An Unusual Ed Case: Scrotal Edema From A Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm In A 58-Year-Old Male, 2021 Rowan University
An Unusual Ed Case: Scrotal Edema From A Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm In A 58-Year-Old Male, Yevgeniy Polunin, Emily Nguyen, Bhumi Shah
Stratford Campus Research Day
Scrotal edema is not an uncommon presentation in emergency medicine. We describe the case of a 58-year-old male with no prior medical history who presented to the emergency department (ED) due to progressive scrotal edema. The patient noted increased painless testicular enlargement, dry cough, and dyspnea on exertion over the course of several weeks. Scrotal edema was evaluated by an Ultrasound (US), showing bilateral testicular edema with concern for congestive heart failure (CHF). Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPE) scan showed a large 6.51 cm thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), cardiomegaly with dilated left sided chambers, and a small pericardial effusion. Subsequently, …
Kidney Rupture: An Unusual Cause Of Abdominal Pain, Flank Pain And Hematuria In A 72-Year-Old Female, 2021 Rowan University
Kidney Rupture: An Unusual Cause Of Abdominal Pain, Flank Pain And Hematuria In A 72-Year-Old Female, Monica Diep, Neelesh Parikh
Stratford Campus Research Day
Flank pain, abdominal pain and hematuria are common complaints in emergency medicine. We describe the case of a 72-year-old female who presented to the emergency department for worsening left lower quadrant abdominal pain and left flank pain associated with new-onset hematuria. The patient reports the pain started immediately after she accidentally tripped on a rock while trying to avoid a mailman in an attempt to socially distance due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in a forceful twist of her body and catching herself with her hands without any direct impact to her body. The patient reports the pain gradually …
Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, 2021 Rowan University
Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, Young Son, Julia T. Scali, Ian Madison, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller
Stratford Campus Research Day
Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy is routinely used to remove stones but results in manipulation of the genitourinary mucosa and has a well-established relationship with post-operative sepsis under certain conditions. Postoperative sepsis represents a significant morbidity and mortality cost to patients and the healthcare system. Several studies to determine risk factors for sepsis after ureteroscopy have been completed. Such risk factors include positive preoperative urine cultures, female gender, prolonged preoperative stent time > 1 month, and patients with sepsis at the time of initial stenting. To improve sepsis rates, procedural alterations such as the use of disposable ureteroscopes have been introduced, as …
Metastatic Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate To The Brain Initially Diagnosed As Meningioma By Craniotomy: A Case Report, 2021 Rowan University
Metastatic Adenocarcinoma Of The Prostate To The Brain Initially Diagnosed As Meningioma By Craniotomy: A Case Report, Julia T. Scali, Young Son, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller
Stratford Campus Research Day
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men after lung cancer. The most common site of prostate metastasis is bone (84%), lymph node (10.6%), liver (10.2%), and thorax (9.1%), with 18.4% to multiple metastatic sites . Prostate metastasis to the brain is rare, with less than 1% documented cases from M.D. Anderson Cancer Center . It is estimated that 1%-6% of prostate cancer metastasis is found in post mortem examination . Parenchymal brain metastasis has a mean survival of 9.2 months after discovery of brain metastasis . Acute neurological symptoms of metastatic prostate cancer are observed …
Osteopathic Touch: The Best Diagnostic & Therapeutic Tool - Osteopathic Diagnosis & Treatment For Nephrolithiasis, 2021 Rowan University
Osteopathic Touch: The Best Diagnostic & Therapeutic Tool - Osteopathic Diagnosis & Treatment For Nephrolithiasis, Bilal Khan, Motasem Abul-Huda, Alexander King
Stratford Campus Research Day
Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy (OMT) is a set of osteopathic techniques that involves manipulation of the musculoskeletal system using the hands. It offers a supplement to standard modes of diagnosis and treatment, and is a key component of the osteopathic holistic approach to medicine.
Despite growing numbers of osteopathic physicians in the United States, OMT continues to be an underutilized asset in a plethora of medical conditions. With the merger of osteopathic and allopathic residency programs, restructuring of standardized curricula to a pass/fail format, and further changes uniting the two tracks of physician education, OMT remains one of the few facets …
Evaluation Of Glutaminase Expression In Prostate Adenocarcinoma And Correlation With Clinicopathologic Parameters, 2021 University of Kentucky
Evaluation Of Glutaminase Expression In Prostate Adenocarcinoma And Correlation With Clinicopathologic Parameters, Zin W. Myint, Ramon C. Sun, Patrick J. Hensley, Andrew C. James, Peng Wang, Stephen E. Strup, Robert J. Mcdonald, Donglin Yan, William H. St. Clair, Derek B. Allison
Internal Medicine Faculty Publications
High Glutaminase (GLS1) expression may have prognostic implications in colorectal and breast cancers; however, high quality data for expression in prostate cancer (PCa) are lacking. The purpose of this study is to investigate the status of GLS1 expression in PCa and correlated expression levels with clinicopathologic parameters. This study was conducted in two phases: an exploratory cohort analyzing RNA-Seq data for GLS1 from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data portal (246 PCa samples) and a GLS1 immunohistochemical protein expression cohort utilizing a tissue microarray (TMA) (154 PCa samples; 41 benign samples) for correlation with clinicopathologic parameters. In the TCGA cohort, …
An Assessment Of The Impact Of Flow Disruptions On Mental Workload And Performance Of Surgeons During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, 2021 Aga Khan University
An Assessment Of The Impact Of Flow Disruptions On Mental Workload And Performance Of Surgeons During Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, Sana Hussain, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Basit Salam, Nida Zahid, Hammad Ather
Section of Urology
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of intraoperative disruptions on surgeons’ workload and performance during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
Materials and methods: A structured and standardized tool was used to identify disruptions and interferences that occurred during 33 PCNL procedures. The surgical steps during PCNL were divided into four phases: ureteric catheter placement (phase I), puncture and tract dilation (phase II), intra-calyceal navigation and stone fragmentation (phase III), and tube placement (phase IV). Surgeons’ workload was evaluated using a validated tool: Surgery Task Load Index (SURG-TLX), and correlated with the mean observed intraoperative disruptions. All operating …
Hydronephrosis Classifications: Has Utd Overtaken Apd And Sfu? A Worldwide Survey., 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital
Hydronephrosis Classifications: Has Utd Overtaken Apd And Sfu? A Worldwide Survey., Santiago Vallasciani, Anna Bujons Tur, John Gatti, Marcos Machado, Christopher S. Cooper, Marie Klaire Farrugia, Huixia Zhou, Mohammed El Anbari, Pedro-José Lopez
Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers
Objective: To collect baseline information on the ultrasonographic reporting preferences.
Method: A 13-multiple choice questionnaire was designed and distributed worldwide among pediatric urologists, pediatric surgeons, and urologists. The statistical analysis of the survey data consisted of 3 steps: a univariate analysis, a bivariate and a multivariate analysis.
Results: Three hundred eighty participants responded from all the continents. The bivariate analysis showed the significant differences in the geographical area, the years of experience and the volume of cases. Most of the physicians prefer the SFU and APD systems because of familiarity and simplicity (37 and 34%, respectively). Respondents noted that their …
Indwelling Urinary Catheter Removal Houdini Protocol, 2021 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences
Indwelling Urinary Catheter Removal Houdini Protocol, Fatima Villacruz
Student Scholarly Projects
Practice Problem: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients have many negative health consequences, including increased cost, increased length of hospital stays, delay in bladder training, increased associated infections, and mortality.
PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was: In adult SCI patients (P), does the implementation of a nurse-driven indwelling urinary catheter removal protocol (I), compared to without a nurse-driven protocol (C), decrease the indwelling urinary catheter days and the occurrence of CAUTIs (O) within six weeks (T)? Evidence: Nurse-driven discontinuation protocols are an effective method of decreasing indwelling urinary catheter (IUC) days and …
Modern Approaches For Antiandrogen-Resistant Prostate Cancer Therapy, 2021 OVIDIUS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF UROLOGY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA
Modern Approaches For Antiandrogen-Resistant Prostate Cancer Therapy, Felix Voinea, Laura Mazilu, Ioan Sergiu Micu, Adrian Paul Suceveanu, Madalina Iliescu, Andrada Dumitru, Vlad Denis Constantin, Ioana Paunica, Andra Iulia Suceveanu
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Prostate cancer represents the leading malignant tumor in men over 50 years of age with 400,000 new cases being diagnosed yearly in Europe. Even if the incidence rate is higher than the mortality rate, still there is an increasing trend when speaking of its mortality. The increasing incidence of the metabolic syndrome, the unhealthy lifestyle, the high lipid and Calcium intake, the high spread of infections with Human Papilloma Virus, Human Herpes Virus, the excess of androgen consumption and the longer life expectancy, are few of the main causes of prostate cancer increasing incidence. The new systemic therapies such as …
The Analysis Of Risk Factors Associated With Women's Urinary Incontinence; Literature Review, 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA
The Analysis Of Risk Factors Associated With Women's Urinary Incontinence; Literature Review, Denisa Oana Balalau, Octavian Gabriel Olaru, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Stana Paunica, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Anca Daniela Stanescu
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition among women. Approximately 50% of them had an involuntary loss of urine at least once in their lifetime. It can be present during sexual activity, contributing to sexual dysfunction and often associated with anxiety or even depression, thus having a negative impact on the quality of life. The incidence of UI is related to the existence of predisposing factors. The best known are: age, weight, family history, race/ ethnicity, number of pregnancies and mode of birth, history of genitourinary interventions and factors related to ordinary habits: smoking, caffeine consumption, oral contraceptives. Studies on …
Determination Of Reference Interval (Ri) Of Spot Urinary Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio In Children Of Pakistani Origin Under Six Years Of Age: A Cross-Sectional Study, 2021 Aga Khan University
Determination Of Reference Interval (Ri) Of Spot Urinary Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio In Children Of Pakistani Origin Under Six Years Of Age: A Cross-Sectional Study, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Lena Jafri, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Hafsa Majid, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Aysha Habib Khan
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Background: The gold standard screening method of hyperoxaluria in children is using 24-hour urine collection. Urine collection may be cumbersome and challenging for children. Reference intervals (RI) of oxalate for the Pakistani population are not readily available. Therefore we aimed to determine the oxalate to creatinine ratio (Ox: Cr) for Pakistani children <6 years of age.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Aga Khan University from June 2018 to October 2019. Random urine samples from apparently healthy children < 6 years were collected and stored at -30°C until analysis after adding 6M HCl. Oxalate was measured on Micro lab 300 using a kit based on oxalate oxidase principle, while creatinine was measured by kinetic Jaffe reaction. Data was analyzed by EP evaluator and SPSS 23. Ox: Cr ratio was calculated and reported with 90% confidence interval (CI) and interquartile range (IQR).
Results: The mean age of study subjects (n=120) was 29 ±22.3 months with an M: F ratio of 1:1. Children of various ethnicities …6>
A Nurse-Driven Protocol For Foley Catheter Utilization Decreases The Incidence Of Traumatic Foley Catheterization, 2021 Ochsner Health System
A Nurse-Driven Protocol For Foley Catheter Utilization Decreases The Incidence Of Traumatic Foley Catheterization, Eric Laborde, Hayden Hill, Thomas E. Dukovac, Stephen P. Carriere, Kathleen Lata-Arias, Kristi Hebert, Raunak Patel, Jessie Gills
School of Medicine Faculty Publications
Background: Traumatic urethral catheterization is a common reason for urologic consultation in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this study was to determine if a protocol designed to decrease Foley catheter use was effective and if implementation of the protocol decreased the incidence of Foley catheter–associated trauma. Methods: In an effort to decrease catheter use, our institution adopted a nurse-driven Foley catheter protocol in May 2015 that allowed nurses to remove Foley catheters that did not meet criteria. We conducted a retrospective medical records review of patients who had Foley catheter–associated trauma occurring between February 2013 and March 2018 and compiled …
Expression And Function Of Transcription Factors Foxa1, Hoxb13 And Cdx2 In Prostate Cancer, 2021 Portland State University
Expression And Function Of Transcription Factors Foxa1, Hoxb13 And Cdx2 In Prostate Cancer, Hamsat B. Anwar
University Honors Theses
Prostate cancer (PC) is the second leading cause of death in men, affecting around 190 thousand patients in 2020 alone (National Institute of Cancer, 2020). Much of the current research focuses on treatments for advanced PC, which is problematic due to the rapid evolution of tumors and development of treatment resistance. Cancer early detection presents a better approach to control and treat patients before they acquire an incurable disease. Earlier diagnosis of patients leads to better prognosis and a more comfortable treatment process (Etzioni et al., 2003). However, we currently lack molecular markers to stratify PC during its early stages. …
Analysis Of 114 Pedigrees Of Renal Stone Patients: A Retrospective Review, 2021 Aga Khan University
Analysis Of 114 Pedigrees Of Renal Stone Patients: A Retrospective Review, Syed Raziuddin Biyabani, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Daniya Umer, Zehra Kazmi, Hussam Uddin Soomro, Rubab Mansoor
Section of Urology
Background: Renal and ureteric stones (RS) can form due to genetic, metabolic, environmental, and diet-hydration related factors. Studies have shown that patients with family history (FH) of RS have higher likelihood of recurrence.
Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study on 114 pedigrees to investigate the impact of FH on recurrence of RS and examine patterns of inheritance. Results: Family history of renal stone disease was found in 42% of all patients. There was a significant increase of stone recurrence in RS patients with a positive FH (p=0.001). Seventy-one percent of patients with recurrent stones had at least …
Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, 2021 Aga Khan University
Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Hammad Ather
Section of Urology
Objectives: To identify non-invasive predictors of response to tamsulosin 0.4 mg in patients with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO).
Methods: Males ≥ 50 years of age with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of BPO for over three months were included in the study. We assessed change in the mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and maximum flow rate (Qmax) after six weeks of medical therapy. Clinical and uroflowmetry parameters were compared between two groups of patients with >25% vs. <25% change in the IPSS after treatment. Pre- and post-treatment post-void residue (PVR), Qmax, and IPSS were compared by independent t-test, univariate/multivariate regression analysis.
Results: A total of 121 patients were included. At presentation, the mean prostate size was 35.7±12.2 grams and the mean IPSS …25%>
Collaborative Review: Factors Influencing Treatment Decisions For Patients With A Localized Solid Renal Mass., 2021 Thomas Jefferson University
Collaborative Review: Factors Influencing Treatment Decisions For Patients With A Localized Solid Renal Mass., Thenappan Chandrasekar, Stephen A. Boorjian, Umberto Capitanio, Boris Gershman, Maria Carmen Mir, Alexander Kutikov
Department of Urology Faculty Papers
CONTEXT: With the addition of active surveillance and thermal ablation (TA) to the urologist's established repertoire of partial (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) as first-line management options for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC), appropriate treatment decision-making has become increasingly nuanced.
OBJECTIVE: To critically review the treatment options for localized, nonrecurrent RCC; to highlight the patient, renal function, tumor, and provider factors that influence treatment decisions; and to provide a framework to conceptualize that decision-making process.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A collaborative critical review of the medical literature was conducted.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: We identify three key decision points when managing localized RCC: (1) …
Two-Year Outcomes Of The Artisan-Snm Study For The Treatment Of Urinary Urgency Incontinence With The Axonics Rechargeable Sacral Neuromodulation System, 2021 Beaumont Health
Two-Year Outcomes Of The Artisan-Snm Study For The Treatment Of Urinary Urgency Incontinence With The Axonics Rechargeable Sacral Neuromodulation System, Andrea Pezzella, Rebecca Mccrery, Felicia Lane, Kevin Benson, Chris Taylor, Kenneth M. Peters
Conference Presentation Abstracts
Introduction: Sacral neuromodulation is a guideline-recommended therapy for treatment of urinary urgency incontinence (UUI) patients . The Axonics® System is the first FDA-approved rechargeable SNM system that is qualified to delivery therapy for at least 15 years. The ARTISAN-SNM study is a prospective, pivotal study, designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Axonics System for UUI treatment. Clinical outcomes at 2 years are presented. Methods: 129 UUI participants across 19 centers in the US and Europe were implanted with the Axonics System in a single, non-staged procedure. Clinical outcomes were reported from 3-day bladder diaries, a validated quality …
Factors Influencing General Surgeons To Involve Urologists In Bladder Trauma Management, 2021 Thomas Jefferson University
Factors Influencing General Surgeons To Involve Urologists In Bladder Trauma Management, Joseph Schultz, Paul Chung, Md
Introduction: Bladder trauma injuries, which are graded by severity, often require immediate care and surgical management by General Surgeons (GS) or Urologists. This study seeks to understand the inconsistencies that exist in collaboration between GS and Urologists in bladder trauma management. We hypothesize that the decision for GS to involve Urologists in bladder trauma management is a multifactorial decision with severity of bladder trauma being the primary determining factor as opposed to other factors like provider experience or hospital setting.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study surveyed GS to determine how likely they were to involve Urologists in bladder trauma …
Urosim, 2021 Thomas Jefferson University
Urosim, Robert Abishek, Bryan Nardone, Jasmine Wang, Christopher Wetzel, Rob Pugliese
Designing a more cost-efficient method for ureteroscopy simulation training that involves 3D printing an anatomically-accurate model of a patient’s renal pelvicalyceal system.