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Thesis Document 07172017 Revised.Pdf, Jesse Gray 2017 Murray State University

Thesis Document 07172017 Revised.Pdf, Jesse Gray

Jesse Gray

iv
Abstract
The increasing cost of commercial fertilizers and the avail
ability of animal waste
that has high nutrient content have led to producers utilizing animal waste such as poultry
litter in their fertility programs. This increased use has raised concerns as to what are the
optimum rates to apply to meet crop needs and
how will long term use at high rates of
litter effect soil test levels of nutrients such as phosphorus and potassium. The objective
of this study was to address these concerns. This study has been ongoing since 1998 with
treatments of zero to seven tons ...


The Effect Of The Dodd-Frank Act On Non-Metro Cooperative Lenders, Greg McKee 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Effect Of The Dodd-Frank Act On Non-Metro Cooperative Lenders, Greg Mckee

Cornhusker Economics

Credit availability affects the equilibrium quantity of housing. Lenders incorporated as cooperatives, such as agricultural credit associations (ACA) and credit unions, are aware of their role in offering rural residential real estate loans, facilitating entry into this housing market. In some instances there are few alternatives to cooperative financial institutions for access to mortgages in rural areas. At year -end 2016, credit unions were the only type of financial institution in approximately 275 nonmetropolitan counties nationwide. In some instances other types of financial organizations simply do not offer home finance products in nonmetro locations. Compounding these features of non-metropolitan real ...


Field Experiments., James Atkinson 2017 Iowa State College

Field Experiments., James Atkinson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The season of 1900 was an unusual one throughout. The large rainfall during the growing months was in most respects favorable to plant growth as indicated by the magnificent crops that were harvested, though for the best results in some forms of experimental work, a drier season is essential. For example, an experiment was undertaken to determine the effect of cutting clover in different stages of maturity upon the quantity and quality of the cured hay from two cuttings, but owing to the difficulty in curing on account of wet weather, the results were not ascertained. The favorable conditions of ...


The Asparagus Rust In Iowa., L. H. Pammel, E. R. Hodson 2017 Iowa State College

The Asparagus Rust In Iowa., L. H. Pammel, E. R. Hodson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

During the summer our attention was called to the appearance of Asparagus Rust on Muscatine Island by Mrs. Alice Walton Beatty. Early in September the rust was found in considerable quantities in one of the asparagus beds on the college farm; since then it has been observed at many points by ourselves and Mr. M. Cumming, in and about Ames. It was also reported to us from McBride, Iowa, by Mr. H. A. Mueller, in September, 1900, as being abundant at that place and at Mt. Pleasant by Mr. E. E. Hodson.


Cream Testing, C. H. Eckles 2017 Iowa State College

Cream Testing, C. H. Eckles

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

There seems to be a general demand for more exact information in regard to testing cream by the Babcock method. A large number of factories in this and adjoining states which have until recently separated all the milk used at the creamery, now receive more or less cream from patrons using their own small separators.

The general adoption of the system of paying for milk according to the amount of fat contained, makes it desirable that those furnishing cream be paid on the same basis. The increased use of the skimming station plan has also helped to make cream testing ...


Winter Wheat., James Atkinson 2017 Iowa State College

Winter Wheat., James Atkinson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

There is a growing demand throughout the state of Iowa for information relating to the growing of winter wheat. This is explained by referring to crop statistics. In 1885 there were 56,854 acres of winter wheat grown in the state, as against 1,294,733 acres of spring wheat, while in 1898 there were 192,056 acres of the former and 1,226,510 acres of the latter. In other words, while the acreage of winter as compared with that of spring wheat was only one-twentieth in 1885, it had increased until it amounted to one-sixth in 1898. The ...


Insecticide Methods., H. E. Summers 2017 Iowa State College

Insecticide Methods., H. E. Summers

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The methods of destroying injurious insects may be roughly classified for convenience into mechanical and chemical. The former includes all those means by which the insect is crushed, or forcibly removed from the plant that it is attacking, or is prevented by some form of barrier from gaining access to its food plant; the latter comprises the use of chemical substances, known as insecticides which poison or otherwise destroy the insect by being eaten, breathed, or by coming into contact with its body.


Miscellaneous Insects., H. E. Summers 2017 Iowa State College

Miscellaneous Insects., H. E. Summers

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The insects described in this bulletin are at present very common in Iowa and inquiries are being so constantly received regarding them that it is deemed best to publish brief descriptions in this form.

With the exception of the scale insects, which are discussed in Bulletin 43 of this Station, more correspondence has been carried on during the past year concerning these species than about any others.


Economical Production Of Beef., C. F. Curtiss, John A. Craig 2017 Iowa State College

Economical Production Of Beef., C. F. Curtiss, John A. Craig

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

In the investigations that have been made in the economical production of beef, the main factors receiving consideration have been the production and fattening of native steers and the fattening of those obtained from the range. The experiments connected with the making of beef from native steers included studies of the possibilities of making a combined profit from the steers and also from the cows that produced them, the use of skimmilk for economy in feeding and the employment of a wide and a narrow ration in feeding. These are reported on somewhat independently, though they have a bearing on ...


Notes On Vegetables., John Craig 2017 Iowa State College

Notes On Vegetables., John Craig

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

It is probably true that the culture of vegetables is neglected to a greater extent than any other legitimate farm crop. This is due to a lack of appreciation of their good qualities, lack of knowledge of varieties, and methods of culture; and possibly to lack of opportunity by the farmer. It is scarcely necessary to say that a sincere desire, backed by energy, will surmount many of these difficulties.

As a rule the area chosen by the farmer for the kitchen garden, is too circumscribed. This greatly increases the labor of caring for it, owing to the impracticability of ...


Facts And Opinions About Plums And Plum Growing In Iowa., John Craig 2017 Iowa State College

Facts And Opinions About Plums And Plum Growing In Iowa., John Craig

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

In the following pages the writer attempts to set forth some of the facts gained during a brief investigation of the plum growing industry in this state, and presents in addition an epitome of the experience of many orchardists, some of them particularly interested in this branch of their calling.

At least two prominent factors have contributed in recent years to direct attention to plum growing. First, the introduction of the Japanese plums, and their marvellously rapid distribution; and second, the striking progress made by a few specialists in improving native plums. The fact that while the Japanese varieties, the ...


Field Experiments With Corn, Oats, Barley, Wheat, Brome Grass, Rape. Sorghum, Soy Beans, Cow Peas, And Sugar Beets., James Atkinson 2017 Iowa State College

Field Experiments With Corn, Oats, Barley, Wheat, Brome Grass, Rape. Sorghum, Soy Beans, Cow Peas, And Sugar Beets., James Atkinson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

An extensive system of experiments with field crops was begun at the Station in the spring of ’98. The results of many of these are not ready for publication as it requires several years for their verification. The purpose of these notes is to give some information regarding the principal varieties of farm crops grown in Iowa.

It is not our policy to advocate the multiplication of varieties, but rather to encourage the improvement of those recognized as standard. It must not be understood, however, that varieties not mentioned here are to be regarded as worthless. If results compare favorably ...


Observations And Suggestions On The Root-Killing Of Fruit Trees., John Craig 2017 Iowa State College

Observations And Suggestions On The Root-Killing Of Fruit Trees., John Craig

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The root-killing of nursery and orchard trees is not by any means a new addition to the list of difficulties with which the orchardist of the northern Mississippi valley states is obliged to contend. Frequent reference is made to it in horticultural society literature. In the report of the Minnesota State Horticultural Society for 1871, page 86, I find the following: “Resolved, That in the opinion of this Society the nursery and orchard trees of the state are in good condition for wintering up to the present time, when properly mulched, and that in consequence of a lack of sufficient ...


Some Injurious Scale Insects., Wilmon Newell 2017 Iowa State College

Some Injurious Scale Insects., Wilmon Newell

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Owing to the prevalence of a number of scale insects in various parts of the state, and as the majority of inquiries regarding insect pests which now reach the Experiment Station are concerning members of this group, a brief bulletin on them has been deemed advisable. Scale insects, or bark-lice as they are commonly called, are well known to all fruit growers. Papers and works which enable one familiar with entomological terms to distinguish the different species are readily obtainable. However, an article which will describe in as simple and ordinary terms as possible the more economically important species of ...


Horse Nettle As A Troublesome Weed In Iowa. Two Other Troublesome Weeds. Potato Scab., L. H. Pammel, Carleton R. Ball 2017 Iowa State College

Horse Nettle As A Troublesome Weed In Iowa. Two Other Troublesome Weeds. Potato Scab., L. H. Pammel, Carleton R. Ball

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Horse Nettle is a deep-rooting perennial, propagating freely by its underground rootstocks, the running roots are often three feet long; stem from one to two feet high, somewhat straggling, half shrubby at the base; stem hairy or merely roughish with minute hairs which are star-shaped, also armed with stout subulate yellowish prickles which are usually numerous; leaves oblong or sometimes ovate, obtusely sinuate, toothed or lobed or deeply cut, two to four inches long. The flowers are borne in what are called racemes, which later become one-sided; the outer part of the flower, the calyx, consists of slender lobes, the ...


Some Reports From Trial Stations On New Orchard Fruits And Shrubs., J. L. Budd 2017 Iowa State College

Some Reports From Trial Stations On New Orchard Fruits And Shrubs., J. L. Budd

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

In the spring of 1878 we began the work of testing, on the college grounds, promising new, or not well known varieties of the orchard fruits, ornamental trees and shrubs, and sending out for trial those that gave most promise. A t this time the Varieties on trial included seedling varieties of the apple with local notoriety from Canada, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa ; such cherries as the Montmorency, Carnation, Plumstone Morello, and the seedlings of Mr. D. B. Weir, of Lacon, Ill.; such native plums as had attracted local attention in the prairie states, and such shrubs and ornamental trees ...


The Relation Of Acid Fermentation To Butter Flavor And Aroma., C. H. Eckles 2017 Iowa State College

The Relation Of Acid Fermentation To Butter Flavor And Aroma., C. H. Eckles

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The market value of butter is determined largely by its flavor. Imperfect mechanical conditions and their accompanying results are overlooked sooner than defects in flavor. Its importance is justly recognized in the score cards of the various Dairy Associations, which usually assign 45 to 50 out of a 100 points to flavor. The dairy industry has now assumed such vast proportions that a slight increase in value of each pound of butter produced would amount to an immense sum, even with the production of Iowa alone. Everyone who understands the conditions under which much of the butter of the country ...


Weeds Of Corn Fields., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Weeds Of Corn Fields., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Of the cereals, the corn crop is the most important in Iowa. The acreage devoted to this crop in 1897, according to Mr Sage1, amounted to 8,043,390. The average yield was 39 bushels per acre; total product, 313,692,210 bushels, having a market value of $43,916,904. Oats rank second, the re having been 5,825,000 acres with a total yield of 73,450,000 bushels, having a market value of $8,814,000. Wheat ranks third, with a total acreage of 751,708, total yield 10,398,785 bushels, with a value of ...


The Russian Thistle, L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

The Russian Thistle, L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The reasons for the publication of a Russian thistle bulletin at this time are two-fold. The first bulletin,* issued in 1894, is nearly exhausted, and as there are numerous requests for the same it has seemed better to revise the old and add such new information as has come to hand. Secondly, we have had sufficient knowledge to enable us to say whether the weed has been as aggressive as it promised to be, and whether the weed has spread to any great extent in this state since 1894.


Sugar Beet Growing In Iowa, 1897., C. F. Curtiss, James Atkinson 2017 Iowa State College

Sugar Beet Growing In Iowa, 1897., C. F. Curtiss, James Atkinson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

A widespread and general interest has been manifested in sugar beet growing during the past season. Through the cooperation and assistance of the United States department of agriculture, the Iowa Station distributed over 1,500 pounds of seed. The requests for this seed came from every county of the state. Instructions for preparing the soil, planting and growing the crop and forwarding samples for analysis have been sent with each package of seed, and nearly 1,200 samples of beets have been analyzed in our chemical laboratory, under the direction of Dr. J. B. Weems, the station chemist, and the ...


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