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Using Choice Experiment Valuation Methods To Measure Public Preference For A New National Park In Maine, Alexander G. Wilsterman 2015 Colby College

Using Choice Experiment Valuation Methods To Measure Public Preference For A New National Park In Maine, Alexander G. Wilsterman

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

With global population increasing faster than ever, the need to protect land from development is at an all-time high. This paper seeks the measure the public preference for a new national park located in northern Maine. A national park will both protect the land and inject a much-needed economic stimulus to the surrounding communities. The study uses the choice experiment valuation method to quantify its results. Through this revealed preference we can quantify which characteristics are most important to the public so that these characteristics may be considered if the project is ever approved.


Golf Courses In Maine: Land Type Valuation Versus A Hedonic Pricing Analysis, Gregory Ladd, Jason Buco 2015 Colby College

Golf Courses In Maine: Land Type Valuation Versus A Hedonic Pricing Analysis, Gregory Ladd, Jason Buco

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

Many studies have been conducted analyzing the economic impact of golf courses on the local communities. These studies examine economic impacts of tournaments, endorsements, and vacation expenses of the major golf courses in the United States. However, there is little research conducted on the environmental impact of Golf courses, specifically in Maine. This paper performs a hedonic pricing analysis using housing prices in proximity to golf courses and compares it to the valuation of various land types in Maine. Housing prices were collected in the towns of Auburn, and North Yarmouth both near and distant from the local golf course ...


Cost Benefit Analysis Of Café Standards Compared To The Alternative Fuel/Carbon Tax, Brian Levinson 2015 Colby College

Cost Benefit Analysis Of Café Standards Compared To The Alternative Fuel/Carbon Tax, Brian Levinson

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

The Cafe Standards were introduced in 1975 following the Oil Embargo. The goals of this program were simple. To reduce co2 emissions in vehicles by increasing a mandatory average mpg level for car manufacturers in the United States. Recently, in 2012, the Obama Administration set new Cafe Standard requirements for car manufacturers. By 2025, all new cars on the road in the United States must average 54.5 miles per gallon, which would double the current 27 mpg average in place right now. While the intentions of this policy are to reduce co2 emissions while at the same time increasing ...


The Economics Of The Audubon Society's Sanctuary Program For Golf Courses, Dan Hyszczak 2015 Colby College

The Economics Of The Audubon Society's Sanctuary Program For Golf Courses, Dan Hyszczak

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

Millions of people play golf every year, and in 2011 Golf Courses gained $22 billion dollars in revenue. This statistic combined with golf’s inherent place in the natural environment lead to questions of value and development for golf course owners. In 1991, The Audubon Society created their Cooperative Sanctuary Program for Golf Courses (ACSP) to promote environmentally sustainable practices for golf courses and to recognize the courses that are the most environmentally in both the United States and around the world.

This paper builds off of prior research that connects golf course beauty with revenue by examining the effects ...


Preferences For Coral Reef And Fishery Management In Okinawa, Japan, Nils Carlson 2015 Colby College

Preferences For Coral Reef And Fishery Management In Okinawa, Japan, Nils Carlson

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

This study is an example of how a nonmarket valuation method – a choice experiment – can be used to influence and guide ecosystem conservation efforts. Using a choice experiment survey, this study estimates the willingness to pay (WTP) for certain hypothetical attributes of a restored and conserved coral reef in Okinawa, Japan. I find that an increase in the amount of fish available to catch in ten years as well as an increase in the extent and health of the coral reefs and the number of marine biodiversity found in the Okinawan waters after ten-years, both positively affect respondent’s utility ...


An Exploratory Statistical Analysis Of The External And Internal Effects Of Art Museums In The United States, John Eder 2015 Colby

An Exploratory Statistical Analysis Of The External And Internal Effects Of Art Museums In The United States, John Eder

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

An Exploratory Statistical Analysis of the External and Internal Effects of Art Museums in the United States


Invited Introduction To Jerec, Noelwah Netusil 2015 Reed College

Invited Introduction To Jerec, Noelwah Netusil

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

No abstract provided.


Welcome By The Editor, Sahan T. M. Dissanayake 2015 Colby College

Welcome By The Editor, Sahan T. M. Dissanayake

Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics at Colby

No abstract provided.


Forest Harvesting Productivity And Cost In Maine: New Tools And Processes, Patrick Hiesl 2015 University of Maine - Main

Forest Harvesting Productivity And Cost In Maine: New Tools And Processes, Patrick Hiesl

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Computer simulations have been used in forestry and forest operations since around 1960. In many cases such simulations can be used to answer questions that would be time consuming and expensive to investigate in a real-life environment. This dissertation focuses on the use of computer simulation in forest operations to answer questions regarding the profitability of technological advancements, investments in precommercial thinning (PCT), and the use of different harvesting systems. To explore the benefits of decoupling a harvesting system, a new simulation method, called agent based modeling was used. Agent based modeling is primarily used in social sciences but now ...


Survival And Growth Of Reserve Trees In An Expanding-Gap Silvicultural System 20 Years After Establishment, David R. Carter 2015 The University of Maine

Survival And Growth Of Reserve Trees In An Expanding-Gap Silvicultural System 20 Years After Establishment, David R. Carter

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Land managers today are increasingly called upon to retain and restore late-successional features on harvested landscapes in order to reverse the current global decline of large, old trees and their associated elevated levels of biodiversity and ecosystem function. Such retention practices are commonly thought to result in increased rates of mortality as a result of exposure to wind, thus compromising management objectives. This study investigated the survival and growth dynamics of the reserve trees retained in harvested gaps (n=787) established 20 years prior in the Acadian Forest Ecosystem Research Project (AFERP) in east-central Maine.

A high (relative to similar ...


Radiocarbon Isotopic Classification Of Deep Tropical Forest Soils, Brooke Butler, Karis J. McFarlane, Jennifer Pett-Ridge, Katherine A. Heckman 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Radiocarbon Isotopic Classification Of Deep Tropical Forest Soils, Brooke Butler, Karis J. Mcfarlane, Jennifer Pett-Ridge, Katherine A. Heckman

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Program Posters

Tropical forest soils have an important role in global carbon (C) stocks. Small changes in the cycling of C could drastically affect atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations and active cycling of carbon in a forest community. Currently, little is understood of how tropical forest soils will respond to the increasing global temperatures. To examine the effects of warming/ drought on losses of older versus younger soil C pools, we implemented radiocarbon (14C) isotopic characterization of various soil plot samples and depths from the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. 14C was measured using Accelerated Mass Spectrometry (AMS) from catalytically condensed carbon ...


Cranberry Lake Biological Station Research Symposium, Session C, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry 2015 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Cranberry Lake Biological Station Research Symposium, Session C, Suny College Of Environmental Science And Forestry

Cranberry Lake Biological Station

Ecological Monitoring and Biodiversity Assessment (EFB202) is the one of the keystone courses in the Environmental and Forest Biology curriculum. Students enrolled in this immersive course live at the Cranberry Lake Biological Station for three weeks. During the first two weeks of the course, students study a wide variety of taxonomic groups of organisms, and are introduced to a broad range of field, laboratory and analytical methods. Students then complete a group research project during the third and final week of the course. The research projects require proficiency in field sampling methods, basic experimental design and statistical analysis, and the ...


Session C, 2015 First Place: Polyphemus Pediculus Survivorship In Insect Repellent Treated Water, Camila Ferguson, Chloe Blaisdell, Sarah Lundy, Michaela Tersmette 2015 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Session C, 2015 First Place: Polyphemus Pediculus Survivorship In Insect Repellent Treated Water, Camila Ferguson, Chloe Blaisdell, Sarah Lundy, Michaela Tersmette

Cranberry Lake Biological Station

At Cranberry Lake, one of the most commonly used topical products is insect repellant. Insect repellents are manufactured with varying percentages of DEET, or no DEET at all. DEET is a synthetic chemical consisting of organic compounds originally intended for jungle warfare. Trace amounts of DEET are found in local waterways throughout the summer, when swimming is a popular activity. This study focuses on Polyphemus pediculus, a zooplankton at the bottom of the aquatic food chain. Polyphemus pediculus is abundant in Cranberry Lake and is an indicator for health and functionality of the lake ecosystem. Three insect repellents containing varying ...


Session C, 2015 Third Place: Tardigrada Prevalence In Moss Cushion Growth Forms Among Habitats At Cranberry Lake, Jessica Brown, Ingrid Forward, Hannah Smith 2015 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Session C, 2015 Third Place: Tardigrada Prevalence In Moss Cushion Growth Forms Among Habitats At Cranberry Lake, Jessica Brown, Ingrid Forward, Hannah Smith

Cranberry Lake Biological Station

Tardigrades (phylum Tardigrada) are most durable animals due to their ability to enter a state of cryptobiosis during extreme conditions. Tardigrades are often found living in mosses due to the mosses’ ability to retain moisture, but can be found in moss in dry habitats due to their ability to survive desiccation. This study assessed the abundance of Tardigrades in moss cushion life forms of marsh, brook, lake shore, and forest habitats. Relative abundance of Tardigrades among sites was quantified, soil pH was measured at each site, and percent moisture at each site was collected. ANOVA and Tukey’s Test were ...


Session C, 2015 Second Place: Habituation Of Creek Chub To A Chemical Alarm Stimulus, Benjamin Kosalek, Zachary Davis 2015 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Session C, 2015 Second Place: Habituation Of Creek Chub To A Chemical Alarm Stimulus, Benjamin Kosalek, Zachary Davis

Cranberry Lake Biological Station

When minnows are attacked, their epithelial cells release a chemical alarm that will alert other minnows to the presence of a predator. Our study was to see if Creek Chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) would habituate to the signal if repeatedly exposed in the absence of a predator and thus ignore it. We tested 20 Creek Chub, half getting the treatment of chemical alarm and the other half a control of water. Each fish was individually exposed to their treatment five times. It was found that there was no change in reaction of the experimental group and Creek Chub had a relatively ...


Assessing The Urban Forest Values An Institutional Sector Approach, Anthony M. Rodriguez Ph.D. 2015 Texas Southern University

Assessing The Urban Forest Values An Institutional Sector Approach, Anthony M. Rodriguez Ph.D.

Anthony M Rodriguez Ph.D.

The presentation is an aspect of an ongoing study that demonstrates and maps the urban forest values. Using ARCGIS the paper will model social change and the potential for expanding or not the natural environment focusing on the values and the projected change based on the sectors position in reference to sustainability and more specifically the urban forest as an artifact to foster positive spatial change.


Improving Alternate Lignin Catabolite Utilization Of Ligab From Sphingobium Sp. Strain Syk-6 Through Site Directed Mutagenesis, Kevin P. Barry, Erin F. Cohn, Abraham Ngu, Erika A. Taylor 2015 Wesleyan University

Improving Alternate Lignin Catabolite Utilization Of Ligab From Sphingobium Sp. Strain Syk-6 Through Site Directed Mutagenesis, Kevin P. Barry, Erin F. Cohn, Abraham Ngu, Erika A. Taylor

Erika A. Taylor, Ph.D.

Protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase (LigAB) catalyzes dioxygenation of multiple lignin derived aromatic compounds—such as protocatechuate (PCA), gallate (GA) and 3-O-methyl gallate (3OMG)—with decreasing proficiency as the molecule size increases. We predicted that phenylalanine-103 of the α subunit (Phe103α) controls substrate specificity through interaction with the C5-funtionality of bound substrates, and mutagenesis would enhance GA and 3OMG catalysis. LigAB with Phe103α mutations (F103 V, F103T and F103H) displayed enhanced catalytic efficiency for dioxygenation of 3OMG, with mutants displaying 12- to 31-fold increases in View the MathML source, making these mutant enzymes more active with 3OMG than its native dioxygenase (DesZ ...


Carbon Storage Potential Of Windbreaks On Agricultural Lands Of The Continental United States, William Ballesteros Possu 2015 William University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Carbon Storage Potential Of Windbreaks On Agricultural Lands Of The Continental United States, William Ballesteros Possu

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Agricultural production systems face major challenges under climate change scenarios in terms of expected negative impacts on productivity and persistence of the crops. Greenhouse gases from agriculture continue to rise although not as fast as from other fossil fuel-based human activities. Windbreaks perform several ecosystems functions that improve the local and regional capacity of crop systems to increase yields and offer environmental services by minimizing the negative effects of extreme weather events. Windbreaks also represent an important means of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. This is predominantly accomplished by the windbreak trees storing carbon (C) in their above and belowground woody ...


Scaling From Single-Point Sap Velocity Measurements To Stand Transpiration In A Multi-Species Deciduous Forest: Uncertainty Sources, Stand Structure Effect, And Future Scenarios Impacts, Virginia Hernandez-Santana, Adan Hernandez-Hernandez, Matthew A. Vadeboncoeur, Heidi Asbjornson 2015 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

Scaling From Single-Point Sap Velocity Measurements To Stand Transpiration In A Multi-Species Deciduous Forest: Uncertainty Sources, Stand Structure Effect, And Future Scenarios Impacts, Virginia Hernandez-Santana, Adan Hernandez-Hernandez, Matthew A. Vadeboncoeur, Heidi Asbjornson

Earth Systems Research Center

ABSTRACT

A major challenge in studies estimating stand water use in mixed-species forests is how to effectively scale data from individual trees to the stand. This is the case for forest ecosystems in the northeastern USA where differences in water use among species and across different size classes have not been extensively studied, despite their relevance for a wide range of ecosystem services. Our objectives were to assess the importance of different sources of variability ontranspiration upscaling and explore the potential impacts of future shifts in species composition on forest water budget. We measured sap velocity in five tree species ...


Cranberry Lake Biological Station Research Symposium, Session A, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry 2015 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Cranberry Lake Biological Station Research Symposium, Session A, Suny College Of Environmental Science And Forestry

Cranberry Lake Biological Station

Ecological Monitoring and Biodiversity Assessment (EFB202) is the one of the keystone courses in the Environmental and Forest Biology curriculum. Students enrolled in this immersive course live at the Cranberry Lake Biological Station for three weeks. During the first two weeks of the course, students study a wide variety of taxonomic groups of organisms, and are introduced to a broad range of field, laboratory and analytical methods. Students then complete a group research project during the third and final week of the course. The research projects require proficiency in field sampling methods, basic experimental design and statistical analysis, and the ...


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