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The Study Of Alcoholic Liver Diseases, Seun Emmanuel Owoseni 2018 East Tennessee State University

The Study Of Alcoholic Liver Diseases, Seun Emmanuel Owoseni

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Excessive alcohol consumption is the primary contributing factor in the development of alcoholic liver diseases (ALD). Nicotine contained in tobacco is a major addictive alkaloid, which enhances the effects of ALDs. The major enzyme involved in nicotine metabolism is cytochrome P450 2A5 (CYP2A5) which is produced in the liver. Alcohol can stimulate the CYP2A5 enzyme. We utilized cyp2a5-/- knockout mice in this research to examine the effects of CYP2A5.

The cyp2a5-/- mice and wild-type (WT) mice were fed liquid ethanol diet with or without nicotine to induce ALD. Nicotine enhancing effects on ALD were observed in WT mice but not ...


Discovery Of Unreported Sponge Taxa, With Potential As Species New To Science, From The Chicago Area, Jennifer E. Slate 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

Discovery Of Unreported Sponge Taxa, With Potential As Species New To Science, From The Chicago Area, Jennifer E. Slate

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


25 Years Of Battling Academic Hegemony, Gender Stereotypes And Political Power: Deconstructing The Mantis Visual System In The Service Of Helping Children, Frederick R. Prete 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

25 Years Of Battling Academic Hegemony, Gender Stereotypes And Political Power: Deconstructing The Mantis Visual System In The Service Of Helping Children, Frederick R. Prete

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Modeling Werner Syndrome In Drosophila, Elyse A. Bolterstein, Aaron E. Schirmer 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

Modeling Werner Syndrome In Drosophila, Elyse A. Bolterstein, Aaron E. Schirmer

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Metabolic Processing By The Mtorc1 Pathway In The Zebrafish Yolk Cell, Jorge A. Cantu 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

Metabolic Processing By The Mtorc1 Pathway In The Zebrafish Yolk Cell, Jorge A. Cantu

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


The Development Of Hybrid Lipid-Polymer Nanoparticle Architectures For The Sustained-Release Of Small Hydrophilic Molecules, Keegan Curry, Jill M. Steinbach-Rankins Dr. 2018 University of Louisville

The Development Of Hybrid Lipid-Polymer Nanoparticle Architectures For The Sustained-Release Of Small Hydrophilic Molecules, Keegan Curry, Jill M. Steinbach-Rankins Dr.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Introduction: Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) have been utilized as drug delivery vehicles for a variety of applications. However, achieving sustained-release of small hydrophilic agents is a primary challenge for their use in prolonged delivery applications.

Objective: This study investigates how novel lipid-polymer hybrid particle architectures can be used to improve the release profile of small hydrophilic encapsulants. Here, PLGA NPs were produced via electrospraying and emulsions. Particles with a core-shell architecture were produced via coaxial electrospraying and the ability of this architecture to sustain release was examined. In addition, we combined polymeric core-shell NPs with a lipid coating to improve biocompatibility ...


Speciation And Hybridization In Jamaican-Endemic Streamertail Hummingbirds (Trochilus Polytmus And T. Scitulus), Caroline D. Judy 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Speciation And Hybridization In Jamaican-Endemic Streamertail Hummingbirds (Trochilus Polytmus And T. Scitulus), Caroline D. Judy

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Streamertails hummingbirds (Trochilus polytmus and T. scitulus) are recently diverged sister taxa that appear to have speciated in situ on the island of Jamaica. They are distinguished by male bill color, a secondary sexual trait that is coral red in T. polytmus and jet black in T. scitulus. They hybridize in a narrow zone where their ranges meet in eastern Jamaica. In Chapter 2, I performed a formal population survey of T. scitulus to determine the size of the population, which was unknown. I determined that the total population contains well over 100,000 individuals despite its limited geographic range ...


Environmental Impact- Using Digital Media To Focus Student Learning, Crystal Randall, Sowmya Anjur, Donald Dosch 2018 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Environmental Impact- Using Digital Media To Focus Student Learning, Crystal Randall, Sowmya Anjur, Donald Dosch

Faculty Publications & Research

Environmental impact pedagogy

  • Context: real world
  • Connections: cross disciplinary
  • Complexity: societal issues, conflicting options, messy answers
  • Creativity: problem solving


Engaging Students In Fundamental Biological Concepts Through Un Sustainability Goals, Sowmya Anjur, Donald Dosch 2018 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Engaging Students In Fundamental Biological Concepts Through Un Sustainability Goals, Sowmya Anjur, Donald Dosch

Faculty Publications & Research

Advanced Biological Systems is year-long introductory biology course for Juniors at IMSA. It is aligned with the United Nations Sustainable Development goals, the use of which has been identified as an initiative for curriculum development. These goals help to bring purpose to students’ learning. We have identified three of the seventeen goals as guideposts for our curriculum. These are clean water and sanitation, sustainable cities and communities, and good health and well-being. In this presentation, we will share our curriculum development process and examples of instruction linked to these UN goals.


How Does Antibiotic Resistance Spread In Tuberculosis?, Julie A. Spencer 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

How Does Antibiotic Resistance Spread In Tuberculosis?, Julie A. Spencer

Shared Knowledge Conference

The ancient bacterial disease of tuberculosis (TB) is curable with antibiotics, but according to the World Health Organization, in 2016 over 10 million people became infected with the disease. 600,000 of these cases were resistant to antibiotics, yet the worldwide treatment success rate for drug resistant TB is only 54%. Furthermore, strains exist now that are resistant to all known antibiotics. In the current environment of global travel, this poses a risk for emergent epidemics of drug resistant TB. In this study, I asked: after an antibiotic resistant strain has evolved in someone’s lungs, how does it spread ...


Engage A Voice, Repress Fatigue; The Coincident Evolution Of Hominin Vocalization And A Metabolic Threshold, Galen A. MORTON 9935238, Martin L. MORTON 2018 Occidental College

Engage A Voice, Repress Fatigue; The Coincident Evolution Of Hominin Vocalization And A Metabolic Threshold, Galen A. Morton 9935238, Martin L. Morton

Shared Knowledge Conference

Physiologically self-protective mechanisms borne from hominin evolutionary history that increase survivability are not unknown to science. In reviewing exercise science literature regarding testing and assessment measures of subjects talking while exercising, a logical question has materialized: To what degree has evolution facilitated synchronization of comfortable oral communication with sustainable exercise intensity? An individual able to engage a voice, represses fatigue. The Talk Test, is a practical strategy whereby a subject deliberately speaks during an exercise protocol. It is a common tool in both kinesiology and clinical fields because it inherently identifies a pivotal metabolic threshold. The coincidence of comfortable ability ...


Mechanisms For The Spread Of Antibiotic Resistance In Tuberculosis, Julie Allison Spencer 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Mechanisms For The Spread Of Antibiotic Resistance In Tuberculosis, Julie Allison Spencer

Shared Knowledge Conference

Tuberculosis (TB) is currently the ninth leading cause of death for humans worldwide, causing 10.4 million new infections in 2016. According to the World Health Organization, of these infections, 600,000 were antibiotic resistant. However, the treatment success rate for resistant TB was only 54%. The potential for emergent epidemics of drug resistant TB highlights the need to understand the mechanisms for the spread of resistance. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes TB, evolves resistant strains within individuals who are being treated with antibiotics. It has been assumed previously that the resistant characteristics of these strains are spread primarily ...


26 - Diversity And Abundance Of Invasive Aedes Albopictus, Other Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), And Arthropods In North Georgia., Mason Carlisle, Madison Embrick 2018 University of North Georgia

26 - Diversity And Abundance Of Invasive Aedes Albopictus, Other Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), And Arthropods In North Georgia., Mason Carlisle, Madison Embrick

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Diversity and Abundance of Invasive Aedes albopictus, Other Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), and Arthropods in North Georgia.

Carlisle M., Embrick M., Lampert E., Sangweme D.

With the increase in invasive species and the increasing numbers of the invasive Culicidae family member Aedes albopictus and the numerous deadly diseases Aedes albopictus can vector, it becomes increasingly important to survey and keep records of local populations and diversity of mosquitoes. We surveyed local culicid populations dissecting the female mosquitoes looking for nematodes to search for Wolbachia, and preserving all the bycatch and using the bycatch as an insight into the population and diversity ...


22 - Bugs In Bugs, Josemaria Garcia 2018 University of North Georgia

22 - Bugs In Bugs, Josemaria Garcia

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The primary purpose of the Bugs in Bugs project is to measure a student’s ability to go complete a research report and to observe demonstrations of key fundamental research aspects such as understanding scientific works, collecting and entering data, analyzing and creating graphs, and overall how to write a lab report. Working with Principles of Biology II and Microbiology classes, students were provided with a topic and methodology respective to their class; however, groups within the classes had the freedom to create their own hypotheses and theses, choose how to collect and interpret data, make charts and graphs, and ...


27 - Effects Of Temperature During Non-Breeding Months On Size Of Three Species Of Sparrow, Harley N. Hunt, Katie J. Stumpf 2018 Georgia College and State University

27 - Effects Of Temperature During Non-Breeding Months On Size Of Three Species Of Sparrow, Harley N. Hunt, Katie J. Stumpf

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Earth’s climate has warmed at an average rate of 0.17°C (0.31°F) per decade since 1970, and many scientists question how birds might adapt to this temperature change. Vertebrate body size likely has been associated with temperature based on two prominent hypotheses. Bergmann’s rule states that body size is larger in cooler climates because larger-bodied animals are better able to maintain stable internal temperatures. Allen’s rule states that appendages are smaller in cooler climates to decrease the amount surface area to lose heat. We hypothesize that as temperatures increase, body mass will decrease and ...


42 - A Comparison Of Two Automated Bat-Call Classifying Software Programs., Sara Robertson, Michael Bender 2018 University of North Georiga

42 - A Comparison Of Two Automated Bat-Call Classifying Software Programs., Sara Robertson, Michael Bender

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Bats are an integral part of many ecosystems and provide numerous valuable services such as pollination, seed dispersal and, in our region, insect control. Sampling the bat community to assess ecosystem health and document bat species of conservation interest is typically accomplished by capturing individuals in combination with collecting acoustic data. Acoustic sampling has the advantages of being effective in many varied habitat types, potentially less biased than capture data, and non-invasive to the bats. Many surveys are now entirely acoustic as the technology and ability to assign species identification to each has advanced substantially during the last few decades ...


Art Inspired By Eastern Box Research For Ung Gainesville’S Sciences, Engineering, And Technology Building, Aida Alarcon, Kati Hornick, Heather M. Foster 2018 University of North Georgia

Art Inspired By Eastern Box Research For Ung Gainesville’S Sciences, Engineering, And Technology Building, Aida Alarcon, Kati Hornick, Heather M. Foster

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Biology professors, Dr. Natalie Hyslop, and Dr. Jennifer Mook, have studied Eastern Box Turtle habitat use at the Tumbling Creek Nature Preserve adjacent to the University of North Georgia’s Gainesville Campus. Art instructor, Heather Foster, was drawn to the Box Turtles’ highly individualistic patterns. The three professors joined forces invited students to observe and make art about Eastern Box Turtles as they were extracted for their Summer 2018 checkup. After winning UNG’s Faculty Undergraduate Summer Engagement Grant, Dr. Hyslop, Dr. Mook, and Prof. Foster hired two UNG students, Kati Hornick, and Aida Alarcon, to create Eastern Box Turtle ...


17 - Divergent Gene Expression Of Hoxb3b In Teleost Fishes Is Due To Divergence Of Upstream Cis-Regulatory Elements, Erin Povolny 2018 University of North Georgia

17 - Divergent Gene Expression Of Hoxb3b In Teleost Fishes Is Due To Divergence Of Upstream Cis-Regulatory Elements, Erin Povolny

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Hox genes are developmental regulatory genes that function to pattern the cranial nerves that are derived from the rhombomeres (r) during vertebrate embryonic development. Hoxb3, in particular, has been shown to be expressed in r5-7 in several tetrapod species, including mouse (Mus musculus). Over the course of evolution, teleost fish have undergone a whole genome duplication, and several species have retained both duplicate Hoxb3 genes, hoxb3a and hoxb3b. These genes are expressed differently from each other, such that while hoxb3a is expressed in r4-7 in many teleost fish species, hoxb3b is expressed solely in r4. The cis-regulatory elements (CREs ...


Cell Specific Control Of The Pallidostriatal Pathway, Shubha Verma '19 2018 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Cell Specific Control Of The Pallidostriatal Pathway, Shubha Verma '19

Student Publications & Research

Parkinson’s Disease is a neurodegenerative disorder of the basal ganglia. The main cause for Parkinson’s Disease is the depletion of dopamine, a neurotransmitter. The basal ganglia contains four major nuclei: the substantia nigra, the subthalamic nucleus, the external globus pallidus, and the striatum. These nuclei communicate with each other by the use of neurons.


Callorhinus Ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, Or Alaska Fur Seal, Roger W. Barbour 2018 Morehead State University

Callorhinus Ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, Or Alaska Fur Seal, Roger W. Barbour

Roger W. Barbour Slide Collection

Callorhinus ursinus - Northern, Pribilof, or Alaska fur seal


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