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Lignin Nanoparticles Comparative Study For Their Emulsifying, Antibacterial And Antioxidant Properties, Matta Asaad Mesak Ebaid 2023 American University in Cairo

Lignin Nanoparticles Comparative Study For Their Emulsifying, Antibacterial And Antioxidant Properties, Matta Asaad Mesak Ebaid

Theses and Dissertations

Converting lignin, the second most natural abundant polymer on earth, into lignin nanoparticles (LNPs) form has potential applications. LNPs’ emulsifying, antibacterial and antioxidant properties of three different lignins, softwood kraft lignoboost (LB), hardwood birch (BB) and alkali protobind 1000 (PB) were evaluated in a comparative study at different pH and concentrations. Lower ionic strength of 5 millimole (mM) citric acid (CA) and pH of 7 were found to be the most optimum conditions for emulsion formation. Comparison among the two homogenization techniques revealed that microfluidizer is favored in case of BB- and PB-LNPs based emulsions, while ultrasonication is optimum in ...


A Review On Nanomaterials And Nanohybrids Based Bio-Nanocomposites For Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal 2022 Technological University Dublin

A Review On Nanomaterials And Nanohybrids Based Bio-Nanocomposites For Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarna Jaiswal

Articles

With an increasing demand for a novel, eco-friendly, high-performance packaging material “bio-nanocomposites” has attracted great attention in recent years. The review article aims at to evaluating recent innovation in bio-nanocomposites for food packaging applications. The current trends and research over the last three years of the various bio-nanocomposites including inorganic, organic nanomaterials, and nanohybrids, which are suitable as food packaging materials due to their advanced properties such as high mechanical, thermal, barrier, antimicrobial, and antioxidant are described in detail. In addition, the legislation, migration studies, and SWOT analysis on bio-nanocomposite film have been discussed. It has been observed that the ...


Cooperative Extension’S Capacity To Address Food Insecurity By Supporting Food Recovery Organizations, H. Lester Schonberger, Lily L. Yang, Melissa Chase, Tiffany Drape, Sarah Misyak, Renee Boyer 2022 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Cooperative Extension’S Capacity To Address Food Insecurity By Supporting Food Recovery Organizations, H. Lester Schonberger, Lily L. Yang, Melissa Chase, Tiffany Drape, Sarah Misyak, Renee Boyer

The Journal of Extension

Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) educators are uniquely positioned to support the food recovery organizations (FROs) which address hunger-related needs resulting from food insecurity. Based on an online survey to measure how VCE educators have engaged with FROs and their experiences, respondents who previously supported FROs did so across multiple programming areas, and those who had not indicated an interest while also experiencing barriers. Respondents also reported the need for context- and audience-specific resources particular to the spectrum of food recovery. Addressing barriers and resource needs through a transdisciplinary eXtension Food Recovery Community of Practice may support educators in doing this ...


Engaging Farmers, Culinary Schools, And Communities In Value-Added Production To Strengthen Local Food Systems, Lauren B. Errickson, Ethan D. Schoolman, Virginia Quick, Sarah Davis, Anthony Capece 2022 Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Engaging Farmers, Culinary Schools, And Communities In Value-Added Production To Strengthen Local Food Systems, Lauren B. Errickson, Ethan D. Schoolman, Virginia Quick, Sarah Davis, Anthony Capece

The Journal of Extension

Value-added products can generate farm income and improve community food access, yet lack of available kitchen infrastructure and labor can limit farm production capacity. This project explored how community-based culinary schools might fill the gap. A unique “product share” model was identified and piloted, meeting the collective needs of farmers, a culinary school, and urban consumers. By researching farmer crop availability and business model preferences, and aligning value-added production with community food preferences, we demonstrate a successful pilot indicative that similar initiatives can be replicated in other metropolitan areas, with potential to engage cross-disciplinary extension professionals.


Diallyl Disulfide Inhibits Proliferation, Epithelial—Mesenchymal Transition, And Invasion Through Rorα-Mediated Downregulation Of Wnt1/Β-Catenin Pathway In Gastric Cancer Cells, Jian Su, Hui He, Yu-Kun Li, Hong Xia, Fang Liu, Ying Zeng, Xi Zeng, Hui Ling, Bo Su, Qi Su 2022 Department of Pathology, Second Affiliated Hospital, University of South China, China

Diallyl Disulfide Inhibits Proliferation, Epithelial—Mesenchymal Transition, And Invasion Through Rorα-Mediated Downregulation Of Wnt1/Β-Catenin Pathway In Gastric Cancer Cells, Jian Su, Hui He, Yu-Kun Li, Hong Xia, Fang Liu, Ying Zeng, Xi Zeng, Hui Ling, Bo Su, Qi Su

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Overactivation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway due to dysfunction of retinoid-related orphan receptor α (RORα) is related to cancer development and progression. Diallyl disulfide (DADS), an active component of garlic, has been reported in our previous study for upregulation of RORα expression in gastric cancer (GC) cells. It remains to be elucidated the role and mechanism of RORα in DADS against GC. This study revealed that DADS treatment resulted in reduced expression levels of Wnt1, β-catenin, TCF-4, intranuclear β-catenin and p-β-catenin in GC cells, concomitant with the compromised expression of β-catenin target genes (Axin, c-Jun, and c-Myc). RORα overexpression augmented DADS-induced ...


Melatonin Exerts Anti-Fibrinolytic Effects By Regulating Il-1Β-Induced Changes In Upa, Upar, And Pai-1 Expression/Production In Human Dental Pulp Cells, Mei-Chi Chang, Bor-Hao Zhong, Hui-Na Lee, Fu-Hsiung Chuang, Ming-Shu Lee, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Yu-Hwa Pan, Jiiang-Huei Jeng 2022 Biomedical Science Team, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Kwei-Shan, Taoyuan City, Taiwan

Melatonin Exerts Anti-Fibrinolytic Effects By Regulating Il-1Β-Induced Changes In Upa, Upar, And Pai-1 Expression/Production In Human Dental Pulp Cells, Mei-Chi Chang, Bor-Hao Zhong, Hui-Na Lee, Fu-Hsiung Chuang, Ming-Shu Lee, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Yu-Hwa Pan, Jiiang-Huei Jeng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Interleukin-1b (IL-1β) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine and its expression is increased in inflamed dental pulp. IL-1β affects plasminogen activation system molecules, which are crucial for tissue inflammation, fibrinolysis, matrix turnover, and cell adhesion and migration. Melatonin, which provides circadian and seasonal signals, is a physiological endocrine generated by the pineal gland. It has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies are warranted to determine whether melatonin prevents IL-1β-induced expression/production of plasminogen system molecules. Human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) were exposed to IL-1β or melatonin alone or to IL-1β with/without pretreatment with melatonin or other inhibitors. The mRNA expression of uPA ...


Stress Amelioration And Anti-Inflammatory Potential Of Shiikuwasha (Citrus Depressa Hayata) Essential Oil, Limonene, And Γ-Terpinene, Yonathan Asikin, Kuniyoshi Shimizu, Hironori Iwasaki, Hirosuke Oku, Koji Wada 2022 Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, Japan

Stress Amelioration And Anti-Inflammatory Potential Of Shiikuwasha (Citrus Depressa Hayata) Essential Oil, Limonene, And Γ-Terpinene, Yonathan Asikin, Kuniyoshi Shimizu, Hironori Iwasaki, Hirosuke Oku, Koji Wada

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata) essential oil (SEO) extracted from Shiikuwasha fruit pulp contains two major volatile components, limonene and γ-terpinene (56.56–57.31 and 24.41–24.98%, respectively). In this study, we showed that the aroma streams of SEO, limonene, and γ-terpinene exhibited significant physiological stress amelioration effects in nine healthy female panelists tested in a 30-min visual display task. While SEO administration significantly reduced work errors by 15 min compared to the odorless control condition, the limonene stream reduced work errors only at the first and fourth 5-min intervals, and the γ-terpinene effect lasted only for the ...


Composition Decipherment Of Ficus Pumila Var. Awkeotsang And Its Potential On Covid-19 Symptom Amelioration And In Silico Prediction Of Sars-Cov-2 Interference., Hao-Chun Hu, Szu-Yin Yu, Xiao-Shan Hung, Chun-Han Su, Yu-Liang Yang, Chien-Kei Wei, Yuan-Bin Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Chia-Hung Yen, Tsong-Long Hwang, Shu-Li Chen, István Szatmári, Attila Hunyadi, Yi-Hong Tsai, Fang-Rong Chang 2022 Graduate Institute of Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan

Composition Decipherment Of Ficus Pumila Var. Awkeotsang And Its Potential On Covid-19 Symptom Amelioration And In Silico Prediction Of Sars-Cov-2 Interference., Hao-Chun Hu, Szu-Yin Yu, Xiao-Shan Hung, Chun-Han Su, Yu-Liang Yang, Chien-Kei Wei, Yuan-Bin Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Chia-Hung Yen, Tsong-Long Hwang, Shu-Li Chen, István Szatmári, Attila Hunyadi, Yi-Hong Tsai, Fang-Rong Chang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

The jelly from achenes of Ficus pumila var. awkeotsang (FPAA) is a famous beverage ingredient in Taiwan. In this work, ficumarin (1), a new compound was obtained from its twigs (FPAT) and elucidated with comprehensive spectroscopic data. The biosynthetic origin was proposed from the p‐coumaroyl‐CoA pathway. Alloxanthoxyletin, betulinic acid, and catechin were identified as the major and active constituents responsible for relieving neutrophilic inflammation by FPAT. Among them, the most potent alloxanthoxyletin was found to interact with PRO350 and GLU377 of human INOSOX. Further, Nrf2 activating capacity of the FPAT fraction and its coumarins was confirmed. With the ...


Phytochemical Characterization, Antioxidant Potential, And Health Risk Assessment Of Radix Oryzae Glutinosae, Hai-Ping Liu, Jian-Feng Tang, Kai Ren, Tong-Jun Chen, Ping-Ping Zhu, Dong-Dong Sun, Wei-Yun Wang 2022 School of ife Sciences, Anhui Agricultural University, China

Phytochemical Characterization, Antioxidant Potential, And Health Risk Assessment Of Radix Oryzae Glutinosae, Hai-Ping Liu, Jian-Feng Tang, Kai Ren, Tong-Jun Chen, Ping-Ping Zhu, Dong-Dong Sun, Wei-Yun Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Radix Oryzae Glutinosae (ROG) has been used as a traditional anhidrotic agent in China. Ten samples were systematically assessed based on four aspects of their chemical profiles and antioxidant activity. The former was achieved using ultraviolet-visible spectra (UV), infrared absorption spectra (IR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR), and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) fingerprints, and antioxidant activity was assessed using the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, the 2,2′-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) assay, and the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. The presence of amino acids, flavonoids, organic acids, and sugars was indicated in all ...


Systems Pharmacology Dissection Of The Mechanisms And Therapeutic Potential Of Cassiae Semen For Hepatoprotection And Brightening Eyes, Jing-Xiao Zhang, Zi-Yi Chen, Xue-Zhen Huang, Lin-Yue Qi, Wei Zhou 2022 School of Food and Drug, Luoyang Normal University, China

Systems Pharmacology Dissection Of The Mechanisms And Therapeutic Potential Of Cassiae Semen For Hepatoprotection And Brightening Eyes, Jing-Xiao Zhang, Zi-Yi Chen, Xue-Zhen Huang, Lin-Yue Qi, Wei Zhou

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Cassiae semen has been shown to play significant roles in reversing “liver fire” to improve vision. The systems mechanism of Cassiae semen for hepatoprotection and brightening eyes has not been fully explored. The systems pharmacology approach is proposed to dissect the potential pharmacological mechanism of Cassiae semen for hepatoprotection and brightening eyes. The results showed that 26 active components of Cassiae semen that connected with 230 targets were obtained. Gene ontology enrichment, network and pathway analysis explored that Cassiae semen is responsible for hepatoprotection and brightening eyes. The current study will contribute to the research and development of functional foods.


Exploring The Relationship Between Metabolite Composition And The Cold/Hot Properties Ascribed In Traditional Chinese Medicine By Mass Spectral Molecular Networking–A Pilot Study, Chun-Han Su, Yu-Chieh Cheng, Kuei-Hung Lai, Yu-Chia Chang, Chi-Hui Sun, Po-Wen Tu, Ching-Chih Lin, Tsong-Long Hwang, Yu-Liang Yang 2022 Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan

Exploring The Relationship Between Metabolite Composition And The Cold/Hot Properties Ascribed In Traditional Chinese Medicine By Mass Spectral Molecular Networking–A Pilot Study, Chun-Han Su, Yu-Chieh Cheng, Kuei-Hung Lai, Yu-Chia Chang, Chi-Hui Sun, Po-Wen Tu, Ching-Chih Lin, Tsong-Long Hwang, Yu-Liang Yang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been applied to improve human health for millennia. In the TCM system, “medicinal property” (yao xing; hot and cold properties) is a core concept used to describe the influences of medicinal materials on human physiological conditions, and metabolites are believed to be one of the major ingredients of TCMs that affect their medicinal property. However, due to a lack of comprehensive analyses of TCM metabolomes, information about the relationships between TCM metabolite composition and medicinal property remains limited. In this pilot study, a mass spectral molecular networking-based platform was established and applied to systematically profile ...


Quantification Of Anthocyanosides In Grapes By Quechers And Biphenyl-Uhplc Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Lun-Chi Yang, Sung-Fang Chen 2022 Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan

Quantification Of Anthocyanosides In Grapes By Quechers And Biphenyl-Uhplc Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Lun-Chi Yang, Sung-Fang Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

In this study, the QuEChERS and UHPLC-MS/MS method using a biphenyl stationary phase was developed and applied for the rapid separation of 12 anthocyanosides in grapes. Efficient separation was achieved for a wide range of mono- and un-glycosylated anthocyanosides. The linear ranges of the target anthocyanosides were 0.5 to 500 ng mL−1. The intra- and inter-day precisions were both below 11.8%. Anthocyanosides in grapes from different sources were successfully quantified. Thus, the developed QuEChERS and UHPLC-MS/MS method provide an attractive alternative for the quantification of anthocyanosides in grapes.


Fluorescence Detection Of Malachite Green In Fish Based On Aptamer And Sybr Green I, Jia Wang, Chengyi Hong, Zhengzhong Lin, Zhi-Yong Huang 2022 College of Ocean Food and Biological Engineering, Jimei University, China

Fluorescence Detection Of Malachite Green In Fish Based On Aptamer And Sybr Green I, Jia Wang, Chengyi Hong, Zhengzhong Lin, Zhi-Yong Huang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

A simple fluorescence method to quantitatively monitor malachite green (MG) was introduced based on the conformation switch effect of MG-aptamer (Apt) and the fluorochrome of SYBR Green I (SGI). SGI can embed in the stem–loop structure of Apt to produce fluorescence. However, the fluorescence will be quenched when MG is introduced because of the specific binding of Apt to MG. Under the optimal conditions, the fluorescence method displayed excellent linear relationship between the fluorescence quenching efficiencies and the MG concentrations ranging from 0.02 μmol L−1 to 1.0 μmol L−1. The detection limit of the method ...


Bromelain Activates The Amp-Activated Protein Kinase-Autophagy Pathway To Alleviate Hepatic Lipid Accumulation, Po-An Hu, Man-Chen Hsu, Szu-Han Chen, Chia-Hui Chen, Yu Ru Kou, Jenq-Wen Huang, Tzong-Shyuan Lee 2022 Graduate Institute and Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Bromelain Activates The Amp-Activated Protein Kinase-Autophagy Pathway To Alleviate Hepatic Lipid Accumulation, Po-An Hu, Man-Chen Hsu, Szu-Han Chen, Chia-Hui Chen, Yu Ru Kou, Jenq-Wen Huang, Tzong-Shyuan Lee

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Bromelain, a cysteine protease found in pineapple, is known to exert protective effects against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, the underlying mechanism is unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of bromelain using in vivo and in vitro models. C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) with or without bromelain (20 mg/kg/day) for 12 weeks. We found that treatment with bromelain alleviated hepatic lipid accumulation accompanied by the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and autophagy flux, as evidenced by the elevated levels of phosphorylated AMPK, ATG5 ...


Metabolism-Involved Drug Interactions With Traditional Chinese Medicines In Cardiovascular Diseases, Ren-Jong Liang, Shu-Hao Hsu, Tien-Yu Chang, Tzu-Yi Chiang, Hong-Jaan Wang, Yune-Fang Ueng 2022 Medical Supplies and Maintenance, Hualien Armed Forces General Hospital, Taiwan

Metabolism-Involved Drug Interactions With Traditional Chinese Medicines In Cardiovascular Diseases, Ren-Jong Liang, Shu-Hao Hsu, Tien-Yu Chang, Tzu-Yi Chiang, Hong-Jaan Wang, Yune-Fang Ueng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Herbal medicines have been widely used for the past millennia. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a major modality in Chinese medical care and has garnered global attention owing to its pharmacological effects and multi-targeted actions. The increased incidence of sequential or concurrent use of herbs and drugs in patients forces us to consider herb-drug interactions (HDIs) in this modern era. One of the main causes of HDIs is modulation of drug metabolism, in which cytochrome P450 (CYP), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), and transporters play primary roles. In this review, we focus on in vivo studies of HDIs, particularly in the treatment of ...


Real-World Evidence Of The Herb-Drug Interactions, Hsueh-Yi Pan, Li-Wei Wu, Pin-Chun Wang, Ping-Hung Chiu, Meng-Ting Wang 2022 Department of Pharmacy, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taiwan

Real-World Evidence Of The Herb-Drug Interactions, Hsueh-Yi Pan, Li-Wei Wu, Pin-Chun Wang, Ping-Hung Chiu, Meng-Ting Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Herbal medicine (HM) is a type of medicine that uses active ingredients made from plants to treat diseases and maintain health and wellbeing. Due to its increasing worldwide usage, the possibility of HMs and conventional drugs being concurrently used is high, potentially leading to adverse events resulting from herb-drug interactions. Despite the safety concerns regarding such interactions, few studies have been conducted for assessing clinical consequences of using HMs with conventional drugs in real-world settings. As clinical trials are not forthcoming rapidly enough to provide the evidence for herb-drug interactions, observational studies are considered as an alternative approach. The present ...


Effects Of Sensory Cues On Product Acceptability And Consumer Perceptions, Emotions, And Behavior, Cristhiam Gurdian Curran 2022 Louisiana State University

Effects Of Sensory Cues On Product Acceptability And Consumer Perceptions, Emotions, And Behavior, Cristhiam Gurdian Curran

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Visual and cognitive cues can affect overall liking (OL) and consumer perceptions, emotions, and behavior. The first study explored the effect of product color difference on the liking, perception, and purchase intent (PI) of cheese-flavored-tortilla chips (CFTC) formulations (A and B) on serving plates (plastic, foam, and paper). Color differences between formulations influenced crunchiness and saltiness liking and perception, which together with overall flavor liking and formulation, mainly determined CFTC OL. Although having similar fracturability (N) and sodium content, formulation A had higher crunchiness and saltiness likings. PI was influenced by crunchiness, saltiness, and OF liking with 37, 49, and ...


Arkansas Wheat Performance Tests 2021-2022, J. F. Carlin, R. B. Morgan, R. D. Bond, D. E. Moon 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Arkansas Wheat Performance Tests 2021-2022, J. F. Carlin, R. B. Morgan, R. D. Bond, D. E. Moon

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

Wheat variety performance tests are conducted each year in Arkansas by the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture’s Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences. The tests provide information to companies developing varieties and marketing seed within the state and aid the Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service in formulating variety recommendations for small-grain producers. The tests are conducted at the Northeast Research and Extension Center at Keiser, the Vegetable Substation near Kibler, the Lon Mann Cotton Research Station near Marianna, the Pine Tree Research Station near Colt, and the Rohwer Research Station near Rohwer. Specific ...


Summaries Of Arkansas Cotton Research 2021, Fred Bourland 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Summaries Of Arkansas Cotton Research 2021, Fred Bourland

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

While the basic growth and development of the cotton plant have not changed significantly in recent history, the business of cotton production is ever-changing. The last two years have seen us plant a crop just about as late as we thought possible, yet extended favorable conditions at season's end have been our salvation, helping to lead us to record yields. The economic environment over the last few years has been such that farmers need to produce record or near-record yields to advance. Unfortunately, production levels at the state yield average barely cover out-of-pocket expenses.

Great uncertainties exist for the ...


The Rapid Enumeration Of A Mixed Culture Of S. Cerevisiae & L. Plantarum In Beer Using Image-Based Cytometry, Kevin M. Kennedy 2022 University of Maine

The Rapid Enumeration Of A Mixed Culture Of S. Cerevisiae & L. Plantarum In Beer Using Image-Based Cytometry, Kevin M. Kennedy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Mixed cultures are prevalent in the food industry. From sour beer to sourdough bread, mix culture popularity is growing. A number of microbiological mixtures are used in these unique fermenting processes to create distinctive flavor profiles of consumers’ favorite foods. Although mixed cultures seem ubiquitous, they are often not well enumerated. The aim of this thesis was to create a novel rapid image-based cytometry method to enumerate mixed cultures in beer. Imaged-based cytometry can be used to rapidly enumerate mixed microbial cultures, as opposed to traditional plate counting methods that can take days to grow and count. A novel method ...


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