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Gulf Sturgeon (Acipenser Oxyrinchus Desotoi) Pre-Restoration Occupancy Patterns On Ship Island, Mississippi Sound With An Evaluation Of Designated Critical Habitat Use By Eastern And Western Population Segments, Page Elizabeth Vick 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Gulf Sturgeon (Acipenser Oxyrinchus Desotoi) Pre-Restoration Occupancy Patterns On Ship Island, Mississippi Sound With An Evaluation Of Designated Critical Habitat Use By Eastern And Western Population Segments, Page Elizabeth Vick

Master's Theses

Critical spawning and feeding habitat was designated for federally threatened, anadromous Gulf Sturgeon (GS) to aid in population recovery. This study examined GS occupancy, habitat use, and movement through critical habitat monitored by the Ship Island (SI) acoustic array during overwintering periods from 2011 to 2015 prior to MsCIP SI restoration. An occupancy index analyzed patterns of spatial and temporal habitat use of both western and eastern population segments (WPS and EPS, respectively) of GS on the SI array. The ends of SI along with the passes and cuts of the island, especially Dog Keys Pass (DKP), were occupied by ...


Bounds On The Expected Size Of The Maximum Agreement Subtree, Colby Long, Daniel Irving Bernstein, Lam Si Tung Ho, Mike Steel, Katherine St. John, Seth Sullivant 2016 The Ohio State University

Bounds On The Expected Size Of The Maximum Agreement Subtree, Colby Long, Daniel Irving Bernstein, Lam Si Tung Ho, Mike Steel, Katherine St. John, Seth Sullivant

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Using Cellular Automata To Model The Gun Violence Epidemic In Chicago, Il, Shelby Scott 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Using Cellular Automata To Model The Gun Violence Epidemic In Chicago, Il, Shelby Scott

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


General Equations For Natural Selection Under Complete Dominance, Kasthuri Kannan, Adriana Heguy 2016 New York University

General Equations For Natural Selection Under Complete Dominance, Kasthuri Kannan, Adriana Heguy

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Evolving Healthy Populations, Nina H. Fefferman 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Evolving Healthy Populations, Nina H. Fefferman

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Sensitivity Analysis Of Pest Eradication And Permanence Solutions In A Model For Integrated Pest Management, Timothy Comar, Olcay Akman, Daniel Hrozencik 2016 Benedictine University

Sensitivity Analysis Of Pest Eradication And Permanence Solutions In A Model For Integrated Pest Management, Timothy Comar, Olcay Akman, Daniel Hrozencik

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Migrations Under Biased Perception: The Distribution Of Specialists And Generalists In A Heterogeneous Landscape With Variably Discounted Resources, Jonathan T. Rowell, Garrett M. Street, Igor Erovenko 2016 University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Migrations Under Biased Perception: The Distribution Of Specialists And Generalists In A Heterogeneous Landscape With Variably Discounted Resources, Jonathan T. Rowell, Garrett M. Street, Igor Erovenko

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Predator-Prey Dynamics With Intraspecific Competition And An Allee Effect In The Predator Population, Anne E. Yust, Erin N. Bodine 2016 The New School

Predator-Prey Dynamics With Intraspecific Competition And An Allee Effect In The Predator Population, Anne E. Yust, Erin N. Bodine

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Density-Dependent Leslie Matrix Modeling For Logistic Populations With Steady-State Distribution Control, Andrew M. Davis, Bruce Kessler 2016 Western Kentucky University

Density-Dependent Leslie Matrix Modeling For Logistic Populations With Steady-State Distribution Control, Andrew M. Davis, Bruce Kessler

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Using Citizen Science And Remote Sensing Data To Model Hummingbird Migration, Sarah R. Supp, Laura J. Graham, Frank A. La Sorte, Tina A. Cormier, Gil Bohrer, Donald Powers, Susan Wethington, Kevin Guay, Patrick Jantz, Scott Goetz, Catherine H. Graham 2016 University of Maine

Using Citizen Science And Remote Sensing Data To Model Hummingbird Migration, Sarah R. Supp, Laura J. Graham, Frank A. La Sorte, Tina A. Cormier, Gil Bohrer, Donald Powers, Susan Wethington, Kevin Guay, Patrick Jantz, Scott Goetz, Catherine H. Graham

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Discrete Models Of Newt Population Declines Due To Severe Drought And Invasive Crayfish, Courtney L. Davis, Timothy A. Lucas 2016 Pepperdine University

Discrete Models Of Newt Population Declines Due To Severe Drought And Invasive Crayfish, Courtney L. Davis, Timothy A. Lucas

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Social Structure Algorithms For A Yellow-Bellied Marmot Population Model, Erin N. Bodine, Anne E. Yust 2016 Rhodes College

Social Structure Algorithms For A Yellow-Bellied Marmot Population Model, Erin N. Bodine, Anne E. Yust

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Can Culling Barred Owls Save A Declining Northern Spotted Owl Population?, Alex Capaldi 2016 Valparaiso University

Can Culling Barred Owls Save A Declining Northern Spotted Owl Population?, Alex Capaldi

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Model Of Swimmer's Itch With Praziquantel Treatment, Kelly R. Buch 2016 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Mathematical Model Of Swimmer's Itch With Praziquantel Treatment, Kelly R. Buch

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Comparative Population Genomics And Speciation Of Snakes Across The North American Deserts, Edward A. Myers 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Comparative Population Genomics And Speciation Of Snakes Across The North American Deserts, Edward A. Myers

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Understanding the process of speciation is of central interest to evolutionary biologists. Speciation can be studied using a phylogeographic approach, by identifying regions that promote lineage divergence, addressing whether speciation has occurred with gene flow, and when extended to multiple taxa, addressing if the same patterns of speciation are shared across codistributed groups with different ecologies. Here I examine the comparative phylogeographic histories and population genomics of thirteen snake taxa that are widely distributed and co-occur across the arid southwest of North America. I first quantify the degree to which these species groups have a shared history of population divergence ...


Models And Methods In Cultural And Social Evolution, Elliot G. Aguilar 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Models And Methods In Cultural And Social Evolution, Elliot G. Aguilar

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Chapter 1 The mathematical study of genealogies has yielded important insights in population biology, such as the ability to estimate the time to the most recent common ancestor (MRCA) of a sample of genetic sequences or of a group of individuals. Here we introduce a model of cultural genealogies that is a step toward answering similar questions for cultural traits. In our model individuals can inherit from a variable, potentially large number of ancestors, rather than from a fixed, small number of ancestors (one or two) as is typical of genetic evolution. We first show that, given a sample of ...


An Evolutionary And Mechanistic Perspective On Dietary Carbohydrate Restriction In Cancer Prevention, Eugene J. Fine, Colin E. Champ, Richard D. Feinman, Samuel Márquez, Rainer J. Klement 2016 Albert Einstein College of Medicine

An Evolutionary And Mechanistic Perspective On Dietary Carbohydrate Restriction In Cancer Prevention, Eugene J. Fine, Colin E. Champ, Richard D. Feinman, Samuel Márquez, Rainer J. Klement

Journal of Evolution and Health

The confluence of basic cell biochemistry, epidemiological and anthropologic evidence points to high dietary carbohydrate and the associated disruption of the glucose-insulin axis as causes of the current increase in metabolic disorders, metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. This hyperinsulinemic state likely contributes, as well, to an increased mutagenic microenvironment, with increased risk for cancer. This critical review discusses these risks in their historical and evolutionary context. The evidence supports the benefits of lowering the glycemic load of the diet as a preventive measure against the development of cancer.


Evolutionary Continuity Of Personhood, Anne Benvenuti 2016 University of Winchester

Evolutionary Continuity Of Personhood, Anne Benvenuti

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

Rowlands applies the two organizing ideas of the Lockean concept of personhood — mental life and unity — to animals as potential persons. Especially valuable in this context is his descriptive phenomenology of pre-reflective self-awareness as a fundamental form of mental life that necessarily entails unity. Rowland describes certain fundamentals of mental experience that exist across species boundaries, challenging assumptions of early modern philosophers regarding the definition of human personhood and affirming the principle of evolutionary continuity. This opens the door to a broader and deeper set of questions, related to whether we should continue to attempt to apply to other animals ...


Darwin’S Empirical Evidence, Maxine Sheets-Johnstone 2016 University of Oregon

Darwin’S Empirical Evidence, Maxine Sheets-Johnstone

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

Darwin’s extensive writings may seem antiquated to current thinkers with their predilections for cognitive science, neuroscience, and analytic branches of philosophy. He showed that morphologies are not simply taxonomic distinctions that allow classification into species. They describe living animals, hence morphologies-in-motion: animate forms of life engaged in synergies of meaningful movement, all of which are testimony to animal sentience.


Animal Personhood Is An Evolutionary Issue, James E. King 2016 University of Arizona

Animal Personhood Is An Evolutionary Issue, James E. King

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

The Rowlands target article makes a case, based on John Locke’s metaphysical argument, that personhood can be applied to many species beyond a few nonhuman primates. The problem with this argument is that personhood has an open-ended list of defining attributes and can, at best only be partially applied to nonhuman species. Therefore, a dichotomous distinction cannot be made between qualifying and non-qualifying species. Instead, between-species comparisons must be based on observational and experimental procedures to demonstrate the extent to which human mental attributes are shared with other species. This would allow a more informed view about the appropriateness ...


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