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Identification And Characterisation Of Putative Drug Binding Sites In Human Atp-Binding Cassette B5 (Abcb5) Transporter, Lokeswari P. Tangella, Mahreen Arooj, Evelyne Deplazes, Elin S. Gray, Ricardo L. Mancera 2021 Edith Cowan University

Identification And Characterisation Of Putative Drug Binding Sites In Human Atp-Binding Cassette B5 (Abcb5) Transporter, Lokeswari P. Tangella, Mahreen Arooj, Evelyne Deplazes, Elin S. Gray, Ricardo L. Mancera

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2020 The Author(s) The human ATP-binding cassette B5 (ABCB5) transporter, a member of the ABC transporter superfamily, is linked to chemoresistance in tumour cells by drug effluxion. However, little is known about its structure and drug-binding sites. In this study, we generated an atomistic model of the full-length human ABCB5 transporter with the highest quality using the X-ray crystal structure of mouse ABCB1 (Pgp1), a close homologue of ABCB5 and a well-studied member of the ABC family. Molecular dynamics simulations were used to validate the atomistic model of ABCB5 and characterise its structural properties in model cell membranes. Molecular ...


Origami-Inspired Approaches For Biomedical Applications, Abdor Rahman Ahmed, Olivia C. Gauntlett, Gulden Camci-Unal 2020 Rutgers University

Origami-Inspired Approaches For Biomedical Applications, Abdor Rahman Ahmed, Olivia C. Gauntlett, Gulden Camci-Unal

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Modern day biomedical applications require progressions that combine advanced technology with the conformability of naturally occurring, complex biosystems. These advancements yield conformational interactions between the biomedical devices and the biological organisms' structures. Biomedical applications that adapt origami-inspired approaches have accrued aspired advances. Along with application-specific advantages, the most pertinent advances provided by origami-inspired strategies include voluminous structures with the ability to conform to biosystems, shape-shifting from two-dimensional (2D) to three-dimensional (3D) structures, and biocompatibility. Throughout this paper, the exploration of new studies, primarily within the past decade, with origami-based applications of biomedical devices, including their theories, experimental results, and plans ...


Controlled Membrane Remodeling By Nanospheres And Nanorods: Experiments Targeting The Design Principles For Membrane-Based Materials, Sarah Zuraw-Weston 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Controlled Membrane Remodeling By Nanospheres And Nanorods: Experiments Targeting The Design Principles For Membrane-Based Materials, Sarah Zuraw-Weston

Doctoral Dissertations

In this thesis we explore two experimental systems probing the interactions of nanoparticles with lipid bilayer membranes. Inspired by the ability of cell membranes to alter their shape in response to bound particles, we report two experimental studies: one of nanospheres the other of long, slender nano-rods binding to lipid bilayer vesicles and altering the membrane shape. Our work illuminates the role of particle geometry, particle concentration, adhesion strength and membrane tension in how membrane morphology is determined. We combine giant unilamellar vesicles with oppositely charged nanoparticles, carefully tuning adhesion strength, membrane tension and particle concentration.

In the case of ...


Micro-Physiological Models To Mimic Mucosal Barrier Complexity Of The Human Intestine In Vitro, Abhinav Sharma 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Micro-Physiological Models To Mimic Mucosal Barrier Complexity Of The Human Intestine In Vitro, Abhinav Sharma

Doctoral Dissertations

The mucosal barrier in the intestine is vital to maintain selective absorption of nutrients while protecting internal tissues and maintaining symbiotic relationship with luminal microbiota. This bio-barrier consists of a cellular epithelial barrier and an acellular mucus barrier. Secreted mucus regulates barrier function via in situ biochemical and biophysical interaction with luminal content that continually evolves during digestion and absorption. Increasing evidence suggests that a mucus barrier is indispensable to maintain homeostasis in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the importance of mucus barrier is largely underrated for in vitro mucosal tissue modeling. The major gap is the lack of experimental material ...


Industrial Biotechnology—An Industry At An Inflection Point, Nathan Danielson, Sarah McKay, Paul Bloom, Jennifer Dunn, Neal Jakel, Timothy Bauer, John Hannon, Michael C. Jewett, Brent H. Shanks 2020 BioCognito

Industrial Biotechnology—An Industry At An Inflection Point, Nathan Danielson, Sarah Mckay, Paul Bloom, Jennifer Dunn, Neal Jakel, Timothy Bauer, John Hannon, Michael C. Jewett, Brent H. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Industrial biotechnology is poised for dramatic growth. A confluence of consumer demand; attractive feedstock quantity, quality, and price; and technical innovation has created a perfect situation for the industry to significantly expand. Since the 2004 Werpy and Peterson paper, “Top Value Added Chemicals from Biomass,” the biobased manufacturing industry and the technologies that make these processes and products possible has evolved significantly.1 New technology continues to advance, and there is increasing consumer and industry demand for biobased materials. Paired with increasing on-farm efficiency and sustainability considerations, these are all factors that are driving the bioeconomy forward. This paper reviews ...


Molecular Identification, Antioxidant Efficacy Of Phenolic Compounds, And Antimicrobial Activity Of Beta-Carotene Isolated From Fruiting Bodies Of Suillus Sp, Shimal Yonuis Abdulhadi, Raghad Nawaf Gergees, Ghazwan Qasim Hasan 2020 University of Mosul

Molecular Identification, Antioxidant Efficacy Of Phenolic Compounds, And Antimicrobial Activity Of Beta-Carotene Isolated From Fruiting Bodies Of Suillus Sp, Shimal Yonuis Abdulhadi, Raghad Nawaf Gergees, Ghazwan Qasim Hasan

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Suillus species, in general, are edible mushrooms, and environmentally important that are associated mostly with pine trees in the tropics regions. These fungi considered a remarkable source of phenolic compounds that play a crucial role as antioxidants which may reduce the risk of most human chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, asthma, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer, and others. On the other hand, carotenoids (β carotene) are the most popular natural pigments which play an important role to protect the plants from photo-oxidative reactions. In human, these compounds prevent oxidative stress and expects to have antimicrobial activity. Here, the phenolic compounds were extracted ...


Carbon Dots As Artificial Peroxidases For Analytical Applications, Shih-Chun Wei, Yang-Wei Lin, Huan-Tsung Chang 2020 National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Carbon Dots As Artificial Peroxidases For Analytical Applications, Shih-Chun Wei, Yang-Wei Lin, Huan-Tsung Chang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Nanozymes have become attractive in analytical and biomedical fields, mainly because of their low cost, long shelf life, and less environmental sensitivity. Particularly, nanozymes formed from nanomaterials having high surface area and rich active sites are interesting since their activities can be tuned through carefully controlling their size, morphology, and surface properties. This review article focuses on preparation of carbon dots (C dots) possessing peroxidase-like activity and their analytical applications. We highlight the important roles of the oxidation states and surface residues of C dots and their nanocomposites with metal, metal oxides, or metal sulfides playing on determining their specificity ...


Antibacterial Activity Of Selected Plant Extracts On Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Lubna Abdallah 2020 An-Najah National University

Antibacterial Activity Of Selected Plant Extracts On Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Lubna Abdallah

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

Based on the importance of herbal plants in medicine, this study was conducted to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of aqueous, ethanol and methanol extracts of Thymbra spicata, Nepeta curviflora, and Verbascum fruticulosum against two clinical isolates (I and II) of the gram positive methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Agar well diffusion method was performed to examine the antibacterial activity of all studied plant extracts. Micro-broth dilution method was used to measure the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) then the minimum bacteriocidal concentration (MBC) for all active extracts. The examined isolates were susceptible to the prepared plant extracts. Ethanol and methanol extracts ...


In Vitro Invistigation Of The Heterodimerization Between Angiotensin Ii And Thrombin Receptors, Isra Mansur Al Zamel 2020 United Arab Emirates University

In Vitro Invistigation Of The Heterodimerization Between Angiotensin Ii And Thrombin Receptors, Isra Mansur Al Zamel

Biology Theses

The renin angiotensin system (RAS) through its hormone angiotensin (AngII) and the protease thrombin are two major physiological regulators of vascular and renal functions. RAS is involved in the regulation of blood pressure and water-electrolytes hemostasis, while thrombin has a crucial role in platelets activation and thrombosis. The interplay between these two systems at the physiological and the pathophysiological levels has been documented in many studies. However, such an interplay at the pharmacological level between the AngII and thrombin receptors still has not been explored. Our study aimed to explore the interplay between the AngII type 1 receptor (AT1R) and ...


Molecular And Physiological Assessment Of Salinity Stress Tolerance In Transgenic Arabidopsis Lines Expressing A Solanum Tuberosum Ribosome-Binding Protein, Onoud Rashed Saeed Ali Alyammahi 2020 United Arab Emirates University

Molecular And Physiological Assessment Of Salinity Stress Tolerance In Transgenic Arabidopsis Lines Expressing A Solanum Tuberosum Ribosome-Binding Protein, Onoud Rashed Saeed Ali Alyammahi

Biology Theses

Ribosomal proteins are highly conserved components of basal cellular organelles, primarily associated with translation of mRNA leading to protein synthesis. Additionally, some of these proteins are known to play critical role in plants RNA metabolism during stress responses, growth, and development. In this study, transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing a ribosomal protein S27 (hereafter D26) isolated from Solanum tuberosum was subjected to NaCl-induced salinity stress conditions, to evaluate their putative stress resistance. Transgenic plants were exposed to high salinity stress, induced by 200 mM NaCl and physiological and biochemical assays were performed. The D26 transgenic plants demonstrated improved plant height and ...


Identification Of Inherited And De Novo Exomic Variations In An Emirati Family With Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Asmaa Samir Abdelaziz Refaey 2020 United Arab Emirates University

Identification Of Inherited And De Novo Exomic Variations In An Emirati Family With Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Asmaa Samir Abdelaziz Refaey

Biology Theses

Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are a heterogenous group of disorders that affect children at any point of development and lead to mental and motor function deficits. Often, the underlying cause could be genetic and inherited. This study investigated possible genetic variations that could have led to these neurological abnormalities and other genetic disorders in an Emirati family. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was used to sequence the protein-coding regions of the genome to identify potential de novo and inherited variants that are associated with disorders in this family.

WES of DNA from the parents and ten children were performed. Several variants were ...


Transcutaneous Energy Transmission: Can We Do It Now?, Yuriy Pya 2020 National Research Cardiac Surgery Center

Transcutaneous Energy Transmission: Can We Do It Now?, Yuriy Pya

The VAD Journal

The percutaneous driveline used in contemporary LVADs presents a continuous risk of infection for the duration of support. Minimizing infection in durable mechanical circulatory support systems requires total implantation of all components and energy transfer by means other than percutaneous drivelines. A novel coplanar energy transfer (CET) system, similar to the original transcutaneous energy transfer (TET) design, is unique by incorporating two large rings with coil-within-the-coil topology to ensure strong resonance power. The CET system consists of an internal integrated controller, a battery coupled with an internal thoracic coil ring, and the LVAD pump. External equipment includes a power transmission ...


Herb-Layer Dynamics In An Old-Growth Forest: Vegetation–Environment Relationships And Response To Invasion-Related Perturbations, Taylor M. Buskey, M. E. Maloney, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. McEwan 2020 University of Dayton

Herb-Layer Dynamics In An Old-Growth Forest: Vegetation–Environment Relationships And Response To Invasion-Related Perturbations, Taylor M. Buskey, M. E. Maloney, Julia I. Chapman, Ryan W. Mcewan

Biology Faculty Publications

Temperate forests of eastern North America are subject to multiple invasions from non-native species that have the potential to drive long-term dynamics in biodiversity. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara and Grande) is an invasive plant in many deciduous forests, and management efforts often focus on removing this species to initiate native species restoration. Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (emerald ash borer; Coleoptera: Buprestidae) is a non-native insect pest that has caused substantial loss of ash trees (Fraxinus spp. L.) in North America. Our goal was to understand how the herbaceous layer in an old-growth forest responded to the removal of ...


Biofilm Forming Ability Of Bacteria Isolated From Dental Caries: With Reference To Streptococcus Species, Sonali kaustubh Ambulkar, Vidya Tale, Abhijit Jadhav, Komal Kulkarni 2020 Rajiv Gandhi Institute of IT and Biotechnology, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Pune, India

Biofilm Forming Ability Of Bacteria Isolated From Dental Caries: With Reference To Streptococcus Species, Sonali Kaustubh Ambulkar, Vidya Tale, Abhijit Jadhav, Komal Kulkarni

Future Dental Journal

Dental caries is formed by the group of microorganisms attached to a tooth surface embedded in a matrix of polymers. Biofilm plays an important role in the development of dental caries, plaque and other periodontal diseases. The present study is aimed to isolate, identify and characterize bacteria from dental caries. The ability of biofilm formation of these isolates was confirmed by Congo red agar method, Tube method and Microtitre plate method. High biofilm-forming bacteria were identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus anginosus, Enterococcus faecalis and Rothia dentocariosa are the predominant biofilm forming bacteria associated with dental caries.


Discoveries In Aerosol Science: Characterization Of Nanoparticles Emitted From Metallic Coils In Electronic Cigarettes, Kaushal Prasad 2020 Purdue University

Discoveries In Aerosol Science: Characterization Of Nanoparticles Emitted From Metallic Coils In Electronic Cigarettes, Kaushal Prasad

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

Electronic (e-) cigarettes, also known as electronic nicotine delivery systems, are battery-operated devices that are growing in popularity worldwide. Although e-cigarettes are known to be safer than traditional cigarettes, their potential health risks have not been extensively reviewed yet. In this study, aerosol nanoparticles generated from e-cigarette heaters were characterized. Kanthal A1 (iron + chromium + aluminum) coils, without nicotine solution or a wick, were installed in an e-cigarette atomizer. The operating conditions were varied coil resistances (0.1–1.0 Ω), a set applied power (10 W), and a stable duty cycle (50%: 5 s on, 5 s off ). The size ...


Comprehensive Analysis Of Non Redundant Protein Database, Hamid Bagheri, Robert Dyer, Andrew J. Severin, Hridesh Rajan 2020 Iowa State University

Comprehensive Analysis Of Non Redundant Protein Database, Hamid Bagheri, Robert Dyer, Andrew J. Severin, Hridesh Rajan

Office of Biotechnology Publications

Background: Scientists around the world use NCBI’s non-redundant (NR) database to identify the taxonomic origin and functional annotation of their favorite protein sequences using BLAST. Unfortunately, due to the exponential growth of this database, many scientists do not have a good understanding of the contents of the NR database. There is a need for tools to explore the contents of large biological datasets, such as NR, to better understand the assumptions and limitations of the data they contain.

Results: Protein sequence data, protein functional annotation, and taxonomic assignment from NCBI’s NR database were placed into a BoaG database ...


Anti-Crispr Proteins: Applications In Genome Engineering, Jooyoung Lee 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Anti-Crispr Proteins: Applications In Genome Engineering, Jooyoung Lee

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeats and CRISPR-associated proteins (CRISPR-Cas) constitute a bacterial and archaeal adaptive immune system. The ongoing arms race between prokaryotic hosts and their invaders such as phages led to the emergence of anti-CRISPR proteins as countermeasures against the potent antiviral defense. Since the first examples of anti-CRISPRs were shown in a subset of CRISPR-Cas systems, we endeavored to uncover these naturally-occurring inhibitors that inactivate different types of CRISPR-Cas systems. In the first part of my thesis, we have identified and characterized Type II anti-CRISPR proteins that inactivate several Cas9 orthologs. We share mechanistic insights into anti-CRISPR ...


Meeting Report Of The Third Annual Tri-Service Microbiome Consortium Symposium, J Philip Karl, Robyn A. Barbato, Laurel A. Doherty, Aarti Gautam, Sarah M. Glaven, Robert J. Kokoska, Dagmar Leary, Rebecca Mickol, Matthew A. Perisin, Andrew J. Hoisington, Edward J. Van Opstal, Vanessa Varaljay, Nancy Kelley-Loughnane, Camilla A. Mauzy, Michael S. Goodson, Jason W. Soares 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Meeting Report Of The Third Annual Tri-Service Microbiome Consortium Symposium, J Philip Karl, Robyn A. Barbato, Laurel A. Doherty, Aarti Gautam, Sarah M. Glaven, Robert J. Kokoska, Dagmar Leary, Rebecca Mickol, Matthew A. Perisin, Andrew J. Hoisington, Edward J. Van Opstal, Vanessa Varaljay, Nancy Kelley-Loughnane, Camilla A. Mauzy, Michael S. Goodson, Jason W. Soares

Faculty Publications

The Tri-Service Microbiome Consortium (TSMC) was founded to enhance collaboration, coordination, and communication of microbiome research among U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) organizations and to facilitate resource, material and information sharing among consortium members. The 2019 annual symposium was held 22–24 October 2019 at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, OH. Presentations and discussions centered on microbiome-related topics within five broad thematic areas: 1) human microbiomes; 2) transitioning products into Warfighter solutions; 3) environmental microbiomes; 4) engineering microbiomes; and 5) microbiome simulation and characterization. Collectively, the symposium provided an update on the scope of current DoD microbiome research ...


Inactivation Of Hippo And Cjun-N-Terminal Kinase (Jnk) Signaling Mitigate Fus Mediated Neurodegeneration In-Vivo, Ankita Sarkar, Abijeet Singh Mehta, Prajakta Deshpande, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Udai Bhan Pandey, Amit Singh 2020 University of Dayton

Inactivation Of Hippo And Cjun-N-Terminal Kinase (Jnk) Signaling Mitigate Fus Mediated Neurodegeneration In-Vivo, Ankita Sarkar, Abijeet Singh Mehta, Prajakta Deshpande, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Udai Bhan Pandey, Amit Singh

Biology Faculty Publications

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of motor neurons in the central nervous system, has no known cure to-date. Disease causing mutations in human Fused in Sarcoma (FUS) leads to aggressive and juvenile onset of ALS. FUS is a well-conserved protein across different species, which plays a crucial role in regulating different aspects of RNA metabolism. Targeted misexpression of FUS in Drosophila model recapitulates several interesting phenotypes relevant to ALS including cytoplasmic mislocalization, defects at the neuromuscular junction and motor dysfunction. We screened for the genetic modifiers of human FUS-mediated neurodegenerative phenotype using molecularly ...


Bioavailability And Modes Of Action Of Novel Metal Based Phenanthroline Drugs, Tadhg O’Leary 2020 Technological University Dublin

Bioavailability And Modes Of Action Of Novel Metal Based Phenanthroline Drugs, Tadhg O’Leary

Doctoral

Metal-basedcompounds have been utilised as chemotherapeutic agents for the last four decades due to their well-documented and clinically relevant anti-tumour properties.Acquired resistance is a challenge for the clinical use of these compounds and there is a continuing need to search for potential new therapeutic agents. Herein, the potential of two metal-basedcompounds containing chelated1,10-phenanthroline (1,10-Phen), one manganese-based (CMPD 73)andonecopper-based (CMPD 74), to act as novel therapeutic agents is explored.CMPD 73 displayed high micromolar (IC50>100μM) cytotoxic properties againstvarious cell systems but interestingly displayed increased cytotoxicity against ovarian (A2780), lung (A549) and cisplatin resistant mesothelioma cells(IC5040-50μM ...


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