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A Prototype On-Line Aotf Hyperspectral Image Acquisition System For Tenderness Assessment Of Beef Carcasses, Govindarajan Konda Naganathan, Kim Cluff, Ashok Samal, Chris Calkins, David D. Jones, Carol Lorenzen, Jeyamkondan Subbiah 2015 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Prototype On-Line Aotf Hyperspectral Image Acquisition System For Tenderness Assessment Of Beef Carcasses, Govindarajan Konda Naganathan, Kim Cluff, Ashok Samal, Chris Calkins, David D. Jones, Carol Lorenzen, Jeyamkondan Subbiah

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

A prototype on-line acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF)-based hyperspectral image acquisition system (λ = 450– 900 nm) was developed for tenderness assessment of beef carcasses. Hyperspectral images of ribeye muscle on stationary hanging beef carcasses (n = 338) at 2-day postmortem were acquired in commercial beef slaughter or packing plants. After image acquisition, a strip steak was cut from each carcass, vacuum packaged, aged for 14 days, cooked, and slice shear force tenderness scores were collected by an independent lab. Beef hyperspectral images were mosaicked together and principal component (PC) analysis was conducted to reduce the spectral dimension. Six different textural feature ...


Characterization And Investigation Of Fungi Inhabiting The Gastrointestinal Tract Of Healthy And Diseased Humans, Mallory J. Suhr 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization And Investigation Of Fungi Inhabiting The Gastrointestinal Tract Of Healthy And Diseased Humans, Mallory J. Suhr

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Gastrointestinal microbiome studies have failed to include fungi in total community analyses. As a result, their diversity and function in the gut is poorly understood. Recent work has begun to uncover the role intestinal fungi play in diet, immune system development, interactions with other microorganisms in the gut, and pathogenesis of diseases. Advances in sequencing technologies allow for the ability to profile the fungal gut microbiome (“mycobiome”) in healthy and diseased states. This thesis explores the mycobiome in 1) healthy humans with a vegetarian diet and 2) pediatric small bowel transplant recipients that develop fungal bloodstream infections.

The gut mycobiome ...


Ancient Brews: Ethiopia And The Consumption Of Tej., Jenail Marshall 2015 Georgia State University

Ancient Brews: Ethiopia And The Consumption Of Tej., Jenail Marshall

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Probiotic And Prebiotic Supplementation In Lactose Intolerant Subjects, Haleigh Hemond 2015 Florida State University

Probiotic And Prebiotic Supplementation In Lactose Intolerant Subjects, Haleigh Hemond

Undergraduate Research Symposium 2015

The aims of this study were as follows: o Aim 1: To evaluate the effect of a 5-week probiotic treatment on gastrointestinal symptoms and breath hydrogen exhalation followed by 5 weeks of the same probiotic blend in combination with a prebiotic product in lactose intolerant (LI) subjects. o Aim 2: To determine whether probiotic and prebiotic supplements are feasible to use and acceptable to subjects. o Aim 3: To provide calcium education catered to a lactose intolerant population and measure effectiveness of educational sessions. Twenty female and male LI participants underwent hydrogen breath tests and symptom assessment at baseline, midpoint ...


The Pollution Of River Ibër With Heavy Metals From Landfill Of Kelmend, Innovative Research Publications IRP India, Rafet Zeqiri, Izet Zeqiri, Sadija Nikshiq -Kadriu, Mehush Aliu 2015 Innovative Research Publications

The Pollution Of River Ibër With Heavy Metals From Landfill Of Kelmend, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Rafet Zeqiri, Izet Zeqiri, Sadija Nikshiq -Kadriu, Mehush Aliu

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

In this paper treated the degree of water pollution that emerges from mining and mixed with industrial wastes and as such in the form of pulp thrown in landfills. From the landfill through drainage and water flows in the river Ibër, penetrate the different pollutants that affect in water quality of this river. The degree of contamination of the river Ibër is monitored at several points, on which it is made water sampling of landfill and where we have reached the conclusion on the possibilities of prevention of water pollution of the river Ibër


Effects Of Panelist Participation Frequency And Questionnaire Design On Overall Acceptance Scoring For Food Sensory Evaluation In Consumer Central Location Tests, Mauresa Bastian 2015 Brigham Young University - Provo

Effects Of Panelist Participation Frequency And Questionnaire Design On Overall Acceptance Scoring For Food Sensory Evaluation In Consumer Central Location Tests, Mauresa Bastian

All Theses and Dissertations

Two studies were conducted to determine the effect of panelist participation frequency and specific aspects of questionnaire design on overall acceptance scoring in consumer central location tests. Regarding participation frequency, research subjects who participate frequently in some survey types are known to provide responses that differ from subjects who participate less frequently, known as panel conditioning. With respect to questionnaire design, overall acceptance (OA) question placement and usage of pre-evaluation instructions (PEI) in questionnaires for food sensory analysis may bias consumers' scores via carry-over effects. To investigate these concerns, data from consumer sensory panels previously conducted at a central location ...


Session B-4: Foods Of The Future, Carmela Minaya, Aziza Darwish, Heather Richardson 2015 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Session B-4: Foods Of The Future, Carmela Minaya, Aziza Darwish, Heather Richardson

Professional Learning Day

Teachers will learn the simple science behind the most recent culinary rage, Molecular Gastronomy. They will have a cost effective example to bring back into their classroom with students.


Diversity Of Yeast And Mold Species From A Variety Of Cheese Types, Nabaraj Banjara, Mallory J. Suhr, Heather E. Hallen-Adams 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Diversity Of Yeast And Mold Species From A Variety Of Cheese Types, Nabaraj Banjara, Mallory J. Suhr, Heather E. Hallen-Adams

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

To generate a comprehensive profile of viable fungi (yeasts and molds) on cheese as it is purchased by consumers, 44 types of cheese were obtained from a local grocery store from 1 to 4 times each (depending on availability) and sampled. Pure cultures were obtained and identified by DNA sequence of the ITS region, as well as growth characteristics and colony morphology. The yeast Debaryomyces hansenii was the most abundant fungus, present in 79 % of all cheeses and 63 % of all samples. Penicillium roqueforti was the most common mold, isolated from a variety of cheeses in addition to the blue ...


Concomitant Uptake Of Antimicrobials And Salmonella In Soil And Into Lettuce Following Wastewater Irrigation, J. Brett Sallach, Yuping Zhang, Laurie Hodges, Daniel D. Snow, Xu Li, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt 2015 University of Nebraska--Lincoln

Concomitant Uptake Of Antimicrobials And Salmonella In Soil And Into Lettuce Following Wastewater Irrigation, J. Brett Sallach, Yuping Zhang, Laurie Hodges, Daniel D. Snow, Xu Li, Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications

The use of wastewater for irrigation may introduce antimicrobials and human pathogens into the food supply through vegetative uptake. The objective of this study was to investigate the uptake of three antimicrobials and Salmonella in two lettuce cultivars. After repeated subirrigation with synthetic wastewater, lettuce leaves and soil were collected at three sequential harvests. The internalization frequency of Salmonella in lettuce was low. A soil horizon-influenced Salmonella concentration gradient was determined with concentrations in bottom soil 2 log CFU/g higher than in top soil. Lincomycin and sulfamethoxazole were recovered from lettuce leaves at concentrations as high as 822 ng ...


Determining The Fate Of Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli In Dairy Compost During Storage Using The Optimized Detection Method, Hongye Wang 2015 Clemson University

Determining The Fate Of Non-O157 Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia Coli In Dairy Compost During Storage Using The Optimized Detection Method, Hongye Wang

All Theses

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), a member of Enterobacteriaceae family, has been recognized as emerging pathogens. Dairy compost is commonly applied to farmland as a soil amendment. Despite the agricultural benefit of manure-based soil amendment, the inadequately treated compost can contribute to fresh produce contamination on the farm. Moreover, the epidemiological results showed that the non-O157 STEC cases have surpassed those of E. coli O157. Therefore, it is critical to evaluate the behavior of non-O157 STEC strains in the dairy manure-based compost. The objectives of this study were to: 1) optimize a culturing method for detecting non-O157 STEC from dairy ...


Combining Modified Atmosphere Packaging And Nisin To Extend The Shelf Life Of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar), Dong Han 2015 Clemson University

Combining Modified Atmosphere Packaging And Nisin To Extend The Shelf Life Of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar), Dong Han

All Theses

Atlantic salmon is often used in laboratory experiments to represent marine fishes. Many researchers try to optimize the levels and dosage of preservatives to maintain the freshness and extend the shelf-life of Atlantic salmon. Little information has been provided about the effectiveness of combined method between MAP and nisin, especially on the preservation of Atlantic salmon. Strong evidences suggest that MAP associated with nisin may have a potential to improve Atlantic salmon storage quality. Preservation effectiveness of combining modified atmosphere package (MAP) and nisin on fresh Atlantic salmon was determined using various methods. Six groups of farmed Atlantic salmon were ...


Pilot Study Of A Budget-Tailored Culinary Nutrition Education Program For Undergraduate Food Science Students, Dorothy Kerrison 2015 Clemson University

Pilot Study Of A Budget-Tailored Culinary Nutrition Education Program For Undergraduate Food Science Students, Dorothy Kerrison

All Theses

The primary objective of this pilot study is to provide evidence that a budget-tailored culinary nutrition program is both appropriate and applicable to undergraduate food science students both in everyday life as well as their future health careers. Two validated programs were combined into one program in order to evaluate their combined effects: Cooking With a Chef and Cooking Matters at the Store. The secondary objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the components and reliability of a questionnaire created specifically for this pilot study. A review of past literature was written, which included culinary nutrition as a source ...


Hand Hygiene Promotion: An Essential Strategy For Preventing Foodborne Disease In Elementary Schools, Zhangqi Wang 2015 Clemson University

Hand Hygiene Promotion: An Essential Strategy For Preventing Foodborne Disease In Elementary Schools, Zhangqi Wang

All Theses

Student absenteeism is a pervasive problem in the United States, causing a number of educational, economic, and institutional problems. Hand-hygiene interventions have been reported to be a method for reducing illness-associated student absenteeism. As an increasing number of schools offer self-service, including salad bars and bowls of whole fresh fruit, opportunities for the transmission of foodborne pathogens via hands could possibly increase illness-associated student absenteeism. To address this problem, we conducted a two-phase study. First, we conducted a systematic literature review to evaluate peer-reviewed studies (N=24) that reported an association between hand hygiene interventions and illness-associated absenteeism reduction in ...


Prevalence Of Human Noroviruses In Commercial Retail Food Establishment Without A Recently Reported Outbreak Of Gastroenteritis, Chaoyi Tang 2015 Clemson University

Prevalence Of Human Noroviruses In Commercial Retail Food Establishment Without A Recently Reported Outbreak Of Gastroenteritis, Chaoyi Tang

All Theses

Human noroviruses (NoV) are a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis, causing nearly 58% of foodborne disease in the USA. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of NoV on select bathroom surfaces in food establishments in South Carolina (SC). All SC counties (N=46) were sorted by population density into high-, medium-, and low-density categories. Three counties were randomly selected from each population category. Lists of all foodservice establishments in each selected county (N=9) were obtained from the Department of Health and Environmental Control and a total of 120 foodservice establishments were randomly selected. Swabs were ...


Effects Of Transportation Hazards On Package Performance And Food Product Shelf Life, Kyle Dunno 2015 Clemson University

Effects Of Transportation Hazards On Package Performance And Food Product Shelf Life, Kyle Dunno

All Dissertations

This research studied the effect of transportation hazards on food product shelf life and package performance. Studies were conducted to determine the effect of package headspace volume, product viscosity and storage temperature on package integrity. Finally, accelerated shelf life testing (ASLT) was utilized to determine how simulated transportation hazards affected the shelf life of a specific food product. Institutional retort pouches containing either water or 5% starch solution were filled with varying amounts of headspace volume to determine if package headspace volume could aid in package performance during simulated engineering tests for packaged products. Fixed displacement vibration testing and compression ...


Development And Application Of Scalable Two-Dimensional High Performance Liquid Chromatography For Aromatic Selective Separations Of Biologically Active Phytochemicals From Oplopanax Horridus, Gregory Jones 2015 Clemson University

Development And Application Of Scalable Two-Dimensional High Performance Liquid Chromatography For Aromatic Selective Separations Of Biologically Active Phytochemicals From Oplopanax Horridus, Gregory Jones

All Dissertations

The high demand for more efficient purification processes with increased automation and throughput pushes the development of more advanced preparative, pilot, and process scale HPLC instrumentation that is capable of achieving higher purities in a shorter amount of time than are currently achieved using one dimensional separations. A preparative scale 2D HPLC system was designed and reduced to practice in order to demonstrate the capacity for scalability of on-line comprehensive 2D HPLC separations of basic compounds from a challenging natural product extract of Oplopanax horridus. The methodology and instrumentation design herein permits direct method transfer from analytical to preparative scale ...


Self-Learning, Dvd-Based Education Versus Traditional Education Approaches To Improve The Safety Of Warfarin Use Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Jessica Oliver Hatch 2015 Utah State University

Self-Learning, Dvd-Based Education Versus Traditional Education Approaches To Improve The Safety Of Warfarin Use Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Jessica Oliver Hatch

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that requires extensive medical and pharmaceutical management. The coagulation antagonist warfarin is commonly prescribed to reduce AF-associated stroke. Although warfarin effectively mediates thromboembolitic risk, its management is complex as many factors influence its therapeutic range including: genetics, diet, medication, and herbal and dietary supplement (HDS) interactions. Lack of patient knowledge regarding these factors contributes to poor patient outcomes. With the emerging epidemic of AF, readily available educational tools are necessary to improve patient outcomes while reducing clinician burden.

The purpose of this study was to develop both a self-learning, DVD-based and one-on-one ...


Effects Of Blast Chilling On Fresh Pork Quality In Chops From The Longissimus Dorsi, Aaron M. Blakely, Edward M. Steadham, Kenneth J. Prusa, Christine A. Fedler, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Steven M. Lonergan 2015 Iowa State University

Effects Of Blast Chilling On Fresh Pork Quality In Chops From The Longissimus Dorsi, Aaron M. Blakely, Edward M. Steadham, Kenneth J. Prusa, Christine A. Fedler, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Steven M. Lonergan

Animal Industry Report

Carcasses (n=40) with defined fat free lean and carcass weight were selected 45 minutes postmortem. Carcasses were split, and sides subjected to conventional or blast chilling regimens. Sides that were blast chilled had Longissimus dorsi (LD) chops with slower pH decline, greater cook loss and greater Warner-Bratzler Shear force than chops from conventionally chilled sides. These results demonstrate that current blast chilling practices have the potential to negatively impact pork tenderness.


Effects Of Blast Chilling On Fresh Pork Quality In Cuts From The Psoas Major, Semimembranosus, And Triceps Brachii, Aaron M. Blakely, Edward M. Steadham, Kenneth J. Prusa, Christine A. Fedler, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Steven M. Lonergan 2015 Iowa State University

Effects Of Blast Chilling On Fresh Pork Quality In Cuts From The Psoas Major, Semimembranosus, And Triceps Brachii, Aaron M. Blakely, Edward M. Steadham, Kenneth J. Prusa, Christine A. Fedler, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Steven M. Lonergan

Animal Industry Report

Carcasses (n=40) with defined fat free lean and carcass weight were selected 45 minutes postmortem. Carcasses were split and sides subjected to conventional chill (CC) or blast chilling (BC) regimens. The Psoas Major (PM) from BC sides had increased purge loss, but was juicier, more tender and less chewy than the PM from CC sides. The Semimembranosus (SM) from BC sides had higher 30 hour pH, darker color scores, and had a lower Hunter a value than the SM from CC sides. No treatment effect was found in the Triceps Brachii.


Prediction Of Loin, Belly And Jowl Iv Based On Diet Composition Verses Daily Fatty Acid Intake, Trey A. Kellner, Kenneth J. Prusa, John F. Patience 2015 Iowa State University

Prediction Of Loin, Belly And Jowl Iv Based On Diet Composition Verses Daily Fatty Acid Intake, Trey A. Kellner, Kenneth J. Prusa, John F. Patience

Animal Industry Report

Iodine value product (IVP) is commonly used to predict carcass fat iodine value (CIV). However, when higher fat diets are employed, IVP tends to emphasize the quantity of fat in the diet more than the composition of that fat. The objective of this experiment was to compare the effectiveness in predicting CIV by IVP versus individual fatty acid content in the diet or their daily intake. Forty-two gilts and 21 barrows (PIC 337 × C22/29) with an average initial weight of 77.8 ± 0.38 kg were allotted based on sex and weight across 7 treatments: a control diet with ...


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