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Investigating Genetic Differences Between Strains Of Janthinobacterium Lividum On Salamanders And In Their Environment, Rhiannon E. Black 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Investigating Genetic Differences Between Strains Of Janthinobacterium Lividum On Salamanders And In Their Environment, Rhiannon E. Black

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Neotype Designation For Scorpiops Pachmarhicus Bastawade, 1992 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae), With Redescription And Notes On The Species, Zeeshan A. Mirza, Gaurang Gowande 2016 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

Neotype Designation For Scorpiops Pachmarhicus Bastawade, 1992 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae), With Redescription And Notes On The Species, Zeeshan A. Mirza, Gaurang Gowande

Euscorpius

Scorpiops pachmarhicus Bastawade, 1992 was described based on specimens collected from Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh. An expedition to the type locality led to discovery of a population at the type locality which permit us to designate a neotype for the species as types of the species are presently not traceable.


Hydroelectric Dams: The Lao Government's Luxury Trap, M.K. Laurel 2016 Salve Regina University

Hydroelectric Dams: The Lao Government's Luxury Trap, M.K. Laurel

ENV 434 Environmental Justice

The research of the Lao government, its hydroelectric dams, and its responses to its project was done through an environmental justice lens. It is an interdisciplinary research that explores the political corruption, the role of media, and the environment in order to frame the Lao government and the reasoning behind their unjust activities.


Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. McDermott 2016 Salve Regina University

Plastic Pollution And The Global Throwaway Culture: Environmental Injustices Of Single-Use Plastic, Kristin L. Mcdermott

ENV 434 Environmental Justice

The global throwaway culture has created a cross-ecosystem plastic pollution injustice. The first to suffer this injustice will be the most vulnerable. Our oceans have become our dumpsters. The throwaway culture has created a disrespect of material goods that has turned the earth’s resources into rubbish after a single use. Eighty percent of the yearly 8 million tons of plastic that enter the ocean is single use plastic, such as plastic bottles, plastic shopping bags, or cigarette lighters.[1] Plastic has destroyed ecosystems, robbing impoverished communities of natural resources and of a healthy and safe living environment. First to ...


The Impacts Of Elephant Grazing On Plant Succession In Tropical Forests Of Africa, Nadia Swit 2016 Cleveland State University

The Impacts Of Elephant Grazing On Plant Succession In Tropical Forests Of Africa, Nadia Swit

The Downtown Review

Succession occurs in an ecosystem when there is a change in the species structure and diversity in an ecological community over time. While this can allow for greater biodiversity, occasionally diversity can be stunted based on the level of disturbance and the invasiveness of the first pioneering species. As in the case of arrested succession, continual disturbance prohibits changes in the environment and suppresses species establishment. The effects of this continued disturbance are seen in the tropical forests in national parks in Uganda and Tanzania in Eastern Africa with African elephants (Loxodonta africana). The continuous browsing on trees by the ...


Estimated Effects Of Climate Change On The Reproductive Fitness Of The Northern Spotted Owl, Strix Occidentalis Caurina, Nadia Swit 2016 Cleveland State University

Estimated Effects Of Climate Change On The Reproductive Fitness Of The Northern Spotted Owl, Strix Occidentalis Caurina, Nadia Swit

The Downtown Review

In this paper, the trends for current and future climate change were utilized to evaluate the potential reproductive success of the Spotted Owl, particularly the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) subspecies. As breeding season would exert additional stressors on the animal, a time period of five months, from January to June, was selected for the spring breeding season in which to evaluate temperature change. Previous research performed by Weathers and colleagues (2001) concerning the California Owl (Strix occidentalis occidentalis) formulated a thermodynamic equation that was utilized to compare the metabolic rate of the owl at current and future environmental ...


The Ecological Impacts Of Non-Native Species On River Otter Populations, Nadia Swit 2016 Cleveland State University

The Ecological Impacts Of Non-Native Species On River Otter Populations, Nadia Swit

The Downtown Review

Most nonindigenous species invasions can have negative consequences on an environment. Trophic systems may become altered as prey sources are depleted, which can have further implications on community and habitat structure. However, some species invasions can be positive as it can provide another food source for key stone species. The effects of invasive species are reviewed in the following paper for the North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) and the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra). In the case of the North American river, the introduction of the lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) has negatively impacted otter populations, foraging behavior and bank ecology ...


Influence Of Row Spacing And Frequency Of Cuttings On Spinach (Spinacia Oleracea) Production, Daud Ahmad Awan, Faheem Ahmad, Madeeha Imdad 2016 CABI Central and West Asia, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Influence Of Row Spacing And Frequency Of Cuttings On Spinach (Spinacia Oleracea) Production, Daud Ahmad Awan, Faheem Ahmad, Madeeha Imdad

Journal of Bioresource Management

To study the effect of row spacing and frequency of cuttings on spinach (Spinacia oleracea), an experiment was carried out at the Kitchen Gardening Training Center for Women at 61 JB Dharorh Faisalabad, Pakistan, during 2014. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with factorial arrangements having three replications with a plot size of 3 m × 6 m. This experiment was comprised of two factors, i.e. row spacing (Broadcast, 30 cm apart rows and 45 cm apart rows) and cutting frequency (45 days after sowing and 30 after the first cutting). The result showed that ...


In Silico Mechanistic Study Of Abscisic Acid (Aba) Mediated Drought Tolerance In Crops, Bushra Shaheen, Tayyaba Shaheen, Shahid ur Rehman, Mahmood ur Rahman, Muhammad Nawaz, Muhammad Tahir ul Qamar 2016 Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

In Silico Mechanistic Study Of Abscisic Acid (Aba) Mediated Drought Tolerance In Crops, Bushra Shaheen, Tayyaba Shaheen, Shahid Ur Rehman, Mahmood Ur Rahman, Muhammad Nawaz, Muhammad Tahir Ul Qamar

Journal of Bioresource Management

Drought is one of the major environmental stresses that produces adverse effects on plants. Vast areas of agricultural land is susceptible to drought. Drought induced yield loss of crops has negative effects on the economy of a country. Among phytohormones, Abscisic Acid (ABA) induces abiotic stress tolerance in plants, and directs a complex regulatory network involving multiple transporters, up-regulation of ABA biosynthesis genes and various signalling pathways that enable plants to withstand low water availability. The current study was designed to understand ABA synthesis, its transport across the plant during stress and its mechanism to induce stomatal closure by using ...


Association Of Rs2476601 And Rs1544410 With Onset Of T1d In Youngsters Of Lahore, Pakistan, Andleeb Batool, Maryam Mukhtar, Iram Qayyum, Romessa Shakeel 2016 Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan

Association Of Rs2476601 And Rs1544410 With Onset Of T1d In Youngsters Of Lahore, Pakistan, Andleeb Batool, Maryam Mukhtar, Iram Qayyum, Romessa Shakeel

Journal of Bioresource Management

The PTPN22 gene plays vital role in T1D onset by encoding Lymphoid-specific phosphatase (LYP) that lead to T-cell receptor-associated CsK kinase inactivation and preventing T-cell spontaneous activation by dephosphorylation. VDR gene encoded for VDR receptor is involved indirectly in prevention of T1D onset by promoting insulin production. The present study was conducted to determine the mutations on rs2476601 and rs1544410 polymorphic sites on the PTPN22 and VDR genes respectively. We genotyped 50 patients and 50 control subjects from Lahore by using sequencing and Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) techniques. It was observed that the allelic frequency of r ...


In Vitro Propagation Of Morchella Esculenta And Study Of Its Life Cycle, Nazish Kanwal, Kainaat William, Kishwar Sultana 2016 Institute of Natural and Management Sciences, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

In Vitro Propagation Of Morchella Esculenta And Study Of Its Life Cycle, Nazish Kanwal, Kainaat William, Kishwar Sultana

Journal of Bioresource Management

Among the edible mushrooms, Morchella esculenta (Pers.) is a highly prized mushroom which consists of a short stalk and a conical, pitted, hollow pileus. It is commonly known as a morel or sponge mushroom, or gucchi, etc. It belongs to the class Ascomycetes, order Pezizales and family Morchellaceae. It is found throughout the world. In Pakistan, it is found in northern areas from Murree, Patriata, and Gilgit under pine vegetation. It is therapeutic in nature; therefore its medicinal and biochemical properties are under investigation throughout the world, especially in regard to treating the hazardous diseases such as cancer, tumors, etc ...


Allelopathic Effect Of Methanol And Water Extracts Of Camellia Sinensis L. On Seed Germination And Growth Of Triticum Aestivum L. And Zea Mays L., Ambreen Waris, Laila Waris, Muhammad Azim Khan, Anwar Ali Shad 2016 The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan

Allelopathic Effect Of Methanol And Water Extracts Of Camellia Sinensis L. On Seed Germination And Growth Of Triticum Aestivum L. And Zea Mays L., Ambreen Waris, Laila Waris, Muhammad Azim Khan, Anwar Ali Shad

Journal of Bioresource Management

This study describes the possible effects of tea residues on crop production. To investigate the negative effects of tea on two cereal crops, i.e. wheat and maize, laboratory experiments were conducted during May 2014 and repeated in June 2014 to study the effect of black tea extract on wheat and maize seeds’ germination and growth. The experiment was conducted in petri dishes and laid out in completely randomized designs, replicated thrice. The petri dishes were kept in a growth chamber, with the temperature set at 25°C. 50 g of each dried fresh and used black tea was separately ...


Anti-Enzymatic Potential Of Two Different Varieties Of Malus Domestica, (Malus Communis Desf, Ripe And Unripe Fruits) And Their Constituent’S Analysis By Gas Chromatography And Mass Spectrometry (Gc-Ms), Anum Siddique, Muhammad Suleman, Iftikhar Hussain Bukhari, Muhammad Haleem Khan, Muhammad Ikram Aujla, Abu ul Hassan Faiz 2016 Women University, Bagh, Pakistan

Anti-Enzymatic Potential Of Two Different Varieties Of Malus Domestica, (Malus Communis Desf, Ripe And Unripe Fruits) And Their Constituent’S Analysis By Gas Chromatography And Mass Spectrometry (Gc-Ms), Anum Siddique, Muhammad Suleman, Iftikhar Hussain Bukhari, Muhammad Haleem Khan, Muhammad Ikram Aujla, Abu Ul Hassan Faiz

Journal of Bioresource Management

The paper presentscomparative study of urease and alpha-amylase inhibitory activities in two varieties of Malus species, i.e. unripened apple and gold coloured ripe apple. It is very important to know the anti enzymatic potential of these two varieties because the enzyme inhibition can be therapeutic and cure illness caused by malfunctioning of some enzymes. Objectives of this study was to determine the presence of chemical constituents, their role and inhibition activities of urease and alpha-amylase in selected apple varieties. Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometric (GC-MS) was used to identify their chemical constituents. Both varieties exhibited profound activities of urease and alpha-amylase ...


Ochratoxicosis In Monograstric Animals - A Review, Nafeesa Qudsia Hanif 2016 PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Ochratoxicosis In Monograstric Animals - A Review, Nafeesa Qudsia Hanif

Journal of Bioresource Management

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by several fungi of the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium, principally P. verrucosum in temperate climate and A. ochraceous in warm regions. In poultry feed materials, mycotoxins are found most commonly in cereals and to a lesser degree, in meals. The presence of OTA in animal feed contributes significantly to health disorders and decreased production. In addition to aflatoxins, which is an ubiquitously distributed toxin, OTA is one of the reasons for economic losses in the poultry industry due to poor performance and immunosuppression. Moreover, OTA has also been noted for the carryover effect ...


Production And Characterization Of Xylanase From Aspergillus Niger Using Wheat Bran, Corn Cobs, And Sugar Cane Bagasse As Carbon Sources With Different Concentrations, Muhammad Suleman, Iftikhar Hussain Bukhari, Muhammad Ikram Aujla, Abu ul Hassan Faiz 2016 Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Production And Characterization Of Xylanase From Aspergillus Niger Using Wheat Bran, Corn Cobs, And Sugar Cane Bagasse As Carbon Sources With Different Concentrations, Muhammad Suleman, Iftikhar Hussain Bukhari, Muhammad Ikram Aujla, Abu Ul Hassan Faiz

Journal of Bioresource Management

Xylanases are enzymes that degrade Xylan, a hemicellulose found in plant cell walls, into Xylose. They are a very important class of enzymes to be used in paper and pulp industry. Removal of lignin from paper and pulp by Chlorine and its compounds have caused a serious problem in the environment. Delignification of lignin by Xylanase is an alternative approach that is environmentally friendly. The present research was conducted to produce and characterize Xylanase from the fungus Aspergillus niger using agricultural wastes/byproducts like corn cobs, wheat bran and sugar cane bagasse with different concentrations. Submerged fermentation was carried out ...


Phylogenetic Analysis Of Capra Hircus Commonly Found Goat Breeds Of Pakistan Using Dna Barcode, Asif Ali, Attika Rehman, Kainaat William 2016 Institute of Natural and Management Sciences, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Phylogenetic Analysis Of Capra Hircus Commonly Found Goat Breeds Of Pakistan Using Dna Barcode, Asif Ali, Attika Rehman, Kainaat William

Journal of Bioresource Management

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I or COI in the mitochondrial genome (DNA Barcode) of goats was used to identify and differentiate two common breeds (beetal and berberi) and crossbreeds sampled in Punjab, Pakistan. This is the first study on the molecular taxonomy of the goat breeds of Pakistan. Sequencing of DNA barcode of the beetal goat showed a 99% similarity to Capra hircus isolate LS16 cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene. Beriberi goats showed a 99% similarity to Capra hircus breed Jining Qing goat mitochondrion. Identification of goat breeds via DNA barcoding may help in local genetic improvement and ...


Cover Crop Mixture Diversity And Function, Angela Florence 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Cover Crop Mixture Diversity And Function, Angela Florence

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of cover crop mixture diversity on cover crop function. Specifically, this study evaluated the effect of cover crop species and functional richness on aboveground biomass productivity, weed suppression, soil nutrient retention, soil microbial community characteristics, and performance stability. Twenty to forty cover crop treatments were replicated three to four times at eleven sites across southeastern Nebraska using a pool of eighteen species representing three cover crop species each from six pre-defined functional groups: cool-season grasses, cool-season legumes, cool-season brassicas, warm-season grasses, warm-season legumes, and warm-season broadleaves. Each species was planted ...


Relationships Between Nutrients, Periphyton Abundance, And Benthic Macroinvertebrate Scrapers In Ozark Highland Streams, Harrison Smith 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Relationships Between Nutrients, Periphyton Abundance, And Benthic Macroinvertebrate Scrapers In Ozark Highland Streams, Harrison Smith

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

We collected samples from seven Arkansas streams during the months of August 2014 and February 2015 with the objective of determining possible relationships between nutrients, periphyton abundance and benthic macroinvertebrates. We hypothesized that periphyton would be positively associated with nutrients, and that increases in periphyton biomass would increase the abundance and diversity of benthic scraper families. Samples were collected from three transects at each site. The periphyton was analyzed for carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and ash free dry mass and Chl-a content. Macroinvertebrates families belonging to the feeding group of grazers/scrapers were compared with water column and periphyton nutrient concentrations ...


Since Time Immemorial: The Decline Of Columbia River Basin Salmon, Samuel J. Levin 2016 Lakeridge High School

Since Time Immemorial: The Decline Of Columbia River Basin Salmon, Samuel J. Levin

Young Historians Conference

Since Time Immemorial: The Decline of Columbia River Basin Salmon studies the near extinction of what has been historically the world’s largest salmon population. By examining the issue systemically, my paper reveals that the environmental misjudgments that have brought the salmon so near extinction are not isolated, but rather are the product of cultural trends. A study of these misjudgments reveals a culture within the Columbia Basin that has, since the mid-19th century, sought expansion for expansion’s sake and valued short-term wealth over long-term sustainability. My paper illustrates how his philosophy has guided and continues to guide ...


Redescription Of Bathygyge Grandis Hansen, 1897 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Bopyridae) From Southern California With Erection Of A New Subfamily, Bathygyginae, For It, John C. Markham 2016 Arch Cape Marine Laboratory

Redescription Of Bathygyge Grandis Hansen, 1897 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Bopyridae) From Southern California With Erection Of A New Subfamily, Bathygyginae, For It, John C. Markham

Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences

Abstract.—The bopyrid isopod species Bathygyge grandis Hansen, 1897, a reported parasite of several species of the genus Glyphocrangon (Caridea, family Glyphocrangonidae) worldwide, is fully described for the first time on the basis of material collected off the coast of southern California, the closest collection known to the type-locality of the species. Included are a complete synonymy and a discussion of the systematic position of the genus Bathygyge.


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