Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Kinesiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,321 Full-Text Articles 4,760 Authors 836,208 Downloads 77 Institutions

All Articles in Kinesiology

Faceted Search

2,321 full-text articles. Page 1 of 84.

The Effects Of An Exercise Program On Cardiovascular Risk Factors At A Faith Based University, Annisa R. Albury, Jacob D. Forsythe, Greggory M, Thorpe 2014 Cedarville University

The Effects Of An Exercise Program On Cardiovascular Risk Factors At A Faith Based University, Annisa R. Albury, Jacob D. Forsythe, Greggory M, Thorpe

Kinesiology and Allied Health Senior Research Projects

Physical inactivity is a significant risk factor for heart disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes, and certain types of cancer according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2013). A simple form of physical activity that improves health and also has a high adherence rate is walking (Dishman, 1994). Walking has been shown to lower fasting blood glucose, decrease total cholesterol, and reduce hypertension when introduced to college faculty and staff as part of a comprehensive wellness program (Haines, 2007). PURPOSE: To determine if a walking program would lower cardiovascular risk factors for faculty and staff who adhere to a faith based values ...


Ground Forces Impact On Release Of Rotational Shot Put Technique, Niklas B. Arrhenius 2014 Brigham Young University

Ground Forces Impact On Release Of Rotational Shot Put Technique, Niklas B. Arrhenius

All Theses and Dissertations

In the shot put throw, the primary power is generated in the form of ground reaction forces as a result of action of the lower extremities (Coh, Stuhec, & Supej, 2008). The purpose of this study was to determine how the ground reaction force and ground contact time during the delivery phase of rotational shot put relates to the predicted distance of the throw. This will allow us to determine the optimal approach of force application for maximum throwing distance (Linthorne, 2001). Eight male subjects were used in this study (age 23 ± 4 y; body mass 123 ± 14 kg; height 190 ± 4 cm; all right handed). Subjects threw three attempts in a custom-built shot put ring where two force plates were located where both feet were expected to land in the delivery. The throws were also filmed using two high-speed cameras at 120 frames/s. These videos gave us the speed, angle and height of release for predicting distance thrown. Results: Peak right leg force during ...


The Reduction Of Metabolic Cost While Using Handrail Support During Inclined Treadmill Walking Is Dependent On The Handrail-Use Instruction, Cory Hofmann, Connor Dougherty, Hagop Abkarian, Michele Fox, Paul Juris 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Reduction Of Metabolic Cost While Using Handrail Support During Inclined Treadmill Walking Is Dependent On The Handrail-Use Instruction, Cory Hofmann, Connor Dougherty, Hagop Abkarian, Michele Fox, Paul Juris

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 339-345, 2014. Inclined treadmill walking is a commonly performed activity to increase cardiovascular health. Handrail support on a treadmill provides an individual the opportunity to change their posture with respect to the walking surface. Differences in metabolic cost during inclined walking due to postural changes with handrail use are unknown. To test the hypothesis that metabolic cost will differ depending on how handrail support is used, respiratory gas analysis was performed during inclined walking in 13 healthy subjects. Energy expenditure was quantified while each subject walked in four conditions: 5% incline unsupported, 10 ...


Lactate Threshold Comparison In Anaerobic Vs. Aerobic Athletes And Untrained Subjects, Matt Green, Jared Hornsby, Robert Pritchett, Kelley Pritchett 2014 Western Kentucky University

Lactate Threshold Comparison In Anaerobic Vs. Aerobic Athletes And Untrained Subjects, Matt Green, Jared Hornsby, Robert Pritchett, Kelley Pritchett

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 329-338, 2014. This study compared VO2 max, lactate threshold (LT) and VO2 at LT (VO2LT) among aerobic athletes (ARA) (n=10), anaerobic athletes (ANA) (n=9) and untrained participants (UTS) (n=7). From a treadmill test to exhaustion, VO2 max and LT (4 mmol·L-1 blood lactate concentration) were assessed. Analysis of variance showed VO2 max (ml·kg-1·min-1) was significantly greater for ARA (67.6 ± 9.4) than ANA (53.4 ± 6.4) and UTS (44.9 + 6.9), with ANA significantly greater than ...


Kinematics And Economy Of Novel Barefoot Running, Aaron Zell, Patrick Babington 2014 DePauw University

Kinematics And Economy Of Novel Barefoot Running, Aaron Zell, Patrick Babington

Science Research Fellows Posters

The purpose of the study was to compare key physiological, anthropometric, and kinematic attributes between barefoot and shod runners while also comparing these variables to the running economy of their respective conditions. We hypothesize that when running in the acute barefoot condition participants will exhibit significant biomechanical, physiological, and kinematic differences compared to the shod condition that may be correlated with a superior or inferior running economy. Male (4) and female (5) test subjects (19.2±0.83 years, 171.06±6.89 cm, 71.09±14.52 kg) participated in two separate testing sessions. The first session involved collecting ...


Intercollegiate Cross Country Competition: Effects Of Warm-Up And Racing On Salivary Levels Of Cortisol And Testosterone, Kathleen V. Casto, Christopher Elliott, David A. Edwards 2014 Western Kentucky University

Intercollegiate Cross Country Competition: Effects Of Warm-Up And Racing On Salivary Levels Of Cortisol And Testosterone, Kathleen V. Casto, Christopher Elliott, David A. Edwards

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 318-328, 2014. Team intercollegiate athletic competition is associated with an increase in salivary cortisol (C) and testosterone (T) in men and women. The present study was designed to determine the hormonal effects of warm-up and racing in cross country runners – a sport that has both individual and team components. Members of the Emory University men’s and women’s varsity cross country teams gave saliva samples before warm-up, after warm-up, and immediately after the finish of each of two intercollegiate invitational meets held one year apart in the same setting (2010, N = 10 ...


Vo2 Reserve Vs. Heart Rate Reserve During Moderate Intensity Treadmill Exercise, Tanner J. Solheim, Brad G. Keller, Charles J. Fountaine 2014 Western Kentucky University

Vo2 Reserve Vs. Heart Rate Reserve During Moderate Intensity Treadmill Exercise, Tanner J. Solheim, Brad G. Keller, Charles J. Fountaine

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 311-317, 2014. ­VO2 and heart rate (HR) are widely used when determining appropriate training intensities for clinical, healthy, and athletic populations. It has been shown that if the % reserve (%R) is used, rather than % of max, HR and VO2 can be used interchangeably to accurately prescribe exercise intensities. Thus, heart rate reserve (HRR) can be prescribed if VO2 reserve (VO2R) is known. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare VO2 R and HRR during moderate intensity exercise (50%R). Physically active college students performed a ...


Muscle Activity In Single- Vs. Double-Leg Squats, Bradley A. DeForest, Gregory S. Cantrell, Brian K. Schilling 2014 Western Kentucky University

Muscle Activity In Single- Vs. Double-Leg Squats, Bradley A. Deforest, Gregory S. Cantrell, Brian K. Schilling

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 302-310, 2014. Muscular activity, vertical displacement and ground reaction forces of back squats (BS), rear-leg elevated split squats (RLESS) and split squats (SS) were examined. Nine resistance-trained men reported for two sessions. The first session consisted of the consent process, practice, and BS 1-repetition maximum testing. In the second session, participants performed the three exercises while EMG, displacment and ground reaction force data (one leg on plate) were collected. EMG data were collected from the gluteus maximus (GMX), biceps femoris (BF), semitendinosus (ST), rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL), vastus medialis (VM), tibialis ...


Occupational Sitting And Physical Activity Among University Employees, Charles J. Fountaine, Meredith Piacentini, Gary A. Liguori 2014 Western Kentucky University

Occupational Sitting And Physical Activity Among University Employees, Charles J. Fountaine, Meredith Piacentini, Gary A. Liguori

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 295-301, 2014. The prevalence of overweight and obese in the U.S. has been thoroughly documented. With the advent of inactivity physiology research and the subsequent interest in sedentary behavior, the work environment has come under closer scrutiny as a potential opportunity to reverse inactivity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the sitting and physical activity (PA) habits among different classifications of university employees. University employees (n=625) completed an online survey based on the Occupational Sitting and Physical Activity Questionnaire (OSPAQ). Participants were instructed to describe time spent sitting ...


Time Spent In Mvpa During Exergaming With Xbox Kinect In Sedentary College Students, Chie Yang, Zachary Wickert, Samantha Roedel, Alexandria Berg, Alex Rothbauer, Marquell Johnson, Donald Bredle 2014 Western Kentucky University

Time Spent In Mvpa During Exergaming With Xbox Kinect In Sedentary College Students, Chie Yang, Zachary Wickert, Samantha Roedel, Alexandria Berg, Alex Rothbauer, Marquell Johnson, Donald Bredle

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 286-294, 2014. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the amount of time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during a 30-minute bout of exergaming with the Xbox Kinect game console in sedentary college-aged students. A secondary purpose was to examine enjoyment level of participation in the selected exergame. Twenty college-aged students (14 females and 6 males) who self-reported being physically inactive and having no prior experience with the Xbox Kinect game “Your Shape Fitness Evolved 2012” Break a Sweat activity participated in the study. Participants came into the lab on ...


Can Resistance Training Contribute To The Aerobic Components Of The Physical Activity Guidelines?, Travis J. Hrubeniuk, Neal Prokop, Semone Myrie, Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R. Bouchard 2014 Western Kentucky University

Can Resistance Training Contribute To The Aerobic Components Of The Physical Activity Guidelines?, Travis J. Hrubeniuk, Neal Prokop, Semone Myrie, Martin Sénéchal, Danielle R. Bouchard

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 278-285, 2014. To evaluate if resistance training can reach Moderate to Vigorous Intensity (MVI) and contribute to the aerobic component of the international physical activity guidelines. Sixteen participants aged between 20 and 35 were recruited. Heart rate was recorded by heart rate monitor during a resistance training program. Based on maximal heart rate, time spent at MVI (55-69% of maximal heart rate) was calculated. Participants displayed a HR equal or above MVI for 51.5% ± 21.7% of time. When stratifying by lower and upper body sessions, that proportion was median (25-75th); 75 ...


The Acute Effects Of A Dynamic Stretching Protocol On Wingate Performance, Autumn S. Gipson Ms., Jamarious Jones, Elise N. Ritchey, Colby Murphy, Hope Grimes, John M. Coons 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Acute Effects Of A Dynamic Stretching Protocol On Wingate Performance, Autumn S. Gipson Ms., Jamarious Jones, Elise N. Ritchey, Colby Murphy, Hope Grimes, John M. Coons

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 271-277, 2014. Stretching before performing anaerobic activity has been a highly debated subject, with studies finding differing results depending on the type (static, dynamic, etc.) and duration of the stretch. Furthermore, the effects of dynamic stretching (DS) on anaerobic performance have been minimally researched. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects a DS protocol had on power performance using a Wingate test (WAnT). College-aged male subjects were recruited for this study. Prior to experimental trials, subjects performed a familiarity WAnT trial. Subjects then performed the WAnT two more times, once ...


The Relationship Between Change Of Direction Speed In The Frontal Plane, Power, Reactive Strength, And Strength, Brian T. McCormick, James C. Hannon, Charlie A. Hicks-Little, Maria Newton, Barry Shultz, Nicole Detling, Warren B. Young 2014 Western Kentucky University

The Relationship Between Change Of Direction Speed In The Frontal Plane, Power, Reactive Strength, And Strength, Brian T. Mccormick, James C. Hannon, Charlie A. Hicks-Little, Maria Newton, Barry Shultz, Nicole Detling, Warren B. Young

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 7(4) : 260-270, 2014. Change-of-direction speed (CODS) is an important quality to performance in multi-direction sports. The relationship between CODS in the frontal plane and power, strength, and reactive strength is largely unstudied. Twenty-three male college students participated in this study. The study used a Pearson’s product-moment correlation to measure the relationship between CODS, power, strength, and reactive strength. A lateral shuffle test was used as the measure of CODS. A lateral hop for distance was used as the measure of power in the frontal plane. A countermovement vertical jump test was used as ...


Biomechanics Annual Report, Fall 2014, Biomechanics Research Building 2014 University of Nebraska Omaha

Biomechanics Annual Report, Fall 2014, Biomechanics Research Building

NBCF Newsletter

This annual report features:

Letter from the Directer; COBRE Grant Press Release

Updates - Our New Building; Visitors; Moving on Up; Why Choose BRB as a Student?; Where Are They Now?; From the Bench to the Market

Projects - Neuroscience; NASA: Stimulation of the Sensory System; Motor Development; Variability Studies; Path Integration; Peripheral Artery Disease and Aging

Other Content - Beyond our Borders; Journal Club; Awards; Faculty Travels; Conferences; NE Science Fest; Campaign for Nebraska


Engaging Youth In Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities Through A Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program, Keri Schwab 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Engaging Youth In Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities Through A Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program, Keri Schwab

Keri Schwab

Engaging Youth in Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities through a Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program


Effects Of Yoga On Arm Volume Among Women With Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema: A Pilot Study, Mary Insana Fisher, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Laura Leach, Colleen O'Malley, Cheryl Paeplow, Tess Prescott, Harold Merriman 2014 University of Dayton

Effects Of Yoga On Arm Volume Among Women With Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema: A Pilot Study, Mary Insana Fisher, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Laura Leach, Colleen O'Malley, Cheryl Paeplow, Tess Prescott, Harold Merriman

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Lymphedema affects 3–58% of survivors of breast cancer and can result in upper extremity impairments. Exercise can be beneficial in managing lymphedema. Yoga practice has been minimally studied for its effects on breast cancer related lymphedema (BCRL). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of yoga on arm volume, quality of life (QOL), self-reported arm function, and hand grip strength in women with BCRL. Six women with BCRL participated in modified Hatha yoga 3×/week for 8 weeks. Compression sleeves were worn during yoga sessions. Arm volume, QOL, self-reported arm function, and hand grip strength were ...


Comparison Of Therapeutic Exercise Accuracy During Completion Of A Home Exercise Program Using The Exercise Tutor Versus A Written Home Exercise Program, James Flis, Riana Stanko, Megan Stang, Ann Reinthal, Deborah Espy 2014 Cleveland State University

Comparison Of Therapeutic Exercise Accuracy During Completion Of A Home Exercise Program Using The Exercise Tutor Versus A Written Home Exercise Program, James Flis, Riana Stanko, Megan Stang, Ann Reinthal, Deborah Espy

Undergraduate Research Posters 2014

Exercise is powerful in rehabilitation and prevention of disability; however, patient adherence to home exercises is difficult, learning new movements requires a great deal of practice, and incorrectly performed exercises are ineffective or even dangerous. We have developed a system comprised of a Kinect device with wearable inertial sensors to capture, record, and process the exerciser’s movement while concurrently providing targeted feedback to guide correct exercise completion. This pilot study allowed us to perform initial testing of this system, specifically, the effectiveness of this system in improving exercise accuracy, with and without the addition of inertial sensors to the ...


Motor Output Structure In Targeted Aiming: A Mechanistic Model, Dale Lewis, Roger Young, Jeffrey Eder, Andrew B, Slifkin 2014 Cleveland State University

Motor Output Structure In Targeted Aiming: A Mechanistic Model, Dale Lewis, Roger Young, Jeffrey Eder, Andrew B, Slifkin

Undergraduate Research Posters 2014

Studies using a variety of experimental tasks have established that when humans repeatedly produce an action, fluctuations in action output are highest at the lowest frequencies and fluctuation magnitude (power) systematically declines as frequency increases. Such time series structure is termed pink noise. However, the appearance of pink noise seems to be limited to tasks where action is executed in the absence of task-related feedback. A few studies have demonstrated that when action was executed in the presence of task-related feedback, power was evenly distributed across all spectral frequencies—i.e., white noise was revealed. Here, participants produced cyclical aiming ...


Is Steering Practice Task Dependent?, Dale Lewis, Seyed Amirhossein Hosseini, Jacqueline Jenkins 2014 Cleveland State University

Is Steering Practice Task Dependent?, Dale Lewis, Seyed Amirhossein Hosseini, Jacqueline Jenkins

Undergraduate Research Posters 2014

A driving simulation experiment was conducted to examine the performance improvement of participants while conducting a lane keeping task and two lane changing tasks on a straight road. Forty-four participants, sixteen females and twenty-eight males, drove one of three driving conditions. The data was analyzed to test whether 1) practice is better than no practice; 2) practicing a less challenging but similar steering task is good practice for a more challenging steering task; and 3) practicing a more challenging but similar steering task is good practice for a less challenging steering task. The results indicate that practicing the more challenging ...


Fun Versus Practical: Physiological Responses And Preference Of Exercise Equipment, Shana Strunk, Courtney Perkins, Brandon Musarra, Megan O’Keefe, Katie Webb, Kenneth E. Sparks, Emily Kullman, Eddie T.C. Lam 2014 Cleveland State University

Fun Versus Practical: Physiological Responses And Preference Of Exercise Equipment, Shana Strunk, Courtney Perkins, Brandon Musarra, Megan O’Keefe, Katie Webb, Kenneth E. Sparks, Emily Kullman, Eddie T.C. Lam

Undergraduate Research Posters 2014

The elliptical cross trainer has become a popular a mode of exercise, but can only be used indoors. The StreetStrider was designed as an outdoor elliptical-bike. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether the elliptical or the StreetStrider was more enjoyable, and to compare the physiological variables for energy expenditure, heart rate (HR), VO2, and Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE). METHODS: Thirty participants (15 male, 15 female, mean age=22±2) from Cleveland State University exercised for 20 minutes at 75% of their age predicted maximal heart rate on the StreetStrider and elliptical. Energy expenditure was measured ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress