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Optimal Fixation Requirements For Lapidus Bunionectomies: A Comprehensive Review And Analysis, Nehal Modha, Diego Peralta, Warren Windram 2023 HCA Healthcare

Optimal Fixation Requirements For Lapidus Bunionectomies: A Comprehensive Review And Analysis, Nehal Modha, Diego Peralta, Warren Windram

East Florida Research Day 2023

The Lapidus bunionectomy procedure, aimed at correcting hallux valgus deformities, involves realignment of the first metatarsal-cuneiform joint and often necessitates fixation to ensure proper alignment and stability during the healing process. A comprehensive literature review was completed by the authors using Google Scholar, Pubmed, Cochrane Review, and Science Direct using a combination of phrases related to the title of this article to determine the optimal fixation requirements for successful outcomes in Lapidus bunionectomies.

A systematic search of electronic databases that reported on fixation techniques, outcomes, and complications associated with Lapidus bunionectomies. Analysis of these studies revealed a wide range of …


The Location And Incidence Of Neuromas As Related To Metatarsal Juxtaposition On Radiographs: A Prospective Review Of Consecutively Enrolled Patients, Giacat Pham, Taylor Bergstrom, Liz Connolly, JiHae Kim, Spencer Stringham, Josh Joseph, Kaitlin Thompson, Hisham Ashry 2023 HCA Healthcare

The Location And Incidence Of Neuromas As Related To Metatarsal Juxtaposition On Radiographs: A Prospective Review Of Consecutively Enrolled Patients, Giacat Pham, Taylor Bergstrom, Liz Connolly, Jihae Kim, Spencer Stringham, Josh Joseph, Kaitlin Thompson, Hisham Ashry

East Florida Research Day 2023

INTRODUCTION: Neuromas are commonly diagnosed at the third interspace, and are known as morton’s neuromas. It is not a true neuroma, but rather degeneration of myelinated nerve fiber with associated histopathological changes of the interdigital nerve within the foot. This condition is a degenerative process rather than neoplastic. The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not third interspace neuromas truly are the most common location for a neuroma when compared to other interspaces of the foot.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the medical records of 100 patients diagnosed with interspace neuromas from private practices …


Current Treatment Options For Avn (Freiberg's Infraction) Of The Second Metatarsophalangeal Joint, Nehal Modha, Fahad Rahman, Warren Windram 2023 HCA Healthcare

Current Treatment Options For Avn (Freiberg's Infraction) Of The Second Metatarsophalangeal Joint, Nehal Modha, Fahad Rahman, Warren Windram

East Florida Research Day 2023

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the second metatarsal is a debilitating condition characterized by the loss of blood supply to the bone, leading to cellular death and potential collapse of the affected metatarsal head. This study presents a comprehensive review of contemporary literature to elucidate the spectrum of treatment options available for managing AVN of the second metatarsal.

A systematic search of reputable medical databases yielded a total of 38 pertinent studies detailing various treatment modalities for AVN of the second metatarsal. The review encompassed surgical and non-surgical approaches, evaluating their efficacy, long-term outcomes, and complications.

Non-surgical interventions, such as protected …


Mis Calcaneal Fracture Repair: A Literature Review, Nehal Modha, Roshni Patel, Warren Windram 2023 HCA Healthcare

Mis Calcaneal Fracture Repair: A Literature Review, Nehal Modha, Roshni Patel, Warren Windram

East Florida Research Day 2023

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has gained prominence as a viable approach for the management of calcaneal fractures, offering the potential for reduced soft tissue trauma, enhanced visualization, and expedited recovery. This literature review aims to comprehensively analyze the existing body of research on MIS techniques employed in the repair of calcaneal fractures.

A comprehensive literature review was completed by the authors using Google Scholar, Pubmed, Cochrane Review, and Science Direct using a combination of phrases related to the title of this article that focused on MIS interventions for calcaneal fractures. The review encompassed studies from the last decade, evaluating surgical …


The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt DO 2022 Beaumont

The Importance Of Stigma Theory For Clinical Decisions Related To Diabetic Foot Amputations, Rachael Garcia, Callie Bartkowiak, Alison Nesbitt Do

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The authors examine the unconsidered impact of social stigma theory on the shared clinical decision-making process for a patient with foot osteomyelitis and MRSA bacteremia facing the prospect of an amputation.


Joint Angle Variability Is Altered In Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease After Six Months Of Exercise Intervention, Farahnaz Fallahtafti, Zahra Salamifar, Mahdi Hassan, Hafizur Rahman, Iraklis Pipinos, Sara A. Myers 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Joint Angle Variability Is Altered In Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease After Six Months Of Exercise Intervention, Farahnaz Fallahtafti, Zahra Salamifar, Mahdi Hassan, Hafizur Rahman, Iraklis Pipinos, Sara A. Myers

School of Podiatric Medicine Publications and Presentations

Supervised exercise therapy (SET) is a conservative non-operative treatment strategy for improving walking performance in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Gait variability is altered in patients with PAD, but the effect of SET on gait variability is unknown. Forty-three claudicating patients with PAD underwent gait analysis before and immediately after a 6-month SET program. Nonlinear gait variability was assessed using sample entropy, and the largest Lyapunov exponent of the ankle, knee, and hip joint angle time series. Linear mean and variability of the range of motion time series for these three joint angles were also calculated. Two-factor repeated measure …


Surgical Treatment Of Multiple Deforming Xanthomas Of The Foot And Ankle With Complete Excision And Rotational Skin Flaps: A Case Report, Qanita Ali, Rachelle Randall, Lawrence M. Fallat 2022 Beaumont Health Resident

Surgical Treatment Of Multiple Deforming Xanthomas Of The Foot And Ankle With Complete Excision And Rotational Skin Flaps: A Case Report, Qanita Ali, Rachelle Randall, Lawrence M. Fallat

Articles

Xanthomas are cholesterol rich nodular dermal lesions characterized by lipid-laden macrophages that accumulate in skin and tendons.1 These lesions are frequently associated with hyperlipidemia disorders characterized by impaired cholesterol metabolism and accelerated atherosclerotic plaque development.2 Until recently, xanthomas were considered mere cosmetic lesions, however extensive evidence has shown that the presence of xanthomas signify increased cardiovascular risk and reduced average lifespan.3 Treatment centers around lipid lowering agents and rarely are these masses large enough to require surgical resection, thus there is very little literature discussing proper surgical excision.4, 5 We present a rare case of a 65 year old female …


Covid-19 And Incidence Of Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Case Study, Tehreem Sajjad, Carmen Johnson, Janet Baatile-Ajrouche 2022 Beaumont Health Resident

Covid-19 And Incidence Of Necrotizing Fasciitis: A Case Study, Tehreem Sajjad, Carmen Johnson, Janet Baatile-Ajrouche

Posters

COVID-19 manifests as a flu-like respiratory infection affecting multiple organ systems. Symptoms range from mild viral illness to severe acute respiratory infection. There is no definitive relationship between COVID-19 and cellulitis, inflammatory myositis, vasculitis, or necrotizing fasciitis. It is interesting to note that angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (Receptor for SARS-CoV-2) is present on endothelial cells in multiple organs, including dermal blood vessels and arterial smooth muscle cells. There are several theories that have formed to explain the relationship between COVID-19 and a necrotizing fasciitis infection. This study presents one unique case of an unvaccinated COVID+ patient and the necrotizing fasciitis infection …


Case Study: Injectable Bone Cement In Treatment Of Orif Calcaneal Fractures, Michael Flores, Siraj Panchbhaiya 2022 Beaumont Health Resident

Case Study: Injectable Bone Cement In Treatment Of Orif Calcaneal Fractures, Michael Flores, Siraj Panchbhaiya

Posters

No abstract provided.


Filleted Toe Flap For Closure Of Neuropathic Wound With Osteomyelitis, Robert Boguski, Danniyal Shahid 2022 Beaumont Health Resident

Filleted Toe Flap For Closure Of Neuropathic Wound With Osteomyelitis, Robert Boguski, Danniyal Shahid

Posters

No abstract provided.


A Case Series Of Three Patients With Rare Pantalar Dislocation, Marissa Mogavero, Andrew Robitaille, Lawrence M. Fallat 2022 Beaumont Health Resident

A Case Series Of Three Patients With Rare Pantalar Dislocation, Marissa Mogavero, Andrew Robitaille, Lawrence M. Fallat

Articles

Total talar dislocations are rare, significant surgical challenges for foot and ankle surgeons. These dislocations can be very difficult to manually close-reduce, requiring immediate surgical intervention secondary to arterial impingement, pain and risk of skin necrosis attributable to skin tenting. In this case series, we report on three patients who presented to the emergency room following a traumatic ankle injury. Ankle radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained, revealing pantalar dislocations. Closed reduction utilizing Charnley’s principles was attempted in the emergency room through manual accentuation of the deformity, traction and reduction. Closed reduction was unsuccessful in all three patients …


Tibiotalocalcaneal Fusion With Bulk Femoral Head Allograft In A Patient With A Rare, Trauma Induced, Rigid, Cavovarus Foot Deformity, Josh Carroll, Joseph Wolf, Lawrence M. Fallat 2022 Beaumont Health Resident

Tibiotalocalcaneal Fusion With Bulk Femoral Head Allograft In A Patient With A Rare, Trauma Induced, Rigid, Cavovarus Foot Deformity, Josh Carroll, Joseph Wolf, Lawrence M. Fallat

Articles

Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis with bulk femoral head allograft is a commonly performed limb salvage procedure when dealing with complex deformity. However, little has been reported in patients who receive tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with femoral head allografts for a rigid cavovarus foot type. The purpose of this case report was to examine the outcomes of a tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with a femoral head allograft in a diabetic patient with a trauma induced rigid cavovarus deformity who had complete lateral dislocation of the talar body. The secondary purpose was to highlight the preservation of limb length in the surgical extremity when utilizing a tibiotalocalcaneal …


A Rare Benign Soft-Tissue Chondroma In The Plantar Foot: A Case Report, Ashley Mariano, Lawrence M. Fallat 2022 Beaumont Health Resident

A Rare Benign Soft-Tissue Chondroma In The Plantar Foot: A Case Report, Ashley Mariano, Lawrence M. Fallat

Articles

Extraskeletal chondromas are rare, benign cartilaginous neoplasms that are usually found in adults and often present as a slow growing solitary mass. We present a case of a 78-year-old male who initially presented with a painful hyperkeratotic lesion to the plantar aspect of his right foot resembling a porokeratosis. He noted increased pain when bearing weight. Initial radiographs revealed no osseous pathology, bone spurs or foreign bodies that correlated with the area of pain. Due to failed conservative treatment that consisted of regular debridement, surgical excision of the lesion was performed which revealed a large underlying hard nodule. The nodular …


Podiatric Medicine And Surgery Journal Club, Tyler Coye, Courtney Foote, Aaren Harrington, Ryan Thurston, Eileen Farley, Gaurav Singh 2022 Rochester General Hospital

Podiatric Medicine And Surgery Journal Club, Tyler Coye, Courtney Foote, Aaren Harrington, Ryan Thurston, Eileen Farley, Gaurav Singh

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

The general purpose of this and future journal club columns is to facilitate the review of specific research studies and to discuss implications of each study for clinical practice as it relates to the lower extremity. Each column will be dedicated to a specific topic relevant to the treatment of a Foot and Ankle pathology. Each article chosen and reviewed will reflect the most recent advancements in Foot and Ankle Surgery and Medicine. We hope that you, the reader, find value and pleasure in the articles reviewed.


The Influence Of Shoe And Cleat Type On Lower Extremity Muscle Activation In Youth Baseball Pitchers, Jacob R. Gdovin, Chip Wade, Lauren A. Luginsland, Charles C. Williams, Riley Galloway, John C. Garner 2022 Old Dominion University

The Influence Of Shoe And Cleat Type On Lower Extremity Muscle Activation In Youth Baseball Pitchers, Jacob R. Gdovin, Chip Wade, Lauren A. Luginsland, Charles C. Williams, Riley Galloway, John C. Garner

Human Movement Sciences & Special Education Faculty Publications

Background: Baseball pitching is a dynamic movement where the lower extremities generate and sequentially transfer energy to the upper extremities to maximize ball velocity. The need for lower body muscular strength to produce adequate push-off and landing forces has been documented; however, the influence footwear and surface inclination has on muscle activation remains unknown.

Objectives: Determine how pitching in molded cleats and turf shoes from a pitching mound and flat ground affects stride-leg muscle activation in youth baseball pitchers while determining percent activation during each pitching phase.

Methods: Cross – sectional study analyzing mean muscle activity and percent activation of …


Perceived Instability, Pain, And Psychological Factors Predict Function And Disability In Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability, Ashley M.B. Suttmiller, Julie M. Cavallario, Shelby E. Baez, Jessica C. Martinez, Ryan S. McCann 2022 Old Dominion University

Perceived Instability, Pain, And Psychological Factors Predict Function And Disability In Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability, Ashley M.B. Suttmiller, Julie M. Cavallario, Shelby E. Baez, Jessica C. Martinez, Ryan S. Mccann

Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

Context:

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with residual instability, pain, decreased function, and increased disablement. Injury-related fear has been associated with CAI, although its relationship to other impairments is unclear. The Fear-Avoidance Model is a theoretical framework hypothesizing a relationship between injury-related fear, chronic pain, pain catastrophizing, and disability. It has been useful in understanding fear's influence in other musculoskeletal conditions but has yet to be studied in those with CAI.

Objective:

To explore relationships between instability, pain catastrophizing, injury-related fear, pain, ankle function, and global disability in individuals with CAI.

Design:

Cross-Sectional Study

Setting:

Anonymous online survey

Patients …


Limb Salvage Therapy In Septic Diabetic Foot Ulcer In Patients Unwilling To Undergo Amputation, Luke Hong 2021 Wayne State University

Limb Salvage Therapy In Septic Diabetic Foot Ulcer In Patients Unwilling To Undergo Amputation, Luke Hong

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising

Shojaiefard A, Khorgami Z, Larijani B. Septic diabetic foot is not necessarily an indication for amputation. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2008;47(5):419-423. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2008.05.005

for a patient with a septic diabetic foot.


Allogenic Fibular Bone Graft Reconstruction With Complete Regeneration Of The Lateral Malleolus After En Bloc Resection Of A Distal Fibular Aneurysmal Bone Cyst: A Case Report, Kalli E. Mortenson, Lawrence M. Fallat 2021 Beaumont Health Resident

Allogenic Fibular Bone Graft Reconstruction With Complete Regeneration Of The Lateral Malleolus After En Bloc Resection Of A Distal Fibular Aneurysmal Bone Cyst: A Case Report, Kalli E. Mortenson, Lawrence M. Fallat

Articles

Aneurysmal bone cysts are expansile lytic lesions that most commonly affect the metaphysis of long tubular bones. These lesions are locally aggressive and predominately occur within the first two decades of life. Currently the most widely used surgical treatment involves intralesional curettage of the affected bone. However, there have been several reports of high recurrence rates with this technique. We present a case of a 12 year old female who presented with an aneurysmal bone cyst of the lateral malleolus of the right ankle. The patient underwent multiple surgeries and ultimately had complete surgical resection of the cystic lesion and …


The Phoenix Sign: Is It Due To Vasodilation? Blinded Prospective Comparing The Effects Of Papaverine To Lidocaine Without Epinephrine, Julia Aguirre 2021 Kennesaw State University

The Phoenix Sign: Is It Due To Vasodilation? Blinded Prospective Comparing The Effects Of Papaverine To Lidocaine Without Epinephrine, Julia Aguirre

Symposium of Student Scholars

A neurological phenomenon has been observed clinically that when after a small amount of 1% lidocaine (usually less than .5cc’s) has been infiltrated adjacent to the Common Fibular (Peroneal) nerve under sonographic guidance, in patients with drop foot, or significantly weakened motor potentials of the lower extremity dorsiflexors (Extensor Hallucis Longus (EHL), Tibialis Anterior (TA), and Extensor Digitorum Longus (EDL)), the patient will regain partial or full dorsiflexion temporarily during the effect of this nerve block. This has been named the Phoenix Sign, in reference to ancient Greek folklore, as the non-functioning nerve (like the bird) becomes functional due to …


The Epidemiology, Evaluation, And Assessment Of Lateral Ankle Sprains In Athletes, G. Javier Cavazos Jr., Lawrence B. Harkless 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Epidemiology, Evaluation, And Assessment Of Lateral Ankle Sprains In Athletes, G. Javier Cavazos Jr., Lawrence B. Harkless

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Approximately 30,000 ankle injuries occur every day in the United States. With the incidence estimated at more than 3 million a year and at a rate of 2.15/1,000 in the U.S. alone, medical specialists and other healthcare providers caring for the foot and ankle must take notice. Despite the millions of ankle injuries sustained annually, the true incidence may be underestimated, as fewer than half of individuals with ankle sprains seek medical attention from healthcare professionals. The economic burden associated with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment is close to $4 billion annually. Ankle sprains account for half of all sports …


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