D. Seymore, Tyler N. Brown

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: This study determined whether the knee and ankle muscle extensor forces increase when running with a body-borne load and whether these forces differ between the sexes. Methods: Thirty-six (twenty male and sixteen female) adults had the knee and ankle extensor force quantified when running 4.0 m/s with four body-borne loads (20, 25, 30, and 35 kg). Peak normalized (BW) and unnormalized (N) extensor muscle force, relative effort, and joint angle and angular velocity at peak muscle force for both the ankle and the knee were submitted to a mixed model ANOVA. Results: Significant load by sex interactions ...


Application Of Polynomial Regression Model For Joint Stiffness, Youngmin Chun, Craig McGowan, Jinah Kim, Joshua P. Bailey 2022 Sonoma State University

Application Of Polynomial Regression Model For Joint Stiffness, Youngmin Chun, Craig Mcgowan, Jinah Kim, Joshua P. Bailey

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(1): 1236-1245, 2022. Quasi-stiffness (joint stiffness) is often used to characterize leg properties during athletic and other activities and has been reported by a single slope of angle-moment curve. However, the joint angle-moment relationship of some relationship are not effectively represented by a simple linear regression model. Thus, the purpose of this analysis was to investigate the benefits of utilizing a 2nd order polynomial regression (quadratic) model as compared to the linear model when calculating lower extremity joint stiffness incorporating subdivided eccentric phases. Thirty healthy and active college students performed 15 drop jumps ...


Resistance Training Improves White Matter Structural Connectivity In Older Adults At-Risk For Cognitive Decline, Ryu Lien 2022 Western University

Resistance Training Improves White Matter Structural Connectivity In Older Adults At-Risk For Cognitive Decline, Ryu Lien

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Diabetes is a global health concern that impacts 415 million people worldwide. Individuals who are at-risk for diabetes (characterized by high blood glucose and/or being overweight) have white matter atrophy, decreased cognitive function, and an increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Recently, resistance training (RT) has been shown to lower white matter atrophy and white matter lesion volume. However, investigating changes in white matter tracts is complex, hence previous findings remain inconclusive. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) serves as a highly sensitive tool that enables visualization and characterization of white matter tracts and has the potential to combat this ...


Development Of The Safe, Ethical, & Inclusive Physical Activity Model, Charlie W. Brake, Rachel C. Reynolds 2022 Western University

Development Of The Safe, Ethical, & Inclusive Physical Activity Model, Charlie W. Brake, Rachel C. Reynolds

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The Safe, Ethical, & Inclusive Physical Activity (SEIPA) Project aims to develop an interdisciplinary & critical framework on SEIPA topics alongside an associated research agenda. The SEIPA team created a model to visually describe the project’s interdisciplinary & multifaceted nature. The model needed to convey that safe, ethical, & inclusive physical activity is considered across disciplines and throughout at least three levels of Health Sciences research: Individual, institutional, and sociocultural-political. The model was applied to several projects related to the USRI, including an inquiry into FHS research about safe, ethical, & inclusive physical activity. The authors created an infographic to detail the process of ...


Functional Neuroimaging Techniques To Examine Falls And Cognition In Older Adults: A Systematic Review, Tia M. Seleem, Raphael Gabiazon 2022 Western University

Functional Neuroimaging Techniques To Examine Falls And Cognition In Older Adults: A Systematic Review, Tia M. Seleem, Raphael Gabiazon

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Falls in older adults have been attributed to impaired cognition. There is potential for neuroimaging techniques to understand the biological components that are involved in the cognitive processes pertaining to falls. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to analyze how functional neuroimaging can be used to examine the relationship between falls and cognition among older adults. The following five electronic databases were selected to identify peer-reviewed articles in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: 1) Medline (via OVID), 2) PsycINFO (via OVID), 3) CINAHL (via EBSCO), 4) EMBASE (via OVID), and 5) Pubmed ...


The Effects Of Caffeine On Mental Fatigue Following A 48-Hour Abstinence Period, Nader Elshawish, Ali Shirzad 2022 Western University

The Effects Of Caffeine On Mental Fatigue Following A 48-Hour Abstinence Period, Nader Elshawish, Ali Shirzad

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Caffeine is the most popular psychoactive substance in the world, with approximately 80% of the world’s adult population consuming some form of caffeine daily. Caffeine withdrawal is experienced by a large portion of caffeine consumers, with symptoms that include headache, decreased contentedness, and decreased alertness. Moreover, past literature has shown caffeine consumers’ experience mental fatigue following caffeine a 48-hour withdrawal period. However, it remains ambiguous what effect caffeine consumption has on the ability to withstand mental fatigue immediately following such a withdrawal period. Therefore, this study looked to explore the ability of caffeine to buffer the effects of mental ...


Intensity-Specific Training Adaptations To Exercise In Females, Julianna P. Mereu 2022 Western University

Intensity-Specific Training Adaptations To Exercise In Females, Julianna P. Mereu

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Previous studies examining the effects of exercise training on metabolism have primarily used males as participants. It has been shown that as little as one hour of aerobic exercise in males leads to the alteration of several metabolic enzymes, including phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and glucose-6-phosphate (G6Pase). Changes in glycogen content and differences in the usage of glycogen for fuel following exercise training have also been shown in male rats. However, it is unclear whether females demonstrate the same training related metabolic adaptations as males.

Therefore, the purpose of this project was to examine various metabolic responses to an acute exercise ...


The Effect Of Type 1 Diabetes On The Metabolic Response To Exercise, Theres Tijo 2022 Western University

The Effect Of Type 1 Diabetes On The Metabolic Response To Exercise, Theres Tijo

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disorder that results in insufficient endogenous insulin production. Regular exercise has numerous health benefits for individuals with T1DM, however, most insulin-dependent diabetics avoid physical activity due to the fear of exercise-induced hypoglycemia (low blood glucose/BG).

The risk of hypoglycemia in this population may be partly due to lower liver glycogen stores which is a major source of blood glucose during exercise. However, the mechanism that leads to lower glycogen stores in T1DM is unknown.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an acute bout of moderate-intensity aerobic ...


Energy Cost Of Reclining, Sitting, And Standing Activities In Chinese Adults, Jiajia Liu, Yiyan Li, Minghui Quan, Jie Zhuang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Zheng Zhu, Yongming Li, Stephen D. Herrmann, Barbara E. Ainsworth 2022 Shanghai University of Sport

Energy Cost Of Reclining, Sitting, And Standing Activities In Chinese Adults, Jiajia Liu, Yiyan Li, Minghui Quan, Jie Zhuang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Zheng Zhu, Yongming Li, Stephen D. Herrmann, Barbara E. Ainsworth

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(7): 1202-1211, 2022. The 2011 Compendium presents MET values for sedentary behaviors (SBs) and light-intensity physical activities (LIPAs). Some entries have estimated METs, others have multiple activities in a single entry, and newer activities are not in the Compendium. Accurate MET values are needed to increase the validity and generalizability of the Compendium. This study measured and analyzed SBs and LIPAs’ energy costs in reclining, sitting, standing postures, and fidgeting. Indirect calorimetry measured the energy costs (VO2, ml.kg-1.min-1) in 11 males and seven females (30.7 ± 7.6 y ...


Differences In Rate Of Perceived Exertion And Workload Intensity In Males And Females During Submaximal Arm And Leg Ergometry, Konrad J. Dias, Amanda Mungenast, Stephanie Sherwood, Patrick McPherson, Allison Verville, Shannon Eaton, Dustin Nadler 2022 Maryville University of St. Louis

Differences In Rate Of Perceived Exertion And Workload Intensity In Males And Females During Submaximal Arm And Leg Ergometry, Konrad J. Dias, Amanda Mungenast, Stephanie Sherwood, Patrick Mcpherson, Allison Verville, Shannon Eaton, Dustin Nadler

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1222-1235, 2022. Purpose: Arm ergometry (AE) is necessitated for individuals unable to perform leg ergometry (LE) exercise. This study explored gender differences in RPE and workload (WL) during AE and LE at submaximal target heart rates (THR). Methods: 35 healthy college-aged individuals were randomly allocated to begin exercise on either AE or LE. Participants exercised on both modes with increasing WL to achieve submaximal THRs of 110, 120, 130, 140 and 150 beats per minute (bpm). Factorial ANOVAs tested for differences in RPE and WL. Results: No significant differences were found in RPE ...


Effects Of Varying Load Intensity On Skeletal Muscle Damage Between Two Isovolumic Resistance Exercise Bouts, Lee J. Winchester, Cody E. Morris, Patton Allen, Teresa Wiczynski, Scott W. Arnett, T. Scott Lyons 2022 University of Alabama

Effects Of Varying Load Intensity On Skeletal Muscle Damage Between Two Isovolumic Resistance Exercise Bouts, Lee J. Winchester, Cody E. Morris, Patton Allen, Teresa Wiczynski, Scott W. Arnett, T. Scott Lyons

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(4): 1212-1221, 2022. There are limited data comparing the efficacy of resistance loads within the hypertrophy range for promoting muscular growth, particularly when similar training volumes are utilized. The purpose of this study was to determine if two similar volume-loads, utilizing different intensities, would produce dissimilar muscular damage and inflammation. Eleven resistance-trained, college-aged males participated in this study. After testing 1RM barbell squats, participants completed two similar volume-load barbell squat sessions at two different resistance loads (67% and 85% of 1RM) on two separate visits. Venous blood samples were collected at baseline and one ...


Sex Differences In Measures Of Wave Reflection And Aortic Arterial Stiffness In Response To Weight Machine Resistance Exercise, Emily K. Erb, Stacie Humm, Sarah Kearney, Anthony G. Pinzone, Michelle A. Kern, J. Derek Kingsley 2022 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Sex Differences In Measures Of Wave Reflection And Aortic Arterial Stiffness In Response To Weight Machine Resistance Exercise, Emily K. Erb, Stacie Humm, Sarah Kearney, Anthony G. Pinzone, Michelle A. Kern, J. Derek Kingsley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 15(2): 1190-1201, 2022. While it has been demonstrated that acute resistance exercise (RE) alters measures of wave reflection and aortic arterial stiffness in young, healthy individuals, limited research has evaluated sex differences. Accordingly, we recruited moderately active, resistance-trained men (Age: 22 ± 3yrs, n=12) and women (23 ± 3yrs, n=10) to perform two randomized conditions consisting of an acute bout of weight machine RE or a quiet control (CON). Measures of aortic wave reflection and aortic stiffness were taken at baseline and 15 minutes following the RE (Recovery). At baseline, women had significantly higher ...


Body Composition Of Utah Highway Patrol Officers: No Difference Between Air Displacement Plethysmography And Alternative Tools For Measurement And Prediction., Peter MacGregor, Justin R. Brown, Jacqueline Spoon, L Nathan Thomas 2022 Salt Lake Community College

Body Composition Of Utah Highway Patrol Officers: No Difference Between Air Displacement Plethysmography And Alternative Tools For Measurement And Prediction., Peter Macgregor, Justin R. Brown, Jacqueline Spoon, L Nathan Thomas

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 3: Issue 1, Article 6, 2022. Different techniques exist for examining body composition. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in body fat percentage as measured by air displacement plethysmography (ADP), body adiposity index (BAI), bioelectrical impedance (BIA), a body mass index conversion equation (BMID), and skinfolds (SKF). Twenty-one male Utah Highway Patrol Officers participated in this study (age 35.19 ± 10.32 years, 1.79 ± 0.09 m tall, 92.20 ± 14.56 kg in weight, and 105.52 ± 10.01 cm hip circumference). All measurements were taken during ...


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