Taxonomic Notes On Western Hemisphere Cyrtinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae) Including Description Of Two New Cyrtinus Leconte Species, 2020 American Coleoptera Museum, San Antonio, TX
Taxonomic Notes On Western Hemisphere Cyrtinini (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae) Including Description Of Two New Cyrtinus Leconte Species, James E. Wappes, Antonio Santos-Silva, Francisco E. De L. Nascimento
Cyrtinus pygmaeus (Haldeman, 1847) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae) is redescribed and newly recorded from Mexico. The female of Decarthria stephensii Hope, 1834 is also redescribed, the number of specimens in the type series is corrected, as is the depository of the types, and the species is newly recorded from Dominica. Two new species of Cyrtinus LeConte, 1852 are described from Mexico: C. fisheri Wappes, Santos-Silva and Nascimento; and C. howdeni Wappes, Santos-Silva and Nascimento. A key to species of Decarthria Hope, 1834 (adapted from an earlier key to Cyrtinini) is provided.
Primer Registro De Asiothrixus Antidesmae (Takahashi) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) En La República Dominicana, 2020 Ministerio de Agricultura Ganadería y Alimentación
Primer Registro De Asiothrixus Antidesmae (Takahashi) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) En La República Dominicana, José Francisco García Ochaeta
Asiothrixus antidesmae (Takahashi) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), una especie de mosca blanca asiática, fue encontrada sobre Ixora sp. en la República Dominicana, lo cual representa un nuevo registro en el país. Se presenta información básica sobre la especie, una diagnosis e ilustraciones para ayudar en su identificación.
Asiothrixus antidesmae (Takahashi) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), an Asian whitefly species, was found on Ixora sp. in the Dominican Republic and represents the first record of this species in the country. Basic information on this whitefly species, including a diagnosis and illustrations to aid in its identification, are provided.
El Género Aleuroparadoxus Quaintance Y Baker 1914, Con Descripción De Tres Nuevas Especies, Nuevos Registros Y Clave Para Las Especies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), 2020 Ministerio de Agricultura Ganadería y Alimentación
El Género Aleuroparadoxus Quaintance Y Baker 1914, Con Descripción De Tres Nuevas Especies, Nuevos Registros Y Clave Para Las Especies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), José Francisco García Ochaeta, Gregory A. Evans
Se revisa el género Aleuroparadoxus Quaintance y Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae: Aleyrodinae) y se describen e ilustran A. gabrieli García-Ochaeta y Evans, sp. nov., de Guatemala y México, A. elmarrojasi García- Ochaeta y Evans, sp. nov., de Guatemala y A. carapiai García-Ochaeta y Evans, sp. nov., de México. Se registran A. sapotae Russell y A. gardeniae Russell por primera vez para Guatemala. Se proporciona una clave ilustrada para la identificación de los grupos y especies del género.
The genus Aleuroparadoxus Quaintance and Baker (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae: Aleyrodinae) is revised and A. gabrieli García-Ochaeta and Evans, sp. nov., from Guatemala and Mexico, A ...
Nomenclatural Notes On Some Currently Known Species Of Eupogonius Leconte, 1852 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae) And Description Of Seven New Species, 2020 American Coleoptera Museum, San Antonio, TX
Nomenclatural Notes On Some Currently Known Species Of Eupogonius Leconte, 1852 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae) And Description Of Seven New Species, James E. Wappes, Antonio Santos-Silva
The following new species of Eupogonius LeConte, 1852 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Lamiinae) are described: E. tlanchinolensis Wappes and Santos-Silva (Mexico, Hidalgo); E. albofasciatus Wappes and Santos- Silva (Mexico, Puebla); E. sonorensis Wappes and Santos-Silva (Mexico, Sonora); E. guerrerensis Wappes and Santos-Silva (Mexico, Guerrero); E. boteroi Wappes and Santos-Silva (Mexico, Guerrero); E. nascimentoi Wappes and Santo-Silva (Mexico, Jalisco and Colima); and E. monzoni Wappes and Santos-Silva (Guatemala, Alta Verapaz). Additionally, a detailed description of the female of Eupogonius fulvovestitus Schaeffer, 1905 is provided for the first time, along with notes on the likely host of the species. New state records in Mexico ...
New Records Of Woodboring Beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) For The Eastern United States, 2020 Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
New Records Of Woodboring Beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) For The Eastern United States, Lawrence Barringer
An abundance-based checklist of eastern Buprestidae (Coleoptera) was compiled from collection records from invasive insect surveys conducted during 2010–2018. Reported are 111 species in 17 genera based on 33,047 specimens examined from 10 states. Sixty-three new state records in nine states are reported. Collection date ranges by month for each state are provided.
The Trichoptera Of Panama Xiii. Further New Country Records For Caddisflies (Insecta: Trichoptera) From The Republic Of Panama, 2020 Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudio de la Salud
The Trichoptera Of Panama Xiii. Further New Country Records For Caddisflies (Insecta: Trichoptera) From The Republic Of Panama, Brian J. Armitage, Steven C. Harris, Roger J. Blahnik, Robin E. Thomson, Tomas A. Rios Gonzalez, Yusseff Aguirre
The Republic of Panama currently includes 414 recorded species of Trichoptera. Herein we add two new genera (Hydroptilidae: Angrisanoia Ozdikmen, 2008 and Mayatrichia Mosely, 1937) and 17 new country records (Philopotamidae: Chimarra (C.) tapanti Blahnik, Wormaldia bolivari Muñoz-Quesada and Holzenthal, and Wormaldia zunigae Muñoz-Quesada and Holzenthal; Hydropsychidae: Centromacronema pygmaeum Botosaneanu; Hydroptilidae: Brysopteryx esparta Harris and Holzenthal, Byrsopteryx solisi Harris and Holzenthal, Costatrichia falsa Santos, Takiya, and Nessimian, Mayatrichia illobia Harris and Holzenthal, Metrichia amplitudinis Bueno-Soria and Holzenthal, Ochrotrichia boquillas Moulton and Harris, O. conformalis Bueno-Soria and Holzenthal, O. quinealensis Bueno-Soria and Holzenthal, and O. unica Bueno-Soria and Santiago; Leptoceridae: Triaenodes ...
Jumping Bristletail (Insecta: Apterygota: Microcoryphia) Records In The Southeastern United States, 2020 Pensacola Christian College
Jumping Bristletail (Insecta: Apterygota: Microcoryphia) Records In The Southeastern United States, Grant D. De Jong
Few records of Microcoryphia exist for the southeastern United States, with named species being reported only from Arkansas, Tennessee, and the mid-Atlantic states, and with an unnamed species being reported from Georgia. Records are here provided from 291 specimens housed in the Mississippi Entomological Museum, including ten new species-level state records. This is also the first published report of the order Microcoryphia from Alabama and Mississippi. Species include the machilids Pedetontoides atlanticus Mendes in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, and North Carolina; Pedetontus cf. atlanticus in Kentucky; Pedetontus (Verhoeffilis) gershneri Allen in Arkansas; and Pedetontus (Pedetontus) saltator Wygodzinsky and Schmidt in ...
Field Efficacy Of Soil Insecticides On Pyrethroid-Resistant Western Corn Rootworms (Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Leconte), 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Field Efficacy Of Soil Insecticides On Pyrethroid-Resistant Western Corn Rootworms (Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Leconte), Dariane Souza, Julie A. Peterson, Robert Wright, Lance Meinke
Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology
Background: Field-evolved pyrethroid resistance has been confirmed in western corn rootworm (WCR) populations collected from the United States (US) western Corn Belt. Resistance levels of WCR adults estimated in lab bioassays were confirmed to significantly reduce the efficacy of foliar-applied bifenthrin. The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of WCR pyrethroid resistance levels on the performance of common soil-applied insecticide formulations (23.4% tefluthrin, 17.15% bifenthrin, and 0.1% cyfluthrin+2.0% tebupirimphos). Field trials were conducted in 2016 and 2017 in three Nebraska, US, counties (Saunders, Clay, and Keith) where distinct levels of WCR ...
The Identity Of The Adventive Gryllotalpa Latreille Species (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) In Hawaii, With Illustration Of Male Genitalia Of G. Orientalis Burmeister, J. H. Frank
The adventive mole cricket species (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) in Hawaii is apparently Gryllotalpa krishnani Arun Prasanna et al., 2012. The adventive was long thought to be Gryllotalpa africana Palisot de Beauvois, 1805. From 1983 until 2008 it seemed that Gryllotalpa orientalis Burmeister, 1839 might be the adventive’s correct name. However, male genitalia and tegmental characters of Hawaiian specimens match features of G. krishnani and not G. orientalis.
A New Species Of Uvarus Guignot, 1939 (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporinae: Bidessini) From Florida, Usa, J. H. Epler
A new species of Uvarus Guignot, 1939 (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporinae: Bidessini), is described from Florida, USA. It is most similar to U. suburbanus (Fall), but differs in the shape of the much stouter and broader median lobe of the male genitalia.
Estimates Of Common Milkweed (Asclepias Syriaca) Utilization By Monarch Larvae (Danaus Plexippus) And The Significance Of Larval Movement, Kelsey E. Fisher, Richard L. Hellmich, Steven P. Bradbury
The population of monarch butterflies east of the Rocky Mountains has noticeably declined over the past two decades. The decline is due, in part, to loss of breeding and forage habitat in the Southern and Midwestern USA. To support a resilient overwintering population of six hectares of occupied forest canopy, approximately 1.6–1.8 billion additional ramets of milkweed are needed in the summer breeding range. Milkweed establishment that facilitates natural behavior of monarchs is necessary for effective conservation restoration. This study explored the effect of milkweed ramet density on larval search behavior, milkweed utilization, and survival without predation ...
Assessing Field‐Scale Risks Of Foliar Insecticide Applications To Monarch Butterfly (Danaus Plexippus) Larvae, 2020 Iowa State University
Assessing Field‐Scale Risks Of Foliar Insecticide Applications To Monarch Butterfly (Danaus Plexippus) Larvae, Niranjana Krishnan, Yang Zhang, Keith G. Bidne, Richard L. Hellmich, Joel R. Coats, Steven P. Bradbury
Establishment and maintenance of milkweed plants (Asclepias spp.) in agricultural landscapes of the north central United States are needed to reverse the decline of North America's eastern monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) population. Because of a lack of toxicity data, it is unclear how insecticide use may reduce monarch productivity when milkweed habitat is placed near maize and soybean fields. To assess the potential effects of foliar insecticides, acute cuticular and dietary toxicity of 5 representative active ingredients were determined: beta‐cyfluthrin (pyrethroid), chlorantraniliprole (anthranilic diamide), chlorpyrifos (organophosphate), and imidacloprid and thiamethoxam (neonicotinoids). Cuticular median lethal dose values for first ...
Efficacy Of A Cry1ab Gene For Control Of Maruca Vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) In Cowpea (Fabales: Fabaceae), 2020 African Agricultural Technology Foundation
Efficacy Of A Cry1ab Gene For Control Of Maruca Vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) In Cowpea (Fabales: Fabaceae), Prince C. Addae, Mohammad F. Ishiyaku, Jean-Batiste Tignegre, Malick N. Ba, Joseph B. Bationo, Ibrahim D. K. Atokple, Mumuni Abudulai, Clémentine L. Dabiré-Binso, Fousséni Traore, Mohammed Saba, Muhammed L. Umar, Gloria A. Adazebra, Francis N. Onyekachi, Margaret A. Nemeth, Joseph E. Huesing, Larry R. Beach, Thomas J. V. Higgins, Richard L. Hellmich, Barry R. Pittendrigh
Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp.] is an important staple legume in the diet of many households in sub-Saharan Africa. Its production, however, is negatively impacted by many insect pests including bean pod borer, Maruca vitrata F., which can cause 20–80% yield loss. Several genetically engineered cowpea events that contain a cry1Ab gene from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) for resistance against M. vitrata were evaluated in Nigeria, Burkina Faso, and Ghana (West Africa), where cowpea is commonly grown. As part of the regulatory safety package, these efficacy data were developed and evaluated by in-country scientists. The Bt-cowpea lines were planted in ...
Genome Scan Detection Of Selective Sweeps Among Biotypes Of The Soybean Aphid, Aphis Glycines, With Differing Virulence To Resistance To A. Glycines (Rag) Traits In Soybean, Glycine Max, 2020 U.S. Department of Agriculture
Genome Scan Detection Of Selective Sweeps Among Biotypes Of The Soybean Aphid, Aphis Glycines, With Differing Virulence To Resistance To A. Glycines (Rag) Traits In Soybean, Glycine Max, Brad S. Coates, Jessica D. Hohenstein, Rosanna Giordano, Ravi Kiran Donthu, Andrew P. Michel, Erin W. Hodgson, Matthew E. O'Neal
Multiple biotypes of soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, occur in North America adapted for survival (virulence) on soybean, Glycine max, with one or more different resistance to A. glycines (Rag) traits. The degree of genome-wide variance between biotypes and the basis of virulence remains unknown, but the latter is hypothesized to involve secreted effector proteins. Between 167,249 and 217,750 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were predicted from whole genome re-sequencing of A. glycines avirulent biotype 1 (B1) and virulent B2, B3 and B4 colony-derived iso-female lines when compared to the draft B1 genome assembly, Ag_bt1_v6.0. Differences in nucleotide diversity ...
The Backyard Orchardist –Fruit Pests: Apricot, 2020 Utah State University
The Backyard Orchardist –Fruit Pests: Apricot, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston
All Current Publications
This fact sheet describes diseases and insect pests of apricots in order of importance. Shothole is a common fungal disease in Utah. It attacks dormant leaf buds, blossom buds, leaves, fruit, and twigs. Other diseases discussed include gummosis, and perennial canker. Insect pests include greater peachtree (crown) borer, peach twig borer, spider mites, earwigs, European fruit lecanium scale, and European paper wasp, yellow jackets.
The Backyard Orchardist – Fruit Pests: Cherry, 2020 Utah State University
The Backyard Orchardist – Fruit Pests: Cherry, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston
All Current Publications
This fact sheet describes diseases and insect pests of cherry in order of importance. Shothole attacks dormant leaf buds, blossom buds, leaves, fruit, and twigs (fruit infections are less common on cherry. Other diseases described are crown rot and root rot, gummosis, perennial canker, and powdery mildew, Insects include western cherry fruit fly, spider mites, black cherry aphids, flathead borers, pear sawfly, and speckled green fruitworm.
The Backyard Orchardist – Fruit Pests: Plum, 2020 Utah State University
The Backyard Orchardist – Fruit Pests: Plum, Marion Murray, Diane G. Alston
All Current Publications
Caused by a soil-borne, fungus-like organism (Phytophthora), crown and root rot occurs worldwide on almost all fruit trees. This pathogen is present in most soils, but only causes infection under optimal circumstances— high soil moisture or standing water, and susceptible host tissue. Once trees are infected, there is no cure.
Management Of Sugarcane Aphid (Melanaphis Sacchari) Using Biological And Cultural Tactics In Kentucky, 2020 University of Kentucky
Management Of Sugarcane Aphid (Melanaphis Sacchari) Using Biological And Cultural Tactics In Kentucky, Nathan Harriman Mercer
Theses and Dissertations--Entomology
In 2013, a new aphid pest of sorghum, the sugarcane aphid Melanaphis sacchari Zehntner (Hemiptera: Aphididae), was found in the southern US, and caused significant yield loss in sorghum. Since then, M. sacchari has spread to most of the sorghum growing regions. Unmanaged populations can cause complete crop loss in grain, forage and sweet sorghum. M. sacchari cannot survive winters without a live plant tissue and must recolonize much of its pest range annually. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is an important crop for many growers in Kentucky, producing $16-25 million a year from its syrup. Biological control of M. sacchari ...
Physiological Ecology Of Overwintering And Cold-Adapted Arthropods, 2020 University of Kentucky
Physiological Ecology Of Overwintering And Cold-Adapted Arthropods, Leslie Jean Potts
Theses and Dissertations--Entomology
Given their abundance and diversity, arthropods are an excellent system to investigate biological responses to winter. Winter conditions are being majorly impacted by climate change, and therefore understanding the overwintering biology of arthropods is critical for predicting ecological responses to climate change. In Chapters 2 and 3, I investigate the winter biology of a winter-active wolf spider. I show that winter-active spiders can take advantage of periodic prey resources and grown in the winter, which may allow them to get a jumpstart on spring reproduction. I also investigate spiders’ ability to track changes in their environment by quantifying low temperature ...
Optimizing Monarch Butterfly And Bee Conservation Efforts In The Urban Landscape, 2020 University of Kentucky
Optimizing Monarch Butterfly And Bee Conservation Efforts In The Urban Landscape, Adam M. Baker
Theses and Dissertations--Entomology
The eastern migratory population of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) is in serious decline. Most of the efforts to conserve this iconic insect focus on habitat restoration in the US Midwest. Often overlooked are small butterfly-centric gardens that can act as stepping stones between urban and rural areas. These studies aim to optimize the conservation value of such gardens.
Eight milkweed (Asclepias) species varying in height, form, and leaf shape were compared over two years in a common-garden experiment. I measured milkweed growth, rhizome spread, and bloom periods, conducted bi-weekly counts of monarch eggs and larvae, evaluated suitability for larvae, and ...