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Farm-Scale Testing Of Soybean Peroxidase And Calcium Peroxide For Surficial Swine Manure Treatment And Mitigation Of Odorous Vocs, Ammonia And Hydrogen Sulfide Emissions, Devin L. Maurer, Jacek A. Koziel, Kelsey Bruning, David B. Parker 2017 Iowa State University

Farm-Scale Testing Of Soybean Peroxidase And Calcium Peroxide For Surficial Swine Manure Treatment And Mitigation Of Odorous Vocs, Ammonia And Hydrogen Sulfide Emissions, Devin L. Maurer, Jacek A. Koziel, Kelsey Bruning, David B. Parker

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The swine industry, regulatory agencies, and the public are interested in farm-tested methods for controlling gaseous emissions from swine barns. In earlier lab- and pilot-scale studies, a renewable catalyst consisting of soybean peroxidase (SBP) mixed with calcium peroxide (CaO2) was found to be effective in mitigating gaseous emissions from swine manure. Thus, a farm-scale experiment was conducted at the university's 178-pig, shallow-pit, mechanically-ventilated swine barn to evaluate SBP/CaO2 as a surficial manure pit additive under field conditions. The SBP was applied once at the beginning of the 42-day experiment at an application rate of 2.28 ...


Gamma Sigma Delta, Nebraska Chapter Newsletter, Issue #55 Fall 2017, 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Gamma Sigma Delta, Nebraska Chapter Newsletter, Issue #55 Fall 2017

Gamma Sigma Delta, Nebraska Chapter, Newsletters

The Nebraska Chapter was selected as a Gold Chapter for the second consecutive year. The Gold Chapter Achievement Award is selected based on the annual chapter report. A maximum of five chapters may receive the award each year.

President’s Message, Dann Husmann

2017 Gamma Sigma Delta International Foundation Undergraduate Scholarship - Alissa Martindale

2017 John Riley Gamma Sigma Delta Service Scholarship - Andrea Gurney

In Memoriam: Albert “Dale” Flowerday, 89; Michael G. Boosalis, 99; Loyd Karl Fischer, 97

NOMINATIONS FOR GAMMA SIGMA DELTA – Due November 17, 2017

Award of Merit Nomination

Extension Award Nomination

Research Award Nomination

Teaching Award Nomination

Outstanding ...


Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren 2017 University of Kentucky

Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren

Mark S. Coyne

Agriculture is a major contributor to atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) (Smith et al., 2014; Tian et al., 2015). Unfortunately, nitrous oxide destroys stratospheric ozone (O3) which protects us from ultraviolet radiation (Cicerone, 1989) and it increases ground level O3, whichis an air pollutant threatening human health and food production. Nitrous oxide is also 298 times more potent than an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in terms of trapping and absorbing reflected solar radiation (Forster et al., 2007). Basic chemistry and physics assure us that increased levels of N2O in the atmosphere are ...


Stem-Boring Caterpillars Of Switchgrass In The Midwestern United States, Jarrad R. Prasifka, Jennifer E. Buhay, Thomas W. Sappington, Emily A. Heaton, Jeffrey Bradshaw, Michael E. Gray 2017 University of Illinois

Stem-Boring Caterpillars Of Switchgrass In The Midwestern United States, Jarrad R. Prasifka, Jennifer E. Buhay, Thomas W. Sappington, Emily A. Heaton, Jeffrey Bradshaw, Michael E. Gray

Emily Heaton

Lepidopteran stem borers were collected from switchgrass, Panicum virgatum L., tillers showing symptoms of infestation at seven locations in Illinois and Iowa, with additional observations made on larval and adult activity. Blastobasis repartella (Dietz) (Coleophoridae), whose only known host is switchgrass, was common in plots grown for >5 yr, whereas the polyphagous stalk borer, Papaipema nebris (Guenée) (Noctuidae), was abundant in newly established (i.e., first- and second year) switchgrass. Haimbachia albescens Capps (Crambidae) was collected from two locations in Illinois, making switchgrass the first known host for this species. Entry holes made by B. repartella and H. albescens were ...


Potential For Sorghum Genotypes In A Double-Cropping System, Ben Michael Goff, Kenneth J. Moore, Steven L. Fales, Emily A. Heaton 2017 Iowa State University

Potential For Sorghum Genotypes In A Double-Cropping System, Ben Michael Goff, Kenneth J. Moore, Steven L. Fales, Emily A. Heaton

Emily Heaton

The majority of the ethanol currently produced in the United States is derived from the hydrolysis and fermentation of starch provided from corn (Zea mays) grain. Although this is a suitable temporary solution, there are some long-term issues associated with continued use of corn grain as an ethanol feedstock. It has been estimated that if the entire U.S. corn crop was used for ethanol production, it would only meet approximately 15 to 25% of the U.S. transportation fuel need. Thus ethanol produced from biomass is expected to help meet the energy needs that grain ethanol may not provide.


New Isu Research May Help Farmers Make More Informed Decisions About Land Use, Elke Brandes, Emily A. Heaton, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Fred Love 2017 Iowa State University

New Isu Research May Help Farmers Make More Informed Decisions About Land Use, Elke Brandes, Emily A. Heaton, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Fred Love

Emily Heaton

A new study from a multidisciplinary team led by Iowa State University agronomists shows that significant portions of Iowa farmland consistently lose money and could influence many farmers to change how they use some of the acres they devote to corn and soybeans.


Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton 2017 Iowa State University

Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton

Emily Heaton

Rising costs of petroleum fuels and increased awareness of the adverse effects of greenhouse gases have spurred interest in renewable fuels and other ‘green’ products. Recent legislation has set goals of approximately 20 billion gallons of renewable fuel produced from non-corn starch sources by the year 2022. These driving forces have increased interest in dedicated bioenergy crops. Among perennial grasses, which have received an exceptional amount of attention as dedicated energy crops, one stands out: Miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus).


Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton 2017 Iowa State University

Miscanthus Establishment And Survival, Nicholas N. Boersma, Emily A. Heaton

Emily Heaton

Rising costs of petroleum fuels and increased awareness of the adverse effects of greenhouse gases have spurred interest in renewable fuels and other ‘green’ products. Recent legislation has set goals of approximately 20 billion gallons of renewable fuel produced from non-corn starch sources by the year 2022. These driving forces have increased interest in dedicated bioenergy crops. Among perennial grasses, which have received an exceptional amount of attention as dedicated energy crops, one stands out: Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus).


Is It Too Late To Dig Miscanthus For Spring Planting?, Emily A. Heaton, Nicholas N. Boersma 2017 Iowa State University

Is It Too Late To Dig Miscanthus For Spring Planting?, Emily A. Heaton, Nicholas N. Boersma

Emily Heaton

Giant Miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus) is a perennial warm-season grass used for bioenergy, and is being planted on thousands of acres in Missouri and Arkansas this spring. Given the warm spring, and the high level of interest in Miscanthus this year, we have been getting lots of questions around propagation and planting.


Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore 2017 Iowa State University

Farm-Scale Costs And Returns For Second Generation Bioenergy Cropping Systems In The Us Corn Belt, Robert K. Manatt, Arne Hallam, Lisa A. Schulte, Emily A. Heaton, Theodore P. Gunther, Richard B. Hall, Kenneth J. Moore

Emily Heaton

While grain crops are meeting much of the initial need for biofuels in the US, cellulosic or second generation (2G) materials are mandated to provide a growing portion of biofuel feedstocks. We sought to inform development of a 2G crop portfolio by assessing the profitability of novel cropping systems that potentially mitigate the negative effects of grain-based biofuel crops on food supply and environmental quality. We analyzed farm-gate costs and returns of five systems from an ongoing experiment in central Iowa, USA. The continuous corn cropping system was most profitable under current market conditions, followed by a corn–soybean rotation ...


Characterizing The Scent And Chemical Composition Of Panthera Leo Marking Fluid Using Solid-Phase Microextraction And Multidimensional Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry-Olfactometry, Simone B. Soso, Jacek A. Koziel 2017 Iowa State University

Characterizing The Scent And Chemical Composition Of Panthera Leo Marking Fluid Using Solid-Phase Microextraction And Multidimensional Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry-Olfactometry, Simone B. Soso, Jacek A. Koziel

Simone B. Soso

Lions (Panthera leo) use chemical signaling to indicate health, reproductive status, and territorial ownership. To date, no study has reported on both scent and composition of marking fluid (MF) from P. leo. The objectives of this study were to: 1) develop a novel method for simultaneous chemical and scent identification of lion MF in its totality (urine + MF), 2) identify characteristic odorants responsible for the overall scent of MF as perceived by human panelists, and 3) compare the existing library of known odorous compounds characterized as eliciting behaviors in animals in order to understand potential functionality in lion behavior. Solid-phase ...


Algae As A New Source Of Biofuel, John C. Staley, Moises Contreras, Austin W. Jesz, Md Yusoff Mohammad Iqbal 2017 Iowa State University

Algae As A New Source Of Biofuel, John C. Staley, Moises Contreras, Austin W. Jesz, Md Yusoff Mohammad Iqbal

Mohammad Z. Iqbal

Biofuels utilizing algae as a feedstock processes the algae’s chloroplasts to transform the plant into oil that is nearly chemically identical to crude oil. Algae can grow using only available raw materials including sunlight, carbon dioxide and nutrients from wastewater. Algae can play a major role in the treatment/utilization of major wastewater and reduction of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. High upfront costs, outdated technology, and non-existing incentives are the main reasons algae as a feedstock is currently an unpopular choice for biofuel.


Table Of Contents, 2017 Tuskegee University

Table Of Contents

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


Overview Of The Us Forest Service Programs And Opportunities For Partnership, Cultivating A Culture Of Success In Natural Resources: Moving Outreach Forward In Conversation, Tony Tooke 2017 U.S. Forest Service

Overview Of The Us Forest Service Programs And Opportunities For Partnership, Cultivating A Culture Of Success In Natural Resources: Moving Outreach Forward In Conversation, Tony Tooke

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


The Potential Impact Of Heir Property On Timber Management In The Southeastern United States, Becky Barlow, Conner Bailey 2017 Auburn University

The Potential Impact Of Heir Property On Timber Management In The Southeastern United States, Becky Barlow, Conner Bailey

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Active timberland management maintains forest health and productivity, which in turn contributes to the sustainability of the resource and wealth of the landowner. However, when land is held as heir property, options for timberland management are often limited. Heir property is owned as an undivided interest among many heirs of an original owner, or multiple generations of owners, who died intestate. This is common among African American landowners in the South. As a result the title is considered “clouded,” limiting access to capital and resources that are beneficial to timberland management. In this paper, the authors hope to improve ...


Landowners' Willingness To Supply Woody Biomass For Biofuel In West Alabama, Gilbert Adjoyi, Ellene Kebede 2017 Tuskegee University

Landowners' Willingness To Supply Woody Biomass For Biofuel In West Alabama, Gilbert Adjoyi, Ellene Kebede

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

The Concern for national energy security, rural development, and climate change has created a wider attention for biofuels from woody biomass in recent times. For instance, West Alabama is an area of interest for stakeholders regarding the production of woody biomass. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to examine landowners’ willingness to supply woody biomass for biofuel in West Alabama. A mail survey of randomly selected landowners was conducted in eight selected counties. The results indicated that the average forestland owner is male, between ages of 40 and 57, with an average of 27 years of land ...


Economies Of Scale In Integrated Pest Management In Vegetable And Fruit Production, Franklin Quarcoo, Conrad Bonsi, David Nii O. Tackie, Walter A. Hill, Gertrude Wall, George Hunter 2017 Tuskegee University

Economies Of Scale In Integrated Pest Management In Vegetable And Fruit Production, Franklin Quarcoo, Conrad Bonsi, David Nii O. Tackie, Walter A. Hill, Gertrude Wall, George Hunter

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Pest management is achieved directly using a variety of tools, including pesticides, and indirectly through a number of agronomic/cultural practices such as irrigation and fertilizer application; collectively these practices function to positively effect general plant health. Healthier plants are more resistant to or tolerant of pests. This study explores the scale differences that impact the pest management significance and suitability of certain agronomic practices. Scale differences were discussed using literature-based information, direct field observations, and anecdotal information on the relative advantages of drip and sprinkler irrigation systems; organic and conventional cultivation of crops; crop rotation versus mono-cropping systems ...


Abridged Submission Guidelines For Manuscripts For The Professional Agricultural Workers Journal (Pawj), 2017 Tuskegee University

Abridged Submission Guidelines For Manuscripts For The Professional Agricultural Workers Journal (Pawj)

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren 2017 University of Kentucky

Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren

Plant and Soil Sciences Research Report

Agriculture is a major contributor to atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) (Smith et al., 2014; Tian et al., 2015). Unfortunately, nitrous oxide destroys stratospheric ozone (O3) which protects us from ultraviolet radiation (Cicerone, 1989) and it increases ground level O3, whichis an air pollutant threatening human health and food production. Nitrous oxide is also 298 times more potent than an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in terms of trapping and absorbing reflected solar radiation (Forster et al., 2007). Basic chemistry and physics assure us that increased levels of N2O in the atmosphere are ...


Challenges Of Stocking Small Ruminants In Grazing Plots With Dormant Browse Species, Sanjok Poudel, Uma Karki, Wendell McElhenney, Asha Tillman, Lila Karki, Anthony Kumi, Yubaraj Karki 2017 Tuskegee University

Challenges Of Stocking Small Ruminants In Grazing Plots With Dormant Browse Species, Sanjok Poudel, Uma Karki, Wendell Mcelhenney, Asha Tillman, Lila Karki, Anthony Kumi, Yubaraj Karki

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Integration of browse species into the grazing system can increase the grazing/browsing opportunity; however, information is limited on their proper management for long-term use and persistence. The objective of the study was to determine whether it is safe to allow small ruminants to graze pastures consisting of dormant browse species. Katahdin ram lambs (9) and Kiko wethers (20) had access to the study plots containing four dormant browse species (mulberry, Morus alba; mimosa, Albizia julibrissin; white lead tree, Leucaena leucocephala; and bush indigo, Amorpha fruticosa) for two months. Type and extent of damage to the browse species were ...


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