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Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. McFarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass 2017 University of Florida

Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background When performing two tasks at once, a dual task, performance on one or both tasks typically suffers. People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) usually experience larger dual task decrements on motor tasks than healthy older adults (HOA). Our objective was to investigate the decrements in cycling caused by performing cognitive tasks with a range of difficulty in people with PD and HOAs. Methods Twenty-eight participants with Parkinson’s disease and 20 healthy older adults completed a baseline cycling task with no secondary tasks and then completed dual task cycling while performing 12 tasks from six cognitive domains representing a ...


Lessons And Challenges Of Trials Involving Ancillary Therapies For Parkinson’S Disease, Chris J. Hass, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Madeleine E. Hackney, Joe R. Nocera 2017 Iowa State University

Lessons And Challenges Of Trials Involving Ancillary Therapies For Parkinson’S Disease, Chris J. Hass, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Madeleine E. Hackney, Joe R. Nocera

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Progressive impairment, particularly related to gait, postural control and cognitive decline, are not effectively treated by the current pharmacological and surgical management of Parkinson's disease (PD). This has led many patients and treating physicians to explore concomitant therapeutic modalities such as aerobic exercise, resistance training, physical therapy, massage, dance and music therapy, tai chi and others to aid in reducing symptomatology and improving patient quality of life.


Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. McFarland, SH Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass 2017 Iowa State University

Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Sh Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background Differentiating movement disorders is critical for appropriate treatment, prognosis, and for clinical trials. In clinical trials this is especially important as effects can be diluted by inclusion of inappropriately diagnosed participants. In early disease duration phases, disorders often have overlapping clinical features, such as impairments in repetitive finger movement, making diagnosis challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine and compare repetitive finger movement performance in participants diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, and spinocerebellar ataxias. Methods Participants completed an unconstrained index finger flexion/extension movement (i.e. finger tap) in time with an ...


Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka 2017 Boise State University

Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka

Lindsey R. Turner

With provisions in the Every Student Succeeds Act, attention to physical education (PE) programs in school will be crucial for developing well-rounded students. We assessed the availability of resources that have the potential to impact PE (staffing, continuing education, annual PE equipment budgets) in a nationally-representative sample of 640 U.S. public elementary schools. Higher student-to-PE teacher ratios were associated with students not receiving adequate instruction. Equipment budgets were minimal (median = $500) and 30% of schools had no budget at all. Additional financial support from federal and state education agencies would help schools to better meet recommendations for PE.


Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka 2017 Boise State University

Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka

Tyler G. Johnson

With provisions in the Every Student Succeeds Act, attention to physical education (PE) programs in school will be crucial for developing well-rounded students. We assessed the availability of resources that have the potential to impact PE (staffing, continuing education, annual PE equipment budgets) in a nationally-representative sample of 640 U.S. public elementary schools. Higher student-to-PE teacher ratios were associated with students not receiving adequate instruction. Equipment budgets were minimal (median = $500) and 30% of schools had no budget at all. Additional financial support from federal and state education agencies would help schools to better meet recommendations for PE.


Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke 2017 Iowa State University

Utility Of The Living (Well Through) Intergenerational Fitness And Exercise Program As A County-Delivered Extension Program, Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Warren D. Franke

Jennifer Margrett

Rural-residing older adults are not participating in regular physical activity. Extension is in an excellent position to fill this programming void through transdisciplinary programming such as the Living (well through) Intergenerational Fitness and Exercise (LIFE) program. Qualitative evaluation was conducted to assess the LIFE program's utility as an Extension-delivered program. Nearly all LIFE program managers were satisfied with the program and were likely to recommend it to others. Best liked program features and attributes were the ready-to-use curriculum, corresponding training, and intergenerational and rural focuses. These results suggest that the LIFE program is viewed as appropriate for delivery by ...


Does Any Good Come From A Coach That Yells? Reflective Experiences From Former Athletes, David C. Barney, Alema Tauiliili 2017 Brigham Young University

Does Any Good Come From A Coach That Yells? Reflective Experiences From Former Athletes, David C. Barney, Alema Tauiliili

All Faculty Publications

Yelling in society is a common occurrence. Parents yell at their children, bosses yell at their employees and coaches yell at their athletes. Yet, in many cases the yelling coach exhibits unkind, loud in nature, and very personal statements. The purpose of this study was to better understand former athlete’s perspectives regarding their thoughts and experiences of their coaches yelling at them. For this study yelling will imply saying loud, unkind, personal comments towards the athlete. For this study 124 former athletes were surveyed regarding their experiences with a yelling coach. Generally, it was found that the former athletes ...


Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka 2017 Boise State University

Stretched Too Thin?: The Relationship Between Insufficient Resource Allocation And Physical Education Instructional Time And Assessment Practices, Lindsey Turner, Tyler G. Johnson, Hannah G. Calvert, Frank J. Chaloupka

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

With provisions in the Every Student Succeeds Act, attention to physical education (PE) programs in school will be crucial for developing well-rounded students. We assessed the availability of resources that have the potential to impact PE (staffing, continuing education, annual PE equipment budgets) in a nationally-representative sample of 640 U.S. public elementary schools. Higher student-to-PE teacher ratios were associated with students not receiving adequate instruction. Equipment budgets were minimal (median = $500) and 30% of schools had no budget at all. Additional financial support from federal and state education agencies would help schools to better meet recommendations for PE.


The Influence Of Limb And Target Vision In Target-Directed And Allocentric Pointing Movements, Joseph Manzone 2017 The University of Western Ontario

The Influence Of Limb And Target Vision In Target-Directed And Allocentric Pointing Movements, Joseph Manzone

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The top-down nature of allocentric spatial representations (i.e., specifying target locations relative to other objects) is thought to render motor output via an offline mode of control. The present experiment tested this hypothesis by providing detailed trajectory analyses of allocentric and target-directed reaching tasks performed with and without concomitant limb vision. Allocentric tasks required reaches to a location defined by the relationship between a target and reference stimulus, whereas target-directed tasks required reaches directly to a target. Target-directed limb visible trials showed the most effective online trajectory amendments compared to their limb occluded counterparts and allocentric limb visible and ...


Effects Of Heat Exposure On Body Water Assessed Using Single-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis And Bioimpedance Spectroscopy, Brett S. Nickerson, Michael R. Esco, Phillip A. Bishop, Brian M. Kliszczewicz, Henry N. Williford, Kyung-Shin Park, Bailey A. Welborn, Ronald L. Snarr, Danilo V. Tolusso 2017 Texas A&M International University

Effects Of Heat Exposure On Body Water Assessed Using Single-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis And Bioimpedance Spectroscopy, Brett S. Nickerson, Michael R. Esco, Phillip A. Bishop, Brian M. Kliszczewicz, Henry N. Williford, Kyung-Shin Park, Bailey A. Welborn, Ronald L. Snarr, Danilo V. Tolusso

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1085-1093, 2017. The purpose of this study was to determine if heat exposure alters the measures of total body water (TBW), extracellular water (ECW), and intracellular water (ICW) in both single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). Additionally, we sought to determine if any differences exist between the BIA and BIS techniques before and after brief exposure to heat. Body water was evaluated for twenty men (age=24±4 years) in a thermoneutral environment (22°C) before (PRE) and immediately after (POST) 15 min of passive heating (35°C) in an ...


Repeated Plyometric Exercise Attenuates Blood Glucose In Healthy Adults, Saldiam R. Barillas, Casey M. Watkins, Megan A. Wong, Ian J. Dobbs, David C. Archer, Cameron N. Munger, Andrew J. Galpin, Jared W. Coburn, Lee E. Brown 2017 California State University, Fullerton

Repeated Plyometric Exercise Attenuates Blood Glucose In Healthy Adults, Saldiam R. Barillas, Casey M. Watkins, Megan A. Wong, Ian J. Dobbs, David C. Archer, Cameron N. Munger, Andrew J. Galpin, Jared W. Coburn, Lee E. Brown

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1076-1084, 2017. Plyometric exercise is popular in commercial exercise programs aiming to maximize energy expenditure for weight loss. However, the effect of plyometric exercise on blood glucose is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of relatively high intensity plyometric exercise on blood glucose. Thirteen subjects (6 females age= 21.8 ± 1.0 yrs.; height= 163.7 ± 7.8 cm; mass= 60.8 ± 6.7 kg and 7 males age= 22.0 ± 2.6 yrs.; height= 182.3 ± 3.6 cm; mass= 87.4 ± 12.5 kg) volunteered to ...


Is The Relationship Between Stride Length, Frequency, And Velocity Influenced By Running On A Treadmill Or Overground?, Joshua Paul Bailey, Tiffany Mata, John Mercer Dr. 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Is The Relationship Between Stride Length, Frequency, And Velocity Influenced By Running On A Treadmill Or Overground?, Joshua Paul Bailey, Tiffany Mata, John Mercer Dr.

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1067-1075, 2017. The purpose of the study was to compare the relationship between stride length (SL), stride frequency (SF), and velocity while running on a treadmill and overground. Participants (n=10; 22.3±2.6 yrs; 1.71±.08 m; 71.4±15.5 kg) completed a total of 14 runs (7 treadmill, 7 overground) with each run at a different velocity. SL, SF, and velocity data were recorded using wearable technology (Garmin, Fenix2). The outdoor trials occurred first. The treadmill velocities were selected to match the range of velocities used overgroud. SL ...


The Effects Of Resistance Training Volume On Skeletal Muscle Proteome, Ramires A. Tibana, Octávio L. Franco, Gabriel V. Cunha, Nuno M. F Sousa, Ivo V. Sousa Neto, Márcia M. Carvalho, Jeeser Alves de Almeida, James W. Navalta, Mariana O. Lobo, Fabricio A. Voltarelli, Rita C. Marqueti, João L.Q Durigan, Jonato Prestes 2017 Catholic University of Brasilia

The Effects Of Resistance Training Volume On Skeletal Muscle Proteome, Ramires A. Tibana, Octávio L. Franco, Gabriel V. Cunha, Nuno M. F Sousa, Ivo V. Sousa Neto, Márcia M. Carvalho, Jeeser Alves De Almeida, James W. Navalta, Mariana O. Lobo, Fabricio A. Voltarelli, Rita C. Marqueti, João L.Q Durigan, Jonato Prestes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1051-1066, 2017. Studies are conflicting to whether low volume resistance training (RT) is as effective as high-volume RT protocols with respect to promoting morphological and molecular adaptations. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare, using a climbing a vertical ladder, the effects of 8 weeks, 3 times per week, resistance training with 4 sets (RT4), resistance training with 8 sets (RT8) and without resistance training control (CON) on gastrocnemius muscle proteome using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and cross sectional area (CSA) of rats. Fifty-two proteins were identified ...


Energy Cost Of Active And Sedentary Music Video Games: Handheld Gaming Vs. Walking And Sitting, Edwin Miranda, Brittany S. Overstreet, William A. Fountain, Vincent Gutierrez, Michael Kolankowski, Matthew L. Overstreet, Ryan M. Sapp, Christopher A. Wolff, Scott A. Mazzetti Ph.D. 2017 Salisbury University

Energy Cost Of Active And Sedentary Music Video Games: Handheld Gaming Vs. Walking And Sitting, Edwin Miranda, Brittany S. Overstreet, William A. Fountain, Vincent Gutierrez, Michael Kolankowski, Matthew L. Overstreet, Ryan M. Sapp, Christopher A. Wolff, Scott A. Mazzetti Ph.D.

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1038-1050, 2017. To compare energy expenditure during and after active and handheld video game drumming compared to walking and sitting. Ten experienced, college-aged men performed four protocols (one per week): no-exercise seated control (CTRL), virtual drumming on a handheld gaming device (HANDHELD), active drumming on drum pads (DRUM), and walking on a treadmill at ~30% of VO2max (WALK). Protocols were performed after an overnight fast, and expired air was collected continuously during (30min) and after (30min) exercise. DRUM and HANDHELD song lists, day of the week, and time of day were identical ...


A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Melatonin Can Alter Substrate Use During Exercise, Cardyl P. Trionfante, Greggory R. Davis, Tyler M. Farney, Ryan W. Miskowiec, Arnold G. Nelson 2017 Louisiana Sate University

A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Melatonin Can Alter Substrate Use During Exercise, Cardyl P. Trionfante, Greggory R. Davis, Tyler M. Farney, Ryan W. Miskowiec, Arnold G. Nelson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1029-1037, 2017. Notwithstanding the lack of exercise research, several reviews have championed the use of melatonin to combat metabolic syndrome. Therefore, this study compared substrate utilization during a 30-minute (min) graded exercise protocol following the ingestion of either 6 mg melatonin (M) or a placebo (P). Participants (12 women, 12 men) performed stages 1-5 of the Naughton graded exercise protocol (6 min per stage). The protocol was repeated 4 times (2x M, 2x P) at the same time of day with one week separating each session. Expired gases were monitored, VO2 and ...


Nutrient Intake Of Elite Canadian And American Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury, Heather R. Gerrish, Elizabeth Broad, Melissa LaCroix, Dana Ogan, Robert C. Pritchett, Kelly Pritchett 2017 Central Washington University

Nutrient Intake Of Elite Canadian And American Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury, Heather R. Gerrish, Elizabeth Broad, Melissa Lacroix, Dana Ogan, Robert C. Pritchett, Kelly Pritchett

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1018-1028, 2017. The nutrient needs of athletes with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) are dependent on their physiological alterations and training status. Limited research is available regarding dietary intake of elite athletes with SCI and possible nutrient deficiencies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine dietary intake of elite athletes with SCI, and determine dietary intake inadequacies based on the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) comparisons. Additionally, the average energy and macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein, and fat) intake was compared based on level of injury (C level, T1-T6, T7-T12, Lumbar). A total of 39 ...


College Student Work Habits Are Related To Physical Activity And Fitness, Jesse Calestine, Melissa Bopp, Christopher M. Bopp, Zack Papalia 2017 Pennsylvania State University

College Student Work Habits Are Related To Physical Activity And Fitness, Jesse Calestine, Melissa Bopp, Christopher M. Bopp, Zack Papalia

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1009-1017, 2017. Despite the known benefits of regular physical activity, research shows a significant decline in physical activity participation and an increase in sedentary behavior during young adulthood during the college years. Studies examining the relationship between academic outcomes and fitness/physical activity have not extensively examined this among college students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between fitness measures (cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition), physical activity, and academic outcomes in college students. This cross-sectional study had college students complete a one-time fitness assessment and ...


A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Muscle Sentry® Has No Effect On Performing Repeated Leg Press Sets To Failure, Trezlyn M. Bartschi, David C. Sanders, Tyler M. Farney, Joke Kokkonen, Arnold G. Nelson 2017 Brigham Young University-Hawaii

A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Muscle Sentry® Has No Effect On Performing Repeated Leg Press Sets To Failure, Trezlyn M. Bartschi, David C. Sanders, Tyler M. Farney, Joke Kokkonen, Arnold G. Nelson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1000-1008, 2017. This study compared the number of bilateral leg presses done at 150% of body mass while on either Muscle Sentry® (MS) or placebo (PL). Participants (16 women, 14 men, college students 19-26 years) performed 2 sets of leg press to failure using 150% of their body mass with 5 min rest separating the 2 sets. Each exercise was performed twice (1x MS, 1x PL) at the same time of day with 48 h separating each exercise. Both MS and PL were ingested 30 min prior to performing the exercise. Just prior ...


The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Surfing On Exercise Induced Affect, Ryan Pittsinger, Jeff Kress, Jill Crussemeyer 2017 California State University, Long Beach

The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Surfing On Exercise Induced Affect, Ryan Pittsinger, Jeff Kress, Jill Crussemeyer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 989-999, 2017. Exercise-induced affect (EIA) has been well documented and is often composed of positive affect, negative affect, tranquility, and fatigue. Research on EIA has focused on mainstream sports such as running, walking, or cycling; however, no research has evaluated the influence of action sports participation in activities such surfing on EIA. The current study examined the effect of a single 30-min surfing bout on EIA in 107 adult volunteers. An additional purpose was if change in affect was similar based on surfing history, surfing frequency, and surfing skill level. To assess EIA ...


Validity Of Arm-To-Arm Bia Devices Compared To Dxa For Estimating %Fat In College Men And Women, Rebecca A. Rockamann, Emily K. Dalton, Jana L. Arabas, Liz Jorn, Jerry L. Mayhew 2017 Truman State University

Validity Of Arm-To-Arm Bia Devices Compared To Dxa For Estimating %Fat In College Men And Women, Rebecca A. Rockamann, Emily K. Dalton, Jana L. Arabas, Liz Jorn, Jerry L. Mayhew

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 977-988, 2017. Bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) devices are commonly used to estimate percent body fat (%fat), although validation of their accuracy varies widely. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of four commonly used BIA devices compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). College-aged men (n = 29, age = 19.7 ± 1.2 y, weight = 76.9 ± 12.5 kg) and women (n = 31, age = 20.5 ± 0.8 y, weight = 61.5 ± 9.2 kg) were evaluated for %fat using four single-frequency (50 mHz) BIA devices and DXA. A gender x ...


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