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Characterizing The Epidemiology Of Bluetongue And Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus In Louisiana, Michael Edward Becker 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Characterizing The Epidemiology Of Bluetongue And Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus In Louisiana, Michael Edward Becker

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) are arthropod-borne viruses (Reoviridae; Orbivirus) transmitted by biting midges in the genus Culicoides. These viruses cause hemorrhagic disease and induce serious morbidity and mortality rates in wild and captive deer. Cattle are normally asymptomatic but serve as the reservoir/amplifying host for these viruses and play an important role in the transmission cycle. The objectives of this study were to characterize the epidemiology of these viruses as they relate to white-tailed deer and cattle, evaluate different trap types for collecting Culicoides midges, and determine if these viruses can be detected in ...


Ant Recruitment To Salt Along Chicago’S Urban Gradient, Marco Andres Servin 2020 Lake Forest College

Ant Recruitment To Salt Along Chicago’S Urban Gradient, Marco Andres Servin

Senior Theses

Sodium is vital for maintaining osmotic balance, muscle activity, and nervous system function in many organisms. The availability of sodium can drastically impact populations within ecosystems. Salt content from human foods and salt from winter road treatments could increase Na+ availability. I hypothesize that Na+ availability is more limited when moving away from Chicago. I baited ants along two 50km transects extending West and North from downtown Chicago. Transects contained 10 evenly spaced forested sites. Baits were equally split between H20, 20% sugar, and 1% salt concentration. Thirteen ant species were collected, but only three species recruited to ...


Evaluating Larval Movement And Infestation Of Soybean Gall Midge, Genereuse Turabawe, Débora Goulart Montezano, Anthony J. McMechan 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evaluating Larval Movement And Infestation Of Soybean Gall Midge, Genereuse Turabawe, Débora Goulart Montezano, Anthony J. Mcmechan

UCARE Research Products

Soybean gall midge (SGM) Resseliellamaxima Gagnéis a newly identified insect pest of soybean (Gagnéet al 2019). As of August, 2019 a total of 92 counties across five midwestern states (Fig. 1) documented as infested. Heavily injured soybean fields show visible signs of dead or dying plants (Fig. 2a), causing significant economic losses for farmers.

Heavily injured soybean plants often die prematurely with several different larval stages (Fig. 2b) still feeding within the plant. Significant concern have been raised about the role of these larvae in infesting adjacent healthy plants.

To better understand the behavior and potential for larval infestation a ...


Western Cherry Fruit Fly In Utah Orchards, Diane G. Alston, Marion Murray 2020 Utah State University

Western Cherry Fruit Fly In Utah Orchards, Diane G. Alston, Marion Murray

All Current Publications

This fact sheet describes the western cherry fruit fly, including hosts, life history, timing control, host injury, and management.


Extreme Fire As A Management Tool To Combat Regime Shifts In The Range Of The Endangered American Burying Beetle, Alison K. Ludwig, Daniel R. Uden, Dirac Twidwell 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Extreme Fire As A Management Tool To Combat Regime Shifts In The Range Of The Endangered American Burying Beetle, Alison K. Ludwig, Daniel R. Uden, Dirac Twidwell

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

This study is focused on the population of federally-endangered American burying beetles in south-central Nebraska. It is focused on changes in land cover over time and at several levels of spatial scale, and how management efforts are impacting both the beetle and a changing landscape. Our findings are applicable to a large portion of the Great Plains, which is undergoing the same shift from grassland to woodland, and to areas where the beetle is still found.


Impacts Of Commercial Biopesticides On Crapemyrtle Bark Scale (Acanthococcus Lagerstroemiae) And Beneficial Insects, Giovana Matos Franco 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Impacts Of Commercial Biopesticides On Crapemyrtle Bark Scale (Acanthococcus Lagerstroemiae) And Beneficial Insects, Giovana Matos Franco

LSU Master's Theses

The crapemyrtle bark scale (CMBS), Acanthococcus lagerstroemiae (Kuwana) (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), is an important pest of crapemyrtles, Lagerstromia spp. (Myrtales: Lythraceae) since its damage results in an unpleasant aesthetic. Current CMBS management methods depend heavily on pesticides which impact on beneficial insects. Biopesticides show potential for pest control, host specificity, and low impact towards non-target organisms. The objectives of my thesis were to determine (1) if biopesticides are effective against CMBS infestations when applied in different seasons, and (2) their effects towards coccinellids known to attack CMBS.

To test the efficacy of selected biopesticides, treatments were delivered to potted plants or ...


The Soybean Aphid Suction Trap Network: Sampling The Aerobiological “Soup”, Doris Lagos-Kutz, David J. Voegtlin, David Onstad, David Hogg, David Ragsdale, Kelley Tilmon, Erin Hodgson, Christina DiFonzo, Russell Groves, Christian Krupke, Joseph LaForest, Nicholas J. Selter, Emily Duerr, Benjamin Bradford, Glen L. Hartman 2020 U.S. Department of Agriculture

The Soybean Aphid Suction Trap Network: Sampling The Aerobiological “Soup”, Doris Lagos-Kutz, David J. Voegtlin, David Onstad, David Hogg, David Ragsdale, Kelley Tilmon, Erin Hodgson, Christina Difonzo, Russell Groves, Christian Krupke, Joseph Laforest, Nicholas J. Selter, Emily Duerr, Benjamin Bradford, Glen L. Hartman

Entomology Publications

The initiation of the soybean aphid suction trap network (STN) in 2001 marked the beginning of a rich and fruitful collaborative effort that has produced a wealth of data about the soybean aphid, other insect species, and other organisms that make up the aerobiological “soup.” Collaboration among researchers, extension specialists, and agriculturalists has provided information about seasonal migration patterns of the soybean aphid and monitoring of other insect species. The physical collections of the “soup” have been stored and used for past research, and will serve as a foundation for future research.


Double-Stranded Rna Technology To Control Insect Pests: Current Status And Challenges, Olivier Christiaens, Steve Whyard, Ana M. Vélez, Guy Smagghe 2020 Ghent University

Double-Stranded Rna Technology To Control Insect Pests: Current Status And Challenges, Olivier Christiaens, Steve Whyard, Ana M. Vélez, Guy Smagghe

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

Exploiting the RNA interference (RNAi) gene mechanism to silence essential genes in pest insects, leading to toxic effects, has surfaced as a promising new control strategy in the past decade. While the first commercial RNAi-based products are currently coming to market, the application against a wide range of insect species is still hindered by a number of challenges. In this review, we discuss the current status of these RNAi- based products and the different delivery strategies by which insects can be targeted by the RNAi-triggering double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecules. Furthermore, this review also addresses a number of physiological and cellular ...


Factors Influencing Wheat Curl Mite Aceria Tosichella Keifer Dispersal, Lindsay M. Overmyer 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Factors Influencing Wheat Curl Mite Aceria Tosichella Keifer Dispersal, Lindsay M. Overmyer

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

The wheat curl mite (Aceria tosichella Keifer) (WCM) is a vector of three plant viruses to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) including: Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV), Triticum mosaic virus (TriMV), and High Plains wheat mosaic virus. This wheat-mite-virus complex causes significant yield loss in winter wheat across the Great Plains. Management of WCM host plants during the time between wheat harvest and planting of the new wheat crop (the green bridge) is critical in reducing potential risk and loss from this complex. The primary green bridge host, in the central Great Plains, is volunteer wheat. If volunteer wheat is not ...


Comparative Physiology Of Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.) Exposed To Chlorantraniliprole, Jennifer Williams 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Comparative Physiology Of Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.) Exposed To Chlorantraniliprole, Jennifer Williams

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

One outstanding threat to the honey bee, Apis mellifera L., is the unintended exposure of these pollinators to agricultural pesticides. Anthranilic diamides, such as chlorantraniliprole, work in target pests through activation of the ryanodine receptor causing rapid feeding cessation, lethargy, paralysis, and eventual death. Chlorantraniliprole exhibits low acute toxicity to honey bees but relatively little information exists regarding effects of chlorantraniliprole exposure beyond mortality. The acute toxicity and metabolic detoxification enzyme activities following oral exposure were determined in the honey bee and the model crop pest, the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda, J.E. Smith). Additionally, chlorantraniliprole effects on honey bee ...


Mosquito Communities And Insect-Specific Viruses In A Heterogenous, Urban Landscape In Puerto Rico, Nicole Scavo 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Mosquito Communities And Insect-Specific Viruses In A Heterogenous, Urban Landscape In Puerto Rico, Nicole Scavo

Master's Theses

The goal of my thesis was to investigate the relationships between mosquito diversity, Aedes aegptyi populations, and socioeconomic factors (SEF) in an urban setting and to characterize the virome of Ae. aegypti in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Mosquitoes were collected in three periods during late 2018 and early 2019 and were identified to the species level. Socioeconomic factors were measured using foot surveys and U.S. Census data. Some Ae. aegypti females were processed for sequencing and sent to Quick Biology for RNA sequencing to identify viruses. Results showed a link between SEF and Ae. aegypti abundance as well as ...


Historical And Contemporary Variables Affecting The Range And Distribution Of Aedes Aegypti, The Yellow Fever Mosquito, In The United States, Nicole Mackey 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Historical And Contemporary Variables Affecting The Range And Distribution Of Aedes Aegypti, The Yellow Fever Mosquito, In The United States, Nicole Mackey

Master's Theses

Aedes aegypti, the primary mosquito vector of the yellow fever virus, threatens global health by passing on this virus, as well as chikungunya, dengue, and Zika viruses. Through its natural tendency to live in highly urban areas and bite human hosts; understanding the factors that affect the historical and current range of the pest is invaluable (Gubler, 1998). Although these viruses are not normally found in the United States, lack of vaccinations and wide-spread presence of the mosquito could lead to these diseases being reintroduced with potentially devastating effects (Monath, 2001). To determine a partial historical range of A. aegypti ...


Sorghum Tolerance Of Phloem-Feeding Aphids, Earl Agpawa, Sajjan Grover, Joe Louis 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Sorghum Tolerance Of Phloem-Feeding Aphids, Earl Agpawa, Sajjan Grover, Joe Louis

UCARE Research Products

Aphids are phloem sap-feeding insects that negatively affects plant productivity. With short generation times, new aphid biotypes may arise either in response to pesticide use or through other factors. Additional biotypes can cause serious damage to plants compared to others. Whereas others can become highly resistant to methods of pest control. One possible solution to this problem is to focus on the plant itself, or host plant resistance. Plant tolerance is one of the plant resistance categories in which the plant is capable of functioning normally and remain relatively unharmed and stable in response to insect herbivory without harming the ...


Insect Diversity And Association With Plants: A Case Study In Rural Areas Of Dhirkot, Azad Kashmir Pakistan, Abu ul Hassan Faiz, Mehboob ul Hassan, Mikhail F. Bagaturov, Majid Mahmood, Ghazal Tariq, Lariab Zahra Faiz 2020 Woman University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Bagh, AJK, Pakistan

Insect Diversity And Association With Plants: A Case Study In Rural Areas Of Dhirkot, Azad Kashmir Pakistan, Abu Ul Hassan Faiz, Mehboob Ul Hassan, Mikhail F. Bagaturov, Majid Mahmood, Ghazal Tariq, Lariab Zahra Faiz

Journal of Bioresource Management

Insects play a vital role for proper functioning of forest ecosystem, including positive roles as pollinators, seed dispersers, genetic linkers and detrimental effects by feeding on and/or killing trees. The present study was conducted to find insect association with plants in rural areas of Dhirkot. The study was conducted from March, 2019 to September, 2019. The sampling was carried out by line transect method. Thirty transects were taken for sampling insects. Sixty-five species of insects in association with 150 plants were recorded.


Catalogue Of Species-Group Names Assigned To Copris Geoffroy, Coptodactyla Burmeister, Litocopris Waterhouse, Microcopris Balthasar, Paracopris Balthasar, Pseudocopris Ferreira, Pseudopedaria Felsche, Sinocopris Ochi, Kon And Bai, And Thyregis Blackburn (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Coprini), Jiri Zidek 2020 Praha, Czech Republic

Catalogue Of Species-Group Names Assigned To Copris Geoffroy, Coptodactyla Burmeister, Litocopris Waterhouse, Microcopris Balthasar, Paracopris Balthasar, Pseudocopris Ferreira, Pseudopedaria Felsche, Sinocopris Ochi, Kon And Bai, And Thyregis Blackburn (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Coprini), Jiri Zidek

Insecta Mundi

Presented are species-group names published in the nine coprine genera (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Coprini) having only one lateral carina on each elytron. The data include authorships, dates and pages of original descriptions, geographic distributions, and references to works pertinent to the topic.

The following catalogue is a compilation intended to serve for orientation in the vast number of species names, their original generic / subgeneric assignments and pertinent references. A word of caution is in order concerning the dates of Ferreira’s papers in the Instituto de Investigação Científica de Moçambique periodicals, especially the Revista de Entomologia de Moçambique, which were ...


On The Distribution Of Phlegyas Stål (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pachygronthidae), John M. Leavengood, Jr. 2020 USDA APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine

On The Distribution Of Phlegyas Stål (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pachygronthidae), John M. Leavengood, Jr.

Insecta Mundi

Updated distributions are provided for all three species of Phlegyas Stål (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pachygronthidae) in the New World: Phlegyas abbreviatus (Uhler, 1876), P. annulicrus Stål, 1869, and P. patruelis Berg, 1883. In total, four new state records for the United States of America, four new state records for Mexico, one new Canadian provincial record, and one new country record (Nicaragua, P. annulicrus) are presented, along with remarks and corrections.


Host Plant List Of The Scale Insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) In South Korea, Soo-Jung Suh 2020 Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency

Host Plant List Of The Scale Insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) In South Korea, Soo-Jung Suh

Insecta Mundi

The scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) are one of the most successful groups of plant-feeding arthropods. Most species of shade trees, fruit trees and ornamental shrubs are subject to scale insect attacks. Based on the review of the literature and survey results, the host plant list of the scale insects in South Korea was developed and updated. Herein, an updated list of 253 species of host plants in 71 families associated with scale insects is provided and 162 species in 15 scale insect families are listed.


Community-Wide Grasshopper Control, Marion Murray 2020 Utah State University

Community-Wide Grasshopper Control, Marion Murray

All Current Publications

Springtime, while grasshoppers are still nymphs, is the best time for communities or neighborhoods to work together to suppress grasshopper populations. Treating as wide an area as possible is the key to success. When grasshoppers become adults, they can travel great distances and may not remain in one area long enough for an insecticide to be effective.


Critical Temperatures For Frost Damage On Fruit Trees, Marion Murray 2020 Utah State University

Critical Temperatures For Frost Damage On Fruit Trees, Marion Murray

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Degree Days To Time Treatments For Insect Pests, Marion Murray 2020 Utah State University

Using Degree Days To Time Treatments For Insect Pests, Marion Murray

All Current Publications

Insecticides that are applied for a perennial insect pest based on a calendar date often result in poor insect control and a waste of resources. Insect activity varies from year to year depending on weather. For example, in Logan, Utah, eggs of the apple pest codling moth began hatching on May 15 in 2005, May 5 in 2006, and April 30 in 2007.


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