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3,325 full-text articles. Page 1 of 68.

Community Structure And Production Of The Macrobenthos On Four Artificial Reefs In The Mississippi Sound In Relation To Substrate And Profile Type, Patrick Daniel Gillam 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Community Structure And Production Of The Macrobenthos On Four Artificial Reefs In The Mississippi Sound In Relation To Substrate And Profile Type, Patrick Daniel Gillam

Master's Theses

In recent years, the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources (DMR) has made a concerted effort to enhance its coastal fishery resources by creating artificial reefs. Through this effort, 73 nearshore reefs have been created across the MS coast. Different substrate types used to construct MS artificial reefs include oyster shell and cement rubble. Two types of reef architecture used include high profile breakwater and low profile submerged structures. This study compared the benthic biota associated with oyster shell and cement rubble substrates among four artificial reefs representing high and low profile structures in summer 2011. Colonized benthic biota were quantified ...


Hemagglutinins On The Body Surface Of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus Japonicus, Osamu Nakamura, Keisuke Ono, Shigeyuki Tsutsui, Tomoyuki Odaka, Toshiaki Miyadai 2016 Kitasato University

Hemagglutinins On The Body Surface Of Sea Cucumber, Apostichopus Japonicus, Osamu Nakamura, Keisuke Ono, Shigeyuki Tsutsui, Tomoyuki Odaka, Toshiaki Miyadai

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Constitutively Overexpressed Type I Interferon Transgenic Medaka Fish Down-Regulate The Antiviral Response, Shun Maekawa 2016 Institute of Biotechnology, National Cheng Kung University,Taiwan

Constitutively Overexpressed Type I Interferon Transgenic Medaka Fish Down-Regulate The Antiviral Response, Shun Maekawa

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


The Neuroendocrine-Immune Regulatory Network Characterized As Simple Structure But Complex Function In Oyster Crassostrea Gigas, Lingling Wang, Zhaoqun Liu, Zhi Zhou, Linsheng Song 2016 The University of Maine

The Neuroendocrine-Immune Regulatory Network Characterized As Simple Structure But Complex Function In Oyster Crassostrea Gigas, Lingling Wang, Zhaoqun Liu, Zhi Zhou, Linsheng Song

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


The Immune Defence Mechanisms Of Marine Bivalves, Linsheng Song 2016 The University of Maine

The Immune Defence Mechanisms Of Marine Bivalves, Linsheng Song

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Characterization And Involvement Of Toll And Imd Pathways In Ahpnd-Infected Shrimp, Mi-De Yeh 2016 National Cheng Kung University

Characterization And Involvement Of Toll And Imd Pathways In Ahpnd-Infected Shrimp, Mi-De Yeh

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Ahpnd Biomarker Profile Identified By Transcriptome Sequencing In Litopenaeus Vannamei Stomach, Tze Hann Ng 2016 National Cheng Kung University

Ahpnd Biomarker Profile Identified By Transcriptome Sequencing In Litopenaeus Vannamei Stomach, Tze Hann Ng

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Fatty Acid Synthase And The Lipogenic Phenotype In Wssv-Infected Shrimp, Han-Ching Wang 2016 National Cheng Kung University

Fatty Acid Synthase And The Lipogenic Phenotype In Wssv-Infected Shrimp, Han-Ching Wang

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Lipid Metabolism During Wssv Infection In Shrimp, Cheng Cheng Shun 2016 The University of Maine

Lipid Metabolism During Wssv Infection In Shrimp, Cheng Cheng Shun

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Identification Of Immune Proteins In The Pallial Mucus Of The Oyster Crassostrea Virginica, Emmanuelle Pales Espinosa, Bassem Allam 2016 State University of New York at Stony Brook

Identification Of Immune Proteins In The Pallial Mucus Of The Oyster Crassostrea Virginica, Emmanuelle Pales Espinosa, Bassem Allam

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Biological Conservation Through Marine Protected Areas In The Presence Of Alternative Stable States, Bapan Ghosh 2016 National Institute of Technology Meghalaya, INDIA

Biological Conservation Through Marine Protected Areas In The Presence Of Alternative Stable States, Bapan Ghosh

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study Of Isolation In Headwater Fishes, Bjorn Victor Schmidt 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

A Comparative Study Of Isolation In Headwater Fishes, Bjorn Victor Schmidt

Dissertations

Headwater resident fishes may be prone to a high rate of population fragmentation within river networks because large streams have habitat conditions outside of their preferred ecological niche and may limit gene flow in the dendritic ecological network. To investigate patterns of population structure, asymmetrical gene flow, and influences on genetic distance and isolation from connecting habitat pathways, species specific ecological traits, and basin scale characteristics, a multi-species, multi-regional study was performed. Six headwater species of fish from four taxonomic groupings were sampled for genetic material in three regions of paired neighbor drainages and then genotyped for eight microsatellite loci ...


Tropical Atlantic Temperature Seasonality At The End Of The Last Interglacial, Thomas Felis, Cyril Giry, Denis Scholz, Gerrit Lohmann, Madlene Pfeiffer, Jürgen Pätzold, Martin Kölling, Sander Scheffers 2016 University of Bremen

Tropical Atlantic Temperature Seasonality At The End Of The Last Interglacial, Thomas Felis, Cyril Giry, Denis Scholz, Gerrit Lohmann, Madlene Pfeiffer, Jürgen Pätzold, Martin Kölling, Sander Scheffers

Dr Sander Scheffers

The end of the last interglacial period, ~118 kyr ago, was characterized by substantial ocean circulation and climate perturbations resulting from instabilities of polar ice sheets. These perturbations are crucial for a better understanding of future climate change. The seasonal temperature changes of the tropical ocean, however, which play an important role in seasonal climate extremes such as hurricanes, floods and droughts at the present day, are not well known for this period that led into the last glacial. Here we present a monthly resolved snapshot of reconstructed sea surface temperature in the tropical North Atlantic Ocean for 117.7 ...


The Role Of Traditional Knowledge About And Management Of Seaworms (Polychaeta) In Making Austronesian Worlds, Cynthia Twyford Fowler 2016 Wofford College

The Role Of Traditional Knowledge About And Management Of Seaworms (Polychaeta) In Making Austronesian Worlds, Cynthia Twyford Fowler

Faculty Scholarship

This paper discusses how Kodi make their worlds cognitively as well as experientially, and how these worlds relate to sustainability and wellbeing. Kodi construct their cognitive worlds as well as their biophysical landscapes whilst interacting with many other species. This presentation focuses on human-polychaete interactions in order to illustrate world making processes. Seaworm traditions have deep historical roots in Austronesian societies and continue to be crucial for the wellbeing of contemporary communities. World-making processes are evident in what Kodi people say about seaworms and how they move through space relative to seaworms. While Kodi construct time they simultaneously construct space ...


The Sea Among Us: The Amazing Strait Of Georgia By Richard Beamish And Gordon Mcfarlane, Dee Horne Dr. 2016 University of Northern British Columbia

The Sea Among Us: The Amazing Strait Of Georgia By Richard Beamish And Gordon Mcfarlane, Dee Horne Dr.

The Goose

Review of The Sea Among Us: The Amazing Strait of Georgia by Richard Beamish and Gordon McFarlane.


The Influence Of Herbivorous Fishes On Coral Reef Communities With Low Sea Urchin Abundance: A Study Among Reef Community Types And Seasons In The Florida Keys, Emily Schmitt Lavin 2016 University of Miami

The Influence Of Herbivorous Fishes On Coral Reef Communities With Low Sea Urchin Abundance: A Study Among Reef Community Types And Seasons In The Florida Keys, Emily Schmitt Lavin

Emily F Schmitt Lavin

Herbivores affect the species composition and quantity of algae on reefs and this in turn affects the overall benthic community structure as algae compete for space among various taxa including corals and sponges. The main groups of herbivores on reefs are sea urchins, such as Diadema antillarum (Phylum Echinodermata: Order Echinoidea) and fishes such as acanthurids and scarids (Phylum Chordata: Order Pisces). Populations of the sea urchin, Diadema antillarum suffered mass-mortality beginning in 1983 throughout the tropical northwest Atlantic and in many areas have still not returned to their pre-mortality abundances. The Florida Keys reef system supports herbivorous fishes that ...


Notes On The Identification And Distribution Of The Exotic Western Hemisphere Mussel, Mytella Charruana D'Orbigny 1846, In The Estuaries Of Pangasinan, Philippines., Michael Rice, Paul Rawson, Westly Rosario 2016 University of Rhode Island

Notes On The Identification And Distribution Of The Exotic Western Hemisphere Mussel, Mytella Charruana D'Orbigny 1846, In The Estuaries Of Pangasinan, Philippines., Michael Rice, Paul Rawson, Westly Rosario

Michael A Rice

In February 2015, mussels were found in Pangasinan different from native mytilids, Perna viridis, Modiolus philippinarum and M. modulaides (=M. metcalfei).  These mussels with a thick black periostracum were first reported in the Calmay 16.0272oN, 120.3147oE  near the village (Dagupan).  Samples of ~50 mussels were preserved in 95% ethanol and sent to Maine for genetic evaluation using amplified mtDNA sequences coding for cytochrome oxidase 1 (mtCO1) using universal LCO and HCO primers, and then sequenced with LCO primers.  P. viridis and Modiolus brasiliensis are the closest cladistic outgroups to the Mytella phylogeny, with the latter showing the closest ...


Surfactant-Associated Bacteria In The Near-Surface Layer Of The Ocean, Naoko Kurata, Katie E. Vella, Bryan Hamilton, Mahmood S. Shivji, Alexander Soloviev, Silvia Matt, Aurelien Tartar, William Perrie 2016 Nova Southeastern University

Surfactant-Associated Bacteria In The Near-Surface Layer Of The Ocean, Naoko Kurata, Katie E. Vella, Bryan Hamilton, Mahmood S. Shivji, Alexander Soloviev, Silvia Matt, Aurelien Tartar, William Perrie

Oceanography Faculty Articles

Certain marine bacteria found in the near-surface layer of the ocean are expected to play important roles in the production and decay of surface active materials; however, the details of these processes are still unclear. Here we provide evidence supporting connection between the presence of surfactant-associated bacteria in the near-surface layer of the ocean, slicks on the sea surface, and a distinctive feature in the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery of the sea surface. From DNA analyses of the in situ samples using pyrosequencing technology, we found the highest abundance of surfactant-associated bacterial taxa in the near-surface layer below the ...


Glyphosate Induces Neurotoxicity In Zebrafish, Nicole Roy, Bruno Carneiro, Jeremy Ochs 2016 Sacred Heart University

Glyphosate Induces Neurotoxicity In Zebrafish, Nicole Roy, Bruno Carneiro, Jeremy Ochs

Biology Faculty Publications

Glyphosate based herbicides (GBH) like Roundup® are used extensively in agriculture as well as in urban and rural settings as a broad spectrum herbicide. Its mechanism of action was thought to be specific only to plants and thus considered safe and non-toxic. However, mounting evidence suggests that GBHs may not be as safe as once thought as initial studies in frogs suggest that GBHs may be teratogenic. Here we utilize the zebrafish vertebrate model system to study early effects of glyphosate exposure using technical grade glyphosate and the Roundup® Classic formulation. We find morphological abnormalities including cephalic and eye reductions ...


Population Genetic Analysis Of Atlantic Horseshoe Crabs (Limulus Polyphemus) In Coastal Massachusetts., Katherine T. Johnson 2016 UMASS

Population Genetic Analysis Of Atlantic Horseshoe Crabs (Limulus Polyphemus) In Coastal Massachusetts., Katherine T. Johnson

Masters Theses May 2014 - current

Atlantic horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) have endured decades of intense harvest pressure. Genetics studies have shown evidence of distinct sub-groups spanning the coast, although few fine-scale studies have been done to delineate these groups on a local level. Massachusetts lies directly between two of these sub-groups. With documented differences in prosomal widths of horseshoe crabs from either side of Cape Cod, it is possible that Cape Cod is a barrier to gene flow and that there are two distinct genetic groups within Massachusetts. Regulations currently consider all horseshoe crabs to be of one stock. I examined 6 microsatellite loci from ...


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