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The Contribution Of Local And Transport Processes To Phytoplankton Biomass Variability Over Different Timescales In The Upper James River, Virginia, Qubin Qin, Jian Shen 2018 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

The Contribution Of Local And Transport Processes To Phytoplankton Biomass Variability Over Different Timescales In The Upper James River, Virginia, Qubin Qin, Jian Shen

Articles

Although both local processes (photosynthesis, respiration, grazing, and settling), and transport processes (advective transport and diffusive transport) significantly affect local phytoplankton dynamics, it is difficult to separate their contributions and to investigate the relative importance of each process to the local variability of phytoplankton biomass over different timescales. A method of using the transport rate is introduced to quantify the contribution of transport processes. By combining the time-varying transport rate and high-frequency observed chlorophyll a data, we can explicitly examine the impact of local and transport processes on phytoplankton biomass over a range of timescales from hourly to annually. For ...


The Manuscript Works Of S. Fred Prince (1857-1951), Sarah Burke Cahalan, Jason W. Dean 2018 University of Dayton

The Manuscript Works Of S. Fred Prince (1857-1951), Sarah Burke Cahalan, Jason W. Dean

Marian Library/IMRI Faculty Publications

S. Fred Prince, a botanical illustrator and amateur scientist, is a largely unknown artist whose work on the American landscape demonstrates his eligibility to be considered in the lineage of self-taught illustrator-naturalists such as Mark Catesby and Genevieve Jones. In this article, we present a survey of extant Prince materials identified at time of writing, describing their contents and physical characteristics. Beyond this survey and description, we also provide a biographical sketch and timeline of Prince's life.


Altering Oligomerization Of Epha2 Via Mutations In The Intracellular Domain, Ryan W. Lingerak 2018 The University of Akron

Altering Oligomerization Of Epha2 Via Mutations In The Intracellular Domain, Ryan W. Lingerak

Honors Research Projects

Eph receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are activated by membrane-bound ligands called ephrins. Eph RTKs are divided into two subclasses, each activated by a specific classes of the ligand ephrin. The overexpression of Eph receptors is correlated to cancer cell metastasis in several different types of cancers. Studies with the EphA2 extracellular domain (ECD) and ephrinA1 ligand have shown that upon binding of ephrin to the receptor, EphA2 undergoes increased oligomerization and activation. This indicates that oligomerization is intimately connected to kinase activity. High resolution crystal structures of the EphA2 ECD have revealed some details of these ligand bound oligomers, as ...


Potential For Climate Induced Methane Hydrate Dissociation, Graham MacWilliams 2018 Pomona College

Potential For Climate Induced Methane Hydrate Dissociation, Graham Macwilliams

Pomona Senior Theses

Methane hydrates are frozen deposits of methane and water found in high pressure or low temperature sediments. When these deposits destabilize, large quantities of methane can be emitted into the atmosphere. This is significant to climate change because methane has 25 times more greenhouse gas potential than Carbon Dioxide. Worldwide, it is estimated there are between 2500 and 10000 gigatons of methane stored in hydrate deposits. This represents more carbon than all fossil fuels on Earth. It is estimated that between 200 and 2000 gigatons of methane are stored in hydrates in Arctic waters acutely vulnerable to greenhouse warming. Over ...


Economic Growth And Changes In Forested Areas In Southeast Asia: Is Environmental Kuznets Curve Still Relevant?, Lan Thi Ngoc Nguyen 2018 Hollins University

Economic Growth And Changes In Forested Areas In Southeast Asia: Is Environmental Kuznets Curve Still Relevant?, Lan Thi Ngoc Nguyen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The environmental history of the twentieth century in Southeast Asia reveals tremendous loss of forested areas as a consequence of unprecedented economic transformations and unrestrained globalization. Featuring some of the world’s fastest-growing economies, Southeast Asia has been experiencing fundamental changes in its economic structure, sociopolitical institutions, and the rate of natural resources extraction and depletion, including deforestation. This study reexamines evidence of the (EKC) hypothesis in light of the deforestation the above region experienced over the period 1990-2013. We use the change in forest cover as an indicator for environmental degradation. A panel co-integration approach is invoked to investigate ...


Maize Cultivar Performance Under Diverse Organic Production Systems, Ryan D. Huffman, Craig A. Abel, Linda M. Pollak, Walter Goldstein, Richard C. Pratt, Margaret E. Smith, Kevin Montgomery, Lois Grant, Jode W. Edwards, M. Paul Scott 2018 Iowa State University

Maize Cultivar Performance Under Diverse Organic Production Systems, Ryan D. Huffman, Craig A. Abel, Linda M. Pollak, Walter Goldstein, Richard C. Pratt, Margaret E. Smith, Kevin Montgomery, Lois Grant, Jode W. Edwards, M. Paul Scott

Agronomy Publications

Maize (Zea mays L.) performance can vary widely between different production systems. The need for high-performing hybrids for organic systems with wide adaptation to various macroenvironments is becoming increasingly important. The goal of this study was to characterize inbred lines developed by distinct breeding programs for their combining ability and hybrid yield performance across diverse organic environments. Parent lines were selected from five different breeding programs to give a sample of publically available germplasm with potential for use in organic production systems with expired plant variety protection (Ex-PVP) and current commercial inbreds as benchmarks. A North Carolina Design II mating ...


Seasonal Variation Of Macrolide Resistance Gene Abundances In The South Fork Iowa River Watershed, Elizabeth Luby Rieki, Thomas B. Moorman, Elizabeth L. Douglass, Michelle L. Soupir 2018 Iowa State University

Seasonal Variation Of Macrolide Resistance Gene Abundances In The South Fork Iowa River Watershed, Elizabeth Luby Rieki, Thomas B. Moorman, Elizabeth L. Douglass, Michelle L. Soupir

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The Midwestern United States is dominated by agricultural production with high concentrations of swine, leading to application of swine manure onto lands with artificial subsurface drainage. Previous reports have indicated elevated levels of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in surface water and groundwater around confined animal feeding operations which administer antimicrobials. While previous studies have examined the occurrence of ARGs around confined swine feeding operations, little information is known how their transport from tile-drained fields receiving swine manure application impacts downstream environments. To further our knowledge in this area, water samples were collected from five locations in the agriculturally dominated South ...


Environmental Effects Are Stronger Than Human Effects On Mammalian Predator-Prey Relationships In Arid Australian Ecosystems, Benjamin L. Allen, Alana Fawcett, Alison Anker, Richard M. Engeman, Allan Lisle, Luke K.-P. Leung 2018 University of Southern Queensland

Environmental Effects Are Stronger Than Human Effects On Mammalian Predator-Prey Relationships In Arid Australian Ecosystems, Benjamin L. Allen, Alana Fawcett, Alison Anker, Richard M. Engeman, Allan Lisle, Luke K.-P. Leung

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

Climate (drought, rainfall), geology (habitat availability), land use change (provision of artificial waterpoints, introduction of livestock), invasive species (competition, predation), and direct human intervention (lethal control of top-predators) have each been identified as processes driving the sustainability of threatened fauna populations. We used a systematic combination of empirical observational studies and experimental manipulations to comprehensively evaluate the effects of these process on a model endangered rodent, dusky hopping-mice (Notomys fuscus). We established a large manipulative experiment in arid Australia, and collected information from relative abundance indices, camera traps, GPS-collared dingoes (Canis familiaris) and dingo scats, along with a range of ...


Nutritional, Nutraceutical And Functional Properties Of Soybeans, Suzanne Hendrich 2017 Iowa State University

Nutritional, Nutraceutical And Functional Properties Of Soybeans, Suzanne Hendrich

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Soybeans, foods derived from soybeans (e.g., tofu, soymilk, soy infant formula, tempeh) and food and dietary supplement ingredients derived from soybeans (e.g., soybean oil, soybean proteins, isoflavones) have been under intensive research for their health effects especially over the past 25 years. 2 This intensive research derives from the recognition of soybeans as having desirable nutritional properties, containing about twice the protein of other legumes/serving, with good protein quality, such that some soybean protein ingredients have protein digestibility corrected amino acid scores commensurate with proteins thought to be optimal to meet human protein needs (Messina 1999). Soybean ...


Lost In Translation, Daniel Pena 2017 The University of San Francisco

Lost In Translation, Daniel Pena

Master's Projects and Capstones

At the conclusion of a patient’s hospitalization the Registered Nurse (RN) will review all discharge instructions in the patients room in their preferred language. Plan time for the discharge and facilitate a calm quiet environment, such as the patient’s room with the door closed, if possible. Get the discharge instructions printed out in their preferred language and a set for yourself in English would be best so you are able to review the instructions line by line with them. When the patients medical team, such as but not limited to, medical doctors, pharmacists, physical therapists, and social work ...


Otopathogenic Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Enters And Survives Inside Macrophages, Rahul Mittal, Christopher V. Lisi, Hansi Kumari, M'hamed Grati, Patricia Blackwelder, Denise Yan, Chaitanya Jain, Kalai Mathee, Paulo H. Weckwerth, Xue Zhong Liu 2017 University of Miami

Otopathogenic Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Enters And Survives Inside Macrophages, Rahul Mittal, Christopher V. Lisi, Hansi Kumari, M'Hamed Grati, Patricia Blackwelder, Denise Yan, Chaitanya Jain, Kalai Mathee, Paulo H. Weckwerth, Xue Zhong Liu

Patricia Blackwelder

Otitis media (OM) is a broad term describing a group of infectious and inflammatory disorders of the middle ear. Despite antibiotic therapy, acute OM can progress to chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) characterized by ear drum perforation and purulent discharge. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common pathogen associated with CSOM. Although, macrophages play an important role in innate immune responses but their role in the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa-induced CSOM is not known. The objective of this study is to examine the interaction of P. aeruginosa with primary macrophages. We observed that P. aeruginosa enters and multiplies inside human and ...


Insights Into Migration And Development Of Coral Black Band Disease Based On Fine Structure Analysis, Aaron Miller, Patricia Blackwelder, Husain Al-Sayegh, Laurie L. Richardson 2017 Florida International University

Insights Into Migration And Development Of Coral Black Band Disease Based On Fine Structure Analysis, Aaron Miller, Patricia Blackwelder, Husain Al-Sayegh, Laurie L. Richardson

Patricia Blackwelder

In many diverse ecosystems, ranging from natural surfaces in aquatic ecosystems to the mammalian gut and medical implants, bacterial populations and communities exist as biofilms. While the process of biofilm development has been well-studied for those produced by unicellular bacteria such Pseudomonas aeruginosa, little is known about biofilm development associated with filamentous microorganisms. Black band disease (BBD) of corals is characterized as a polymicrobial biofilm (mat) community, visually-dominated by filamentous cyanobacteria. The mat migrates across a living coral host, completely lysing coral tissue and leaving behind exposed coral skeleton. It is the only known cyanobacterial biofilm that migrates across a ...


Introducing Volume 3, Editorial Board 2017 Spora

Introducing Volume 3, Editorial Board

Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics

This report provides a brief introduction to Spora and what you can expect from the articles included in this volume.


Quantatative Analysis Of Microbial Abundance Within Arctic Fjord Sediments Assessed Through Direct Counting, Alex Taylor Swystun 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Quantatative Analysis Of Microbial Abundance Within Arctic Fjord Sediments Assessed Through Direct Counting, Alex Taylor Swystun

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Microbes found in the marine sediments are responsible for the production of nearly half of the carbon dioxide found in the atmosphere (Arrigo, 2005). The fjords of Svalbard (79°N) are not considered typical marine sediments because high iron content influences unique subsurface redox chemistry. Radiotracer studies have shown that these sediments contain active bacterial sulfate-reducing communities (Finke et al., 2016). In addition to bacteria, archaeal cells within these sediments have been in aggregates encompassed by sulfate-reducing bacteria (Ravenschlag et al., 2001). These anaerobic organisms participate in mediating environmental biogeochemical cycles, including the oxidation of methane (Ravenschlag et al., 2001 ...


Evidence For The Priming Effect In Single Strain And Simplified Communities Of Estuarine Bacteria, Abigail Amina Edwards 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Evidence For The Priming Effect In Single Strain And Simplified Communities Of Estuarine Bacteria, Abigail Amina Edwards

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Through their transformation of naturally occurring organic matter, coastal marine bacteria play an essential role in carbon cycling. A phenomenon termed the priming effect (PE) occurs when microbial communities remineralize recalcitrant organic matter faster in the presence of labile organic matter and may be prevalent in coastal systems. To understand how microbial community members interact to induce PE, it is essential to first understand the mechanisms underlying PE in single strains and simplified bacterial communities. The effect to which different concentrations and sources of labile carbon stimulated the production of bacterial biomass from riverine organic matter by two marine bacteria ...


Clinical And Subclinical Mastitis Causing Pathogens In Tennessee Dairy Cattle, Michelle Marie Untch 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Clinical And Subclinical Mastitis Causing Pathogens In Tennessee Dairy Cattle, Michelle Marie Untch

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Milk quality impacts the producers and consumers. Higher milk quality leads to a longer shelf life, improved cheese making ability, and improved taste. Milk quality can be severely impacted by intramammary infections which can result in mastitis. Identifying the common mastitis causing pathogens in milk samples collected from subclinical and clinical mastitis cases can assist the producer in managing mastitis. This can lead to improved milk quality, improved cow health, and reduced need for antibiotics to treat mastitis. This study investigates the prevalence of bacteria causing intramammary infection in dairy cattle of Tennessee. Milk samples were collected from 9 farms ...


Asian Soybean Rust And Common Soybean Leaf Diseases, Alison Robertson, Greg Tylka 2017 Iowa State University

Asian Soybean Rust And Common Soybean Leaf Diseases, Alison Robertson, Greg Tylka

Alison Robertson

Asian soybean rust was found in several southern states in November 2004. The fungus is expected to overwinter on weed hosts in southern Florida and the southern tip of Texas. Rust outbreaks in Iowa will depend on the northward seasonal dispersal of rust spores from these overwintering areas.


Early Season Disease Management In Soybeans, Sarah Cerra, Alison Robertson, Silvia Cianzio 2017 Iowa State University

Early Season Disease Management In Soybeans, Sarah Cerra, Alison Robertson, Silvia Cianzio

Alison Robertson

Damping off and seed rot, caused by Phytophthora sojae, is an important early season disease of soybean in Iowa. The disease is favored by warm (>60 F), wet soil conditions. P. sojae is an oomycete that survives in the soil as thick-walled oospores. When soil conditions are warm and wet, the oospores germinate, producing sporangia, which in turn produce many zoospores. These spores have flagella that enable them to swim in freestanding water. The zoospores are attracted to soybean roots by root exudates, where they infect seedling roots and cause disease. Thus, wet soils are essential for infection by P ...


Understanding The Fungicides That Will Kill Asian Soybean Rust, Alison Robertson 2017 Iowa State University

Understanding The Fungicides That Will Kill Asian Soybean Rust, Alison Robertson

Alison Robertson

Most of the fungicides approved for Asian soybean rust management in Iowa, and the United States, belong to either the chloronitrile, strobilurin, or triazole chemical groups. These groups all have different effects and modes of action; therefore, it is essential to understand how each group functions to protect soybean crops from infection by Phakopsora pachyrhizi and subsequent Asian soybean rust disease development.


Using Fungicides Effectively, Alison Robertson 2017 Iowa State University

Using Fungicides Effectively, Alison Robertson

Alison Robertson

For a fungicide to be effective, three rules must be followed:


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