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The Effects Of Various Warm-Up Devices On Bat Velocity And Trajectory In Collegiate Baseball Players, Jordan L. Cola 2016 Seton Hall University

The Effects Of Various Warm-Up Devices On Bat Velocity And Trajectory In Collegiate Baseball Players, Jordan L. Cola

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of various weighted warm-up devices on standard baseball bat velocity and trajectory in collegiate baseball players. Methods: Three, right-handed hitters (mean age= 19.3yrs ±1.5yrs; height= 1.74m±.13m; mass=81kg ±20.4kg; baseball experience=14.2 ±1.3) volunteered for this study. Maximal bat velocity was obtained by swinging the 30oz standard bat for the control condition. Participants were then instructed to perform a general and specific warm-up with each of the weighted bats (standard bat with 16oz donut ring (46oz total) and standard bat with 24oz ...


Stop The Pricks: A Validation Study Of A Noninvasive Lactate Threshold Device, Rebecca M. McMorries 2016 Stephen F Austin State University

Stop The Pricks: A Validation Study Of A Noninvasive Lactate Threshold Device, Rebecca M. Mcmorries

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this study is to assess the validity of a noninvasive lactate threshold device (NID) to determine lactate threshold heart rate (LTHR) and aerobic threshold heart rate (AeTHR).

Methods: Twenty-one recreational athletes completed a personalized graded exercise test on a treadmill. All participants wore the noninvasive device and blood lactate samples were taken at the end of 3-minute stages. Lactate threshold heart rate and aerobic threshold heart rate were then calculated using four traditional methods and compared against the same heart rate values calculated by the device.

Results: No significant differences were found in lactate threshold ...


Comparison Of Two Body Weight Screenings Of Self-Conscious Emotions And Coping, Rachel N. Nanez Ms. 2016 Stephen F. Austin State University

Comparison Of Two Body Weight Screenings Of Self-Conscious Emotions And Coping, Rachel N. Nanez Ms.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Novel technologies are currently being utilized in fitness and clinical settings. However, there is not much research to examine the emotional responses to such screenings.

PURPOSE: To examine the group differences between the FIT3D and DXA protocol on emotional responses and the differences between weight classifications.

METHODS: The Body and Appearance-related Self-conscious Emotions Scale and WEIGHTCOPE were used to assess self-conscious emotions and intention to utilize 10 different weight-related coping strategies following the scans. Motivation was measured by a 10-point Likert scale measuring motivation pre and post scans.

RESULTS: There were no differences in motivation, affective response, or intention to ...


Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Rachel Deppa 2016 The College at Brockport

Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Rachel Deppa

Senior Honors Theses

This study was centered on low level laser therapy (LLLT) and its effects on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS is an inflammatory response in muscle tissue characterized by pain, stiffness, and fatigue in the muscle post-exercise. DOMS results from bouts of eccentric exercise (the lengthening phase of muscle contraction). Symptoms usually reach their peak intensity between 24 and 72 hours post-exercise and subside within 5-7 days. LLLT is a type of therapeutic modality which is used to treat body dysfunctions by introducing light energy into the body. LLLT has been gaining popularity as a new treatment for DOMS, but ...


Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Breanna Fortney 2016 The College at Brockport

Is Low Level Laser Therapy Effective For The Treatment Of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Breanna Fortney

Senior Honors Theses

Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) is a phenomenon that is experienced frequently in the active population. As the name implies, the onset of muscle soreness occurs at a point in time long after the bout of exercise was performed. DOMS may hinder athletic performance through decreases in strength and range of motion (ROM) and may cause considerable pain upon movement. The goal of this paper is to investigate different therapeutic modalities as treatment for DOMS and determine which intervention produces the most desirable results by way of treating the signs and symptoms associated with delayed onset muscle soreness.


Effects Of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression On Leg Blood Flow And Vascular Function After Spinal Cord Injury, Lena Marie Cialdella 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Effects Of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression On Leg Blood Flow And Vascular Function After Spinal Cord Injury, Lena Marie Cialdella

Master's Theses

Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) can increase leg blood flow (BF) in able-bodied persons. Whether IPC can alter leg BF, and improve vascular function in people with SCI is currently unknown. PURPOSE: Test the hypothesis that acute IPC will increase leg BF, and improve vascular function in SCI. METHODS: Participants (n=8; injury level: T3 and below; A.S.I.A. class A-C; age: 41±17 yrs) were recruited for a 1-hour IPC session performed in one leg (experimental leg; EXP), with the other serving as a control (CON). IPC consisted of sequential, foot-to-calf compressions (4-s inflate, 16-s deflate; 3 compressions ...


Independent Effect Of Heat Stress During Exercise On Arterial Stiffness, Cash Arcement 2016 University of Arkansas

Independent Effect Of Heat Stress During Exercise On Arterial Stiffness, Cash Arcement

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Context: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of mortality in the United States, accounting for about 1 in every 3 deaths annually. While studies have shown that arterial stiffness, a leading precursor to CVD, improves with passive heat stress not much is known about the independent effect of heat stress during exercise on arterial stiffness. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the independent effect of heat stress during exercise on arterial stiffness. Design: Participants visited the lab three times; one familiarization and two experimental trials. Experimental trials were randomized and counter-balanced. Setting: All trials ...


Determining The Appropriate Timing Of Administration For Baseline Computerized Neurocognitive Testing (Cnt) Following Maximal Exertion, Samantha Mohler 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Determining The Appropriate Timing Of Administration For Baseline Computerized Neurocognitive Testing (Cnt) Following Maximal Exertion, Samantha Mohler

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Computerized neurocognitive testing is part of the recommended multi-faceted approach to SRC assessment. Prior research has suggested that maximal exertion negatively effects CNT test scores. Purpose: To identify the appropriate timing of the administration of CNT following maximal exertion in healthy college-aged student athletes. Study Design: Prospective, random cross-over, repeated measures design. Methods: Week one participants fill out intake forms and then complete a baseline ImPACT test. The following three weeks, individuals were administered a VO2 max cycle ergometer test. Following the test participants will rest for <5 (immediate), 15, or 30 minutes before re-taking ImPACT. Results: Immediately following maximal exertion, negative composite scores, relative to baseline, were ...


Examining College Student Athlete Attitudes Towards Concussion Testing And Reporting Concussions, Kaitlyn Fry 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Examining College Student Athlete Attitudes Towards Concussion Testing And Reporting Concussions, Kaitlyn Fry

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Examining College Student Athlete Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Baseline Neurocognitive Concussion Testing

FryK, Anderson, M, Anderson, M, Schatz, P, Elbin, RJ: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas

Context: Examining athletes’ attitudes toward concussion diagnosis, management, and treatment can lead to improved multi-faceted management of a concussion injury. Although attitudes towards concussion injuries have been studied, the examination of athletes’ attitudes towards baseline computerized neurocognitive testing is understudied and is warranted. Objective: To examine the relationship between sex, concussion history, and previous exposure to baseline testing on athletes’ perceptions of effort provided during baseline testing and the utility of neurocognitive testing. Methods ...


Implementation Of Exercise Is Medicine On Campus At Uri, Gabrielle E. Tyer 2016 University of Rhode Island

Implementation Of Exercise Is Medicine On Campus At Uri, Gabrielle E. Tyer

Senior Honors Projects

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics, the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the United States are chronic diseases, including heart disease, lung disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease and diabetes. There has been recent attention paid to the role that higher levels of physical activity and lower levels of physical inactivity can play in the prevention and management of chronic disease. As a result of the strength of this evidence, the American College of Sports Medicine, in partnership with the American Medical Association, created the Exercise is Medicine (EIM) initiative. The goal ...


Exercise Is Medicine, Colby A. Sousa 2016 University of Rhode Island

Exercise Is Medicine, Colby A. Sousa

Senior Honors Projects

College student are often faced with new challenges upon arrival to campus, including making independent decisions about their health and wellness.

As students face new academic and social responsibilities, issues with time management and stress often compromise many students abilities to adopt and maintain health promoting behaviors, including eating well and participating in regular physical activity. The adoption of less health promoting behaviors is associated with increases in rates of illness, increases in weight, adoption of poor sleeping patterns and increasingly poor stress management.

As such, knowledge of the importance of proper nutrition and physical activity/ exercise for optimal health ...


The Effect Of Hypertonicity On Glucose Regulation In Healthy Adults, Alison L. Schroeder 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Hypertonicity On Glucose Regulation In Healthy Adults, Alison L. Schroeder

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Impaired glucose tolerance is the key defining characteristic of diabetes, a condition which affects nearly 30% of Americans. Hydration status and the physiological effects of poor hydration have been linked to compromised glucose tolerance in animal models, but have not been thoroughly investigated in humans. PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to observe the effect of altered hydration status on a healthy male adult’s response to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODS: Four healthy adult men (28.4±1 y, 23.6±1.2 kg/m2, HbA1C 5.6±0.2%, non-smoking, non-athletes) participated. Subjects took OGTT ...


An Epidemiological Study Of Ankle Injuries Among Football Players At A Division I University, Amy Elizabeth Estep 2016 University of Tennessee-Knoxville

An Epidemiological Study Of Ankle Injuries Among Football Players At A Division I University, Amy Elizabeth Estep

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Wheelchair Fatigue Reducer, Aaron Miller, Dennis Andre Norfleet 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Wheelchair Fatigue Reducer, Aaron Miller, Dennis Andre Norfleet

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Sedentary Behavior In Honors College Freshmen, Laura Hintermeier 2016 The College at Brockport

Sedentary Behavior In Honors College Freshmen, Laura Hintermeier

Senior Honors Theses

Introduction: Sedentary behaviors (SB) are sitting/reclining activities requiring low energy expenditure such as watching television, reading and desk work. The average person spends eight hours sitting per weekday. Current literature suggests SB may contribute to the development of risk factors for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. The first year of college is a transition period for freshmen as it provides a new level of independence and freedom to determine how they spend their time. Therefore it is of particular interest to determine their time spent engaging in SB as their life time habits become established. Purpose: To examine the amount ...


Concussions, Why They Go Unreported, Drake Matuska 2016 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Concussions, Why They Go Unreported, Drake Matuska

Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day

Introduction: In the world today, concussions are a major health risk in sports and many other physically demanding activities. Every day, we see former athletes who have experienced multiple concussions complain of cognitive impairment and memory loss. It is the risk every athlete takes when they participate in a sport they love; however, when an individual plays through a concussion that is when a line is crossed. People playing through a concussion lead to the foundation of this study, which is to find out why individuals play through their concussions, why they fail to report, and the core cognitive reasons ...


Hydration Status, Habits, And Knowledge Of Collegiate Cross Country Runners, Laura J. Comee 2016 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Hydration Status, Habits, And Knowledge Of Collegiate Cross Country Runners, Laura J. Comee

Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day

Abstract: Dehydration exceeding 2% loss of body mass can cause decreased cognitive and physical performance in endurance athletes. While many runners carry water bottles with them, most do not know their sweat rate or fluid recommendations, increasing the risk for heat-related illnesses such as heat stroke. Purpose: To assess hydration status, habits, and knowledge of collegiate cross country runners. Methods: Institutional Review Board approval was obtained and subjects completed informed consents. Thirty-three female and twenty-five male Division III collegiate runners participated in the study. Hydration status was assessed measuring the specific gravity of three urine samples one each before a ...


Effects Of A Virtual Training Partner On Cycling Time Trial Performance In Recreationally Active Females, Janae L. Myers 2016 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Effects Of A Virtual Training Partner On Cycling Time Trial Performance In Recreationally Active Females, Janae L. Myers

Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day

Introduction. Fatigue is a result of physiological and psychological limits. Associative thoughts (thoughts of physical sensations) and dissociative thoughts (thoughts not regarding physical sensations) compete for attentional focus during exercise and can influence exercise performance and fatigue. Distractions during exercise, such as watching TV or interactive exercise, increase dissociative thoughts and reduce rate of perceived exertion (RPE). Limited research exists regarding the effects of a virtual training partner on exercise performance and fatigue.

Purpose. To examine whether the use of a virtual training partner (ghost) will improve performance by increasing dissociative thoughts. We hypothesized that the use of a ghost ...


Factors Contributing To Professional Self-Efficacy Levels In Recently Graduated Certified Athletic Trainers, Matthew Kuo, Hannah L. Stedge, Michael S. Weller 2016 Cedarville University

Factors Contributing To Professional Self-Efficacy Levels In Recently Graduated Certified Athletic Trainers, Matthew Kuo, Hannah L. Stedge, Michael S. Weller

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Self-efficacy is an important factor for job success, but it has been cited as a missing factor in new athletic training graduates. Therefore, the objective of this study was to find what factors affect the development of self-efficacy in the recently graduated certified athletic trainer. A qualitative survey method was utilized that involved questions aimed to extract as much personal opinion and experiences as possible. Online surveys were sent out electronically to 1,000 prospective participants. A total of 64 survey responses were received but only 52 surveys were qualified for inclusion into the study. Data was collected via the ...


Predictive Value Of The Functional Movement Screen As It Relates To Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Daniel A. Herring, Kyle D. Cherry, Hannah L. Stedge 2016 Cedarville University

Predictive Value Of The Functional Movement Screen As It Relates To Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Daniel A. Herring, Kyle D. Cherry, Hannah L. Stedge

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Introduction: Anterior cruciate ligament injuries occur over 200,000 times annually in the United States alone (Brophy, et al. 2009). This injury strains the healthcare system and affects the players, teams, parents, and the organization they are a part of. There have been, however, clinically researched risk factors that predispose athletes to ACL injury (Gignac, et al. 2015; Laible, et al. 2014). As a result, there is a clinical need for an effective screening tool to identify those athletes at risk for ACL injury. The Functional Movement Screen has been shown to be an effective screening tool for detecting athletes ...


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