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How Does The Exploitation And Degradation Of Finite Natural Resources By Industrial Oil Producers Effect Our Future Planetary Environment?, Zachary J. King Mr. 2015 Kennesaw State University

How Does The Exploitation And Degradation Of Finite Natural Resources By Industrial Oil Producers Effect Our Future Planetary Environment?, Zachary J. King Mr.

Symposium of Student Scholars

Zachary King

Dr. Tu

26 March 2015

GEOG 3700

Abstract

The purpose of this presentation is to communicate content of the reports given by credible institution on the degradation and exploitation of finite natural resources by corporate institutions, for short term financial gain, and how it will effect the future planetary environment. Methods used in obtaining this research range from point source observation directly from oil spills in the Gulf or pipe leaks in the Mid-West, to analytical and numerical data quantifications gathered over a period of two decades. This presentation encompasses a wide scope of information concerning the way ...


Effect Of Fibre Blend Ratios On Yarn Properties, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, A. Ghosh, M. Raihan 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Effect Of Fibre Blend Ratios On Yarn Properties, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, A. Ghosh, M. Raihan

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Yarn properties can be altered through blending fibres. According to the requirement different properties can be achieved by different blending ratios. Among the different blends cotton and polyester, cotton and wool, wool and acrylic, cotton and nylon, jute and acrylic, cotton and rayon etc are common. Flax and polyester has been a popular blend now-adays and depicts excellent properties than their individual yarn properties. Different proportion of flax and polyester has been tested to observe the yarn properties and it is found that polyester was perfectly fits with low proportion of flax. Their blends with specific ratios exhibit excellent properties ...


Study On The Demolition Waste Management In Malaysia Construction Industry, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Gunalaan Vasudevan 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Study On The Demolition Waste Management In Malaysia Construction Industry, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Gunalaan Vasudevan

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The Malaysia construction industry generates a large quantity of construction and demolition waste nowadays. In the handbook for demolition work only comprised small portion of demolition waste management. It is important to study and determine the ways to provide a practical guide for the professional in the building industry about handling the demolition waste. In general, demolition defined as tearing down or wrecking of structural work or architectural work of the building and other infrastructures work such as road, bridge and etc. It’s a common misconception that demolition is nothing more than taking down a structure and carrying the ...


Study On The Strategy Of Ghs System In Taiwan, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Study on the Strategy of GHS System in Taiwan,Kun-Yuan Chuang,Jo-Ming Tseng,Teh-Sheng Su, Fang-Chen Lin 2015 Innovative Research Publications

Study On The Strategy Of Ghs System In Taiwan, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Study On The Strategy Of Ghs System In Taiwan,Kun-Yuan Chuang,Jo-Ming Tseng,Teh-Sheng Su, Fang-Chen Lin

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

The “Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals” (GHS) not only provides a unified system for dealing with the labeling of intrinsic materials and compound chemicals but also furnishes hazard information to the contingency personnel, work site workforce, transportation workforce and consumers for the prevention of acute and chronic health impairments as well as ecological hazards. Since 2008, the GHS has gradually been observed internationally to substitute the classification and labeling of hazardous substances, the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), and relevant regulations on hazardous chemicals which are currently used by many countries; substantial influences have been seen ...


Concomitant Uptake Of Antimicrobials And Salmonella In Soil And Into Lettuce Following Wastewater Irrigation, J. Brett Sallach, Yuping Zhang, Laurie Hodges, Daniel D. Snow, Xu Li, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt 2015 University of Nebraska--Lincoln

Concomitant Uptake Of Antimicrobials And Salmonella In Soil And Into Lettuce Following Wastewater Irrigation, J. Brett Sallach, Yuping Zhang, Laurie Hodges, Daniel D. Snow, Xu Li, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications

The use of wastewater for irrigation may introduce antimicrobials and human pathogens into the food supply through vegetative uptake. The objective of this study was to investigate the uptake of three antimicrobials and Salmonella in two lettuce cultivars. After repeated subirrigation with synthetic wastewater, lettuce leaves and soil were collected at three sequential harvests. The internalization frequency of Salmonella in lettuce was low. A soil horizon-influenced Salmonella concentration gradient was determined with concentrations in bottom soil 2 log CFU/g higher than in top soil. Lincomycin and sulfamethoxazole were recovered from lettuce leaves at concentrations as high as 822 ng ...


The Effects Of Environmental Prompts On Stair Usage, Lori Andersen, Tim Bungum, Sheniz Moonie PhD 2015 Tulane University

The Effects Of Environmental Prompts On Stair Usage, Lori Andersen, Tim Bungum, Sheniz Moonie Phd

Nevada Journal of Public Health

Experts have advocated exercise with little success, and have turned to encouraging physical activity by incorporating it into daily activities such as taking the stairs over elevators. Much literature exists suggesting that environmental prompts can encourage the use of stairs and literature has established that some messages may be more effective than others. This study aimed to assess the effects of selected signage prompts on stair usage. Methods: Stair and elevator use were monitored in three, two-story buildings. One building served as a control, while a fitness message was placed in another building, and the final building received a weight ...


Uncontrolled Combustion Of Shredded Tires In A Landfill - Part 2: Population Exposure, Public Health Response, And An Air Quality Index For Urban Fires, Ashish Singh, Scott N. Spak, Elizabeth A. Stone, Jared Downard, Robert L. Bullard, Mark Pooley, Pamela A. Kostle, Matthew W. Mainprize, Michael D. Wichman, Thomas M. Peters, Douglas Beardsley, Charles O. Stanier 2015 University of Iowa

Uncontrolled Combustion Of Shredded Tires In A Landfill - Part 2: Population Exposure, Public Health Response, And An Air Quality Index For Urban Fires, Ashish Singh, Scott N. Spak, Elizabeth A. Stone, Jared Downard, Robert L. Bullard, Mark Pooley, Pamela A. Kostle, Matthew W. Mainprize, Michael D. Wichman, Thomas M. Peters, Douglas Beardsley, Charles O. Stanier

Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Publications

The Iowa City Landfill in eastern Iowa, United States, experienced a fire lasting 18 days in 2012, in which a drainage layer of over 1 million shredded tires burned, generating smoke that impacted the surrounding metropolitan area of 130,000 people. This emergency required air monitoring, risk assessment, dispersion modeling, and public notification. This paper quantifies the impact of the fire on local air quality and proposes a monitoring approach and an air quality index (AQI) for use in future tire fires and other urban fires. Individual fire pollutants are ranked for acute and cancer relative risks using hazard ratios ...


The Association Of Lead With Cataracts And Vision-Related Problems In Perimenopausal Women, Imogene Drakes 2015 Walden University

The Association Of Lead With Cataracts And Vision-Related Problems In Perimenopausal Women, Imogene Drakes

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Around the world, women are subject to an earlier incidence of cataracts, have a higher risk for cataracts, and also have a higher risk for other vision-related problems than men. Previous research has indicated an association between endogenous lead stored in long bones and cataracts in men over 60 years of age; however, a similar study in women did not reveal an association. This case control study was conducted to investigate whether perimenopausal mobilization of endogenous lead serves as a possible causative factor for women's generalized vision issues and cataract incidence in particular. Secondary data were gathered from 1 ...


Pesticide Concentrations In Frog Tissue And Wetland Habitats In A Landscape Dominated By Agriculture, Kelly L. Smalling, Rebecca A. Reeves, Erin Muths, Mark Vandever, William A. Battaglin, Michelle L. Hladik, Clay L. Pierce 2015 United States Geological Survey

Pesticide Concentrations In Frog Tissue And Wetland Habitats In A Landscape Dominated By Agriculture, Kelly L. Smalling, Rebecca A. Reeves, Erin Muths, Mark Vandever, William A. Battaglin, Michelle L. Hladik, Clay L. Pierce

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications and Papers

Habitat loss and exposure to pesticides are likely primary factors contributing to amphibian decline in agricultural landscapes. Conservation efforts have attempted to restore wetlands lost through landscape modifications to reduce contaminant loads in surface waters and providing quality habitat to wildlife. The benefits of this increased wetland area, perhaps especially for amphibians, may be negated if habitat quality is insufficient to support persistent populations. We examined the presence of pesticides and nutrients in water and sediment as indicators of habitat quality and assessed the bioaccumulation of pesticides in the tissue of twonative amphibian species Pseudacris maculata (chorus frogs) and Lithobates ...


Response Of Soil Nitrification To The Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Monensin, Ivermectin And Zinc Bacitracin, Magda A. Konopka 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Response Of Soil Nitrification To The Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Monensin, Ivermectin And Zinc Bacitracin, Magda A. Konopka

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Pharmaceutical residues can reach agricultural land through amendment with animal or human waste. Since 2010, a series of replicated plots received annual applications of ivermectin, monensin and zinc bacitracin, either singly or in a mixture, at 0.1 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg concentrations. I collected soil samples before and after the fourth annual application of pharmaceuticals and assayed them for functional changes and amoA gene abundance, a gene needed for ammonia oxidation. In 2013, I exposed the soils to 100 mg/kg in a laboratory experiment which resulted in acceleration of nitrification. Under 10 mg/kg treatments in ...


Impacts Of Land-Cover Change And High Rainfall On Soil Erosion Among Three Farms In Cerro Punta, Chiriquí, Panamá., Madeline Happ 2014 SIT Study Abroad

Impacts Of Land-Cover Change And High Rainfall On Soil Erosion Among Three Farms In Cerro Punta, Chiriquí, Panamá., Madeline Happ

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Soil erosion is a key source leading to the depletion of Earth’s natural resources. Beginning with deforestation, soils are stripped of their rich vegetation cover, leaving them vulnerable to wind, water, and sometimes total exhaustion. One of the major causes of deforestation, if not the primary cause, is for agricultural purposes. Extensive agricultural fields, steep slopes, and heavy rains characterize the highlands of Chiriquí; thus, the land displays potential for severe loss of soil. This paper illustrates and discusses the extent of soil erosion in Cerro Punta, Chiriquí, specifically considering the steep terrains and very wet environment that impact ...


A Quantitative Analysis Of The Value-Enhancing Effects Of Nicotine, Bupropion, And Varenicline In Male And Female Rats, Scott Barrett 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Quantitative Analysis Of The Value-Enhancing Effects Of Nicotine, Bupropion, And Varenicline In Male And Female Rats, Scott Barrett

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Psychology

Smoking and tobacco dependence are serious health concerns in the United States and globally. Reward via the pharmacological effects of nicotine are believed to be the principal motivating factor that drive tobacco dependence. Research reveals differences in sensitivity between males and females to the motivational effects of nicotine in tobacco use. Enhancement of reinforcement value of non-nicotine rewards contributes to overall nicotine reward. Similar value-enhancing effects have been observed by the two most commonly prescribed smoking cessation aids, bupropion and varenicline. The present dissertation investigated the value-enhancing effects of nicotine, bupropion and varenicline in both male and female rats using ...


Numerical Simulations Of In Vitro Nanoparticle Toxicity – The Case Of Poly(Amido Amine) Dendrimers., Marcus A. Maher, Pratap Naha, Sourav Prasanna Mukherjee, Hugh J. Byrne 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

Numerical Simulations Of In Vitro Nanoparticle Toxicity – The Case Of Poly(Amido Amine) Dendrimers., Marcus A. Maher, Pratap Naha, Sourav Prasanna Mukherjee, Hugh J. Byrne

Articles

A phenomenological rate equation model is constructed to numerically simulate nanoparticle uptake and subsequent cellular response. Polyamidoamine dendrimers (generations 4-6) are modelled and the temporal evolution of the intracellular cascade of; increased levels of reactive oxygen species, intracellular antioxidant species, caspase activation, mitochondrial membrane potential decay, tumour necrosis factor and interleukin generation is simulated, based on experimental observations.

The dose and generation dependence of several of these response factors are seen to well represent experimental observations at a range of time points. The model indicates that variations between responses of different cell-lines, including murine macrophages, human keratinocytes and colon cells ...


Molecular Characterization Of Hemoglobin Protein In Larvae Of 4th Instar Chironomidae For Evaluating Environmental Quality, Jun Taek Oh 2014 Seton Hall University

Molecular Characterization Of Hemoglobin Protein In Larvae Of 4th Instar Chironomidae For Evaluating Environmental Quality, Jun Taek Oh

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Studying environmental quality is a challenging task. It is a complicated exercise since the environment is constantly influenced by numerous variables such as climate change, anthropogenic activities, and unexpected natural disasters. Traditionally, exposure to chemical pollutants depended on chemical and physical analysis of environmental media. Unfortunately, this approach has not taken into consideration bioavailability of the chemical(s) of interest to exposed organisms and/or modification of the chemical (bioactivation/detoxification) by the organism. Benthic macroinvertebrates (BMIs) have been chosen as bioindicators for numerous environmental biomonitoring programs geared towards the assessment of aquatic ecosystems. Biomonitoring requires a more subtle measure ...


Engaging Communities To Identify And Address Environmental Health Literacy Gaps, Anna G. Hoover 2014 University of Kentucky

Engaging Communities To Identify And Address Environmental Health Literacy Gaps, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

Frequently, decisions about the informational components and delivery mechanisms required to promote effective environmental health literacy are made by such technical experts as toxicologists, chemists, and communication scientists. However, because sensemaking processes are both retrospective and collective, context must be a central component for understanding the particular information needs of communities and stakeholder groups. Individual assessments of and tolerance for environmental health risks are rooted in past and present experiences that are understood, refined, and reinforced through dialogue with others who have shared similar experiences. Thus, the promotion of environmental health literacy requires formative engagement with communities and stakeholders to ...


Freshwater Habitats And Fishing Activities In The Buriganga River, Dhaka, Bangladesh., Md.Muzammel Hossain, Mohammad Abdul Baki 2014 Jagannath University, Dhaka

Freshwater Habitats And Fishing Activities In The Buriganga River, Dhaka, Bangladesh., Md.Muzammel Hossain, Mohammad Abdul Baki

Md.Muzammel Hossain

The Buriganga River has served as the central artery to economic life in Dhaka city for centuries. But Buriganga River is the most polluted river in Bangladesh. During the study period (December 2012 to November 2013), we directly observed freshwater habitats and fishing activities by boat-base survey from china-Bangladesh Friendship Bridge (90°26´12'' E and 23°40´25''N) to Amin bazar Bridge (90°20´12''E and 23°46´25''N) in the Buriganga River. Freshwater habitats were observed at babu bazar, kamrangichar, kholamora ghat and shadar ghat throughout the year in the River. Different types of fishes ...


Utilizing Indicator Of Reduction In Soils Tubes To Affirm A Serpentinitic Hydric Soil On The California Central Coast, Jason DeMoss 2014 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Utilizing Indicator Of Reduction In Soils Tubes To Affirm A Serpentinitic Hydric Soil On The California Central Coast, Jason Demoss

Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences

Wetlands are vital ecosystems that are crucial in maintaining the life of rare and unique soils, plants, and animals. These ecosystems are key players in water storage, water filtration, carbon storage, and harboring unique species. Since the intervention of human development on the Earth’s surface, almost 50% of the Earth’s original wetlands have either been damaged or destroyed. The identification and assessment of both new and old wetlands is crucial in the survival of these precious ecosystems and their conservation. A 3 month-long study was performed to confirm the hydric status of a soil derived from serpentinitic parent ...


Parental Factors That Influence Swimming In Children And Adolescents, Jennifer Pharr, Carol C. Irwin, Richard L. Irwin 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Parental Factors That Influence Swimming In Children And Adolescents, Jennifer Pharr, Carol C. Irwin, Richard L. Irwin

Faculty Publications (EOH)

Swimming can be an important source of physical activity across the life-span. Researchers have found that parents influence physical activity behaviors of their children. The purpose of this study was to determine what parental factors influenced the number of days that children swam. Survey respondents (n = 1,909) from six cities across the United States were surveyed at local YMCAs. Children were found to swim significantly more if their parents encouraged them to swim, members of the family knew how to swim and swam with them, or their parents were not afraid of the children drowning or afraid of drowning ...


Comparative Genotype-Phenotype Mapping Reveals Distinct Modes Of Venom Expression Evolution In The Sympatric Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus Adamanteus) And Eastern Coral Snake (Micrurus Fulvius), Mark J. Margres, James J. McGivern, Margaret Seavy, Kenneth P. Wray, Jack Facente, Darin R. Rokyta 2014 Florida State University

Comparative Genotype-Phenotype Mapping Reveals Distinct Modes Of Venom Expression Evolution In The Sympatric Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus Adamanteus) And Eastern Coral Snake (Micrurus Fulvius), Mark J. Margres, James J. Mcgivern, Margaret Seavy, Kenneth P. Wray, Jack Facente, Darin R. Rokyta

Department of Biological Science Faculty Publications

Selection is predicted to drive diversification within species and lead to local adaptation, but understanding the mechanistic details underlying this process, and thus the genetic basis of adaptive evolution, requires the mapping of genotype to phenotype. Venom is complex and involves many genes, but the specialization of the venom-gland towards toxin production allows specific transcripts to be correlated with specific toxic proteins, establishing a direct link from genotype to phenotype. To determine the extent of expression variation and identify the processes driving patterns of phenotypic diversity, we constructed genotype-phenotype maps and compared range-wide toxin-protein expression variation for two species of ...


Improving Understanding Of Stress Exposure In Minority Communities With Asthma: Using Geographic Information Systems (Gis) Data Collection Methods, Jeffrey Blossom, Elliot Israel, Francine Laden 2014 Center for Geographic Analysis, Harvard University

Improving Understanding Of Stress Exposure In Minority Communities With Asthma: Using Geographic Information Systems (Gis) Data Collection Methods, Jeffrey Blossom, Elliot Israel, Francine Laden

Webinars

Overview: Geographic information systems (GIS) provide an important link between health data and spatial information. This webinar described GIS data collection methods and demonstrated how these methods are being used to expand data on environmental and social stress exposure in the PESBART (Effect of Physical Environment and Stress in Blacks in Relation to Asthma Severity and Response to Therapy) study. Specifically, the expanded data* in this study included incidence, prevalence, and severity of asthma in minority communities.

This webinar discussed challenges and goals of the GIS data collection process and the implications for understanding the environmental effects on health data ...


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