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Constitutively Overexpressed Type I Interferon Transgenic Medaka Fish Down-Regulate The Antiviral Response, Shun Maekawa 2016 Institute of Biotechnology, National Cheng Kung University,Taiwan

Constitutively Overexpressed Type I Interferon Transgenic Medaka Fish Down-Regulate The Antiviral Response, Shun Maekawa

2nd International Conference of Fish & Shellfish Immunology

No abstract provided.


Notes On The Identification And Distribution Of The Exotic Western Hemisphere Mussel, Mytella Charruana D'Orbigny 1846, In The Estuaries Of Pangasinan, Philippines., Michael A Rice, Paul D. Rawson, Westly R Rosario 2016

Notes On The Identification And Distribution Of The Exotic Western Hemisphere Mussel, Mytella Charruana D'Orbigny 1846, In The Estuaries Of Pangasinan, Philippines., Michael A Rice, Paul D. Rawson, Westly R Rosario

Michael A Rice

In February 2015, mussels were found in Pangasinan different from native mytilids, Perna viridis, Modiolus philippinarum and M. modulaides (=M. metcalfei).  These mussels with a thick black periostracum were first reported in the Calmay 16.0272oN, 120.3147oE  near the village (Dagupan).  Samples of ~50 mussels were preserved in 95% ethanol and sent to Maine for genetic evaluation using amplified mtDNA sequences coding for cytochrome oxidase 1 (mtCO1) using universal LCO and HCO primers, and then sequenced with LCO primers.  P. viridis and Modiolus brasiliensis are the closest cladistic outgroups to the Mytella phylogeny, with the latter showing the closest ...


Glyphosate Induces Neurotoxicity In Zebrafish, Nicole Roy, Bruno Carneiro, Jeremy Ochs 2016 Sacred Heart University

Glyphosate Induces Neurotoxicity In Zebrafish, Nicole Roy, Bruno Carneiro, Jeremy Ochs

Biology Faculty Publications

Glyphosate based herbicides (GBH) like Roundup® are used extensively in agriculture as well as in urban and rural settings as a broad spectrum herbicide. Its mechanism of action was thought to be specific only to plants and thus considered safe and non-toxic. However, mounting evidence suggests that GBHs may not be as safe as once thought as initial studies in frogs suggest that GBHs may be teratogenic. Here we utilize the zebrafish vertebrate model system to study early effects of glyphosate exposure using technical grade glyphosate and the Roundup® Classic formulation. We find morphological abnormalities including cephalic and eye reductions ...


What Would The Babel Fish Say?, Monica Gagliano 2016 The University of Western Australia

What Would The Babel Fish Say?, Monica Gagliano

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

Starting with its title, Key’s (2016) target article advocates the view that fish do not feel pain. The author describes the neuroanatomical, physiological and behavioural conditions involved in the experience of pain in humans and rodents and confidently applies analogical arguments as though they were established facts in support of the negative conclusion about the inability of fish to feel pain. The logical reasoning, unfortunately, becomes somewhat incoherent, with the arbitrary application of the designated human criteria for an analogical argument to one animal species (e.g., rodents) but not another (fish). Research findings are reported selectively, and questionable ...


Response Of Fishes To Restoration Projects In Bayou St. John Located Within The City Of New Orleans, Louisiana, Including Hydrological Characterization And Hydrodynamic Modelling, Patrick W. Smith Mr. 2015 University of New Orleans

Response Of Fishes To Restoration Projects In Bayou St. John Located Within The City Of New Orleans, Louisiana, Including Hydrological Characterization And Hydrodynamic Modelling, Patrick W. Smith Mr.

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Quantifying the impacts of restoration on coastal waterways is crucial to understanding their effectiveness. Here, I look at the impacts of multiple restoration projects on urban waterways within the city limits of New Orleans, LA, with an emphasis on the response of fishes. First I report the effects of two projects designed to improve exchange down estuary on the hydrologic characteristics of Bayou St. John (BSJ). Within BSJ, flow is dominated by subtidal wind driven processes. Removal of an outdated flood control structure did not appear to alter exchange in BSJ, but removal combined with sector gate openings did. I ...


Macrobenthic Communities In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico Hypoxic Zone: Testing The Pearson-Rosenberg Model, Shivakumar Shivarudrappa 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

Macrobenthic Communities In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico Hypoxic Zone: Testing The Pearson-Rosenberg Model, Shivakumar Shivarudrappa

Dissertations

The Pearson and Rosenberg (P-R) conceptual model of macrobenthic succession was used to assess the impact of hypoxia (dissolved oxygen [DO] ≤ 2 mg/L) on the macrobenthic community on the continental shelf of northern Gulf of Mexico for the first time. The model uses a stress-response relationship between environmental parameters and the macrobenthic community to determine the ecological condition of the benthic habitat. The ecological significance of dissolved oxygen in a benthic habitat is well understood. In addition, the annual recurrence of bottom-water hypoxia on the Louisiana/Texas shelf during summer months is well documented.

The P-R model illustrates the ...


Management Strategy Evaluation For The Atlantic Surfclam, Spisula Solidissima, Using A Fisheries Economics Model, Kelsey M. Kuykendall 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

Management Strategy Evaluation For The Atlantic Surfclam, Spisula Solidissima, Using A Fisheries Economics Model, Kelsey M. Kuykendall

Master's Theses

The Atlantic surfclam, Spisula solidissima, is an economically valuable bivalve harvested along the northeastern United States. The surfclam’s range has contracted and the center of the stock’s distribution has shifted north driven by warmer bottom water temperatures. Declining landings per unit effort (LPUE) in the Mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB) is one result. Declining stock abundance and LPUE suggest that overfishing may be occurring off New Jersey. The objective of this project is to perform a management strategy evaluation (MSE) for Spisula solidissima. The terminal goal is to identify a preferred management option that promotes enhanced surfclam productivity in the ...


Discovery & Born-Digital Archiving: Open Source Systems For Preservation And Access, L. Bryan Cooper, Margarita Perez Martinez 2015 Florida International University

Discovery & Born-Digital Archiving: Open Source Systems For Preservation And Access, L. Bryan Cooper, Margarita Perez Martinez

Works of the FIU Libraries

The Everglades Explorer (EE) portal at http://ee.fiu.edu continues to evolve with the addition of the Internet Archive's Archive-It, and future planned alignment with the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA). The reasons for the development of the portal continue to exist, as originally perceived four years ago. Adaptations to ongoing change and system testing continues, and the use of Archive-It has broad institutional potential beyond EE. Cross-walking skills continue to grown, and will benefit future syndication and discovery system integration. The metadata normalization and harmonization will help save time for the end-user. Preservation and access to ...


A Lipidomics Approach To The Viral-Host Dynamics Of The Unicellular, Eukaryotic Alga Chlorella Variabilis And Its Viral Pathogen, Pbcv-1, Suzanne Rose 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Lipidomics Approach To The Viral-Host Dynamics Of The Unicellular, Eukaryotic Alga Chlorella Variabilis And Its Viral Pathogen, Pbcv-1, Suzanne Rose

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

This thesis focuses on the sterol and sphingolipid composition in the unicellular, green alga Chlorella variabilis and the lipidomic changes that occur during viral infection. Using lipid analysis by mass spectrometry, we have identified the major sterol, ergosterol and sphingolipid, glucosyl inositol phosphoceramide (GIPC) as constituents of C. variabilis cell membranes. Sterols and sphingolipids have essential biological functions such as hormone-based signaling, plant defense, and apoptosis as well as critical roles in structural components of the cell and organelle membranes. In chapters two and three, we focus on the characterization of sterol composition among both freshwater and marine alga and ...


Marketing Alaskan Seafood: Strategies With Brand Identification, Differentiation, And Promotions, Anna Jacobson 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Marketing Alaskan Seafood: Strategies With Brand Identification, Differentiation, And Promotions, Anna Jacobson

Journalism

Everyday the globe experiences changes with food. New methods in growing and harvesting are becoming approved, while others are frowned upon. People care more about where their food comes from than ever before. This research is to explore how Alaska seafood can successfully market their products in an ever-changing world. As challenges present themselves in the industry, opportunities are there as well.

This study sets out to explore marketing strategies for promoting a seafood brand. Through exploring current literature and interviewing experts to obtain data, conclusions will be drawn and analyzed. These findings will help to understand the best practices ...


Deep Indexing: A New Approach To Searching Scholarly Literature, 2015 Nova Southeastern University

Deep Indexing: A New Approach To Searching Scholarly Literature,

Emily F Schmitt Lavin

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Herbivorous Fishes On Coral Reef Communities With Low Sea Urchin Abundance: A Study Among Reef Community Types And Seasons In The Florida Keys, 2015 University of Miami

The Influence Of Herbivorous Fishes On Coral Reef Communities With Low Sea Urchin Abundance: A Study Among Reef Community Types And Seasons In The Florida Keys,

Emily F Schmitt Lavin

Herbivores affect the species composition and quantity of algae on reefs and this in turn affects the overall benthic community structure as algae compete for space among various taxa including corals and sponges. The main groups of herbivores on reefs are sea urchins, such as Diadema antillarum (Phylum Echinodermata: Order Echinoidea) and fishes such as acanthurids and scarids (Phylum Chordata: Order Pisces). Populations of the sea urchin, Diadema antillarum suffered mass-mortality beginning in 1983 throughout the tropical northwest Atlantic and in many areas have still not returned to their pre-mortality abundances. The Florida Keys reef system supports herbivorous fishes that ...


Estudios En Biodiversidad, Volumen I, Griselda Pulido-Flores, Scott Monks, Maritza López-Herrera 2015 Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo

Estudios En Biodiversidad, Volumen I, Griselda Pulido-Flores, Scott Monks, Maritza López-Herrera

Zea E-Books

Este libro es el producto del trabajo colegiado que han desarrollado los profesores, investigadores, y estudiantes que conforman la Red Temática de Calidad Ambiental y Desarrollo Sustentable, a través del macroproyecto “Evaluación del impacto ambiental por actividades antropogénicas: Alternativas de mitigación”. El cual fue apoyado con recursos financieros por parte del Programa para el Desarrollo Profesional Docente (PRODEP), de la Secretaria de Educación Pública (SEP) en México. Las instituciones de educación superior y cuerpos participantes en la red temática son la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo (Uso, Manejo y Conservación de la Biodiversidad UAEHCA- 10; Ciencias Ambientales UAEH-CA-59); Universidad ...


Seismic Surveys And Marine Turtles: An Underestimated Global Threat?, Sarah E. Nelms, Wendy Dow Piniak, Caroline R. Weir, Brendan J. Godley 2015 University of Exeter

Seismic Surveys And Marine Turtles: An Underestimated Global Threat?, Sarah E. Nelms, Wendy Dow Piniak, Caroline R. Weir, Brendan J. Godley

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Seismic surveys are widely used in marine geophysical oil and gas exploration, employing airguns to produce sound-waves capable of penetrating the sea floor. In recent years, concerns have been raised over the biological impacts of this activity, particularly for marine mammals. While exploration occurs in the waters of at least fifty countries where marine turtles are present, the degree of threat posed by seismic surveys is almost entirely unknown. To investigate this issue, a mixed-methods approach involving a systematic review, policy comparison and stakeholder analysis was employed and recommendations for future research were identified. This study found that turtles have ...


Learning From Lionfish: Modeling Marine Invaded Systems, Matthew Johnston 2015 Nova Southeastern University

Learning From Lionfish: Modeling Marine Invaded Systems, Matthew Johnston

Mathematics Colloquium Series

Simulating marine invaded systems requires broad consideration of physical oceanographic processes, such as ocean circulation patterns and temperature, and biological traits of the invader, such as their reproductive strategy and tolerances to their environment. Through this understanding of baseline biological and oceanographic function, models can be developed in order to forecast the incursion patterns of marine invasive species - helpful both to predict their spread as well as forewarn of impacts. To facilitate this understanding, computer simulation is useful in order to quickly and efficiently assimilate large biological and oceanographic datasets into digestible products. Data derived from such simulations are useful ...


Size And Abundance Of Pismo Clams In The Intertidal And Subtidal, Jenny Greene 2015 Cal Poly, SLO

Size And Abundance Of Pismo Clams In The Intertidal And Subtidal, Jenny Greene

Symposium

Pismo clams, Tivela stultorum, were observed at Rincon Beach, CA to find patterns of abundance and size distribution along a depth gradient from the intertidal, where recreational clammers have access on foot, to the subtidal, where clammers only have access with more specialized snorkeling or SCUBA equipment. Size and abundance patterns were compared between the intertidal and subtidal regions. A heuristic model was created to predict the effects of predation and wave action on clam density. Clam abundance was significantly greater in the intertidal than the subtidal and displayed a Gaussian distribution across the entire distance sampled. While Pismo clam ...


Kinematics And Hydrodynamics Of Cephalopod Turning Performance In Routine Swimming And Predatory Attacks, Rachel A. Jastrebsky 2015 Old Dominion University

Kinematics And Hydrodynamics Of Cephalopod Turning Performance In Routine Swimming And Predatory Attacks, Rachel A. Jastrebsky

Biological Sciences Theses & Dissertations

Steady rectilinear swimming has received considerable attention in aquatic animal locomotion studies. Unsteady swimming movements, however, represent a large portion of many aquatic animals’ locomotive repertoire and have not been examined extensively. This study incorporates kinematic analyses of routine turning performance of brief squid Lolliguncula brevis and dwarf cuttlefish Sepia bandensis (Chapter 2), 3D velocimetry techniques to examine hydrodynamic turning performance of L. brevis (Chapter 3) and kinematic analyses of turning performance of L. brevis during predatory attacks on shrimp and fish prey (Chapter 4).

Both L. brevis and S. bandensis demonstrated high maneuverability, having the lowest measures of length-specific ...


Jane Claire Dirks-Edmunds's Notes On Lake Atitlán, Guatemala, Jane Claire Dirks-Edmunds 2015 Linfield College

Jane Claire Dirks-Edmunds's Notes On Lake Atitlán, Guatemala, Jane Claire Dirks-Edmunds

Jane Claire Dirks-Edmunds Documents

This document includes typed and handwritten notes from Dr. Jane Claire Dirks-Edmunds about Lake Atitlán, a large body of water in Guatemala surrounded by three volcanoes. During the 1970s, Dirks-Edmunds conducted research with others on various aspects of the inland Guatemalan system.


The Shellfish Corner: Filter Feeding Bivalves As Processors Of Coastal Waters, Michael A. Rice 2015 University of Rhode Island

The Shellfish Corner: Filter Feeding Bivalves As Processors Of Coastal Waters, Michael A. Rice

Michael A Rice

Bivalves have a profound role in controlling the boom and bust cycles of seasonal phytoplankton blooms, and the increased rates of sediment deposition to the bottom by bivalves are an important "coupler" between the water column and the bottom that stimulates the rate of decomposition and other processes in the sediments.


Southeast Florida Coral Reef Fishery-Independent Baseline Assessment, Kirk Kilfoyle, Brian K. Walker, Dana P. Fisco, Steven G. Smith, Richard E. Spieler 2015 Nova Southeastern University

Southeast Florida Coral Reef Fishery-Independent Baseline Assessment, Kirk Kilfoyle, Brian K. Walker, Dana P. Fisco, Steven G. Smith, Richard E. Spieler

Oceanography Faculty Reports

Reef fishes are important biologic, ecologic, and economic resources of the marine ecosystem which must be managed for sustainability. Until recently, there was no long-term monitoring program in place to assess the condition of reef fish resources of the northern Florida Reef Tract (FRT) (northern Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, and Martin counties). An assessment/monitoring plan for the northern portion of the Florida reef tract was designed through a joint cooperative effort by scientists at the University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (RSMAS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)-Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC) and Nova ...


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