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The Role Of Microhabitats In Structuring Cave Invertebrate Communities In Guatemala, Gabrielle S.M. Pacheco, Marconi Souza Silva, Enio Cano, Rodrigo L. Ferreira 2020 Universidade Federal de Lavras

The Role Of Microhabitats In Structuring Cave Invertebrate Communities In Guatemala, Gabrielle S.M. Pacheco, Marconi Souza Silva, Enio Cano, Rodrigo L. Ferreira

International Journal of Speleology

Several studies have tried to elucidate the main environmental features driving invertebrate community structure in cave environments. They found that many factors influence the community structure, but rarely focused on how substrate types and heterogeneity might shape these communities. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess which substrate features and whether or not substrate heterogeneity determines the invertebrate community structure (species richness and composition) in a set of limestone caves in Guatemala. We hypothesized that the troglobitic fauna responds differently to habitat structure regarding species richness and composition than non-troglobitic fauna because they are more specialized to live ...


Annotated Checklist Of Invertebrate Species Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) 2007-2020. Version Ii, Nur Ritter 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Annotated Checklist Of Invertebrate Species Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) 2007-2020. Version Ii, Nur Ritter

Gordon Natural Area Biodiversity Studies Documents

Summary Data Number of Taxa: 304 Species, in 211 Genera, 134 Families, and 32 Orders. Description As with some of the other biotic groups, the research pattern for invertebrates at the GNA might best be described as ‘intermittent.’ Former WCU professor Win Fairchild and his students conducted research on aquatic invertebrates in Plum Run, both inside and outside of the boundaries of the GNA. To date, the only data from that work that we’ve been able to obtain are from the 2007 MS thesis of Danielle DiFederico. Since that time, the only ‘directed’ invertebrate research at the GNA has ...


Ethno-Medicinal Survey For Some Wild Plants Of Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan, Ramiz Raja, Tasveer Zahra Bokhari, Shakil Ahmad, Saeed Ahmad Malik, Kausar Hussain, Kashif Nadeem 2020 Botany Division, Institute of Pure & Applied Biology Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan

Ethno-Medicinal Survey For Some Wild Plants Of Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan, Ramiz Raja, Tasveer Zahra Bokhari, Shakil Ahmad, Saeed Ahmad Malik, Kausar Hussain, Kashif Nadeem

Journal of Bioresource Management

Wild plants have always held economic, nutritional and medicinal value for human beings. Present work is the study of local information of some wild plants being used for remedial purposes in District Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The indigenous knowledge of local conventional uses was collected through survey and personal interviews during field trips. A total of 50 plant species were identified by taxonomic description using field guides and locally by medicinal knowledge of people living in the area. About 150 informers were interviewed randomly to record local names and ethno-medicinal uses of different plant species.


Groundwater Quality In Two Semi-Arid Areas Of Algeria: Impact Of Water Pollution On Biodiversity, Redjaimia Lylia, Hadjab Ramzi, Khammar Hichem, Merzoug Djemoi, Saheb Menouar 2020 University of Oum El Bouaghi, Algeria

Groundwater Quality In Two Semi-Arid Areas Of Algeria: Impact Of Water Pollution On Biodiversity, Redjaimia Lylia, Hadjab Ramzi, Khammar Hichem, Merzoug Djemoi, Saheb Menouar

Journal of Bioresource Management

The biodiversity and quality of subterranean waters were comparatively studied in the Tarf plain near Oum-El-Bouaghi and in the Ksar S’bahi in Oum-El-Bouaghi, in North-eastern Algeria. For this purpose, physicochemical and faunistic analyses were carried out on the water of ten stations located in the area of Tarf, and thirteen in the area of S’bahi. In the wells of Tarf, the average stygobiologic diversity was relatively high in the wells located upstream the dumping site from the city where the groundwater presented low contents of nitrates and orthophosphates. In contrast, the wells located in the spreading zone of ...


True Morels (Morchella Spp.) And Community Livelihood Improvement In Mankial Valley, District Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Syed Fazal Baqi Kakakhel 2020 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife Department, KPK, Pakistan

True Morels (Morchella Spp.) And Community Livelihood Improvement In Mankial Valley, District Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Syed Fazal Baqi Kakakhel

Journal of Bioresource Management

True morels collected from wild provide an economic source for the rural community of Mankial valley (District Swat, Khyber Pukhtunkhawa, Pakistan). Sale of approximately 334 kg in dry weight of five species of true morels (Morchella conica, M. esculenta, M. deliciosa, M. rotunda and M. semilibera) fetch US$ 57133 (under US$ 2015-16 exchange rate) to Mankial community and generate a revenue of US$ 62935 in Mingora (regional market) and US$ 87011 in Islamabad (national capital) markets. Morchella conica (average annual dry weight harvested 156 kg) has a high market price value (US$ 2964-44616) in all the three markets. M. esculenta ...


Data For Rosenberger & Conforti. Native And Agricultural Grassland Use By Stable And Declining Bumble Bees In Midwestern North America. Insect Cons. & Div., Derek W. Rosenberger, McKenna Conforti 2020 Olivet Nazarene University

Data For Rosenberger & Conforti. Native And Agricultural Grassland Use By Stable And Declining Bumble Bees In Midwestern North America. Insect Cons. & Div., Derek W. Rosenberger, Mckenna Conforti

Faculty Scholarship – Biology

Little is known about how agricultural and native grasslands impact bumble bee populations in the Midwestern United States. We surveyed bumble bee populations over 3 years (2017-2019) at Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie in restored prairie, cattle and bison pastures. Raw data from that work is included in this file. These data were used in the manuscript "Native and agricultural grassland use by stable and declining bumble bees in Midwestern North America" by Derek Rosenberger and McKenna Conforti, and published in the journal Insect Conservation and Diversity in 2020.


Antibacterial Properties Of Common Gap Plants From Monteverde, Costa Rica, Hannah Pletcher 2020 Purdue University

Antibacterial Properties Of Common Gap Plants From Monteverde, Costa Rica, Hannah Pletcher

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Further Review Of Orthochirus Karsch, 1892 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From Asia: Taxonomic Position Of O. Melanurus, O. Persa, O. Scrobiculosus, And Description Of Six New Species, František Kovařík, Victor Fet, Ersen A. Yağmur 2020 Marshall University

Further Review Of Orthochirus Karsch, 1892 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) From Asia: Taxonomic Position Of O. Melanurus, O. Persa, O. Scrobiculosus, And Description Of Six New Species, František Kovařík, Victor Fet, Ersen A. Yağmur

Euscorpius

We describe six new species of Orthochirus: O. birulai sp. n. (Pakistan), O. formozovi sp. n. (Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan), O. grosseri sp. n. (Uzbekistan), O. kryzhanovskyi sp. n. (Pakistan), O. nordmanni sp. n. (Afghanistan), and O. sejnai sp. n. (Iran). Descriptions are complemented with color photographs of preserved specimens. The identities of Orthochirus melanurus (Kessler, 1874) (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan), O. persa (Birula, 1900), stat. n. (Afghanistan, Iran), and O. scrobiculosus (Grube, 1873) (Turkmenistan) are reexamined, based on detailed study of the type specimens; lectotypes of all three species are designated. We demonstrate for the first time that the name O ...


Description Of The Male Of Wernerius Mumai (Sissom, 1993) From Western Arizona, With Data On Reproduction (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Richard F. Ayrey, Brandon T. Myers 2020 Marshall University

Description Of The Male Of Wernerius Mumai (Sissom, 1993) From Western Arizona, With Data On Reproduction (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Richard F. Ayrey, Brandon T. Myers

Euscorpius

A male of Wernerius mumai (Sissom, 1993) is described for the first time, collected at the type locality (Gold Road, Black Mountains, Mohave County, Arizona). Originally placed in the genus Vaejovis, this species later was transferred by Soleglad & Fet (2008) to the genus Wernerius. It is one of the smallest vaejovid species known. The pedipalp fixed finger usually has 6 ID denticles and the movable finger has 7. The most unique characteristic of this species is the long, pointed, subaculear tubercle.


Integrative Species Delimitation And Taxonomic Status Of The Scorpion Genus Vaejovis Koch, 1836 (Vaejovidae) In The Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona, Emma E. Jochim, Lillian-Lee M. Broussard, Brent E. Hendrixson 2020 Marshall University

Integrative Species Delimitation And Taxonomic Status Of The Scorpion Genus Vaejovis Koch, 1836 (Vaejovidae) In The Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona, Emma E. Jochim, Lillian-Lee M. Broussard, Brent E. Hendrixson

Euscorpius

Scorpions belonging to the Vaejovis vorhiesi species complex are widely distributed throughout the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Most species are endemic to single mountain ranges but two species, Vaejovis deboerae Ayrey, 2009 and V. brysoni Ayrey & Webber, 2013, have been documented from the Santa Catalina Mountains in Arizona. We reevaluated the taxonomic diversity of these scorpions by integrating data from several different sources. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that scorpions in the Santa Catalina Mountains are monophyletic but comprise two divergent mitochondrial lineages that overlap at the type locality of V. deboerae. We failed to detect congruence between these lineages ...


Annotated Checklist Of The Lichens Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) 2018—2020 (Version I), Nur Ritter 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Annotated Checklist Of The Lichens Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) 2018—2020 (Version I), Nur Ritter

Gordon Natural Area Biodiversity Studies Documents

Description Lichen research at the Gordon is in it’s infancy. At this time, no faculty members or students have undertaken any directed lichen research. Hence, the only GNA lichen data come from observations from GNA staff, augmented by observations posted on iNaturalist (www.inaturalist.org). As with the bryophytes and fungi from the Gordon, there are numerous photos of unidentified lichens awaiting determination. The checklist was compiled from Gordon Natural Area (GNA) Staff fieldwork from 2018 to 2020. The checklist contains 31 species in 23 Genera, 14 Families, and 7 Orders. This number of species likely only represents a ...


Feral Swine, Michael P. Glow, Nathan P. Snow, Kurt C. Vercauteren 2020 USDA National Wildlife Research Center

Feral Swine, Michael P. Glow, Nathan P. Snow, Kurt C. Vercauteren

Wildlife Damage Management Technical Series

Feral swine (Sus scrofa; Figure 1), also known as feral hogs, feral pigs, wild pigs, wild boar, or other similar derivations, are a non-native species considered to be one of the most destructive invasive terrestrial vertebrates in North America. While feral swine populations remained relatively small and confined in the continental United States following initial introductions by European explorers during the 15th century, substantial range expansion has occurred across every geographical region of the United States (Figure 2). This expansion has primarily been attributed to human-mediated movements, predominately for the purpose of establishing populations for recreational hunting, and facilitated by ...


The Effects Of Elevation On Foraging Behavior Of Bats In Southern Appalachia, Victoria Long 2020 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Elevation On Foraging Behavior Of Bats In Southern Appalachia, Victoria Long

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There are limited studies on bat activity in higher elevations in the Appalachian region. Levels of bat activity were compared in south central Appalachia at low (< 914.4 m) and high (> 1, 524 m) elevations in open, forest edge, and riparian habitats. Additionally, habitat suitability was modeled for a common species, big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus). The study started May 27th 2019, and sites were monitored biweekly until October 2nd 2019. Six species and one genus were recorded during the study. Species from the Myotis genus were grouped together because of similar call characteristics. Results show that species were significantly more active in ...


Urban Air Quality Modeling: Evaluating Impacts Of Ecoroofs On Urban Air Quality In Portland, Oregon, Danlyn L. Brennan, Selina Teng 2020 Portland State University

Urban Air Quality Modeling: Evaluating Impacts Of Ecoroofs On Urban Air Quality In Portland, Oregon, Danlyn L. Brennan, Selina Teng

altREU Projects

In this work, the authors present a mathematical model simulating the impact of ecoroof vegetation on air quality in an urban microclimate. An ecoroof is a layer of vegetation established on rooftops to reduce stormwater runoff, mitigate heat, and enhance air quality. Certain plant species in ecoroofs may however have a detrimental effect on air quality, due to their emission of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs), which include potentially reactive species such as isoprene. These chemical species can interact with urban air pollution, particularly NOx produced by car traffic, to create other harmful pollutants such as ozone and particulate matter ...


Evaluating The Effect Of The Removal Of Non-Native Trout In Two High Elevation Tributary Streams In The Intermountain West, Clint Brunson 2020 Utah State University

Evaluating The Effect Of The Removal Of Non-Native Trout In Two High Elevation Tributary Streams In The Intermountain West, Clint Brunson

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Native fish species such as Bonneville Cutthroat Trout (BCT) require cold, clear, well-connected streams for spawning and rearing as well as access to complimentary habitats. Increasing river temperatures and lower water flows may have allowed non-native Brown Trout (BNT) to migrate into higher elevation pristine streams. Additionally, anthropogenic actions such as stocking non-native Brown and Brook (BKT) and Rainbow Trout (RBT) for angling opportunities impact BCT. Invasion of these tributaries by non-native species may reduce or eliminate cutthroat trout by predation, competition, displacement, genetic suppression, and exclusion. A seven-fold increase in BNT numbers of 50 to 350 from 2017 to ...


Population Status, Threats, And Conservation Of Preuss's Red Colobus (Piliocolobus Preussi) And Other Diurnal Primates In The Ndokbou Forest, Littoral Region, Cameroon, Ruth Bowers-Sword 2020 James Madison University

Population Status, Threats, And Conservation Of Preuss's Red Colobus (Piliocolobus Preussi) And Other Diurnal Primates In The Ndokbou Forest, Littoral Region, Cameroon, Ruth Bowers-Sword

Masters Theses, 2020-current

The Ebo-Makombe-Ndokbou forest block in southwest Cameroon lies within the Gulf of Guinea biodiversity hotspot, characterized by extremely high levels of species richness and endemism, including those of primates. These forests may contain one of the last populations of the Critically Endangered Preuss’s red colobus monkey (Piliocolobus preussi; PRC), which is found only in southeastern Nigeria and western Cameroon. Gun hunting for bushmeat and habitat loss and degradation from logging and agriculture are the main threats to PRC. The conservation status of PRC and other primates in the Ndokbou forest are largely unknown, with most regional research efforts occurring ...


Plant Diversity And Nitrogen Addition On Belowground Biodiversity And Soil Organic Carbon Storage In Biofuel Cropping Systems, Jennifer Butt 2020 Boise State University

Plant Diversity And Nitrogen Addition On Belowground Biodiversity And Soil Organic Carbon Storage In Biofuel Cropping Systems, Jennifer Butt

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Bioenergy production may reduce the emission of CO2 which contributes to climate change, particularly when management strategies are adopted that promote soil carbon (C) sequestration in bioenergy cropping systems. Planting perennial native grasses, such as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii Vitman) may be used as a strategy to enhance soil C accumulation owing to their extensive root systems. Fertilizer use may further promote soil C sequestration, because of its positive impacts on plant production and soil C input. However,, the influence of fertilizer addition on soil C accumulation is variable across bioenergy cropping systems, and ...


Annotated Checklist Of Amphibian And Reptile Species Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) 2008-2020. Version I, Nur Ritter, Harry Tiebout 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Annotated Checklist Of Amphibian And Reptile Species Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) 2008-2020. Version I, Nur Ritter, Harry Tiebout

Gordon Natural Area Biodiversity Studies Documents

Data were compiled from surveys by Dr. Harry Tiebout, augmented by observations from GNA staff (which, as used here, includes student interns), graduate student Steven Clay, the Stroud Water Research Center, additional WCU Faculty, and members of the WCU Grounds Department. Local residents who are regular visitors to the Gordon have also occasionally contributed observations. Because herptile data haven't been systematically archived by the GNA staff until recent years, there are many gaps in the observation timeline that are clearly artificial. For example, although the observation history for the Eastern American Toad, Eastern Redback Salamander, and Eastern Box Turtle ...


Annotated Checklist Of The Myxomycetes (Slime Molds) Observed At The Gordon Natural Area West Chester University, Pa) - Version I, Nur Ritter, Paige Vermeulen, Maribeth Beatty, Arianna Rivellini, Alexandra Hodowanec 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Annotated Checklist Of The Myxomycetes (Slime Molds) Observed At The Gordon Natural Area West Chester University, Pa) - Version I, Nur Ritter, Paige Vermeulen, Maribeth Beatty, Arianna Rivellini, Alexandra Hodowanec

Gordon Natural Area Biodiversity Studies Documents

This checklist was compiled from Gordon Natural Area (GNA) Staff fieldwork during 2017-2020, augmented by photos from students and visitors to the GNA. The checklist contains 34 species in 18 Genera and 11 Families.


Annotated Checklist Of The Macrofungi Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) - Version Iii, Nur Ritter, Paige Vermeulen, Maribeth Beatty, Arianna Rivellini, Alexandra Hodowanec 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Annotated Checklist Of The Macrofungi Observed At The Gordon Natural Area (West Chester University, Pa) - Version Iii, Nur Ritter, Paige Vermeulen, Maribeth Beatty, Arianna Rivellini, Alexandra Hodowanec

Gordon Natural Area Biodiversity Studies Documents

This checklist was compiled from Gordon Natural Area (GNA) Staff fieldwork during 2017-2020, augmented by the 17 identified species in Levy et al. (2008) and by photos from Gerry Hertel (former GNA Stewardship Manager), students, and visitors to the GNA. The checklist contains 329 species in 212 Genera and 103 Families. Species are organized in three 'groupings': Ascomycetes (90 species); Basidiomycetes ( 238 species); and, Zygomycetes (1 species). Note: Slime Molds (Myxomycetes) —which are frequently included in books about fungi—and Lichens (which are included in Kingdom Fungi) are cataloged in separate checklists.


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