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Formation Of Lactalbumin Nanoparticles By Desolvation Method, Menglu Gao, Jozef Kokini, Luis Fernando Maldonado-Mejia 2014 Purdue University

Formation Of Lactalbumin Nanoparticles By Desolvation Method, Menglu Gao, Jozef Kokini, Luis Fernando Maldonado-Mejia

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Protein nanoparticles are ideal carriers for bioactive compounds such as nutraceuticals and drugs because they are biodegradable, less immunogenic and non-toxic and can be nanoparticulated. This study focuses on the desolvation method to form lactalbumin protein nanoparticles. Lactalbumin is soluble in water and insoluble in many organic solvents. Different solvent/non-solvent ratios are evaluated in this research project for the effect they have on the size, PDI and stability of protein nanoparticles. Different methods including sonication and centrifugation were used and compared in terms of their effectiveness to produce small nanoparticles during fabrication of the nanoparticles. Data collected including protein ...


Fermented Food: Putting The Power Of Good Health Back Into The Hands Of The People, Marsha L. Thadison 2014 Tuskegee University

Fermented Food: Putting The Power Of Good Health Back Into The Hands Of The People, Marsha L. Thadison

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Editors’ Note: At the December 2013 Professional Agricultural Workers Conference, several women were invited to share, information about their unique businesses. One such presenter was Marsha L. Thadison, owner of Yesterday’s Kitchen 4 Today, a company that focuses on promoting functional foods. Thadison shared that food is produce and consumed differently from previous generations. Today's food, she argued, involves many more agricultural inputs that aid in food preservation, extension of shelf life, and promotion of animal health. She espoused the benefits of fermented food.


The Trehalose Pathway In Maize: Conservation And Gene Regulation In Response To The Diurnal Cycle And Extended Darkness, Clémence Henry, Samuel W. Bledsoe, Allison Siekman, Alec Kollman, Brian M. Waters, Regina Feil, Mark Stitt, L. Mark Lagrimini 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Trehalose Pathway In Maize: Conservation And Gene Regulation In Response To The Diurnal Cycle And Extended Darkness, Clémence Henry, Samuel W. Bledsoe, Allison Siekman, Alec Kollman, Brian M. Waters, Regina Feil, Mark Stitt, L. Mark Lagrimini

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Energy resources in plants are managed in continuously changing environments, such as changes occurring during the day/night cycle. Shading is an environmental disruption that decreases photosynthesis, compromises energy status, and impacts on crop productivity. The trehalose pathway plays a central but not well-defined role in maintaining energy balance. Here, we characterized the maize trehalose pathway genes and deciphered the impacts of the diurnal cycle and disruption of the day/night cycle on trehalose pathway gene expression and sugar metabolism. The maize genome encodes 14 trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (TPS) genes, 11 trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP) genes, and one trehalase gene. Transcript abundance ...


Paternal Incarceration And Children's Food Insecurity: A Consideration Of Variation And Mechanisms, Kristen Turney 2014 University of Kentucky

Paternal Incarceration And Children's Food Insecurity: A Consideration Of Variation And Mechanisms, Kristen Turney

University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research Discussion Paper Series

Despite growing attention to the unintended consequences of paternal incarceration for children’s wellbeing across the life course, little is known about whether and how paternal incarceration is related to food insecurity among children, an especially acute and severe form of deprivation. In this article, I use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a cohort of children born to mostly unmarried mothers, to examine the relationship between paternal incarceration and three indicators of food insecurity among young children: current food insecurity (at age five), onset of food insecurity (between ages three and five), and exit from food ...


Nisin Resistance Of Bacillus Cerus: Preparation Of Nisin, Peter Weber 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Nisin Resistance Of Bacillus Cerus: Preparation Of Nisin, Peter Weber

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Nisin is a peptide that is made by the bacterium Lactococcus lactis. Nisin is a small molecule that kills gram positive bacteria by binding to their membrane and by disrupting the proton motive force. When food is processed it is heated to kill bacteria, but some bacteria still survive. Adding nisin to the food provides a second barrier for the growth of the bacteria. Purified nisin has become quite expensive in the current marketplace. Therefore this study is directed at producing nisin and purifying it. L. lactis was grown in five different media (BHI, BHI + 1% glucose, BHI + 1% sucrose ...


Feeding Condensed Distillers Solubles To Feedlot Finishing Steers And The Effects Of Feed Additives In Adaptation Diets, Marie E. Harris 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Feeding Condensed Distillers Solubles To Feedlot Finishing Steers And The Effects Of Feed Additives In Adaptation Diets, Marie E. Harris

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

By-products from the dry-milling ethanol process can be used in cattle diets to replace corn. There is a significant interaction between corn processing methods as CCDS concentration increases in the diet. Improvements are observed for SFC in final BW, ADG, and G:F over DRC. An experiment was conducted to determine if greater concentrations of CCDS could be fed in SFC based diets and maintain or improve performance. Performance and carcass characteristics were evaluated with increasing concentrations of CCDS at 0, 9, 18, 27, or 36% in place of SFC in feedlot finishing diets. As CCDS concentration increased, DMI decreased ...


Characterization Of Commercial Probiotics: Antibiotic Resistance, Acid And Bile Resistance, And Prebiotic Utilization, Carmen Lucia Cano Roca 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Characterization Of Commercial Probiotics: Antibiotic Resistance, Acid And Bile Resistance, And Prebiotic Utilization, Carmen Lucia Cano Roca

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Probiotics, live microorganisms that beneficially affect the health of their host, must undergo extensive research to ensure they are safe for consumption and possess certain functional properties. Antibiotic resistance in probiotics has raised concern due to the possibility of its transfer to pathogens. Acid and bile tolerance ensures that organisms will survive passage into the intestines. Prebiotic utilization indicates ability to ferment specific carbohydrates for enhanced growth. The objective of this study was to characterize a group of commercial probiotics for their suitability as probiotics.

Nine commercial probiotic strains (7 Lactobacillus, 1 Lactococcus lactis, and 1 Bifidobacterium longum) were evaluated ...


Aquaponics And Basil Plant Density, Danika L. MacMaster, Brook Murphy, Dudley Burton 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Aquaponics And Basil Plant Density, Danika L. Macmaster, Brook Murphy, Dudley Burton

STEM Teacher and Researcher (STAR) Program Posters

Aquaponics is the use of water from a fish tank to provide nutrients to plants in a soil-less environment. The rocks cultivate the bacteria that turns the ammonia into nitrates that the plants need, and the plant bed functions as a filter for the fish tank. In this study, with the guidance of Doctor Dudley Burton, Doctor Brook Murphy, we researched the optimal plant density for basil in an Aquaponics system. We attempted to control or measure all the other variables to consider, as to isolate the variable of distance between plants. The water flow was spread through the plant ...


Food, Nutrition, Culinary, And Packaging Science Undergraduate Research, Experiential Learning, And Product Development Focusing On Childhood Nutrition, Alexandra Weeks 2014 Clemson University

Food, Nutrition, Culinary, And Packaging Science Undergraduate Research, Experiential Learning, And Product Development Focusing On Childhood Nutrition, Alexandra Weeks

All Theses

The objective of this research project was to develop a two-semester Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development (AIPD) course for sophomore students in the Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Science (FNPS) department that would increase students’ confidence in skills pertaining to product development of food products and childhood nutrition, increase their sense of connection with the department, and would better prepare them to enter industry than students that did not participate in the course. A Subject Knowledge Assessment (SKA) was used to evaluate the mean difference value (MDV) of food science, nutrition, packaging science, and general product development knowledge gained through the AIPD ...


Fabrication Of Zein Nanoparticle-Biopolymer Complexes To Deliver Essential Oils In Aqueous Dispersions, Huaiqiong Chen 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Fabrication Of Zein Nanoparticle-Biopolymer Complexes To Deliver Essential Oils In Aqueous Dispersions, Huaiqiong Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

Zein, alcohol-soluble corn proteins, easily precipitate as nanoparticles after dispersing a stock zein solution with a polar solvent into water. The process can be used to nanoencapsulate essential oils (EOs). However, the stability of hydrophobic zein nanoparticles is a challenge for their application in aqueous food systems. The goal of this dissertation reseach was to stabilize zein nanoparticles in aqueous dispersions by forming complexes with water-soluble biopolymers. The stabilization of zein nanoparticles was first studied using sodium caseinate by dispersing hot 50% aqueous ethanol solution with both polymers in water. The nanoparticles contained κ-casein and zein, and the spray-dried nanoparticles ...


Casein Micelles And Their Properties: Polydispersity, Association With Vitamin A And Effect Of Ultra-High Pressure Homogenization, Maneesha Sheenu Mohan 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Casein Micelles And Their Properties: Polydispersity, Association With Vitamin A And Effect Of Ultra-High Pressure Homogenization, Maneesha Sheenu Mohan

Doctoral Dissertations

The internal structure of casein micelles is not fully understood. In the present work, we explore some of the basic questions about casein micelles in bovine milk including its size distribution, native binding properties and effect of ultra-high pressure homogenization (ultra-HPH) on technological properties of casein micelles. The size distribution of casein micelles was studied by cryo-TEM using skim milk from four cows. The degree of variation in casein micelle sizes (polydispersity) ranged between 0.39 and 0.47 for a size distribution ranging from 10 to 693 nm. These results indicated high polydispersity of casein micelles in milk from ...


Comparison Of Triangle And Tetrad Discrimination Methodology In Applied, Industrial Manner, Sara Lyn Carlisle 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Comparison Of Triangle And Tetrad Discrimination Methodology In Applied, Industrial Manner, Sara Lyn Carlisle

Masters Theses

The triangle method has been widely used in the food industry for many years when conducting sensory discrimination testing. Recently, however, another discrimination testing method, the tetrad, has begun to gain popularity. Based on currently published research, the tetrad method possesses statistical advantages over the triangle and would require fewer panelists, reduce testing time, and use less sample material. More testing is needed to confirm these advantages in an applied, industrial approach on a wider range of products. Over thirty triangles and thirty tetrads with untrained panelists have been completed in order to compare the two methods. Products tested ranged ...


Transfer And Survival Of Microorganisms To Produce From Surface Irrigation Water, Stuart Jamison Gorman 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Transfer And Survival Of Microorganisms To Produce From Surface Irrigation Water, Stuart Jamison Gorman

Masters Theses

Surface water irrigation sources are widely used for fruit and vegetable crop production in the United States. Surface water is inherently prone to direct and indirect contamination with animal fecal material. Hence, the microbial quality of surface water sources can be highly variable. Water used for irrigation is considered a common source for produce contamination. In addition to this, fruits and vegetables are commonly consumed fresh or minimally processed, thus emphasizing the need for preventative measures in production of fresh produce. This study will examine transfer from naturally contaminated irrigation water to cantaloupes using drip and overhead spray irrigation methods ...


A Soft Condensed Matter Approach Towards Mathematical Modelling Of Mass Transport And Swelling In Food Grains, Michael Chapwanya, N. N. Misra 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology

A Soft Condensed Matter Approach Towards Mathematical Modelling Of Mass Transport And Swelling In Food Grains, Michael Chapwanya, N. N. Misra

Articles

Soft condensed matter (SCM) physics has recently gained importance for a large class of engineering materials. The treatment of food materials from a soft matter perspective, however, is only at the surface and is gaining importance for understanding the complex phenomena and structure of foods. In this work, we present a theoretical treatment of navy beans from a SCM perspective to describe the hydration kinetics. We solve the transport equations within a porous matrix and employ the Flory–Huggin’s equation for polymer–solvent mixture to balance the osmotic pressure. The swelling of the legume seed is modelled as a ...


Genome Wide Association Study Of Cholesterol And Poly- And Monounsaturated Fatty Acids, Protein, And Mineral Content Of Beef From Crossbred Cattle, C. M. Ahlberg, Lauren N. Schiermiester, J. T. Howard, Chris R. Calkins, Matthew L. Spangler 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Genome Wide Association Study Of Cholesterol And Poly- And Monounsaturated Fatty Acids, Protein, And Mineral Content Of Beef From Crossbred Cattle, C. M. Ahlberg, Lauren N. Schiermiester, J. T. Howard, Chris R. Calkins, Matthew L. Spangler

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

The objectives were to determine the variation explained by the BovineSNP50v2 BeadChip for cholesterol (CH), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), protein, and minerals in beef cattle, and to identify chromosomal regions that harbor major allelic variants underlying the variation of these traits. Crossbred steers and heifers (n = 236) segregating at the inactive myostatin allele on BTA2 were harvested and steaks were sampled from the M. semitendinosus and the M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum for nutrient analysis. A Bayes C algorithm was employed in genome-wide association analysis. The resulting posterior heritability (SD) estimates ranged from 0.43 (0 ...


Adherence Inhibition Of Human Pathogens Campylobacter Jejuni And Campylobacter Coli By Non-Digestible Oligosaccharides, Alejandra Ramirez-Hernandez 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Adherence Inhibition Of Human Pathogens Campylobacter Jejuni And Campylobacter Coli By Non-Digestible Oligosaccharides, Alejandra Ramirez-Hernandez

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Adherence is the first and one of the most important steps of bacterial pathogenesis. Natural derived components that inhibit the adherence of pathogens to the surface of epithelial cells have received considered interest. The goal of this research was to assess the anti-adherence activity of mannan oligosaccharides (MOS), pectic oligosaccharides (POS) and cranberry high molecular weight component (HMW) against Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. First the anti-adherence activity of MOS and their purified fraction (pMOS) was tested against three strains of C. jejuni and two strains of C. coli. Results shown significant reductions in adherence (up to 70%) of all ...


Feeding Alkaline Treated And Processed Crop Residue To Feedlot Cattle, Sarah J. Peterson 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Feeding Alkaline Treated And Processed Crop Residue To Feedlot Cattle, Sarah J. Peterson

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

Chemical treatment and decreased particle size are methods used to improve digestibility and utilization of the available nutrients in low quality forages. Previous research has indicated that chemically treated corn residue can take the place of corn when included in finishing rations containing distillers grains. Also, decreasing particle size utilizing methods such as pelleting has been shown to improve DMI and ADG. However, limited research has been completed on use of chemical treatment and pelleting in growing and receiving rations. Also, an ideal distillers inclusion has not yet been identified when including alkaline treated stalks in finishing rations. Therefore, a ...


Non-Digestible Oligosaccharides: Anti-Adherence And Other Biological Properties, Maria I. Quintero-Villegas 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Non-Digestible Oligosaccharides: Anti-Adherence And Other Biological Properties, Maria I. Quintero-Villegas

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Bacterial adherence is the first and one of the most important steps in bacterial pathogenesis. Adherence to host cell surfaces requires that the bacteria recognize specific receptors in the surface of epithelial cells. Therefore, agents that act as molecular decoys to interfere with adherence could be useful prophylactic treatments to prevent or mitigate the onset of infections. The goal of this research was to assess the ability of several food grade non-digestible oligosaccharides (NDOs) to act as molecular decoys and prevent bacterial adherence in vitro as well as in vivo. First, the antiadherence effect of specific species chitooligosaccharides (CHOS) at ...


Understanding The Factors Affecting Microbiological Quality Of Wheat Milled Products: From Wheat Fields To Milling Operations, Luis E. Sabillón Galeas 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Understanding The Factors Affecting Microbiological Quality Of Wheat Milled Products: From Wheat Fields To Milling Operations, Luis E. Sabillón Galeas

Dissertations & Theses in Food Science and Technology

Although regarded as a low-risk commodity, wheat flour-based mixes have been implicated in several food safety incidents. The present thesis is a compilation of five scientific manuscripts on the effect of weather variation, milling steps and implementation of pre-milling interventions on the microbiological quality and safety of wheat and milled products. The first manuscript is a review of the microbiological quality and safety of wheat-based products. Despite the low water activity, wheat flour may harbor dormant but viable microorganisms, which could lead to safety concerns when flour is used to produce refrigerated dough products. The second manuscript illustrates the effect ...


The Effects Of A Multi-Ingredient Dietary Supplement On Body Composition, Adipokines, Blood Lipids, And Metabolic Health In Overweight And Obese Men And Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Michael J. Ormsbee, Shweta Rawal, Daniel A. Baur, Amber W. Kinsey, Marcus L. Elam, Maria Spicer, Nicholas T. Fischer, Takudzwa A. Madzima, D David Thomas 2014 The Florida State University

The Effects Of A Multi-Ingredient Dietary Supplement On Body Composition, Adipokines, Blood Lipids, And Metabolic Health In Overweight And Obese Men And Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Michael J. Ormsbee, Shweta Rawal, Daniel A. Baur, Amber W. Kinsey, Marcus L. Elam, Maria Spicer, Nicholas T. Fischer, Takudzwa A. Madzima, D David Thomas

Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: The present study investigated the effects of a multi-ingredient dietary supplement (MIDS) containing caffeine, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), green tea, and branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) taken for 8 weeks on body composition, blood lipid profile, glucose, insulin, adiponectin, leptin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in overweight and obese men and women. Methods: Twenty-two participants completed the study (PL, n = 11; 7 women, 4 men; age, 34 ± 3.5 years; height, 169.2 ± 3.3 cm; body mass, 96.9 ± 6.8 kg; BMI, 34.1 ± 1.8 kg/m2; MIDS, n = 11; 9 women, 2 men; age, 36 ± 3 ...


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