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The Epidemiology, Evaluation, And Assessment Of Lateral Ankle Sprains In Athletes, G. Javier Cavazos Jr., Lawrence B. Harkless 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Epidemiology, Evaluation, And Assessment Of Lateral Ankle Sprains In Athletes, G. Javier Cavazos Jr., Lawrence B. Harkless

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Approximately 30,000 ankle injuries occur every day in the United States. With the incidence estimated at more than 3 million a year and at a rate of 2.15/1,000 in the U.S. alone, medical specialists and other healthcare providers caring for the foot and ankle must take notice. Despite the millions of ankle injuries sustained annually, the true incidence may be underestimated, as fewer than half of individuals with ankle sprains seek medical attention from healthcare professionals. The economic burden associated with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment is close to $4 billion annually. Ankle sprains account for half of all sports …


Minimally Invasive Surgery For Septic Arthritis Of The First Metatarsophalangeal Joint: An Uncommon Approach Utilizing Small Joint Arthroscopy, Michael Thomas, Hinal Patel, Jeffrey Belancio 2021 Rowan University

Minimally Invasive Surgery For Septic Arthritis Of The First Metatarsophalangeal Joint: An Uncommon Approach Utilizing Small Joint Arthroscopy, Michael Thomas, Hinal Patel, Jeffrey Belancio

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Small joint arthroscopy can be utilized for septic arthritis, synovitis, osteochondral lesions, arthritis, and various other pathologies. However, information regarding arthroscopy of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) is limited in the literature. This case report discusses the use of arthroscopy for septic arthritis of the 1st MTPJ.


Cadaveric Endoscopic Gastrocnemius Recession Procedures To Identify Vital Anatomical Structures And Limit Intraoperative And Post-Operative Complications, Austin Combs 2021 Otterbein University

Cadaveric Endoscopic Gastrocnemius Recession Procedures To Identify Vital Anatomical Structures And Limit Intraoperative And Post-Operative Complications, Austin Combs

Undergraduate Distinction Papers

Gastrocnemius equinus contracture plays a role in a multitude of patient pathologies, conditions, and deformities seen in podiatric medicine (Barrett, 2011). Equinus deformity is associated with over 96% of the biomechanically-related foot and ankle pathologies including hallux valgus, metatarsalgia, capsulitis, pes planus, plantar fasciitis, tendonitis, and others (Deheer, 2015). These pathologies are linked with a decreased range of motion in the ankle joint specifically in dorsiflexion. Corrective approaches can be taken to reduce pathology if the patient presents prior to any major deformity. The aim of this study is to better define the location of the small saphenous vein and …


A Comparison Of Neuropathy Quality Of Life Tools: Norfolk Qol-Dn, Pn-Qol-97, And Neuroqol-28, Jennifer Joy Brown, Sheri R. Colberg, Shana Pribesh, Kimberly G. Baskette, Aaron I. Vinik 2021 Old Dominion University

A Comparison Of Neuropathy Quality Of Life Tools: Norfolk Qol-Dn, Pn-Qol-97, And Neuroqol-28, Jennifer Joy Brown, Sheri R. Colberg, Shana Pribesh, Kimberly G. Baskette, Aaron I. Vinik

Human Movement Sciences & Special Education Faculty Publications

Aims To explore the effectiveness of the Norfolk QOL-DN (QOL-DN), PN-QOL-97, and NeuroQOL-28 as tools for early detection of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in overweight, obese, and inactive (OOI), prediabetes (PD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D) individuals.

Methods Thirty-four adults were divided by A1C [(10 OOI, 13 PD, and 11 T2D] and the sural nerves were tested bilaterally via NC-Stat DPN Check, conducting a sural nerve conduction study (NCS). Participants were individually timed, filling out questionnaires (QOL-DN, NeuroQOL-28, and PN-QOL-97) at a self-selected pace. Data were analyzed and compared to NCS findings to determine the best instrument for early neuropathy detection, …


Lumbopelvic Stability And Trunk Muscle Contractility Of Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability, Ryan S. McCann, Kelly Johnson, Ashley M.B. Suttmiller 2021 Old Dominion University

Lumbopelvic Stability And Trunk Muscle Contractility Of Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability, Ryan S. Mccann, Kelly Johnson, Ashley M.B. Suttmiller

Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) results in hip neuromuscular impairments that can perpetuate dysfunction through reduced lumbopelvic stability and subsequent malpositioning of the lower body during functional movement. Lumbopelvic stability might be further impaired through changes in trunk muscular contractility. However, lumbopelvic stability and trunk muscle morphology have not been compared between individuals with and without CAI.

PURPOSE: To compare lumbopelvic stability and trunk muscle contractility between individuals with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI) and determine if lumbopelvic stability and trunk muscle contractility are associated with self-reported function.

STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study.

METHODS: Ten individuals with CAI, 10 …


The Implementation Of Diabetic Foot Care Into Primary Care, Shelby D. Strong 2020 Valparaiso University

The Implementation Of Diabetic Foot Care Into Primary Care, Shelby D. Strong

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common metabolic diseases worldwide. It can lead to complications in many parts of the body and can increase overall risk of dying prematurely (World Health Organization (WHO), 2016). Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in the feet is one of the most frequent complications of DM (Wang et al., 2017). Other lower extremity complications which can occur as a result of diabetic foot complication (DFC) includes peripheral artery disease (PAD), infection, ulcer and amputation. One of the obstacles for preventing (DFC) is the lack of examinations of the feet in clinical practice (Feitosa et …


Bullet Hole Sinus Tarsi: Functional And Radiographic Outcomes Following A Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wound To The Talus With Vascular Injury, Eric P. Krznaric DPM, John R. Greaves DPM, Jason C. Spector DPM, Alan A. MacGill DPM, Christopher Ochner 2020 HCA Healthcare

Bullet Hole Sinus Tarsi: Functional And Radiographic Outcomes Following A Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wound To The Talus With Vascular Injury, Eric P. Krznaric Dpm, John R. Greaves Dpm, Jason C. Spector Dpm, Alan A. Macgill Dpm, Christopher Ochner

Podiatry

No abstract provided.


Staged Management Of High-Energy Complex Tibial Pilon Fractures, Gan Golshteyn DPM, Gina Nguyen DPM, Bradley Roth DO, Marie Williams DPM 2020 HCA Healthcare

Staged Management Of High-Energy Complex Tibial Pilon Fractures, Gan Golshteyn Dpm, Gina Nguyen Dpm, Bradley Roth Do, Marie Williams Dpm

Podiatry

No abstract provided.


A Unique Schwannoma Of The Distal Hallux: A Case Study, Rebecca D. Stack DPM, Brett Sachs DPM FACFAS, Dustin Kruse DPM, Paul A. Stone DPM, FACFAS 2020 HCA Healthcare

A Unique Schwannoma Of The Distal Hallux: A Case Study, Rebecca D. Stack Dpm, Brett Sachs Dpm Facfas, Dustin Kruse Dpm, Paul A. Stone Dpm, Facfas

Podiatry

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Venous Thromboembolic Prophylaxis On Surgical Incision Healing, Rebecca Stack DPM, Brett Sachs DPM FACFAS, Dustin Kruse DPM, Paul A. Stone DPM, FACFAS 2020 HCA Healthcare

Effect Of Venous Thromboembolic Prophylaxis On Surgical Incision Healing, Rebecca Stack Dpm, Brett Sachs Dpm Facfas, Dustin Kruse Dpm, Paul A. Stone Dpm, Facfas

Podiatry

No abstract provided.


Isolated Forefoot Juvenile Xanthogranuloma: Unique Case Study And Treatment In A Pediatric Patient, Brian Derner DPM, Kristine Hoffman, Amy Storfa MD, Dustin Kruse DPM, Paul A. Stone DPM, FACFAS 2020 HCA Healthcare

Isolated Forefoot Juvenile Xanthogranuloma: Unique Case Study And Treatment In A Pediatric Patient, Brian Derner Dpm, Kristine Hoffman, Amy Storfa Md, Dustin Kruse Dpm, Paul A. Stone Dpm, Facfas

Podiatry

Juvenile xanthogranulomas (JXG) are a benign histiocytic cell proliferative disorder in early childhood. They most commonly present within the first two years of life with papular or nodular changes to the skin on the head, neck or upper trunk. Xanthogranulomas are mostly self-limiting, can be singular or multiple, and rarely can infer a systemic disease process1. The purpose of this study was to publish a unique finding of an extra-tendinous solitary mass in an otherwise healthy 17-year old, with surgical and medical treatment after diagnosis.


Program Evaluation In Women's Health Integration For Podiatric Residents, Nilin M. Rao DPM, Carol A. Stamm MD, Elizabeth Ihler MD, Dustin Kruse DPM, Paul A. Stone DPM, FACFAS 2020 HCA Healthcare

Program Evaluation In Women's Health Integration For Podiatric Residents, Nilin M. Rao Dpm, Carol A. Stamm Md, Elizabeth Ihler Md, Dustin Kruse Dpm, Paul A. Stone Dpm, Facfas

Podiatry

As the podiatric profession strives for professional and financial parity with allopathic and osteopathic colleagues, podiatric medical education has been transformed at both undergraduate and graduate levels to more closely align in important ways. The purpose of this program evaluation is to share the benefits of including a women’s health rotation into the required graduate medical training curriculum, share the initial experience of the first resident cohort receiving this training, and provide ideas to other programs that may be interested in providing similar program implementation for their residents.


Atypical Spindle Cell Lipomatous Tumor Under The Sesamoids In The Foot: A Case Report, Nilin M. Rao DPM, Hani H. Saeed DPM, MD, FACFAS, Dustin Kruse DPM, Bryan Raymond DPM, Paul A. Stone DPM, FACFAS 2020 HCA Healthcare

Atypical Spindle Cell Lipomatous Tumor Under The Sesamoids In The Foot: A Case Report, Nilin M. Rao Dpm, Hani H. Saeed Dpm, Md, Facfas, Dustin Kruse Dpm, Bryan Raymond Dpm, Paul A. Stone Dpm, Facfas

Podiatry

Atypical spindle cell lipomatous (ASCL) tumors have a distinct histological and clinical presentation, rarely presenting in the foot. With the sub-sesamoidal location of this neoplasm found in our case report being an unusual location for atypical spindle cell lipomatous tumors to present, the purpose of our case report was to present the clinical presentation, histology/pathology, method of resection and outcome of our patient on follow-up to provide a framework for other surgeons on how to approach these neoplasms in the future.


Flexor Tenotomy For The Treatment Of Hallux Ulcers, Nathalia Esmeral, Val E. Haddon, Chase G. Dahl, Erin Lewis, David Khakshoor 2020 HCA Healthcare

Flexor Tenotomy For The Treatment Of Hallux Ulcers, Nathalia Esmeral, Val E. Haddon, Chase G. Dahl, Erin Lewis, David Khakshoor

Podiatry

Aims: To assess and evaluate the relationship between flexor tenotomies in a clinical setting and the time course for healing neuropathic, diabetic and structural deformity hallux ulcers.

Methods: This retrospective study analyzes the medical files of 1,471 patients treated for digital foot ulcers by flexor tenotomies between September 2011 and January 2019. For the intent of this particular research, focus was preserved towards the effect of flexor tenotomy on healing time to address hallux ulcers. A total of 97 patients between the ages of 41 and 86 years old underwent flexor tenotomy for the treatment of hallux ulcers with a …


Operative Intervention Does Not Change Pain Perception In Patients With Diabetic Foot Ulcers, Olivia V. Waldman, Stephanie P. Hao, Jeff R. Houck, Nicolette J. Lee, Judith F. Baumhauer, Irvin Oh 2020 George Fox University

Operative Intervention Does Not Change Pain Perception In Patients With Diabetic Foot Ulcers, Olivia V. Waldman, Stephanie P. Hao, Jeff R. Houck, Nicolette J. Lee, Judith F. Baumhauer, Irvin Oh

Faculty Publications - College of Physical Therapy

Researchers investigated pain perception in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) by analyzing pre- and postoperative physical function (PF), pain interference (PI), and depression domains of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS). They hypothesized that 1) because of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), a majority of patients with DFUs would have high PROMIS PI scores unchanged by operative intervention, and 2) the initially assessed PI, PF, and depression levels would be correlated with final outcomes. Seventy-five percent of patients with DFUs reported pain, most likely because of painful DPN. Those who reported high PI and low PF were likely …


Traumatic Compartment Syndrome Of The Foot: A Case Report, Mansi Patel, Asim Qureshi, Matthew K. Brant 2019 Rowan University

Traumatic Compartment Syndrome Of The Foot: A Case Report, Mansi Patel, Asim Qureshi, Matthew K. Brant

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Compartment syndrome of the foot is a rare but limb threatening condition that is often difficult to diagnose. It is usually caused by traumatic injuries and the diagnosis requires a high clinical suspicion and timely management. Clinically, patients will present with an acute traumatic event followed by physical exam findings of non-palpable pulses, paralysis, pallor, pain out of proportion, and paresthesias. The foot contains nine compartments, which should be assessed independently for elevated pressures. The diagnostic threshold for each compartment is 30 mmHg. Pressures above this threshold require emergent fasciotomy to preserve the anatomical structures and thus the function of …


Mri Findings After A Subchondroplasty Procedure Of The Ankle: A Case Report, Michael E. Calderone, Mansi Patel, Matthew K. Brant 2019 Rowan University

Mri Findings After A Subchondroplasty Procedure Of The Ankle: A Case Report, Michael E. Calderone, Mansi Patel, Matthew K. Brant

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle is a common disease and it is estimated that almost 1% of the world’s adult population have a painful ankle. Often in patients who fail conservative treatment, the use of an MRI is deemed necessary to identify pathologies. Bone marrow lesions (BMLs) seen on MRI have been recognized as a source of the ankle pain. Majority of the BMLs fluctuate in size over time and are seen as hyperintense lesions on MRI.We present MRI findings of a patient following arthroscopy with subchondroplasty.


Development And Exploration Of A Z-Shaped Foot And Ankle Internal Fixation Plate, Rhaz Shaghaghi Paul, Ian Hames, Sean Rich 2019 The University of Akron

Development And Exploration Of A Z-Shaped Foot And Ankle Internal Fixation Plate, Rhaz Shaghaghi Paul, Ian Hames, Sean Rich

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This paper will detail the design process of developing a Z-shaped foot and ankle internal fixation plating system. Group 6: Plates for the Sole was made up of 5 team members, who worked together to accommodate their client’s request to complete a biomechanical analysis of a Z-Plate design and a construct a prototype. The Z-Plate’s purpose is to provide podiatrists with a new solution that can fit nicely on the small, irregular bones of the foot, while also remaining strong enough to withstand the forces and torques of the foot.


Tibiotalar Arthrodesis: Development Of A Novel Jig And Alignment Guide, Adam Mathew Ropchan 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Tibiotalar Arthrodesis: Development Of A Novel Jig And Alignment Guide, Adam Mathew Ropchan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Tibiotalar arthrodesis is a surgical procedure, used for the treatment of end-stage ankle arthrosis and instability. There are dozens of described procedures in the literature, all with varying rates of success. Two of the most common reasons for reoperation in tibiotalar arthrodesis are nonunion and infection; few studies have established any associations between patient/surgical factors and reoperation for nonunion and infection.

The first part of this thesis focuses on determining the rate of reoperation to the ipsilateral lower limb and if any patient/surgical factors are associated with reoperation for nonunion and infection. The second part of this thesis turns attention …


Reconstruction Of Heel Soft Tissue Defects Using Sensate Medial Plantar Flap, Mihaela Pertea, Natalia Velenciuc, Oxana Grosu, Bogdan Veliceasa, Vladimir Poroch, Sorinel Lunca 2018 Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi, St. Spiridon Emergency County Hospital, Department of Plastic Surgery and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Iasi, Romania

Reconstruction Of Heel Soft Tissue Defects Using Sensate Medial Plantar Flap, Mihaela Pertea, Natalia Velenciuc, Oxana Grosu, Bogdan Veliceasa, Vladimir Poroch, Sorinel Lunca

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. Reconstruction of heel soft tissue defects represents a true challenge for any surgeon due to the particularities of this anatomical region. The tissue used to reconstruct the heel area must be resistant, innervated, and adapted to take over the body weight. Innervated medial plantar fasciocutaneous flap is one of the best solutions to cover defects at the heel level.

Materials and Methods. We studied 5 patients, 4 males and one female, aged 42 to 67 years, who presented heel soft tissue defects of various etiologies. In all cases, the used reconstructive method was an insular innervated medial plantar fasciocutaneous …


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