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Analysis Of Racial/Ethnic Disparities And Language Barriers In Radiation Therapy, Carrie Warner 2020 Grand Valley State University

Analysis Of Racial/Ethnic Disparities And Language Barriers In Radiation Therapy, Carrie Warner

Honors Projects

It is important for every patient within healthcare to have access to and receive quality care no matter their race, ethnicity, and/or primary language. Focusing on cancer care in the United States, there are racial and ethnic disparities as well as language barriers, both within the English language itself and with foreign languages, that prevent patients from receiving high quality care. This meta-analysis provides evidence of current disparities within healthcare that can be applied to the radiation oncology department and reveals suggestions for advancements including the use of language-concordant physicians and medical interpreters. Some of the policies, plans, and ...


A Systematic Review Of Home-Based Dietary Interventions During Radiation Therapy For Cancer., Taylor H Allenby, Megan L Crenshaw, Katlynn Mathis, Colin E Champ, Nicole L Simone, Kathryn H Schmitz, Leila T Tchelebi, Nicholas G Zaorsky 2020 Penn State Cancer Institute

A Systematic Review Of Home-Based Dietary Interventions During Radiation Therapy For Cancer., Taylor H Allenby, Megan L Crenshaw, Katlynn Mathis, Colin E Champ, Nicole L Simone, Kathryn H Schmitz, Leila T Tchelebi, Nicholas G Zaorsky

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: Our objectives are to assess (1) the acceptability and feasibility of dietary interventions for patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT), and (2) the impact of dietary interventions on patient reported outcomes, toxicities, and survival.

Methods: A PICOS/PRISMA/MOOSE selection protocol was used to include articles that evaluate adding dietary interventions to patients receiving RT. Acceptability was defined as (# accepting/# approached); feasibility was (# completing/# approached). Patient-reported outcomes were reported based on questionnaires used in each study and survival was measured from the date of diagnosis until death in each study. Level of evidence was assessed with Center for Evidence-Based Medicine ...


Target Treatment With Stereotactic Radiation For Recurrent Gliomas, Ayesha Ali, Victor E. Chen, Claire Zurlo, James M Taylor, Christian Fernandez, Wenyin Shi 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Target Treatment With Stereotactic Radiation For Recurrent Gliomas, Ayesha Ali, Victor E. Chen, Claire Zurlo, James M Taylor, Christian Fernandez, Wenyin Shi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

High grade gliomas (HGG) have a propensity to recur locally and have poor outcomes. As such, safe and effective treatment is paramount. Target treatment with stereotactic radiation allows safe re-irradiation through minimizing normal brain tissue radiation due to its high precision. In this review, we evaluated the clinical experiences using SRS and FSRT for re-irradiation in HGG. We report the radiobiological advantages and disadvantages of both modalities as well as the safety and efficacy published in current literature.


The Impact Of Prostate Cancer Treatment On Quality Of Life: A Narrative Review With A Focus On Randomized Data., James M Taylor, Victor E. Chen, Ryan C. Miller, Benjamin A. Greenberger 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

The Impact Of Prostate Cancer Treatment On Quality Of Life: A Narrative Review With A Focus On Randomized Data., James M Taylor, Victor E. Chen, Ryan C. Miller, Benjamin A. Greenberger

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Despite excellent oncologic outcomes, the management of localized prostate cancer remains complex and is dependent on multiple factors, including patient life expectancy, medical comorbidities, tumor characteristics, and genetic risk factors. Decades of iterative clinical trials have improved the optimization and utilization of surgical and radiation-based modalities, as well as their combinatorial use with anti-androgen and systemic therapies. While cure rates are high and converging on equivalent disease control should an upfront surgical or radiotherapeutic approach be optimized, the long-term side effects of surgical and radiation-based treatments can differ significantly in nature. Decisions regarding the selection of therapy are therefore best ...


Feasibility Of Removable Balloon Implant For Simultaneous Magnetic Nanoparticle Heating And Hdr Brachytherapy Of Brain Tumor Resection Cavities., Paul R. Stauffer, Dario B. Rodrigues, Robert Goldstein, Thinh Nguyen, Yan Yu, Shuying Wan, Richard Woodward, Michael Gibbs, Ilya L. Vasilchenko, Alexey M. Osintsev, Voichita Bar-Ad, Dennis B. Leeper, Wenyin Shi, Kevin D. Judy, Mark D. Hurwitz 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Feasibility Of Removable Balloon Implant For Simultaneous Magnetic Nanoparticle Heating And Hdr Brachytherapy Of Brain Tumor Resection Cavities., Paul R. Stauffer, Dario B. Rodrigues, Robert Goldstein, Thinh Nguyen, Yan Yu, Shuying Wan, Richard Woodward, Michael Gibbs, Ilya L. Vasilchenko, Alexey M. Osintsev, Voichita Bar-Ad, Dennis B. Leeper, Wenyin Shi, Kevin D. Judy, Mark D. Hurwitz

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

AIM: Hyperthermia (HT) has been shown to improve clinical response to radiation therapy (RT) for cancer. Synergism is dramatically enhanced if HT and RT are combined simultaneously, but appropriate technology to apply treatments together does not exist. This study investigates the feasibility of delivering HT with RT to a 5-10mm annular rim of at-risk tissue around a tumor resection cavity using a temporary thermobrachytherapy (TBT) balloon implant.

METHODS: A balloon catheter was designed to deliver radiation from High Dose Rate (HDR) brachytherapy concurrent with HT delivered by filling the balloon with magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) and immersing it in a radiofrequency ...


Site-Specific Multi Disciplinary Tumour Board Is An Important Milestone In Cancer Patient's Treatment Journey, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sehrish Abrar, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi 2020 Aga Khan University

Site-Specific Multi Disciplinary Tumour Board Is An Important Milestone In Cancer Patient's Treatment Journey, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sehrish Abrar, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi

Department of Radiation Oncology

No abstract provided.


Breast Carcinoma Metastasis In A Resected Meningioma With Early Diagnosis Of Oligometastatic Disease: A Case Report., Christian Fernandez, Louis Cappelli, Sara Chapin,, Lawrence Kenyon, Christopher J Farrell, Wenyin Shi 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Breast Carcinoma Metastasis In A Resected Meningioma With Early Diagnosis Of Oligometastatic Disease: A Case Report., Christian Fernandez, Louis Cappelli, Sara Chapin,, Lawrence Kenyon, Christopher J Farrell, Wenyin Shi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Tumor-to-tumor metastasis describes the ability of primary tumors to metastasize to other primary tumors. These events generally occur in aggressive and widely-metastatic disease, with the appropriate management and significance of these events unknown. A 56-year-old woman with a history of bilateral, localized, invasive lobular breast carcinoma treated with surgery, systemic therapy, and adjuvant radiation presented five and two years post-treatment with progressive neurological symptoms. Imaging revealed an intracranial meningioma, and the patient underwent resection. Pathology revealed metastatic invasive lobular carcinoma cells within the resected meningioma, and the patient was treated with postoperative radiation without sequelae. Subsequent staging scans revealed a ...


Outcomes After Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy As A Bridging Modality To Liver Transplantation For Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Rashi Garg, Kim Foley, Babak Movahedi, Mark Masciocchi, Jacob R. Bledsoe, Linda Ding, Paul Rava, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Shirin Sioshansi 2020 Tufts University

Outcomes After Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy As A Bridging Modality To Liver Transplantation For Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Rashi Garg, Kim Foley, Babak Movahedi, Mark Masciocchi, Jacob R. Bledsoe, Linda Ding, Paul Rava, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Shirin Sioshansi

Radiology Publications

Purpose: For patients with hepatocellular carcinoma awaiting liver transplantation (LT), stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as a bridging treatment to ensure patients maintain priority status and eligibility per Milan criteria. In this study, we aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of SBRT in such situations.

Methods and Materials: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the outcomes of 27 patients treated with SBRT who were listed for LT at 1 institution. Among these, 20 patients with 26 tumors went on to LT and were the focus of this study. Operative reports and postoperative charts were evaluated for potential ...


Develop A High-Throughput Screening Method To Identify C-P4h1 (Collagen Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase 1) Inhibitors From Fda-Approved Chemicals, Shike Wang, Kuo-Hao Lee, Nathália Victoria Araujo, Chang-Guo Zhan, Vivek M. Rangnekar, Ren Xu 2020 University of Kentucky

Develop A High-Throughput Screening Method To Identify C-P4h1 (Collagen Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase 1) Inhibitors From Fda-Approved Chemicals, Shike Wang, Kuo-Hao Lee, Nathália Victoria Araujo, Chang-Guo Zhan, Vivek M. Rangnekar, Ren Xu

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylase 1 (C-P4H1) is an α-ketoglutarate (α-KG)-dependent dioxygenase that catalyzes 4-hydroxylation of proline on collagen. C-P4H1-induced prolyl hydroxylation is required for proper collagen deposition and cancer metastasis. Therefore, targeting C-P4H1 is considered a potential therapeutic strategy for collagen-related cancer progression and metastasis. However, no C-P4H1 inhibitors are available for clinical testing, and the high content assay is currently not available for C-P4H1 inhibitor screening. In the present study, we developed a high-throughput screening assay by quantifying succinate, a byproduct of C-P4H-catalyzed hydroxylation. C-P4H1 is the major isoform of collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylases (CP4Hs) that contributes the majority prolyl ...


Estimating Partial Body Ionizing Radiation Exposure By Automated Cytogenetic Biodosimetry, Peter Rogan 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Estimating Partial Body Ionizing Radiation Exposure By Automated Cytogenetic Biodosimetry, Peter Rogan

Biochemistry Publications

Purpose: Inhomogeneous exposures to ionizing radiation can be detected and quantified with the Dicentric Chromosome Assay (DCA) of metaphase cells. Complete automation of interpretation of the DCA for whole body irradiation has significantly improved throughput without compromising accuracy, however low levels of residual false positive dicentric chromosomes (DCs) have confounded its application for partial body exposure determination.

Materials and Methods: We describe a method of estimating and correcting for false positive DCs in digitally processed images of metaphase cells. Nearly all DCs detected in unirradiated calibration samples are introduced by digital image processing. DC frequencies of irradiated calibration samples and ...


Acute Toxicity And Local Response Using Three Fractions Of High Dose Rate (Hdr) Brachytherapy For Curative Treatment Of Carcinoma Cervix, Nasir Ali, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Asim Hafiz, Benazir Mir, Abdul Qadir Jangda 2020 Aga Khan University

Acute Toxicity And Local Response Using Three Fractions Of High Dose Rate (Hdr) Brachytherapy For Curative Treatment Of Carcinoma Cervix, Nasir Ali, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Asim Hafiz, Benazir Mir, Abdul Qadir Jangda

Department of Radiation Oncology

To determine the acute vaginal mucosal toxicity and clinical response of cervical cancer after definitive treatment with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and three fractions each of 8 Fray (Gy) high dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy (HDR-BT).
Study design: Descriptive study.
Place and duration: Radiation Oncology Section, Department of Oncology, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan from January 2008 till December 2015.
Methodology: Protocol was formulated for carcinoma cervix to complete treatment in 7 weeks. Patients were treated with chemotherapy and pelvic EBRT to a total dose of 45 Gy/25 fractions, followed by three intracavitary HDR brachytherapy fractions of 8 ...


Dosimetric Differences Between Cesium-131 And Iodine-125 Brachytherapy For The Treatment Of Resected Brain Metastases, Menachem Yondorf, Shahdabul Faraz, Andrew Smith, Albert Sabbas, Bhupesh Parashar, Theodore Schwartz, Gabriella Wernicke 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Dosimetric Differences Between Cesium-131 And Iodine-125 Brachytherapy For The Treatment Of Resected Brain Metastases, Menachem Yondorf, Shahdabul Faraz, Andrew Smith, Albert Sabbas, Bhupesh Parashar, Theodore Schwartz, Gabriella Wernicke

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: To compare treatment plans and evaluate dosimetric characteristics of permanent cesium-131 (131Cs) vs. iodine-125 (125I) implants used in brain brachytherapy. Material and methods: Twenty-four patients with 131Cs implants from a prospective phase I/II trial were re-planned with 125I implants. In order to evaluate the volume of brain tissue exposed to radiation therapy (RT), the dose volume histogram was generated for both radioisotopes. To evaluate the dosimetric differences of the two radioisotopes we compared homogeneity (HI) and conformity indices (CI), and dose covering 100% (D100), 90% (D90), 80% (D80), and 50% (D50) of the clinical target volume (CTV). Results ...


Deep Learning Vs. Atlas-Based Models For Fast Auto-Segmentation Of The Masticatory Muscles On Head And Neck Ct Images, Wen Chen, Yimin Li, Brandon A. Dyer, Xue Feng, Shyam Rao, Stanley H. Benedict, Quan Chen, Yi Rong 2020 Central South University, China

Deep Learning Vs. Atlas-Based Models For Fast Auto-Segmentation Of The Masticatory Muscles On Head And Neck Ct Images, Wen Chen, Yimin Li, Brandon A. Dyer, Xue Feng, Shyam Rao, Stanley H. Benedict, Quan Chen, Yi Rong

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Impaired function of masticatory muscles will lead to trismus. Routine delineation of these muscles during planning may improve dose tracking and facilitate dose reduction resulting in decreased radiation-related trismus. This study aimed to compare a deep learning model with a commercial atlas-based model for fast auto-segmentation of the masticatory muscles on head and neck computed tomography (CT) images.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Paired masseter (M), temporalis (T), medial and lateral pterygoid (MP, LP) muscles were manually segmented on 56 CT images. CT images were randomly divided into training (n = 27) and validation (n = 29) cohorts. Two methods were used for ...


Brain Extraction On Mri Scans In Presence Of Diffuse Glioma: Multi-Institutional Performance Evaluation Of Deep Learning Methods And Robust Modality-Agnostic Training, Siddhesh Thakur, Jimit Doshi, Sarthak Pati, Saima Rathore, Chiharu Sako, Michel Bilello, Sung Min Ha, Gaurav Shukla, Adam Flanders, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Mikhail Milchenko, Spencer Liem, BS, Gregory S Alexander, Joseph Lombardo, Joshua D Palmer, Pamela LaMontagne, Arash Nazeri, Sanjay Talbar, Uday Kulkarni, Daniel Marcus, Rivka Colen, Christos Davatzikos, Guray Erus, Spyridon Bakas 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Brain Extraction On Mri Scans In Presence Of Diffuse Glioma: Multi-Institutional Performance Evaluation Of Deep Learning Methods And Robust Modality-Agnostic Training, Siddhesh Thakur, Jimit Doshi, Sarthak Pati, Saima Rathore, Chiharu Sako, Michel Bilello, Sung Min Ha, Gaurav Shukla, Adam Flanders, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Mikhail Milchenko, Spencer Liem, Bs, Gregory S Alexander, Joseph Lombardo, Joshua D Palmer, Pamela Lamontagne, Arash Nazeri, Sanjay Talbar, Uday Kulkarni, Daniel Marcus, Rivka Colen, Christos Davatzikos, Guray Erus, Spyridon Bakas

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Brain extraction, or skull-stripping, is an essential pre-processing step in neuro-imaging that has a direct impact on the quality of all subsequent processing and analyses steps. It is also a key requirement in multi-institutional collaborations to comply with privacy-preserving regulations. Existing automated methods, including Deep Learning (DL) based methods that have obtained state-of-the-art results in recent years, have primarily targeted brain extraction without considering pathologically-affected brains. Accordingly, they perform sub-optimally when applied on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans with apparent pathologies such as brain tumors. Furthermore, existing methods focus on using only T1-weighted MRI scans, even though multi-parametric MRI ...


Log File-Based Dose Reconstruction To Moving Targets During Lung Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy, Andrew S. McGuffey 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Log File-Based Dose Reconstruction To Moving Targets During Lung Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy, Andrew S. Mcguffey

LSU Master's Theses

Purpose: To perform film-based verification of 4D dose reconstruction to moving targets during lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT).

Introduction: Current patient-specific quality assurance measures to test deliverability of plans with dynamic intensity modulation involve delivering beams to static measurement device and comparing the planned dose to measurement. However, motion-induced dose errors are not detected with static measurement. Previous studies have investigated combining machine log data with respiratory tracking to determine moving-target dose. By combining machine log data with anatomic and density information at each breathing phase from 4D-CT, intrafraction anatomical deformation due to respiration may be accounted for. However ...


Covid-19 Medical Papers Have Fewer Women First Authors Than Expected., Jens Peter Andersen, Mathias Wullum Nielsen, Nicole L Simone, Resa E Lewiss, Reshma Jagsi 2020 Aarhus University

Covid-19 Medical Papers Have Fewer Women First Authors Than Expected., Jens Peter Andersen, Mathias Wullum Nielsen, Nicole L Simone, Resa E Lewiss, Reshma Jagsi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in school closures and distancing requirements that have disrupted both work and family life for many. Concerns exist that these disruptions caused by the pandemic may not have influenced men and women researchers equally. Many medical journals have published papers on the pandemic, which were generated by researchers facing the challenges of these disruptions. Here we report the results of an analysis that compared the gender distribution of authors on 1893 medical papers related to the pandemic with that on papers published in the same journals in 2019, for papers with first authors and last ...


Analytical Setup Margin For Spinal Sbrt Based On Measured Errors, Audrey Copeland 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Analytical Setup Margin For Spinal Sbrt Based On Measured Errors, Audrey Copeland

LSU Master's Theses

Purpose: No consensus currently exists in the radiotherapy community about the correct margin size to use for spinal SBRT. Margins have been proposed to account for various errors individually, but not with all errors combined to result in a single margin value. The purpose of this work was to determine a setup margin for spinal SBRT based on known and measurable errors during radiotherapy to achieve at least 90% coverage of the clinical target volume (CTV) with the prescription dose for at least 90% of patients and not exceed a 30 Gy point dose or 23 Gy to 10% of ...


Successful Stereotactic Radiotherapy Of Meningiomas In A Patient With Cowden Syndrome: A Case Report, Christian Fernandez, MD, Corey Savard, Christopher J Farrell, MD, Wenyin Shi 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Successful Stereotactic Radiotherapy Of Meningiomas In A Patient With Cowden Syndrome: A Case Report, Christian Fernandez, Md, Corey Savard, Christopher J Farrell, Md, Wenyin Shi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Cowden's Syndrome (CS) is a rare disease with increased risk for several carcinomas. Experimental studies and limited case reports have described the negative effects of radiotherapy. A 35-yearold woman presented with newly diagnosed CS and multiple meningiomas. She underwent subtotal resection of a right petroclival meningioma to relieve brainstem compression and received adjuvant fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy 50 Gy in 25 fractions with minimal side effects. Twenty months post-operatively the patient presented with neurological deficits from progression of additional meningiomas. Craniotomy was performed and gross total resection was achieved for all sites of disease. Imaging five months after surgery demonstrated ...


Avoid, Delay, Shorten. Results Of Radiation Oncology’S Covid19 Patient Exposure Risk Mitigation Guidelines, Alex Kubli, MS, Lilya Babinski, BS, Angelia Landers, PhD, Christian Fernandez, MD, Amy Harrison, PhD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Avoid, Delay, Shorten. Results Of Radiation Oncology’S Covid19 Patient Exposure Risk Mitigation Guidelines, Alex Kubli, Ms, Lilya Babinski, Bs, Angelia Landers, Phd, Christian Fernandez, Md, Amy Harrison, Phd

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

We implemented evidence-based COVID19 guidelines on 3/16/20 to minimize patient exposure risks by avoiding, delaying, and shortening patient treatments when possible.

We analyzed the effectiveness of our COVID guidelines by comparing the number of new patient starts and number of treatments before and after implementation.

Our department successfully decreased patient exposure risk by reducing new prescription starts, rates of longer treatment courses, and overall number of treatment encounters in an evidence-based approach.


Irradiation Of N95 Masks For Their Sterilization And Reuse During The Covid19 Pandemic, Tara Tyson, PhD, Alex Kubli, MS, Matthew Mistro, MS, Karen Mooney, PhD, Amy Harrison, PhD, Adam Dicker, MD, PhD 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Irradiation Of N95 Masks For Their Sterilization And Reuse During The Covid19 Pandemic, Tara Tyson, Phd, Alex Kubli, Ms, Matthew Mistro, Ms, Karen Mooney, Phd, Amy Harrison, Phd, Adam Dicker, Md, Phd

House Staff Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Conference (2020-)

Research Objective

We sought to investigate the feasibility of irradiation for N95 mask sterilization.


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