Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Radiation Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

161 Full-Text Articles 854 Authors 8,012 Downloads 26 Institutions

All Articles in Radiation Medicine

Faceted Search

161 full-text articles. Page 7 of 8.

Open Book Testing In Health Science Education: Student Perceptions And Outcomes In Ultrasound Physics, Kim Michael, Tanya M. Custer 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Open Book Testing In Health Science Education: Student Perceptions And Outcomes In Ultrasound Physics, Kim Michael, Tanya M. Custer

Posters and Presentations: Medical Imaging & Therapeutic Sciences

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of open book exams (OBE) in the education of imaging students and to assess the beliefs and perceptions of the students in regard to the use of open book testing.

Subjects & Methods: Study participants included twenty-seven sonography students enrolled in an academic health sciences center. OBE was implemented in two ultrasound physics courses. Data was collected through focus groups & exam outcomes. Creswell’s procedure for data analysis & representation was followed.

Results: Overall outcomes showed no statistically significant difference between exam grades for the different cohorts with the exception of ...


Discriminating Radiation Injury From Recurrent Tumor With [18f]Parpi And Amino Acid Pet In Mouse Models, Patrick L. Donabedian, Susanne Kossatz, John A. Engelbach, Stephen A. Jannetti, Brandon Carney, Robert J. Young, Wolfgang A. Weber, Joel R. Garbow, Thomas Reiner 2018 Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Discriminating Radiation Injury From Recurrent Tumor With [18f]Parpi And Amino Acid Pet In Mouse Models, Patrick L. Donabedian, Susanne Kossatz, John A. Engelbach, Stephen A. Jannetti, Brandon Carney, Robert J. Young, Wolfgang A. Weber, Joel R. Garbow, Thomas Reiner

Publications and Research

Background

Radiation injury can be indistinguishable from recurrent tumor on standard imaging. Current protocols for this differential diagnosis require one or more follow-up imaging studies, long dynamic acquisitions, or complex image post-processing; despite much research, the inability to confidently distinguish between these two entities continues to pose a significant dilemma for the treating clinician. Using mouse models of both glioblastoma and radiation necrosis, we tested the potential of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-targeted PET imaging with [18F]PARPi to better discriminate radiation injury from tumor.

Results

In mice with experimental radiation necrosis, lesion uptake on [18F]PARPi-PET was ...


Tmsotf Assisted Synthesis Of 2’-Deoxy-2’-[18f] Fluoro-Β-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine ([18f] Fac), Kishore K. Gangangari, John L. Humm, Steven M. Larson, Naga Vara Kishore Pillarsetty 2018 CUNY Hunter College

Tmsotf Assisted Synthesis Of 2’-Deoxy-2’-[18f] Fluoro-Β-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine ([18f] Fac), Kishore K. Gangangari, John L. Humm, Steven M. Larson, Naga Vara Kishore Pillarsetty

Publications and Research

[18F]FAC (2’-deoxy-2’-[18F]fluoro-β-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine, 1) is a versatile probe for imaging deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) expression levels in vivo. dCK is responsible for phosphorylation of deoxycytidine (dC, 2) and other nucleoside analogs, plays a key role in immune activation and has demonstrated to be one of the key enzymes in activating nucleoside based drugs including gemcitabine. Reported synthesis of [18F]FAC is high yielding but is quite challenging requiring bromination using HBr and careful drying of excess HBr which is critical for successful synthesis. Here in we report a simplified trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (TMSOTf) assisted synthesis of ...


Analysis Of Clinical Data To Determine The Minimum Number Of Sensors Required For Adequate Skin Temperature Monitoring Of Superficial Hyperthermia Treatments., Akke Bakker, Rebecca Holman, Dario B. Rodrigues, Hana Dobšíček Trefná, Paul R. Stauffer, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Coen R.N. Rasch, Hans Crezee 2018 Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam

Analysis Of Clinical Data To Determine The Minimum Number Of Sensors Required For Adequate Skin Temperature Monitoring Of Superficial Hyperthermia Treatments., Akke Bakker, Rebecca Holman, Dario B. Rodrigues, Hana Dobšíček Trefná, Paul R. Stauffer, Geertjan Van Tienhoven, Coen R.N. Rasch, Hans Crezee

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: Tumor response and treatment toxicity are related to minimum and maximum tissue temperatures during hyperthermia, respectively. Using a large set of clinical data, we analyzed the number of sensors required to adequately monitor skin temperature during superficial hyperthermia treatment of breast cancer patients.

METHODS: Hyperthermia treatments monitored with >60 stationary temperature sensors were selected from a database of patients with recurrent breast cancer treated with re-irradiation (23 × 2 Gy) and hyperthermia using single 434 MHz applicators (effective field size 351-396 cm2). Reduced temperature monitoring schemes involved randomly selected subsets of stationary skin sensors, and another subset simulating continuous ...


Bezoar: Imaging Findings & Case Study Of A Rare Pathology, Tanya M. Custer, Kim Michael 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Bezoar: Imaging Findings & Case Study Of A Rare Pathology, Tanya M. Custer, Kim Michael

Posters and Presentations: Medical Imaging & Therapeutic Sciences

A bezoar is a hard, indigestible mass of material that forms within the alimentary canal, most commonly the stomach.1 Bezoars are classified according to composition. The most common type of bezoar is a phytobezoar composed of indigestible food fibers that occur in fruits & vegetables, including celery, pumpkin, prunes, raisins, & sunflower-seed shells. Other common types of bezoars include trichobezoars, composed of hair, & pharmacobezoars, made of undissolved medications.

A number of risk factors have been associated with bezoar development. Patients who have undergone gastric surgery, such as partial gastrectomy, are at an increased risk of developing a bezoar due to delayed ...


Antibody-Drug Conjugates For Cancer Therapy: Chemistry To Clinical Implications, Nirnoy Dan, Saini Setua, Vivek K. Kashyap, Sheema Khan, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan 2018 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Antibody-Drug Conjugates For Cancer Therapy: Chemistry To Clinical Implications, Nirnoy Dan, Saini Setua, Vivek K. Kashyap, Sheema Khan, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu, Subhash C. Chauhan

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Chemotherapy is one of themajor therapeutic options for cancer treatment. Chemotherapy is often associated with a low therapeutic window due to its poor specificity towards tumor cells/tissues. Antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) technology may provide a potentially new therapeutic solution for cancer treatment. ADC technology uses an antibody-mediated delivery of cytotoxic drugs to the tumors in a targeted manner, while sparing normal cells. Such a targeted approach can improve the tumor-to-normal tissue selectivity and specificity in chemotherapy. Considering its importance in cancer treatment, we aim to review recent efforts for the design and development of ADCs. ADCs are mainly composed of ...


Therapeutic Challenge With A Cdk 4/6 Inhibitor Induces An Rb-Dependent Smac-Mediated Apoptotic Response In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer., Thangavel Chellappagounder, Boopathi Ettickan, Yi Liu, Christopher McNair, Alex Haber, Maryna Perepelyuk, Anshul Bhardwaj, Sankar Addya, Adam Ertel, Sunday Shoyele, Ruth Birbe, Joseph M. Salvino, Adam P. Dicker, Karen E. Knudsen, Robert B. Den 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Therapeutic Challenge With A Cdk 4/6 Inhibitor Induces An Rb-Dependent Smac-Mediated Apoptotic Response In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer., Thangavel Chellappagounder, Boopathi Ettickan, Yi Liu, Christopher Mcnair, Alex Haber, Maryna Perepelyuk, Anshul Bhardwaj, Sankar Addya, Adam Ertel, Sunday Shoyele, Ruth Birbe, Joseph M. Salvino, Adam P. Dicker, Karen E. Knudsen, Robert B. Den

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (RB), a key regulator of cell-cycle progression and proliferation, is functionally suppressed in up to 50% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). RB function is exquisitely controlled by a series of proteins, including the CyclinD-CDK4/6 complex. In this study, we interrogated the capacity of a CDK4/6 inhibitor, palbociclib, to activate RB function.

Experimental Design and Results: We employed multiple isogenic RB-proficient and -deficient NSCLC lines to interrogate the cytostatic and cytotoxic capacity of CDK 4/6 inhibition in vitro and in vivo We demonstrate that while short-term exposure to palbociclib induces cellular senescence ...


Reducing Seed Waste And Increasing Value Of Dynamic Intraoperative Implantation Of Pd-103 Seeds In Prostate Brachytherapy, P. K. Taylor, A, C. Riegel 2018 Northwell Health

Reducing Seed Waste And Increasing Value Of Dynamic Intraoperative Implantation Of Pd-103 Seeds In Prostate Brachytherapy, P. K. Taylor, A, C. Riegel

Journal Articles

© 2018 The Authors. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Association of Physicists in Medicine. Several nomograms exist for ordering palladium-103 seeds for permanent prostate seed implants (PSI). Excess seeds from PSIs pose additional radiation safety risks and increase the cost of care. This study compared five nomograms to clinical data from dynamic modified-peripheral intraoperative PSI to determine (a) the cause of excess seeds and (b) the optimal nomogram for our institution. Pre- and intraoperative patient data were collected for monotherapy PSIs and compiled into a clinical database. All patients were prescribed ...


Pdz-Rhogef Is A Signaling Effector For Troy-Induced Glioblastoma Cell Invasion And Survival, Z. Ding, H. Dhruv, A. Kwiatkowska-Piwowarczyk, R. Ruggieri, J. Kloss, M. Symons, P. Pirrotte, J. M. Eschbacher, N. L. Tran, J. C. Loftus 2018 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Pdz-Rhogef Is A Signaling Effector For Troy-Induced Glioblastoma Cell Invasion And Survival, Z. Ding, H. Dhruv, A. Kwiatkowska-Piwowarczyk, R. Ruggieri, J. Kloss, M. Symons, P. Pirrotte, J. M. Eschbacher, N. L. Tran, J. C. Loftus

Journal Articles

© 2018 The Authors Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common type of malignant brain tumors in adults and has a dismal prognosis. The highly aggressive invasion of malignant cells into the normal brain parenchyma renders complete surgical resection of GBM tumors impossible, increases resistance to therapeutic treatment, and leads to near-universal tumor recurrence. We have previously demonstrated that TROY (TNFRSF19) plays an important role in glioblastoma cell invasion and therapeutic resistance. However, the potential downstream effectors of TROY signaling have not been fully characterized. Here, we identified PDZ-RhoGEF as a binding partner for TROY that potentiated TROY-induced nuclear factor kappa ...


Implementation And Utilization Of Hypofractionation For Breast Cancer, P. Gilbo, L. Potters, L. Lee 2018 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Implementation And Utilization Of Hypofractionation For Breast Cancer, P. Gilbo, L. Potters, L. Lee

Journal Articles

© 2018 The Authors Purpose: Hypofractionation (HF) of whole breast irradiation has become a standard treatment regimen because randomized trials continue to demonstrate equivalence in survival and local control compared with conventional fractionation. In 2011, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) adopted clinical guidelines on the proper selection of HF. Nevertheless, utilization remains lower than predicted. We evaluate the effects of clinical directives that serve as default treatment decisions and prospective contouring rounds on the implementation of HF in a large, multicenter radiation oncology department. Methods and materials: In 2010, we implemented consensus-driven and evidence-based clinical directives to guide treatment ...


Intermediate-Risk Meningioma: Initial Outcomes From Nrg Oncology Rtog 0539, L. Rogers, P. Zhang, M. A. Vogelbaum, A. Perry, L. S. Ashby, J. M. Modi, A. M. Alleman, J. Galvin, J. P. S. Knisely, M. P. Mehta, +5 additional authors 2018 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Intermediate-Risk Meningioma: Initial Outcomes From Nrg Oncology Rtog 0539, L. Rogers, P. Zhang, M. A. Vogelbaum, A. Perry, L. S. Ashby, J. M. Modi, A. M. Alleman, J. Galvin, J. P. S. Knisely, M. P. Mehta, +5 Additional Authors

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Restricted Single Isocenter For Multiple Targets Dynamic Conformal Arc (Rsimt Dca) Technique For Brain Stereotactic Radiosurgery (Srs) Planning., J. Chang, A. G. Wernicke, S. C. Pano 2018 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Restricted Single Isocenter For Multiple Targets Dynamic Conformal Arc (Rsimt Dca) Technique For Brain Stereotactic Radiosurgery (Srs) Planning., J. Chang, A. G. Wernicke, S. C. Pano

Journal Articles

In stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), the multiple isocenters for multiple targets dynamic conformal arc (MIMT DCA) technique is traditionally used to treat multiple brain metastases, with one isocenter for each target. The single isocenter for multiple targets (SIMT) technique has recently been adopted to reduce the treatment time at the cost of plan quality. The objective of this study was to develop a restricted single isocenter for multiple targets DCA (RSIMT DCA) technique that can significantly reduce the treatment time but still maintain similar plan quality as the MIMT DCA technique.Treating multiple brain metastases with a single isocenter poses a ...


Outlier Identification In Radiation Therapy Knowledge-Based Planning: A Study Of Pelvic Cases., Yang Sheng, Yaorong Ge, Lulin Yuan, Taoran Li, Fang-Fang Yin, Qingrong Jackie Wu 2017 Duke University Medical Cente; Duke University

Outlier Identification In Radiation Therapy Knowledge-Based Planning: A Study Of Pelvic Cases., Yang Sheng, Yaorong Ge, Lulin Yuan, Taoran Li, Fang-Fang Yin, Qingrong Jackie Wu

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to apply statistical metrics to identify outliers and to investigate the impact of outliers on knowledge-based planning in radiation therapy of pelvic cases. We also aimed to develop a systematic workflow for identifying and analyzing geometric and dosimetric outliers.

METHODS: Four groups (G1-G4) of pelvic plans were sampled in this study. These include the following three groups of clinical IMRT cases: G1 (37 prostate cases), G2 (37 prostate plus lymph node cases) and G3 (37 prostate bed cases). Cases in G4 were planned in accordance with dynamic-arc radiation therapy procedure and include 10 ...


The Interprofessional Academy Of Educators: Inclusive, Collaborative, Innovative, Tanya M. Custer, Kim Michael 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Interprofessional Academy Of Educators: Inclusive, Collaborative, Innovative, Tanya M. Custer, Kim Michael

Posters and Presentations: Medical Imaging & Therapeutic Sciences

Issue to be addressed: To elevate the educational mission of the institution, UNMC established the Interprofessional Academy of Educators in 2016. Designed by educators for educators, this interprofessional community strives to improve health professions education by encouraging curricular innovation, supporting educational scholarship & offering mentorship for early career and seasoned educators.

Method: The inaugural class included a unique blend of medical scholars from 8 Colleges, 2 Institutes, Academic Affairs, IT Services, and Library Sciences. Members span a 500-mile wide campus. Eight SIGs foster interprofessional collaboration & scholarship. An academically diverse leadership team of five oversees the Academy.


Knowledge, Attitude And Perceptions Of Muslim Cancer Patients Regarding Cancer Treatment During Ramadan: Results From A Tertiary Care Hospital Karachi, Afshan Asghar Rasheed, Yasmin Abdul Rashid, Farah Tahir Pirzada, Fawad Haroon, Adnan Jabbar, Ahmed Raheem Buksh 2017 Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation

Knowledge, Attitude And Perceptions Of Muslim Cancer Patients Regarding Cancer Treatment During Ramadan: Results From A Tertiary Care Hospital Karachi, Afshan Asghar Rasheed, Yasmin Abdul Rashid, Farah Tahir Pirzada, Fawad Haroon, Adnan Jabbar, Ahmed Raheem Buksh

Department of Radiation Oncology

Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude of Muslim cancer patients regarding cancer treatment during Ramadan.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from July to August 2015, and comprised cancer patients. .Adult Muslim cancer patients receiving active oncological treatment or on surveillance were included. Patients on only supportive treatment were excluded. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis.
Results: Of the 265 patients, 87(32.8%) were males and 178(67.2%) were females. The overall mean age was 49±13.87 years. Besides, 184(70.9%) patients belonged to the middle class ...


Association Between Cumulative Radiation Dose, Adverse Skin Reactions, And Changes In Surface Hemoglobin Among Women Undergoing Breast Conserving Therapy, Michael S. Chin, Leah Siegel-Reamer, Gordon A. FitzGerald, Allison Wyman, Nikole M. Connor, Yuan-Chyuan Lo, Shirin Sioshansi, Janaki Moni, Maria Giulia Cicchetti, Janice F. Lalikos, Thomas J. Fitzgerald 2017 Harvard University

Association Between Cumulative Radiation Dose, Adverse Skin Reactions, And Changes In Surface Hemoglobin Among Women Undergoing Breast Conserving Therapy, Michael S. Chin, Leah Siegel-Reamer, Gordon A. Fitzgerald, Allison Wyman, Nikole M. Connor, Yuan-Chyuan Lo, Shirin Sioshansi, Janaki Moni, Maria Giulia Cicchetti, Janice F. Lalikos, Thomas J. Fitzgerald

Radiation Oncology Publications

Introduction: Radiation therapy is crucial to effective cancer treatment. Modern treatment strategies have reduced possible skin injury, but few clinical studies have addressed the dose relationship between radiation exposure and skin reaction. This prospective clinical study analyzes skin oxygenation/perfusion in patients undergoing fractionated breast conserving therapy via hyperspectral imaging (HSI).

Methods: Forty-three women undergoing breast conserving therapy were enrolled in this study. Optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters (OSLDs) measured radiation exposure in four sites: treatment breast, lumpectomy scar, medial tattoo and the control breast. The oxygenation/perfusion states of these sites were prospectively imaged before and after each treatment fraction ...


Establishment Of Site Specific Multi-Disciplinary Tumour Boards In Pakistan: Sharing Experience Of Neuro Oncology Team Based At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Muhammad Waqas, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi 2017 Aga Khan University

Establishment Of Site Specific Multi-Disciplinary Tumour Boards In Pakistan: Sharing Experience Of Neuro Oncology Team Based At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Muhammad Waqas, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi

Section of Neurosurgery

No abstract provided.


Nfatc3 And Vip In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, A. M. Szema, E. Forsyth, B. Ying, S. A. Hamidi, J. J. Chen, S. Hwang, J. C. Li, D. S. Dwyer, J. M. Ramiro-Diaz, L. V. Gonzalez Bosc, +1 additional author 2017 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Nfatc3 And Vip In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis And Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, A. M. Szema, E. Forsyth, B. Ying, S. A. Hamidi, J. J. Chen, S. Hwang, J. C. Li, D. S. Dwyer, J. M. Ramiro-Diaz, L. V. Gonzalez Bosc, +1 Additional Author

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Repurposing Mebendazole As A Replacement For Vincristine For The Treatment Of Brain Tumors, M. De Witt, A. Gamble, D. Hanson, D. Markowitz, C. Powell, S. Al Dimassi, M. Atlas, J. Boockvar, R. Ruggieri, M. Symons 2017 Northwell Health

Repurposing Mebendazole As A Replacement For Vincristine For The Treatment Of Brain Tumors, M. De Witt, A. Gamble, D. Hanson, D. Markowitz, C. Powell, S. Al Dimassi, M. Atlas, J. Boockvar, R. Ruggieri, M. Symons

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The More Igrt Systems, The Merrier?, B. Sun, J. Chang, Y. Rong 2017 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

The More Igrt Systems, The Merrier?, B. Sun, J. Chang, Y. Rong

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress